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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928472

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Secondary displacement represents a frequent complication of conservative treatment of fractures, particularly of the distal radius. The gap space between skin and cast may lead to a certain degree movements and this increased mobility might favor redisplacement. The aim of this study was to develop a new 3D method, to measure the gap space in all 3 geometrical planes, and to validate this new technique in a clinical setting of distal radius fractures.@*METHODS@#This study applies 3D imaging to measure the space between plaster and skin as a potential factor of secondary displacement and therefore the failure of conservative treatment. We developed and validated a new methodology to analyze and compare different forearm casts made of plaster of Paris and fiberglass. An unpaired t-test was performed to document differences between the investigated parameters between plaster of Paris and fiberglass casts. The significance level was set at p < 0.05.@*RESULTS@#In a series of 15 cases, we found the width of the gap space to average 4 mm, being slightly inferior on the radial side. Comparing the two different casting materials, plaster of Paris and fiberglass, we found a significantly larger variance of space under casts made of the first material (p=0.39). A roughness analysis showed also a markedly significantly higher irregularity of the undersurface of plaster of Paris as compared with fiberglass.@*CONCLUSION@#This study allows for a better understanding of the nature of the "gap space" between cast and skin and will contribute to develop and improve new immobilization techniques and materials.


Subject(s)
Casts, Surgical , Forearm , Humans , Radius , Radius Fractures/therapy , Wrist Joint
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928265

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of suture of pronator muscle on forearm function after modified Henry approach for distal radius fractures.@*METHODS@#from January 2018 to December 2020, 220 patients with distal radius fractures were treated with open reduction and locking plate internal fixation through the modified Henry approach. They were divided into two groups according to different suture methods. There were 112 cases in the intraoperative suture group, including 35 males and 77 females;The age ranged from 37 to 65(48.5±7.4) years;AO classification of fracture, 46 cases of type B and 66 cases of type C;After fracture reduction and locking plate fixation, the pronator muscle was opened and sutured. There were 108 cases in the non suture group, 32 males and 76 females;The age ranged from 34 to 67(47.6±7.8) years;There were 41 cases of fracture type B and 67 cases of fracture type C;After fracture reduction and locking plate fixation, the open pronator muscle was not sutured, and it was laid on the surface of the plate in situ. The range of wrist motion (pronation, supination, palmar inclination and dorsiflexion), the score of disability of arm shoulder and hand dash and visual analog scale(VAS) were compared between the two groups at 6 weeks and 6 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#All 220 patients were followed up for 6 to 18 (8.5±1.3) months. There was no significant difference in the range of motion and DASH score of forearm and wrist between the two groups 6 weeks after operation (P>0.05);There was significant difference in VAS score between suture group (2.6±1.2) and non suture group (5.8±2.3)(P<0.05). Six months after operation, there was no significant difference in the range of motion, DASH score and VAS score of forearm and wrist between the two groups(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The modified Henry approach has no obvious advantages in the range of wrist movement and upper limb function, but the intraoperative suture of pronator can reduce the early postoperative pain. It is suggested that the pronator should be sutured during the operation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , Female , Forearm , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Muscle, Skeletal/surgery , Radius Fractures/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Sutures , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1378010

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar los resultados y las complicaciones entre la fijación percutánea con clavijas (FPC) y el enclavado endomedular elástico (EEE). materiales y métodos:Se evaluaron las radiografías para determinar deformidades angulares en la consolidación. Se usó el sistema de Clavien-Dindo adaptado para clasificar las complicaciones. Resultados: El grupo A (FPC) incluyó a 17 pacientes y el grupo B (EEE), a 19. La edad promedio era de 12.5 ± 1.6 años y el seguimiento promedio fue de 27.6 ± 16.6 meses. Los pacientes con EEE requirieron menos tiempo de inmovilización (2.8 ± 1.8 vs. 5.9 ± 1.3 semanas, p 0,00029). Un paciente de cada grupo tuvo una angulación >10° en la consolidación. La tasa de complicaciones fue mayor en el grupo A (18% vs. 5,3%, p 0,27). En el grupo A, hubo 2 complicaciones tipo III (pérdida de corrección) y 2 tipo II (infección y granuloma). Un paciente del grupo B presentó una complicación tipo I (prominencia del implante). Dieciséis pacientes del grupo B se sometieron a una segunda cirugía para extraer el implante. Dos del grupo A requirieron revisión de la fijación por pérdida de alineación. Conclusiones: Ambas técnicas son eficaces para estabilizar fracturas metafiso-diafisarias de radio distal en adolescentes. El EEE tiene la ventaja de una inmovilización más corta y menos complicaciones, pero es más caro y requiere otra cirugía para extraer el implante. La FPC no requiere de anestesia para extraer el implante, aunque sí una inmovilización más prolongada y la tasa de complicaciones es más alta. Nivel de Evidencia: III


Objective: To compare results and complications of closed reduction percutaneous pinning (CRPP) versus dorsal entry elastic intramedullary nails (ESIN). Materials and methods: Radiographs were evaluated to determine angular deformities at the time of radiographic union. Complications were graded with a modification of the Clavien-Dindo classification. Results: The CRPP group consisted of 17 patients (Group A) whereas the ESIN group consisted of 19 patients (Group B). The average age of the patient cohort was 12.5±1.6 years. The average follow-up was 27.6±16.6 months. The demographic data revealed no differences between groups (p> 0.05). Patients treated with ESIN required a shorter immobilization time (2.8±1.8 versus 5.9±1.3 weeks, p 0.00029). One patient in each group presented an angulation >10° at the time of consolidation. The complication rate was higher in group A (18% versus 5.3%, p 0.27). According to the Clavien-Dindo classification, group A presented 2 type II (infection and granuloma), and 2 type III complications (loss of reduction). Group B presented one type I complication (implant prominence). Sixteen patients in group B underwent a second procedure for hardware removal. Two patients (11.8%) in group A required revision due to loss of reduction. Conclusions: Both techniques are effective in stabilizing metaphyseal-diaphyseal fractures of the distal radius in the adolescent population. ESIN has the advantage of requiring a shorter immobilization time and fewer complications but needs a second surgery for implant removal. CRPP does not require anesthesia for implant removal, although it requires a longer postoperative immobilization, and has a higher complication rate. Level of Evidence: III


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Radius Fractures/surgery , Bone Nails , Treatment Outcome , Forearm Injuries , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/methods
4.
An. Facultad Med. (Univ. Repúb. Urug., En línea) ; 8(1): e303, jun. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1248720

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las fracturas metafisarias de radio distal son las fracturas más frecuentes en la edad pediátrica, siendo 30% del total de las mismas. Mantener la reducción de las fracturas desplazadas no siempre es posible: el re-desplazamiento es la principal complicación de estas lesiones. Clásicamente se realizó tratamiento con maniobra y yeso, aunque en los últimos años se asoció fijación con Kirschner wire (Kw) en búsqueda de disminuir el re-desplazamiento. El objetivo de nuestro trabajo es identificar factores de riesgo en búsqueda de realizar el mejor tratamiento siendo lo menos agresivo posible. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda sistematizada a través del buscador electrónico PubMed. La misma alcanzó un total de 4594 artículos, que de acuerdo con los criterios de inclusión y exclusión se seleccionaron 15 trabajos para realizar nuestra revisión bibliográfica. Resultados: Se destaca que la mayoría de los artículos encontrados son de nivel de evidencia III y IV. Nuestra búsqueda refleja un índice de re-desplazamiento entre 20-39% mediante yeso a las 2 semanas; asi como un índice de re-manipulación entre el 5-10 % del total de las fracturas desplazadas. La mayoría de los estudios analizados intentan identificar los factores de riesgo más importantes para el re-desplazamiento de las fracturas, de lo que se destacan el grado de desplazamiento inicial de la fractura y la reducción lograda de la misma. A su vez, otros artículos valoran los resultados del tratamiento mediante estabilización con yeso o fijación mediante Kirschner wire. Conclusión: el desplazamiento inicial de la fractura y la reducción lograda en block quirúrgico (BQ) son los factores de riesgo más importantes para el re-desplazamiento. Si bien la técnica de enyesado no es considerado una variable estadísticamente significativa, es considerada una variable importante en cuanto al pronóstico de la lesión, destacando al moldeado de 3 puntos como principal índice a considerar. Se considera aconsejable asociar un Kw en aquellas fracturas cabalgadas en las que no se logra una reducción anatómica en block quirúrgico.


Introduction: Distal radius metaphyseal fractures are the most frequent fractures in pediatric age, accounting for 30% of the total. Maintaining the reduction of displaced fractures is not always possible: re-displacement is the main complication of these injuries. Classically, treatment was performed with a maneuver and a cast, although in recent years fixation with Kirschner wire (Kw) has been associated in search of reducing re-displacement. The objective of our work is to identify risk factors in search of the best treatment while being the least aggressive possible. Materials and methods: A systematic search was carried out using the PubMed electronic search engine. It reached a total of 4594 articles, which according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 15 papers were selected for our bibliographic review. Results: It should be noted that most of the articles found are level of evidence III and IV. Our search reflects a re-displacement rate between 20-39% using a cast at 2 weeks; as well as a re-manipulation index between 5-10% of all displaced fractures. Most of the studies analyzed attempt to identify the most important risk factors for the re-displacement of fractures, of which the degree of initial displacement of the fracture and the reduction achieved are highlighted. In turn, other articles assess the results of treatment by stabilization with plaster or fixation with Kirschner wire. Conclusion: the initial displacement of the fracture and the reduction achieved in the surgical block (BQ) are the most important risk factors for re-displacement. Although the casting technique is not considered a statistically significant variable, it is considered an important variable in terms of the prognosis of the injury, highlighting the 3-point casting as the main index to be considered. It is considered advisable to associate a Kw in those mounted fractures in which an anatomical reduction in surgical block is not achieved.


Introdução: As fraturas metafisárias do rádio distal são as mais frequentes na idade pediátrica, correspondendo a 30% do total. Manter a redução das fraturas desviadas nem sempre é possível: o deslocamento é a principal complicação dessas lesões. Classicamente, o tratamento era realizado com manobra e gesso, embora nos últimos anos a fixação com fio de Kirschner (Kw) tenha sido associada na busca pela redução do deslocamento. O objetivo do nosso trabalho é identificar os fatores de risco em busca do melhor tratamento sendo o menos agressivo possível. Materiais e métodos: uma busca sistemática foi realizada usando o mecanismo de busca eletrônico PubMed. Chegou-se a um total de 4.594 artigos, que de acordo com os critérios de inclusão e exclusão, foram selecionados 15 artigos para nossa revisão bibliográfica. Resultados: Ressalta-se que a maioria dos artigos encontrados são de nível de evidência III e IV. Nossa pesquisa reflete uma taxa de re-deslocamento entre 20-39% usando um gesso em 2 semanas; bem como um índice de remanipulação entre 5-10% de todas as fraturas deslocadas. A maioria dos estudos analisados ​​busca identificar os fatores de risco mais importantes para o deslocamento das fraturas, que incluem o grau de deslocamento inicial da fratura e a redução alcançada. Por sua vez, outros artigos avaliam os resultados do tratamento com estabilização gessada ou fixação com fio de Kirschner. Conclusão: o deslocamento inicial da fratura e a redução alcançada no bloqueio cirúrgico (QB) são os fatores de risco mais importantes para o deslocamento. Embora a técnica de gesso não seja considerada uma variável estatisticamente significativa, é considerada uma variável importante em termos de prognóstico da lesão, destacando-se o gesso em 3 pontos como o principal índice a ser considerado. Considera-se aconselhável associar um Kw nas fraturas montadas em que não se consegue redução anatômica no bloqueio cirúrgico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Radius Fractures/surgery , Radius Fractures/complications , Wrist Injuries/surgery , Wrist Injuries/complications , Evaluation of Results of Therapeutic Interventions , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Skeleton/growth & development , Risk Factors
5.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(3): 351-355, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288681

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare the serum levels of vitamin D and minerals in children with or without isolated distal radius fractures. Methods The present prospective clinical study included 50 children (aged between 5 and 15 years) with isolated distal radius fractures who were admitted to our emergency unit between February and May 2018 as the study group (group A), and 50 healthy children with no history of fracture as the control group (group B). Peripheral venous blood samples were obtained and analyzed for measurements of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), phosphorus (P), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and parathyroid hormone (PTH) in both groups. Patient characteristics and peripheral venous blood samples were compared between the groups. Results The mean age, height, weight, body mass index (BMI) and gender distribution were similar in both groups. There were no statistical differences in the blood analyses, including Ca, Mg, P, ALP, and PTH. However, the serum levels of 25(OH)D were statistically lower in group A when compared to group B (p < 0.001), and the number of patients with 25(OH)D insufficiency was statistically higher in group A than in group B (p = 0.012). Conclusion Children with isolated distal radius fracture should be informed about vitamin D deficiency, and, in children with low levels of vitamin D, supplementation may be considered.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar os níveis séricos de vitamina D e minerais de crianças com ou sem fraturas isoladas da extremidade distal do rádio. Métodos Este estudo clínico prospectivo incluiu 50 crianças (com idade entre 5 e 15 anos) com fratura isolada distal do rádio que deram entrada em nossa unidade de emergência entre fevereiro e maio de 2018 como grupo de estudo (grupo A), e 50 crianças saudáveis sem histórico de fratura como grupo controle (grupo B). Foram obtidas e analisadas amostras de sangue venoso periférico para medições de 25-hidroxivitamina D (25(OH)D), Cálcio (Ca), Magnésio (Mg), Fósforo (P), fosfatase alcalina (FA) e hormônio da paratireoide (HPT) em ambos os grupos. As características dos pacientes e as amostras de sangue venoso periférico foram comparadas entre os grupos. Resultados A média de idade, altura, peso, índice de massa corporal (IMC) e distribuição de gênero foram semelhantes em ambos os grupos. Não houve diferenças estatísticas nas análises sanguíneas, incluindo Ca, Mg, P, FA e HPT. No entanto, os níveis séricos de 25(OH)D foram estatisticamente menores no grupo A do que no grupo B (p < 0,001), e o número de pacientes com insuficiência de 25(OH)D foi estatisticamente maior no grupo A do que no grupo B (p = 0,012). Conclusão Crianças com fratura isolada distal do rádio devem ser informadas sobre deficiência de vitamina D, e, em crianças com baixos níveis de vitamina D, a suplementação pode ser considerada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Parathyroid Hormone , Radius Fractures , Vitamin D , Vitamin D Deficiency , Body Weight , Body Mass Index , Calcium , Alkaline Phosphatase
6.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 28(1): 14-19, jan./mar. 2021. il.
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1368321

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to report a long term follow up of a congenital luxation of the radial head (CLRH) case of a young Bulldog treated by radio head ostectomy (RHO). CLRH is an uncommon condition in dogs, but it is the most commom form of elbow dislocation (grade I). An English Bulldog, male, 6 months, 14 kilograms, was suspected of elbow dislocation. Physical examination revealed a lateral proeminence on the lateral surface of the right elbow, as well as grade I lameness and mild pain. Range of motion was normal. Previous radiographs and tomography confirmed CLHR. RHO was chosen instead of corrective techniques, due to the age of the animal at the time of the procedure and the difficulty in repositioning the radial head in the joint. Three and a half years after surgery, new clinical and radiographic examaminations were performed. The patient had no pain, good limb support and good range of motion, allowing good elbow movement. There was a partial regrowth of the proximal segment of the radial head causing better readjustment of it in the joint. Mild signs of joint degeneration were present. RHO proved to be effective in this case, proving to be a good technique to be used in cases of CLRH when conservative treatment or reduction techniques can no longer be used.


O objetivo deste relato foi o de apresentar o acompanhamento tardio de um caso de luxação congênita de cabeça de rádio (LCCR) em um Buldog Inglês jovem, tratada por ostectomia da cabeça radial (OCR). A LCCR é uma condição incomum nos cães, mas é a forma mais comum de luxação de cotovelo nos mesmos (grau I). Um Bulldog Inglês, macho, 6 meses, 14 quilos, foi atendido com suspeita de luxação do cotovelo. Exame físico revelou uma proeminência na superfície lateral do cotovelo direito, além de claudicação grau I e dor leve. Amplitude de movimento apresentava-se normal. Radiografias e tomografia prévias confirmaram LCCR. Optou-se pela OCR ao invés de técnicas corretivas, devido à idade do animal à época do procedimento e à dificuldade no reposicionamento do rádio na articulação. Após 3 anos e meio de pós-operatório, foram realizados novos exames clínicos e radiográficos. O paciente não apresentava dor, apresentava bom apoio do membro e boa amplitude de movimento, permitindo bom movimento do cotovelo. Houve um novo crescimento parcial do segmento proximal da cabeça do rádio ocasionando melhor readequamento do mesmo na articulação. Sinais leves de degeneração articular estavam presentes. A OCR se mostrou efetiva neste caso, provando ser uma boa técnica a ser utilizada nos casos de LCCR quando tratamento conservativo ou técnicas de redução já não podem ser mais utilizados.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Joint Dislocations/veterinary , Dogs/injuries , Elbow/surgery , Radius Fractures/veterinary , Surgery, Veterinary/methods , Continuity of Patient Care , Upper Extremity/surgery
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879457

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical efficacy and safety of plate internal fixation (ORIF) and external fixator (EF) in treating distal radius fractures by Meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#From establishment of database to August, 2019, randomized controlled trial (RCT) about open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) and external fixation (EF) in treating distal radius fractures was conducted by using computer-based databases, including CNKI, VIP, Wanfang Data, Medline, Cochrane library databases. Data extraction and quality evaluation of included study according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, RevMan 5.3 software was used to perform Meta-analysis. Palm angle, ulnar deflection angle, radius height, grip strength, ulnar variation, disabilities of arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) score, total complication rate, infection rate and tendon rupture between two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#Totally 19 RCT were included with 1 730 patients, 873 patients in ORIF group and 857 patients in EF group. Meta analysis result showed that after operation at 12 months, there were no significant difference in radial height [@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with EF in treating distal radius fracture, ORIF has better clinical effects in postoperative complications, palm angle, ulnar deviation angle, ulnar variation rate and infection rate. While there were no significant difference between in DASH score, radial height, tendon rupture and carpal tunnel syndrome better EF and ORIF. For the patient pursue rapid recovery of function, ORIF is better choice.


Subject(s)
Bone Plates , External Fixators , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Radius Fractures/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879388

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate specific technique and clinical effects of closed folding top consolidation maneuver combined with splint fixation maneuver for consolidation and cedar bark external fixation splint for the treatment of double fractures of distal ulna and radius in children.@*METHODS@#From January 2017 to December 2019, 17 children with double fractures of distal ulna and radius were treated with closed folded apex consolidation maneuver, including 13 males and 4 females, aged from 4 to 11 years old with an average of (7.29±2.34) years old. The fractures were fixed with cedar bark splint and followed up for 6 months, and alignment of fracture was evaluated according to the latest X-rays by follow up, and function of the affected limbs was evaluated by Anderson forearm function evaluation criteria.@*RESULTS@#Fifteen of 17 children were successfully reset immediately, and 2 children were successfully reset again. The average fixed time was (25.00±3.35) days. At 6 months of follow up, 12 patients got excellent results, 3 good, 2 fair, and 0 poor according to Anderson forearm function evaluation criteria. The position of all children were larger than 3/4, and 10 children were received anatomical reduction, alignment of 4 children was less than 10°, 3 children was less than 15°. No complications such as fracture displacement, nonunion, compartment syndrome, and forearm rotation dysfunction occurred.@*CONCLUSION@#Restoration of distal radius double fracture in children with the combination of the closed folding and top fixation maneuver and splint fixation maneuver has advantages of higher success rate, lower complications, which could reduce operating difficultyand pain of patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Male , Radius , Radius Fractures/therapy , Splints , Treatment Outcome , Ulna , Ulna Fractures
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879380

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effects of pulley suspension traction reduction combined with self-made splint fixation in treating extended distal radius fracture.@*METHODS@#From December 2017 to December 2019, 60 patients with extended distal radius fractures were divided into observation group and control group, 30 patients in each group. In observation group, there were 12 males and 18 females, aged from 50 to 75 years old with an average of (59.63±8.08) years old;according to AO classification, 25 patients were type A2 and 5 patients with type A3;fractures were fixed by pulley suspension traction and self-made splint. In control group, there were 11 males and 19 females, aged from 52 to 76 years old with an average of (59.77±8.03) years old;according to AO classification, 24 patients were with type A2 and 6 patients were type A3;fractures were treated by conventional manipulation with self-made splint fixation. The radius height, ulnar angle and palmar angle between two groups were compared before and after treatment, and clinical effects were evaluated by advanced Green and O'Brien wrist joint scoring after treatment.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 11 to 13 months with an average of (11.90± 0.80) months. The splint was removed for 42 to 60 days with an average of (50.20±4.94) days. After removal of splint, X-rays indicated that all patients obtained bone healing with smooth of joint surface. In observation group, radius height was (4.57± 1.16) mm, ulnar angle was (12.83±3.25) °, palmar angle were (-21.17±3.36) ° respectively before treatment, (10.10± 1.75) mm, (24.30±3.16) °, (9.40±2.13) ° respectively at 8 weeks after treatment;in control group, radius height, ulnar angle, palm angle were (4.50±1.43) mm, (12.83±3.10) °, (-21.50±3.38) ° respectively before treatment, and (8.90±1.24) mm, (21.20±2.91) °, (6.16±2.94) ° respectively at 8 weeks after treatment;there were no significant difference in radius height, ulnar deviation angle and palmar inclination between two groups before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with conventional manual traction and reduction, pulley suspension traction reduction combined with self made splint fixation for the treatment of extended distal radius fracture has more advantages with stable and reliable traction, good reduction, and better wrist joint function. It could be selected and applied according to the actual situation of patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Plates , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Radius Fractures/surgery , Splints , Traction , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879379

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare therapeutic effects of internal fixation with volar locking plate in treating extension and flexion type of distal radius fracture (DRF).@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to June 2018, 103 patients with DRF were retrospectively analyzed. According to original fracture displacement direction, patients were divided into extension fracture(Colles) group and flexion fracture (Smith) group. In Colles fracture group, there were 24 males and 44 females aged from 20 to 79 years old with an average of (59.0±13.4) years old;according to AO classification, 9 patients of type A2, 13 patients of type A3, 16 patientsof type C1, 17 patients of type C2 and 13 patients of type C3;the time from injury to operation ranged from 2 to 9 days with an average of (3.9±0.8) days. In Smith fracture group, there were 15 males and 20 females, aged from 27 to 87 years old with an average of (60.1±15.3) years old;according to AO classification, 4 patienst of A2, 7 patients of A3, 14 patients of C1, 5 patients of C2 and 5 patients of C3;the time from injury to operation ranged from 2 to 6 days with an average of (4.1±0.9) days. Operation time, fracture healing time and postoperative complications were recorded between two groups. Disabilities of arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) score at 6 and 8 weeks, 6 and 8 months were used to evaluate functional recovery of affected limbs during each follow up. Volar tilt, radial inclination and radius height were measured at 8 months after operation. Mayo score was measured at 8 months after operation to evaluate recovery of limb function.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 8 to 30 months with an average of (14.8±4.3) months, and no difference in follow up between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with Colles fracture and Smith fracture could receive good reduction and fixation through volar locking plate. The radiographic parameters of both groups recovered satisfactorily after operation. Recovery of volar tilt of Smith fracture group is better than that of Colles fracture group, and early recovery function of Colles fracture group is better than that of Smith group, but there is no significant difference in long-term wrist joint function and incidence of postoperative complications between two groups.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Plates , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Radius Fractures/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Wrist Joint , Young Adult
11.
Rev. colomb. ortop. traumatol ; 35(2): 147-154, 2021. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1378600

ABSTRACT

Introducción Los exoesqueletos robóticos son una nueva alternativa para complementar los procesos de rehabilitación funcional de la muñeca, facilitando la terapia de movilización pasiva temprana posterior a eventos traumáticos locales, con el propósito de mantener o restaurar el arco articular mientras cicatrizan los tejidos o consolidan las fracturas. El objetivo del estudio es presentar los resultados de la terapia de movilización temprana de forma pasiva mediante ortesis robóticas de muñeca. Materiales y Métodos Se seleccionaron cuatro pacientes con fracturas de radio distal, quienes fueron tratados quirúrgicamente con reducción abierta de la fractura más osteosíntesis con sistema de placa de bloqueo volar, fisioterapia convencional y movilización temprana con la órtesis robótica PRO-Wix; además, se hizo seguimiento clínico de la funcionalidad (escala DASH), del dolor (escala EVA), de los arcos de movilidad articular (goniómetro), de la adherencia y los potenciales eventos adversos. Resultados todos los pacientes se reintegraron a sus actividades de la vida diaria luego de tres semanas de rehabilitación, se registró recuperación del arco de movilidad articular, disminución de la intensidad del dolor, recuperación funcional, adecuada adherencia y no se presentaron eventos adversos. Discusión conservar al máximo la anatomía articular en la intervención quirúrgica especializada es la base para iniciar la rehabilitación temprana, y permitirá que el paciente tolere la movilización pasiva con órtesis robóticas.


Background Robotic exoskeletons are a new alternative to complement the functional rehabilitation processes of the wrist, facilitating early passive mobilization therapy after local traumatic events, with the purpose of maintaining or restoring joint range of motion while the tissues heal. The aim of the study is to present the results of early mobilization therapy in a passive robotic wrist orthosis. Methods Four patients with distal radius fractures were selected, treated surgically with open reduction and internal fixation of distal radius fracture with volar plate locking system. Conventional physiotherapy and early mobilization with the PRO-Wix robotic orthosis was performed. Clinical monitoring of functionality (DASH scale), pain (VAS scale), joint mobility arches (goniometer), adherence and potential adverse events were carried out. Results all patients returned to their daily living activities after three weeks of rehabilitation. Recovery of normal wrist joint range of motion was achieved; decreased in pain intensity, functional recovery, adequate adherence to rehabilitation protocol and adverse events were also recorded. Discussion preserving the joint anatomy as much as possible in specialized surgical intervention is the basis for starting early rehabilitation, and allowing the patient to tolerate passive mobilization with robotic orthoses. Further studies including a wide number of patients have to be conducted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Radius Fractures , Orthotic Devices , Exoskeleton Device
12.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(5) (Nro Esp - AACM Asociación Argentina de Cirugía de la Mano): 595-600, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353965

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Nuestros objetivos fueron: 1) evaluar los resultados subjetivos en pacientes esqueléticamente inmaduros que habían sido sometidos a una cirugía por fracturas desplazadas del cuello del radio, 2) comparar el desempeño del PROMIS y QuickDASH y 3) evaluar los efectos de piso y techo de las medidas de resultado. Materiales y métodos: Se evaluaron los datos demográficos, las lesiones asociadas, el tipo de fractura, la técnica quirúrgica y las complicaciones. La evaluación funcional se realizó con la escala QuickDASH y el instrumento PROMIS (Upper Extremity/Strength/Pain Interference). Las correlaciones de las escalas se efectuaron con el coeficiente rho de Spearman. El valor alfa se estableció en 0,05. Resultados: Se incluyó a 26 pacientes (13 varones) con una edad promedio de 7.5 años. El seguimiento promedio fue de 31 meses. Hubo correlaciones significativas entre las métricas QuickDASH y PROMIS Upper Extremity posoperatorias (rs = -0,64; p = 0,003). No se halló una correlación entre PROMIS Pain Interference y PROMIS Strength con el QuickDASH (rs = 0,001; p = 0,966 y rs = -0,39; p = 0,101, respectivamente). Se observaron efectos de techo o piso en todas las escalas. Conclusiones: Hubo una marcada correlación entre el PROMIS Upper Extremity y el QuickDASH para evaluar los resultados después de la cirugía de fracturas del cuello del radio en niños. Sin embargo, todas las medidas tuvieron marcados efectos de piso y techo, probablemente debido al tamaño de la cohorte y a que un alto porcentaje de estas fracturas suelen tener resultados clínicos favorables. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Objectives: 1) to evaluate the subjective outcomes in skeletally immature patients undergoing surgical treatment of displaced radial neck fractures, 2) to compare the performance between PROMIS and QuickDash, 3) to evaluate the floor/ceiling effects of the outcome measurements. We hypothesized that the PROMIS scale would correlate favorably with QuickDash and would demonstrate lower floor or ceiling effects. Materials and methods: Demographic data, associated lesions, fracture type, surgical technique, and complications were evaluated. QuickDash and PROMIS scales (PROMIS Upper Extremity (UE), PROMIS Strength and PROMIS Pain interference) were used for functional assessment. The Shapiro-Wilk test was used to analyze the normal distribution of the data. Metrics correlations were made with Spearman's rho coefficient. Ceiling and floor effects were further assessed. The alpha value was set at 0.05. Results: 26 patients were evaluated. Average age: 7.5 years; average follow-up: 31 months. There were significant correlations between the postoperative QuickDash and PROMIS UE metrics (rs = -0.64, p = 0.003). We found no correlation between PROMIS Pain and PROMIS Strength with QuickDash (rs = 0.001, p = 0.966 and rs = -0.39, p = 0.101 respectively). Ceiling or floor effects were observed at all scales. Conclusion: We observed a strong correlation between PROMIS UE and QuickDash assessing the results after surgical treatment of radial neck fractures in children. However, all the measures had evident floor/ceiling effects, probably due to the size of the cohort and the fact that a high percentage of these fractures usually present favorable clinical outcomes. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Child , Radius Fractures , Treatment Outcome , Elbow Joint/injuries
13.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(6): 2093-2100, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1142285

ABSTRACT

A engenharia de tecidos caracteriza-se como ciência interdisciplinar, a qual vem desenvolvendo biomateriais para a regeneração do tecido ósseo no âmbito das medicinas humana e veterinária. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi avaliar a regeneração óssea obtida da aplicação do hidrogel de quitosana associado ao glicerol fosfato em falha óssea experimentalmente induzida no rádio de coelhos. Foram utilizados 15 coelhos adultos, distribuídos aleatoriamente em dois grupos, representados por cada um dos rádios de cada animal, sendo um grupo tratado com hidrogel de quitosana associado ao glicerol fosfato (grupo biomaterial - GB) e um grupo que não recebeu tratamento com o biomaterial (grupo controle - GC). Os animais foram avaliados radiograficamente, por densitometria óptica e análise histológica, nos períodos 30, 60 e 90 dias pós-operatórios. Houve superioridade estatística na média geral das avaliações radiográficas do GB (2,33±0,48) sobre o GC (1,77±0,06). As médias gerais de avaliação densitométrica do GB foram superiores às do GC, sendo 6,207±1,374 e 5,71±1,512, respectivamente. A avaliação histopatológica do GB foi superior à do GC nos períodos de 30, 60 e 90 dias. Assim, é possível afirmar que o hidrogel de quitosana constitui biomaterial de características desejáveis, promovendo consolidação óssea mais rápida e eficiente, sem causar reações adversas.(AU)


Tissue engineering is an interdisciplinary science that has been developing biomaterials for bone regeneration in medicine and veterinary medicine, following an imminent need. The aim of this study was to evaluate bone regeneration after use of chitosan hydrogel associated with glycerol phosphate in experimentally induced bone gap in the radius of rabbits. Fifteen adult rabbits were randomly distributed in two experimental groups, represented by each radius of every single animal. The animals in the Biomaterial Group (GB) were treated with a glycerol phosphate-associated chitosan hydrogel and in the Control Group (GC) they received no treatment with the biomaterial. The animals were evaluated clinically, radiographically, histologically and by optic densitometry at 30, 60 and 90 days postoperatively. There was statistical superiority in the general average of the radiographic estimates of GB (2.33 ± 0.48) over the CG (1.77 ± 0.06). The general averages of GB densitometric evaluation were higher than the CG, being 6.207 ± 1.374 and 5.71 ± 1.512, respectively. Histopathological evaluation of GB was superior to CG in periods of 30, 60 and 90 days. Chitosan hydrogel constitutes a biomaterial of desired characteristics, promoting faster and more efficient bone repair when compared to GC.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Radius Fractures/veterinary , Biocompatible Materials/analysis , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Chitosan/therapeutic use , Glycerophosphates/therapeutic use
15.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 34(2): e295, jul.-dic. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156591

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Las pseudoartrosis diafisarias de cúbito y radio constituyen un desafío terapéutico para el cirujano ortopédico, a causa de la dificultad para lograr y mantener la reducción de dos huesos paralelos en presencia de músculos pronadores y supinadores que ejercen influencias angulares y rotacionales. Objetivo: Evaluar la eficacia de la aplicación del minifijador externo combinado con el injerto óseo homólogo en esta afección. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio longitudinal, retrospectivo de corte transversal en 74 pacientes operados de pseudoartrosis diafisaria de cúbito y radio desde enero de 2000 hasta diciembre de 2014, en el Complejo Científico Ortopédico Internacional Frank País, en los que se utilizó el modelo de minifijación externa RALCA® e injerto óseo homólogo del Banco de Tejidos ORTOP. Resultados: La pseudoartrosis fue más frecuente en hombres (73 por ciento) y en las edades comprendidas entre 30 y 39 años. La localización más frecuente fue en el cúbito, en su tercio superior (52 por ciento). La mayoría de los pacientes presentaron una pseudoartrosis no viable (56 por ciento). Se consolidó en 66 por ciento de los pacientes antes de las 18 semanas y en solo uno no se obtuvo la consolidación. El hueso que menos tiempo requirió para consolidar fue el radio. En la evaluación de la eficacia de la técnica quirúrgica se obtuvo 62 por ciento de resultados buenos, 33 por ciento regulares y 5 por ciento malos. Conclusiones: La asociación de la minifijación externa modelo RALCA® e injerto óseo homólogo de banco mostró buenos resultados en el tratamiento de la pseudoartrosis de cúbito y radio(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Diaphyseal pseudoarthroses of the ulna and radius constitute a therapeutic challenge for the orthopedic surgeon, due to the difficulty to achieve and maintain the reduction of two parallel bones in the presence of pronator and supinator muscles that exert angular and rotational influences. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of using external minifixator combined with homologous bone graft in the treatment of this condition. Method: A longitudinal, retrospective and cross-sectional study was carried out with 74 patients operated on, from January 2000 to December 2014, for diaphyseal pseudoarthrosis of the ulna or radius at Frank País International Orthopedic Scientific Complex, cases in which RALCA® external minifixation and homologous bone graft from the ORTOP Tissue Bank were used. Results: Pseudoarthrosis was more frequent in men (73 percent) and at ages 30-39 years. The most frequent location was the ulna, in its upper third (52 percent). Most of the patients had nonviable pseudoarthrosis (56 percent). The condition was consolidated in 66 percent of the patients within 18 weeks, and only one did not achieve consolidation. The bone that took the least time to heal was the radius. In the evaluation of the effectiveness of the surgical technique, 62% obtained good outcomes; 33 percent fair outcomes; and 5 percent, poor outcomes. Conclusions: The association of the RALCA® model miniexternal fixation and homologous bone graft from the Bank showed good outcomes in the treatment of ulna and radius pseudoarthrosis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pseudarthrosis/surgery , Radius Fractures/surgery , Ulna Fractures/surgery , Bone Transplantation/methods , Allografts/transplantation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
16.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(5): 605-611, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144212

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present paper aims to present results from radiographic evaluations of patients with extra-articular distal radius fractures submitted to percutaneous fixation with a 3.5 mm solid screw. Methods Analytical, descriptive and retrospective case series of 16 patients with evaluation of the radiographic parameters. Results The average age of the study population was 46.5 years old (25-60 years old); 81.25% of the sample was female. The average time until surgery was 8.8 days (4-14 days). The mean preprocedural volar tilt was - 7.41° (−23.48°-5.29°, standard deviation [SD] ± 6.59°). The mean volar tilt immediately after surgery was 5.93° (SD ± 6.23°, p< 0.001). There was no statistical difference in volar tilt values after 6 months of follow-up. The mean preprocedural radial height was 4.13 mm (−7.8 mm-9.5 mm, SD ± 5.06 mm). There was a statistically significant increase at the immediate postoperative period to 10.04 mm (p= 0.002), and a significant reduction at 6 months to 9.55 mm (p= 0.012). The consolidation rate was 100% with the technique used, with a minimal complication rate. No patient had infection or required a reoperation. Conclusion The technique was effective for the treatment of distal radial extra-articular fractures at 6 months, with a low complication rate; radiographic parameters values were acceptable and close to the anatomical ones.


Resumo Objetivo Apresentar o resultado das avaliações radiográficas dos pacientes com fraturas extra-articulares do rádio distal submetidos a fixação percutânea com parafuso maciço de 3.5mm. Métodos Série de casos, analítica, descritiva e retrospectiva de 16 pacientes com avaliação dos parâmetros radiográficos da técnica utilizada. Resultados A média de idade da população estudada foi de 46,5 anos (25-60 anos), sendo 81,25% do sexo feminino. O tempo de espera até a cirurgia foi de 8,8 dias (4-14 dias). O tilt volar médio pré-procedimento foi - 7,41° (−23,48°-5,29°, desvio padrão [DP] ± 6,59°). O tilt volar imediatamente após o procedimento cirúrgico foi de 5,93° (DP ± 6,23°, p< 0,001). Sem diferença estatística nos valores de tilt volar ao final de 6 meses de evolução. A altura radial pré-procedimento foi de 4,13 mm (−7,8°-9,5°, DP ± 5,06°). Aumento estatisticamente significativo no pós-operatório imediato para 10,04 mm (p= 0,002). Redução significativa ao final de 6 meses para 9,55 mm (p= 0,012). Atingimos 100% de consolidação com a técnica utilizada, com índice mínimo de complicações. Nenhum paciente apresentou infecção ou precisou ser reoperado. Conclusão A técnica mostrou-se eficaz para o tratamento de fraturas extra-articulares da extremidade distal do rádio ao final de 6 meses, com baixo índice de complicações e parâmetros radiográficos aceitáveis e próximos dos valores anatômicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Radius Fractures/surgery , Radius Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Bone Screws , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Radius/anatomy & histology , Retrospective Studies , Range of Motion, Articular , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
17.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 85(3): 197-203, ago. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1340620

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El tratamiento de las fracturas de muñeca con placas volares bloqueadas puede ser insuficiente para las fracturas con fragmentos volares marginales distales a la línea de inserción distal del pronador cuadrado, sitio de inserción de importantes ligamentos. Objetivo: Evaluar la reproducibilidad de la técnica y los resultados del tratamiento de fracturas marginales volares de radio distal con clavijas, capturando el fragmento volar y dejándolas debajo de la placa volar bloqueada de radio distal. Materiales y Métodos: La técnica quirúrgica utiliza una o varias clavijas para fijar el fragmento volar semilunar del radio distal, bloqueándolas debajo de la placa. Inicialmente efectuamos una simulación cadavérica. Luego, realizamos un estudio retrospectivo que incluyó a 7 pacientes con fracturas de radio distal intrarticular con un fragmento marginal volar distal a la línea de la orilla, tratados entre septiembre de 2014 y febrero de 2015. El promedio de edad era de 53 años, y el del seguimiento, de 16 meses. Se obtuvieron radiografías en sucesivos controles. Al alta se evaluaron el rango de movilidad, la fuerza de prensión y dos puntajes funcionales. Resultados: Todas las fracturas consolidaron satisfactoriamente manteniendo la reducción del fragmento marginal volar. No hubo casos con inestabilidad radiocubital inferior como secuela. Conclusión: La fijación adicional del fragmento marginal volar lunar del radio con clavijas dobladas por debajo de la placa ofrece una alternativa de estabilización sencilla, económica y adecuada para suplir la fijación de un fragmento que la placa sola no estabilizaría adecuadamente. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Wrist fracture management with volar locking plates may be insufficient in fractures with volar marginal fragments distal to the line insertion of the pronator quadratus, the insertion site of important ligaments. Objective: To evaluate the reproducibility and results for the treatment of volar marginal fragment in distal radius fractures with a technique of pin fixation, capturing the fragment and securing them under the distal radius volar locking plate. Materials and Methods: The surgical technique uses one or more pins for the fixation of the volar lunate facet fragment in the distal radius, securing the pins under the locking plate. We initially performed a cadaveric simulation. Then we conducted a retrospective study on 7 patients with distal radius intra-articular fractures and volar marginal fragments distal to the watershed line, treated between September 2014 and February 2015. The average age was 53 years, and the average follow-up was 16 months. Radiographs were obtained in successive controls. Range of motion, grip strength, and 2 functional scores were assessed at discharge. Results: All fractures healed successfully maintaining reduction of the volar marginal fragment. There were no cases of postoperative distal radio ulnar joint instability. Conclusion: Additional fixation of volar marginal fragment in distal radius fractures with bent pins under the plate provides an easy, affordable and adequate alternative to supply the adequate fragment stabilization that plate-alone techniques do not achieve. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Radius Fractures/surgery , Wrist Injuries , Bone Plates , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods
18.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(3): 383-385, May-June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138022

ABSTRACT

Abstract Fractures of the radial head account for over 50% of all fractures of the forearm. Broberg and Morrey (modification of the Mason classification) classify them in four types. Type 1 fractures are non-displaced or minimally displaced, considered stable and without mechanical joint blockage. In this type of fracture, a non-operative management with a short period of immobilization leads to a good clinical result without adverse outcomes. Clinically relevant associated lesions are not common. Because of this, arthritis of the radiocapitellar and ulnohumeral joint after the non-displaced radial head fracture is uncommon. This case report presents a young patient diagnosed with isolated non-displaced radial head fracture, that evolved 8 months later, to global arthritis of the elbow.


Resumo As fraturas da cabeça radial representam mais de 50% de todas as fraturas do antebraço. Broberg e Morrey (modificação da classificação de Mason) as classificam em quatro tipos. As fraturas do tipo 1 são aquelas não deslocadas ou minimamente deslocadas, consideradas estáveis e sem bloqueio mecânico das articulações. Nesse tipo de fratura, um manejo não operatório com um curto período de imobilização permite bom resultado clínico sem desfechos adversos. Lesões associadas clinicamente relevantes não são comuns. Por esse motivo, a artrite da articulação radiocapitelar e ulnoumeral após a fratura da cabeça do rádio não deslocada é incomum. Este relato de caso apresenta um paciente jovem com diagnóstico de fratura isolada da cabeça radial não deslocada que evoluiu, 8 meses depois, para artrite global do cotovelo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Osteoarthritis , Arthritis , Radius Fractures , Wounds and Injuries , Elbow , Fractures, Bone , Forearm , Immobilization
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811281

ABSTRACT

Most distal radius fractures are currently being treated with anterior plating using anatomical precontoured locking compression plates via the anterior approach. However, it is difficult to fix the volar articular marginal fragment because these anatomical plates should be placed proximally to the watershed line. There were just a few methods of fixation for this fragment on medical literature. Herein, we introduced a tension band wiring technique for fixation of a volar articular marginal fragment in the distal radius.


Subject(s)
Radius Fractures , Radius
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811188

ABSTRACT

A systematic search was conducted and relevant studies that evaluated the influence of osteoporosis medications (bisphosphonates [BPs], denosumab, selective estrogen receptor modulators [SERMs], recombinant human parathyroid hormone teriparatide [TPTD], and strontium ranelate [SrR]) on wrist, hip, and spine fracture healing, were selected. BPs administration did not influence fracture healing and clinical outcomes after distal radius fracture (DRF). Similar results were observed in hip fracture, but evidence is lacking for spine fracture. Denosumab did not delay the non-vertebral fractures healing in one well-designed study. No studies evaluated the effect of SERMs on fracture healing in humans. One study reported shorter fracture healing times in TPTD treated DRF patients, which was not clinically meaningful. In hip fracture, recent studies reported better pain and functional outcomes in TPTD treated patients. However, in spine fracture, recent studies found no significant differences in fracture stability between TPTD treated patients and controls. Evidence is lacking for SrR, but it did not influence wrist fracture healing in one study. In comparisons between TPTD and BPs, fracture healing and physical scores were not significantly different in hip fracture by 1 study. In spine fracture, controversy exists for the role of each medication to the fracture stability, but several studies reported that fracture site pain was better in TPTD treated patients than BPs treated patients. Considering no clinical data of negative fracture healing of the antiresorptive medication and the danger of subsequent fracture after initial osteoporotic fracture, there is no evidence to delay initiation of osteoporosis medications after fracture.


Subject(s)
Denosumab , Diphosphonates , Fracture Healing , Hip , Humans , Osteoporosis , Osteoporotic Fractures , Parathyroid Hormone , Radius Fractures , Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators , Spine , Strontium , Teriparatide , Wrist
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