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1.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(2): 287-298, maio 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1284583

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Devido à crescente demanda estética, a odontologia restauradora se renova na intenção de alcançar melhores resultados na harmonia do sorriso. Entretanto, a atenção deve voltar-se também aos tecidos periodontais, visto que há uma integração entre material restaurador e os tecidos. Objetivo:Descrever e discutir as etapas clínicas para a confecção de laminados cerâmicos, atentando-se a preparos minimamente invasivos, contorno cervical e fatores que podem intervir na longevidade do procedimento.Relato de caso:Paciente do sexo masculino, 28 anos de idade, compareceu a Associação Brasileira de Odontologia, seção de Alagoas, relatando insatisfação em relação ao tamanho dos seus dentes. Os arcos superior e inferior foram moldados para a obtenção dos modelos de estudo e enceramento diagnóstico. Ao início do tratamento foi orientado ao paciente clareamento dental pela técnica combinada. O preparo dos dentes foi guiado por uma matriz de silicone, sendo estes uniformes e conservadores, seguido de moldagem, fase laboratorial e cimentação final. Finalizado o caso foi realizado o ajuste oclusal solicitando ao paciente que realizasse movimentos de lateralidade e protrusão. Conclusões:A técnica do preparo influência na longevidade dos laminados cerâmicos, por relacioanar-se à adesão e a saúde periodontal. O preparo deve ser mínino e limitado ao esmalte dental sempre que possível, determinando assim um maior e melhor prognóstico (AU).


Introduction:Due to the growing aesthetic demand, restorative dentistry is renewed to achieve better results in smile harmony. However, attention should also be turned to periodontal tissues since there is an integration between restorative material and tissues. Objective:To describe and discuss the clinical steps for the manufacture of laminate veneers, paying attention to minimally invasive preparations, cervical contour, and factors that can intervene in the procedure's longevity. Case report:A 28-year-old male patient attended the Brazilian Dental Association, the Alagoas section, reporting dissatisfaction with his teeth' size. The upper and lower arches were molded to obtain the study and diagnostic waxing models. At the beginning of treatment, the patient was instructed by the combined technique. After the case, the occlusal adjustment was performed, asking the patient to perform laterality and protrusion movements. Conclusions:The preparation technique influences the longevity of laminate veneers due to adherence and periodontal health. The preparation should be minimal and limited to dental enamel whenever possible, thus determining a higher and better prognosis (AU).


Introducción: Debido a la creciente demanda estética, la odontología restauradora se renueva para lograr mejores resultados en la armonía de la sonrisa. Sin embargo, también se debe prestar atención a los tejidos periodontales ya que existe una integraciónentre el material restaurador y los tejidos.Objetivo: Describir y discutir los pasos clínicos para la confección de carillas laminares, prestando atención a las preparaciones mínimamente invasivas, al contorno cervical y a los factores que pueden intervenir en la longevidad del procedimiento.Reporte del caso: Un paciente masculino de 28 años asistió a la Asociación Dental Brasileña, sección de Alagoas, reportando insatisfacción con el tamaño de sus dientes. Los arcos superior e inferior fueron moldeados para obtener los modelos de depilación de estudio y diagnóstico. Al comienzo del tratamiento, el paciente fue instruido por la técnica combinada. La preparación de los dientes fue guiada por una matriz de silicona, siendo estas uniformes y conservadoras, seguidas de moldeo, fase de laboratorio y cementación final. Después del caso, se realizó el ajuste oclusal, pidiendo al paciente que realizara movimientos de lateralidad y protuberancia. Conclusiones: La técnica de preparación influye en la longevidad de los laminados cerámicos, debido a la adherencia y la salud periodontal. La preparación debe ser mínima y limitada al esmalte dental siempre que sea posible, determinando así un pronóstico más alto y mejor (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Tooth Bleaching , Periodontium , Tooth Preparation, Prosthodontic/instrumentation , Dental Veneers , Brazil/epidemiology , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Ceramics , Occlusal Adjustment , Dental Enamel , Research Report , Longevity , Models, Anatomic
2.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1143388

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the postoperative pain and clinical and radiographic success of pulpotomized primary molars using two materials, Ferric Sulfate (FS) and Calcium-Enriched Mixture (CEM) cement, over a period of 3 and 6 months. Material and Methods: This randomized clinical trial was conducted on a total of 38 teeth selected from 19 patients aged 3-9 years. FS 15.5% and CEM cement were used as pulpotomy agents. Permanent restorations were Stainless Steel Crowns (SSCs) in both groups. Patients were recalled for follow-up at 3 and 6 months intervals for clinical and radiographic assessment. Postoperative pain was recorded by using Visual Analogue Scale up to ten days following the treatment. The data were statistically analyzed using chi-square test and repeated measures ANOVA. Results: At 6 months, a 100% clinical success rate was observed in the FS and CEM cement groups. The radiographic success rate in the FS group was 94.7%, whereas 100% in the CEM cement group at 6 months. No statistically significant difference was found between the two groups (p>0.05). There was no significant difference in postoperative pain between the teeth that received either FS or CEM cement as pulpotomy agents following the procedure (p>0.05). Conclusion: There were favorable outcomes of FS and CEM cement in pulpotomy of primary molar teeth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Pain, Postoperative/pathology , Pulpotomy/instrumentation , Tooth, Deciduous , Ferric Sulfate , Visual Analog Scale , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Chi-Square Distribution , Analysis of Variance , Randomized Controlled Trial , Iran/epidemiology
3.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1351211

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To examine the types of traumatic dental injuries of the primary teeth (TDI-p) and the long-term sequelae on permanent dentition (LSP) comparing with a control group (CG). In addition, a questionnaire that measures parents' knowledge and awareness was used. Material and Methods: The trauma group (TG) consisted of permanent teeth following TDI-p exposed teeth, while the CG consisted of permanent teeth following unexposed teeth with TDI-p of the same patients. In total, 141 teeth were evaluated in 27 patients. Data concerning such as teeth, when TDI-p occurred, types of treatments and types of LSP were collected. Chi-square test was used for intergroup comparison for gender, type of trauma, LSP, age of trauma and parameters in the parental information questionnaire. Significance level was p<0.05. Results: A statistically significant difference was found in the analysis between TG and CG (p<0.001). The prevalence of LSP due to TDI-p was 29.6% and the prevalence of sequelae in CG was 7.4%. The most common LSP was enamel hypoplasia (14.8%). Parents were aware of the importance of TDI-p, and they had insufficient knowledge about its management. Conclusion: TDI-p can be considered a high-risk factor in the development of LSP. Also, the lack of knowledge in parents should be supported by software-based application systems to be developed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Tooth, Deciduous/injuries , Tooth Avulsion/diagnostic imaging , Dental Records , Tooth Injuries/diagnosis , Dentition, Permanent , Parents , Turkey/epidemiology , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Chi-Square Distribution , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Photography, Dental/instrumentation
4.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1351208

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Toanalyze the technical quality of endodontic treatment carried out at the undergraduate dental clinics. Material and Methods: Random radiographic records of 92 patients' were selected who received endodontic treatment by the undergraduate students from June 2018 to July 2019. The quality of root canal filling was determined in relation to the adequate density, length, and taper. Statistical analysis was performed by using GraphPad (Prism 5), and to determine the association between different variables Chi-square test was used. Results: Adequate technical quality of canal obturation conducted by the undergraduate students was found in less than 65% of the cases. The frequency of adequate root canal taper was significantly greater in maxillary teeth (75%) as compared to mandibular teeth (33%); however, adequacy of acceptable density was found more in maxillary teeth (62%) as compared to mandibular teeth (55%).A statistically significant difference was seen in the quality of root canal fillings between anterior and posterior teeth (p=0.001). Conclusion: The root canal therapy performed by undergraduate students was less than optimum in terms of technical quality. Hence, it is suggested that the endodontic training courses delivered at pre-clinical and clinical levelsfor undergraduate students must be thoroughly revised.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Root Canal Obturation/instrumentation , Root Canal Therapy/instrumentation , Students, Dental , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Saudi Arabia/epidemiology , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Retrospective Studies
5.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1351205

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To establish the cephalometric (Ceph.) norm by Ceph. for orthognathic surgery (COGS) analysis for Saudi population. Material and Methods: 500 adult Saudi samples (250 males and 250 females) with the age range of 18-30 years old were selected for this study. The selections of samples were based on a normal occlusal relationship, no history of facial trauma and no previous orthodontic treatment. Lateral Ceph. radiographs were tracing by CASSOS software and analyzed by SPSS software according to COGS analysis. Results: Significant differences were showed between the Saudi males and females on most of the Ceph. parameters. The Saudi males had a convex facial profile with chin prominent and more bimaxillary protrusion, upper and lower lip protrusion than the Saudi females. Conclusion: This study evaluated the craniofacial morphological difference between the male and the female population in Saudi Arabia by using COGS analysis. The finding of this study will help for better diagnosis of orthodontic and orthognathic surgical treatment planning and identify the morphological facial characteristics of Saudi patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Orthodontics , Saudi Arabia , Cephalometry/instrumentation , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures/instrumentation , Orthognathic Surgery/instrumentation , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Data Interpretation, Statistical
6.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1250444

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the agreement of clinical and radiographic diagnosis with the histopathological diagnosis in fibro-osseous lesions of the jaws. Material and Methods: An analytical and exploratory study was made based on systematic collected data, carried out in the laboratory of surgical pathology of a public Dental School. There were evaluated cases of fibrous dysplasia (FD), cemento-osseous dysplasia (COD) and ossifyng fibroma (OF), diagnosed by clinical, radiographic (panoramic and periapical radiography), and histopathological analysis, in a period of 12 years (from March 2001 to June 2013). Descriptive and inferential statistics (Fisher's exact test) were obtained. Results: Ninety-six cases of FOLs were evaluated. The radiographic aspects of the FOLs studied did not differ significantly (p=0.09). Radiolucent lesions were the least frequent, corresponding to approximately 13.5% of radiographic findings. Mixed lesions and radiopaques were more present, how they were COD and FD, respectively. The more aggressive variation of OF (Juvenile Ossifying Fibroma - JOF) was less frequent among the pathologies evaluated. In approximately 61.46% of the cases clinical and radiographic diagnosis were confirmed by histopathological diagnosis of FOLs. The highest agreement and the highest disagreement were observed in COD cases (40.7% and 62.2%, respectively). Conclusion: FOLs of the maxillaries represent a group of lesions in which the establishment of the clinical and radiographic diagnosis supported by the histopathological confirmation is critical and challenging.


Subject(s)
Pathology, Oral , Pathology, Surgical , Neoplasms, Fibrous Tissue/pathology , Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone/pathology , Schools, Dental , Brazil , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Fibroma, Ossifying
7.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1250443

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the survival of occlusal and occlusal-proximal restorations performed with resin-modified glass-ionomer cement (RMGIC) in deciduous molars using rubber dam and cotton rolls isolation. Material and Methods: Ninety-two patients were included and 200 deciduous molars with cavitated occlusal or occlusoproximal dentin caries lesions were randomized into two groups: cotton rolls (n = 100) and rubber dam (n = 100) and RMGIC restorations were placed. At baseline and in the follow-up visit, presence, severity and activity of caries lesions were registered. Two independent, blinded examiners evaluated the treated teeth clinically using the USPHS criteria and radiographically after 9 months. Descriptive analysis, survival curve (log-rank test) and Cox regression were performed to assess risk factors related to failure. Results: Out of the 179 teeth (92 cotton rolls group and 87 rubber dam group) evaluated at 9-month follow-up period. No lesion progression was observed radiographically. The overall treatment success rate was 85.47% (83.47% for cotton rolls and 87.35 rubber dam group). No significant difference between isolation methods was observed in the log-rank test (p = 0.16). Cox regression showed no risk factors related to failure. Conclusion: No difference was found in the survival of occlusal and occlusal-proximal restorations performed with RMGIC in deciduous molars using a rubber dam and cotton rolls isolation after a 9-month follow-up period.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Survival Analysis , Risk Factors , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Glass Ionomer Cements , Molar/anatomy & histology , Survival , Brazil/epidemiology , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Single-Blind Method , Regression Analysis
8.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180870

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the effect of Maleic acid and Irritrol (combination of Chlorhexidine & Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid) irrigation on the sealing ability of Biodentine when used as root-end filling material. Material and Methods: Thirty single-rooted human premolars were subjected to standardized root canal instrumentation and were irrigated with 2.5% Sodium Hypochlorite (NaOCl) after each instrument change. Apical root resections were done by removing 3 mm of the apex at a 90° angle to the long axis of the root with a diamond bur. The root end cavity preparation was done using ultrasonic tips at a low power setting under water coolant. They were randomly divided into 3 groups (n=10). Group 1 was irrigated with 7% Maleic acid, Group 2 was irrigated with Irritrol, and Group 3 was irrigated with 0.9% Saline (Control). Then, the root end cavities of all the samples were restored with Biodentine and were subjected to leakage analysis using a glucose filtration test. The mean values for each group were calculated and the obtained data was statistically analysed using ANOVA with post-hoc Tukey's test, ANOVA with post-hoc Games-Howell test and repeated measures ANOVA with post-hoc Bonferroni test. Results: The specimens irrigated with Irritrol showed least microleakage as compared to 7% Maleic acid and 0.9% Saline. Conclusion: A regimen involving irrigation of the root-end cavity with Irritrol followed by root-end filling with Biodentine can improve the apical seal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acids , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Dental Materials , Dental Pulp Cavity , Bicuspid , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Analysis of Variance , India
9.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180862

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To identify etiologic microbiota associated periodontal diseases among diabetes patients and the factors related to the most commonly identified bacteria species. Material and Methods: Periodontal plaque samples from 11 diabetic participants and 13 non-diabetic controls were collected to assess their aerobic and anaerobic bacterial growth. Different distinct colonies were identified by microscopic and 16srDNA sequencing. Pearson's chi-square tests were conducted to examine any association between categorical variables. Results: The diabetic subjects revealed a more intense plaque formation with a mean plaque index of 2.4 compared to 1.8 in non-diabetics. A total of 86 bacteria were isolated from 24 plaque samples, 44 were aerobic, and 42 were anaerobic. Only aerobic isolates, 22 from diabetic patients and 22 from non-diabetic patients, were evaluated in these analyses. Bacillus spp. (B. cereus mainly) and Klebsiella spp. (K. pneumoniae, K. aerogenes, K. oxytoca) were detected markedly higher in non-diabetic individuals than in diabetic subjects (p=0.026 and p=0.021, respectively). Some bacteria were only identified in the dental plaque of diabetic individuals, namely, Bacillus mojavensis, Enterobacter cloacae, Proteus mirabilis, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus hominis, Staphylococcus pasteuri, Streptococcus mutans, and Streptococcus pasteurianus. The presence of acid reflux and jaundice were significantly associated with the most common bacterial isolate, namely Bacillus spp., with the p-values of 0.007 and 0.001, respectively. Conclusion: Type-2 diabetes mellitus is associated with a higher amount of dental plaques. Periodontal plaque samples from diabetic and non-diabetic subjects possess differential microbial communities. Diabetic plaques contain more versatile microbes predominated by gram-positive streptococci and staphylococci.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Periodontal Diseases/etiology , Periodontitis/pathology , Oral Health/education , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/microbiology , Microbiota/immunology , Streptococcus mutans/immunology , Bangladesh/epidemiology , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Chi-Square Distribution , Dental Care , Dental Plaque , Diabetes Mellitus/microbiology
10.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135552

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate and compare the efficacy of eggshell derived calcium hydroxyapatite with Dycal® as indirect pulp capping material in primary molars. Material and Methods: A total of 32 carious primary molars from 22 children (6-10-years) were screened, of which 26 primary molars meeting inclusion criteria were selected and equally divided into two groups. At the first appointment, the infected dentin was excavated using a spoon excavator after treating the carious part with Carie-Care™ chemomechanical caries removal agent. After this, eggshell derived calcium hydroxyapatite in Group 1 and Dycal® in Group 2 were used as liners followed by restoration of the cavity with type IX glass ionomer cement. Clinical assessment for pain and radiographic assessment for measurement of the amount of reparative dentin thickness formation was performed at baseline, 8 weeks and 3 months. The data were subjected to statistical analysis by one-way ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis tests. Results: Higher mean reparative dentin formation was found in eggshell derived calcium hydroxyapatite group than Dycal® group at the end of 8 weeks and 3 months and the difference was significant statistically (p<0.001). Conclusion: Eggshell derived calcium hydroxyapatite seems to be a suitable alternative to Dycal® (calcium hydroxide) that can be used as a liner for indirect pulp capping in primary molars.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Tooth, Deciduous , Durapatite/therapeutic use , Dental Pulp Capping , Dentin, Secondary/anatomy & histology , Molar , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Efficacy , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Egg Shell , Glass Ionomer Cements , India/epidemiology
11.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135550

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To compare the clinical efficacy of Ghana Shyam's TEFF space maintainer with band and loop space maintainer. Material and Methods: This split-mouth randomized clinical trial was conducted on 20 children (7-9 years), requiring bilateral/contralateral space maintenance therapy. After consent, all the selected children received both space maintainers and were followed up periodically every six months up to two years for clinical assessment according to the evaluation protocol. Instructions and motivation were given to the children. OHI (S) index was recorded before cementation of appliances. The following aspects were analyzed: 1) efficiency and function; 2) dislodgement due to cement loss; 3) breakage at soldered parts; 4) carious or gingival inflammation affecting abutment teeth; 5) distortion of band; 6) being embedded in gingival tissues / gingival slopping; and 7) initial and final S-OHIS scores. Statistical analysis was done using Fisher exact test for survival time and Chi-square test for chewing efficiency. Results: At 24th-month follow-up, 14 Ghana Shyam's TEFF space maintainers and 16 band and loop space maintainers were found to be intact. Conclusion: As both space maintainers demonstrated similar mean survival time Ghana Shyam's TEFF space maintainer with the added advantage of being functional can be recommended as an effective alternative to band and loop in premature loss of primary molar clinical situations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Orthodontics, Preventive , Space Maintenance, Orthodontic , Tooth Movement Techniques , Survival Rate , Molar , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Chi-Square Distribution , Clinical Protocols/standards , Tooth Loss/diagnosis , Statistics, Nonparametric , Efficiency , India/epidemiology
12.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135541

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the cephalometric norm for Saudi sample by Ricketts analysis (RA). Material and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, cephalometric radiographs were taken for 500 samples. The subjects included 250 males and 250 females. The ages of the subjects ranged from 18-30years. The criteria of selection were based on Class I incisor relationship, no skeletal abnormality and no previous orthodontic treatment. Lateral cephalometric radiographs were taken, traced and digitized by SPSS software, according to RA. An independent t-test was used to test the level of significance between genders. Results: Significant disparities found between Saudi males and females in dental and soft tissue measurements. The result showed that the distal position of the maxillary first molar to pterygoid vertical plane (U6 to Ptv) measurement was highly significantly greater (p<0.001) in Saudi males than females. Lower incisor to A-Pog (L1 to A-Pog) and lower lip to E plane was significantly longer (p<0.05) in Saudi males than females. Other measurements had no significant difference between Saudi males and females. Conclusion: The craniofacial morphology of the Saudi males was different from Saudi females using Ricketts analysis. This study will help the clinicians to diagnosis and treatment planning of orthodontic and orthognathic patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Cephalometry/instrumentation , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures/instrumentation , Incisor , Molar , Orthodontics , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Malaysia
13.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135531

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the prevalence and gender-wise distribution of peg-shaped maxillary permanent lateral incisors among populations in Saudi Arabia representing different geographical locations (Saudi, Jordan, Egypt, Syria, Philippine, Pakistan, India and Bangladesh). Material and Methods: Panoramic radiographs of 9945 patients attending outpatient university dental clinics of College of Dentistry, Jouf University, Saudi Arabia between February 2014 and January 2018 were collected from the archives randomly. Two calibrated investigators examined the data, which were collected from the dental radiology department archives with prior permission from the authorities. The anomalies of maxillary lateral incisors (right and left) were investigated. Results: Among all geographic locations, the prevalence of peg laterals was more in males in comparison to females except in Pakistani and Philippine populations. Among the Saudi population, peg laterals' prevalence was more in case of right lateral incisor than the left incisor. Conclusion: A higher prevalence of peg laterals was found in Saudi. Conclusion: A higher prevalence of peg laterals was found in Saudi region, followed by Egypt. Among all geographic locations, the prevalence of peg laterals was higher in males than females except for Pakistan and Philippines populations. Among Saudi population prevalence of peg laterals was found to be higher in case of right lateral incisor when compared to the left.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Tooth Abnormalities/pathology , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Radiography, Panoramic/instrumentation , Epidemiology , Incisor/anatomy & histology , Saudi Arabia/epidemiology , Epidemiologic Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical
14.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135505

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To determine the frequency and characteristics of mesiodens in Indian school children. Material and Methods: 1232 radiographs of patients attending the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology of the age group of 4-15 years studied for the present retrospective study. The intraoral periapical radiographs and occlusal radiographs of the premaxilla were examined to determine the presence of mesiodens. The data regarding the presence of mesiodens, number, position, location on the arch, shape and associated complications were recorded. Results: Eleven patients had 14 mesiodens, with a frequency of 0.8%. The ratio of boys to girls was 1.2:1. Maximum mesiodens observed in the age group of 7-9 years. Most of the mesiodens were conical in shape and found on the palatal side. Fifty percent of the mesiodens were unerupted. The majority of patients (57.1%) had vertically positioned mesiodens. Midline diastema was the most common complication due to mesiodens (66.7%). Conclusion: Routine check-up during the primary dentition and mixed dentition stages helps for early detection of mesiodens and thus preventing complications. Early identification is useful for planning comprehensive management, initiating proper consultation and referral for evaluation and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Tooth Abnormalities/epidemiology , Tooth, Supernumerary/epidemiology , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Retrospective Studies , India/epidemiology , Tooth, Deciduous/abnormalities , Epidemiologic Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Statistics, Nonparametric
15.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135481

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To verify the concordance in the evaluation of the apical limit of obturation (ALO) in filled root canals of primary teeth between digital and visual methods. Material and Methods: Twenty periapical radiographs of endodontically treated primary teeth were digitalized and evaluated by an endodontics specialist (E1), a PhD pediatric dentist (E2), and a MSc general dentist (E3). Calibrated evaluators (Kappa = 1.00) analysed the images in a light-isolated environment two times (D1 and D2) with a one-week interval between evaluations. ALO scores were categorized as overfilled, flush-filled and underfilled. Results: The intra-rater reliability between methods was 0.82 (D1) and 0.75 (D2) for E1, 0.93 (D1 and D2) for E2, and 0.94 (D1 and D2) for E3. Inter-rater reliability ranged from 0.71 (E1 × E3) and 1.00 (E1 × E2) for the visual method to 0.76 (E1 × E3) and 0.88 (E1 × E2) for the digital method. Spearman correlation coefficients showed a similar ranking among the evaluators. There was greater disagreement among the underfilled and ideal scores. For all evaluators, the digital method favoured the identification of the ideal score. Conclusion: Both methods are suitable for the determination of the ALO of filled primary teeth and can be used in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Obturation , Root Canal Therapy/instrumentation , Tooth, Deciduous , Pilot Projects , Dental Pulp Cavity , Dimensional Measurement Accuracy , Brazil , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dentists
16.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1091636

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To perform an in vivo evaluation on the agreement between measurements of working length obtained by conventional radiographic examinations and an apex locator in deciduous teeth with or without root resorption. Material and Methods: Nine canals of teeth from children ranging from 3 to 5 years old were selected. Endodontic access was performed with a spherical diamond tip, the pulp was removed with Kerr-type steel files, and the canal was irrigated with 1% sodium hypochlorite. A file, compatible with the channel gauge, was then used to measure the length of the root canal with the apex locator. Conventional radiographs were also performed and, using a millimeter endodontic ruler, the length of the canal was determined. The differences between the measurements obtained between the two methods were analyzed using the Student's t-test. Results: The mean canal length for conventional radiography was 9.83 mm and 9.67 mm for the apex locator. The results of this study did not show significant differences (p=0.641), independent of the presence or absence of physiological root resorption. Conclusion: The similarity in measurements obtained with X-ray or an apex locator indicates that it is not necessary to use X-rays as a complement to obtain the working length. The use of the apex locator can provide a quicker treatment, reducing the clinical time and stress of the child.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Tooth, Deciduous , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Tooth Apex/anatomy & histology , Odontometry/methods , Brazil , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Endodontics
17.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 6(3): 239-254, 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1128178

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Os padrões de beleza atuais aumentaram o nível de exigência estética e a busca por sorrisos cada vez mais harmônicos. As facetas cerâmicas destacam-se dentre as opções de tratamentos por associarem estética, longevidade e previsibilidade. Objetivo: Este trabalho objetivou apresentar um caso clínico de substituição de facetas diretas de resina composta por facetas indiretas de porcelana. Descrição do caso: A pacienteC.L.M, 25 anos, sexo feminino relatou insatisfação com a estética do seu sorriso, destacando o formato, o tamanho e a cor 1M2dos elementos dentários 11 e 21. Diante da queixa e da situação clínica observada, propôs-se a confecção de laminados cerâmicos de dissilicato de lítio, mediante a realização prévia de gengivoplastia e de clareamento dentário. Conclusões: Conclui-se que o planejamento cuidadoso, o conhecimento da técnica operatória e a execução adequada do protocolo reabilitador permitem que os laminados cerâmicos reestabeleçam o sorriso de forma estética e funcional (AU).


Introduction:The current beauty standards have increased the level of aesthetic demand and the search for more and more harmonious smiles. The ceramicveneers stand out among the treatment options for combining aesthetics, longevity and predictability. Objective:This study aimed to present a clinical case of substitution of direct resin veneers composed of indirect porcelain veneers. Case description:Patient C.L.M, 25 years old, female, reported dissatisfaction with the aesthetics of her smile, highlighting the shape, size and 1M2 colorof dental elements 11 and 21. In view of the complaint and the clinical situation observed, it was proposed to make lithium disilicate ceramic veneers, through previous gingivoplasty and tooth bleaching. Conclusions:It is concluded that the careful planning, the knowledge of the operative technique and the proper execution of the rehabilitation protocol allow the ceramic veneers to reestablish the smile in an aesthetic and functional way (AU).


Introducción: los estándares de belleza actuales han aumentado el nivel de demanda estética y la búsqueda de sonrisas cada vez más armoniosas. Las facetas cerámicas se destacan entre las opciones de tratamiento para combinar estética, longevidad y previsibilidad. Objetivo: Este estudio tuvo como objetivo presentar un caso clínico de sustitución de carillas de resina directas compuestas de carillas de porcelana indirectas.Descripción del caso: La paciente C.L.M, 25 años, mujer, refirió insatisfacción con la estética de su sonrisa, destacando la forma, tamaño y color 1M2de los elementosdentales 11 y 21. En vista de la queja y la situación clínica observada, se propuso hacer laminados de cerámica disilicato de litio, mediante reparación gingival previa y blanqueamiento dental. Conclusiones: se concluye que la planificación cuidadosa, el conocimiento de la técnica operativa y la ejecución adecuada del protocolo de rehabilitación permiten a los laminados cerámicos restablecer la sonrisa de una manera estética y funcional (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Tooth Bleaching/methods , Dental Porcelain , Dental Veneers , Esthetics, Dental , Gingivoplasty , Brazil , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation
18.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 5(2): 161-170, ago. 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1021784

ABSTRACT

Introdução:A intrusão resulta no deslocamento do dente no sentido axial para o interior do osso alveolar, podendo causar injúrias à estrutura periodontal e ao tecido pulpar através do esmagamento e ruptura das fibras do ligamento periodontal e do aporte vascular.Objetivo:abordar a ocorrência de um traumatismo dentário do tipo intrusivo, na dentição decídua, descrevendo aspectos relacionados ao diagnóstico, tratamento e proservação da unidade dentária. Relato de caso:Paciente, quatro anos de idade, gênero feminino, apresentou traumatismo dentário condizente com o diagnóstico de luxação intrusiva, foi estabelecido um tratamento conservador, preservando o elemento dentário no arco até que ocorresse a esfoliação do mesmo. No presente caso, obteve-se um bom prognóstico, visto que foi percebida a reerupção do elemento dentário no período de dois meses.Conclusões:O conhecimento das técnicas de manipulação dos traumatismos dento-alveolares e dos tecidos moles é imprescindível para a realização de um tratamento adequado dessas condições. Desta maneira, é importante o cirurgião-dentista ter habilidades no manejo da criança para um correto diagnóstico, estabelecendo um adequado tratamento, para melhor prognostico da unidade dentária (AU).


Introduction:Intrusion results in axial displacement of the tooth into the alveolar bone and may cause damage to the periodontal structure and pulp tissue by crushing and rupturing the periodontal ligament fibers and vascular input.Objective:To address the occurrence of intrusive dental trauma in the deciduous dentition, describing aspects related to the diagnosis, treatment and proservation of the dental unit. Case report:Patient, four years old, female, had dental trauma consistent with the diagnosis of intrusive dislocation, a conservative treatment was established, preserving the dental element in the arch until exfoliation occurred. In the present case, a good prognosis was obtained, since it was noticed the re-erection of the dental element in the period of two months. Conclusions:The knowledge of the techniques of manipulation of dento-alveolar and soft tissue trauma is essential for the adequate treatment of these conditions. In this way, it is important for the dental surgeon to have skills in the management of the child for a correct diagnosis, establishing an appropriate treatment, for a better prognosis of the dental unit (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Prognosis , Tooth, Deciduous , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Tooth Injuries/etiology , Brazil
19.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4668, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-998208

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate and compare the remineralization potential of a dentifrice containing bioactive glass and a topical cream containing casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) in remineralizing artificial carious lesion on enamel. Material and Methods: Forty-five freshly extracted human permanent premolar teeth were selected. Samples were divided into three groups: GI - regular tooth paste without specific remineralizing agent; GII - tooth paste containing calcium sodium-phosphosilicate (novamin) and GIII - topical cream containing casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate. All the sound enamel samples were viewed under scanning electron microscope (SEM) to assess the topographical pictures of enamel surface and energy dispersing x-ray analysis (EDAX) was done to estimate quantitatively the amounts of mineral (calcium and phosphorous). The mineral content of calcium and phosphorus after demineralization in each group was noted. The samples were then subjected to SEM and EDAX. Results: GI does not show any increase in the calcium and phosphorus after applying toothpaste without any remineralizing agent but GII and GIII showed a net increase in calcium and phosphorous values after applying concern-remineralizing agents. Inter group comparison showed GIII yield higher net calcium and phosphorous values than GII. Conclusion: Two remineralizing agents showed remineralization potential on enamel surfaces. Casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate showed better remineralizing potential than calcium sodium phosphosilicate. Hence CPP-ACP can be considered as the material of choice in remineralizing early enamel carious lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Remineralization , Bicuspid , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Calcium Phosphates , Caseins , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning/instrumentation , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , India
20.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4641, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-998247

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of conventional rotatory and piezosurgery technique for surgical removal of lower third molars. Material and Methods: Twenty patients with impacted lower third molars (with no acute symptoms) were divided into two groups (G1 and G2) and evaluated clinically and radiographically. They were allotted alternately into rotatory (G1) and piezotome (G2). Parameters assessed were the pain, swelling, trismus, comfort, analgesics consumed, the time taken for the procedure, intraoperative soft tissue damage and any other complications. Findings were then tabulated and analyzed. Results: Findings of pain, swelling, trismus, analgesics consumed and tissue damage were favorable in the piezosurgery group. However, the time taken for the procedure was significantly more as compared to the rotatory group. Post-operative trismus, values from the piezosurgery group were found to approach normality by day seven while in the rotatory group, a significant difference was found to exist up to day 14, suggesting that patients tend to return to normal function faster in the piezo group. Conclusion: Piezosurgery was found to be a good alternative to the conventional rotatory handpiece in select cases where extraction of the tooth could be carried out with minimal bone removal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Extraction , Randomized Controlled Trial , Oral Surgical Procedures , Molar, Third , Trismus , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Boston , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric
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