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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922538

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#We employed a multidisciplinary approach incorporating theoretical ideas, clinical experience, psychology, physiology, traditional Chinese medicine (CM), modern practice of CM, and oncology to explore the effect of patients' repression of negative emotions and traumatic events on breast cancer (BC) pathogenesis.@*METHODS@#BC female patients, older than 18 years of age, with available pathology reports who were treated at Rabin Medical Center were recruited. All participants completed questionnaires regarding medical history, behavioral tendencies, negative emotions, trauma, symptoms, and pathology (from a CM perspective). Data on tumor characteristics were collected from the pathology reports. The associations were examined using hierarchical binary logistic regressions.@*RESULTS@#A total of 155 BC patients were enrolled. The median age was 52 years, with a range of 26-79; 95% were mothers; 28% had estrogen receptor (ER)-negative BC, 52% had progesterone receptor (PR)-negative BC, 48% had human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative BC, and antigen Ki-67 ≥ 20% was reported for 52% of tumors. Statistically significant associations were found between the emotional markers (sense of motherhood failure, and lack of self-fulfillment), avoidance behavior, and physical symptoms that are related to emotional repression based on CM. Significant associations were also found between variables associated with physical symptoms of emotional repression, which involves the production and accumulation of non-substantial phlegm (i.e., "high-lipid Qi-like microscopic phlegm"), avoidance behavior which unconsciously uses "high-lipid Qi-like microscopic phlegm" in order to achieve emotional repression, and tumor parameters including tumor grade, PR status, and Ki-67. Patients with higher levels of "high-lipid Qi-like microscopic phlegm" were more likely to have tumors with worse prognosis (PR-negative, higher grade, and higher Ki-67).@*CONCLUSION@#We demonstrated a relationship between emotional parameters, behavioral tendencies, CM parameters, and oncologic parameters in BC. Additional research is warranted to explore these associations and their relevance to clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Breast Neoplasms , Emotions , Female , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Receptors, Estrogen , Receptors, Progesterone
2.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18912, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364430

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to establish and compare models of mammary gland hyperplasia (MGH) with hyperprolactinemia (HPRL) using two different methods. The models provide information on the relationship between mammary gland hyperplasia and associated hormones. Model A was constructed using intramuscular injections of estradiol benzoate injection (EBI), followed by progesterone (P), and then metoclopramide dihydrochloride (MDI). Model B was designed by administering MDI, follow by EBI, and then P intramuscularly. Model B showed higher MGH progression compared with model A. Notably, increase in estradiol (E2) was negatively correlated with prolactin (PRL) secretion. However, PRL levels in model B were significantly higher compared with the levels in model A. Estrogen (ER), prolactin receptor (PRLR), and progesterone receptor (PR) mRNA and protein expression levels in model B rats were positively correlated with changes in the corresponding hormone levels. However, E2, P, and PRL levels in model A showed no direct relationship with levels of the mRNAs of related hormones and protein expression levels. Our results suggest that model B is an appropriate model of MGH with HPRL that can be used to perform further studies about the interactions of the E2, P, and PRL hormones in this disorder.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Hyperprolactinemia , Hyperplasia/pathology , Progesterone , Prolactin , Receptors, Prolactin , Receptors, Progesterone , Blotting, Western/methods , Bodily Secretions , Mammary Glands, Human/anatomy & histology , Injections, Intramuscular/adverse effects , Injections, Intramuscular/instrumentation , Methods
3.
Rev. argent. mastología ; 40(145): 36-51, mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1283728

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las pacientes con cáncer de mama con receptores hormonales positivos mantienen una tasa de recurrencia significativa durante el seguimiento prolongado. La predicción del patrón de recurrencia puede ayudar en el desarrollo de estrategias específicas de vigilancia y tratamiento en pacientes con cáncer de mama. Material y método: estudio analítico observacional, de cohorte retrospectivo en el cual se analizaron los datos de 203 pacientes del Hospital J. M. Penna en el periodo comprendido entre enero de 2005 y enero 2015. Objetivo: el objetivo principal de este trabajo es evaluar la asociación que existe entre los receptores de progesterona (RP) negativos (0%) con probabilidad de recaída local y a distancia luego del tratamiento del cáncer de mama. Resultados: las pacientes con RP negativo mostraron mayor edad que las pacientes con RP positivo (61,24+/-12,4 años vs 57+/-13.7; p=0,0480), menor porcentaje de pacientes premopáusicas (17,54% vs 35,62%; p=0,012); y también una mayor tendencia de compromiso ganglionar axilar (36,9% vs 26,,5%; p=0,098). En el análisis multivariado no se observó que el estatus negativo en los RP sea un factor de riesgo independiente para recidiva local (OR=1,28; IC95%=0,44-3,68), recidiva en forma independiente menor SLE (OR=1,18, IC95%0,52-2,64). Conclusiones: en esta población no se logró demostrar asociación significativa independiente de otros factores entre el estatus negativo de los RP y la supervivencia libre de enfermedad en las pacientes operadas de cáncer de mama. El análisis de los resultados nos demuestra la necesidad de realizar nuevos estudios, con un mayor número de pacientes y mayor tiempo de seguimiento, para dilucidar el real papel del RP


Introduction: patients with breast cancer with positive hormone receptors maintain a significant recurrence rate during prolonged follow-up. Predicting the pattern of recurrence can aid in the development of specific surveillance and treatment strategies in patients with breast cancer. Material and method: observational, retrospective cohort analytic study that analyzed the data of 2003 patients of Hospital José María Penna between january 2005 and january 2015. Objetive: the main objetive of this stydy is to evaluate the correlation that exists between negative (0%) progesterone receptors (PR) and the likelihood of local and distant relapse after treatment of breast cancer. Results: patients with negative PR showed greater age than patients with positive PR (61.24+/-12.4 years old vs 57+/-13.7; p=0,048), lower percentage of postmenopausal patients (17.54% vs 35.62&; p=0.012), and also a greater tendency of axillary lymph node involvement (36.9% vs 26.5%; p=0.098). In the multivariate analysis it was not observed that the negative status in the PR is an independent risk factor for local recurrence (OR 1.28; CI95% 0.44 - 3.68), distant recurrence (OR 1.33; CI95% 0.55 - 3.21), or a factor that conditions independently lower DFS (OR 1.18; CI95% 0.52 - 2.64). Conclusions: in this population it was not possible to demonstrate significant correlation independent of other factors between the negative status of PR and the disease-free survival in patients who underwent surgery for breast cancer. The analysis of the results shows the need to carry out new studies, with a larger number of patients and longer follow-up time, to understand the real role PR plays.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Progesterone , Recurrence , Receptors, Progesterone , Risk Factors
4.
Rev. argent. mastología ; 40(145): 99-138, mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1291293

ABSTRACT

El cáncer de mama localmente avanzado (CMLA) se manifiesta con grandes tumores (T3-4) y/o gran carga adenopática (N 1-2-3), sin metástasis a distancia e incluye estadios clínicos: II b, III a, III b y III c. La quimioterapia neoadyuvante (QTNA) es el tratamiento inicial para gran parte de las pacientes con CMLA y está indicada en pacientes con cáncer de mama operable e inoperable. Este tratamiento presenta algunas ventajas como la reducción del tamaño del tumor primario (downstaging) y de ganglios positivos, permitiendo así más cirugías conservadoras, y la medición directa de la sensibilidad de las células tumorales. Un rol similar cumple la terapia endocrina neoadyuvante en tumores con receptores de estrógeno (RE) y receptores de progesterona (RP) positivos, al demostrar beneficios en reducción del volumen tumoral. Los anticuerpos monoclonales anti Her2 asociados a la QTNA aumentan la efectividad de esta última. La respuesta del CMLA a la neoadyuvancia se evalúa con la clínica y el estudio histológico de la pieza quirúrgica, con esta última, se monitorea enfermedad residual a través de la respuesta patológica completa (RCp) que es un importante factor pronóstico de la sobrevida libre de enfermedad (SLE) como de la sobrevida global (SG). El carcinoma mamario inflamatorio (CMI) posee distintas características clínicas, epidemiológicas y biológicas donde el tratamiento de inicio es la QTNA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms , Therapeutics , Receptors, Progesterone , Receptors, Estrogen , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Metastasis
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1569-1575, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887576

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Although de novo stage IV breast cancer is so far incurable, it has entered an era of individualized treatment and chronic disease management. Based on systemic treatment, whether the surgical resection of primary or metastatic foci of de novo stage IV breast cancer can bring survival benefits is currently controversial. We aimed to explore the clinicopathological factors and current status of the management of de novo stage IV breast cancer in China to provide a reference for clinical decisions.@*METHODS@#Based on the assistance of Chinese Society of Breast Surgery, a retrospective study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of patients with de novo stage IV breast cancer in 33 centers from January 2017 to December 2018. The relationship between basic characteristic (age, menstrual status, family history, reproductive history, pathological type, estrogen receptor [ER] status, progesterone receptor [PR] status, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 [HER2] status, Ki-67 percentage, and molecular subtype), and metastasis sites (lung metastasis, liver metastasis, and bone metastasis) was examined by Pearson Chi-square tests.@*RESULTS@#A total of 468 patients with de novo stage IV breast cancer were enrolled. The median age of the enrolled patients was 51.5 years. The most common pathological type of primary lesion was invasive carcinoma (97.1%). Luminal A, luminal B, HER2 overexpressing, and triple-negative subtypes accounted for 14.3%, 51.8%, 22.1%, and 11.8% of all cases, respectively. Age, PR status, and HER2 status were correlated with lung metastasis (χ2 = 6.576, 4.117, and 8.643 and P = 0.037, 0.043, and 0.003, respectively). Pathological type, ER status, PR status, and molecular subtype were correlated with bone metastasis (χ2 = 5.117, 37.511, 5.224, and 11.603 and P = 0.024, <0.001, 0.022, and 0.009, respectively). Age, PR status, HER2 status, Ki-67 percentage, and molecular subtype were correlated with liver metastasis (χ2 = 11.153, 13.378, 10.692, 21.206, and 17.684 and P = 0.004, <0.001, 0.001, <0.001, and 0.001, respectively). Combined treatment with paclitaxel and anthracycline was the most common first-line chemotherapy regimen for patients with de novo stage IV breast cancer (51.7%). Overall, 91.5% of patients used paclitaxel-containing regimens. Moreover, 59.3% of hormone receptor-positive patients underwent endocrine therapy.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In 2018, 1.07% of patients from all studied centers were diagnosed with de novo stage IV breast cancer. This study indicated that 95.1% of patients received systemic therapy and 54.2% of patients underwent surgical removal of the primary lesion in China.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , China , Female , Humans , Mastectomy , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Receptors, Progesterone , Retrospective Studies
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880654

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Clarifying the expression of breast cancer receptor is the key to clinical treatment for breast cancer. This study aims to explore the correlation between X-ray and clinical characteristics of 4 molecular subtypes and their receptor types of breast cancer.@*METHODS@#A total of 439 breast cancer patients who confirmed by pathology and performed X-ray examination were enrolled. The X-ray and clinical characteristics of 4 molecular subtypes and the expression of their receptors were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Luminal A type showed the highest proportion of spiculate masses, and the lowest calcification score, showing significant difference with other 3 subtypes (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#Four molecular subtypes of breast cancer and their receptor expressions are correlated with X-ray and clinical characteristics, which can provide a basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Female , Humans , Receptor, ErbB-2/genetics , Receptors, Estrogen , Receptors, Progesterone , X-Rays
7.
São Paulo; s.n; 2021. 52 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1348838

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O câncer de mama é a neoplasia mais comum em mulheres. A maioria deles é diagnosticada em estágios iniciais, quando o tratamento visa a cura. Mas apesar dos avanços no tratamento, metástases à distância podem ocorrer. A biópsia das lesões metastáticas é recomendada para confirmar o status do receptor de estrogênio (RE), receptor de progesterona (RP) e receptor do fator de crescimento epidérmico humano 2 (HER2), por ocorrerem discrepâncias nesses padrões entre tumores primários e metástases em até 40% dos casos. As células tumorais circulantes (CTCs) estão relacionadas às evoluções clínicas do câncer de mama e podem potencialmente desempenhar um papel substituto aos procedimentos invasivos de rebiópsia de metástase. A tecnologia ISET® (Isolation by SizE of Tumor Cells, Rarecells-Diagnostics, Paris, França) não é usualmente empregada para detectar CTCs em pacientes com câncer de mama, embora seja reconhecida como uma ferramenta útil em alguns outros tumores. Existem dados emergentes de que a caracterização da expressão proteica das CTC pode refinar seu valor prognóstico. Sabe-se que o fator de transformação de crescimento (TGF-ß) desempenha um papel na progressão e invasividade do câncer de mama. Objetivos: Comparar a expressão de RE, RP e HER2 em tumores primários, CTCs, metástases e avaliar a expressão do receptor TGF-ß tipo 1 (TGF-ß RI) em CTCs como fator prognóstico para sobrevida global. Metodologia: Estudo realizado no A.C.Camargo Cancer Center, Brasil. As amostras de sangue foram coletadas antes da biópsia guiada por tomografia computadorizada de lesões metastáticas suspeitas e processadas pela metodologia ISET®. Os níveis de expressão proteica das CTCs foram comparados aos de tumores primários e metástases e correlacionados aos resultados clínicos. Todos os dados clínicopatológicos foram obtidos dos prontuários médicos. Resultados: Dos 39 pacientes inicialmente incluídos, 27 tiveram tanto a biópsia de metástases quanto a coleta de sangue e foram considerados para análise. As taxas de concordância para a expressão de RE, RP e HER2 entre tumores primários e metástases foram altas. Não foi observada nenhuma perda de expressão de HER2 nas metástases e os tumores triplo negativos mantiveram o mesmo padrão em todas as metástases (p <0,0001). Quando as metástases e CTCs foram classificadas como triplo negativo (TN) ou não ­ TN, as CTCs determinaram alta especificidade (93%), acurácia (84,2%) e valor preditivo negativo (88%). A sobrevida global mediana de pacientes sem expressão de TGF-ß RI em CTCs foi de 42,6 x 20,8 meses para os positivos, clinicamente relevante, porém sem significância estatística (p> 0,05). Conclusões: No câncer de mama, o papel das CTCs detectadas pelo ISET® ainda não está estabelecido. Com este estudo, sugerimos que esta metodologia possa ser útil para avaliar metástases em casos de tumores não TN, assim como a expressão de TGF-ß RI em CTCs, o que pode impactar a sobrevida. Devido à limitação da amostra, estudos futuros devem se concentrar em subtipos específicos de câncer de mama, ampliando a coorte.


Introduction: Breast cancer (BC) is the most common neoplasm in women. Most of BC are diagnosed in early stages, when treatment aims cure. Despite advances in BC treatment, distant metastases may develop. Biopsy of metastatic lesions is recommended to confirm estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status, due to discrepancies in these patterns between primary tumors/metastasis in up to 40% of cases. Circulating Tumor Cells (CTCs) are related to breast cancer outcomes and could potentially play a role surrogating invasive procedures of metastasis rebiopsy. ISET® (Isolation by SizE of Tumor Cells, Rarecells-Diagnostics, Paris, France) technology is not currently employed to detect CTCs in breast cancer patients, although recognized as a useful tool in some other tumors. There are emerging data that characterization of CTC protein expression can refine its prognostic value. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß play a role in progression/invasiveness of BC. Objectives: To compare ER, PR and HER2 expression in primary tumors, CTCs, metastases and to evaluate TGF-ß type 1 receptor (TGF- ß RI) expression in CTCs as prognostic factor for overall survival. Methods: Study conducted at the A.C.Camargo Cancer Center, Brazil. Blood samples were processed in ISET® before computed tomography­guided biopsy of suspected metastatic lesions. Protein expression levels in CTCs were compared to those in primary tumors/metastases and correlated to clinical outcomes. All clinicopathological data were obtained from medical records. Results: From the 39 patients initially included, 27 had both biopsy of metastases and blood collection and were considered for analysis. Concordance rates for ER, PR and HER2 expression between primary tumors/metastases were high. No loss of HER2 expression at any metastasis site and retention of the same pattern in all triplenegative (TN) tumors (p <0.0001) were observed. When metastases/CTCs were classified as TN/non­TN, CTCs showed high specificity (93%), accuracy (84.2%) and negative predictive value (88%). The median overall survival of patients with no TGF-ß RI expression in CTCs was 42.6 x 20.8 months for positive ones, clinically relevant but not statistically significant (p>0.05). Conclusions: In BC, the role of CTCs detected by ISET® is not yet established. Here, we could suggest that this methodology may be useful to evaluate metastasis in non-TN cases as also TGF-ß RI expression in CTCs, which may impact survival. Due to sample limitation, future studies must focus on specific subtypes of BC, expanding the cohort.


Subject(s)
Female , Breast Neoplasms , ErbB Receptors , Neoplastic Cells, Circulating , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Receptors, Progesterone , Receptors, Estrogen , Survival Analysis , Transforming Growth Factor beta1
8.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(4): 284-288, Apr. 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1135623

ABSTRACT

Canine soft tissue sarcomas (STS) comprise a heterogeneous group of malignancies that share similar histopathological features, a low to moderate recurrence rate and low metastatic potential. In human medicine, the expression of estrogen receptors (ER) and progesterone receptors (PR) in sarcomas has been studied to search for prognostic factors and new treatment targets. Similar studies have yet to be conducted in veterinary medicine. The objective of this study was therefore to investigate by immunohistochemistry (IHC) the ER and PR expression in a series of 80 cutaneous and subcutaneous sarcomas in dogs with histopathological features of peripheral nerve sheath tumor (PNST) and perivascular wall tumor (PWT). All cases were positive for PR and negative for ER. Tumors of high malignancy grade (grade III) exhibited higher PR expression than low-grade tumors (grade I). Tumors with mitotic activity greater than 9 mitotic figures/10 high power fields also exhibited higher PR expression. In addition, there was a positive correlation between cell proliferation (Ki67) and PR expression. Therefore, it is possible that progesterone plays a greater role than estrogen in the pathogenesis of these tumors. Future studies should explore the potential for selective progesterone receptor modulators as therapeutic agents in canine STS, as well as evaluating PR expression as a predictor of prognosis.(AU)


Sarcomas de tecidos moles (STM) caninos compreendem um grupo heterogêneo de neoplasias malignas, que apresentam alterações histopatológicas similares, baixa a moderada taxa de recorrência e baixo potencial metastático. Em medicina humana, a expressão de receptor para estrógeno (RE) e receptor para progesterona (RP) nos sarcomas tem sido estudada, visando a busca por fatores prognósticos e novos alvos para tratamentos. Na medicina veterinária, ainda não foram realizados estudos similares. O objetivo deste trabalho foi investigar por imuno-histoquímica a expressão de RE e RP em uma série de 80 sarcomas cutâneos e subcutâneos de cães, com características histopatológicas de tumor de bainha de nervo periférico e tumor de parede perivascular. Todos os casos foram positivos para RP e negativos para RE. Tumores de alto grau de malignidade (grau III) exibiram maior expressão deste receptor que os tumores de baixo grau (grau I). Tumores com atividade mitótica maior que 9 figuras mitóticas/10 campos de grande aumento também exibiram maior expressão do RP. Em adição, houve correlação positiva entre o índice de proliferação celular (Ki67) e a expressão de RP. Assim, é possível que a progesterona desempenhe maior papel que o estrógeno na patogênese desses tumores. Futuros trabalhos poderão explorar o potencial dos moduladores seletivos de RP como agente terapêutico em STM caninos, bem como avaliar a expressão de RP como preditiva de prognóstico.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Dogs , Sarcoma , Soft Tissue Neoplasms/veterinary , Receptors, Progesterone , Receptors, Estrogen
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2552-2557, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877833

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is an aggressive type of cancer with poor prognosis and outcomes. This study aimed to investigate clinicopathological features, molecular characteristics, and treatments among Chinese patients diagnosed with IBC.@*METHODS@#We collected data of 95 patients with IBC who were treated by members of the Chinese Society of Breast Surgery, from January 2017 to December 2018. The data, including demographic characteristics, pathological findings, surgical methods, systemic treatment plans, and follow-up, were obtained using a uniform electronic questionnaire. The clinicopathological features of different molecular types in patients without distant metastases were compared using the Kruskal-Wallis (H) test followed by post hoc analyses.@*RESULTS@#Lymph node metastasis was noted in 75.8% of all patients, while distant metastasis was noted in 21.4%. Pathological findings indicated invasive ductal and lobular carcinomas in 86.8% and 5.3% of cases, respectively. Hormone receptor-positive (HR+)/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HER2-) (41.5%) and HR-/HER2+ (20.1%) were the most common biologic subtypes, followed by HR+/HER2+ (19.1%) and HR-/HER2- (19.1%). Stage III IBC was treated via pre-operative neoadjuvant chemotherapy in 87.7% of the cases, predominantly using anthracycline and taxanes. A total of 91.9% of patients underwent surgical treatment. Among them, 77.0% of the patients underwent modified radical mastectomy, 8.1% of whom also underwent immediate breast reconstruction. The Kruskal-Wallis test revealed that the efficacy of chemotherapy significantly differed among those with HR+/HER2- and HR-/HER2- tumors (adjusted P = 0.008), and Ki-67 expression significantly differed in HR-/HER2+ and HR+/HER2+ molecular subtypes (adjusted P = 0.008).@*CONCLUSION@#Our study provides novel insight into clinicopathological characteristics and treatment status among patients with IBC in China, and might provide a direction and basis for further studies.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#chictr.org.cn, No. ChiCTR1900027179; http://www.chictr.org.cn/showprojen.aspx?proj=45030.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , China , Humans , Inflammatory Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Mastectomy , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Prognosis , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Receptors, Progesterone
11.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 41(12): 710-717, Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057890

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To identify the biomarkers of response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in early luminal breast cancer. Methods A cross-sectional study that included all patients with early or locallyadvanced luminal breast cancer submitted to neoadjuvant chemotherapy between 2013 and 2014. Demographic, clinic and pathologic data were retrieved from patient records. The expressions of the estrogen receptor (ER), the progesterone receptor (PR), and Ki67 were analyzed by immunohistochemistry (IHC). The status of the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) was evaluated by IHC and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). Independent predictors of clinic and pathologic response were evaluated by stepwise logistic regression models and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Results Out of 298 patients identified, 115 were included in the analysis. Clinical complete response (cCR) was observed in 43.4% of the patients (49/113), and pathologic complete response (pCR) was observed in 7.1% (8/115) of the patients. The independent predictors of cCR were premenopausal status (p < 0.001), low PR expression (≤ 50% versus > 50%; p = 0.048), and Ki67 expression ≥ 14% (versus < 14%; p = 0.01). Patients with cCR were more commonly submitted to breast conserving surgery (34.7% versus 7.8%; p < 0.001). Increasing cut-off points for Ki67 expression were associated with an increase in specificity and a decrease in sensitivity to identify patients with cCR. Conclusion Premenopausal status, lower PR expression and higher Ki67 expression were associated with a higher rate of cCR to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in luminal breast cancer.


Resumo Objetivo Identificar biomarcadores de resposta à quimioterapia neoadjuvante em câncer luminal de mama. Métodos Estudo transversal em que foram incluídas todas as pacientes com câncer luminal de mama em estádio inicial ou localmente avançado que foram submetidas a quimioterapia neoadjuvante nos anos de 2013 e 2014. Dados demográficos, clínicos e patológicos foram obtidos de prontuários médicos. As expressões de receptor de estrogênio (RE), de receptor de progesterona (RP), e de Ki67 foram avaliadas por imuno-histoquímica (IHQ). A expressão do receptor tipo 2 do fator de crescimento epidérmico humano (human epidermal growth factor receptor 2, HER2) foi avaliada por IHQ e hibridização in situ por imunofluorescência (HISI). Análises de regressão logística e de curva de característica de operação do receptor (COR) foram usadas para investigar fatores preditivos independentes de resposta clínica e patológica. Resultados De 298 pacientes identificadas, 115 foram incluídas na análise. Resposta clínica completa (RCc) foi observada em 43.4% das pacientes (49/113), e resposta patológica completa (RPc), em 7.1% (8/115). Os fatores preditivos independentes de RCc foram status menopausal (p < 0.001), baixa expressão de RP (≤ 50% versus > 50%; p = 0.048), e expressão de Ki67 ≥ 14% (versus < 14%; p = 0.01). Pacientes com RCc apresentaram maior probabilidade de serem submetidas a cirurgia conservadora da mama (34.7% versus 7.8%; p < 0.001). Aumento no ponto de corte para expressão de Ki67 foi associado a aumento da especificidade e redução da sensibilidade na identificação de pacientes com RCc. Conclusão Status premenopausal, baixa expressão de RP e maior expressão de Ki67 estiveram associados a maior taxa de RCc à quimioterapia neoadjuvante no câncer luminal de mama.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Menopause , Receptors, Progesterone/genetics , Ki-67 Antigen/genetics , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Receptors, Progesterone/metabolism , Receptors, Estrogen/genetics , Receptors, Estrogen/metabolism , Gene Expression , Cross-Sectional Studies , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Receptor, ErbB-2/genetics , Receptor, ErbB-2/metabolism , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Middle Aged
12.
Med. leg. Costa Rica ; 36(1): 6-13, ene.-mar. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002552

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se presenta el caso de una femenina de 69 años con un carcinoma ductal in situ de la mama, el cual presentaba diferenciación apocrina y alto grado nuclear. La forma de presentación clínica se hizo patente en forma de microcalcificaciones detectadas en la mamografía, y corroboradas histológicamente como comedonecrosis. La diferenciación apocrina se comprobó por medio de tinciones de inmunohistoquímica. El diagnóstico se realizó en una biopsia excisional, pero dado a que uno de los márgenes se encontraba comprometido, la paciente se sometió posteriormente a una mastectomía.


Abstract We present the case of a 69 year old female diagnosed with a ductal in situ carcinoma of the breast. The tumor had apocrine differentiation and a high nuclear grade. The clinical presentation corresponded to microcalcifications detected on mammography, which were histologically patent in the form of comedo type necrosis. The aforementioned apocrine differentiation was reassured using the aid of immunohistochemistry. The biopsy was an excisional biopsy, but due to positive quirurgical margins, the patient was later reintervened for total mastectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Breast Neoplasms , Receptors, Androgen , Receptors, Progesterone , Receptors, Estrogen , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast , Costa Rica
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786128

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The worldwide incidence of squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue (SCCOT) in young patients has been increasing. We investigated clinicopathologic features of this unique population and compared them with those of SCCOT in the elderly to delineate its pathogenesis.METHODS: We compared clinicopathological parameters between patients under and over 45 years old. Immunohistochemical assays of estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, androgen receptor, p53, p16, mdm2, cyclin D1, and glutathione S-transferase P1 were also compared between them.RESULTS: Among 189 cases, 51 patients (27.0%) were under 45 years of age. A higher proportion of women was seen in the young group, but was not statistically significant. Smoking and drinking behaviors between age groups were similar. Histopathological and immunohistochemical analysis showed no significant difference by age and sex other than higher histologic grades observed in young patients.CONCLUSIONS: SCCOT in young adults has similar clinicopathological features to that in the elderly, suggesting that both progress via similar pathogenetic pathways.


Subject(s)
Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cyclin D1 , Drinking , Drinking Behavior , Epithelial Cells , Estrogens , Female , Glutathione Transferase , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Incidence , Mouth Neoplasms , Receptors, Androgen , Receptors, Progesterone , Smoke , Smoking , Tongue , Young Adult
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775977

ABSTRACT

Objective To approach the discordance of estrogen receptor(ER),progesterone receptor(PR),Cerb-B2,Ki-67 index and P53 expressions between primary and regional or distant recurrent lesions in recurrent or metastatic breast cancer patients.Methods Clinical and pathological data of 56 recurrent or metastatic breast cancer patients who were treated in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2001 to February 2015 were retrospectively analyzed.The changes in the expressions of ER,PR,Cerb-B2,Ki-67 index,and P53 status were analyzed.Results The hormone receptor positive rate between primary tumor and recurrent or metastatic sites decreased from 60.7% to 57.1% for ER and from 55.4% to 44.6% for PR,respectively.Changes in hormone receptor status were seen at the rate of 12.5%(7/56)and 16.1%(9/56)for ER and PR,respectively.Cerb-B2 receptor positive rate increased from 19.1% to 29.5% and the discordance rate was 9.1%(4/44).The discordance rate of Ki-67 index was 24.5%(12/49).The P53 receptor positive rate increased from 37.5% to 55.6% and the discordance rate was 13.3%(6/45).Conclusion Although the relevant rules of above changes are still controversial,these findings still have great clinical significance for making effective treatment decisions of recurrent or metastatic breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Genetics , Humans , Ki-67 Antigen , Genetics , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Genetics , Receptors, Estrogen , Genetics , Receptors, Progesterone , Genetics , Retrospective Studies , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Genetics
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786501

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We evaluated the relationship between fluorine-18 fluoro-2-deoxy-glucose (¹⁸F-FDG) uptake and mitochondrial activity in cancer cells and investigated the prognostic implications of this relationship in patients with invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast (IDCB).METHODS: One hundred forty-six patients with primary IDCB who underwent preoperative ¹⁸F-FDG PET/CT followed by curative surgical resection were enrolled in the current study. Mitochondrial activity of cancer cells was assessed based on translocase of outer mitochondrial membrane 20 (TOMM20) expression and cytochrome C oxidase (COX) activity. A Pearson's correlation analysis was used to assess the relationship between the maximum standardized uptake value of the primary tumour (pSUVmax) and mitochondrial activity. Clinicopathological factors, including pSUVmax, histological grade, oestrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and TOMM20 expression; and COX activity, were assessed for the prediction of disease-free survival (DFS) using the Kaplan–Meier method and Cox proportional hazards model.RESULTS: Fourteen of the 146 subjects (9.6%) showed tumour recurrence. There was a significant positive correlation between ¹⁸F-FDG uptake and the mitochondrial activity of cancer cells in patients with IDCB, and increased ¹⁸F-FDG uptake and mitochondrial activity were significantly associated with a shorter DFS. Additionally, results from the receiver-operating curve analysis demonstrated that the cut-off values of pSUVmax, TOMM20 expression, and COX activity for the prediction of DFS were 7.76, 4, and 5, respectively. Further, results from the univariate analysis revealed that pSUVmax, TOMM20 expression, PR status, and histologic grade were significantly associated with DFS; however, the multivariate analysis revealed that only pSUVmax was associated with DFS (HR, 6.51; 95% CI, 1.91, 22.20; P = 0.003).CONCLUSIONS: The assessment of preoperative ¹⁸F-FDG uptake and post-surgical mitochondrial activity may be used for the prediction of DFS in patients with IDCB.


Subject(s)
Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Ductal , Disease-Free Survival , Electron Transport Complex IV , Humans , Methods , Mitochondrial Membranes , Multivariate Analysis , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Proportional Hazards Models , Receptors, Progesterone , Recurrence
16.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 17(1): eAO3434, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975108

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To define a predictive factor for pathologic complete response, compare the oncologic outcomes associated with the degree of pathologic response after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and to analyze pathologic complete response as a prognostic factor for overall survival and progression-free survival. Methods A retrospective study of patients admitted to Hospital Estadual Mário Covas and Hospital Anchieta from 2008 to 2012, with locally advanced breast cancer. Hormone receptor status, HER2 status, histologic and nuclear grade, age upon diagnosis and histological type of the tumor were analyzed. Pathologic evaluation of the tumor was subdivided into pathologic complete response, defined by the absence of tumor; intermediate response, considered as a favorable stage; and poor response, considering low-responder patients. Data obtained were submitted to statistical analysis. Results The study included 243 patients. There was an association of pathologic complete response with HER-2 negative, histological grade 3, stage III, hormone receptor negative, positive lymph node, older age and more advanced tumors. However, after multivariate analysis the only predictor of pathologic complete response was the presence of negative hormone receptor. By analyzing the prognostic factors, hormone receptor negative was considered as an independent risk factor, and pathologic complete response was considered as an independent protective factor. Conclusion Hormone receptor negative is predictive of pathologic complete response and is an isolated risk factor for lower progression-free survival and overall survival. Pathologic complete response is a protective factor for these same survival analyses.


RESUMO Objetivo Definir um fator preditivo para resposta patológica completa, comparar os resultados oncológicos associados com o grau de resposta patológica, após quimioterapia neoadjuvante, e analisar a resposta patológica completa como fator prognóstico para sobrevivência global e livre de progressão de doença. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo de pacientes admitidas no Hospital Estadual Mário Covas e Hospital Anchieta, no período de 2008 a 2012, com câncer de mama localmente avançado. Foram utilizados status dos receptores hormonais, proteína HER2, grau histológico e nuclear, idade do paciente ao diagnóstico e tipo histológico do tumor. A avaliação patológica do tumor foi subdividida em resposta patológica completa, definida com ausência de tumor; resposta intermediária, considerada como um estádio favorável; e resposta ruim, considerando os pacientes pouco respondedores. As informações obtidas foram submetidas à análise estatística. Resultados Foram incluídas 243 pacientes. Verificou-se associação de resposta patológica completa entre HER-2 negativo, grau histológico 3, estadiamento III, receptor hormonal negativo, linfonodo positivo, maior idade e tumores mais avançados. Porém, após análise multivariada, o único fator preditivo de resposta patológica completa foi presença de receptor hormonal negativo. Ao analisar fatores prognósticos, receptor hormonal negativo permaneceu como variável independente de risco, e resposta patológica completa, como variável independente de proteção. Conclusão O receptor hormonal negativo é fator preditivo isolado de resposta patológica completa e fator de risco para menor sobrevida livre de doença e sobrevida global. Já a resposta patológica completa é fator protetor para estas mesmas análises de sobrevivência.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Carcinoma/pathology , Carcinoma/drug therapy , Receptors, Progesterone/analysis , Receptors, Estrogen/analysis , Neoadjuvant Therapy/methods , Reference Values , Time Factors , Breast Neoplasms/mortality , Breast Neoplasms/chemistry , Carcinoma/mortality , Carcinoma/chemistry , Multivariate Analysis , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Disease-Free Survival , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Middle Aged
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766028

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although primary cancer of the fallopian tubes is a relatively rare type of tumor in female reproductive organs, its mortality is quite high. It is important to identify molecular and biological markers of this malignancy that determine its specific phenotype. METHODS: The study was carried out on samples received from 71 female patients with primary cancer of the fallopian tubes. The main molecular and biological properties, including hormone status (estrogen receptor [ER], progesterone receptor [PR]), human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER2)/neu expression, proliferative potential (Ki-67), apoptosis (p53, Bcl-2), and pro-angiogenic (vascular endothelial growth factor) quality of serous tumors were studied in comparison with clinical and morphological characteristics. RESULTS: ER and PR expression is accompanied by low grade neoplasia, early clinical disease stage, and absence of lymphogenic metastasis (p < .001). HER2/neu expression is not typical for primary cancer of the fallopian tubes. Ki-67 expression is characterized by an inverse correlation with ER and PR (p < .05) and is associated with lymphogenic metastasis (p < .01). p53+ status correlates with high grade malignancy, tumor progression, metastasis, negative ER/PR (p < .001), and negative Bcl-2 status (p < .05). Positive Bcl-2 status is positively correlated with ER and PR expression and low grade malignancy. CONCLUSIONS: Complex morphologic (histological and immunohistochemical) study of postoperative material allows estimation of the degree of malignancy and tumor spread to enable appropriate treatment for each case.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Apoptosis , Biomarkers , Fallopian Tubes , Female , Humans , Mortality , Neoplasm Metastasis , Phenotype , ErbB Receptors , Receptors, Progesterone , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766020

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In order to improve the efficacy of endometrial carcinoma (EC) treatment, identifying prognostic factors for high risk patients is a high research priority. This study aimed to assess the relationships among the expression of estrogen receptors (ER), progesterone receptors (PR), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), Ki-67, and the different histopathological prognostic parameters in EC and to assess the value of these in the management of EC. METHODS: We examined 109 cases of EC. Immunohistochemistry for ER, PR, HER2, and Ki-67 were evaluated in relation to age, tumor size, International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage and grade, depth of infiltration, cervical and ovarian involvement, lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI), and lymph node (LN) metastasis. RESULTS: The mean age of patients in this study was 59.8 ± 8.2 years. Low ER and PR expression scores and high Ki-67 expression showed highly significant associations with non-endometrioid histology (p = .007, p < .001, and p < .001, respectively) and poor differentiation (p = .007, p < .001, and p <. 001, respectively). Low PR score showed a significant association with advanced stage (p = .009). Low ER score was highly associated with LVSI (p = .006), and low PR scores were associated significantly with LN metastasis (p = .026). HER2 expression was significantly related to advanced stages (p = .04), increased depth of infiltration (p = .02), LVSI (p = .017), ovarian involvement (p = .038), and LN metastasis (p = .038). There was a close relationship between HER2 expression and uterine cervical involvement (p = .009). Higher Ki-67 values were associated with LN involvement (p = .012). CONCLUSIONS: The over-expression of HER2 and Ki-67 and low expression of ER and PR indicate a more malignant EC behavior. An immunohistochemical panel for the identification of high risk tumors can contribute significantly to prognostic assessments.


Subject(s)
Endometrial Neoplasms , Female , Gynecology , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Obstetrics , Prognosis , ErbB Receptors , Receptors, Estrogen , Receptors, Progesterone , Receptors, Steroid
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766009

ABSTRACT

Type 1 autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP1) is an IgG4-related systemic disease that mimics tumors. We report a rare case of AIP1 accompanied by mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN). A pancreatic lesion was incidentally detected in a woman in her 60s. After 6 years of follow-up, the lesion abruptly increased in size. Computed tomography showed a 3.5 cm unilocular cyst in the tail of the pancreas and distal pancreatectomy was performed. On microscopic examination, the cyst was lined by mucinous and non-mucinous epithelial cells with mild cytologic atypia. The surrounding stroma comprised ovarian-type spindle cells with progesterone receptor positivity. The pericystic pancreas exhibited multifocal lymphoid follicles, lymphoplasmacytic infiltrations, obliterative phlebitis, and storiform fibrosis. IgG4-positive plasma cell infiltration (215 cells high-power field) and the IgG4/IgG ratio (57%) were increased. Cases of MCN coexisting with AIP1 are extremely rare; only two such cases have been reported in the English-language literature. This third case featured low-grade MCN with AIP1.


Subject(s)
Epithelial Cells , Female , Fibrosis , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Mucins , Pancreas , Pancreatectomy , Pancreatitis , Phlebitis , Plasma Cells , Receptors, Progesterone , Tail
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741211

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer treatment with selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) increases the incidence of uterine malignant mixed Müllerian tumors (uMMMTs). We examine clinicopathologic characteristics and prognosis of SERM-associated uMMMTs (S-uMMMTs) and discuss possible pathogenetic mechanisms. METHODS: Among 28,104 patients with breast cancer, clinicopathologic features and incidence of uMMMT were compared between patients who underwent SERM treatment and those who did not. Of 92 uMMMT cases that occurred during the same period, incidence, dose, and duration of SERM treatment, as well as overall survival rate, were compared for patients with breast cancer who underwent SERM treatment and those who did not (S-uMMMT vs NS-uMMMT) and for patients without breast cancer (de novo-uMMMT). Histopathological findings and immunophenotypes for myogenin, desmin, p53, WT-1, estrogen receptor (ER) α, ERβ, progesterone receptor, and GATA-3 were compared between S-uMMMT and de novo-uMMMT. RESULTS: The incidence of S-uMMMT was significantly higher than that of NS-uMMMT (6.35-fold). All patients with SERM were postmenopausal and received daily 20–40 mg SERM. Cumulative SERM dose ranged from 21.9 to 73.0 g (mean, 46.0) over 39–192 months (mean, 107). Clinicopathologic features, such as International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage and overall survival, were not significantly different between patients with S-uMMMT and NS-uMMMT or between patients with S-uMMMT and de novo-uMMMT. All 11 S-uMMMT cases available for immunostaining exhibited strong overexpression/null expression of p53 protein and significantly increased ERβ expression in carcinomatous and sarcomatous components. CONCLUSIONS: SERM therapy seemingly increases risk of S-uMMMT development; however, clinicopathologic features were similar in all uMMMTs from different backgrounds. p53 mutation and increased ERβ expression might be involved in the etiology of S-uMMMT.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Desmin , Estrogens , Gynecology , Humans , Incidence , Myogenin , Obstetrics , Prognosis , Receptors, Progesterone , Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators , Survival Rate , Tamoxifen
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