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1.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(6): 466-473, dic. 31, 2020. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178940

ABSTRACT

Objective: The objective of the study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of cone beam computed tomography and three intraoral radiographic systems in the detection of in vitro caries lesions. Material and Methods: One hundred teeth (46 molars and 54 premolars) were evaluated, including 176 proximal surfaces and 90 occlusal surfaces, with or without dental caries lesions. Digital images of all teeth were obtained using specific intraoral radiographs, VistaScan DürrDental®phosphor-plate radiography, XIOS XG Sirona® digital sensor radiography, and CBCT I-CATTM. Observers evaluated the images for the detection of caries lesions. The teeth were clinically sectioned and stereomicroscopy served as a validation tool. The relationship of sensitivity and specificity between all systems was determined through the ROC curve using Az values. Results: The values of the area under the curve (Az) selected for the CBCT I-CATTM system were 0.89 (0.84-0.93), for conventional radiography 0.71 (0.66-0.76), digital sensor radiography 0.74 (0.70-0.78) and digital radiography with phosphor-plates 0.73 (0.69-0.77). Statistically significant differences were found between the CBCT I-CATTM system and intraoral radiographic systems (p<0.01). The sensitivity and specificity values for the CBCT I-CATTM were 0.84 and 0.93 respectively. Conclusion: CBCT has a high sensitivity and specificity compared to intraoral radiographic systems for the diagnosis of dental caries lesions in vitro.


Objetivo: El objetivo del estudio fue comparar la precisión diagnóstica de la tomografía computarizada de haz cónico y tres sistemas radiográficos intraorales en la detección de lesiones de caries in vitro. Material y Métodos: Se evaluaron 100 dientes, 46 molares y 54 premolares; 176 superficies proximales y 90 superficies oclusales, con o sin lesión de caries dental. Se obtuvieron imágenes digitales de todos los dientes utilizando radiografías intraorales convencionales, radiografía con placas de fósforo VistaScan DürrDental®, radiografía con sensor digital XIOS XG Sirona® y CBCT I- C ATTM. Tres observadores evaluaron las imágenes para la detección de lesiones de caries. Los dientes se seccionaron clínicamente y la estereomicroscopía sirvió como herramienta de validación. Se determinó relación de sensibilidad y especificidad entre todos los sistemas a través de la curva ROC utilizando valores Az. Resultados: Los valores de área debajo de la curva (Az) obtenidos para el sistema CBCT I-CATTM fueron de 0.89 (0.84-0.93), para radiografía convencional 0.71 (0.66-0.76), radiografía con sensor digital 0.74 (0.70-0.78) y radiografía digital con placas de fósforo 0.73 (0.69-0.77). Se encontró diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre el sistema CBCT I-CATTM y todos los sistemas radiográficos convencionales y digitales (p<0.01). Los valores de sensibilidad y especificidad para el CBCT I-CATTM fueron 0.84 y 0.93 respectivamente. Conclusión: La CBCT tiene una alta sensibilidad y especificidad en comparación a los sistemas radiográficos intraorales en el diagnóstico de lesiones de caries dental in vitro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Radiography, Dental, Digital/methods , Dental Caries/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Peru , In Vitro Techniques , Molar/diagnostic imaging
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(2): 322-327, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056442

ABSTRACT

La estimación de edad compone un aspecto importante en investigaciones forenses. Diferentes métodos se han descrito en odontología forense basadas en la correlación entre la edad y estructuras dentales. Cameriere et al. proponen un método cuantitativo para estimación de edad en adultos, a partir de la evaluación de la relación del área pulpa/diente, en base a la aposición de dentina secundaria. El objetivo del estudio fue desarrollar modelos de regresión para la estimación de edad dental mediante la relación área pulpa/diente en caninos inferiores en una muestra Chilena. Se analizaron 212 radiografías periapicales digitales (RPD) (86 hombres y 126 mujeres) de caninos mandibulares mediante el programa Image J para establecer el área de la pulpa y el diente. Se registraron los datos de sexo y edad de las RPD seleccionadas en forma ciega. Fueron desarrollados modelos de regresión lineal simples para la estimación de edad. El coeficiente de determinación para R33 fue 27,8 % y de 29,6 % para R44, con un error absoluto medio de 11,02 años y 10,37 años respectivamente. El análisis de ANOVA no mostró diferencias estadísticamente significativas para las relaciones área pulpa/diente de caninos según sexo (p> 0,05). Según los resultados obtenidos, la metodología propuesta por Cameriere et al. es fiable para estimar la edad dental mediante la relación área pulpa/diente en adultos. Sin embargo, en los modelos de regresión desarrollados para la población Chilena, se puede afirmar que el ajuste indicado por los coeficientes de determinación muestran incerteza entre las variables área pulpa/diente y edad cronológica en caninos inferiores, por lo tanto se sugiere considerar otros métodos adicionales para estimar edad en esta población.


Age estimation is an important aspect In forensic investigations. Different methods in forensic odontology based on the correlation between age estimation in adults, from the analysis of the pulp/tooth area, based on the apposition of secondary dentine. The aim of the study was to develop regression models for the dental age estimation by the relation pulp/tooth area, in lower canines in a Chilean sample, using digital peri-apical radiographs (DPR) applying Cameriere's method. We analyzed 212 DPR (86 males and 126 females) mandibular canines through Image J program to measure the pulp/tooth area. Age and sex information was obtained of the DPR's blindly selected. We developed simple linear regression models for age estimation. The coefficient of determination to R33 was R2 age and dental structures have been described. Cameriere et al. proposed a quantitative method for 27.8 % and R2 29.6 % to R44, with a mean absolute error of 11.02 years, to R33 and 10.37 years to R44. ANOVA analysis showed no statistically significant differences for the pulp/tooth relation area of canines according to sex (p> 0.05). According to the results, the Cameriere's et al., method is reliable for dental age estimation according to pulp/tooth ratio in adults. However, in the regression models developed for Chilean population, it can be stated that the adjustment indicated by the coefficients of determination, show uncertainty between the pulp / tooth area and chronological age in lower canines, therefore it is suggested to use additional estimation methods for age in this population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Tooth/anatomy & histology , Age Determination by Teeth/methods , Radiography, Dental, Digital/methods , Dental Pulp/anatomy & histology , Tooth/diagnostic imaging , Logistic Models , Chile , Analysis of Variance , Dental Pulp/diagnostic imaging , Age and Sex Distribution , Forensic Dentistry
3.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e051, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132656

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to verify the precision and applicability of two methods of age estimation, Kvaal's and Cameriere's methods, among Brazilian adults. A sample composed of periapical radiographs of canine teeth belonging to 320 Brazilian adults was analyzed, divided into groups according to sex (male and female) and age group (20-29 years, 30-39 years, 40-49 years and 50-59 years). Kvaal's method presented better results when compared to the results of Cameriere's method in the general evaluation of each canine tooth, except for the upper left canine (tooth 23), which presented a mean error (ME) with no statistically significant difference between the methods (Kvaal: ME = 7.43, p = 0.4991, Cameriere: ME = 7.55, p = 0.6982). In the evaluation by age groups, Kvaal's method presented a lower variation between the real age and estimated age when applied to the age groups of 20-29 years and 30-39 years compared to the results provided by Cameriere's method. With respect to the groups aged 40 to 49 years and 50 to 59 years, Cameriere's method presented better performance than the results provided by Kvaal's method. The methods of estimating age proposed by Kvaal and Cameriere are simple and nondestructive and have demonstrated reproducibility and reliability. The Kvaal method was more accurate for the age groups of 20-29 and 30-39 years, and for those over 40 years, the Cameriere method was the most accurate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Age Determination by Teeth/methods , Reference Standards , Reproducibility of Results , Age Factors , Radiography, Dental, Digital/methods , Cuspid/anatomy & histology , Cuspid/diagnostic imaging , Forensic Dentistry/methods , Middle Aged
4.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 56(1): e1407, ene.-mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003865

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Se requieren métodos experimentales abreviados para simular las lesiones de desmineralización temprana de forma controlada y reproducible. Objetivo: Realizar una evaluación in vitro de un método simple de desmineralización incipiente del esmalte. Métodos: Estudio experimental aleatorizado con doble diseño factorial de réplicas. Se seleccionaron 12 terceros molares de sujetos humanos saludables para su desmineralización en solución de ácido láctico racémico. Las muestras se distribuyeron aleatoriamente: Grupo 1 (G1) (n= 6) ácido láctico a pH 2,4 y Grupo 2 (G2) (n= 6) ácido láctico a pH 5,4. A continuación, cada grupo se subdividió (n = 2) para evaluar el efecto de las soluciones a tres tiempos de exposición (7, 15 y 30 días) a 37 °C. La evaluación se llevó a cabo con estereomicroscopios, equipo de radiografía digital con un software de análisis digital de imágenes y microscopía de polarización. Se formuló una integración de los índices de respuesta y se realizó un ANOVA. Resultados: Los hallazgos visuales, radiográficos e histológicos mostraron que en el G1 en los tiempos 1 a 3, la desmineralización se caracterizó por una gran pérdida de la integridad del esmalte (80 por ciento a 100 por ciento). Visualmente, el G2 a los 7 días mostró opacidad y pérdida de brillo (16 por ciento) con preservación de la estructura superficial del esmalte. Conclusiones: Se demuestra que el empleo de ácido láctico durante 7 días a pH 5,4 produce una lesión clínica, radiográfica e histológica similar a una lesión temprana del esmalte(AU)


Introduction: Abridged experimental methods are required to simulate early demineralizing lesions in a controlled and reproducible way. Objective: Perform an in vitro evaluation of a simple method of incipient enamel demineralization. Methods: Randomized experimental study with a double factorial replication design. Twelve third molars from healthy human subjects were selected for demineralization in a racemic lactic acid solution. Samples were then distributed randomly: Group 1 (G1) (n= 6) lactic acid at pH 2.4 and Group 2 (G2) (n= 6) lactic acid at pH 5.4. Each group was then subdivided (n = 2) to evaluate the effect of the solutions at three exposure times (7, 15 and 30 days) at 37°C. The evaluation used stereomicroscopes, a digital x-rays apparatus with software for the digital analysis of images, and polarization microscopy. An integration of the response indices was formulated and ANOVA was performed. Results: Visual, radiographic and histological findings showed that G1 at time 1 through 3 displayed demineralization characterized by extensive loss (80 percent to 100 percent) of enamel integrity. Visually, G2 at 7 days exhibited opacity and loss of brightness (16 percent), with preservation of the surface structure of the enamel. Conclusions: It was shown that employing lactic acid for 7 days at pH 5.4 develops a clinical, radiographic and histological injury similar to an early enamel lesion(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Demineralization/diagnostic imaging , Lactic Acid/administration & dosage , Radiography, Dental, Digital/methods , Dental Enamel/injuries , In Vitro Techniques/statistics & numerical data , Microscopy, Polarization/methods
5.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180429, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-990101

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: To evaluate the radiopacity of Biodentine (BD) and BD associated with 15% calcium tungstate (BDCaWO4) or zirconium oxide (BDZrO2), by using conventional and digital radiography systems, and their physicochemical and biological properties. Materials and Methods: Radiopacity was evaluated by taking radiographs of cement specimens (n=8) using occlusal film, photostimulable phosphor plates or digital sensors. Solubility, setting time, pH, cytocompatibility and osteogenic potential were also evaluated. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey post-test or two-way ANOVA and Bonferroni post-test (α=0.05). Results: BD radiopacity was lower than 3 mm Al, while BD ZrO2 and BD CaWO4 radiopacity was higher than 3 mm Al in all radiography systems. The cements showed low solubility, except for BDCaWO4. All cements showed alkaline pH and setting time lower than 34 minutes. MTT and NR assays revealed that cements had greater or similar cytocompatibility in comparison with control. The ALP activity in all groups was similar or greater than the control. All cements induced greater production of mineralized nodules than control. Conclusions: Addition of 15% ZrO2 or CaWO4 was sufficient to increase the radiopacity of BD to values higher than 3 mm Al. BD associated with radiopacifiers showed suitable properties of setting time, pH and solubility, except for BDCaWO4, which showed the highest solubility. All cements had cytocompatibility and potential to induce mineralization in Saos-2 cells. The results showed that adding 15% ZrO2 increases the radiopacity of BD, allowing its radiography detection without altering its physicochemical and biological properties.


Subject(s)
Humans , Zirconium/chemistry , Tungsten Compounds/chemistry , Silicates/chemistry , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Radiography, Dental, Digital/methods , Osteoblasts/drug effects , Reference Values , Solubility , Time Factors , Zirconium/pharmacology , Materials Testing , Cell Survival/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Anthraquinones , Tungsten Compounds/pharmacology , Silicates/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Alkaline Phosphatase/analysis , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
6.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 12(3): 246-251, Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-975741

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Los procedimientos de imagenología dental son el tipo más frecuente de estudio radiológico y aportan información esencial para apoyar la evaluación, diagnóstico y tratamiento de patologías y/o alteraciones dentomaxilofaciales. La presente revisión narrativa, muestra los procedimientos de radiología dental, define conceptos asociados a la protección radiológica en éstos y entrega una guía con recomendaciones para mejorar la seguridad y protección radiológica del paciente y del operador, en esta clase de procedimientos imagenológicos. Comprender que bajo el actual sistema de protección radiológica, es el Odontólogo quién debe justificar la realización o no de un tipo de procedimiento radiológico, teniendo presente los costos económicos y sobre todo los costos en términos de dosis para el paciente.


ABSTRACT: Dental imaging procedures are the most frequent type of radiological study and provide essential information to support the evaluation, diagnosis and treatment of pathologies and / or dentomaxillofacial alterations. The present narrative review shows dental radiology procedures, defines concepts associated with radiological protection in these and provides a guide with recommendations to improve the safety and radiological protection of the patient and the operator in this kind of imaging procedures. Understanding that under the current system of radiological protection, it is the dentist who must confirm the realization or not, of a type of radiological procedure, keeping in mind the financial costs, and above all, consequences to the patient in terms of dose used in the procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Radiology/methods , Radiography, Dental, Digital/methods , Radiation Protection/methods , Radiation Exposure/prevention & control
8.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(2): 227-233, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-841175

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare periapical radiograph (PR) and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in the diagnosis of alveolar and root fractures. Material and Methods Sixty incisor teeth (20 higid and 40 with root fracture) from dogs were inserted in 60 anterior alveolar sockets (40 higid and 20 with alveolar fracture) of 15 macerated canine maxillae. Each fractured socket had a root fractured tooth inserted in it. Afterwards, each maxilla was submitted to PR in two different vertical angulation incidences, and to CBCT imaging with a small field of view (FOV) and high-definition protocol. Images were randomized and posteriorly analyzed by two oral and maxillofacial radiologists two times, with a two-week interval between observations. Results Sensitivity and specificity values were good for root fractures for PR and CBCT. For alveolar fractures, sensitivity ranged from 0.10 to 0.90 for PR and from 0.50 to 0.65 for CBCT. Specificity for alveolar fractures showed lower results than for root fractures for PR and CBCT. Areas under the ROC curve showed good results for both PR and CBCT for root fractures. However, results were fair for both PR and CBCT for alveolar fractures. When submitted to repeated measures ANOVA tests, there was a statistically significant difference between PR and CBCT for root fractures. Root fracture intraobserver agreement ranged from 0.90 to 0.93, and alveolar fracture intraobserver agreement ranged from 0.30 to 0.57. Interobserver agreement results were substantial for root fractures and poor/fair for alveolar fractures (0.11 for PR and 0.30 for CBCT). Conclusion Periapical radiograph with two different vertical angulations may be considered an accurate method to detect root fractures. However, PR showed poorer results than CBCT for the diagnosis of alveolar fractures. When no fractures are diagnosed in PR and the patient describes pain symptoms, the subsequent exam of choice is CBCT.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Tooth Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Root/injuries , Radiography, Dental, Digital/methods , Tooth Socket/injuries , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Reference Values , Tooth Root/diagnostic imaging , Random Allocation , Observer Variation , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Tooth Socket/diagnostic imaging , Incisor/injuries , Incisor/diagnostic imaging
9.
Braz. dent. j ; 28(1): 85-91, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839115

ABSTRACT

Abstract Secondary caries is the most common cause of dental restoration failures. This study aimed to compare the diagnostic accuracy of conventional and digital intraoral radiography and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) for detection of recurrent caries around composite restorations. mesio-occluso-distal (MOD) cavities were prepared using bur on 45 extracted sound human molar teeth. The teeth were divided into 3 groups. In the control group, cavities were restored with composite resin after etching and bonding (n=15). In Group 2, 500-μm thick wax was placed over the buccal, lingual and gingival walls and the cavities were restored with composite resin. Group 3 specimens were subjected to pH cycling and artificial caries were created on the buccal, lingual and gingival walls. The cavities were restored with composite. Conventional and digital photo-stimulable phosphor (PSP; Optime) radiographs and two CBCTs images (NewTom 3G and Cranex 3D) were obtained from them. Presence or absence of caries in the cavity walls was assessed on these images. Data were analyzed using Kappa statistic. The diagnostic accuracy of CBCT was significantly higher than that of digital and conventional intraoral radiography (p<0.05). The accuracy was 0.83, 0.78, 0.55 and 0.49 for CBCT Cranex 3D, CBCT NewTom 3G, conventional and digital intraoral radiography, respectively. CBCT has a higher diagnostic accuracy than digital and conventional intraoral radiography for detection of secondary caries around composite restorations.


Resumo A causa mais comum de falha das cáries dentais são as cáries secundárias. Este estudo objetivou comparar a acurácia diagnóstica da radiografia intraoral digital e convencional com a tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC) para a detecção de cáries recorrentes em torno restaurações com compósitos. Cavidades mésio-oclusais-distais (MOD) foram produzidas com broca em 45 molares hígidos humanos extraídos. Os dentes foram dividdos em 3 grupos. No grupo controle, as cavidades foram restauradas com compósito após condicionamento e colagem (n=15). No Grupo 2, foi aplicada uma camada de cera de 500 µm de espessura sobre as paredes bucais, linguais e gengivais; as cavidades foram então restauradas com resina composta. No Grupos 3, as amostras foram submetidas a ciclagem de pH e criação artificial de cáries sobre as paredes bucais, linguais e gengivais; as cavidades foram então restauradas com resina composta. Radiografias convencional e digital com fósforo foto-estimulável (PSP, Optima) e duas imagens em TCFC (NewTom 3G e Granex 3D) foram obtidas de cada amostra. A presença ou não de cáries foi avaliada nestas imagens. Os dados foram analisados por estatística Kappa. A acurácia diagnóstica da TCFC foi significantemente (p<0,05) maior que na radiografia intraoral convencional e digital. A acurácia foi de 0,83, 0,78, 0,55 e 0,49, respectivamente para TCFC Cranex 3D, TCFC NewTom 3G, a radiografia intraoral convencional e digital. A TCFC tem maior acurácia diagnóstica que a radiografia intraoral convencional e digital para detecção de cáries secundárias em torno de restaurações com compósito.


Subject(s)
Humans , Composite Resins , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Dental Caries/therapy , Radiography, Dental, Digital/methods , Recurrence , Sensitivity and Specificity
10.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(6): 757-760, Nov.-Dec. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-828073

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of panoramic radiographs obtained by digital system based on charge coupled device (CCD) and a phosphor storage plate (PSP) system with two different file formats, JPEG irreversible type and BMP. Linear measurements of artificial bony defects were made in dry mandibles with a digital caliper. Measures of digital panoramic radiographs were taken in ImageJ(r) software. Each measurement was performed twice by an experienced examiner. The intra-rater agreement was considered very strong (Pearson's correlation coefficient of 0.97). There was no significant difference between the linear measurements of dry mandibles, considered the gold standard, in relation to measurements obtained from digital radiographs (p=0.47). The error of these measures for the CCD was 1.04 mm (9.97%) for JPEG images and 1.03 mm (9.99%) for those with BMP format. For the PSP images, these values were 1.48 mm (14.94%) and 1.43 mm (14.43%), respectively. Although there was no statistical difference between the images with JPEG and BMP format, for both digital systems (p=1.00 for CCD and p=0.98 for PSP system), errors made on radiographs obtained by PSP system were significantly higher than those of CCD (p<0.05). The size of the files saved in JPEG was also significantly lower (p=0.005) compared with the files saved in BMP. It may be concluded that the digital radiographs, both saved in JPEG and BMP formats, are accurate, regardless the used digital system, and JPEG images are more suitable for teleradiology.


Resumo Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a acurácia de radiografias panorâmicas digitais obtidas por sistema digital baseado em dispositivo acoplador de carga (DAC) e por sistema de placa de fósforo (PF) com duas diferentes extensões de arquivo (JPEG e BMP, sendo o primeiro do tipo compactador irreversível). Medidas lineares de defeitos ósseos foram realizadas em mandíbulas secas com paquímetro digital. As medidas correspondentes nas radiografias panorâmicas digitais foram realizadas no software ImageJ(r). As medidas foram realizadas duas vezes por um examinador. A concordância intraexaminador foi considerada muito forte (coeficiente de correlação de Pearson de 0,97). Não houve diferença significante entre as medidas lineares das mandíbulas secas, consideradas padrão-ouro, em relação às medidas obtidas das radiografias digitais (p=0,47). Os erros absolutos e relativos dessas medidas para o DAC foram de 1,04 mm (9,97%) para as imagens JPEG e de 1,03 mm (9,99%) para aquelas com extensão BMP. Para o sistema digital com PF esses valores foram de 1,48 mm (14,94%) e 1,43 mm (14,43%), respectivamente. Apesar de não ter havido diferença estatística entre as imagens com extensão JPEG e BMP, para ambos os sistemas digitais (p=1,00 para DAC e p=0,98 para a PF), os erros das medidas realizadas nas radiografias obtidas pelo sistema de PF foram significativamente maiores que os erros do DAC (p<0,05). O tamanho dos arquivos salvos em JPEG também foram significativamente menores (p=0,005) em comparação com os arquivos salvos em BMP. Pode-se concluir que as radiografias digitais tanto com extensão JPEG quanto BMP são acuradas, independente do sistema digital utilizado e as imagens salvas em JPEG são mais indicadas em telerradiologia.


Subject(s)
Data Compression , Radiography, Dental, Digital/methods , Radiography, Panoramic/methods
11.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 104(2): 86-90, jun. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-790194

ABSTRACT

Los tratamientos combinados de ortodoncia y cirugía ortognática proveen solución a aquellos pacientes con severas alteraciones dentomaxilomandi-bulares. La planificación del tratamiento debe ser detallada, a fin de maximizar eléxito de los resultados faciales y oclusales. Los objetivos de tratamiento se ven beneficiados por el uso de métodos de planificación tridimensionales y la generación de guías quirúrgicas, producto de simulaciones quirúrgicas virtuales. El apoyo tecnológico pronostica los cambios en la posición de huesos, la mordida, la vía respiratoria y los tejidos blandos, optimizando los resultados de estética y función.


Subject(s)
Humans , Orthognathic Surgery/methods , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Printing, Three-Dimensional/methods , Orthodontics, Corrective/methods , Radiography, Dental, Digital/methods , Combined Modality Therapy , Malocclusion/therapy , Prognosis , Patient Care Planning/methods , Computer Simulation/methods , Treatment Outcome
12.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 20(3): 29-36, May-Jun/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-751403

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Despite discussion on the merit of various cephalometric superimposition methods, there remains a need to assess which one can be used in daily practice with reasonably accuracy and less working time. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate four methods of cephalometric superimposition by means of assessing the longitudinal changes in craniofacial morphology caused by growth and response of adolescents with Class I malocclusion to orthodontic treatment involving first premolar extraction. METHODS: Pretreatment (T1) and post-treatment (T2) standardized lateral cephalometric radiographs of 31 adolescents (20 females and 11 males), with Angle Class I malocclusion and indication of premolar extraction, participated in this study. Radiographs were digitized, traced and had structures identified by means of a cephalometric software. Four superimposition methods were used: Björk structural method, Steiner/Tweed SN line, Ricketts N-Ba line at N-point and Ricketts N-Ba line at CC-point. Positional changes were quantified by horizontal and vertical linear changes in the following cephalometric landmarks: anterior/posterior nasal spine (ANS and PNS), gnathion (Gn), Gonion (Go), Pogonion (Pog), A-point and B-point. Differences between T1 and T2 in horizontal and vertical positional changes for all superimposition methods were assessed by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Bonferroni correction (p < 0.05). RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences among the cephalometric superimposition methods or when patients' sex was considered. CONCLUSION: Björk structural method, Steiner/Tweed SN line, Ricketts N-Ba line at N-point and Ricketts N-Ba line at CC-point methods were reliable and presented similar precision when the overall facial changes due to active growth and/or orthodontic treatment were examined. .


INTRODUÇÃO: apesar dos debates sobre os méritos dos vários métodos de sobreposição cefalométrica, ainda há necessidade de se avaliar quais deles poderiam ser utilizados na prática diária, com razoável precisão e menor tempo de trabalho. OBJETIVO: o objetivo desta pesquisa foi investigar quatro métodos de sobreposição cefalométrica, avaliando as mudanças longitudinais na morfologia craniofacial causadas pelo crescimento e resposta ao tratamento, em adolescentes com má oclusão de Classe I tratados ortodonticamente com extração de primeiros pré-molares. MÉTODOS: foram usadas telerradiografias laterais pré-tratamento (T1) e pós-tratamento (T2) de 31 adolescentes (20 do sexo feminino e 11 do sexo masculino), com Classe I de Angle e indicação de extração de pré-molares. As radiografias foram digitalizadas, traçadas e as estruturas, identificadas com um software cefalométrico (Radiocef, Radio Memory, Belo Horizonte, Brasil). Quatro métodos de sobreposição foram utilizados para avaliar mudanças de posição devidas ao crescimento e/ou tratamento: método Estrutural de Björk; método Steiner/Tweed linha SN; Ricketts linha N-Ba no ponto N; e Ricketts linha N-Ba no ponto CC. As mudanças posicionais avaliadas pelos métodos de sobreposição foram quantificadas por mudanças lineares horizontais e verticais nos seguintes pontos cefalométricos: espinha nasal anterior (ENA), espinha nasal posterior (ENP), gnátio (Gn), Gônio (Go), Pogônio (Pog), Ponto A e Ponto B. Mudanças de posição horizontal e vertical entre T1 e T2 para todos os métodos de sobreposição foram avaliadas por análise de variância (ANOVA) e teste de Bonferroni (p < 0,05). RESULTADOS: não houve diferença estatística significativa entre os métodos de sobreposição cefalométrica em toda a amostra ou quando o sexo dos pacientes foi considerado. CONCLUSÃO: de acordo com a metodologia aplicada nesse estudo, os métodos de sobreposição cefalométrica Estrutural de Björk, de Steiner/Tweed linha SN, ...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Orthodontics, Corrective/methods , Cephalometry/methods , Radiography, Dental, Digital/methods , Malocclusion, Angle Class I/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Extraction/methods , Bicuspid/surgery , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted/methods , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Chin/growth & development , Chin/diagnostic imaging , Facial Bones/growth & development , Facial Bones/diagnostic imaging , Anatomic Landmarks/growth & development , Anatomic Landmarks/diagnostic imaging , Malocclusion, Angle Class I/therapy , Mandible/growth & development , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Maxilla/growth & development , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging , Nasal Bone/diagnostic imaging
13.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-159442

ABSTRACT

Anomalies of the dentition present real challenges to the dental practitioner. The occurrence of multiple supernumerary teeth in the absence of an associated systemic condition or syndrome is considered as a rare phenomenon. Here, we discuss a case of four supernumerary teeth in one maxillary quadrant with a fusion of supernumerary tooth to maxillary permanent central incisor, which was evident on radiological and clinical examination. Various radiographic views including intraoral periapical radiograph, maxillary occlusal radiograph, orthopantomograph, and cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) imaging were done to identify and locate the presence of supernumerary and supplemental teeth. The present case emphasizes the importance of different radiographic views and modalities in correct identification of the dental anomalies and thereby providing a prompt diagnosis and treatment as the exact identification of supernumerary teeth and differentiating it from permanent tooth is of prime importance in treatment planning and management.


Subject(s)
Child , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Humans , Male , Radiography, Dental/methods , Radiography, Dental, Digital/methods , Syndrome , Tooth, Impacted/diagnosis , Tooth, Impacted/diagnostic imaging , Tooth, Impacted/surgery , Tooth, Impacted/therapy , Tooth, Supernumerary/diagnosis , Tooth, Supernumerary/diagnostic imaging , Tooth, Supernumerary/surgery , Tooth, Supernumerary/therapy
14.
J. appl. oral sci ; 23(1): 56-63, Jan-Feb/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-741592

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy and reliability of two methods of measurements of linear distances (multiplanar 2D and tridimensional reconstruction 3D) obtained from cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) with different voxel sizes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ten dry human mandibles were scanned at voxel sizes of 0.2 and 0.4 mm. Craniometric anatomical landmarks were identified twice by two independent operators on the multiplanar reconstructed and on volume rendering images that were generated by the software Dolphin®. Subsequently, physical measurements were performed using a digital caliper. Analysis of variance (ANOVA), intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and Bland-Altman were used for evaluating accuracy and reliability (p<0.05). RESULTS: Excellent intraobserver reliability and good to high precision interobserver reliability values were found for linear measurements from CBCT 3D and multiplanar images. Measurements performed on multiplanar reconstructed images were more accurate than measurements in volume rendering compared with the gold standard. No statistically significant difference was found between voxel protocols, independently of the measurement method. CONCLUSIONS: Linear measurements on multiplanar images of 0.2 and 0.4 voxel are reliable and accurate when compared with direct caliper measurements. Caution should be taken in the volume rendering measurements, because the measurements were reliable, but not accurate for all variables. An increased voxel resolution did not result in greater accuracy of mandible measurements and would potentially provide increased patient radiation exposure. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Mandible/anatomy & histology , Mandible , Radiography, Dental, Digital/methods , Analysis of Variance , Anatomic Landmarks , Cephalometry/methods , Observer Variation , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results
15.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-158230

ABSTRACT

Background: Dental radiography is an important tool for detection of caries and digital radiography is the latest advancement in this regard. Spatial resolution is a characteristic of digital receptors used for describing the quality of images. Aim: This study was aimed to compare the diagnostic accuracy of two digital radiographic systems with three different resolutions for detection of noncavitated proximal caries. Settings and Design: Diagnostic accuracy. Materials and Methods: Seventy premolar teeth were mounted in 14 gypsum blocks. Digora® Optime and RVG Access were used for obtaining digital radiographs. Six observers evaluated the proximal surfaces in radiographs for each resolution in order to determine the depth of caries based on a 4‑point scale. The teeth were then histologically sectioned, and the results of histologic analysis were considered as the gold standard. Data were entered using SPSS version 18 software and the Kruskal–Wallis test was used for data analysis. P <0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: No significant difference was found between different resolutions for detection of proximal caries (P > 0.05). RVG access system had the highest specificity (87.7%) and Digora® Optime at high resolution had the lowest specificity (84.2%). Furthermore, Digora® Optime had higher sensitivity for detection of caries exceeding outer half of enamel. Judgment of oral radiologists for detection of the depth of caries had higher reliability than that of restorative dentistry specialists. Conclusion: The three resolutions of Digora® Optime and RVG access had similar accuracy in detection of noncavitated proximal caries.


Subject(s)
Bicuspid/analysis , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Dental Caries/diagnostic imaging , Dental Caries Activity Tests/methods , Radiography, Dental, Digital/methods , Tomography, Spiral Computed/methods
16.
Acta odontol. latinoam ; 28(2): 95-102, 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-768611

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of digital radiographic display on caries detection and choice of treatment among undergraduate students. Forty images of extracted human teeth were acquired using a PSP digital system. The proximal surfaces were evaluated for the presence of proximal caries and choice of treatment by 36 undergraduate students,divided into three groups according to the semester they were taking. The images were evaluated in two forms of image display: laptop, and printed on acetate viewed on a lightbox.The accuracy of the different forms of image display on caries detection was evaluated by means of ROC curve analysis andits effect by mixed linear regression. Residue analysis was used to verify the adequacy of the treatment of choice for the chosen diagnosis. There was no significant effect either for the display modalities (p=0.058) or for the different undergraduate student groups (p=0.991). The Az was 0.539 for printed images and0.516 for laptop. The decisions based on treatment of choice were consistent with the scores achieved for caries detection. Accuracy of caries detection using a laptop was comparable to accuracy using printed images. Treatment decision was not affected by image display modality. The semester of the dentistry course that undergraduate students were taking did not significantly increase the accuracy of their proximal caries detection.


Objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a influência do meio de apresentação da imagem radiográfica digital no diagnóstico dacarie e na decisão de tratamento realizado por alunos de graduação. Foram obtidas 40 imagens digitais de dentes humanos extraídos através do sistema digital PSP. As superfícies proximais dos dentes foram avaliadas quanto à presença de cárie proximal por 36 estudantes de odontologia, distribuídos em três grupos de acordo com o nível de formação. As avaliações foram efetuadas em um laptop e em imagens impressas com o auxílio do negatoscópio. A acurácia dos meios de apresentação quanto à detecção de cárie incipiente foi avaliada pela média das áreas sob as curvas ROC e seu efeito por uma análise de regressão linear mista. Para a tomada de decisão terapêutica foi realizada uma análise de resíduos para verificar sua adequação ao diagnóstico. Não houve efeito significativo nem para a modalidade de visualização (p=0.058) e nem para os grupos de alunos (p=0.991). A média das áreas sob as curvas Roc para o filme foi de 0.539 e de 0.516 para negatoscópio. A decisão de tratamento foi condizente com o diagnóstico efetuado. A acurácia do diagnóstico da cárie proximal realizado em tela de laptop é comparável ao realizado em negatoscópio. A tomada de decisão terapêutica não foi afetada pelo meio de apresentação da imagem radiográfica digital. A progressão do aluno no curso não melhora a precisão diagnóstica da cárie proximal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Dental Caries , Dental Caries/therapy , Radiography, Dental, Digital/methods , Brazil , Decision Making , Dentin/ultrastructure , Dental Enamel/ultrastructure , Histological Techniques , ROC Curve , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Students, Dental
17.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 29(1): 1-7, 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-777175

ABSTRACT

Three-dimensional imaging modalities have been reported to be more accurate than panoramic radiographs (PR) for the assessment of bone components of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). No exact prior information is available that demonstrates which specific limitations occur in terms of TMJ diagnosis when using PR for this purpose. This study aimed to assess the clinical validity of digital panoramic radiography (DPR) when diagnosing morphological disorders of the TMJ using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images as the gold standard. A sample composed of TMJ images (N = 848), including 212 DPR and 212 CBCT images obtained from the same patient, was used to assess any morphological changes in the TMJ. Four appraisers diagnosed all of the DPR images, whereas the CBCT images were used to establish the gold standard. The reliability of each appraiser’s response pattern was analyzed using the Kappa test (κ), and diagnostic tests were performed to assess each appraiser’s performance using a significance level setting of 5% (α = 0.05). Reliability of each appraiser’s response pattern compared to the gold standard ranged from a slight-to-moderate agreement (0.18 ≤ κ ≤ 0.45); and among the different appraisers, the response pattern showed a fair agreement (0.22 ≤ κ ≤ 0.39). Diagnostic tests showed a wide range among the different possible morphological changes diagnosed. DPR does not have validity when diagnosing morphological changes in the TMJ; it underestimates the radiological findings with higher prevalence, and thus, it cannot be used effectively as a diagnostic tool for bone components within this region.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/standards , Radiography, Dental, Digital/standards , Radiography, Panoramic/standards , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Brazil/epidemiology , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/standards , Medical Records , Mandibular Condyle , Prevalence , Reproducibility of Results , Radiography, Dental, Digital/methods , Radiography, Panoramic/methods , Sensitivity and Specificity , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/epidemiology
18.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 29(1): 1-9, 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-777216

ABSTRACT

The objectives of this study were to develop a specific formula to estimate age in a Brazilian adult population and to compare the original formula from Cameriere to this Brazilian formula. The sample comprised 1,772 periapical radiographs from 443 subjects (219 men, 224 women) that were organized into 12 groups according to sex (men or women) and age (20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, and 70 years and older). The films were analyzed using the criteria described by Cameriere et al. (2004) and Adobe Photoshop®. We obtained a mean error of 8.56 (SD = 5.80) years for tooth 13, 7.99 (SD = 5.78) years for tooth 23, 8.38 (SD = 6.26) years for tooth 33, and 8.20 (SD = 6.54) years for tooth 43. When teeth were combined in the analysis, we observed lower mean errors. The Brazilian formula developed from this sample group was more accurate than Cameriere’s formula. However, other factors must be considered to improve age estimates in adults.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Age Determination by Teeth/methods , Forensic Dentistry/methods , Radiography, Dental, Digital/methods , Age Factors , Brazil , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted/methods , Observer Variation , Reference Standards , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Sex Factors , Tooth Apex
19.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 29(1): 1-5, 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-777262

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the reproducibility of the gray values and noise of a direct digital radiography system (Visualix eHD) for various exposure times and analyzed regions. To obtain radiographic images in a standardized manner, the digital sensor of the system and a stepwedge were positioned in a phantom at a focus-film distance of 30 cm in a dental device at 70 kV, 7 mA and 2.2 mm filtration. Ten consecutive repetitions of X-ray imaging were performed at each exposure time (0.05, 0.07, 0.09 and 0.13 s). Gray values were analyzed using ImageJ software in five regions of interest (ROIs): alveolar bone (AB), soft tissue (ST) and three steps of the stepwedge (S1, S2 and S3). The results showed that both the variability of the gray values and the noise were statistically greater (p < 0.05) in the most radiolucent region (ST). Only the noise was affected by the exposure time. In conclusion, the reproducibility of the gray values and the noise of the Visualix eHD system can vary in specific areas with different radiolucency.


Subject(s)
Humans , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted/methods , Radiography, Dental, Digital/instrumentation , Radiography, Dental, Digital/methods , Analysis of Variance , Alveolar Process , Equipment Design , Phantoms, Imaging , Radiation Dosage , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Time Factors
20.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 29(1): 1-7, 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-777166

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the present study was to test the applicability of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) to evaluate the integrity of the cortical sinus close to periapical lesions. Two observers analyzed samples of 64 alveoli of first molar roots in macerated swine maxillas prepared with perchloric acid to simulate periapical lesions. The specimens were evaluated using CBCT (55-mm high and 100-mm diameter cylinder at 0.2-mm voxel resolution) for the presence of oroantral communication (OAC) caused by the simulated lesions. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were calculated. Fair values were obtained for accuracy (66%-78%) and good values for specificity (70%-98%), whereas the values for sensibility showed relevant variation (41%-78%). For this reason, the interobserver agreement score was weak. CBCT proved capable of evaluating the integrity of the cortical sinus (absence of oroantral communication) when it lies close to an apical periodontitis lesion. However, the low interobserver agreement reflects the difficulty in performing diagnoses when OAC is adjacent to a periapical lesion, using the acquisition protocol adopted in this research. This could be attributed to the high level of image noise.


Subject(s)
Animals , Periapical Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Maxillary Sinus/diagnostic imaging , Reference Values , Swine , Time Factors , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted/methods , Maxillary Sinusitis/diagnostic imaging , Observer Variation , Predictive Value of Tests , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Radiography, Dental, Digital/methods , Models, Animal
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