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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813317

ABSTRACT

Retinoic acid, an active metabolite of vitamin A, exerts multiple effects on regulating embryonic development and inducing differentiation, proliferation, apoptosis as well as resistance in various cancer cells. Apart from the classic genomic action (binding to the nuclear receptors to regulate the expression of its downstream target genes), retinoic acids also play important roles in anti-cancer effect through non-genomic pathways (via extranuclear and non-transcriptional effects).


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Cell Differentiation , Genomics , Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Receptors, Retinoic Acid , Tretinoin
2.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 34: 43-50, july. 2018. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1045999

ABSTRACT

Background: All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA), a vitamin A-derived active metabolite, exerts important functions in hair biology. Previous studies indicated that excess ATRA hampered hair follicle morphogenesis and cyclic regeneration in adulthood, but other studies stated that ATRA promoted hair growth. Dermal papilla (DP), a cluster of specialized fibroblasts, plays pivotal roles in controlling development and regeneration of hair follicle. Several lines of evidence indicated that DP might be the target cells of ATRA in the hair follicle. To confirm this hypothesis, the present study was performed to explore the biological effects of ATRA on goat dermal papilla cells (DPCs) and clarify the roles of ATRA in hair biology. Results: Our experimental results indicated that key signaling transducers of ATRA were dynamically expressed in distinct stages of goat cashmere growth cycle, and high-dose ATRA treatment (10-5 M) significantly impaired the viability of goat DPCs and lowered the ratio of proliferating cells. Otherwise, goat DPCs were stimulated to enter apoptosis and their cell cycle progression was severely blocked by ATRA. Moreover, the expression of fibroblast growth factor 7 (Fgf7), one of the potent hair growth stimulators secreted by DPCs, was transcriptionally repressed following ATRA treatment. Conclusion: DPCs are the targets of ATRA in the hair follicle, and ATRA negatively regulates hair growth by the targeted suppression of cell viability and growth factor expression of goat DPCs. Through these observations, we offer a new mechanistic insight into the roles of ATRA in hair biology.


Subject(s)
Animals , Tretinoin/pharmacology , Goats , Hair Follicle/drug effects , Regeneration , In Vitro Techniques , Immunohistochemistry , Receptors, Retinoic Acid , Hair Follicle/cytology , Hair Follicle/growth & development , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Fibroblast Growth Factor 7/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
3.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e112, 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952076

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Cellular retinoic acid-binding protein 2 (CRABP2) has been detected in several organs during embryonic development. Recent studies have demonstrated that CRABP2 plays important roles in the retinoic acid, β-catenin and Notch signaling pathways, as well as in the interaction between epithelial and mesenchymal cells, which are important for human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) and tooth development. In the present study, the expression of CRABP2 during mouse molar development and the role of CRABP2 in hDPSC odontoblastic differentiation were evaluated. CRABP2 was gradually decreased during the development of the first maxillary molar, which exhibited the same trend as the expression of CRABP2 during the odontoblastic induction of hDPSCs. CRABP2 knockdown inhibited the proliferative ability of hDPSCs, while it enhanced odontoblastic differentiation via promoting mineralization nodule formation and upregulating the activity of alkaline phosphatase and the expression of mineralization-related genes. The present study uncovered a novel function of CRABP2 in hDPSCs. Our data suggest that CRABP2 may act as a regulator during the proliferation and differentiation of hDPSCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Stem Cells/physiology , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Receptors, Retinoic Acid/physiology , Dental Pulp/cytology , Cell Proliferation/physiology , Odontoblasts/physiology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Immunohistochemistry , Down-Regulation/physiology , Cell Communication , Cells, Cultured , Blotting, Western , Analysis of Variance , Anthraquinones , Receptors, Retinoic Acid/analysis , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Coloring Agents , Alkaline Phosphatase , Mice, Inbred C57BL
4.
Biol. Res ; 48: 1-7, 2015. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950795

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Chemerin, encoded by the retinoic acid receptor responder 2 (RARRES2) gene is an adipocytesecreted protein with autocrine/paracrine functions in adipose tissue, metabolism and inflammation with a recently described function in vascular tone regulation, liver, steatosis, etc. This molecule is believed to represent a critical endocrine signal linking obesity to diabetes. There are no data available regarding evolution of RARRES2 in non-human primates and great apes. Expression profile and orthology in RARRES2 genes are unknown aspects in the biology of this multigene family in primates. Thus; we attempt to describe expression profile and phylogenetic relationship as complementary knowledge in the function of this gene in primates. To do that, we performed A RT-PCR from different tissues obtained during necropsies. Also we tested the hypotheses of positive evolution, purifying selection, and neutrality. And finally a phylogenetic analysis was made between primates RARRES2 protein. RESULTS: RARRES2 transcripts were present in liver, lung, adipose tissue, ovary, pancreas, heart, hypothalamus and pituitary tissues. Expression in kidney and leukocytes were not detectable in either species. It was determined that the studied genes are orthologous. CONCLUSIONS: RARRES2 evolution fits the hypothesis of purifying selection. Expression profiles of the RARRES2 gene are similar in baboons and chimpanzees and are also phylogenetically related.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Papio/genetics , Pan troglodytes/genetics , Receptors, Retinoic Acid/genetics , Evolution, Molecular , Phylogeny , Molecular Sequence Data , Base Sequence , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
5.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 186-192, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-255958

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the mechanism of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) up-regulating apelin expression in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). The effect of ATRA on apelin expression in the VSMCs was investigated by RT-PCR, real-time PCR and Western blot analysis. To further define whether retinoic acid receptor α (RARα) mediated the induction of apelin by ATRA, endogenous RARα was down regulated by transfection of siRNA against RARα (si-RARα) or RARα was over-expressed by infection of the adenovirus vector pAd-GFP-RARα in the VSMCs. The results showed that ATRA significantly induced apelin expression in a time- and dose-dependent manner in the VSMCs. Although RARα expression was increased in a time-dependent manner, the expressions of RARβ and RARγ were little changed by the ATRA treatment. When VSMCs were treated with a RARα antagonist Ro 41-5253 prior to the addition of ATRA, or si-RARα was used to down regulate endogenous RARα expression, the blockade of RARα signaling partially reduced the response of apelin to ATRA. Moreover, RARα over-expression, induced by infection of pAd-GFP-RARα, further increased the induction of apelin by ATRA. In conclusion, ATRA may up-regulate apelin expression in VSMCs, and the mechanism may be RARα dependent.


Subject(s)
Benzoates , Chromans , Gene Expression Regulation , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Metabolism , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Cell Biology , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Receptors, Retinoic Acid , Metabolism , Retinoic Acid Receptor alpha , Signal Transduction , Transfection , Tretinoin , Metabolism , Up-Regulation
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1702-1708, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272535

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effects of TBLR1-RARα on the differentiation induction of leukemia cell line K562 cells into erythroid lineage and to investigate its related mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Tet-Off inducible system was used to construct the conditional expression vector of TBLR1-RARα fusion gene by cloning the TBLR1-RARα fragment into lentivirus vector pLVX-Tight-Puro, the expression of TBLR1-RARα fusion gene was induced by doxycycline (Dox). Then, K562 cells were transfected with lentivirus pLVX-Tight-Puro-TBLR1-RARα-flag, and the expression of fusion proteins was verified by Western blot. After treatment of K562 with all-trans retinoid acid (ATRA), real time RT-PCR was performed to test the expression of erythroid differentiation-related CD71 and α, ε, γ-globins gene. Flow cytometry was used also to analyze the expression of erythroid differentiation markers CD71 and CD235a. Benzidine staining was used to detect the production of hemoglobin in K562 cells.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>qRT-RCR showed that ATRA could increase the expression level of CD71 and α, ε, γ-globin genes when TBLR1-RARα was expressed. After treatment of ATRA, the proportion of CD71(+) cells detected by the flow cytometry also increased. Benzidine staining showed that ATRA could induce hemoglobin production in K562 cells with TBLR1-RARα fusion gene expression.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The expression of TBLR1-RARα fusion gene contribute to ATRA-inducing differentiation of K562 cells into erythroid lineage.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Differentiation , Erythrocytes , Hemoglobins , K562 Cells , Nuclear Proteins , Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear , Receptors, Retinoic Acid , Repressor Proteins , Retinoic Acid Receptor alpha , gamma-Globins
7.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-737689

ABSTRACT

Retinoic acid (RA) regulates the transcription of a series of genes involved in cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis by binding to the RA Receptor (RAR) and Retinoid X Receptor (RXR) heterodimers. The cellular retinoic acid-binding protein 2 (CRABP2) is involved in the transport of RA from the cytosol to specific RA receptors in the nucleus, acting as a coactivator of nuclear retinoid receptors. In order to have a better understanding of the role of CRABP2 in RA signaling, we used the yeast two-hybrid system as a tool for the identification of physical protein-protein interactions. Twenty-three putative CRABP2-interacting proteins were identified by screening in the presence of RA, five of which are related to transcription regulation or, more specifically, to the process of chromatin remodeling: t-complex 1 (TCP1); H3 histone, family 3A (H3F3A); H3 histone, family 3B (H3F3B); β-tubulin (TUBB) and SR-related CTD-associated factor 1 (SCAF1). These results suggest a more direct role for CRABP2 in chromatin remodeling and may be a starting point for the elucidation of the fine-tuning control of transcription by RA receptors...


Subject(s)
Humans , Chromatin Assembly and Disassembly/physiology , Receptors, Retinoic Acid , Protein Transport , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Two-Hybrid System Techniques/instrumentation
8.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 48(spe): 95-101, 08/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-731290

ABSTRACT

Cross-sectional study that used the Social Network Index and the genogram to assess the social network of 110 family caregivers of dependent patients attended by a Home Care Service in São Paulo, Brazil. Data were analyzed using the test U of Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis and Spearman correlation. Results were considered statistically significant when p<0,05. Few caregivers participated in activities outside the home and the average number of people they had a bond was 4,4 relatives and 3,6 friends. Caregivers who reported pain and those who had a partner had higher average number of relatives who to trust. The average number of friends was higher in the group that reported use of medication for depression. Total and per capita incomes correlated with the social network. It was found that family members are the primary caregiver’s social network.



.


Estudio transversal que utiliza el Índice de la Red Social y el genograma para evaluar la red social de los 110 cuidadores familiares de enfermos dependientes atendidos por un servicio de cuidados en el hogar, en São Paulo. Los datos fueron analizados por las pruebas de Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis y la correlación de Spearman. Los resultados se consideraron estadísticamente significativos cuando p<0,05. Pocos cuidadores participaban en actividades fuera del hogar y el número promedio de personas con las cuales tenían vínculo fueran 4,4 personas de la familia y 3,6 amigos. Los que informaron dolor en el cuerpo y los que tenían una pareja tenían mayor número medio de familiares en que confiar. El número medio de amigos fue mayor en el grupo que informó el uso de medicación para la depresión. Los ingresos totales y per cápita se correlacionaron con la red social. Se encontró que los miembros de la familia son la principal red social del cuidador.

.


Objetivo Avaliar a rede social de 110 cuidadores familiares de pacientes dependentes atendidos por um Serviço de Assistência Domiciliária no município de São Paulo. Método Estudo transversal, que utilizou o Social Network Index e o genograma. Os dados foram analisados pelos testes U de Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis e correlação de Spearman. Foram considerados estatisticamente significantes quando p <0,05. Resultados Poucos cuidadores participavam de atividades extradomiciliares e o número médio de pessoas com quem mantinham vínculo era de 4,4 familiares e 3,6 amigos. Cuidadores que referiram dor no corpo e aqueles que possuíam companheiro apresentaram maior número médio de parentes em quem confiar. A média de amigos foi superior no grupo que referiu uso de medicamentos para depressão. As rendas total e per capita mostraram correlação com a rede social. Conclusão Verificou-se que os familiares são a principal rede social do cuidador. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Membrane Glycoproteins , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Antigens, CD/genetics , Tetraspanin 29 , Caspases/genetics , Gastric Mucosa/metabolism , Gene Expression Profiling , Genes, Tumor Suppressor , Keratins/genetics , Matrix Metalloproteinases/genetics , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Receptors, Retinoic Acid/genetics
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251703

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of all-trans retinoid acid (ATRA) and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) on the growth, apoptosis, differentiation and expression of RARα2 of myeloma cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Myeloma cell lines OPM2 (RARα2 positive) and U266 (RARα2 negative) were treated with ATRA in the presence or absence of G-CSF. The cells were divided into 6 groups: control groups, G-CSF groups (treated with 1000 U/ml and 2000 U/ml), ATRA groups (treated with 1.0 μmol/L ATRA) and combined groups (treated with 1000 U/mL or 2000 U/mL G-CSF plus 1.0 μmol/L ATRA). The cell viability, growth and apoptosis were examined by MTT method, inverted microscopy and Annexin-V/PI staining, respectively; RARα2 expression was detected by reverse transcription PCR; morphology change was evaluated by Wright-Giemsa staining; CD49e expression were analyzed by flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The proliferation of OPM2 cells was inhibited by ATRA treatment (P<0.05) . The growth inhibition rates in combined groups were higher than corresponding single ATRA groups (P<0.05). However, the above effects in U266 cells were not significant (P >0.05). The OPM2 cell stained by Wright-Giemsa in ATRA groups showed that the cell nucleus became smaller, chromatin condensed, number of nucleolus reduced, the volume of cytoplasm increased and the cytoplasm became dark blue. Expression rates of CD49e were low in both U266 and OPM2 cells. Expression of RARα2 in OPM2 cells of combination groups were higher than those of control group and corresponding single groups (P<0.05); and there was no significant difference between control group and G-CSF groups (P>0.05). Expression of RARα2 in U266 cells of control group and G-CSF groups was not detected; and ATRA groups and combination groups had weak expression.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ATRA can induce proliferation inhibition in RARα2-expressing myeloma cells, and it may also play a certain role in promoting differentiation of RARα2 positive myeloma cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Differentiation , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Pharmacology , Multiple Myeloma , Metabolism , Pathology , Receptors, Retinoic Acid , Metabolism , Retinoic Acid Receptor alpha , Tretinoin , Pharmacology
10.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 373-382, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757799

ABSTRACT

In response to viral infection, RIG-I-like RNA helicases detect viral RNA and signal through the mitochondrial adapter protein VISA. VISA activation leads to rapid activation of transcription factors IRF3 and NF-κB, which collaborate to induce transcription of type I interferon (IFN) genes and cellular antiviral response. It has been demonstrated that VISA is activated by forming prion-like aggregates. However, how this process is regulated remains unknown. Here we show that overexpression of HSC71 resulted in potent inhibition of virus-triggered transcription of IFNB1 gene and cellular antiviral response. Consistently, knockdown of HSC71 had opposite effects. HSC71 interacted with VISA, and negatively regulated virus-triggered VISA aggregation. These findings suggest that HSC71 functions as a check against VISA-mediated antiviral response.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Aggregation , Genetics , GPI-Linked Proteins , Metabolism , Gene Knockdown Techniques , HEK293 Cells , HSC70 Heat-Shock Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Heat-Shock Response , Genetics , Interferon Regulatory Factor-3 , Genetics , Metabolism , Interferon-beta , Genetics , NF-kappa B , Genetics , Prions , Metabolism , Receptors, Retinoic Acid , Metabolism , Viruses , Metabolism , Virulence
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295522

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the correlation between RARbeta gene promoter methylation and P53 gene mutations in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Promoter methylation of RARbeta and P53 mutations of exons 5 through 9 in 198 resected primary NSCLC tissues were determined by methylation-specific PCR and direct sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>RARbeta gene promoter methylation and P53 mutation were detected in 58.1% and 36.4% of tumors, respectively. Both were higher in males than in females and in smokers than in nonsmokers. A higher prevalence of RARbeta promoter methylation was found in patients with advanced stage tumors than those with TNM stage I. P53 gene mutations were more frequent in squamous cell carcinoma and adeno-squamous carcinoma than adenocarcinoma. All such differences were statistically significant (P< 0.05). Frequencies of P53 mutations, including G:C>T:A mutations, transversions and missense mutations were significantly higher in tumors with RARbeta methylation than in those without (P< 0.05). A significantly higher prevalence of RARbeta methylation was found in tumors with only G:C>T:A mutation in P53 gene than those without P53 mutations (P< 0.05). This difference (OR=3.737, 95%CI: 1.414-9.873) was still statistically significant (P< 0.05) in smokers (OR=4.020, 95%CI: 1.263-12.800), squamous cell carcinomas (OR=5.480, 95%CI: 1.400-21.446) or patients with advanced tumors (OR=3.446, 95%CI: 1.054-11.267) after adjusting for age and sex.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>RARbeta methylation is associated with G:C>T:A mutations in P53 gene in NSCLC.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Base Sequence , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Genetics , Pathology , DNA Methylation , Genes, p53 , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Lung Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , Molecular Sequence Data , Mutation , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Receptors, Retinoic Acid , Genetics
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-93561

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: While qualitative analysis of methylation has been reviewed, the quantitative analysis of methylation has rarely been studied. We evaluated the methylation status of CDKN2A, RARbeta, and RASSF1A promoter regions in non-small cell lung carcinomas (NSCLCs) by using pyrosequencing. Then, we evaluated the association between methylation at the promoter regions of these tumor suppressor genes and the clinicopathological parameters of the NSCLCs. METHODS: We collected tumor tissues from a total of 53 patients with NSCLCs and analyzed the methylation level of the CDKN2A, RARbeta, and RASSF1A promoter regions by using pyrosequencing. In addition, we investigated the correlation between the hypermethylation of CDKN2A and the loss of p16INK4A immunoexpression. RESULTS: Hypermethylation of CDKN2A, RARbeta, and RASSF1A promoter regions were 16 (30.2%), 22 (41.5%), and 21 tumors (39.6%), respectively. The incidence of hypermethylation at the CDKN2A promoter in the tumors was higher in undifferentiated large cell carcinomas than in other subtypes (p=0.002). Hyperrmethylation of CDKN2A was significantly associated with p16INK4A immunoexpression loss (p=0.045). With regard to the clinicopathological characteristics of NSCLC, certain histopathological subtypes were found to be strongly associated with the loss of p16INK4A immunoexpression (p=0.016). Squamous cell carcinoma and undifferentiated large cell carcinoma showed p16INK4A immunoexpression loss more frequently. The Kaplan-Meier survival curves analysis showed that methylation level and patient survival were barely related to one another. CONCLUSION: We quantitatively analyzed the promoter methylation status by using pyrosequencing. We showed a significant correlation between CDKN2A hypermethylation and p16INK4A immunoexpression loss.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Large Cell , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , DNA Methylation , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Genes, p16 , Genes, Tumor Suppressor , Incidence , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Lung , Methylation , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Receptors, Retinoic Acid , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Tumor Suppressor Proteins
13.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 441-445, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307367

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the methylation status of retinoic acid receptor β2 (RARβ2) and p16(INK4α) genes in peripheral blood and tumor tissues and the perioperative dynamic changes of free RARβ2 and p16(INK4α) in the peripheral blood, and to investigate the relationship between RARβ2 and p16(INK4α) methylation in peripheral blood and clinicopathological characteristics of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and their value in evaluating the completeness of surgical resection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Real-time methylation specific polymerase chain reaction (real-time MSP) technique was used to detect the methylation status of RARβ2 and p16(INK4α) in tumor tissue, adjacent normal tissue and peripheral blood perioperatively in 76 cases of ESCC. Sixty age-matched healthy volunteers were randomly selected as a control.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>RARβ2 and p16(INK4α) hypermethylation presented in both tumor tissue [72.4% (55/76) and 86.8% (66/76)] and peripheral blood [63.2% (48/76) and 71.1% (54/76)] in the ESCC patients, showing a good agreement between them. RARβ2 and p16(INK4α) hypermethylation was significantly related with pathological stage, lymph node metastasis, and invasion of nerves and vessels (P < 0.05). The DNA methylation rate in peripheral blood was increasing first and then decreasing in the preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative periods. Moreover, the RARβ2 methylation in peripheral blood was shown to be significantly associated with family history of cancer (P = 0.023).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>RARβ2 and p16(INK4α) methylation in the peripheral blood in ESCC patients may reflect the tumor-bearing status in the body, and may serve as a valuable marker in assessment of the degree of completeness of surgical resection in ESCC patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Biomarkers, Tumor , Blood , Genetics , Metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Blood , Metabolism , Pathology , General Surgery , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 , Blood , Genetics , Metabolism , DNA Methylation , Esophageal Neoplasms , Blood , Metabolism , Pathology , General Surgery , Genes, p16 , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Staging , Receptors, Retinoic Acid , Blood , Genetics , Metabolism
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 206-209, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323057

ABSTRACT

To study the coumarins of Anemone raddeana Regel, the compounds were separated by silica gel column chromatography and HPLC. Their structures were identified by their physicochemical property and spectral analysis. Two new compounds were isolated and identified as 4, 7-dimethoxyl-5-methyl-6-hydroxy coumarin (1) and 4, 7-dimethoxyl-5-formyl-6-hydroxycoumarin (2). The bioassays indicated that compounds 1 and 2 could significantly inhibit the proliferation of cancer cell, and showed the agonist effect on the transactivity of retinoic acid receptor-alpha (RARalpha). In addition, the two compounds had inhibitory effect against human leukocyte elastase (HLE).


Subject(s)
Humans , Anemone , Chemistry , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Coumarins , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , Leukocyte Elastase , Metabolism , Molecular Structure , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Receptors, Retinoic Acid , Genetics , Metabolism , Retinoic Acid Receptor alpha , Rhizome , Chemistry , Transcriptional Activation
15.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 632-642, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342454

ABSTRACT

To construct the recombinant adenovirus vector expressing specific siRNA for rat retinoic acid receptor-beta (RARbeta) gene, and to detect its effect on RARbeta expression and neuronal differentiation of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) treated mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). First, we designed four pairs of siRNA sequence for rat RARbeta gene and annealed complementary oligonucleotides in vitro, then cloned double-stranded DNA in pSES-HUS vector containing U6/H1 double-promoter and recombinated with the backbone vector to construct pAd-siRARbeta plasmid. We infected MSCs by using adenovirus Ad-siRARbeta which was packaged in HEK293 cell line, then performed Real-time, Western blotting and immunoflourencence to detect the expression of RARbeta. We used combination of ATRA and MNM to induce MSCs into neural-like cells, then performed Real-time PCR and immunoflourencence to detect neuronal specific markers of induced neural cells. By using PCR, endonuclease cutting and gene sequencing, we confirmed that the target genes were correctly cloned in adenovirus vector. We could observe more than 60% RFP-positive MSCs at 24 h after adenovirus infection. The expression of RARbeta was significantly increased to 16.5 +/- 2.34 fold in ATRA treated MSCs (P < 0.05) and located in nucleus. Three of four pairs siRNA could effectively inhibit the expression of RARbeta with inhibition efficacy of (66.26 +/- 9.12)%, (48.70 +/- 5.78)%, (64.09 +/- 0.53)% (P < 0.05), especially siRNA-pool group with inhibition efficacy of (78.09 +/- 4.24)% (P < 0.01). Combination of ATRA and MNM induced MSCs into neural-like cells which expressed neuronal specific markers, Nestin, NSE, MAP-2, and Tau. Immunoflourencence result showed that about 50-88 present of cells were positive for Nestin, NSE, Tjul, however, adenovirus medicated expression of siRARbeta could effectively inhibit the expression level of neural specific proteins and the ratio of positive stained cells (P < 0.05). Therefore, we successfully constructed the recombinant adenovirus vector containing siRNA for rat RARP gene, adenovirus could effectively infect MSCs and inhibit the expression of induced RARbeta in ATRA treated MSCs, then inhibit neuronal differentiation of MSCs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Adenoviridae , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Genetics , Down-Regulation , HEK293 Cells , Intermediate Filament Proteins , Metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Metabolism , Nestin , Neurons , Cell Biology , RNA, Small Interfering , Genetics , Receptors, Retinoic Acid , Genetics , Recombinant Proteins , Genetics , Transfection , Tretinoin , Pharmacology
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-210922

ABSTRACT

In general, a 2-yr disease-free duration is recommended before kidney transplantation (KT) in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients who also have acute leukemia. However, the optimal disease-free interval has not been specified for all subtypes of acute leukemia. Among these subtypes, acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) shows a favorable prognosis and low relapse rate compared to other types of leukemia. We here report KT after complete remission (CR) of APL in an ESRD patient. Irreversible kidney injury developed in a 23-yr-old man with APL. First, we induced CR and subsequently performed KT 7 months after the achievement of CR. The patient's clinical course after KT was favorable, without allograft rejection or relapse of APL up to1 yr after KT. On the basis of our clinical experience, it is suggested that a long wait may not be necessary before KT in patients with ESRD and APL.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Arsenicals/therapeutic use , Bone Marrow Cells/pathology , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Kidney Transplantation , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute/diagnosis , Oxides/therapeutic use , Receptors, Retinoic Acid/genetics , Remission Induction
17.
Scientific Journal of Iranian Blood Transfusion Organization Research Center [The]. 2012; 8 (4): 242-250
in Persian | IMEMR | ID: emr-118299

ABSTRACT

FLT3 mutations are associated with poor outcome in acute myeloblastic leukemia [AML] patients. Only limited information is available about effects of FLT3 mutation on Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia [APL]. We investigated the prevalence and impact of FLT3 mutations on the clinical characteristics and the response to treatment in APL patients treated with arsenic trioxide [As[2]O[3]]. Blood samples were collected from 115 untreated APL patients and genomic DNA was extracted by the salting-out method. FLT3-ITD and FLT3-D835 mutations were investigated by PCR-RFLP. Mann-Whitney U test and Chi-square were used for data analysis. FLT3-ITD and FLT3-D835 mutations were detected in 16 [14%] and 13 [11%] of the patients, respectively. Both mutations were identified in two patients, so overall frequency of FLT3 mutations was estimated to be 23.5%. Patients positive for FLT3-ITD mutation had a higher rate of white cell counts [p= 0.005] and more frequent bcr3 type of PML/RARA fusion [p=0.04]. We have not found any significant association between FLT3-D835 mutation and the clinical characteristics of patients. Between the group with FLT3 Mutations and the group without, there was no significant difference in response to therapy. Complete remission induction with As[2]O[3] may be independent of FLT3 mutation status, so As[2]O[3] may be the first choice of APL especially in patients with FLT3 mutations. However, further studies on a large group of patients are necessary to confirm our findings


Subject(s)
Humans , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3/genetics , Mutation/genetics , Prognosis , Receptors, Retinoic Acid/genetics , Arsenicals , Treatment Outcome
18.
Indian J Hum Genet ; 2011 May; 17(2): 54-58
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-138935

ABSTRACT

Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is characterized by a reciprocal translocation t(15;17)(q22;q21) leading to the disruption of Promyelocytic leukemia (PML) and Retionic Acid Receptor Alpha (RARA) followed by reciprocal PML–RARA fusion in 90% of the cases. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) has overcome the hurdles of unavailability of abnormal and/or lack of metaphase cells, and detection of cryptic, submicroscopic rearrangements. In the present study, besides diagnostic approach we sought to analyze these cases for identification and characterization of cryptic rearrangements, deletion variants and unknown RARA translocation variants by application of D-FISH and RARA break-apart probe strategy on interphase and metaphase cells in a large series of 200 cases of APL. Forty cases (20%) had atypical PML–RARA and/or RARA variants. D-FISH with PML/RARA probe helped identification of RARA insertion to PML. By application of D-FISH on metaphase cells, we documented that translocation of 15 to 17 leads to 17q deletion which results in loss of reciprocal fusion and/or residual RARA on der(17). Among the complex variants of t(15;17), PML–RARA fusion followed by residual RARA insertion closed to PML–RARA on der(15) was unique and unusual. FISH with break-apart RARA probe on metaphase cells was found to be a very efficient strategy to detect unknown RARA variant translocations like t(11;17)(q23;q21), t(11;17)(q13;q21) and t(2;17)(p21;q21). These findings proved that D-FISH and break-apart probe strategy has potential to detect primary as well as secondary additional aberrations of PML, RARA and other additional loci. The long-term clinical follow-up is essential to evaluate the clinical importance of these findings.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Child , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17/genetics , Humans , Infant , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence/methods , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute/genetics , Patients , Receptors, Retinoic Acid/genetics
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-306876

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression variation of RAR-β2, RASSF1A, and CDKN2A gene in the process of nickel-induced carcinogenesis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Nickel subsulfide (Ni(3)S(2)) at dose of 10 mg was given to Wistar rats by intramuscular injection. The mRNA expression of the three genes in induced tumors and their lung metastasis were examined by Real-time PCR. The methylation status of the 5' region of these genes were detected by Quantitative Real-time methylation specific PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mRNA expressions of the three genes both in muscle and lung tumor were decreased distinctly in comparison with normal tissue. But hypermethylation was found only in muscle tumor.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>These findings suggest that loss of function or decrease of RAR-β2, RASSF1A, and CDKN2A, as well as the hypermethylation of 5' region of these genes, are related with nickel exposure.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Carcinogens , Toxicity , CpG Islands , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 , Genetics , Metabolism , DNA Methylation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Lung Neoplasms , Metabolism , Muscle Neoplasms , Metabolism , Nickel , Toxicity , Rats, Wistar , Receptors, Retinoic Acid , Genetics , Metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-234325

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of promoter methylation of p16, death-associated protein kinase (DAPK) and retinoic acid receptor-beta (RAR beta) genes on clinical data in non-small cell lung cancers, and to study the effect of smoking on the risk of gene methylation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The promoter methylation of p16, DAPK and RAR beta genes in 200 primary non-small cell lung cancers and the corresponding nonmalignant lung tissues were determined by methylation-specific PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Methylation in the tumor tissues was detected in 51.0% for p16, 60.0% for DAPK, and 58.0% for RAR beta gene, with significant differences (P < 0.05) when compared with those in the corresponding nonmalignant tissues(12.5%, 11.5% and 15.0%) respectively. p16 gene methylation in tumor tissue was associated with age significantly in unconditional logistic regression analysis (P < 0.01) and histologic type (P < 0.05). DAPK gene methylation in tumor tissue was associated significantly with age (P < 0.05), gender (P < 0.05) and clinical type (P < 0.05). RAR beta gene methylation in tumor tissue was associated with clinical type (P < 0.05) and tumor stage (P < 0.05) significantly. The interaction odds ratio (OR) for the gene-gene interaction in tumor tissue between p16 and DAPK was 1.987 (95%CI:1.055-3.743). The results of the gene-smoking analyses revealed that a relationship existed between cigarette smoking and p16 gene methylation (OR = 3.139, 95%CI: 1.046-9.419), the OR for the relationship of DAPK gene methylation and cigarette smoking was 3.585(95%CI: 1.270-10.123) in tumor tissue. The RAR beta gene methylation did not differ based on the smoking status of patients in tumor tissue.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The p16, DAPK and RAR beta genes methylation are strongly associated with clinical data of non-small cell lung cancer, and methylation of p16 and DAPK genes are associated with tobacco smoking.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Genetics , Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases , Genetics , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Genetics , Pathology , DNA Methylation , Death-Associated Protein Kinases , Genes, p16 , Logistic Models , Lung Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Receptors, Retinoic Acid , Genetics , Smoking
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