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1.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 92(2): e305, dic. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1278305

ABSTRACT

Las afecciones respiratorias agudas son la primera causa de consulta e ingreso hospitalario en los meses de invierno, y entre ellas el asma ocupa un lugar preponderante. El salbutamol es un broncodilatador con eficacia demostrada en las exacerbaciones y se utiliza de primera línea en el tratamiento. El objetivo de la presente comunicación es analizar dos casos clínicos de niños asmáticos que presentaron efectos adversos al salbutamol y requirieron el ingreso en la Unidad de Terapia Intensiva. Se propone revisar los efectos adversos del salbutamol empleado en crisis asmáticas y analizar las alternativas terapéuticas en esta enfermedad. Los síntomas de los efectos secundarios pueden confundirse con los causados por la propia enfermedad, por lo que puede usarse el fármaco de modo excesivo y es importante conocer el perfil posológico y caracterizar los posibles efectos secundarios en los pacientes para usar de manera racional y segura este medicamento.


Acute respiratory conditions are the first cause of consultation and hospital admission in the Winter months, being asthma the most important. Salbutamol is a bronchodilator with proven efficacy in exacerbations used first-line in treatment. The objective of this paper is to analyze two clinical cases of asthmatic children who presented adverse effects to salbutamol and required admission to the Intensive Care Unit. It is proposed to review the adverse effects of salbutamol used in asthmatic crises and to analyze therapeutic alternatives in this disease. Symptoms of side effects can be confused with those caused by the disease itself, determining the excessive use of this drug, thus, it is important to know the dosage profile and characterize the possible side effects to make rational and safe use of this drug.


As doenças respiratórias agudas são a primeira causa de consultas e internações nos meses de inverno e a asma ocupa é a mais importante. O salbutamol é um broncodilatador com eficácia comprovada nas exacerbações e é usado como tratamento de primeira linha. O objetivo desta comunicação é analisar dois casos clínicos de crianças asmáticas que apresentaram efeitos adversos ao salbutamol e necessitaram de internação em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva. Propõe-se revisar os efeitos adversos do salbutamol utilizado na crise asmática e analisar as alternativas terapêuticas nessa doença. Os sintomas de efeitos colaterais podem ser confundidos com os causados pela própria doença, determinando o uso excessivo desse medicamento, sendo importante conhecer o perfil posológico e caracterizar os possíveis efeitos colaterais nos pacientes para fazer um uso racional e seguro desse medicamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Acidosis, Lactic , Bronchodilator Agents/adverse effects , Albuterol/adverse effects , Hyperglycemia/chemically induced , Hypokalemia/chemically induced , Psychomotor Agitation/etiology , Recurrence , Asthma/drug therapy , Tachycardia/chemically induced , Tremor/chemically induced , Hallucinations/chemically induced
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(3): e242-e246, Junio 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1248200

ABSTRACT

La leucemia linfoblástica aguda (LLA) es la patología oncológica más frecuente en pediatría, y corresponde al 23% de las neoplasias en menores de 15 años. Alrededor del 20% de los pacientes con LLA presentan recaídas, en la mayoría de los casos, en la médula ósea. Las recaídas extramedulares son inusuales y las dos localizaciones más frecuentes son el sistema nervioso central (SNC) y los testículos. Cuando las recaídas ocurren en el SNC, suelen manifestarse con un síndrome meníngeo. El síndrome hipotalámico se define como la presencia de hiperfagia, obesidad y/o cambios en el estado de ánimo, y es una forma de presentación clínica inusual de las recaídas en el SNC y debe alertar al pediatra para mantener un alto índice de sospecha.Se describen cuatro casos que se presentaron con síndrome hipotalámico al momento de desarrollar una recaída de LLA en el SNC


Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common malignancy in childhood, corresponding to 23% of cancer in children younger than 15 years old. About 20% of ALL cases will relapse, commonly in the bone marrow. Extramedullar relapses are unusual, and the two most frequent locations are CNS and testicles. ALL relapses, when diagnosed in the CNS, frequently present with clinical features of a meningeal syndrome. The hypothalamic syndrome, consisting of hyperphagia, obesity and / or behavior disturbances, corresponds to an unusual presentation of relapses in this location and should alert pediatricians to suspect it.We describe 4 ALL cases of hypothalamic syndrome at the time of CNS relapse


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/diagnosis , Recurrence , Fatal Outcome , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Hypothalamic Diseases/diagnosis
3.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(2): 1-18, jun. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284462

ABSTRACT

Idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis is a rare fibro-inflammatory disease of varied etiology which usually originates around aorta and spreads caudally along Iliac vessels into adjacent retroperitoneum causing ureteral obstruction as the most frequent complication.A 53-year-old male patient presented with complaint of mild pain in both the legs off and on. On investigating further, we found that he had been struggling with intermittent relapses every 3-4 years for last 20 years since he was first diagnosed with Idiopathic Retroperitoneal Fibrosis. He was 33-year-old when he first developed the symptoms of anuria for 48 hours and was diagnosed with Idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis. This was followed by atrophy of left kidney and hypertension 6 years later, then hypothyroidism after another 3years and finally involvement of Inferior Vena Cava and acute Deep Vein Thrombosis of lower limbs after another 3-4 years. His deep vein thrombosis was well managed in time. He was put on glucocorticoids everytime he had a relapse and a complication.We did a review of literature to understand recent advances about its pathogenesis, diagnosis, investigations and management. We searched in PubMed using terms like retroperitoneal fibrosis alone and in combination with related terms such as Inferior Vena Cava thrombosis, Deep Vein Thrombosis, Tamoxifen, Methotrexate. This case is unique as it is very rare to find acute Deep Vein Thrombosis in Idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis without development of any collaterals when Inferior Vena Cava lumen is compromised to almost complete obstruction.After a follow up of 20 years patient is doing well in terms of physical activity and psychological wellbeing with anti-hypertensives, thyroxine and anti-coagulants. Is the disease-free interval actually free of the disease or it just subsided with immunosuppressants to become active after some time?


La fibrosis retroperitoneal idiopática es una enfermedad fibroinflamatoria rara, de etiología variada que generalmente se origina alrededor de la aorta y se propaga caudalmente a lo largo de los vasos ilíacos en retroperitoneo adyacente causando obstrucción ureteral como la complicación más frecuente.Reportamos el caso de un paciente varón de 53 años que se presentó con un dolor leve en ambas piernas. Al investigar más a fondo, descubrimos que había estado luchando con recaídas intermitentes cada 3-4 años durante los últimos 20 años desde que se le diagnosticó por primera vez fibrosis retroperitoneal idiopática. Tenía 33 años cuando desarrolló por primera vez los síntomas de anuria durante 48 horas y se le diagnosticó fibrosis retroperitoneal idiopática. Esto fue seguido por atrofia del riñón izquierdo e hipertensión 6 años después, luego hipotiroidismo después de otros 3 años y finalmente afectación de la vena cava inferior y trombosis venosa profunda aguda de las extremidades inferiores después de otros 3-4 años. Su trombosis venosa profunda se controló bien a tiempo. Le recetaron glucocorticoides cada vez que tenía una recaída y una complicación.Hicimos una revisión de la literatura para comprender los avances recientes sobre su patogenia, diagnóstico, investigaciones y manejo. Se realizaron búsquedas en PubMed utilizando términos como fibrosis retroperitoneal sola y en combinación con términos relacionados como trombosis de la vena cava inferior, trombosis venosa profunda, tamoxifeno, metotrexato. Este caso es único, ya que es muy raro encontrar trombosis venosa profunda aguda en fibrosis retroperitoneal idiopática sin desarrollo de colaterales cuando la luz de la vena cava inferior está comprometida hasta una obstrucción casi completa.Después de un seguimiento de 20 años, el paciente se encuentra bien en términos de actividad física y bienestar psicológico con antihipertensivos, tiroxina y anticoagulantes. ¿El intervalo libre de enfermedad está realmente libre de la enfermedad o simplemente disminuyó con inmunosupresores para activarse después de algún tiempo?


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retroperitoneal Fibrosis/complications , Retroperitoneal Fibrosis/diagnosis , Retroperitoneal Fibrosis/therapy , Recurrence , Time Factors , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Diagnosis, Differential , Hypothyroidism , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use
4.
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 79(229): 18-20, abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253699

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: el objetivo de este estudio es describir y presentar el tratamiento para los granulomas gigantocelulares centrales con múltiples recidivas. Caso clínico: paciente femenina de 14 años que presenta granuloma gigantocelular central en maxilar inferior izquierdo, con múltiples recidivas luego del curetaje del mismo. Clínicamente se observa aumento de tamaño, desplazamiento dentario y, radiográficamente, una gran zona radiolúcida compatible con pérdida ósea. Se realizó la resección de la lesión en bloque con margen de seguridad, conservando la basal mandibular con colocación de placa de osteosíntesis de carga soportada. Conclusiones: el granuloma gigantocelular central es una lesión osteolítica, generalmente de crecimiento lento, asintomático y no agresivo. El tratamiento quirúrgico de resección con márgenes de seguridad es fundamental debido a su gran potencial de recidiva (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Granuloma, Giant Cell , Oral Surgical Procedures , Argentina , Recurrence , Biopsy , Histological Techniques , Dental Service, Hospital , Fracture Fixation, Internal
5.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(1): 126-129, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251533

ABSTRACT

Resumen La mucosectomía endoscópica ha probado ser una alternativa efectiva para el tratamiento del cáncer gástrico temprano; sin embargo, se requiere de un seguimiento estricto para asegurar una conducta de manejo adecuada en caso de recurrencia. Se presenta el caso de un paciente de 54 años, con hallazgo incidental de un carcinoma gástrico temprano, a quien se le realizó mucosectomía endoscópica, con un reporte final de histopatología compatible con adenocarcinoma gástrico temprano y márgenes de resección negativos, con un seguimiento endoscópico e histopatológico a 2 meses negativos para malignidad.


Abstract Endoscopic mucosal resection has proven to be an effective alternative for the treatment of early gastric cancer. However, strict follow-up is necessary to ensure adequate management in the event of recurrence. This is the case of a 54-year-old patient with an incidental finding of early gastric carcinoma. He underwent endoscopic mucosal resection, with a final histopathology report compatible with early gastric adenocarcinoma and negative resection margins. Endoscopic and histopathological follow-up at 2 months showed negative results for malignancy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Stomach Neoplasms , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection , Recurrence , Incidental Findings , Research Report
6.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 21(1): 36-39, jan.-mar. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254737

ABSTRACT

The Polymorphous Low Grade Adenocarcinoma (PLGA) is a common minor salivary gland carcinoma. It mostly affects the buccal mucosa and retromolar region, but the palate is an unusual site. As the carcinoma is low grade the recurrence is also uncommon. Our patient had a PLGA initially in the palate which was treated initially through surgical management but had a recurrence after four years. Hence we planned a partial maxillectomy along with level I nodes. Post-operatively follow-up is successful till date. So the management of a recurrent PLGA through careful surgery and post-operative follow ­up with prosthetic rehabilitation is discussed in this article... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Salivary Glands, Minor , Mouth Neoplasms , Adenocarcinoma , Mouth Mucosa , Palate , Recurrence
9.
Rev. argent. mastología ; 40(145): 36-51, mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1283728

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las pacientes con cáncer de mama con receptores hormonales positivos mantienen una tasa de recurrencia significativa durante el seguimiento prolongado. La predicción del patrón de recurrencia puede ayudar en el desarrollo de estrategias específicas de vigilancia y tratamiento en pacientes con cáncer de mama. Material y método: estudio analítico observacional, de cohorte retrospectivo en el cual se analizaron los datos de 203 pacientes del Hospital J. M. Penna en el periodo comprendido entre enero de 2005 y enero 2015. Objetivo: el objetivo principal de este trabajo es evaluar la asociación que existe entre los receptores de progesterona (RP) negativos (0%) con probabilidad de recaída local y a distancia luego del tratamiento del cáncer de mama. Resultados: las pacientes con RP negativo mostraron mayor edad que las pacientes con RP positivo (61,24+/-12,4 años vs 57+/-13.7; p=0,0480), menor porcentaje de pacientes premopáusicas (17,54% vs 35,62%; p=0,012); y también una mayor tendencia de compromiso ganglionar axilar (36,9% vs 26,,5%; p=0,098). En el análisis multivariado no se observó que el estatus negativo en los RP sea un factor de riesgo independiente para recidiva local (OR=1,28; IC95%=0,44-3,68), recidiva en forma independiente menor SLE (OR=1,18, IC95%0,52-2,64). Conclusiones: en esta población no se logró demostrar asociación significativa independiente de otros factores entre el estatus negativo de los RP y la supervivencia libre de enfermedad en las pacientes operadas de cáncer de mama. El análisis de los resultados nos demuestra la necesidad de realizar nuevos estudios, con un mayor número de pacientes y mayor tiempo de seguimiento, para dilucidar el real papel del RP


Introduction: patients with breast cancer with positive hormone receptors maintain a significant recurrence rate during prolonged follow-up. Predicting the pattern of recurrence can aid in the development of specific surveillance and treatment strategies in patients with breast cancer. Material and method: observational, retrospective cohort analytic study that analyzed the data of 2003 patients of Hospital José María Penna between january 2005 and january 2015. Objetive: the main objetive of this stydy is to evaluate the correlation that exists between negative (0%) progesterone receptors (PR) and the likelihood of local and distant relapse after treatment of breast cancer. Results: patients with negative PR showed greater age than patients with positive PR (61.24+/-12.4 years old vs 57+/-13.7; p=0,048), lower percentage of postmenopausal patients (17.54% vs 35.62&; p=0.012), and also a greater tendency of axillary lymph node involvement (36.9% vs 26.5%; p=0.098). In the multivariate analysis it was not observed that the negative status in the PR is an independent risk factor for local recurrence (OR 1.28; CI95% 0.44 - 3.68), distant recurrence (OR 1.33; CI95% 0.55 - 3.21), or a factor that conditions independently lower DFS (OR 1.18; CI95% 0.52 - 2.64). Conclusions: in this population it was not possible to demonstrate significant correlation independent of other factors between the negative status of PR and the disease-free survival in patients who underwent surgery for breast cancer. The analysis of the results shows the need to carry out new studies, with a larger number of patients and longer follow-up time, to understand the real role PR plays.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Progesterone , Recurrence , Receptors, Progesterone , Risk Factors
10.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 28(1): 86-89, ene.-feb. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341265

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El flutter auricular es un tipo poco frecuente de arritmia fetal y neonatal. A pesar de que puede conducir a graves morbilidades, como hidrops fetal o incluso el fallecimiento, el diagnóstico y tratamiento precoz confieren un buen pronóstico a la mayoría de los casos. Pacientes y métodos: Se presentan tres casos de flutter auricular, dos de inicio en periodo fetal y uno en periodo neonatal, y se revisa la literatura en relación con las características clínicas, diagnósticas y terapéuticas del flutter auricular fetal y neonatal. Resultados y discusión: En el flutter auricular fetal la terapia materna con fármacos antiarrítmicos es el tratamiento más empleado durante la gestación. El tratamiento postnatal más utilizado es la cardioversión eléctrica sincronizada. El flutter auricular no suele asociar cardiopatía estructural; la recidiva neonatal es poco habitual y normalmente no precisa la administración de tratamiento profiláctico.


Abstract Introduction: Atrial flutter is a rare type of fetal and neonatal arrhythmia. Although it can lead to serious morbidities such as fetal hydrops or even death, diagnosis and early treatment confer a good prognosis in most cases. Patients and methods: Three cases of atrial flutter are presented, two of which start in the fetal period and one in the neonatal period. The literature is reviewed in relation to the clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic characteristics of fetal and neonatal atrial flutter. Results and discussion: In fetal atrial flutter maternal therapy with antiarrhythmic drugs is the most used treatment during pregnancy. The most used postnatal treatment is synchronized electrical cardioversion. Atrial flutter does not usually associate structural heart disease, neonatal recurrence is uncommon and usually does not require prophylactic treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Atrial Flutter , Recurrence , Electric Countershock , Hydrops Fetalis , Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
11.
rev. cuid. (Bucaramanga. 2010) ; 12(1): e1148, ene-2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1177794

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Hasta 30% de las causas del cáncer se atribuyen a la alimentación. Los sobrevivientes de esta enfermedad, como parte del autocuidado, deben adquirir una alimentación saludable. Este estudio pretendió describir los cambios alimentarios realizados entre el primero y segundo diagnóstico de cáncer y conocer algunas de sus causas. Materiales y Métodos: Se utilizó una muestra aleatoria de proporciones con 195 pacientes, a quienes se les aplicó una encuesta en el año 2019, relacionada con el objeto de estudio. Para el análisis de los datos, se usó el método estadístico factorial de correspondencia múltiple, análisis de clúster y distribución de frecuencias. Resultados: La salud fue lo que más motivó al cambio de hábitos alimentarios, seguido por factores asociados al tratamiento. Las personas disminuyeron el consumo de carnes con grasa, fritos, alcohol, snacks, embutidos y lácteos, aumentando la ingesta de frutas y verduras. Discusión: Luego de un segundo diagnóstico de cáncer, los participantes presentaron cambios favorables para la salud, acordes a las recomendaciones de los entes internacionales. El estado de salud y el tratamiento para el cáncer, fueron las condiciones que más influyeron para que las personas sobrevivientes de cáncer realizaran cambios en su alimentación ante un nuevo diagnóstico o una recidiva. Conclusión: Los sobrevivientes de cáncer con recidiva, modifican su alimentación hacia una vida más saludable. Se debe promover una alimentación adecuada en la población en general, y más aún en sobrevivientes de cáncer.


Introduction: Up to 30% of cancer cases are linked to food. As part of their self-care practice, cancer survivors should eat a healthy diet. This study aimed to describe the changes in diet habits made between the first and second cancer diagnosis, as well as to learn more about cancer causes. Materials and Methods: A random sample proportion was used with 195 patients who responded to a survey in 2019 related to the object of study. For data analysis, statistical correspondence factorial analysis, cluster analysis and frequency distribution were carried out. Results: Health was the main reason for changing eating habits, followed by factors associated with cancer treatment. Patients reduced their consumption of fatty meats, fried foods, alcohol, snacks, cold cuts, and dairy products, while increased their fruit and vegetable intake. Discussion: After a second cancer diagnosis, participants reported favorable changes in improving their health based on the recommendations of international organizations. Health status and cancer treatment were conditions that most influenced cancer survivors to change diet habits in the face of a new diagnosis or relapse. Conclusion: Patients with cancer recurrence decide to change their eating habits to have a healthier life. Adequate nutrition should be promoted among the general population and even more in cancer survivors.


Introdução: Até 30% dos casos de câncer são atribuídas à dieta. Como parte de seu autocuidado, os sobreviventes desta doença devem ter uma dieta saudável. Este estudo teve como objetivo descrever as mudanças nos hábitos alimentares feitas entre o primeiro e o segundo diagnóstico de câncer e compreender algumas das causas. Materiais e métodos: Uma amostra aleatória foi utilizada com 195 pacientes que responderam a uma pesquisa em 2019 relacionada ao objeto de estudo. Para análise de dados, foram realizadas análises fatoriais de correspondência estatística, análise de agrupamentos e distribuição de frequências. Resultados: A saúde foi a principal razão para a mudança de hábitos alimentares, seguida por fatores associados ao tratamento do câncer. Os pacientes reduziram seu consumo de carnes gordurosas, alimentos fritos, álcool, lanches, embutidos e produtos lácteos, enquanto aumentavam a ingestão de frutas e vegetais. Discussão: Após um segundo diagnóstico de câncer, os participantes apresentaram mudanças favoráveis para melhorar sua saúde, com base nas recomendações de organizações internacionais. O estado de saúde e o tratamento do câncer foram as condições que mais influenciaram para que os sobreviventes do câncer mudassem sua dieta diante de um novo diagnóstico ou recaída. Conclusão: Os pacientes com recidiva de câncer decidem mudar seus hábitos alimentares para ter uma vida mais saudável. A nutrição adequada deve ser promovida entre a população em geral e ainda mais entre os sobreviventes de câncer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Recurrence , Eating , Risk Factors , Neoplasms
12.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 64(1): 28-35, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252444

ABSTRACT

El carcinoma de conductos salivales (CCS) es una neoplasia maligna primaria clínica y patológicamente distinta de las glándulas salivales. Debido a su rareza existe una falta de documentación exhaustiva en la literatura con respecto a sus características, manejo y resultados clínicos. En la presente publicación se presenta un caso de un paciente de sexo masculino de 74 años, que acudió al servicio de odontología del Hospital Interzonal General de Agudos Presidente Perón de Avellaneda. El resultado ecográfico arrojó a nivel submaxilar derecho una imagen nodular de aspecto solido que mide 25 x 24 mm Se le realizó la intervención quirúrgica y el resultado anatomopatológico confirmó el diagnóstico de carcinoma de conductos salivales, una de las neoplasias salivales más agresivas. En la actualidad, la muerte ocurre en 60 a 80% de los pacientes, por lo general dentro de los 5 años; alrededor del 33% desarrolla recidiva local y más del 50% metástasis a distancia, en sitios que incluyen pulmones, huesos, hígado, cerebro y piel (AU)


Salivary duct carcinoma (SDC) is a clinically and pathologically distinct primary malignant neoplasm of the salivary glands. Due to its rarity, there is a lack of exhaustive documentation in the literature regarding its characteristics, management, and clinical results. This publication presents a case of a 74-year-old male patient who attended the dentistry service of the Interzonal General Acute Hospital President Perón by Avellaneda. The ultrasound result revealed a nodular image at the right submaxillary level solid aspect measuring 25 x 24 mm. Surgical intervention was performed, and the pathological result confirmed the diagnosis of salivary duct carcinoma, one of the most aggressive salivary neoplasms. Currently, death occurs in 60% to 80% of patients, usually within 5 years; about 33% develop local recurrence and more than 50% distant metastases, at sites including the lungs, bones, liver, brain, and skin (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/surgery , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma/classification , Argentina , Postoperative Care , Recurrence , Biopsy , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/mortality , Immunohistochemistry , Oral Surgical Procedures/methods , Dental Service, Hospital , Age and Sex Distribution , Neoplasm Metastasis
13.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2020218, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142406

ABSTRACT

The Numb Chin Syndrome (NCS) is defined as facial and oral numbness restricted to the mental nerve's distribution involving the lower lip, skin of the chin, or gingiva of the lower anterior teeth. Hypoesthesia can occur unilaterally or bilaterally. Although this syndrome is rare, its importance is related to the fact that it represents the clinical manifestations of malignant diseases. Breast cancer and non-Hodgkin lymphoma are the most common cause of NCS. The patient, a 58-year-old woman, treated for a Burkitt Lymphoma (BL) nine years ago, described a two-week history of change in sensitivity and pain in the chin region, without relief with the use of analgesics. She had no headache, speech disturbance, dysphagia, visual disturbance, or other neurological symptoms. No surgical intervention has been performed recently. The intraoral examination revealed a healthy oral mucosa and a small area adjacent to the right mental nerve region that was uncomfortable to palpation. No changes were found in the bone trabeculae at cone-beam computed tomography. The contrasted magnetic resonance features made it possible to identify a change in the mandibular body extending to the entire right side, coinciding with the patient's complaint, indicating a probable mandibular medullary invasion. The patient was submitted to a biopsy to rule out a possible recurrence of BL. The microscopic findings were consistent with the diagnosis of BL. The present report described a very unusual presentation of late recurrent BL nine years after the first treatment, which manifested as an NCS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Mandibular Neoplasms/pathology , Burkitt Lymphoma/pathology , Recurrence , B-Lymphocytes , Hypesthesia
14.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(1): 74-80, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1252454

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La luxación recurrente anteroinferior del hombro es consecuencia de una luxación aguda traumática que, en pacientes jóvenes, menores de veinte años, se ha estimado puede llegar al 97% de recurrencia, pero que disminuye a medida que aumenta la edad, excepto en pacientes mayores con rupturas asociadas del manguito rotador. Al ser una patología incapacitante que afecta la calidad de vida de las personas, hay una mayor tendencia a tratarla por métodos quirúrgicos que con rehabilitación. La lesión fundamental es el desprendimiento del labrum anterior de la glenoides conocida como la lesión de Bankart-Perthes, estructura que tiene limitaciones para cicatrizar de manera anatómica con tratamientos incruentos, perpetuando la inestabilidad. A medida que recurre la luxación se presentan lesiones óseas asociadas tanto en la glenoides denominada Bankart ósea, así como en la cabeza humeral en su región posterosuperior o lesión de Hill-Sachs, que aumentan la posibilidad de recurrencia. Se han descripto diferentes técnicas abiertas y artroscópicas para corregir la luxación, pero por la heterogeneidad de la lesión no hay un tratamiento para corregirla que sea patrón de oro. Nuestro objetivo es describir los resultados clínicos en pacientes con luxación recurrente anteroinferior de hombro que fueron sometidos a cirugía artroscópica de reparación de Bankart/plicatura y remplissage y correlacionar los resultados con la escala preoperatoria de ISIS. Materiales y métodos: se revisaron las historias clínicas de pacientes con diagnóstico de luxación de la articulación del hombro (S430) (M253), que fueron llevados a cirugía entre junio de 2015 y enero de 2019, analizando características de la(s) lesión(es), clasificación preoperatoria de acuerdo con la escala de ISIS, tipo de procedimiento(s) quirúrgico realizado y número de implantes. Resultados: de veinticinco pacientes operados por el autor senior (MMA) de luxación recurrente de hombro, veintitrés completaron el seguimiento con los procedimientos de reparación de Bankart/plicatura y la adición de un remplissage en casos de lesiones Hill-Sachs enganchantes. Todos tenían una escala de ISIS preoperatoria igual o inferior a 6. Al final del seguimiento ningún paciente reportó recurrencia de su luxación. Conclusión: en nuestra casuística, la reparación de Bankart/plicatura en pacientes con lesiones Hill-Sachs no enganchantes en asocio del remplissage produce excelentes resultados a corto y mediano plazo cuando la escala de ISIS es igual o inferior a 6. Nivel de evidencia: IV


Introduction: Recurrent anteroinferior shoulder dislocation is the consequence of an acute traumatic dislocation which, in young patients, under twenty years old, has been estimated to reach 97% of recurrence, but which decreases with increasing age, except in older patients with associated rotator cuff tears. Being a disabling pathology that affects people's quality of life, there is a greater tendency to treat it by surgical methods than with rehabilitation. The fundamental lesion is the detachment of the anterior labrum of the glenoid known as the Bankart-Perthes lesion, a structure that has limitations to heal anatomically with bloodless treatments, perpetuating instability. As the dislocation recurs, there are associated bone lesions both in the glenoid called Bony Bankart, as well as in the humeral head in its posterior superior region or Hill-Sachs lesion, which increase the possibility of recurrence. Different open and arthroscopic techniques have been described to correct dislocation, but due to the heterogeneity of the lesion, there is no gold standard treatment to correct it. Our objective is to describe the clinical results in patients with recurrent anteroinferior shoulder dislocation who underwent arthroscopic Bankart/plication repair and fill surgery and correlate the results with the preoperative ISIS scale. Materials and methods: the medical records of patients with a diagnosis of shoulder joint dislocation (S430) (M253), who were taken to surgery between June 2015 and January 2019, were reviewed, analyzing characteristics of the injury(s), classification preoperative according to the ISIS scale, type of surgical procedure(s) performed and number of implants. Results: of twenty-five patients operated by the senior author (MMA) for recurrent shoulder dislocation, twenty-three completed follow-up with Bankart/plication repair procedures and the addition of a fill in Hill-Sachs engaging lesions. All had a preoperative ISIS scale equal to or less than 6. At the end of follow-up, no patient reported recurrence of their dislocation.Conclusion: in our casuistry, Bankart/plication repair in patients with non-engaging Hill-Sachs lesions in association with filling produces excellent results in the short and medium term when the ISIS scale is equal to or less than 6. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Arthroscopy/methods , Recurrence , Shoulder Dislocation , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome , Joint Instability
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879467

ABSTRACT

The surgical treatment of recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation is a difficult problem in the field of sports injury medicine. The main reason focus on dynamic and osseous constraints of shoulder joint could not recover well. At present, arthroscopic surgery is used at home and abroad, and could receive statisfied postoperative effect, but the choice of specific surgical methods is still controversial. According to presence and size of glenoid and humeral skull defects, different treatments should be selected in clinic. The author recommends that no articular glenoid defect or glenoid defect 40% or Bristow-Latarjet if the surgical repair fails, bone grafting is used. In addition, if (humeral avulsion of glenohumeral ligaments, HAGL) injury existed, HAGL injury repair should be used. In addition to considering the important factor of bone defects, it is necessary to combine patient's age, exercise level and surgeon's technique to comprehensively select the bestsurgical method.


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy , Humans , Joint Instability , Recurrence , Scapula , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Joint
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880135

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation(allo-HSCT) on the treatment of adult acute leukemia patients, moreover, to establish and evaluate a Logistic model to predict the risk of relapse in adult acute leukemia patients after allo-HSCT.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 145 adult acute leukemia patients treated by peripheral blood stem cell transplantation in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2010 to December 2019 was enrolled and analyzed retrospectively. Complications and survival of patients were observed. The relationship between patients' age, diagnosis, leukocyte count at onset, risk stratification, time of diagnosis to transplantation, HCT-CI, minimal residual disease pre-transplantation, donor-recipient sex relationship, HLA match degree, prophylaxis of graft versus host disease(GVHD), donor age, number of transfused mononuclear cells, CD34 positive cells, engraftment time, acute and chronic GVHD, CMV, EBV infection, and hemorrhagic cystitis and recurrence after transplantation were analyzed by logistic regression. Relapse prediction model was established and evaluated according to the results.@*RESULTS@#Among 145 acute leukemia patients, 81 with acute myeloid leukemia, 64 with acute lymphocytic leukemia, 18 with EBV infection, 2 with post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder(PTLD), 85 with CMV, 26 with hemorrhagic cystitis, 65 patients developed acute GVHD, 51 patients developed chronic GVHD and 45 patients relapsed. The overall survival (OS) rates in one and three years were 86.4% and 61.8%, and the progress-free survival (PFS) rates in one and three years were 67.5% and 62.4%, respectively. There were significant differences in OS and PFS between relapsed and non-relapsed patients, as well as AML and ALL patients. Univariate analysis revealed that patient's age, risk stratification, time to transplantation, HCT-CI index, ATG based GVHD prophylaxis, minimal residual disease pre-transplantation, GVHD prophylaxis, and acute and chronic GVHD were associated with the relapse of disease, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that pre-transplantation minimal residual disease showed positively correlation with relapse of the disease, while chronic GVHD showed negatively correlation.@*CONCLUSION@#The relapse rate of adult acute leukemia patients treated with allo-HSCT in our hospital is 31.0%, and OS of AML patients is better than ALL patients'. OS of relapsed patients is significantly lower than non-relapsed patients'. Pre-transplantation minimal residual disease is a risk factor of relapse. The risk of relapse is reduced in patients with chronic GVHD.


Subject(s)
Adult , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation Conditioning
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880130

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the efficacy of CCLG-ALL-2008 protocol and the related factors of treatment failure in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 400 children newly-diagnosed ALL in Children's Hospital of Soochow University from March 1, 2008 to December 31, 2012 was retrospectively analyzed. All the children accepted CCLG-ALL-2008 protocol, and were followed-up until October 2019. The dates of relapse, death and causes of death were recorded. Treatment failure was defined as relapse, non-relapse death, and secondary tumor.@*RESULTS@#Following-up for 10 years, there were 152 cases relapse or non-relapse death, the treatment failure rate was 38%, including 122 relapse (80.3%), 30 non-relapse deaths (19.7%) which included 7 cases (4 cases died of infection and 3 cases died of bleeding) died of treatment (23.3% of non-relapse deaths), 8 cases died of minimal residual disease (MRD) continuous positive (26.7% of non-relapse deaths) and 15 cases died of financial burden (50% of non-relapse deaths). According to the relapse stage, 37 cases (30%) in very early stage, 38 cases (31%) in early stage, and 47 cases (39%) in late stage, while according to the relapse site, 107 cases relapsed in bone marrow, 3 cases in testis, 3 cases in central nervous system (CNS), 5 cases in bone marrow plus testis and 4 cases in bone marrow plus CNS. Bone marrow relapse was the main cause of death in 89 cases, followed by nervous system. Initially diagnosed WBC count (≥50×10@*CONCLUSION@#Relapse is the main cause of treatment failure in children with ALL. The initially diagnosed WBC count, immunophenotype and MRD at week 12 were the independent prognostic factors for relapse of the patients. Financial burden accounts for a large proportion of non-relapse death.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Child , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Male , Neoplasm, Residual , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Failure , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880109

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the impact of early relapse (ER) after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplan-tation (AHSCT) on overall survival (OS) for multiple myeloma (MM) patients.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 37 patients with MM undergoing AHSCT in department of hematology of Shanxi Bethune Hospital from January 2012 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The effect of ER on OS of patients was analyzed. The effects of international staging system (ISS) staging, cytogenetics, pre-transplant efficacy, minimal residual disease, and age on OS of the patients were also analyzed respectively.@*RESULTS@#Among the 37 patients, 13 cases (35.1%) had ER, and 24 cases (64.9%) had non-ER. 3 patients with ER had extramedullary disease, but none with non-ER showed extramedullary disease. More than or equal to very good partial rate (VGPR) in patients with ER and without ER were 3 cases (23.1%) and 15 cases (62.5%), respectively, and the curative effect of the former was significantly lower than that of the latter (P<0.05). The median follow-up time was 31 (12-96) months, and median OS time was 93 months in all the patients. The median survival time of patients with ER was 17 months, and the median progression free survival was 7 months, both were significantly shorter than 93 months and 38 months of patients with non-ER (P<0.05). Univariate analysis showed that the OS was affected by ER, cytogenetic abnormalities (FISH), and ≥VGPR before transplantation. Multivariate analysis showed that ER was an independent prognostic factor.@*CONCLUSION@#The prognosis of patients with ER after AHSCT in newly diagnosed MM is poor. ER is an independent prognostic factor of survival.


Subject(s)
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Autologous , Treatment Outcome
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880070

ABSTRACT

Although most acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients can achieve complete remission (CR) induced by standardized chemotherapy, but the relapse rate after remission remains high. The key reason is its high heterogeneity in cytogenetics and molecular biology. There are evidences show that minimal residual disease (MRD) is closely associated with disease recurrence, so that, finding specific genetic and molecular biological changes as new targets for MRD detection has become a research hotspot in recent years. In this review the intrinsic relationship between relapse of AML and MRD detection of specific molecular events, the application of these new targets in MRD detection and their targeted therapies according to the latest guidelines, so as to achieve the optimal treatment in CR phase.


Subject(s)
Flow Cytometry , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Neoplasm, Residual , Prognosis , Recurrence , Remission Induction
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880029

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the predict significance of the high aldehyde dehydrogenase activity (ALDH@*METHODS@#Bone marrow samples of 23 t(8;21) AML patients diagnosis and achieved complete remission in our hospital from April 2015 to June 2016 were collected, then flow cytometry method was used to detect the activity of ALDH, relationship between it and relapse was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up for a median of 32 (2-52) months. The median percentage of CD34@*CONCLUSION@#The percentage of CD34


Subject(s)
ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Antigens, CD34 , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Prognosis , Recurrence , Remission Induction
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