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1.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 856-860, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1254812

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: verificar se a intervenção fisioterapêutica no puerpério imediato contribui para a redução da diástase. Métodos: estudo de intervenção com randomização de dois grupos de 25 puérperas recrutadas em uma maternidade de Vitória-ES. Ambos foram submetidos à avaliação e mensuração da diástase através de um paquímetro, e no grupo de tratamento além da avaliação foi aplicado um protocolo de tratamento fisioterápico às 06 e 18 horas após o parto. Os dados foram analisados através dos testes de Wilcoxon, Mann-Whitney e teste t pareado. Resultados: houve diminuição da diástase abdominal entre a primeira e a última avaliação em ambos os grupos, no entanto, a análise entre grupos identificou uma redução mais acentuada no grupo de tratamento (p<0,001). Conclusão: os achados deste estudo mostram que o atendimento fisioterápico no puerpério imediato é capaz de influenciar positivamente na redução da diástase abdominal, proporcionando às puérperas uma recuperação mais rápida


Objective: to verify if the physiotherapeutic intervention in the immediate puerperium contributes to the reduction of the diastasis. Methods: randomized intervention study of two groups of 25 mothers recruited at a maternity hospital in Vitória-ES. Both were submitted to diastasis evaluation and measurement using a caliper, and in the treatment group, in addition to the evaluation, a physical therapy protocol was applied at 06 and 18 hours after delivery. Data were analyzed by Wilcoxon, Mann-Whitney and paired t-tests. Results: there was a decrease in the abdominal diastasis between the first and last evaluation in both groups and the variables studied, however, the analysis between groups identified a sharper decline in the treatment group (p <0.001). Conclusion: the findings of this study show that the physiotherapeutic care in the immediate puerperium is able to positively influence the reduction of the abdominal diastasis, providing a faster recovery to the puerperal women


Objetivo: verificar si la intervención de fisioterapia en el período posparto inmediato contribuye a la reducción de la diástasis. Métodos: estudio de intervención aleatorizado de dos grupos de 25 madres reclutadas en un hospital de maternidad en Vitória-ES. Ambos fueron sometidos a evaluación y medición de la diástasis utilizando un calibrador, y en el grupo de tratamiento, además de la evaluación, se aplicó un protocolo de fisioterapia a las 06 y 18 horas después del parto. Los datos fueron analizados por Wilcoxon, Mann-Whitney y pruebas t pareadas. Resultados: hubo una disminución en la diástasis abdominal entre la primera y la última evaluación en ambos grupos y las variables estudiadas, sin embargo, el análisis entre los grupos identificó una reducción más marcada en el grupo de tratamiento (p <0.001). Conclusión: los resultados de este estudio muestran que la atención de fisioterapia en el período posparto inmediato puede influir positivamente en la reducción de la diástasis abdominal, proporcionando a las mujeres puerperales una recuperación más rápida


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Physical Therapy Modalities , Postpartum Period , Diastasis, Muscle , Postnatal Care , Rectus Abdominis
2.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 26(1): 23-30, ene-mar 2020. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1120374

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La abdominoplastia es un procedimiento que se utiliza para definir el contorno corporal actuando sobre todas las capas de la pared mediante la resección del exceso de piel y grasa subcutánea y la reparación del sistema músculo-aponeurótico. Uno de los componentes a tratar en toda abdominoplastia es la diastasis abdominal, que se logra a través de la plicatura de rectos. Muchas controversias han surgido acerca de la efectividad y duración de la corrección, del mejor tipo de sutura y las consecuencias sobre la presión intraabdominal y el embarazo. Materiales y metodos. Se llevó a cabo una revisión sistemática de la literatura utilizando las bases de datos MEDLINE, LILACS, MEDES y SciELO. Tanto artículos de habla inglesa como hispana fueron tenidos en cuenta. Las palabras clave utilizadas para la búsqueda inicial fueron rectus plication, rectus shealth plication, diastasis, abdominal closure, plicatura abdominal. Resultados. Luego de la búsqueda, 58 artículos fueron seleccionados y revisados. En base a la información obtenida, se dividió la información y se desarrollaron de manera objetiva en puntos separados. Conclusiones. A pesar de que la bibliografía muestra conclusiones disímiles y variables, la plicatura es un procedimiento seguro y potencialmente benefi cioso para la salud tanto en dolores lumbares como incontinencia urinaria, y puede usarse en aquellos casos intratables. Tanto suturas de reabsorción lenta como el PDS y las suturas no absorbibles pueden ser utilizadas para el cierre de la diastasis abdominal con excelentes resultados a largo plazo y sin riesgo de recurrencia


Introduction. Abdominoplasty is a body-contouring procedure for functional and aesthetic improvement that addresses deformity from excess skin and fat and musculofascial laxity. Diastasis repair by plication of the rectus sheath is an integral part of most abdominoplasty procedures. There is no consensus regarding what suture material is best and contradictory information about long term durability, changes in the intraabdominal pressure and pregnancy is seen in the literature. Material and methods. A systematic review of current available literature was performed using the MEDLINE, LILACS, MEDES and SciELO databases. Key words used for initial data bank searches included "rectus plication", "rectus shealth plication" "diastasis" "abdominal closure", "plicatura abdominal". Furthermore, bibliographies and individual plastic surgery journals were searched for additional reference information. Results. Fifty-eight articles met the criteria and were analyzed critically for inclusion. From this information, a narrative synthesis of data was undertaken. Conclusions. Although current literature shows diff erent conclusions, rectus shelth plication can be consider a safe and pottencially benefi tial procedure with signifi cant improvements in posture and quality of life. Absorbable and non absorbable sutures seems to be reliable sutures for the correction of rectus diastasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Rectus Abdominis , Abdominoplasty , Body Contouring
3.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(2): e1507, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130531

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Abdominoperineal excision of the rectum (APR) remains the only potential curative treatment for very low rectal adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma of the anus. Yet, it implies a significant perineal exenteration and has set the attention on the perineal reconstruction. Aim: To present technique used in one case of APR for anal cancer, with resection of the vaginal posterior wall with large perineal defect which has called for the necessity of a flap for reconstruction Method: To cover the large perineal defect and reconstruct the posterior vaginal wall was perform a standardized and reproducible surgical technique using oblique rectus abdominis myocutaneous (ORAM) flap. The overlying skin of this flap is thick and well vascularized by both superficial branches and perforators of the superior epigastric artery and the deep inferior epigastric artery which serves as the vascular pedicle for the ORAM flap. Results: This procedure was applied in a 65-year-old woman with recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the anus infiltrating the posterior wall of the vagina. Was performed an APR with en-bloc resection of the vaginal posterior wall in order to achieve tumor-free margins. Postoperative course was uneventful and she was discharged home at postoperative day 9. Final pathological report confirmed the oncological adequacy of the procedure (R0) and showed a rypT4N0 lesion. Conclusion: Flap reconstruction is an effective way to cover the perineal wound reducing both perineal complication rate and wound healing delay. The ORAM is particularly interesting for female whose tumors require resection and subsequent reconstruction of the posterior wall of the vagina.


RESUMO Racional: A amputação abdominoperineal do reto (APR) continua sendo o único tratamento curativo nos casos de adenocarcinoma retal muito baixo e carcinoma espinocelular do ânus. No entanto, implica em exenteração perineal significativa e exige atenção na reconstrução perineal. Objetivo: Propor, ilustrando com um caso clinico, proposta de APR para câncer anal com ressecção da parede posterior da vagina com cobertura do grande defeito perineal através de reconstrução com retalho miocutâneo oblíquo do reto abdominal (ORAM). Método: Para cobrir o defeito e reconstruir a parede vaginal posterior, realizou-se técnica de retalho miocutâneo oblíquo do reto abdominal (ORAM). A pele subjacente desse retalho por ser espessa e bem vascularizada por ramos perforantes superficiais da artéria epigástrica superior e pela artéria epigástrica inferior profunda serviu como pedículo vascular. Resultado: Este procedimento foi aplicado em uma mulher de 65 anos com recidiva de carcinoma espinocelular do ânus infiltrado na parede posterior da vagina. Foi realizada APR com ressecção em bloco da parede posterior vaginal com o objetivo de obter margens livres de tumor. O pós-operatório transcorreu sem intercorrências e a paciente recebeu alta hospitalar no 9° dia pós-operatório. O relatório patológico final confirmou a adequação oncológica do procedimento (R0) e mostrou uma lesão rypT4N0 de 6,5 cm. Conclusão: A reconstrução perineal com utilização de retalho é maneira eficaz de fechar a ferida operatória, reduzindo a taxa de complicações perineais e o atraso na cicatrização. O retalho de tipo ORAM é particularmente interessante para mulheres cujos tumores requerem ressecção e subsequente reconstrução da parede posterior da vagina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Myocutaneous Flap , Proctectomy , Perineum/surgery , Rectum/surgery , Rectus Abdominis/surgery , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
4.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 137(5): 401-406, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1059101

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia may affect patients with liver cirrhosis and worsen disease outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate ultrasound-measured psoas major (PM) and rectus abdominis (RA) thickness for predicting survival among patients with liver cirrhosis. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective cohort study in a tertiary-level hospital. METHODS: 61 patients with liver cirrhosis were prospectively included during a 15-month period and followed up for at least six months. Cirrhosis was classified using the Child-Pugh score. Sarcopenia was assessed using surrogate parameters: handgrip strength (HGS), mid-arm muscle circumference (MAMC) and SGA (subjective global assessment). We used ultrasound to measure RA and PM thickness at admission. RESULTS: There were 41 men. The patients' mean age was 58.03 ± 10.8 years. 26.22% of them were Child-Pugh A, 45.9% B and 27.86% C. The patients were followed up for 11.9 ± 5.63 months. RA thickness correlated moderately with MAMC (r = 0. 596; P < 0.0001) and HGS (r = 0.515; P < 0.0001) and decreased with increasing SGA class (A, 10.6 ± 2.8 mm; B, 8.3 ± 1.9 mm; C, 6.5 ± 1.9 mm; P < 0.0001). Survival at six months was independently predicted by using the model for end-stage liver disease-serum sodium score (odds ratio, OR 1.305; 95% OR confidence interval 1.083-1.572; P = 0.005). Survival during follow-up was independently predicted by RA thickness (hazard ratio, HR 0.701; 95% HR confidence interval 0.533-0.922; P = 0.011) and ascites (HR 1.876; 95% HR confidence interval 1.078-3.267; P = 0.026). PM thickness did not have any predictive value. CONCLUSIONS: As a surrogate marker of sarcopenia, RA thickness may predict survival among patients with liver cirrhosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Rectus Abdominis/diagnostic imaging , Sarcopenia/diagnostic imaging , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Prognosis , Romania/epidemiology , Severity of Illness Index , Proportional Hazards Models , Survival Analysis , Prospective Studies , Hand Strength , Sarcopenia/complications , Liver Cirrhosis/mortality
5.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(3): 428-433, jul.-sep. 2019. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047174

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A evolução da abdominoplastia se mantém constante desde 1899. Atualmente, com o avanço das técnicas de lipoaspiração, o conceito de lipoaspiração de alta definição tem como objetivo de corrigir estigmas causados pelo procedimento, como o aspecto "tenso" e a falta de convexidades e concavidades naturais abdominais. Métodos: Apresentamos uma proposta de busca da redefinição natural do abdome, através da lipoabdominoplastia tradicional com lipoaspiração seletiva, procurando obter resultados cirúrgicos com padrão natural, reproduzível para a maioria dos pacientes. Foram realizadas 21 abdominoplastias, entre novembro de 2018 e maio de 2019, utilizando a técnica descrita. Resultados: A técnica demonstrada apresentou resultados estéticos satisfatórios em obter a aparência abdominal natural através da lipoaspiração profunda e superficial, em áreas de sombras abdominais. Conclusão: O trabalho demonstrou-se seguro sob o ponto de vista vascular, além de ser reprodutível ao passo que utiliza lipoaspiração convencional, utilizada pela ampla maioria dos cirurgiões plásticos.


Introduction: Abdominoplasty techniques have constantly evolved since 1899. With modern liposuction techniques, the concept of high-definition liposuction aims to correct stigmas secondary to the procedure, such as a "tense" appearance and lack of natural abdominal convexity and concavity. Methods: Here we propose a technique to redefine the natural abdominal anatomy using traditional lipoabdominoplasty with selective liposuction to achieve more natural-looking surgical results that are reproducible for most patients. This study included 21 abdominoplasty procedures using the described technique performed between November 2018 and May 2019. The technique showed satisfactory ability to achieve a natural abdominal appearance using deep and superficial liposuction in abdominal shadow areas. Conclusion: The study showed that the technique is safe from a vascular point of view and reproducible due to the use of conventional liposuction, which is available to the vast majority of plastic surgeons.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , History, 21st Century , Patients , Lipectomy , Lipectomy/methods , Rectus Abdominis , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Esthetics , Lipectomy/adverse effects , Rectus Abdominis/surgery , Rectus Abdominis/physiopathology , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Abdominoplasty/adverse effects , Abdominoplasty/methods , Abdomen/surgery
6.
Fisioter. Bras ; 20(3): 418-425, Junho 11, 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281358

ABSTRACT

A principal finalidade do método Pilates é desenvolver uma automação dos músculos do core. Sendo assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a razão eletromiográfica dos músculos Oblíquo Interno (OI) e Reto do Abdômen (RA) localizados na parte anterior do tronco, a razão eletromiográfica dos músculos Multífido (MU) e Longuíssimo do Tórax (LO) localizados na parte posterior do tronco, e também a razão ântero-posterior (A/P=RA+IO/LO+MU) desses músculos durante o exercício swan do método Pilates, realizado sobre a Wunda Chair. Na comparação entre as três razões, foram encontradas diferenças estatísticas (p = 0,0103), apenas entre as razões ântero-posterior (A/P), e entre a razão dos músculos localizados na parte posterior do tronco (MU/LO). Os resultados demonstraram que houve um predomínio na atividade eletromiográfica dos músculos da região posterior em relação aos músculos da região anterior do tronco e que os músculos estabilizadores apresentaram maior atividade eletromiográfica em comparação com os músculos globais ou mobilizadores. O exercício swan pode ser utilizado como forma de treinamento para a musculatura do tronco, e como consequência gerar maior estabilidade a coluna vertebral, pois o exercício prioriza a diminuição da carga sobre a coluna vertebral. (AU)


The main purpose of the Pilates method is to develop an automation of core muscles. Thus, the aim of this study was to analyze the electromyographic ratio of the Internal Oblique (IO) and Rectus Abdominis (RA) muscles located in the anterior part of the trunk, the electromyographic ratio of the Multifidus (MU) and Longissimus Thoracis (LO) muscles, located in the posterior part of the trunk, and also the ratio antero- posterior (A/P=RA+IO/LO+MU) of these muscles during the swan exercise of the Pilates, performed on the Wunda Chair. In the comparison between the three ratios, statistical differences (p = 0.0013) were found only between the antero-posterior (A/P) ratios and the ratio of the muscles located in the posterior part of the trunk (MU/LO). The results showed a predominance of the electromyographic activity in the muscles of the posterior region in relation to the muscles of the anterior region of the trunk. The stabilizing muscles presented greater electromyographic activity in comparison to the global or mobilizing muscles. The swan can be used as training for the trunk muscles, and therefore generates greater stability of the spine, since exercise prioritizes the decrease of the load on the spine. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Exercise Movement Techniques , Electromyography , Muscles , Spine , Thorax , Rectus Abdominis , Paraspinal Muscles
7.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(1): 143-147, jan.-mar. 2019. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-994620

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A ressecção de tumores invasivos de cabeça e pescoço pode resultar em defeitos extensos e complexos exigindo reparação imediata. Uma das opções de reparação é a transferência, utilizando técnica de microcirurgia vascular, do retalho musculocutâneo do reto abdominal pediculado nos vasos epigástricos inferiores profundos (TRAM). O presente estudo tem como objetivo registrar um procedimento utilizado no tratamento reparador microcirúrgico de fibrohistiocitoma maligno gigante de face com retalho TRAM. Relato de Caso: Paciente procurou atendimento médico devido a lesão tumoral gigante em hemiface direita. Foi realizada a tomografia computadorizada do crânio revelando volumoso processo expansivo de aspecto vegetante com limites mal definidos. Após os procedimentos básicos no pré-operatório, realizou-se a exérese do tumor que acometia músculos masseter e temporal direito, glândula parótida, assoalho orbitário à direita e osso malar. Posteriormente, retirou-se o retalho microcirúrgico do músculo reto do abdome em conjunto com a artéria epigástrica inferior profunda através de incisão cirúrgica da área hipogástrica. Em seguida, dissecção da artéria e veia facial utilizando microscópio e anastomoses venosa e arterial. Quanto à evolução retalho apresentou-se íntegro, com boa perfusão, sem sinais de infecção. Conclusões: A reconstrução facial microcirúrgica oferece liberdade ao cirurgião de cabeça e pescoço para realizar grandes ressecções tumorais.


Introduction: The resection of invasive tumors of the head and neck can result in extensive and complex defects requiring immediate repair. One repair option is the transfer of a transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) flap pedicled on deep inferior epigastric vessels using vascular microsurgery. This study aimed to register a procedure used in the microsurgical treatment of giant malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the face using a TRAM flap. Case Report: A male patient sought medical care for a giant tumoral lesion in the right hemiface. Computed tomography of the skull revealed a voluminous expansive process of vegetating aspect with poorly defined borders. The excision of the tumor affected the right masseter and temporalis muscles, parotid gland, and right orbital and malar bones. Subsequently, microsurgical withdrawal of the TRAM flap was performed with the deep inferior epigastric artery through a surgical incision in the hypogastric area. Dissection of the facial artery and vein under microscopy and venous and arterial anastomoses followed. The flap was intact with good perfusion and no signs of infection. Conclusions: Microsurgical facial reconstruction allows head and neck surgeons to resect large tumors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Patients , Surgical Flaps/adverse effects , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Rectus Abdominis/surgery , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Histiocytoma, Malignant Fibrous/surgery , Histiocytoma, Malignant Fibrous/diagnosis , Face/surgery
8.
Rev. argent. cir ; 111(1): 20-26, mar. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003256

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: la diastasis de rectos constituye la separación de la línea media o línea alba, originada en una laxitud de las fibras entrecruzadas de la aponeurosis de ambos músculos rectos. En la actualidad se discute su corrección quirúrgica, existiendo una multiplicidad de factores que lo justifican. Objetivo: analizar la factibilidad y la seguridad del abordaje endoscópico subcutáneo para efectuar la plicatura de músculos rectos, y la corrección de otros defectos de la línea media, en pacientes sin lipodistrofia abdominal. Material y métodos: entre marzo de 2014 y febrero de 2017 fueron abordados por esta vía 42 pacientes con diastasis asociada a otros defectos de línea media. Se analizaron datos demográficos, características de la diastasis, tamaño de los defectos, tiempo operatorio, estadía hospitalaria y complicaciones. El dolor posoperatorio se midió mediante una escala visual análoga, y se valoró la morbilidad y recurrencia mediante ultrasonografía. Resultados: 42 pacientes fueron intervenidos por vía endoscópica. Un 76% fueron de sexo femenino, con una edad promedio de 39 años. En el 93% de los casos, la diastasis fue supraumbilical e infraumbilical, y su tamaño promedio fue de 5,5 cm. Los defectos asociados en su mayoría fueron hernia umbilicales. No se registraron complicaciones intraoperatorias, con un tiempo quirúrgico promedio de 80 minutos. La intensidad de dolor posoperatorio fue de 4,1 puntos. La morbilidad más asociada fue el seroma. Conclusiones: la reparación endoscópica subcutánea de la diastasis de rectos, asociada a otros defectos de la línea media, es factible y segura de realizar. Aporta ventajas estéticas considerables, permitiendo su corrección con complicaciones mínimas.


Background: Diastasis recti is the separation of the midline or linea alba due to laxity of the intercrossed fibers of both aponeurosis of the rectus abdominis muscles. Although the surgical correction of this condition is still under debate, many factors justify it. Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the feasibility and safety of the endoscopic subcutaneous approach for plication of the rectus muscles associated with other midline defects repair in patients without abdominal lipodystrophy. Material and methods: Between March 2014 and February 2017, 42 patients underwent subcutaneous endoscopic repair of diastasis recti and other midline defects. The demographic data, the characteristics and size of the defects, the surgical time, hospital stay and complications were analyzed. Postoperative pain was measured using a visual analogue scale. Ultrasound was used to evaluate morbidity and recurrence. Results: A total of 42 patients underwent the endoscopic approach; 76% were women and mean age was 39 years. In 93% of the cases, diastasis was supraumbilical and infraumbilical, with a mean size of 5.5 cm. Umbilical hernias were the most common associated defects. No intraoperative complications were reported. Mean surgical time was 80 minutes; the intensity of posoperative pain was 4.1 points and seroma was the most common complications. Conclusions: Subcutaneous endoscopic repair of diastasis recti and other midline defects is a feasible and safe procedure that allows the simultaneous correction of both conditions with minimal complications and esthetic benefits.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Diastasis, Muscle , Pain , Pain, Postoperative , Patients , Therapeutics , Women , Morbidity , Ultrasonography , Rectus Abdominis , Aponeurosis , Hernia , Hernia, Umbilical , Intraoperative Complications , Lipodystrophy , Methods , Muscles
9.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 26(1): 58-64, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002021

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Analisar o desempenho muscular respiratório em praticantes de exercícios utilizando o aparelho Reformer do Método Pilates após um treinamento de 12 sessões. O estudo foi realizado com 24 voluntárias, adultas jovens, saudáveis, não tabagistas e não praticantes de exercício físico regular, divididas em Grupo Controle (GC) e Grupo Treinado (GT). Os dois grupos foram submetidos às avaliações inicial e final para análise do desempenho dos músculos respiratórios por meio da manovacuometria e da eletromiografia do músculo reto abdominal. Utilizou-se o teste de Shapiro-Wilk para verificar a normalidade dos dados. A análise de variância two-way foi empregada para as comparações entre os grupos (GT e GC) e os momentos (inicial e final). Para comparações múltiplas, utilizou-se o teste post-hoc de Scheffé. Os GC e GT foram pareados para idade e IMC e, para verificação de diferenças entre os grupos, utilizou-se o teste t pareado. Considerou-se p<0,05 para significância. Houve diferença significante (p=0,039) entre os valores iniciais (116,6 ± 12,8) e finais (120 ± 12,8) de PImáx no GT, assim como entre os valores iniciais (75,3 ± 12,4) e finais (89,3 ± 13,7) de PEmáx nesse mesmo grupo (p=0,0005). Para a eletromiografia houve diferença significante (p=0,03) entre o momento inicial (42,1 ± 15,8) e final (76,7 ± 37,1) do GT para o músculo reto abdominal esquerdo. Conclui-se que as doze sessões de Pilates utilizando o aparelho Reformer melhoraram o desempenho muscular respiratório, aumentando a força da musculatura inspiratória e expiratória.


RESUMEN Evaluar el rendimiento de los músculos respiratorios en practicantes de ejercicios utilizando el método Reformer de Pilates después de un entrenamiento de 12 sesiones. Este estudio se realizó con 24 voluntarios, adultos jóvenes, sanos, no fumadores y no deportistas regulares, siendo divididos en grupo control (GC) y grupo entrenado (GE). El GE participó en un programa de entrenamiento ejecutando 6 ejercicios en el aparato Reformer. Ambos grupos se sometieron a evaluaciones iniciales y finales para analizar el rendimiento de los músculos respiratorios mediante la manovacuometría y la electromiografía del músculo recto abdominal. La prueba de Shapiro-Wilk se utilizó para verificar la normalidad de los datos. Se utilizó el análisis de varianza two-way para las comparaciones entre los grupos (GE y GC) y los momentos (inicial y final). Para comparaciones múltiples, se utilizó la prueba post-hoc de Scheffé. El GC y el GE se emparejaron por edad e IMC mediante la prueba t pareada. Se consideró el valor de significación p<0,05. Se observó una diferencia significativa (p=0,039) entre los valores iniciales (116,6 ± 12,8) y finales (120 ± 12,8) de PImax en el grupo entrenado, así como entre los valores de iniciales (75,3 ± 12,4) y finales (89,3 ± 13,7) de PEmax en el mismo grupo (p=0,0005). En la electromiografía, se observó una diferencia significativa (p=0,03) entre los momentos inicial (42,1 ± 15,8) y final (76,7 ± 37,1) del GE para el músculo recto abdominal izquierdo. Se concluye que las 12 sesiones de Pilates utilizando el aparato Reformer mejoran el rendimiento de los músculos respiratorios, aumentando la fuerza muscular inspiratoria y espiratoria.


ABSTRACT To analyze respiratory muscle performance in exercise practitioners using the Reformer of Pilates method after a 12-session training. This study was carried out with 24 volunteers, healthy young adults, non-smokers and non-regular exercisers, divided into control group (CG) and trained group (TG). The TG participated in a training program executing 6 exercises in the Reformer apparatus. Both groups were submitted to the initial and final evaluations to analyze the performance of the respiratory muscles through the manovacuometry and electromyography of the rectus abdominis muscle. The Shapiro-Wilk test was used to verify the data normality. Two-way analysis of variance was used for the comparisons between the groups (TG and CG) and moments (Initial and Final). For multiple comparisons, the Scheffé post hoc test was used. The groups Control and Trained were paired by age and BMI by paired t test. P <0.05 was considered for significance. A significant difference (p=0039) was observed between the initial (116.6 ± 12.8) and final (120 ± 12.8) values of MIP in the trained group, as well as between baseline values (75.3 ± 12.4) and final (89.3 ± 13.7) of MEP in the same group (p=0.0005). For electromyography, a significant difference (p=0.03) was observed between the initial (42.1 ± 15.8) and final (76.7 ± 37.1) moments of the TG for the left rectus abdominis muscle. The conclusion is that the 12 Pilates sessions using the Reformer apparatus improve respiratory muscle performance, increasing the inspiratory and expiratory muscle strength.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Respiratory Muscles/physiology , Exercise Movement Techniques/instrumentation , Exercise Movement Techniques/methods , Muscle Strength/physiology , Spirometry/methods , Breathing Exercises/methods , Longitudinal Studies , Rectus Abdominis/physiology , Electromyography , Maximal Respiratory Pressures
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719661

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The creation of the nipple-areola complex is the final stage in breast reconstruction and highly affects patient satisfaction. The neo-nipple is well known to shrink over time, particularly in the nipple projection. Currently, no reconstruction technique is clearly superior in terms of nipple size maintenance. We evaluated nipple size changes among several methods of breast mound reconstruction. METHODS: Seventy-eight patients received nipple-areola complex reconstruction secondarily after breast reconstruction. C-V flap nipple reconstructions were performed using a free transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) flap in 25 cases (TRAM group), a latissimus dorsi (LD) myocutaneous flap in 27 cases (LD group), and an implant in 26 cases (implant group). The circumference and projection of the neo-nipple were measured using a flexible ruler, immediately after reconstruction and average 10 months after surgery. RESULTS: The overall circumference and projection at the final measurement were 91.43% ± 7.11% and 62.16% ± 21.55%, respectively, of immediate postoperative values. The change in circumference did not significantly differ among the 3 groups. In contrast, the change in projection was significantly worse in implant group compared to that in TRAM and LD groups. In addition, among the patients in implant group, greater inflation was significantly associated with greater decrease in the nipple projection. CONCLUSION: Breast mound reconstruction with autologous musculocutaneous flap techniques achieves better long-term maintenance of the neo-nipple projection compared to that achieved with expanded tissue and implantation. Considering the prospective loss of long-term nipple dimension, the preoperative design should be oversized in accordance with its origin in mound reconstruction.


Subject(s)
Breast , Female , Humans , Inflation, Economic , Mammaplasty , Myocutaneous Flap , Nipples , Patient Satisfaction , Prospective Studies , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Rectus Abdominis , Superficial Back Muscles
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739171

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Bilateral microsurgical autologous reconstruction is known to increase operating time, costs, and complications compared to unilateral procedures. This study aimed to determine whether a unilateral pedicled transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) flap and a unilateral deep inferior epigastric artery perforator (DIEP) free flap could be a feasible option for bilateral reconstruction in selected circumstances. METHODS: A retrospective chart review identified patients who underwent unilateral pedicled TRAM and unilateral DIEP reconstruction for bilateral breast reconstruction between 2011 and 2014. Surgical outcomes, complications, and aesthetic scale questionnaire responses were evaluated. RESULTS: Fourteen patients were included in this study. Ten patients received bilateral immediate reconstruction, while four patients with a previous history of mastectomy underwent unilateral immediate reconstruction and contralateral delayed reconstruction. All flaps survived without any major complications. A case of nipple-areolar skin necrosis on the pedicled TRAM side and a case of mild abdominal bulging at the free DIEP donor site were reported. There was no partial flap necrosis or palpable fat necrosis. On the aesthetic outcome scale, the free DIEP flaps scored significantly higher than did the pedicled TRAM flaps for overall shape, the upper medial and lower lateral quadrant, and the lateral chest wall. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that a unilateral pedicled TRAM flap together with a unilateral free DIEP flap could be performed as a bridging surgical option as institutions move toward bilateral free-flap reconstructions, as a way to reduce operating time and the risk of microsurgery-related complications with acceptable donor site morbidity and aesthetic outcomes.


Subject(s)
Breast , Epigastric Arteries , Fat Necrosis , Female , Free Tissue Flaps , Humans , Mammaplasty , Mastectomy , Myocutaneous Flap , Necrosis , Perforator Flap , Rectus Abdominis , Retrospective Studies , Skin , Thoracic Wall , Tissue Donors
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762809

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Thoracodorsal vessels (TDVs) and internal mammary vessels (IMVs) have both been widely employed as recipient vessels for use in free muscle-sparing transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (MS-TRAM) flaps. However, whether TDVs or IMVs are preferable as recipient vessels for autologous breast reconstruction with a free MS-TRAM flap remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes when TDVs were used as recipient vessels to those obtained when IMVs were used as recipient vessels for autologous breast reconstruction with a free MS-TRAM flap. METHODS: A retrospective matched-cohort study was performed. We retrospectively reviewed data collected from patients who underwent a free MS-TRAM flap for autologous breast reconstructions after mastectomy between March 2003 and June 2013. After a one-to-one matching using age, 100 autologous breast reconstructions were selected in this study. Of the 100 breast reconstructions, 50 flaps were anastomosed to TDVs and 50 to IMVs. Patient demographics and clinical outcomes including operation time, length of hospital stay, postoperative complications, and aesthetic score were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: No statistically significant differences were found between the two groups in patient demographics and clinical outcomes, including the complication rates and aesthetic scores. There were no major complications such as total or partial flap loss in either group. CONCLUSIONS: The results of our study demonstrate that both TDVs and IMVs were safe and efficient as recipient vessels in terms of the complication rates and aesthetic outcomes.


Subject(s)
Breast , Demography , Female , Humans , Length of Stay , Mammaplasty , Mammary Arteries , Mastectomy , Myocutaneous Flap , Postoperative Complications , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Rectus Abdominis , Retrospective Studies
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762798

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Topical hemostatic agents are used when ligation, electrocauterization, or other conventional hemostatic methods are impractical. Because a hemostatic agent is a foreign body, it can cause foreign body reactions, inflammation, and infections that can interfere with the wound healing process. Therefore, we should select hemostatic agents after considering their effects on wound healing. Here, we compared the effects of hemostatic agents on wound healing in a rectus abdominis muscle defect in rats. METHODS: Twelve Sprague Dawley rats were subjected to creation of a 6 × 6 mm defect in the rectus abdominis muscle and divided into four groups: control group; group A, Tachosil fibrin sealant patch; group B, Surgicel Fibrillar oxidized regenerated cellulose; and group C, Surgicel Snow oxidized regenerated cellulose. For the histologic analysis, biopsies were performed on the 3rd, 7th, and 27th days. RESULTS: The foreign body reaction was the weakest in group A and most significant in group C. The inflammatory cell infiltration was the weakest in group A and similar in groups B and C. Muscle regeneration differed among periods. The rats in group A were the most active initially, while those in group C showed prolonged activity. CONCLUSION: Tachosil and Surgicel administration increased inflammation via foreign body reactions, but the overall wound healing process was not significantly affected. The increased inflammation in the Surgicel groups was due to a low pH. We recommend using Tachosil, because it results in less intense foreign body reactions than Surgicel and faster wound healing due to the fibrin action.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biopsy , Cellulose , Cellulose, Oxidized , Fibrin Tissue Adhesive , Fibrin , Fibrinogen , Foreign Bodies , Foreign-Body Reaction , Hemostatics , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Inflammation , Ligation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Rectus Abdominis , Regeneration , Snow , Thrombin , Wound Healing , Wounds and Injuries
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762736

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Serial volumetric changes of reconstructed breasts have not been studied in detail. In this study, we analyzed serial volumetric changes of reconstructed and contralateral normal breasts during long-term follow-up, with a focus on the effect of various adjuvant therapies. METHODS: Among all patients who underwent immediate breast reconstruction with a unilateral pedicled transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (p-TRAM) flap, 42 patients with valid data from ≥3 postoperative positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) scans were included. The volumes of the reconstructed and normal breasts were measured, and the ratio of flap volume to that of the contralateral breast was calculated. Serial changes in volume and the volume ratio were described, and the effects of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and hormone therapy on volumetric changes were analyzed. RESULTS: The mean interval between the initial reconstruction and each PET-CT scan was 16.5, 30, and 51 months respectively. Thirty-five, 36, and 10 patients received chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and radiation therapy, respectively. The flap volume at each measurement was 531.0, 539.6, and 538.0 cm3, and the contralateral breast volume was 472.8, 486.4, and 500.8 cm3, respectively. The volume ratio decreased from 115.1% to 113.4%, and finally to 109.6% (P=0.02). Adjuvant therapies showed no significant effects. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated that the p-TRAM flap maintained its volume over a long-term follow up, while the volume of the contralateral native breast slowly increased. Moreover, adjuvant breast cancer therapies had no statistically significant effects on the volume of the reconstructed p-TRAM flaps or the contralateral native breasts.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Drug Therapy , Electrons , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Mammaplasty , Myocutaneous Flap , Radiotherapy , Rectus Abdominis , Surgery, Plastic
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761832

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the changes of contraction patterns and the differences of activities in trunk muscles during dynamic balance (multidirectional tilting exercise). METHODS: Eight physically active male subjects participated in the study. Tilting exercises were included by four directions (i.e., forward, backward, left, and right side), and were undertaken at three different tilting degrees (i.e., 10°, 20°, and 30°). They performed two occasions of tilting exercise, separated by 6-week time interval. Surface electromyography system was used for record of any signals produced by muscles which normalized as percentage of maximum voluntary isometric contraction. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant different interactive effects in any of muscles between two factors (time vs. degree). However, we identified significant main effects of degrees (among 10°, 20°, and 30°) in muscle activations during maintaining with forward tilting (left and right longissimus, multifidus), backward tilting (left and right rectus abdominis, external oblique), left side tilting (right rectus abdominis, external oblique, longissimus, multifidus), right side tilting (left rectus abdominis, external oblique, longissimus, multifidus). CONCLUSION: Findings from this study allow the multidirectional tilting exercise to be considered as suitable for ameliorate muscle balance by inducing co-contraction in trunk muscles.


Subject(s)
Electromyography , Exercise , Humans , Isometric Contraction , Male , Muscles , Rectus Abdominis
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765425

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of plank exercises with resistance of one-sided hip adduction on abdominal muscle thickness. METHODS: Thirty subjects were divided into a group that underwent plank exercises with one-sided hip adduction resistance (n=15) and a group that underwent plank exercises only (n=15). Their changes in abdominal muscle thickness before the experiment (n=15) and three and six weeks after the experiment were analyzed using a two-way repeated analysis of variance at a statistical significance level of α=0.05. When there was any interaction between the time of measurement and each group, post hoc t-tests were conducted at a statistical significance level of α=0.01. RESULTS: The results of the experiment showed statistically significant differences in the thickness of the rectus abdominis, internal oblique muscle, and transversus abdominis, depending on the time of measurement and the interaction between the time of measurement and each group (p<0.05). Statistically significant differences were observed in the thickness of the external oblique, depending on the time of measurement, the interaction between the time of measurement and each group, and variances between the groups (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The results of this study indicated that plank exercises with resistance of one-sided adduction are effective for increasing abdominal muscle thickness. The study's overall findings will likely be used as basic data for lumbar stabilization exercises and rehabilitation treatment.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Muscles , Exercise , Hip , Rectus Abdominis , Rehabilitation
17.
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(6): 529-534, dic. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978026

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Analizar los resultados de reconstrucción mamaria con colgajo musculocutáneo de recto abdominal con isla transversa de piel (TRAM) en el Servicio de Cirugía del Hospital El Pino. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo de pacientes sometidas a mastectomía por cáncer de mama y posterior reconstrucción con colgajo TRAM pediculado en los últimos 12 años (2005-2017). Resultados: Se realizaron 12 reconstrucciones mamarias, 6 fueron con colgajo TRAM pediculado. La mayoría de las pacientes recibieron tratamiento adyuvante con radioterapia (1 caso), quimioterapia (1 caso), quimioterapia + radioterapia (2 casos). El tiempo transcurrido entre la mastectomía y reconstrucción mamaria fue en promedio de 2,5 años. Se produjeron 4 complicaciones (66,7%) que necesitaron reintervención: hematoma posoperatorio precoz, infección y necrosis grasas de colgajo, dehiscencia de sutura abdominal, necrosis grasa + fibrosis de colgajo TRAM. La evaluación de los resultados fue subjetiva obteniéndose muy buenos resultados en el 66,7% de los casos. No hubo complicaciones en sitio donante. Discusión: El colgajo TRAM pediculado es el tejido autólogo más utilizado en reconstrucción mamaria. Su tasa de complicación es de 26% muy por debajo a lo obtenido en nuestra experiencia. Las principales complicaciones son fibrosis y necrosis grasa de colgajo, pérdida de colgajo, seroma e infección siendo la necrosis grasa la más frecuente en nuestra serie. El uso de colgajo TRAM otorga mayor satisfacción con apariencia, tamaño y sensación del seno. Debido a los resultados obtenidos creemos que el colgajo TRAM pediculado es una excelente alternativa de reconstrucción mamaria en nuestro hospital.


Objectives: To analyze the results of breast reconstruction with musculocutaneous flap of the rectus abdominis with transverse skin island (TRAM) in the Service of Surgery of El Pino Hospital. Materials and Methods: Retrospective study of patients undergoing mastectomy for breast cancer and subsequent reconstruction with pedicled TRAM flap in the last 12 years (2005-2017). Results: 12 mammary reconstructions were performed, 6 were with pedicled TRAM flap. The majority of patients received adjuvant treatment with radiotherapy (1 case), chemotherapy (1 case), chemotherapy + radiotherapy (2 cases). The time elapsed between the mastectomy and breast reconstruction was on average 2.5 years. There were 4 complications (66.7%) that required reintervention: early postoperative hematoma, infection and flap fat necrosis, abdominal suture dehiscence, fat necrosis + TRAM flap fibrosis. The evaluation of the results was subjective, obtaining very good results in 66.7% of the cases. There were no complications in the donor site. Discussion: The pedicled TRAM flap is the most used autologous tissue in breast reconstruction. Its complication rate is 26%, much lower than that obtained in our experience. The main complications are fibrosis and flap fat necrosis, flap loss, seroma and infection, with fat necrosis being the most frequent in our series. The use of TRAM flap gives greater satisfaction with appearance, size and sensation of the breast. Due to the results obtained, we believe that the pedicled TRAM flap is an excellent alternative for breast reconstruction in our hospital.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Mammaplasty/methods , Myocutaneous Flap/blood supply , Reoperation , Surgical Flaps , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Rectus Abdominis/transplantation , Length of Stay , Mastectomy
18.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 136(6): 551-556, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-991691

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the second most frequent type of cancer worldwide and the most common type among women. The treatment for this condition has evolved over recent decades with therapeutic and technological advances. Breast reconstruction techniques using musculocutaneous flaps from the latissimus dorsi and rectus abdominis have aroused interest regarding patients' quality of life. Our goal here was to compare patients' satisfaction scores after they underwent breast reconstruction using musculocutaneous flaps from either the latissimus dorsi or the rectus abdominis. DESIGN AND SETTING: Primary, clinical, analytical, observational and cross-sectional study conducted in a federal university and a public hospital. METHODS: Demographic and clinical data were collected. The Mini-Mental State Examination was then applied, with testing for specificity and sensitivity. Lastly, a breast evaluation questionnaire was applied to evaluate breast satisfaction among 90 women, who were divided into three groups: mastectomy (control; n = 30); breast reconstruction using flap from the latissimus dorsi (n = 30); and reconstruction using flap from the rectus abdominis (n = 30). RESULTS: The groups were homogeneous regarding the main demographic data and the questionnaire responses (P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the reconstruction groups showed significant improvement in satisfaction (P < 0.0002) after one year. CONCLUSION: Within our sample, women who underwent breast reconstruction with flaps from either the latissimus dorsi or the rectus abdominis had similar satisfaction scores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Patient Satisfaction , Mammaplasty/methods , Rectus Abdominis/surgery , Superficial Back Muscles/surgery , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Mammaplasty/psychology , Myocutaneous Flap
19.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 29(1): 28-35, Sept. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1015253

ABSTRACT

Las complicaciones perienales luego de la amputación abdominoperineal son frecuentes y clínicamente relevantes en términos de estadía hospitalaria, costos, calidad de vida y los resultados oncológicos. La utilización creciente de radioterapia pre operatoria y la incorporación gradual a la técnica extra-elevador, ha llevado a un aumento en la morbilidad perineal. Es por elloque la búsqueda de una técnica confiable y con buenos resultados para el cierre perineal se hace necesaria. Se han publicado muchas series que describen diferentes técnicas de cierre del defecto perineal, pero faltan estudios clínicos de alta calidad que indiquen cuál es la mejor opción. Cuando la proctectomía resulta en un amplio defecto perineal, el colgajo vertical del recto del abdomen parece ser la mejor opción. Presentamos dos casos de tumores anorectales localmente avanzados en los que se realizó una amputación abdominoperineal extraelevador con posterior reconstrucción perineal con colgajo de recto anterior y, a su vez, describimos la técnica quirúrgica. (AU)


Perineal complications after abdominoperineal amputation are frequent and clinically relevant in terms of hospital stay, costs, quality of life and oncological results. The growing utilization of pre-operative radiotherapy and the gradual incorporation to the extra-elevator technique, has leaded to an increase in perineal morbidity. That is why the search for a reliable technique with good postoerative outcomes for the perineal closure is necessary. Many series describing different closure techniques of the perineal defect have been published, but high quality clinical studies have to indicate which the best option is. When the proctectomy results in a wide perineal defect, the vertical rectus abdominis flap seems to be the best option. We presented two cases of locally advanced anorectal tumors in which an extraelevatory abdominoperineal amputation was carried out with posterior perineal reconstruction with vertical rectus abdomins flap and we described the surgical technique. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Perineum/surgery , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Surgical Flaps , /methods , Rectus Abdominis/surgery , Rectus Abdominis/transplantation , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
20.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 83(2): 76-84, jun. 2018. []
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-956421

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El principio de tratamiento de los defectos de cobertura lumbosacros se basa en el manejo del espacio muerto y la cobertura del defecto. El objetivo de este estudio es presentar la técnica quirúrgica, los resultados y las complicaciones de una serie de pacientes tratados con colgajo de recto anterior para defecto lumbosacro. Materiales y Métodos: Se efectuó una revisión retrospectiva durante un período de seis años. Se analizaron variables demográficas preoperatorias. Se describen la técnica quirúrgica y las complicaciones intraoperatorias. Se analizaron las variables posoperatorias, como complicaciones del sitio donante, complicaciones del sitio receptor y duración del colgajo. Resultados: Cinco pacientes cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión (edad promedio 50 años): cuatro con tumor sacro y una paciente con osteomielitis lumbosacra. El seguimiento promedio fue de 20 meses. El tamaño promedio de la pastilla cutánea fue de 8 x 13 cm. Entre las complicaciones, se registró una lesión del pedículo intraoperatoria (reparación microquirúrgica) y el óbito de un paciente. Se evidenció una infección con dehiscencia de la herida como complicación posoperatoria. No hubo complicaciones vasculares posoperatorias en los colgajos y todos permanecieron vitales durante el seguimiento. Conclusión: El colgajo de recto anterior ha de ser considerado una opción válida en el tratamiento de heridas con grandes defectos de partes blandas a nivel lumbosacro. Provee de suficiente volumen de piel y tejido muscular para la cobertura de dichos defectos. La técnica es relativamente sencilla sin necesidad de procedimiento microquirúrgico. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Treatment of soft tissue lumbosacral defects is based on dead space management and defect coverage. The aim of this study is to describe the surgical technique, results and complications of patients who underwent rectus abdominis flap for lumbosacral defects coverage. Methods: A six-year retrospective review was performed. Demographic characteristics are analyzed. Surgical technique and intra-operative complications are described. Postoperative variables, such as donor site complications, recipient site complications, and flap survival were also reported. Results: Five patients met the inclusion criteria (average age, 50 years). Four patients presented sacral tumor diagnosis and one patient had lumbosacral osteomyelitis. Mean follow-up was 20 months. Flap average size was 8 x 13 cm. Intraoperative complications were one pedicle injury (microsurgical repair) and the death of a patient. Regarding postoperative complications, one wound dehiscence was reported. None of the flaps suffered vascular complications and all remained vital throughout follow-up. Conclusion: Rectus abdominis flap should be considered a valid option in the management of large soft tissue lumbosacral defects. This flap provides sufficient skin volume and muscular tissue. Surgical technique is relatively simple with no need for microsurgical procedure. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Surgical Flaps , Soft Tissue Injuries , Rectus Abdominis/surgery , Lumbosacral Region/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Intraoperative Complications
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