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Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 45(12): 1183-1194, Dec. 2012. ilus, mapas, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-659642


In the last several years, the use of dendritic cells has been studied as a therapeutic strategy against tumors. Dendritic cells can be pulsed with peptides or full-length protein, or they can be transfected with DNA or RNA. However, comparative studies suggest that transfecting dendritic cells with messenger RNA (mRNA) is superior to other antigen-loading techniques in generating immunocompetent dendritic cells. In the present study, we evaluated a new therapeutic strategy to fight tuberculosis using dendritic cells and macrophages transfected with Hsp65 mRNA. First, we demonstrated that antigen-presenting cells transfected with Hsp65 mRNA exhibit a higher level of expression of co-stimulatory molecules, suggesting that Hsp65 mRNA has immunostimulatory properties. We also demonstrated that spleen cells obtained from animals immunized with mock and Hsp65 mRNA-transfected dendritic cells were able to generate a mixed Th1/Th2 response with production not only of IFN-γ but also of IL-5 and IL-10. In contrast, cells recovered from mice immunized with Hsp65 mRNA-transfected macrophages were able to produce only IL-5. When mice were infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis and treated with antigen-presenting cells transfected with Hsp65 mRNA (therapeutic immunization), we did not detect any decrease in the lung bacterial load or any preservation of the lung parenchyma, indicating the inability of transfected cells to confer curative effects against tuberculosis. In spite of the lack of therapeutic efficacy, this study reports for the first time the use of antigen-presenting cells transfected with mRNA in experimental tuberculosis.

Animals , Male , Mice , Antigen-Presenting Cells/immunology , Bacterial Proteins/administration & dosage , /administration & dosage , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/immunology , RNA, Messenger/immunology , Tuberculosis Vaccines/administration & dosage , Tuberculosis/immunology , Bacterial Proteins/adverse effects , Bacterial Proteins/immunology , /adverse effects , /immunology , Mice, Inbred BALB C , RNA, Messenger/adverse effects , Spleen/immunology , Transfection , Tuberculosis Vaccines/adverse effects , Tuberculosis Vaccines/immunology , Tuberculosis/prevention & control
P. R. health sci. j ; 18(3): 257-65, sept. 1999. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-255635


Rat gene 33 (g33) mRNA has a widespread tissue distribution. Insulin and various agents such as glucocorticoids, phorbol esters and plant lectins regulate G33 expression in rat hepatoma cells. The regulation of g33 by insulin and a phorbol ester was examined in two Chinese Hamster ovary (CHO) cell lines, CHO-T cells (which overexpress human insulin receptors (hIR)) and wild type CHOwt cells. These cell lines were used to determine how expression of the hIR influences the capacity of g33 to respond to insulin and phorbol myristate acetate (PMA). Treatment of CHOwt and CHO-T cells with insulin increased mRNAg33 levels three to four-fold, with a maximum effect reached after three hours of treatment. PMA treatment of CHOwt and CHO-T cells caused a similar elevation of mRNAg33 levels after three hours. Insulin had no effect on mRNAg33 stability in both CHO cell lines. Additionally, the effects of insulin and PMA on mRNAg33 levels were additive only in CHO-T cells. Insulin or PMA-pretreated CHO-T cells were able to respond to both agents, but elevation ofmRNAg33 levels was maximal. In contrast, when insulin and/or PMA-pretreated CHOwt cells were exposed to insulin or PMA, g33 was able to respond maximally. These results suggest that insulin and phorbol esters act through different signaling mechanisms in CHOwt cells. Additionally, insulin's ability to stimulate g33 expression in CHOwt cells suggests that this insulin effect may be independent of the insulin eceptor. There are differences in the regulation pattern of g33 by insulin and PMA in rat hepatoma and among the two CHO cell lines used in this study

Humans , Animals , Cricetinae , Rats , CHO Cells , Gene Expression Regulation , Insulin/pharmacology , RNA, Messenger/analysis , Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate/pharmacology , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/pharmacology , Blotting, Northern , CHO Cells/metabolism , Dactinomycin/pharmacology , Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors/pharmacology , Insulin/physiology , Receptor, Insulin/physiology , Gene Expression Regulation , RNA, Messenger/adverse effects , RNA, Messenger/isolation & purification