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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887900

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the expression and significance of leucine-rich repeat-containing G-protein coupled receptor(LGR)5/6 in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia(ALL). Methods A total of 39 children who had ALL and achieved complete remission on day 33 after induction therapy were enrolled.The children before induction therapy were considered as the incipient group,and those who achieved complete remission on day 33 by induction therapy were considered as the remission group.According to the degree of risk,they were assigned into 3 groups:low-risk(


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Leucine , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/genetics , Wnt Signaling Pathway
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887761

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To identify the alternative splicing isoform of mouse sweet taste receptor T1R2, and investigate the effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) local injection on T1R2 alternative splicing and the function of sweet taste receptor as one of the bacterial virulence factors.@*METHODS@#After mouse taste bud tissue isolation was conducted, RNA extraction and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were performed to identify the splicing isoform of T1R2. Heterologous expression experiments @*RESULTS@#T1R2 splicing isoform T1R2_Δe3p formed sweet taste receptors with T1R3, which could not be activated by sweet taste stimuli and significantly downregulated the function of canonical T1R2/T1R3. Local LPS injection significantly increased the expression ratio of T1R2_Δe3p in mouse taste buds.@*CONCLUSIONS@#LPS stimulation affects the alternative splicing of mouse sweet taste receptor T1R2 and significantly upregulates the expression of non-functional isoform T1R2_Δe3p, suggesting that T1R2 alternative splicing regulation may be one of the mechanisms by which microbial infection affects host taste perception.


Subject(s)
Alternative Splicing , Animals , Lipopolysaccharides , Mice , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/metabolism , Taste , Taste Buds
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878904

ABSTRACT

Hypertension is a clinical syndrome characterized by elevated systemic arterial blood pressure, which may be accompanied by functional or organic damage of heart, brain, kidney and other organs. The pathogenesis and development of hypertension are affected by genetic, environmental, epigenetic, intestinal microbiota and other factors. They are the result of multiple factors that promote the change of blood pressure level and vascular resistance. G protein coupled receptors(GPCRs) are the largest and most diverse superfamily of transmembrane receptors that transmit signals across cell membranes and mediate a large number of cellular responses required by human physiology. A variety of GPCRs are involved in the control of blood pressure and the maintenance of normal function of cardiovascular system. Hypertension contributes to the damages of heart, brain, kidney, intestine and other organs. Many GPCRs are expressed in various organs to regulate blood pressure. Although many GPCRs have been used as therapeutic targets for hypertension, their efficacy has not been fully studied. The purpose of this paper is to elucidate the role of GPCRs in blood pressure regulation and its distribution in target organs. The relationship between GPCRs related to intestinal microorganisms and blood pressure is emphasized. It is proposed that traditional Chinese medicine may be a new way to treat hypertension by regulating the related GPCRs via intestinal microbial metabolites.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , GTP-Binding Proteins , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Humans , Hypertension/genetics , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/metabolism
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879942

ABSTRACT

To investigate the expression of xenotropic and polytropic retrovirus receptor 1 () in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) and its clinical implication. The HPA and UALCAN databases were used to explore the expression of XPR1 in PTC and normal tissues. The cBioPortal database was used to obtain the clinical data of PTC patients and gene expression profile. The correlation of expression with gender,age,sub-types,T stage,N stage,M stage and clinical stage of patients were analyzed. Cox regression was conducted to analysis the factors affecting the prognosis of PTC patients. The mutation of was assessed through cBioPortal database. GO and KEGG analyses were used to explore the related biological pathway of involved in PTC. HPA database analysis showed that XPR1 was highly expressed in PTC tissue compared with normal tissues. UALCAN analysis displayed that expression was significantly higher in PTC tissue compared with normal tissues (0.05). Cox regression analysis showed that was an independent prognostic factor of PTC patients (=2.894,<0.05). The cBioPortal database indicated that the mutation appeared in 6% PTC patients; the mutation type mainly was missense and the mutation point was located at the E615K. Enrichment analysis indicated that might affect the PTC progression through involvement in metabolic pathway. is highly expressed in PTC tissues,which is associated with the prognosis of patients. Metabolic pathway associated with might play an important role in PTC progression,indicating that might be a novel biomarker for diagnosis and treatment of PTC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/genetics , Receptors, Virus/genetics , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/genetics , Thyroid Neoplasms/genetics
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881035

ABSTRACT

Taurochenodeoxycholic acid (TCDCA) is one of the main effective components of bile acid, playing critical roles in apoptosis and immune responses through the TGR5 receptor. In this study, we reveal the interaction between TCDCA and TGR5 receptor in TGR5-knockdown H1299 cells and the regulation of inflammation via the cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-protein kinase A (PKA)-cAMP response element binding (CREB) signal pathway in NR8383 macrophages. In TGR5-knockdown H1299 cells, TCDCA significantly activated cAMP level via TGR5 receptor, indicating TCDCA can bind to TGR5; in NR8383 macrophages TCDCA increased cAMP content compared to treatment with the adenylate cyclase (AC) inhibitor SQ22536. Moreover, activated cAMP can significantly enhance gene expression and protein levels of its downstream proteins PKA and CREB compared with groups of inhibitors. Additionally, TCDCA decreased tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6, IL-8 and IL-12 through nuclear factor kappa light chain enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) activity. PKA and CREB are primary regulators of anti-inflammatory and immune response. Our results thus demonstrate TCDCA plays an essential anti-inflammatory role via the signaling pathway of cAMP-PKA-CREB induced by TGR5 receptor.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line , Cyclic AMP/metabolism , Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein/metabolism , Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases/metabolism , Cytokines/metabolism , Humans , Inflammation , Macrophages , Rats , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/metabolism , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Taurochenodeoxycholic Acid/pharmacology
6.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 488-498, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827038

ABSTRACT

Primary cilium, widely distributed in mammalian central nervous system, is an important extracellular organelle of cells. The primary cilia contain a variety of ion channels, G-protein coupled receptors and different kinds of kinases, which indicates that primary cilia can detect extracellular signals and transduce them into cells to regulate various cellular and physiological processes. In humans, mutations of genes related to structure and function of primary cilia always cause various monogenetic diseases. Moreover, a series of neuropsychiatric diseases and neurodevelopmental dysplasia are caused by abnormal functions of G-protein coupled receptors, kinases and ion channels in primary cilia. This article reviews recent research progress on the role of primary cilia in related neurological diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Central Nervous System , Cilia , Humans , Ion Channels , Nervous System Diseases , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828690

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of pranlukast (Pran) on neonatal rats with periventricular leukomalacia (PVL).@*METHODS@#The rats, aged 3 days, were randomly divided into a sham-operation group, a PVL group, and a Pran group. A rat model of PVL was prepared by right common carotid artery ligation and postoperative hypoxia. The rats in the sham-operation group were given isolation of the right common carotid artery without ligation or hypoxic treatment. The rats in the Pran group were given intraperitoneal injection of Pran (0.1 mg/kg) once every 12 hours, for 3 consecutive days, and those in the sham-operation group and the PVL group were given intraperitoneal injection of an equal volume of normal saline. On day 14 after modeling, hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the pathological changes of brain tissue; immunofluorescent staining was used to measure the expression of myelin basic protein (MBP) in brain tissue (n=8); Western blot was used to measure the expression of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (CNPase), MBP, and G protein-coupled receptor 17 (GPR17) (n=8). On day 21 after modeling, Morris water maze test was used to evaluate the learning and memory abilities of rats in each group (n=8).@*RESULTS@#The results of HE staining showed that the PVL group had greater pathological changes of white matter than the sham-operation group, and compared with the PVL group, the Pran group had a significant improvement in such pathological changes. The results of immunofluorescence assay showed that the PVL group had a lower mean fluorescence intensity of MBP than the sham-operation group (P<0.05), and the Pran group had a higher mean fluorescence intensity of MBP than the PVL group (P<0.05). Western blot showed that compared with the sham-operation group, the PVL group had significantly lower relative expression of MBP and CNPase (P<0.05) and significantly higher relative expression of GPR17 (P<0.05), and compared with the PVL group, the Pran group had significantly higher relative expression of MBP and CNPase (P<0.05) and significantly lower relative expression of GPR17 (P<0.05). Morris water maze test showed that compared with the sham-operation group, the PVL group had a significant increase in escape latency and a significant reduction in the number of platform crossings, and compared with the PVL group, the Pran group had a significant reduction in escape latency and a significant increase in the number of platform crossings (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Pran can alleviate brain damage, promote myelination, and improve long-term learning and memory abilities in neonatal rats with PVL, possibly by reducing the expression of GPR17.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Chromones , Leukomalacia, Periventricular , Rats , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled
8.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO4560, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101099

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To investigate if ICI 182,780 (fulvestrant), a selective estrogen receptor alpha/beta (ERα/ERβ) antagonist, and G-1, a selective G-protein-coupled receptor (GPER) agonist, can potentially induce autophagy in breast cancer cell lines MCF-7 and SKBr3, and how G-1 affects cell viability. Methods Cell viability in MCF-7 and SKBr3 cells was assessed by the MTT assay. To investigate the autophagy flux, MCF-7 cells were transfected with GFP-LC3, a marker of autophagosomes, and analyzed by real-time fluorescence microscopy. MCF-7 and SKBr3 cells were incubated with acridine orange for staining of acidic vesicular organelles and analyzed by flow cytometry as an indicator of autophagy. Results Regarding cell viability in MCF-7 cells, ICI 182,780 and rapamycin, after 48 hours, led to decreased cell proliferation whereas G-1 did not change viability over the same period. The data showed that neither ICI 182,780 nor G-1 led to increased GFP-LC3 puncta in MCF-7 cells over the 4-hour observation period. The cytometry assay showed that ICI 182,780 led to a higher number of acidic vesicular organelles in MCF-7 cells. G-1, in turn, did not have this effect in any of the cell lines. In contrast, ICI 182,780 and G-1 did not decrease cell viability of SKBr3 cells or induce formation of acidic vesicular organelles, which corresponds to the final step of the autophagy process in this cell line. Conclusion The effect of ICI 182,780 on increasing acidic vesicular organelles in estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer cells appears to be associated with its inhibitory effect on estrogen receptors, and GPER does notseem to be involved. Understanding these mechanisms may guide further investigations of these receptors' involvement in cellular processes of breast cancer resistance.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar o efeito dos compostos ICI 182,780 (fulvestranto), um antagonista seletivo dos receptores de estrógeno alfa/beta (REα/REβ), e do G-1, um agonista seletivo de receptores de estrógeno acoplados a proteínas-G (GPER), na possível indução de autofagia em linhagens de câncer de mama MCF-7 e SKBr3, bem como o efeito de G-1 na viabilidade celular. Métodos A viabilidade celular de células MCF-7 e SKBr3 foi avaliada pelo ensaio com MTT. Para investigar a indução da autofagia, células MCF-7 foram transfectadas com GFP-LC3, um marcador de autofagossomos, e analisadas por microscopia de fluorescência em tempo real. As células MCF-7 e SKBr3 foram incubadas com o indicador de compartimentos ácidos laranja de acridina e analisadas por citometria de fluxo como indicativo para autofagia. Resultados Em células MCF-7, o ICI 182,780 e rapamicina após 48 horas levaram à diminuição da viabilidade celular, enquanto o G-1 não alterou a viabilidade no mesmo período de tratamento. Nem o ICI 182,780 e nem o G-1 induziram aumento na pontuação de GFP-LC3 em células MCF-7 até 4 horas. Já os ensaios de citometria de fluxo demonstraram que ICI 182,780 levou ao aumento de compartimentos ácidos em células MCF-7. O G-1 não aumentou estes parâmetros em ambas as linhagens. Por outro lado, ICI 182,780 e G-1 não induziram à redução da viabilidade em células SKBr3 e nem à formação de compartimentos ácidos, como etapa final do processo autofágico. Conclusão O aumento de compartimentos ácidos pelo ICI 182,780 em células de câncer de mama positivas para receptores de estrógeno parece estar associado com seu efeito inibidor de receptores de estrógeno, mas sem o envolvimento de GPER. A compreensão desses mecanismos pode direcionar estudos sobre o envolvimento dos receptores nos processos celulares de resistência do câncer de mama.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Autophagy/drug effects , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/agonists , Estrogen Receptor Antagonists/pharmacology , Fulvestrant/pharmacology , Time Factors , Transfection/methods , Cell Survival/drug effects , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Sirolimus/pharmacology , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/analysis , Estrogen Receptor alpha/antagonists & inhibitors , Estrogen Receptor beta/antagonists & inhibitors , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , MCF-7 Cells , Flow Cytometry/methods
9.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e055, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132717

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study was performed to evaluate the interplay between dental caries, nutritional status, and genetic polymorphisms in TAS1R1 and TAS1R2 (taste receptor, type 1, member 1 and 2) in preschool children and pre-adolescents. We included 525 subjects (306 preschool children and 219 pre-adolescents). Parents/caregivers answered a self-administered questionnaire about their children's systemic health, characteristics, oral hygiene habits, and diet. Clinical examination was performed to evaluate dental caries and nutritional status. Saliva samples were collected for DNA extraction. The genotyping of rs17492553 ( TAS1R1 ), rs3935570, and rs4920566 ( TAS1R2 ) polymorphisms was performed using real-time PCR with Taqman Genotyping Master Mix and SNP assay. Both univariate and multivariate Poisson regression analyses with robust variance were used for the data analysis. In preschool children, consumption of sweets between meals increased the prevalence of dental caries by 85% (PR c = 1.85; 95%CI 1.39-2.46; p < 0.001), whereas in pre-adolescents, this prevalence increased by 34% (PR a = 1.34; 95%CI 1.11-1.62; p = 0.002), regardless of genetic polymorphisms . Moreover, individuals carrying at least one allele C in rs17492553 presented 23% more prevalence of dental caries (PR a = 1.23; 95%CI 1.02-1.49 p = 0.030). Nutritional status was not associated with dental caries, neither with genetic polymorphisms . Consumption of sweets between meals increased the prevalence of dental caries. In pre-adolescents, rs17492553 genetic polymorphism in TAS1R1 was associated with dental caries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Polymorphism, Genetic , Nutritional Status/genetics , Dental Caries/genetics , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/genetics , Taste/genetics , Brazil/epidemiology , DMF Index , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Regression Analysis , Risk Factors , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773738

ABSTRACT

In order to study the interaction between Pterocephalus hookeri and bitter taste receptors,three-dimensional structural models of bitter taste receptors TAS2 R16,TAS2 R14 and TAS2 R13 were established by homology modeling in this paper. Maestro software was used for docking the chemical constituents of P. hookeri with bitter taste receptors. The results showed that 25 chemical components of P. hookeri can regulate three bitter taste receptors. And these components were mainly iridoid glycosides and phenolic acids.This research focused on the comprehensive application of homology modeling and molecular docking technology to explore the interaction between bitter chemical constituents of P. hookeri and bitter taste receptors. This study provided assistance in revealing pharmacodynamic basis of bitter Tibetan medicine at molecular level. It also provided new ideas and methods for the study of Tibetan medicine.


Subject(s)
Caprifoliaceae , Chemistry , Correlation of Data , Humans , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled , Metabolism , Taste
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763653

ABSTRACT

Diabetes and obesity have reached an epidemic status worldwide. Diabetes increases the risk for cardiovascular disease and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Primary bile acids are synthesized in hepatocytes and are transformed to secondary bile acids in the intestine by gut bacteria. Bile acids are nutrient sensors and metabolic integrators that regulate lipid, glucose, and energy homeostasis by activating nuclear farnesoid X receptor and membrane Takeda G protein-coupled receptor 5. Bile acids control gut bacteria overgrowth, species population, and protect the integrity of the intestinal barrier. Gut bacteria, in turn, control circulating bile acid composition and pool size. Dysregulation of bile acid homeostasis and dysbiosis causes diabetes and obesity. Targeting bile acid signaling and the gut microbiome have therapeutic potential for treating diabetes, obesity, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Bile Acids and Salts , Bile , Cardiovascular Diseases , Dysbiosis , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Glucose , Hepatocytes , Homeostasis , Intestines , Membranes , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Obesity , Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled
12.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 527-536, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777159

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate whether G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER) could alleviate hippocampal neuron injury under cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury (CIRI) by acting on endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS). The CIRI animal model was established by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Female ovariectomized (OVX) Sprague-Dawley (SD) female rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: control, ischemia-reperfusion injury (MCAO), vehicle (MCAO+DMSO), and GPER-specific agonist G1 (MCAO+G1) groups. The neurobehavioral score was assessed by the Longa score method, the morphological changes of the neurons were observed by the Nissl staining, the cerebral infarction was detected by the TTC staining, and the neural apoptosis in the hippocampal CA1 region was detected by TUNEL staining. The distribution and expression of GRP78 (78 kDa glucose-regulated protein 78) in the hippocampal CA1 region were observed by immunofluorescent staining. The protein expression levels of GRP78, Caspase-12, CHOP and Caspase-3 were detected by Western blot, and the mRNA expression levels of GRP78, Caspase-12, and CHOP were detected by the real-time PCR. The results showed that the neurobehavioral score, cerebral infarct volume, cellular apoptosis index, as well as GRP78, Caspase-12 and CHOP protein and mRNA expression levels in the MCAO group were significantly higher than those of control group. And G1 reversed the above-mentioned changes in the MCAO+G1 group. These results suggest that the activation of GPER can decrease the apoptosis of hippocampal neurons and relieve CIRI, and its mechanism may involve the inhibition of ERS.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Brain Ischemia , CA1 Region, Hippocampal , Cell Biology , Caspase 12 , Metabolism , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Female , Heat-Shock Proteins , Metabolism , Neurons , Cell Biology , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Estrogen , Physiology , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled , Reperfusion Injury , Transcription Factor CHOP , Metabolism
13.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 741-748, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777136

ABSTRACT

Rodent MrgC receptor (Mas-related G-protein-coupled receptor subtype C) shares 65% sequence homology and similarities in terms of expression pattern and binding profile with human Mas-related gene X receptor 1 (hMrgX1). Therefore, researchers generally explore the role of hMrgX1 by studying the function of MrgC receptor. Murine MrgC receptor is uniquely expressed in small-diameter neurons of dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and trigeminal ganglia (TG), which is closely related to the transmission process of pain. This review summarizes the analgesic effects of intrathecal activation of MrgC receptors in pathological pain and morphine tolerance.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drug Tolerance , Ganglia, Spinal , Humans , Mice , Morphine , Pharmacology , Pain , Peptide Fragments , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled , Physiology , Trigeminal Ganglion
14.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 113-123, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775444

ABSTRACT

The recent development of tools to decipher the intricacies of neural networks has improved our understanding of brain function. Optogenetics allows one to assess the direct outcome of activating a genetically-distinct population of neurons. Neurons are tagged with light-sensitive channels followed by photo-activation with an appropriate wavelength of light to functionally activate or silence them, resulting in quantifiable changes in the periphery. Capturing and manipulating activated neuron ensembles, is a recently-designed technique to permanently label activated neurons responsible for a physiological function and manipulate them. On the other hand, neurons can be transfected with genetically-encoded Ca indicators to capture the interplay between them that modulates autonomic end-points or somatic behavior. These techniques work with millisecond temporal precision. In addition, neurons can be manipulated chronically to simulate physiological aberrations by transfecting designer G-protein-coupled receptors exclusively activated by designer drugs. In this review, we elaborate on the fundamental concepts and applications of these techniques in research.


Subject(s)
Animals , Autonomic Pathways , Physiology , Calcium Signaling , Physiology , Humans , Nerve Net , Physiology , Neurons , Physiology , Optogenetics , Methods , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled , Physiology
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775256

ABSTRACT

G protein-coupled receptors(GPCRs)represent the largest class of cell surface receptors,mediating wide range of cellular and physiological processes through their transducers,G proteins and the-arrestins participate in almost all pathological processes. Recent technological advances are revolutionizing the utility of cryo-electron microscopy(cryo-EM),leading to a tremendous progress in the structural studies of biological macromolecules and cryo-EM has played a leading role in the structural biology of GPCR signaling complex. New discoveries of high-resolution threedimensional structures of GPCR signaling complexes based on cryo-EM have emerged vigorously,which depict the common structural characteristics of intermolecular interaction between GPCR and G protein complex-the conformational changes of the transmembrane helix 6 of receptors,and also demonstrate the structural basis of G protein subtype selectivity. Single-particle cryo-EM becomes an efficient tool for identifying the molecular mechanism of receptor-ligand interaction,providing important information for understanding GPCR signaling and the structure-based drug design.


Subject(s)
Cryoelectron Microscopy , Protein Binding , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled , Chemistry
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813258

ABSTRACT

To investigate the role of prokineticin (PROK) 1 and prokineticin-receptor (PROKR) 1 in the pathogenesis of endometriosis and its clinical signifaicance.
 Methods: Quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) and Western bloting were used to detect the expression of PROK 1 and PROKR 1 in eutopic and ectopic endometrium of endometriosis (n=22) and normal control endometrium (n=18). Endometrial stromal cells were isolated and cultured in 6 normal controls. The expression of PROK 1 mRNA was detected by qPCR after treated with estradiol (E2) or TNF-α.
 Results: PROK 1 and PROKR 1 mRNA were expressed in eutopic and ectopic endometrium of endometriosis and normal control endometrium, and the expression level gradually declined (P<0.05). The expression of PROKR-1 protein in eutopic and ectopic endometrium of endometriosis and normal control endometrium gradually declined (P<0.05). The expression of PROK-1 protein in normal control endometrial cells and eutopic endometrium cell was higher in secretory phase than in proliferative phase (P<0. 05). E2 did not change the expression of PROK 1, whereas TNF-α up-regulated the expression of PROK 1.
 Conclusion: PROK-1 and its receptors are involved in the pathogenesis and development of endometriosis. TNF-α can promote angiogenesis via up-regulating the expression of PROK 1.


Subject(s)
Endometriosis , Endometrium , Female , Gastrointestinal Hormones , Metabolism , Humans , RNA, Messenger , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled , Metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor, Endocrine-Gland-Derived , Metabolism
17.
Biol. Res ; 52: 44, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019508

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Free fatty acid receptor 1 (FFAR1) is G-protein coupled receptor predominantly expressed in pancreatic ß-cells that is activated by a variety of free fatty acids (FFAs). Once activated, it promotes glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS). However, increased levels of FFAs lead to lipotoxicity, inducing loss of ß-cell function. FFAR1 plays a key role in the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D), and previous studies have indicated the importance of developing anti-diabetic therapies against FFAR1, although its role in the regulation of ß-cell function remains unclear. The present study investigated the role of FFAR1 under lipotoxic conditions using palmitic acid (PA). The rat insulinoma 1 clone 832/13 (INS-1 832/13) cell line was used as a model as it physiologically resembles native pancreatic ß-cells. Key players of the insulin signaling pathway, such as mTOR, Akt, IRS-1, and the insulin receptor (INSR1ß), were selected as candidates to be analyzed under lipotoxic conditions. RESULTS: We revealed that PA-induced lipotoxicity affected GSIS in INS-1 cells and negatively modulated the activity of both IRS-1 and Akt. Reduced phosphorylation of both IRS-1 S636/639 and Akt S473 was observed, in addition to decreased expression of both INSR1ß and FFAR1. Moreover, transient knockdown of FFAR1 led to a reduction in IRS-1 mRNA expression and an increase in INSR1ß; mRNA. Finally, PA affected localization of FFAR1 from the cytoplasm to the perinucleus. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, our study suggests a novel regulatory involvement of FFAR1 in crosstalk with mTOR-Akt and IRS-1 signaling in ß-cells under lipotoxic conditions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Palmitic Acid/toxicity , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/metabolism , Insulin-Secreting Cells/drug effects , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Lipid Metabolism/drug effects , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Cell Line , Apoptosis , Insulin-Secreting Cells/metabolism
18.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 525-532, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772716

ABSTRACT

Chemerin is a cytokine that attracts much attention in the reproductive process. This study aimed to explore the effects of chemerin and its receptor chemokine-like receptor 1 (CMKLR1) on the maintenance of early pregnancy. The expression levels of chemerin and CMKLR1 in the decidua tissues of 20 early normal pregnant women and 20 early spontaneous abortion women were examined by Western blot and real-time polymerase chain reaction analyses. CMKLR1 receptor antagonist (α-NETA) was then intrauterinely injected into normal pregnant mice model to assess its effect on the outcome of pregnancy and the phosphorylation rate of ERK1/2 in decidua tissues.We found that the expression level of chemerin in women who had experienced early spontaneous abortion was lower than in those who had experienced normal early pregnancy (P < 0.01); conversely, CMKLR1 expression was higher in the former than in the latter (P < 0.01). In a pregnant-mouse model, the embryo resorption rate of α-NETA group was higher than that in the negative control group (61.5% vs. 10.8%) (P < 0.001). Compared with the control group, ERK1/2 phosphorylation in decidua tissues decreased in the α-NETA-treated group (P < 0.01). These results suggested that the inhibition of the chemerin/CMKLR1 signaling pathway can lead to the abortion of mouse embryos, and that chemerin/CMKLR1 may play an important role in the maintenance of early pregnancy possibly by regulating ERK1/2 phosphorylation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Chemokines , Metabolism , Female , Humans , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Metabolism , Mice , Pregnancy , Metabolism , Pregnancy Rate , Pregnancy, Animal , Receptors, Chemokine , Metabolism , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Young Adult
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771530

ABSTRACT

In this study, bioinformatics methods such as molecular docking and network pharmacology were adopted to establish Xiaoxuming Decoction (XXMD) "compound-vasodilatory and vasoconstrictory related G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR) targets" network, then the vascular function regulatory effective components and the potential targets of XXMD were analyzed. Based on the XXMD herb sources, the chemical structures of the compounds were retrieved from the national scientific data sharing platform for population and health pharmaceutical information center, TCMSP database and the latest research literatures. The chemical molecular library was established after class prediction and screening for medicinal and metabolic properties. Then, five kinds of vasodilatory and vasoconstrictory related GPCR crystal structure including 5-HT receptors (5-HT1AR, 5-HT1BR), AT1R, β2-AR, hUTR and ETB were retrieved from RCSB Protein Data Bank database or constructed by homology modeling of Discovery Studio 4.1 built-in modeling tools. After virtual screening by Libdock molecular docking, the highest rated 50 compounds of each target were collected and analyzed. The collected data were further used to construct and analyze the network by Cytoscape 3.4.0. The results showed that most of the chemical composition effects were associated with different vasodilatory and vasoconstrictory related GPCR targets, while a few effective components could be applied to multiple GPCR targets at the same time, therefore forming synergies and vasorelaxant effects of XXMD.


Subject(s)
Databases, Protein , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Models, Chemical , Molecular Docking Simulation , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled , Metabolism , Vasodilation
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691400

ABSTRACT

Atherothrombosis is the major cause of acute coronary syndromes and cardiovascular deaths. Platelets participate in the processes of forming and extending atherosclerotic plaques. Therefore, antiplatelet therapy is a milestone in the primary and second prevention of atherothrombotic diseases. Along with the longterm use of antiplatelet agents, the safety and drug resistance has become a big concern in clinic and new drugs possessing higher effectiveness and fewer adverse effects are needed. Abundant recent data support that traditional Chinese herbs may be a good alternative and complementary choice of new antiplatelet drugs. This review highlights the progress of antiplatelet effect of active components derived from traditional Chinese herbs based on their chemical structures.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Humans , Platelet Activation , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled , Metabolism , Signal Transduction
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