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1.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0030, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376783

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O hemangioma de coroide é um tumor vascular benigno, de coloração vermelho-alaranjada, bem delimitado, caracterizado por uma placa elevada. É um tumor raro, com prevalência de um caso a cada 40 tumores de coroide. O diagnóstico pode ser feito por meio da clínica associada à avaliação biomicroscópica e a exames complementares para diferenciação de outros tumores. O tratamento pode ser expectante nos casos assintomáticos. Para os casos sintomáticos ou com presença de fluido sub-retiniano, existem diversas terapias. O objetivo deste estudo foi relatar um caso de hemangioma circunscrito de coroide submetido a tratamento combinado de terapia fotodinâmica com verteporfina e injeção intravítrea de antiangiogênico (bevacizumabe). A decisão de tratar um hemangioma de coroide deve ser individualizada com base nos sintomas, na perda visual e em qualquer potencial de sua recuperação. O exame oftalmológico completo é necessário, mesmo em casos assintomáticos, para rastreamento precoce de doenças oculares.


ABSTRACT Choroid hemangioma is a benign, well-delimited orange-red, vascular tumor characterized by an elevated plaque. It is a rare tumor with a prevalence of one case in every 40 choroidal tumors. It can be diagnosed by the clinic associated with biomicroscopic evaluation and complementary tests to differentiate from other tumors. Treatment can be expectant in asymptomatic cases. For symptomatic cases or those with the presence of subretinal fluid, there are several therapies. The objective of this study was to report a case of circumscribed choroidal hemangioma submitted to combined treatment of photodynamic therapy with verteporfin and intravitreal injection of an antiangiogenic agent (bevacizumab). The decision to treat choroidal hemangioma must be individualized based on symptoms, visual loss, and any potential for recovery. A complete eye examination is necessary, even in asymptomatic cases, for early screening for eye diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Photochemotherapy/methods , Choroid Neoplasms/diagnosis , Choroid Neoplasms/therapy , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Bevacizumab/therapeutic use , Verteporfin/therapeutic use , Hemangioma/diagnosis , Hemangioma/therapy , Fluorescein Angiography , Choroid Neoplasms/pathology , Ultrasonography , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor/antagonists & inhibitors , Drug Therapy, Combination , Hemangioma/pathology
2.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(2): 156-162, June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286983

ABSTRACT

Objective: The present study evaluated the profile of endoglin (CD105) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) based on staging and histopathological grading of colorectal cancer as well as their relationship with bevacizumab therapy. Methods: A total of 88 cases of colorectal adenocarcinoma were included in the present study. The levels of VEGF and CD105 protein were evaluated with enzymelinked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results: There was a significant difference in the level of CD105 (p=0.002) between metastases and non-metastases subjects, showing that CD105 was higher in metastases subjects (4.59 ng/ml). Therewas no significant difference in the level of VEGF based on the presence of metastasis (p=0.625). There was a significant difference in the levels of CD105 (p=0.038) and VEGF (p=0.010) between the subjects who received chemotherapy and those who did not. The CD105 level was higher in the subjects who received chemotherapy (4.43 ng/ml); conversely, the level of VEGF was lower in subjects who received chemotherapy (543.65 pg/ml). There was a statistically significant difference in the levels of CD105 (p=0.003) and VEGF (p=0.002) between subjects who received bevacizumab therapy and subjects who did not. The levels of CD105 were higher in subjects who received bevacizumab therapy (5.11 ng/ml); in contrast, the level of VEGF was higher in subjects who did not receive bevacizumab therapy (645.92 pg/ml). There was a significant positive correlation between CD105 and VEGF in subjects who did not receive bevacizumab (p<0.01). Conclusion: The results of this study support a hypothesis of "escape mechanism" in the failure of anti-angiogenesis therapy (anti-VEGF). (AU)


Objetivo: Este estudo avaliou o perfil da endoglina (CD105) e do fator de crescimento endotelial vascular (FCEV) com base no estadiamento e graduação histopatológica do câncer colorretal, assim como sua relação com a terapia com bevacizumabe. Métodos: No total, 88 casos de adenocarcinoma colorretal foram incluídos no presente estudo. Os níveis das proteínas FCEV e CD105 foram avaliados com ensaio imunoenzimático (ELISA, na sigla em inglês). Resultados Houve uma diferença significativa no nível de CD105 (p=0,002) entre indivíduos commetástases e semmetástases, que indicou que o nível de CD105 émais alto em indivíduos com metástases (4,59 ng/ml). Não houve diferença significativa no nível de FCEV com base na presença de metástases (p=0,625). Houve diferença significativa nos níveis de CD105 (p=0,038) e de FCEV (p=0,010) entre os indivíduos que receberam quimioterapia e os que não receberam. Encontrou-se um nível de CD105 mais alto nos indivíduos que submetidos a quimioterapia (4,43 ng/ml); Em contrapartida, encontrou-se um nível de FCEV mais baixo em indivíduos que submetidos a quimioterapia (543,65 pg/ml). Houve uma diferença estatisticamente significativa nos níveis de CD105 (p=0,003) e de FCEV (p=0,002) entre os indivíduos submetidos e não submetidos à terapia com bevacizumabe. Os níveis de CD105 foram mais elevados em indivíduos submetidos à terapia combevacizumab (5,11 ng/ml); em contraste, observou-se um nível de FCEV mais alto em indivíduos que não foram submetidos à terapia com bevacizumabe (645,92 pg/ml). Houve uma correlação positiva significativa entre CD105 e FCEV em indivíduos que não receberam bevacizumabe (p<0.01). Conclusão: Os resultados deste estudo corroboram a hipótese de "mecanismo de escape" na falha da terapia anti-angiogênica (anti-FCEV). (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Adenocarcinoma , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor , Bevacizumab/therapeutic use , Neoplasm Metastasis
3.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(6): 552-561, Nov.-Dec. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153080

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Age-related macular degeneration is the leading cause of vision loss in elderly individuals, as well as a medical and socio-economic challenge. The treatment of dry age-related macular degeneration is based on vitamin supplementation. New treatment studies are focused on preventing the progression of degeneration and repopulating the atrophic macula. Recently, research on the treatment of neovascular age-related macular degeneration experienced a breakthrough with the advent of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitors. Nevertheless, despite the fact that ranibizumab, aflibercept, and bevacizumab are effective in reducing severe visual impairment, patients usually lose some vision over time. Therefore, the search for new therapies and diagnostic methods is fundamentally important. Current studies are focused on new anti-vascular endothelial growth factor drugs, nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, antibody against sphingosine-1-phosphate, anti-platelet-derived growth factor, gene therapy, and RNA interference. The results of ongoing clinical studies may improve the therapy of age-related macular degeneration.


RESUMO Degeneração macular relacionada à idade (DMRI) é a principal causa de perda de visão em pessoas idosas. É também um desafio médico e socioeconômico. O tratamento da degeneração macular relacionada à idade seca baseia-se na suplementação vitamínica. Novos tratamentos estão focados na prevenção da progressão da degeneração e tentativas de repovoar a mácula atrófica. A degeneração macular relacionada à idade neovascular experimentou um grande avanço com o advento dos inibidores do fator de crescimento endotelial anti-vascular (anti-VEGF); no entanto, apesar do ranibizumab, aflibercept e bevacizumab serem eficazes na redução do comprometimento visual grave, os pacientes geralmente per­dem visão ao longo do tempo. Portanto, a busca por novas terapias, tratamentos e diagnósticos é de fundamental importância. Os estudos estão focados em novos fármacos sobre fator de crescimento endotelial anti-vascular, inibidores nucleosideos da transcriptase reversa, anticorpos contra esfingosina-1-fosfato, fator de crescimento derivado de plaquetas, terapia genética e RNA de interferência. A terapia para degeneração macular relacionada à idade está prestes a melhorar como resultado desses estudos clínicos em andamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Macular Degeneration , Recombinant Fusion Proteins/therapeutic use , Visual Acuity , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor/therapeutic use , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Intravitreal Injections , Bevacizumab/therapeutic use , Ranibizumab/therapeutic use , Macular Degeneration/drug therapy
4.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(5): 396-401, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131628

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To compare the efficacy of three initial monthly intravitreal aflibercept injections followed by pro re nata (3+PRN) dosing versus five initial monthly intravitreal aflibercept injections followed by pro re nata (5+PRN) dosing in patients with diabetic macular edema. Methods: A total of 60 treatment-naïve patients with macular edema who underwent intravitreal aflibercept injections (2 mg/0.05 mL) with at least one year of follow-up were analyzed in this retrospective and comparative study. The patients were divided into two groups according to the number of intravitreal aflibercept injections administered in the loading phase. The 3+PRN group comprised 27 patients, whereas the 5+PRN group comprised 33 patients. The visual and anatomical outcomes were compared between the two groups at baseline and at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. Results: Both 3+PRN and 5+PRN, showed statistically significant improvements in the best-corrected visual acuity and central macular thicknesse throughout the study period (p<0.001 and, p<0.001, respectively). There were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of changes in the best-corrected visual acuity and central macular thickness (p=0.453 and, p=0.784, respectively). The mean number of intravitreal aflibercept injections was significantly greater in the 5+PRN group (6.1 ± 0.8) than in the 3+PRN group (3.9 ± 0.8) (p<0.001). Conclusion: The 3+PRN and 5+PRN regimens showed similar 12-month visual and anatomical outcomes following treatment with intravitreal aflibercept injections in patients with macular edema.


RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar a eficácia de três injeções intravítreas mensais iniciais de aflibercept, seguidas de dosagem de pro re nata (3+PRN) versus cinco injeções mensais iniciais intravítreas de aflibercept, seguidas de doses de pro re nata (5 + PRN) em pacientes com edema macular diabético. Métodos: Foram analisados neste estudo retrospectivo e comparativo 60 pacientes que não receberam tratamento prévio com edema macular e foram submetidos a injeções intravítreas de aflibercept (2 mg/0,05 mL) com pelo menos um ano de acompanhamento. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos de acordo com o número de injeções intravítreas de aflibercept administradas na fase inicial. O grupo 3+PRN compreendeu 27 pacientes, enquanto o grupo 5+PRN compreendeu 33 pacientes. Os resultados visuais e anatômicos foram comparados entre os dois grupos no período inicial e aos 3, 6, 9 e 12 meses. Resultados: Tanto os grupos 3+PRN quanto 5+PRN mostraram melhoras estatisticamente significativas na acuidade visual melhor corrigida e na espessura macular central ao longo do período de estudo (p<0,001 e p <0,001, respectivamente). Não houve diferenças significativas entre os dois grupos em termos de alterações na acuidade visual melhor corrigida e na espessura macular central (p=0,453 e p=0,784, respectivamente). O número médio de injeções intravítreas de aflibercept foi significativamente maior no grupo 5+PRN (6,1 ± 0,8) do que no grupo 3+PRN (3,9 ± 0,8) (p <0,001). Conclusão: Os regimes 3+PRN e 5+PRN mostraram resultados visuais e anatômicos semelhantes em 12 meses após o tratamento com injeções intravítreas de aflibercept em pacientes com edema macular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Recombinant Fusion Proteins , Macular Edema , Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Retinopathy , Recombinant Fusion Proteins/administration & dosage , Visual Acuity , Macular Edema/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor/administration & dosage , Diabetic Retinopathy/complications , Diabetic Retinopathy/drug therapy , Intravitreal Injections , Ranibizumab/therapeutic use
5.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(3): 175-179, May-June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131590

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: This survey aimed at assessing the clinical characteristics of patients with inflammatory reactions after intravitreal injection of antiangiogenic agents and the techniques employed by Brazilian retina specialists. Methods: We sent an 18-item questionnaire electronically to retina specialists who are using antiangiogenic agents. We got the responses between September 21 and December 23, 2018. Results: A total of 58 retina specialists participated. Most of them were from Southeastern Brazil (50%), 82.8% were dedicated to both medical and surgical practices, and 86.2% had practiced for more than 5 years. Respondents reported a mean number of 2.14 ± 1.63 patients with inflammation, 44.8% with panuveitis, and 79.3% with onset of symptoms within 72 h. Specialists used aflibercept (53.4%), bevacizumab (29.3%), and ranibizumab (27.6%). Most patients were treated with steroid drops (70.7%), and their inflammation subsided after 11.5 ± 11.5 days (86.2% lacked irreversible complications). The specialists blamed the syringe as the cause of the inflammation in 25.9% of the cases, 41.4% used Becton-Dickinson Ultra-Fine syringes, 43.1% injected the drug at room temperature, and 37.9% removed the air (53.4% by flicking the syringe). Most specialists did not detect silicone oil (67.2%), but 17.2% of them performed vitrectomies to remove vitreous opacities. Finally, 44.8% of specialists injected the same antiangiogenic agent in an eye with prior inflammatory reaction without further inflammation. Conclusions: Most specialists reported cases of early-onset inflammation after intravitreal injection of antiangiogenic agents. The incidence of irreversible complications was low. Aflibercept was the most common agent used. The causes of inflammation remain unknown, but we formulated some relevant hypotheses.


RESUMO Objetivo: Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo avaliar as características clínicas de pacientes com reações inflamatórias após injeção intravítrea de agentes antiangiogênicos e as técnicas empregadas por especialistas em retina brasileiros. Métodos: Enviamos eletronicamente um questionário de 18 itens para especialistas em retina que usam agentes antiangiogênicos. Recebemos as respostas entre 21 de setembro e 23 de dezembro de 2018. Resultados: Um total de 58 especialistas em retina participaram. A maioria era do Sudeste do Brasil (50%), 82,8% eram dedicados a práticas médicas e cirúrgicas e 86,2% praticavam há mais de 5 anos. Os entrevistados informaram um número médio de 2,14 ± 1,63 pacientes com inflamação, 44,8% com panuveíte e 79,3% com início dos sintomas dentro de 72 horas. Especialistas utilizaram aflibercepte (53,4%), bevacizumabe (29,3%) e ranibizumabe (26=7,6%). A maioria dos pacientes foi tratada com colírios de esteroides (70,7%), e sua inflamação diminuiu após 11,5 ± 11,5 dias (86,2% não apresentaram complicações irreversíveis). Os especialistas responsabilizaram a seringa como causa da inflamação em 25,9% dos casos, 41,4% usaram seringas Becton-Dickinson Ultra-Fine, 43,1% injetaram a droga em temperatura ambiente e 37,9% removeram o ar (53,4% sacudindo a seringa). A maioria dos especialistas não detectou óleo de silicone (67,2%), mas 17,2% realizaram vitrectomias para remoção de opacidades vítreas. Finalmente, 44,8% dos especialistas injetaram o mesmo agente angiogênicos em um olho com reação inflamatória prévia, sem surgimento de nova inflamação. Conclusões: A maioria dos especialistas relatou casos de inflamação de início precoce após injeção intravítrea de agentes antiangiogênicos. A incidência complicações irreversíveis foi baixa. Aflibercepte foi o agente mais frequentemente usado. As causas da inflamação permanecem desconhecidas, embora formulamos algumas hipóteses relevantes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Specialization , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Bevacizumab , Retina , Recombinant Fusion Proteins , Brazil , Surveys and Questionnaires , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor , Intravitreal Injections , Ranibizumab , Inflammation
6.
Immune Network ; : 11-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811171

ABSTRACT

Most patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are diagnosed at an advanced stage of disease. Until recently, systemic treatment options that showed survival benefits in HCC have been limited to tyrosine kinase inhibitors, antibodies targeting oncogenic signaling pathways or VEGF receptors. The HCC tumor microenvironment is characterized by a dysfunction of the immune system through multiple mechanisms, including accumulation of various immunosuppressive factors, recruitment of regulatory T cells and myeloid-derived suppressor cells, and induction of T cell exhaustion accompanied with the interaction between immune checkpoint ligands and receptors. Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have been interfered this interaction and have altered therapeutic landscape of multiple cancer types including HCC. In this review, we discuss the use of anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, and anti-CTLA-4 antibodies in the treatment of advanced HCC. However, ICIs as a single agent do not benefit a significant portion of patients. Therefore, various clinical trials are exploring possible synergistic effects of combinations of different ICIs (anti-PD-1/PD-L1 and anti-CTLA-4 antibodies) or ICIs and target agents. Combinations of ICIs with locoregional therapies may also improve therapeutic responses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Immune System , Immunotherapy , Ligands , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Tumor Microenvironment
8.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 38(3): 225-235, dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058068

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El Premio Nobel 2019 en Fisiología-Medicina se confirió a los Profesores Gregg Semenza, William Kaelin y Sir Peter Ratcliffe por sus investigaciones en la maquinaria molecular que regula la expresión de genes sensibles a los cambios en los niveles de oxígeno. La síntesis de eritropoyetina inducida por la disminución de los niveles sanguíneos de oxígeno condujo al estudio del gen de la eritropoyetina y descubrimiento de los elementos de respuesta a hipoxia (HRE) en la región promotora y posteriormente al factor transcripcional inducible por hipoxia tipo 1 (HIF-1). Este factor consta de dos subunidades: HIF-1α, sensible al oxígeno, y HIF-1β, expresada constitutivamente. HIF1 activa la transcripción de genes que codifican enzimas, transportadores y proteínas mitocondriales que disminuyen la utilización de oxígeno al cambiar el metabolismo oxidativo al metabolismo glicolítico y además aquellos involucrados en la angiogénesis y diferenciación celular. Las investigaciones paralelas en la enfermedad von Hippel-Lindau (VHL), un desorden autosómico dominante, permitieron descubrir el mecanismo de degradación de HIF1 en condiciones de normoxia y como se estabiliza bajo hipoxia. El impacto de HIF en clínica radica en el establecimiento de nuevas dianas terapéuticas para combatir la anemia y diversas enfermedades cardiovasculares. HIF promueve la angiogénesis a través de la expresión del factor de crecimiento vascular endotelial (VEGF), agente cardioprotector con potencial para tratar la isquemia/reperfusión, hipertrofia patológica e insuficiencia cardíaca.


ABSTRACT: The Nobel Prize in Physiology-Medicine was awarded to Drs. Gregg Semenza, William Kaelin and Sir Peter Ratcliffe for their research in the molecular machinery that regulates the expression of genes sensitive to the change in oxygen levels. The synthesis of erythropoietin induced by the decrease levels of oxygen in the blood led to investigate the promoter of the erythropoietin gene where the so-called hypoxia response elements (HRE) were described. Semenza et al. described a protein that binds to HREs and called it hypoxia-inducible transcriptional factor (HIF) that regulates gene expression among those involved in angiogenesis, cell differentiation and glycolytic enzymes. HIF presents two oxygen-sensitive subunits HIF-1α and HIF-1β constitutively expressed. In parallel, Kaelin et al. investigated von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL), an autosomal dominant disorder, discovering a mutation of this protein generated a behavior similar to hypoxia. The impact of HIF-1α lies in the search for new strategies such as hydrolase inhibitors to combat prevalent diseases, including anemia and cardiovascular diseases These compounds promote the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a cardioprotective agent with potential use in pre- and post-conditioning therapy, cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cardiovascular Diseases , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1/genetics , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents , Heart Failure , von Hippel-Lindau Disease/genetics , Hypoxia , Nobel Prize
9.
Biomolecules & Therapeutics ; : 474-483, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763034

ABSTRACT

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a pivotal role in pathologic ocular neovascularization and vascular leakage via activation of VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2). This study was undertaken to evaluate the therapeutic mechanisms and effects of the tetrapeptide Arg-Leu-Tyr-Glu (RLYE), a VEGFR2 inhibitor, in the development of vascular permeability and choroidal neovascularization (CNV). In cultured human retinal microvascular endothelial cells (HRMECs), treatment with RLYE blocked VEGF-A-induced phosphorylation of VEGFR2, Akt, ERK, and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), leading to suppression of VEGF-A-mediated hyper-production of NO. Treatment with RLYE also inhibited VEGF-A-stimulated angiogenic processes (migration, proliferation, and tube formation) and the hyperpermeability of HRMECs, in addition to attenuating VEGF-A-induced angiogenesis and vascular permeability in mice. The anti-vascular permeability activity of RLYE was correlated with enhanced stability and positioning of the junction proteins VE-cadherin, β-catenin, claudin-5, and ZO-1, critical components of the cortical actin ring structure and retinal endothelial barrier, at the boundary between HRMECs stimulated with VEGF-A. Furthermore, intravitreally injected RLYE bound to retinal microvascular endothelium and inhibited laser-induced CNV in mice. These findings suggest that RLYE has potential as a therapeutic drug for the treatment of CNV by preventing VEGFR2-mediated vascular leakage and angiogenesis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Actins , Capillary Permeability , Choroid , Choroidal Neovascularization , Claudin-5 , Endothelial Cells , Endothelium , Macular Degeneration , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III , Permeability , Phosphorylation , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor , Retinaldehyde , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
10.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 15-20, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762682

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Despite plasma biomarkers offering a number of advantages over tissue-based markers, the relationship between serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and VEGF receptor (VEGF-R) tumor expression in colorectal cancer (CRC) is still unclear. This study was designed to establish the relationship between the concentration of serum VEGF and tumor VEGF-R expression in patients with CRC. METHODS: A prospective study of consecutive patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery during 1 year. Preoperative VEGF was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and VEGF-R3 by immunochemistry. RESULTS: The initial sample included 134 patients with CRC diagnosis. Results showed significant association of serum values of VEGF with VEGF-R3 expression (P < 0.001), even in the presence of confounders (sex, age, body mass index, tumor location, and surgical approach). The estimated effect size was high (η² = 0.35). CONCLUSION: Serum VEGF has a significant correlation with tumoral VEGF-R3 expression in CRC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Body Mass Index , Colorectal Neoplasms , Colorectal Surgery , Diagnosis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Immunochemistry , Immunohistochemistry , Plasma , Prospective Studies , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors
11.
The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology ; : 281-289, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761788

ABSTRACT

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C and its receptor, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-3, are responsible for lymphangiogenesis in both embryos and adults. In epilepsy, the expression of VEGF-C and VEGFR-3 was significantly upregulated in the human brains affected with temporal lobe epilepsy. Moreover, pharmacologic inhibition of VEGF receptors after acute seizures could suppress the generation of spontaneous recurrent seizures, suggesting a critical role of VEGF-related signaling in epilepsy. Therefore, in the present study, the spatiotemporal expression of VEGF-C and VEGFR-3 against pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus (SE) was investigated in C57BL/6N mice using immunohistochemistry. At 1 day after SE, hippocampal astrocytes and microglia were activated. Pyramidal neuronal death was observed at 4 days after SE. In the subpyramidal zone, VEGF-C expression gradually increased and peaked at 7 days after SE, while VEGFR-3 was significantly upregulated at 4 days after SE and began to decrease at 7 days after SE. Most VEGF-C/VEGFR-3-expressing cells were pyramidal neurons, but VEGF-C was also observed in some astrocytes in sham-manipulated animals. However, at 4 days and 7 days after SE, both VEGFR-3 and VEGF-C immunoreactivities were observed mainly in astrocytes and in some microglia of the stratum radiatum and lacunosum-moleculare of the hippocampus, respectively. These data indicate that VEGF-C and VEGFR-3 can be upregulated in hippocampal astrocytes and microglia after pilocarpine-induced SE, providing basic information about VEGF-C and VEGFR-3 expression patterns following acute seizures.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Humans , Mice , Astrocytes , Brain , Embryonic Structures , Epilepsy , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe , Hippocampus , Immunohistochemistry , Lymphangiogenesis , Microglia , Pyramidal Cells , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor , Seizures , Status Epilepticus , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor C , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-3
12.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 487-498, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760161

ABSTRACT

After FDA approval of cetuximab at 2006, receptor tyrosine kinase, including an epidermal growth factor receptor, blocking agents have been evaluated for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Agents targeting PI3K/Akt/mTOR, IL-6/JAK/STAT3, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, and cyclin D-CDK-4/6-INK4/Rb pathway have developed. Most of them have failed to demonstrate better treatment outcome in recurrent and/or metastatic (R/M) HNSCC than conventional chemotherapy. Since a pivotal role of PD-1/PD-L1 pathway in immunological tumor microenvironment was revealed, the immune checkpoint inhibitors, including pembrolizumab and nivolumab, have opened new paradigm of cancer treatment modality and propagates other immune-based therapies for R/M HNSCC. Various types of combination trials consisting of immunotherapy with other class of immunotherapy, targeted agents, radiation therapy, or conventional chemotherapy have been under investigation to improve treatment outcome. Biomarker studies to find an optimal candidate for the newly developed agents are accompanied. These clinical trials lead to tailored approach based on immunotherapy with precision medicine is expected to lead to promising results.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cetuximab , Cyclins , Drug Therapy , Epithelial Cells , Head , Immunotherapy , Molecular Targeted Therapy , Neck , Precision Medicine , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , ErbB Receptors , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor , Treatment Outcome , Tumor Microenvironment
13.
Biomolecules & Therapeutics ; : 117-125, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719633

ABSTRACT

Mebendazole (MBZ), a microtubule depolymerizing drug commonly used for the treatment of helminthic infections, has recently been noted as a repositioning candidate for angiogenesis inhibition and cancer therapy. However, the definite anti-angiogenic mechanism of MBZ remains unclear. In this study, we explored the inhibitory mechanism of MBZ in endothelial cells (ECs) and developed a novel strategy to improve its anti-angiogenic therapy. Treatment of ECs with MBZ led to inhibition of EC proliferation in a dose-dependent manner in several culture conditions in the presence of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) or FBS, without selectivity of growth factors, although MBZ is known to inhibit VEGF receptor 2 kinase. Furthermore, MBZ inhibited EC migration and tube formation induced by either VEGF or bFGF. However, unexpectedly, treatment of MBZ did not affect FAK and ERK1/2 phosphorylation induced by these factors. Treatment with MBZ induced shrinking of ECs and caused G2-M arrest and apoptosis with an increased Sub-G1 fraction. In addition, increased levels of nuclear fragmentation, p53 expression, and active form of caspase 3 were observed. The marked induction of autophagy by MBZ was also noted. Interestingly, inhibition of autophagy through knocking down of Beclin1 or ATG5/7, or treatment with autophagy inhibitors such as 3-methyladenine and chloroquine resulted in marked enhancement of anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects of MBZ in ECs. Consequently, we suggest that MBZ induces autophagy in ECs and that protective autophagy can be a novel target for enhancing the anti-angiogenic efficacy of MBZ in cancer treatment.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Autophagy , Caspase 3 , Chloroquine , Endothelial Cells , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Helminths , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Mebendazole , Microtubules , Phosphorylation , Phosphotransferases , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
14.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 35(8): e00145518, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019617

ABSTRACT

Resumo: Os objetivos foram efetuar a análise do impacto orçamentário para a incorporação de segunda linha terapêutica com terapia antiangiogênica de aplicação intravítrea, para tratamento de edema macular diabético, no âmbito do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) em Minas Gerais, Brasil, discutindo sua viabilidade à luz do orçamento do estado. A análise do impacto orçamentário com método determinístico, segundo diretriz do Ministério da Saúde. Foram incluídos os pacientes com provável falha ao tratamento de primeira linha, num horizonte temporal de 5 anos para todas as tecnologias avaliadas. Incluíram-se na análise os medicamentos bevacizumabe (uso off-label), ranibizumabe e aflibercepte. As populações foram calculadas tanto por demanda aferida quanto por estimativa epidemiológica. Como análises de sensibilidade efetuaram-se: cenário com difusão de tecnologia mais lenta; cenário com a entrada de bevacizumabe e ranibizumabe biossimilares no mercado; cenário com a desconsideração da inflação no período. O impacto orçamentário incremental, de acordo com as estimativas de demanda aferida e epidemiológica, respectivamente, foi de R$ 69.493.906,95-R$ 473.226.278,78 para bevacizumabe; R$ 349.319.965,60-R$ 2.378.732.103,09 para ranibizumabe e R$543.867.485,47-R$ 3.703.524.490,16 para aflibercepte. Bevacizumabe foi a alternativa financeiramente mais viável em todos os cenários das estimativas e análises de sensibilidade. Estimou-se incremento próximo a 3%, comparando com o orçamento de 2016 (demanda aferida). Avalia-se que a incorporação é viável dentro do SUS em Minas Gerais, mas sujeita às prioridades da gestão. A discrepância de preços entre produtos de eficácia semelhante é intrigante e tema fértil para estudos futuros.


Abstract: The study's objective was to perform budget impact assessment for the incorporation of second-line intravitreal antiangiogenic therapy for diabatic macular edema in the scope of the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS) in Minas Gerais state, Brazil, discussing the incorporation's state budget feasibility. The budget impact assessment was performed as a deterministic method according to Ministry of Health guidelines. The study included patients with probable first-line treatment failure in a five-year timeline for all the technologies assessed. The analysis included the drugs bevacizumab (off-label use), ranibizumab, and aflibercept. The populations were calculated both by observed demand and epidemiological estimate. The following sensitivity analyses were performed: a scenario with slower technology diffusion, a scenario with the market entry of biosimilar versions of bevacizumab and ranibizumab, and a scenario disregarding inflation during the period. The incremental budget impacts according to observed and epidemiologically estimated demand, respectively, were BRL 69,493,906.95 to BRL 473,226,278.78 for bevacizumab; BRL 349,319,965.60 to BRL 2,378,732,103.09 for ranibizumab; and BRL 543,867,485.47 to BRL 3,703,524,490.16 for aflibercept. Bevacizumab proved to be the most financially feasible alternative in all the scenarios of estimates and sensitivity analyses. An increment of nearly 3% was estimated, compared to the 2016 budget (observed demand). The study showed that the incorporation is feasible in the SUS, Minas Gerais State, but subject to management priorities. Price discrepancies between products with similar efficacy is intriguing and provides fertile ground for future studies.


Resumen: El objetivo fue efectuar un análisis del impacto presupuestario en la incorporación de una segunda línea terapéutica, con terapia antiangiogénica de aplicación intravítrea, para el tratamiento de edema macular diabético, en el ámbito del Sistema Único de Salud (SUS), en Minas Gerais, Brasil, discutiendo su viabilidad respecto al presupuesto del estado. Se realizó una análisis del impacto presupuestario con un método determinístico, según la directriz del Ministerio de Salud. Se incluyeron pacientes con probable fracaso al tratamiento de primera línea, en un horizonte temporal de 5 años para todas las tecnologías evaluadas. Se incluyeron en el análisis los medicamentos bevacizumab (uso off-label), ranibizumab y aflibercept. Las poblaciones se calcularon tanto por demanda evaluada, como por estimación epidemiológica. A modo de análisis de sensibilidad se planteó un escenario con una difusión de tecnología más lenta, un escenario con la entrada de bevacizumab y ranibizumab biosimilares en el mercado, y un escenario con la desconsideración de la inflación durante el período. El incremento del impacto presupuestario, de acuerdo con las estimativas de demanda evaluada y epidemiológica, respectivamente, fue BRL 69.493.906,95-BRL 473.226.278,78 en el caso del bevacizumab; BRL 349.319.965,60-BRL 2.378.732.103,09 en el de ranibizumab y BRL 543.867.485,47-BRL 3.703.524.490,16 en el aflibercept. El bevacizumab se mostró la alternativa financiera más viable en todos los escenarios de estimaciones y análisis de sensibilidad. Se estimó un incremento cercano al 3%, comparándolo con el presupuesto de 2016 (demanda evaluada). Se considera que la incorporación es viable dentro del SUS en Minas Gerais, pero sujeta a las prioridades de la gestión. La discrepancia de precios entre productos de eficacia semejante es intrigante y un tema fértil para estudios futuros.


Subject(s)
Humans , Macular Edema/economics , Health Care Costs/statistics & numerical data , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/economics , Diabetic Retinopathy/economics , Recombinant Fusion Proteins/economics , Recombinant Fusion Proteins/therapeutic use , Brazil , Macular Edema/drug therapy , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor/therapeutic use , Diabetic Retinopathy/drug therapy , Bevacizumab/economics , Bevacizumab/therapeutic use , Ranibizumab/economics , Ranibizumab/therapeutic use
15.
Medwave ; 19(11): e7739, 2019.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1049167

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN El edema macular es una complicación frecuente de la oclusión de la vena central de la retina que clínicamente provoca deterioro de la agudeza visual. Los tratamientos más utilizados son el implante de dexametasona y los fármacos anti factor del crecimiento endotelial vascular, destacando aflibercept dentro de estos. Sin embargo, no existe consenso acerca de qué tratamiento constituye la mejor alternativa. MÉTODOS Realizamos una búsqueda en Epistemonikos, la mayor base de datos de revisiones sistemáticas en salud, la cual es mantenida mediante el cribado de múltiples fuentes de información, incluyendo MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, entre otras. Extrajimos los datos desde las revisiones identificadas, analizamos los datos de los estudios primarios, realizamos un meta análisis y preparamos una tabla de resumen de los resultados utilizando el método GRADE. RESULTADOS Y CONCLUSIONES Identificamos dos revisiones sistemáticas que en conjunto incluyeron cuatro estudios primarios, todos ensayos aleatorizados. Concluimos que no es posible establecer si aflibercept es superior a dexametasona en términos de mejora de agudeza visual y seguridad, debido a que la certeza de la evidencia existente ha sido evaluada como muy baja.


INTRODUCTION Macular edema is a frequent complication of central retinal vein occlusion that might lead to deterioration of visual acuity. The most commonly used treatments are dexamethasone implant and anti-vascular endothelial growth factor drugs, being aflibercept one of the most commonly used them. However, there is no consensus about which treatment constitute the best alternative. METHODS We searched in Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others. We extracted data from the systematic reviews, reanalyzed data of primary studies, conducted a meta-analysis and generated a summary of findings table using the GRADE approach. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS We identified two systematic reviews that included four primary studies overall, all randomized trials. We concluded that it is not possible to establish whether aflibercept is superior to dexamethasone in terms of improvement of visual acuity and safety, because the certainty of the existing evidence has been evaluated as very low.


Subject(s)
Humans , Recombinant Fusion Proteins/administration & dosage , Dexamethasone/administration & dosage , Macular Edema/drug therapy , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor/administration & dosage , Retinal Vein Occlusion/complications , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Macular Edema/etiology , Databases, Factual , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/administration & dosage
16.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(2): 219-237, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-892967

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature on the efficacy of the targeted therapies in the treatment of advanced RCC and, via an indirect comparison, to provide an optimal treatment among these agents. A systematic search of Medline, Scopus, Cochrane Library and Clinical Trials unpublished was performed up to Jan 1, 2015 to identify eligible randomized trials. Outcomes of interest assessing a targeted agent included progression free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and objective response rate (ORR). Thirty eligible randomized controlled studies, total twentyfourth trails (5110 cases and 4626 controls) were identified. Compared with placebo and IFN-α, single vascular epithelial growth factor (receptor) tyrosine kinase inhibitor and mammalian target of rapamycin agent (VEGF(r)-TKI & mTOR inhibitor) were associated with improved PFS, improved OS and higher ORR, respectively. Comparing sorafenib combination vs sorafenib, there was no significant difference with regard to PFS and OS, but with a higher ORR. Comparing single or combination VEGF(r)-TKI & mTOR inhibitor vs BEV + IFN-α, there was no significant difference with regard to PFS, OS, or ORR. Our network ITC meta-analysis also indicated a superior PFS of axitinib and everolimus compared to sorafenib. Our data suggest that targeted therapy with VEGF(r)-TKI & mTOR inhibitor is associated with superior efficacy for treating advanced RCC with improved PFS, OS and higher ORR compared to placebo and IFN-α. In summary, here we give a comprehensive overview of current targeted therapies of advanced RCC that may provide evidence for the adequate targeted therapy selecting.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/drug therapy , Molecular Targeted Therapy/methods , Kidney Neoplasms/drug therapy , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/pathology , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Disease-Free Survival , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor/antagonists & inhibitors , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/antagonists & inhibitors , ErbB Receptors/antagonists & inhibitors , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology
17.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 11-20, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713702

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signal transduction mainly depends on its binding to VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR-2). VEGF downstream signaling proteins mediate several of its effects in cancer progression, including those on tumor growth, metastasis, and blood vessel formation. The activation of VEGFR-2 signaling is a hallmark of and is considered a therapeutic target for breast cancer. Here, we report a study of the regulation of the VEGFR-2 signaling pathway by a small molecule, isomangiferin. METHODS: A human breast cancer xenograft mouse model was used to investigate the efficacy of isomangiferin in vivo. The inhibitory effect of isomangiferin on breast cancer cells and the underlying mechanism were examined in vitro. RESULTS: Isomangiferin suppressed tumor growth in xenografts. In vitro, isomangiferin treatment inhibited cancer cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and adhesion. The effect of isomangiferin on breast cancer growth was well coordinated with its suppression of angiogenesis. A rat aortic ring assay revealed that isomangiferin significantly inhibited blood vessel formation during VEGF-induced microvessel sprouting. Furthermore, isomangiferin treatment inhibited VEGF-induced proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells and the formation of capillary-like structures. Mechanistically, isomangiferin induced caspase-dependent apoptosis of breast cancer cells. Furthermore, VEGF-induced activation of the VEGFR-2 kinase pathway was down-regulated by isomangiferin. CONCLUSION: Our findings demonstrate that isomangiferin exerts anti-breast cancer effects via the functional inhibition of VEGFR-2. Pharmaceutically targeting VEGFR-2 by isomangiferin could be an effective therapeutic strategy for breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Rats , Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Apoptosis , Blood Vessels , Breast Neoplasms , Cell Proliferation , Heterografts , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , In Vitro Techniques , Microvessels , Neoplasm Metastasis , Phosphotransferases , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor , Signal Transduction , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2
18.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 88-93, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713994

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Animal models show a strong relationship between lymphangiogenesis and lymph node metastasis. However, the clinical significance of lymphangiogenesis in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) remains uncertain. This study aimed to evaluate the association between c-Met and lymphangiogenic factors and to elucidate the prognostic significance of c-Met in patients with CRC. METHODS: A total of 379 tissue samples were obtained from surgically resected specimens from patients with CRC at Soonchunhyang University Cheonan Hospital between January 2002 and December 2010. The expressions of c-Met, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C, VEGF-D, VEGF receptor (VEGFR)-3, and podoplanin were examined using immunohistochemistry. The expression of c-Met and clinical factors were analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 379 tissues, 301 (79.4%) had c-Met expression. High expression of c-Met in tumor cells was significantly associated with high expression of VEGF-C (P < 0.001) and VEGFR-3 (P = 0.001). However, no statistically significant association with podoplanin (P = 0.587) or VEGF-D (P = 0.096) was found. Of the 103 evaluable patients, expression of c-Met in tumor cells was significantly associated with advanced clinical stage (P = 0.020), positive lymph node status (P = 0.038), and high expression of VEGF-C (P = 0.020). However, no statistically significant association with podoplanin (P = 0.518), VEGFR-3 (P = 0.085), VEGF-D (P = 0.203), or overall survival (P = 0.360) was found. CONCLUSION: Our results provide indirect evidence for an association and possible regulatory link of c-Met with the lymphangiogenic markers, but c-Met expression in patients with CRC is not a prognostic indicator for overall survival.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms , Immunohistochemistry , Lymph Nodes , Lymphangiogenesis , Models, Animal , Neoplasm Metastasis , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor C , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor D , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-3
19.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1252-1259, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717743

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signals are important in carcinogenesis and progression of prostate cancer. Dovitinib is an oral, pan-class inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR), platelet-derived growth factor receptor, and fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR). We evaluated the efficacy and toxicity of dovitinib in men with metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a single-arm, phase II, open-label, multicenter trial of dovitinib 500 mg/day (5-days-on/2-days-off schedule). The primary endpoint was 16-week progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints were overall survival (OS), toxicity and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response rate. Biomarker analyses for VEGFR2, FGF23, and FGFR2 using multiplex enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was performed. RESULTS: Forty-four men were accrued from 11 hospitals. Eighty percent were post-docetaxel. Median PSA was 100 ng/dL, median age was 69, 82% had bone metastases, and 23% had liver metastases. Median cycles of dovitinib was 2 (range, 0 to 33). Median PFS was 3.67 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.36 to 5.98) and median OS was 13.70 months (95% CI, 0 to 27.41). Chemotherapy-naïve patients had longer PFS (17.90 months; 95% CI, 9.23 to 28.57) compared with docetaxel-treated patients (2.07 months; 95% CI, 1.73 to 2.41; p=0.001) and the patients with high serum VEGFR2 level over median level (7,800 pg/mL) showed longer PFS compared with others (6.03 months [95% CI, 4.26 to 7.80] vs. 1.97 months [95% CI, 1.79 to 2.15], p=0.023). Grade 3 related adverse events were seen in 40.9% of patients. Grade 1-2 nausea, diarrhea, fatigue, anorexia, and all grade thrombocytopenia are common. CONCLUSION: Dovitinib showed modest antitumor activity with manageable toxicities in men with mCRPC. Especially, patients who were chemo-naïve benefitted from dovitinib.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Anorexia , Biomarkers , Carcinogenesis , Castration , Diarrhea , Disease-Free Survival , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Fatigue , Fibroblast Growth Factors , Liver , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Nausea , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prostate , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatic Neoplasms , Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant , Receptors, Fibroblast Growth Factor , Receptors, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor , Thrombocytopenia
20.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 76(3): 121-127, maio-jun. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-899065

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo: Propor um modelo de regressão logística para auxiliar na decisão de realização da injeção intravítrea (IIV) de anti-VEGF, a partir da quantificação e hierarquização dos fatores de risco que compõem o perfil dos indivíduos diabéticos. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo transversal, observacional e inferencial, realizado em três instituições da Paraíba, de julho de 2015 a setembro de 2016. O modelo de regressão logística foi utilizado para obtenção do modelo preditivo e os dados foram analisados no software R®. Resultados: Foram avaliados 80 pacientes com diabetes tipo 1 ou 2, maiores de 18 anos, dos quais 57,5% não tiveram indicação de IIV e 42,5% receberam indicação deste tratamento. No grupo com edema macular diabético (EMD), a média de idade foi de 60,65 anos, sendo 52,94% do sexo feminino. Ainda nesse grupo, a maioria apresentou retinopatia diabética não-proliferativa severa ou retinopatia proliferativa (79,41%). Foram identificados como fatores de risco para EMD: o indivíduo ser aposentado (OR=5,22; p-valor 0,05), ter histórico pessoal de retinopatia diabética (OR=20,27; p-valor 0,006) e de tratamento prévio com anti-VEGF (OR=23,23; p-valor 0,002). Conclusão: Os resultados da pesquisa evidenciaram que um indivíduo diabético com baixa visual e apresentando esses três fatores deve ser encaminhado o quanto antes ao especialista, pois possui, com 91,17% de acerto, risco de apresentar EMD com necessidade de IIV de anti-VEGF. Essa ferramenta pode servir como coadjuvante na tomada de decisão, sobretudo do não-retinólogo, a fim de encaminhar para diagnóstico e tratamento precoces os indivíduos com EMD, o que pode ser decisivo na prevenção da perda visual irreversível nesses pacientes.


Abstract Purpose: To propose a predictive model to aid in the decision to perform the intravitreal anti-VEGF injection, based on the risk factors quantification and hierarchy presented by diabetic patients. Methods: It is a cross-sectional, observational and inferential study carried out in three institutions in Paraíba from July 2015 to September 2016. The logistic regression model was used to obtain the predictive model and data were analyzed in R(r) software. Results: Eighty patients with type 1 or 2 diabetes, over 18 years of age, were included, 57.5% of whom had no indication of IIV and 42.5% received an indication of this treatment. In the group with diabetic macular edema (DME), the mean age was 60.65 years, of which 52.94% were female. In this group, the majority presented severe non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy or proliferative retinopathy (79.41%). The main risk factors for DME were: be retired (OR = 5.22, p-value0.05), had a personal history of diabetic retinopathy (OR = 20.27, p-value 0.006), and previous treatment with anti-VEGF (OR = 23.23, p-value 0.002). Conclusion: The results of the research showed that a diabetic patient with low visual acuity and presenting these three factors should be referred as soon as possible to the specialist, since he presents a risk of presenting DME with need for anti-VEGF IIV, with 91.17% of accuracy. This tool can serve as an adjunct to decision making, especially the nonretinologist, in order to refer individuals with EMD to early diagnosis and treatment, which may be crucial in preventing irreversible visual loss in these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Macular Edema/drug therapy , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor/therapeutic use , Diabetic Retinopathy/drug therapy , Intravitreal Injections , Logistic Models , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Observational Study
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