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Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(1): 122-130, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356274


ABSTRACT Purpose: To analyze the association between obesity and urinary incontinence rate in men submitted to robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) in a high-volume cancer center. Materials and Methods: We reported 1.077 men who underwent RARP as the primary treatment for localized prostate cancer from 2013 to 2017. Patients were classified as non-obese (normal BMI or overweight) or obese men (BMI ≥30kg/m2). They were grouped according to the age, PSA level, D'Amico risk group, Gleason score, ASA classification, pathological stage, prostate volume, salvage/adjuvant radiotherapy, perioperative complications, and follow-up time. Urinary continence was defined as the use of no pads. For the analysis of long-term urinary continence recovery, we conducted a 1:1 propensity-score matching to control confounders. Results: Among the obese patients, mean BMI was 32.8kg/m2, ranging 30 - 45.7kg/m2. Only 2% was morbidly obese. Obese presented more comorbidities and larger prostates. Median follow-up time was 15 months for the obese. Complications classified as Clavien ≥3 were reported in 5.6% of the obese and in 4.4% of the non-obese men (p=0.423). Median time for continence recovery was 4 months in both groups. In this analysis, HR was 0.989 for urinary continence recovery in obese (95%CI=0.789 - 1.240; p=0.927). Conclusions: Obese can safely undergo RARP with similar continence outcomes comparing to the non-obese men when performed by surgeons with a standardized operative technique. Future studies should perform a subgroup analysis regarding the association of obesity with other comorbidities, intending to optimize patient counseling.

Humans , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Prostatic Neoplasms/complications , Obesity, Morbid , Robotic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Prostate/surgery , Prostatectomy/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Recovery of Function , Propensity Score
Rev. baiana saúde pública ; 45(3,supl.n.esp): 48-57, 28 dec. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352325


A rabdomiólise como complicação da dengue é subnotificada e pouco descrita na literatura. O presente caso traz um alerta para recordar tal possibilidade, principalmente devido à alta incidência da dengue no Brasil e da importância do manejo inicial, que pode evitar um desfecho desfavorável. Este relato trata de um paciente de 54 anos que iniciou com quadro agudo de fraqueza, com dor intensa em membros inferiores, dor abdominal, náuseas, vômitos e anúria. Foi observada evidente disfunção renal aguda em urgência dialítica com acidose metabólica grave, além de hiperuricemia, hiponatremia, hipocalcemia e hipercalemia, com valores de creatinofosfoquinase (CPK) de 125.010 e de mioglobina, 318,28. O paciente necessitou de três sessões de hemodiálise e recebeu alta com recuperação da função renal. O resultado da sorologia IgM para dengue foi positivo após um mês e dez dias da admissão hospitalar.

Reports on rhabdomyolysis as a complication of dengue are scarce in the literature. This study warns about such a possibility, especially considering the high incidence of dengue in Brazil and the importance of early management to avoid an unfavorable outcome for the patient. The case consists of a 54-year-old patient admitted to the hospital with complains of acute weakness, severe lower limb pain, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and anuria. Clinical evaluation indicated acute renal dysfunction in dialysis emergency with severe metabolic acidosis, as well as hyperuricemia, hyponatremia, hypocalcemia, and hyperkalemia, with creatine phosphokinase (CPK) values equal to 125.010 and myoglobin to 318.28. The patient was discharged with recovery of renal function after three hemodialysis sessions. Serology results were positive for dengue IgM one month and ten days after hospital admission.

La rabdomiólisis como complicación del dengue está poco implementada en la literatura y poco reportada, y este caso trae una advertencia para recordar esta posibilidad, principalmente por la alta incidencia del dengue en el país en el que vivimos y la importancia del manejo inicial, evitando un desfavorable resultado para el paciente. Se trata de un paciente de 54 años que inicia debilidad aguda, dolor severo en miembros inferiores, dolor abdominal, náuseas, vómitos y anuria. Se evidenció disfunción renal aguda en urgencia de diálisis con acidosis metabólica severa, además de hiperuricemia, hiponatremia, hipocalcemia e hiperpotasemia, con valores de creatinfosfoquinasa (CPK)de 125.010 y mioglobina de 318,28. El paciente requirió tres sesiones de hemodiálisis y fue dado de alta con recuperación de la función renal. El resultado de la serología IgM para el dengue fue positivoun mes y diez días después del ingreso hospitalario.

Rhabdomyolysis , Immunoglobulin M , Recovery of Function , Dengue , Dialysis
Medwave ; 21(6): e8223, jul. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284251


Objective This living systematic review aims to provide a timely, rigorous and continuously updated summary of the evidence available on the role of pulmonary rehabilitation in the treatment of patients with COVID-19. Design This is the protocol of a living systematic review. Data sources We will conduct searches in the L·OVE (Living OVerview of Evidence) platform for COVID-19, a system that maps PICO questions to a repository maintained through regular searches in electronic databases, preprint servers, trial registries and other resources relevant to COVID-19. No date or language restrictions will be applied. Eligibility criteria for selecting studies and methods We adapted an already published common protocol for multiple parallel systematic reviews to the specificities of this question. We will include randomized trials evaluating the effect of pulmonary rehabilitation as monotherapy or in combination with other interventions-versus sham or no treatment in patients with COVID-19. Two reviewers will independently screen each study for eligibility, extract data, and assess the risk of bias. We will pool the results using meta-analysis and will apply the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system to assess the certainty of the evidence for each outcome. Ethics and dissemination No ethics approval is considered necessary. The results of this review will be widely disseminated via peer-reviewed publications, social networks and traditional media.

Humans , COVID-19/rehabilitation , Lung Diseases/rehabilitation , Research Design , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Databases, Factual , Recovery of Function , Systematic Reviews as Topic , COVID-19/complications , Lung Diseases/virology
Fisioter. Bras ; 22(1): 37-48, Mar 19, 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284015


Evaluating the impact of lung re-expansion methods on the postoperative pulmonary function and respiratory complications such as atelectasis, pneumonia and hypoxemia in videolaparoscopy-based bariatric surgery. Prospective clinical study conducted with 105 patients randomly divided into three groups: control (conventional postoperative physical therapy), recruitment (intraoperative alveolar recruitment) and decompression (postoperative chest compression and decompression maneuver). Spirometry, respiratory and hemodynamic variables were analyzed. All groups have presented worsened values in spirometry measurements within the postoperative period (p < 0.00) and there was significant decrease in respiratory rates in comparison to the immediate preoperative period (p = 0,01). Mean end-expiratory carbon dioxide pressure in the recruitment group was higher than in the control in all assessed time intervals (p = 0.03). Chest compression and decompression maneuver and alveolar recruitment were beneficial to pulmonary function recovery. There were no differences in postoperative pulmonary complications and function in the three assessed groups, except for significant decrease in respiratory rates and in the end-expiratory carbon dioxide pressure level in the recruitment group. (AU)

Avaliar o impacto de métodos de re-expansão pulmonar na função pulmonar e incidência de complicações respiratórias como as atelectasias, pneumonias e hipoxemia no pós-operatório de cirurgia bariátrica por videolaparoscopia. Estudo clínico, prospectivo realizado com 105 pacientes, randomizado em três grupos: grupo controle (fisioterapia convencional no pós-operatório), grupo recrutamento (recrutamento alveolar no intraoperatório) e grupo descompressão (manobra de compressão e descompressão torácica no pós-operatório). Foram analisadas variáveis espirométricas, respiratórias e hemodinâmicas. No pós-operatório todos os grupos apresentaram piora nas medidas espirométricas (p < 0,00) e redução significativa da frequência respiratória quando comparado o período pré e pós-operatório imediato em todos os grupos (p = 0,01). As médias de pressão expiratória final de gás carbônico no grupo recrutamento foram maiores que no grupo controle em todos os intervalos de tempos avaliados (p = 0,03). A manobra de compressão e descompressão torácica e o recrutamento alveolar foram benéficos para a recuperação da função pulmonar. Nos três grupos avaliados não houve diferença nas complicações e função pulmonar no pós-operatório, exceto redução significativa da frequência respiratória e da pressão expiratória final de dióxido de carbono no grupo recrutamento alveolar. (AU)

Humans , Pulmonary Atelectasis , Physical Therapy Modalities , Postoperative Period , Recovery of Function , Bariatric Surgery
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 740-749, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922503


Stroke is one of the most serious diseases that threaten human life and health. It is a major cause of death and disability in the clinic. New strategies for motor rehabilitation after stroke are undergoing exploration. We aimed to develop a novel artificial neural rehabilitation system, which integrates brain-computer interface (BCI) and functional electrical stimulation (FES) technologies, for limb motor function recovery after stroke. We conducted clinical trials (including controlled trials) in 32 patients with chronic stroke. Patients were randomly divided into the BCI-FES group and the neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) group. The changes in outcome measures during intervention were compared between groups, and the trends of ERD values based on EEG were analyzed for BCI-FES group. Results showed that the increase in Fugl Meyer Assessment of the Upper Extremity (FMA-UE) and Kendall Manual Muscle Testing (Kendall MMT) scores of the BCI-FES group was significantly higher than that in the sham group, which indicated the practicality and superiority of the BCI-FES system in clinical practice. The change in the laterality coefficient (LC) values based on μ-ERD (ΔLC

Electric Stimulation , Electric Stimulation Therapy , Electroencephalography , Humans , Recovery of Function , Stroke/therapy , Stroke Rehabilitation
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2865-2873, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921202


BACKGROUND@#Patients' recovery after surgery is the major concern for all perioperative clinicians. This study aims to minimize the side effects of peri-operative surgical stress and accelerate patients' recovery of gastrointestinal (GI) function and quality of life after colorectal surgeries, an enhanced recovery protocol based on pre-operative rehabilitation was implemented and its effect was explored.@*METHODS@#A prospective randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted, patients were recruited from January 2018 to September 2019 in this study. Patients scheduled for elective colorectal surgeries were randomly allocated to receive either standardized enhanced recovery after surgery (S-ERAS) group or enhanced recovery after surgery based on pre-operative rehabilitation (group PR-ERAS). In the group PR-ERAS, on top of recommended peri-operative strategies for enhanced recovery, formatted rehabilitation exercises pre-operatively were carried out. The primary outcome was the quality of GI recovery measured with I-FEED scoring. Secondary outcomes were quality of life scores and strength of handgrip; the incidence of adverse events till 30 days post-operatively was also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 240 patients were scrutinized and 213 eligible patients were enrolled, who were randomly allocated to the group S-ERAS (n = 104) and group PR-ERAS (n = 109). The percentage of normal recovery graded by I-FEED scoring was higher in group PR-ERAS (79.0% vs. 64.3%, P  0.050).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Peri-operative rehabilitation exercise might be another benevolent factor for early recovery of GI function and life of quality after colorectal surgery. Newer, more surgery-specific rehabilitation recovery protocol merits further exploration for these patients.@*TRIAL, ChiCTR-ONRC-14005096.

Colorectal Neoplasms , Hand Strength , Humans , Length of Stay , Postoperative Complications , Preoperative Exercise , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Recovery of Function
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888306


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical results of the application of critical rehabilitation pathway in the rehabilitation after total knee arthroplasty.@*METHODS@#From March 2015 to December 2019, 67 patients with total knee arthroplasty (TKA) were included. There were 49 females and 18 males, 42 cases on the left and 25 cases on the right, with an average age of 60 to 81(70.72±5.92) years old. Critical rehabilitation paths included intensive strength and gait rehabilitation exercises. All patients were evaluated before operation and 3, 12 months after operation. The evaluation indexes included stair climbing test (SCT), six minute walk test (6MWT), quadriceps and hamstring strength, range of motion, visual pain scale (VAS), Western Ontario McMasterUniversity Osteoarthritis score(WOMAC).@*RESULTS@#All the patients completed the entire pathway and the assessment. The results of pre-operative, 3 months after surgery and 12 months after surgery were as follows respectively. SCT-up: (16.32±3.58) s, (18.16±2.46) s, (11.00±1.29) s, @*CONCLUSION@#Critical rehabilitation path is safe and effective. The knee function of patients who receive critical rehabilitation path after TKA is significantly improved in the first 12 months after operation.

Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Quadriceps Muscle , Range of Motion, Articular , Recovery of Function
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(2): e1582, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345011


ABSTRACT Background: The surgical treatment of hyperhidrosis by thoracic sympathectomy has brought, in addition to symptomatic relief for many, its main adverse effect: compensatory or reflex sweating. The clipping technique in place of the sympathetic nerve section gave rise to the hope of reversibility, but the positive results showed to be quite divergent, evidencing the academic deficiency regarding the study of this phenomenon. Aim: To observe micro and macroscopic damage caused by the polymer clip on sympathetic nerve of rabbits seven days after their clipping and the findings after three weeks of clip removal. Method: In this experimental study, 20 rabbits were divided into two groups of 10, group 1 (clipping) and group 2 (de-clipping). The right cervical sympathetic nerve of all animals was clamped with polymeric clip, and in group 2 the nerve was unclipped seven days later. Group 1 rabbits were induced to death on the 7th postoperative day, and group 2 on the 21st after removal of the polymer clip. Macroscopic variables were: clip appearance, presence of discontinuity lesion, infection and adhesions around the nerve. H&E was used in the evaluation of the phases and degree of the inflammatory process and presence of necrosis, and picrosirius red F3BA for quantification of collagen. Results: The cervical sympathetic nerve was intact, without necrosis or infection in all animals of the experiment; there were adhesions in both groups, being minimal in eight animals of each group and moderate or intense in two; the clip was completely closed in all animals at the 7th postoperative day; the inflammatory process shown was chronic, with monomorphonuclear predominance. There was no significant difference between groups regarding the intensity the inflammatory process, but the amount of collagen type I and type III was significantly higher in group 2. Conclusions: The injury caused by the polymer clip on the sympathetic nerve may be reversible, allowing functional return in the areas involved in the simulated cervical sympathectomy. Clipping of the cervical sympathetic nerve using a polymer clip does not cause discontinuity injury.

RESUMO Racional: O tratamento cirúrgico da hiperidrose pela simpatectomia torácica trouxe além do alívio sintomático para muitos, também seu principal efeito adverso: o suor compensatório ou reflexo. A técnica de clipagem do nervo simpático no lugar de sua secção deu margem à esperança de reversão do procedimento; porém, os resultados mostram-se bastante divergentes e pouco conclusivos Objetivo: Observar a lesão provocada pelo clipe de polímero em nervo simpático de coelhos sete dias após sua clipagem, comparando-a com os achados após três semanas da retirada do clipe. Método: Estudo experimental, com amostra formada por 20 coelhos, divididos em dois grupos de 10, sendo o grupo 1 chamado clipagem e o 2, desclipagem. Todos foram submetidos à clipagem do nervo simpático cervical direito com clipe polimérico, e no grupo 2 realizou-se a desclipagem sete dias após. Os coelhos do grupo 1 foram submetidos à eutanásia no 7º dia de pós-operatório, e os do grupo 2 no 21º dia após a remoção do clipe. Observou-se na macroscopia o aspecto do clipe, a presença de lesão de descontinuidade, infecção e aderências ao redor do nervo. Para estudo microscópico utilizou-se a coloração H&E na avaliação das fases, grau do processo inflamatório e presença de necrose, e a de picrosirius red F3BA para quantificação de colágeno. Resultados: O nervo simpático cervical foi identificado íntegro, sem necrose ou infecção em todos os animais do experimento; havia aderências em ambos os grupos, sendo mínimas em oito de cada grupo e moderadas ou intensas em dois; em toda a amostra o clipe encontrava-se completamente fechado no 7º dia de pós-operatório; o processo inflamatório presente foi do tipo crônico, com predomínio monomorfonuclear, não se observando diferença significativa em relação ao grau do processo inflamatório entre os grupos; porém, a quantidade de colágeno tanto do tipo I quanto do tipo III foi significativamente maior no grupo 2. Conclusões: A lesão provocada pelo clipe de polímero em nervo simpático pode ser reversível possibilitando o retorno funcional nas áreas envolvidas na simpatectomia cervical simulada. A clipagem do nervo simpático cervical com uso de clipe de polímero não causa lesão de descontinuidade.

Animals , Sympathectomy , Hyperhidrosis/surgery , Rabbits , Sympathetic Nervous System , Treatment Outcome , Recovery of Function , Necrosis
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202581, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155375


ABSTRACT Understanding the cause, severity, and elapsed time for the restoration of the functions of maxillofacial injuries can contribute to the establishment of clinical priorities aiming at effective treatment and further prevention of facial trauma. The objective of this study was to understand the factors associated with the restoration of mastication, ocular, and nasal functions in the face of trauma victims, estimating their recovery time after surgical treatment. We analyzed 114 medical records of patients treated at the Hospital Montenegro, who attended follow-up consultations for up to 180 days. For analysis of the recovery time, we performed survival analysis, followed by COX analysis. We observed that half of the patients recovered their functions within 20 days. The average time for recovery from trauma in the zygomatic-orbital-malar-nasal complex was 11 days, and in the maxillary-mandibular complex, 21 days (HR: 1.5 [0.99 2.3], p = 0.055). Although functional reestablishment has reached high rates after the surgical approach, it is necessary to analyze the failing cases, as well as the economic impacts and the prevention strategies associated with facial trauma, to improve the service to the population.

RESUMO O entendimento da causa, da gravidade e do tempo decorrido para o restabelecimento das funções de lesões maxilofaciais pode contribuir para o estabelecimento de prioridades clínicas objetivando o efetivo tratamento e prevenção dos traumatismos de face. Assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi compreender quais os fatores associados ao restabelecimento das funções mastigatórias, oculares e nasais em vítimas de trauma de face, estimando o tempo para recuperação das funções, após o tratamento cirúrgico. Foram analisados 114 prontuários de pacientes atendidos no Hospital de Montenegro que compareceram às consultas de acompanhamento por até 180 dias. Para a análise do tempo para a recuperação, foi realizada a análise de sobrevida, seguida da análise de COX. Observou-se que metade dos pacientes recuperaram as funções em até 20 dias, sendo que o tempo médio para recuperação dos traumas no complexo zigomático-orbitário-malar-nasal foi de 11 dias e do complexo maxilo - mandibular de 21 dias (HR: 1,5 (0,99 - 2,3) p=0,055). Embora o restabelecimento das funções tenha atingido taxas elevadas após abordagem cirúrgicas, faz-se necessária a análise dos casos de insucessos bem como os impactos econômicos e as estratégias de prevenção associados aos traumas de face a fim de qualificar o serviço prestado à população.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Orbital Fractures/surgery , Skull Fractures/surgery , Zygomatic Fractures/surgery , Facial Bones/injuries , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Mandibular Fractures/surgery , Maxillary Fractures/surgery , Nasal Bone/surgery , Orbital Fractures/etiology , Orbital Fractures/epidemiology , Skull Fractures/etiology , Skull Fractures/epidemiology , Zygomatic Fractures/etiology , Zygomatic Fractures/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Survival Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Recovery of Function , Facial Bones/surgery , Mandibular Fractures/etiology , Mandibular Fractures/epidemiology , Maxillary Fractures/etiology , Maxillary Fractures/epidemiology , Middle Aged , Nasal Bone/injuries
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(3): e10010, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153525


We aimed to conduct a meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in patients with post-stroke depression (PSD). Six relevant electronic databases (PubMed, CENTRAL, Embase, Web of Science, CINAHL, and PsycINFO) were searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared rTMS with control condition for PSD were included. The mean change in depression symptom scores was defined as the primary efficacy outcome. Secondary outcomes included the remission rate of depression, stroke recovery, and cognitive function recovery. In total, 7 RCTs with 351 participants were included. At post-treatment, rTMS was significantly more effective than the control condition, with a standardized mean difference (SMD) of -1.15 (95%CI: -1.62 to -0.69; P<0.001, I2=71%) and remission with an odds ratio (OR) of 3.46 (95%CI: 1.68 to 7.12; P<0.001; I2=11%). As for stroke recovery, rTMS was also better than the control condition (SMD=-0.67, 95%CI: -1.02 to -0.32; P<0.001). However, no significant difference was found for cognitive function recovery between the two groups (SMD=4.07, 95%CI: -1.41 to 9.55; P=0.15). To explore the potential moderators for the primary outcome, a series of subgroup and sensitivity analyses were performed. The results implied that rTMS may be more effective in Asian samples than in North American samples (P=0.03). In conclusion, from the current evidence in this study, rTMS could be an effective treatment for patients with PSD. Further clinical studies with larger sample sizes and clearer subgroup definitions are needed to confirm these outcomes.

Humans , Stroke/complications , Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Treatment Outcome , Recovery of Function , Depression/etiology , Depression/therapy
Clinics ; 76: e2804, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278938


OBJECTIVES: As patients recovering from the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) present with physical, respiratory, cognitive, nutritional, and swallowing-related impairments and mental health complications, their rehabilitation needs are complex. This study aimed to describe the demographic, clinical, and functional status after the discharge of COVID-19 survivors who underwent intensive multidisciplinary inpatient rehabilitation at the Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Institute of the University of Sao Paulo Medical School General Hospital and Lucy Montoro Rehabilitation Institute. We determined the most important factors related to the length of inpatient rehabilitation treatment and present the functional outcomes. METHODS: This was a retrospective study based on electronic medical records. In addition to the severity of COVID-19 and length of hospital stay for the management of COVID-19 and comorbidities, we collected sociodemographic data including age, sex, height, and weight. Functional assessments were performed using the Functional Independence Measure (FIM); Short Physical Performance Battery; Montreal Cognitive Assessment; Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale; Revised Impact of Events Scale; bioelectrical impedance; Functional Oral Intake Scale; oropharyngeal dysphagia classification; and nutritional assessment. RESULTS: There was a significant improvement in FIM before and after inpatient rehabilitation treatment (p<0.0001). Muscle strength and walking capacity were significantly improved (p<0.01). The most important factors related to the length of inpatient rehabilitation treatment were improvement in FIM scores (Spearman's r=0.71) and gain in lean mass (Spearman's r=0.79). CONCLUSIONS: Rehabilitation of patients after COVID-19 recovery improves their functional status and should be considered in the post-acute phase for selected patients with COVID-19.

Humans , Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine , COVID-19 , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Recovery of Function , SARS-CoV-2 , Length of Stay
Clinics ; 76: e2740, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153947


OBJECTIVES: The intrathecal route has not yet been thoroughly standardized and evaluated in an experimental model of spinal cord injury (SCI) in Wistar rats. The objective of this study was to standardize and evaluate the effect of intradural injection in this animal model. METHOD: The animals were divided into 6 groups: 1) laminectomy and intradural catheter; 2) laminectomy, intradural catheter and infusion; 3) only SCI; 4) SCI and intradural catheter; 5) SCI, intradural catheter and infusion; and 6) control (laminectomy only). Motor evaluations were performed using the Basso, Beattie and Bresnahan (BBB) scale and the horizontal ladder test; motor evoked potentials were measured for functional evaluation, and histological evaluation was performed as well. All experimental data underwent statistical analysis. RESULTS: Regarding motor evoked potentials, the groups with experimental SCI had worse results than those without, but neither dural puncture nor the injection of intrathecal solution aggravated the effects of isolated SCI. Regarding histology, adverse tissue effects were observed in animals with SCI. On average, the BBB scores had the same statistical behaviour as the horizontal ladder results, and at every evaluated timepoint, the groups without SCI presented scored significantly better than those with SCI (p<0.05). The difference in performance on motor tests between rats with and without experimental SCI persisted from the first to the last test. CONCLUSIONS: The present work standardizes the model of intradural injection in experimental SCI in rats. Intrathecal puncture and injection did not independently cause significant functional or histological changes.

Animals , Rats , Spinal Cord Injuries , Reference Standards , Spinal Cord , Rats, Wistar , Evoked Potentials, Motor , Recovery of Function , Disease Models, Animal
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(10): 1417-1422, Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136157


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Determine good recovery practices for ambulation of octogenarian women after hospital discharge after being operated on for hip fracture. METHODS: Prospective study during the second half of 2019, with 192 women (85.95 ± 5.1 years) with hip fracture. A medical history, fracture types, complications, surgical treatment, and assessment of the level of ambulation were recorded before and after six months of hospital discharge. RESULTS: 100 patients lived in the family home and 92 in an institutional center, 68.2% provided pertrochanteric fracture and a total of 3.7 comorbidities, all of them received spinal anesthesia and were admitted an average of 11.4 days. After six months, the patients showed a significant loss of functional independence with respect to the situation prior to the fracture, both for the ability to wander and for activities of daily living. It is noteworthy that the worst prognosis in the recovery of ambulation has to do with intermediate levels of ambulation and that the functional level of departure influences to a lesser extent than the place where they perform the recovery. CONCLUSIONS: Age is a factor that influences the recovery of hip fracture, but there are other influential factors since patients who remain in the family home have a better functional prognosis than those who recover in institutionalized centers, after six months of hospital discharge.

RESUMO OBJETIVO: Determinar boas práticas para a recuperação da ambulação de octogenárias posterior à alta hospitalar após cirurgia por fratura da pelve. METODOLOGIA: Um estudo prospectivo realizado no segundo semestre de 2019 com 192 mulheres (85,95 ± 5,1 anos) com fratura da pelve. O histórico médico, tipo de fratura, complicações, tratamento cirúrgico, e avaliação do nível de ambulação foram registrados antes da alta hospitalar e após seis meses. RESULTADOS: De todas as pacientes, 100 viviam com a família e 92 em alguma instituição, 68.2% tinham fratura peritrocantérica e uma média de 3,7 comorbidades; todas receberam anastesia espinhal e ficaram internadas por 11,4 dias em média. Após seis meses, as pacientes apresentaram uma perda significativa da independência funcional em relação à situação anterior à fratura, tanto em relação à capacidade de ambulação e atividades cotidianas. É importante ressaltar que o prognóstico negativo em relação à recuperação da ambulação está relacionado a níveis intermediários de ambulação e que o nível funcional de saída tem menor influência do que o local onde a recuperação é feita. CONCLUSÃO: A idade é um fator que influencia a recuperação de fraturas da pelve. Porém, há outros fatores com influência, já que as pacientes que ficam com familiares têm um prognostico funcional melhor do que aquelas que se recuperam em instituições, após seis meses da alta hospitalar.

Humans , Female , Aged , Walking , Hip Fractures/surgery , Self Care , Activities of Daily Living , Prospective Studies , Recovery of Function
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(3): 410-416, jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126180


Resumen: Objetivo: Describir el efecto de la prótesis impresa en 3D Cyborg Beast en la funcionalidad de miembros superiores (MMSS) en adolescentes con amputación congénita parcial de mano. Casos Clínicos: Se seleccionaron 5 pacientes entre 12 y 17 años con amputación congénita parcial de mano en el Instituto Teletón Santiago. Los pacientes fueron entrenados en el uso de la prótesis por 4 sesiones. Se evaluó la función basal (sin prótesis), al mes y los 4 meses de uso de la prótesis con la pauta Bilan 400 points modificada y la percepción de funcionalidad de MMSS sin y con prótesis con la "Upper Extremity Function Index (UEFI)". Al mes y 4 meses de uso, el porcentaje de cambio para funcionalidad de mano fue de -11% y -4% para la extremidad no afectada y de -9% y -2% para la afectada. El porcentaje de cambio para la percepción de funcionalidad de MMSS fue de -62%. Conclusiones: El uso de la prótesis de mano Cyborg Beast no fue una solución funcional para los 5 pacientes incluidos en este estudio. Futuras investigaciones son necesarias para poder mejorar la funcionalidad de estos diseños de prótesis impresa en tecnología 3D.

Abstract: Objective: To describe the effect of the 3D-printed Cyborg Beast prosthesis on upper limbs function in adolescents with congenital hand amputation. Clinical Cases: Five patients aged between 12 and 17 years, with congenital hand amputation were selected. All patients were from the Teletón Institute in Santiago, Chile. The patients were trained for prosthesis use in four sessions. Hand function was evaluated without prosthesis, at 1 and 4 months of use with the modified Bilan 400 points scale, and upper limb function perception was evaluated with the 'Upper Extremity Functional Index (UEFI)'. At 1 month and 4 months of use, the percentage change for hand functionality for the unaffected limbs was between -11% and -4%; and -9% and -2% for the affected limb. The percentage change for the upper limbs perceived function was -62%. Conclusions: The use of the 3D-printed Cyborg Beast prosthesis was not a functional solution for the 5 patients included in this study. Future research is needed to improve the functionality of these types of 3D-printed hand prostheses.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Artificial Limbs , Hand Deformities, Congenital/rehabilitation , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Amniotic Band Syndrome/rehabilitation , Hand Deformities, Congenital/physiopathology , Treatment Outcome , Recovery of Function , Hand/physiology , Amniotic Band Syndrome/physiopathology
Rev. Méd. Clín. Condes ; 31(2): 114-121, mar.-abr. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223379


Los trastornos del ánimo (uni o bipolares) constituyen un significativo problema de salud pública, tanto por su alta prevalencia como por el elevado índice de discapacidad que generan. El presente artículo aborda el problema de la resistencia a tratamiento como también las estrategias y guías clínicas para el manejo de los cuadros de mayor complejidad. Se analizan los aportes de la terapia farmacológica, de la psicoterapia y de las terapias somáticas no farmacológicas, intentando un enfoque integrativo. El equipo multidisciplinario de la Unidad de Trastornos del Ánimo del Departamento de Psiquiatría de Clínica Las Condes busca aplicar un modelo integrativo con una mirada amplia, con el objetivo de encontrar el mejor manejo para cada paciente, orientado no solo a la remisión sintomática sino también a la recuperación funcional (autonomía, calidad de vínculos, etc.), para incidir de este modo en la calidad de vida global de los pacientes.

Affective disorders (uni­ or bipolar) represent a significant public health issue, due both to its high prevalence as well as the high index of disability that they generate. This article addresses the problem of treatment resistance, as well the use of clinical guidelines and strategies for the treatment of more complex cases. We analyze the contributions of pharmacological treatments, psychotherapy and non-pharmacological somatic therapies, from an integrative point of view. The multidisciplinary team of Mood Disorders Unit at Clínica Las Condes Psychiatry Department seeks to apply a broad-view integrative model with the aim of finding the better management strategy for each patient. Our objectives are both symptomatic remission and functional recovery (autonomy, quality of affective bonds, etc.), in order to make a difference on the patients' overall quality of life.

Humans , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Mood Disorders/therapy , Psychotherapy/methods , Bipolar Disorder/therapy , Remission Induction , Mood Disorders/drug therapy , Recovery of Function , Depression/therapy , Antidepressive Agents/therapeutic use
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 31(1): 34-41, mar. 2020. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102185


En este trabajo se presenta la técnica quirúrgica descrip-ta por Limberg para las reparaciones plásticas, su uso para el tratamiento del seno pilonidal sacro coccígeo junto con sus resultados, tasas de éxito, complicaciones y recaídas. Para ello se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica sobre el tema y se analizaron los resultados para determinar con-clusiones sobre la misma.La elección del tema la realicé en base a mi interés sobre la patología. El mismo surge a partir de mi observación en la práctica clínica de pacientes sometidos a técnicas no resectivas, abiertas, con una alta tasa de lechos cruentos, cicatrizaciones lentas y recaídas que podrían beneficiar-se de los principios que la reparación de Limberg ofrece. La técnica se describe como algo simple y fácilmente re-producible mientras se respeten sus principios, lo cual la vuelve una opción viable y atractiva. Lo antedicho sumado al respaldo bibliográfico hallado han sido los motores de la investigación actual.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Pilonidal Sinus/surgery , Sacrococcygeal Region/surgery , Surgical Flaps , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Pilonidal Sinus/diagnosis , Pilonidal Sinus/therapy , Pilonidal Sinus/epidemiology , Postoperative Complications , Recurrence , Wound Healing , Risk Factors , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Recovery of Function
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(1): 30-35, feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092887


Resumen Introducción Los Programas de Recuperación Mejorada (PRM) en cirugía colorrectal disminuyen las complicaciones y acortan la estadía hospitalaria. La implementación de un PRM representa un desafío en nuestro sistema de salud público, dado la alta demanda y recursos limitados. Objetivo Evaluar el efecto en la estadía hospitalaria (EH) posterior a la implementación de un PRM en cirugía colorrectal electiva en un hospital público. Materiales y Método Estudio retrospectivo, que incluyó pacientes entre 15 y 85 años operados electivamente de resecciones colorrectales en un hospital público entre 1 de enero de 2015 y 31 de diciembre de 2016. Se compararon dos grupos: 1) total de pacientes operados electivamente 1 año posterior a la implementación del PRM (post-PRM) y 2) total de pacientes operados electivamente un año previo a la implementación de PRM (pre-PRM), en términos de EH, reingresos, complicaciones y mortalidad a 30 días. Se realizó análisis de tiempo a evento para comparar la EH entre ambos grupos. Resultados Un total de 144 pacientes fueron incluidos: 92 en el grupo post-PRM y 52 en el grupo pre-PRM. No hubo diferencias clínicas entre ambos grupos. La mediana de EH en el grupo post-PRM fue 2 días menor que en el grupo control (5 vs 7 días, test de log-rank, p = 0,03). No hubo diferencia en complicaciones, reingresos ni mortalidad. Conclusión La implementación de un PRM en cirugía colorrectal electiva en un hospital público se asocia a una disminución de la EH sin aumento de morbimortalidad.

Background Enhanced Recovery Programs (ERP) in colorectal surgery has proved to decrease complications and shorten hospital stay. The implementation of an ERP could be a difficult task in a high-demanding public health system with limited resources. Aim Evaluate the effect on length of stay (LOS) after the implantation of an ERP for colorectal surgery in a resource-limited public hospital. Materials and Method This retrospective study included patients aged 15-85 years who underwent elective colorectal surgery at a resource-limited public hospital in Chile between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2016. We compared two groups: (1) total number of patients operated electively after 1-year of ERP implementation (post-ERP group) and (2) total number of patients electively operated 1-year previous ERP (pre-ERP group) in terms of LOS, readmissions, complications, and 30-day mortality. A time to event analysis was performed to evaluate differences in LOS. Results A total of 144 patients were included in this study: 92 in the post-ERP group and 52 in the pre-ERP group. There were no clinical differences between groups. The median LOS in the post-ERP group was 2 days lower than that in the control group (5 vs 7 days, log-rank test p = 0.03). There were no differences in complications, readmissions, and 30-day mortality. Conclusions The implementation of an ERP for colorectal surgery in a resource-limited hospital was associated with decreased LOS without increasing morbidity.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Program Evaluation , Colonoscopy/rehabilitation , Length of Stay , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colonoscopy/methods , Perioperative Care/methods , Recovery of Function
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(1): 49-55, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089363


Abstract Introduction The goal of ossiculoplasty is to improve hearing and the success of this procedure depends on several factors. Objective Analyze the hearing results in patients with chronic otitis media undergoing ossicular chain reconstruction, as well as predictive factors for successful surgery. Methods Charts of patients undergoing ossiculoplasty between 2006 and 2016 were reviewed. Sixty-eight patients were included, totaling 72 ears. The following data was analyzed: gender, age, smoking status, laterality, pathology, audiometric exams, type of surgery, previous surgery, characteristics of the middle ear, otorrhea and ossicular chain status. Patients were also classified according to two indices: middle ear risk index and ossiculoplasty outcome parameter staging. The results were evaluated by comparing the air-bone gap before and after surgery. The success of reconstruction was defined as air-bone gap ≤20 dB and the improvement of speech reception Thresholds, calculated through the mean frequencies 0.5, 1, 2 and 3 kHz. Results Reconstruction success rate was 61%. The mean preoperative air bone gap was 34.63 dB and decreased to 17.26 dB after surgery. There was a correlation between low risk in middle ear risk index and ossiculoplasty outcome parameter staging indices with postoperative success. The most frequently eroded ossicle was the incus and the type of prosthesis most used was tragal cartilage. In the patients without incus, we achieved success in 74.2% of the surgeries. In the absence of the stapes, the success rate decreased to 63.3%. In the absence of the malleus, 85% of the patients had and air bone gap ≤20 dB. Conclusion We achieved good audiometric outcomes in ossiculoplasty and the results are comparable to other centers. Ossicle status influenced postoperative results, especially in the presence of stapes. We also concluded that the indexes analyzed may help to predict the success of the surgery.

Resumo Introdução A ossiculoplastia tem como objetivo a melhoria da audição e o sucesso desse procedimento depende de diversos fatores. Objetivo Analisar os resultados auditivos em pacientes com otite média crônica submetidos a reconstrução da cadeia ossicular, bem como os fatores preditivos de sucesso cirúrgico. Método Prontuários de pacientes submetidos a ossiculoplastia entre 2006 e 2016 foram revistos. Sessenta e oito pacientes foram incluídos, total de 72 orelhas. Os seguintes dados foram analisados: sexo, idade, tabagismo, lateralidade, doença, exames audiométricos, tipo de cirurgia, cirurgia prévia, características da orelha média, otorreia e estado da cadeia ossicular. Os pacientes também foram classificados de acordo com dois índices: índice de risco da orelha média e estadiamento do parâmetro de desfecho da ossiculoplastia. Os resultados foram avaliados comparando o gap aéreo-ósseo antes e após a cirurgia. O sucesso da reconstrução foi definido como gap aéreo-ósseo ≤ 20 dB e a melhoria dos limiares de recepção de fala, calculados pelas frequências médias de 0,5, 1, 2 e 3 kHz. Resultados A taxa de sucesso da reconstrução foi de 61%. O gap aéreo-ósseo pré-operatório médio foi de 34,63 dB e diminuiu para 17,26 dB após a cirurgia. Houve correlação entre baixo risco no índice de risco para orelha média e os índices de estadiamento do parâmetro de desfecho da ossiculoplastia com sucesso pós-operatório. O ossículo com erosão mais frequente foi a bigorna e o tipo de prótese mais utilizada foi a cartilagem tragal. Nos pacientes sem bigorna o sucesso foi alcançado em 74,2% das cirurgias. Na ausência do estribo, a taxa de sucesso diminuiu para 63,3%. Na ausência do martelo, 85% dos pacientes apresentaram gap aéreo-ósseo ≤ 20 dB. Conclusão Melhora significativa da audição foi observada em pacientes submetidos à ossiculoplastia, os resultados foram comparáveis aos de outros centros. O "status" dos ossículos influenciou os resultados pós-operatórios, principalmente a presença do estribo. Também concluímos que os índices analisados podem ajudar a prever o sucesso da cirurgia.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Otitis Media/surgery , Ossicular Prosthesis/standards , Ear Ossicles/surgery , Hearing/physiology , Postoperative Period , Prognosis , Audiometry , Tympanoplasty , Severity of Illness Index , Chronic Disease , Treatment Outcome , Risk Assessment , Recovery of Function
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(1): 18-24, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1091897


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE To compare two combinations of olfactory agents for olfactory training therapy of olfactory dysfunction after upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) and investigate the influencing factors on clinical effects. METHODS 125 patients with olfactory dysfunction were randomly divided into two groups: test and control. During the olfactory training, four odors were used in both groups. The olfactory training lasted for 24 weeks. Then, participants were tested using Sniffin' Sticks and threshold-discrimination-identification (TDI) composite scoring before treatment and at 1, 3, and 6 months after treatment. The TDI scores were compared at different time points between the groups and within them, and influence factors were analyzed. RESULTS There was no significant difference in TDI scores between both groups. Furthermore, TDI scores did not significantly change after one month of treatment in either of the groups. After 3 and 6 months of treatment, TDI scores both significantly increased, and the odor discrimination and identification abilities significantly strengthened in both groups; however, the odor thresholds did not improve. The course of the disease was a significant influencing factor on the therapeutic effect of olfactory training for both groups. CONCLUSION The combination of essential balm, vinegar, alcohol, and rose perfume for olfactory training, which are scents commonly found in daily life, can effectively cure URTI-induced olfactory dysfunction, and significantly improve the odor discrimination and identification abilities. Furthermore, prolonging the treatment time can help with the recovery of olfactory functions, and earlier olfactory training can improve the therapeutic effect.

RESUMO OBJETIVO Comparar duas combinações de agentes olfativos para uso em terapia de treinamento olfativo no tratamento de disfunção olfatória após infecção do trato respiratório superior (ITRS) e investigar os fatores que influenciam os efeitos clínicos. METODOLOGIA 125 pacientes com disfunção olfativa foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos: teste e controle. Durante o treinamento olfativo, quatro odores foram utilizados em ambos os grupos. O treinamento olfativo durou 24 semanas. Em seguida, os participantes foram testados usando Sniffin' Sticks e o escore de discriminação, limiar e identificação (TDI) antes do tratamento e 1, 3 e 6 meses após o ele. Os escores de TDI foram comparados em momentos diferentes, entre os grupos e dentro deles, e os fatores de influência foram analisados. RESULTADOS Não houve diferença significativa nos escores de TDI entre os dois grupos. Além disso, os escores de TDI não demonstração nenhuma alteração significa após um mês de tratamento em ambos os grupos. Após 3 e 6 meses de tratamento, ambos os escores de TDI aumentaram significativamente, e as habilidades de identificação e discriminação de odores melhoraram significativamente em ambos os grupos; contudo, os limiares de odor não demonstraram melhora. O curso da doença foi um importante fator de influência no efeito terapêutico do treinamento olfativo em ambos os grupos. CONCLUSÃO A combinação de bálsamo essencial, vinagre, álcool, e perfume de rosas no treinamento olfativo, todos aromas comumente encontrados na vida cotidiana, podem efetivamente curar disfunção olfativa induzida por ITRS e melhorar significativamente as habilidades de discriminação e identificação de odores. Além disso, a prolongamento do tempo de tratamento pode ajudar na recuperação das funções olfativas, e o início antecipado do treinamento olfativo pode melhorar o efeito terapêutico.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Respiratory Tract Infections/complications , Olfaction Disorders/etiology , Olfaction Disorders/therapy , Odorants , Reference Values , Sensory Thresholds , Time Factors , Logistic Models , Prospective Studies , Regression Analysis , Treatment Outcome , Recovery of Function/physiology , Olfactometry , Middle Aged