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1.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e244243, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1431131

ABSTRACT

A Avaliação Terapêutica (AT) é um processo avaliativo e interventivo proposto para ser semiestruturado e colaborativo com o objetivo de promover mudanças positivas no cliente, que é convidado a ter uma participação ativa durante o processo. Na AT, os resultados dos testes psicológicos padronizados ganham destaque como facilitadores do processo de autoconhecimento do cliente. Desse modo, usualmente, integram-se os achados de testes psicológicos de autorrelato com os métodos projetivos para gerar informações que possam ampliar a visão que o cliente tem de si. Neste artigo, buscou-se compreender o potencial de uso dos testes psicológicos e da relação colaborativa a partir de um caso atendido na perspectiva da AT. A participante, Violeta (nome fictício), foi atendida em 10 sessões com duração entre 60 e 115 minutos. Foram utilizados os testes psicológicos Escala de Bem-Estar Psicológico (Ebep), Escala de Vulnerabilidade e Estresse no Trabalho (Event), Bateria Fatorial de Personalidade (BFP), Método de Rorschach e Inventários de Habilidades Sociais 2 (IHS-2). Observou-se que, durante o processo, Violeta ampliou sua autopercepção, o que possibilitou mudanças no modo de agir em seus relacionamentos amorosos e na reflexão sobre como sua postura era vista por si e por seus colegas de trabalho. Acredita-se que a AT cumpriu com o objetivo de estabelecer uma experiência terapêutica que possibilitasse mudanças positivas para a cliente. Este estudo de caso contribuiu para ampliar a compreensão sobre a importância e o uso dos testes psicológicos neste modelo de avaliação psicológica.(AU)


The Therapeutic Assessment (TA) is an evaluative and interventional process proposed to be semi-structured and collaborative with the objective of promoting positive changes in the client, who is invited to have an active participation during the process. At the TA, the results of standardized psychological tests are highlighted as facilitators of the client's self-knowledge process. In this way, the findings of psychological self-report tests are usually integrated with projective methods to generate information that can broaden the client's view of themselves. In this article, understanding the potential use of psychological tests and of the collaborative relationship from a case treated from the TA perspective was sought. The participant, Violet (fictitious name), was assisted in 10 sessions lasting between 60 and 115 minutes. The psychological tests Psychological Well-Being Scale (EBEP), Vulnerability and Stress at Work Scale (EVENT), Personality Factorial Battery (BFP), Rorschach Method and Social Skills Inventories 2 (IHS-2) were used. It was observed that, during the process, Violet increased her self-perception, which allowed changes in her way of acting in her love life and in her reflection on how her posture was seen by herself and herco-workers. It is believed that TA fulfilled the objective of establishing a therapeutic experience that would enable positive changes for the client. This case study contributed to broaden the understanding about the importance and use of psychological testing in this psychological assessment model.(AU)


La Evaluación Terapéutica (ET) es un proceso de evaluación e intervención que se propone ser semiestructurado y colaborativo, con el objetivo de lograr cambios positivos en el cliente, quien es invitado a tener participación activa durante el proceso. En la ET se destacan los resultados de las pruebas psicológicas estandarizadas como facilitadoras del proceso de autoconocimiento del cliente. Los hallazgos de las pruebas psicológicas de autoinforme suelen integrarse con métodos proyectivos para generar información que pueda ampliar la visión que el cliente tiene de sí mismo. En este artículo se buscó comprender el uso potencial de las pruebas psicológicas y de la relación colaborativa a partir de un estudio de caso tratado desde la perspectiva de la ET. Atendieron a la participante Violeta (nombre ficticio), en 10 sesiones que duraron entre 60 y 115 minutos. Se utilizaron las pruebas psicológicas Escala de Bienestar Psicológico (EBEP), Escala de Vulnerabilidad y Estrés en el Trabajo (EVENT), Batería de Factorial de la Personalidad (BFP), Método de Rorschach e Inventario de Habilidades Sociales 2 (IHS-dos). Se observó que, durante el proceso, Violeta amplió su autopercepción, lo que permitió cambios en la forma de actuar en sus relaciones amorosas y en el reflejo de como ella y sus compañeros de trabajo veían su postura. Así, se cree que ET ha cumplido el objetivo de establecer una experiencia terapéutica que permitió cambios positivos a la cliente. Este estudio contribuyó a ampliar la comprensión sobre la importancia y el uso de las pruebas psicológicas en este modelo de evaluación psicológica.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Therapeutics , Psychological Techniques , Psychological Distress , Anxiety Disorders , Projection , Psychoanalysis , Psychological Tests , Psychology , Psychotherapy , Rabies , Rorschach Test , Shame , Social Adjustment , Social Behavior , Social Environment , Social Identification , Social Isolation , Social Support , Socialization , Avoidance Learning , Sublimation, Psychological , Temperance , Thinking , Unconscious, Psychology , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Behaviorism , Shyness , Adaptation, Psychological , Attitude , Mental Health , Efficacy , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Negotiating , Mental Competency , Codependency, Psychological , Communication , Neurobehavioral Manifestations , Counseling , Affect , Disaster Vulnerability , Personal Autonomy , Defense Mechanisms , Behavior Control , Harm Reduction , Researcher-Subject Relations , Trust , Stress Disorders, Traumatic , Aggression , Dependency, Psychological , Depression , Diagnosis , Emotions , Escape Reaction , Exercise Therapy , Extraversion, Psychological , Fantasy , Resilience, Psychological , Fear , Video-Audio Media , Self-Control , Psychological Trauma , Psychosocial Support Systems , Occupational Stress , Neuroticism , Free Association , Frustration , Sadness , Respect , Leadership and Governance Capacity , Betrayal , Patient Care , Psychosocial Functioning , Psychosocial Intervention , Social Interaction , Information Avoidance , Listening Effort , Gestalt Therapy , Psychological Well-Being , Helping Behavior , Human Development , Identification, Psychological , Identity Crisis , Individuation , Interpersonal Relations , Interview, Psychological , Introversion, Psychological , Leadership , Loneliness , Mental Disorders , Mental Processes , Motivation , Negativism , Neurotic Disorders
2.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e248134, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1422408

ABSTRACT

O presente artigo é oriundo de pesquisa acadêmica que teve como objetivo estudar a clínica psicanalítica e seus efeitos por meio da apresentação de fragmentos de uma análise já encerrada. Para alcançar esse objetivo, utilizamos a ferramenta metodológica do fato clínico, articulando o material clínico com alguns pontos da teoria psicanalítica. Como resultado, apontamos que é possível fazer uma leitura teórico-clínica de uma experiência de análise sob a perspectiva dos movimentos discursivos, em especial do sujeito do inconsciente ($) e do objeto a, conforme apresentados na proposição dos Quatro Discursos de Lacan. Acreditamos que este estudo enfatiza a importância da especificidade da pesquisa em psicanálise em sua dimensão clínica e os possíveis efeitos produzidos por esse processo terapêutico. Dessa maneira, entendemos que a divulgação deste trabalho pode contribuir para a discussão da prática clínica entre colegas do campo psicanalítico e acadêmico, bem como para a difícil tarefa da apresentação do material clínico com a sustentação teórica necessária, a fim de fortalecermos a sempre fundamental transmissão da psicanálise.(AU)


This article comes from academic research that aimed to study the psychoanalytic clinic and its effects by presenting fragments of an analysis that has already ended. To achieve this goal, we used the methodological tool of the clinical fact, articulating the clinical material with some points of psychoanalytic theory. As a result, we point out that it is possible to make a theoretical-clinical reading of an analysis experience from the perspective of discursive movements, in particular, the subject of the unconscious ($) and of the object a, as presented in the proposition of Lacan's Four Discourses. We believe that this study emphasizes the importance of the specificity of research in psychoanalysis in its clinical dimension and the possible effects produced by this therapeutic process. In this way, we understand that the dissemination of this work can contribute to the discussion of clinical practice among colleagues in the psychoanalytic and academic fields, as well as to the difficult task of presenting clinical material with the necessary theoretical support, to strengthen the always fundamental transmission of psychoanalysis.(AU)


Este artículo surge de una investigación académica que pretendió estudiar la clínica psicoanalítica y sus efectos mediante la presentación de fragmentos de un análisis que ya terminó. Para lograr este objetivo, se utilizó la herramienta metodológica del hecho clínico articulando el material clínico con algunos puntos de la teoría psicoanalítica. El resultado permite señalar que es posible realizar una lectura teórico-clínica de una experiencia de análisis desde la perspectiva de los movimientos discursivos, en particular el sujeto del inconsciente ($) y el objeto a, como se presenta en la proposición de los cuatro discursos de Lacan. Este estudio enfatiza la importancia de la especificidad de la investigación en psicoanálisis en su dimensión clínica y los posibles efectos que produce este proceso terapéutico. De esta forma, la difusión de este trabajo puede contribuir a la discusión de la práctica clínica entre colegas del campo psicoanalítico y académico, así como a la difícil tarea de presentar material clínico con el soporte teórico necesario para fortalecer la siempre fundamental transmisión del psicoanálisis.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Psychoanalysis , Truth Disclosure , Practice Guideline , Address , Methodology as a Subject , Anxiety , Pathology , Personal Satisfaction , Phobic Disorders , Psychology , Rabies , Repression, Psychology , Self Concept , Shame , Sublimation, Psychological , Superego , Tachycardia , Unconscious, Psychology , Family , Cure in Homeopathy , Panic Disorder , Sexuality , Death , Dependent Personality Disorder , Depersonalization , Dizziness , Education , Ego , Pleasure , Free Association , Adverse Childhood Experiences , Sadness , Psychological Distress , Hysteria , Id , Instinct , Libido , Linguistics , Loneliness , Oedipus Complex
3.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e249674, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1422407

ABSTRACT

Este artigo teve como objetivo compreender, a partir de uma análise fenomenológica, o impacto do racismo sobre vivências de mulheres negras. Foram analisados relatos escritos por mulheres que se autodeclaravam negras encontrados em sites e blogs da internet. Esta pesquisa qualitativa fenomenológica foi inspirada na proposta filosófica de Edmund Husserl, consistindo na elaboração de uma narrativa síntese que resumiu os elementos essenciais das vivências dessas mulheres. Os resultados possibilitaram compreender que as experiências de racismo vivenciadas por mulheres negras têm início na infância e as acompanham ao longo de toda a vida, causando impactos sobre sua saúde mental. A insatisfação em relação ao cabelo natural e a cor da pele surgem como sinais concretos de recusa da identidade negra; enquanto o processo de tomada de consciência, reconhecimento e aceitação da negritude impulsionam a autoaceitação e a construção de uma nova identidade como mulher negra. A troca de experiências com outras pessoas negras sobre racismo favoreceu o reconhecimento da negritude. Conclui-se que o suporte emocional de pessoas que vivenciam o mesmo tipo de sofrimento social pode ser de grande relevância no processo de superação, assim como os processos de intervenção psicológica quando pautados por atitudes de empatia e aceitação. Nesse sentido, a formação de psicólogos deve incluir conteúdos e práticas que abordem o tema do racismo como parte da realidade social.(AU)


This article aimed to understand, based on qualitative research, the impact of racism on Black women's experiences. To this end, accounts authored by women who self-identify as Black, found on websites and internet blogs were used as data sources. The phenomenological analysis of data was based on Edmund Husserl's philosophical proposal, and consisted of a narrative synthesis that summed the essential elements of these women's experiences. Results of this research enabled the understanding that experiences of racism, lived by Black women, start during childhood and accompany them throughout their lifetime, impacting their mental health. Dissatisfaction with their natural hair and skin color appear as concrete signs of turning down their Black identity; sharing their experiences with other Black people about racism helps them recognize their Blackness. The process of awareness, recognition and acceptance of Blackness drive them to self-acceptance and the construction of an identity that integrates their condition as Black women. We conclude that the emotional support given by people who live similar social suffering can be essential to the process of overcoming it, as should be the process of psychological intervention, when founded on attitudes of comprehensive empathy and acceptance. In this regard, we suggest that psychologists' education include both courses and practice that encompass the theme of racism as part of our social reality.(AU)


Este artículo tuvo como objetivo comprender, a partir de una investigación cualitativa, el impacto del racismo en las experiencias de las mujeres negras. Fueron utilizados relatos escritos por mujeres que decían ser negras como fuentes de datos, en sitios de Internet y blogs. El análisis fenomenológico de los datos se realizó a partir de la propuesta filosófica de Edmund Husserl y consistió en la construcción de una narrativa síntesis que presentaba los elementos esenciales de las vivencias de estas mujeres. Los resultados permitieron comprender que las experiencias de racismo, vividas por las mujeres negras, comienzan en la infancia y las acompañan a lo largo de la vida, con un impacto en la salud mental. La insatisfacción con el color natural del cabello y la piel aparece como signos concretos de rechazo a la identidad negra; el intercambio de experiencias con otros negros sobre el racismo favorece el reconocimiento de la negritud. El proceso de toma de conciencia, reconocimiento y aceptación de la negritud impulsa la autoaceptación y la construcción de una identidad que integra la condición de la mujer negra. Se concluye que el apoyo emocional que brindan las personas que experimentan el mismo tipo de sufrimiento social puede ser de gran relevancia en el proceso de superación, así como los procesos de intervención psicológica, cuando se guían por actitudes de comprensión y aceptación empáticas. En este sentido, se sugiere que los cursos de formación para psicólogos incluyan contenidos y prácticas que aborden el tema del racismo como parte de la realidad social.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Psychological Phenomena , Black or African American , Mental Health , Racism , Learning , Poverty , Prejudice , Psychology , Public Policy , Rabies , Self Concept , Social Isolation , Socioeconomic Factors , Violence , Wounds and Injuries , Child Welfare , Women's Health , Adolescent , Sexuality , Feminism , Cultural Deprivation , Personal Autonomy , Narration , Human Characteristics , Ego , Emotions , Employment , Social Stigma , Social Marginalization , Physical Appearance, Body , Defamation , Blog , Political Activism , Social Oppression , Social Privilege , Androcentrism , Freedom , Internet Access , Sadness , Respect , Gender Identity , Empowerment , Social Comparison , Social Status , Socioeconomic Disparities in Health , Life Change Events , Loneliness , Mass Media
4.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2023. 91 f p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1435321

ABSTRACT

Abordagens interdisciplinares vêm ganhando maior reconhecimento e destaque nas comunidades de saúde humana e animal, principalmente pela (re)emergência de diversas doenças infecciosas que emanam da interface humano-animal-ambiente. A raiva, zoonose grave, considerada endêmica no Brasil e globalmente negligenciada, é um exemplo. Tanto a vigilância epidemiológica quanto a confirmação dessa doença dependem do diagnóstico laboratorial, que é realizado, frequentemente, por meio dos testes de Imunofluorescência Direta (IFD) e de Isolamento Viral em Camundongo (IVC), via inoculação intracerebral da amostra suspeita em camundongos lactentes ou desmamados. Entretanto, recentemente, a Organização Mundial da Saúde reconheceu a Transcrição Reversa seguida da Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase (RT-PCR) como uma técnica primária válida para esse diagnóstico, podendo ser empregada como alternativa ao uso de animais, evitando sofrimento e morte. Esta dissertação apresenta uma discussão sobre as implicações técnicas e éticas da (não) adoção desse método substitutivo, considerando que todos os animais devem ser respeitados e entendidos como sujeitos singulares em suas percepções do mundo, não como objetos de pesquisa. Esse fato corrobora a necessidade de novas perspectivas que ressignifiquem nossas relações com os animais não humanos, o que é primordial para o estabelecimento de mudanças sistêmicas, de caráter ético-político, que visem o fim da instrumentalização animal e de seu uso no âmbito científico, bem como de qualquer forma de opressão.


Interdisciplinary approaches have been gaining greater recognition and prominence in the human and animal health communities, mainly due to the (re)emergence of several infectious diseases that emanate from the human-animal-environment interface. Rabies is an example, considered a serious zoonosis endemic in Brazil and globally neglected. Both epidemiological surveillance and confirmation of this disease depend on laboratory diagnosis, which is usually performed by the direct fluorescent antibody test (DFAT) and the mouse inoculation test (MIT) via intracranial inoculation of the suspected sample into suckling or weanling mice. However, the World Health Organization recently recognized the reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) as a valid primary technique for this diagnosis, which can replace the use of animals, avoiding suffering and death. This study presents a discussion about the technical and ethical implications of (not) adopting this alternative method, considering that all animals must be respected and understood as unique beings with their perceptions of the world, not as objects of research. It also further corroborates the need for new perspectives that reframe our relationships with non-human animals, which is fundamental for the implementation of systemic ethical-political changes, aiming at the end of animal instrumentalization and use in scientific research, as well as all forms of oppression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Rabies , Bioethics , Animal Experimentation , Ethics, Research , Brazil , Animal Use Alternatives
5.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 222-228, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969870

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the safety and immunogenicity of freeze-dried rabies vaccine (Vero-cells) for human use on different immunization procedures in healthy people aged 9-65 years. Methods: A randomized, blind, positive-controlled clinical study was conducted in March 2015. The eligible residents aged 9-65 were recruited in Dengfeng city and Biyang County, Henan Province. A total of 1 956 subjects were enrolled. The subjects were randomly (1∶1∶1) assigned to 5-dose control group, 4-dose trial group and 5-dose trial group, with 652 subjects in each group. The subjects of 5-dose control group were immunized with control vaccine on days 0, 3, 7, 14 and 28. The subjects of 4-dose trial group were immunized with trial vaccine on days 0, 7 and 21 (2-1-1 phases) and the subjects of 5-dose trial group were immunized with trial vaccine on days 0, 3, 7, 14 and 28. A combination of regular follow-up and active reporting was used to observe local and systemic adverse reactions till 30 days after the first and full immunization, and the incidence rate of adverse reactions in three groups was analyzed and compared. The venous blood was collected before the first immunization, 7 days after the first immunization, 14 days after the first immunization and 14 days after the full immunization. The neutralizing antibody of rabies virus was detected by rapid fluorescent focus inhibition test (RFFIT), and the seropositive conversion rate and geometric mean concentration (GMC) of antibody were calculated. Results: The adverse reaction rates in 5-dose control group, 4-dose trial group and 5-dose trial group were 41.87% (273/652), 35.43% (231/652) and 34.97% (228/652), respectively. The adverse reaction rates of 4-dose trial group and 5-dose trial group were lower than those of the 5-dose control group (P<0.05). The local reactions were mainly pain, itching, swelling and redness in injection site, while the systemic reactions were mainly fever, fatigue, headache and muscle pain. The severity of adverse reactions was mainly mild (level 1), accounting for 85.33% (518/607), 89.02% (373/419) and 88.96% (427/480) of the total number of adverse reactions in each group. At 14 days after the first immunization and 14 days after the full immunization, the antibody positive conversion rates of three groups were all 100%. At 7 days, 14 days after the first immunization and 14 days after the full immunization, the GMCs of three groups were 0.60, 0.72, 0.59 IU/ml, 20.42, 23.99, 24.38 IU/ml and 22.95, 23.52, 24.72 IU/ml, respectively, with no significant difference (P>0.05). Conclusion: The freeze-dried rabies vaccine (Vero-cells) for human use has good safety and immunogenicity when inoculated according to 5-dose and 4-dose immunization procedures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rabies Vaccines , Antibodies, Viral , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Rabies virus , Vaccination , Rabies/prevention & control
6.
Rev. baiana saúde pública ; 46(4): 134-149, 20221231.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1419232

ABSTRACT

Considerada uma das mais graves doenças tropicais negligenciadas (DTN) do mundo, a raiva promove grande impacto à saúde pública devido a sua evolução letal e ao elevado custo social e econômico. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi descrever o perfil epidemiológico das agressões por animais potencialmente transmissores de raiva, no estado de Mato Grosso do Sul, durante os anos de 2019 a 2021. Foi realizado um estudo epidemiológico retrospectivo, transversal, qualiquantitativo, com dados secundários codificados do Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação: ano e mês, município e zona de ocorrência, idade, sexo, raça, escolaridade, tipo de exposição, região anatômica atingida, características do ferimento, espécie e condição do animal agressor e tratamento preconizado. Foram registradas 24.362 notificações de agressões, com prevalência média de 8,7/1.000 hab. Janeiro apresentou o maior número de notificações. Destacaram-se, entre os agredidos, crianças entre 1 e 9 anos de idade do sexo masculino. A zona de ocorrência de 89,5% dos agravos foi urbana e 81,7% foram provocados por cães. Dentre os indivíduos agredidos, 79,2% receberam tratamento antirrábico pós-exposição com uso de imunobiológico. O estado registrou baixa prevalência de agravos por animais. Notaram-se falhas de preenchimento das fichas de notificação e nos critérios de inclusão de agravos com animais potencialmente transmissores da raiva.


Considered as one of the most serious neglected tropical diseases (NTD) worldwide, rabies greatly impacts public health due to its lethal evolution and high social and economic cost. Given this scenario, this study describes the epidemiological profile of attacks by potential rabies-transmitting animals in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, from 2019 to 2021. A retrospective, cross-sectional, qualitative-quantitative epidemiological study was conducted with secondary data obtained from the Information System for Notifiable Diseases, namely: year and month; municipality and area of occurrence; age; gender; race; education; type of exposure; anatomical region affected; characteristics of the wound; species and condition of the animal; and recommended treatment. A total of 24,362 notifications of animal attacks were reported, with average prevalence of 8.7/1000 inhabitants. January registered the highest number of notifications. Among the victims, male children aged one to nine years stood out. Of the total injuries reported, 89.5% occurred in urban areas and 81.7% were done by dogs. Among the attacked individuals, 79.2% received post-exposure anti-rabies treatment with immunobiological drugs. The state recorded a low prevalence of animal attacks. Results revealed poorly filled out forms and issues with the inclusion criteria used for classifying injuries caused by potential rabies-transmitting animals.


Considerada una de las enfermedades tropicales desatendidas (ETD) más graves del mundo, la rabia tiene un gran impacto en la salud pública debido a su evolución letal y alto costo social y económico. El objetivo de esta investigación es describir el perfil epidemiológico de las agresiones por animales potencialmente transmisores de la rabia, en el estado de Mato Grosso do Sul (Brasil), durante los años de 2019 a 2021. Se realizó un estudio epidemiológico retrospectivo, transversal, cualicualitativo, con datos secundarios codificados del Sistema de Información de Enfermedades de Declaración Obligatoria que contienen: año y mes, municipio y zona de ocurrencia, edad, sexo, raza, nivel de educación, tipo de exposición, región anatómica afectada, características de la herida, especie y condición del animal agresor y tratamiento recomendado. Se registraron 24.362 notificaciones de agresiones, con una prevalencia media de 8,7/1.000 hab. Enero tuvo el mayor número de notificaciones. Entre las víctimas se destacaron niños de entre 1 y 9 años de edad y varones. El área donde ocurrieron el 89,5% de las lesiones fue urbana, y el 81,7% de ellas fueron causadas por perros. Entre los agredidos, el 79,2% recibió tratamiento antirrábico postexposición con uso de inmunobiológicos. El estado registró una baja prevalencia de lesiones causadas por animales. Se observaron fallas en el llenado de los formularios de notificación y en los criterios de inclusión de enfermedades con animales potencialmente transmisores de la rabia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabies , Behavior, Animal , Aggression , Disease Prevention , Neglected Diseases , Health Information Systems , Animals, Wild
7.
Ciudad de Buenos Aires; GCBA. Gerencia Operativa de Epidemiología; 19 ago. 2022. f:18 l:22 p. tab, graf.(Boletín Epidemiológico Semanal: Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, 7, 313).
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, InstitutionalDB, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1392542

ABSTRACT

Informe con datos de vigilancia de rabia animal, y de otras enfermedades zoonóticas de notificación obligatoria, en la Ciudad de Buenos Aires: observación de animales mordedores, detección de virus rábico en muestras de laboratorio, vigilancia de reservorios de enfermedades zoonóticas, y vacunación antirrábica de animales, durante junio de 2022.


Subject(s)
Rabies/diagnosis , Rabies/transmission , Rabies/epidemiology , Zoonoses/prevention & control , Zoonoses/epidemiology , Disease Notification/statistics & numerical data , Epidemiology , Epidemiological Monitoring
8.
Rev. med. vet. zoot ; 69(2): 143-154, mayo-ago. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1395017

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El objetivo de la investigación fue estimar la población de canes con propietario y evaluar algunos aspectos de su estado sanitario en el distrito de Huancarama. El estudio fue cuantitativo, observacional, descriptivo y transversal. Se efectuó en noviembre de 2020. Las viviendas se seleccionaron mediante un muestreo estratificado aleatorio proporcional que contemplaba a los centros poblados como estratos. Se realizó una encuesta a los jefes de familia en las viviendas utilizando como instrumento una guía de entrevista validada por expertos. La información recolectada se transfirió a una hoja de Excel® para ser procesada con el software Epidat 4.2. El 70% (IC95% = 65,8-74,2%) de las viviendas tuvo canes. Los centros poblados con mayor tenencia de canes fueron Tunyabamba y Mateclla (100%, respectivamente). La mayoría de viviendas tuvo un solo can (51,3%), con predominio del sexo macho (68,8%) y edades entre 2 y 8 años (77,6%). Pocas familias tuvieron en confinamiento a sus canes (19%) y los han esterilizado (2%). Sin embargo, aunque la mayoría de los canes fueron vacunados contra la rabia (81,9%), son pocos los que tuvieron control veterinario (16%). Todos los centros poblados, a excepción de California, tuvieron en promedio un can por vivienda. En el distrito existen 1.717 canes con propietario y una razón de tres personas por cada can. Los centros poblados de Llactabamba, Acco, Tunyabamba, Lambraspata, Los Ángeles, Sotapa Pararani y otros tuvieron una razón de dos personas por can. En conclusión, existe excesiva cantidad de canes en el distrito de Huancarama, constituyendo una proporción elevada en relación con la de personas.


ABSTRACT The objective of the research was to estimate the population of dogs with an owner and to evaluate some aspects of their sanitary status in the district of Huancarama. The study was quantitative, observational, descriptive and cross-sectional. It was carried out in November 2020. The dwellings were selected through a proportional random stratified sampling considering the populated centers as strata. A survey of household heads was conducted using an interview guide validated by experts as an instrument. The information collected was transferred to an Excel* sheet to be processed later with the Epidat 4.2 software. 70% (95% CI = 65, 8-74, 2%) of the dwellings had dogs. The populated centers with the highest proportion of dog ownership were Tunyabamba and Mateclla (100%, respectively). Most of the dwellings had only one dog (51, 3%), with a predominance of the male sex (68, 8%) and ages between 2-8 years (77, 6%). Few families have their dogs confined (19%) and have them sterilized (2%). However, although the majority of the dogs were vaccinated against rabies (81,9%), few had veterinary control (16%). All populated centers, with the exception of California, had an average of one can per dwelling. In the district there are 1.717 dogs with owners and a ratio of three people to each dog. The population centers of Llactabamba, Acco, Tunyabamba, Lambraspata, Los Angeles, Sotapa Pararani, and others had a ratio of two people per dog. In conclusion, there is an excessive number of dogs in the district of Huancarama, constituting a high proportion in relation to that of people.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Population , Rural Areas , Urban Area , Dogs , Lagophthalmos , Rabies , Sex , Family , Family Characteristics , Stratified Sampling , Surveys and Questionnaires , Wolves , Housing
9.
Ciudad de Buenos Aires; GCBA. Gerencia Operativa de Epidemiología; 29 julio 2022. f:12 l:16 p. tab, graf.(Boletín Epidemiológico Semanal: Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, 7, 310).
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, InstitutionalDB, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1392416

ABSTRACT

Informe con datos de vigilancia de rabia animal, y de otras enfermedades zoonóticas de notificación obligatoria, en la Ciudad de Buenos Aires: observación de animales mordedores, detección de virus rábico en muestras de laboratorio, vigilancia de reservorios de enfermedades zoonóticas, y vacunación antirrábica de animales, durante mayo de 2022.


Subject(s)
Rabies/diagnosis , Rabies/epidemiology , Zoonoses/prevention & control , Zoonoses/epidemiology , Epidemiology , Epidemiological Monitoring
10.
San Salvador; MINSAL; jun. 20, 2022. 43 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1392901

ABSTRACT

Los casos de rabia en animales no se registran en nuestro país desde el año 2018, pero es importante que el MINSAL continúe ejecutando acciones de promoción de salud y prevención de la enfermedad para lo cual contamos con documentación regulatoria relacionadas con la realización de las campañas de vacunación felina y canina con la participación intersectorial para mantener los logros alcanzados de cero casos de rabia en humanos en los últimos 13 años. Los presentes lineamientos técnicos establecen las directrices para que el abordaje integral al paciente expuesto al virus de la rabia, vigilancia epidemiológica y medida de prevención y control en los animales causantes de la exposición, para disminuir el riesgo de transmisión de rabia en la población


Cases of rabies in animals have not been registered in our country since 2018, but it is important that MINSAL continues to carry out health promotion and disease prevention actions, for which we have regulatory documentation related to carrying out rabies campaigns. feline and canine vaccination with intersectoral participation to maintain the achievements of zero cases of rabies in humans in the last 13 years. These technical guidelines establish the guidelines for a comprehensive approach to the patient exposed to the rabies virus, epidemiological surveillance and prevention and control measures in the animals causing the exposure, to reduce the risk of rabies transmission in the population


Subject(s)
Rabies , Disease , Disease Prevention , Population , Rabies virus , Vaccination , El Salvador
11.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 29(2): 74-80, abr./jun. 2022. il.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1399545

ABSTRACT

As doenças de notificação obrigatória em bovinos podem gerar impactos sociais e econômicos significativos na cadeia pecuária brasileira, além de consequências negativas no mercado internacional devido a embargos sanitários. Para auxiliar no entendimento de como um sistema de vigilância epidemiológica com mais recursos pode gerar mais credibilidade para o país, foram realizadas análises de correlação entre a notificação de doenças e a estrutura veterinária disponível nos Órgãos Executores de Sanidade Agropecuária (OESAs), a partir dos dados contidos no Sistema Nacional de Informação Zoossanitária (SIZ), entre os anos de 2017 e 2019. Com base nos dados do serviço veterinário, foram produzidos o Índice de Estrutura Física Oficial (IEFO) e o Índice de Recursos Humanos do Serviço Oficial (IRHSO). Foi realizada análise de correlação entre a notificação de doenças de bovinos com a capacidade de estrutura física e recursos humanos de vigilância epidemiológica disponíveis no Serviço Veterinário brasileiro. Os estados AP, RR e SC foram os que mais notificaram brucelose e tuberculose no período e estão entre os melhores índices de estrutura e recursos humanos do país. A análise dos índices mostrou que a raiva não possui correlação significativa com estrutura e recursos humanos do serviço, entretanto, brucelose e tuberculose possuem correlação positiva com estrutura veterinária oficial disponível para a vigilância em bovinos. Portanto, melhorias na estrutura podem refletir no incremento dos índices de notificação das doenças de bovinos, assim como na qualidade de suas informações.


Notifiable diseases in cattle can generate significant social and economic impacts on the Brazilian livestock chain, in addition to impacts on the international market due to sanitary embargoes. To help understand how an epidemiological surveillance system with more resources can generate more credibility for the country, correlation analyzes were carried out between the notification of diseases and the veterinary structure available in the Executing Bodies of Agricultural Health (OESAs), based on the data contained in the National System of Zoosanitary Information (SIZ), between the years 2017 to 2019. Based on public data from the veterinary service, the Official Physical Structure Index (IEFO) and the Official Service Human Resources Index (IRHSO) were produced. Correlation analysis was performed between the notification of bovine diseases with the capacity of physical structure and human resources for epidemiological surveillance available in the Brazilian Veterinary Service. AP, RR and SC were the states that most notified brucellosis and tuberculosis in the period and are among the best indices of structure and human resources in the country. The analysis of correlation indices showed that the rabies disease does not have a significant correlation with the structure and the human resources of the service, however, brucellosis and tuberculosis does have a positive correlation with the official veterinary structure available for surveillance in cattle. Therefore, Improvements in the structure can reflect in the increase of the notification rates, as well as in the quality of its information.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Structure of Services , Cattle Diseases/epidemiology , Disease Notification/statistics & numerical data , Epidemiological Monitoring/veterinary , Health Resources/statistics & numerical data , Rabies/epidemiology , Tuberculosis, Bovine/epidemiology , Brucellosis, Bovine/epidemiology
12.
Buenos Aires; GCBA. Gerencia Operativa de Epidemiología; 13 abr. 2022. f:20 l:23 p. tab, graf.(Boletín Epidemiológico Semanal: Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, 7, 295).
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, InstitutionalDB, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1382143

ABSTRACT

Informe con datos de vigilancia de rabia animal, y de otras enfermedades zoonóticas de notificación obligatoria, en la Ciudad de Buenos Aires: observación de animales mordedores, detección de virus rábico en muestras de laboratorio, vigilancia de reservorios de enfermedades zoonóticas, y vacunación antirrábica de animales.


Subject(s)
Rabies/diagnosis , Rabies/prevention & control , Rabies/epidemiology , Zoonoses/prevention & control , Zoonoses/epidemiology , Epidemiology , Epidemiological Monitoring
13.
Buenos Aires; GCBA. Gerencia Operativa de Epidemiología; 22 abr. 2022. f:20 l:24 p. tab, mapas, graf.(Boletín Epidemiológico Semanal: Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, 7, 296).
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, InstitutionalDB, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1390666

ABSTRACT

El objetivo del presente informe es exponer la situación actual de la vacunación antirrábica de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, con el fin de realizar una planificación estratégica de prevención y control de la enfermedad. Se utilizaron datos sobre vacunación realizada por veterinarias privadas estimados a partir de la venta de talonarios por parte del Consejo Profesional de Médicos Veterinarios (CPMV); así como la vacunación realizada por los efectores públicos de salud: Instituto de Zoonosis Luis Pasteur (IZLP) y Mascotas de la Ciudad (MC).


Subject(s)
Rabies/prevention & control , Rabies/epidemiology , Rabies Vaccines/administration & dosage , Rabies Vaccines/supply & distribution , Immunization Programs/supply & distribution , Immunization Programs/statistics & numerical data
14.
Buenos Aires; GCBA. Gerencia Operativa de Epidemiología; 11 mar. 2022. f: 20 l: 24 p. tab.(Boletín Epidemiológico Semanal: Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, 6, 290).
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, InstitutionalDB, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1380976

ABSTRACT

La vigilancia epidemiológica permite alertar en forma temprana acerca de la ocurrencia de casos y del riesgo de transmisión en un lugar y tiempo determinados, registrar la tendencia a través del tiempo en diferentes áreas geográficas y monitorear las variantes de los virus circulantes. Su propósito es servir a las acciones de prevención y control, y a la orientación de las políticas públicas. La confirmación del diagnóstico por el laboratorio especializado y la efectiva notificación de los casos humanos y animales resultan elementos fundamentales para la vigilancia. En este informe se ofrecen datos de vigilancia de rabia animal, y de otras enfermedades zoonóticas de notificación obligatoria.


Subject(s)
Rabies/diagnosis , Rabies/prevention & control , Rabies/epidemiology , Zoonoses/prevention & control , Zoonoses/epidemiology , Epidemiology , Epidemiological Monitoring
15.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 31(2): e2021627, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384888

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar os atendimentos antirrábicos humanos de profilaxia pós-exposição no Brasil. Métodos: Estudo descritivo utilizando dados do Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação no Brasil, de 2014 a 2019. Resultados: Foram notificados 4.033.098 atendimentos antirrábicos, com média de 672.183 ao ano. Houve maior percentual de atendimentos em pessoas do sexo masculino (n = 2.111.369; 52,4%), menores de 19 anos de idade (n = 1.423.433; 35,3%), residentes em área urbana (n = 3.386.589; 88,1%), agredidas por cães (n = 3.281.190; 81,5%) e com mordeduras (n = 3.575.717; 81,9%), principalmente em mãos e pés (n = 1.541.201; 35,3%). A conduta profilática mais frequente foi observação e vacina (n = 1.736.036; 44,2%). A conduta profilática foi adequada em 57,8% (n = 2.169.689) e inadequada em 42,2% (n = 1.582.411) dos casos. Conclusão: Apesar das condutas profiláticas adequadas, foram observadas indicações inadequadas que, quando insuficientes, podem acarretar casos de raiva humana e, quando desnecessárias, desperdícios, inclusive desabastecimento de imunobiológicos.


Objetivo: Analizar la atención antirrábica humana de profilaxis post exposición en Brasil, de 2014 a 2019. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo utilizando datos del Sistema de Información de Agravamientos de Notificación en Brasil, de 2014 a 2019. Resultados: Se notificaron 4.033.098 atendimientos antirrábicos, con un promedio de 672.183 al año. Hubo mayor porcentual de atención a personas del sexo masculino (n = 2.111.369; 52,4%), menores de 19 años (n = 1.423.433; 35,3%), residentes en área urbana (n = 3.386.589; 88,1%), agredidas por perros (n = 3.281.190; 81,5%) y con mordidas (n = 3.575.717; 81,9%), principalmente en las manos y pies (n = 1.541.201; 35,3%). La conducta profiláctica más frecuente fue la observación y vacuna (n = 1.736.036; 44,2%). La conducta profiláctica fue adecuada en 57,8% (n = 2.169.689) e inadecuada en 42,2% (n = 1.582.411) de los casos. Conclusión: A pesar de las conductas profilácticas adecuadas, se observaron indicaciones inadecuadas que, cuando insuficientes, pueden resultar en casos de rabia humana y, cuando desnecesarias, desperdicios, incluso desabastecimiento de inmunobiológicos.


Objective: To analyze human anti-rabies post-exposure prophylaxis notifications in Brazil. Methods: This was a descriptive study using data from the Notifiable Diseases Information System in Brazil, from 2014 to 2019. Results: A total of 4,033,098 anti-rabies medical consultations were notified, averaging 672,183 a year. Percentage care was higher among males (n = 2,111,369; 52.4%), those under 19 years old (n = 1,423,433; 35.3%), living in urban areas (n = 3,386,589; 88.1%), attacked by dogs (n = 3,281,190; 81.5%) and bitten (n = 3,575,717; 81.9%), mainly on the hands and feet (n = 1,541,201; 35.3%). The most frequent prophylactic procedure was observation plus vaccination (n = 1,736,036; 44.2%). Prophylactic procedure was appropriate in 57.8% (n = 2,169,689) of cases and inappropriate in 42.2% (n = 1,582,411) of cases. Conclusion: Although there were appropriate prophylactic procedures, we also found procedures that were inappropriate and which, when insufficient, can result in cases of human rabies and, when unnecessary, can result in waste, including shortage of immunobiological products.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Rabies/therapy , Rabies/epidemiology , Post-Exposure Prophylaxis/statistics & numerical data , Bites and Stings/virology , Brazil/epidemiology , Rabies Vaccines/therapeutic use , Disease Notification , Neglected Diseases/epidemiology
16.
S. Afr. j. infect. dis. (Online) ; 37(1)2022. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1396122

ABSTRACT

Background: The National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICDs) of South Africa (SA) provides technical support to healthcare workers (HCWs) with regard to infectious diseases through the NICD clinician hotline. Queries to the hotline are often about rabies prophylaxis. An analysis of these queries may help to identify knowledge gaps amongst HCWs regarding prevention of rabies in humans in SA. Methods: A retrospective descriptive review was conducted to analyse rabies post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) queries received by the NICD from 01 January 2016 to 31 December 2019. Results: A total of 4655 queries were received by the NICD clinician hotline for the study period, of which 2461 pertained to rabies PEP (52.87%). The largest number of calls were placedby HCWs (n = 2313/2437; 94.9%). Queries originated mainly from Gauteng (n = 912/2443; 37.3%) and KwaZulu-Natal (n = 875/2443; 35.8%) provinces. A total of 50 different types of animals were related to exposures involving humans. Dogs (67.7%) and cats (11.8%) were the animals most frequently reported and exposure category III was most common (88.6%). Approximately equal numbers of callers were advised active management of administering rabies PEP and conservative management of withholding PEP. This did not seem to be affected by the exposure category related to the call. Conclusion: This analysis shows the ongoing demand by HCWs for technical support regarding patient management following potential exposure to rabies. Gaps in HCWs rabies knowledge provide unique learning points on guiding training to achieve the goal of eliminating dog-mediated human rabies deaths by 2030.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Rabies , Communicable Diseases , Post-Exposure Prophylaxis , Lyssavirus , Disease Transmission, Infectious
17.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 351-354, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935292

ABSTRACT

From 2011 to 2020, there were 111 213 cases of rabies exposed people recruited from the rabies immunization clinic of a hospital in Beijing. The monthly distribution of patients in each year was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The distribution of patients showed remarkable seasonality, with the exposure peak from May to October. The ratio of male to female was 1∶1.3. The majority of patients were aged 20-29 years old (39.1%) and in-service personnel (56.5%). Level-Ⅱ wounds (84.2%) were more common than level-Ⅲ wounds (14.9%). The number of visits to level-Ⅲwounds increased rapidly since 2017. The most common injured body part was hand (60.7%). Dogs were the most common animal for injuries (60.6%), followed by cats (32.3%), of which most were host animals (75.5%). The vaccination rate from 2016 to 2020 [49.8% (24 276/48 703)] was significantly higher than that from 2011 to 2015[18.6% (6 559/35 272)](χ²=8597.18, P<0.001).


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Female , Humans , Male , Ambulatory Care Facilities , Bites and Stings/epidemiology , Hospitals , Rabies/prevention & control , Rabies Vaccines/therapeutic use , Vaccination
18.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 38(5): 667-677, oct. 2021. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388300

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Las zoonosis son enfermedades transmitidas desde un hospedador animal al ser humano o viceversa. En Chile, las zoonosis de Notificación Obligatoria (NO) son: brucelosis, carbunco, triquinosis, hidatidosis, leptospirosis, dengue, enfermedad de Chagas, hantavirosis y rabia. OBJETIVO: Evaluar la tendencia y caracterizar la mortalidad por zoonosis de NO en Chile entre 1997-2018. METODOLOGÍA: Estudio ecológico de la mortalidad por zoonosis de NO. Se utilizaron bases de mortalidad y población oficiales. Se describió la mortalidad relativa, general y específica, según variables sociodemográficas. Se calcularon tasas de mortalidad anuales brutas (TMb) y ajustadas (TMa, método directo). Se evaluó la tendencia temporal con modelos de regresión de Prais-Winsten. Resultados: Entre 1997 y 2018 la mortalidad por zoonosis de NO correspondió al 0,12% (2.359 muertes) de la mortalidad total, siendo las principales causas la enfermedad de Chagas (59,8%), hidatidosis (23,9%) y hantavirosis (13,8%). La TMa general disminuyó significativamente (B: -0,017; IC95%: -0,024; -0,009) al igual que hidatidosis (B: -0,011; IC95%: -0,013; -0,008), sólo hantavirosis mostró un aumento (no significativo). CONCLUSIÓN: La mortalidad por zoonosis de NO disminuyó durante el período estudiado; solo la hantavirosis mostró un aumento en su tendencia. Se sugiere enfocar estrategias para prevenir la transmisibilidad y mortalidad por hanta, así como mejorar el acceso a tratamiento para las otras zoonosis.


BACKGROUND: Zoonoses are diseases transmitted from an animal host to humans or vice versa. In Chile, the zoonoses of mandatory notification are brucellosis, anthrax, trichinosis, hydatidosis, leptospirosis, dengue, Chagas disease, hantavirosis and rabies. AIM: To assess the trend and characterize the mortality from zoonoses of mandatory notification in Chile between 1997-2018. METHODS: An official mortality and population data were used. Relative, general and specific mortality rates were described according to sociodemographic variables. Crude and adjusted annual mortality rates (direct method) were calculated. Temporal trend was evaluated with the Prais-Winsten regression model. RESULTS: Between 1997 and 2018, the mortality rate due to zoonosis of mandatory notification corresponded to 0.13% (2152 deaths) of the total mortality, being Chagas disease (59.2%), hydatidosis (24.6%) and hantavirosis (13.5%) the main causes. The general adjusted mortality rate decreased significantly (B: -0.017; IC95%: -0.024; -0.009) as did hydatidosis (B: -0.011; IC95%: -0.013; -0.008), and only hantavirosis showed an increase trend (not significant). CONCLUSION: Mortality due to zoonoses decreased during the period; only hantavirosis showed an increasing trend. It is suggested to focus on strategies to prevent contagion and mortality by hantavirosis, as well as to improve access to treatment for the other zoonoses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Zoonoses/mortality , Rabies/mortality , Trichinellosis/mortality , Brucellosis/mortality , Chile/epidemiology , Chagas Disease/mortality , Hantavirus Infections/mortality , Disease Notification , Dengue/mortality , Echinococcosis/mortality , Ecological Studies
19.
Rev. cuba. salud pública ; 47(3)sept. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1409227

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las características epidemiológicas de los accidentes por mordeduras caninas y felinas han sido poco estudiados en el Perú. Objetivo: Determinar la frecuencia y los factores de riesgo asociados con las mordeduras caninas y felinas en Lima Metropolitana, durante el año 2016. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal en el Centro de Salud Control de Zoonosis, Lima-Perú. La muestra estuvo conformada por 2175 fichas de atenciones por mordeduras caninas y felinas. Las variables evaluadas fueron: paciente (edad, sexo, tipo de accidente), característica de las mordeduras (tipo de lesión y área anatómica, característica del animal agresor (especie, condición y hábito). Se calculó la frecuencia y el odds ratio (OR) para cada uno de los factores de riesgo influyentes con sus intervalos de confianza al 95 por ciento. Resultados: La frecuencia de mordeduras caninas fue del 93,79 por ciento (hombres 61,20 por ciento). El 59,30 por ciento de los gatos atacaron a mujeres. El 58,23 por ciento de las mordeduras de perros estuvieron localizadas en el miembro inferior (OR 8,02; IC: 4,95-12,29). El 83,70 por ciento de los gatos atacó en el miembro superior (OR 14,19; IC: 8,90-22,65). Los caninos y felinos causaron con mayor frecuencia lesiones únicas y superficiales. Conclusiones: Los factores de riesgos relacionados con las mordeduras varían según la especie agresora. Debido a la persistencia de casos, los programas de prevención deben estar enfocados en la educación de la población, con énfasis en los grupos más vulnerables(AU)


Introduction: The epidemiological characteristics of accidents by canine and feline bites have been little studied in Peru. Objective: Determine the frequency and risk factors associated with canine and feline bites in Lima Metropolitana, during 2016. Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study at the Zoonosis Control Health Center, in Lima, Peru. The sample consisted of 2175 attention sheets of canine and feline bites. The variables evaluated were: patient (age, sex, type of accident), characteristic of the bites (type of injury and anatomical area), and characteristic of the attacker animal (species, condition and habits). The frequency and odds ratio (OR) for each of the influential risk factors were calculated with their 95percent confidence intervals. Results: The frequency of canine bites was 93.79percent (men 61.20percent). 59.30percent of cats attacked women. 58.23percent of dog bites were located in the lower limbs (OR 8.02; IC: 4.95-12.29). 83.70percent of cats attacked in the upper limbs (OR 14.19; IC:8.90-22.65). Canines and felines most often caused unique and superficial lesions. Conclusions: Bite-related risk factors vary by attacker species. Due to the persistence of cases, prevention programmes should be focused on population education, with an emphasis on the most vulnerable groups(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cats , Dogs , Rabies , Bites and Stings/epidemiology , Cats , Risk Factors , Dogs , Peru , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
20.
San Salvador; MINSAL; jun. 10, 2021. 1 p. Algoritmo.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1255075

ABSTRACT

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Subject(s)
Rabies , Post-Exposure Prophylaxis
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