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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880170

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the dynamic molecular expression characteristics of single cell RNA binding proteins (RBPs) in the development of mouse embryonic hematopoitic stem cells (HSCs), and obtain the functional research target RNA splicing factor--Mbnl1, to clarify the function of Mbnl1 involved in regulating mouse embryonic HSC development.@*METHODS@#Bioinformatics was used to analyze the single-cell transcriptome data of mouse embryos during HSC development, and the single-cell RBP dynamic molecular expression maps in HSC development was obtained. Mbnl1 was obtained by combining differential analysis and literature research screening. The Mbnl1-knockout mouse model was constructed by the CRISPER/Cas9 technology. Aorta-gonad-mesonephros (AGM) and yolk sac (YS) tissue in two genotype embryos of Mbnl1@*RESULTS@#The in vitro CFU-C experiment of hematopoietic cells preliminarily indicated that there was no significant difference in the number of cell colonies in AGM region and YS transformed by the two genotypes of Mbnl1@*CONCLUSION@#Through functional experiments in vivo and in vitro, it has been confirmed that knockout of the RNA splicing factor--Mbnl1 does not affect the development of HSPC in AGM region of mouse embryo.


Subject(s)
Animals , DNA-Binding Proteins , Gonads , Hematopoiesis , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Mesonephros , Mice , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Yolk Sac
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880136

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the regulatory effects of RBM47 on HMGA2 and the function of RBM47 in human chronic myeloid leukemia cell K562.@*METHODS@#K562 cells were transduction by the overexpressed and knockdown RBM47 lentiviral vector. CCK-8 assay was used to detect the effect of RBM47 on the proliferation of K562 cells. Flow cytometry assay was used to detect the effect of RBM47 on the cell cycle progression of K562 cells. RNA immunoprecipitation assay was used to detect the association between RBM47 and HMGA2 mRNA. RT-qPCR was used to detect the effects of RBM47 on the stability of HMGA2 mRNA. Western blot was used to evaluate the effect of RBM47 on HMGA2 protein expression.@*RESULTS@#The overexpressed RBM47 could inhibit the proliferation and cell cycle progression of K562 cells. However, the inhibitation of RBM47 could improve the proliferation and cell cycle progression of K562 cells. RBM47 combined with HMGA2 mRNA could promote the degradation of HMGA2 mRNA. Thus, the overexpressed RBM47 could decrease the expression of HMGA2 protein in K562 cells.@*CONCLUSION@#RNA binding protein RBM47 can inhibit the proliferation of K562 cells by regulating HMGA2 expression.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , HMGA2 Protein/genetics , Humans , K562 Cells , RNA, Messenger/genetics , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics
3.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 46: 8-13, jul. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223212

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) can be efficiently produced in recombinant Escherichia coli by the overexpression of an operon (NphaCAB) encoding PHB synthetase. Strain improvement is considered to be one of critical factors to lower the production cost of PHB in recombinant system. In this study, one of key regulators that affect the cell growth and PHB content was confirmed and analyzed. RESULT: S17-3, a mutant E. coli strain derived from S17-1, was found to be able to achieve high cell density when expressing NphaCAB with the plasmid pBhya-CAB. Whole genome sequencing of S17-3 revealed genetic alternations on the upstream regions of csrA, encoding a global regulator cross-talking between stress response, catabolite repression and other metabolic activities. Deletion of csrA or expression of mutant csrA resulted in improved cell density and PHB content. CONCLUSION: The impact of gene deletion of csrA was determined, dysfunction of the regulators improved the cell density of recombinant E. coli and PHB production, however, the detail mechanism needs to be further clarified.


Subject(s)
Escherichia coli/metabolism , Hydroxybutyrates/metabolism , Repressor Proteins/genetics , Biopolymers/genetics , Recombinant Proteins , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Gene Deletion , Escherichia coli Proteins/genetics , Escherichia coli/genetics , Metabolic Engineering , Ligases/metabolism
4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(4): e9290, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089356

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to investigate the expression of RBM8A protein in patients with gastric cancer (GC) and to explore its correlation with clinical pathological features as well as prognosis. One hundred pairs of gastric carcinoma tissues and adjacent tissues from patients undergoing gastrectomy for GC were included in this study. The protein expression level of RBM8A was determined by immunohistochemistry using tissue microarrays. We also detected the mRNA expression level of RBM8A in 16 pairs of gastric carcinoma tissues and adjacent tissues. Meanwhile, we predicted the potential correlation between RBM8A and tumor stages as well as survival condition in patents with GC based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. The correlation of RBM8A with the clinical pathological features and prognosis of the 100 patients with GC was also elucidated. The expression level of RBM8A was significantly higher in gastric carcinoma tissues compared to the adjacent tissues. The protein level of RBM8A was correlated with tumor size (P=0.031), depth of invasion (P<0.001), lymph node metastasis (P<0.001), TNM stage (<0.001), and distant metastasis (P=0.001). Patients with increased RBM8A expression (P<0.0018, 95%CI=0.322−0.871), higher TNM stage (P<0.001, 95%CI=4.990−11.283), and lymph node metastasis (P<0.001, 95%CI=2.873−4.002) had a lower overall survival. Taken together, our study demonstrated that RBM8A may act as a proto-oncogene, which could be a promising biomarker and therapeutic target in the diagnosis and treatment of GC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Prognosis , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Survival Analysis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins/metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm Staging
5.
Biol. Res ; 53: 42, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131886

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Basal-like breast cancer (BLBC) or triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive and highly metastatic subtype of human breast cancer. The present study aimed to elucidate the potential tumor-suppressive function of MATR3, an abundant nuclear protein, in BLBC/TNBC, whose cancer-relevance has not been characterized. METHODS: We analyzed in vitro tumorigenecity by cell proliferation and soft agar colony formation assays, apoptotic cell death by flow cytometry and Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) cleavage, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) by checking specific EMT markers with real-time quantitative PCR and in vitro migration and invasion by Boyden Chamber assays. To elucidate the underlying mechanism by which MATR3 functions as a tumor suppressor, we performed Tandem affinity purification followed by mass spectrometry (TAP-MS) and pathway analysis. We also scrutinized MATR3 expression levels in the different subtypes of human breast cancer and the correlation between MATR3 expression and patient survival by bioinformatic analyses of publicly available transcriptome datasets. RESULTS: MATR3 suppressed in vitro tumorigenecity, promoted apoptotic cell death and inhibited EMT, migration, and invasion in BLBC/TNBC cells. Various proteins regulating apoptosis were identified as MATR3-binding proteins, and YAP/TAZ pathway was suppressed by MATR3. MATR3 expression was inversely correlated with the aggressive and metastatic nature of breast cancer. Moreover, high expression levels of MATR3 were associated with a good prognosis of breast cancer patients. CONCLUSIONS: Our data demonstrate that MATR3 functions as a putative tumor suppressor in BLBC/TNBC cells. Also, MATR3 potentially plays a role as a biomarker in predicting chemotherapy-sensitivity and patient survival in breast cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Genes, Tumor Suppressor , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Nuclear Matrix-Associated Proteins/genetics , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Movement , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879473

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect variants of ADAR1 gene in two Chinese pedigrees affected with dyschromatosis symmetrica hereditaria (DSH).@*METHODS@#Clinical data and peripheral blood samples of the pedigrees were collected. All exons of the ADAR1 gene were amplified by PCR and subjected to Sanger sequencing. Suspected pathogenic variants were validated among other members of the pedigrees and 100 unrelated healthy controls.@*RESULTS@#For pedigree 1, Sanger sequencing has identified a heterozygous missense variant c.3002G>C (p.Asp968His) in exon 11 of the ADAR1 gene in the proband and his father. For pedigree 2, a novel nonsense variant c.3145C>T (p.Gln1049Ter) was identified in exon 12 of the ADAR1 gene in the proband and his son, which were previously unreported and absent among the healthy controls.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.3002G>C (p.Asp968His) and c.3145C>T (p.Gln1049Ter)variants of the ADAR1 gene probably underlay the DSH in the two pedigrees.


Subject(s)
Adenosine Deaminase/genetics , Humans , Mutation , Pedigree , Pigmentation Disorders/genetics , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics
7.
Biol. Res ; 51: 13, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950899

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Neuroblastoma (NB) represents the most common extracranial solid tumor in children. Accumulating evidence shows that microRNAs (miRs) play an important role in the carcinogenesis of NB. Here, we investigated the biological function of miR-1247 in NB in vitro. METHODS/RESULTS: We found miR-1247 was downregulated in NB tissues and cells using quantitative PCR analysis. Gain- and loss-of-function studies demonstrated that miR-1247 significantly suppressed cell proliferation and induced cell cycle G0/G1 phase arrest and cell apoptosis of NB cells in vitro by using MTT, colony formation assay and Flow cytometry analysis. Luciferase assay suggested ZNF346 was the target of miR-1247 and its expression could be down-regulated by miR-1247 overexpression using Western blotting. Furthermore, downregulation of ZNF346 by siRNA performed similar effects with overexpression of miR-1247 in NB cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggested miR-1247 directly targeted to repress ZNF346 expression, thus suppressing the progression of NB, which might be a novel therapeutic target against NB.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Neuroblastoma/metabolism , Phenotype , Time Factors , Tumor Cells, Cultured , Down-Regulation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Child, Preschool , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Colony-Forming Units Assay , MicroRNAs/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Flow Cytometry , Neuroblastoma/genetics , Neuroblastoma/pathology
8.
Biol. Res ; 51: 36, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983940

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Whole transcriptome RNA variant analyses have shown that adenosine deaminases acting on RNA ( ADAR ) enzymes modify a large proportion of cellular RNAs, contributing to transcriptome diversity and cancer evolution. Despite the advances in the understanding of ADAR function in breast cancer, ADAR RNA editing functional consequences are not fully addressed. RESULTS: We characterized A to G(I) mRNA editing in 81 breast cell lines, showing increased editing at 3'UTR and exonic regions in breast cancer cells compared to immortalized non-malignant cell lines. In addition, tumors from the BRCA TCGA cohort show a 24% increase in editing over normal breast samples when looking at 571 well-characterized UTRs targeted by ADAR1. Basal-like subtype breast cancer patients with high level of ADAR1 mRNA expression shows a worse clinical outcome and increased editing in their 3'UTRs. Interestingly, editing was particularly increased in the 3'UTRs of ATM, GINS4 and POLH transcripts in tumors, which correlated with their mRNA expression. We confirmed the role of ADAR1 in this regulation using a shRNA in a breast cancer cell line (ZR-75-1). CONCLUSIONS: Altogether, these results revealed a significant association between the mRNA editing in genes related to cancer-relevant pathways and clinical outcomes, suggesting an important role of ADAR1 expression and function in breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Adenosine Deaminase/genetics , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , RNA Editing/genetics , Untranslated Regions/genetics , RNA Stability/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Adenosine Deaminase/metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Gene Expression Profiling , RNA Stability/physiology , Cell Line, Tumor
9.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(4): e5861, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839274

ABSTRACT

Myocardial ischemia is a major cause of death and remains a disease with extremely deficient clinical therapies and a major problem worldwide. Cold inducible RNA-binding protein (CIRBP) is reported to be involved in multiple pathological processes, including myocardial ischemia. However, the molecular mechanisms of myocardial ischemia remain elusive. Here, we first overexpressed CIRBP by transfection of pc-CIRBP (pcDNA3.1 containing coding sequenced for CIRBP) and silenced CIRBP by transfection of small interfering RNA targeting CIRBP (siCIRBP). pcDNA3.1 and the negative control of siCIRBP (siNC) were transfected into H9C2 cells to act as controls. We then constructed a cell model of myocardial ischemia through culturing cells in serum-free medium with hypoxia in H9C2 cells. Subsequently, AlamarBlue assay, flow cytometry and western blot analysis were used, respectively, to assess cell viability, reactive oxygen species (ROS) level and apoptosis, and expression levels of IκBα, p65 and Bcl-3. We demonstrated that CIRBP overexpression promoted cell proliferation (P<0.001), inhibited cell apoptosis (P<0.05), reduced ROS level (P<0.001), down-regulated phosphorylated levels of IκBα and p65 (P<0.01 or P<0.001), and up-regulated expression of Bcl-3 (P<0.001) in H9C2 cells with myocardial ischemia. The influence of CIRBP knockdown yielded opposite results. Our study revealed that CIRBP could protect H9C2 cells against myocardial ischemia through inhibition of NF-κB pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Myocardial Ischemia/metabolism , Myocardial Ischemia/prevention & control , NF-kappa B/antagonists & inhibitors , Protective Agents/pharmacology , RNA-Binding Proteins/pharmacology , Apoptosis/drug effects , Blotting, Western , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cell Survival , Cells, Cultured , Flow Cytometry , Gene Expression Regulation , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/analysis , Reproducibility of Results , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Small Interfering , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Time Factors , Transfection/methods
10.
Clinics ; 71(12): 695-698, Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840026

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Primary ovarian failure is a rare disorder, and approximately 90% of cases are of unknown etiology. The aim of this study was to search for mutations in NANOS3, a gene that was recently related to the etiology of primary ovarian failure, in a group of Brazilian women. METHODS: We screened for NANOS3 DNA variants in 30 consecutive women who were previously diagnosed with primary ovarian failure, of unknown etiology and compared the results with those from 185 women with normal fertility. The NANOS3 gene was amplified by polymerase chain reaction using pairs of specific primers and then sequenced. The resulting sequences were compared with control sequences available in the National Center for Biotechnology and Information database. RESULTS: No mutations in NANOS3 were found in primary ovarian failure patients, but four previously described polymorphisms were identified at a similar frequency in the control and primary ovarian failure groups. CONCLUSIONS: Mutations in NANOS3 were not associated with primary ovarian failure in the present cohort.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Primary Ovarian Insufficiency/genetics , Mutation , Polymorphism, Genetic , Brazil , DNA Mutational Analysis , Case-Control Studies , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Cohort Studies , Amino Acid Sequence , Electrophoresis/methods , Alleles
11.
Salud colect ; 11(1): 99-114, ene.-mar. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-746687

ABSTRACT

El Consejo Federal de Medicina de Brasil (CFM) -órgano normativo y fiscalizador del ejercicio ético de la medicina- prohibió, en 2008, la participación de médicos brasileños en investigaciones que utilizaran placebo para enfermedades con tratamiento eficaz y efectivo, en contraposición a la Declaración de Helsinki, que permite su uso en condiciones metodológicamente justificadas. Con el objetivo de verificar si la normativa ética del CFM modificó el uso de placebo en ensayos clínicos de fase III en Brasil, se analizaron varias características de sus registros en el ClinicalTrials.gov, en los períodos de 2003 a 2007 y de 2009 a 2013. Se concluye que: a) la normativa promulgada por el CFM en 2008 fue ineficaz y prevaleció la posición adoptada por la Declaración de Helsinki; b) el patrocinio de ensayos con placebo por parte de la industria farmacéutica multinacional fue significativo; c) predominaron las investigaciones de fármacos para enfermedades crónicas, y fueron poco significativas para las enfermedades postergadas, de importancia para Brasil.


In 2008, Brazil's Federal Council of Medicine [Conselho Federal de Medicina] (CFM) - regulatory and supervisory agency on the ethical practice of medicine - banned the participation of Brazilian doctors in studies using placebos for diseases with efficient and effective treatment. This position differs with the Helsinki Declaration, which allows the use of placebos in methodologically justified conditions. To ascertain whether the CMF's ethical regulation modified the use of placebos in phase III clinical trials in Brazil, characteristics of the records in ClinicalTrials.gov were researched in the periods from 2003 to 2007 and from 2009 to 2013. The conclusions reached were: a) the regulations issued by the CFM in 2008 were ineffective and the position adopted by the Helsinki Declaration prevails; b) there was significant sponsorship by the multinational pharmaceutical industry of trials with placebos; c) the research was predominantly on new drugs for chronic diseases, with little study done of the neglected diseases which are of great importance to Brazil.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Apoptosis/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic/genetics , Heme/deficiency , Nerve Degeneration/genetics , Neurons/metabolism , Porphyrias/complications , Apoptosis/drug effects , Caspases/drug effects , Caspases/metabolism , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cell Survival/genetics , Collagen Type XI/drug effects , Collagen Type XI/metabolism , Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein/drug effects , Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein/genetics , Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein/metabolism , Down-Regulation/drug effects , Down-Regulation/physiology , Enzyme Inhibitors , Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic/drug effects , Heptanoates , Heme/biosynthesis , MAP Kinase Signaling System/drug effects , MAP Kinase Signaling System/physiology , Membrane Proteins/drug effects , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Nerve Degeneration/metabolism , Nerve Degeneration/physiopathology , Nerve Tissue Proteins/drug effects , Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics , Nerve Tissue Proteins/metabolism , Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules/drug effects , Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules/genetics , Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules/metabolism , Neurons/drug effects , Neurons/pathology , Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases , Porphyrias/metabolism , Porphyrias/physiopathology , RNA, Messenger/drug effects , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins/drug effects , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , SMN Complex Proteins , Up-Regulation/drug effects , Up-Regulation/physiology , Vesicular Transport Proteins/drug effects , Vesicular Transport Proteins/genetics , Vesicular Transport Proteins/metabolism
12.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 48(1): 44-49, jan-feb/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-742974

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: In 2010, to reduce the occurrence of serious pneumococcal disease, the Ministry of Health in Brazil incorporated the 10-valent pneumococcal vaccine in the immunization schedule of children younger than two years of age. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of vaccination on the incidence of infectious respiratory diseases in infants before and after the introduction of the 10-valent pneumococcal vaccine. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved primary care and hospital networks from a city in Minas Gerais State, Brazil, between 2009 and 2012. RESULTS: A 40% reduction in the prevalence of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) was observed after introducing the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. Male children were 28% more likely to develop the disease. The prevalence ratio ([PR] = 1.96, 95% CI: 1.52 to 2.53, p < 0.05) suggested that not being vaccinated was associated with the occurrence of pneumonia. The prevalence of CAP was 70% lower (PR 0.30, 95% CI: 0.24 to 0.37, p<0.05) in children vaccinated as recommended compared to children with delayed vaccination, suggesting that the updated vaccine schedule improves protection. CONCLUSIONS: Immunization with the 10-valent pneumococcal vaccine appeared to reduce the number of pneumonia cases in children during the study period. Prospective studies are needed to confirm the efficacy of the vaccine against the occurrence of pneumococcal pneumonia. .


Subject(s)
Humans , HIV-1 , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , RNA, Viral/metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Alternative Splicing , Blotting, Western , Endoribonucleases/genetics , Endoribonucleases/metabolism , Exoribonucleases/genetics , Exoribonucleases/metabolism , HIV-1 , Host-Pathogen Interactions , Immunoprecipitation , Protein Binding , RNA Interference , RNA, Messenger/genetics , RNA, Viral/genetics , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Trans-Activators/genetics , Trans-Activators/metabolism
13.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 352-357, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-89576

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Patients with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have been reported to exhibit the same genetic susceptibility as that observed in those with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Recent polymorphism studies have shown that several genes are related to T2DM and GDM. The aim of this study was to examine whether certain candidate genes, previously shown to be associated with T2DM, also offer a specific genetic predisposition to GDM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current study was conducted in 136 Korean pregnant women, who gave birth at Gil Hospital, from October 2008 to May 2011. These study subjects included 95 subjects with GDM and 41 non-diabetic controls. We selected the specific genes of PPARgamma2, IGF2BP2, and KCNQ1 for study and amplified them using the polymerase chain reaction. This was followed by genotyping for single nucleotide polymorphisms. We then compared the genotype frequencies between patients with GDM and non-diabetic controls using the chi2 test. We obtained and analyzed clinical information using Student's t-test, and statistical analyses were conducted using logistic regression with SPSS Statistics software, version 19.0. RESULTS: Significant differences were observed in maternal age, body mass index, weight gain and weight at time of delivery between the groups compared. Among pregnant women, polymorphisms in PPARgamma2 and IGF2BP2 were shown to be highly correlated with GDM occurrence, whereas no correlation was found for KCNQ1 polymorphisms. CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that genetic polymorphisms could also be of value in predicting the occurrence and diagnosis of GDM.


Subject(s)
Diabetes, Gestational/genetics , Female , Genetic Association Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Humans , KCNQ1 Potassium Channel/genetics , Logistic Models , PPAR gamma/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Pregnancy , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Republic of Korea
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-209543

ABSTRACT

Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) comprise a rare population of cells that can regenerate and maintain lifelong blood cell production. This functionality is achieved through their ability to undergo many divisions without activating a poised, but latent, capacity for differentiation into multiple blood cell types. Throughout life, HSCs undergo sequential changes in several key properties. These affect mechanisms that regulate the self-renewal, turnover and differentiation of HSCs as well as the properties of the committed progenitors and terminally differentiated cells derived from them. Recent findings point to the Lin28b-let-7 pathway as a master regulator of many of these changes with important implications for the clinical use of HSCs for marrow rescue and gene therapy, as well as furthering our understanding of the different pathogenesis of childhood and adult-onset leukemia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Cell Lineage , Embryonic Stem Cells/cytology , HMGA2 Protein/genetics , Hematopoietic Stem Cells/cytology , Humans , Leukemia/etiology , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics
15.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 107(8): 1076-1079, Dec. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-660661

ABSTRACT

To characterise the trypanosomatid-exclusive RNA-binding protein TcRBP19, we analysed the phenotypic changes caused by its overexpression. Although no evident changes were observed when TcRBP19 was ectopically expressed in epimastigotes, the metacyclogenesis process was affected. Notably, TcRBP19 overexpression also led to a decrease in the number of infected mammalian cells. These findings suggest that TcRBP19 may be involved in the life cycle progression of the Trypanosoma cruzi parasite.


Subject(s)
Animals , Protozoan Proteins/physiology , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Trypanosoma cruzi/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation , Life Cycle Stages , RNA Processing, Post-Transcriptional/genetics , RNA-Binding Proteins/chemistry , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins/physiology , Trypanosoma cruzi/growth & development , Trypanosoma cruzi/metabolism
16.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 44(1): 0-0, mar. 2012. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-639714

ABSTRACT

At the time of influenza A (H1N1) emergency, the WHO responded with remarkable speed by releasing guidelines and a protocol for a real-time RT-PCR assay (rRT-PCR). The aim of the present study was to evalúate the performance of the "Real Time Ready Influenza A/H1N1 Detection Set" (June 2009)-Roche kit in comparison to the CDC reference rRT-PCR protocol. The overall sensitivity of the Roche assay for detection of the Inf A gene in the presence or absence of the H1 gene was 74.5 %. The sensitivity for detecting samples that were only positive for the Inf A gene (absence of the H1 gene) was 53.3 % whereas the sensitivity for H1N1-positive samples (presence of the Inf A gene and any other swine gene) was 76.4 %. The specificity of the assay was 97.1 %. A new version of the kit (November 2009) is now available, and a recent evaluation of its performance showed good sensitivity to detect pandemic H1N1 compared to other molecular assays.


Durante la pandemia de influenza A (H1N1), la OMS recomendó algoritmos y protocolos de detección del virus mediante RT-PCR en tiempo real. El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar el desempeño del equipo que comercializa la empresa Roche, Real Time Ready Influenza A/H1N1 Detection Set (junio de 2009), en comparación con el protocolo de RT-PCR en tiempo real de los CDC. La sensibilidad global del ensayo de Roche para la detección del gen Inf A en presencia o ausencia del gen H1 fue 74,5 %. La sensibilidad para la detección de muestras positivas solo para el gen Inf A (ausencia del gen H1) fue 53,3 % y la sensibilidad para la detección de muestras positivas para H1N1 (presencia del gen Inf A y cualquier otro gen porcino) fue 76,4 %. La especificidad fue 97,1 %. Existe una nueva versión del equipo (noviembre 2009) que, según se ha descrito, presenta buena sensibilidad en comparación con otros ensayos moleculares para detectar H1N1 pandémica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype , Influenza, Human/diagnosis , Reagent Kits, Diagnostic , Argentina/epidemiology , Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. , Disease Outbreaks , Hemagglutinin Glycoproteins, Influenza Virus/genetics , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype/genetics , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype/isolation & purification , Influenza, Human/epidemiology , Influenza, Human/virology , Nasal Cavity/virology , Pharynx/virology , Reproducibility of Results , RNA, Viral/genetics , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Sensitivity and Specificity , United States , Viral Core Proteins/genetics
17.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2011 Dec; 48(6): 422-426
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-140210

ABSTRACT

DAZL (deleted in azoospermia-like) 260A>G and MTHFR (methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase) 677C>T are two important autosomal variants associated with impaired spermatogenesis. In this study, we investigated DAZL 260A>G and MTHFR 677C>T variants in sperm DNA and their frequency in oligozoospermic infertile men of Indian origin. The study on sperm DNA was performed, since it is more prone to oxidative stress-induced damage and mutation. One hundred oligozoopsermic infertile men having normal chromosomal complement with intact Y chromosome and 100 age- and ethnically-matched fertile controls were investigated for these variants in their sperm genome. Spermatozoa were separated by gradient centrifugation and DNA was isolated and analyzed for the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). The results showed no significant differences in the frequency of DAZL AG (P = 0.58) and MTHFR CT (P = 0.44) between oligozoospermic infertile men and controls. However, 8% (8/100) oligozoospermic infertile men harbored both the variants and showed significantly (P<0.0001) lower sperm count (3.28 ± 1.1 vs 12.50 ± 4.09) compared to infertile men with either of the single variant. None of the fertile controls showed the presence of the both variants. In conclusion, the combined effect of both DAZL 260A>G and MTHFR 677C>T variants may have role in compromised sperm count. However, further studies are required to find the pathological role of these combined variants in male infertility.


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , DNA Primers , Humans , Infertility, Male/genetics , Male , Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2)/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Spermatozoa/ultrastructure
18.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2011 Oct; 48(5): 336-340
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-135337

ABSTRACT

The viral genome-linked protein (VPg) of Potyviruses is covalently attached to the 5’ end of the genomic RNA. Towards biophysical characterization, the VPg coding region of Cardamom mosaic virus (CdMV) was amplified from the cDNA and expressed in E. coli. Most of the expressed VPg aggregated as inclusion bodies that were solubilized with urea and refolded with L-arginine hydrochloride. The various forms of CdMV VPg (native, denatured and refolded) were purified and the conformational variations between these forms were observed with fluorescence spectroscopy. Native and refolded CdMV VPg showed unordered secondary structure in the circular dichroism (CD) spectrum. The model of CdMV VPg was built based on the crystal structure of phosphotriesterase (from Pseudomonas diminuta), which had the maximum sequence homology with VPg to identify the arrangement of conserved amino acids in the protein to study the functional diversity of VPg. This is the first report on the VPg of CdMV, which is classified as a new member of the Macluravirus genus of the Potyviridae family.


Subject(s)
Circular Dichroism , Elettaria/metabolism , Genome, Viral/genetics , Inclusion Bodies/genetics , Inclusion Bodies/metabolism , Models, Molecular , Mosaic Viruses/genetics , Mosaic Viruses/metabolism , Plant Viruses/genetics , Plant Viruses/metabolism , Potyvirus/genetics , Potyvirus/metabolism , Protein Refolding , Protein Structure, Secondary , RNA-Binding Proteins/chemistry , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , RNA-Binding Proteins/isolation & purification , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Viral Proteins/chemistry , Viral Proteins/genetics , Viral Proteins/metabolism
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-19299

ABSTRACT

Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in chromosome 6p has been reported in a number of tumors and some hematologic malignancies, including ALL. LOH in chromosome 6p, on which the HLA genes are located, can give rise to false homozygosity results in HLA genotyping of patients with hematologic malignancies. Here we report false homozygosity results in HLA genotyping due to the loss of whole chromosome 6 in the neoplastic cells of a patient with ALL. A 33-yr-old Korean female patient was admitted for the evaluation of leukocytosis detected during a workup for headache. Her initial white blood cell count was 336.9x109/L with 84% of blasts in the differential count. Precursor-B lymphoblastic leukemia was diagnosed from a subsequent bone marrow study. HLA high-resolution genotyping of the patient was requested at the time of diagnosis for possible hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Homozygosity results (A*02:01, B*54:01, C*08:01, DQB1*04:01) were obtained, except for the DRB1 locus (DRB1*04:05, DRB1*11:01), in sequence-based typing. Conventional karyotyping of bone marrow metaphase cells revealed chromosomal abnormalities, with loss of multiple chromosomes including chromosome 6, and reduplication of the remaining chromosomes: 29,X,+X,+8,inv(9)(p11q13),+10,+14,+18,+21[15]/58,idemX2[3]/46,XX,inv(9)[2]. LOH at the HLA region was suspected and HLA genotyping was repeated with the peripheral blood in remission state after induction chemotherapy. All 5 HLA loci were typed as heterozygous (A*02:01, A*02:06, B*40:01, B*54:01, C*03:04, C*08:01, DRB1*04:05, DRB1*11:01, DQB1*03:01, DQB1*04:01). To avoid false HLA typing results in patients with hematologic malignancies, clinicians, as well as laboratory personnel, need to be aware of such problems and take appropriate precautions.


Subject(s)
Adult , Chromosome Duplication , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 6 , Diagnostic Errors , Female , Genotype , HLA Antigens/genetics , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Karyotyping , Leukocyte Count , Loss of Heterozygosity , Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/diagnosis , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics
20.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 43(1): 13-16, Jan. 2010. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-535639

ABSTRACT

Group B rotaviruses (RV-B) were first identified in piglet feces, being later associated with diarrhea in humans, cattle, lambs, and rats. In human beings, the virus was only described in China, India, and Bangladesh, especially infecting adults. Only a few studies concerning molecular analysis of the RV-B NSP2 gene have been conducted, and porcine RV-B has not been characterized. In the present study, three porcine wild-type RV-B strains from piglet stool samples collected from Brazilian pig herds were used for analysis. PAGE results were inconclusive for those samples, but specific amplicons of the RV-B NSP2 gene (segment 8) were obtained in a semi-nested PCR assay. The three porcine RV-B strains showed the highest nucleotide identity with the human WH1 strain and the alignments with other published sequences resulted in three groups of strains divided according to host species. The group of human strains showed 92.4 to 99.7 percent nucleotide identity while the porcine strains of the Brazilian RV-B group showed 90.4 to 91.8 percent identity to each other. The identity of the Brazilian porcine RV-B strains with outer sequences consisting of group A and C rotaviruses was only 35.3 to 38.8 percent. A dendrogram was also constructed to group the strains into clusters according to host species: human, rat, and a distinct third cluster consisting exclusively of the Brazilian porcine RV-B strains. This is the first study of the porcine RV-B NSP2 gene that contributes to the partial characterization of this virus and demonstrates the relationship among RV-B strains from different host species.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Feces/virology , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Rotavirus/genetics , Viral Nonstructural Proteins/genetics , Base Sequence , Brazil , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Genotype , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Rotavirus/classification , Rotavirus/isolation & purification , Swine
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