Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 350
Filter
1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e248911, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339362

ABSTRACT

Abstract The telencephalon refers to the most highly developed and anterior part of the forebrain, consisting mainly of the cerebral hemispheres. The study determined Neuroglobin (Ngb) and Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF-1α) expression in the telencephalon of yak and cattle, and compare the expression and distribution pattern of Ngb and HIF-1α in the two animals. Immunohistochemistry (IHC), quantitative real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR), and Western blot (WB) were employed to investigate Ngb and Hif-1α expression in the telencephalon of yak and cattle. mRNA and protein expressions of Ngb and HIF-1α showed positive in different tissues of the yak and cattle telencephalon. Ngb expression in tissues of the yak recorded higher as compare to cattle while HIF-1α expression was found higher in cattle than yak. The HIF-1α expression in some tissues of yak telencephalon was consistent with the cattle. The results documented that HIF-1α may have a direct or indirect synergistic effect on Ngb expression in the yak telencephalon to improve hypoxia adaptation. It is suggested that yak may need more Ngb expression for adaptation, but the expression of HIF-1α seems to be down-regulated during long-term adaptation, and the specific causes of this phenomenon needs to be further verified.


Resumo O telencéfalo refere-se à parte anterior e mais desenvolvida do prosencéfalo, consistindo principalmente dos hemisférios cerebrais. O estudo determinou a expressão de neuroglobina (Ngb) e fator indutível por hipóxia (HIF-1α) no telencéfalo de iaques e bovinos e comparou a expressão e o padrão de distribuição de Ngb e HIF-1α nos dois animais. Imuno-histoquímica (IHC), reação em cadeia da polimerase quantitativa em tempo real (qRT-PCR) e Western blot (WB) foram empregados para investigar a expressão de Ngb e Hif-1α no telencéfalo de iaques e bovinos. As expressões de mRNA e proteínas de Ngb e HIF-1α mostraram-se positivas em diferentes tecidos do telencéfalo de iaque e bovino. A expressão de Ngb nos tecidos do iaque foi registrada mais alta em comparação com o gado, enquanto a expressão do HIF-1α foi encontrada mais alta no gado do que no iaque. A expressão de HIF-1α em alguns tecidos do telencéfalo de iaque foi consistente com o gado. Os resultados documentaram que o HIF-1α pode ter um efeito sinérgico direto ou indireto na expressão de Ngb no telencéfalo de iaque para melhorar a adaptação à hipóxia. É sugerido que o iaque pode precisar de mais expressão de Ngb para adaptação, mas a expressão de HIF-1α parece ser regulada para baixo durante a adaptação de longo prazo, e as causas específicas desse fenômeno precisam ser verificadas.


Subject(s)
Animals , Telencephalon , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Cattle , Adaptation, Physiological , Neuroglobin
2.
São Paulo; s.n; 2022. 138 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1378924

ABSTRACT

O carcinoma renal de células claras (CRCC) é o tipo de neoplasia renal com maior incidência, cerca de 80%. A maioria dos casos são curados após cirurgia, porém, cerca de um terço dos pacientes apresentam recidiva da doença com metástase à distância. O tratamento para este tumor evoluiu muito nas últimas duas décadas, entretanto, pacientes metastáticos ainda apresentam baixas taxas de resposta aos tratamentos devido a resistência adquirida pelo tumor para escapar da terapia alvo. Identificar os mecanismos moleculares associados à carcinogênese do CRCC é essencial para entender as características tumorais que estão associadas a progressão da doença e resistência aos tratamentos. Entre as alterações mais frequentes no CRCC está a perda do gene VHL, um supressor tumoral e principal regulador da resposta à hipóxia. VHL tem dois principais alvos, o fator induzido por hipóxia 1α (HIF-1α) e o fator induzido por hipóxia α (HIF-2α). Em normóxia, VHL é responsável pela degradação das subunidades de HIF. Em hipóxia, VHL deixa de reconhecer e marcar HIF-1α e HIF-2α para degradação e, uma vez estabilizadas, ativam vias de sinalização associadas a sobrevivência celular. As informações sobre alterações encontradas em tumores normalmente são estudadas a partir do sequenciamento da população total de mRNAs, oferecendo uma visão do transcriptoma. Nossa abordagem metodológica coleta e analisa apenas a população de mRNAs ativamente traduzidos, oferecendo uma visão mais próxima da expressão proteica final. A via de mTOR regula o início da tradução de mRNAs e está frequentemente mutada em CRCC. A hipóxia afeta a expressão de genes tanto via transcrição quanto via tradução. Alterações no controle traducional em CRCC afetam a expressão gênica contribuindo para a formação do tumor e progressão da doença. Assim, nosso objetivo principal foi identificar o perfil de genes diferencialmente traduzidos dependendo do status de VHL e da via de mTOR. Para isso utilizamos um modelo celular de CRCC deficiente em VHL e sua contraparte onde VHL foi restituído. Realizamos o perfil polissomal em modelos celulares de CRCC para separar e coletar a população de mRNAs ativamente traduzidos que foram posteriormente sequenciados. Nossos dados mostraram perfis distintos de tradução entre as células VHL- deficientes e VHL-proficientes. Além disso, após a inibição de mTOR, ambas as células também apresentaram respostas diferentes ao tratamento. Além disso, observamos alterações na resposta imune e aumento do ciclo celular na ausência de VHL, que podem contribuir para a progressão tumoral. Em modelo com tecido tumoral congelado, nossos resultados parciais indicam que alterações na tradução global podem interferir principalmente no estadiamento clínico de pacientes com CRCC. Por fim, também analisamos a expressão de HIF-2α, um dos alvos de VHL, em tecidos de pacientes com CRCC. Nossos resultados mostram que HIF-2α pode ser utilizado na estratificação de pacientes com maior risco de recidiva, dependendo do estadiamento clínico.


Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most common type of renal neoplasia with 80% of incidence. Most cases are cured after surgery, however, one third of all patients will have disease recurrence with distant metastasis. ccRCC treatment had evolved in the past two decades, however, metastatic patients still have low response rates due to tumor resistance. The identification of molecular mechanisms associated with ccRCC carcinogenesis is essential to understand the characteristics associated with disease progression and treatment resistance. The most frequent alteration in ccRCC is the loss of VHL gene, a tumor suppressor and the main regulator in response to hypoxia. VHL has two main target, hypoxia-induced factor 1 α (HIF-1 α) and hypoxia-induced factor α (HIF-2 α). In normoxic conditions, VHL can lead HIF subunits to degradation. In hypoxia, HIF-1α and HIF-2α stabilize and activate cell survival associated signaling pathways. Studies about tumor alterations usually provides a view of the transcriptome. Our approach is based on the actively translated mRNAs collection and analysis, which provides a closer view from protein expression. mTOR pathway regulates translation initiation and is frequently mutated in ccRCC. Hypoxia affects gene expression in both transcriptional and translational regulation. Alteration in translational control in ccRCC affect gene expression which contributes to tumor progression. Our main objective was to identify the differentially translated gene profile depending on VHL status and mTOR pathway activation. To assess this, we used a VHL-deficient and a VHL-proficient ccRCC cell line. We used the polysome profiling technique to separate and collect the population of mRNAs actively translated that were subsequently sequenced. Our data showed distinct translation profiles between VHL-deficient and VHL-proficient cells. In addition, after mTOR inhibition, both cells showed different responses to treatment. We observed changes in immune response and increased cell cycle pathways in VHL deficient cells, which may contribute to tumor progression. In tumor tissue, our polysome profiling analysis indicate that changes in global translation may interfere in clinical staging of ccRCC patients. Finally, we analyzed the expression of HIF-2α, a VHL target, in ccRCC patient's tissues. Our results showed that HIF-2α can distinct patients at higher recurrence risk depending on clinical staging.


Subject(s)
Humans , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , Von Hippel-Lindau Tumor Suppressor Protein , Kidney Neoplasms/genetics , Signal Transduction , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
3.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 490-512, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939864

ABSTRACT

LIN28 is an RNA binding protein with important roles in early embryo development, stem cell differentiation/reprogramming, tumorigenesis and metabolism. Previous studies have focused mainly on its role in the cytosol where it interacts with Let-7 microRNA precursors or mRNAs, and few have addressed LIN28's role within the nucleus. Here, we show that LIN28 displays dynamic temporal and spatial expression during murine embryo development. Maternal LIN28 expression drops upon exit from the 2-cell stage, and zygotic LIN28 protein is induced at the forming nucleolus during 4-cell to blastocyst stage development, to become dominantly expressed in the cytosol after implantation. In cultured pluripotent stem cells (PSCs), loss of LIN28 led to nucleolar stress and activation of a 2-cell/4-cell-like transcriptional program characterized by the expression of endogenous retrovirus genes. Mechanistically, LIN28 binds to small nucleolar RNAs and rRNA to maintain nucleolar integrity, and its loss leads to nucleolar phase separation defects, ribosomal stress and activation of P53 which in turn binds to and activates 2C transcription factor Dux. LIN28 also resides in a complex containing the nucleolar factor Nucleolin (NCL) and the transcriptional repressor TRIM28, and LIN28 loss leads to reduced occupancy of the NCL/TRIM28 complex on the Dux and rDNA loci, and thus de-repressed Dux and reduced rRNA expression. Lin28 knockout cells with nucleolar stress are more likely to assume a slowly cycling, translationally inert and anabolically inactive state, which is a part of previously unappreciated 2C-like transcriptional program. These findings elucidate novel roles for nucleolar LIN28 in PSCs, and a new mechanism linking 2C program and nucleolar functions in PSCs and early embryo development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Embryo, Mammalian/metabolism , Embryonic Development , Mice , Pluripotent Stem Cells/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/genetics , RNA, Ribosomal , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Zygote/metabolism
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939801

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a highly invasive epithelial malignant tumor with unique geographical and ethnic distribution characteristics. NPC is mostly found in south China and Southeast Asia, and its treatment mainly depends on radiotherapy and chemotherapy. However, NPC is usually found in the late stage, and local recurrence and distant metastasis are common, leading to poor prognosis. The receptor tyrosine kinase AXL is up-regulated in various tumors and it is involved in tumor proliferation, migration, invasion, and other processes, which are associated with poor prognosis of tumors. This study aims to detect the expression of AXL in NPC cell lines and tissues, and to investigate its biological function of AXL and the underlying molecular mechanisms in regulation of NPC.@*METHODS@#The expression levels of AXL in normal nasopharyngeal epithelial tissues and NPC tissues were analyzed by GSE68799, GSE12452, and GSE53819 data sets based on Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database was used to analyze the relationship between AXL and prognosis of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSC). The indicators of prognosis included overall survival (OS), disease-free interval (DFI), disease-specific survival (DSS), and progression-free interval (PFI). Western blotting assay was used to detect the AXL protein expression levels in normal nasopharyngeal epithelial cell line and NPC cell lines. Immunohistochemical method was used to detect AXL expression levels in normal nasopharyngeal epithelial tissues and NPC tissues. Cell lines with stable AXL knockdown were established by infecting 5-8F and Fadu cells with lentivirus interference vector, and cell lines with stable AXL overexpression were established by infecting C666-1 and HK-1 cells with lentivirus expression vector. Real-time PCR and Western blotting were used to detect the efficiency of knockdown and overexpression in stable cell lines. The effects of AXL knockdown or overexpression on proliferation, migration, and invasion of NPC cells were detected by CCK-8, plate colony formation, and Transwell assays, and the effect of AXL knockdown on tumor growth in nude mice was detected by subcutaneous tumor formation assay. The sequence of AXL upstream 2.0 kb promoter region was obtained by UCSC online database. The PROMO online database was used to predict AXL transcription factors with 0% fault tolerance, and the JASPAR online database was used to predict the binding sites of ETS1 to AXL. Real-time PCR and Western blotting were used to detect the effect of ETS1 on AXL protein and mRNA expression. The AXL upstream 2.0 kb promoter region was divided into 8 fragments, each of which was 250 bp in length. Primers were designed for 8 fragments. The binding of ETS1 to AXL promoter region was detected by chromatin immuno-precipitation (ChIP) assay to determine the direct regulatory relationship between ETS1 and AXL. Rescue assay was used to determine whether ETS1 affected the proliferation, migration, and invasion of NPC cells through AXL.@*RESULTS@#Bioinformatics analysis showed that AXL was highly expressed in NPC tissues (P<0.05), and AXL expression was positively correlated with OS, DFI, DSS, and PFI in HNSC patients. Western blotting and immunohistochemical results showed that AXL was highly expressed in NPC cell lines and tissues compared with the normal nasopharyngeal epithelial cell line and tissues. Real-time PCR and Western blotting results showed that knockdown and overexpression efficiency in the stable cell lines met the requirements of subsequent experiments. The results of CCK-8, plate colony formation, Transwell assays and subcutaneous tumor formation in nude mice showed that down-regulation of AXL significantly inhibited the proliferation, migration, invasion of NPC cells and tumor growth (all P<0.05), and the up-regulation of AXL significantly promoted the proliferation, migration, and invasion of NPC cells (all P<0.05).As predicted by PROMO and JASPAR online databases, ETS1 was a transcription factor of AXL and had multiple binding sites in the AXL promoter region. Real-time PCR and Western blotting results showed that knockdown or overexpression of ETS1 down-regulated or up-regulated AXL protein and mRNA expression levels. ChIP assay result showed that ETS1 bound to AXL promoter region and directly regulate AXL expression. Rescue assay showed that AXL rescued the effects of ETS1 on proliferation, migration and invasion of NPC cells (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#AXL is highly expressed in NPC cell lines and tissues, which can promote the malignant progression of NPC, and its expression is regulated by transcription factor ETS1.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Mice , Mice, Nude , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/genetics , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Sincalide/metabolism , Transcription Factors/genetics
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939770

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect whether Danlou Tablet (DLT) regulates the hypoxia-induced factor (HIF)-1α-angiopoietin-like 4 (Angptl4) mRNA signaling pathway and explore the role of DLT in treating chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH)-induced dyslipidemia and arteriosclerosis.@*METHODS@#The mature adipocytes were obtained from 3T3-L1 cell culturation and allocated into 8 groups including control groups (Groups 1 and 5, 0.1 mL of cell culture grade water); DLT groups (Groups 2 and 6, 0.1 mL of 1,000 µg/mL DLT submicron powder solution); dimethyloxalylglycine (DMOG) groups (Groups 3 and 7, DMOG and 0.1 mL of cell culture grade water); DMOG plus DLT groups (Groups 4 and 8, DMOG and 0.1 mL of 1,000 µg/mL DLT submicron powder solution). Groups 1-4 used mature adipocytes and groups 5-8 used HIF-1 α-siRNA lentivirus-transfected mature adipocytes. After 24-h treatment, real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot were employed to determine the mRNA and protein expression levels of HIF-1 α and Angptl4. In animal experiments, the CIH model in ApoE-/- mice was established. Sixteen mice were complete randomly divided into 4 groups including sham group, CIH model group [intermittent hypoxia and normal saline (2 mL/time) gavage once a day]; Angptl4 Ab group [intermittent hypoxia and Angptl4 antibody (30 mg/kg) intraperitoneally injected every week]; DLT group [intermittent hypoxia and DLT (250 mg/kg) once a day], 4 mice in each group. After 4-week treatment, enzyme linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect the expression levels of serum total cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG). Hematoxylin-eosin and CD68 staining were used to observe the morphological properties of arterial plaques.@*RESULTS@#Angptl4 expression was dependent on HIF-1 α, with a reduction in mRNA expression and no response in protein level to DMOG or DLT treatment in relation to siHIF-1 α -transfected cells. DLT inhibited HIF-1 α and Angptl4 mRNA expression (P<0.05 or P<0.01) and reduced HIF-1 α and Angptl4 protein expressions with DMOG in mature adipocytes (all P<0.01), as the effect on HIF-1 α protein also existed in the presence of siHIF-1 α (P<0.01). ApoE-/- mice treated with CIH had increased TG and TC levels (all P<0.01) and atherosclerotic plaque. Angptl4 antibody and DLT both reduce TG and TC levels (all P<0.01), as well as reducing atherosclerotic plaque areas, narrowing arterial wall thickness and alleviating atherosclerotic lesion symptoms to some extent.@*CONCLUSION@#DLT had positive effects in improving dyslipidemia and arteriosclerosis by inhibiting Angptl4 protein level through HIF-1 α-Angptl4 mRNA signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Angiopoietin-Like Protein 4/genetics , Animals , Apolipoproteins E , Atherosclerosis/metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Dyslipidemias/genetics , Hypoxia/metabolism , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/metabolism , Mice , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , Powders , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Signal Transduction , Triglycerides , Water
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939678

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct cytarabine-resistant acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines, and explore the correlation between Sirt1, PGC-1α expression levels and drug resistance.@*METHODS@#Human acute promyelocytic leukemia Kasumi-1 cells were induced by the method of gradually increasing the concentration of Ara-C drug. The IC50 value of Kasumi-1 cells before and after drug addition was detected by CCK-8 method, so as to construct Ara-C resistant cell lines. The expression levels of Sirt1 and PGC-1α mRNA in Kasumi-1 drug-resistant cell lines and their parental cell lines were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR, and the expression levels of Sirt1 and PGC-1α protein in kasumi-1 drug-resistant cell lines and their parental cell lines were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The constructed Kasumi-1 cell line had common morphological characteristics of drug-resistant cell lines under microscope, and the drug resistance index was greater than 5, indicating that Kasumi-1 drug-resistant cells had good drug resistance after the construction. The RT-qPCR and Western blot assays showed that the expression levels of Sirt1 and PGC-1α mRNA and protein in the drug-resistant cell lines were higher than those of the parental cell lines (P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#AML cell lines resistant to Ara-C can be successfully induced by the method of gradually increasing the concentration, and the co-high expression of Sirt1 and PGC-1α may mediate the drug resistance of AML cells.


Subject(s)
Cell Line , Cytarabine/pharmacology , Drug Resistance , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Sirtuin 1
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935313

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the effects of spvD gene on invasion and intracellular proliferation of Caco-2 cells and in order to provide insight into the function of that gene and the underlying mechanism of Salmonella caused infection. Methods: Functional verification of spvD gene deletion mutant and compensation strain. The deletion mutant strain was constructed through a suicide plasmid-mediated homologous recombination. The compensation plasmid constructed by cloning the coding sequence of spvD by PCR into plasmid pBAD33 was mobilized into the deletion mutant by conjugation and the pBAD33 was introduced into wild strains and deleted mutant strains as control. The relative expression of spvD mRNA was detected by quantitative reverse transcription PCR. In order to analyze the virulence of spvD against Caco-2 cells, Caco-2 cells was cocultured with wild type Salmonella enteritidis carrying spvD gene, the deletion mutant strain and compensation strain respectively. The expression level of spvD mRNA and the the number of Salmonella enteritidis after Caco-2 cells intervention were compared between the three groups by LSD-t test, and the invasion rate was compared by χ2 test. Results: The expression level of spvD mRNA in wild type Salmonella enteritidis was set as unit "1", the deletion mutant strain was "0.00", and the compensation strain was "2.60" (LSD-twild, deleted=1.11, P=0.31; LSD-twild, compensation=-1.77, P=0.13; LSD-t deleted, compensation=-2.88, P=0.03), which confirmed the successful construction of the deletion mutant strain and the compensation strain. The invasion experiment results of the above three Salmonella enteritidis strains on Caco-2 cells showed that the invasion rate of wild strain was 0.23%, the invasion rate of deleted mutant strain was 0.16%, and the invasion rate of compensation strain was 0.16%, with no statistical significance (χ2=1.13, P=0.570). By comparing the number of Salmonella enteritidis at different time points after Caco-2 cells intervention, it was discovered that the number of Salmonella enteritidis in wild strains (6.50×106 CFU/ml) and compensation strains (7.25×106 CFU/ml) was significantly increased than that in deletion mutant strain (1.90×106 CFU/ml) after 16 h coculture (LSD-twild, deleted=7.95, P=0.00; LSD-twild, compensation=-1.27, P=0.25; LSD-t deleted, compensation=-9.22, P=0.00). Conclusion: It is not considered that spvD gene can affect the invasion of Salmonella enteritidis on Caco-2 cells, but the gene can promote the reproduction of Salmonella enteritidis in Caco-2 cells.


Subject(s)
Caco-2 Cells , Gene Deletion , Humans , Lysergic Acid Diethylamide , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Salmonella enteritidis/genetics
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928727

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the expression level of suppressors of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and to observe the effect of over-expresson of SOCS3 in Jurkat cells on the cytotoxicity of NK cells.@*METHODS@#The expression levels of SOCS3 mRNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 20 children with ALL and 20 healthy children (normal control group) were detected by RT-PCR. The peripheral blood NK cells from healthy subjects were selected by immunomagnetic technique, and the purity was detected by flow cytometry. SOCS3 was overexpressed in Jurkat cells infected with lentivirus vector, and SOCS3 mRNA expression was detected by RT-PCR after lentivirus infection. The NK cells were co-cultured with the infected Jurkat, and LDH release method was used to detect the cytotoxicity of NK cells on the infected Jurkat cells. The concentrations of TNF-α and IFN-γ were determined by ELISA. The expression of NKG2D ligands MICA and MICB on the surface of Jurkat cells were detected by flow cytometry. Western blot was used to detect the effect of SOCS3 overexpression on STAT3 phosphorylation in Jurkat cells.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the mRNA expression of SOCS3 in the peripheral blood mononucleated cells of ALL children was significantly decreased. The purity of NK cells isolated by flow cytometry could reach more than 70%. The expression of SOCS3 mRNA in Jurkat cells increased significantly after lentivirus infection. Overexpression of SOCS3 in Jurkat cells significantly promoted the killing ability of NK cells and up-regulated the secretion of TNF-α and IFN-γ from NK cells. The results of flow cytometry showed that the expression of NKG2D ligands MICA and MICB on Jurkat cells increased significantly after SOCS3 overexpression. Western blot results showed that overexpression of SOCS3 significantly reduced the phosphorylation level of STAT3 protein in Jurkat cells.@*CONCLUSION@#SOCS3 mRNA expression was significantly decreased in ALL patients, and overexpression of SOCS3 may up-regulate the expression of MICA and MICB of NKG2D ligands on Jurkat cell surface through negative regulation of JAK/STAT signaling pathway, thereby promoting the cytotoxic function of NK cells.


Subject(s)
Child , Histocompatibility Antigens Class I/metabolism , Humans , Killer Cells, Natural/cytology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/cytology , Ligands , NK Cell Lectin-Like Receptor Subfamily K/metabolism , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 Protein/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928013

ABSTRACT

The present study established the spectrum-effect relationship model of flavonoids in Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium(CRP) from 15 batches of Liujunzi Decoction and statistically analyzed the correlation between chemical peaks and efficacy to identify the main effective components. HPLC fingerprints of flavonoids in CRP from 15 batches of Liujunzi Decoction were established. HPLC analysis was carried out on the Venusil XBP C_(18)(L) column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) at 30 ℃ with acetonitrile-water(containing 0.1% formic acid) as mobile phase for gradient elution, a flow rate of 1.0 mL·min~(-1), and detection wavelength of 300 nm to obtain chemical fingerprints. Additionally, the effects of flavonoids from CRP in 15 batches of Liujunzi Decoction on the content of GAS, MTL, and VIP, TFF3 mRNA expression, and percentage of CD3~+ T-cells of model rats with spleen deficiency were determined. The spectrum-effect relationship model was established by gray correlation analysis. The results showed that the main characteristic peaks with great contribution to the regulation of gastrointestinal tract were peak 16(vicenin-2), peak 63(sinensetin), peak 64(isosinensetin), peak 65(nobiletin), peak 67(3,5,6,7,8,3',4'-heptemthoxyflavone), peak 68(tangeretin), and peak 69(5-desmethylnobiletin). Therefore, there was a linear correlation between flavonoids from CRP in Liujunzi Decoction and the efficacy, and the medicinal effect was achieved by multi-component action. This study is expected to provide a new idea for exploring the material basis of the effect, i.e., regulating qi prior to replenishing qi, of CRP in Liujunzi Decoction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Citrus/chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flavonoids/pharmacology , Hormones , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Rats , Spleen
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927874

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of overwork (OW) on extracellular matrix of arterial vessel wall in rats. Methods Random number grouping method was employed to assign 18 Sprague-Dawley rats into three groups(n=6):the control group(no special treatment),group OW(forced swimming twice a day for 15 days),and sleep deficiency(SD)+OW group(in addition to forced swimming twice a day,the rats were put on the platforms in water to limit sleep for 15 days).On the 16th day,the abdominal aorta and common carotid artery were collected after blood sampling from heart under deep anesthesia.A part of the abdominal aorta sample was taken for Masson staining of collagen fiber,and Verhoeff-Van Gieson staining was carried out for the elastic fiber of common carotid artery.Image J was employed for the quantitative analysis of collagen fiber and elastic fiber content.The expression of collagen 1(Col-1) protein was quantified by immunohistochemistry and the ultrastructure of vascular matrix was examined by transmission electron microscopy.The other part of the abdominal aorta sample was used to determine the mRNA levels of matrix metalloproteinase(MMP)-1,MMP-2,MMP-9,tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1(TIMP-1),and Col-1 by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results Compared with that in control group,the content of collagen fiber in groups OW and SD+OW had no significant change(all P>0.05);the content of elastic fiber in groups OW and SD+OW decreased(all P<0.001) and had no significant difference between each other(P>0.05).The vascular vessel wall of group OW showed slight fiber breakage,while that of group SD+OW presented wormhole-like or spongy fiber fragmentation.The mRNA levels of MMP-1 and MMP-2 in groups OW and SD+OW had no significant difference between each other(P>0.05) but were higher than that in control group(all P<0.001).The mRNA levels of MMP-9 and TIMP-1 had no significant difference among the three groups(all P>0.05).Groups OW and SD+OW had lower mRNA level(all P<0.001) and protein level(all P<0.001) of Col-1 than control group,while the mRNA and protein levels of Col-1 had no significant difference between groups OW and SD+OW(P>0.05). Conclusion OW can reduce the content of Col-1 and elastic fibers in the extracellular matrix of arterial vessels,destroy the elastic lamina of vascular wall,up-regulate the expression of MMP-1 and MMP-2,thereby injuring arterial vessels.


Subject(s)
Animals , Collagen Type I , Extracellular Matrix/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1/metabolism
11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1859-1873, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927823

ABSTRACT

Leptin receptor overlapping transcript (LepROT) plays multiple roles in the regulation of immune systems. However, very little information is available about the anti-infectious mechanisms of amphibians LepROT. In this study, the cDNA sequence of the Rana dybowskii LepROT gene was determined by using RT-PCR and bioinformatics analysis. Then, the Aeromonas hydrophila (Ah) and lipopolysaccharides (LPS) infected models of R. dybowskii was constructed to obtain histopathological characteristics. Constitutive expression of LepROT mRNA and NF-κB signaling pathway were detected by real-time quantitative PCR. The full-length cDNA of LepROT gene was 396 bp and encoded 131 amino acids. Amino acid sequence analysis revealed LepROT shares 93.74% and 86.39% identity with homologues from other amphibians and mammals respectively, and the LepROT gene was quite conserved among different species. After infection, the relative expression levels of LepROT, NF-κB, IKKα and IKKβ mRNA were all significantly upregulated (P < 0.01), but showed a diverse temporal pattern of up-regulation in different tissues. Therefore, it was proposed that the LepROT gene of R. dybowskii might activate the NF-κB signaling pathway to exert anti-infectious effects, thus providing evidence for further extending the biological function of LepROT.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cloning, Molecular , DNA, Complementary , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation , Mammals/metabolism , NF-kappa B/genetics , Phylogeny , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Ranidae/genetics
12.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 882-892, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927751

ABSTRACT

With the widespread application of genomics and transcriptomics in the genetics and cell biology of different species, synonymous codon usage bias has been gradually accepted and used to study the deep connection between biological evolution and biological phenotypes. It is an important part of the life activities that mRNA is expressed into proteins with normal biological activities. The synonymous codon usage patterns, which were named as 'the second genetic codon', can express genetic information carried by themselves at the levels of transcriptional regulations, translational regulations and metabolic activities through molecular mechanisms such as fine-tune translation selection. Some studies have shown that the length of mRNA half-life has significant impacts on mRNA activity and the process of transcription and translation. This review summarized the roles of synonymous codon usage patterns in transcription, translational regulation and post-translational modification, with the aim to better understand how organisms skillfully utilize the genetic effects caused by codon usage patterns to accurately synthesize different types of proteins, so as to ensure the growth or differentiation of the specific gene expression procedures to carry out smoothly and maintain the normal life cycle.


Subject(s)
Codon/genetics , Codon Usage , Half-Life , Protein Processing, Post-Translational , RNA, Messenger/genetics
13.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 119-129, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927697

ABSTRACT

In the process of animal fat deposition, the proliferation and differentiation of pre-adipocytes and the change of lipid droplet content in adipocytes are regulated by a series of transcription factors and signal pathways. Although researchers have conducted in-depth studies on the transcriptional regulation mechanisms of adipogenesis, there are relatively few reports on post-transcriptional modification on mRNA levels. The modification of mRNA m6A regulated by methyltransferase, demethylase and methylation reading protein is a dynamic and reversible process, which is closely related to fat deposition in animals. Fat mass and obesity associated proteins (FTO) act as RNA demethylases that affect the expression of modified genes and play a key role in fat deposition. This article summarized the mechanism of FTO-mediated demethylation of mRNA m6A in the process of animal fat deposition, suggesting that FTO may become a target for effective treatment of obesity. Moreover, this review summarized the development of FTO inhibitors in recent years.


Subject(s)
Adipocytes , Adipogenesis/genetics , Alpha-Ketoglutarate-Dependent Dioxygenase FTO/genetics , Animals , Obesity/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927668

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to identify internal ribosome entry sites (IRESs) in the open reading frame (ORF) of the Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) genome.@*Methods@#The sequences of P1, P2, or P3 of the CVB3 genome or the truncated sequences from each antithymocyte globulin (ATG) to the end of the P1, P2, or P3 gene were inserted into the pEGFP-N1 vector. After transfection, possible IRES-dependent green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fused proteins were detected by anti-GFP western blotting. The sequences of possible IRESs were inserted into specific Fluc/Rluc bicistronic vectors, in which the potential IRESs were determined according to the Fluc/Rluc activity ratio. Expression of Fluc and Rluc mRNA of the bicistronic vector was detected by RT-qPCR.@*Results@#After transfection of full length or truncated sequences of the P1, P2, or P3 plasmids, six GFP-fused protein bands in P1, six bands in P2 and nine bands in P3 were detected through western blotting. Two IRESs in VP2 (1461-1646 nt) and VP1 (2784-2983 nt) of P1; one IRES in 2C (4119-4564 nt) of P2; and two IRESs in 3C (5634-5834 nt) and 3D (6870-7087 nt) of P3 were identified according to Fluc/Rluc activity ratio. The cryptic promoter was also excluded by RT-qPCR.@*Conclusion@#Five IRESs are present in the CVB3 coding region.


Subject(s)
Internal Ribosome Entry Sites/genetics , Open Reading Frames , RNA, Messenger/genetics
15.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 150-155, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929187

ABSTRACT

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a rare autosomal recessive disease with only one pathogenic gene cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). To identify the potential pathogenic mutations in a Chinese patient with CF, we conducted Sanger sequencing on the genomic DNA of the patient and his parents and detected all 27 coding exons of CFTR and their flanking intronic regions. The patient is a compound heterozygote of c.2909G > A, p.Gly970Asp in exon 18 and c.1210-3C > G in cis with a poly-T of 5T (T5) sequence, 3 bp upstream in intron 9. The splicing effect of c.1210-3C > G was verified via minigene assay in vitro, indicating that wild-type plasmid containing c.1210-3C together with T7 sequence produced a normal transcript and partial exon 10-skipping-transcript, whereas mutant plasmid containing c.1210-3G in cis with T5 sequence caused almost all mRNA to skip exon 10. Overall, c.1210-3C > G, the newly identified pathogenic mutation in our patient, in combination with T5 sequence in cis, affects the CFTR gene splicing and produces nearly no normal transcript in vitro. Moreover, this patient carries a p.Gly970Asp mutation, thus confirming the high-frequency of this mutation in Chinese patients with CF.


Subject(s)
China , Cystic Fibrosis/genetics , Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator/genetics , Humans , Mutation , Poly T , RNA, Messenger/genetics
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928986

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The high morbidity and mortality of colorectal cancer (CRC) have posed great threats to human health. Circular RNA (circRNA) and microRNA (miRNA), acting as competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs), have been found to play vital roles in carcinogenesis. This paper aims to construct a circRNA/miRNA/mRNA regulatory network so as to explore the molecular mechanism of CRC.@*METHODS@#The sequencing data of circRNA from CRC were obtained from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). The differential circRNA was screened and its structure was identified by Cancer-specific CircRNA Database (CSCD); the sequencing data of miRNA and messenger RNA (mRNAs) were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and the differentially expressed genes were screened; the corresponding miRNA of differential circRNAs were predicted by CircInteractome database; DIANA, Miranda, PicTar, and TargetScan databases were used to predict the target genes of different miRNAs; the target genes from Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) were enriched by R language; String database combined with Cytoscape 3.7.2 software was used to construct protein-protein interaction (PPI) network and hub genes were screened; the expressions of mRNAs in the Top10 hub genes were verified in CRC. The network diagrams of circRNAs/miRNAs/mRNAs and circRNAs/miRNAs/Top10 hub mRNAs were constructed by Cytoscape3.7.2. Real-time PCR was used to examine the expression levels of hsa_circRNA_0065173, hsa-mir-450b, hsa-mir-582, adenylate cyclase 5 (ADCY5), muscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2 (CHRM2), cannabinoid receptor 1 (CNR1), and lysophosphatidic acid receptor 1 (LPAR1) in the CRC tissues and the adjacent normal tissues.@*RESULTS@#A total of 14 differential circRNAs were identified, and 8 were found in CSCD; 34 miRNAs targeted by circRNAs were obtained. The PPI network was constructed, and the Top10 hub genes were identified, which were CHRM2, melanin concentrating hormone receptor 2 (MCHR2), G-protein gamma 3 subunit (GNG3), neuropeptide Y receptor Y1 (NPY1R), CNR1, LPAR1, ADCY5, adenylate cyclase 2 (ADCY2), gamma 7 (GNG7) and chemokine 12 (CXCL12), respectively. The expressions of Top 10 hub genes were also verified, and the results showed that the Top 10 hub genes were down-regulated in CRC; the constructed network diagram showed that hsa_circRNA_0065173 may regulate ADCY5, CHRM2, and Hsa-mir-450b by modulating hsa-mir-450b and hsa-mir-582. CNR1 and LPAR1 genes might serve as potentially relevant targets for the treatment of CRC. Real-time PCR results showed that the expression levels of hsa_circRNA_0065173, ADCY5, CHRM2, CNR1 and LPAR1 in the CRC tissues were significantly reduced compared with the adjacent normal tissues (all P<0.05); the expression levels of hsa-mir-450b and hsa-miR-582 were significantly increased (both P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this study, a potential circRNAs/miRNAs/mRNAs network is successfully constructed, which provides a new insight for CRC development mechanism through ceRNA mediated by circRNAs.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Computational Biology/methods , Gene Regulatory Networks , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Circular/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics
17.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(2): 172-184, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248817

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Abnormalities involving the TGFB1 gene and its receptors are common in several types of cancer and often related to tumor progression. We investigated the role of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the susceptibility to cancer, their impact on its features, as well as the role of mRNA expression of these genes in thyroid malignancy. Materials and methods: We genotyped TGFB1, TGFBR1, and TGFBR2 SNPs in 157 papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) patients and 200 healthy controls. Further, we investigated RNA samples of 47 PTC and 80 benign nodules, searching for differential mRNA expression. Results: SNPs rs1800472 and rs1800469 were associated with characteristics of PTC aggressiveness. Effect predictor software analysis of nonsynonymous SNP rs1800472 indicated increasing protein stability and post-translational changes. TGFB1 mRNA expression was upregulated in PTC and downregulated in benign samples, differentiating malignant from benign nodules (p<0.0001); PTC from goiter (p<0.0001); and PTC from FA (p<0.0001). TGFBR1 mRNA expression was upregulated in goiter and PTC, but downregulated in FA, distinguishing PTC from goiter (p=0.0049); PTC from FA (p<0.0001); and goiter from FA (p=0.0267). On the other hand, TGFBR2 was downregulated in all histological types analyzed and was not able to differentiate thyroid nodules. Conclusion: TGFB1 polymorphism rs1800472 may confer greater activity to TGF-β1 in the tumor microenvironment, favoring PTC aggressiveness. Evaluation of TGFB1 and TGFBR1 mRNA levels may be useful to identify malignancy in thyroid nodules.


Subject(s)
Thyroid Nodule/genetics , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/genetics , Receptor, Transforming Growth Factor-beta Type I/genetics , Receptor, Transforming Growth Factor-beta Type II/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Thyroid Neoplasms , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Tumor Microenvironment
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922197

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Exposure to the ionizing radiation (IR) encountered outside the magnetic field of the Earth poses a persistent threat to the reproductive functions of astronauts. The potential effects of space IR on the circadian rhythms of male reproductive functions have not been well characterized so far.@*METHODS@#Here, we investigated the circadian effects of IR exposure (3 Gy X-rays) on reproductive functional markers in mouse testicular tissue and epididymis at regular intervals over a 24-h day. For each animal, epididymis was tested for sperm motility, and the testis tissue was used for daily sperm production (DSP), testosterone levels, and activities of testicular enzymes (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH), sorbitol dehydrogenase (SDH), lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), and acid phosphatase (ACP)), and the clock genes mRNA expression such as Clock, Bmal1, Ror-α, Ror-β, or Ror-γ.@*RESULTS@#Mice exposed to IR exhibited a disruption in circadian rhythms of reproductive markers, as indicated by decreased sperm motility, increased daily sperm production (DSP), and reduced activities of testis enzymes such as G6PDH, SDH, LDH, and ACP. Moreover, IR exposure also decreased mRNA expression of five clock genes (Clock, Bmal1, Ror-α, Ror-β, or Ror-γ) in testis, with alteration in the rhythm parameters.@*CONCLUSION@#These findings suggested potential health effects of IR exposure on reproductive functions of male astronauts, in terms of both the daily overall level as well as the circadian rhythmicity.


Subject(s)
ARNTL Transcription Factors/genetics , Acid Phosphatase , Animals , CLOCK Proteins/genetics , Circadian Rhythm/radiation effects , Epididymis/radiation effects , Gene Expression/radiation effects , Genitalia, Male/radiation effects , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase , L-Iditol 2-Dehydrogenase , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Models, Animal , Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1, Group F, Member 1/genetics , Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1, Group F, Member 2/genetics , Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1, Group F, Member 3/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Radiation Exposure , Radiation, Ionizing , Reproductive Physiological Phenomena/radiation effects , Sperm Motility/radiation effects , Spermatozoa/radiation effects , Testis/radiation effects
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887900

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the expression and significance of leucine-rich repeat-containing G-protein coupled receptor(LGR)5/6 in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia(ALL). Methods A total of 39 children who had ALL and achieved complete remission on day 33 after induction therapy were enrolled.The children before induction therapy were considered as the incipient group,and those who achieved complete remission on day 33 by induction therapy were considered as the remission group.According to the degree of risk,they were assigned into 3 groups:low-risk(


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Leucine , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/genetics , Wnt Signaling Pathway
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880825

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the changes in mRNA and long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) expression profiles in a mouse model of bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis and identify lung fibrosis-related mRNA for coding-noncoding coexpression (CNC) bioinformatics analysis of the differential lncRNAs.@*METHODS@#Lung fibrosis was induced by intratracheal injection of bleomycin in 10 C57BL/6 mice and another 10 mice with intratracheal injection of saline served as the control group. Lung tissues were harvested from the mice at 14 days after the injections and lung fibrosis was assessed using Masson and HE staining. LncRNA chip technology was used to screen the differentially expressed mRNAs and lncRNAs in mice with lung fibrosis, and GO and KEGG pathway analyses of the differential mRNAs were performed using NCBI database and UCSC database to identify possible fibrosis-related mRNAs, which were validated by qRT-PCR to construct a coding and non-coding co- expression network with the differential lncRNAs.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control mice, the mice with intratracheal injection of bleomycin showed obvious lung fibrosis. The results of gene chip analysis showed that 127 mRNAs were upregulated and 184 mRNAs were down-regulated in the model group as compared with the control group. GO and pathway analysis suggested that the differentially expressed genes participated mainly in immune response, cell differentiation, and cytoskeletons; the involved signal pathways were associated mainly with cytokine and cytokine receptor interaction and chemokine signal transduction. Bioinformatics analysis identified a significant coexpression network between the fibrosisrelated mRNA and the differentially expressed lncRNA.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In mice with lung fibrosis, the differential expressions of fibrosis-related mRNAs in the lung tissues are closely correlated with the co- expressions of a large number of differential lncRNAs, which points to a new direction for investigation of the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bleomycin/toxicity , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Regulatory Networks , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Pulmonary Fibrosis/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL