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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880825

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the changes in mRNA and long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) expression profiles in a mouse model of bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis and identify lung fibrosis-related mRNA for coding-noncoding coexpression (CNC) bioinformatics analysis of the differential lncRNAs.@*METHODS@#Lung fibrosis was induced by intratracheal injection of bleomycin in 10 C57BL/6 mice and another 10 mice with intratracheal injection of saline served as the control group. Lung tissues were harvested from the mice at 14 days after the injections and lung fibrosis was assessed using Masson and HE staining. LncRNA chip technology was used to screen the differentially expressed mRNAs and lncRNAs in mice with lung fibrosis, and GO and KEGG pathway analyses of the differential mRNAs were performed using NCBI database and UCSC database to identify possible fibrosis-related mRNAs, which were validated by qRT-PCR to construct a coding and non-coding co- expression network with the differential lncRNAs.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control mice, the mice with intratracheal injection of bleomycin showed obvious lung fibrosis. The results of gene chip analysis showed that 127 mRNAs were upregulated and 184 mRNAs were down-regulated in the model group as compared with the control group. GO and pathway analysis suggested that the differentially expressed genes participated mainly in immune response, cell differentiation, and cytoskeletons; the involved signal pathways were associated mainly with cytokine and cytokine receptor interaction and chemokine signal transduction. Bioinformatics analysis identified a significant coexpression network between the fibrosisrelated mRNA and the differentially expressed lncRNA.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In mice with lung fibrosis, the differential expressions of fibrosis-related mRNAs in the lung tissues are closely correlated with the co- expressions of a large number of differential lncRNAs, which points to a new direction for investigation of the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bleomycin/toxicity , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Regulatory Networks , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Pulmonary Fibrosis/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880136

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the regulatory effects of RBM47 on HMGA2 and the function of RBM47 in human chronic myeloid leukemia cell K562.@*METHODS@#K562 cells were transduction by the overexpressed and knockdown RBM47 lentiviral vector. CCK-8 assay was used to detect the effect of RBM47 on the proliferation of K562 cells. Flow cytometry assay was used to detect the effect of RBM47 on the cell cycle progression of K562 cells. RNA immunoprecipitation assay was used to detect the association between RBM47 and HMGA2 mRNA. RT-qPCR was used to detect the effects of RBM47 on the stability of HMGA2 mRNA. Western blot was used to evaluate the effect of RBM47 on HMGA2 protein expression.@*RESULTS@#The overexpressed RBM47 could inhibit the proliferation and cell cycle progression of K562 cells. However, the inhibitation of RBM47 could improve the proliferation and cell cycle progression of K562 cells. RBM47 combined with HMGA2 mRNA could promote the degradation of HMGA2 mRNA. Thus, the overexpressed RBM47 could decrease the expression of HMGA2 protein in K562 cells.@*CONCLUSION@#RNA binding protein RBM47 can inhibit the proliferation of K562 cells by regulating HMGA2 expression.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , HMGA2 Protein/genetics , Humans , K562 Cells , RNA, Messenger/genetics , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics
3.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 208-216, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878249

ABSTRACT

The transcription factor X-box binding protein-1 (XBP1) plays a key role in unfolded protein reaction. This study was aimed to investigate the expression pattern and regulation of XBP1 in the mouse uterus during early pregnancy. The methods of immunohistochemistry (IHC) and real time quantitative RT-PCR were used to test XBP1 expression in early pregnancy, artificial decidualization, oestrous cycle and hormone-regulated mouse models. The results showed that XBP1 was spatiotemporally expressed in mouse uterus during early pregnancy. The XBP1 protein was mainly detected in the luminal and glandular epithelia on days 1-4 of pregnancy, and was strongly detected in the decidual area on days 5-8 of pregnancy. Similarly, XBP1 expression was also mainly expressed in decidual cells following artificial decidualization. During the oestrous cycle, Xbp1, Xbp1u, and Xbp1s mRNA was predominantly present in proestrus. In the ovariectomized uterus, the expression of XBP1 in luminal and glandular epithelia was up-regulated after estrogen treatment. These results suggest that XBP1 is associated with embryo implantation and decidualization during early pregnancy in mice, and the expression of XBP1 in luminal and glandular epithelia may be regulated by estrogen.


Subject(s)
Animals , Decidua , Embryo Implantation , Estrogens , Female , Mice , Pregnancy , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Uterus
4.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(1): 63-73, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089372

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The types of allergic rhinitis are roughly classified based on the causative antigens, disease types, predilection time, and symptom severity. Objective To examine the clinical typing and individualized treatment approach for allergic rhinitis and to determine the optimal treatment method for this disease using various drug combination therapies. Methods A total of 108 participants with allergic rhinitis were divided into three groups based on symptoms. Subsequently, each group was further categorized into four subgroups based on the medications received. The efficacy of the treatments was evaluated using the visual analog scale VAS scores of the total and individual nasal symptoms, decline index of the symptom score, histamine and leukotriene levels, and mRNA and protein expression levels of histamine 1 and cysteinyl leukotriene 1 receptors. Results Loratadine + mometasone furoate and loratadine + mometasone furoate + montelukast significantly improved the sneezing symptom and reduced the histamine levels compared with the other combination therapies (p < 0.05). Meanwhile, montelukast + mometasone furoate and montelukast + mometasone furoate + loratadine considerably improved the nasal obstruction symptom and decreased the leukotriene D4 levels compared with the other combination therapies (p < 0.05). Conclusion Clinical symptom evaluation combined with experimental detection of histamine and leukotriene levels can be an objective and accurate method to clinically classify the allergic rhinitis types. Furthermore, individualized treatment based on allergic rhinitis classification can result in a good treatment efficacy.


Resumo Introdução A rinite alérgica é basicamente classificada de acordo com os antígenos causadores, tipos de doença, peridiocidade e gravidade dos sintomas. Objetivo Avaliar os tipos clínicos e a abordagem terapêutica individualizada para cada tipo de rinite alérgica e determinar o método de tratamento ideal utilizando várias terapias de combinação de fármacos. Método Um total de 108 participantes com rinite alérgica foram divididos em três grupos com base nos sintomas. Posteriormente, cada grupo foi subsequentemente categorizado em quatro subgrupos com base nos medicamentos recebidos. A eficácia dos tratamentos foi avaliada utilizando os escores da escala visual analógica EVA dos sintomas nasais totais e individualmente, índice de declínio do escore de sintomas, níveis de histamina e leucotrienos e níveis de expressão de mRNA e proteína dos receptores de histamina 1 e cisteinil-leucotrieno 1. Resultados As associações entre loratadina + furoato de mometasona, assim como a de loratadina + furoato de mometasona + montelucaste melhoraram significativamente o sintoma de espirros e reduziram os níveis de histamina em comparação às outras terapias combinadas (p < 0,05). Por outro lado, a associação montelucaste + furoato de mometasona, assim como a associação montelucaste + furoato de mometasone + loratadina melhoraram consideravelmente o sintoma de obstrução nasal e diminuíram os níveis de leucotrieno D4 em comparação com as outras combinações (p < 0,05). Conclusão A avaliação clínica dos sintomas combinada com a detecção experimental dos níveis de histamina e leucotrieno pode ser um método objetivo e preciso para classificar clinicamente os tipos de rinite alérgica. Além disso, o tratamento individualizado baseado na classificação da rinite alérgica pode resultar no aumento da eficácia do tratamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Histamine/blood , Leukotriene D4/blood , Drug Therapy, Combination/methods , Precision Medicine/methods , Rhinitis, Allergic/blood , Quinolines/therapeutic use , Sneezing , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Receptors, Histamine H1/genetics , Nasal Obstruction/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , Loratadine/therapeutic use , Receptors, Leukotriene/genetics , Anti-Allergic Agents/therapeutic use , Rhinitis, Allergic/diagnosis , Rhinitis, Allergic/drug therapy , Mometasone Furoate/therapeutic use , Acetates/therapeutic use , Nasal Mucosa
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879474

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of rare synonymous variants of the ATP7B gene on the splicing of its precursor mRNA.@*METHODS@#A total of 248 rare synonymous variants with allelic frequency of T (p.L540L) and c.3888C>T (p.A1296A) variants could lead to abnormal splicing of the corresponding exons, resulting in complete skipping of exon 4 and 25% increase in the skipping of exon 18, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Synonymous variants may affect the splicing of precursor mRNA in various ways, particularly the destruction of ESE motif. This study confirmed that the c.1620C>T (p.L540L) and c.3888C>T (p.A1296A) variants can affect the mRNA splicing of the ATP7B gene, resulting in skipping of corresponding exons, which may provide a basis for genetic diagnosis and consultation of carriers.


Subject(s)
Alternative Splicing , Copper-Transporting ATPases/genetics , Enhancer Elements, Genetic , Exons , Gene Frequency , Humans , RNA, Messenger/genetics
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880783

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of CDC25A in non- small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tissues and explore its correlation with the clinicpathological features of the patients and the expressions of let-7a1 and let-7c.@*METHODS@#We collected surgical specimens of pathologically confirmed NSCLC tissues and paired adjacent lung tissues from 44 patients and tissues of benign lung lesions from 9 patients. The expressions of CDC25A protein and mRNA in the tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry and fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR, respectively; the expressions of let-7a1 and let-7c mRNA were detected using tail-adding fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR.@*RESULTS@#The positivity rate of CDC25A protein expression was significantly higher in NSCLC tissues than in the adjacent tissues and benign pulmonary lesions (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The expression level of CDC25A is significantly increased in NSCLC with a negative correlation with Let-7c expression, which identifies CDC25A as a possible downstream target gene of Let-7c.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Lung , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Lymphatic Metastasis , MicroRNAs , RNA, Messenger/genetics , cdc25 Phosphatases
8.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(5): 407-411, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019435

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To determine the expression profiles of the transcription factor specificity protein 1 and collagen I in primary pterygial and normal conjunctival tissues, and to explore the role of specificity protein 1 and collagen I in pterygial development. Methods: The pterygial tissues of 20 patients who underwent resection of primary pterygial tissue in our hospital from June 2016 to December 2017 and the conjunctival tissues of 10 patients with enucleation due to trauma were collected. Reverse transcription quantitative-po lymerase chain reaction and western blot analyses were used to detect the relative expression levels of specificity protein 1 and type I collagen at the mRNA and protein levels. Results: The content of specificity protein 1 and collagen I mRNA and protein was significantly greater in primary pterygial tissue than it was in conjunctival tissue (p<0.05). There was a positive correlation between the mRNA and protein levels of specificity protein 1 and collagen I in primary pterygial tissues (protein: r=1, p<0.05; mRNA: r=1, p<0.05). Conclusion: Specificity protein 1 and collagen I are expressed in normal conjunctival and pterygial tissues, but expression is significantly greater in the latter. Specificity protein 1 and collagen I may be involved in the regulation of the development of primary pterygium.


RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar os perfis de expressão do fator de transcrição da proteína de especificidade 1 e do colágeno I em tecidos pterigiais primários e conjuntivais normais, e explorar o papel da proteína de especificidade 1 e colágeno I no desenvolvimento pterigial. Métodos: Foram coletados os tecidos pterigiais de 20 pacientes submetidos à ressecção de tecido de pterígio primário em nosso hospital no período de junho de 2016 a dezembro de 2017 e os tecidos conjuntivais de 10 pacientes com enucleação por trauma. A reação em cadeia da polimerase quantitativa de transcriptase reversa e a análise de Western blot foram utilizadas para detectar os níveis de expressão relativa da proteína de especificidade 1 e colágeno tipo I nos níveis de mRNA e proteína. Resultados: O conteúdo de especificidade da proteína 1 e do mRNA e proteína do colágeno I foi significativamente maior no tecido de pterígio primário do que no tecido conjuntival (p<0,05). Houve correlação positiva entre os níveis de mRNAs e proteína de especificidade 1 e colágeno I nos tecidos primários do pterígio (proteínas: r=1, p<0,05; mRNA: r=1, p<0,05). Conclusão: A proteína de especificidade 1 e do colágeno I é expressa nos tecidos conjuntivais e pterigiais normais, mas a expressão é significativamente maior no segundo. A especificidade da proteína 1 e do colágeno I pode ser envolvida na regulação do desenvolvimento do pterígio primário.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pterygium/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Conjunctiva/abnormalities , Collagen Type I/metabolism , Pterygium/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Cells, Cultured , Blotting, Western , Conjunctiva/metabolism , Collagen Type I/genetics
9.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 63(2): 142-147, Mar.-Apr. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001213

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To verify the physiological action of triiodothyronine T3 on the expression of transforming growth factor α (TGFA) mRNA in MCF7 cells by inhibition of RNA Polymerase II and the MAPK/ERK pathway Materials and methods: The cell line was treated with T3 at a physiological dose (10−9M) for 10 minutes, 1 and 4 hour (h) in the presence or absence of the inhibitors, α-amanitin (RNA polymerase II inhibitor) and PD98059 (MAPK/ERK pathway inhibitor). TGFA mRNA expression was analyzed by RT-PCR. For data analysis, we used ANOVA, complemented with the Tukey test and Student t-test, with a minimum significance of 5%. Results: T3 increases the expression of TGFA mRNA in MCF7 cells in 4 h of treatment. Inhibition of RNA polymerase II modulates the effect of T3 treatment on the expression of TGFA in MCF7 cells. Activation of the MAPK/ERK pathway is not required for T3 to affect the expression of TGFA mRNA. Conclusion: Treatment with a physiological concentration of T3 after RNA polymerase II inhibition altered the expression of TGFA. Inhibition of the MAPK/ERK pathway after T3 treatment does not interfere with the TGFA gene expression in a breast adenocarcinoma cell line.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Triiodothyronine/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Adenocarcinoma/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , Transforming Growth Factor alpha/genetics , MAP Kinase Signaling System/genetics , Triiodothyronine/metabolism , Triiodothyronine/pharmacology , Proto-Oncogenes/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor alpha/drug effects , Transforming Growth Factor alpha/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor/metabolism , MCF-7 Cells/metabolism
10.
Biol. Res ; 52: 11, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011413

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to investigate the underlying role of interferon-regulatory factor 2 (IRF2)-inositol polyphosphate-4-phosphatase, type-II (INPP4B) axis in the regulation of autophagy in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells. METHODS: Quantitative real time PCR (QRT-PCR) and western blot were performed to determine the expression levels of IRF2, INPP4B and autophagy-related markers in AML cell lines. Autophagy was assessed by elevated Beclin-1 expression, the conversion of light chain 3 (LC3)-I to LC3-II, downregulated p62 expression and green fluorescent protein (GFP)-LC3 puncta formation. The colony formation and apoptosis assays were performed to determine the effects of IRF2 and INPP4B on the growth of AML cells. RESULTS: IRF2 and INPP4B were highly expressed in AML cell lines, and were positively correlated with autophagy-related proteins. Overexpression of IRF2 or INPP4B stimulated autophagy of AML cells, whereas inhibition of IRF2 or INPP4B resulted in the attenuation of autophagy. More importantly, IRF2 or INPP4B overexpression reversed autophagy inhibitor, 3-methyladenine (3-MA)-induced proliferation-inhibitory and pro-apoptotic effects, while IRF2 or INPP4B silencing overturned the proliferation-promoting and anti-apoptotic effects of autophagy activator rapamycin. CONCLUSION: IRF2-INPP4B signaling axis attenuated apoptosis through induction of autophagy in AML cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autophagy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/metabolism , Apoptosis , Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases/metabolism , Interferon Regulatory Factor-2/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/genetics , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/pathology , Signal Transduction , Blotting, Western , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
11.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(11): e8333, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039264

ABSTRACT

Not much is known about the roles of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) for chronic kidney disease (CKD). In this study, we included CKD patient cohorts and normal controls as a discovery cohort to identify putative lncRNA biomarkers associated with CKD. We first compared the lncRNA expression profiles of CKD patients with normal controls, and identified differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs. Co-expression network based on the enriched differentially expressed mRNAs and lncRNAs was constructed using WGCNA to identify important modules related to CKD. A lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA pathway network based on the hub lncRNAs and mRNAs, related miRNAs, and overlapping pathways was further constructed to reveal putative biomarkers. A total of 821 significantly differentially expressed mRNAs and lncRNAs were screened between CKD and control samples, which were enriched in nine modules using weighted correlation network analysis (WGCNA), especially brown and yellow modules. Co-expression network based on the enriched differentially expressed mRNAs and lncRNAs in brown and yellow modules uncovered 7 hub lncRNAs and 53 hub mRNAs. A lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA pathway network further revealed that lncRNAs of HCP5 and NOP14-AS1 and genes of CCND2, COL3A1, COL4A1, and RAC2 were significantly correlated with CKD. The lncRNAs of NOP14-AS1 and HCP5 were potential prognostic biomarkers for predicting the risk of CKD.


Subject(s)
Humans , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Genetic Markers/genetics , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Prognosis , Case-Control Studies , Mass Screening , Gene Expression Profiling , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/diagnosis
12.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(1): e7816, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974271

ABSTRACT

Fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1) has been reported in gastric cancer to be a prognostic factor. However, miR-497-targeted FGFR1 has not been explored in the carcinogenesis of gastric cancer. The present study intended to revalidate the prognostic significance of FGFR1 in patients with gastric cancer, and the mechanism of miR-497-regulated FGFR1 was investigated in gastric cancer cell proliferation and apoptosis. The messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein levels were assayed by RT-qPCR and western blotting, respectively. The targeted genes were predicted by a bioinformatics algorithm and confirmed by a dual luciferase reporter assay. Cell proliferation was analyzed by CCK-8 assay. Annexin V-FITC/PI staining was used to evaluate the apoptosis in AGS and SGC-7901 cells. FGFR1 was frequently up-regulated in gastric cancer tissues and associated with poor overall survival in patients with gastric cancer. Interestingly, FGFR1 loss-of-function resulted in a significant growth inhibition and apoptosis in AGS and SGC-7901 cells. In addition, we found that miR-497 was inhibited in gastric cancer tissues and cell lines, while overexpression of miR-497 could suppress proliferation and induce apoptosis in AGS and SGC-7901 cells. Importantly, bioinformatics analysis and experimental data suggested that FGFR1 was a direct target of miR-497, which could inhibit FGFR1 expression when transfected with miR-497 mimics. Furthermore, we found that overexpression of FGFR1 reversed the growth inhibition and apoptosis of miR-497 mimics in AGS and SGC-7901 cells. These findings suggested that overexpression of miR-497 inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis in gastric cancer through the suppression of FGFR1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1/genetics , Prognosis , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , RNA, Messenger/genetics , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Signal Transduction , Blotting, Western , Apoptosis , Disease Progression , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
13.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(2): 302-303, Mar.-Apr. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038265

ABSTRACT

Abstract: IL-22 has been implicated in the pathogenesis of vitiligo. However, the role of aryl hydrocarbon receptor transcription factor that acts as a master regulator of IL-22-producing Th22 cells is not fully understood. The goal of this study was to investigate the expression pattern of aryl hydrocarbon receptor in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with vitiligo and in normal controls. Transcript levels were determined by a reverse transcription quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Aryl hydrocarbon receptor mRNA expression was drastically increased in patients with vitiligo compared to healthy controls (P = 0.000). Th22 cells may contribute to abnormal immune responses underlying vitiligo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Vitiligo/genetics , Up-Regulation/genetics , Receptors, Aryl Hydrocarbon/genetics , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Gene Expression , Interleukins/analysis , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
14.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 62(2): 205-211, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887654

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective The transcriptional repressor DREAM is involved in thyroid-specific gene expression, thyroid enlargement and nodular development, but its clinical utility is still uncertain. In this study we aimed to investigate whether DREAM mRNA levels differ in different thyroid tumors and how this possible difference would allow the use of DREAM gene expression as molecular marker for diagnostic and/or prognosis purpose. Materials and methods We quantified DREAM gene mRNA levels and investigated its mutational status, relating its expression and genetic changes to diagnostic and prognostic features of 200 thyroid tumors, being 101 malignant [99 papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTC) and 2 anaplastic thyroid carcinomas] and 99 benign thyroid lesions [49 goiter and 50 follicular adenomas (FA)]. Results Levels of mRNA of DREAM gene were higher in benign (0.7909 ± 0.6274 AU) than in malignant (0.3373 ± 0.6274 AU) thyroid lesions (p < 0.0001). DREAM gene expression was able to identify malignancy with 66.7% sensitivity, 85.4% specificity, 84.2% positive predictive value (PPV), 68.7% negative predictive value (NPV), and 75.3% accuracy. DREAM mRNA levels were also useful distinguishing the follicular lesions FA and FVPTC with 70.2% sensitivity, 73.5% specificity, 78.5% PPV, 64.1% NPV, and 71.6% accuracy. However, DREAM gene expression was neither associated with clinical features of tumor aggressiveness, nor with recurrence or survival. Six different genetic changes in non-coding regions of DREAM gene were also found, not related to DREAM gene expression or tumor features. Conclusion We suggest that DREAM gene expression may help diagnose thyroid nodules, identifying malignancy and characterizing follicular-patterned thyroid lesions; however, it is not useful as a prognostic marker.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Repressor Proteins/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnosis , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Kv Channel-Interacting Proteins/genetics , Regulatory Elements, Transcriptional/genetics , Prognosis , Repressor Proteins/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Thyroid Neoplasms/genetics , Thyroid Neoplasms/metabolism , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Sensitivity and Specificity , Kv Channel-Interacting Proteins/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Neoplasm Staging
15.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(1): 14-22, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888726

ABSTRACT

Abstract tHistory of chronic periodontitis (CP) is a risk factor for oseointegration failure. The osteoclastogenesis system (RANK, RANKL and OPG) is critical for bone homeostatic control. We investigated the levels of OPG and RANKL in peri-implant tissues from volunteers with and without a history of CP and their association with mucosae inflammation. This is a single-blind case-contro study. Diagnosis of a history of CP and peri-implant examination was performed on 46 volunteers, divided into control (without history of CP, n=26) and CP group (with history of CP, n=20). Gingival biopsies were harvested during implant exposure. Quantitative PCR evaluated OPG/RANKL mRNA expressions. OPG and RANKL proteins were analyzed by western blot and immunohistochemistry assay. The chi-square test analyzed the significance of nominal variables between groups while continuous variables were analyzed by T-test or Mann-Whitney test, after Shapiro-Wilk test evaluation. The 2-ΔΔCT Livak method calculation evaluated the gene expression. Values of p<0.05 were considered statistically significant. Volunteers with CP history had 23 times higher chance of developing mucosae inflammation. High mucosae levels of RANKL (p=0.04) and RANKL/OPG (p=0.001) mRNA expressions were observed in CP group. CP volunteers showed increased RANKL protein levels in opposition to decreased OPG expression. Even without active periodontitis, volunteers with a history of CP had elevated gingival levels of RANKL/OPG and higher correlation with peri-implant mucosae inflammation and implant loss.


Resumo A história de periodontite crônica (CP) é um fator de risco para falhas na osseointegração. O sistema de osteoclastogênese (RANK, RANKL e OPG) é crucial para o controle da homeostase óssea. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar os níveis de OPG e RANKL no tecido peri-implantar de voluntários com e sem histórico de CP e sua associação com inflamação da mucosa. Este é um estudo tipo caso-controle. O exame para diagnóstico de CP e na região peri-implantar foi realizado em 46 voluntários, divididos em controle (sem história CP, n=26) e grupo CP (com histórico de CP, n=20). Descartes gengivais foram obtidos durante a exposição do implante. PCR quantitativo avaliou a expressão do RNAm de OPG/RANKL. As proteínas OPG e RANKL foram analisadas por western blot e imunohistoquímica. O teste do qui-quadrado analisou a significância entre as variáveis nominais enquanto as variáveis contínuas foram analisadas pelo teste-t e Mann-Whitney, após o teste de Shapiro-wilk. O método do Livak 2--ΔΔCT avaliou a expressão gênica. Os voluntários com CP apresentaram 23 vezes mais chances de desenvolver inflamação da mucosa. Expressão elevada no RNAm de RANKL (p=0.04) e RANKL/OPG (p=0.001) foram observadas no grupo CP. Voluntários com CP mostraram aumento dos níveis da proteína RANKL em contraste com diminuída expressão de OPG. Mesmo sem periodontite ativa, voluntários com histórico de CP apresentaram elevado nível gengival de RANKL/OPG e alta correlação com inflamação peri-implantar e perda do implante.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Chronic Periodontitis/metabolism , Dental Implants , Mouth Mucosa/pathology , Osteoprotegerin/metabolism , RANK Ligand/metabolism , Blotting, Western , Chronic Periodontitis/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Osteoprotegerin/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , RANK Ligand/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics
16.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(4): e6685, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889056

ABSTRACT

Gastric cancer (GC) is the fifth most common cancer and the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. The high mortality might be attributed to delay in detection and is closely related to lymph node metastasis. Therefore, it is of great importance to explore the mechanism of lymph node metastasis and find strategies to block GC metastasis. Messenger RNA (mRNA), microRNA (miRNA) and long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) expression data and clinical data were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. A total of 908 differentially expressed factors with variance >0.5 including 542 genes, 42 miRNA, and 324 lncRNA were screened using significant analysis microarray algorithm, and interaction networks were constructed using these differentially expressed factors. Furthermore, we conducted functional modules analysis in the network, and found that yellow and turquoise modules could separate samples efficiently. The groups classified in the yellow and turquoise modules had a significant difference in survival time, which was verified in another independent GC mRNA dataset (GSE62254). The results suggested that differentially expressed factors in the yellow and turquoise modules may participate in lymph node metastasis of GC and could be applied as potential biomarkers or therapeutic targets for GC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , Gene Regulatory Networks/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , China/epidemiology , Gene Expression Profiling , Lymph Nodes/metabolism , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis/genetics , Prognosis , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/mortality , Stomach Neoplasms/secondary
17.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(10): e7113, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951714

ABSTRACT

Dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons regenerate spontaneously after traumatic or surgical injury. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in various biological regulation processes. Conditions of lncRNAs in DRG neuron injury deserve to be further investigated. Transcriptomic analysis was performed by high-throughput Illumina HiSeq2500 sequencing to profile the differential genes in L4-L6 DRGs following rat sciatic nerve tying. A total of 1,228 genes were up-regulated and 1,415 down-regulated. By comparing to rat lncRNA database, 86 known and 26 novel lncRNA genes were found to be differential. The 86 known lncRNA genes modulated 866 target genes subject to gene ontology (GO) and KEGG enrichment analysis. The genes involved in the neurotransmitter status of neurons were downregulated and those involved in a neuronal regeneration were upregulated. Known lncRNA gene rno-Cntnap2 was downregulated. There were 13 credible GO terms for the rno-Cntnap2 gene, which had a putative function in cell component of voltage-gated potassium channel complex on the cell surface for neurites. In 26 novel lncRNA genes, 4 were related to 21 mRNA genes. A novel lncRNA gene AC111653.1 improved rno-Hypm synthesizing huntingtin during sciatic nerve regeneration. Real time qPCR results attested the down-regulation of rno-Cntnap lncRNA gene and the upregulation of AC111653.1 lncRNA gene. A total of 26 novel lncRNAs were found. Known lncRNA gene rno-Cntnap2 and novel lncRNA AC111653.1 were involved in neuropathic pain of DRGs after spared sciatic nerve injury. They contributed to peripheral nerve regeneration via the putative mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Sciatic Nerve/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Peripheral Nerve Injuries/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , Ganglia, Spinal/injuries , Neuralgia/metabolism , Molecular Sequence Data , Base Sequence , Gene Expression Regulation , Blotting, Western , Chromosome Mapping , Disease Models, Animal , Transcriptome , Ganglia, Spinal/physiopathology , Ganglia, Spinal/metabolism
18.
Biol. Res ; 51: 10, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950896

ABSTRACT

PROPOSE: We aimed to explore the potential molecular mechanism and independent prognostic genes for colon cancer (CC). METHODS: Microarray datasets GSE17536 and GSE39582 were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus. Meanwhile, the whole CC-related dataset were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Differentially expressed mRNA (DEMs) were identified between cancer tissue samples and para-carcinoma tissue samples in TCGA dataset, followed by the KEGG pathway and GO function analyses. Furthermore, the clinical prognostic analysis including overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were performed in all three datasets. RESULTS: A total of 633 up- and 321 down-regulated mRNAs were revealed in TCGA dataset. The up-regulated mRNAs were mainly assembled in functions including extracellular matrix and pathways including Wnt signaling. The down-regulated mRNAs were mainly assembled in functions like Digestion and pathways like Drug metabolism. Furthermore, up-regulation of UL16-binding protein 2 (ULBP2) was associated with OS in CC patients. A total of 12 DEMs including Surfactant Associated 2 (SFTA2) were potential DFS prognostic genes in CC patients. Meanwhile, the GRP and Transmembrane Protein 37 (TMEM37) were two outstanding independent DFS prognostic genes in CC. CONCLUSIONS: ULBP2 might be a potential novel OS prognostic biomarker in CC, while GRP and TMEM37 could be served as the independent DFS prognostic genes in CC. Furthermore, functions including extracellular matrix and digestion, as well as pathways including Wnt signaling and drug metabolism might play important roles in the process of CC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Colonic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Colonic Neoplasms/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling/methods , RNA, Messenger/genetics , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Genetic Markers , Down-Regulation/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Up-Regulation/genetics , Risk Factors , Colonic Neoplasms/metabolism , Disease-Free Survival , Gastrin-Releasing Peptide/genetics , Gastrin-Releasing Peptide/metabolism , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/genetics , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/metabolism , Pulmonary Surfactant-Associated Protein A/genetics , Pulmonary Surfactant-Associated Protein A/metabolism , Microarray Analysis , Murinae , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , GPI-Linked Proteins/genetics , GPI-Linked Proteins/metabolism
19.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 30: 12-17, nov. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1021049

ABSTRACT

Background: Molluscs can accumulate carotenoids in their body tissues by predominantly feeding on aquatic plant sources. Carotenoid transport and absorption are determined by the regulation of various proteins such as Scavenger receptor class B(SR-BI). We report the identification and characterisation of pearl oyster Pinctada fuctada martensii SR-BI (PmSR-BI). The correlation between total carotenoid content (TCC) and gene expression was also estimated. Results: The full-length cDNA of PmSR-BI was 1828 bp, including an open-reading frame encoding of 1518 bp with a pI value of 5.83. PmSR-BI protein contains a hydrophobic CD36 domain and four centrally clustered cysteine residues for the arrangement of disulphide bridges. The deduced amino acid sequence had an identity of 30% to 60% with the SR-B of other organisms. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis showed that mRNA transcripts were expressed in multiple tissues of adult pearl oyster. A higher expression of PmSR-BI gene was observed in the hepatopancreas than in the adductor muscle, gill and mantle. The TCC and gene expression of PmSR-BI were significantly correlated (P b 0.05), with a correlation coefficient of 0.978. Conclusions: The results suggested that PmSR-BI is involved in the absorption of carotenoids in the pearl oyster P. fuctada martensii.


Subject(s)
Carotenoids/metabolism , Pinctada , Receptors, Scavenger/genetics , Receptors, Scavenger/metabolism , Terpenes , Vitamin A/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Gene Expression , Cloning, Molecular , Sequence Analysis , Abscisic Acid , DNA, Complementary/genetics , Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
20.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 29: 47-56, sept. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1017093

ABSTRACT

Background: The salivary glands of Lucilia sericata are the first organs to express specific endopeptidase enzymes. These enzymes play a central role in wound healing, and they have potential to be used therapeutically. Methods: Rapid amplification of cDNA ends and rapid amplification of genomic ends were used to identify the coding sequence of MMP-1 from L. sericata. Different segments of MMP1 gene, namely the middle part, 3' end, and 5' end, were cloned, sequenced, and analyzed using bioinformatics tools to determine the distinct features of MMP-1 protein. Results: Assembling the different segments revealed that the complete mRNA sequence of MMP-1 is 1932 bp long. CDS is 1212 bp long and is responsible for the production of MMP-1 of 404 amino acid residues with a predicted molecular weight of 45.1 kDa. The middle part, 3' end, and 5' end sequences were 933, 503, and 496 bp. In addition, it was revealed that the MMP-1 genomic sequence includes three exons and two introns. Furthermore, the three-dimensional structure of L. sericata MMP-1 protein was evaluated, and its alignment defined that it has high similarity to chain A of human MMP-2 with 100% confidence, 72% coverage, and 38% identity according to the SWISS-MODEL modeling analysis. Conclusions: MMP-1 of L. sericata has a close relationship with its homologs in invertebrates and other insects. The present study significantly contributes to understanding the function, classification, and evolution of the characterized MMP-1 from L. sericata and provides basic required information for the development of an effective medical bioproduct.


Subject(s)
Salivary Glands/enzymology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1/genetics , Diptera/enzymology , Diptera/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sequence Analysis, RNA , DNA, Complementary/genetics , Computational Biology , Larva
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