Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 436
Filter
1.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(9): 669-675, Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351771

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Preeclampsia (PE) is a pregnancy-specific syndrome characterized by abnormal levels of cytokines and angiogenic factors, playing a role in the disease development. The present study evaluated whether immunological markers are associated with the gestational age and with the disease severity in preeclamptic women. Methods Ninety-five women who developed PE were stratified for gestational age as preterm PE (< 37 weeks) and term PE (≥ 37 weeks of gestation) and compared for disease severity as well as plasma concentration of angiogenic factors and cytokines. The concentrations of placental growth factor (PlGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), Fms-like soluble tyrosine kinase (sFlt-1) and soluble endoglin (sEng), as well as the cytokines, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin 10 (IL-10), were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results The comparison between preeclamptic groups showed a higher percentage of severe cases in preterm PE (82.1%) than in term PE (35.9%). Similarly, the concentrations of TNF-α, sFlt-1, and sEng, as well as TNF-α/IL-10 and sFlt-1/PlGF ratios were significantly higher in the preterm PE group. In contrast, concentrations of PlGF, VEGF, and IL-10 were significantly lower in women with preterm PE. Negative correlations between TNF-α and IL-10 (r = 0.5232) and between PlGF and sFlt1 (r = 0.4158) were detected in the preterm PE. Conclusion In pregnant women with preterm PE, there is an imbalance between immunological markers, with the predominance of anti-angiogenic factors and TNF-α, associated with adverse maternal clinical outcomes.


Resumo Objetivo A pré-eclâmpsia (PE) é uma síndrome específica da gravidez caracterizada por níveis anormais de citocinas e fatores angiogênicos, que desempenham um papel no desenvolvimento da doença. Este estudo avaliou se os marcadores imunológicos estão associados à idade gestacional e à gravidade da doença em mulheres com pré-eclâmpsia. Métodos Noventa e cinco mulheres que desenvolveram PE foram estratificadas pela idade gestacional em PE pré-termo (< 37 semanas) e PE a termo (≥ 37 semanas de gestação) e comparadas quanto à gravidade da doença, bem como à concentração plasmática de fatores angiogênicos e citocinas. As concentrações de fator de crescimento placentário (PlGF), fator de crescimento endotelial vascular (VEGF), tirosina quinase solúvel semelhante a Fms (sFlt-1) e endoglina solúvel (sEng), bem como as citocinas, fator de necrose tumoral alfa (TNF- α) e interleucina 10 (IL-10), foram determinados porensaio de imunoabsorção enzimática (ELISA, na sigla em inglês). Resultados A comparação entre os grupos com pré-eclâmpsia mostrou maior porcentagem de casos graves em PE pré-termo (82,1%) do que em PE a termo (35,9%). Da mesma forma, as concentrações de TNF-α, sFlt-1 e sEng, bem como as razões TNF-α/IL-10 e sFlt-1/PlGF foram significativamente maiores no grupo de PE pré-termo. Em contraste, as concentrações de PlGF, VEGF e IL-10 foram significativamente menores em mulheres com PE pré-termo. Correlações negativas entre TNF-α e IL-10 (r = 0.5232) e entre PlGF e sFlt1 (r = 0.4158) foram detectadas no grupo de PE pré-termo. Conclusão Em gestantes com PE pré-termo, ocorre um desequilíbrio entre os marcadores imunológicos, com predomínio de fatores antiangiogênicos e TNF-α, associados a desfechos clínicos maternos adversos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Pre-Eclampsia , Biomarkers , Antigens, CD , Cytokines , Receptors, Cell Surface , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-1 , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents , Placenta Growth Factor
2.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(9): e10842, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249339

ABSTRACT

Regeneration of injured peripheral nerves is an extremely complex process. Nogo-A (neurite outgrowth inhibitor-A) inhibits axonal regeneration by interacting with Nogo receptor in the myelin sheath of the central nervous system (CNS). The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Nogo-A and its receptor on the repair of sciatic nerve injury in rats. Sprague-Dawley rats (n=96) were randomly divided into 4 groups: control group (control), sciatic nerve transection group (model), immediate repair group (immediate repair), and delayed repair group (delayed repair). The rats were euthanized 1 week and 6 weeks after operation. The injured end tissues of the spinal cord and sciatic nerve were obtained. The protein expressions of Nogo-A and Nogo-66 receptor (NgR) were detected by immunohistochemistry. The protein expressions of Nogo-A, NgR, and Ras homolog family member A (RhoA) were detected by western blot. At 1 week after operation, the pathological changes in the immediate repaired group were less, and the protein expressions of Nogo-A, NgR, and RhoA in the spinal cord and sciatic nerve tissues were decreased (P<0.05) compared with the model group. After 6 weeks, the pathological changes in the immediate repair group and the delayed repair group were alleviated and the protein expressions decreased (P<0.05). The situation of the immediate repair group was better than that of the delayed repair group. Our data suggest that the expression of Nogo-A and its receptor increased after sciatic nerve injury, indicating that Nogo-A and its receptor play an inhibitory role in the repair process of sciatic nerve injury in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Receptors, Cell Surface , Myelin Proteins , Sciatic Nerve , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , GPI-Linked Proteins , Nogo Proteins , Nerve Regeneration
3.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 54: e0008-22021, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155584

ABSTRACT

Abstract We describe the first report of a patient with chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis associated with disseminated and recurrent paracoccidioidomycosis. The investigation demonstrated that the patient had a mannose receptor deficiency, which would explain the patient's susceptibility to chronic infection by Candida spp. and systemic infection by paracoccidioidomycosis. Mannose receptors are responsible for an important link between macrophages and fungal cells during phagocytosis. Deficiency of this receptor could explain the susceptibility to both fungal species, suggesting the impediment of the phagocytosis of these fungi in our patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Paracoccidioidomycosis/complications , Paracoccidioidomycosis/diagnosis , Candidiasis, Chronic Mucocutaneous/complications , Candidiasis, Chronic Mucocutaneous/genetics , Receptors, Cell Surface , Lectins, C-Type , Mannose-Binding Lectins
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879632

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a fetus with renal abnormalities through whole exome sequencing and imaging examination.@*METHODS@#Clinical data and result of medical imaging of the fetus was collected. Amniotic fluid sample was collected for the extraction of fetal DNA. Whole exome sequencing was carried out. Candidate variants were verified by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Prenatal ultrasonography showed that the fetus had bilateral enlargement of the kidneys with hyperechogenicity and diffuse renal cysts. Whole exome sequencing revealed that the fetus carried compound heterozygous variants of the PKHD1 gene, namely c.5137G>T and c.2335_2336delCA, which were derived from its mother and father, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The fetus was diagnosed with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease through combined prenatal ultrasonography and whole exome sequencing. The compound heterozygous variants of the PKHD1 gene probably underlay the pathogenesis in the fetus. The results have enabled prenatal diagnosis and genetic counseling for its parents.


Subject(s)
Female , Genetic Testing , Humans , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive/genetics , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Receptors, Cell Surface/genetics , Whole Exome Sequencing
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921961

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology of a fetus with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD).@*METHODS@#Prenatal ultrasonography has revealed oligohydramnios and abnormal structure of fetal kidneys. After careful counseling, the couple opted induced abortion. With informed consent, genomic DNA was extracted from the muscle sample of the abortus and peripheral blood samples of the couple. High throughput whole exome sequencing was carried out to detect potential variants in relation with the disease. Suspected variants were verified by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Prenatal ultrasound revealed increased size of fetal kidneys, with multiple hyperechos from the right kidney, and multiple hyperechos with anechoic masses within the left kidney. DNA sequencing revealed that the fetus has carried heterozygous variants of the PKHD1 gene, including c.7994T>C inherited from its father, and two heterozygous variants of the PKHD1 gene c.5681G>A from its mother.@*CONCLUSION@#The compound heterozygous c.7994T>C and c.5681G>A variants of the PKHD1 gene probably underlay the pathogenesis of ARPKD in this fetus. Above results can provide guidance for subsequent pregnancies of the couple.


Subject(s)
Female , Fetus , Genetic Testing , Humans , Mutation , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive/genetics , Pregnancy , Receptors, Cell Surface/genetics
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4373-4381, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921513

ABSTRACT

Lager yeast is the most popular yeast strain used for beer production in China. The flocculation of yeast plays an important role in cell separation at the end of fermentation. Therefore, appropriately enhancing the flocculation capability of the lager yeast without affecting its fermentation performance would be desirable for beer industry. Our previous study showed that the defect of gene RIM21 might contribute to the enhanced flocculation capability of a lager yeast G03. To further investigate the role of the RIM21 gene in flocculation of strain G03, this study constructed a RIM21-deleted mutant strain G03-RIM21Δ through homologous recombination. Deletion of RIM21 improved the flocculation capability of strain G03 during wort fermentation at 11 °C without changing its fermentation performance significantly. The expression of FLO5, Lg-FLO1 and some other genes involved in cell wall integrity pathway were up-regulated in strain G03-RIM21Δ. In addition, the disruption of RIM21 enhanced resistance of yeast cells to cell wall inhibitors. These results provide a basis for elucidating the flocculation mechanism of lager yeast under low-temperature fermentation conditions.


Subject(s)
Beer , Fermentation , Flocculation , Receptors, Cell Surface , Saccharomyces/metabolism , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolism , Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins/metabolism
7.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 7(1): 69-77, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179284

ABSTRACT

According to data from studies, antioxidant herbal compounds are, likely to have a useful role in reducing the harmful effects of environmental pollutants and toxic chemicals that most people are exposed to. Cadmium is one of the toxic elements that accumulate in many organs, especially in kidneys. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of crocin on the expression of PKHD1 and KLLN genes in cadmium-treated rats.In this experimental study, 40 adults male Wistar rats (200-250 g) were randomly divided into the following groups: control group received normal saline, cadmium group (15mg/kg), crocin group (20mg/kg) and cadmium group daily fed with crocin at a dose of 20 mg/kg.After eight weeks of treatment, rats were dissected, and kidney tissues were removed for evaluation of PKHD1 and KLLN gene expression by real time method. The data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and significant difference between groups was P<0.05.Our results showed an increase in PKHD1 gene expression and a decrease in KLLN gene expression in kidney tissue in the cadmium group compared to the control group (P <0.001).Also, a significant decrease in PKHD1 gene expression (P <0.001) and an increase in KLLN gene expression P <0.05) were observed in the tissues of all cadmium-treated rats compared to cadmium.Crocin consumption can have a protective effect against the impaired expression of PKHD1 and KLLN cadmium-induced apoptotic pathway.


Diversos estudios sugieren que compuestos antioxidantes de hierbas tienen un papel útil en la reducción de los efectos nocivos de los contaminantes ambientales y los químicos tóxicos a los que está expuesta la mayoría de las personas. El cadmio es uno de los elementos tóxicos que se acumulan en muchos órganos, especialmente en los riñones. El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar el efecto de la crocina en la expresión de los genes PKHD1 y KLLN en ratas tratadas con cadmio.En este estudio experimental, 40 ratas Wistar macho adultas (200-250 g) se dividieron aleatoriamente en los siguientes grupos: el grupo de control recibió solución salina normal, el grupo de cadmio (15 mg / kg), el grupo de crocina (20 mg / kg) y el grupo de cadmio alimentado diariamente con crocina a una dosis de 20 mg / kg.Después de ocho semanas de tratamiento, se disecaron las ratas y se extrajeron los tejidos renales para evaluar la expresión de los genes PKHD1 y KLLN mediante un método en tiempo real. Los datos se analizaron mediante ANOVA de una vía y la diferencia significativa entre los grupos fue P <0,05.Nuestros resultados mostraron un aumento en la expresión del gen PKHD1 y una disminución en la expresión del gen KLLN en el tejido renal en el grupo de cadmio en comparación con el grupo de control (P <0,001).Además, se observó una disminución significativa en la expresión del gen PKHD1 (P <0,001) y un aumento en la expresión del gen KLLN P <0,05) en los tejidos de todas las ratas tratadas con cadmio en comparación con el cadmio.El consumo de crocina puede tener un efecto protector contra la expresión alterada de la vía apoptótica inducida por cadmio PKHD1 y KLLN.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cadmium/therapeutic use , Carotenoids/pharmacology , Receptors, Cell Surface/genetics , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/genetics , Rats, Wistar , Kidney Neoplasms/drug therapy
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828487

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To provide data support for the study of pathogenic mechanism of SARS-CoV-2 at the molecular level, and provide suitable candidate targets for vaccine, antibody and drug research and development through comparative analysis for structural characteristics and epitopes of S protein of SARS-CoV-2 and SARS-CoV.@*METHODS@#Based on the reference sequences of S protein, physical and chemical properties, hydrophobicity, signal peptide, transmembrane region, domain, secondary structure, tertiary structure analysis and antigenic epitopes prediction were carried out. Meanwhile, the tissue expression, related pathways and reactome pathways of angiotensis Ⅰ converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) and C-type lectin domain family 4 member M (CLEC4M) receptors were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The amino acid sequence of S protein of SARS-CoV-2 and SARS-CoV has a 75.80% consistency. The structural characteristics of the two coronaviruses are highly consistent, but the secondary structure and tertiary structure of SARS-CoV-2 is not as obvious as SARS-CoV. ACE2 and CLEC4M are expressed in alimentary system, heart, kidney, lung and placenta. The main related the pathways of renin-angiotensin system, protein digestion and absorption pathway, and the reactome pathways of metabolism of angiotensinogen to angiotensins, GPCR ligand binding, are related to typical symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019 induced by SARS-CoV-2. Three pairs of highly or completely homologous epitopes of S protein were obtained. The 600-605, 695-703 and 888-896 amino acid residues in SARS-CoV-2 were highly homologous with 586-591, 677-685 and 870-878 amino acid residues in SARS-CoV, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The similarity of S protein of SARS-CoV-2 and SARS-CoV determines that they have similar infection patterns and clinical manifestations. The candidate epitopes with high reliability can provide reference for virus diagnosis and vaccine development.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Coronavirus Infections , Epitopes , Humans , Lectins, C-Type , Ligands , Pandemics , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A , Pneumonia, Viral , Receptors, Cell Surface , Receptors, Virus , Reproducibility of Results , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus
9.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e047, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001602

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate macrophage M1 and M2 subpopulations in radicular cysts (RCs) and periapical granulomas (PGs) and relate them to clinical and morphological aspects. M1 macrophages were evaluated by the percentage of CD68 immunostaining associated with the inflammatory cytokine TNF-α, and M2 macrophages, by its specific CD163 antibody. The CD68+/CD163+ ratio was adopted to distinguish between the two macrophage subpopulations. Clinical, radiographic, symptomatology, treatment, and morphological parameters of lesions were collected and a significance level of p = 0.05 was adopted for statistical analysis. The results showed that the CD68+/CD163+ ratio was higher in the RCs (median = 1.22, p = 0.002), and the highest TNF-α immunostaining scores were found in RCs (p = 0.018); in PGs, the CD68+/CD163+ ratio was lower and associated with a greater CD163+ immunostaining (median = 1.02, p <0.001). The TNF-α in cyst epithelium had a score of 3 in 10 cases and predominance of M1 macrophages by CD68+/CD163+ (median = 2.23). In addition, CD68+ cells had higher percentage of immunostaining in smaller RCs (p = 0.034). Our findings suggest that increased CD68 immunostaining associated with TNF-α cytokine in RCs results in a greater differentiation of the M1 phenotype. The higher CD163 immunostaining in PGs results in greater differentiation of the M2 phenotype. Therefore, the inflammatory state promoted by M1 macrophages is related to growth and progression of RCs; on the other hand, the immunomodulatory state of M2 macrophages is related to maintenance of PGs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Periapical Granuloma/pathology , Radicular Cyst/pathology , Macrophages/pathology , Reference Values , Immunohistochemistry , Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic/analysis , Antigens, CD/analysis , Chronic Disease , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Receptors, Cell Surface/analysis , Statistics, Nonparametric , Middle Aged
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781328

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The phenotype and genetics of three patients with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) at childhood, teenage and advanced age were analyzed.@*METHODS@#Next generation sequencing (NGS) was applied to all the probands. PCR and Sanger sequencing were used to verify the suspicious gene variants screened by NGS in the probands and their family members, and one of the family got prenatal diagnosis.@*RESULTS@#Through NGS, PCR and Sanger sequencing, the 5-yr proband in pedigree 1 was shown to carry compound heterozygous variants of c.5935G>A(p.G1979R) and c.5428G>T(p.E1810X) of PKHD1, originated from his parents; In pedigree 2, the 17-ys proband was detected with c.5512T>C(p.Y1838H) and c.5935G>A(p.G1979R) variants of PKHD1 orginated from her parents, and her mother also got prenatal diagnosis during the second trimester; In pedigree 3, the 70-ys female proband was found with variants c.11314C>T (p.R3772X) and c.3860T>G (p.V1287G) of PKHD1.@*CONCLUSION@#The three pedigrees were diagnosed as ARPKD caused by PKHD1 variants. Five types of variants were detected, c.5935G>A and c.11314C>T were the known pathogenic variants, while c.5512T>C, c.5428G>T and c.3860T>G were not reported previously. Considering the complexity of the genetics and phenotypes of the cystic renal diseases, genetic diagnosis is crucial to give accurate etiological diagnosis, which may benefit the clinic management.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Aged , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Mutation , Phenotype , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive , Genetics , Pregnancy , Receptors, Cell Surface , Genetics
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776811

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect potential mutations of the PKHD1 gene in two pedigrees affected with infantile polycystic kidney disease.@*METHODS@#Clinical data and peripheral venous blood samples were collected from the probands and their parents as well as fetal amniotic fluid cells. Genome DNA was extracted from the peripheral blood samples and amniotic fluid cells. Exons 32 and 61 of the PKHD1 gene were amplified with PCR and subjected to direct sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The proband of pedigree 1 was found to carry c.4274T>G (p.Leu1425Arg) mutation in exon 32 and c.10445G>C (p.Arg3482Pro) mutation in exon 61 of the PKHD1 gene, which were inherited from her father and mother, respectively. The fetus has carried the c.4274T>G (p.Leu1425Arg) mutation. In pedigree 2, the wife and her husband had respectively carried a heterozygous c.5979_5981delTGG mutation and a c.9455delA mutation of the PKHD1 gene. No chromosomal aberration was found in the umbilical blood sample, but the genetic testing of their fetus was failed. Based on software prediction, all of the 4 mutations were predicted to be pathogenic.@*CONCLUSION@#PKHD1 c.4274T>G (p.Leu1425Arg), c.10445G>C (p.Arg3482Pro), c.5979_5981delTGG and c.9455delA were likely to be pathogenic mutations. The results have facilitated genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for the two pedigrees.


Subject(s)
DNA Mutational Analysis , Female , Genetic Counseling , Humans , Mutation , Pedigree , Polycystic Kidney Diseases , Diagnosis , Genetics , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Receptors, Cell Surface
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691036

ABSTRACT

<p><b>PURPOSE</b>Macrophages are known to be important for healing numerous injured tissues depending on their functional phenotypes in response to different stimuli. The objective of this study was to reveal macrophage phenotypic changes involved in exercise-induced skeletal muscle injury and regeneration.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats experienced one session of downhill running (16° decline, 16 m/min) for 90 min. After exercise the blood and soleus muscles were collected at 0 h, 6 h, 12 h, 1 d, 2 d, 3 d, 1 w and 2 w after exercise, separately.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>It was showed that CD68 M1 macrophages mainly infiltrated into muscle necrotic sites at 1-3 d, while CD163 M2 macrophages were present in muscles from 0 h to 2 weeks after exercise. Using transmission electron microscopy, we observed activated satellite cells 1 d after exercise. Th1-associated transcripts of iNOS and Ccl2 were inhibited post exercise, while COX-2 mRNA was dramatically increased 12 h after running (p < 0.01). M2 phenotype marker Arg-1 increased 12 h and 3 d (p < 0.05, p < 0.01) after exercise, and Clec10a and Mrc2 were up-regulated in muscles 12 h following exercise (p < 0.05, p < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The data demonstrate the dynamic patterns of macrophage phenotype in skeletal muscle upon eccentric exercise stimuli, and M1 and M2 phenotypes perform different functions during exercise-induced skeletal muscle injury and recovery.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antigens, CD , Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic , Macrophages , Physiology , Male , Muscle, Skeletal , Wounds and Injuries , Pathology , Myoglobin , Blood , Phenotype , Physical Conditioning, Animal , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Cell Surface
13.
Oncol. (Guayaquil) ; 27(3): 253-258, 30 diciembre 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-998928

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La quimioterapia neoadyuvante es ampliamente aceptada como tratamiento de elección en cáncer de mama localmente avanzado. El objetivo de la presente comunicación corta es conocer la tasa de respuesta completa patológica (pRC) luego de neoadyuvancia, la frecuencia de cirugía conservadora, así como también el porcentaje de la sobrevida. Métodos: Ingresaron al estudio pacientes con cáncer de mama que recibieron tratamiento de quimioterapia neoadyuvante y luego sometidas a cirugía, fueron analizadas retrospectivamente usando historias clínicas desde enero 2009 hasta diciembre 2011 en el Instituto Oncológico Nacional Dr. ¨Juan Tanca Marengo¨ Solca-Guayaquil, se excluyeron pacientes sin suficiente información clínica y aquellas tratadas en otros centros. El procesamiento de datos se realizó mediante un sistema estadístico SPSS v20. Resultados: 1367 pacientes con cáncer de mama fueron diagnosticadas desde el año 2009-2011, se excluyeron aquellas que no reunieron los criterios de inclusión. 200 pacientes evaluables recibieron quimioterapia neoadyuvante y fueron operadas. La edad promedio al diagnóstico fue de 51 años (rango 26-79 años), el tipo histológico ductal Infiltrante fue el más frecuente 185 (92.5 %), Lobular 10 (5 %), Medular 4 (2 %) y metaplásico 1 (0.5 %). El Grado histológico II 143 (71.5 %), Grado histológico III 30 (15 %). En Estadio I: 1 (0.5 %), IIA: 25 (12.5 %), IIB: 42 (21 %), IIIA: 58 (28 %), IIIB: 69 (34.5 %), IIIC: 5 (2.5 %). Conclusión: El cáncer de mama es un grupo heterogéneo, la mayoría de pacientes acuden con enfermedad avanzada (65 %), respuesta patológica completa (16.5 %) luego de neoadyuvancia es muy similar a la obtenida en otros estudios, como es conocido el grupo triple negativo obtuvo los mejores resultados (25 %) y una mejoría en el porcentaje de la sobrevida global en este subgrupo, es importante completar el protocolo de neoadyyuvancia previo a la cirugía para aumentar la tasa de pRC y así como también la cirugía conservadora (10 %) que es el objetivo primario en neoadyuvancia.


Introduction: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy is widely accepted as the treatment of choice in locally advanced breast cancer. The objective of this short communication is to know the pathological complete response rate (pRC) after neoadjuvant, the frequency of conservative surgery, as well as the percentage of survival. Methods: Patients with breast cancer who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy treatment and then underwent surgery, were retrospectively analyzed using clinical histories from January 2009 to December 2011 at the National Cancer Institute "Dr. Juan Tanca Marengo" Solca-Guayaquil, were excluded from the study patients without sufficient clinical information and those treated in other centers. Data processing was performed using a statistical system SPSS v20. Results: 1367 patients with breast cancer were diagnosed from the year 2009-2011, those who did not meet the inclusion criteria were excluded. 200 evaluable patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy and were operated on. The average age at diagnosis was 51 years (range 26-79 years), the intracranial ductal histological type was the most frequent 185 (92.5 %), Lobular 10 (5 %), Medular 4 (2 %) and metaplastic 1 (0.5 %). The histological grade II 143 (71.5 %), histological grade III 30 (15 %). In Stage I: 1 (0.5 %), IIA: 25 (12.5 %), IIB: 42 (21 %), IIIA: 58 (28 %), IIIB: 69 (34.5 %), IIIC: 5 (2.5 %). Conclusion: Breast cancer is a heterogeneous group, most patients come with advanced disease (65 %), complete pathological response (16.5 %) after neoadjuvant is very similar to that obtained in other studies, as is known the triple negative group obtained the best results (25 %) and an improvement in the percentage of overall survival in this subgroup, it is important to complete the neoadjuvant protocol prior to surgery to increase the pRC rate as well as conservative surgery (10 %) it is the primary objective in neoadjuvant.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms , Ki-67 Antigen , Drug Therapy, Combination , Receptors, Cell Surface , Genes, erbB-2 , Anthracyclines
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-131560

ABSTRACT

Sphingosylphosphorylcholine (SPC) is one of the bioactive phospholipids that has many cellular functions such as cell migration, adhesion, proliferation, angiogenesis, and Ca²⁺ signaling. Recent studies have reported that SPC induces invasion of breast cancer cells via matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) secretion leading to WNT activation. Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) is a matricellular and calcium-binding protein that binds to a wide variety of integrin and non-integrin cell surface receptors. It regulates cell proliferation, migration, and apoptosis in inflammation, angiogenesis and neoplasia. TSP-1 promotes aggressive phenotype via epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT). The relationship between SPC and TSP-1 is unclear. We found SPC induced EMT leading to mesenchymal morphology, decrease of E-cadherin expression and increases of N-cadherin and vimentin. SPC induced secretion of thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) during SPC-induced EMT of various breast cancer cells. Gene silencing of TSP-1 suppressed SPC-induced EMT as well as migration and invasion of MCF10A cells. An extracellular signal-regulated kinase inhibitor, PD98059, significantly suppressed the secretion of TSP-1, expressions of N-cadherin and vimentin, and decrease of E-cadherin in MCF10A cells. ERK2 siRNA suppressed TSP-1 secretion and EMT. From online PROGgene V2, relapse free survival is low in patients having high TSP-1 expressed breast cancer. Taken together, we found that SPC induced EMT and TSP-1 secretion via ERK2 signaling pathway. These results suggests that SPC-induced TSP-1 might be a new target for suppression of metastasis of breast cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Breast Neoplasms , Cadherins , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Gene Silencing , Humans , Inflammation , Neoplasm Metastasis , Phenotype , Phospholipids , Phosphotransferases , Receptors, Cell Surface , Recurrence , RNA, Small Interfering , Thrombospondin 1 , Vimentin
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-131558

ABSTRACT

Sphingosylphosphorylcholine (SPC) is one of the bioactive phospholipids that has many cellular functions such as cell migration, adhesion, proliferation, angiogenesis, and Ca²⁺ signaling. Recent studies have reported that SPC induces invasion of breast cancer cells via matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) secretion leading to WNT activation. Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) is a matricellular and calcium-binding protein that binds to a wide variety of integrin and non-integrin cell surface receptors. It regulates cell proliferation, migration, and apoptosis in inflammation, angiogenesis and neoplasia. TSP-1 promotes aggressive phenotype via epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT). The relationship between SPC and TSP-1 is unclear. We found SPC induced EMT leading to mesenchymal morphology, decrease of E-cadherin expression and increases of N-cadherin and vimentin. SPC induced secretion of thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) during SPC-induced EMT of various breast cancer cells. Gene silencing of TSP-1 suppressed SPC-induced EMT as well as migration and invasion of MCF10A cells. An extracellular signal-regulated kinase inhibitor, PD98059, significantly suppressed the secretion of TSP-1, expressions of N-cadherin and vimentin, and decrease of E-cadherin in MCF10A cells. ERK2 siRNA suppressed TSP-1 secretion and EMT. From online PROGgene V2, relapse free survival is low in patients having high TSP-1 expressed breast cancer. Taken together, we found that SPC induced EMT and TSP-1 secretion via ERK2 signaling pathway. These results suggests that SPC-induced TSP-1 might be a new target for suppression of metastasis of breast cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Breast Neoplasms , Cadherins , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Gene Silencing , Humans , Inflammation , Neoplasm Metastasis , Phenotype , Phospholipids , Phosphotransferases , Receptors, Cell Surface , Recurrence , RNA, Small Interfering , Thrombospondin 1 , Vimentin
16.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 106(2): 145-152, Feb. 2016. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-775088

ABSTRACT

Abstract ST2 is a member of the interleukin-1 receptor family biomarker and circulating soluble ST2 concentrations are believed to reflect cardiovascular stress and fibrosis. Recent studies have demonstrated soluble ST2 to be a strong predictor of cardiovascular outcomes in both chronic and acute heart failure. It is a new biomarker that meets all required criteria for a useful biomarker. Of note, it adds information to natriuretic peptides (NPs) and some studies have shown it is even superior in terms of risk stratification. Since the introduction of NPs, this has been the most promising biomarker in the field of heart failure and might be particularly useful as therapy guide.


Resumo ST2 é um biomarcador pertencente à família dos receptores de interleucina-1 e concentrações do ST2 solúvel refletem fibrose e estresse cardiovascular. Estudos recentes demonstram que o ST2 solúvel é um forte preditor de desfechos cardiovasculares em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca crônica e aguda. Trata-se de um novo biomarcador que preenche critérios necessários para uso na prática clínica. Ele acrescenta informação aos peptídeos natriuréticos (PNs) e em alguns estudos tem sido até superior a estes em relação à estratificação de risco. Desde a introdução dos PNs, este é o biomarcador mais promissor na área de insuficiência cardíaca e pode vir a ser particularmente útil para guiar a terapia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Heart Failure/blood , Heart Failure/therapy , Receptors, Cell Surface/blood , Biomarkers/blood , Disease Management , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Prognosis , Reference Values , Risk Assessment/methods , Solubility , Time Factors
17.
Recife; s.n; 2016. 92 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-871424

ABSTRACT

Lysinibacillus sphaericus (Lsp) e uma bacteria entomopatogena que produz a toxina Binaria (Bin) com atividade larvicida para culicideos. A sua acao em Culex quinquefasciatus depende da ligacao da toxina Bin a alfa-glicosidase (Aglu) Cqm1, que atua como receptor no epitelio intestinal de larvas. Na colonia R2362, foram caracterizados dois alelos de resistencia ao Lsp: cqm1REC e cqm1REC-2, cujas mutacoes impedem a expressao da Aglu Cqm1. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a atividade catalitica da Cqm1 e comparar a atividade alfa-glicosidase e o desenvolvimento pre-imaginal de larvas de individuos susceptiveis (S) e resistentes (R) para cada alelo. Para isto, foram avaliados os seguintes parametros: atividade catalitica da Cqm1 recombinante; padrao de transcricao de outras Aglus paralogas a Cqm1; atividade de Aglus nativas em larvas; sobrevivencia de individuos frente a diferentes dietas. A Aglu Cqm1 mostrou atividade enzimatica otima a 37o C, pH 7,5-8,0 e utilizando o substrato sintetico pNalfaG. A atividade alfa-glicosidase total em larvas S e R foi similar, apesar da ausencia de expressao da Cqm1 nas larvas R. A investigacao in silico revelou 18 proteinas paralogas a Cqm1 e, dentre 11 investigadas, nove sao expressas em larvas S e R. A analise quantitativa de tres paralogas demonstrou que duas tem um padrao de transcricao mais elevado em larvas resistentes, sugerindo a existencia de um mecanismo de compensacao de expressao de alfa-glicosidases. O desenvolvimento pre-imaginal de larvas S foi decrescente nas seguintes dietas: racao de gatos, racao de peixes, leite desnatado, extrato de levedura e sacarose. De uma forma global, a taxa de sobrevivencia de larvas R foi inferior a S em todas as dietas testadas. Os dados obtidos mostram que as mutacoes ligadas aos alelos cqm1REC e cqm1REC-2 nao parecem impactar a atividade Aglu nas larvas e que o custo biologico observado poderia estar relacionado a outros genes e vias metabolicas.


Subject(s)
Animals , alpha-Glucosidases , Bacterial Toxins , Bacillus/pathogenicity , Culex , Culex/genetics , Mutation/genetics , Receptors, Cell Surface/metabolism , Insecticide Resistance/genetics
18.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e95, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952056

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of this study was to analyze the presence of tumor-associated macrophage (TAM) subpopulations M1 and M2 in squamous cell carcinoma of the lower lip (SCCLL) by immunohistochemitry, and to evaluate the possible role of these subtypes in the development of regional lymph node metastasis and their association with clinical and pathological parameters. Forty-two cases of SCCLL were divided into two groups (21 with and 21 without regional lymph node metastasis). The histopathological grade of malignancy was determined and the material was submitted to double staining with anti-CD68/anti-CD163 and anti-CD68/anti-HLA-DR monoclonal antibodies. The results were analyzed statistically using the Wilcoxon signed-rank and Spearman correlation tests. The M1 and M2 subpopulations were observed in all cases studied. No significant difference was observed between the quantities of M1 and M2 TAMs regarding tumor size (p > 0.05). A significantly larger number of M2 compared to M1 TAMs was observed in tumors without regional lymph node metastasis, tumors in early stages, and low-grade tumors (p < 0.05). No significant difference between the numbers of M1 and M2 TAMs was observed in tumors with regional lymph node metastasis, tumors in advanced stages, and high-grade tumors (p > 0.05). There was a positive weak correlation between M1 and M2 TAMs (r = 0.361; p = 0.019). The results suggest a more important role of M2 TAMs in early stages than advanced stages of lip carcinogenesis. The progression of SCCLL does not seem to be related to an imbalance of macrophage polarization in the microenvironment of these tumors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Lip Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Macrophages/pathology , Reference Values , Immunohistochemistry , Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic , HLA-DR Antigens , Antigens, CD , Cell Count , Retrospective Studies , Paraffin Embedding , Receptors, Cell Surface , Statistics, Nonparametric , Neoplasm Grading , Carcinogenesis , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Staging
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345386

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze PKHD1 gene mutation in a family affected with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral and cord blood samples obtained from the parents and the fetus. Potential mutations were identified using targeted exome sequencing and confirmed by Sanger sequencing. Pathogenicity of the mutation was analyzed using PolyPhen-2 and SIFT software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compound heterozygous mutations of c.11314C>T (p.Arg3772*) and a novel missense c.889T>A (p.Cys297Ser) of the PKHD1 gene were identified in the fetus. The mother was found to have carried the c.11314C>T mutation, while the father was found to have carried the c.889T>A mutation. PolyPhen-2 and SIFT predicted that the c.889T>A mutation is probably damaging.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A novel mutation in PKHD1 gene was detected in our ARPKD family. Compound heterozygous PKHD1 mutations were elucidated to be the molecular basis for the fetus affected with ARPKD, which has facilitated genetic counseling and implement of prenatal diagnosis for the family.</p>


Subject(s)
Abortion, Eugenic , Adult , Amino Acid Sequence , Base Sequence , DNA Mutational Analysis , Family Health , Fatal Outcome , Female , Fetal Diseases , Diagnostic Imaging , Genetics , Fetus , Congenital Abnormalities , Metabolism , Humans , Male , Mutation , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive , Diagnostic Imaging , Embryology , Genetics , Pregnancy , Receptors, Cell Surface , Genetics , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Methods
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-749685

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the influences of staphylococcus aureus in planktonic and biofilm forms on the expression of lysozyme, SLPI and gp340 in the human sinonasal explant model.@*METHOD@#Mucosa samples from ethmoid sinus were collected from ten patients of cerebrospinal fluid leak and were cultured with and without S. aureus biofilms and planktonic cells. After the infection, the explant model was confirmed by CLSM, and the secretion of lysozyme, SLPI and gp340 was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) at 8, 16, and 24 h after S. aureus challenge. Expressions of lysozyme, SLPI and gp340 in mRNA and protein levels after 24 h S. aureus challenge were detected using RT-PCR, immunohistochemistry and Western bolt assay respectively.@*RESULT@#The secretion of lysozyme, SLPI and gp340 in the explant model was observed with a trend to increase in a time-dependent manner. At 8 and 16 h after S. aureus challenge, the secretion of lysozyme, SLPI and gp340 in biofilms group was significantly higher than these in planktonic cells group and control group (P 0.05), the biofilms enhanced the expressions of lysozyme, SLPI and gp340 significantly compared with planktonic cells and controls (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#S. aureus biofilm induced the expressions of lysozyme, SLPI and gp340 to a higher level than planktonic cells, indicating that S. aureus biofilm was an influencing factor on the innate immune system.


Subject(s)
Biofilms , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Ethmoid Sinus , Metabolism , Microbiology , Humans , Immunity, Innate , Muramidase , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Receptors, Cell Surface , Metabolism , Secretory Leukocyte Peptidase Inhibitor , Metabolism , Staphylococcal Infections , Metabolism , Tissue Culture Techniques
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL