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1.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1556247

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La lesión traumática de la médula espinal es la principal causa mundial de discapacidad motora y una prioridad para la OMS. El objetivo de esta investigación fue estudiar el efecto de la hipotermia terapéutica tras una contusión medular. Materiales y Métodos: Se utilizaron ratas macho a las que se les generó una contusión medular. Se formaron cuatro grupos (6 animales por grupo): a) de control, b) con lesión en normotermia (24 °C, sacrificados 12 h después de la lesión, c) con lesión en normotermia (24 °C, sacrificados 24 h después de la lesión) y d) lesión en hipotermia (8 °C, durante 180 min, sacrificados 24 h después de la lesión). Se estudió la expresión de la CIRBP, la caspasa-3 y la Neu-N. Resultados: La lesión medular aumentó ligeramente la expresión de CIRBP a las 24 h y, de manera importante, la de caspasa-3, todo acompañado por imágenes de motoneuronas dañadas en el asta anterior. En los animales tratados con hipotermia, se observó una alta expresión de CIRBP y niveles muy bajos de caspasa-3, que no se distinguen de los controles. El número de motoneuronas viables se restauró parcialmente. Conclusiones: Este modelo experimental resultó eficaz para inducir una lesión medular, demostró la protección neuronal mediada por hipotermia. El aumento de la expresión de CIRBP en la médula espinal de ratas con lesión e hipotermia comparado con el del grupo normotérmico abre el camino para un posible uso de sustancias que incrementen la CIRBP como terapéutica para las lesiones medulares contusivas. Nivel de Evidencia: I


Introduction: Traumatic spinal cord injury is the leading cause of motor disability worldwide, and the WHO considers it a priority. This study sought to investigate the effects of therapeutic hypothermia following spinal cord contusion. Materials and Methods: Male rats that underwent experimental spinal cord contusion were used. For this purpose, four experimental groups were created (n=6 per group): a) control, b) lesion in normothermia (24°C, sacrificed 12h after the injury), c) lesion in normothermia (24°C, sacrificed 24h after the injury), and d) hypothermic injury (8°C for 180 min, sacrificed 24h after the injury). The expression of cold-inducible RNA-binding protein (CIRBP), Caspase-3, and NeuN was studied. Results: At 24 hours, spinal cord damage raised CIRBP expression slightly while also increasing Caspase-3 significantly. All of this was accompanied by images of damaged motor neurons in the anterior horn. In animals treated with hypothermia, high expression of CIRBP and very low levels of Caspase-3 were observed, which were indistinguishable from controls. Furthermore, the number of viable motor neurons was partially restored. Conclusions: The experimental model developed in this study was effective at inducing spinal cord injury, demonstrating neuronal protection through hypothermia. The increased expression of CIRBP in the spinal cord of rats with injury and hypothermic treatment when compared to the normothermic group suggests the possibility of using substances that increase CIRBP as therapies for the treatment of contusive spinal cord injuries. Level of Evidence: I


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Spinal Cord Injuries , RNA-Binding Proteins , Contusions , Hypothermia
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 150-162, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008086

ABSTRACT

Photosynthesis in plants directly affects the synthesis and accumulation of organic matter, which directly influences crop yield. RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) are involved in the regulation of a variety of physiological functions in plants, while the functions of RBPs in photosynthesis have not been clearly elucidated. To investigate the effect of a glycine-rich RNA-binding protein (SlRBP1) in tomato on plant photosynthesis, a stably inherited SlRBP1 silenced plant in Alisa Craig was obtained by plant tissue culture using artificial small RNA interference. It turns out that the size of the tomato fruit was reduced and leaves significantly turned yellow. Chlorophyll(Chl) content measurement, Chl fluorescence imaging and chloroplast transmission electron microscopy revealed that the chloroplast morphology and structure of the leaves of tomato amiR-SlRBP1 silenced plants were disrupted, and the chlorophyll content was significantly reduced. Measurement of photosynthesis rate of wild-type and amiR-SlRBP1 silenced plants in the same period demonstrated that the photosynthetic rate of these plants was significantly reduced, and analysis of RNA-seq data indicated that silencing of SlRBP1 significantly reduced the expression of photosynthesis-related genes, such as PsaE, PsaL, and PsbY, and affected the yield of tomato fruits through photosynthesis.


Subject(s)
RNA , Solanum lycopersicum/genetics , Photosynthesis/genetics , Chlorophyll , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2694-2705, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007701

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Previous studies have examined the bulk transcriptome of peripheral blood immune cells in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patients experiencing immunological non-responsiveness. This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of specific immune cell subtypes in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patients who exhibit immunological non-responsiveness.@*METHODS@#A single-cell transcriptome sequencing of peripheral blood mononuclear cells obtained from both immunological responders (IRs) (CD4 + T-cell count >500) and immunological non-responders (INRs) (CD4 + T-cell count <300) was conducted. The transcriptomic profiles were used to identify distinct cell subpopulations, marker genes, and differentially expressed genes aiming to uncover potential genetic factors associated with immunological non-responsiveness.@*RESULTS@#Among the cellular subpopulations analyzed, the ratios of monocytes, CD16 + monocytes, and exhausted B cells demonstrated the most substantial differences between INRs and IRs, with fold changes of 39.79, 11.08, and 2.71, respectively. In contrast, the CD4 + T cell ratio was significantly decreased (0.39-fold change) in INRs compared with that in IRs. Similarly, the ratios of natural killer cells and terminal effector CD8 + T cells were also lower (0.37-fold and 0.27-fold, respectively) in the INRs group. In addition to several well-characterized immune cell-specific markers, we identified a set of 181 marker genes that were enriched in biological pathways associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) replication. Notably, ISG15 , IFITM3 , PLSCR1 , HLA-DQB1 , CCL3L1 , and DDX5 , which have been demonstrated to influence HIV replication through their interaction with viral proteins, emerged as significant monocyte marker genes. Furthermore, the differentially expressed genes in natural killer cells were also enriched in biological pathways associated with HIV replication.@*CONCLUSIONS@#We generated an atlas of immune cell transcriptomes in HIV-infected IRs and INRs. Host genes associated with HIV replication were identified as markers of, and were found to be differentially expressed in, different types of immune cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Transcriptome/genetics , HIV , HIV Infections/genetics , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/metabolism , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/metabolism , Virus Replication , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2351-2361, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007550

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Long non-coding RNA colon cancer-associated transcript 1 (CCAT1) is involved in transforming multiple cancers into malignant cancer types. Previous studies underlining the mechanisms of the functions of CCAT1 primarily focused on its decoy for miRNAs (micro RNAs). However, the regulatory mechanism of CCAT1-protein interaction associated with tumor metastasis is still largely unknown. The present study aimed to identify proteome-wide CCAT1 partners and explored the CCAT1-protein interaction mediated tumor metastasis.@*METHODS@#CCAT1-proteins complexes were purified and identified using RNA antisense purification coupled with the mass spectrometry (RAP-MS) method. The database for annotation, visualization, and integrated discovery and database for eukaryotic RNA binding proteins (EuRBPDB) websites were used to bioinformatic analyzing CCAT1 binding proteins. RNA pull-down and RNA immunoprecipitation were used to validate CCAT1-Vimentin interaction. Transwell assay was used to evaluate the migration and invasion abilities of HeLa cells.@*RESULTS@#RAP-MS method worked well by culturing cells with nucleoside analog 4-thiouridine, and cross-linking was performed using 365 nm wavelength ultraviolet. There were 631 proteins identified, out of which about 60% were RNA binding proteins recorded by the EuRBPDB database. Vimentin was one of the CCAT1 binding proteins and participated in the tumor metastasis pathway. Knocked down vimetin ( VIM ) and rescued the downregulation by overexpressing CCAT1 demonstrated that CCAT1 could enhance tumor migration and invasion abilities by stabilizing Vimentin protein.@*CONCLUSION@#CCAT1 may bind with and stabilize Vimentin protein, thus enhancing cancer cell migration and invasion abilities.


Subject(s)
Humans , HeLa Cells , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Vimentin/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Colonic Neoplasms/genetics , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , Cell Movement/genetics
5.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 832-837, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012316

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the expression of MSI1 and HER2 in mammary Paget's disease, and the correlation between the expression levels of MSI1 and HER2 and the clinicopathologic characteristics and prognosis of the patients. Methods: Clinical data and paraffin-embedded specimens of 34 pairs of mammary Paget's disease and underlying breast cancer were collected at the Department of Pathology, Affiliated Lianyungang Oriental Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from March 2011 to December 2019. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of MSI1 and HER2 in mammary Paget's disease and the accompanying breast cancer, and to analyze the correlation between the expression levels of MSI1 and HER2 and their clinicopathologic features, as well as their influence on prognosis. Results: In mammary Paget's disease, the positive rate of MSI1 was 91.2% (31/34) and the positive rate of HER2 was 88.2% (30/34); the expression of MSI1 and HER2 was positively correlated (P=0.001, r=0.530). The expression of MSI1 was positively correlated with menopausal status (r=0.372, P=0.030) and lymph node metastasis (r=0.450, P=0.008). HER2 expression was positively correlated with menopausal status (r=0.436, P=0.010), and negatively correlated with ER expression (r=-0.365, P=0.034). The co-expression of MSI1 and HER2 was positively correlated with age (r=0.347, P=0.044) and menopausal status (r=0.496, P=0.003), and negatively correlated with ER expression (r=-0.461, P=0.006). Conclusions: MSI1 and HER2 are highly expressed in mammary Paget's disease and their expression levels are positively correlated. The correlation analysis between clinicopathological features and prognosis suggests that both of them may be involved in the occurrence and development of mammary Paget's disease and are potential therapeutic targets for mammary Paget's disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Paget's Disease, Mammary/pathology , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Lymphatic Metastasis , Nerve Tissue Proteins/metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins
6.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 1062-1068, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010585

ABSTRACT

无义介导的信使RNA(mRNA)降解途径(nonsense-mediated mRNA decay,简称为NMD)是真核生物细胞内一种重要的基因转录后表达调控机制,它积极参与一系列细胞生理和生化过程,控制细胞命运和生命体的组织稳态。NMD的缺陷会导致人类疾病,如神经发育障碍、肿瘤发生和自身免疫疾病等。UPF3 (Up-frameshift protein 3)是一个核心的NMD因子,它最早在酵母中被发现。UPF3A和UPF3B是UPF3在生物进化到脊椎动物阶段出现的两个旁系同源物,在NMD中具有激活或抑制的作用。以往研究发现,UPF3B蛋白几乎在所有哺乳动物器官中均有表达,而UPF3A蛋白在除睾丸外的大多数哺乳动物组织中难以被检测到。解释这一现象的假说为:在NMD途径中,UPF3B具有比UPF3A更高的竞争性结合UPF2的能力,UPF3B和UPF2的结合促使UPF3A成为游离状态,而游离的UPF3A蛋白不稳定且易被降解。此假说提示UPF3A和UPF3B在NMD中存在拮抗作用。在本研究中,我们重新定量评估了UPF3A和UPF3B在野生型成年雄性和雌性小鼠的9个主要组织和生殖器官中的mRNA和蛋白表达,结果证实UPF3A在雄性生殖细胞中表达量最高。令人惊讶的是,我们发现在包括大脑和胸腺在内的大多数组织中,UPF3A与UPF3B的蛋白水平相当,而在小鼠脾、肺组织中,UPF3A表达高于UPF3B。公共基因表达数据进一步支持了上述发现。因此,我们的研究表明了UPF3A是小鼠组织中普遍表达的NMD因子。同时,该研究结果推测:在生理条件下,UPF3A和UPF3B蛋白之间不存在竞争抑制,且UPF3A在多种哺乳动物组织的稳态中发挥重要作用。


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , HeLa Cells , Nonsense Mediated mRNA Decay , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics
7.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 51-63, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971605

ABSTRACT

RBM46 is a germ cell-specific RNA-binding protein required for gametogenesis, but the targets and molecular functions of RBM46 remain unknown. Here, we demonstrate that RBM46 binds at specific motifs in the 3'UTRs of mRNAs encoding multiple meiotic cohesin subunits and show that RBM46 is required for normal synaptonemal complex formation during meiosis initiation. Using a recently reported, high-resolution technique known as LACE-seq and working with low-input cells, we profiled the targets of RBM46 at single-nucleotide resolution in leptotene and zygotene stage gametes. We found that RBM46 preferentially binds target mRNAs containing GCCUAU/GUUCGA motifs in their 3'UTRs regions. In Rbm46 knockout mice, the RBM46-target cohesin subunits displayed unaltered mRNA levels but had reduced translation, resulting in the failed assembly of axial elements, synapsis disruption, and meiotic arrest. Our study thus provides mechanistic insights into the molecular functions of RBM46 in gametogenesis and illustrates the power of LACE-seq for investigations of RNA-binding protein functions when working with low-abundance input materials.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , 3' Untranslated Regions/genetics , Cell Cycle Proteins/metabolism , Gametogenesis/genetics , Meiosis/genetics , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics
8.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 52-59, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971494

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of ANP32A silencing on invasion and migration of colon cancer cells and the influence of the activity of AKT signaling pathway on this effect.@*METHODS@#Colorectal cancer HCT116 and SW480 were transfected with a small interfering RNA targeting ANP32A via a lentiviral vector. At 24, 48 and 72 h after the transfection, the changes in cell proliferation and AKT activity in the cells were detected using MTT assay and Western blotting, respectively. HCT116 and SW480 cells were treated with the AKT agonist SC79 or its inhibitor MK2206 for 24, 48, 72 and 96 h, and the changes in cell migration and invasion ability were analyzed using Transwell chamber assay and cell proliferation was assessed using MTT assay. The effects of SC79 and MK2206 on migration and invasion abilities of HCT116 and SW480 cells with or without ANP32A silencing were examined using wound healing and Transwell chamber assays, and the changes in the expression of metadherin (MTDH), a factor associated with cells invasion and migration, was detected with Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Lentivirus-mediated ANP32A silencing significantly down-regulated the activity of AKT and inhibited the proliferation of both HCT116 and SW480 cells (P < 0.01). The application of AKT inhibitor MK2206 obviously inhibited the proliferation, invasion and migration of the colorectal cancer cells (P < 0.05), while the AKT agonist SC79 significantly promoted the invasion and migration of the cells (P < 0.01). In HCT116 and SW480 cells with ANP32A silencing, treatment with MK2206 strongly enhanced the inhibitory effects of ANP32A silencing on cell invasion and migration (P < 0.05) and the expression of MTDH, while SC79 partially reversed these inhibitory effects (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#ANP32A silencing inhibits invasion and migration of colorectal cancer cells possibly by inhibiting the activation of the AKT signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Cell Proliferation , Blotting, Western , Cell Movement , Colonic Neoplasms , Membrane Proteins , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Nuclear Proteins
9.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 165-171, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971382

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) is a common malignant tumor of head and neck. Screening of target genes for malignant tumor therapy is one of the focuses of cancer research, with proto-oncogene and tumor suppressor gene as the breakthrough. It has become an urgent need to find the target gene related to the treatment and prognosis of LSCC.This study aims to explore the role of Lin28B and C-myc in LSCC by detecting the expressions of these two proteins and analyze the correlation between the expression of Lin28B and C-myc and clinicopathological features and prognosis of LSCC.@*METHODS@#We detected the expression of Lin28B and C-myc proteins in 102 specimens of LSCC and 90 specimens of adjacent tissues by immunochemistry, and analyzed the correlation between Lin28B and C-myc protein expressions in LSCC as well as the correlation between the expressions of the two proteins and the clinicopathological features of LSCC. At the same time, the Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the relation between Lin28B and C-myc protein levels with the postoperative survival rate of LSCC patients.@*RESULTS@#The protein levels of Lin28B and C-myc in the LSCC tissnes were significantly higher than those in the adjacent tissues (both P<0.05),and there was a positive correlation between the expression of Lin28B and C-myc in LSCC (r=0.476, P<0.05). The expression of Lin28B protein was closely related to age, lymph node metastasis, clinical stage, tumor size, and pathological differentiation of LSCC patients (all P<0.05). while the expression of C-myc protein was closely related to lymph node metastasis, clinical stage, tumor size, and pathological differentiation of LSCC patients (all P<0.05). A relevant survival analysis showed that in patients with higher level of Lin28B (P=0.001) or C-myc protein (P<0.001), the postoperative survival rate was relatively low.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Lin28B and C-myc proteins are highly expressed in LSCC with a positive correlation. Furthermore, they are closely related to lymph node metastasis, clinical stage, tumor size, pathological differentiation and prognosis, suggesting that both Lin28B and C-myc might be involved in the occurrence and development of LSCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc/metabolism , Laryngeal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , Lymphatic Metastasis , Prognosis , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics
10.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 213-216, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970907

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a child with Neurodevelopmental disorder with or without autistic features and/or structural brain abnormalities (NEDASB).@*METHODS@#A child with NEDASB who presented at the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University in July 2021 was selected as the subject. Peripheral blood samples of the child and her parents were collected and subjected to high-throughput sequencing. Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing and bioinformatic analysis.@*RESULTS@#The child was found to harbor a heterozygous c.820_828delinsCTTCA (p.Thr274Leufs*121) variant of the NOVA2 gene, for which both of her parents were of wild type. The variant was predicted as pathogenic based on the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics.@*CONCLUSION@#The heterozygous c.820_828delinsCTTCA (p.Thr274Leufs*121) variant of the NOVA2 gene probably underlay the disease in this child. Above finding has enriched the spectrum of NOVA2 gene variants and provided a basis for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for this family.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Autistic Disorder/genetics , Brain , Computational Biology , Genetic Counseling , Mutation , Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics , Neuro-Oncological Ventral Antigen , Neurodevelopmental Disorders , RNA-Binding Proteins
11.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 701-708, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010077

ABSTRACT

The genomic instability may lead to an initiation of cancer in many organisms. Homologous recombination repair (HRR) is vital in maintaining cellular genomic stability. RAD51 associated protein 1 (RAD51AP1), which plays a crucial role in HRR and primarily participates in forming D-loop, was reported as an essential protein for maintaining cellular genomic stability. However, recent studies showed that RAD51AP1 was significantly overexpressed in various cancer types and correlated with poor prognosis. These results suggested that RAD51AP1 may play a significant pro-cancer effect in multiple cancers. The underlying mechanism is still unclear. Cancer stemness-maintaining effects of RAD51AP1 might be considered as the most reliable mechanism. Meanwhile, RAD51AP1 also promoted resistance to radiation therapy and chemotherapy in many cancers. Thus, researches focused on RAD51AP1, and its regulatory molecules may provide new targets for overcoming cancer progression and treatment resistance. Here, we reviewed the latest research on RAD51AP1 in cancers and summarized its differential expression and prognostic implications. In this review, we also outlined the potential mechanisms of its pro-cancer and drug resistance-promoting effects to provide several potential directions for further research.
.


Subject(s)
Humans , DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms , DNA Repair , Genomic Instability , Rad51 Recombinase/metabolism
12.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 303-310, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981869

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of insulin-like growth factor 2 mRNA binding protein 2 (IGF2BP2) on the proliferation, migration and tumor immune microenvironment of colorectal cancer cells and its possible molecular mechanism. Methods The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database was used to analyze the expression levels of IGF2BP2 and MYC in colorectal cancer and adjacent tissues. The expression of IGF2BP2 in HCT-116 and SW480 human colorectal cancer cells was silenced by RNA interference (RNAi), and the silencing effect was detected by quantitative real-time PCR. After knocking down IGF2BP2, colony formation assay, CCK-8 assay and 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) assay were employed to detect cell colony formation and proliferation ability. TranswellTM assay was used to detect cell migration ability. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression of IGF2BP2, MYC, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) and interleukin-10 (IL-10). The protein expression of IGF2BP2 and MYC was detected by western blot. The binding ability of IGF2BP2 and MYC in HCT-116 cells was detected by quantitative real-time PCR after RNA immunoprecipitation. Results The results of TCGA database showed that the expression of IGF2BP2 and MYC in colorectal cancer tissues was significantly higher than that in adjacent tissues, and the survival time of colorectal cancer patients with high expression of IGF2BP2 was shorter. After silencing IGF2BP2, the viability, proliferation and migration of HCT-116 and SW480 cells were decreased. The mRNA expression of MYC, TGF-β and IL-10 in IGF2BP2 knockdown group was significantly decreased, while the expression of TNF-α mRNA was increased. The expression of MYC protein and the stability of MYC mRNA were significantly decreased. RIP-qPCR results showed that IGF2BP2 could bind to MYC mRNA. Conclusion Knockdown of IGF2BP2 inhibits colorectal cancer cell proliferation, migration and promotes tumor immunity by down-regulating MYC expression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Colorectal Neoplasms/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Interleukin-10/metabolism , RNA, Messenger , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta/genetics , Tumor Microenvironment/immunology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc/metabolism
13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 691-695, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981809

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a child with congenital heart disease (CHD) and global developmental delay (GDD).@*METHODS@#A child who was hospitalized at the Department of Cardiac Surgery of Fujian Children's Hospital on April 27, 2022 was selected as the study subject. Clinical data of the child was collected. Umbilical cord blood sample of the child and peripheral blood samples of his parents were collected and subjected to whole exome sequencing (WES). Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing and bioinformatic analysis.@*RESULTS@#The child, a 3-year-and-3-month-old boy, had manifested cardiac abnormalities and developmental delay. WES revealed that he had harbored a nonsense variant of c.457C>T (p.Arg153*) in the NONO gene. Sanger sequencing showed that neither of his parents has carried the same variant. The variant has been recorded by the OMIM, ClinVar and HGMD databases, but not in the normal population databases of 1000 Genomes, dbSNP and gnomAD. Based on the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), it was rated as a pathogenic variant.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.457C>T (p.Arg153*) variant of the NONO gene probably underlay the CHD and GDD in this child. Above finding has expanded the phenotypic spectrum of the NONO gene and provided a reference for the clinical diagnosis and genetic counseling for this family.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Computational Biology , DNA-Binding Proteins , Genetic Counseling , Genomics , Heart Defects, Congenital/genetics , Mutation , Parents , RNA-Binding Proteins , Developmental Disabilities/genetics
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1719-1731, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980961

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Angiogenesis is described as a complex process in which new microvessels sprout from endothelial cells of existing vasculature. This study aimed to determine whether long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) H19 induced the angiogenesis of gastric cancer (GC) and its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Gene expression level was determined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. Cell counting kit-8, transwell, 5-Ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU), colony formation assay, and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) angiogenesis assay as well as Matrigel plug assay were conducted to study the proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis of GC in vitro and in vivo . The binding protein of H19 was found by RNA pull-down and RNA Immunoprecipitation (RIP). High-throughput sequencing was performed and next Gene Ontology (GO) as well as Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis was conducted to analyze the genes that are under H19 regulation. Methylated RIP (me-RIP) assay was used to investigate the sites and abundance among target mRNA. The transcription factor acted as upstream of H19 was determined through chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and luciferase assay.@*RESULTS@#In this study, we found that hypoxia-induced factor (HIF)-1α could bind to the promoter region of H19, leading to H19 overexpression. High expression of H19 was correlated with angiogenesis in GC, and H19 knocking down could inhibit cell proliferation, migration and angiogenesis. Mechanistically, the oncogenic role of H19 was achieved by binding with the N 6 -methyladenosine (m 6 A) reader YTH domain-containing family protein 1 (YTHDF1), which could recognize the m 6 A site on the 3'-untransated regions (3'-UTR) of scavenger receptor class B member 1 (SCARB1) mRNA, resulting in over-translation of SCARB1 and thus promoting the proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis of GC cells.@*CONCLUSION@#HIF-1α induced overexpression of H19 via binding with the promoter of H19, and H19 promoted GC cells proliferation, migration and angiogenesis through YTHDF1/SCARB1, which might be a beneficial target for antiangiogenic therapy for GC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , Hypoxia , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Scavenger Receptors, Class B/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics
15.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 10-16, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971173

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#There have been many significant advances in the diagnosis and treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the mechanism underlying the progression of NSCLC is still not clear. Plant homodomain finger-like domain-containing protein 5A (PHF5A) plays an important role in processes of chromatin remodeling, morphological development of tissues and organs and maintenance of stem cell pluripotency. This study aims to investigate the role of PHF5A in the proliferation and migration of NSCLC.@*METHODS@#A549 and PC-9 PHF5A overexpression cell lines were constructed. PHF5A expression was decreased in H292 and H1299 cells by using siRNA. Flow cytometry was used to detect the cell cycle. MTT assay and clone formation assay were used to examine the proliferative ability of NSCLC, while migration assay and wound healing assay were performed to evaluate the ability of migration. Western blot analysis was used to measure the expressions of PI3K, p-AKT and the associated downstream factors.@*RESULTS@#Up-regulation of PHF5A in A549 and PC-9 cells increased the proliferation rate, while down-regulation of PHF5A in H292 and H1299 cells inhibited the proliferation rate at 24 h, 48 h and 72 h (P<0.05). The metastatic ability was elevated in the PHF5A-overexpresion groups, while reduced in the PHF5A-down-regulation group (P<0.05). In addition, reduced expression of PHF5A induced cell cycle arrest at G1/S phase (P<0.05). Furthermore, decreased expression of PHF5A reduced the expression levels of PI3K, phosphorylation of AKT, c-Myc (P<0.05) and elevated the expression of p21 (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#These results demonstrated that PHF5A may play an important role in progression of NSCLC by regulating the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Cell Movement/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Trans-Activators/genetics , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism
16.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 398-403, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981948

ABSTRACT

Teratozoospermia is a rare disease associated with male infertility. Several recurrent genetic mutations have been reported to be associated with abnormal sperm morphology, but the genetic basis of tapered-head sperm is not well understood. In this study, whole-exome sequencing (WES) identified a homozygous WD repeat domain 12 (WDR12; p.Ser162Ala/c.484T>G) variant in an infertile patient with tapered-head spermatozoa from a consanguineous Chinese family. Bioinformatic analysis predicted this mutation to be a pathogenic variant. To verify the effect of this variant, we analyzed WDR12 protein expression in spermatozoa of the patient and a control individual, as well as in the 293T cell line, by Western blot analysis, and found that WDR12 expression was significantly downregulated. To understand the role of normal WDR12, we evaluated its mRNA and protein expression in mice at different ages. We observed that WDR12 expression was increased in pachytene spermatocytes, with intense staining visible in round spermatid nuclei. Based on these results, the data suggest that the rare biallelic pathogenic missense variant (p.Ser162Ala/c.484T>G) in the WDR12 gene is associated with tapered-head spermatozoa. In addition, after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), a successful pregnancy was achieved. This finding indicates that infertility associated with this WDR12 homozygous mutation can be overcome by ICSI. The present results may provide novel insights into understanding the molecular mechanisms of male infertility.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Female , Male , Animals , Mice , Teratozoospermia/pathology , Semen/metabolism , Infertility, Male/metabolism , Spermatozoa/metabolism , Mutation , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics
17.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 314-321, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981945

ABSTRACT

Mammalian testis exhibits remarkably high transcriptome complexity, and spermatogenesis undergoes two periods of transcriptional cessation. These make the RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) the utmost importance during male germ cell development. Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins (hnRNPs) are a large family of RBPs implicated in many steps of RNA processing; however, their roles in spermatogenesis are largely unknown. Here, we investigated the expression pattern of 12 hnRNP family members in mouse testes and found that most detected members are highly expressed in the testis. Furthermore, we found that most of the detected hnRNP proteins (hnRNPD, hnRNPK, hnRNPQ, hnRNPU, and hnRNPUL1) display the highest signals in the nuclei of pachytene spermatocytes, round spermatids, and Sertoli cells, whereas hnRNPE1 exclusively concentrates in the manchette of elongating spermatids. The expression of these hnRNP proteins showed both similarities and specificity, suggesting their diverse roles in spermatogenesis.


Subject(s)
Mice , Male , Animals , Heterogeneous-Nuclear Ribonucleoproteins/metabolism , Spermatogenesis/genetics , Testis/metabolism , Spermatids/metabolism , Sertoli Cells , Spermatocytes/metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Mammals
18.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 473-484, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009909

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the role and mechanism of circRNA-SR-related CTD associated factor 8 (SCAF8) in regulating endothelial cell pyroptosis in high glucose environment.@*METHODS@#Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were cultured and divided into six groups. The normal control group and high glucose control group were cultured in cell culture medium with 5 and 33 mmol/L glucose, respectively. The RNA control group, circRNA-SCAF8 inhibition group, miR-93-5p overexpression group and miR-93-5p inhibition group were added with non-functional siRNA, circRNA-SCAF8 inhibitor, miR-93-5p overexpression molecule and miR-93-5p inhibitor in high glucose environment, respectively. Cell viability and pyroptosis were detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, flow cytometry and Hoechst 33342/propidium iodide fluorescence double staining. Western blotting and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were used to detect the expression of pyroptosis-related factors including apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD (ASC), cysteine aspartic acid specific protease-1 (caspase-1) and Gasdermin D (GSDMD), NOD like receptor protein 3 (NLRP-3), thioredoxin interacting proteins (TXNIP), IL-18 and IL-1β. The expression of circRNA-SCAF8, miR-93-5p and TXNIP was detected by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to locate circRNA-SCAF8 and miR-93-5p. Dual luciferase assay was used to verify the targeted regulatory relationship between miR-93-5p and upstream and downstream molecules.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the RNA control group, the cell survival rate of circRNA-SCAF8 inhibition group and miR-93-5p overexpression group increased (both P<0.01), the pyroptosis decreased (both P<0.01), and the expressions of pyroptosis-related factors such as TXNIP, NLRP-3, caspase-1, GSDMD, ASC, IL-18 and IL-1β were significantly decreased (all P<0.05). The expression of miR-93-5p was significantly increased after inhibition of circRNA-SCAF8 (P<0.01), and the expression of circRNA-SCAF8 tended to decrease after overexpression of miR-93-5p, but with no statistical significance (P>0.05). Dual luciferase assay showed that miR-93-5p downre-gulated circRNA-SCAF8 expression by binding to the 3 ´ UTR region of circRNA-SCAF8, and miR-93-5p downregulated TXNIP expression by binding to the 3 ´ UTR region of TXNIP. FISH showed that circRNA-SCAF8 and miR-93-5p were both located in the cytoplasm and were highly associated in the cells. qRT-PCR showed that the relative expression of TXNIP increased or decreased after overexpression or inhibition of miR-93-5p compared with the RNA control group, respectively (both P<0.05), suggesting that miR-93-5p could regulate TXNIP gene expression.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CircRNA-SCAF8/miR-93-5p/TXNIP axis is involved in the regulation of pyroptosis in HUVECs under high glucose.


Subject(s)
Humans , Factor VIII , RNA, Circular , Endothelial Cells , Interleukin-18 , Pyroptosis , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Caspase 1 , MicroRNAs/genetics , Carrier Proteins/genetics , RNA-Binding Proteins
19.
Ciênc. rural (Online) ; 52(10): e20210171, 2022. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1364719

ABSTRACT

LIN28 is a RNA-binding protein including two highly conserved homologous, LIN28A and LIN28B. Proto-oncogenes such as LIN28A and LIN28B are generally targeted by the let-7 miRNAs in different types of human cancers. Here, we determined the expression of LIN28A in canine mammary tumor samples and the LIN28/let-7 pathway in canine mammary cell lines. In those cell lines, we identified a functional LIN28/let-7 pathway which exhibited high expression of let-7 members and low expression of its targets, including LIN28A and LIN28B. However, the mammary carcinoma tissue samples showed a frequent expression of LIN28A being expressed mainly in the epithelial cells. No association was observed between LIN28A expression and histopathological classification and grade, TNM and survival time. Our results suggested a possible role of the LIN28A protein in the development of canine mammary carcinomas due to the high frequency observed in the tumor samples (28 of 32). The in vitro experiments suggested that the LIN28/let-7 pathway is active in the tumor cells evaluated. However, more studies are necessary to elucidate the exact role of LIN28/let-7 pathway in canine mammary carcinomas.


LIN28 é uma proteína de ligação ao RNA, com duas formas homólogas altamente conservadas, LIN28A e LIN28B. Os proto-oncogenes LIN28A e LIN28B são regulados pela família de miRNAs let-7 em diferentes tipos de cânceres em humanos. No presente trabalho, o objetivo foi determinar a expressão de LIN28A em amostras de tumor mamário de cadelas e a via LIN28/let-7 em linhagens celulares mamárias caninas. Nestas linhagens, através das técnicas de qPCR e RNAseq, foi identificado que a via LIN28/let-7 apresenta-se funcional, com alta expressão dos membros da família let-7 e baixa expressão de seus alvos, entre eles LIN28A e LIN28B. No entanto, as amostras de tecidos de carcinomas mamários caninos demonstraram expressão frequente de LIN28A, sendo observada principalmente em células epiteliais. Não foram observadas associações entre expressão de LIN28A com classificação e gradação histopatológicas, TNM e tempo de sobrevida. Nossos resultados sugerem uma possível relação da proteína LIN28A no desenvolvimento de carcinomas mamários caninos devido à alta frequência observada nas amostras tumorais (28 de 32). Os experimentos in vitro sugerem que a via LIN28/let-7 é ativa nas linhagens celulares caninas avaliadas. Entretanto, estudos funcionais ainda são necessários para elucidar a função exata da via LIN28/let-7 nos carcinomas mamários caninos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal/genetics , RNA-Binding Proteins/analysis , MicroRNAs/analysis , Polymerase Chain Reaction
20.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 448-456, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936337

ABSTRACT

RNA binding protein (RBP) plays a key role in gene regulation and participate in RNA translation, modification, splicing, transport and other important biological processes. Studies have shown that abnormal expression of RBP is associated with a variety of diseases. The Musashi (Msi) family of mammals is an evolutionarily conserved and powerful RBP, whose members Msi1 and Msi2 play important roles in the regulation of stem cell activity and tumor development. The Msi family members regulate a variety of biological processes by binding and regulating mRNA translation, stability and downstream cell signaling pathways, and among them, Msi2 is closely related to embryonic growth and development, maintenance of tumor stem cells and development of hematological tumors. Accumulating evidence has shown that Msi2 also plays a crucial role in the development of solid tumors, mainly by affecting the proliferation, invasion, metastasis and drug resistance of tumors, involving Wnt/β-catenin, TGF-β/SMAD3, Akt/mTOR, JAK/STAT, Numb and their related signaling pathways (Notch, p53, and Hedgehog pathway). Preclinical studies of Msi2 gene as a therapeutic target for tumor have achieved preliminary results. This review summarizes the molecular structure, physiological function, role of Msi2 in the development and progression of various solid tumors and the signaling pathways involved.


Subject(s)
Animals , Hedgehog Proteins , Mammals/metabolism , Neoplasms/genetics , Neoplastic Stem Cells , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Signal Transduction
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