Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 257
Filter
1.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(2): 170-175, Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365349

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: A growing volume of literature has suggested long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) as important players in tumor progression. In this study, we aimed to investigate the expression and prognostic value of lncRNA LINC00173 (LINC00173) in melanoma. METHODS: LINC00173 expression was measured in 163 paired cancerous and noncancerous specimen samples by real-time polymerase chain reaction. The correlations between LINC00173 expression with clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis were analyzed by chi-square test, log-rank test, and multivariate survival analysis. Receiver-operating characteristic curves were used for the assessment of the diagnostic value of LINC00173 for melanoma patients. RESULTS: The expression level of LINC00173 in melanoma specimens was distinctly higher than that in adjacent non-neoplasm specimens (p<0.01). Besides, LINC00173 was expressed more frequently in patients with advanced melanoma than in patients with early melanoma. Multivariate assays confirmed that LINC00173 expression level was an independent prognostic predictor of melanoma patients (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Our data indicated that LINC00173 expression could serve as an unfavorable prognostic biomarker for melanoma patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , Melanoma/diagnosis , Melanoma/genetics , Prognosis , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Kaplan-Meier Estimate
3.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(8): 1113-1117, Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346981

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common type of childhood cancer. Previous studies have indicated the involvement of vitamin D receptor (VDR) and related long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) signaling in the pathophysiology of several cancers. However, their contribution to ALL remains to be elucidated. METHODS: In this case-control study, 30 patients with newly diagnosed ALL and 30 age- and sex-matched healthy children were selected. Then, the level of 25(OH) vitamin D and the expression of VDR and four VDR-related lncRNAs were assessed. RESULTS: No significant difference in serum 25(OH) vitamin D was observed between patients with ALL (20.42±6.5 ng/mL) and healthy subjects (25.45±11 ng/mL). In addition, the expression of MALAT-1, HOTAIR, and P-21 was not statistically significant between the two groups. However, a significant reduction in VDR and H19 expression was observed in patients with ALL (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: 25(OH) vitamin D insufficiency was evident in both groups. VDR and H19 signaling might be contributed to the pathogenesis of ALL, which needs further investigations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Vitamin D , Case-Control Studies
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888696

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the role of small nuclear noncoding RNA 7SK in embryonic stem cell (ESCs) proliferation and the value of 7SK as a target for early diagnosis and treatment for primordial dwarfism (PD).@*METHODS@#ESC line R1 was transfected with the CRISPR/Cas9 system, and sequencing of the PCR product and glycerol gradient analysis were performed to identify novel 7SK deletion mutations. A lentivirus system was used to knock down cyclin-dependent kinase 9 (CDK9) in clones with 7SK deletion mutations, and the effect of CDK9 knockdown on the protein level of cell division cycle 6 (CDC6) was analyzed with Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#We identified a novel deletion mutation of 7SK at 128-179 nt in the ESCs, which resulted in deficiency of cell proliferation. 7SK truncation at 128-179 nt significantly reduced the protein expressions of La-related protein 7 (LARP7) and CDC6.@*CONCLUSIONS@#7SK truncation at 128-179 nt can significantly impair proliferation of ESCs by downregulating CDC6. 7SK is a key regulator of proliferation and mediates the growth of ESCs through a mechanism dependent on CDK9 activity, suggesting the value of 7SK truncation at 128-179 nt as a potential target for early diagnosis and treatment of PD.


Subject(s)
Cell Cycle Proteins , Cell Proliferation , Embryonic Stem Cells/metabolism , HeLa Cells , Humans , Nuclear Proteins , Positive Transcriptional Elongation Factor B/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , RNA-Binding Proteins , Ribonucleoproteins , Transcription Factors
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1123-1128, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888527

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of down-regulation of long non-coding RNA HOX antisense intergenic RNA myeloid 1 (LncRNA-HOTAIRM1) to the proliferation and apoptosis of Jurkat in human leukemia T lymphocytes, and explore its mechanism.@*METHODS@#Jurkat cells were cultured in vitro and randomly divided into control group, HOTAIRM1 siRNA-NC group and HOTAIRM1 siRNA group; the expressions of LncRNA-HOTAIRM1 mRNA, KIT receptor tyrosine kinase (KIT) mRNA and serine threonine kinase (AKT) mRNA in Jurkat cells were detected by real-time fluorescence quantification (RT-qPCR); the proliferation of Jurkat cells in each groups was detected by CCK-8 method; the apoptosis of Jurkat cells in each groups was detected by Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining; the expressions of KIT, AKT, p-KIT, p-AKT, B-lymphoma-2 gene (BCL-2) and Caspase-3 were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the cells in the control group and HOTAIRM1 siRNA-NC group, the expression level of LncRNA-HOTAIRM1 mRNA, cell survival rate, expression levels of KIT mRNA, AKT mRNA, p-KIT, p-AKT and BCL-2 proteins in Jurkat cells in HOTAIRM1 siRNA group were significantly lower (P<0.05), while the expression level of Cleared Caspase-3 protein and Jurkat cell apoptosis rate were significantly higher (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#LncRNA-HOTAIRM1 may inhibit Jurkat cell proliferation and induce apoptosis through KIT/AKT signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Down-Regulation , Humans , Jurkat Cells , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888403

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of silencing LncRNA SNHG7 on hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-induced cardiomyocyte injury and its targeted regulation on miR-181b-5p.@*METHODS@#Rat cardiomyocytes H9c2 were cultured in vitro and randomly divided into control group, H/R group, H/R + si-NC group, H/R + si-SNHG7 group, H/R + si-SNHG7 + anti-miR-NC group and H/R + si-SNHG7 + anti-miR-181b-5p group. The content of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), malondialedhyde (MDA) and the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) were detected. Flow cytometry was carried out to detect the rate of apoptosis. qRT-PCR was used to detect the expression of SNHG7 and miR-181b-5p. Dual luciferase report experiment was used to verify the targeting relationship between SNHG7 and miR-181b-5p. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of Bax and Bcl-2.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the H/R group showed significantly increased SNHG7 expression in cardiomyocytes, reduced miR-181b-5p expression, higher levels of LDH and MDA, reduced activity of SOD, increased cell apoptosis rate, higher level of Bax protein, and reduced level of Bcl-2 protein (all P< 0.05). Compared with the H/R and H/R + si-NC groups, the H/R + si-SNHG7 group had significantly reduced level of LDH and MDA, increased activity of SOD, reduced apoptosis rate, reduced level of Bax protein, increased level of Bcl-2 protein (all P< 0.05). The dual luciferase report experiment confirmed that SNHG7 could target miR-181b-5p. Interference with the expression of miR-181b-5p could reduce the effect of silencing SNHG7 on H/R-induced cardiomyocyte oxidative stress and apoptosis.@*CONCLUSION@#Silencing SNHG7 may inhibit H/R-induced cardiomyocyte oxidative stress and apoptosis by up-regulating the expression of miR-181b-5p, thereby exerting a protective effect on cardiomyocytes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Hypoxia , MicroRNAs/genetics , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Myocytes, Cardiac , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Rats
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880102

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of long non-coding RNA-TUC338 on the proliferation and migration of lymphoma cells.@*METHODS@#The expression of TUC338 in different lymphoma cells was detected by fluorescence quantitative PCR, cell proliferation by sulforhodamine B (SRB) assay, migration of lymphoma cells by transwell assay, and protein expression in PI3K/AKT signaling pathway by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The expression levels of TUC338 in lymphoma cells Daudi, U937, BC-3, and Raji significantly increased in comparison with human normal T lymphocytes H9 (t=13.277, 10.103, 16.200, and 26.687, P=0.002, 0.005, 0.001, and 0.000). Compared with NC-siRNA group, the number of cells crossing the chamber of TUC338-siRNA group was significantly reduced (t=30.508, P=0.000), the protein expression levels of p-PI3K and p-AKT significantly decreased (t=16.872 and 18.371, P=0.000 and 0.000), and OD@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of TUC338 significantly increases in lymphoma cells, and silence of TUC338 effectively inhibits the activation of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, thereby inhibiting the proliferation and migration of lymphoma cells, which has a potential application value in diagnosis and treatment of lymphoma.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Signal Transduction
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922586

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) has become a key epigenetic regulator that regulates gene expression and affects a variety of biological processes. LncRNA plays an important role in the occurrence and development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The study on lncRNA in peripheral blood cells of RA patients has been reported. However, there is no study on autophagy regulation by lncRNA in RA patients. This study aims to provide a new direction for the diagnosis and treatment of RA via screening the changes of lncRNAs in RA fibroblast-like synoviocytes (RA-FLSs) before and after autophagy and finding the key lncRNAs targeting RA-FLSs autophagy.@*METHODS@#Synovial tissues of 6 RA patients after knee and hip joint surgery were obtained, and RA-FLSs were cultured to the 5th generation for further experiments (tissue culture method). After treatment with mTOR inhibitor PP242, the expression of LC3-II was detected by Western blotting. Total RNAs of 3 cases of RA-FLSs before and after treatment with mTOR inhibitor PP242 were extracted by TRIzol and screened by Agilent Human ceRNA Microarray 2019 (4×180 K, design ID: 086188) chip. The lncRNAs with significantly changed expression levels were selected (difference multiple≥2.0, @*RESULTS@#RA-FLSs were successfully isolated and cultured from the synovial tissues of the patient's knee or hip joint. After 6 RA-FLSs were treated with PP242, the expression level of autophagy marker protein LC3-II was increased (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Differentially expressed lncRNAs in RA-FLSs have been identified with microarray analysis. In RA, differential expression of lncRNAs is involved in the autophagy of RA-FLSs. The underlying mechanisms based on bioinformatics analysis include regulating the secretion of cytokines, such as IL-6, TGF-β, TNF-α and IL-17, participating in the immune cell differentiation, such as Th17, Th1, Th2 cells and osteoclasts, as well as regulating the autophagy pathway, MAPK, FoxO, and other signaling pathways. It has been verified that the expression of ENST0000584721.1 is up-regulated and ENST0000615939.1 is down-regulated after autophagy of RA FLSs, which provides a good experimental basis for further study on the mechanism of lncRNA in RA-FLSs autophagy.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Autophagy/genetics , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Fibroblasts , Humans , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Reproducibility of Results , Synoviocytes
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1763-1767, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922331

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the expression of lncRNA-MALAT1 in peripheral blood of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) sepsis and explore its clinical significance.@*METHODS@#From March 2018 to March 2019, 95 confirmed AML patients including 43 sepsis infected cases and 52 uninfected cases were selected for treatment in the Department of Oncology and Hematology, The First People's Hospital of Longquanyi District. Their peripheral blood samples were taken as study samples, and the blood samples from 50 healthy people were used as control. RT-qPCR was used to detect lncRNA-MALAT1 expression level in samples from healthy group, uninfected group, and sepsis group. The correlation between lncRNA-MALAT1 expression level and clinical characteristics and prognosis of AML patients with sepsis were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of lncRNA-MALAT1 in the sepsis group was significantly up-regulated compared with the healthy group and uninfected group (P0.05). In AML patients with sepsis, the expression of lncRNA-MALAT1 was associated with clinical characteristics such as NCCN risk classification, white blood cell count, hemoglobin and so on. The overall survival rate of high lncRNA-MALAT1 expression group was significantly lower than that of low expression group (χ@*CONCLUSION@#The up-regulated expression of lncRNA-MALAT1 is closely related to the clinical characteristics and survival rate, and is an independent prognostic factor for AML sepsis patients. LncRNA-MALAT1 is expected to become a new diagnostic marker and therapeutic target for AML sepsis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Prognosis , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Sepsis , Survival Rate
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1436-1449, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922277

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#LncRNA ITGB2-AS1 has been found to play important roles in the occurrence and development of human solid tumors. However, its role in hematological diseases, especially acute myeloid leukemia (AML), remains unclear. The aim of this study was to identify the expression pattern of ITGB2-AS1 in AML patients and to further explore its clinical significance.@*METHODS@#ITGB2-AS1 expression was analyzed in public datasets (including TCGA and GSE63270) and further validated in a cohort of 109 AML patients by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR).@*RESULTS@#The level of ITGB2-AS1 was up-regulated among two independent cohorts (TCGA, P<0.05; GSE63270, P<0.05), which was confirmed by the data from 109 AML patients enrolled in this study (P<0.05). Clinically, high ITGB2-AS1 expression was associated with older age (P=0.023) and lower complete remission (CR) rate (P=0.005). Multivariate analysis identified that high ITGB2-AS1 expression was an independent prognostic factor not only for CR rate (P=0.027) but also for overall survival (OS) time (P=0.011), and ITGB2-AS1 was positively correlated with ITGB2 expression in both TCGA (r=0.74, P<0.001) and clinical data detected in this study (r=0.881, P<0.001). High ITGB2 expression was also associated with older age (P=0.02) and lower CR rate (P=0.020). Moreover, high ITGB2 expression predicted worse OS (P=0.028).@*CONCLUSION@#ITGB2-AS1 is overexpressed in AML and predicts poor prognosis in AML patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Prognosis , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922004

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of HNF1A-AS1 on the proliferation, migration and invasion of IL-6-induced hemangioendothelial cells (HemEC) and possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#RT-qPCR was used to detect the expression level of HNF1A-AS1 and miR-363-3p in the tumor tissue and adjacent normal skin tissue from 35 patients with hemangioma. Pearson correlation was used to analyze the correlation between the expression of HNF1A-AS1 and miR-363-3p in tumor tissues. HemEC were isolated and cultured in vitro.Dual luciferase reporter gene experiment was used to study the regulatory effect between HNF1A-AS1 and miR-363-3p. IL-6 was added to HemEC transfected with si-NC, si-HNF1A-AS1, si-HNF1A-AS1 and anti-miR-NC, or si-HNF1A-AS1 and anti-miR-363-3p, respectively. CCK-8 method and clone formation experiment were used to detect cell proliferation in each group. Transwell method was used to detect cell migration and invasion in each group. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of Ki67, MMP-2 and MMP-9 proteins in each group.@*RESULTS@#Compared with normal skin tissues, the expression of IL-6 mRNA in hemangioma tissues was increased (P<0.05), and the expression of IL-6 mRNA in the proliferative phase was lower than that in the degenerative phase (P<0.05). Expression of HNF1A-AS1 in hemangioma tissue was increased (P<0.05), while that of miR-363-3p was decreased (P<0.05), and the two were negatively correlated (r=-0.758, P<0.05). HNF1A-AS1 down-regulated the expression of miR-363-3p in HemEC.IL-6 promoted the expression of HNF1A-AS1, OD value, number of colonies, number of migration and invasion of HemEC cells, and the expression of Ki67, MMP-2 and MMP-9proteins (P<0.05), while reduced the expression of miR-363-3p (P<0.05). Down-regulating si-HNF1A-AS1 reduced the IL-6-induced HemEC cell OD value, colony numbers, migration and invasion and the expression of Ki67, MMP-2 and MMP-9 proteins (P<0.05). Down-regulating miR-363-3p attenuated the inhibitory effect of down-regulating si-HNF1A-AS1 on the proliferation, migration and invasion of HemEC cells induced by IL-6 (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Expression of HNF1A-AS1 is increased in hemangioma tissues. Down-regulating HNF1A-AS1 may inhibit proliferation, migration and invasion of IL-6-induced hemangioma endothelial cells by targeted up-regulation of miR-363-3p.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Endothelial Cells , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Hemangioma/genetics , Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-alpha/genetics , Humans , Interleukin-6/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921989

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the influence of long non-coding (lnc) RNA Gm15645 on the podocyte injury in mice with diabetic nephropathy.@*METHODS@#Male db/db mice (with Type 2 diabetes) with a genetic background of C57BLKs/J and db/m mice (healthy) born in littermates were randomly divided into three groups. db/db group was injected with lncRNAGm15645 shRNA lentivirus with a podocyte-specific marker NPHS2; db/db blank group was injected with saline, and db/db control group was injected withnon-sense lentivirus. The results of PAS staining, pathological changes of renal tissue, relative expression of GSK-3beta, and podocin expression were compared.@*RESULTS@#lncRNAGm15 645 was overexpressed and podocin was down-regulated in the lentivirus overexpressed group. Mesangial cell proliferation, mesangial matrix hyperplasia, thickened basement membrane, widely fused foot process, and podocyte injury were observed by PAS staining. The expression of Gm15645 in the db/db group was significantly lower than that of the db/db blank group and db/db control group (P< 0.05), while the expression of podocin was higher (P< 0.05). Gm15645 was co-stained with podocin in renal tissue, and the target gene was GSK-3beta.@*CONCLUSION@#lncRNAGm15645 may provide an early biomarker for the occurrence of podocyte injury in diabetic nephropathy. The mechanism may be related to the feedback regulation of GSK-3beta gene.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Diabetic Nephropathies/genetics , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta , Male , Mice , Podocytes , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921814

ABSTRACT

To explore the regulatory effects of Xinfeng Capsules(XFC) on the apoptosis of synovial fibroblasts(FLS) and inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis(RA) via lncRNA MAPKAPK5-AS1(MK5-AS1). Thirty healthy people and 30 patients with RA due to spleen deficiency and dampness exuberance were collected for extracting the peripheral blood mononuclear cells(PBMCs) before and after XFC treatment, which were used to observe the correlation between MK5-AS1 and clinical indicators as well as MK5-AS1 expression before and after XFC treatment. Following the establishment of RA-FLS cell line and the preparation of XFC-containing serum, MK5-AS1-overexpression plasmid was constructed and transfected into RA-FLS for investigating the efficacy of XFC-containing serum in regulating inflammation and apoptosis of RA-FLS via MK5-AS1. The expression of MK5-AS1 in PBMCs of patients with RA due to spleen deficiency and dampness exuberance was decreased(P<0.001). The ROC curve analysis revealed the AUC of 83.9%. Correlation analysis showed that MK5-AS1 was negatively correlated with ESR, CRP, RF, CCP, and spleen deficiency and dampness exuberance syndrome score. The expression of MK5-AS1 increased significantly after XFC treatment(P<0.001). As demonstrated by association analysis, XFC decreased MK5-AS1, ESR, CRP, RF, and spleen deficiency and dampness exuberance syndrome score, with the degree of support all greater than 83%, confidence greater than 80%, and lift greater than 1. The results of RT-qPCR showed that the MK5-AS1 RNA expression significantly decreased after TNF-α stimulation(P<0.01), which, however, increased significantly after the intervention with XFC-containing serum(P<0.05). Such expression rose again after the transfection of pcDNA3.1-MK5-AS1(P<0.01). ELISA results showed that TNF-α stimulation elevated the expression of pro-inflammatory factor IL-17 but lowered the expression of anti-inflammatory factor IL-4(P<0.01). After intervention with XFC-containing serum, the expression of IL-17 decreased while that of IL-4 increased(P<0.01). The transfection of pcDNA3.1-MK5-AS1 contributed to the reduction in IL-17 expression but the elevation in IL-4 expression(P<0.01). The immunofluorescence(IF) findings demonstrated that the expression of pro-apoptotic protein Bax was down-regulated, whereas that of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 was up-regulated after TNF-α stimulation(P<0.01). After the intervention with XFC-containing serum, the Bax expression was increased, while Bcl-2 expression was decreased(P<0.01), which were remarkably collaborated by the transfection of pcDNA3.1-MK5-AS1(P<0.05). The expression of MK5-AS1 is significantly decreased in both RA-PBMCs and RA-FLS, implying that XFC inhibits inflammatory reaction and promotes the apoptosis in RA by regulating the expression of MK5-AS1.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fibroblasts , Humans , Inflammation/genetics , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
15.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3933-3944, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921477

ABSTRACT

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a class of RNA molecules that are greater than 200 nt in length and do not have protein-coding capabilities or encode micropeptides only. LncRNAs are involved in the regulation of cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis and other biological processes, and are closely associated with the occurrence, recurrence and metastasis of a variety of malignant hematologic diseases. This article summarizes the function, regulatory mechanism and potential clinical application of lncRNAs in leukemia. In general, lncRNAs regulate the occurrence and development of leukemia and the multi-drug resistance in chemotherapy through epigenetic modification, ribosomal RNA transcription, competitive binding with miRNA, modulating glucose metabolic pathway, and activating tumor-related signaling pathway. Studies on lncRNAs provide new references for understanding the pathogenesis of leukemia, uncovering new prognostic markers and potential therapeutic targets, and addressing the problems of drug resistance and post-treatment recurrence in patients in clinical treatment of leukemia.


Subject(s)
Cell Proliferation , Humans , Leukemia/genetics , MicroRNAs , Neoplasms , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921388

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the expression and mechanism of the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) HCG22 in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC).@*METHODS@#HCG22 levels were detected in the OSCC and adjacent tissues, OSCC cells, and normal oral keratinocytes. HCG22 expression in SCC-25 and HSC-3 cells was upregulated by transfection of the overexpressing plasmi dvector. Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay, flow cytometry, and Transwell assay were employed to detect changes in cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion ability, while Western blotting was used to detect the expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transformation-related proteins. The expression level of miR-650 in the cells was detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), and dual-luciferase reporter gene assay was applied to assess the targeting relationship between HCG22 and miR-650.@*RESULTS@#Compared with that in adjacent tissues, the expression of HCG22 significantly decreased in OSCC tissues (@*CONCLUSIONS@#HCG22 is expressed at low levels in OSCC. Upregulation of the expression of this lncRNA can inhibit the proliferation, migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition of OSCC cells. The mechanism of action of HCG22 may be related to its targeted regulation of miR-650.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , Mouth Neoplasms/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921372

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aims to explore the effect and molecular mechanism of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily Q member 1 overlapping transcript 1 (KCNQ1OT1) on proliferation and osteogenic differentiation in human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs).@*METHODS@#The hPDLSCs of normal periodontal tissues were isolated and cultured. The mineralized solution induced the osteoblast differentiation of hPDLSCs. The down-regulation of lncRNA KCNQ1OT1, the overexpression of anti-miR-24-3p on the proliferation and the levels of osteocalcin (OCN), osteopontin (OPN) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) of hPDLSCs were investigated. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to detect the levels of lncRNA KCNQ1OT1, miR-24-3p, OCN, OPN, and ALP. Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) method was used to detect cell viability and activity. Cell proliferation was evaluated by MTT. Western blot was used to detect protein expression. The targeted relationship between lncRNA KCNQ1OT1 and miR-24-3p was detected by double-luciferase experiment.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of lncRNA KCNQ1OT1 increased, and that of miR-24-3p decreased during the osteogenesis of hPDLSCs (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Down-regulation of lncRNA KCNQ1OT1 inhibited the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of hPDLSCs by targeting the up-regulated expression of miR-24-3p.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , Osteogenesis , Periodontal Ligament/cytology , Potassium , Potassium Channels, Voltage-Gated , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Stem Cells/cytology
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888215

ABSTRACT

Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) Dnm3os plays a critical role in peritendinous fibrosis and pulmonary fibrosis, but its role in the process of cardiac fibrosis is still unclear. Therefore, we carried out study by using the myocardial fibrotic tissues obtained by thoracic aortic constriction (TAC) in an early study of our group, and the


Subject(s)
Fibroblasts , Fibrosis , Humans , Myocardium/pathology , RNA, Long Noncoding , Signal Transduction , Transforming Growth Factor beta1
19.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2342-2350, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887801

ABSTRACT

The balance of bone metabolism depends on the dynamic balance between bone formation and bone resorption. Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway is involved in the regulation of bone resorption and bone formation, and plays an important role in maintaining the balance of bone metabolism. Recently, long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is shown to play an essential role in different process of bone metabolism. LncRNA can also regulate the balance of bone metabolism via Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. Few studies report that lncRNA regulates bone metabolism via Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. Therefore, we summarize here the role of lncRNA in bone metabolism from the perspective of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. LncRNA indirectly regulates Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway by targeting miRNAs as well as activating or inhibiting Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway via targeting the key molecules of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, thus to regulate bone metabolism. These findings provide new ideas and directions for the study of the mechanism whereby lncRNA regulates bone metabolism.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , MicroRNAs , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Wnt Signaling Pathway/genetics
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2091-2101, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887631

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) actin filament-associated protein 1 antisense RNA 1 (AFAP1-AS1) functions as a competing endogenous RNA to regulate target genes expression by sponging microRNAs (miRs) to play cancer-promoting roles in cancer stem cells. However, the regulatory mechanism of AFAP1-AS1 in cervical cancer (CC) stem cells is unknown. The present study aimed to provide a new therapeutic target for the clinical treatment of CC.@*METHODS@#Hyaluronic acid receptor cluster of differentiation 44 variant exon 6 (CD44v6)(+) CC cells were isolated by flow cytometry (FCM). Small interfering RNAs of AFAP1-AS1 (siAFAP1-AS1) were transfected into the (CD44v6)(+) cells. The levels of AFAP1-AS1 were measured by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Sphere formation assay, cell cycle analysis, and Western blotting were used to detect the effect of siAFAP1-AS1. RNA pull-down and luciferase reporter assay were used to verify the relationship between miR-27b-3p and AFAP1-AS1 or vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C.@*RESULTS@#CD44v6(+) CC cells had remarkable stemness and a high level of AFAP1-AS1. However, AFAP1-AS1 knockdown with siAFAP1-AS1 suppressed the cell cycle transition of G(1)/S phase and inhibited self-renewal of CD44v6(+) CC cells, the levels of the stemness markers octamer-binding transcription factor 4 (OCT4), osteopontin (OPN), and cluster of differentiation 133 (CD133), and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related proteins Twist1, matrix metalloprotease (MMP)-9, and VEGF-C. In the mechanism study, miR-27b-3p/VEGF-C signaling was demonstrated to be a key downstream of AFAP1-AS1 in the CD44v6(+) CC cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#LncRNA AFAP1-AS1 knockdown inhibits the CC cell stemness by upregulating miR-27b-3p to suppress VEGF-C.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/genetics , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/genetics , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor C
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL