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Rev. méd. Maule ; 37(1): 47-52, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397625


Benign tumors of peripheral nerves called Schwannomas or neurilemomas, correspond to a rare pathology, represent 5% of all tumors of the upper extremity, and affects, mainly, the ulnar nerve. The incidence of Schwannoma in the literature for the radial nerve is not clearly established given the infrequency of its presentation, there are only reports of isolated cases The following publication presents the case of a male patient with a radial nerve schwannoma. Clinically, presents increased painful volume on palpation, well delimited, of soft consistency in the distal third of the right arm of 3 years of evolution, without history of previous trauma, without irradiation, or paresthesia, with preservation of motor and sensory function of radial, median and ulnar nerve. Considering that the involvement of the radial nerve is very low frequency, a review is carried out in PubMed, in the last 10 years, there are only 9 studies, grouped in case reports and imaging studies for diagnosis.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Peripheral Nervous System Neoplasms/surgery , Peripheral Nervous System Neoplasms/diagnosis , Radial Neuropathy , Biopsy , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Ultrasonography , Nerve Sheath Neoplasms/surgery , Nerve Sheath Neoplasms/diagnosis
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 36(1)abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | CUMED, LILACS | ID: biblio-1409042


Las fracturas de la diáfisis humeral son lesiones que se producen con frecuencia como parte de caídas o de accidentes de alta energía y se asocian con parálisis del nervio radial. Se presenta paciente de 43 años de edad, masculino, que sufre accidente automovilístico que le produce fractura diafisaria del húmero derecho multifragmentaria, por lo cual se le realiza reducción cerrada y osteosíntesis con clavo intramedular acerrojado y tratamiento conservador para la parálisis radial. La evolución fue satisfactoria, el paciente se recuperó de la parálisis a los 4 meses y logró la consolidación completa a los 5 meses. Tras un año de evolución no presenta dolor en el hombro, y tiene movilidad completa del hombro, muñeca y dedos a la extensión(AU)

Diaphyseal fracture of humerus are frequent lesions, resulting from falls or high energy accidents; they are associated to radial nerve palsy. We report the case of a 43 years old male patient, who suffered a multifragment diaphyseal fracture of his right humerus, as a result of a car accident. He underwent a closed reduction and osteosynthesis using a locking intramedullary nail for the radial paralysis. His evolution was satisfactory; this patient recovered from the paralysis after four months and he managed full consolidation five months later. After a year, he did not have any pain in his shoulder, he has full mobility of his shoulder, wrist and fingers when extendind(AU)

Humans , Male , Adult , Diaphyses/injuries , Radial Neuropathy/complications , Humeral Fractures/diagnosis , Accidents, Traffic
Rev.chil.ortop.traumatol. ; 63(1): 70-74, apr.2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1436039


La parálisis radial neonatal aislada (PRNA) es un cuadro clínico infrecuente que debe distinguirse de otras entidades más frecuentes, como la parálisis braquial obstétrica (PBO). Debemos sospechar una PRNA en neonatos que presentan incapacidad para la extensión de muñeca y de dedos, pero mantienen intacta la función del deltoides, del bíceps, y del tríceps, así como la flexión de muñeca y de dedos. Mientras la PBO tiene una evolución clínica variable dependiendo de la extensión de la lesión neurológica, la PRNA presenta una resolución espontánea, independientemente del grado de afectación inicial. Presentamos el caso de un recién nacido con PRNA cuyo diagnóstico inicial fue de PBO.

Isolated radial nerve palsy (IRNP) in the newborn is a rare clinical condition that must be distinguished from entities that are more common, such brachial plexus birth palsy (BPBP). It should be suspected in newborns presenting with absent wrist and digital extension but intact deltoid, biceps, and triceps function, as well as wrist and digital flexor function. Whereas BPBP is highly variable depending on the extent of the neurological involvement, IRNP resolves spontaneously, regardless of the severity of the initial presentation. We herein present a case of newborn with IRNP whose initial diagnosis was of BPBP.

Humans , Male , Infant, Newborn , Radial Neuropathy/diagnosis , Radial Neuropathy/rehabilitation , Physical Therapy Modalities
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1392488


Se presenta el caso de un hombre de 57 años que consulta por parálisis alta del nervio radial, con dolor y prueba de Tinel positiva en la cara lateral del brazo dominante, de inicio súbito, luego de grandes esfuerzos musculares repetitivos, sin mejoría clínica al tercer mes de evolución. Se realizó un tratamiento quirúrgico descompresivo. El paciente tuvo una rápida recuperación a partir del séptimo día, y remisión completa a los 25 días de la cirugía. Conclusión: El atrapamiento del nervio radial en el brazo es un cuadro poco frecuente. Según los estudios publicados, la evolución clínica es variada, pero si no hay remisión o la evolución de la parálisis no es favorable en 3 meses, creemos que la cirugía es el tratamiento de elección. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

We present the case of a 57-year-old male patient who consulted for high radial nerve palsy, with pain and positive Tinel test on the lateral side of the dominant arm, of sudden onset after great repetitive muscular efforts, without clinical improvement after three months of evolution. A decompressive surgical treatment was performed, presenting a rapid recovery since the 7th day and full recovery after 25 postoperative days. Conclusion: The entrapment of the radial nerve in the arm is a rare pathology and its clinical presentation may vary. We consider that in the face of no remission or favorable evolution of paralysis within the first three months of conservative treatment, surgery should be performed. Level of Evidence: IV

Middle Aged , Apraxias , Arm , Radial Neuropathy
Rev. medica electron ; 43(5): 1445-1455, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352124


RESUMEN La parálisis del nervio radial producida por lesiones a nivel del brazo es considerada una parálisis alta, y se caracteriza por presentar la muñeca y los dedos flexionados y el pulgar en aducción con imposibilidad para la extensión de los mismos (muñeca y dedos). Todos los autores coinciden en que, para la extensión de la muñeca, el músculo de elección a transferir es el pronador redondo para el segundo radial. Sin embargo, hay diversidad de criterios sobre la utilización del palmar mayor o del cubital anterior para el extensor común de los dedos, y del palmar menor para el extensor largo del pulgar. Se presentó el caso de un paciente de 31 años de edad, con antecedente de accidente de tránsito y diagnóstico de parálisis radial alta de 18 meses de evolución, en el que se decide tratamiento quirúrgico utilizando el músculo cubital anterior después de una rehabilitación exitosa, obteniéndose excelentes resultados (AU).

ABSTRACT The radial nerve paralysis produced by lesions at the level of the arm is considered a high paralysis, and is characterized by presenting the wrist and fingers flexed and the thumb in adduction with impossibility of extending them (wrist and fingers). All consulted authors agree that, for wrist extension, the elective muscle to transfer is the round pronator for the second radial. However, there are different criteria on the use of the palmar major or anterior ulnar for the common finger extender, and the palmar minor for the long thumb extender. We presented the case of a 31-year-old patient, with a history of traffic accident and diagnosis of 18-month high radial paralysis, in which surgical treatment using the anterior ulnar muscle after a successful rehabilitation was decided, obtaining excellent results (AU).

Humans , Male , Tendon Transfer/methods , Radial Neuropathy/surgery , Quality of Life , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Tendon Transfer/rehabilitation , Radial Neuropathy/diagnosis
Rev. méd. Maule ; 36(2): 34-43, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344612


Pain located in the lateral aspect of the elbow is a common cause of consultation in the trauma consultation. The most common cause is "lateral epicondylitis," however there are several differential diagnoses that may require different management. There is a case of radial tunnel syndrome secondary to extrinsic compression, with an emphasis on its diagnosis and surgical technique.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/diagnosis , Radial Neuropathy/surgery , Radial Neuropathy/diagnosis , Nerve Compression Syndromes , Radial Nerve , Synovial Cyst/surgery , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Combined Modality Therapy , Elbow , Elbow Joint , Pain Management , Injections, Intra-Articular , Neurologic Examination/methods
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(1): 27-32, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092685


Abstract Objective The purpose of the present study was to analyze the structures in the radial tunnel that can cause posterior interosseous nerve entrapment. Methods A total of 30 members of 15 adult cadavers prepared by intra-arterial injection of a 10% solution of glycerol and formalin were dissected. All were male, belonging to the laboratory of anatomy of this institution. Results The branch for the supinator muscle originated from the posterior interosseous nerve in all limbs. We identified the Frohse arcade with a well-developed fibrous constitution in 22 of the 30 dissected limbs (73%) and of muscular constitution in 8 (27%). The distal margin of the supinator muscle presented fibrous consistency in 7 of the 30 limbs (23.5%) and muscular appearance in 23 (76.5%). In the proximal margin of the extensor carpi radialis brevis muscle, we identified the fibrous arch in 18 limbs (60%); in 9 (30%) we noticed the arcade of muscular constitution; in 3 (10%) there was only the radial insertion, so that it did not form the arcade. Conclusion The Frohse arcade and the arcade formed by the origins of the extensor carpi radialis brevis are normal anatomical structures in adult cadavers. However, from the clinical point of view, these structures have the potential to cause entrapment of the posterior interosseous nerve.

Resumo Objetivo O objetivo do presente estudo foi analisar as estruturas contidas no túnel radial que podem causar neuropatia compressiva do nervo interósseo posterior. Métodos Foram dissecados 30 membros de 15 cadáveres adultos, preparados por injeção intra-arterial de uma solução de glicerina e formol a 10%. Todos do sexo masculino, pertencentes ao laboratório de anatomia desta instituição. Resultados O ramo para o músculo supinador originou-se do nervo interósseo posterior em todos os membros. Identificamos a arcada de Frohse com uma constituição fibrosa bem desenvolvida em 22 dos 30 membros dissecados (73%) e de constituição muscular em 8 (23%) A margem distal do músculo supinador apresentou consistência fibrosa em 7 dos 30 membros (23,5%) e uma aparência muscular em 23 (76,5%). Na margem proximal do músculo extensor radial curto do carpo, identificamos a arcada fibrosa em 18 membros (60%); em 9 (30%), notamos a arcada de constituição muscular; e em três (10%) havia apenas a inserção radial, de maneira que não formava a arcada. Conclusão A arcada de Frohse e a arcada formada pelas origens do músculo extensor radial curto do carpo são estruturas anatômicas normais em cadáveres adultos. No entanto, sob o ponto de vista clínico, essas estruturas têm potencial para causar a compressão do nervo interósseo posterior.

Radial Nerve , Cadaver , Radial Neuropathy , Anatomy , Nerve Compression Syndromes
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine ; : 601-608, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716538


OBJECTIVE: To determine a diagnostic cut-off value for the cross-sectional area (CSA) of the radial nerve using ultrasonography for radial neuropathy located at the spiral groove (SG). METHODS: Seventeen patients with electrodiagnostic evidence of radial neuropathy at the SG and 30 healthy controls underwent ultrasonography of the radial nerve at the SG . The CSAs at the SG were compared in the patient and control groups. The CSA at the SG between the symptomatic and asymptomatic sides (ΔSx–Asx and Sx/Asx, respectively) were analyzed to obtain the optimal cut-off value. The relationship between the electrophysiological severity of radial neuropathy and CSA was also evaluated. RESULTS: Among the variables examined, there were statistically significant differences in the CSA between the patient and control groups, ΔSx–Asx, and Sx/Asx at the SG. In a receiver operating characteristics analysis, the cut-off CSA was 5.75 mm² at the SG (sensitivity 52.9%, specificity 90%), 1.75 mm² for ΔSx–Asx (sensitivity 58.8%, specificity 100%), and 1.22 mm² for Sx/Asx (sensitivity 70.6%, specificity 93.3%) in diagnosing radial neuropathy at the SG. There was no significant correlation between CSA and electrophysiological severity score for either patient group. CONCLUSION: The reference value obtained for CSA of the radial nerve at the SG may facilitate investigation of radial nerve pathologies at the SG.

Humans , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Radial Nerve , Radial Neuropathy , Reference Values , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Ultrasonography
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 30-32, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-105736


Cryolipolysis has become available for the noninvasive reduction of adipose tissue. A 33-year-old woman presented with wrist drop of the right arm that had first appeared 7 days previously. She had undergone cryolipolysis on both upper arms immediately prior to the onset of symptoms. A nerve conduction study showed radial neuropathy proximal to the elbow, and ultrasonography revealed focal swelling of the radial nerve at the spiral groove. Although cryolipolysis has been known as a safe method, nerve injury can result from compression and/or hypothermia during the procedure.

Adult , Female , Humans , Adipose Tissue , Arm , Elbow , Hypothermia , Lipolysis , Methods , Neural Conduction , Radial Nerve , Radial Neuropathy , Ultrasonography , Wrist
Anesthesia and Pain Medicine ; : 103-110, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-28780


The reported cases of upper limb nerve injury followed by needle procedure such as intramuscular injection or routine venipuncture are rare. However, it should not be overlooked, because neurological injury may cause not only minor transient pain but also severe sensory disturbance, hand deformity and motor dysfunction with poor recovery. Recognizing competent level of anatomy and adept skill of needle placement are crucial in order to prevent this complication. If a patient notices any experience of abnormal pain or paresthesia during the needle procedures, an administrator should be alert to the possibility of nerve injury and should withdraw the needle immediately. Careful monitoring of the injection site for hours is required for early detection of nerve injury.

Humans , Administrative Personnel , Catheterization, Peripheral , Hand Deformities , Injections, Intramuscular , Median Neuropathy , Needles , Paresthesia , Peripheral Nerve Injuries , Phlebotomy , Radial Neuropathy , Ulnar Neuropathies , Upper Extremity
Journal of the Korean Medical Association ; : 958-962, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-158099


Radial nerve entrapment or compression in the upper extremity is relatively rare compared to medial nerve or ulnar nerve entrapment and compression. Various syndrome types are defined according to the location of radial nerve entrapment and the pattern of symptom expression. In the upper arm, Saturday night palsy or honeymoon palsy occurs. Around the elbow, posterior interosseous nerve entrapment syndrome, which involves pure motor symptoms, and radial tunnel syndrome, which mainly involves pain symptoms, can develop. Finally, superficial radial nerve entrapment occurs in the distal forearm and has the symptom of painful or abnormal sensory disturbances of the hand. Conservative treatment is usually the first choice for radial nerve neuropathy, unless there is motor paralysis. Surgical treatment can be considered if there is no improvement after adequate conservative treatment.

Arm , Elbow , Forearm , Hand , Nerve Compression Syndromes , Paralysis , Radial Nerve , Radial Neuropathy , Ulnar Nerve Compression Syndromes , Upper Extremity
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 161-168, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-221731


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Numbness on the hand occurs infrequently after a transradial cardiac catheterization (TRC). The symptom resembles that of neuropathy. We, therefore, investigated the prevalence, the predicting factors and the presence of neurological abnormalities of numbness, using a nerve conduction study (NCS). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: From April to December 2013, all patients who underwent a TRC were prospectively enrolled. From among these, the patients who experienced numbness on the ipsilateral hand were instructed to describe their symptoms using a visual analogue scale; subsequently, NCSs were performed on these patients. RESULTS: Of the total 479 patients in the study sample, numbness occurred in nine (1.8%) following the procedure. The NCS was performed for eight out of the nine patients, four (50%) of which had an abnormal NCS result at the superficial radial nerve. A larger sheath and history of myocardial infarction (p=0.14 and 0.08 respectively) tended towards the occurrence of numbness; however, only the use of size 7 French sheaths was an independent predictor for the occurrence of numbness (odds ratio: 5.50, 95% confidence interval: 1.06-28.58, p=0.042). The symptoms disappeared for all patients but one, within four months. CONCLUSION: A transient injury of the superficial radial nerve could be one reason for numbness after a TRC. A large sheath size was an independent predictor of numbness; therefore, large sized sheaths should be used with caution when performing a TRC.

Humans , Cardiac Catheterization , Cardiac Catheters , Hand , Hypesthesia , Myocardial Infarction , Neural Conduction , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Radial Nerve , Radial Neuropathy
Archives of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery ; : 160-164, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-93263


Among autologous breast reconstruction techniques, breast reconstruction using the latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous flap is widely used, offering advantages including the relative simplicity of the procedure and the reliable and consistent vascularity of the flap. Accordingly, more than 500 cases have been performed in the past 8 years at Kyungpook National University Medical Center. This study reports on a rare case involving a radial nerve neuropathy complication which was experienced for the first time at the medical center. The current case demonstrates that in addition to common complications, such as seroma of the donor site and scarring, additional intraoperative complications in areas unrelated to the surgical site can occur, including radial nerve neuropathy in the opposite arm.

Female , Humans , Academic Medical Centers , Arm , Breast , Cicatrix , Intraoperative Complications , Mammaplasty , Myocutaneous Flap , Paralysis , Radial Nerve , Radial Neuropathy , Seroma , Superficial Back Muscles , Tissue Donors
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 217-220, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235744


<p><b>PURPOSE</b>Fractures of the humeral shaft are common and account for 3%-5% of all orthopedic injuries. This study aims to estimate the incidence of radial nerve palsy and its outcome when the anterior approach is employed and to analyze the predictive factors.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The study was performed in the department of orthopaedics unit of a tertiary care trauma referral center. Patients who underwent surgery for acute fractures and nonunions of humerus shaft through an anterior approach from January 2007 to December 2012 were included. We retrospectively analyzed medical records, including radiographs and discharge summaries, demographic data, surgical procedures prior to our index surgery, AO fracture type and level of fracture or nonunion, experience of the operating surgeon, time of the day when surgery was performed, and radial nerve palsy with its recovery condition. The level of humerus shaft fracture or nonunion was divided into upper third, middle third and lower third. Irrespective of prior surgeries done elsewhere, the first surgery done in our institute through an anterior approach was considered as the index surgery and subsequent surgical exposures were considered as secondary procedures.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of 85 patients included, 19 had preoperative radial nerve palsy. Eleven (16%) patients developed radial nerve palsy after our index procedure. Surgeons who have two or less than two years of surgical experience were 9.2 times more likely to induce radial nerve palsy (p=0.002). Patients who had surgery between 8 p.m. and 8 a.m. were about 8 times more likely to have palsy (p=0.004). The rest risk factor is AO type A fractures, whose incidence of radial nerve palsy was 1.3 times as compared with type B fractures (p =0.338). For all the 11 patients, one was lost to follow-up and the others recovered within 6 months.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Contrary to our expectations, secondary procedures and prior multiple surgeries with failed implants and poor soft tissue were not predictive factors of postoperative deficit. From our study, we also conclude that radial nerve recovery can be reasonably expected in all patients with a postoperative palsy following the anterolateral approach.</p>

Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Fractures, Ununited , General Surgery , Humeral Fractures , General Surgery , Incidence , Postoperative Complications , Epidemiology , Radial Neuropathy , Epidemiology , Retrospective Studies
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 331-334, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289860


Objective To evaluate the diagnostic value of high-frequency ultrasound in the diagnosis of supinator syndrome (SD). Methods Ten patients with supinator syndrome (SD group) and 20 healthy volunteers (control group) underwent ultrasonographic examination. Axial and long-axis views of the radial nerve were taken where the nerves enters the supinator muscle entrance. The maximum transverse diameter and anteroposterior diameter were also measured. Results High-frequency ultrasound clearly revealed the images and course of radial nerve deep branch in two groups. The SD group had swollen nerves and the maximum transverse diameter and anteroposterior diameter were (3.50?0.39)mm and (4.30?0.47)mm,respectively,which were significantly larger than in the control group [(1.10?0.17)mm,t=-29.67,P=0.00;(1.00?0.16)mm,t=-36.72,P=0.00). The causes (including synovial cyst nearby and radial artery recurrent branch) of nerve entrapment were revealed directly in 4 patients in SD group. Conclusions High-frequency ultrasound can clearly display the radial nerve deep branch around the elbow joint. SD patients have swollen nerves at the entrance of the supinator muscle,where the diameters of these nerves are abnormally enlarged.

Humans , Case-Control Studies , Elbow Joint , Diagnostic Imaging , Healthy Volunteers , Nerve Compression Syndromes , Diagnostic Imaging , Radial Nerve , Diagnostic Imaging , Radial Neuropathy , Diagnostic Imaging , Ultrasonography
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 80(3): 158-163, sept. 2015.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-768065


Introducción: El síndrome del túnel radial es un cuadro que se debe al atrapamiento intermitente del nervio interóseo posterior entre la masa superficial y profunda del músculo supinador corto y estructuras adyacentes, como vasos y fascias. El propósito de este trabajo fue identificar las estructuras anatómicas que producían la eventual compresión, establecer y comunicar las diferencias en cuanto a la percepción subjetiva del dolor antes de la liberación del nervio interóseo posterior en el túnel radial y después de ella. Materiales y Métodos: Entre 2009 y 2014, 17 pacientes fueron sometidos a cirugía mediante liberación del nervio interóseo posterior. Se utilizó la vía de abordaje entre el primer radial externo y el supinador largo. Se evaluó a los pacientes mediante la escala analógica visual para intensidad del dolor antes de la cirugía y a las 6 semanas, y según los criterios funcionales de Roles y Maudsley. Resultados: Las causas de compresión del nervio interóseo posterior fueron: banda fibrosa (arcada de Frõhse) (7 casos), vasos recurrentes (4 casos), compresión por la masa del fascículo superficial del supinador corto (2 casos) y compresión por tendón del segundo radial externo (4 casos). Los resultados fueron excelentes (4 pacientes), buenos (10 pacientes) y regulares (3 pacientes). Los pacientes atendidos a través de la Aseguradora de Riesgos de Trabajo obtuvieron peores resultados que aquellos fuera de este sistema. Conclusiones: El síndrome del túnel radial es una patología que debe ser tenida en cuenta ante un cuadro de epicondilalgia lateral resistente al tratamiento; tiene una incidencia marcada en pacientes con conflicto laboral, lo que puede sesgar el resultado terapéutico final. Nivel de evidencia: IV.

Introduction: Radial tunnel syndrome is a condition secondary to the intermittent entrapment of the posterior interosseous nerve between superficial and deep mass of short supinator adjacent structures, such as vessels and fascias. The purpose of this study was to identify the anatomical structures that produce the eventual compression, to establish and communicate the differences in the subjective pain perception before and after the release of the posterior interosseous nerve in the radial tunnel. Methods: Between 2009 and 2014, 17 patients underwent surgical treatment by posterior interosseous nerve release. We used the approach between the first external radial and brachioradialis. Patients were assessed by visual analogue scale for pain intensity before surgery and at week 6, and according to the Roles and Maudsley functional criteria. Results: The causes of posterior interosseous nerve compression were fibrous band of short supinator (arcade of Frohse) (7 cases), recurrent vessels (4 cases), compression by the mass of the superficial portion of the short supinator muscle (2 cases) and secondary compression by extensor carpi radialis brevis tendon (4 cases). Results were excellent (4 patients), good (10 patients) and fair (3 patients). Patients treated through the Labor Risk Insurance had worse outcomes than those who were not covered by this system. Conclusions: Radial tunnel syndrome is a condition that must be taken into account when there is refractory lateral epicondylalgia. This disease has a marked effect in patients with labor conflict, which may bias the outcome of treatment. Level of evidence: IV.

Adult , Middle Aged , Elbow Joint/pathology , Decompression, Surgical , Radial Nerve/surgery , Radial Neuropathy/surgery , Radial Neuropathy/diagnosis , Nerve Compression Syndromes/surgery , Nerve Compression Syndromes/diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Pain , Treatment Outcome
Journal of Clinical Neurology ; : 178-182, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-152499


BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to determine diagnostic and prognostic values of proximal radial motor conduction in acute compressive radial neuropathy. METHODS: Thirty-nine consecutive cases of acute compressive radial neuropathy with radial conduction studies-including stimulation at Erb's point-performed within 14 days from clinical onset were reviewed. The radial conduction data of 39 control subjects were used as reference data. RESULTS: Thirty-one men and eight women (age, 45.2+/-12.7 years, mean+/-SD) were enrolled. All 33 patients in whom clinical follow-up data were available experienced complete recovery, with a recovery time of 46.8+/-34.3 days. Partial conduction block was found frequently (17 patients) on radial conduction studies. The decrease in the compound muscle action potential area between the arm and Erb's point was an independent predictor for recovery time. CONCLUSIONS: Proximal radial motor conduction appears to be a useful method for the early detection and prediction of prognosis of acute compressive radial neuropathy.

Female , Humans , Male , Action Potentials , Arm , Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Prognosis , Radial Neuropathy
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 175-177, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-358870


Neurapraxia frequently occurs following traction injury to the nerve intraoperatively, leading to radial nerve palsy which usually recovers in 5-30 weeks. In our case, we had operated a distal one-third of humeral shaft fracture and fixed it with 4.5 mm limited contact dynamic compression plate. The distal neurovascular status of the limb was assessed postoperatively in the recovery room and was found to be intact and all the sensory-motor functions of the radial nerve were normal. On the second postoperative day, following the suction drain removal and dressing, patient developed immediate radial nerve palsy along with wrist drop. We reviewed the literature and found no obvious cause for the nerve palsy and concluded that it was due to traction injury to the radial nerve while removing the suction drain in negative pressure.

Adult , Female , Humans , Humeral Fractures , General Surgery , Postoperative Complications , Radial Neuropathy