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1.
Niger. J. Dent. Res. (Online) ; 7(1): 67-74, 2022. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1354692

ABSTRACT

Background: Radiographs are used by orthodontists in the diagnosis of malocclusion, treatment planning and monitoring. These usually reveal presence of dental anomalies that may require further assessment and management. Objective: To investigate the prevalence, types and distribution of dental anomalies seen on the orthopantomograms (OPGs) of orthodontic patients at the University of Port-Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH).Methods: This was a retrospective cross-sectional radiographic study of a cohort of orthodontic patients who presented to the Department of Child Dental Health, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Rivers State, Nigeria. The data gathered from digital orthopantomograms of the patients was analysed using IBM Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Statistics for Windows version 25.0. Results: The study comprised 249 patients with an age range of 5-44years (mean age of 14.6±7.7years) comprising 108 (43.4%) males and 141 (56.6%) females.Seventy (28.1%) [(29, 41.4% males), (41, 58.6% females)] of the patients had at least one dental anomaly. Dental anomalies were commonest (48, 68.6%) within 10-19 years age bracket followed by the 0-9 years age bracket (11, 15.7%). The most frequent dental anomaly was taurodontism (43, 61.4%), followed by congenitally missing teeth (8, 11.4%), supernumerary teeth (5, 7.1%), odontoma (4, 5.7%), peg shaped lateral incisors and transposition (2, 2.9%) respectively. Dental anomalies were more frequent in the maxilla (43, 61.4%). Conclusion: The most common dental anomaly was taurodontism. Anomalies were more frequent in female than male patients and in the maxilla than in the mandible


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Orthodontics , Tooth Abnormalities , Radiography, Panoramic , Radiography, Dental, Digital
2.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(2): 240-244, set 29, 2021. fig, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354433

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a detecção da reabsorção da raiz dentária é realizada por meio de exames de imagens, pois frequentemente não apresenta sinal e sintoma clínicos. Dentre os exames de imagem disponíveis, o exame radiográfico periapical, é indicado para diagnóstico, prognóstico e acompanhamento da reabsorção radicular. Objetivo: o estudo tem como objetivo investigar a relação de diferentes resoluções espaciais com o diagnóstico de reabsorção radicular. Metodologia: foram realizados desgastes simulando reabsorção externa no terço apical e vestibular de 15 (quinze) incisivos inferiores, radiografados em crânio seco, antes e depois do desgaste. A técnica radiográfica foi realizada utilizando o sistema VistaScan (Durr Dental, Bietigheim-Bissingen, Germany), aparelho CS 2200 (Carestream Dental LLC, Atlanta-GA, USA) usando tempo de exposição de 0,15 segundos e escaneadas sob diferentes protocolos de resolução espacial, a saber, 20 pares de linhas por milímetro (pl/mm) e 40 pl/mm. Posteriormente dois avaliadores experientes fizeram análises das referidas imagens sem conhecimento prévio da resolução de escaneamento. Resultados: 75% das radiografias realizadas com 20 pl/mm foram classificadas como excelentes pelos avaliadores, contra 33% com 40 pl/mm, estatisticamente significativa. Discussão: ao avaliar a reabsorção radicular, obteve-se uma acurácia diagnóstica igual para os dois protocolos sem distinção, estatisticamente significativa, entre localização ou profundidade. Conclusão: tendo em vista que para os examinadores imagens com 20 pl/mm foram satisfatórias, com percentual de qualidade maior quando comparado a imagens obtidas com 40 pl/ mm, este estudo indica o emprego de imagens com 20 pl/mm para avaliação inicial de suspeita de reabsorções nas raízes dentárias.


Introduction: the detection of tooth root resorption is carried out by means of imaging tests, as it often does not present a clinical sign and symptom. Among the imaging tests available, the periapical radiographic examination is indicated for diagnosis, prognosis and monitoring of root resorption. Objective: the study aims to investigate the relationship of different spatial resolutions in the diagnosis of root resorption. Methods: Artificial external root resorptions were simulated using burs by drilling to the entire depth in different locations at the apical and buccal thirds of 15 (fifteen) lower incisors were worn, radiographed on a dry skull, before and after wear. The radiographic technique was performed using the VistaScan system (Durr Dental, Bietigheim-Bissingen, Germany), CS 2200 device (Carestream Dental LLC, Atlanta-GA, USA) using an exposure time of 0.15 seconds and scanned under different resolutions protocols, namely, 20 pairs of lines per millimeters (pl/mm) and 40 pl/mm. Subsequently, two experienced evaluators performed analyzes of these images without prior knowledge of the scanning resolution. Results: seventy-five percent of the radiographs taken at 20 pl/mm were rated as excellent by the evaluators, against 33% at 40 pl/mm, a statistically significant difference. Discussion: When assessing root resorption, a similar diagnostic accuracy was obtained for the two protocols without a statistically significant distinction between location or depth. Conclusions: Considering that for examiners images with 20 pl/mm were satisfactory, with a percentage of quality greater than 40 pl/mm, this study indicates the use of 20 pl/mm for initial evaluation of suspected root resorption.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Resorption , Tooth Root , Diagnostic Imaging , Radiography, Dental, Digital , Research , Dimensional Measurement Accuracy , Incisor
3.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(1): 41-48, ene.-abr. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281207

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: En los granulomas periapicales, los plasmocitos (PL) participan activamente mediante la liberación de inmunoglobulinas. El propósito de este ensayo fue identificar y contar el número de PL en diferentes períodos de tiempo en lesiones periapicales experimentales en ratas. Materiales y métodos: Mediante la exposición al medio oral de la pulpa de los primeros molares inferiores izquierdos, se indujeron granulomas periapicales en ratas a las que previamente se les suministró anestesia. La pulpa de los primeros molares inferiores derechos no fue expuesta, y estos dientes se utilizaron como control. Los animales fueron eutanasiados a los 10, 30 y 60 días de la exposición. Los maxilares inferiores fueron removidos, y los primeros molares, junto con los tejidos circundantes, se procesaron para su estudio histológico. Se obtuvieron secciones semiseriadas, posteriormente coloreadas con verde de metilo-pironina (VMP). Cada tres secciones, las tres siguientes fueron coloreadas con hematoxilina y eosina (H-E). Los controles también fueron coloreados con H-E. Resultados: Todos los especímenes experimentales coloreados con H-E revelaron la presencia de granulomas periapicales. Luego de la exposición pulpar, el número de PL que reaccionó positivamente al VMP se incrementó de manera progresiva desde el día 10 hasta los días 30 y 60. A pesar de que a los 60 días el número de PL fue ligeramente menor que a los 30 días, no hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre estos dos períodos. Los especímenes del grupo control coloreados con H-E mostraron que los tejidos periapicales se encontraban dentro de los parámetros normales en todos los períodos de observación. Conclusiones: Los resultados de este estudio revelaron que el número de plasmocitos VMP positivos se incrementa progresivamente en función del tiempo transcurrido pero se estabiliza al finalizar el experimento. También sugieren que el empleo de la coloración de VMP es un procedimiento adecuado para la identificación y la cuantificación de plasmocitos en los granulomas periapicales inducidos experimentalmente en ratas (AU)


Aim: Plasma cells (PL) release immunoglobulin in periapical lesions. The purpose of this assay was to identify and count the number of plasmocytes observed in periapical lesions in rats. Materials and methods: By exposing the pulp of the lower left first molars to the oral environment, periapical granulomas were induced in rats previously anesthetized. The pulp of right mandibular first molars was not exposed and these teeth were used as negative controls. The animals were euthanized at 10, 30 and 60 days after pup exposure. The mandibles were removed and specimens of the molar teeth along with the surrounding tissues were prepared for histology. Semi serial sections of the left first molar were stained with methyl green pyronine (MGP). Every three sections, the following three sections were stained with hematoxilyn and eosin (H-E). Negative control samples were stained with H-E. Results: All the H-E stained experimental samples revealed the presence of periapical granulomas. After pulp exposure, the number of PL increased from day 10 to 30 and 60. In the 60-day samples the number of PL was slightly less than that of the 30-day samples, with no statistically significant difference. The H-E stained control samples showed normal periapical tissues in all observation periods. Conclusions: The results of this study revealed that the number of VMP positive PL, increased progressively with time but it was stabilized at the end of the experiment. In addition, the results suggest that the use of VMP stain is a suitable procedure for the identification and counting of PL in experimentally induced periapical granulomas in rats (AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Periapical Granuloma/immunology , Plasma Cells/immunology , Inflammation/physiopathology , Periapical Tissue , Immunoglobulins , Photomicrography , Statistical Analysis , Histological Techniques , Radiography, Dental, Digital
4.
Rev. argent. radiol ; 85(2): 33-40, abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288197

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Evaluar la diferencia del trazado cefalométrico manual con el digital en radiografías laterales de cráneo. Materiales y métodos: Inicialmente se realizó un piloto para calibrar al investigador principal, en donde se analizaron 10 radiografías pertenecientes a cinco pacientes del Servicio de Radiología del Centro Odontológico de nuestra institución para evaluar la concordancia entre los dos evaluadores y establecer el tamaño de la muestra. Finalmente, se analizaron 78 radiografías cefalométricas de 39 pacientes, en las que se realizó el trazado cefalométrico de Steiner manual y digital. Esas radiografías se analizaron en una escala 1:1 y posteriormente se evaluó la diferencia de las mediciones mediante el análisis univariado, se determinó en mediana e intervalo intercuartil por separado. En el análisis bivariado, se aplicó la prueba de signo de rangos de Wilcoxon y muestras pareadas para determinar la diferencia de las mediciones cefalométricas de Steiner entre el tipo del análisis cefalométrico. El nivel de significancia se fijó en p < 0,05 y confiabilidad al 95%, respectivamente. Resultados: No hubo diferencia significativa en la mayoría de las mediciones hechas de manera manual y digital, siendo el ángulo interincisal la única medición angular en la cual hubo diferencia significativa al obtener un resultado de p = 0,002. Mientras tanto, en las mediciones lineales, la única medición en la que hubo diferencia significativa fue en el segmento incisivo inferior - NB con p = 0,005. Conclusión: No se encuentran diferencias significativas entre el trazado cefalométrico manual y el digital. No obstante, es importante tener en cuenta que la muestra o población evaluada es reducida para definir conclusiones.


Abstract Objective: To evaluate the difference of the manual cephalometric tracing with the digital tracing on lateral cranial radiographs. Materials and Methods: Initially, a pilot study was carried out to calibrate the principal investigator, where 10 radiographs belonging to 5 patients of the Radiology Service of the Dental Center, were analyzed to evaluate the intraclass concordance between the two evaluators. To establish the size of the sample, finally, 78 cephalometric radiographs of 39 patients were analyzed, in which the manual and digital Steiner cephalometric tracing was performed. These radiographs were analyzed on a 1: 1 scale and then the difference of the measurements was evaluated using the univariate analysis, which was determined in the median and interquartile range, separately. In the bivariate analysis, the Wilcoxon rank sign test and paired samples were applied to determine the difference of Steiner's cephalometric measurements between the cephalometric analysis type. The level of significance was set at p < 0.05 and 95% reliability, respectively. Results: There was no significant difference in most of the measurements made manually and digitally. The interincisal angle the only angular measurement in which there was a significant difference when obtaining a result of p = 0.002, while, in the linear measurements, the only measurement in which there was significant difference was in the lower incisor segment - NB with p = 0.005. Conclusion: There is no significant difference between manual and digital cephalometric tracing, nevertheless it is important to keep in mind that the simple or population evaluated is reduced to define conclusions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Cephalometry , Radiography, Dental, Digital , Patients , Population , Radiology , Research Personnel , Skull , Measurements, Methods and Theories , Radiography, Dental , Pilot Projects , Organizations , Sample Size , Materials , Incisor , Methods
5.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(6): 466-473, dic. 31, 2020. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178940

ABSTRACT

Objective: The objective of the study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of cone beam computed tomography and three intraoral radiographic systems in the detection of in vitro caries lesions. Material and Methods: One hundred teeth (46 molars and 54 premolars) were evaluated, including 176 proximal surfaces and 90 occlusal surfaces, with or without dental caries lesions. Digital images of all teeth were obtained using specific intraoral radiographs, VistaScan DürrDental®phosphor-plate radiography, XIOS XG Sirona® digital sensor radiography, and CBCT I-CATTM. Observers evaluated the images for the detection of caries lesions. The teeth were clinically sectioned and stereomicroscopy served as a validation tool. The relationship of sensitivity and specificity between all systems was determined through the ROC curve using Az values. Results: The values of the area under the curve (Az) selected for the CBCT I-CATTM system were 0.89 (0.84-0.93), for conventional radiography 0.71 (0.66-0.76), digital sensor radiography 0.74 (0.70-0.78) and digital radiography with phosphor-plates 0.73 (0.69-0.77). Statistically significant differences were found between the CBCT I-CATTM system and intraoral radiographic systems (p<0.01). The sensitivity and specificity values for the CBCT I-CATTM were 0.84 and 0.93 respectively. Conclusion: CBCT has a high sensitivity and specificity compared to intraoral radiographic systems for the diagnosis of dental caries lesions in vitro.


Objetivo: El objetivo del estudio fue comparar la precisión diagnóstica de la tomografía computarizada de haz cónico y tres sistemas radiográficos intraorales en la detección de lesiones de caries in vitro. Material y Métodos: Se evaluaron 100 dientes, 46 molares y 54 premolares; 176 superficies proximales y 90 superficies oclusales, con o sin lesión de caries dental. Se obtuvieron imágenes digitales de todos los dientes utilizando radiografías intraorales convencionales, radiografía con placas de fósforo VistaScan DürrDental®, radiografía con sensor digital XIOS XG Sirona® y CBCT I- C ATTM. Tres observadores evaluaron las imágenes para la detección de lesiones de caries. Los dientes se seccionaron clínicamente y la estereomicroscopía sirvió como herramienta de validación. Se determinó relación de sensibilidad y especificidad entre todos los sistemas a través de la curva ROC utilizando valores Az. Resultados: Los valores de área debajo de la curva (Az) obtenidos para el sistema CBCT I-CATTM fueron de 0.89 (0.84-0.93), para radiografía convencional 0.71 (0.66-0.76), radiografía con sensor digital 0.74 (0.70-0.78) y radiografía digital con placas de fósforo 0.73 (0.69-0.77). Se encontró diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre el sistema CBCT I-CATTM y todos los sistemas radiográficos convencionales y digitales (p<0.01). Los valores de sensibilidad y especificidad para el CBCT I-CATTM fueron 0.84 y 0.93 respectivamente. Conclusión: La CBCT tiene una alta sensibilidad y especificidad en comparación a los sistemas radiográficos intraorales en el diagnóstico de lesiones de caries dental in vitro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Radiography, Dental, Digital/methods , Dental Caries/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Peru , In Vitro Techniques , Molar/diagnostic imaging
6.
Rev. ADM ; 77(5): 244-246, sept.-oct. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146798

ABSTRACT

La importancia del análisis cefalométrico dentro del diagnóstico en ortodoncia ha ido incrementando a través de los años, por ello, el interés de comparar la confiabilidad de los sistemas digitales con el trazado manual convencional. Objetivo: Definir el grado de concordancia entre los resultados de trazado cefalométrico manual y con Nemoceph. Material y métodos: Se utilizaron ocho medidas lineales y angulares del análisis cefalométrico de Steiner. Se realizó un estudio transversal, correlacional, en el cual se analizaron 70 radiografías laterales de cráneo digitales. Los resultados se dividieron en dos grupos, trazado manual y trazado cefalométrico con Nemoceph, los cuales fueron evaluados con un índice de correlación intraclase. Conclusión: Se reportó un grado de correlación intraclase mayor a 0.75, estableciendo que el sistema digital exhibe la misma precisión del manual, con algunas ventajas convenientes a la época (AU)


The importance taken by the cephalometric analysis within the orthodontic diagnosis has been increasing over the years, for that reason the interest of comparing the reliability of the digital systems with the conventional manual tracing. Objective: To define the degree of concordance between the results of manual cephalometric tracing and with Nemoceph. Material and methods: Eight linear and angular measurements of Steiner's cephalometric analysis were used. A crosssectional, correlational study was conducted in which 70 digital skull lateral radiographs were analyzed. The results were divided into two groups; manual tracing and cephalometric tracing with Nemoceph, which were evaluated with an intraclass correlation index. Conclusion: a correlation degree greater than 0.75 was reported. Establishing that the digital system exhibits the same precision of the manual, with some advantages suited to the age (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Cephalometry/methods , Radiography, Dental, Digital , Malocclusion/diagnostic imaging , Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistical Analysis , Mexico
7.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(2): 322-327, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056442

ABSTRACT

La estimación de edad compone un aspecto importante en investigaciones forenses. Diferentes métodos se han descrito en odontología forense basadas en la correlación entre la edad y estructuras dentales. Cameriere et al. proponen un método cuantitativo para estimación de edad en adultos, a partir de la evaluación de la relación del área pulpa/diente, en base a la aposición de dentina secundaria. El objetivo del estudio fue desarrollar modelos de regresión para la estimación de edad dental mediante la relación área pulpa/diente en caninos inferiores en una muestra Chilena. Se analizaron 212 radiografías periapicales digitales (RPD) (86 hombres y 126 mujeres) de caninos mandibulares mediante el programa Image J para establecer el área de la pulpa y el diente. Se registraron los datos de sexo y edad de las RPD seleccionadas en forma ciega. Fueron desarrollados modelos de regresión lineal simples para la estimación de edad. El coeficiente de determinación para R33 fue 27,8 % y de 29,6 % para R44, con un error absoluto medio de 11,02 años y 10,37 años respectivamente. El análisis de ANOVA no mostró diferencias estadísticamente significativas para las relaciones área pulpa/diente de caninos según sexo (p> 0,05). Según los resultados obtenidos, la metodología propuesta por Cameriere et al. es fiable para estimar la edad dental mediante la relación área pulpa/diente en adultos. Sin embargo, en los modelos de regresión desarrollados para la población Chilena, se puede afirmar que el ajuste indicado por los coeficientes de determinación muestran incerteza entre las variables área pulpa/diente y edad cronológica en caninos inferiores, por lo tanto se sugiere considerar otros métodos adicionales para estimar edad en esta población.


Age estimation is an important aspect In forensic investigations. Different methods in forensic odontology based on the correlation between age estimation in adults, from the analysis of the pulp/tooth area, based on the apposition of secondary dentine. The aim of the study was to develop regression models for the dental age estimation by the relation pulp/tooth area, in lower canines in a Chilean sample, using digital peri-apical radiographs (DPR) applying Cameriere's method. We analyzed 212 DPR (86 males and 126 females) mandibular canines through Image J program to measure the pulp/tooth area. Age and sex information was obtained of the DPR's blindly selected. We developed simple linear regression models for age estimation. The coefficient of determination to R33 was R2 age and dental structures have been described. Cameriere et al. proposed a quantitative method for 27.8 % and R2 29.6 % to R44, with a mean absolute error of 11.02 years, to R33 and 10.37 years to R44. ANOVA analysis showed no statistically significant differences for the pulp/tooth relation area of canines according to sex (p> 0.05). According to the results, the Cameriere's et al., method is reliable for dental age estimation according to pulp/tooth ratio in adults. However, in the regression models developed for Chilean population, it can be stated that the adjustment indicated by the coefficients of determination, show uncertainty between the pulp / tooth area and chronological age in lower canines, therefore it is suggested to use additional estimation methods for age in this population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Tooth/anatomy & histology , Age Determination by Teeth/methods , Radiography, Dental, Digital/methods , Dental Pulp/anatomy & histology , Tooth/diagnostic imaging , Logistic Models , Chile , Analysis of Variance , Dental Pulp/diagnostic imaging , Age and Sex Distribution , Forensic Dentistry
8.
São Paulo; s.n; 20200000. 73 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1119551

ABSTRACT

A curvatura dos canais radiculares pode ser considerada um grande desafio para o sucesso do tratamento endodôntico, por tal motivo é necessária uma boa compreensão da anatomia interna dental. Diversas técnicas para avaliação qualitativa e quantitativa da curvatura foram propostas desde o século XVIII, porém ainda não foi aceita uma técnica que pudesse fornecer a pesquisadores e profissionais clínicos descrição detalhada sobre a curvatura do canal. O objetivo do presente estudo foi descrever uma técnica baseada em coordenadas delimitadas na luz do canal radicular (denominada método de pontos), utilizando fórmulas matemáticas e programas de desenho computacional, para que fosse possível determinar, tanto de maneira bidimensional quanto tridimensional, o desvio da trajetória do canal (considerado como ângulo de curvatura), o quão acentuado é esse desvio (grau de curvatura) e determinar a região em que as curvaturas se encontram no canal. Além desse objetivo, a metodologia foi aplicada em quatro grupos dentais (incisivo lateral superior, pré-molar inferior, molar superior e molar inferior) para estudar possíveis diferenças entre os grupos e entre os seus terços radiculares. Para realizar o estudo foram utilizadas imagens bidimensionais (radiografia periapical) e tridimensionais (tomografia computadorizada por feixe cônico). Na análise bidimensional, a aplicabilidade da metodologia proposta foi demonstrada comparando o método de pontos aos métodos de Schneider e de Pruett sobre radiografias periapicais de pré-molares inferiores. Os resultados mostraram que o método de pontos obteve valores angulares maiores quando comparados às outras técnicas e houve forte correlação entre o maior valor angulado encontrado pelo presente método quando comparado ao cálculo do raio de curvatura pelo método de Pruett. Para a análise tridimensional, foi comparada angulação de curvatura dos quatro grupos dentários e comparando os resultados obtidos pelo método de Schneider (por ser o mais comumente empregado), método de pontos bidimensional e método de pontos tridimensional. Os resultados desta avaliação demonstraram que em todos os grupos o valor angular obtido pelo método em três dimensões foi maior quando comparado aos outros métodos, indicando que a angulação tridimensional não é totalmente considerada ao ser realizada uma análise bidimensional da estrutura. Ao analisar a diferença entre os grupos dentários, os resultados mostraram que os dentes multirradiculares (molares superiores e inferiores) apresentaram curvatura mais acentuada da encontrada em dentes unirradiculares e na comparação entre os terços radiculares, o terço apical foi a região que concentrou os maiores valores de curvatura de canal.


Subject(s)
Radiography, Dental, Digital
9.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e089, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132724

ABSTRACT

Abstract In this study, we evaluated the physicochemical properties (PCP; radiopacity, flow, pH, and solubility) and the quality of root canal filling provided by an experimental industrialized paste (EP), with the same active ingredients as those of the Guedes Pinto paste, compared with the Vitapex® paste. PCP were analyzed according to the ANSI/ADA laboratory testing methods for endodontic filling and sealing materials. To analyze filling capacity, 120 artificial primary teeth (60 maxillary incisors [MIs] and 60 mandibulary molars [MMs]) were endodontically treated. The teeth were divided into eight groups based on the dental group (MIs or MMs), filling material (Vitapex® or EP), and insertion method (syringe or lentulo). The Image J® software was used to analyze the initial an final digital radiographies of each tooth, measuring and comparing root canal and void areas. The percentage of filling failure areas was obtained. Data were submitted to ANOVA and Tukey test of mean comparison. Regarding PCP, both pastes presented results according the ANSI/ADA standards. Flow capacity: Vitapex: 19.6 mm, EP: 25 mm (p < 0.01); radiopacity: Vitapex: 4.47 mmAl, EP: 6.06 mmAl (p < 0.01); pH after 28 days: Vitapex: 7.79, EP: 8.19 (p = 0.12); and solubility after 28 days: Vitapex: 2.68%, EP: 2.89% (p > 0.05). Regarding filling capacity analysis, EP demonstrated 12.5% of failure against 31.5% of Vitapex (p < 0.01). Compared to Vitapex, EP presented statistically significantly better results in flow, radiopacity, pH, and filling capacity. Molars presented more filling failures than incisors. The insertion method using a syringe and a thin tip was significantly better than that using Lentulo spiral carriers.


Subject(s)
Tooth, Deciduous , Radiography, Dental, Digital , Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Obturation , Calcium Hydroxide , Hydrocarbons, Iodinated
10.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e082, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132687

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aims to assess the influence of high-density material on the radiographic diagnosis of proximal caries in digital systems with automatic exposure compensation, and to evaluate the effect of subjective adjustment of brightness and contrast to undertake this diagnostic task. Twenty bitewing radiographs of forty posterior human teeth with non-cavitated carious lesions, confirmed by micro-CT, were obtained with two digital systems. A porcelain-fused-to-metal crown attached to a titanium implant was inserted into the exposed area, and all the radiographs were repeated. Five radiologists assessed the radiographs and diagnosed proximal carious lesions. Afterwards, the observers were asked to adjust image brightness and contrast, based on their subjective perception, and to reassess the images. Thirty percent of each experimental group was reassessed to test intraobserver reproducibility, totaling 208 images per observer. Intraobserver and interobserver agreements ranged from fair to substantial. Sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, and area under the ROC curve were calculated and compared for each radiographic system, using ANOVA (α = 0.05). Overall, presence of high-density material and adjustment of brightness and contrast did not significantly influence the radiographic diagnosis of proximal caries (p ≥ 0.05). Regarding Digora Optime, adjustment of brightness and contrast significantly increased (p < 0.05) the diagnostic accuracy of proximal carious lesions in the presence of high-density material. In conclusion, the presence of high-density material in the X-rayed region does not influence radiographic diagnosis of proximal caries. However, when it is present in the X-rayed area, subjective adjustment of brightness and contrast is recommended for use with the Digora Optime digital system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Radiography, Dental, Digital , Dental Caries , Radiographic Image Enhancement , Observer Variation , Reproducibility of Results , ROC Curve
11.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e080, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132682

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aims of the present study were to compare conventional radiography, radiographs digitized with a scanner or photographic camera, and digital radiography, used to evaluate the radiopacity of endodontic materials, and to compare the accuracy of linear and quadratic models used to convert radiopacity values to equivalent millimeters of aluminum (mm Al). Specimens of AH Plus, Endofill, Biodentine and BioMTA materials (n = 8) were radiographed next to an aluminum step-wedge using radiographic films and digital radiography systems (FONA CMOS sensor, Kodak CMOS sensor and photosensitive phosphor plate-PSP). Conventional radiographs were digitized using a scanner or photographic digital camera. Digital images of all the radiographic systems were evaluated using dedicated software. Optical density units (ODU) of the specimens and the aluminum step-wedge were evaluated by a photo-densitometer (PTDM), used in conventional radiographs. The radiopacity in equivalent mm Al of the materials was determined by linear and quadratic models, and the coefficients of determination (R2) values were calculated for each model. Radiopacity of the materials ranged from -9% to 25% for digital systems and digitized radiographs, compared to the PTDM (p < 0.05). The R2 values of the quadratic model were higher than those of the linear model. In conclusion, the FONA CMOS sensor showed the lowest radiopacity variability of the methodologies used, compared with the PTDM, except for the BioMTA group (higher than PTDM). The quadratic model showed higher R2 values than the linear model, thus indicating better accuracy and possible adoption to evaluate the radiopacity of endodontic materials.


Subject(s)
Aluminum , X-Ray Film , Materials Testing , Radiography, Dental, Digital
12.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e051, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132656

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to verify the precision and applicability of two methods of age estimation, Kvaal's and Cameriere's methods, among Brazilian adults. A sample composed of periapical radiographs of canine teeth belonging to 320 Brazilian adults was analyzed, divided into groups according to sex (male and female) and age group (20-29 years, 30-39 years, 40-49 years and 50-59 years). Kvaal's method presented better results when compared to the results of Cameriere's method in the general evaluation of each canine tooth, except for the upper left canine (tooth 23), which presented a mean error (ME) with no statistically significant difference between the methods (Kvaal: ME = 7.43, p = 0.4991, Cameriere: ME = 7.55, p = 0.6982). In the evaluation by age groups, Kvaal's method presented a lower variation between the real age and estimated age when applied to the age groups of 20-29 years and 30-39 years compared to the results provided by Cameriere's method. With respect to the groups aged 40 to 49 years and 50 to 59 years, Cameriere's method presented better performance than the results provided by Kvaal's method. The methods of estimating age proposed by Kvaal and Cameriere are simple and nondestructive and have demonstrated reproducibility and reliability. The Kvaal method was more accurate for the age groups of 20-29 and 30-39 years, and for those over 40 years, the Cameriere method was the most accurate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Age Determination by Teeth/methods , Reference Standards , Reproducibility of Results , Age Factors , Radiography, Dental, Digital/methods , Cuspid/anatomy & histology , Cuspid/diagnostic imaging , Forensic Dentistry/methods , Middle Aged
13.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1101297

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To compare the effectiveness of two types of commercially available photostimulable phosphor plate (PSP) protective barrier envelopes to prevent microbiological contamination. Material and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 80 barrier envelopes were tested in 40 volunteers. The PSP plates were placed individually in Asia Teb and Soredex protective barrier envelopes and were placed in the mouth for two minutes, similar to periapical films. The protective barrier envelopes were then removed under sterile conditions, and the sensors were placed on different culture media. The number of colonies on each plate was counted. Data were analyzed using SPSS via McNemar and Wilcoxon tests. Results: Bacterial growth was noted in 17.5% of PSPs with Soredex, and 32.5% of PSPs with Asia Teb barrier envelopes. Gram-positive bacilli were the most commonly isolated bacteria. The difference between the Asia Teb and Soredex barrier envelopes for the protection of microbiological contamination was not significant (p>0.05). Conclusion: The use of different types of protective barrier envelopes was not sufficient for prevention of microbiological contamination of PSP plates, and some adjunct modalities were required to decrease microbiological contamination of PSP plates.


Subject(s)
Humans , Effectiveness , Radiography, Dental, Digital/instrumentation , Gram-Positive Bacteria/immunology , Microbiology , Mouth , Plastics , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Statistics, Nonparametric , Iran
14.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1091647

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To approbate the complex approach for assessment of second molar mesialization outcomes with the use of orthodontic mini-implants. Material and Methods: The sample consisted of 62 patients, divided into study (n=32) and control group (n=30). Mesialization procedure in the study group was conducted with the use of braces system and orthodontic mini-implants as additional anchorage devices, while in control group mesialization was provided only with the use of the brace system. Dynamic registration of bone level changes and the entire range of tooth movement were carried out on digital orthopantomograms obtained with the use of Planmeca ProMax 2D. Results: Findings of orthopantomographic (OPG) analysis have shown that cases of second molar mesialization with the use of mini-implants as temporary anchorage characterized with more stable conditions of bone levels around displaced teeth compare to cases, where mesialization was provided only with the use of braces systems without any additional anchorage. The terms of treatment in the study group with the use of dental mini-implants as the anchorage was reduced by 8.8 ± 0.12 months compared to the control group (p<0.05). Conclusion: The use of orthodontic mini-implants as anchorage constructions during the mesialization of the mandibular second molars contributes to the reduction of treatment duration and support the more prognostic movement of teeth, that does not provoke significant pathological changes in the levels of the surrounded alveolar ridge and minimize the risk of associated periodontal complication occurrence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Radiography, Dental, Digital/instrumentation , Molar , Orthodontics, Corrective , Ukraine , Regression Analysis
15.
Rev. clín. periodoncia implantol. rehabil. oral (Impr.) ; 12(2): 77-80, ago. 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020665

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Objetivo: comparar la radiopacidad de distintos cementos de resina y corroborar si cumplen con los requisitos de normativas ISO. Material y método: Se prepararon muestras de 1 mm de grosor de los cementos de resina: RelyX U200 (3M ESPE), Calibra (Dentsply Sirona), Calibra Universal (Dentsply Sirona) y Bifix SE (VOCO). Las muestras fueron radiografiadas junto a una cuña de aluminio escalonada. Las imágenes fueron analizadas para determinar el valor en escala de grises y su respectivo valor en mm de Al. Los datos fueron analizados para comparar la radiopacidad de los materiales entre sí y con los requisitos establecidos por normas ISO. Resultados: La radiopacidad equivalente en mm de Al en orden descendiente fue de 2,84 ± 0,18 para Calibra, 2,37 ± 0,15 para Bifix SE, 2,26 ± 0,14 para Calibra Universal y de 1,67 ± 0,07 para RelyX U200. Estos valores son todos mayores al mismo grosor de aluminio exigido por la norma ISO 4049. Se establecieron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los cementos. Conclusiones: Se determinó que existen diferencias en la radiopacidad entre los cementos de resina compuesta estudiados. Sin embargo, todos los cementos evaluados cumplen con la norma ISO-4049 de radiopacidad.


ABSTRACT: Objective: Compare the radiopacity of different resin cements and verify their compliance with the requirements of ISO regulations. Material and method: Samples -10 mm in diameter and 1 mm thickness- of the resin cements RelyX U200 (3M ESPE), Calibra (Dentsply Sirona), Universal Calibra (Dentsply Sirona) and Bifix SE (VOCO) were prepared. Radiographies of the samples with a stepped aluminum wedge were obtained. For each sample, the grayscale and mm of Al values were calculated. The data were analyzed to compare the radiopacity of the materials and to contrast them with the requirements established by ISO standards. Results: The equivalent radiopacity in mm of Al in descending order was 2.84 ± 0.18 for Calibra, 2.37 ± 0.15 for Bifix SE, 2.26 ± 0.14 for Calibra Universal and 1.67 ± 0.07 for RelyX U200. These values exceed the value required by ISO 4049 standard. Statistically significant differences were established between the cements. Conclusion: There are differences in the radiopacity of the resin cements studied. However, all the cements complied with ISO 4049 radiopacity standards.


Subject(s)
Radiology , Guidelines as Topic , Composite Resins , Radiography, Dental, Digital
16.
Dent. press endod ; 9(1): 15-20, jan.-mar. 2019. Ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1022687

ABSTRACT

ntrodução: a calcificação pulpar é um dos fatores que tornam o tratamento endodôntico desafiador e capaz de comprometer o acesso dos instrumentos e soluções irrigadoras por toda extensão do canal radicular, impossibilitando sua adequada desinfecção. A Endodontia Guiada traz mais previsibilidade e segurança ao tratamento endodôntico nessa situação complexa. Métodos: uma vez constatada calcificação severa com necessidade de intervenção endodôntica, o paciente é encaminhado ao centro radiológico para o planejamento da Endodontia Guiada. Um modelo 3D da arcada a ser tratada é obtido por meio de um scanner de bancada e, posteriormente, transferido para um software de planejamento virtual de implante. A TCFC é adicionada a esse software e ambas são sobrepostas, com base em estruturas visíveis radiograficamente. O software Simplant é programado para projetar uma broca física, utilizada para o acesso endodôntico guiado, sobreposta virtualmente à calcificação do canal radicular. De posse da guia impressa, essa é posicionada na arcada do paciente e o procedimento clínico, executado. Conclusão: a técnica de Endodontia Guiada é rápida, previsível e clinicamente viável. Além disso, pode ser executada por profissionais menos experientes, não necessitando da utilização de microscópio operatório (AU).


Introduction: Pulp calcification is one of the factors that make endodontic treatment challenging and capable of compromising access of instruments and irrigant solutions to the entire extension of the root canal, making it impossible to disinfect it adequately. Guided endodontics makes the endodontic treatment more predictable and safer in this complex situation. Materials and Methods: Once severe calcification requiring endodontic intervention has been found, the patient is referred to the radiology center for the planning of guided endodontics. A 3D model of the arch to be treated is obtained by means of a bench scanner, afterwards transferred to a virtual implant planning software program. The CBCT is added to this software and both are superimposed on the basis of radiographically visible structures. The Simplant software is programmed to project a physical bur used for guided endodontic access, virtually superimposed on the root canal calcification. Once the printed guide has been obtained, it is positioned in the patient's arch and the clinical procedure is performed. Conclusion: The guided endodontic technique is easy, predictable and clinically feasible to perform. Moreover, it may be performed by less experienced professionals, and does not require the use of an operating microscope (AU).


Subject(s)
Root Canal Therapy , Radiography, Dental, Digital , Dental Pulp , Dental Pulp Calcification , Apicoectomy , Tooth Calcification , Dental Pulp Diseases
17.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 56(1): e1407, ene.-mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003865

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Se requieren métodos experimentales abreviados para simular las lesiones de desmineralización temprana de forma controlada y reproducible. Objetivo: Realizar una evaluación in vitro de un método simple de desmineralización incipiente del esmalte. Métodos: Estudio experimental aleatorizado con doble diseño factorial de réplicas. Se seleccionaron 12 terceros molares de sujetos humanos saludables para su desmineralización en solución de ácido láctico racémico. Las muestras se distribuyeron aleatoriamente: Grupo 1 (G1) (n= 6) ácido láctico a pH 2,4 y Grupo 2 (G2) (n= 6) ácido láctico a pH 5,4. A continuación, cada grupo se subdividió (n = 2) para evaluar el efecto de las soluciones a tres tiempos de exposición (7, 15 y 30 días) a 37 °C. La evaluación se llevó a cabo con estereomicroscopios, equipo de radiografía digital con un software de análisis digital de imágenes y microscopía de polarización. Se formuló una integración de los índices de respuesta y se realizó un ANOVA. Resultados: Los hallazgos visuales, radiográficos e histológicos mostraron que en el G1 en los tiempos 1 a 3, la desmineralización se caracterizó por una gran pérdida de la integridad del esmalte (80 por ciento a 100 por ciento). Visualmente, el G2 a los 7 días mostró opacidad y pérdida de brillo (16 por ciento) con preservación de la estructura superficial del esmalte. Conclusiones: Se demuestra que el empleo de ácido láctico durante 7 días a pH 5,4 produce una lesión clínica, radiográfica e histológica similar a una lesión temprana del esmalte(AU)


Introduction: Abridged experimental methods are required to simulate early demineralizing lesions in a controlled and reproducible way. Objective: Perform an in vitro evaluation of a simple method of incipient enamel demineralization. Methods: Randomized experimental study with a double factorial replication design. Twelve third molars from healthy human subjects were selected for demineralization in a racemic lactic acid solution. Samples were then distributed randomly: Group 1 (G1) (n= 6) lactic acid at pH 2.4 and Group 2 (G2) (n= 6) lactic acid at pH 5.4. Each group was then subdivided (n = 2) to evaluate the effect of the solutions at three exposure times (7, 15 and 30 days) at 37°C. The evaluation used stereomicroscopes, a digital x-rays apparatus with software for the digital analysis of images, and polarization microscopy. An integration of the response indices was formulated and ANOVA was performed. Results: Visual, radiographic and histological findings showed that G1 at time 1 through 3 displayed demineralization characterized by extensive loss (80 percent to 100 percent) of enamel integrity. Visually, G2 at 7 days exhibited opacity and loss of brightness (16 percent), with preservation of the surface structure of the enamel. Conclusions: It was shown that employing lactic acid for 7 days at pH 5.4 develops a clinical, radiographic and histological injury similar to an early enamel lesion(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Demineralization/diagnostic imaging , Lactic Acid/administration & dosage , Radiography, Dental, Digital/methods , Dental Enamel/injuries , In Vitro Techniques/statistics & numerical data , Microscopy, Polarization/methods
18.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4387, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-997978

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compared the accuracy of digital radiography in the diagnosis of interproximal caries in permanent teeth with conventional radiography and visual examination. Material and Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, 78 human premolars, which seem normal in primary examination, are mounted on the plaster in a pair-wise manner and their caries are visually evaluated. Conventional and digital radiographic images are taken under the same conditions and their caries are graded with Confidence Score. To determine the golden standard, after mesiodistal incision, the teeth are examined using stereomicroscopy. Finally, the results obtained by visual observation and conventional radiography as well as digital images were compared with those obtained from the stereomicroscopy to determine their accuracy in detecting the interproximal caries. Results: The consistencies between the visual, digital, and conventional methods with the standard method (microscopic histology) are 53%, 78%, and 50% respectively - all of them are significant (p<0.05). The highest and the lowest sensitivities are related to the digital (96%) and visual (88%) methods respectively, while the highest and lowest specificities are related to the digital (79%) and conventional (50%) methods respectively. The highest and lowest positive predictive value is related to the digital (79%) and conventional (80%) methods respectively. The highest and lowest negative predictive values are related to the digital (90%) and visual (71%) methods respectively. Compared with the standard methodology, the most accurate diagnostic accuracy can be seen for the digital method (91%). Conclusion: There is no significant difference in the diagnosis of interproximal caries by different methods, and the only advantage of digital radiography, compared with the conventional one, is storing radiographs without losing important information and the lower dose of radiation for the patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bicuspid , Dentition, Permanent , Radiography, Dental, Digital/instrumentation , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Dimensional Measurement Accuracy , Chi-Square Distribution , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Radiography, Bitewing/instrumentation , Iran
19.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180429, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-990101

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: To evaluate the radiopacity of Biodentine (BD) and BD associated with 15% calcium tungstate (BDCaWO4) or zirconium oxide (BDZrO2), by using conventional and digital radiography systems, and their physicochemical and biological properties. Materials and Methods: Radiopacity was evaluated by taking radiographs of cement specimens (n=8) using occlusal film, photostimulable phosphor plates or digital sensors. Solubility, setting time, pH, cytocompatibility and osteogenic potential were also evaluated. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey post-test or two-way ANOVA and Bonferroni post-test (α=0.05). Results: BD radiopacity was lower than 3 mm Al, while BD ZrO2 and BD CaWO4 radiopacity was higher than 3 mm Al in all radiography systems. The cements showed low solubility, except for BDCaWO4. All cements showed alkaline pH and setting time lower than 34 minutes. MTT and NR assays revealed that cements had greater or similar cytocompatibility in comparison with control. The ALP activity in all groups was similar or greater than the control. All cements induced greater production of mineralized nodules than control. Conclusions: Addition of 15% ZrO2 or CaWO4 was sufficient to increase the radiopacity of BD to values higher than 3 mm Al. BD associated with radiopacifiers showed suitable properties of setting time, pH and solubility, except for BDCaWO4, which showed the highest solubility. All cements had cytocompatibility and potential to induce mineralization in Saos-2 cells. The results showed that adding 15% ZrO2 increases the radiopacity of BD, allowing its radiography detection without altering its physicochemical and biological properties.


Subject(s)
Humans , Zirconium/chemistry , Tungsten Compounds/chemistry , Silicates/chemistry , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Radiography, Dental, Digital/methods , Osteoblasts/drug effects , Reference Values , Solubility , Time Factors , Zirconium/pharmacology , Materials Testing , Cell Survival/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Anthraquinones , Tungsten Compounds/pharmacology , Silicates/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Alkaline Phosphatase/analysis , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
20.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 18: e191649, jan.-dez. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1095175

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the performance of three digital radiographic systems in the analysis of root canal filling quality using different intracanal materials for primary teeth. Methods: Twenty-five bovine teeth were divided into 5 groups: Calen® combined with iodoform; Calen® combined with zinc oxide; zinc oxide and eugenol; UltraCal®XS, and 2% chlorhexidine combined with Ca(OH)2 + zinc oxide. Periapical radiographs were obtained with the VistaScan, Express, and SnapShot systems. The quality of the images was evaluated objectively (radiopacity) and subjectively (apical sealing and filling homogeneity). As the reference standard, the teeth were scanned with a micro-CT device. Results: Radiopacity differed among the radiographic systems and materials tested. In general, the greatest difference was observed between the Express and VistaScan systems; Calen® combined with iodoform resulted in the highest radiopacity. The radiographic systems did not differ in terms of homogeneity. However, Calen® combined with iodoform differed from the other materials and exhibited the best results. Regarding apical sealing, the SnapShot system and Calen® combined with zinc oxide provided the best results. Conclusion: Direct digital systems show better performance in evaluating the quality of endodontic treatment in primary teeth and should be preferred for this purpose


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Root Canal Filling Materials , Tooth, Deciduous , Radiography, Dental, Digital
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