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1.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 41(1): 15-20, mar. 2021. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178270

ABSTRACT

Introducción: los estudios por imágenes (EPI) son de gran ayuda para el diagnóstico clínico, pero su uso irracional puede ocasionar daños. Objetivos: relevar las percepciones y expectativas sobre estudios por imágenes pediátricos en un grupo de padres de niños sanos. Evaluar los datos obtenidos en relación con el registro de EPI solicitados por Guardia durante el mismo período. Materiales y métodos: estudio exploratorio, descriptivo, cuali-cuantitativo mediante una encuesta en una muestra por conveniencia en un centro pediátrico ambulatorio, a lo largo de dos meses. Análisis retrospectivo de solicitud de EPI en el registro informatizado de historias clínicas de Guardia durante el mismo período. Resultados: respondieron 243 padres. El 93,4% refirió conocer métodos de EPI (la radiografía[Rx] fue el más conocido). Se había realizado al menos un EPI al 83,4% de los niños en los últimos doce meses. El estudio fue explicado en forma clara en el 96,4% de los casos. Un 47,7% de los padres refirieron conocer las consecuencias del uso repetitivo de EPI. El 81,6% acordó con que "ante cualquier traumatismo se debe realizar Rx para descartar fractura". Más del 60% consideró que debe realizarse Rx de tórax a todo niño con tos sin fiebre o con fiebre de más de dos días y 55% solicitarían Rx de senos paranasales si el niño elimina mocos verdes. El 49,8% opinó que los médicos piden EPI de menos (por falta de recursos, para trabajar menos o para ahorrar dinero). Durante el período estudiado se solicitó una radiografía al 5% de los pacientes que consultaron por Guardia; no se encontró justificación para solicitar el estudio en el 29% de los casos. Conclusión: un gran porcentaje de padres conoce los EPI; sin embargo, desconocen los riesgos asociados a su uso. Existen errores de concepto que generan expectativas desmedidas con respecto a la indicación de Rx. Se informó un exceso en las solicitudes de EPI por Guardia. Los padres consideran que los médicos solicitan EPI de menos. (AU)


Introduction: ediatric radiologic exams (PRE) are of great value for clinicians. It's over or misuse can lead to irreparable damage that can be prevented. Objective: to describe perceptions and expectations for the use of PRE among healthy children`s parents in an ambulatory center. To analyze these results in relation to the report of PRE performed in the emergency room during the same period. Methods: observational, cross sectional, quali- quantitative study using a survey on a convenience sample conducted in an outpatient pediatric center over a two months period. Retrospective analysis of medical records to evaluate PRE requested on the ER during the 2 months of the study. Results: 243 parents completed the survey. 93,4% were familiar with PRE (X-rays being the most popular among them). 83,4% of children in our sample had at least one PRE in the past 12 months. The need and utility of the study had been explained to the parents clearly in 96,4% of cases. 47,7% of parents knew about the side effects associated with repetitive use of PRE. 81,6% agreed with the statement "in the event that a child should suffer any trauma, an X-Ray should be performed to look for fractures". Over 60% think a chest X ray has to be obtained if the child has fever for over 48 hours and 55% would expect an X ray to be performed whenever a child has green nasal discharge. 49,8% respondents think that doctors order less than necessary (for lack of resources, unwillingness to work in or to save money). The analysis of clinical reports showed that X-Rays were performed to 5% of children at the emergency clinic. Among them, we found no reason for the study in 29% of the cases. Conclusion: we found that parents were very familiar with PRE, however less than half our sample knew of the potential risks related to their use. There are considerable misconceptions among parents regarding X-Ray use. Parents considered that doctors order too little PRE. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Pediatrics/statistics & numerical data , Diagnostic Imaging/statistics & numerical data , Argentina , Radiation Injuries/etiology , Radiation, Ionizing , X-Rays , Diagnostic Imaging/adverse effects , Radiography/statistics & numerical data , Risk , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922127

ABSTRACT

Radiation therapy plays a significant role in the integrated treatment for patients with pelvic malignancies, but may lead to radiation-induced rectal injury in some patients, which may affect their physical health and quality of life negatively. Patients with radiation-induced rectal injury are often complicated with pelvic multi-organ injury. Collaborative, multidisciplinary evaluation of pelvic injuries should be highlighted in clinical practices, including clinical, endoscopic, radiological and histopathologic evaluation. To determine the overall treatment strategy and develop individualized treatment strategy, it is necessary to assess the oncologic prognosis, severity and stage of radiation-induced rectal injury and clinical classification using different rating scales. Considering that the disease is self-limiting, non-surgical treatment should be performed for patients with early lesions, while surgical interventions should be performed as soon as possible for patients with severe complications. In terms of prevention of radiation-induced rectal injury, prevention should be targeted for patients at high risk of radiation-induced rectal injury through technique improvement, physical protection and drug prevention. This consensus aims to provide guidance for the clinical practice of radiation-induced rectal injury in China.


Subject(s)
China , Consensus , Humans , Quality of Life , Radiation Injuries/therapy , Rectum
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878416

ABSTRACT

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most frequent tumour in head and neck malignant. The current treatment is mainly based on surgery therapy, radiation therapy and chemical therapy. Meanwhile, there are many a defect in the treatment. For example, there are many defects in radiotherapy. Radioactive salivatitis is the most common. In addition, there are a series of changes such as dry mouth, oral mucositis, rampant dental caries, and radioactive osteomyelitis of jaw, which cause swallowing, chewing problems, and taste dysfunction. Currently, the research on radioactive salivatitis is progressing rapidly, but its mechanism is more complication. This paper review aims to summarize the research progress in this field.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Dental Caries , Head and Neck Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Humans , Mouth Neoplasms , Radiation Injuries , Salivary Glands , Xerostomia/etiology
4.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(6): 728-731, June 2020.
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136289

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Voluminous tumors represent a challenge in radiation oncology, particularly when surgical resection is not possible. Lattice radiotherapy (LTR) is a technique that may provide equivalent or superior clinical response in the management of large tumors while limiting toxicity to adjacent normal tissues. LRT can precisely deliver inhomogeneous high doses of radiation to different areas within the gross tumor volumes (GTV). The dosimetric characteristic of LTR is defined by the ratio of the valley dose (lower doses - cold spots) and the peak doses, also called vertex (higher doses - hot spots), or the valley-to-peak dose ratio. The valley-to-peak ratio thereby quantifies the degree of spatial fractionation. LRT delivers high doses of radiation without exceeding the tolerance of adjacent critical structures. Radiobiological experiments support the role of radiation-induced bystander effects, vascular alterations, and immunologic interactions in areas subject to low dose radiation. The technological advancements continue to expand in Radiation Oncology, bringing new safety opportunities of treatment for bulky lesions.


RESUMO Tumores volumosos representam um desafio para a radio-oncologia, em especial quando a ressecção cirúrgica não é possível. A radioterapia com técnica Latisse (LTR) pode gerar resposta clínica equivalente ou superior ao tratamento convencional de grandes tumores, limitando a toxicidade nos tecidos normais adjacentes. A LRT pode fornecer com precisão altas doses não homogêneas de radiação em diferentes áreas do volume tumoral (GTV). A característica dosimétrica da LTR é definida pela razão entre a dose na região do vale (doses mais baixas - pontos frios) e as doses de pico, também chamadas de vértice (doses mais altas - pontos quentes) ou a razão da dose vale/pico. Dessa forma, a razão vale/pico quantifica o grau de fracionamento espacial da entrega de dose. A LRT entrega, dessa forma, altas doses de radiação sem exceder a tolerância de estruturas críticas adjacentes. Experimentos radiobiológicos suportam o chamado "efeito espectador" induzido por radiação, o qual promove alterações vasculares e interações imunológicas, levando à resposta tumoral mesmo em áreas expostas a baixas doses de radiação. Os avanços tecnológicos continuam a se expandir na radio-oncologia, trazendo, por meio da LTR, uma nova oportunidade segura de tratamento para lesões volumosas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Radiotherapy , Immunotherapy , Neoplasms/therapy , Radiation Injuries , Radiotherapy Dosage , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted , Dose Fractionation, Radiation , Immunomodulation
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879923

ABSTRACT

Radiation-induced lung injury (RILI), including acute radiation pneumonitis and chronic radiation-induced pulmonary fibrosis (RIPF), is a side effect of radiotherapy for lung cancer and esophageal cancer. Pulmonary macrophages, as a kind of natural immune cells maintaining lung homeostasis, play a key role in the whole pathological process of RILI. In the early stage of RILI, classically activated M1 macrophages secrete proinflammatory cytokines to induce inflammation and produce massive reactive oxygen species (ROS) through ROS-induced cascade to further impair lung tissue. In the later stage of RILI, alternatively activated M2 macrophages secrete profibrotic cytokines to promote the development of RIPF. The roles of macrophage in the pathogenesis of RILI and the related potential clinical applications are summarized in this review.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung/radiation effects , Lung Injury/physiopathology , Macrophages/metabolism , Radiation Injuries , Radiation Pneumonitis/etiology , Radiotherapy/adverse effects
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826348

ABSTRACT

Radioactive enteritis(RE)is one of the most serious and common complications of intestinal tract caused by radiotherapy for malignant tumors in abdominal cavity,pelvic cavity,or retroperitoneum.Involved intestinal diseases are widespread,complex,and persistent,which make treatment difficult and ineffective.Short bowel syndrome can develop in some serious cases.Gut flora is the largest and most complex micro-ecosystem in human body and has a wide range of functions.Studies have shown that intestinal flora plays an important role in radiation-induced RE.This article summarizes recent research advances in the relationship between RE and gut flora.


Subject(s)
Ecosystem , Enteritis , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Humans , Neoplasms , Probiotics , Radiation Injuries
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828912

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the protective effect of vitamin E (VE) against radiation injury of hippocampal neurons in mice and explore the possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Cultured HT-22 and U251 cells with or without exposure to 8 Gy irradiation were treated with VE (200 μmol/L for 24 h), ferroptosis inhibitor (ferrostatin-1, 5 μmol/L for 24 h), apoptosis inhibitor (ZVAD-FMK, 2 μmol/L), or necroptosis inhibitor (100 μmol/L). MTT assay was used to evaluate the cell viability after the treatments, and reduced glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA), lipid reactive oxygen species (lipid ROS), and intracellular iron ion levels were detected for assessment of ferroptosis. The mice exposed to 16 Gy irradiation with or without vitamin E (500 U/kg) treatment for 6 weeks were assessed for behavioral changes and cognitive functions using Morris water maze test.@*RESULTS@#Treatment with VE significantly promoted the cell survival following irradiation in HT-22 cells ( < 0.05) but not in U251 cells ( > 0.05). Ferrostatin-1, but not ZVAD or the necroptosis inhibitor, promoted the survival of HT-22 cells following the irradiation. Exposure to irradiation significantly increased ferroptosis-related oxidative stress level in HT-22 cells, manifested by decreased GSH level and increased MDA, lipid ROS and intracellular iron ion levels ( < 0.05); treatment with VE and ferrostatin-1 both obviously reversed radiation-induced ferroptosis-related oxidative stress in the cells ( < 0.05). In Morris water maze test, the mice with radiation exposure showed obviously increased exploration time and distance ( < 0.05), which were significantly decreased after treatment with VE ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Vitamin E reduces radiation injury by inhibiting ferroptosis in the hippocampal neurons in mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ferroptosis , Hippocampus , Mice , Neurons , Radiation Injuries , Vitamin E
8.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(7): 992-997, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136298

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Our aim is to determine whether radiation affects the endothelial function of hospital staff working in the radiation unit for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. We have evaluated endothelial function with vascular imaging parameters such as flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) and aortic stiffness index (ASI). METHODS A total of 75 employees, 35 of whom are exposed to radiation due to their profession and 40 as the control group, were included in our single-centered study. Demographic data, FMD, aortic stiffness, and echocardiographic findings of the two groups were compared. RESULTS There were no significant differences in demographic data. Median FMD values tended to be lower in the radiation exposure group [7.89 (2.17-21.88) vs. 11.69 (5.13-27.27) p=0.09]. The FMD value was significantly lower in the catheter laboratory group than in the radiation-exposed (p=0.034) and control (p=0.012) groups. However, there was no statistically significant difference between the non-catheter lab radiation exposed group and the control group (p=0.804). In addition, there was no statistically significant difference in the ASI value between the groups (p=0.201). CONCLUSION We have found that FMD is decreased among hospital staff working in radiation-associated areas. This may be an early marker for radiation-induced endothelial dysfunction.


RESUMO OBJETIVO O nosso objetivo é determinar se a radiação afeta a função endotelial de funcionários do hospital que trabalham em unidades com exposição à radiação para fins diagnósticos e terapêuticos. Avaliamos a função endotelial com parâmetros de imagens vasculares, tais como dilatação fluxo-mediada (FMD) e o índice de rigidez aórtica (ASI). METODOLOGIA Um total de 75 funcionários, 35 expostos à radiação devido à sua ocupação e 40 como grupo de controle, foram incluídos em nosso estudo monocêntrico. Os dados demográficos, de FMD, rigidez aórtica e ecocardiográficos dos dois grupos foram comparados. RESULTADOS Não houve diferenças significativas nos dados demográficos. Os valores médios de FMD, em geral, foram mais baixos no grupo de exposição à radiação [7,89 (2,17-21,88) e 11,69 (5,13-27,27) p=0,09]. O valor de FMD foi significativamente menor no grupo laboratorial com cateter do que no exposto à radiação (p=0,034) e no de controle (p=0,012). No entanto, não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre o grupo laboratorial sem cateter e exposto à radiação e o grupo de controle (p=0,804). Além disso, não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa quanto ao valor de ASI entre os grupos (p=0,201). CONCLUSÃO Observamos que a FMD é menor entre funcionários que trabalham em setores hospitalares associados à radiação. Isso pode ser um marcador inicial de disfunção endotelial induzida por radiação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Radiation Injuries , Brachial Artery , Vascular Stiffness , Personnel, Hospital , Endothelium, Vascular , Echocardiography , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
9.
Autops. Case Rep ; 10(3): e2020202, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131837

ABSTRACT

Radiation-induced brachial plexus neuropathy (RIBPN) is a rare and delayed non-traumatic injury to the brachial plexus, which occurs following radiation therapy to the chest wall, neck, and/or axilla in previously treated patients with cancer. The incidence of RIBPN is more common in patients treated for carcinoma of the breast and Hodgkin lymphoma. With the improvement in radiation techniques, the incidence of injury to the brachial plexus following radiotherapy has dramatically reduced. The currently reported incidence is 1.2% in women irradiated for breast cancer. The progression of symptoms is gradual in about two-thirds of cases; the patients may initially present with paresthesia followed by pain, and later progress to motor weakness in the affected limb. We present the case of a 68-year-old female patient with breast cancer submitted to surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy in the year 2000. Eighteen years later, she developed symptoms and signs compatible with RIBPN and was successfully submitted to omentoplasty for pain control. Omentoplasty is an alternative treatment for RIBPN refractory to conservative treatment, which seems to be effective in improving neuropathic pain. However, postoperative worsening of the motor strength is a real possibility, and all candidates for this type of surgery must be informed about the risk of this complication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Radiation Injuries/therapy , Brachial Plexus Neuropathies/therapy , Pain, Intractable/etiology , Postoperative Complications , Neurosurgery
10.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(4): 1564-1571, Dec. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040170

ABSTRACT

Las glándulas salivales humanas pueden ser gravemente lesionadas por la radioterapia utilizada contra neoplasias de cabeza y cuello, produciendo hiposialia y xerostomía, las cuales afectan la salud oral y sistémica, mermando la calidad de vida de la persona. Los tratamientos convencionales actuales están diseñados para disminuir los síntomas, sin actuar sobre los cambios fisiopatológicos que se dan a nivel glandular. Esta revisión intenta analizar aquellas terapias preventivas y/o curativas que están desarrollándose en el campo biomolecular y que tienen un futuro prometedor por sus características innovadoras: terapia génica, terapia con células madre y terapia con factores de crecimiento. Se evidencia un aporte adicional de la nanotecnología, la cual está mejorando las vías de aplicación de los tratamientos.


Human salivary glands can be seriously injured by the radiotherapy used against head and neck neoplasms, producing hyposialia and xerostomy, which affect oral and systemic health, diminishing the person's quality of life. Current conventional treatments are designed to reduce symptoms, without acting on the pathophysiological changes that occur at the glandular level. This review attempts to analyze those preventive and /or curative therapies that are developing in the biomolecular field and that have a promising future due to their innovative features: Gene therapy, stem cell therapy and growth factor therapy. An additional contribution of nanotechnology is evident, which is improving the routes of treatment application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Radiotherapy/adverse effects , Salivary Gland Diseases/prevention & control , Stem Cells/physiology , Genetic Therapy/methods , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/therapeutic use , Radiation Injuries/prevention & control , Radiation-Protective Agents/therapeutic use , Salivary Gland Diseases/therapy , Salivary Glands/radiation effects , Xerostomia/prevention & control , Nanotechnology
11.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(6): 1105-1112, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056339

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To compare the treatment outcomes of a cohort of prostate cancer patients treated with conventional schedule using IMRT or 3DRT technique. Materials and Methods: Between 2010-2017, 485 men with localized prostate cancer were treated with conventional radiotherapy schedule with a total dose ≥74Gy using IMRT (231) or 3DCRT (254). Late gastrointestinal (GI) and genitourinary (GU) toxicity were retrospectively evaluated according to modified RTOG criteria. The biochemical control was defined by the Phoenix criteria (nadir + 2ng/mL). The comparison between the groups included biochemical recurrence free survival (bRFS), overall survival (OS) and late toxicity. Results: With a median follow-up of 51 months (IMRT=49 and 3DRT=51 months), the maximal late GU for >=grade- 2 during the entire period of follow-up was 13.1% in the IMRT and 15.4% in the 3DRT (p=0.85). The maximal late GI ≥ grade- 2 in the IMRT was 10% and in the 3DRT 24% (p=0.0001). The 5-year bRFS for all risk groups with IMRT and 3D-CRT was 87.5% vs. 87.2% (p=0.415). Considering the risk-groups no significant difference for low-, intermediate- and high-risk groups between IMRT (low-95.3%, intermediate-86.2% and high-73%) and 3D-CRT (low-96.4%, intermediate-88.2% and high-76.6%, p=0.448) was observed. No significant differences for OS and DMFS were observed comparing treatment groups. Conclusion: IMRT reduces significantly the risk of late GI severe complication compared with 3D-CRT using conventional fractionation with a total dose ≥74Gy without any differences for bRFS and OS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Prostatic Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Radiotherapy, Conformal/methods , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated/methods , Prostatic Neoplasms/mortality , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Radiation Injuries , Radiotherapy Dosage , Time Factors , Urogenital System/radiation effects , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Risk Assessment , Disease-Free Survival , Radiotherapy, Conformal/adverse effects , Gastrointestinal Tract/radiation effects , Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated/adverse effects , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Neoplasm Grading , Middle Aged
12.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(6): 902-908, June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012998

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the epidemiological data and available treatments for fractures secondary to radiotherapy treatment. METHODS: Identification of publications on pathological skeletal fractures previously exposed to ionizing radiation. RESULTS: The incidence of fractures after irradiation varies from 1.2% to 25% with a consolidation rate of 33% to 75%, being more frequent in the ribs, pelvis, and femur. The time elapsed between irradiation and fracture occurs years after radiotherapy. Risk factors include age above 50 years, female gender, extensive periosteal detachment, circumferential irradiation, tumor size, and anterior thigh location. The etiology is still uncertain, but cellular disappearance, reduction of bone turnover and activity were observed hematopoietic as possible causes of failure of consolidation. CONCLUSION: There is no consensus in the literature on the factors related to the development of fractures, with radiation dose, previous tumor size and periosteal detachment being suggested as potential factors.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Avaliar dados epidemiológicos e tratamentos disponíveis para fraturas secundárias ao tratamento radioterápico. MÉTODOS: Identificação de publicações sobre as fraturas patológicas ocorridas em esqueleto previamente exposto à radiação ionizante. RESULTADOS: A incidência de fraturas após irradiação varia de 1,2% a 25% com taxa de consolidação de 33% a 75%, sendo mais frequente em costelas, pelve e fêmur. O tempo decorrido entre a irradiação e a fratura ocorre anos após a radioterapia. Os fatores de risco incluem idade acima de 50 anos, sexo feminino, descolamento periosteal extenso, irradiação circunferencial, tamanho do tumor e localização anterior na coxa. A etiologia ainda é incerta, mas foram observados desaparecimento celular, redução do turnover ósseo e da atividade hematopoiética como possíveis causas da falha de consolidação. CONCLUSÃO: Não há consenso na literatura avaliada sobre os fatores relacionados ao desenvolvimento de fraturas, sendo a dose de radiação, o tamanho prévio do tumor e o descolamento periosteal sugeridos como fatores potenciais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Radiation Injuries/complications , Radiotherapy/adverse effects , Fractures, Bone/etiology , Risk Factors , Fractures, Bone/physiopathology
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772693

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to evaluate the risk factors of radiation-induced caries by using a multiple linear regression equation and to provide the basis for the effective prevention of radioactive caries.@*METHODS@#A total of 166 patients with head and neck cancer who underwent radiotherapy were selected as subjects. The number of decayed, missing or filled surfaces were recorded. Questionnaire contents included age, sex, radiation dose, and radiotherapy techniques. Multiple stepwise regression analyses were performed to identify the risk factors of radiation-induced caries.@*RESULTS@#Multiple stepwise regression analyses indicated that the main risk factors of radiation-induced caries were plaque index, radiotherapy techniques, time after radiotherapy, and radiotherapy dose.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The awareness of dental care and caries treatment should be improved to reduce the occurrence of radiation-induced caries in patients with head and neck cancer. In addition, intensity modulated radiation therapy should be employed to decrease the radiation exposure dose received by teeth.


Subject(s)
Dental Caries , Epidemiology , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Radiotherapy , Humans , Radiation Injuries , Epidemiology , Risk Factors , Tooth
15.
In. Barbato, Marcelo; Blanco, Raúl; Godino, Mario; Olivera Pertusso, Eduardo; Rodríguez, Ana María. Seguridad del paciente en áreas críticas. Montevideo, Cuadrado, 2019. p.191-205.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1342586
16.
Rev. costarric. cardiol ; 20(2): 48-53, dic. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-990970

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los avances en el tratamiento oncológico han generado un aumento de la expectativa de vida en este grupo de pacien tes. Consecuentemente, las complicaciones relacionadas al tratamiento oncológico se han convertido en un tema crucial, siendo la toxicidad cardiovascular una de las más temidas.1 La radioterapia sobre el tórax, utilizada fundamentalmente en el linfoma de Hodgkin, el cáncer de mama y de pulmón puede generar potenciales efectos colaterales como la enfermedad coronaria, afecciones a nivel pericárdico, miocardio patía, trastornos de la conducción y valvulopatías. Se presenta a continuación el caso de un paciente de 43 años que desarrolló múltiples manifestaciones de cardiotoxicidad inducida por radioterapia.


Abstract Advances in cancer therapy have led to an increase in life expectancy in this group of patients. Consequently, complications related to cancer treatment have become a crucial issue, with cardiovascular toxicity being the most feared. Radiation therapy on the thorax, used primarily in Hodgkin's lymphoma, breast and lung cancer can generate potential side effects such as coronary disease, pericardial conditions, cardiomyopathy, conduction disorders and valvulopathies. The case of a 43-year-old patient who developed multiple manifestations of cardiotoxicity induced by radiotherapy is presented below.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Argentina , Radiation Injuries , Radiotherapy , Abnormalities, Radiation-Induced , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cardiotoxicity
17.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 37(2): 115-119, ago. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959349

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Las lesiones cutáneas por radiación (LCR) son una complicación infrecuente, con un estimado de 3.600 casos de lesiones mayores reportados en la actualidad. Presentamos un caso de lesión eritematosa mayor por radiación posterior a angioplastía coronaria fallida y en segundo tiempo angioplastía coronaria con rotablación.


Abstract: Cutaneous radiation injuries are an infrequent complication, with an estimated 3.600 cases of major injuries reported up to now. We present a case of a major erythematous lesion induced by radiation after failed coronary angioplasty and consecutive coronary rotablation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Radiodermatitis/etiology , Skin/radiation effects , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary/adverse effects , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary/methods , Pigmentation Disorders/etiology , Radiation Injuries/etiology , Radiodermatitis/therapy
18.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 84(2): 227-231, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889361

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The procedure used to evaluate salivary flow rate is called sialometry. It can be performed through several techniques, but none appears to be really efficient for post-radiotherapy patients. Objective To adequate sialometry tests for head and neck cancer patients submitted to radiotherapy. Methods 22 xerostomic patients post-radiotherapy (total radiation dose ranging from 60 to 70 Gy) were included in this study. Ten patients were evaluated using sialometries originally proposed by the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group and twelve were assessed by our modified methods. Unstimulated and stimulated sialometries were performed and the results were classified according a grading scale and compared between both groups. Results There was no statistically significant difference between the salivary evaluations of both groups (p = 0.4487 and p = 0.5615). Also, most of these rates were classified as very low and low. Conclusion This novel method seems to be suitable for patients submitted to radiotherapy.


Resumo Introdução O procedimento utilizado para avaliar a taxa de fluxo salivar é denominado sialometria. Pode ser realizado por meio de várias técnicas, mas nenhuma parece ser realmente eficiente para pacientes pós-radioterapia. Objetivo Adaptar sialometrias para pacientes com câncer de cabeça e pescoço submetidos à radioterapia. Método 22 pacientes xerostômicos pós-radioterapia (dose de radiação total variando de 60-70 Gy) foram incluídos neste estudo. Dez pacientes foram avaliados utilizando sialometrias originalmente propostas pelo Radiation Therapy Oncology Group e doze foram avaliados por nossos métodos modificados. Sialometrias não estimuladas e estimuladas foram conduzidas e os resultados foram classificados de acordo com uma escala de graduação e comparados entre os dois grupos. Resultados Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre as avaliações salivares de ambos os grupos (p = 0,4487 e p = 0,5615). Além disso, a maioria dessas taxas foi classificada como muito baixa e baixa. Conclusão Esse novo método parece ser adequado para pacientes submetidos à radioterapia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Saliva/metabolism , Xerostomia/etiology , Head and Neck Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Parotid Gland , Radiation Injuries , Salivation/radiation effects , Pilot Projects , Prospective Studies , Head and Neck Neoplasms/complications
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715920

ABSTRACT

Skin has long been known to be a very radiosensitive organ. Furthermore, the damaging effects of radiation exposure induced by fluoroscopic procedures have been recognized for some time. However, accurate diagnosis of fluoroscopy-induced chronic radiation dermatitis (FICRD) can be very challenging, since the provided clinical history regarding radiation exposure may not be accurate and the signs of cutaneous radiation injury may develop months to years after radiation exposure. Recognition of FICRD is important to avoid unnecessary treatment and interventions and also guarantees appropriate surveillance for radiation-induced malignancy. We herein report a case of a 65-year-old woman who was diagnosed with radiation dermatitis after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatoscopy (ERCP).


Subject(s)
Aged , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Dermatitis , Diagnosis , Female , Humans , Radiation Exposure , Radiation Injuries , Skin
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741685

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Exposure of the normal lung tissue around the cancerous tumor during radiotherapy causes serious side effects such as pneumonitis and pulmonary fibrosis. Radioprotectors used during cancer radiotherapy could protect the patient from side effects induced by radiation injury of the normal tissue. Delphinidin has strong antioxidant properties, and it works as the driving force of a radioprotective effect by scavenging radiation-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, no studies have been conducted on the radioprotective effect of delphinidin against high linear energy transfer radiation. Therefore, this study was undertaken to evaluate the radioprotective effects of delphinidin on human lung cells against a proton beam. MATERIALS/METHODS: Normal human lung cells (HEL 299 cells) were used for in vitro experiments. The 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5 diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay assessed the cytotoxicity of delphinidin and cell viability. The expression of radiation induced cellular ROS was measured by the 2′-7′-dicholordihydrofluorescein diacetate assay. Superoxide dismutase activity assay and catalase activity assay were used for evaluating the activity of corresponding enzymes. In addition, radioprotective effects on DNA damage-induced cellular apoptosis were evaluated by Western blot assay. RESULTS: Experimental analysis, including cell survival assay, MTT assay, and Western blot assay, revealed the radioprotective effects of delphinidin. These include restoring the activities of antioxidant enzymes of damaged cells, increase in the levels of pro-survival protein, and decrease of pro-apoptosis proteins. The results from different experiments were compatible with each to provide a substantial conclusion. CONCLUSION: Low concentration (2.5 µM/mL) of delphinidin administration prior to radiation exposure was radioprotective against a low dose of proton beam exposure. Hence, delphinidin is a promising shielding agent against radiation, protecting the normal tissues around a cancerous tumor, which are unintentionally exposed to low doses of radiation during proton therapy.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Catalase , Cell Survival , DNA , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Linear Energy Transfer , Lung , Pneumonia , Proton Therapy , Protons , Pulmonary Fibrosis , Radiation Exposure , Radiation Injuries , Radiotherapy , Reactive Oxygen Species , Superoxide Dismutase
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