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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929007

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The pathogenesis of androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is related to the level of androgen and its metabolic pathways. The binding of androgen and androgen receptor (AR) depends on the assistance of heat shock protein 27 (HSP27). HSP27 combined with microRNAs (miR)-1 can regulate AR levels. However, it is not clear whether HSP27 and miR-1 jointly participate in the pathogenesis of AGA. This study aims to investigate the role of AR up-regulation in the pathogenesis of AGA and underlying mechanisms.@*METHODS@#A total of 46 male AGA patients (AGA group), who admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from September 2019 to February 2020, and 52 healthy controls admitted to the same period were enrolled in this study. Serum levels of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and HSP27 in patients and healthy controls were measured by ELISA. Western blotting was used to detect the protein expression of HSP27 and AR in scalp tissues of patients and the healthy controls. The levels of HSP27, AR, and miR-1 were analyzed using real-time PCR. Human dermal papilla cells were transfected with HSP27 siRNA to inhibit the expression of HSP27. MiR-1 and miR-1 inhibitors were transfected simultaneously or separately into cells and then the changes in AR protein expression were detected.@*RESULTS@#The levels of DHT and HSP27 in the AGA group were (361.4±187.7) pg/mL and (89.4±21.8) ng/mL, respectively, which were higher than those in the control group [(281.8±176.6) pg/mL and (41.2±13.7) ng/mL, both P<0.05]. However, there was no significant difference in serum HSP27 and AR levels among AGA patients with different degrees of hair loss (P>0.05). Correlation analysis showed that there was a positive correlation between HSP27 level and DHT level in the AGA patients (P<0.05). The level of HSP27 mRNA in scalp tissue was negatively correlated with that of miR-1 mRNA (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the levels of HSP27 protein, AR protein, HSP27 mRNA, and AR mRNA in scalp tissues of AGA group were significantly increased (P<0.05). The up-regulation of HSP27 in scalp tissues of AGA patients was closely related to the increased levels of AR. However, the level of miR-1 in scalp tissues of AGA patients was significantly down-regulated, contrary to the expression of AR (P<0.05). Further in cell studies showed that inhibition of HSP27 or miR-1 expression in human dermal papilla cells could inhibit the expression of AR, and inhibition of both HSP27 and miR-1 expression was found to have an accumulative effect on AR, with statistically significant differences (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#HSP27 could combine with miR-1 to up-regulate AR levels, which is closely related to the development of AGA.


Subject(s)
Alopecia/pathology , HSP27 Heat-Shock Proteins/metabolism , Humans , Male , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Messenger , Receptors, Androgen/metabolism , Up-Regulation
2.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 29-38, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880916

ABSTRACT

Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed non-cutaneous cancers in North American men. While androgen deprivation has remained as the cornerstone of prostate cancer treatment, resistance ensues leading to lethal disease. Forkhead box A1 (FOXA1) encodes a pioneer factor that induces open chromatin conformation to allow the binding of other transcription factors. Through direct interactions with the Androgen Receptor (AR), FOXA1 helps to shape AR signaling that drives the growth and survival of normal prostate and prostate cancer cells. FOXA1 also possesses an AR-independent role of regulating epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). In prostate cancer, mutations converge onto the coding sequence and cis-regulatory elements (CREs) of FOXA1, leading to functional alterations. In addition, FOXA1 activity in prostate cancer can be modulated post-translationally through various mechanisms such as LSD1-mediated protein demethylation. In this review, we describe the latest discoveries related to the function and regulation of FOXA1 in prostate cancer, pointing to their relevance to guide future clinical interventions.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Epigenesis, Genetic , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 3-alpha/metabolism , Histone Demethylases/metabolism , Histones/metabolism , Humans , Male , Mutation , Prostate/pathology , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Protein Binding , Protein Processing, Post-Translational , Receptors, Androgen/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Transcription, Genetic
3.
Biol. Res ; 50: 10, 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838959

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The muskrat is a seasonal breeder. Males secrete musk to attract females during the breeding season. The testosterone binding to the androgen receptor (AR) in musk glands of muskrat may play an important role conducting the musk secretion process. METHODS: The musk gland, testis and blood samples of musk rats are collected in both breeding and non-breeding seasons. Some part of the samples are kept in liquid nitrogen for transcriptome analysis and Western blotting test. Some part of the samples are kept in 70% alcohol for histology experiment, blood samples are kept at -20 °C for the serum testosterone measurement experiment. RESULTS: This study demonstrates that the quantity of secreted musk, the volume of the musk glands, the diameter of the gland cells and AR expression are all higher during the breeding season than at other times (p < 0.01). StAR, P450scc and 3ß-HSD expression in the Leydig cells of the testis were also higher during this season, as was serum testosterone. AR was also observed in the gland cells of two other musk-secreting animals, the musk deer and small Indian civet, in their musk glands. These results suggest that the testes and musk glands co-develop seasonally. CONCLUSION: The musk glands' seasonal development and musk secretion are regulated by the testes, and testosterone plays an important role in the seasonal development of musk glands.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Scent Glands/growth & development , Scent Glands/metabolism , Testis/metabolism , Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated/metabolism , Organ Size , Reference Values , Reproduction/physiology , Scent Glands/anatomy & histology , Seasons , Testis/growth & development , Testosterone/blood , Breeding , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated/analysis , Immunohistochemistry , Receptors, Androgen/analysis , Receptors, Androgen/metabolism , Blotting, Western , Arvicolinae , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Leydig Cells/metabolism
4.
Rev. latinoam. enferm ; 23(2): 352-360, Feb-Apr/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-747162

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: to analyze the scientific literature on home-based family care of people with severe mental illness. METHOD: integrative review of 14 databases (CINALH, Cochrane Plus, Cuidatge, CUIDEN, Eric, IBECS, EMI, ISOC, JBI COnNECT, LILACS, PsycINFO, PubMed, SciELO, and Scopus) searched with the key words "family caregivers", "severe mental illness", and "home" between 2003 and 2013. RESULTS: of 787 articles retrieved, only 85 met the inclusion criteria. The articles appeared in 61 journals from different areas and disciplines, mainly from nursing (36%). The countries producing the most scientific literature on nursing were Brazil, the UK, and the US, and authorship predominantly belonged to university centers. A total of 54.12% of the studies presented quantitative designs, with descriptive ones standing out. Work overload, subjective perspectives, and resources were the main topics of these papers. CONCLUSIONS: the international scientific literature on home-based, informal family care of people with severe mental disorder is limited. Nursing research stands out in this field. The prevalent topics coincide with the evolution of the mental health system. The expansion of the scientific approach to family care is promoted to create evidence-based guidelines for family caregivers and for the clinical practice of professional caregivers. .


OBJETIVO: analisar a produção científica sobre o cuidado familiar de pessoas com transtorno mental grave em casa. MÉTODO: revisão integrativa de 14 bases de dados (CINALH, Cochrane Plus, Cuidatge, CUIDEN, Eric, IBECS, EMI, ISOC, JBI Connect, LILACS, PsycInfo e PubMed, SciELO, e Scopus), com as palavras-chave "cuidadores familiares", "TMG" (transtornos mentais graves ) e "casa", realizada entre 2003 e 2013. RESULTADOS: dos 787 artigos retornados, somente 85 atenderam os critérios de inclusão. Os artigos vieram de 61 periódicos de diferentes áreas e disciplinas, principalmente de enfermagem (36%). Os países com maior produção científica sobre enfermagem foram o Brasil, o Reino Unido e os Estados Unidos, e a autoria era predominantemente de centros universitários. Um total de 54,12% dos estudos apresentou delineamento quantitativo, e os descritivos se destacaram. Os principais temas desses trabalhos foram sobrecarga de trabalho, perspectivas subjetivas e recursos. CONCLUSÕES: a produção cientifica internacional sobre o cuidado familiar informal de pessoas com doenças mentais graves em casa é limitada. A pesquisa em enfermagem se destaca nesse campo. Os temas prevalentes coincidem com a evolução do sistema de saúde mental. Estimula-se a expansão da abordagem científica do cuidado familiar de modo a encontrar evidências para criar guias para cuidadores familiares e para a prática clínica de cuidadores profissionais. .


OBJETIVO: analizar la producción científica sobre el cuidado familiar de la persona con trastorno mental grave en el hogar familiar. MÉTODO: revisión integradora en 14 bases de datos (CINALH, Cochrane Plus, Cuidatge, CUIDEN, Eric, IBECS, IME, ISOC, JBI ConNECT, LILACS, PsycInfo, PubMed, SciELO y Scopus), con las palabras clave "cuidadores familiares", "TMG" y "hogar"; realizada entre 2003 y 2013. RESULTADOS: de 787 artículos recuperados, sólo 85 cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Los artículos procedieron de 61 revistas de diferentes áreas y disciplinas destacando la disciplina de enfermería (36%). Los países con mayor producción científica sobre enfermería fueron Brasil, Reino Unido y EEUU. En la autoría predominaron los centros universitarios. El 54,12% de los estudios presentó diseño cuantitativo, sobresaliendo los descriptivos. Las temáticas destacadas fueron sobrecarga, perspectivas subjetivas y recursos. CONCLUSIONES: la producción científica internacional sobre el cuidado informal familiar de la persona con trastorno mental grave, en el contexto del hogar familiar, es limitada. En este campo, destaca la investigación de enfermería. Las temáticas prevalentes coinciden con la evolución del sistema de salud mental. Se estimula la ampliación del abordaje científico del cuidado familiar con el fin de encontrar evidencias para la elaboración de guías de cuidadores familiares y para la práctica clínica de cuidadores profesionales. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adipogenesis , Adipocytes/metabolism , Adult Stem Cells/physiology , Androgens/physiology , Dihydrotestosterone/pharmacology , Testosterone/physiology , Androgen Antagonists/pharmacology , Androgens/pharmacology , /metabolism , CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Protein-beta/genetics , CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Protein-beta/metabolism , CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins/genetics , CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Flutamide/pharmacology , Gene Expression , Lipid Metabolism , PPAR gamma/genetics , PPAR gamma/metabolism , Receptors, Androgen/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Testosterone/pharmacology
5.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 16-23, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-201315

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of anthocyanins extracted from black soybean, which have antioxidant activity, on apoptosis in vitro (in hormone refractory prostate cancer cells) and on tumor growth in vivo (in athymic nude mouse xenograft model). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The growth and viability of DU-145 cells treated with anthocyanins were assessed using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and apoptosis was assessed by DNA laddering. Immunoblotting was conducted to evaluate differences in the expressions of p53, Bax, Bcl, androgen receptor (AR), and prostate specific antigen (PSA). To study the inhibitory effects of anthocyanins on tumor growth in vivo, DU-145 tumor xenografts were established in athymic nude mice. The anthocyanin group was treated with daily oral anthocyanin (8 mg/kg) for 14 weeks. After 2 weeks of treatment, DU-145 cells (2x106) were inoculated subcutaneously into the right flank to establish tumor xenografts. Tumor dimensions were measured twice a week using calipers and volumes were calculated. RESULTS: Anthocyanin treatment of DU-145 cells resulted in 1) significant increase in apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner, 2) significant decrease in p53 and Bcl-2 expressions (with increased Bax expression), and 3) significant decrease in PSA and AR expressions. In the xenograft model, anthocyanin treatment significantly inhibit tumor growth. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that anthocyanins from black soybean inhibit the progression of prostate cancer in vitro and in a xenograft model.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anthocyanins/pharmacology , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/drug effects , Humans , Male , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Nude , NAD/metabolism , Prostate-Specific Antigen/metabolism , Prostatic Neoplasms/genetics , Receptors, Androgen/metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/metabolism , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/genetics
6.
Braz. j. phys. ther. (Impr.) ; 18(6): 513-520, 09/01/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-732354

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Knowing the potential for and limitations of information generated using different evaluation instruments favors the development of more accurate functional diagnoses and therapeutic decision-making. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the number of compensatory movements when climbing up and going down stairs, age, functional classification and time taken to perform a tested activity (TA) of going up and down stairs in boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). METHOD: A bank of movies featuring 30 boys with DMD performing functional activities was evaluated. Compensatory movements were assessed using the climbing up and going down stairs domain of the Functional Evaluation Scale for Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (FES-DMD); age in years; functional classification using the Vignos Scale (VS), and TA using a timer. Statistical analyses were performed using the Spearman correlation test. RESULTS: There is a moderate relationship between the climbing up stairs domain of the FES-DMD and age (r=0.53, p=0.004) and strong relationships with VS (r=0.72, p=0.001) and TA for this task (r=0.83, p<0.001). There were weak relationships between the going down stairs domain of the FES-DMD-going down stairs with age (r=0.40, p=0.032), VS (r=0.65, p=0.002) and TA for this task (r=0.40, p=0.034). CONCLUSION: These findings indicate that the evaluation of compensatory movements used when climbing up stairs can provide more relevant information about the evolution of the disease, although the activity of going down stairs should be investigated, with the aim of enriching guidance and strengthening accident prevention. Data from the FES-DMD, age, VS and TA can be used in a complementary way to formulate functional diagnoses. Longitudinal studies and with broader age groups may supplement this information. .


CONTEXTUALIZAÇÃO: Conhecer as potencialidades e limitações das informações geradas por diferentes instrumentos de avaliação favorece o desenvolvimento mais preciso do diagnóstico funcional e da tomada de decisão terapêutica. OBJETIVO : Investigar a relação entre o número de movimentos compensatórios ao subir e descer escadas, idade, classificação funcional e tempo de realização de atividade (TA) em meninos com Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne (DMD). MÉTODO : Foi utilizado banco de filmes de 30 meninos com DMD realizando atividades funcionais. Os movimentos compensatórios foram avaliados pela Escala de Avaliação Funcional para Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne (FES-DMD), domínio subir e descer escada; a idade, mensurada em anos; a classificação funcional foi pesquisada pela Escala de Vignos (EV), e o TA foi cronometrado. Foi utilizado o teste de correlação de Spearman. RESULTADOS : Existe moderada relação entre a FES-DMD-subir escada e a idade (r=0,53, p=0,004) e forte relação com a EV (r=0,72, p=0,001) e TA dessa tarefa (r=0,83, p<0,001). Houve fraca relação entre a FES-DMD-descer escada e a idade (r=0,40, p=0,032), EV (r=0,65, p=0,002) e o TA dessa tarefa (r=0,40, p=0,034). CONCLUSÃO : Esses achados indicam que a avaliação da tarefa de subir escada pode trazer informações mais relevantes sobre a evolução da doença, embora a atividade de descer escada deva ser pesquisada visando à orientação e prevenção de acidentes. A utilização conjunta de dados provenientes da FES-DMD, da idade e do TA pode se complementar para formulação do diagnóstico funcional. Estudos longitudinais e com outras faixas etárias mais amplas podem complementar tal informação. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Hyperplasia/metabolism , Receptors, Androgen/metabolism , Binding, Competitive , Buffers , Charcoal , Cytosol/metabolism , Dextrans , Dihydrotestosterone/metabolism , Electrophoresis, Agar Gel , Enzyme Activation/drug effects , Estrenes/metabolism , Metribolone , Molybdenum/pharmacology , Progesterone/metabolism , Protease Inhibitors/pharmacology , Temperature , Tartrates/pharmacology , Testosterone Congeners/metabolism
7.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1214-1221, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-210341

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We investigated sex-hormone receptor expression as predicting factor of recurrence and progression in patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated tumor specimens from patients treated for transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder at our institution between January 2006 and January 2011. Performing immunohistochemistry using a monoclonal androgen receptor antibody and monoclonal estrogen receptor-beta antibody on paraffin-embedded tissue sections, we assessed the relationship of immunohistochemistry results and prognostic factors such as recurrence and progression. RESULTS: A total of 169 patients with bladder cancer were evaluated in this study. Sixty-threepatients had expressed androgen receptors and 52 patients had estrogen receptor beta. On univariable analysis, androgen receptor expression was significant lower in recurrence rates (p=0.001), and estrogen receptor beta expression was significant higher in progression rates (p=0.004). On multivariable analysis, significant association was found between androgen receptor expression and lower recurrence rates (hazard ratio=0.500; 95% confidence interval, 0.294 to 0.852; p=0.011), but estrogen receptor beta expression was not significantly associated with progression rates. CONCLUSION: We concluded that the possibility of recurrence was low when the androgen receptor was expressed in the bladder cancer specimen and it could be the predicting factor of the stage, number of tumors, carcinoma in situ lesion and recurrence.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/metabolism , Disease Progression , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Prognosis , Receptors, Androgen/metabolism , Receptors, Estrogen/metabolism , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/metabolism , Young Adult
8.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 39(6): 875-883, Nov-Dec/2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-699121

ABSTRACT

Objectives Five-alpha reductase inhibitors (5ARIs) are known as chemopreventive agents in prostate cancer with a risk of high-grade disease. This study evaluated the effects of 5ARI on androgen receptor (AR) and proteins involved in prostate cell growth such as HOXB13 expression in human prostate tissue and LNCaP prostate cancer cells. Materials and Methods We retrospectively selected 21 patients who underwent TURP between March 2007 and February 2010 for previously confirmed BPH by prostate biopsy. They were grouped into control (group 1, n = 9) and 5ARI treatment (group 2, n = 12) before TURP. AR and HOXB13 expression in prostate tissue was evaluated by immunohistochemical staining. We tested the effect of 5ARI on the expression of AR, prostate specific antigen (PSA) and HOXB13 in LNCaP cells. Cells were assessed by Western blot analysis, MTT in vitro proliferation assay, and ELISA. Results: Group 2 showed stronger reactivity for AR and HOXB13 than those of the group 1. MTT assay showed death of LNCaP cells at 25uM of 5ARI. At the same time, ELISA assay for PSA showed that 5ARI inhibited secretion of PSA in LNCaP cells. Western blot analysis showed that 5ARI did not greatly alter AR expression but it stimulated the expression of HOXB13. Conclusions These results demonstrated that 5ARI influences AR and HOXB13 expression in both LNCaP cells and human prostate tissue. In order to use 5ARI in chemoprevention of prostate cancer, we still need to clarify the influence of 5ARI in ARs and oncogenic proteins and its regulation pathway. .


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , /therapeutic use , Homeodomain Proteins/metabolism , Prostatic Hyperplasia/drug therapy , Receptors, Androgen/metabolism , Azasteroids/therapeutic use , Blotting, Western , Cell Line, Tumor , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Immunohistochemistry , Prostate-Specific Antigen/blood , Prostate/chemistry , Prostate/drug effects , Prostatic Hyperplasia/metabolism , Retrospective Studies , Time Factors , Tumor Cells, Cultured , Transcription Factors/analysis
9.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 44(11): 1118-1124, Nov. 2011. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-604270

ABSTRACT

The testicular feminized (Tfm) mouse carries a nonfunctional androgen receptor (AR) and reduced circulating testosterone levels. We used Tfm and castrated mice to determine whether testosterone modulates markers of aging in cardiomyocytes via its classic AR-dependent pathway or conversion to estradiol. Male littermates and Tfm mice were divided into 6 experimental groups. Castrated littermates (group 1) and sham-operated Tfm mice (group 2, N = 8 each) received testosterone. Sham-operated Tfm mice received testosterone in combination with the aromatase inhibitor anastrazole (group 3, N = 7). Castrated littermates (group 4) and sham-operated untreated Tfm mice (group 5) were used as controls (N = 8 and 7, respectively). An additional control group (group 6) consisted of age-matched non-castrated littermates (N = 8). Cardiomyocytes were isolated from the left ventricle, telomere length was measured by quantitative PCR and expression of p16INK4α, retinoblastoma (Rb) and p53 proteins was detected by Western blot 3 months after treatment. Compared with group 6, telomere length was short (P < 0.01) and expression of p16INK4α, Rb and p53 proteins was significantly (P < 0.05) up-regulated in groups 4 and 5. These changes were improved to nearly normal levels in groups 1 and 2 (telomere length = 0.78 ± 0.05 and 0.80 ± 0.08; p16INK4α = 0.13 ± 0.03 and 0.15 ± 0.04; Rb = 0.45 ± 0.05 and 0.39 ± 0.06; p53 = 0.16 ± 0.04 and 0.13 ± 0.03), but did not differ between these two groups. These improvements were partly inhibited in group 3 compared with group 2 (telomere length = 0.65 ± 0.08 vs 0.80 ± 0.08, P = 0.021; p16INK4α = 0.28 ± 0.05 vs 0.15 ± 0.04, P = 0.047; Rb = 0.60 ± 0.06 vs 0.39 ± 0.06, P < 0.01; p53 = 0.34 ± 0.06 vs 0.13 ± 0.03, P = 0.004). In conclusion, testosterone deficiency contributes to cardiomyocyte aging. Physiological testosterone can delay cardiomyocyte aging via an AR-independent pathway and in part by conversion to estradiol.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Aging/metabolism , Cellular Senescence/physiology , Estradiol/metabolism , Myocytes, Cardiac/physiology , Receptors, Androgen/metabolism , Testosterone/pharmacology , Aging/pathology , Biomarkers/analysis , /drug effects , Models, Animal , Orchiectomy , Random Allocation , Retinoblastoma Protein/metabolism , Telomere Shortening/drug effects , Testosterone/deficiency , /metabolism
10.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 843-850, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-153691

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Exposure of male reproductive organs to 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-Dioxin (TCDD) has been reported to cause developmental changes. In this study, we evaluated the effects of in utero TCDD exposure on male reproductive development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pregnant C57BL/6 mice were administered a single intraperitoneal injection of TCDD (1microgram/kg) on gestation day (GD) 15. The offspring were examined in the immature stage on postnatal day (PND) 30 and in the mature stage on PND 60. The testes were examined for histological changes, androgen receptor (AR), proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and apoptosis following the measurement of morphological changes. RESULTS: Anogenital distance (AGD) and testis weights were reduced by TCDD exposure both on PND 30 and PND 60 while body weights and length of male offspring were not affected by TCDD. The regular sperm developmental stage was impaired with TCDD treatment on PND 30. However, no difference was found between the control group and TCDD groups on PND 60. Simultaneously, the expression of AR was also reduced on PND 30, while it was increased on PND 60 compared with the control group. The expression of PCNA was decreased whereas apoptosis was not affected by TCDD both on PND 30 and PND 60. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that in utero exposure to TCDD influences the development of testes by inhibiting the expression of AR and PCNA. Moreover, the adverse effects of TCDD on male offspring reduced over time.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Proliferation , Embryonic Development/drug effects , Environmental Pollutants/toxicity , Female , Male , Maternal Exposure , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Organ Size/drug effects , Pregnancy , Receptors, Androgen/metabolism , Testis/drug effects , Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins/toxicity
11.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 811-816, 2006.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-169432

ABSTRACT

Expression of estrogen receptors (ER)-alpha and -beta, as well as androgen receptor (AR), in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is thought to be correlated with prognosis, survival, and male prevalence of HCC. These hypotheses are based on investigations of European patients; however the expression patterns of these receptors in Asian patients are largely unknown. In this study, we collected liver carcinoma and peritumor tissues from 32 patients (9 females and 23 males) in South Korea. The expression of ERs and ARs was studied using RT-PCR. Wild-type ER-alpha and AR were expressed in all of the samples investigated, and their expression was independent of the causal virus or patient sex. Expression of the ER-alpha variant was independent of sex (100% female vs. 91.3% male) and HCV and HBV status (91.3% vs. 100%). Wild-type ER-beta was expressed more often in HCV patients than in HBV patients (95.7% vs. 44.4%; p < 0.05). In conclusion, the stronger ER-alpha variant expression in HCC tissues implies that this variant has an important role in HCC development. However, at least in Korean patients, expression of the ER-alpha variant (vER-alpha) is not related to male HCC prevalence. In addition, the predominant expression of ER-beta in HCV patients suggests that it plays an important role in HCV-induced liver disease.


Subject(s)
Sex Factors , Receptors, Estrogen/metabolism , Receptors, Androgen/metabolism , Middle Aged , Male , Liver Neoplasms/ethnology , Korea , Humans , Hepatitis B virus/isolation & purification , Hepacivirus/isolation & purification , Female , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/ethnology , Biomarkers/metabolism , Asians , Aged
12.
Arq. bras. endocrinol. metab ; 49(5): 797-804, out. 2005.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-419982

ABSTRACT

O câncer de próstata (CP) é uma das principais causas de doença e morte, representando no Brasil a segunda causa de óbitos por câncer em homens. A hiperplasia prostática benigna (HPB) é uma doença progressiva de alta prevalência, com evidências histológicas em 50 por cento dos homens aos 50 anos e 90 por cento aos 80 anos de idade. A patogênese das neoplasias prostáticas tem sido associada à ação dos androgênios e a seu receptor nuclear específico, embora os mecanismos moleculares que envolvem os processos de proliferação, diferenciação e apoptose não estejam bem estabelecidos, assim como os mecanismos de transformação neoplásica e carcinogênese. Co-ativadores e co-repressores podem também contribuir para a carcinogênese prostática, ligando-se diretamente aos receptores nucleares, recrutando proteínas adicionais e interagindo com a maquinaria transcricional para aumentar a transcrição de genes-alvo. Polimorfismos do receptor de androgênios e da 5alfa redutase tipo 2 foram identificados e poderiam estar associados com risco para CP. Genes reguladores do ciclo celular e da apoptose, bem como fatores de crescimento, também participam de processos relacionados com a tumorigênese prostática. Assim, alterações no padrão da expressão gênica do tecido normal podem levar ao desenvolvimento do fenótipo maligno e potencialmente estes genes podem servir como marcadores de prognóstico. Com o advento de novas tecnologias moleculares, o número de genes marcadores potenciais para o CP cresce dia a dia, mas os dados atuais requerem ainda validação com maior número de amostras e correlação com o processo da doença. Trazê-los do ambiente de laboratório para o uso clínico requer uma análise rigorosa e há, portanto, um longo caminho ainda a percorrer.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prostatic Neoplasms/genetics , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic/genetics , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic/metabolism , Disease Progression , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , Growth Substances/genetics , Prognosis , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Prostatic Neoplasms/metabolism , Receptors, Androgen/genetics , Receptors, Androgen/metabolism
13.
Acta physiol. pharmacol. latinoam ; 36(1): 1-11, 1986. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-33588

ABSTRACT

Se describe un método de marcación por fotoafinidad de la SHBG sérica humana y de conejo en un precipitado de sulfato de amonio utilizando delta6-testosterona 3H como ligando. La precipitación disminuye la contaminación con albúmina y concentra al mismo tiempo la globulina ligadora de hormonas sexuales. La marcación por fotoafinidad se realizó mediante un flash electrónico. El esteroide libre y el no unido covalentemente se adsorbieron mediante un tratamiento prolongado con una solución de carbón dextrán. La cromatografía en columna de Sephadex G-200 mostró un único pico radioactivo unido covalentemente con el volumen de elución de la SHBG. Este preparado es útil para ser utilizado en estudios de metabolización de la SHBG in vivo. Con algunas modificaciones, el método fue aplicado a la marcación por fotoafinidad del receptor citosólico de andrógenos de próstata utilizando al R 1881 como ligando. El receptor de andrógenos de citosol de próstata también fue precipitado con sulfato de amonio. Luego de marca, irradiar y calentar a 50- C el R 1881-3H no unido covalentemente fue removido mediante el tratamiento con carbón dextrán. En presencia de fotólisis previa al tratamiento con calor, la cromatografía en microcolumnas de Sephadex G-25 mostró un pico radiactivo que eluyó con el volumen de elución de las macromoléculas, el cual desaparecía en las muestras no fotolizadas previamente; sin embargo el receptor fotomarcado tuvo un coeficiente de sedimentación, luego de ultracentrifugación en gradientes lineares de sucrosa, diferente del receptor no irradiado, sugiriendo que la fotólisis generó a algún cambio en la configuración del complejo


Subject(s)
Rabbits , Rats , Animals , Humans , Male , Female , Affinity Labels/metabolism , Androgen-Binding Protein/metabolism , Receptors, Androgen/metabolism , Testosterone/pharmacology , Chromatography, Gel , Hot Temperature , Photolysis , Receptors, Progesterone/metabolism
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