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Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(2): 173-179, June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287268


Abstract Cardiovascular mortality (CVM) has become the major contributor to overall Fabry disease (FD) mortality in the enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) era. Our objectives were to describe causes and potential predictors of mortality in FD adult patients in Argentina, and to assess risk of major adverse cardio vascular events (MACE) in the ERT era. We retrospectively studied 93 consecutive patients treated with alpha-galactosidase A (median follow up: 9.5 years from start of ERT). Mean age at ERT starting was 35±16.3 years. Prevalence of cardiomyopathy and renal disease reached 47% and 41%, respectively. Eleven subjects (11.8%, 95%CI: 5-18%) died during follow up (1.24/100 patient-years). Mean overall survival was 71 years (95%CI: 66-75 years). Seven cases were considered as CVM; main causes were sudden death and stroke. Risk of MACE was 14% (95%CI: 6.9-21.1%; 1.47 events/100 patient-years from start of ERT). All but 2 subjects had at least one comorbid cardiovascular risk factor; however, 86% of patients remained free of MACE during follow-up. CVM remained low and our study was underpowered for detection of predictors of mortality, but it is worth noting that age at diagnosis and ERT starting, left ventricular mass index and renal disease trended to correlate with CVM. Prevalence of hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia were lower in FD patients when compared to population level data. As in the Argentinean general population, CVM was the leading cause of mortality among this cohort of consecutive FD patients treated with agalsidase alfa.

Resumen La mortalidad cardiovascular (MCV) se ha convertido en el principal contribuyente a la mortalidad general por enfermedad de Fabry (EF) en la era de la terapia de reemplazo enzimático (TRE). Nuestros objetivos fueron describir las causas y posibles predictores de mortalidad en pacientes adultos con EF en la Argentina, y evaluar el riesgo de eventos cardiovasculares mayores (MACE) en la actual era de TRE. Se estudiaron 93 pacientes consecutivos tratados con agalsidasa-alfa por una mediana de 9.5 años tras iniciar TRE. La edad al inicio de TRE fue 35 ± 16.3 años. La prevalencia de cardiomiopatía y enfermedad renal alcanzó 47% y 41%, respectivamente. Once sujetos (11.8%; IC95%: 5-18%) murieron durante el seguimiento (1.24/100 pacientes/año). La supervivencia global fue 71 años (IC95%: 66-75 años). Siete casos fueron considerados como MCV; las principales causas fueron muerte súbita e ictus. El riesgo de MACE fue 14% (IC95%: 6.9-21.1%; 1.47 eventos/100 pacientes/año desde la ERT). Todos menos 2 sujetos tenían al menos un factor de riesgo cardiovascular, pero el 86% permaneció libre de MACE. Los eventos de MCV fueron escasos. El estudio tuvo reducido poder estadístico para detectar predictores de mortalidad, pero la edad al diagnóstico y al iniciar la TRE, índice de masa ventricular izquierda y enfermedad renal tendieron a correlacionarse con MCV. La prevalencia de hipertensión, diabetes y dislipidemia fue menor en comparación con la población general. Como ocurre con la población general en Argentina, los eventos cardiovasculares fueron la principal causa de muerte en esta cohorte de pacientes consecutivos con EF tratados con agalsidasa-alfa.

Humans , Adult , Fabry Disease/complications , Fabry Disease/drug therapy , Argentina/epidemiology , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , alpha-Galactosidase/adverse effects , Enzyme Replacement Therapy , Isoenzymes
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887715


Objective@#To investigate the changes in the cytokine profiles of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients undergoing antiviral treatment.@*Methods@#Hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive patients were treated with Pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) and entecavir (ETV). Clinical biochemistry and cytokines were detected at baseline and every 3 months.@*Results@#In all, 200 patients completed 48 weeks of treatment, 100 in the PEG-IFN group and 100 in the ETV group. During 3-6 months of treatment, compared with baseline, the PEG-IFN group showed a significant decrease in interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), interleukin-17A (IL-17A), interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-10(IL-10), and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) ( @*Conclusion@#During antiviral therapy, a change in the cytokine profile occurred; in the aspect of immune control and functional cure, PEG-IFN was significantly better than ETV.

Adult , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Cytokines/blood , Female , Guanine/therapeutic use , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Humans , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Male , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(1): 145-151, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002413


ABSTRACT Introduction: Anemia is a frequent multifactorial complication of CKD seen in patients on dialysis derived mainly from impaired erythropoietin (EPO) production. A less common cause of anemia in individuals with CKD is pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) secondary to the production of anti-EPO antibodies. Objective: This paper aimed two describe two cases of PRCA secondary to the production of anti-EPO antibodies including choice of treatment, patient progression, and a literature review. Materials: This study included the cases of two patients with CKD on hemodialysis with severe anemia in need of specific investigation and management. Results: Patient 1 with CKD secondary to hypertension treated with EPO for 7 months showed persistent decreases in hemoglobin (Hb) levels despite the subcutaneous administration of increasing doses of EPO; the patient required recurring blood transfusions. Workup and imaging tests were negative for the main causes of anemia in individuals with CKD on dialysis. Patient 2 with CKD secondary to adult polycystic kidney disease had been taking EPO for 2 years. The patient developed severe abrupt anemia the month he was started on HD, and required recurring transfusions to treat the symptoms of anemia. Workup and imaging findings were inconclusive. Specific laboratory tests confirmed the patients had anti-EPO antibodies. After six months of immunosuppressant therapy (corticosteroids + cyclosporine) the patients were stable with Hb > 9.0 g/dl. Conclusion: PRCA is a rare condition among patients on dialysis treated with rhEPO and should be considered as a possible cause of refractory anemia. Treating patients with PRCA may be challenging, since the specific management and diagnostic procedures needed in this condition are not always readily available.

RESUMO Introdução: Anemia é complicação frequente da Doença Renal Crônica (DRC) em pacientes dialíticos. Apresenta caráter multifatorial principalmente pela insuficiente produção de eritropoietina (EPO). Situação rara causadora de anemia na DRC é Aplasia Pura de Células Vermelhas (APCV), em decorrência da produção de anticorpos anti-EPO. Objetivo: Descrever 2 casos de APCV com formação de anticorpos anti-EPO, sua abordagem clínica, evolução e revisão de literatura. Métodos: Dois pacientes em hemodiálise que desenvolveram anemia grave, necessitando investigação e manejo específico. Resultados: Paciente nº 1: feminina, 75 anos, DRC secundária à hipertensão arterial. Após 7 meses com EPO desenvolveu queda persistente em valores de hemoglobina (Hb) mesmo com incremento em doses EPO SC, necessitando transfusões de sangue recorrentes. Extensa investigação laboratorial e de imagem resultou negativa para principais causas de anemia. Paciente nº 2: masculino, 66 anos, DRC secundária à DRPA, há 2 anos em uso de EPO. No mês de entrada em HD desenvolveu anemia severa, também exigindo transfusões recorrentes para tratamento da anemia sintomática. Extensa investigação laboratorial e por imagem, sem chegar a uma conclusão definitiva. Em ambos os casos a presença de anticorpos anti-EPO foi confirmada por exames laboratoriais específicos. Terapia imunossupressora resultou em estabilização do quadro e Hb > 9,0 g/dl em ambos os pacientes, 6 meses após início do tratamento. Conclusão: APCV é condição rara entre pacientes dialíticos que recebem EPOHuR e deve ser lembrada como causa de anemia refratária. Seu manejo específico e diagnóstico laboratorial nem sempre acessível, tornando desafiadora a condução dos casos para o nefrologista.

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Erythropoietin/immunology , Erythropoietin/therapeutic use , Renal Dialysis/adverse effects , Red-Cell Aplasia, Pure/etiology , Antibodies, Neutralizing/blood , Kidney Failure, Chronic/drug therapy , Recombinant Proteins/adverse effects , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Erythropoietin/biosynthesis , Erythropoietin/adverse effects , Kidney Transplantation , Treatment Outcome , Cyclosporine/administration & dosage , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Red-Cell Aplasia, Pure/drug therapy , Immunosuppressive Agents/administration & dosage , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/administration & dosage , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 22(5): 418-423, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974233


ABSTRACT The Brazilian Public Health Service provides freely αPEG-IFN to treat patients infected with HCV. The primary goal of HCV therapy is the long-term elimination of HCV from the blood to reduce the risk of HCV associated complications and death. Patient viremia affects the treatment duration and response, thus influencing clinical decisions. We developed a high-throughput method to perform the quantification of RNA hepatitis C virus (HCV) virus load in plasma samples to monitor patients under treatment. The method is based on a duplex detection, in a one-step real-time RT-PCR assay and it has been validated according to the rules established by the official Brazilian regulatory agency (ANVISA). This new method was compared to a commercial kit (Cobas/Taqman HCV Test v2.0 - Roche), showing virus load results with significant correlation between them (p= 0,012) using commercial and clinical panels. In addition, 611 samples from patients treated with peguilated alfa-interferon (αPEG-IFN) from different regions of Brazil were analyzed. Our one-step real-time RT-PCR assay demonstrated good performance in viral load measurement and in treatment course monitoring, with acceptable sensitivity and specificity values.

Humans , RNA, Viral/isolation & purification , Hepatitis C/virology , Hepacivirus/isolation & purification , Viral Load/methods , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Time Factors , Viremia , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Brazil , RNA, Viral/genetics , RNA, Viral/blood , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Hepatitis C/drug therapy , Hepatitis C/blood , Hepacivirus/genetics , Genotyping Techniques , Genotype
Säo Paulo med. j ; 136(4): 376-381, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-962729


ABSTRACT CONTEXT: Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) is the most common laryngeal tumor. During childhood, it may present in extremely severe forms defined by the need for frequent surgical procedures to relieve respiratory distress and/or involvement of extralaryngeal sites such as lung involvement. Adjuvant therapies are indicated in these cases and interferon is one of the options. Pegylated interferon is more effective than conventional alpha interferon and, given its reported results in relation to treating hepatitis C over the past decade, we hypothesized that this might be more effective than conventional interferon also for treating respiratory papillomatosis. Use of a treatment strategy that eliminates the need for general anesthesia is particularly appealing, yet obtaining approval for use of medications that are not currently used for this purpose is challenging. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a child with severe RRP that had been followed for the preceding six years, who was treated with pegylated interferon after failure of other adjuvant therapies. There was noticeable improvement in the frequency of surgical procedures, which was regarded very receptively, considering the child's history and previous response to other therapies. CONCLUSION: Pegylated interferon may be a good option for diminishing the need for surgical intervention in severe cases of recurrent respiratory papillomatosis.

Humans , Male , Infant , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Respiratory Tract Infections/drug therapy , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Papillomavirus Infections/drug therapy , Interferon alpha-2/therapeutic use , Severity of Illness Index , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
Arq. gastroenterol ; 55(2): 184-187, Apr.-June 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950515


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The interaction between serum lipids and C virus infection is well known, as are serum lipid levels in the Peg-IFN / RBV-based treatment. However, with direct action antivirals (DAAs) this behavior is still unclear. OBJECTIVE: To compare serum lipids levels between patients treated with Peg-IFN/RBV and DAAs and to evaluate lipids in sustained virological response (SVR) with DAAs. METHODS: Retro prospective study comparing the behavior of total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and triglycerides (TG) serum levels during treatment with DAAs (G-DAAs) and a control historic group Peg-IFN/RBV (G-PR). Coorte, prospective study, to study the behavior of lipids in the SVR with DAAs. Data were collected at the beginning of treatment (baseline: t-base) and at week 12 of treatment (t-12) for G-DAAs and at week 24 (t-24) for G-PR, groups. In the cohort evaluation, the samples at t-base and at week 12 after the end of treatment (t-SVR). Delta lipids: difference between lipids in t-12 / t-24 minus t-base for comparison between G-PR and G-AADs groups and t-SVR minus t-base for lipid analysis in SVR. Analysis with Kruskal Wallis and Wilcoxon tests to compare the delta lipids of the groups. The P value was 0.05. RESULTS: In the assessment between G-PR and G-DAAs groups, we included 63 and 121 patients, respectively. The groups did not differ one from the other (BMI, sex, genotype, fibrosis, total cholesterol, LDL, and TG) except by age (50.38±10.44 vs 56±9.69, P=0.0006). We observed a decrease in levels of TC and LDL and an increase in TG, in G-PR, and in G-DAAs the opposite (Δ TC -13.9±34.5 vs 4.12±34.3 P=0.0005, Δ LDL -7.16±32 vs 10.13±29.92, P=0.003, Δ TG 4.51±53.7 vs -8.24±49.93, P=0.0025). In the coorte analysis, we included 102 patients, 70% men and 56% F4, 95 of them reached SVR. We observed an increase of TC and LDL and a decrease of TG in both groups (SVR and non SVR), with no statistical difference (Δ TC P=0.68; Δ LDL P=0.69; Δ TG P=0.43). We did not find significant difference in delta evaluation by genotype 1 and 3 (Δ TC +29.7±40.2 vs +13.4±30.3, P=0.06; Δ LDL +21.4±28.6 vs +16.6±31.3, P=0.41; Δ TG -3.6±60.6 vs -0.7±40, P=0.91). CONCLUSION: Serum lipids level differed during treatment with Peg-IFN and DAAs. Treatment with DAAs was associated with an increase of TC and LDL and a decrease of TG, independently of SVR.

RESUMO CONTEXTO: A interação entre lípides séricos e infecção pelo vírus C já é bem conhecida, assim como o comportamento dos níveis séricos daqueles durante o tratamento com Peg-IFN/RBV. No entanto, com antivirais de ação direta (AADs) este comportamento ainda não está claro. OBJETIVO: Comparar os níveis séricos de lípides entre pacientes tratados com Peg-IFN/RBV e AADs e avaliar os lípides na resposta virológica sustentada (RVS) com AADs. MÉTODOS: Estudo retro prospectivo comparando o comportamento dos níveis séricos de colesterol total (CT), lipoproteínas de baixa densidade (LDL) e triglicérides (TG) durante o tratamento com AADs (G-AADs) e um grupo histórico de controle Peg-IFN/RBV (G-PR). Coorte, estudo prospectivo, para estudar o comportamento dos lípides na RVS com AADs. Os dados foram coletados no início do tratamento (baseline: t-base) e na décima segunda semana de tratamento (t-12) para G-AADs e na vigésima quarta semana de tratamento (t-24) para G-PR para a análise comparativa entre os dois grupos. Na avaliação de coorte, as amostras foram coletadas no t-base e na décima segunda semana após o término do tratamento (t-RVS). Delta lípides: diferença entre lípides em t-12/t-24 menos t-base para comparação entre os grupos G-PR e G-AADs e t-RVS menos t-base para análise de lípides na RVS. A análise estatística descritiva, os testes não paramétricos de Kruskal Wallis e Wilcoxon foram utilizados para comparar o delta lípides dos grupos. O valor de P considerado foi de 0,05. RESULTADOS: Na avaliação entre os grupos G-PR e G-AADs, incluímos 63 e 121 pacientes, respectivamente. Os grupos não diferiram um do outro (IMC, sexo, genótipo, fibrose, colesterol total, LDL e TG), exceto por idade (50,38±10,44 vs 56±9,69, P=0,0006). Observamos uma diminuição nos níveis de CT e LDL e um aumento de TG no G-PR, no G-AADs ocorreu o oposto (Δ CT -13,9±34,5 vs 4,12±34,3 P=0,0005, Δ LDL -7,16±32 vs 10,13±29,92, P=0,003, Δ TG 4,51±53,7 vs -8,24±49,93, P=0,0025). Na análise de coorte, foram incluídos 102 pacientes, 70% homens e 56% F4. Noventa e cinco deles atingiram a RVS. Observamos um aumento de CT e LDL e uma diminuição de TG em ambos os grupos (RVS e não RVS), sem diferença estatística (Δ CT P=0,68; Δ LDL P=0,69; Δ TG P=0,43). Não encontramos diferença significativa na avaliação dos deltas pelos genótipos 1 e 3 (Δ CT +29,7±40,2 vs +13,4±30,3, P=0,06; Δ LDL + 21,4±28,6 vs +16,6±31,3, P=0,41; Δ TG -3,6±60,6 vs -0,7±40, P=0,91). CONCLUSÃO: O nível de lípides séricos diferiu durante o tratamento com Peg-IFN/RBV e AADs. O tratamento com AADs foi associado a um aumento de CT e LDL e uma diminuição de TG, independentemente da RVS.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Hepatitis C/drug therapy , Hepacivirus/genetics , Sustained Virologic Response , Lipids/blood , Antiviral Agents/pharmacology , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Ribavirin/therapeutic use , Triglycerides/blood , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Hepatitis C/virology , Hepacivirus/drug effects , Drug Therapy, Combination , Genotype , Cholesterol, LDL/blood , Middle Aged
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 115(5): 307-310, oct. 2017. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-887383


Las nuevas opciones de tratamiento prolongan la hospitalización y aumentan las infecciones intrahospitalarias bacterianas y fúngicas, pero también mejoran la sobrevida de los recién nacidos hospitalizados en la unidad de cuidados intensivos neonatales. Las infecciones fúngicas invasivas en neonatos están asociadas con una morbimortalidad significativa. También pueden diseminarse a órganos específicos y causar endocarditis, endoftalmitis, artritis séptica, nefropatía obstructiva y meningitis. En el caso de la endocarditis, se recomiendan tratamientos antimicóticos sistémicos agresivos y, en algunos casos, la intervención quirúrgica del neonato. Informamos el caso de un lactante prematuro, de bajo peso al nacer, con vegetación intracardíaca. Esta es una complicación rara y potencialmente mortal de infecciones fúngicas invasivas. El paciente recibió tratamiento con caspofungina y un activador tisular del plasminógeno recombinante, en vez de una intervención quirúrgica.

Developing treatment options have resulted in prolonged admission and increased bacterial and fungal nosocomial infections as well as improved survival in neonatal intensive care unit. Invasive fungal infections in newborns are associated with significant morbidity and mortality and can cause endorgan dissemination such as endocarditis, endophthalmitis, septic arthritis, obstructive nephropathy and meningitis. Endocarditis requires aggressive systemic antifungal therapy and sometimes surgical intervention in neonates. We report a low birth weight premature infant with intracardiac vegetation that is rare and a life-threatening complication of invasive fungal infections. He was treated with caspofungin and recombinant tissue plasminogen activator in stead of surgical intervention.

Humans , Male , Infant, Newborn , Candidiasis/drug therapy , Tissue Plasminogen Activator , Endocarditis/microbiology , Endocarditis/drug therapy , Echinocandins/therapeutic use , Lipopeptides/therapeutic use , Candida parapsilosis , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight
Arq. gastroenterol ; 54(3): 232-237, July-Sept. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888201


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Recent studies have questioned the recommendation of abstinence from alcohol for at least 6 months for alcoholic patients to be treated for hepatitis C. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to assess the impact of alcohol consumption among patients undergoing hepatitis C treatment. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 121 patients [78 (64.5%) men; 28-70 years] were evaluated. They were divided as follows: patients who consumed <12 g of ethanol/day throughout life (Group 1), 12-59 g/day (Group 2) and ≥60 g/day (Group 3). Patients were treated with pegyla­ted-interferon plus ribavirin. RESULTS: These three groups could not be distinguished in terms of the severity of liver fibrosis and frequency of HCV genotype-1 infection. In Group 3, treatment discontinuation (32.4%) was higher than in the Group 1 (9.4%) or Group 2 (0%), it was higher among patients who drank during treatment (66.7% vs 21.4%) and among those who had not been abstinent for at least 6 months (72.7% vs 15.4%). Moderate alcohol drinkers showed good adherence and did not discontinue the treatment. The frequencies of sustained viral response among patients in Group 3 (44.4%) were similar to those in Group 1 (61%) and Group 2 (68.4%). CONCLUSION: Heavy drinkers more often discontinued treatment for hepatitis C, but those that received this treatment had acceptable sustained viral response rates. These results suggest that heavy drinkers should not be systematically excluded from the treatment, but they should be monitored to avoid drinking and abandoning treatment, mainly those who have not been abstinent for at least 6 months.

RESUMO CONTEXTO: Estudos recentes têm questionado a recomendação de abstinência do álcool por pelo menos 6 meses para pacientes alcoolistas serem tratados para hepatite C. OBJETIVO: Este estudo objetivou avaliar o impacto do consumo de álcool entre pacientes submetidos ao tratamento para a hepatite C. MÉTODOS: Neste estudo transversal, avaliou-se 121 pacientes [78 (64,5%) homens; 28-70 anos). Eles foram divididos em três grupos: pacientes que consumiam <12 g de etanol/dia na vida (Grupo 1); 12-59 g/dia (Grupo 2) e ≥60 g/dia (Grupo 3). Pacientes foram tratados com interfe­ron-peguilado mais ribavirina. RESULTADOS: Os três grupos não puderam ser distinguidos em relação à gravidade da fibrose hepática e das frequências de infecção pelo genótipo-1 do HCV. No Grupo 3, descontinuação do tratamento (32,4%) foi maior do que no Grupo 1 (9,4%) ou Grupo 2 (0%), foi maior entre pacientes que beberam durante o tratamento (66,7% vs 21,4%) e entre aqueles que não estavam em abstinência por pelo menos 6 meses (72,7% vs 15,4%). Pacientes do Grupo 2 tiveram boa aderência e não descontinuaram o tratamento. As frequências de resposta virológica sustentada entre pacientes do Grupo-3 (44,4%) foi semelhante àquelas do Grupo 1 (61%) e do Grupo 2 (68,4%). CONCLUSÃO: Bebedores pesados mais frequentemente descontinuaram o tratamento da hepatite C, mas aqueles que foram tratados tiveram aceitáveis taxas de resposta virológica sustentada. Esses resultados sugerem que bebedores pesados não deveriam ser sistematicamente excluídos do tratamento, mas sim serem monitorados para evitar beber e abandonar o tratamento, principalmente aqueles que não estão abstinentes por pelo menos 6 meses.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Ribavirin/therapeutic use , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Hepatitis C/complications , Hepatitis C/drug therapy , Alcoholism/complications , Socioeconomic Factors , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Cross-Sectional Studies , Withholding Treatment , Interferon alpha-2 , Middle Aged
Arq. gastroenterol ; 54(3): 177-182, July-Sept. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888199


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) gastric infection is a main cause of inflammatory changes and gastric cancers. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was finding the effects of curcumin on oxidative stress and histological changes in chronic gastritis associated with H. pylori. METHODS In a randomized clinical trial, patients were divided into two groups: a standard triple therapy group and triple therapy with curcumin group. Endoscopic and histological examinations were measured for all patients before and after 8 weeks. RESULTS Triple therapy with curcumin treatment group significantly decreased malondialdehyde markers, glutathione peroxides and increased total antioxidant capacity of the gastric mucosa at the end of study compared to baseline and triple regimen groups. In addition, the oxidative damage to DNA was significantly decreased in triple therapy with curcumin group at the end of study compared to baseline and compared to triple therapy (P<0.05 for both). Triple therapy group in combination with Curcumin significantly decreased all active, chronic and endoscopic inflammation scores of patients compared to the baseline and triple therapy group (P<0.05 for both). The eradication rate by triple therapy + curcumin was significantly increased compared to triple therapy alone (P<0.05). CONCLUSION Curcumin can be a useful supplement to improve chronic inflammation and prevention of carcinogenic changes in patients with chronic gastritis associated by H. pylori.

RESUMO CONTEXTO A infecção gástrica pelo Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) é principal causa de alterações inflamatórias e de câncer gástrico. OBJETIVO O objetivo deste estudo foi encontrar os efeitos da cúrcuma no estresse oxidativo e as alterações histológicas na gastrite crônica associada ao H. pylori. MÉTODOS Em um estudo randomizado clínico experimental, pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: um grupo de terapia tríplice padrão e outro com terapia tríplice com e cúrcuma. Exames endoscópicos e histológicos foram analisados para todos os pacientes antes e depois de 8 semanas de tratamento. RESULTADOS A terapia tríplice com grupo de tratamento de cúrcuma diminuiu significativamente os marcadores de malondialdeído, de peróxidos de glutationa, com aumento da capacidade antioxidante total da mucosa gástrica ao final do estudo em comparação com grupos de regime basal e tríplice. Além disso, o dano oxidativo ao DNA diminuiu significativamente em terapia tríplice com grupo de cúrcuma no final do estudo em comparação com a linha de base e comparado à terapia tríplice (P<0,05 para ambos). No grupo de terapia tríplice em combinação com cúrcuma houve diminuição significativa de todas os escores ativos de inflamação crônica e endoscópica dos pacientes em relação ao grupo de terapia de base e tríplice (P<0,05 para ambos). A taxa de erradicação por terapia tríplice + cúrcuma aumentou significativamente em relação à terapia tríplice isolada (P<0,05). CONCLUSÃO A cúrcuma pode ser um complemento útil para melhorar a inflamação crônica e prevenção de alterações cancerígenas em pacientes com gastrite crônica associada ao H.pylori.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Ribavirin/therapeutic use , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Hepatitis C/complications , Hepatitis C/drug therapy , Alcoholism/complications , Socioeconomic Factors , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Cross-Sectional Studies , Withholding Treatment , Interferon alpha-2 , Middle Aged
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 80(2): 131-136, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838789


ABSTRACT In this systematic review, we evaluated studies involving adjuvant and primary topical treatment for ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN). The findings were: (i) adjuvant 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) reduces the risk of relapse after surgical excision with mild side effects [level Ib, grade of recommendation (GR) A]. (ii) Primary topical mitomycin (MMC) produces a high rate of complete response, low recurrence rate, and mild side effects (level Ib, GR A). (iii) Primary chemotherapy versus adjuvant chemotherapy produce similar rates of recurrence, with no significant difference (level IIb, GR B). (iv) Adjuvant 5-FU versus MMC showed no significant differences, with mild side effects in both groups and a better toxicity profile for MMC (level III, GR C). (v) Primary topical 5-FU versus MMC versus interferon (IFN) showed similar rates of tumor recurrence, mild side effects for all drugs, and more severe side effects in the 5-FU arm, followed successively by MMC and IFN (level III, GR C).

RESUMO Revisão sistemática envolvendo estudos sobre o tratamento adjuvante e tratamento tópico primário para a neoplasia escamosa da superfície ocular. Os resultados foram: (i) 5-fluorouracil adjuvante reduziu o risco de recidiva após a excisão cirúrgica com efeitos colaterais leves (nível Ib, Grau de recomendação (GR) A). (ii) Mitomicina tópica primária produziu uma alta taxa de resposta completa, baixa taxa de recorrência e efeitos colaterais leves (nível Ib, GR A). (iii) Quimioterapia primária versus adjuvante produz taxas semelhantes de recorrência (nível IIb, GR B). (iv) 5- 5-FU versus mitomicina adjuvante não mostrou diferenças significativas nas taxas de recorrencia, com efeitos coalterais leves em ambos os grupos e melhor perfil de toxicidade para mitomicina (nível III, GR C). (v) 5- 5-FU tópico primário versus mitomicina ou interferon (INF) apresentam taxa similar de recorrência, com efeito colateral leve, mas com maior incidencia no braço 5- 5-FU, seguido pela Mitomicina e IFN (nível III, GR C).

Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/drug therapy , Mitomycin/therapeutic use , Corneal Diseases/drug therapy , Eye Neoplasms/drug therapy , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use , Recurrence , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Administration, Topical , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant/methods , Conjunctival Neoplasms/drug therapy , Conjunctival Neoplasms/therapy , Corneal Diseases/therapy , Eye Neoplasms/therapy , Interferon alpha-2 , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use
Int. j. morphol ; 35(1): 310-318, Mar. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-840971


La proteína morfogenética ósea (BMP), es una proteína endógena que ha mostrado efectos significativos en la promoción de la formación ósea. El uso de BMP ha sido descrito en la reconstrucción de defectos óseos de origen traumáticos y patológicos, incluyendo la fisura alveolar, el aumento de reborde alveolar, la elevación de seno maxilar, el injerto de alveolo post-extracción, y la cirugía perimplantaria entre otros. A pesar de las ventajas asociadas al uso de BMP y que en la actualidad se aplica en combinación con matrices de colágeno, ciertas propiedades tales como su baja resistencia mecánica y su elevada tasa de liberación inicial disminuyen su eficacia en la formación ósea. En este contexto, el desarrollo de nuevos sistemas de liberación prolongada de BMP que permitan la quimiotaxis de células mesenquimáticas y su posterior diferenciación a osteoblastos representa un desafío con alto potencial clínico para la estimulación de la formación ósea. En este trabajo, se describe el uso de BMP en la reconstrucción de fisuras alveolares y en particular se discuten las ventajas de su administración en micropartículas poliméricas comosistemas de liberación de BMP (rhBMP-2) con promisorias aplicaciones en la estimulación de la formación ósea.

Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) is an endogenous protein that has shown significant effects in the promotion of bone formation. BMP also has been described in the reconstruction of traumatic and pathological bone defects, including alveolar cleft, alveolar ridge augmentation, maxillary sinus elevation, and applications in post-extraction alveolus graft, and peri-implant surgery among others. Despite the advantages associated with the use of BMP, currently is applied in combination with collagen matrices, which has certain properties such as low mechanical resistance and a high burst initial release that diminish its effectiveness in bone formation. In this context, the development of novel systems with greater mechanical resistance and prolonged release of BMP, that lead to chemotaxis of mesenchymal cells, following by its differentiation to osteoblasts represents a major challenge that holds outstanding clinical potential for the stimulation of bone formation. In this paper, we describe the use of BMP for the reconstruction of alveolar clefts, and its advantages being administrated in polymeric microparticles as sustain release system with promising applications in the stimulation of bone formation.

Humans , Alveolar Process/surgery , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/therapeutic use , Bone Morphogenetic Proteins/therapeutic use , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Cleft Palate/surgery , Nanoparticles
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 15(1): 92-95, Jan.-Mar. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840303


ABSTRACT Jawbone reconstruction after tumor resection is one of the most challenging clinical tasks for maxillofacial surgeons. Osteogenic, osteoinductive, osteoconductive and non-antigenic properties of autogenous bone place this bone as the gold standard for solving problems of bone availability. However, the need for a second surgical site to harvest the bone graft increases significantly both the cost and the morbidity associated with the reconstructive procedures. Bone grafting gained an important tool with the discovery of bone morphogenetic proteins in 1960. Benefit of obtaining functional and real bone matrix without need of second surgical site seems to be the great advantage of use bone morphogenetic proteins. This study analyzed the use of rhBMP-2 in unicystic ameloblastoma of the mandible, detailing its structure, mechanisms of cell signaling and biological efficacy, in addition to present possible advantages and disadvantages of clinical use of rhBMP-2 as bone regeneration strategy.

RESUMO A reconstrução óssea dos maxilares após ressecções tumorais é uma das tarefas mais difíceis para o cirurgião maxilofacial. As propriedades osteogênicas, osteoindutoras, osteocondutoras e não antigênicas do osso autógeno o colocam como o padrão-ouro para a solução de problemas de disponibilidade óssea. Entretanto a coleta do enxerto ósseo necessita de um segundo sítio cirúrgico, aumentando significativamente o custo e a morbidade associados ao procedimento reconstrutivo. A enxertia óssea ganhou uma excelente ferramenta com a descoberta das proteínas ósseas morfogenéticas na década de 1960. O benefício da obtenção de matriz óssea verdadeira e funcional, sem a necessidade de um segundo sítio cirúrgico, parece ser a grande vantagem do uso das proteínas ósseas morfogenéticas. Neste contexto, o objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a utilização da rhBMP-2 na regeneração óssea de ameloblastoma mandibular unicístico, detalhando sua estrutura, seus mecanismos de sinalização celular e sua eficácia biológica, além de apresentar potenciais vantagens e desvantagens da utilização clínica das rhBMP-2, enquanto estratégia regenerativa.

Humans , Male , Adolescent , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Ameloblastoma/surgery , Mandibular Neoplasms/surgery , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Bone Transplantation/methods , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/therapeutic use , Off-Label Use , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Radiography, Panoramic , Ameloblastoma/drug therapy , Ameloblastoma/diagnostic imaging , Mandibular Neoplasms/drug therapy , Mandibular Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Bone Substitutes/therapeutic use , Photograph
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 60(6): 596-600, Nov.-Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-827792


SUMMARY Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a genetic disorder frequently characterized by obesity, growth hormone deficiency, genital abnormalities, and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. Incomplete or delayed pubertal development as well as premature adrenarche are usually found in PWS, whereas central precocious puberty (CPP) is very rare. This study aimed to report the clinical and biochemical follow-up of a PWS boy with CPP and to discuss the management of pubertal growth. By the age of 6, he had obesity, short stature, and many clinical criteria of PWS diagnosis, which was confirmed by DNA methylation test. Therapy with recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) replacement (0.15 IU/kg/day) was started. Later, he presented psychomotor agitation, aggressive behavior, and increased testicular volume. Laboratory analyses were consistent with the diagnosis of CPP (gonadorelin-stimulated LH peak 15.8 IU/L, testosterone 54.7 ng/dL). The patient was then treated with gonadotropin-releasing hormone analog (GnRHa). Hypothalamic dysfunctions have been implicated in hormonal disturbances related to pubertal development, but no morphologic abnormalities were detected in the present case. Additional methylation analysis (MS-MLPA) of the chromosome 15q11 locus confirmed PWS diagnosis. We presented the fifth case of CPP in a genetically-confirmed PWS male. Combined therapy with GnRHa and rhGH may be beneficial in this rare condition of precocious pubertal development in PWS.

Humans , Male , Child , Prader-Willi Syndrome/drug therapy , Puberty, Precocious/drug therapy , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone/therapeutic use , Human Growth Hormone/therapeutic use , Prader-Willi Syndrome/diagnosis , Prader-Willi Syndrome/genetics , Puberty, Precocious/complications , Recombinant Proteins/adverse effects , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , DNA Methylation , Hormone Replacement Therapy/methods
Arq. gastroenterol ; 53(1): 20-24, Jan.-Mar. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-777119


ABSTRACT Background The effectiveness of antiviral therapy with pegylated interferon and ribavirin for chronic hepatitis C is far from ideal and presents several adverse events. Among such events, there is the depressive episode that can even lead to treatment discontinuity Objective Analyze the incidence of depressive episodes in patients with chronic hepatitis C treated with pegylated interferon (IFN-PEG) and ribavirin, as well as the possible factors associated with its occurrence and its impact on patients' sustained virological response. Methods People with chronic hepatitis C undergoing antiviral therapy were interviewed at the baseline, at the 4th, 12th, 24th and 48th treatment weeks and 4 weeks after the end of it, using the HADS scale for tracking the depressive episode. Patients with HADS ≥9 were subjected to Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) to grade the episode. Clinical, sociodemographic, laboratorial and histological variables were obtained to identify factors related to the onset of depression. The sustained virological response rate (negative HCV-RNA 6 months after end of therapy) was compared among patients with and without depressive symptoms. Results The study comprised 32 patients, most men (59%) with mean age of 54±11.13 years old. Genotype non-1 was prevalent (56%) and 81% of the patients were non-cirrhotic. The depressive episode was diagnosed in 25% of the patients and the peak incidence was found in the 12th treatment week. The depressive episode was moderate in 87% of the patients and only one patient abandoned the treatment. None of the analyzed factors was associated with depressive episode onset. A trend was observed in female patients ( P=0.08). The sustained virological response rate was of 75% and 67% in patients with and without depressive episode, respectively (P =0.66). Conclusion The incidence of depressive episodes in patients with chronic hepatitis C undergoing antiviral therapy was of 25% and the 12th treatment week was the most critical one. The presence of depressive episode did not affect the sustained virological response rate.

RESUMO Contexto A terapia antiviral para a hepatite C crônica com interferon peguilado e ribavirina tem eficácia longe do ideal e é repleta de eventos adversos. Entre estes, destaca-se o transtorno depressivo que pode inclusive levar a interrupção do tratamento. Objetivos Em pacientes com hepatite C crônica tratados com interferon peguilado (IFN-PEG) e ribavirina, verificar a incidência de episódio depressivo, os possíveis fatores associados ao seu surgimento e o impacto deste sobre a resposta virológica sustentada. Métodos Portadores de hepatite C crônica submetidos à terapia antiviral foram entrevistados no Baseline, nas semanas 4, 12, 24, 48 de tratamento e quatro semanas após o término do mesmo utilizando a escala HADS para rastreamento do episódio depressivo e naqueles com HADS ≥9 o Inventário de Depressão de Beck (BDI-II) para graduação do episódio. Variáveis clínicas, sociodemográficas, laboratoriais e histológicas foram obtidas com o objetivo de identificar os fatores relacionados ao surgimento da depressão. A taxa de resposta virológica sustentada (HCV-RNA negativo seis meses após a interrupção da terapia) foi comparada entre os pacientes com e sem sintomas depressivos. Resultados Foram incluídos 32 pacientes, a maioria do sexo masculino (59%) e com média de idade de 54±11,13 anos. Prevaleceu o genótipo não 1 (56%) e 81% dos pacientes foram não cirróticos. Episódio depressivo foi diagnosticado em 25% dos pacientes sendo o pico de incidência observado na semana 12 de tratamento. O episódio depressivo foi moderado em 87% dos pacientes e motivou a interrupção em somente 1 deles. Nenhum dos fatores analisados foi associado ao surgimento de episódio depressivo observando-se uma tendência com relação ao sexo feminino ( P =0,08). A taxa de resposta virológica sustentada foi 75% e 67% nos pacientes com e sem episódio depressivo, respectivamente ( P =0,66). Conclusão A incidência de episódio depressivo em pacientes com hepatite C crônica submetidos à terapia antiviral foi de 25% e a semana 12 é a mais crítica. A presença de episódio depressivo não interferiu na taxa de resposta virológica sustentada.

Humans , Male , Female , Antiviral Agents/adverse effects , Polyethylene Glycols/adverse effects , Ribavirin/adverse effects , Interferon-alpha/adverse effects , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Depression/chemically induced , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Ribavirin/therapeutic use , Recombinant Proteins/adverse effects , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Hepatitis C, Chronic/psychology , Depression/psychology , Drug Therapy, Combination , Sociological Factors , Interferon alpha-2 , Middle Aged
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-188160


Some recent studies have found regression of liver cirrhosis after antiviral therapy in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related liver cirrhosis, but there have been no reports of complete regression of esophageal varices after interferon/peg-interferon and ribavirin combination therapy. We describe two cases of complete regression of esophageal varices and splenomegaly after interferon-alpha and ribavirin combination therapy in patients with HCV-related liver cirrhosis. Esophageal varices and splenomegaly regressed after 3 and 8 years of sustained virologic responses in cases 1 and 2, respectively. To our knowledge, this is the first study demonstrating that complications of liver cirrhosis, such as esophageal varices and splenomegaly, can regress after antiviral therapy in patients with HCV-related liver cirrhosis.

Abdomen/diagnostic imaging , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Drug Therapy, Combination , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/complications , Female , Hepatitis C/complications , Humans , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Liver Cirrhosis/etiology , Male , Middle Aged , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Ribavirin/therapeutic use , Splenomegaly/complications , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ultrasonography
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 57(6): 519-522, Nov.-Dec. 2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-770122


Chronic infection by hepatitis C virus (HCV) is one of the main risk factors for the development of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the emergence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in non-cirrhotic HCV patients, especially after sustained virological response (SVR) is an unusual event. Recently, it has been suggested that HCV genotype 3 may have a particular oncogenic mechanism, but the factors involved in these cases as well as the profile of these patients are still not fully understood. Thus, we present the case of a non-cirrhotic fifty-year-old male with HCV infection, genotype 3a, who developed HCC two years after treatment with pegylated-interferon and ribavirin, with SVR, in Brazil.

A infecção crônica pelo vírus da hepatite C é um dos principais fatores de risco para o desenvolvimento de cirrose hepática e carcinoma hepatocelular. Entretanto, o surgimento do carcinoma hepatocelular em pacientes portadores de hepatite C na ausência de cirrose, especialmente após o tratamento e a obtenção de resposta virológica sustentada, é um evento incomum. Recentemente tem sido sugerido que o genótipo 3 do vírus da hepatite C possa ter um mecanismo oncogênico particular, mas todos os fatores envolvidos nestes casos, assim como o perfil destes pacientes, ainda não estão totalmente esclarecidos. Deste modo, apresentamos o caso de um paciente masculino de 50 anos de idade, com infecção pelo vírus da hepatite C genótipo 3a, não cirrótico, que desenvolveu carcinoma hepatocelular dois anos após ter atingido resposta virológica sustentada com o tratamento com interferon peguilado e ribavirina.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/etiology , Hepatitis C/drug therapy , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Liver Neoplasms/etiology , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Drug Therapy, Combination , Hepacivirus/genetics , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Ribavirin/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome
Säo Paulo med. j ; 133(6): 525-530, Nov.-Dec. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-770149


CONTEXT: Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is the treatment of choice for end-stage liver disease. Cirrhosis due to hepatitis C infection is the leading indication for liver transplantation worldwide. However, patients who are given transplants because of viral liver diseases often present clinical coinfections, including hepatitis B together with hepatitis D. Currently, different strategies exist for patient management before and after liver transplantation, and these are based on different protocols developed by the specialized transplantation centers. CASE REPORT: We present a rare case of a 58-year-old man with chronic hepatitis B, C and D coinfection. The patient developed cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. His treatment comprised antiviral therapy for the three viruses and OLT. The patient's outcome was satisfactory. CONCLUSION: OLT, in association with antiviral therapy using entecavir, which was administered before and after transplantation, was effective for sustained clearance of the hepatitis B and D viruses. A recurrence of hepatitis C infection after transplantation responded successfully to standard treatment comprising peginterferon alfa-2A and ribavirin.

CONTEXTO: O transplante ortotópico de fígado (TOF) é o tratamento de escolha em pacientes com doença hepática terminal. A cirrose por hepatite C é a principal indicação de transplante hepático no mundo. No entanto, pacientes transplantados por hepatopatias virais frequentemente apresentam coinfecções, como hepatite B associada a hepatite D. Atualmente, existem diferentes estratégias de manejo em pacientes pré e pós-transplantados conforme diferentes protocolos de conduta de serviços especializados em transplante. RELATO DE CASO: Apresentamos o raro caso de um homem de 58 anos diagnosticado com as hepatites crônicas B, C e D. O paciente evoluiu com cirrose e carcinoma hepatocelular. O tratamento consistiu de terapia antiviral para os três vírus e de transplante ortotópico de fígado. O desfecho do paciente foi satisfatório. CONCLUSÃO: O transplante ortotópico de fígado, associado à terapia antiviral com entecavir antes e após o procedimento, foi eficaz na depuração sustentada dos vírus B e D. A recidiva do vírus C após o transplante respondeu com sucesso ao tratamento padrão com alfapeginterferon 2A e ribavirina.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/surgery , Hepatitis, Viral, Human/drug therapy , Hepatitis, Viral, Human/surgery , Liver Cirrhosis/surgery , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Liver Transplantation/methods , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Coinfection/drug therapy , Coinfection/surgery , Hepatitis B/drug therapy , Hepatitis B/surgery , Hepatitis C/drug therapy , Hepatitis C/surgery , Hepatitis D/drug therapy , Hepatitis D/surgery , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Liver Cirrhosis/virology , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Recurrence , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Ribavirin/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 19(4): 390-398, July-Aug. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-759273


Response-guided therapy is of limited use in developing countries because hepatitis C virus RNA detection by sensitive molecular methods is time- and labor-consuming and expen- sive. We evaluated early predictive efficacy of serum hepatitis C virus core antigen kinetics on sustained virologic response in patients with genotype 1 hepatitis C virus during pegylated interferon plus ribavirin treatment. For 478 patients recruited, hepatitis C virus RNAs were detected at baseline, and at weeks 4, 12, 24, 48, and 72 using Cobas TaqMan. Architect hepatitis C virus core antigen was performed at baseline, and weeks 4 and 12. Predictive values of hepatitis C virus core antigen on sustained virologic response were compared to hepatitis C virus RNA. In the first 12 weeks after treatment initiation the dynamic patterns of serum hepatitis C virus core antigen and hepatitis C virus RNA levels were similar in sustained virologic response, relapse, and null response patients groups. Although areas under the receiver operating characteristics curves of hepatitis C virus core antigen were lower than those of hepatitis C virus RNA at the same time points, modeling analysis showed that undetectable hepatitis C virus core antigen (rapid virological response based on hepatitis C virus core antigen) had similar positive predictive value on sustained virologic response to hepatitis C virus RNA at week 4 (90.4% vs 93.3%), and hepatitis C virus core antigen decrease greater than 1 log10 IU/mL (early virological response based on hepatitis C virus core antigen) had similar negative predictive value to hepatitis C virus RNA at week 12 (94.1% vs 95.Z%). Analysis on the validation group demonstrated a positive predictivevalue of 97.5% in rapid virological response based on hepatitis C virus core antigen and a negative predictive value of 100% in early virological response based on hepatitis C virus core antigen. In conclusion, hepatitis C virus core antigen is comparable to hepatitis C virus RNA in predicting sustained virologic response of chronic genotype 1 hepatitis C virus infected patients, and can be used to guide anti-hepatitis C virus treatment, especially in resource-limited areas.

Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Hepacivirus/immunology , Hepatitis C Antigens/immunology , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Ribavirin/therapeutic use , Genotype , Hepatitis C, Chronic/immunology , Hepatitis C, Chronic/virology , Predictive Value of Tests , ROC Curve , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Time Factors , Viral Core Proteins/immunology
Acta ortop. mex ; 29(3): 172-175,
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-773379


Antecedentes: La necrosis avascular de la cabeza femoral es una patología frecuente en pacientes con antecedentes de trauma, encontrándose como causas patologías vasculares, oncológicas, estados hipercoagulantes, tratamientos esteroideos prolongados, asociándose en algunos casos en pacientes con antecedente de hepatitis C con manejo con interferón pegilado + ribavirin. Seef, Foster y Poynard encontraron al estudiar el comportamiento del virus de la hepatitis, un estado de hipercoagulabilidad, que crea interrupción del flujo vascular retinacular en la cabeza femoral, sin incrementar la incidencia de osteonecrosis en este grupo de pacientes. Lauer expone que dichas infecciones virales llevan un proceso autoinmune, las cuales podrían producir vasculitis transitorias. Giampaolo en 2005 reporta la relación entre el uso de interferón en mieloma múltiple y otros padecimientos oncológicos relacionándose con necrosis avascular femoral. Material y métodos: Se valoraron los casos de diagnóstico de osteonecrosis bilateral de la cabeza femoral bilateral. Resultados: Se revisaron 5 pacientes, 4 mujeres y 1 hombre, con el diagnóstico de osteonecrosis bilateral de la cabeza femoral bilateral. Todos con antecedentes de hepatitis C con manejo con interferón pegilado, corroborándose diagnóstico definitivo por patología posterior a artroplastías, realizándose revisión bibliográfica de la relación de esta patología con el uso de interferón en pacientes con hepatitis C. Conclusiones: Al conocer la relación que existe en enfermedades virales como la hepatitis B y C con la presencia de estados de hipercoagulabilidad, procesos autoinmunes que conllevan a vasculitis transitorias y el uso de interferón pegilado 2B, relacionándose a necrosis avascular de las cabezas femorales, conoceremos nuevas causas asociadas no traumáticas a este padecimiento.

Background: Avascular necrosis of the femoral head is a frequent condition in patients with a history of trauma. The major pathologic causes include vascular diseases, malignancies, hypercoagulability states, long-term steroid treatment, and some patients have a history of hepatitis C infection treated with pegylated interferon and ribavirin. Upon studying the behavior of the hepatitis C virus, Seef, Foster and Poynard found a hypercoagulability state that causes interruption of retinacular blood flow to the femoral head, without an increased incidence of osteonecrosis in this patient group. Lauer states that such viral infections involve an autoimmune process and may result in transient vasculitides. Giampaolo, in 2005, reported the relationship between interferon use for multiple myeloma and other cancers and femoral avascular necrosis. Material and methods: Cases with a diagnosis of bilateral osteonecrosis of the femoral head were assessed. Results: Five patients were included, 4 females and one male, with a diagnosis of bilateral osteonecrosis of the femoral head. All of them had history of hepatitis C infection treated with pegylated interferon. The final diagnosis was proven by pathology after arthroplasty. A literature review was made of articles on the relationship between this condition and interferon use in patients with hepatitis C infection. Conclusions: Finding out the relationship between viral diseases such as hepatitis B and C infection and hypercoagulability states, autoimmune processes leading to transient vasculitides and the use of pegylated interferon 2B, will help us discover new nontraumatic causes associated with this condition.

Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antiviral Agents/administration & dosage , Femur Head Necrosis/etiology , Hepatitis C/drug therapy , Interferon-alpha/administration & dosage , Polyethylene Glycols/administration & dosage , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Femur Head Necrosis/pathology , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Recombinant Proteins/administration & dosage , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use
J. appl. oral sci ; 23(2): 215-223, Mar-Apr/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-746543


Injectable bone substitutes and techniques have been developed for use in minimally invasive procedures for bone augmentation. Objective : To develop a novel injectable thermo-sensitive alginate hydrogel (TSAH) as a scaffold to induce bone regeneration, using a minimally invasive tunnelling technique. Material and Methods : An injectable TSAH was prepared from a copolymer solution of 8.0 wt% Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm) and 8.0 wt% AAlg-g-PNIPAAm. In vitro properties of the material, such as its microstructure and the sustained release of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2), were investigated. Then, with the subperiosteal tunnelling technique, this material, carrying rhBMP-2, was injected under the labial periosteum of the maxillary anterior alveolar ridge in a rabbit model. New bone formation was evaluated by means of X-ray, micro-computed tomography (micro-CT), fluorescence labelling, histological study, and immunohistochemistry study. Results : The material exhibited good injectability and thermo-irreversible properties. SEM showed an interconnected porous microstructure of the TSAH. The result of ALP activity indicated sustained delivery of BMP-2 from the TSAH from days 3 to 15. In a rabbit model, both TSAH and TSAH/rhBMP-2 induced alveolar ridge augmentation. The percentage of mineralised tissue in the TSAH/rhBMP-2 group (41.6±3.79%) was significantly higher than in the TSAH group (31.3±7.21%; p<0.05). The density of the regenerating tissue was higher in the TSAH/rhBMP-2 group than in the other groups (TSAH group, positive control, blank control; p<0.05). Conclusions : The TSAH provided convenient handling properties for clinical application. To some extent, TSAH could induce ridge augmentation and mineral deposition, which can be enhanced when combined with rhBMP-2 for a minimally invasive tunnelling injection. .

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Brain Injuries/drug therapy , Brain/drug effects , Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein/therapeutic use , Receptors, Interleukin-1/antagonists & inhibitors , Brain Injuries/immunology , Brain Injuries/pathology , Brain/immunology , Brain/pathology , Cytokines/analysis , Cytokines/immunology , Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein/administration & dosage , Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein/adverse effects , Receptors, Interleukin-1/immunology , Recombinant Proteins/administration & dosage , Recombinant Proteins/adverse effects , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use