Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 56
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e250739, 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355896


Abstract Several reasons may underlie the dramatic increase in type2 diabetes mellitus. One of these reasons is the genetic basis and variations. Vitamin D receptor polymorphisms are associated with different diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes. The aim of this study is to investigate the possible association of two identified mutations ApaI (rs7975232) and TaqI (rs731236). Eighty-nine healthy individuals and Fifty-six Type 2 Diabetic (T2D) patients were investigated using RFLP technique for genotyping and haplotyping as well. The distribution of Apal genotypes was not statistically significant among the control (P=0.65) as well as for diabetic patients (P=0.58). For Taql allele frequencies of T allele was 0.61 where of G allele was 0.39. The frequency distribution of Taql genotypes was not statistically significant among the control (P=0.26) as well as diabetic patients (P=0.17). Relative risk of the allele T of Apa1 gene is 1.28 and the odds ratio of the same allele is 1.53, while both estimates were < 1.0 of the allele G. Similarly, with the Taq1 gene the relative risk and the odds ratio values for the allele T are 1.09 and 1.27 respectively and both estimates of the allele C were 0.86 for the relative risk and 0.79 for the odds ratio. The pairwise linkage disequilibrium between the two SNPs Taq1/apa1 was statistically significant in control group (D = 0.218, D' = 0.925 and P value < 0.001) and similar data in diabetic groups (D = 0.2, D' = 0.875 and P value < 0.001). These data suggest that the T allele of both genes Apa1 and Taq1 is associated with the increased risk of type 2 diabetes. We think that we need a larger number of volunteers to reach a more accurate conclusion.

Resumo Várias razões podem estar subjacentes ao aumento dramático da diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Um desses motivos é a base genética e variações. Os polimorfismos do receptor da vitamina D estão associados a diferentes doenças, como artrite reumatoide e diabetes. O objetivo deste estudo é investigar a possível associação de duas mutações identificadas ApaI (rs7975232) e TaqI (rs731236). Oitenta e nove indivíduos saudáveis ​​e 56 pacientes com diabetes tipo 2 (T2D) foram investigados usando a técnica RFLP para genotipagem e haplotipagem também. A distribuição dos genótipos Apal não foi estatisticamente significativa entre o controle (P = 0,65), bem como para os pacientes diabéticos (P = 0,58). Para as frequências do alelo Taql, o alelo T foi de 0,61, onde o alelo G foi de 0,39. A distribuição de frequência dos genótipos Taql não foi estatisticamente significativa entre o controle (P = 0,26), bem como os pacientes diabéticos (P = 0,17). O risco relativo do alelo T do gene Apa1 é 1,28 e a razão de chances do mesmo alelo é 1,53, enquanto ambas as estimativas foram < 1,0 do alelo G. Da mesma forma, com o gene Taq1, os valores de risco relativo e razão de chances para o alelo T são 1,09 e 1,27, respectivamente, e ambas as estimativas do alelo C foram de 0,86 para o risco relativo e 0,79 para o odds ratio. O desequilíbrio de ligação par a par entre os dois SNPs Taq1 / apa1 foi estatisticamente significativo no grupo de controle (D = 0,218, D' = 0,925 e valor P < 0,001) e dados semelhantes em grupos diabéticos (D = 0,2, D' = 0,875 e valor P < 0,001). Esses dados sugerem que o alelo T de ambos os genes Apa1 e Taq1 está associado ao aumento do risco de diabetes tipo 2. Achamos que precisamos de um número maior de voluntários para chegar a uma conclusão mais precisa.

Humans , Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/genetics , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Saudi Arabia , Case-Control Studies , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Gene Frequency , Genotype
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936342


OBJECTIVE@#To identify the miRNAs targeting vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene and their effect on parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion in secondary hyperparathyroidism.@*METHODS@#Primary parathyroid cells with secondary hyperparathyroidism were isolated by collagenase digestion and cultured. The miRNAs targeting VDR were screened by bioinformatics methods and full transcriptome sequencing, and dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to verify the targeting relationship between VDR and the screened miRNA. The effects of overexpression or inhibition of the candidate miRNA on VDR mRNA and protein expressions and PTH secretion were evaluated using qRT-PCR and Western blotting. The expression levels of the candidate miRNAs and VDR mRNA in clinical specimens of parathyroid tissues were verified by qRT-PCR, and the expression of VDR protein was detected by immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#We successfully isolated primary parathyroid cells. Dual-luciferase reporter assay verified the targeting relationship of hsa-miR-149-5p, hsa-miR-221-5p, hsa-miR-222-3p, hsa-miR-29a-5p, hsa-miR-301a-5p, hsa-miR-873-5p, hsa-miR-93-3p with VDR, and among them, the overexpression of hsa-miR-149-5p and hsa-miR-301a-5p significantly increased PTH secretion in the parathyroid cells. In patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism, hsa-miR-149-5p was highly expressed in the parathyroid tissues (P=0.046), where the expressions of VDR mRNA (P=0.0267) and protein were both decreased.@*CONCLUSION@#The two miRNAs, hsa-miR-149-5p and hsa-miR-301a-5p, may promote the secretion of PTH in patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism by down-regulating the expression of VDR gene.

Humans , Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary/genetics , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Parathyroid Hormone , RNA, Messenger , Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927641


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the vitamin D receptor gene ( VDR) with circulating lipids considering gender differences.@*METHODS@#Of the Han Chinese adults recruited from a health examination center for inclusion in the study, the circulating lipids, 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), and other parameters were measured. The VDR SNPs of Cdx2 (rs11568820), Fok1 (rs2228570), Apa1 (rs7975232), and Taq1 (rs731236) were genotyped with a qPCR test using blood DNA samples, and their associations with lipids were analyzed using logistic regression.@*RESULTS@#In the female participants ( n = 236 with dyslipidemia and 888 without dyslipidemia), multiple genotype models of Fok1 indicated a positive correlation of B (not A) alleles with LDLC level ( P < 0.05). In the male participants ( n = 299 with dyslipidemia and 564 without dyslipidemia), the recessive model of Cdx2 and the additive and recessive models of Fok1 differed ( P < 0.05) between the HDLC-classified subgroups, respectively, and Fok1 BB and Cdx2 TT presented interactions with 25OHD in the negative associations with HDLC ( P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#In the Chinese Han adults included in the study, the Fok1 B-allele of VDR was associated with higher LDLC in females, and the Fok1 B-allele and the Cdx2 T-allele of VDR were associated with lower HDLC in males. The interaction of VD and Fok1 BB or Cdx2 TT in males synergistically decreased HDLC levels.

Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Alleles , Asian People/genetics , China/ethnology , Dyslipidemias/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Genotype , Lipids/blood , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics , Sex Factors , Vitamin D/blood
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(8): 1113-1117, Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346981


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common type of childhood cancer. Previous studies have indicated the involvement of vitamin D receptor (VDR) and related long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) signaling in the pathophysiology of several cancers. However, their contribution to ALL remains to be elucidated. METHODS: In this case-control study, 30 patients with newly diagnosed ALL and 30 age- and sex-matched healthy children were selected. Then, the level of 25(OH) vitamin D and the expression of VDR and four VDR-related lncRNAs were assessed. RESULTS: No significant difference in serum 25(OH) vitamin D was observed between patients with ALL (20.42±6.5 ng/mL) and healthy subjects (25.45±11 ng/mL). In addition, the expression of MALAT-1, HOTAIR, and P-21 was not statistically significant between the two groups. However, a significant reduction in VDR and H19 expression was observed in patients with ALL (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: 25(OH) vitamin D insufficiency was evident in both groups. VDR and H19 signaling might be contributed to the pathogenesis of ALL, which needs further investigations.

Humans , Child , Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Vitamin D , Case-Control Studies
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(2): 182-187, June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286987


Introduction: Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are chronic inflammatory conditions of the gastrointestinal tract. Studies have shown that polymorphisms of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene may help elucidate the pathogenesis of CD. Objectives: To analyze the role of VDR gene polymorphisms (ApaI, BsmI, FokI, and TaqI) in the development of CD. Methods: The present study is a systematic review with meta-analysis. a total of 50 articles in English and Portuguese published from 2000 to 2020 were selected from 3 databases. The relationship between CD and the VDR gene was addressed in 16 articles. Results: The TaqI polymorphism was analyzed in 3,689 patients and 4,645 control subjects (odds ratio [OR]=0.948; 95% confidence interval [95%CI]=0.851-1.056; p=0.3467). The ApaI polymorphism was studied in 3,406 patients and 4,415 control subjects (OR=1,033; 95%CI=0.854-1.250; p=0.7356). For FokI polymorphism, there were 2,998 patients and 4,146 control subjects (OR=0.965; 95%CI=0.734-1.267; p=0.7958). Lastly, the BsmI polymorphism was analyzed in 2,981 patients and 4,477 control subjects (OR=1,272; 95%CI=0.748-2.161; p=0.3743). Conclusion: These four VDR gene polymorphisms were not associated with CD. Therefore, further studies with larger samples are required to corroborate or rectify the conclusions from the present meta-analysis. (AU)

Introdução: A doença de Crohn (DC) e a retocolite ulcerativa (RU) são condições inflamatórias crônicas do trato gastrointestinal. Estudos indicam que os polimorfismos do gene do receptor de vitamina D (RVD) são promissores para a patogênese da DC. Objetivos: Avaliar papel dos os polimorfismos do gene do RVD (ApaI, BsmI, FokI e TaqI) no desenvolvimento da DC. Métodos: Trata-se de uma revisão sistemática com metanálise. Foram identificados 50 artigos em inglês e português publicados entre 2000 a 2020 em 3 bases de dados. Destes, foram selecionados 16 artigos que contemplavama relação entre a DC e o genedo RVD. Resultados: Para o polimorfismo TaqI, a amostra foi composta por 3.689 pacientes e 4.645 controles (razão de probabilidade [RP]=0,948; intervalo de confiança de 95% [IC95%]=0,851-1,056; p=0,3467). Para o polimorfismo ApaI, 3.406 pacientes e 4.415 controles (RP=1,033; IC95%=0,854-1,250; p=0,7356). Para o polimorfismo FokI, 2.998 pacientes e 4.146 controles (RP=0,965; IC95%=0,734-1,267; p=0,7958). E, para o polimorfismo BsmI, 2.981 pacientes e 4.477 controles (RP =1,272; IC95%=0,748-2,161; p=0,3743). Conclusão: Esses quatro polimorfismos do gene do RVD não apresentaram associação coma DC. Logo, sugere-se a realização de mais estudos com amostras maiores a fimde corroborar ou retificar a conclusão desta metanálise. (AU)

Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic , Crohn Disease/genetics , Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics
Rev. chil. nutr ; 47(1): 141-147, feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092754


The objective of this review was to investigate the effect of vitamin D3 supplementation on serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration in individuals with single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the vitamin D receptor gene. The research was conducted on 241 articles found in the PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, and Cochrane Library databases between November and December 2018. After article screening, three randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trials were identified as eligible for this review. Participants were Australian, Brazilian, and Chinese individuals, who ingested doses of vitamin D3 ranging from 2000 IU to a megadose of 200,000 IU. The presence of the BB/Bb genotype of the BsmI polymorphism and the FokI G allele caused an increase in the serum concentrations of vitamin D after supplementation. Nonetheless, the few studies on this subject are not unanimous in their results. It is possible that differences among populations, sample sizes, doses, and time of supplementation have an impact on data and outcomes.

El objetivo de esta revisión fue investigar el efecto de la suplementación con vitamina D3 sobre la concentración sérica de 25-hidroxivitamina D en individuos con los polimorfismos de un solo nucleótido en el gen del receptor de la vitamina D. La investigación se realizó en 241 artículos encontrados en las bases de datos PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct y Cochrane Library entre noviembre y diciembre de 2018. Después de la selección del artículo, se identificaron tres ensayos clínicos aleatorios, controlados con placebo, doble ciego, como elegibles para esta revisión. Los participantes fueron australianos, brasileños y chinos, quienes ingirieron dosis de vitamina D3 que iban desde las 2000 UI hasta una megadosis de 200,000 UI. La presencia del genotipo BB / Bb del polimorfismo BsmI y el alelo FokI G causó un aumento en las concentraciones séricas de vitamina D después de la suplementación. No obstante, los pocos estudios sobre este tema no son unánimes en sus resultados. Es posible que las diferencias entre poblaciones, tamaños de muestra, dosis y tiempo de suplementación tengan un impacto en los datos y resultados de la investigación.

Humans , Vitamin D/blood , Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics , Cholecalciferol/administration & dosage , Polymorphism, Genetic , Cholecalciferol/pharmacology
Braz. dent. j ; 31(1): 19-24, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089269


Abstract This study evaluated the association between polymorphisms in genes encoding estrogen receptors 1 (ESR1) and 2 (ESR2), vitamin D receptor (VDR) and in microRNA17 (which binds to ESR1 and VDR) with persistent apical periodontitis (PAP) after the endodontic treatment. We included 162 patients who completed endodontic treatment at least one year ago and presented apical periodontitis at the beginning of the root canal therapy. Clinical and radiographic exams were performed to evaluate the presence of PAP or healthy periradicular tissues (healed). Saliva samples were collected as a genomic DNA. The genotyping of ESR1 (rs2234693 and rs9340799), ESR2 (rs1256049 and rs4986938), VDR (rs739837 and rs2228570) and miRNA17 (rs4284505) were performed by real-time PCR. Chi-square test was used to the distribution of genotype and allele frequencies. Haplotype analysis was also performed. Eighty-nine patients were included in the "healed" group and 73 in the "PAP" group. No association was found between the allelic and genotypic polymorphisms studied and PAP (p>0.05). Haplotype analysis also did not demonstrated an association (p>0.05). In conclusion, the genetic polymorphisms in ESR1, ESR2, VDR and miRNA17 are not associated with PAP.

Resumo Este estudo avaliou a associação entre polimorfismos em genes que codificam os receptores de estrogênio 1 (ESR1) e 2 (ESR2), receptor de vitamina D (VDR) e no microRNA17 (que se liga à ESR1 e VDR) e a periodontite apical persistente (PAP) após o tratamento endodôntico. Foram incluídos 162 pacientes com tratamento endodôntico concluído há pelo menos um ano e que apresentavam periodontite apical no início da terapia endodôntica. Exames clínicos e radiográficos foram realizados para avaliar a presença de PAP ou tecidos perirradiculares saudáveis (cicatrizados). As amostras de saliva foram coletadas como fonte de DNA genômico. A genotipagem de ESR1 (rs2234693 e rs9340799), ESR2 (rs1256049 e rs4986938), VDR (rs739837 e rs2228570) e miRNA17 (rs4284505) foram realizadas por PCR em tempo real. O teste do qui-quadrado foi utilizado para a distribuição das frequências genotípicas e alélicas. A análise de haplótipos também foi realizada. Oitenta e nove pacientes foram incluídos no grupo "curado" e 73 no grupo "PAP". Não foi encontrada associação entre os polimorfismos alélicos e genotípicos estudados e a PAP (p>0,05). Concluí-se que os polimorfismos genéticos em ESR1, ESR2, VDR e miRNA17 não estão associados à PAP.

Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic , Vitamin D , Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Estrogen Receptor alpha/genetics , Estrogen Receptor beta/genetics , Haplotypes , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Estrogens , Gene Frequency
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20190403, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132232


Abstract Evidence suggests that polymorphisms in the gene encoding a vitamin D receptor might affect blood pressure. The objective of this systematic review was to investigate the association between hypertension and vitamin D receptor (Fok I) gene polymorphism. A literature search was performed according to the PRISMA guidelines using the MEDLINE®/PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library CENTRAL, SciELO, and LILACS databases. The quality of case-control or cohort studies and studies based on cross-sectional methodology was evaluated using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale and the protocol of Loney and coauthors [25], respectively. In this systematic literature search, 215 publications were identified, of which 10 were analyzed, including seven case-control studies, two cross-sectional studies, and one cohort study. The association between Fok I polymorphism and hypertension was reported in 60% of the publications and the risk for hypertension was shown to be related to FF and ff genotypes. In addition, Fok I polymorphism was shown to increase plasma renin activity, which plays an important role in regulating blood pressure. However, no association was observed between Fok I polymorphism and serum vitamin D levels. In conclusion, Fok I polymorphism plays an important role in hypertension.

Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics , Hypertension/metabolism , Risk Factors
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942136


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the association between the abnormal root morphology and bone metabolism or root development related gene polymorphism in patients with generalized aggressive periodontitis.@*METHODS@#In the study, 179 patients with generalized aggressive periodontitis were enrolled, with an average age of (27.23±5.19) years, male / female = 67/112. The average number of teeth remaining in the mouth was (26.80±1.84). Thirteen single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of nine genes which related to bone metabolism and root development were detected by matrix assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). Root abnormalities were identified using periapical radiographs. The abnormal root morphology included cone-rooted teeth, slender-root teeth, short-rooted teeth, curved-rooted teeth, syncretic-rooted molars, and molar root abnormalities. The number of teeth and incidence of abnormal root morphology in different genotypes of 13 SNPs were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The constituent ratio of root with root abnormality in GAgP patients was 14.49%(695/4 798). The average number of teeth with abnormal root morphology in GAgP was (3.88±3.84). The average number of teeth with abnormal root morphology in CC, CT and TT genotypes in vitamin D receptor (VDR) rs2228570 was (4.66±4.10), (3.71±3.93) and (2.68±2.68). There was significant difference between TT genotype and CC genotype (t = 2.62, P =0.01). The average number of root morphological abnormalities in CC, CT and TT genotypes of Calcitotin Receptor (CTR) gene rs2283002 was (5.02±3.70), (3.43±3.95), and (3.05±3.12). The incidence of root morphological abnormalities in CC genotype was higher than that in the patients with CT and TT, and the difference was statistically significant(87.86% vs. 65.26% & 63.64%, P=0.006, adjusted OR =3.71, 95%CI: 1.45-9.50). There was no significant difference in the incidence of abnormal root morphology between CT and TT genotypes.@*CONCLUSION@#VDR rs2228570 and CTR rs2283002 may be associated with the occurrence of abnormal root morphology in patients with generalized aggressive periodontitis, which is worthy of further research.

Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Aggressive Periodontitis/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 41(7): 425-431, July 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020604


Abstract Objective To evaluate the relationship between vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphism (FokI [rs10735810]) and serum vitamin D concentration in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Methods A prospective case-control study that recruited healthy pregnant women (control group) (n = 78) and women with GDM (GDM group) (n = 79), with no other comorbidities. Peripheral blood samples were collected in the 3rd trimester of gestation, and all of the pregnant women were followed-up until the end of the pregnancy and the postpartum period. Serum vitamin D concentrations were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). For genomic polymorphism analysis, the genomic DNA was extracted by the dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide/ cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (DTAB/CTAB) method, and genotyping was performed by the polymerase chain reaction - restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) technique, using the restriction enzyme FokI. The Student-t, Mann- Whitney, chi-squared, and Fischer exact tests were used for the analysis of the results. Results There was no significant difference between the pregnant women in the control and GDM groups regarding serumvitamin D levels (17.60 ± 8.89 ng/mL versus 23.60 ± 10.68 ng/mL; p = 0.1). Also, no significant difference was detected between the FokI genotypic frequency when the 2 groups were compared with each other (p = 0.41). Conclusion There was no association between the FokI polymorphism and the development of GDM, nor was there any change in serum vitamin D levels in patients with GDM.

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a relação entre o polimorfismo do gene receptor da vitamina D (VDR) (FokI [rs10735810]) e a concentração sérica de vitamina D no diabetes mellitus gestacional (DMG). Métodos Estudo prospectivo tipo caso-controle que recrutou gestantes saudáveis (grupo controle) (n = 78) e com DMG (grupo DMG) (n = 79), sem outras comorbidades. Foram coletadas amostras de sangue periférico no 3° trimestre da gestação, e todas as gestantes foram acompanhadas até o final da gravidez e no pós-parto. As concentrações séricas de vitamina D foram mensuradas por cromotografia líquida de alta eficiência (CLAE). Para análise do polimorfismo genético, o DNA genômico foi extraído pelo método de brometo de dodeciltrimetilamônio/brometo de cetiltrimetilamônio (DTAB/CTAB), e as genotipagens foram realizadas por técnica de reação de cadeia de polimerase - polimorfismo do comprimento do fragmento de restrição (PCRRFLP, na sigla em inglês), sendo empregada a enzima de restrição FokI. Foram utilizados os testes t-Student, Mann-Whitney, qui-quadrado e exato de Fischer para a análise dos resultados. Resultados Não houve diferença significativa entre as gestantes dos grupos controle e DMG quanto aos níveis séricos de vitamina D (17,60 ± 8,89 ng/mL versus 23,60 ± 10,68 ng/mL; p = 0,1). Também não foi detectada diferença significativa entre a frequência genotípica de FokI, quando comparados os 2 grupos entre si (p = 0,41). Conclusão Não foi identificada associação do polimorfismo FokI com o desenvolvimento de DMG, bem como não foi observada alteração nos níveis séricos de vitamina D em pacientes com DMG.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Polymorphism, Genetic , Prenatal Care , Vitamin D/genetics , Diabetes, Gestational/genetics , Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Brazil , Case-Control Studies , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prospective Studies , Diabetes, Gestational/blood
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20190133, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020438


Abstract INTRODUCTION: Chagas disease (CD) is an important public health problem in Brazil and worldwide. Aging and obesity are important matters in patients with CD, as is hypovitaminosis D3, which can decrease the quality of life of these patients. Immunomodulation mediated by vitamin D3, especially the production of antimicrobial peptides such as cathelicidin LL-37, might be related to the severity and symptoms of CD. This study aimed to determine the serum levels of vitamin D and LL-37 and VDR gene polymorphisms in patients with chronic CD. METHODS: This study included male patients with cardiac and indeterminate clinical forms of CD. Clinical, anthropometric, and blood parameters were obtained. Serum levels of 25(OH)D3 and LL-37 were determined by chemiluminescence and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay respectively. Fok (rs731236), Bsm (rs1544410), Apa (rs7975232), and Taq (rs731236) polymorphisms of the VDR gene were investigated by PCR-RFLP. RESULTS: Sixty-four patients were included in the study: 18 of the cardiac form and 46 of the indeterminate form. No differences in age, ethnicity, BMI, arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, or dyslipidemias were observed between groups. However, the serum levels of 25(OH)D3, but not of LL-37, were lower in the cardiac form group. The association among polymorphisms, vitamin D, and clinical form was not significant. CONCLUSIONS: Decreased levels of vitamin D suggest an association with the cardiac form of CD. Studies investigating the roles of vitamin D and LL-37 in the immune response and their associations with VDR polymorphisms and disease susceptibility are necessary.

Humans , Male , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Chagas Disease/genetics , Chagas Disease/blood , Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics , Cholecalciferol/blood , Antimicrobial Cationic Peptides/blood , Biomarkers/blood , Middle Aged
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 76(11): 760-766, Nov. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973942


ABSTRACT Elderly people are at a high risk of developing vitamin D (VitD) deficiency due to both decreased intake and cutaneous synthesis. Most of the biological actions of VitD are mediated by the vitamin D receptor (VDR), which is present in neurons and glial cells of the hippocampus, and in the cortex and subcortical nuclei, essential areas for cognition. It is known that VDR gene polymorphisms may decrease the VDR affinity for VitD. Objective: The present study aimed to investigate the influence of VitD levels on cognitive decline in patients with dementia due to Alzheimer's disease (AD, n = 32) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI, n = 15) compared to cognitively healthy elderly (n = 24). We also evaluated the association of VDR gene polymorphisms with cognitive disturbance. Methods: Four polymorphisms on the VDR gene were studied, namely, BsmI, ApaI, FokI and TaqI, by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Serum levels of 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) were determined by high performance liquid chromatography. Results: No significant difference in 25(OH)D levels or genotypic/allelic frequencies was observed between the groups. Deficiency of 25(OH)D was more frequently observed in women. The AA/AG genotypes of the BsmI polymorphism was associated with sufficient 25(OH)D levels, while the GG genotype of this same polymorphism was associated to insufficient levels in the cognitively-impaired group (individuals with AD or MCI). Conclusions: The data obtained do not confirm the relationship between reductions of VitD levels, polymorphisms in the VDR gene, and altered cognitive function in this sample. However, the data indicate that BsmI polymorphism in the VDR gene is associated with the VitD levels in individuals with cognitive decline.

RESUMO Idosos apresentam risco elevado de desenvolverem deficiência de Vitamina D (VitD) devido à diminuição da ingestão e da síntese na pele. A maioria das ações biológicas da VitD é mediada pelo receptor da vitamina D (VDR), que está presente nos neurônios e células gliais do hipocampo, e no córtex e em núcleos subcorticais, áreas essenciais para a cognição. Sabe-se que polimorfismos do gene VDR podem diminuir a afinidade do VDR pela VitD. Objetivo: O presente estudo teve como objetivo investigar a influência dos níveis de VitD no declínio cognitivo em pacientes com demência devida à doença de Alzheimer (DA, n = 32) e comprometimento cognitivo leve (CCL, n = 15) em comparação a um grupo de idosos cognitivamente saudáveis (n = 24). Nós também avaliamos a associação entre polimorfimos no gene do receptor de VitD e as alterações cognitivas. Métodos: Quatro polimorfismos no gene VDR foram estudados, sendo BsmI, ApaI, FokI e TaqI, por PCR-RFLP. Os níveis séricos de 25-hidroxi vitamina D (25(OH)D) foram determinados por HPLC. Resultados: Não houve diferença significativa nos níveis de 25(OH)D ou nas frequências genotípicas / alélicas entre os grupos. Níveis deficientes de 25(OH)D foram mais frequentes nas mulheres. Os genótipos AA / AG do polimorfismo BsmI foram associados a níveis suficientes de 25(OH)D, enquanto o genótipo GG deste mesmo polimorfismo foi associado a níveis insuficientes no grupo com comprometimento cognitivo (em indivíduos com DA ou CCL). Conclusões: Os resultados obtidos não confirmam a relação entre redução dos níveis de VitD, polimorfismos no gene VDR e função cognitiva alterada nesta amostra. No entanto, os dados indicam que o polimorfismo BsmI no gene VDR está associado aos níveis de VitD em indivíduos com declínio cognitivo.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Vitamin D/analogs & derivatives , Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Cognitive Dysfunction/genetics , Vitamin D/blood , Case-Control Studies , Gene Expression , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Cognitive Dysfunction/physiopathology
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 36(3): 269-274, jul.-set. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-977072


RESUMO Objetivo: Verificar a relação dos polimorfismos do gene do receptor de vitamina D (RVD) com sinais clínicos e níveis de vitamina D (VD) em asmáticos. Métodos: Estudo transversal com 77 crianças de 7 a 14 anos de um ambulatório especializado, divididas em 3 grupos: asmáticos, em uso de corticoide inalatório (ICS) por mais de um ano; asmáticos sem necessidade de ICS; não asmáticos e não alérgicos (de acordo com o International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood - ISAAC. Foram avaliados: espirometria, testes alérgicos, presença do polimorfismo CDX2 do promotor do RVD por reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR) e genotipagem de polimorfismos dos éxons 2 e 3 por PCR-SSCA (single-strand conformational analysis), imunoglobulina E (IgE) total e IgE específica para ácaros e gramíneas nos três grupos estudados. Níveis de 25-hidroxivitamina D foram dosados nos asmáticos. Resultados: A média de idade foi 10,8±2,2 anos, 57% masculinos, 38 asmáticos com ICS, 22 sem ICS e 17 não asmáticos. Rinite alérgica esteve presente em 90% dos asmáticos, polimorfismo CDX2 em 23% dos asmáticos e ausente nos controles (p=0,03). Menores níveis de volume expiratório forçado no primeiro segundo (VEF1%) foram observados nos asmáticos homozigotos para CDX2 (p=0,001). Variações nas sequências dos éxons 2 e 3 não foram relacionadas com a asma ou demais testes. Deficiência ou insuficiência de VD foi diagnosticada em 98% dos asmáticos. Não houve associação entre níveis de VD e polimorfismos genéticos dos éxons 2 e 3. Conclusões: Observou-se associação positiva entre polimorfismo CDX2 em homozigoze com asma e menores valores de VEF1%. O CDX2 pode modificar a interação celular do RVD com a vitamina, bem como pode estar associado com a asma e com a dificuldade de controle da doença.

ABSTRACT Objective: To verify the relationship between polymorphisms of the vitamin D receptor gene (VDR), clinical findings, and serum vitamin D (VD) levels in asthmatics. Methods: A cross sectional study of 77 children aged 7 to 14 years old, who were attended at a specialized clinic. The children were divided into 3 groups: asthmatics who had been using inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) for more than one year; asthmatics who had not been using ICS; non-asthmatics, and children without allergies (according to the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood ­- ISAAC). Spirometry, skin prick tests, the presence of a VDR promoter CDX2 polymorphism from an allele-specific polimerase chain reaction (PCR), exons 2 and 3 polymorphisms genotyping by PCR-SSCA (single-strand conformational analysis), total immunoglobulin E (IgE) and specific IgE to mites and grass were evaluated in these three groups. Levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D were determined in asthmatics only. Results: The mean age of the children was 10.8±2.0 years old, 57% were male, 38 were asthmatic and using ICS, 22 were asthmatic and not using ICS, and 17 were non-asthmatic. Allergic rhinitis was present in 90% of asthmatics. Homozygous CDX2 was detected in 23% of the patients and absent in the control group (p=0.03). Lower forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1%) values were observed in CDX2 homozygous asthmatics (p=0.001). Variations in the exon 2 and 3 sequences were not related to asthma or the other tests. VD deficiency or insufficiency was detected in 98% of asthmatics. There was no association between VD levels and genetic polymorphisms from exons 2 and 3. Conclusions: There was a positive association between homozygous CDX2 polymorphism, asthma and lower FEV1% values. CDX2 is capable of modifying cell interaction between VDR and VD, and it could be associated with the prevalence of asthma, and the difficulty in controlling the disease.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Asthma/blood , Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Asthma/drug therapy , Vitamin D/blood , Calcium/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Mutation
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691452


OBJECTIVE@#There is asingle nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the exon 2 of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene that can be distinguished using the restriction endonuclease FokI, and accordingly divided into three genotypes: FF, Ff and ff. VDR-FokI polymorphism was the only known SNP that could alter the protein structure of VDR. CYP24A1 is the gene encoding vitamin D 24 hydroxylase and is a vitamin D responsive gene. The influence of rs2228570 on transcriptional activation by VDR in human gingival fibroblasts (hGF) and periodontal ligament cells (hPDLC) was investigated in this study.@*METHODS@#hGF and hPDLC of 12 donors' were primarily cultured and genomic DNA was extracted. A part of genomic DNA with the length of 267 bp was obtained using PCR, which contained the SNP. VDR-Fok I genotypes were determined according to the results of restriction fragment length polymorphism. hGF and hPDLC were stimulated with 10 nmol/L 1α,25 dihydroxy vitamin D3 (1,25OH2D3) or 1 000 nmol/L 25 hydroxy vitamin D3 (25OHD3) for 48 h before RNA was extracted. Then VDR antagonist ZK159222 was used or not used during 1,25OH2D3 or 25OHD3 stimulation with hGF and hPDLC. After 1,25OH2D3 stimulation for 48 h, the proteins in hGF and hPDLC were also collected. The protein expressions of CYP24A1 and VDR were detected using Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Among the 12 donors' cell cultures, the number of FF, ff and Ff genotypes was 4, 3 and 5, respectively.After stimulation with 1,25OH2D3 or 25OHD3 for 48 h,CYP24A1 mRNA levels in FF-hGF were significantly higher than those in other hGF genotypes(1,25OH2D3: F=31.147, P<0.01; 25OHD3: F= 32.061,P <0.01), as was in FF-hPDLC (1,25OH2D3: F=23.347, P<0.01; 25OHD3: F=32.569,P<0.01). When ZK159222 was used before 1,25OH2D3 stimulation, this statistically significant difference disappeared (hGF: F=0.246, P=0.787; hPDLC: F=0.574, P=0.583). When ZK159222 was used before 25OHD3 stimulation, the trend was similar (hGF: F=1.636, P=0.248; hPDLC: F=0.582, P=0.578).After stimulation with 1,25OH2D3 for 48 h, CYP24A1 protein levels in FF-hGF were significantly higher than those in the other hGF genotypes (F=12.368, P <0.01), as was in FF-hPDLC (F=15.749, P <0.01). In hGF and hPDLC, the mRNA or protein expression of VDR of different genotypes was not significantly different under different stimulation conditions.The paired comparison showed that there was no statistically significant difference between the expression of CYP24A1 in hGF and that in hPDLC under all the stimulation conditions, as was the expression of VDR.@*CONCLUSION@#In hGF and hPDLC, the FF-VDR genotype is associated with the more remarkable up-regulation of CYP24A1than the other genotypes, indicating that transcriptional activation of FF-VDR might be higher than those of other vitamin D receptors.

Humans , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Genotype , Periodontal Ligament/metabolism , Polymorphism, Genetic , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics , Vitamin D3 24-Hydroxylase/metabolism
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 37(2): 260-266, abr.-jun. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038787


RESUMEN Introducción. El lupus eritematoso sistémico es una enfermedad autoinmunitaria cuya gravedad varía según la raza, el sexo y la edad de aparición. Esta disparidad también se observa en los marcadores genéticos asociados con la enfermedad presentes en los genes PTPN22, VDR y TNF. La estratificación genética que presentan las diferentes poblaciones en el mundo puede influir en dicha variabilidad. Objetivo. Analizar la asociación de variantes genéticas de los genes PTPN22, VDR y TNF con nefritis lúpica en niños y su caracter de hereditarias en familias colombianas. Materiales y métodos. Se llevó a cabo un estudio basado en familias con 46 tríos (caso, padre y madre). Se hizo la genotipificación de las variantes rs2476601 de PTPN22, rs361525 y rs1800629 del TNF, y TaqI [rs731236], ApaI [rs7975232], BsmI [rs1544410] y FokI [rs2228570] del VDR, mediante reacción en cadena de la polimerasa cuantitativa (quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction, qPCR). Se estimó el efecto de la transmisión del alelo de riesgo de padres a hijos y el desequilibrio de ligamiento de los loci VDR y TNF. Resultados. Se observó que el alelo A de rs2476601 en PTPN22 se distribuyó en 8,69 % (n=16) de los padres y en 19,5 % (n=18) de los casos, y que su transmisión de padres a hijos fue 17 veces mayor con relación al alelo G (p=0,028). Los polimorfismos de TNF y VDR no presentaron desequilibrio de transmisión. Las variantes TaqI, ApaI y BsmI del VDR presentaron desequilibrio de ligamiento. Conclusión. Estos hallazgos evidenciaron una asociación del polimorfismo rs2476601 de PTPN22 con la nefritis lúpica en niños, determinada por su transmisión en el grupo de familias estudiadas.

ABSTRACT Introduction: Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disease in which the severity varies according to race, sex and age of onset. This variation is also observed in the genetic markers associated with the disease, including PTPN22, VDR and TNF genes. The genetic stratification in different populations worldwide can influence the variability. Objective: To analyze the heritability of PTPN22, VDR and TNF genetic variants and their association with pediatric lupus nephritis in Colombian families. Materials and methods: We conducted a family-based study including 46 triads (case, father and mother). The variants rs2476601 of PTPN22; rs361525 and rs1800629 of TNF, and TaqI [rs731236], ApaI [rs7975232], BsmI [rs1544410] and FokI [rs2228570] of VDR were genotyped by qPCR. The effects of overtransmission of the risk allele from parents to children and linkage disequilibrium at the VDR and TNF loci were estimated. Results: We found that allele A of rs2476601 in PTPN22 was distributed among 8.69 % (n=16) of the parents and 19.5 % (n=18) of the cases; this allele was overtransmitted from parents to children 17 times more often than the G allele (p=0.028). TNF and VDR polymorphisms did not exhibit transmission disequilibrium. VDR TaqI, ApaI and BsmI variants exhibited linkage disequilibrium. Conclusion: These findings showed an association between the PTPN22 rs2476601 polymorphism and pediatric lupus nephritis due to its overtransmission in the group of families studied.

Child , Humans , Lupus Nephritis/complications , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 22/genetics , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Lupus Nephritis/genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/chemistry , Receptors, Calcitriol/metabolism , Receptors, Calcitriol/chemistry , Colombia , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/physiology , Alleles , Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 22/metabolism , Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 22/chemistry , Genotype , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/genetics
Clinics ; 71(8): 470-473, Aug. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-794636


OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the roles of the Taql and Bsml vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms in hospital mortality of burn patients. METHODS: In total, 105 consecutive burn injury patients over 18 years in age who were admitted to the Burn Unit of Bauru State Hospital from January to December 2013 were prospectively evaluated. Upon admission, patient demographic information was recorded and a blood sample was taken for biochemical analysis to identify the presence of the Taql(rs731236) and Bsml(rs1544410) polymorphisms. All of the patients were followed over their hospital stay and mortality was recorded. RESULTS: Eighteen of the patients did not sign the informed consent form, and there were technical problems with genotype analysis for 7 of the patients. Thus, 80 patients (mean age, 42.5±16.1 years) were included in the final analysis. In total, 60% of the patients were male, and 16.3% died during the hospital stay. The genotype frequencies for the Taql polymorphism were 51.25% TT, 41.25% TC and 7.50% CC; for the Bsml polymorphism, they were 51.25% GG, 42.50% GA and 6.25% AA. In logistic regression analysis, after adjustments for age, gender and total body surface burn area, there were no associations between the Taql (OR: 1.575; CI95%: 0.148-16.745; p=0.706) or Bsml (OR: 1.309; CI95%: 0.128-13.430; p=0.821) polymorphisms and mortality for the burn patients. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the Taql and Bsml vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms are not associated with hospital mortality of burn patients.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Genetic , Burns/genetics , Burns/mortality , Hospital Mortality , Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics , Potassium/blood , Sodium/blood , Urea/blood , Serum Albumin , Logistic Models , Multivariate Analysis , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Creatinine/blood , Genotype , Length of Stay
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-163736


Reports describing significant health risks due to inadequate vitamin D status continue to generate considerable interest amongst the medical and lay communities alike. Recent research on the various molecular activities of the vitamin D system, including the nuclear vitamin D receptor and other receptors for 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D and vitamin D metabolism, provides evidence that the vitamin D system carries out biological activities across a wide range of tissues similar to other nuclear receptor hormones. This knowledge provides physiological plausibility of the various health benefits claimed to be provided by vitamin D and supports the proposals for conducting clinical trials. The vitamin D system plays critical roles in the maintenance of plasma calcium and phosphate and bone mineral homeostasis. Recent evidence confirms that plasma calcium homeostasis is the critical factor modulating vitamin D activity. Vitamin D activities in the skeleton include stimulation or inhibition of bone resorption and inhibition or stimulation of bone formation. The three major bone cell types, which are osteoblasts, osteocytes and osteoclasts, can all respond to vitamin D via the classical nuclear vitamin D receptor and metabolize 25-hydroxyvitamin D to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D to activate the vitamin D receptor and modulate gene expression. Dietary calcium intake interacts with vitamin D metabolism at both the renal and bone tissue levels to direct either a catabolic action on the bone through the endocrine system when calcium intake is inadequate or an anabolic action through a bone autocrine or paracrine system when calcium intake is sufficient.

Humans , Calcium/metabolism , Fractures, Bone/metabolism , Osteoporosis/metabolism , Protein Binding , Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics , Vitamin D/analogs & derivatives
Indian J Hum Genet ; 2013 Oct-Dec ;19 (4): 465-468
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-156615


AIM: The aim of this study is to analyze the association of TaqI vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphism with the chronic periodontitis (CP) in Dravidian ethnicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 120 subjects were recruited for this study, which included 60 CP and 60 healthy controls. TaqI VDR gene polymorphism was analyzed using specific primers and amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and visualized under 2% agarose gel. RESULTS: Our study results showed that Tt and tt genotype had a higher frequency of occurrence in CP compared with controls. Similarly, t allele was found to be associated with CP. CONCLUSION: Our study concludes that TaqI VDR gene polymorphism is associated with CP in Dravidian ethnicity.

Adult , Alleles , Chronic Periodontitis/epidemiology , Chronic Periodontitis/genetics , Ethnicity/ethnology , Ethnicity/genetics , Female , Humans , India/ethnology , Male , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics , Taq Polymerase/genetics
Indian J Hum Genet ; 2013 Apr; 19(2): 233-238
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-149434


CONTEXT: Osteoporosis is a polygenic, multifactorial disease that is characterized by demineralization of bone, and thus presented with decreasing bone mineral mass. Vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms in the 3’-end region (as determined by the enzymes BsmI and ApaI) have been inconsistently associated with bone mineral mass. Another important VDR start codon polymorphism (as determined by the enzyme FokI) has been found to be related to adult bone mineral density (BMD) in pre-and post-menopausal American women. AIMS: This study aims to investigate the prevalence of the FokI VDR gene polymorphism in Jordanian perimenopausal women and study its relationship with bone mineral density. MATERIALS AND METHODS: DNA was isolated from 90 controls (Mean age = 50.41 ± 1.29 y), and 120 patients with symptomatic vertebral fractures (Mean age = 49.14 ± 3.19 y). Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) analysis of FokI was performed on DNA samples. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Data was analyzed using SPSS v19 and Microsoft Excel 2007. RESULTS: The results showed that in controls, the FF (−0.70 ± 0.51) genotype is associated with high lumbar spine BMD Z-score as compared to Ff (−1.25 ± 0.26) and ff (−1.66 ± 0.47) genotypes (P = 0.0095). In patients, the ff genotype was associated with lower lumbar spine BMD in T-score (−2.31 ± 0.17) and Z-score (−1.56 ± 0.09) genotypes (P = 0.031). No significant association was seen in the femoral neck BMD. CONCLUSION: FokI polymorphism may be associated with low BMD in our studied population; however, further studies including other polymorphisms and large sample number are needed.

Bone Density/drug effects , Female , Humans , Jordan , Middle Aged , /epidemiology , /drug effects , Polymorphism, Genetic , Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics , Vitamin D/therapeutic use