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1.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.436-441, tab, ilus.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352663
2.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(3): 1-7, sept. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292574

ABSTRACT

La tuberculosis es una enfermedad granulomatosa, con espectro clínico variable. El objetivo es presentar un caso con tuberculosis miliar, una de las formas clínicas menos frecuente de la enfermedad y la utilización del método clínico proporcionó el diagnóstico certero. Se presenta un paciente masculino de 54 años, no fumador, alcohólico atendido en el Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico Hermanos Ameijeiras por referir historia de tos poco productiva, cefalea, fiebre, pérdida de apetito y de peso de dos meses de evolución. En la radiografía y tomografía de tórax se evidencia un patrón miliar y la baciloscopía directa confirma la presencia del Mycobacterium tuberculosis. La TB miliar es muy poco frecuente, pero se puede sospechar ante un patrón radiológico miliar y confirmar mediante análisis microbiológico.


Tuberculosis is a granulomatous disease with a variable clinical spectrum. The objective is to present a case with miliar tuberculosis, one of the least frequent clinical forms of the disease, and the use of the clinical method provided an accurate diagnosis. We present a 54-year-old male, non-smoker, alcoholic who attended in the Ameijeiras Brothers Surgical Clinical Hospital for referring to a history of unproductive cough, headache, fever, loss of appetite, and weight two months of evolution. Chest X-ray and CT showed a miliar pattern and direct bacilloscopy confirmed the presence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Miliar TB is very rare but can be suspected by a miliar radiological pattern and confirmed by microbiological analysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tuberculosis, Miliary/diagnostic imaging , Radiography, Thoracic/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
3.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 50(3): e1381, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1357313

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Desde el surgimiento de los primeros casos en la pandemia de la COVID-19, se ha desarrollado una carrera vertiginosa en crear un espacio de investigación para el diagnóstico, tratamiento y control de la enfermedad. Objetivo: Describir las características clínicas y radiológicas de los pacientes con la COVID-19. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, en el período comprendido de marzo a octubre del año 2020, se estudiaron 404 pacientes de todas las edades, ingresados, con diagnóstico confirmado con PCR en tiempo real. Las variables utilizadas fueron: edad, sexo, síntomas y radiografía del tórax. Resultados: El 54,5 por ciento de los pacientes fueron del sexo femenino y entre ellos asintomáticos el 55,9 por ciento; el 36,9 por ciento tenía entre 40 a 59 años de edad, en los menores de 20 años, el 64,9 por ciento no presentó síntomas de la enfermedad al ingreso. Estuvieron asintomáticos el 53,5 por ciento; el 76,6 por ciento de las radiografías positivas correspondieron a los sintomáticos, la tos fue el síntoma más frecuente. La mayor positividad en la radiografía del tórax se encontró en los pacientes mayores de 60 años, se observó como patrón más frecuente, la opacidad en velo, de distribución periférica. Conclusiones: Predominan los pacientes asintomáticos, la positividad de las radiografías es mayor en los ancianos(AU)


Introduction: Since the emergence of the first cases of COVID-19 pandemic, a dizzying race has developed in creating a research space for the diagnosis, treatment and control of the disease. Objective: To describe the clinical and radiological characteristics of patients with COVID-19. Methods: A descriptive study was carried out, in the period from March to October 2020, 404 patients of all ages, admitted, with confirmed diagnosis with real-time PCR, were studied. The variables used were: age, sex, symptoms and chest X-ray. Results: 54.5 percent of the patients were female and 55,9 percent of them were asymptomatic, 36,9 percent were between 40 and 59 years old, in those under 20 years 64,9 percent were not. They presented symptoms of the disease upon admission 53,5 percent were asymptomatic, 76,6 percent of the positive radiographs corresponded to the symptomatic ones, coughing was the most frequent symptom. The greatest positivity in the chest X-ray was found in patients older than 60 years, the most frequent pattern was the opacity in the peripheral distribution veil. Conclusions: Asymptomatic patients predominate, the positivity of radiographs is higher in the elderly(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Continental Population Groups , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , COVID-19 , Radiography, Thoracic/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive
11.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(3): 144-150, sept. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1129376

ABSTRACT

El cuadro clínico de la enfermedad conocida como COVID-19, causada por el nuevo coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 puede variar desde síntomas respiratorios leves hasta una insuficiencia respiratoria severa. Sus efectos en el organismo, especialmente la afección pulmonar, pueden ser visualizados a través de los estudios por imágenes. Si bien el diagnóstico de certeza se confirma mediante la reacción en cadena de la polimerasa con transcriptasa reversa (RT-PCR), los estudios por imágenes, especialmente la radiografía y la tomografía computarizada (TC) de tórax, desempeñan un papel fundamental en el manejo clínico de estos pacientes. Conocer su utilidad, casos de uso y hallazgos esperables brinda herramientas para el equipo de salud, temas que serán abordados en esta actualización y guía práctica. (AU)


The clinical pattern of the disease known as COVID-19, caused by the new coronavirus SARS-Cov-2 can range from mild respiratory symptoms to severe respiratory failure. Its effects on the body, especially the lung condition, can be visualized through imaging studies. While the diagnosis of certainty is confirmed by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), imaging studies, especially chest xray and computed tomography (CT), play a critical role in the clinical management of these patients. Knowing their usefulness, use cases, and expected findings provides tools for the health care team, topics that will be addressed in this update, and practical guide. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnostic imaging , Coronavirus Infections/diagnostic imaging , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Radiography, Thoracic/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Ultrasonography/methods , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus
12.
Rev. cuba. med. trop ; 72(2): e512, mayo.-ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1149911

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La neumonía por Pneumocystis jirovecii (PcP) es una de las enfermedades más frecuentes en los pacientes con VIH/sida y provoca una alta morbilidad y mortalidad. La radiología juega un papel fundamental para su diagnóstico presuntivo. Objetivo: Describir los hallazgos radiológicos de neumonía por Pneumocystis jirovecii en una serie de casos de fallecidos cubanos por VIH/sida, y relacionarlos con el estado inmunológico de los pacientes. Métodos: Se realizó el estudio de una serie de 69 fallecidos por sida con PcP en el Instituto de Medicina Tropical Pedro Kourí desde enero de 1996 a enero de 2014. El diagnóstico de la PcP se confirmó por estudios anatomopatológicos mediante la observación de estructuras compatibles con el hongo. Resultados: De los 69 casos del estudio, 57 (82,6 por ciento) presentaron alteraciones en la radiografía de tórax. De ellos, 44 (77,2 por ciento) y 13 (22,8 por ciento) presentaron un patrón radiológico típico y atípico de la PcP, respectivamente. En 12 (17,4 por ciento) fallecidos la radiografía de tórax fue normal. En 76,8 por ciento de los casos se detectó niveles de linfocitos T CD4+ inferior a 200 cél/ 956;L. La relación entre el patrón radiológico y el estado inmunológico de los fallecidos analizados no fue significativa. Conclusiones: Los hallazgos radiológicos descritos en los fallecidos cubanos por sida con PcP son similares a los informados en la literatura internacional. Sin embargo, el diagnóstico de la PcP no debe excluirse en pacientes con radiografías de tórax normales o con patrones atípicos que presenten un cuadro clínico sugestivo de la enfermedad(AU)


Introduction: Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PcP) is one of the most common diseases among HIV / AIDS patients, causing great morbidity and mortality. Radiology plays a fundamental role in its presumptive diagnosis. Objective: Describe the radiological findings of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia in a series of Cuban deceased HIV / AIDS patients and relate them to the patients' immune status. Methods: A study was conducted of a series of 69 deceased AIDS patients with PcP at Pedro Kourí Tropical Medicine Institute from January 1996 to January 2014. PcP diagnosis was confirmed through anatomopathological studies based on observation of structures compatible with the fungus. Results: Of the 69 study cases, 57 (82.6 percent) presented alterations in their chest radiographs. Of these, 44 (77.2 percent) and 13 (22.8 percent) followed a typical and atypical radiological pattern, respectively. In 12 deceased patients (17.4 percent) chest radiography was normal. In 76.8 percent of the cases, levels of T CD4+ lymphocytes were below 200 cell/ml. The relationship between the radiological pattern and the immune status of the deceased patients analyzed was not significant. Conclusions: The radiological findings described for Cuban deceased AIDS patients with PcP are similar to those reported in the international literature. However, PcP diagnosis should not be excluded in patients with normal chest radiographs or atypical patterns who present a clinical status suggestive of the disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Pneumonia, Pneumocystis/diagnostic imaging , HIV Infections/mortality , HIV Infections/diagnostic imaging , Case Reports , Radiography, Thoracic/methods , Cuba/epidemiology
13.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 32(2): 295-300, Apr.-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138477

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a efetividade dos diferentes métodos que estimam a profundidade de inserção do tubo orotraqueal em crianças. Métodos: Estudo observacional e transversal, no qual foram incluídas crianças entre 29 dias e 2 anos, internadas em uma unidade de terapia intensiva pediátrica e ventiladas mecanicamente. Foram avaliadas as fórmulas baseadas na altura [(altura/10) + 5], no diâmetro interno do tubo (tubo orotraqueal × 3) e peso (peso + 6), verificando-se qual delas apresentou melhor concordância com a profundidade ideal de inserção do tubo orotraqueal avaliado por radiografia. Resultados: A correlação entre a fórmula da altura e a profundidade ideal observada no raio X foi forte, com r = 0,88, p < 0,05 e o coeficiente de correlação de concordância de 0,88; a correlação do peso com a profundidade no raio X foi de r = 0,75, p < 0,05 e coeficiente de correlação de concordância de 0,43; e a fórmula do tubo orotraqueal × profundidade no raio X foi de r = 0,80, p < 0,05 e coeficiente de correlação de concordância de 0,78. A análise de concordância de Lin mostrou que as medidas apresentaram concordância fraca (< 0,90). Conclusão: As fórmulas que estimam a profundidade de inserção do tubo orotraqueal em crianças apresentaram-se pouco precisas e discordantes com o método padrão-ouro de avaliação pelo raio X, com necessidade da criação de um novo método, baseado nas variáveis antropométricas (peso e altura) e na idade, que seja eficaz para guiar os profissionais de saúde das unidades de terapia intensiva pediátricas, no momento da intubação.


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of the different formulas for estimating the insertion depth of an endotracheal tube in children. Methods: This was an observational and cross-sectional study that included children between 29 days and 2 years of age who were hospitalized in a pediatric intensive care unit and mechanically ventilated. The formulas based on height [(height/10) + 5], the inner diameter of the tube (endotracheal tube × 3), and weight (weight + 6) were evaluated to determine which of them showed better concordance with the ideal insertion depth of the endotracheal tube as evaluated by X-ray. Results: The correlation between the height-based calculation and the ideal depth observed on X-ray was strong, with r = 0.88, p < 0.05, and a concordance correlation coefficient of 0.88; the correlation between the weight-based calculation and depth on X-ray was r = 0.75, p < 0.05, and concordance correlation coefficient 0.43; and the correlation between endotracheal tube diameter-based calculation and depth on X-ray was r = 0.80, p < 0.05, and concordance correlation coefficient 0.78. Lin's concordance correlation analysis indicated that the measurements showed weak concordance (< 0.90). Conclusion: The formulas that estimate the insertion depth of the endotracheal tube in children were not accurate and were discordant with the gold-standard method of X-ray evaluation. There is a need for a new method based on anthropometric variables (weight and height) and age that is effective in guiding health professionals of pediatric intensive care units at the time of intubation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Respiration, Artificial , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Intubation, Intratracheal/methods , Body Height/physiology , Body Weight/physiology , Radiography, Thoracic/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Age Factors
14.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(1): 58-62, mar. 2020. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125783

ABSTRACT

La ascitis quilosa posoperatoria (AQP) se debe a acumulación de líquido rico en triglicéridos en la cavidad peritoneal tras una lesión en la cisterna del quilo o en sus afluentes. Es infrecuente verla después de una hepatectomía. Se presenta el caso de un varón de 44 años con adenocarcinoma a 16 cm del margen anal T3N1, con metástasis que ocupaba casi la totalidad del lóbulo hepático derecho. Luego de quimioterapia se realizó hepatectomía derecha, observándose al cuarto día postoperatorio líquido del drenaje endotorácico de aspecto lechoso, con triglicéridos 223 mg/dL y 77 mg/dL de triglicéridos séricos. Se inició dieta sin grasas, hiperproteica, con ácidos grasos de cadena media y octreótide (100 microgramos subcutáneos cada 8 horas), con resolución del cuadro. En conclusión, la complicación quilosa puede tratarse exitosamente con un abordaje menos agresivo, sin suprimir la ingesta oral, utilizando octreótide subcutáneo, dieta exenta de grasas, suplementada con proteínas y ácidos grasos de cadena media.


Postoperative chylous ascites is an intraperitoneal collection of lymphatic fluid enriched with long-chain triglycerides that results from injury of the cisterna chyli or its main tributaries. This complication is rare after liver resections. Here, we report on the case of a 44 year-old man with a T3N1 rectal adenocarcinoma 16 cm above the anal margin, with metastatic compromise of almost the entire right liver lobe. Following chemotherapy, he underwent right liver resection. On postoperative day four, the thoracic drain evidenced milky fluid containing triglyceride 223 mg/dL with serum triglycerides 77 mg/dL. A fat-free diet was indicated with fat-free protein supplements, medium chain triglycerides and octreotide (100 μg subcutaneously every 8 hours), with complete resolution. In conclusion, postoperative chylous complications may be treated successfully by a less aggressive approach, with oral diet, subcutaneous octreotide, fat-free diet supplemented with proteins and medium chain fatty acids.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Chylous Ascites/complications , Hepatectomy/adverse effects , Pleural Effusion/diagnostic imaging , Postoperative Complications/diagnosis , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Radiography, Thoracic/methods , Positron-Emission Tomography/methods
16.
J. bras. pneumol ; 46(5): e20200226, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134899

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the diagnostic accuracy of a chest X-ray (CXR) score and of clinical and laboratory data in predicting the clinical course of patients with SARS coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. Methods: This is a pilot multicenter retrospective study including patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection admitted to the ERs in three hospitals in Italy between February and March of 2020. Two radiologists independently evaluated the baseline CXR of the patients using a semi-quantitative score to determine the severity of lung involvement: a score of 0 represented no lung involvement, whereas scores of 1 to 4 represented the first (less severe) to the fourth (more severe) quartiles regarding the severity of lung involvement. Relevant clinical and laboratory data were collected. The outcome of patients was defined as severe if noninvasive ventilation (NIV) or intubation was necessary, or if the patient died. Results: Our sample comprised 140 patients. Most of the patients were symptomatic (132/138; 95.7%), and 133/140 patients (95.0%) presented with opacities on CXR at admission. Of the 140 patients, 7 (5.0%) showed no lung involvement, whereas 58 (41.4%), 31 (22.1%), 26 (18.6%), and 18 (12.9%), respectively, scored 1, 2, 3, and 4. In our sample, 66 patients underwent NIV or intubation, 37 of whom scored 1 or 2 on baseline CXR, and 28 patients died. Conclusions: The severity score based on CXR seems to be able to predict the clinical progression in cases that scored 0, 3, or 4. However, the score alone cannot predict the clinical progression in patients with mild-to-moderate parenchymal involvement (scores 1 and 2).


RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar a acurácia diagnóstica de um escore de radiografia de tórax (RxT) e também de dados clínicos e laboratoriais na previsão da evolução clínica de pacientes com infecção por SARS coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Métodos: Estudo piloto multicêntrico retrospectivo incluindo pacientes com infecção por SARS-CoV-2 internados nos PSs de três hospitais na Itália entre fevereiro e março de 2020. Dois radiologistas avaliaram as RxT iniciais dos pacientes de forma independente utilizando um escore semiquantitativo para determinar a gravidade do comprometimento pulmonar: escore 0 representava ausência de comprometimento pulmonar, enquanto escores de 1 a 4 representavam o primeiro (menos grave) ao quarto (mais grave) quartil de gravidade do comprometimento pulmonar. Coletaram-se dados clínicos e laboratoriais relevantes. O desfecho dos pacientes foi definido como grave se foi necessária ventilação não invasiva (VNI) ou intubação ou se o paciente faleceu. Resultados: Nossa amostra foi composta por 140 pacientes. A maioria era sintomática (132/138; 95,7%), e 133/140 (95,0%) apresentavam opacidades na RxT da admissão. Dos 140 pacientes, 7 (5,0%) não apresentavam comprometimento pulmonar, enquanto 58 (41,4%), 31 (22,1%), 26 (18,6%) e 18 (12,9%), respectivamente, receberam escore 1, 2, 3 e 4. Em nossa amostra, 66 pacientes foram submetidos a VNI ou intubação, 37 dos quais receberam escore 1 ou 2 na RxT inicial, e 28 pacientes faleceram. Conclusões: O escore de gravidade baseado em RxT parece ser capaz de prever a evolução clínica em casos com escore 0, 3 ou 4. No entanto, o escore isoladamente não consegue prever a evolução clínica de pacientes com comprometimento leve a moderado do parênquima (escores 1 e 2).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnostic imaging , Radiography, Thoracic/methods , Coronavirus Infections/diagnostic imaging , Pandemics , Lung/diagnostic imaging , X-Rays , Retrospective Studies , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Betacoronavirus , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Italy/epidemiology
17.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 9(1): e194, 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1095043

ABSTRACT

El implante valvular aórtico transcatéter, es un procedimiento cardiovascular de mínima invasión y una alternativa frente a la intervención convencional, en insuficiencia aórtica severa. En este trabajo se realiza una revisión de las complicaciones y la sobrevida, en pacientes sometidos a TAVI, frente a remplazo aórtico tradicional. Para ello se realizó una investigación documental con información entre los años 2010-2018. El implante valvular aórtico transcatéter debe efectuarse vía transfemoral o transapical, con una válvula Core o Sapien XT, según la necesidad del individuo, para evitar la regurgitación para valvular. Con este implante disminuyen las complicaciones y se remodela el ventrículo izquierdo; reduciendo la disnea y mejorando el pronóstico vida y la tasa de mortalidad en comparación con otros métodos(AU)


The transcatheter aortic valve implant is a minimally invasive cardiovascular procedure and, an alternative to conventional intervention in severe aortic insufficiency. In this work, a review of complications and survival is performed in patients undergoing TAVI, compared to traditional aortic replacement. For this, a documentary investigation was carried out with information between the years 2010-2018. The transcatheter aortic valve implant should be performed transfemorally or transapically, with a Core or Sapien XT valve, depending on the individual's need, to avoid regurgitation to valvulate. With this implant the complications decrease and the left ventricle is remodeled; reducing breathlessness and improving the life prognosis and mortality rate compared to other methods(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Valve Insufficiency/diagnosis , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Aortic Valve Stenosis/complications , Radiography, Thoracic/methods , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/methods , Surgical Clearance , Angiography/methods , Cardiac Catheterization , Survival Rate , Retrospective Studies
18.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(10): 1308-1314, oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058598

ABSTRACT

Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic disease of variable course that mainly affects thoracic lymph nodes and lung parenchyma. However, any organ can be involved. There is no single test for the definitive diagnosis or a precise method to evaluate the course of the disease. PET/CT is not included in the standard workup for sarcoidosis, but it may assess the inflammatory activity, detect extrapulmonary disease such as cardiac involvement and evaluate the response to treatment. It is important to be aware of the optimal timing to request a PET/CT in sarcoidosis and which patients would benefit with this procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sarcoidosis/diagnostic imaging , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography/methods , Sarcoidosis/drug therapy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Radiography, Thoracic/methods , Lymphadenopathy/diagnostic imaging
19.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(1): 173-179, ene.-feb. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-991335

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El divertículo de Meckel es una evaginación en dedo de guante del borde antimesentérico del íleon, constituido por sus capas, debido a una persistencia embriológica del extremo proximal del conducto onfalomesentérico. Forma una bolsa a manera de tubo y que puede extenderse hasta la región umbilical, su inflamación (diverticulitis) produce un cuadro clínico semejante al de la apendicitis aguda, por lo que su diagnóstico preoperatorio es raro. Por lo infrecuente, los médicos no piensan seriamente en esta patología y su diagnóstico definitivo se realiza durante el transoperatorio. Se presentó un caso por lo infrecuente que resulta lo cual aporta conocimiento a la comunidad médica sobre el tema. Paciente de 68 años, acude al centro con dolor tipo cólico, taquicardia y fiebre de 38.5C°, con 24 h de evolución. Refiere que el dolor se le hizo fijo hacia fosa iliaca derecha, el cual se fue intensificando. Se decidió su ingreso para tratamiento quirúrgico. Se realizó apendicectomia y resección y anastomosis en la zona del divertículo. Se recibió biopsia informando diverticulitis de Meckel.


ABSTRACT Meckel's diverticulum is an evagination resembling a glove finger of the ileum anti-mesenteric edge, formed by layers due to an embryologic persistence of the proximal end of omphalo-mesenteric duct. It forms a sac like a tube that may extend up to the umbilical region; its inflammation (diverticulitis) has clinical characteristics similar to the acute appendicitis ones, making its pre-surgery diagnosis very unusual. Due to its frequency, doctors often do not take this disease into account, and it is definitely diagnosed during the trans-operative. The case was presented due to its infrequency, bringing knowledge on the theme to medical community. A patient aged 68 years assisted the hospital with a colic-like pain, tachycardia and fiver of 38.5oC after 24 hours of evolution. He refers that the pain became fixed in the right iliac fosse and got more intensity. The decision was entering him for surgical treatment. Appendectomy, resection and anastomosis were carried out in the area of the diverticulum. The received biopsy informed Meckel's diverticulum.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Radiography, Thoracic/methods , Hemostasis , Meckel Diverticulum/surgery , Meckel Diverticulum/diagnosis , Meckel Diverticulum/blood , Meckel Diverticulum/diagnostic imaging , Pain/diagnosis , Colic/diagnosis , Ilium/physiopathology
20.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 37(1): 126-129, Jan.-Mar. 2019. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-985129

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Relatar um caso raro de uma criança com meningite associada a pericardite na doença pneumocócica invasiva. Descrição do caso: Este relato descreve uma evolução clínica desfavorável de um lactente feminino de 6 meses de idade, previamente hígido, que apresentou inicialmente sintomas respiratórios e febre. A radiografia de tórax revelou um aumento da área cardíaca sem alterações radiográficas nos pulmões. Após a identificação do derrame pericárdico, o paciente apresentou convulsões e entrou em coma. Pneumonia foi descartada durante a investigação clínica. Contudo, foi identificado Streptococcus pneumoniae nas culturas de líquor e sangue. O exame neurológico inicial foi compatível com morte encefálica, posteriormente confirmada pelo protocolo. Comentários: A pericardite purulenta tornou-se uma complicação rara da doença pneumocócica invasiva desde o advento da terapia antibiótica. Pacientes com pneumonia extensa são primariamente predispostos e, mesmo com tratamento adequado e precoce, estão sujeitos a altas taxas de mortalidade. A associação de meningite pneumocócica e pericardite é incomum e, portanto, de difícil diagnóstico. Por isso, uma alta suspeição diagnóstica é necessária para instituir o tratamento precoce e aumentar a sobrevida.


ABSTRACT Objective: To report a rare case of a child with invasive pneumococcal disease that presented meningitis associated with pericarditis. Case description: This report describes the unfavorable clinical course of a previously healthy 6-months-old female infant who initially presented symptoms of fever and respiratory problems. A chest X-ray revealed an increased cardiac area with no radiographic changes in the lungs. After identifying a pericardial effusion, the patient experienced seizures and went into coma. Pneumonia was excluded as a possibility during the clinical investigation. However, Streptococcus pneumoniae was identified in the cerebrospinal fluid and blood cultures. An initial neurological examination showed that the patient was brain dead, which was then later confirmed according to protocol. Comments: Purulent pericarditis has become a rare complication of invasive pneumococcal disease since the advent of antibiotic therapy. Patients with extensive pneumonia are primarily predisposed and, even with early and adequate treatment, are prone to high mortality rates. The association of pneumococcal meningitis and pericarditis is uncommon, and therefore difficult to diagnose. As such, diagnostic suspicion must be high in order to institute early treatment and increase survival.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Streptococcus pneumoniae/isolation & purification , Pericardial Effusion/diagnostic imaging , Pericarditis/diagnosis , Pericarditis/physiopathology , Pericarditis/microbiology , Pericarditis/therapy , Pneumococcal Infections/diagnosis , Pneumococcal Infections/physiopathology , Pneumococcal Infections/therapy , Echocardiography/methods , Radiography, Thoracic/methods , Cerebrospinal Fluid/microbiology , Fatal Outcome , Blood Culture/methods , Meningitis/diagnosis , Meningitis/physiopathology , Meningitis/microbiology , Meningitis/therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Anti-Bacterial Agents/classification , Neurologic Examination/methods
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