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1.
An. Facultad Med. (Univ. Repúb. Urug., En línea) ; 11(1): e401, 2024. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1527677

ABSTRACT

Objetivo principal: Conocer la epidemiologia de las fracturas del cuarto distal del radio en el esqueleto en crecimiento y el tratamiento realizado en el CHPR en los años 2017 y 2018. Objetivos específicos: Valorar re-desplazamiento, necesidad de re manipulación, complicaciones, re-fractura. Metodología: Estudio observacional descriptivo retrospectivo. Criterios de inclusión: pacientes de 0 a 14 años con fractura de radio distal (fisaria, metafisaria y suprametafisaria) valorados en el CHPR entre 1 enero del 2017 y 31 diciembre del 2018. Criterios de exclusión: pacientes con radiografía normal, fracturas en miembros con malformaciones, infecciones óseas, patología tumoral maligna o benigna. Obtención de datos: Valoración de radiografías de puño y antebrazo realizadas en el CHPR en 2017 y 18, iniciales y evolutivas. Se analizaron: edad, sexo, fecha fractura, topografía de la fractura, desplazamiento inicial, tratamiento, evolución radiográfica y complicaciones. Resultados: se incluyeron 662 pacientes. Siendo en su mayoría de género masculino (65%), con una media de 9 años, miembro derecho (61%), en los meses de verano (36%). En cuanto a la topografía se evidenció una frecuencia mayor en fracturas tipo rodete y metafisarias (31.72% y 31.57%), seguido por suprametafisaria (18.43%) y fisaria (18.28%). El tratamiento realizado fue ortopédico en el 86.56% de los casos, mientras que quirúrgico fue el 12.84%, en su gran mayoría con alambres de Kirschner (11,2%). El tiempo de inmovilización promedio fue de 6 semanas, con un porcentaje de complicaciones del 14.05% del total de las fracturas. Conclusiones: Se valoraron las características de los pacientes y fracturas de radio distal en el CHPR en los años 2017 y 18, siendo un total de 662 fracturas, en las que su mayoría se realizó tratamiento ortopédico con un índice de complicaciones que ronda el 14%, siendo mayor cuanto mayor es el desplazamiento inicial de la fractura.


Objetivo principal: Conhecer a epidemiologia das fraturas do quarto distal do rádio no esqueleto em crescimento e o tratamento realizado no CHPR nos anos de 2017 e 2018. Objetivos específicos: Avaliar re-deslocamento, necessidade de remanipulação, complicações, refratura. Metodologia: Estudo observacional descritivo retrospectivo. Critérios de inclusão: pacientes de 0 a 14 anos com fratura do rádio distal (fisário, metafisário e suprametafisário) avaliados no CHPR entre 1º de janeiro de 2017 e 31 de dezembro de 2018. Critérios de exclusão: pacientes com radiografias normais, fraturas em membros com malformações, osso infecções, patologia tumoral maligna ou benigna. Coleta de dados: Avaliação das radiografias de punho e antebraço realizadas no CHPR em 2017 e 18, inicial e evolutiva. Foram analisados: idade, sexo, data da fratura, topografia da fratura, deslocamento inicial, tratamento, evolução radiográfica e complicações. Resultados: 662 pacientes foram incluídos. Sendo maioritariamente do sexo masculino (65%), com média de 9 anos, membro direito (61%), nos meses de verão (36%). Em relação à topografia, foi evidenciada maior frequência nas fraturas da borda e metafisárias (31,72% e 31,57%), seguidas das suprametafisárias (18.43%) e fisárias (18.28%). O tratamento realizado foi ortopédico em 86.56% dos casos, enquanto cirúrgico em 12.84%, sendo a maioria com fios de Kirschner (11,2%). O tempo médio de imobilização foi de 6 semanas, com percentual de complicações de 14.05%. Conclusões: Foram avaliadas as características dos pacientes e fraturas do rádio distal no CHPR nos anos de 2017 e 18, com um total de 662 fraturas (0,9 por dia), em que a maioria foi submetida a tratamento ortopédico com índice de complicações que fica em torno de 14%, sendo maior quanto maior for o deslocamento inicial da fratura.


Title: Fractures of the distal end of the radius in the immature skeleton. Epidemiological study at the Pereira Rossell Hospital Center. Main objective: To know the epidemiology of fractures of the distal fourth of the radius in the growing skeleton and the treatment carried out in the CHPR in the years 2017 and 2018. Specific objectives: To assess re-displacement, need for re-manipulation, complications, re- fracture. Methodology: Retrospective descriptive observational study. Inclusion criteria: patients aged 0 to 14 years with distal radius fracture (physeal, metaphyseal and suprametaphyseal) evaluated at the CHPR between January 1, 2017 and December 31, 2018. Exclusion criteria: patients with normal radiographs, fractures in limbs with malformations, bone infections, malignant or benign tumor pathology. Data collection: Assessment of fist and forearm X-rays performed at the CHPR in 2017 and 18, initial and evolutionary. The following were analyzed: age, sex, fracture date, fracture topography, initial displacement, treatment, radiographic evolution and complications. Results: 662 patients were included. Being mostly male (65%), with an average of 9 years, right limb (61%), in the summer months (36%). Regarding the topography, a higher frequency was evidenced in rim and metaphyseal fractures (31.72% and 31.57%), followed by suprametaphyseal (18.43%) and physeal (18.28%). The treatment performed was orthopedic in 86.56% of the cases, while surgical was 12.84%, mostly with Kirschner wires (11.2%). The average immobilization time was 6 weeks, with a percentage of complications of 14.05%. Conclusions: The characteristics of the patients and fractures of the distal radius in the CHPR in the years 2017 and 18 were evaluated, with a total of 662 fractures (0.9 per day), in which the majority underwent orthopedic treatment with an index of complications that is around 14%, being greater the greater the initial displacement of the fracture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Wrist Fractures/epidemiology , Recurrence , Skeleton/growth & development , Uruguay/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Age and Sex Distribution , Temporal Distribution , Wrist Fractures/classification , Wrist Fractures/complications , Wrist Fractures/therapy
2.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 43(4): 214-218, dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1537605

ABSTRACT

La amiloidosis AL es una enfermedad debida al depósito, en órganos y tejidos, de fibrillas formadas por cadenas livianas producidas de forma patológica por plasmocitos clonales. Su tratamiento actualmente está orientado a erradicar el clon de células plasmáticas; este históricamente se extrapoló de tratamientos disponibles y estudiados para otras discrasias sanguíneas. En el año 2020, el Grupo de Estudio de Amiloidosis (GEA) confeccionó distintas guías de práctica clínica para el tratamiento de la amiloidosis AL. Desde entonces se han publicado ensayos clínicos que arrojan contundencia al conocimiento disponible hasta el momento, y están en desarrollo nuevas líneas de investigación que robustecen y estimulan el estudio en el área. En esta revisión se realiza una actualización de las guías existentes en lo que respecta al tratamiento de la amiloidosis por cadenas livianas.Como evidencia de relevancia, en el último año estuvieron disponibles resultados de ensayos clínicos que respaldan el uso de esquemas basados en daratumumab (un anticuerpo monoclonal anti-CD38+) para pacientes con diagnóstico reciente de amiloidosis AL como primera línea. Además, para el tratamiento de la amiloidosis AL refractaria o recaída, la disponibilidad de bibliografía respaldatoria es escasa y extrapolada del tratamiento del mieloma múltiple; sin embargo, actualmente existe evidencia de calidad para recomendar el uso de ixazomib, un inhibidor de proteosoma reversible por vía oral disponible en la Argentina desde 2020. Por último, se mencionan algunas líneas de investigación con otros anticuerpos monoclonales y terapéuticas basadas en el uso de CAR-T cells. (AU)


AL amyloidosis is a disease caused by the deposit in different organs and tissues of protein fibrils formed by light chains synthetized by pathological clonal plasma cells. Its treatment is currently aimed at eradicating this plasma cell clone and it has been historically extrapolated from available and validated treatments for other blood dyscrasias. In 2020, the Amyloidosis Study Group prepared different clinical practice guidelines for the treatment of AL amyloidosis.Since then, clinical trials have been published that confirm and strengthen the knowledge available up to now, and new lines of research are being developed that stimulate study in the area. In this review, an update of the existing guidelines regarding the treatment of AL amyloidosis is made. As relevant evidence, in the last year, results of clinical trials have been made available that support the use of regimens based on Daratumumab (an anti-CD38+ monoclonal antibody) for patients with newly diagnosed AL amyloidosis as first line therapy. In addition, for the treatment of refractory or relapsed AL amyloidosis, where the availability of supporting literature is scant and extrapolated from the treatment of multiple myeloma, there is currently quality evidence to recommend the use of ixazomib, an oral reversible proteasome inhibitor, only available in Argentina since 2020. Finally, some research lines exploring the efficacy of other monoclonal antibodies and therapeutic experiments based on the use of CAR-T cells are mentioned. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , B-Cell Maturation Antigen/therapeutic use , Immunoglobulin Light-chain Amyloidosis/drug therapy , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Recurrence , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
3.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 23(1): 31-37, jan.-mar. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1443856

ABSTRACT

A ressecção é o tratamento de escolha para tratamento do ameloblastoma, este que é o tumor odontogênico mais comuns, excluindo os odontomas. A desregulação de diversos genes no desenvolvimento de dentes pode desempenhar papel em sua histogênese. Alguns eventos adversos podem ocorrer durante seu tratamento pós-operatório. Recidivas ocorrem porque o ameloblastoma tende a se infiltrar entre o trabeculado ósseo esponjoso intacto na periferia do tumor antes que a reabsorção óssea se torne radiograficamente evidente. Consequentemente, a margem real do tumor sempre se estende além da sua imagem radiográfica ou da margem clínica. Deiscência de sutura é uma complicação que pode ocorrer no pós-operatório imediato na qual as bordas da ferida, que estão unidas por uma sutura, acabam se abrindo, aumentando o risco de infecção e dificultando assim a cicatrização. Fratura de placa de reconstrução é um evento possível de ocorrer em tratamentos de grandes defeitos. O estresse causado pela modelagem da placa durante a conformação da placa, além da ação muscular são uns dos fatores que pode fragilizar o metal da placa. Outras complicações podem ocorrer como: assimetrias, parestesia temporária e permanente do nervo alveolar inferior e deficiência estética e funcional. As descrições destes eventos na literatura ajudam aos clínicos conhecer e tentá-lo preveni-lo e com saber tratar... (AU)


Resection is the treatment of choice for treating ameloblastoma, which is the most common odontogenic tumor, excluding odontomas. The dysregulation of several genes in the development of teeth may play a role in their histogenesis. Some adverse events may occur during your postoperative treatment. Relapses occur because ameloblastoma tends to infiltrate between intact cancellous bone trabeculae at the pe riphery of the tumor before bone resorption becomes radiographi cally evident. Consequently, the actual tumor margin always extends beyond its radiographic image or clinical margin. Suture dehiscence is a complication that can occur in the immediate postoperative period in which the edges of the wound, which are joined by a suture, end up opening, increasing the risk of infection and thus hindering healing. Reconstruction plate fracture is a possible event to occur in large de fect treatments. The stress caused by the modeling of the plate during the formation of the plate, in addition to muscle action, are one of the factors that can weaken the plate metal. Other complications may occur, such as: asymmetries, temporary and permanent paresthesia of the inferior alveolar nerve and aesthetic and functional deficiency. The descriptions of these events in the literature help clinicians to Resection is the treatment of choice for treating ameloblastoma, which is the most common odontogenic tumor, excluding odontomas. The dysregulation of several genes in the development of teeth may play a role in their histogenesis. Some adverse events may occur during your postoperative treatment. Relapses occur because ameloblastoma tends to infiltrate between intact cancellous bone trabeculae at the pe riphery of the tumor before bone resorption becomes radiographi cally evident. Consequently, the actual tumor margin always extends beyond its radiographic image or clinical margin. Suture dehiscence is a complication that can occur in the immediate postoperative period in which the edges of the wound, which are joined by a suture, end up opening, increasing the risk of infection and thus hindering healing. Reconstruction plate fracture is a possible event to occur in large de fect treatments. The stress caused by the modeling of the plate during the formation of the plate, in addition to muscle action, are one of the factors that can weaken the plate metal. Other complications may occur, such as: asymmetries, temporary and permanent paresthesia of the inferior alveolar nerve and aesthetic and functional deficiency. The descriptions of these events in the literature help clinicians to know and try to prevent them and to know how to treat them... (AU)


La resección es el tratamiento de elección para tratar el ameloblastoma, que es el tumor odontogénico más común, excluyendo los odontomas. La desregulación de varios genes en el desarrollo de los dientes puede desempeñar un papel en su histogénesis. Algunos eventos adversos pueden ocurrir durante su tratamiento postoperatorio. Las recaídas ocurren porque el ameloblastoma tiende a infiltrarse entre las trabéculas del hueso esponjoso intacto en la periferia del tumor antes de que la reabsorción ósea sea evidente en las radiografías. En consecuencia, el margen tumoral real siempre se extiende más allá de su imagen radiográfica o margen clínico. La dehiscencia de sutura es una complicación que puede ocurrir en el postoperatorio inmediato en el que los bordes de la herida, que están unidos por una sutura, acaban abriéndose, aumentando el riesgo de infección y dificultando así la cicatrización. La fractura de la placa de reconstrucción es un evento posible que ocurre en los tratamientos de defectos grandes. Los esfuerzos que provoca el modelado de la placa durante la conformación de la placa, además de la acción muscular, son uno de los factores que pueden debilitar la placa metálica. Pueden presentarse otras complicaciones como: asimetrías, parestesias temporales y permanentes del nervio alveolar inferior y deficiencia estética y funcional. Las descripciones de estos eventos en la literatura ayudan a los clínicos a conocerlo y tratar de prevenirlo y saber cómo tratarlo... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Period , Recurrence , Odontogenic Tumors
4.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 23(1): 43-47, jan.-mar. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1443991

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste artigo é relatar um caso de COG em sínfise mandibular, tratado com enucleação e osteotomia periférica. Relato de Caso: Paciente do sexo feminino, 58 anos de idade, foi encaminhada para avaliação de uma lesão mandibular, apresentando-se assintomática no momento da consulta. Foi observado um leve aumento de volume vestibular na região da sínfise mandibular, sem sensibilidade ao toque. Na tomografia foi observada imagem hipodensa, multiloculada, bem delimitada, na região de sínfise, próxima as raízes dentárias e a basilar mandibular, além de um dente incluso intralesional. Foi realizada biópsia incisional e exame histopatológico, através do qual foi estabelecido o diagnóstico de COG. Como forma de tratamento, o paciente foi submetido a enucleação com curetagem de toda lesão e a osteotomia periférica, além da remoção do dente incluso. Após um ano de acompanhamento, a paciente encontra-se livre de recorrências. Conclusão: Por fim, este caso destaca a importância de um tratamento eficaz de COG com a osteotomia periférica, considerando o tamanho da lesão, suas características e sua localização, a fim de reduzir suas chances de recidiva... (AU)


The aim of this article is to report a case of COG in mandibular symphysis, treated with enucleation and peripheral osteotomy. Case Report: A 58-yearold female patient was referred for evaluation of a mandibular lesion, instrument was asymptomatic at the time of consultation. An increase in vestibular volume was observed in the region of the mandibular symphysis, without sensitivity to touch. The tomography showed a hypodense, multiloculated, well-delimited image in the symphysis region, close to tooth roots and a mandibular basilar, in addition to an intralesional impacted tooth. An incisional biopsy and histopathological examination were performed, through which the diagnosis of COG was established. As a form of treatment, the patient underwent enucleation with curettage of the entire lesion and peripheral osteotomy, in addition to removal of the impacted tooth. After a year of follow-up, the patient is free from recurrences. Conclusion: Finally, this case highlights the importance of an effective treatment of COG with peripheral osteotomy, considering the size of the lesion, its characteristics and its location, in order to reduce its chances of recurrence... (AU)


El objetivo de este artículo es reportar un caso de COG en la sínfisis mandibular, tratado con enucleación y osteotomía periférica. Caso Clínico: Paciente femenino, de 58 años de edad, fue remitida para valoración de lesión mandibular, presentándose asintomática al momento de la consulta. Se observa ligero aumento de volumen vestibular en la región de la sínfisis mandibular, sin sensibilidad al tacto. En la tomografía se observó una imagen hipodensa, multiloculada, bien delimitada en la región de la sínfisis, próxima a las raíces dentarias y la base de la mandíbula, además de un diente intralesional. Se realizó biopsia incisional y examen histopatológico, a través del cual se estableció el diagnóstico de GOC. Como forma de tratamiento, el paciente fue sometido a enucleación con curetaje de toda la lesión y osteotomía periférica, además de extracción del diente impactado. Después de un año de seguimiento, un paciente está libre de recurrencias. Conclusión: Finalmente, este caso destaca la importancia de un tratamiento efectivo de la GOC con osteotomía periférica, considerando el tamaño de la lesión, sus características y su ubicación, para reducir sus posibilidades de recurrencia... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Recurrence , Jaw Cysts , Maxillary Osteotomy , Odontogenic Cysts
5.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(3): 185-190, July-sept. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521138

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Anorectal fistulas are some of the commonest surgical proctologic disorders treated by surgeons. Despite the recent introduction of various sphincter preserving techniques, the search for the optimal operation continues. The purpose of this study was to determine the predictors of long-term healing for the endorectal advancement flap. Methods: A retrospective review of a single surgeon experience with the endorectal advancement flap for anorectal fistulas over an 18-year period. The impact of various patient and fistula related factors were analyzed for their impact on the primary endpoint of long-term fistula healing. Results: 87 patients underwent endorectal advancement flap (Male/Female 42.5/57.5%). Median age was 41 years. Sixty-nine patients (79.3%) had anal fistula while 18 patients had rectal fistula (20.7%). An anterior based fistula was noted in 45 patients (51.7%). The most common etiology was cryptoglandular disease (87.4%). The median operative time was 75minutes (range 36-250). Postoperative septic complications were noted in 4 patients (4.6%). Fistula healing was documented in 80 patients (93%). During a median follow-up of 4 months (range 1-38, 1 patient lost to follow-up), recurrence was noted in 8 patients (9.3%), yielding an overall long-term success rate of 83.7%. The long-term healing rate was higher in patients with fistulas from cryptoglandular etiology (86.6%) compared to fistulas from other etiologies (63.6%) [p = 0.027]. Conclusions: The endorectal advancement is associated with a high healing rate, a low postoperative septic complication rate, and infrequent risk for recurrence. Long-term healing without recurrence is achieved more frequently in patients with cryptoglandular etiology of the fistula compared to patients with non-cryptoglandular etiology. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Rectum/surgery , Rectal Fistula/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Recurrence , Health Profile , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
6.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(3): 204-207, July-sept. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521139

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Treatment of complex fistulas such as inter- or transsphincteric, recurrent, and high fistulae have high rate of recurrence or incontinence. Fistulectomy with primary sphincter reconstruction might represent an effective and safe alternative to reduce rate of recurrence and incontinence. The aim of this study is to assess incontinence and recurrence after fistulectomy with primary sphincter reconstruction for management of complex fistulas. Material and Methods: There were 60 patients with complex fistulae involving the sphincter, with 56 male and 4 female, mean age 40.6 years, operated by fistulectomy and primary sphincter repair over a period of 7 years. Patients were followed up for 6months for any complications, recurrence, and incontinence. Results: The majority of patients (50, 83.3%) had complete wound healing in 2 weeks, while 4 (6.6%) patients had hematoma and superficial wound dehiscence, which were managed conservatively and healed in 4 weeks. There was one recurrence. All patients had good continence postoperatively, except for mild fecal incontinence (FI, score 3), seen in 6 (10%) patients. However, all these patients regained continence within 6 weeks. Conclusions: Primary reconstruction of anal sphincter with fistulectomy is a safe option for complex fistula-in-ano. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Anal Canal/surgery , Rectal Fistula/surgery , Recurrence , Treatment Outcome , Fecal Incontinence
7.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 45(6): 319-324, June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449745

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Reporting our experience of the management and treatment of Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) in a low-income country by describing patients characteristics and therapy with emphasis on conservative surgical excision and postoperative care as the cornerstone of treatment. Methods A retrospective cohort of women with histopathological diagnosis of IGM from 2014 to 2018 at Instituto Nacional Materno Perinatal in Lima, Peru. Patients' characteristics, clinical presentation, treatment, management, postoperative care, and follow-up were analyzed. Results Thirty-eight patients with histopathological diagnosis of IGM were identified. Their average age was 35.9 years and 23 (60.5%) reported previous use of hormonal contraceptives. Nine (23.7%) patients had chronic mastitis with previous treatment. The time from the onset of symptoms to the first clinic consult was 5.1 months on average. Twenty-one (55.3%) patients had the lesion in the right breast, with a mean size of 6.9 cm. Conservative surgical excision was performed in all patients. Additionally, 86.8% required corticosteroids and 78.9% were treated with antibiotics. Complete remission was obtained at 141 days on average (range 44 to 292 days). Six (15.8%) women reported ipsilateral recurrence and 5 (13.2%), contralateral. The latency time was 25.5 months on average. Conclusion The conservative surgical treatment demonstrated and close follow-up made for a high cure rate, but with recurrence similar to that reported in the literature. Use of gloves is an alternative to manage post operative wounds in a low-income country. The most frequent adverse effect was breast surgical scar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Recurrence , Breast Diseases , Breast Diseases/surgery , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Granulomatous Mastitis/therapy
8.
Rev. ADM ; 80(3): 151-159, mayo-jun. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1518188

ABSTRACT

En 1827 el médico James William Cusack describió una lesión tumoral expansiva con características clínicas similares al ameloblastoma. Para el 2017 la Organización Mundial de la Salud lo clasificó como un tumor odontogénico benigno de origen epitelial. En la actualidad hemos aceptado la teoría de su etiología asociada con una mutación en el biomarcador BRAF-V600E, donde se presentan claras heterogeneidades extra/intratumorales en el metabolismo de la tumorogénesis; la mutación en BRAF genera cambios en la regulación de la odontogénesis, en conjunto con el gen CDC73 presente en el cromosoma 1 q25-q32, lo que produce un cambio en la proteína parafibromina que inhibe la proliferación celular durante el crecimiento y la división celular, esto afecta en conjunto al gen p53 y su homólogo p63 presentes en el cromosoma 17, por lo que se tiene como resultado la expresión de quistes y tumores dentales como el ameloblastoma. La presente obra muestra el caso clínico de un paciente femenino de 11 años de edad con aumento de volumen en la región submandibular izquierda de 7 × 4 cm, con seis años de evolución; de tal manera que fue diagnosticado con ameloblastoma uniquístico y tratado de forma conservadora mediante enucleación, posteriormente fue valorada anualmente hasta que la paciente cumplió los 18 años de edad (AU)


In 1827, physician James William Cusack described an expansive tumor lesion with clinical characteristics similar to ameloblastoma. For 2017, the World Health Organization classified it as a benign odontogenic tumor of epithelial origin. Currently, we have accepted the theory of its etiology associated with a mutation in the BRAF-V600E biomarker, where there are clear extra/intratumoral heterogeneities in the metabolism of tumorigenesis; the BRAF mutation generates changes in the regulation of odontogenesis, together with the CDC73 gene present on chromosome 1 q25-q32, producing a change in the parafibromin protein that inhibits cell proliferation during cell growth and division, which together it affects the p53 gene and its p63 homolog is present on chromosome 17, resulting in the expression of dental cysts and tumors such as ameloblastoma. This work provides the clinical case of an 11-year-old patient with an increase in volume in the left submandibular region of 7 × 4 cm of 6 years of evolution. Being diagnosed as a unicistic ameloblastoma and treated conservatively by enucleation, it is subsequently evaluated annually until the patient reaches 18 years of age (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Ameloblastoma/surgery , Odontogenic Tumors/classification , Recurrence , Immunohistochemistry , Ameloblastoma/diagnosis , Ameloblastoma/genetics , Conservative Treatment/methods
9.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(2): 68-74, Apr.-June 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514425

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The management of complex anal fistulae remains a topical surgical problem. The choice and success of surgical management are based on the balance between healing and continence. Although porcine dermal collagen (Permacol Collagen Paste [PCP]- Covidien plc, Gosport, Hampshire, UK) represents a new generation of non-solid biomaterials, its results in anal fistulae are mixed. Methods: A multicenter observational retrospective analysis of consecutive patients with cryptoglandular anal fistula treated in four colorectal surgery units was performed between 2015 and 2020. Clinical cure of the fistula was the main outcome measure. Adverse events and alterations in anal continence were secondary outcomes. Results: The study included 119 patients (87 males, 71.1%), with a mean age of 53 years (IR 44-65). Most patients had complex (80.6%) and recurrent (91.6%) fistulae. With the first PCP treatment, the overall cure rate was 41.2% (49 patients) and 45.4% with the second treatment (5 out of 17 patients). The mean follow-up period was 17 months (IR 5-25). Healing was not affected by the location and type of fistula, the existence or not of a cavity, the number of tracts, or the administration of prophylactic antibiotics. After the PCP treatment, no patient in the series had worsening of continence. Morbidity affected 22.7% of the patients (27), with postoperative abscesses being the most frequent adverse event. There were no statistical differences between the four hospitals studied. Conclusions: Permacol collagen paste is a safe and easily reproducible therapy for complicated anal fistulae that has moderate efficacy. The overall success rate is slightly over 40%, with no detriment to fecal continence. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Collagen/therapeutic use , Rectal Fistula/therapy , Recurrence , Swine , Health Profile , Cohort Studies , Treatment Outcome
10.
Acta neurol. colomb ; 39(1): 6-13, ene.-mar. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1429568

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN INTRODUCCIÓN: El espectro de trastornos de neuromielitis óptica (NMOSD) es un grupo de enfermedades desmielinizantes, inflamatorias y autoinmunes, caracterizadas por episodios recurrentes de neuritis óptica y mielitis transversa longitudinal extensa, entre otras manifestaciones clínicas. Su tratamiento crónico se basa en el uso de terapias inmunosupresoras como azatioprina (AZA), micofenolato mofetilo (MFM) o rituximab (RTX). El objetivo del presente estudio es realizar un análisis comparativo de la respuesta al tratamiento con AZA o RTX. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Se realizó un estudio observacional, analítico, retrospectivo, en el cual se incluyeron inicialmente 69 pacientes con diagnóstico confirmado de NMOSD. Tras aplicar los criterios de inclusión y exclusión 59 pacientes fueron incluidos en el análisis final. RESULTADOS: En el grupo de RTX se evidenció una mejoría importante en el estado funcional en comparación con el grupo de AZA, en el que se vio un empeoramiento de este al año de seguimiento. El perfil de seguridad fue similar entre ambos grupos, con una adherencia significativamente superior en el grupo de RTX. DISCUSIÓN: Los hallazgos del presente estudio respecto a las ventajas del uso de RTX sobre AZA se encuentran en concordancia con resultados de estudios previos reportados en la literatura. CONCLUSIONES: Los resultados respaldan el uso de RTX sobre AZA como terapia de mantenimiento para pacientes con NMOSD, al estar asociado principalmente con una mejoría notable en la funcionalidad de los pacientes, al igual que una mayor adherencia al tratamiento.


ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorders (NMOSD) is a group of inflammatory, autoimmune, and demyelinating disorders. Its hallmark behavior is characterized by recurrent episodes of optic neuritis and longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis, among other clinical manifestations. Chronic therapy is based primarily in immunosuppressive therapies such as azathioprine (AZA), mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), or rituximab (RTX). The goal of this study is to perform a comparative analysis of response rates to chronic treatment with either AZA or RTX. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective observational analytic study was designed with an initial cohort of 69 patients with a diagnosis of NMOSD. After application of the inclusion and exclusion criteria a total of 59 patients were finally included in the analysis. RESULTS: The RTX group had an improved functional status when compared to the AZA group; in the latter this feature worsened after a one-year follow-up. There was also a comparable safety profile between the two groups with a significantly greater adherence to RTX regimes. DISCUSSION: The findings of the current study as to the benefits of RTX in comparison to AZA are similar to the results of previous studies. CONCLUSION: These results favor the use of RTX as maintenance treatment of NMOSD, because of its greater benefit mainly in the improvement in functional status of patients, as well as a greater adherence to treatment.


Subject(s)
Azathioprine , Rituximab , Recurrence , Neuromyelitis Optica
11.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 29(1): 59-63, 20230000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1428914

ABSTRACT

La ptosis palpebral es una de las patologías más frecuentes en la consulta de oftalmología, tanto en urgencias como en el ámbito ambulatorio. El trauma del párpado superior puede provocar ptosis o retracción o una combinación de ambos. En este tipo de ptosis palpebral, su resolución mediante tratamiento quirúrgico, existiendo múltiples alternativas de procedimientos que se decidirá de acuerdo con la causas que las originan, así como la severidad de la ptosis. En este trabajo es a propósito de un caso clínico en el cual nos encontramos una paciente con ptosis palpebral traumática recidivante, utilizándose suspensión frontal con aponeurosis de músculo temporal, realizándose una variación de la técnica de Crawford disminuyendo la probabilidad de nueva recidiva


Palpebral ptosis is one of the most frequent pathologies in the ophthalmology consultation, both in the emergency room and in the outpatient setting Trauma to the upper eyelid can cause ptosis or retraction or a combination of both. In this type of eyelid ptosis its resolution by surgical treatment, there are multiple alternatives of procedures that will be decided according to the causes that originate them, as well as the severity of the ptosis, in this work is about a clinical case in which we find a patient with Recurrent Traumatic Palpebral Ptosis, using frontal suspension with aponeurosis of temporal muscle, performing a variation of the Crawford Technique decreasing the probability of recurrence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Blepharoptosis/pathology , Recurrence
12.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 22(supl.1): e20236613, 03 fev 2023. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1416683

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Mapear as medidas de autocuidado para prevenção de recidiva de úlceras venosas nos diversos cenários de atenção à saúde. MÉTODO: Protocolo de revisão de escopo, tendo como pergunta de pesquisa: quais as medidas de autocuidado para prevenção de recidiva de úlceras venosas nos diversos cenários de atenção à saúde? Serão utilizados como bases de dados: Banco de Dados em Enfermagem (BDENF), CINAHL, LILACS, MEDLINE (via PUBMED), SCIELO, SCOPUS, Cochrane Library, EMBASE e Web of Science, além da literatura cinzenta. O processo de busca, a avaliação, seleção e extração de dados serão realizados por pares cegados e, em caso de divergência, um terceiro revisor será consultado. Os resultados serão apresentados na íntegra, em formato de narrativa e diagramas de fluxo, de forma a se alinhar à questão de pesquisa proposta. Protocolo registrado na Open Science Framework (OSF): osf.io/y7ckp.


OBJECTIVE: To map self-care measures to prevent venous ulcer recurrence in different healthcare settings. METHOD: Scoping review protocol, with the following research question: What are the self-care measures to prevent the recurrence of venous ulcers in different healthcare settings? The following databases will be used: Nursing Database (BDENF), CINAHL, LILACS, MEDLINE (via PUBMED), SCIELO, SCOPUS, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and Web of Science, in addition to the grey literature. Blinded peers will carry out the search process, evaluation, selection, and data extraction, and in case of disagreement, a third reviewer will be consulted. The results will be presented in narrative format and using flow diagrams aligned with the proposed research question. The protocol was registered in the Open Science Framework (OSF): osf.io/y7ckp.


Subject(s)
Recurrence , Self Care , Varicose Ulcer/prevention & control , Delivery of Health Care
13.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(1): 511-530, Jan-Abr. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1417859

ABSTRACT

No fim de 2019 iniciou-se uma das maiores crises da saúde pública global em Wuhan, China. Essa emergência foi o aparecimento do SARS-CoV-2 e da doença COVID-19, uma síndrome respiratória aguda de alta transmissibilidade. A declaração da pandemia pela OMS em março de 2020 fez com que o mundo tomasse diversas medidas para o combate e contenção da doença. Inicialmente o isolamento social e lockdown foram as principais iniciativas, já que não havia formas de tratamento ou prevenção da doença. Essas medidas restritivas geraram uma mudança de hábito da população que deflagrou sérios comprometimentos físicos e psicológicos. Uma das consequências foi o aumento do uso de substâncias de abuso e, consequentemente, do transtornos por uso de substâncias, dentre elas o tabaco. Durante a pandemia o consumo de cigarro aumentou de 10 a 30% no mundo, o tabagismo é a principal causa de morte evitável e fator de risco para diversas doenças. Conjuntamente ao álcool, a nicotina têm um poder aditivo superior a muitas drogas ilícitas. A combinação dos transtornos por uso de substâncias e a COVID-19 acabam por ter um efeito sinérgico, dessa forma, buscamos integrar aspectos neuroquímicos, cognitivos e comportamentais que levaram ao aumento do consumo e/ou recaída nicotina e a terapêutica utilizada.


One of the biggest global public health crisis began in Wuhan, China at the end of 2019. That emergency was the emergence of SARS-CoV-2 and the disease COVID-19, a highly transmissible acute respiratory syndrome. The pandemic declaration by the WHO in March 2020 caused the world to take on several measures to combat and contain the virus. Initially, social isolation and lockdown were the main initiatives, as there were no forms of treatment or prevention of the disease. These restrictive measures generate a change in the habit of the population that triggered serious physical and psychological impairments. One of the consequences was the increase in the use of substances of abuse and, consequently, substance use disorder, including tobacco. During the pandemic, cigarette consumption increased from 10 to 30% worldwide, whereas smoking is the main cause of preventable death and a risk factor for several diseases. Along with alcohol, nicotine has a greater addictive power than illicit drugs. Substance use disorders and COVID-19 have a synergistic effect, in this way, we seek to integrate neurochemical, cognitive and behavioral aspects that led to increased consumption and/or relapse in nicotine consumption and the used therapy.


Una de las mayores crisis mundiales de salud pública comenzó en Wuhan (China) a finales de 2019. Esa emergencia fue la aparición del SARS-CoV-2 y la enfermedad COVID-19, un síndrome respiratorio agudo altamente transmisible. La declaración de pandemia por parte de la OMS en marzo de 2020 hizo que el mundo adoptara varias medidas para combatir y contener el virus. Inicialmente, el aislamiento social y el encierro fueron las principales iniciativas, ya que no existían formas de tratamiento o prevención de la enfermedad. Estas medidas restrictivas generaron un cambio en los hábitos de la población que desencadenó graves alteraciones físicas y psicológicas. Una de las consecuencias fue el aumento del consumo de sustancias de abuso y, en consecuencia, el trastorno por consumo de sustancias, incluido el tabaco. Durante la pandemia, el consumo de cigarrillos aumentó del 10 al 30% en todo el mundo, mientras que el tabaquismo es la principal causa de muerte evitable y un factor de riesgo de varias enfermedades. Junto con el alcohol, la nicotina tiene un mayor poder adictivo que las drogas ilícitas. Los trastornos por uso de sustancias y la COVID-19 tienen un efecto sinérgico, de esta manera, buscamos integrar los aspectos neuroquímicos, cognitivos y conductuales que llevaron al aumento del consumo y/o recaída en el consumo de nicotina y la terapia utilizada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tobacco Use Disorder/epidemiology , Pandemics/history , COVID-19/epidemiology , Anxiety , Recurrence , Epidemiology , Substance-Related Disorders/epidemiology , Varenicline/therapeutic use , Psychological Distress
14.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 472-478, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984646

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the early effect and safety of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) with a 10-day decitabine-containing conditioning regimen in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) /myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) . Methods: From April 2021 to May 2022, 31 AML/MDS patients who received allo-HSCT with a 10-day decitabine-containing conditioning regimen were analyzed. Results: AML (n=10), MDS-AML (n=6), CMML-AML (n=1), and MDS (n=14) were identified in 31 patients, 16 males, and 15 females, with a median age of 41 (20-55) yr. Neutrophils and platelets were successfully implanted in 31 patients (100%), with a median implantation duration of 12 (9-30) and 14 (9-42) days, respectively. During the preconditioning period, 16 patients (51.6%) developed oral mucositis, with 15 cases of Ⅰ/Ⅱ grade (48.4%) and one case of Ⅲ grade (3.2%). After transplantation, 13 patients (41.9%) developed CMV viremia, six patients (19.4%) developed hemorrhagic cystitis, and four patients (12.9%) developed a local infection. The median time of acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD) following transplantation was 33 (12-111) days. The cumulative incidence of aGVHD and Ⅲ/Ⅳ grade aGVHD was 41.9% (95% CI 26.9%-61.0%) and 22.9% (95% CI 13.5%-47.5%), respectively. There was no severe cGVHD, and mild and moderate chronic GVHD (cGVHD) incidence was 23.5% (95% CI 12.1%-43.6%). As of November 30, 2022, only one of the 31 patients had relapsed, with a 1-yr cumulative relapse rate (CIR) of 3.2% (95% CI 0.5%-20.7%). There was only one relapse patient death and no non-relapse deaths. The 1-yr overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) rates were 92.9% (95% CI 80.3%-100%) and 96.8% (95% CI 90.8%-100%), respectively. Conclusions: A 10-day decitabine-containing conditioning regimen for allo-HSCT reduced relapse and was safe and feasible in treating AML/MDS.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Decitabine , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/therapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/complications , Disease-Free Survival , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Recurrence , Chronic Disease , Graft vs Host Disease/etiology , Transplantation Conditioning/adverse effects , Bronchiolitis Obliterans Syndrome , Retrospective Studies
15.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 458-464, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984644

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To investigate the role of donor change in the second hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT2) for hematological relapse of malignant hematology after the first transplantation (HSCT1) . Methods: We retrospectively analyzed patients with relapsed hematological malignancies who received HSCT2 at our single center between Mar 1998 and Dec 2020. A total of 70 patients were enrolled[49 males and 21 females; median age, 31.5 (3-61) yr]. Results: Forty-nine male and 21 female patients were enrolled in the trial. At the time of HSCT2, the median age was 31.5 (3-61) years old. Thirty-one patients were diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia, 23 patients with ALL, and 16 patients with MDS or other malignant hematology disease. Thirty patients had HSCT2 with donor change, and 40 patients underwent HSCT2 without donor change. The median relapse time after HSCT1 was 245.5 (26-2 905) days. After HSCT2, 70 patients had neutrophil engraftment, and 62 (88.6%) had platelet engraftment. The cumulative incidence of platelet engraftment was (93.1±4.7) % in patients with donor change and (86.0±5.7) % in patients without donor change (P=0.636). The cumulative incidence of CMV infection in patients with and without donor change was (64.0±10.3) % and (37.0±7.8) % (P=0.053), respectively. The cumulative incidence of grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ acute graft versus host disease was (19.4±7.9) % vs (31.3±7.5) %, respectively (P=0.227). The cumulative incidence of TRM 100-day post HSCT2 was (9.2±5.1) % vs (6.7±4.6) % (P=0.648), and the cumulative incidence of chronic graft versus host disease at 1-yr post-HSCT2 was (36.7±11.4) % versus (65.6±9.1) % (P=0.031). With a median follow-up of 767 (271-4 936) days, 38 patients had complete remission (CR), and three patients had persistent disease. The CR rate was 92.7%. The cumulative incidences of overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) 2 yr after HSCT2 were 25.8% and 23.7%, respectively. The cumulative incidence of relapse, OS, and DFS was (52.6±11.6) % vs (62.4±11.3) % (P=0.423), (28.3±8.6) % vs (23.8±7.5) % (P=0.643), and (28.3±8.6) % vs (22.3±7.7) % (P=0.787), respectively, in patients with changed donor compared with patients with the original donor. Relapses within 6 months post-HSCT1 and with persistent disease before HSCT2 were risk factors for OS, DFS, and CIR. Disease status before HSCT2 and early relapse (within 6 months post-HSCT1) was an independent risk factor for OS, DFS, and CIR post-HSCT2. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that changing donors did not affect the clinical outcome of HSCT2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Hematologic Neoplasms/therapy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Recurrence , Graft vs Host Disease/etiology , Chronic Disease
16.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 826-832, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985993

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the efficacy and safety of letermovir in primary prophylaxis of cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation in patients receiving haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Methods: This retrospective, cohort study was conducted using data of patients who underwent haploidentical transplantation at Peking University Institute of Hematology and received letermovir for primary prophylaxis between May 1, 2022 and August 30, 2022. The inclusion criteria of the letermovir group were as follows: letermovir initiation within 30 days after transplantation and continuation for≥90 days after transplantation. Patients who underwent haploidentical transplantation within the same time period but did not receive letermovir prophylaxis were selected in a 1∶4 ratio as controls. The main outcomes were the incidence of CMV infection and CMV disease after transplantation as well as the possible effects of letermovir on acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD), non-relapse mortality (NRM), and bone marrow suppression. Categorical variables were analyzed by chi-square test, and continuous variables were analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for evaluating incidence differences. Results: Seventeen patients were included in the letermovir prophylaxis group. The median patient age in the letermovir group was significantly greater than that in the control group (43 yr vs. 15 yr; Z=-4.28, P<0.001). The two groups showed no significant difference in sex distribution and primary diseases, etc. (all P>0.05). The proportion of CMV-seronegative donors was significantly higher in the letermovir prophylaxis group in comparison with the control group (8/17 vs. 0/68, χ2=35.32, P<0.001). Three out of the 17 patients in the letermovir group experienced CMV reactivation, which was significantly lower than the incidence of CMV reactivation in the control group (3/17 vs. 40/68, χ2=9.23, P=0.002), and no CMV disease development observed in the letermovir group. Letermovir showed no significant effects on platelet engraftment (P=0.105), aGVHD (P=0.348), and 100-day NRM (P=0.474). Conclusions: Preliminary data suggest that letermovir may effectively reduce the incidence of CMV infection after haploidentical transplantation without influencing aGVHD, NRM, and bone marrow suppression. Prospective randomized controlled studies are required to further verify these findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cytomegalovirus , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Prospective Studies , Cytomegalovirus Infections/prevention & control , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Graft vs Host Disease/prevention & control , Recurrence , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use
17.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 410-415, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985939

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for patients with acute leukemia who are positive for the SET-NUP214 fusion gene (SET-NUP214+AL). Methods: This was a retrospective case series study. Clinical data of 18 patients with SET-NUP214+AL who received allo-HSCT in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University and Soochow Hongci Hematology Hospital from December 2014 to October 2021 were retrospectively analyzed to investigate treatment efficacy and prognosis. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis. Results: Of the 18 patients, 12 were male and 6 were female, and the median age was 29 years (range, 13-55 years). There were six cases of mixed phenotype acute leukemia (three cases of myeloid/T, two cases of B/T, one case of myeloid/B/T), nine cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) (one case of B-ALL and eight cases of T-ALL), and three cases of acute myeloid leukemia. All patients received induction chemotherapy after diagnosis, and 17 patients achieved complete remission (CR) after chemotherapy. All patients subsequently received allo-HSCT. Pre-transplantation status: 15 patients were in the first CR, 1 patient was in the second CR, 1 was in partial remission, and 1 patient did not reach CR. All patients were successfully implanted with stem cells. The median time of granulocyte and platelet reconstitution was +12 and +13 days, respectively. With a median follow-up of 23 (4-80) months, 15 patients survived, while 3 patients died. The cause of death was recurrence of SET-NUP214+AL after transplantation. After allo-HSCT, 5 patients relapsed. The estimated 3-year overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) rates were 83.3%±15.2% and 55.4%±20.7%, respectively. Among the 15 patients who achieved CR before transplantation, there was no significant difference in OS and RFS between haploidentical HSCT and matched sibling donor HSCT (all P>0.05). Conclusions: Allo-HSCT can improve the prognosis and long-term survival rate of patients with SET-NUP214+AL. Disease recurrence is the most important factor affecting long-term survival.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Survival Analysis , Remission Induction , Acute Disease , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Recurrence , Nuclear Pore Complex Proteins
18.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 507-510, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985791

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the recurrence factors and reoperation effect of laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. Methods: A total of 41 patients with recurrence after laparoscopic repair of the inguinal hernia admitted to the Department of Hernia and Abdominal Wall Surgery, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2017 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were males, aging (62±7) years (range: 51 to 75 years). The recurrence intervals were 3 days to 7 years postoperatively. The surgical methods, causes of recurrence, and treatment outcomes of the patients were analyzed. Fisher exact probability method is used to compare the rates. Results: Among all cases, the primary surgical procedures included transabdominal preperitoneal herniorrhaphy (TAPP) in 31 cases and total extraperitoneal herniorrhaphy in 10 cases. The reoperative procedures included the TAPP of 11 cases and the Lichtenstein procedure of 30 cases. The factors of recurrent cases in all patients could be divided into 4 categories, including insufficient mesh coverage in 23 cases, mesh curling in 9 cases, mesh contractuture in 7 cases, and improper mesh fixation in 2 cases. Recurrence, infection, chronic pain, foreign body sensation didn't occur in the followed period of(M(IQR)) 18(24) months(range: 12 to 50 months). There was no statistical difference in the incidence of postoperative seroma between the TAPP and Lichtenstein procedure (3/11 vs. 20.0% (6/30), P=0.68). Conclusions: Postoperative recurrence of laparoscopic inguinal hernia is mostly caused by the lack of mesh coverage. Due to the emphasis on standardized surgical operation, a good outcome could be achieved through reoperation by the TAPP or Lichtenstein procedure.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Laparoscopy/methods , Treatment Outcome , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Surgical Mesh , Recurrence
19.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 503-506, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985790

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare laparoscopic Keyhole repair with Sugarbaker repair in consecutive patients with parastomal hernia. Methods: From January 2015 to December 2021, 117 patients with parastomal hernia were treated with Keyhole or Sugarbaker laparoscopy repairs in the Department of Hernia and Bariatrci Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China, and the clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. There were 45 males and 72 females, aged (68.6±8.6) years (range: 44 to 84 years). Laparoscopic Sugarbaker repair was performed in 89 cases, and Keyhole repair was performed in 28 cases. The t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, χ2 test and Fisher exact test were used to compare the observation indicators between the two groups, such as operation time, incidence of operation-related complications, and postoperative recurrence rate. Results: The follow-up period was (M(IQR)) 33 (36) months (range: 12 to 84 months). Compared to the Sugarbaker group, the hernia ring area of the Keyhole group was bigger (35 (26) cm2 vs. 25 (16) cm2, Z=1.974, P=0.048), length of stay was longer ((22.0±8.0) d vs. (14.1±6.2) d, t=5.485, P<0.01), and the postoperative rate of recurrence was higher (28.6% (8/28) vs. 6.7% (6/89), χ2=7.675, P=0.006). There was no difference in operation time and postoperative complications between the two groups. Conclusions: Laparoscopic Sugarbaker repair is superior to Keyhole repair in the recurrence rate of parastomal hernia treated with compsite mesh (not funnel-shaped mesh). There are no differences in operation time and postoperative complications between the two groups.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Incisional Hernia/etiology , Hernia/complications , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Hernia, Ventral/surgery , Recurrence , Treatment Outcome
20.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 451-455, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985782

ABSTRACT

Complex ventral hernia refers to a large hernia that is complicated by a series of concurrent conditions. Change in intra-abdominal pressure is one of the main pathways through which various factors exert an impact on perioperative risk and postoperative recurrence. Taking abdominal pressure reconstruction as the core, the treatment strategy for complex abdominal hernia can be formulated from three aspects: improving patients' tolerance, expanding abdominal cavity volume, and reducing the volume of abdominal contents. Improving patients' tolerance includes abdominal wall compliance training and progressive preoperative pneumoperitoneum. To expand the volume of the abdominal cavity, implanting hernia repair materials, component separation technique, autologous tissue transplantation, component expend technique, and chemical component separation can be used. Initiative content reduction surgery and temporary abdominal closure may be performed to reduce the volume of abdominal contents. For different cases of complex ventral hernia, personalized treatment measures can be safely and feasibly adopted depending on the condition of the patients and the intra-abdominal pressure situation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hernia, Ventral/surgery , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Surgical Mesh , Recurrence
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