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2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880692

ABSTRACT

RNA methylation is of great significance in the regulation of gene expression, among which the more important methylation modifiers are N6-methyladenosine (m6A) and 5-methylcytosine (m5C). The methylation process is mainly regulated by 3 kinds of proteins: methyltransferase, demethylase, and reader. m6A, m5C, and their related proteins have high abundance in the brain, and they have important roles in the development of the nervous system and the repair and remodeling of the vascular system. The neurovascular unit (NVU) is a unit of brain structure and function composed of neurons, capillaries, astrocytes, supporting cells, and extracellular matrix. The local microenvironment for NVU has an important role in nerve cell function repair, and the remodeling of NVU is of great significance in the prognosis of various neurological diseases.


Subject(s)
5-Methylcytosine , Adenosine/metabolism , Methylation , Methyltransferases/metabolism , RNA
3.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 116: e200547, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250365

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Forty percent of the world's population live in areas where they are at risk from dengue fever, dengue hemorrhagic fever, and dengue shock syndrome. Dengue viruses are transmitted primarily by the mosquito Aedes aegypti. In Cali, Colombia, approximately 30% of field collected Ae. aegypti are naturally refractory to all four dengue serotypes. OBJECTIVES Use RNA-sequencing to identify those genes that determine refractoriness in feral mosquitoes to dengue. This information can be used in gene editing strategies to reduce dengue transmission. METHODS We employed a full factorial design, analyzing differential gene expression across time (24, 36 and 48 h post bloodmeal), feeding treatment (blood or blood + dengue-2) and strain (susceptible or refractory). Sequences were aligned to the reference Ae. aegypti genome for identification, assembled to visualize transcript structure, and analyzed for dynamic gene expression changes. A variety of clustering techniques was used to identify the differentially expressed genes. FINDINGS We identified a subset of genes that likely assist dengue entry and replication in susceptible mosquitoes and contribute to vector competence. MAIN CONCLUSIONS The differential expression of specific genes by refractory and susceptible mosquitoes could determine the phenotype, and may be used to in gene editing strategies to reduce dengue transmission.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aedes , Dengue , Dengue Virus , RNA , Colombia , Transcriptome/genetics , Mosquito Vectors/genetics
4.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 53(3): 131-146, 20201201.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177997

ABSTRACT

La pandemia de COVID-19, causada por SARS-CoV-2, es considerara la mayor emergencia sanitaria en un siglo. Clínicamente, la mayoría de los pacientes tienen síntomas leves a moderados. Sin embargo, pacientes de edad avanzada o con comorbilidades pueden desarrollar una de las complicaciones más severas de COVID-19, es decir, el síndrome de tormenta de citoquinas. Actualmente, no existen tratamientos aprobados para SARS-CoV-2. Mientras tanto, las estrategias terapéuticas se basan en la experiencia previa con otros virus. En este artículo se revisarán los diferentes agentes terapéuticos propuestos para el tratamiento de COVID-19 basados en el bloqueo e inhibición del ciclo de vida viral de SARS-CoV-2, y para el tratamiento del síndrome de tormenta de citoquinas. Se realizó una revisión narrativa mediante búsqueda en la base de datos PubMed. Entre los principales objetivos terapéuticos contra el SARS-CoV-2 están la proteína estructural principal Spike y las enzimas virales proteasa similar a la 3-quimotripsina, la proteasa viral similar a la papaína y la ARN-polimerasa dependiente de ARN. Remdesivir, un antiviral análogo a la adenosina que inhibe a la ARN-polimerasa dependiente de ARN, es considerado el fármaco más prometedor en el tratamiento de COVID-19. No obstante, su eficacia aún no se ha determinado. En el síndrome de tormenta de citoquinas, la lesión tisular causada por el virus puede inducir la producción exagerada de citoquinas proinflamatorias como la interleucina-6. Tocilizumab, un anticuerpo monoclonal que bloquea receptores de interleucina-6 y corticosteroides como la metilprednisolona pueden ser opciones terapéuticas en el tratamiento de la severidad del síndrome.


The COVID-19 pandemic, caused by SARS-CoV-2, is considered as the major health emergency in a century. Clinically, most patients have mild to moderate symptoms. Nevertheless, elderly or with comorbidities patients may develop one of the most severe complication of COVID-19, that is, the cytokine storm syndrome. Currently, there are no approved treatments for SARS-CoV-2. Meanwhile, therapeutic strategies are based on previous experience with other viruses. This article will review the different therapeutic agents proposed for the treatment of COVID-19 based on the blocking and inhibition of the viral life cycle of SARS-CoV-2, and for the treatment of cytokine storm syndrome. A narrative review was performed by searching in the PubMed database. Among the main therapeutic target against SARS-CoV-2 are the major structural protein Spike and viral enzymes 3-chymotrypsin-like protease, viral papain-like protease, and RNA-dependent RNA polymerase. Remdesivir, an adenosine analogue antiviral that inhibits RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, is considered the most promising drug in the treatment of COVID-19. Nonetheless, its efficacy has not yet been determined. In the cytokine storm syndrome, the tissue injury caused by the virus may induce the exaggerated production of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-6. Tocilizumab, a monoclonal antibody that blocks interleukin-6 receptors, and corticosteroids such as methylprednisolone may be therapeutic options in treating the severity of the syndrome.


Subject(s)
RNA-Dependent RNA Polymerase , RNA , Methylprednisolone , Adenosine , Cytokines , Interleukin-6 , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Coronavirus Infections , Betacoronavirus , Pandemics , Goals , Life Cycle Stages
5.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 48: 78-85, nov. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254957

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Coconut tissues consist of a complex network of polysaccharides, proteins, polyphenols, and lipids that can bind to nucleic acids and pose difficulty in isolation. Certainly, a vigorous method is required to isolate high quality and quantity of RNA from such tissues for the purpose of downstream experiments. In this paper, we discuss a newly developed method for the Isolation of RNA from Complex Matrices (IRCM) method from coconut tissues. RESULTS: The method is robust, cheap, and efficient for the extraction of quality RNA in high quantities from the solid endosperm of stored and fresh coconut (150 µg/g FW with A260/280 = 1.89 and 247.5 µg/g FW with A260/280 = 1.91), coconut apple (263.8 µg/g FW with A260/280 = 1.97), and coconut bud (1052.5 µg/g FW with A260/280 = 2.00). The other well established methods, such as Method of RNA Isolation from Palm (MRIP), Cetyl Trimethyl Ammonium Bromide (CTAB), TRIZOL, and RNA plant kit failed to isolate quality RNA in appreciable quantities from the coconut tissues. Furthermore, the resultant RNA performed well in the downstream experiment, that is, RT-PCR for the production and amplification of cDNA. CONCLUSIONS: From the study, we concluded that the present method will play a vital role in the extraction of high quality RNA from complex matrices in a short time.


Subject(s)
RNA/isolation & purification , Cocos/genetics , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
6.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 48(3): 162-163, July-Sept. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1149788

ABSTRACT

Classic myotonic dystrophy is a multisystem disorder that results from RNA toxicity and is one of the commonest adult onset muscular dystrophies. Patients often present with muscle stiffness from myotonia and dysphagia or dysarthria from laryngopharyngoesophageal muscle weakness. Benign electrocardiogram changes such as first degree atrioventricular block are commonly present and rarely merit further work up. Occasionally, patients develop advanced conduction defects which can unexpectedly progress to complete heart block perioperatively


La distrofia miotonica clásica es un trastorno multi-sistémico que resulta de la toxicidad del RNA y es una de las distrofias musculares más comunes en adultos. Los pacientes suelen presentar rigidez muscular por la miotonía, así como disfagia o disartria por debilidad muscular laringo-faríngea-esofágica. Los cambios benignos en el electrocardiograma, como el bloqueo auriculoventricular de primer grado, suelen estar presentes y rara vez merecen un análisis más profundo. Ocasionalmente, los pacientes desarrollan defectos de conduccion avanzados que pueden progresar inespera-damente para completar el bloqueo cardiaco perioperatorio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atrioventricular Block , Heart Block , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , RNA , Dysarthria , Electrocardiography , Cardiac Conduction System Disease , Myotonia
7.
Washington; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; july 8, 2020. 11 p.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1102945

ABSTRACT

Los coronavirus son un grupo de virus ARN altamente diversos de la familia Coronaviridae que se dividen en 4 géneros: alfa, beta, gamma y delta, y que causan enfermedades de leves a graves en humanos y animales (1-3). Existen coronavirus humanos endémicos como los alfacoronavirus 229E y NL63 y los betacoronavirus OC43 y HKU1 que pueden causar enfermedades de tipo influenza o neumonía en humanos (1, 3). Sin embargo, dos coronavirus zoonóticos que causan enfermedades graves en humanos han emergido: el coronavirus del Síndrome respiratorio agudo grave (SARS-CoV) en 2002-2003 y el coronavirus del Síndrome respiratorio de Oriente Medio (MERS-CoV) (1-5). En enero de 2020, el agente etiológico responsable de un grupo de casos de neumonía grave en Wuhan, China, fue identificado como un nuevo betacoronavirus, distinto del SARS-CoV y MERS-CoV (6). El 11 de febrero de 2020, el Comité Internacional de Taxonomía de Virus (ICTV) anunció la denominación del virus como coronavirus del síndrome respiratorio agudo grave 2 (SARS-CoV-2) (7), mientras que, el mismo día, la OMS nombró la enfermedad como enfermedad por coronavirus COVID-19 (8). Para fines de comunicación, haremos referencia a este virus como "el virus responsable de COVID-19" o "el virus COVID-19". La secuencia genómica completa de este nuevo agente está disponible y se han desarrollado diferentes protocolos de detección (9). A la luz de la circulación actual de COVID-19 en la región de las Américas, la Organización Panamericana de la Salud / Organización Mundial de la Salud (OPS / OMS) recomienda a los Estados Miembros garantizar la identificación oportuna de casos sospechosos, la toma y el envío de muestras a los laboratorios de referencia, y la implementación de protocolos de detección molecular, según la capacidad del laboratorio.


Subject(s)
Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Specimen Handling/standards , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/standards , Clinical Enzyme Tests/standards , RNA/standards , Polymerase Chain Reaction/standards , Personal Protective Equipment/standards , Betacoronavirus
8.
Rev. cuba. med ; 59(2): e1344, abr.-jun. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139050

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enfermedad producida por el nuevo coronavirus constituye un reto para los sistemas de salud. En estos tiempos de pandemia disponer de pruebas que ayuden a un diagnóstico temprano e incluso a detectar pacientes asintomáticos es una de las claves para disminuir los contagios y evitar la propagación. Objetivo: Revisar los aspectos más importantes en el diagnóstico del nuevo coronavirus. Desarrollo: La detección de ARN de SARS-CoV2 en muestras respiratorias, es la técnica de referencia y de elección para el diagnóstico microbiológico de COVID-19. Tomando la muestra de la parte posterior de la faringe y de las fosas nasales puede detectarse la presencia del virus. La detección de antígenos es un tipo de prueba de diagnóstico rápido la cual detecta la presencia de proteínas virales (antígenos) expresadas por el virus de la COVID-19. La detección de los anticuerpos generados en el organismo huésped infectado es una de las técnicas más utilizadas a nivel mundial en grandes poblaciones, incluso como pesquizaje, aunque su interpretación puede requerir intervención de médicos especializados. También está basada en la detección de anticuerpos del tipo IgM e IgG y algunas presentan la detección de anticuerpos IgA. Conclusiones: La interpretación de las pruebas serológicas debe realizarse con cautela, teniendo en cuenta sus limitaciones, y evaluarlas acorde a la situación clínica del paciente y de los resultados de la prueba de referencia(AU)


Introduction: The disease caused by the new coronavirus constitutes a challenge for health systems. In these times of pandemic, having tests that help early diagnosis and even detect asymptomatic patients is one of the keys to reducing infections and preventing the spread. Objective: To review the most important aspects in the diagnosis of the new coronavirus. Findings: Detection of SARS-CoV2 RNA in respiratory samples is the reference and technique of choice for the microbiological diagnosis of COVID-19. By taking samples from the back of the pharynx and the nostrils, the presence of the virus can be detected. Antigen detection is a type of rapid diagnostic test which detects the presence of viral proteins (antigens) expressed by COVID-19 virus. Detection of the antibodies generated in the infected host organism is one of the most widely used techniques worldwide in large populations, even as screening, although its interpretation may require the intervention of specialists. It is also based on the detection of IgM and IgG type antibodies and some have the detection of IgA antibodies. Conclusions: The interpretation of serological tests should be done with caution, taking into account the limitations, and assessing them according to the patient's clinical situation and the results of the reference test(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , RNA/therapeutic use , Coronavirus Infections/microbiology , Early Diagnosis , Immunoglobulin M/analysis , Serologic Tests/methods
9.
Rev. bras. anal. clin ; 52(2): 168-172, 20200630. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147090

ABSTRACT

A COVID-19, doença causada pelo novo Coronavírus, alastrou-se rapidamente por todos os continentes promovendo uma pandemia. Estudos relacionados à fisiopatologia da COVID-19 demonstraram que o vírus SARS-CoV-2 invade células da mucosa intestinal, sendo eliminado nas fezes, alertando para possibilidade da transmissão da doença por via fecal-oral. A presença do vírus nas fezes aventou também a expectativa de utilizar essa amostra biológica para fins diagnósticos. Nesta revisão, resumimos os estudos recentes relacionados à investigação da presença do RNA do SARS-CoV-2 nas fezes de pacientes com COVID-19.


Subject(s)
RNA , Coronavirus Infections , Feces , Betacoronavirus
10.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(2): 63-75, jun. 2020. graf, ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102739

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este artículo es proporcionar una guía que sirva para la interpretación y seguimiento de los esfuerzos que se están desarrollando en todo el mundo con el objetivo de obtener una vacuna que pueda generar inmunidad contra el nuevo coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 de 2019, el agente causante de la enfermedad por coronavirus denominada COVID-19. Cinco meses después de haber sido detectada la enfermedad, ya hay 102 vacunas en distintos estadios de desarrollo, registradas por la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS), correspondientes a 8 plataformas vacunales con diferentes estrategias, y todos los días aparecen nuevas. Esto representará un enorme desafío de organismos internacionales, para la evaluación, comparación y selección de aquellas que cumplan con los criterios regulatorios indispensables de seguridad y eficacia y que, por otro lado, puedan ser producidas en cantidades suficientes para abastecer la demanda mundial. (AU)


The objective of this article is to provide a guide to help the interpretation and monitoring the efforts that are being carried out worldwide to obtain a vaccine that will be able to generate immunity against the new 2019 SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, the viral agent causes the disease named COVID-19. Five months after the disease was detected, there are already 102 vaccines at different stages of development, registered by World Health Organization (WHO), corresponding to 8 vaccination platforms base on different strategies, and every day new ones appear. This will represent a huge challenge for international organizations, to evaluate, compare and selects those that will meet the essential regulatory criteria of safety and efficacy and that, would be able to be produced in enough quantities to supply the worldwide demand. Key words: SARS-Cov-2 vaccine, vaccine platform, COVID-19 strategy, attenuated virus, viral vector, viral proteins, viral DNA, viral RNA, nucleic acids, viral like particles, WHO. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , SARS Virus/immunology , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , DNA/therapeutic use , RNA/therapeutic use , Vaccines/therapeutic use , Nucleic Acids/therapeutic use , Protein S/immunology , Coronavirus Infections/virology , SARS Virus/physiology , SARS Virus/genetics , Disease Vectors
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811070

ABSTRACT

The transcriptome represents the complete set of RNA transcripts that are produced by the genome under a specific circumstance or in a specific cell. High-throughput methods, including microarray and bulk RNA sequencing, as well as recent advances in biostatistics based on machine learning approaches provides a quick and effective way of identifying novel genes and pathways related to asthma, which is a heterogeneous disease with diverse pathophysiological mechanisms. In this manuscript, we briefly review how to analyze transcriptome data and then provide a summary of recent transcriptome studies focusing on asthma pathogenesis and asthma drug responses. Studies reviewed here are classified into 2 classes based on the tissues utilized: blood and airway cells.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Biostatistics , Genetics , Genome , Machine Learning , RNA , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Transcriptome
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828429

ABSTRACT

In this study, based on the transcriptome database of suspension cells of Arnebia euchroma, we explored two candidate cytochrome P450 enzyme genes that might relate to the shikonin biosynthesis downstream pathway when CYP76B74 sequence was referenced. We constructed interference-type hairy roots of candidate genes and cultured them. We measured the fresh weight, dry weight, total naphthoquinone content, shikonin and its derivatives content and expression levels of key enzyme genes involved in shikonin biosynthesis pathway. The effects of candidate genes on the growth and shikonin production of A. euchroma hairy roots were discussed, and the possible regulatory mechanisms that candidate genes affected shikonin synthesis were discussed. Through local Blast and phylogenetic analysis, two candidate CYP450 genes(CYP76B75 and CYP76B100) with high homology to CYP76B74 in A. euchroma were screened, and corresponding interference hairy roots were constructed. Compared with the control(RNAi-control), the fresh weight of CYP76B75 interfered hairy root(RNAi-CYP76B75) and CYP76B100 interfered hairy root(RNAi-CYP76B100) were significantly reduced, while dry weight were not affected, so the dry rate increased significantly. Except for β-acetoxyisovalerylalkannin, which is high in three groups of hairy roots, the contents of shikonin, deoxyshikonin, acetylshikonin, β,β'-dimethacrylicalkannin, β-hydroxyisovalerylshikonin,β-hydroxyisovalerylshikonin, isobutyrylshikonin and total naphthoquinones showed a consistent pattern: RNAi-CYP76B75>RNAi-CYP76B100>RNAi-control. Among them, the synthesis of β-hydroxyisovalerylshikonin was most significantly promoted by interfering with the expression of CYP76B75. The content of β-hydroxyisovalerylshikonin in RNAi-CYP76B75 was 11.7 times that of RNAi-control. RESULTS:: of real-time qPCR analysis showed that compared to RNAi-control, the expression levels of AePGT gene in RNAi-CYP76B75 and RNAi-CYP76B100 were not changed significantly, and the expression levels of CYP76B74 and AeHMGR were up-regulated. In addition, the expression level of CYP76B100 in RNAi-CYP76B75 was down-regulated, whereas in RNAi-CYP76B100, the expression of CYP76B75 was significantly up-regulated. Therefore, this study confirmed that when the expression of CYP76B75 and CYP76B100 were interrupted, the growth of hairy roots were suppressed, but the synthesis of shikonin were promoted. They might increase the shikonin biosynthesis by up-regulating the expression of CYP76B74 in the hairy roots of A. euchroma.


Subject(s)
Boraginaceae , Genetics , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System , Naphthoquinones , Phylogeny , Plant Roots , RNA , RNA Interference
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827519

ABSTRACT

Circular RNA, a non-coding RNA that forms a covalently closed continuous loop, exists widely in eukaryotic cells. The biogenesis and biological function of this type of RNA indicate that it can play a crucial role in diseases such as tumors, neural system diseases, and cardiovascular diseases; moreover, this RNA may have great potential use as a biomarker in these diseases. Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a common malignancy in oral surgery that is difficult to cure, metastasizes easily, and has poor prognosis. In this review, we summarize the loop-forming mechanisms and functions of circular RNA and describe the progress of current research in the development of oral cancer.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Humans , Mouth Neoplasms , RNA , RNA, Circular
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762186

ABSTRACT

MicroRNAs (miRs) are single-stranded RNAs of 18-25 nucleotides. These molecules regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level; several of these are differentially expressed in asthma as well as in viral acute respiratory infections (ARIs), the main triggers of acute asthma exacerbations. In recent years, miRs have been studied in order to discover drug targets as well as biomarkers for diagnosis, disease severity and prognosis. We describe recent findings on miR expression and function in asthma and their role in the regulation of viral ARIs, according to cell tissue specificity and asthma severity. By combining the above information, we identify miRs that may be important in virus-induced asthma exacerbations. This is the first attempt to link miR profiles of asthmatic patients and ARI-induced miRs, addressing the question of whether there might be a specific miR deficit in asthmatic subjects that make them more susceptible and/or reactive to infection.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Biomarkers , Diagnosis , Disease Progression , Gene Expression , Humans , Inflammation , MicroRNAs , Nucleotides , Organ Specificity , Prognosis , Respiratory Tract Infections , RNA
17.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 792-808, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880882

ABSTRACT

Over 17 and 160 types of chemical modifications have been identified in DNA and RNA, respectively. The interest in understanding the various biological functions of DNA and RNA modifications has lead to the cutting-edged fields of epigenomics and epitranscriptomics. Developing chemical and biological tools to detect specific modifications in the genome or transcriptome has greatly facilitated their study. Here, we review the recent technological advances in this rapidly evolving field. We focus on high-throughput detection methods and biological findings for these modifications, and discuss questions to be addressed as well. We also summarize third-generation sequencing methods, which enable long-read and single-molecule sequencing of DNA and RNA modification.


Subject(s)
Animals , DNA/metabolism , DNA Methylation , Epigenesis, Genetic , Epigenomics , Humans , RNA/metabolism , Transcriptome
18.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(4): e9220, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089355

ABSTRACT

Rab7, an important member of the Rab family, is closely related to autophagy, endocytosis, apoptosis, and tumor suppression but few studies have described its association with renal fibrosis. In the early stage, our group studied the effects of Rab7 on production and degradation of extracellular matrix in hypoxic renal tubular epithelial cells. Because cell culture in vitro is different from the environment in vivo, it is urgent to understand the effects in vivo. In our current study, we established a renal fibrosis model in Rab7-knock-in mice (prepared by CRISPR/Cas9 technology) and wild type (WT) C57BL/6 mice using unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). Seven and 14 days after UUO, the expression of the Rab7 protein in WT mice, as well as the autophagic activity, renal function, and the degree of renal fibrosis in WT and Rab7-knock-in mice were examined by blood biochemical assay, hematoxylin-eosin and Masson staining, immunohistochemistry, and western blotting. We found that the Rab7 expression in WT mice increased over time. Furthermore, the autophagic activity constantly increased in both groups, although it was higher in the Rab7-knock-in mice than in the WT mice at the same time point. Seven days after UUO, the degree of renal fibrosis was milder in the Rab7-knock-in mice than in the WT mice, but it became more severe 14 days after surgery. Similar results were found for renal function. Therefore, Rab7 suppressed renal fibrosis in mice initially, but eventually it aggravated fibrosis with the activation of autophagy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Rabbits , Autophagy/physiology , Ureteral Obstruction/complications , rab GTP-Binding Proteins/genetics , Kidney/pathology , Kidney Diseases/etiology , Fibrosis , RNA/isolation & purification , Signal Transduction , Up-Regulation , Mice, Knockout , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , rab GTP-Binding Proteins/metabolism
19.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e015, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089381

ABSTRACT

Abstract We sought to compare the characteristics and clinical significance of neutrophil extracellular traps in gingival samples from patients with periodontitis and those with gingivitis. The clinical indexes of gingival samples from patients with periodontitis and gingivitis were measured; the expression of TNF-alpha and IL-8 was measured by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR; and the expression of TLR-8 and MMP-9 was measured by western blotting assays. Chemotaxis, phagocytosis and phagocytic activity of neutrophils were measured. Compared with the healthy group, the expression of TNF-α and IL-8 in the periodontitis group and the gingivitis group increased significantly (p < 0.05), and TNF-α in the gingivitis group was significantly lower than that in the healthy group (p < 0.05). The expression of IL-8 in the periodontitis group was significantly higher than that in the periodontitis group (p < 0.05). Furthermore, the expression of TLR-8 and MMP-9 in the periodontitis group was different from that in the gingivitis group and the healthy group, and the expression of TLR-8 and MMP-9 in the gingivitis group was significantly different from that in the healthy group (p < 0.05). In addition, the neutrophil mobility index in healthy people was 3.02 ± 0.53, that in the periodontitis group was 2.21 ± 0.13, and that in the gingivitis group was 2.31 ± 0.12. In conclusion, the chemotaxis of neutrophils in gingival samples of patients with periodontitis and gingivitis was decreased, the phagocytotic ability and activity of neutrophils were reduced, and the release of the extracellular trap-releasing inducible factors TNF-alpha and IL-8 also declined.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Periodontitis/pathology , Extracellular Traps , Gingivitis/pathology , Neutrophils/pathology , Reference Values , RNA/analysis , Case-Control Studies , Periodontal Index , Blotting, Western , Interleukin-8/analysis , Actins/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/analysis , Electrophoresis, Agar Gel , Toll-Like Receptor 8/analysis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Middle Aged
20.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 7(2): 145-151, abr.-jun. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1005720

ABSTRACT

Background: RNA isolation from bacteria within dentine caries lesions could be difficult due to reduced amount of collectable biomass and high mRNA instability. Attempting to overcome this challenge we describe one protocol developed to extract and purify total RNA from dentine lesions. Objective: customize a bacterial RNA extraction and purification method from human carious dentine. Methods: quantity and purity of extracted RNA were measured with a microvolume UV-VIS spectrophotometer, RNA integrity was assessed by standard denaturing agarose gel electrophoresis and images were captured under ultraviolet light with camera and analyzed. DNase treatment removed genomic DNA and an additional step of purification was carried out in silica spin column. Results: final yield (ng/µl) was 67.01 ± 22.33, absorbance ratio A260/A280 = 2.0 ± 0.07 and RNA integrity were obtained. The purified samples were reversely transcribed and the expression of atpD and fabM gene from Streptococcus mutans analyzed by quantitative real-time PCR. Conclusion: the extraction methodology developed produced high-quality RNA from dentine microbiota for transcriptional analysis.


Introdução: o isolamento de RNA de bactérias dentro de lesões de dentina cariada pode ser difícil devido à quantidade reduzida de biomassa e alta instabilidade de mRNA. Na tentativa de superar esse desafio, descrevemos um protocolo desenvolvido para extrair e purificar o RNA total das lesões dentinárias. Objetivo: personalizar um método de extração e purificação de RNA bacteriano a partir da dentina cariada humana. Métodos: a quantidade e a pureza do RNA extraído foram medidas com um espectrofotômetro UV-VIS de microvolume, a integridade do RNA foi avaliada por eletroforese em gel de agarose desnaturante padrão e as imagens foram capturadas sob luz ultravioleta e analisadas. O tratamento com DNase removeu o DNA genômico e uma etapa adicional de purificação foi realizada em coluna de spin de sílica. Resultados: o rendimento final (ng / µl) foi de 67,01 ± 22,33, a razão de absorbância A260 / A280 = 2,0 ± 0,07 e a integridade do RNA foram obtidas. As amostras purificadas foram transcritas reversamente e a expressão do gene atpD e fabM de Streptococcus mutans analisadas por PCR quantitativo em tempo real (RT-qPCR). Conclusão: a metodologia de extração desenvolvida produziu RNA de alta qualidade da microbiota dentinária para análises transcricionais.


Subject(s)
RNA , Dentin , Streptococcus mutans , Gene Expression
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