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1.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 38(2): e1543, abr.-jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408453

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los pacientes que ingresan a la unidad de cuidados intensivos pediátricos son aquellos con alto riesgo de mortalidad que pueden presentar síndrome de disfunción orgánica múltiple. Los pacientes que padecen leucemia linfoide aguda forman parte de este grupo. Objetivos: Validar la escala pediátrica de evaluación del fallo multiorgánico secuencial (pSOFA) en pacientes cubanos graves con diagnóstico de leucemia linfoide aguda. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, prospectivo, multicéntrico, en unidades de cuidados intensivos de hospitales cubanos con 92 pacientes y 184 ingresos. Se calcularon las puntuaciones de las escalas de disfunción multiorgánica secuencial, riesgo de mortalidad e índice de mortalidad pediátrica, y se evaluó la presencia de disfunción orgánica en las primeras 24 h y a las 48 h. Resultados: La puntuación pSOFA fue mayor en los no supervivientes (p < 0,001) y la mortalidad se incrementó de modo progresivo en los subgrupos con las puntuaciones pSOFA más altas. El análisis de las curvas de las características operativas del receptor (ROC) mostró que el área bajo la curva (AUC) para la predicción de la mortalidad con la puntuación pSOFA fue de 0,89, comparado con 0,84 y 0,79 con las escalas PRISM-3 y PIM-2, respectivamente. Conclusiones: La escala pSOFA mostró ser útil para establecer los criterios disfunción orgánica y su especificidad en el riesgo de mortalidad en los pacientes pediátricos cubanos críticos con diagnóstico de leucemia linfoide aguda(AU)


Introduction: Patients admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) are those with a high risk of mortality who may present multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. Patients with acute lymphoid leukemia are part of this group. Objectives: To validate the pediatric sequential multi-organ failure assessment scale (pSOFA) in severe Cuban patients diagnosed with acute lymphoid leukemia. Methods: An observational, prospective, multicenter study was carried out in intensive care units of Cuban hospitals with 92 patients and 184 admissions. The scores of the sequential multiple organ dysfunction, mortality risk and pediatric mortality index scales were calculated, and the presence of organ dysfunction was evaluated in the first 24 hours and at 48 hours. Results: The pSOFA score was higher in non-survivors (p <0.001) and mortality progressively increased in the subgroups with the highest pSOFA scores. The analysis of the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves showed that the area under the curve (AUC) for the prediction of mortality with the pSOFA score was 0.89, compared to 0.84 and 0.79 with the PRISM-3 and PIM-2 scales, respectively. Conclusions: The pSOFA scale proved useful to establish the criteria for organ dysfunction and its specificity in the risk of mortality in critical Cuban pediatric patients diagnosed with acute lymphoid leukemia(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Sensitivity and Specificity , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Multiple Organ Failure , Weights and Measures , Prospective Studies , ROC Curve , Observational Study
2.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 87(3): 179-187, jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388736

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Evaluar el rendimiento del Gram, la glucosa y los leucocitos en líquido amniótico para el diagnóstico de respuesta inflamatoria fetal y materna en pacientes con parto pretérmino. MÉTODO: Estudio de rendimiento de pruebas diagnósticas. Se incluyeron 63 pacientes a quienes se les realizó amniocentesis por sospecha de infección intraamniótica. Se estudió la placenta y se comparó con el Gram, la glucosa y el recuento de leucocitos en líquido amniótico para ver su relación con la respuesta inflamatoria. Se evaluaron la sensibilidad, la especificidad, las razones de verosimilitud (LR, likelihood ratio), los valores predictivos y el valor de kappa. RESULTADOS: Las pruebas con mejor rendimiento fueron en conjunto la glucosa 50/mm3 en líquido amniótico, con una especificidad del 94,3% (intervalo de confianza del 95% [IC95%]: 84,6-98,1), LR + 8,83 (IC95%: 2,5-31,2) y kappa de 0,48 (IC95%: 0,15-0,82). También se consideró la propuesta de un nuevo punto de corte para el recuento de leucocitos en líquido amniótico en la respuesta inflamatoria fetal. CONCLUSIONES: La combinación del recuento de leucocitos en líquido amniótico y los valores de glucosa mejora el rendimiento para el diagnóstico de respuesta inflamatoria fetal en comparación con la histopatología de la placenta, lo que proporciona información útil para el enfoque de los recién nacidos.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of Gram, glucose and leukocytes in amniotic fluid for the diagnosis of fetal and maternal inflammatory response in patients with preterm delivery. METHOD: A diagnostic performance test study was carried out. Sixty-three patients with preterm labor were included who underwent amniocentesis due to suspected intra-amniotic infection. Histopathology of the placenta was studied and compared with the Gram result, glucose and leukocyte count in amniotic fluid, and their relationship with the maternal and fetal inflammatory response. Sensitivity, specificity, likelihood ratios, predictive values, and kappa were evaluated. RESULTS: The tests with the best performance were overall glucose 50/mm3 in amniotic fluid for the diagnosis of the fetal inflammatory response, with a specificity of 94.3% (95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 84.6-98.1%), likelihood positive ratio 8.83 (95% CI: 2.5-31.2) and kappa of 0.48 (95% CI: 0.15-0.82). A new cut-off point for leukocyte count in amniotic fluid to diagnose fetal inflammatory response was proposed. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of amniotic fluid leukocyte count and amniotic fluid glucose values improves performance for the diagnosis of inflammatory response compared with placental histopathology, providing useful information for newborns approach.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Amniotic Fluid/chemistry , Inflammation/diagnosis , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Leukocyte Count , Predictive Value of Tests , ROC Curve , Chorioamnionitis/diagnosis , Sensitivity and Specificity , Glucose/analysis
3.
ABCS health sci ; 47: e022212, 06 abr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372690

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The anthropometric indicators of obesity may be important in predicting metabolic syndrome (MS). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the anthropometric indicators as predictors of MS and verify the association of these indicators with MS in older adult individuals of both sexes. METHODS: Cross-sectional epidemiological study was carried out with 222 individuals aged 60 years or older residents in the urban area of Aiquara, Bahia state, Brazil. Older adults were measured for anthropometric indicators: body mass index (BMI), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), waist circumference, conicity index, the sum of skinfolds; blood pressure; biochemical variables: fasting glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, and fractions. For the diagnosis of MS, the definition of the International Diabetes Federation was used. Descriptive and inferential data analysis was tested using correlation, the Poisson regression technique, and the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve. RESULTS: The prevalence of MS was 62.3%. There was a correlation of all anthropometric indicators with MS in both sexes. The indicators of visceral fat had a strong association in that these indicators had an area under the ROC curve higher than 0.76 (CI95% 0.66­0.85). Thus, most results showed a weak correlation. CONCLUSION: All anthropometric indicators can be used to predict MS in older adults for both sexes, however, BMI and WHtR showed the best predictions.


INTRODUÇÃO: Os indicadores antropométricos de obesidade podem ser importantes na predição da síndrome metabólica (SM). OBJETIVO: Avaliar os indicadores antropométricos como preditores da SM, bem como verificar a associação desses indicadores com a SM em idosos de ambos os sexos. MÉTODOS: Estudo epidemiológico transversal realizado com 222 indivíduos com 60 anos ou mais residentes na zona urbana de Aiquara-BA, Brasil. Os idosos foram avaliados quanto aos indicadores antropométricos: índice de massa corporal (IMC), razão cintura-estatura (RCEst), circunferência da cintura, índice de conicidade, soma de dobras cutâneas; pressão sanguínea; bioquímicos: glicemia em jejum, triglicérides, colesterol total e frações. Foram classificados quanto à presença de SM de acordo com a Federação Internacional de Diabetes. A análise descritiva e inferencial dos dados foi testada utilizando correlação, a técnica de regressão de Poisson e a curva Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC). RESULTADOS: A prevalência de SM foi de 62,3%. Houve correlação de todos os indicadores antropométricos com a SM em ambos os sexos. Os indicadores de gordura visceral apresentaram forte associação, pois possuem área abaixo da curva ROC superior a 0,76 (IC95% 0,66-0,85). Assim, a maioria dos resultados apresentou correlação fraca. CONCLUSÃO: Todos os indicadores antropométricos podem ser usados para rastrear a SM em idosos de ambos os sexos, no entanto, o IMC e a RCEst apresentaram as melhores previsões.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anthropometry , Health of the Elderly , Metabolic Syndrome , Obesity , Cross-Sectional Studies , ROC Curve
4.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(2): 174-180, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364980

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background The wide range of clinical presentations of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) makes it indispensible to use tools for risk stratification and for appropriate risks management; thus, the use of prognosis scores is recommended in the immediat clinical decision-making. Objective To validate the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) score as a predictor of in-hospital and 6-month post-discharge mortality in a population diagnosed with ACS. Methods This is a prospective cohort study of consecutive patients diagnosed with ACS between May and December 2018. GRACE scores were calculated, as well as their predictive value for in-hospital and 6-month post-discharge mortality. The validity of the model was assessed by two techniques: discriminative power using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and goodness-of-fit, using the Hosmer-Lemeshow (HL) test, at the 5% level of significance. Results A total of 160 patients were included, mean age 64 (±10.9) years; of which 60% were men. The risk model showed to have satisfactory ability to predict both in-hospital mortality, with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.76 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.57-0.95; p = 0.014), and 6-month post-discharge mortality, with AUC of 0.78 (95%CI, 0.62-0.94), p = 0.002. The HL test indicated good-fit for both models of the GRACE score. Conclusion In this study, the GRACE risk score for predicting mortality was appropriately validated in patients with ACS, with good discriminative power and goodness-of-fit. The results suggest that the GRACE score is appropriate for clinical use in our setting.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Risk Assessment/methods , Acute Coronary Syndrome/mortality , Prognosis , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Follow-Up Studies , Hospital Mortality , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis
5.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(1): 81-86, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357470

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Quick and accurate identification of critically ill patients ensures appropriate and correct use of medical resources. In situations that threaten public health, like pandemics, rapid and effective methods are needed for early disease detection among critically ill patients. OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) of coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) patients upon admission to the emergency department (ED) and these patients' prognosis. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective cohort study among COVID-19 patients in the ED of a tertiary-level hospital. METHODS: Data on patients' age, gender, vital signs, chronic diseases, laboratory tests and clinical outcomes were collected from electronic medical records. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed. The area under the curve (AUC) was used to assess the accuracy of NLR for predicting in-hospital mortality risk and intensive care unit (ICU) requirement. The Youden J index (YJI) was used to determine optimal threshold values. RESULTS: 1,175 patients were included. Their median age was 63 years (IQR, 48-75). With an NLR cutoff value of 5.14, the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, AUC and YJI for ICU requirement were calculated as 77.87%, 74.08%, 92.4%, 0.811 and 0.5194, respectively. With the same cutoff value, the sensitivity, specificity, AUC and YJI for in-hospital mortality were 77.27%, 75.82%, 0.815 and 0.5309, respectively. In addition, advanced age, leukocytosis, anemia and lymphopenia were found to be associated with poor prognosis. CONCLUSION: The NLR, which is a widely available simple parameter, can provide rapid insights regarding early recognition of critical illness and prognosis among COVID-19 patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , Prognosis , Lymphocytes , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , SARS-CoV-2 , Middle Aged , Neutrophils
6.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(1): 52-58, jan. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360111

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Os níveis de Proteína 3 relacionada ao fator de necrose tumoral/complemento sérico C1q (CTRP3) e a relação com a fibrilação atrial (FA) na doença arterial coronária estável (DAC) não estão claros atualmente. Objetivos O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a mudança nos níveis séricos de CTRP3 e sua relação com a FA paroxística em DAC estável. Método O estudo incluiu 252 pacientes com DAC e 50 controles saudáveis com idade/sexo compatíveis. Os níveis séricos de CTRP3 foram medidos, além da anamnese de rotina, exame físico, exames laboratoriais e ecocardiograma. Os pacientes foram divididos em grupos com e sem DAC e indivíduos com DAC com e sem FA paroxística. Os valores eram estatisticamente significativos quando p<0,05. Resultados Os níveis séricos de CTRP3 foram significativamente menores em pacientes com DAC do que no grupo controle (p<0,001). A FA foi detectada em 28 pacientes (15,08%) no grupo DAC. A frequência de hipertensão e do sexo feminino, a proteína C reativa de alta sensibilidade (PCR-as), o nitrogênio ureico no sangue, os níveis de creatinina e o diâmetro diastólico do átrio esquerdo foram maiores (p<0,05 para cada um), e os níveis de CTRP3 foram mais baixos em pacientes com FA (p<0,001). Na análise de regressão logística, os níveis séricos de CTRP3 e os diâmetros diastólicos do átrio esquerdo foram independentemente determinados pelos pacientes com FA (p<0,01 para cada um). Nesta análise, observamos que cada 1 ng/mL de redução nos níveis de CTRP3 aumentou o risco de FA em 10,7%. Na análise ROC dos valores de CTRP3 para detectar pacientes com FA, a área da curva ROC para CTRP3 foi 0,971 (0,951-991) e considerada estatisticamente significativa (p<0,001). Quando o ponto de corte de CTRP3 foi considerado em 300 ng/mL, demonstrava a presença de FA com 87,9% de sensibilidade e 86,8% de especificidade. Conclusão Os níveis séricos de CTRP3 caíram significativamente em pacientes com DAC estável, e níveis reduzidos de CTRP3 estiveram relacionados à presença de FA paroxística nesses pacientes.


Abstract Background Serum Complement C1q/tumor necrosis factor-related protein-3 (CTRP3) levels and the relationship with atrial fibrillation (AF) in stable coronary artery disease (CAD) are not clearly known. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the change in serum CTRP3 levels and its relationship with paroxysmal AF in stable CAD. Method The study included 252 patients with CAD and 50 age-sex matched healthy control subjects. Serum CTRP3 levels were measured in addition to routine anamnesis, physical examination, laboratory and echocardiography examinations. The patients were divided into groups with and without CAD and CAD patients with and without paroxysmal AF. Statistical significance was accepted as p<0.05. Results Serum CTRP3 levels were found to be significantly lower in patients with CAD than in the control group (p<0.001). AF was detected in 38 patients (15.08%) in the CAD group. The frequency of hypertension and female gender, hs-CRP, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine levels and left atrial end-diastolic (LAd) diameter were higher (p<0.05 for each one), and CTRP3 levels were lower in patients with AF (p <0.001). In the logistic regression analysis, serum CTRP3 levels and LAd diameters were independently determined the patients with AF (p<0.01 for each one). In this analysis, we found that every 1 ng/mL reduction in CTRP3 levels increased the risk of AF by 10.7%. In the ROC analysis of CTRP3 values for detecting patients with AF, the area under the ROC curve for CTRP3 was 0.971 (0.951-991) and was statistically significant (p<0.001). When the CTRP3 cut-off value was taken as 300 ng/mL, it was found to predict the presence of AF with 87.9% sensitivity and 86.8% specificity. Conclusion Serum CTRP3 levels were significantly reduced in patients with stable CAD and decreased CTRP3 levels were closely related to the presence of paroxysmal AF in these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Atrial Fibrillation , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography , ROC Curve , Heart Atria
7.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(1): 82-86, Jan. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360700

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare C-reactive protein and C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio performances in predicting mortality of geriatric patients who visited the emergency department. METHODS: The data of patients with COVID-19 and aged 65 years and above, who visited emergency department during the study period, were retrospectively analyzed. The data were obtained from an electronic-based hospital information system. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve and the area under the curve were used to assess each cutoff value discriminatory for predicting mortality. RESULTS: The mean age of the population included in this study was 76 (71-82) years, while 52.7% were males. The sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve values for C-reactive protein in terms of mortality were calculated as 71.01, 52.34, and 0.635%, respectively, while the sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve values for C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio were calculated as 75.74, 47.66, and 0.645%, respectively (p<0.001). In the pairwise comparison for the receiver operating characteristic curves of C-reactive protein and C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio, no statistically significant difference was found. CONCLUSIONS: Geriatric patients are the "most vulnerable" patient group against the COVID-19. In this study, both C-reactive protein and C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio were found to be successful in predicting mortality for geriatric COVID-19 patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Albumins/analysis , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/mortality , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , SARS-CoV-2
8.
J. bras. pneumol ; 48(1): e20210337, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365042

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: VEGF-D is a potential biomarker for lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM); however, its diagnostic performance has yet to be systematically studied. Methods: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library to identify primary studies on VEGF-D in relation to the diagnosis of LAM. The quality of the studies was evaluated using the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies-2 (QUADAS-2). Summary estimates of diagnostic accuracy were pooled using a bivariate random effects model. Subgroup and sensitivity analyses were performed to explore possible heterogeneity. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) was applied to rate the quality of evidence and indicate the strength of recommendations. Results: Ten studies involving 945 patients were of high risk in quality, as assessed using the QUADAS-2. The pooled diagnostic parameters were indicated as follows: sensitivity = 0.82 (95% CI, 0.71-0.90); specificity = 0.98 (95% CI, 0.94-0.99); and diagnostic OR = 197 (95% CI, 66-587). The AUC of summary ROC analysis was 0.98. The subgroup and sensitivity analyses revealed that the overall performance was not substantially affected by the composition of the control group, prespecified cutoff value, the country of origin, or different cutoff values (p > 0.05 for all). A strong recommendation for serum VEGF-D determination to aid in the diagnosis of LAM was made according to the GRADE. Conclusions: VEGF-D seems to have great potential implications for the diagnosis of LAM in clinical practice due to its excellent specificity and suboptimal sensitivity.


RESUMO Objetivo: O VEGF-D é um potencial biomarcador para linfangioleiomiomatose (LAM); entretanto, seu desempenho diagnóstico ainda não foi sistematicamente estudado. Métodos: Foram realizadas buscas nos bancos de dados PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science e Cochrane Library para identificar estudos primários sobre o VEGF-D com relação ao diagnóstico de LAM. A qualidade dos estudos foi avaliada por meio da ferramenta Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies-2 (QUADAS-2). As estimativas sumárias de acurácia diagnóstica foram combinadas utilizando um modelo bivariado de efeitos aleatórios. Análises de subgrupo e de sensibilidade foram realizadas para explorar possíveis heterogeneidades. O sistema Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) foi aplicado para avaliar a qualidade das evidências e indicar a força das recomendações. Resultados: Dez estudos envolvendo 945 pacientes eram de alto risco em qualidade, segundo a ferramenta QUADAS-2. Os parâmetros diagnósticos combinados foram indicados da seguinte forma: sensibilidade = 0,82 (IC95%: 0,71-0,90); especificidade = 0,98 (IC95%: 0,94-0,99); e OR diagnóstica = 197 (IC95%: 66-587). A ASC da análise summary ROC foi de 0,98. As análises de subgrupo e de sensibilidade revelaram que o desempenho global não foi substancialmente afetado pela composição do grupo controle, valor de corte pré-especificado, país de origem ou diferentes valores de corte (p > 0,05 para todos). Uma forte recomendação para a dosagem de VEGF-D sérico para auxiliar no diagnóstico de LAM foi feita de acordo com o sistema GRADE. Conclusões: O VEGF-D parece ter grandes implicações potenciais para o diagnóstico de LAM na prática clínica em virtude da excelente especificidade e sensibilidade subótima.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphangioleiomyomatosis/diagnosis , Biomarkers , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor D
9.
Actual. osteol ; 18(1): 22-29, 2022. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1395839

ABSTRACT

Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is an infrequent non-hereditary bone disease caused by a somatic mutation of the GNAS gene. Periostin is a novel marker that increases during tissue healing and fibrous or inflammatory diseases. We conducted an exploratory case-control study to evaluate sensitivity of periostin as a biomarker of FD. The study comprised 15 patients with FD, and healthy age- and sex-matched subjects (controls). Serum periostin levels were assessed and comparisons were established between FD patients and controls, and between patients with the monostotic and the polyostotic form of FD. No statistically significant differences in serum periostin levels were observed between the cohort of FD patients studied here and the control group (FD: 51.1±10ng/ml vs. control: 44.2±15ng/ml; p=0.15), or between the clinical forms of FD (polyostotic: 51.8±9.1ng/ml vs. monostotic: 49.6±13 ng/ml; p=0.66). A sub-analysis performed to compare serum levels of periostin in FD patients with and without a history of fractures showed no statistically significant differences [fracture patients (n=4): 41.2±17ng/ml vs. non-fracture patients (n=11): 49.9±11 ng/ml; p=0.47].Lastly, sensitivity of periostin as a biomarker of FD was analyzed, and was found to have low sensitivity to estimate disease activity [ROC curve; cut-off points: 39.625(0.867-0.467)]. To conclude, in the cohort of FD patients studied here, periostin serum levels did not differ significantly from those of the control group or between the two forms of the disease, and showed low sensitivity as a biomarker of the disease. (AU)


La displasia fibrosa (DF) es una enfermedad infrecuente del hueso, no hereditaria producida por una mutación somática del gen GNAS. Periostina (Postn) es un novedoso marcador, cuyos niveles séricos se encuentran elevados en los procesos de reparación tisular, enfermedades fibrosas o inflamatorias. Llevamos a cabo un estudio exploratorio caso-control para evaluar la sensibilidad de Postn como biomarcador de DF. Se incluyeron en el estudio 15 pacientes con DF apareados por edad y género con sujetos sanos (controles) en los cuales se evaluó los niveles séricos de Postn en pacientes con DF y controles y según forma de presentación clínica. No observamos diferencias estadísticamente significativas en los niveles séricos de Postn y el grupo control (DF: 51.1±10ng/ml vs. control: 44.2±15ng/ml; p=0.15) como así tampoco por forma clínica de DF (poliostótica: 51.8±9.1ng/ml vs. monos-tótica: 49.6±13 ng/ml; p=0.66). Posteriormente realizamos un sub-análisis para evaluar los niveles séricos de Postn en los pacientes con DF y antecedentes de fracturas no observan-do diferencias estadísticamente significativas [fracturados (n=4): 41.2±17ng/ml vs. no frac-turados (n=11): 49.9±11 ng/ml; p=0.47]. Por último analizamos la sensibilidad Postn como biomarcador de DF, mostrando este poseer escasa sensibilidad para estimar actividad de la enfermedad [curva ROC; puntos de corte: 39.625 (0.867-0.467)]. En conclusión, los ni-veles séricos de Postn en nuestra cohorte de pacientes con DF no mostraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas comparadas con el grupo control o por forma clínica de presentación, mostrando una baja sensibilidad como biomarcador de enfermedad. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Cell Adhesion Molecules/blood , Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone/blood , Fibrous Dysplasia, Polyostotic/blood , Bone and Bones/metabolism , Biomarkers , Case-Control Studies , ROC Curve , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Sensitivity and Specificity , Fractures, Bone/blood
10.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0058, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394861

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To analyze and describe the coefficients found on maximum Ambrósio Relational Thickness-Maximum (ART-Max) and Belin/Ambrósio Enhanced Ectasia Display total deviation (BAD-D) in eyes with normal corneal topography subjected to cataract surgery with premium intraocular lens implantation and correlated these data with final visual acuity. Methods ART-Max and BAD-D data from 103 eyes of patients subjected to implantation of diffractive bifocal intraocular lens, with normal corneal topography who achieved visual acuity of 20/20 or 20/25 without correction after cataract surgery were analyzed. The groups with normal and abnormal values were compared using the chi-square test. Results Thirty-two (31.1%) and 71 (68.9%) eyes presented normal and abnormal ART-Max values, respectively. The difference between these groups was significant (p=0.0002). Fifty-five (53.4%) and 48 (46.6%) eyes had normal and abnormal BAD-D, respectively, and intergroup difference was not significant (p=0.9576). Conclusion Among patients with normal corneal topography who underwent premium intraocular and had good final visual acuity of 20/20 or 20/25, suspicious or abnormal indices of ART-Max and BAD-D were frequent, providing evidence that it possibly should not be a contraindication.


RESUMO Objetivo Analisar e descrever os coeficientes numéricos encontrados nos exames Ambrósio Relational Thickness-Maximum (ART-Max) e desvio total do Belin/Ambrósio Enhanced Ectasia Display (BAD-D) em olhos com topografia normal submetidos ao implante de lente intraocular premium na cirurgia de catarata, correlacionando-os com a acuidade visual final pós-operatória. Métodos Foram analisados os resultados de ART-Max e BAD-D de 103 olhos de pacientes submetidos ao implante de lentes bifocais difrativas, que apresentavam exame topográficos normal e alcançaram acuidade visual 20/20 ou 20/25 sem correção visual no pós-operatório final. Para a análise estatística entre os grupos normais e anormais ou suspeitos, utilizou-se o teste do qui-quadrado. Resultados Foram encontrados 32 (31,1%) olhos com ART-Max normal e 71 (68,9%) com ART-Max suspeito/anormal. A diferença entre os grupos foi significativa (p=0,0002). Quanto ao BAD-D, foram encontrados 55 (53,4%) olhos com resultados normais e 48 (46,6%) com resultados suspeitos/anormais. A diferença entre os grupos não foi significativa (p=0,9576). Conclusão Entre os pacientes com topografia normal submetidos ao implante de lentes premium e que alcançaram acuidade visual 20/20 ou 20/25, os índices suspeitos ou anormais de ART-Max e BAD-D eram frequentes, não se configurando em contraindicação para a realização do implante.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Refractive Errors/prevention & control , Visual Acuity/physiology , Cornea/pathology , Corneal Diseases/diagnosis , Corneal Topography/methods , Dilatation, Pathologic/diagnosis , Postoperative Complications , Cataract Extraction/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Corneal Diseases/etiology , Lens Implantation, Intraocular/adverse effects , Corneal Pachymetry/methods
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929074

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the value of quantitative synthetic magnetic resonance imaging (SyMRI) in distinguishing between benign and malignant breast lesions.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively collected data of preoperative conventional MRI and multi-dynamic multi-echo sequences from 95 patients with breast lesions showing mass-type enhancement on DCE-MRI, including 27 patients with benign lesions and 68 with malignant lesions. The MRI features of the lesions (shape, margin, internal enhancement pattern, time-signal intensity curve, and T2WI signal) were analyzed, and for each lesion, SyMRI-generated quantitative parameters including T1 and T2 relaxation time and proton density (PD) were measured before and after enhancement and recorded as T1p, T2p, PDp and T1e, T2e, and PDe, respectively. The relative change rate of each parameter was calculated. Logistic regression and all-subset regression analyses were performed for variable selection to construct diagnostic models of the breast lesions, and receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to assess the performance of each model for differentiation of benign and malignant lesions.@*RESULTS@#There were significant differences in the MRI features between benign and malignant lesions (P < 0.05). All the SyMRI-generated quantitative parameters, with the exception of T2e and Pdp, showed significant differences between benign and malignant lesions (P < 0.05). Among the constructed diagnostic models, the model based on all the DCE-MRI features combined with SyMRI parameters T2p and T1e (DCE-MRI+T2p+T1e) showed the best performance in the differential diagnosis malignant breast masses with an AUC of 0.995 (95% CI: 0.983-1.000).@*CONCLUSION@#Quantitative SyMRI can be used for differential diagnosis of benign and malignant breast lesions.


Subject(s)
Breast/diagnostic imaging , Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Contrast Media , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941033

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the correlation of coagulation function with the severity and prognosis of acute pancreatitis (AP) and identify the laboratory markers for early prediction and dynamic monitoring of the prognosis of AP.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of patients with AP admitted less than 72 h after onset to our hospital from December 1, 2017 to November 30, 2018. The correlation of coagulation function-related markers at admission and their changes during hospitalization with the prognosis of the patients was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#We screened the data of a total of 1260 patients with AP against the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and eventually 175 patients were enrolled in this analysis, among whom 52 patients had severe AP (SAP) and 12 patients died. Logistic regression analysis identified vWF: Ag, PT, PC, AT Ⅲ and D-dimer markers at admission as independent risk factors for predicting SAP and death. Dynamic monitoring of the changes in coagulation function-related markers in the disease course had greater predictive value of the patients' prognosis, and the indicators including vWF: Agmax, PTmax, APTTmax, TTmax, FIBmin, D-dimermax, PLTmin, PCmin, PLGmin, AT Ⅲmin, and their variations were all independent risk factors for predicting SAP and death. ROC analysis suggested that dynamic monitoring of the changes in the indicators, especially those of △vWF: Ag, △PT, △APTT, △FIB, △TT, △D-dimer, △PLT, △PC, △AT Ⅲ, △PLG, could effectively predict SAP and death in these patients (with AUC range of 0.63-0.84).@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with AP have vascular endothelial injuries and coagulation disorders. The markers including vWF: Ag, PT, PC, AT Ⅲ and D-dimer at admission are independent risk factors for predicting SAP and death, and dynamic monitoring of the changes in vWF: Ag、PT、APTT、TT、FIB、D-dimer、PLT、PC、AT Ⅲ and PLG can further increase the predictive value.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Biomarkers , Humans , Pancreatitis/diagnosis , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies , Severity of Illness Index , von Willebrand Factor
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941032

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of Improved Mayo Endoscopic Score (IMES) for evaluation of the clinical severity of ulcerative colitis (UC).@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical and endoscopic data of 167 patients diagnosed with UC in Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital from January, 2015 to November, 2021. The severity of endoscopic lesions was determined by Mayo Endoscopic Score (MES, 0-3 points) and the Ulcerative Colitis Endoscopic Index of Severity (UCEIS) score (0-8 points), and the scope of endoscopic lesions was evaluated based on the Montreal classification system. The IMES was established by combining the MES with the Montreal classification.@*RESULTS@#The IMSE showed stronger correlations with modified Truelove and Witts Disease Severity, Mayo score and partial Mayo score (r=0.712, 0.784, and 0.703, respectively) than MES (r=0.642, 0.754, and 0.604, respectively), Montreal classification (r=0.598, 0.628, and 0.603, respectively) and UCEIS (r= 0.670, 0.767, and 0.677, respectively). ROC curve analysis showed that IMES was superior to MES, Montreal and UCEIS in diagnosis of severe and moderate- to-severe UC. IMES also showed stronger correlations with the laboratory indicators including CRP (r=0.583), WBC (r=0.235), HB (r=-0.280), PLT (r=0.352), ALB (r=-0.396) and ESR (r=0.471) than MES and Montreal classification. An IMES score of 5 was of greater value than a MES score of 3, E3, and UCEIS≥6 for predicting the administration of systemic hormones, immunosuppressants, or surgery in the near future.@*CONCLUSION@#IMES can better reflect the clinical severity of UC and has good correlations with the laboratory indicators of the patients.


Subject(s)
Colitis, Ulcerative/diagnosis , Colonoscopy , Humans , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies , Severity of Illness Index
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941018

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation of intraplaque neovascularization (IPN) detected by carotid contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) with revascularization in patients following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).@*METHODS@#This study was conducted among 105 patients who were followed up for more than 12 months after PCI. All the patients received CEUS examination for assessment of carotid plaque formation and IPN, which were compared between patients with revascularization (REV group, n=27) and those without revascularization (N-REV group, n=78). ROC curve was used to analyze the diagnostic efficacy of CEUS for predicting revascularization. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the risk factors associated with revascularization.@*RESULTS@#In the REV group, the IPN score was 0 in 1 (3.7%) patient, 1 in 8 (29.6%) patients, 2 in 15 (55.6%) patients and 3 in 3 (11.1%) patients. Significant differences were noted between REV and N-REV groups in plaque length (15.70±6.93 vs 12.10±6.64, P < 0.05), maximum plaque thickness (3.69±1.12 vs 3.14±1.18, P < 0.05) and IPN (1.74±0.71 vs 0.87±0.63, P < 0.001). IPN score was identified as an independent risk factor for revascularization in patients following PCI, and at the cutoff value of 1.5, its sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for predicting the occurrence of revascularization were 74%, 89%, 69%, and 91%, respectively, with an AUC of 0.848 (95% CI: 0.703-0.905, P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#CEUS allows noninvasive and semi-quantitative assessment of neovascularization in carotid artery plaques, and IPN detected by CEUS is correlated with the risk of revascularization in patients following PCI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , ROC Curve , Risk Factors , Vascular Surgical Procedures
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940999

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics and risk factor analysis of necrotizing pneumonia in children.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was used to analyze the case data of 218 children with severe pneumonia hospitalized in the Department of Respiratory Medicine, Children's Hospital of Capital Institute of Pediatrics from January 2016 to January 2020, and they were divided into 96 cases in the necrotizing pneumonia group (NP group) and 122 cases in the non-necrotizing pneumonia group (NNP group) according to whether necrosis of the lung occurred. The differences in clinical characteristics (malnutrition, fever duration, hospitalization time, imaging performance, treatment and regression follow-up), laboratory tests [leukocytes, neutrophil ratio, platelet (PLT), C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), D-dimer, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)] and bronchoscopic performance between the two groups were compared, and Logistic regression analysis of clinical risk factors associated with necrotizing pneumonia was performed to further determine the maximum diagnostic value of each index by subject operating characteristic curve (ROC). The critical value of each index was further determined by the ROC.@*RESULTS@#The differences in age, gender, pathogenic classification, and bronchoscopic presentation between the two groups of children were not statistically significant (P>0.05); whereas the imaging uptake time of the children in the NP group was higher than that in the NNP group (P < 0.05). The differences in malnutrition, fever duration, length of stay, white blood cell count, neutrophil ratio, CRP, PCT, and D-dimer were statistically significant between the two groups (P < 0.05). The imaging uptake time was lower in children under 6 years of age than in those over 6 years of age, and the imaging uptake time for bronchoalveolar lavage within 10 d of disease duration was lower than that for those over 10 d; the imaging uptake time was significantly longer in the mixed infection group than that in the single pathogen infection group. Logistic regression analysis of the two groups revealed that the duration of fever, hospital stay, CRP, PCT, and D-dimer were risk factors for secondary pulmonary necrosis (P < 0.001, P < 0.001, P < 0.001, P=0.013, P=0.001, respectively). The ROC curves for fever duration, CRP, PCT, and D-dimer were plotted and found to have diagnostic value for predicting the occurrence of pulmonary necrosis when fever duration >11.5 d, CRP >48.35 mg/L, and D-dimer > 4.25 mg/L [area under ROC curve (AUC)=0.909, 0.836, and 0.747, all P < 0.001].@*CONCLUSION@#Children with necrotizing pneumonia have a longer heat course and hospital stay, and the imaging uptake time of mixed pathogenic infections is significantly longer than that of single pathogenic infections. Children with necrotizing pneumonia under 6 years of age have more advantageous efficacy of electronic bronchoscopic alveolar lavage within 10 d of disease duration compared with children in the group over 6 years of age and children in the group with disease duration >10 d. Inflammatory indexes CRP, PCT, and D-dimer are significantly higher. The heat course, CRP, PCT, and D-dimer are risk factors for secondary lung necrosis in severe pneumonia. Heat course >11.5 d, CRP >48.35 mg/L, and D-dimer >4.25 mg/L have high predictive value for the diagnosis of necrotizing pneumonia.


Subject(s)
C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Malnutrition , Necrosis , Pneumonia/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Necrotizing , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940988

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To select variables related to mortality risk of stroke patients in intensive care unit (ICU) through long short-term memory (LSTM) with attention mechanisms and Logistic regression with L1 norm, and to construct mortality risk prediction model based on conventional Logistic regression with important variables selected from the two models and to evaluate the model performance.@*METHODS@#Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care (MIMIC)-Ⅳ database was retrospectively analyzed and the patients who were primarily diagnosed with stroke were selected as study population. The outcome was defined as whether the patient died in hospital after admission. Candidate predictors included demogra-phic information, complications, laboratory tests and vital signs in the initial 48 h after ICU admission. The data were randomly divided into a training set and a test set for ten times at a ratio of 8 ∶2. In training sets, LSTM with attention mechanisms and Logistic regression with L1 norm were constructed to select important variables. In the test sets, the mean importance of variables of ten times was used as a reference to pick out the top 10 variables in each of the two models, and then these variables were included in conventional Logistic regression to build the final prediction model. Model evaluation was based on the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy. And the model performance was compared with the forward Logistic regression model which hadn't conducted variable selection previously.@*RESULTS@#A total of 2 755 patients with 2 979 ICU admission records were included in the analysis, of which 526 recorded deaths. The AUC of Logistic regression model with L1 norm was statistically better than that of LSTM with attention mechanisms (0.819±0.031 vs. 0.760±0.018, P < 0.001). Age, blood glucose, and blood urea nitrogen were at the top ten important variables in both of the two models. AUC, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of Logistic regression models were 0.85, 85.98%, 71.74% and 74.26%, respectively. And the final prediction model was superior to forward Logistic regression model.@*CONCLUSION@#The variables selected by Logistic regression with L1 norm and LSTM with attention mechanisms had good prediction performance, which showed important implications on the mortality prediction of stroke patients in ICU.


Subject(s)
Critical Care , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Logistic Models , Memory, Short-Term , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies , Stroke
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939699

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Compared with the method of optical microscopy, to evaluate the accuracy of fragmented red cells(FRC) detection by Sysmex XN-3000.@*METHODS@#A total of 111 samples were collected from patients diagnosed as thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, autoimmune disease, hematological disease, malignant tumor and health examination in our hospital from June 2019 to February 2021, including 74 cases in the case group and 37 cases in the healthy control group. All samples were detected by optical microscope and Sysmex XN-3000, respectively. ROC was used to evaluate the detection ability of Sysmex XN-3000 for schistocyte. Bland-Altman method was used to evaluate the consistency of the results of the two methods for detection of schistocyte, and Pearson correlation analysis was conducted for the difference of the results.@*RESULTS@#The area under the ROC curve was 0.890(95% CI: 0.828-0.952, P<0.01). Sysmex XN-3000 count did not quantitatively agree with schistocyte counts by microscopy in the case group(mean of difference:-1.53, 95% limits of agreement: -8.78~5.72). There was a weak positive correlation between platelet count and the difference of analyzer and microscopic results (r=0.32,P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Sysmex XN-3000 can be used as a reference for qualitative determination of schistocyte. However, the sensitivity of Sysmex XN-3000 should be improved. It is still necessary to combine with manual microscopy. The quantitative results are not reliable now and cannot be used as a reference for monitoring the results of schistocyte in clinical patients after treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neoplasms , Platelet Count , Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic , ROC Curve , Reproducibility of Results
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936127

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To clarify the clinical characteristics of influenza pneumonia in the elderly patients and the relationship between D-dimer and the severity of influenza pneumonia.@*METHODS@#In the study, 52 hospitalized patients older than 65 years with confirmed influenza pneumonia diagnosed in Peking University People's Hospital on 5 consecutive influenza seasons from 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. General information, clinical symptoms, laboratory data, treatment methods and prognosis of the patients were collected. The relationship between D-dimer and pneumonia severity was analyzed, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the predictive value of D-dimer.@*RESULTS@#Among the 52 patients, 31 were male (31/52, 59.6%), the average age was (77.1±7.4) years, and 19 of them (36.5%) were diagnosed with severe pneumonia. About 70% patients presenting with fever. In the severe group, the patients were more likely to complain of dyspnea than in the non-severe group (14/19, 73.7% vs. 10/33, 30.3%, P=0.004), severe pneumonia group had higher level of CURB-65 (confusion, urea, respiratory rate, blood pressure, and age>65), pneumonia severity index (PSI), C-reactive protein, urea nitrogen, lactate dehydrogenase, fasting glucose, and D-dimer (P value was 0.004, < 0.001, < 0.001, 0.003, 0.038, 0.018, and < 0.001, respectively), albumin was lower than that in the non-severe group [(35.8±5.6) g/L vs. (38.9±3.5) g/L, t=-2.348, P=0.018]. There was a significant positive correlation between the D-dimer at the first admission and PSI score (r=0.540, 95%CI: 0.302 to 0.714, P < 0.001), while a significant negative correlation with PaO2/FiO2 (r=-0.559, 95%CI: -0.726 to -0.330, P < 0.001). Area under the curve of D-dimer was 0.765 (95%CI: 0.627 to 0.872). Area under the curve of PSI was 0.843 (95%CI: 0.716 to 0.929). There was no statistically significant difference in test efficacy between the two (Z=2.360, P=0.174). D-dimer level over 1 225 μg/L had a positive predict value for influenza pneumonia in hospital death with a sensitivity of 76.92% and a specificity of 74.36%.@*CONCLUSION@#Influenza pneumonia in the elderly always has atypical symptoms, dyspnea is a prominent feature in severe cases, D-dimer level is associated with the severity of influenza pneumonia, and greater than 1 200 μg/L has a good predictive value for in-hospital death in the elderly.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Influenza, Human/diagnosis , Male , Pneumonia/diagnosis , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies , Severity of Illness Index
19.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 207-214, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935997

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the values of serum 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) in predicting disease progression and prognosis of patients with sepsis. Methods: The prospective observational research methods were used. A total of 124 patients with sepsis who met the inclusion criteria were admitted to the Department of Emergency of the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from April 2015 to July 2016, including 79 males and 45 females, aged (62±15) years. The sepsis-related organ failure assessment (SOFA) scores of all patients on admission and on the second day of admission and their difference (ΔSOFA) were calculated. The patients were divided into non-progression group with ΔSOFA score <2 (n=101) and progression group with ΔSOFA score ≥2 (n=23), and according to the survival during hospitalization, the patients were divided into survival group (n=85) and death group (n=39). Data of patients between non-progression group and progression group, survival group and death group were compared, including the gender, age, days in emergency intensive care unit (ICU), smoking, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, serum white blood cell count, serum C-reactive protein, and serum procalcitonin on admission, and serum 8-OHdG within 24 h of admission. The multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to screen the independent risk factors of disease progression and death during hospitalization in 124 patients with sepsis, the receiver's operating characteristic (ROC) curves were drawn according to the independent risk factors, and the area under the curve (AUC), the best threshold, and the sensitivity and specificity under the best threshold were calculated. The patients were divided into high 8-OHdG group (n=35) and low 8-OHdG group (n=89) according to the best threshold in ROC curve of death during hospitalization. The data including the gender, age, SOFA score on admission, SOFA score on the second day of admission, and ΔSOFA score of patients in the two groups were compared. The survival rates of patients within 90 d of admission in the two groups were compared by the Kaplan-Meier method. Data were statistically analyzed with independent sample t test, Mann-Whitney U test, chi-square test, and Log-rank test. Results: The gender, age, days in emergency ICU, smoking, complicated with hypertension, complicated with diabetes mellitus, serum white blood cell count, serum C-reactive protein, and serum procalcitonin on admission of patients in non-progression group and progression group were similar (P>0.05). The serum 8-OHdG within 24 h of admission of patients in progression group was significantly higher than that in non-progression group (Z=-2.31, P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the serum 8-OHdG within 24 h of admission was the independent risk factor for disease progression of 124 patients with sepsis (odds ratio=1.06, with 95% confidence interval of 1.01-1.11, P<0.05). The AUC under the ROC curve of serum 8-OHdG within 24 h of admission to predict disease progression of 124 patients with sepsis was 0.65 (with 95% confidence interval of 0.52-0.79, P<0.05), the optimal threshold was 32.88 ng/mL, and the sensitivity and specificity under the optimal threshold was 52.2% and 79.2%, respectively. The gender, age, days in emergency ICU, smoking, complicated with hypertension, complicated with diabetes mellitus, and serum white blood cell count, serum C-reactive protein, and serum procalcitonin on admission of patients in survival group and death group were similar (P>0.05). The serum 8-OHdG within 24 h of admission of patients in death group was significantly higher than that in survival group (Z=-2.37, P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the serum 8-OHdG within 24 h of admission was the independent risk factor for death of 124 patients with sepsis (odd ratio=1.04, with 95% confidence interval of 1.00-1.09, P<0.05). The AUC under the ROC curve of serum 8-OHdG within 24 h of admission to predict death of patients during hospitalization was 0.63 (with 95% confidence interval of 0.52-0.75, P<0.05), the optimal threshold was 32.43 ng/mL, the sensitivity and specificity under the optimal threshold was 51.3% and 84.7%, respectively. The gender and age of patients in high 8-OHdG group and low 8-OHdG group were similar (P>0.05). The SOFA score on admission, SOFA score on the second day of admission, and ΔSOFA score of patients in high 8-OHdG group were significantly higher than those in low 8-OHdG group (with Z values of -2.49, -3.01, and -2.64, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01). The survival rate within 90 d of admission of patients in low 8-OHdG group was significantly higher than that in high 8-OHdG group (χ2=14.57, P<0.01). Conclusions: Serum 8-OHdG level is an independent risk factor for disease progression and death in sepsis patients with limited ability for predicting disease progression and prognosis of sepsis of patients. The patients with higher serum 8-OHdG level have higher death risk within 90 d of admission.


Subject(s)
8-Hydroxy-2'-Deoxyguanosine , Aged , Disease Progression , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies , Sepsis
20.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 184-189, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935993

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the predictive values of the modified Baux score, Belgian Outcome in Burn Injury score, and Ryan score on the death risk of severe burn patients. Methods: A retrospective case series study was conducted. From February 2018 to November 2019, 260 severe burn patients who met the inclusion criteria were admitted to the Department of Burns of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, including 158 males and 102 females, aged 36 (3, 53) years. According to the final outcome, the patients were divided into survival group (n=229) and death group (n=31). Data of patients were compared and statistically analyzed with chi-square test or Mann-Whitney U test between the two groups, including the gender, age, cause of burn, site of burn, total burn area, depth of burn, combined inhalation injury, and combined underlying diseases on admission, and the modified Baux score, Belgian Outcome in Burn Injury score, and Ryan score calculated based on part of the aforementioned data. The Kendall tau-b coefficient method was used to analyze the consistency of the above-mentioned three scores in 260 severe burn patients. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves of the above-mentioned three scores predicting the death risk of 260 severe burn patients were drawn, and the area under the curve (AUC), the optimal threshold, and the sensitivity and specificity under the optimal threshold were calculated. The quality of AUC of the above-mentioned three scores was compared by Delong test. Results: The gender, site of burn, and depth of burn of patients between the two groups were all similar (P>0.05). The age, total burn area, proportion of flame burn, proportion of combined inhalation injury, and proportion of combined underlying diseases of patients in death group were significantly higher than those in survival group (with Z values of 5.53 and 17.78, respectively, χ2 values of 16.23, 15.89, and 17.78, respectively, P<0.01); the modified Baux score, Belgian Outcome in Burn Injury score, and Ryan score of patients in death group were 142 (115, 155), 7 (5, 7), 2 (2, 3), all significantly higher than 64 (27, 87), 1 (0, 3), 0 (0, 1) in survival group (with Z values of 7.91, 7.64, and 7.61, respectively, P<0.01). In 260 severe burn patients, the results between the modified Baux score and Ryan score, modified Baux score and Belgian Outcome in Burn Injury score, Ryan score and Belgian Outcome in Burn Injury score were significantly consistent (with Kendall tau-b coefficients of 0.75, 0.71, and 0.86, respectively, P<0.01). The AUCs of ROC curves of the modified Baux score, Belgian Outcome in Burn Injury score, and Ryan score for predicting the death risk of 260 severe burn patients were 0.92, 0.89, and 0.85, respectively (with 95% confidence intervals of 0.86-0.98, 0.83-0.95, and 0.78-0.93, respectively, P<0.01); the optimal thresholds were 106.5, 4.5, and 1.5 points, respectively; the sensitivity under the optimal threshold were 88.5%, 76.9%, and 73.1%, respectively, and the specificity under the optimal threshold were 88.5%, 87.2%, and 86.3%, respectively. The modified Baux score was similar to Belgian Outcome in Burn Injury score in the AUC quality (z=1.25, P>0.05), which were both significantly better than the AUC quality of Ryan score (with z values of 2.35 and 2.11, respectively, P<0.05). Conclusions: The modified Baux score, Belgian Outcome in Burn Injury score, and Ryan score have good ability in predicting the death risk of severe burn patients. From the perspective of clinical practice, the modified Baux score is more suitable as a predictive tool for the prognosis of severe burn patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Burns , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Male , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies
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