Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 30
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1154999


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the intra-examiner and inter-examiner reliability of linear and curvilinear measurements for the complete assessment of implant sites and jaw pathologies using Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT). Material and Methods: Fifty cone-beam computed tomographic images of patients were retrieved from the archives of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology. CBCT images taken for implant planning and evaluation of intrabony jaw pathologies (benign cyst/tumor) were included. Two expert oral and maxillofacial radiologists analyzed the images independently and made the measurements. The images for implant planning were analyzed for width, the height of the edentulous site, and the qualitative analysis of bone in the region. Jaw pathologies were assessed for linear dimensions and curvilinear measurements. Results: The inter-observer measurement error for implant site analysis ranged from 0.12 to 0.42 mm with almost perfect agreement (ICC: 0.94 to 1). The inter-observer measurement error for jaw pathology was 0.09 to 0.25 mm (ICC: 0.98-1). Curvilinear measurements showed perfect agreement between the observers. The intraobserver reliability for the various parameters used for the assessment of the implant site and jaw pathologies indicated almost perfect agreement. Conclusion: Reliability between the radiologists is high for various measurements on CBCT images taken for implant planning and jaw pathologies.

Humans , Pathology, Oral , Diagnostic Imaging/instrumentation , Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted/instrumentation , Dental Implantation/instrumentation , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Observational Studies as Topic/methods , Dimensional Measurement Accuracy , Radiologists , India/epidemiology , Jaw , Mandible/pathology
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 21(3): e84, sept.-dic. 2020. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156383


La enfermedad aorto-ilíaca es una entidad que, por su localización y distribución, plantea un reto para el radiólogo intervencionista. Existen diferentes técnicas endovasculares que ofrecen una buena permeabilidad a mediano y largo plazos, a partir de una selección apropiada de los pacientes. Este artículo tuvo como objetivo caracterizar la técnica de kissing stent como una alternativa terapéutica más, mínimamente invasiva, en los pacientes con enfermedad aorto-ilíaca. En este sentido, se presenta el caso de una mujer de 60 años con claudicación intermitente de 3 meses de evolución, con cambios tróficos de la piel a predominio derecho, en quien se documentó una estenosis aorto-ilíaca bilateral según el Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus Working Group II tipo A. Se realizó angioplastia con balón y stent autoexpandibles de ambas ilíacas comunes mediante la técnica de kissing stent. En el seguimiento anual, la paciente toleró el ejercicio, y al examen físico, los pulsos periféricos estuvieron presentes. Además, el manejo endovascular de las lesiones estenótica aorto-ilíacas mediante la técnica de kissing stent resulta segura, menos cruenta y con buenos resultados a mediano plazo, que se debe sustentar en una selección apropiada de los pacientes(AU)

Aortoiliac disease is an entity that, due to its location and distribution, poses a challenge for the interventional radiologist. There are different endovascular techniques offering good permeability in the mid- and long terms, based on appropriate selection of patients. This article aimed at characterizing the kissing stent technique as another minimally-invasive therapeutic alternative in patients with aortoiliac disease. In this respect, the case is presented of a 60-year-old woman with intermittent claudication of three months of evolution, with trophic changes of the skin, predominantly on the right side, and in whom a bilateral aortoiliac disease was documented as type A according to the Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus Working Group II. Balloon angioplasty and self-expanding stenting of both common iliac arteries were performed using the kissing stent technique. At annual follow-up, the patient tolerated exercise; and, on physical examination, peripheral pulses were present. In addition, endovascular management of aortoiliac disease stenotic lesions using the kissing stent technique is safe, less invasive and present good outcomes in the midterm, which must be based on appropriate selection of patients(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Constriction, Pathologic , Endovascular Procedures , Radiologists , Iliac Artery , Exercise
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135524


Abstract Objective: To assess the prevalence of soft tissue calcifications and their panoramic radiographic characteristics. Material and Methods: This descriptive retrospective study evaluated 2027 panoramic radiographs. The type and location of calcifications and the age and gender of patients were evaluated by two radiologists. Data were analyzed via SPSS and the Chi-square, Fisher's exact and Kappa tests were used to compare the categorical demographic variables among the groups. The confidence interval was set to 95% and p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The prevalence of calcified stylohyoid ligament was 11.24%. This value was 3.99% for tonsillolith, 1.33% for calcified carotid plaque, 0.69% for antrolith, 0.39% for calcified lymph node, 0.29% for phleboliths, and 0.19% for sialoliths. The prevalence of these conditions had no significant association with gender or age (p=0.102). The prevalence of bilateral calcified stylohyoid ligament, tonsillolith, and a calcified carotid plaque was significantly higher (p<0.001). The most prevalent type of calcified stylohyoid ligament, according to O'Carroll's classification, belonged to types 1, 4, 3 and 2 (p<0.001). The most commonly observed radiographic pattern was multiple, well-defined tonsilloliths (75.3%, p<0.001). Conclusion: The prevalence of soft tissue calcifications on panoramic radiographs was relatively low in this Iranian population. The most calcifications were respectively calcified stylohyoid ligament, tonsillolith, calcified carotid plaque, antrolith, calcified lymph node, phleboliths and sialoliths. Calcified stylohyoid ligament, tonsillolith and calcified carotid plaque were more bilaterally. Thereby panoramic imaging can help in primary assessment, epidemiologic and screening evaluation of these calcifications.

Humans , Temporomandibular Joint , Tooth Calcification , Radiography, Panoramic/instrumentation , Radiologists , Hyoid Bone , Chi-Square Distribution , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Iran/epidemiology
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO5576, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133778


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate anatomic factors and radiologist's experience in the detection of solid renal masses on ultrasonography. Methods: We searched for solid renal masses diagnosed on cross-sectional imaging from 2007 to 2017 that also had previous ultrasonography from the past 6 months. The following features were evaluated: nodule size, laterality, location and growth pattern, patient body mass index and radiologist's experience in ultrasound. In surgically resected cases, pathologic reports were evaluated. Unpaired t test and χ2 test were used to evaluate differences among subgroups, using R-statistics. Statistical significance was set at p<0.05. Results: The initial search of renal nodules on cross-sectional imaging resulted in 428 lesions and 266 lesions were excluded. Final cohort included 162 lesions and, of those, 108 (67%) were correctly detected on ultrasonography (Group 1) and 54 (33%) were missed (Group 2). Comparison of Groups 1 and 2 were as follows, respectively: body mass index (27.7 versus 27.1; p=0.496), size (2.58cm versus 1.74cm; p=0.003), laterality (54% versus 59% right sided; p=0.832), location (27% versus 22% upper pole; p=0.869), growth pattern (25% versus 28% endophytic; p=0.131) and radiologist's experience (p=0.300). From surgically resected cases, histology available for Group 1 was clear cell (n=11), papillary (n=15), chromophobe (n=2) renal cell carcinoma, oncocytoma (n=1), and, for Group 2, clear cell (n=7), papillary (n=5) renal cell carcinoma, oncocytoma (n=2), angiomyolipoma, chromophobe renal cell carcinoma, and interstitial pyelonephritis (n=1, each). Conclusion: Size was the only significant parameter related to renal nodule detection on ultrasound.

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar os fatores anatômicos e a experiência do radiologista na detecção de massas renais sólidas na ultrassonografia. Métodos: Buscamos massas renais sólidas diagnosticadas em imagens seccionais, de 2007 a 2017, que também tivessem ultrassonografia prévia nos últimos 6 meses. As seguintes características foram avaliadas: tamanho do nódulo, lateralidade, localização e padrão de crescimento, índice de massa corporal do paciente e experiência do radiologista em ultrassonografia. Nos casos com ressecção cirúrgica, os laudos de patologia foram analisados. O teste t não pareado e o teste χ2 foram utilizados para avaliar as diferenças entre os subgrupos, usando R-statistics. A significância estatística foi estabelecida em p<0,05. Resultados: A pesquisa inicial de nódulos renais achados em imagens seccionais resultou em 428 lesões, com 266 exclusões. A coorte final incluiu 162 lesões e, destas, 108 (67%) foram detectadas corretamente na ultrassonografia (Grupo 1), e 54 (33%) não foram identificadas (Grupo 2). A comparação dos Grupos 1 e 2 mostrou índice de massa corporal (27,7 versus 27,1; p=0,496), tamanho (2,58cm versus 1,74cm; p=0,003), lateralidade (54% versus 59% no lado direito; p=0,832), localização (27% versus 22% no polo superior; p=0,869), padrão de crescimento (25% versus 28% endofítico; p=0,131) e experiência do radiologista (p=0,300). A histologia disponível para o Grupo 1 foi carcinoma renal de células claras (n=11), papilar (n=15), cromófobo (n=2), oncocitoma (n=1), e, para o Grupo 2, carcinoma renal de células claras (n=7), papilar (n=5), oncocitoma (n=2), angiomiolipoma, cromófobo e pielonefrite intersticial (n=1, cada). Conclusão: O tamanho foi o único parâmetro significativo relacionado à detecção de nódulos renais no ultrassom.

Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography , Kidney/diagnostic imaging , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Diagnosis, Differential , Radiologists , Kidney/pathology
Pan Afr. med. j ; 35(2)2020.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1268667


Ground-glass opacity is a CT sign that is currently experiencing renewed interest since it is very common in patients with COVID-19. However, this sign is not specific to any disease. Besides, the possibility of false positive ground-glass opacity related to insufficient inspiration during the acquisition of the chest CT should be known. We report the case of a 36-year-old patient suspected of COVID-19 and in whom a second acquisition of chest CT was necessary to remove false ground-glass opacities that erroneously supported the diagnosis of COVID-19

COVID-19 , Acute Chest Syndrome , Coronavirus Infections , Radiologists , South Africa
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1257698


Background: Teleradiology was implemented across South Africa, to provide reporting services to rural healthcare institutes without a radiologist. This is guided by standard operating procedure manuals (SOP) which standardise the quality of services provided. From observation, end users, namely, the radiographer and referring clinician, experience challenges in fulfilling the roles extending beyond the SOP. Aim: To explore the end users' experiences within this context and the impact it has on service delivery. Setting: A rural district in North West province, South Africa. Method: This was a qualitative, exploratory, descriptive study. Focus group discussions were held with radiographers and referring clinicians from the teleradiology site in the North West province. A one-on-one interview was conducted with a private radiologist at the reporting site in Gauteng. An interview guide was used to ask open-ended questions to address the aim of the study. Results: At the teleradiology site, radiographers and referring clinicians are performing extended roles, not described in the teleradiology service-level agreement (SLA) and felt poorly equipped to fulfil these roles. They also felt that the private radiologists needed training on interprofessional collaboration to understand the challenges facing health professionals at these rural sites. Conclusion: SLA's should align with the clinical needs and practices of the district. This should guide the specific training needs of the end users practicing in rural areas, to support their extended roles in the teleradiology setting. Training should be in-house, ongoing and consistent to cater for the influx of health professionals entering the rural setting using teleradiology systems

Capacity Building , Hospitals, District , Radiologists , South Africa , Teleradiology
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1258617


Introduction: Time is critical in the trauma setting. Emergency computed tomography (CT) scans are usually interpreted by the attending doctor and plans to manage the patient are implemented before the formal radiological report is available. This study aims to investigate the discrepancy in interpretation of emergency whole body CT scans in trauma patients by the trauma surgeon and radiologist and to determine if the difference in trauma surgeon and radiologist interpretation of emergency trauma CT scans has an impact on patient management. Method: This prospective observational comparative study was conducted over a 6 month period (01 April­30 September 2016) at the Inkosi Albert Luthuli Central Hospital which has a level 1 trauma department. The study population comprised 62 polytrauma patients who underwent a multiphase whole body CT scans as per the trauma imaging protocol. The trauma surgeons' initial interpretation of the CT scan and radiological report were compared. All CT scans reported by the radiology registrar were reviewed by a consultant radiologist. The time from completion of the CT scan and completion of the radiological report was analysed. Results: Since the trauma surgeon accompanied the patient to radiology and reviewed the images as soon as the scan was complete, the initial interpretation of the CT was performed within 15­30 min. The median time between the CT scan completion and reporting turnaround time was 75 (16­218) min. Critical findings were missed by the trauma surgeon in 4.8% of patients (bronchial transection, abdominal aortic intimal tear and cervical spine fracture) and non-critical/incidental findings in 41.94%. The trauma surgeon correctly detected and graded visceral injury in all cases. Conclusion: There was no significant discrepancy in the critical findings on interpretation of whole body CT scans in polytrauma patients by the trauma surgeon and radiologist and therefore no negative impact on patient management from missed injury or misdiagnosis. The turnaround time for the radiology report does not allow for timeous management of the trauma patient

Multidetector Computed Tomography , Multiple Trauma , Radiologists , South Africa , Trauma Centers
Rev. chil. radiol ; 25(4): 114-118, dic. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058211


Resumen: Objetivo: Describir la participación de los exámenes de imagen en el Régimen de Garantías Explícitas en Salud en Chile y analizar el papel de los radiólogos en este campo. Materiales y métodos: todas las patologías incluidas en el Programa de garantías explícitas en salud, cuentan con una guía de práctica clínica (GC) y un listado de prestaciones específicas (LP). Ambos fueron analizados respecto a la cantidad y la modalidad de los exámenes de imagen recomendados, la presencia de radiólogos dentro de los paneles de expertos y la concordancia entre las recomendaciones de las guías y los Listados de Prestaciones. Resultados: 60 GC (67%) y 55 LP (69%) incluyen pruebas de imagen dentro de sus prestaciones garantizadas. 7 GC (8%) recomiendan pruebas de imágenes no cubiertas en su listado de prestaciones respectivos y 5 pruebas de imágenes del LP (6%) no están incluídas en las guías clínicas. La participación de un radiólogo en el panel de expertos se asoció con la ausencia de discrepancias en las pruebas de imagen entre GC y LP (p = 0,007). Discusión: el diagnóstico por imágenes juega un papel importante dentro del Programa de garantías explícitas y se asocia al aumento de los costos de atención médica. Algunos casos de discordancia entre las guías clínicas y los Listados de Prestaciones representan costos económicos y sociales significativos que podrían reducirse al incluir radiólogos en los paneles de expertos, así como optimizar el uso de recursos y reducir la exposición de los pacientes a la radiación ionizante.

Abstract: Objective: To describe the involvement diagnostic imaging exams in the framework of Regime of Explicit Health Guarantees in Chile and analyze the role of radiologists in this field. Materials and methods: Every pathology included in the Explicit Healthcare Guarantees Program encompasses an expert consensus clinical guideline (CG) and a specific services list (SL). Both of them were analyzed regarding the amount and modality of imaging exams recommended, the presence of radiologists within the expert panels and the concordance between guidelines recommendations and service lists. Results: 60 CG (67%) and 55 SL (69%) include imaging tests within their guaranteed services. Seven CG (8%) recommend medical imaging tests not covered in their respective services list and 5 SL (6%) reference imaging tests not included in the clinical guidelines. The involvement of a radiologist on the expert panel was associated with the absence of imaging test discrepancies between CG and SL (p=0.007). Discussion: Diagnostic imaging plays an important role within the Explicit Healthcare Guarantees Program and is associated with rising healthcare costs. There are cases of discordance between clinical guidelines and specific services lists that account for significant economic and social costs, which may be reduced by including radiologists on expert panels, optimizing resource use and lowering patients' exposure to ionizing radiation.

Humans , Physician's Role , Diagnostic Imaging/statistics & numerical data , Health Programs and Plans , Diagnostic Imaging/economics , Diagnostic Imaging/standards , Chile , Health Care Costs , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Delivery of Health Care , Radiologists/supply & distribution
HU rev ; 45(3): 341-351, 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1049336


Introdução: O modelo tradicional de referenciamento ao radiologista para a realização de ultrassonografia ou ecografia tem se modificado nos últimos 25 anos. Com a diminuição do tamanho e do custo dos aparelhos de ultrassom (hoje já existem mais de 10 unidades "handheld" no mercado), cada vez mais médicos de diferentes especialidades estão utilizando a ultrassonografia a beira do leito, como extensão do exame físico. Objetivo: Destacar a importância do uso da ultrassonografia a beira do leito na avaliação objetiva e ampliada dos pacientes renais. Materiais e Métodos:Revisão narrativa com seleção dos estudos e a interpretação das informações baseados na escolha arbitrária dos autores. Resultados: Na nefrologia, a ecografia ainda tem sido pouco utilizada, sendo o seu maior uso na identificação renal e venosa quando da realização da biópsia renal e do acesso vascular, respectivamente. Contudo, o papel fundamental dos rins no controle da volemia e da pressão arterial, eventualmente quando se tornam disfuncionais, demanda avaliações multiorgânicas. Assim, a utilização da ultrassonografia na nefrologia não deveria se restringir aos procedimentos mencionados ou a avaliação da retenção urinária. As ecografias "focadas" dos pulmões, do coração e da veia cava inferior permite o diagnóstico de complicações frequentes observadas nas doenças renais, como por exemplo, congestão pulmonar, derrame pleural, pneumotórax, disfunção sistólica, diastólica, derrame pericárdico e, assim, incorporadas como extensão do exame físico em nefrologia. Conclusão: A multifuncionalidade renal implica em grande número de complicações renais e extra-renais quando os rins são funcionalmente acometidos, o que justifica o uso da POCUS não somente na avaliação do trato urinário, mas também dos pulmões, coração, veia cava inferior, entre outros.

Introduction: The traditional model of reference ultrasound to radiologist has changed over the past 25 years. With the reductions in size and cost of ultrasound devices (today there are more than 10 handheld units on the market), medical specialists are increasingly using bedside ultrasound as an extension of the physical examination. Objective:To highlight the importance of using bedside ultrasound in the objective and expanded evaluation of renal patients. Material and Methods: Narrative review with study selection and interpretation of information based on arbitrary choice of authors. Results: In nephrology, ultrasound has not been widely used, and its major uses are in renal and venous identifications in renal biopsy and vascular access, respectively. However, the fundamental role of the kidneys in controlling body volume and blood pressure, eventually when they become dysfunctional, requires multiorgan evaluations. Thus, the use of ultrasound in nephrology should not be restricted to the procedures mentioned or the assessment of urinary retention. "Focused" ultrasound of the lungs, heart, and inferior vena cava allows the diagnosis of frequent complications observed in renal diseases, such as pulmonary congestion, pleural effusion, pneumothorax, systolic and diastolic dysfunction, pericardial effusion, and thus be incorporated as extension of physical examination in nephrology. In the present review, the authors highlight the importance of using bedside ultrasound in the objective and expanded evaluation of renal patients. Conclusion: Renal multifunctionality implies a large number of renal and extrarenal complications when the kidneys are functionally affected, which justifies the use of POCUS not only in the evaluation of the urinary tract, but also in the lungs, heart, inferior vena cava, among others.

Humans , Male , Female , Patients , Physical Examination , Urinary Tract , Urinary Retention , Ultrasonography , Equipment and Supplies , Radiologists , Kidney , Kidney Diseases , Methods , Nephrology
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 379-387, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774821


BACKGROUND@#An artificial intelligence system of Faster Region-based Convolutional Neural Network (Faster R-CNN) is newly developed for the diagnosis of metastatic lymph node (LN) in rectal cancer patients. The primary objective of this study was to comprehensively verify its accuracy in clinical use.@*METHODS@#Four hundred fourteen patients with rectal cancer discharged between January 2013 and March 2015 were collected from 6 clinical centers, and the magnetic resonance imaging data for pelvic metastatic LNs of each patient was identified by Faster R-CNN. Faster R-CNN based diagnoses were compared with radiologist based diagnoses and pathologist based diagnoses for methodological verification, using correlation analyses and consistency check. For clinical verification, the patients were retrospectively followed up by telephone for 36 months, with post-operative recurrence of rectal cancer as a clinical outcome; recurrence-free survivals of the patients were compared among different diagnostic groups, by methods of Kaplan-Meier and Cox hazards regression model.@*RESULTS@#Significant correlations were observed between any 2 factors among the numbers of metastatic LNs separately diagnosed by radiologists, Faster R-CNN and pathologists, as evidenced by rradiologist-Faster R-CNN of 0.912, rPathologist-radiologist of 0.134, and rPathologist-Faster R-CNN of 0.448 respectively. The value of kappa coefficient in N staging between Faster R-CNN and pathologists was 0.573, and this value between radiologists and pathologists was 0.473. The 3 groups of Faster R-CNN, radiologists and pathologists showed no significant differences in the recurrence-free survival time for stage N0 and N1 patients, but significant differences were found for stage N2 patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Faster R-CNN surpasses radiologists in the evaluation of pelvic metastatic LNs of rectal cancer, but is not on par with pathologists.@*TRIAL (No. ChiCTR-DDD-17013842).

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Artificial Intelligence , Female , Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplasm Staging , Neural Networks, Computer , Pathologists , Radiologists , Rectal Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Mortality , Pathology
Rev. chil. radiol ; 24(1): 2-4, mar. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959566


La práctica médica debe estar siempre enmarcada en un ejercicio profesional moralmente aceptable, que procure la promoción y respeto de los principios éticos fundamentales de la medicina, manteniendo el beneficio del paciente como objetivo principal. Al igual que otras especialidades, en el ejercicio de la radiología, se debe cuidar el marco ético profesional que obliga a velar por el respeto de la dignidad e intimidad de las personas y todo lo relacionado con la confidencialidad del acto médico. En el ejercicio de la radiología, al igual en que otros actos médicos, se tiene acceso a información sensible y privada de los pacientes, lo que obliga a hacer un correcto uso de ella, resguardando las normas de privacidad y secreto profesional. Se debe enseñar y sensibilizar a los alumnos y al personal que asiste en el cuidado de los pacientes, para asegurar un comportamiento acorde a las normas éticas que rigen la práctica radiológica.

An ethical and professional medical behavior, which promotes and respects the ethical principles of medicine, is a goal that should always be pursued in medical practice. In radiology, as in other medical specialties, this includes respect for patients' dignity, intimacy and confidentiality. The possibility of accessing patients' private information compels radiologists to make a correct usage of this information, in order to respect professional secrecy and privacy codes that rule medical practice. Radiologists must teach and raise awareness among their students and co-workers in health care institutions of the importance of ethical behavior in their daily practice.

Humans , Physician-Patient Relations/ethics , Radiology/ethics , Confidentiality/ethics , Ethics, Medical , Ethics, Professional , Radiologists/ethics
Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine [The]. 2018; 71 (2): 2544-2552
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-192496


Background: Evaluating the clinical competencies of radiologist and technologist is the primary important factor in all medical imaging areas, and it is a necessary prerequisite for assuring professional standard care in radiography

Aim: to evaluate clinical competences from the views of radiologists and technologists by applying the Radiographers' Competence Scale [RCS]

Method: A cross-sectional survey conducted on 185 participants recruited from six hospitals of Asir region of Saudi Arabia. All data were collected using the self-administrative questionnaire of 28 items scale of radiographer competence scale consisting of the two components; initial care scale and technical radiographic process. The level of competencies scale was rated through 10 - point and frequency of use on 6 - point scale

Results: The survey completed by 82 [44.3%] radiologist and 103 [55.7%] technologist. Overall mean significant [P < 0.001] differences scores of Initial Care scale observed between radiologist and technologist. However, with reference to technical and radiographic process no mean significant differences were detected between the two groups. The technologist attributed the highest evaluations to such competencies as "Adequately informing the patient" and "Guiding the patient's relatives", while other attributes the lowest evaluations expressed in the competencies. The radiologists attributed the highest evaluations to such competences as "Collaborating with physicians "and "Independent carrying out of the doctor's prescriptions", while the lowest evaluations to the same competences as the technologists

Conclusion: The significant findings underline the radiologist and high technologist competences in both "Initial Care scale "and "Technical and Radiographic Process". However, the lower rated competences emphasis on continuous professional development in the area of medical radiology

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Radiologists/ethics , Medical Laboratory Personnel/standards , Clinical Competence , Professional Competence , Self-Assessment , Cross-Sectional Studies
SA j. radiol ; 22(1): 1-7, 2018. ilus
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1271339


Background: A mechanism-based approach to post-injury knee magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) interpretation, following acute complex knee injury, is cited by several authors to provide increased reporting accuracy and efficiency, by allowing accurate prediction of injury to at-risk structures. This remains to our knowledge untested in a developing world setting and is of interest to us as South African general radiologists. Objective: To assess the reliability of a mechanism-based approach to complex post-trauma knee MRI interpretation when implemented by general radiologists in a South African setting, and compare our results with the findings of North American authors who compiled and assessed the same classification. To measure the agreement between the observers. Methods: A quantitative, observational, investigative, retrospective study was performed using a sample of 50 post-trauma knee MRI studies conducted at Grey's Hospital, Pietermaritzburg. Two investigators independently applied the consolidated mechanism-based approach compiled by Hayes et al. as a research tool to interpret the knee MRI studies, blinded to each other's findings. Results: Injury mechanism was assigned in 32% of cases by the principle investigator and in 20% of cases by the supervisor, with fair agreement between the observers (k = 0.39). Theinvestigators agreed that 62% of cases were not classifiable by mechanism, 26% because of highly complex injury and 26% because of non-specific findings. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that the Hayes et al. classification is a non-ideal tool when used by general radiologists in our setting, as the pure injury mechanisms described in the classification were rare in our study group. Patient epidemiology and investigator experience are highlighted as potential limiting factors in this study. Despite this, we advocate that the concept of a mechanism-based approach for the interpretation of acute post-trauma knee MRI holds value for general radiologists, particularly in patients imaged before resolution of bone bruising (within 12­16 weeks of injury), and those injured in sporting and similar athletic activities

Knee , Knee Injuries , Radiologists , South Africa
Acta bioeth ; 23(2): 245-251, jul. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-886025


Resumen: Las exploraciones radiológicas médico-legales incluyen exposiciones médicas a radiaciones que se realizan por orden judicial a una persona que no está enferma. El técnico o tecnólogo médico en radiología tiene el deber de minimizar las dosis a pacientes y a la población en su conjunto; por ello, realizar este tipo de exploraciones entra en conflicto con las máximas de la protección radiológica y de su código ético. Presentamos un estudio de revisión donde se analiza si estas prácticas médicas son contrarias a la ética profesional del técnico en radiología.

Abstract: The medico-legal, radiological examinations include those medical exposures to radiation conducted by court order a person who is not sick. The radiologic technologist has a duty to minimize the dose to patients and the population as a whole, therefore, make this type of exploration conflicts with the maximum of Radiation Protection and its ethical code. We present a review study where we analyze whether these medical practices are contrary to professional ethics of the Radiologic technologist.

Resumo: As explorações radiológicas médico-legais incluem aquelas exposições médicas a radiações que se realizam por ordem judicial a uma pessoa que não está doente. O técnico ou tecnólogo médico em radiologia tem o dever de minimizar a dose para os pacientes e a população como um todo; portanto, realizar este tipo de exploração entra em conflito com os princípios da proteção radiológica e de seu código de ética. Apresentamos um estudo de revisão no qual analisamos se estas práticas médicas são contrárias à ética profissional do técnico em radiologia.

Humans , Radiology/ethics , Radiologists/ethics , Forensic Medicine/ethics , Ethics, Professional
International Journal of Radiation Research. 2017; 15 (1): 91-99
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-187500


Background: In response to the need for diagnosis and treatment, medical radiation has been increasingly used worldwide. This study investigated the medical utilization of radiation-related diseases among radiological technologists [RTs] and factors that influence such diseases

Materials and Methods: Data were collected from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. A panel study was conducted with a sample of 3,432 RTs obtained in 2007 and followed up until 2011. Logistic regression applying generalized estimating equations was used for investigating the relationship between RTs and radiation-related diseases

Results: Among the RTs, the annual medical utilization rate of hospitalization for radiation-related neoplasms was 1.17%o-4.43%0, that for circulatory diseases was 4.68%o-11.50%o, and the annual medical utilization rate of outpatient visits for cataracts was 2.91%o-7.38%0. After sex, age, hospital accreditation level, and hospital ownership were controlled, the odds of hospitalization for neoplasms and circulatory diseases among the RTs were nonsignificantly higher than those of pharmacists, and the odds of outpatient visits for cataracts among the RTs were nonsignificantly lower than those of pharmacists

Conclusion: No sufficient evidence exists to substantiate the argument that the exposure of RTs to current doses of radiation could increase the risk of neoplasms, circulatory diseases, and cataracts. Considering the increased use of radiation treatment in current medical facilities, all speculation on occupational radiation-induced diseases must be further investigated and verified

Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced/epidemiology , Cardiovascular System/radiation effects , Cataract/etiology , Radiologists , Occupational Exposure