Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 16.558
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 80(231): 14-18, jul. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391824


El granuloma piógeno es una lesión benigna, reactiva y multifactorial que resulta de le- siones repetitivas, microtraumatismos e irritación local en piel o mucosas y cambio hormonal. Cuando aparece en la cavidad oral tiene predilección por la encía vestibular, pero es importante que el odontólogo esté consciente y familiarizado con el hecho de que puede estar localizado en otras áreas anatómicas. Clínicamente se presenta como lesión hiperplásica altamente vascularizada, de tamaño generalmente no mayor a 2 cm, pediculada en la base o sésil y de lento crecimiento. Sin mostrar preferencia por edad o sexo, tiende a aparecer principalmente en encías, labios y mucosa oral, siendo muy pocos los casos reportados en el área lingual. Es por ello que, en este artículo, nos referimos a un caso de ubicación inusual, en conjunto con una revisión de la literatura (AU)

Pyogenic granuloma is a benign, reactive, and multifactorial lesion caused by repetitive injuries, microtrauma and local irritation on the skin or mucous membranes, and hormonal change. When it appears in the oral cavity, it has a predilection for the vestibular gingiva, but the dentist must be aware and familiar with the fact that it can be present in other anatomi- cal areas. Clinically, it is presented as a hyperplasic injury highly vascular-related, with a size generally no bigger than 2 cm, pedunculated in base or sessile, and slow in growth. Without showing any preference in age or gender, it tends to appear mainly on the gums, lips, and oral mucosae, with very few, reported cases in the lingual area. Therefore, in this study, we refer to a case of unusual localization with a literature review (AU)

Humans , Female , Aged , Tongue/injuries , Granuloma, Pyogenic , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Recurrence , Immunohistochemistry/methods , Granuloma, Pyogenic/surgery , Granuloma, Pyogenic/etiology , Diagnosis, Differential , Age and Sex Distribution
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(2): 107-114, Apr.-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394411


Background: Peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) is a lethal regional progression in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). Treatment with complete cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) achieves better local control than systemic palliative chemotherapy. Objectives: To assess the efficacy on the prognosis of CRS and HIPEC compared with CRS only and to identify possible clinicopathological factors associated with the recurrence of PC. Methods: The present retrospective study included all colorectal carcinoma cases with PC subjected to CRS with or without HIPC from January 2009 to June 2018 at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt. The outcome is evaluated in terms of recurrence-free survival (RFS) and its predictors. Results: Out of the 61 patients, 45 patients (73.8%) underwent CRS plus HIPEC, and 16 (26.2%) underwent CRS alone. The 1-year RFS was 55.7%, with a median of 12 months. The risk factors for recurrence identified in the univariate analysis were T4 primary tumor, high-grade, positive lymphovascular invasion (LVI), positive extracapsular nodal spread, and patients treated with CRS only, without HIPEC. In the multivariate analysis, the independent risk factors for recurrence were high grade and patients treated with CRS only. Conclusion: T4 primary tumor, high grade, positive LVI, and positive extracapsular nodal spread seemed to be important predictors of recurrence following the treatment of PC. Our study also demonstrated that the addition of HIPEC to CRS improved the RFS. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Peritoneal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Colorectal Neoplasms , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures/methods , Recurrence , Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy , Neoplasm Staging
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(2): 131-139, Apr.-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394418


Background: The relative rarity of synchronous para-aortic lymph node (PALN) metastasis (SPM) and metachronous PALN recurrence (MPR) in colorectal carcinoma (CRC) patients leads to a limited number of studies on patient management, and no treatment guidelines have been established to date. Objective: To assess the prognostic, predictive roles, and long-term outcomes of different management strategies for isolated MPR and SPM in CRC patients to establish the best one. Materials and Methods: We included 35 CRC patients with isolated MPR and 25 patients with isolated SPM who underwent curative R0 resection. We performed PALN dissection (PALND) in 15 cases in MPR group and in 10 cases in the SPM group; all remaining patients in both groups underwent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) without further surgical intervention. During the study period of about 5 years, we compared the patients who underwent PALND and those who underwent CRT. Results: The overall survival and recurrence-free survival rates were significantly longer in patients who underwent PALND (p = 0.049 and 0.036 respectively). (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms/therapy , Lymphatic Metastasis/diagnosis , Recurrence , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome , Chemoradiotherapy , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(2): 159-166, Apr.-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394419


Introduction: The optimal rectal cancer care is achieved by a multidisciplinary approach, with a high-quality surgical resection, with complete mesorectal excision and adequate margins. New approaches like the transanal total mesorectal excision (TaTME) aim to achieve these goals, maximizing the sphincter preservation ratio, with good oncologic and functional results. This report describes a way to implement TaTME without a proctor, presents the first case series of this approach in a center experienced in rectal cancer, and compares the results with those of the international literature. Methods: We performed a retrospective study of the first 10 consecutive patients submitted to TaTME for rectal cancer at our institution. The primary outcomes were postoperative complications, pathological specimen quality and local recurrence rate. The results and performance were compared with the outcomes of a known structured program with proctorship and with the largest meta-analysis on this topic. Results: All patients had locally advanced cancer; therefore, all underwent neoadjuvant therapy. A total of 30% had postoperative complications, without mortality or re-admissions. In comparison with the structured training program referred, no differences were found in postoperative complications and reintervention rates, resulting in a similar quality of resection. Comparing these results with those of the largest meta-analysis on the subject, no differences in the postoperative complication rates were found, and very similar outcomes regarding anastomotic leaks and oncological quality of resection were registered. Conclusion: The results of this study validate the safety and effectiveness of our pathway regarding the implementation of the TaTME approach, highlighting the fact that it should be done in a center with proficiency in minimally invasive rectal surgery. (AU)

Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Transanal Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Postoperative Period , Recurrence , Health Profile , Treatment Outcome , Operative Time , Neoplasm Staging
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(3): 462-466, May-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388013


Abstract Objective To evaluate the functional outcome of patients submitted to arthroscopic Bankart repair in the long-term. Methods Retrospective evaluation of 41 patients (45 shoulders) operated between 1996 and 2009 followed-up for a mean period of 14.89 years. Functional scores were analyzed by the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and Carter-Rowe scores, physical examination, and analysis of medical records. Results The Carter-Rowe score showed an average improvement of 46.11 points, with a final average of 85.89 points, and the UCLA score showed an average improvement of 31.33 points. Ten patients (22.22%) relapsed, with the number of preoperative dislocations being the most correlated factor. Conclusion It was demonstrated that the number of preoperative dislocations negatively influenced the failure rate.

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o desfecho funcional dos pacientes submetidos ao reparo de Bankart artroscópico no longo prazo. Métodos Avaliação retrospectiva de 41 pacientes (45 ombros) operados entre 1996 e 2009 acompanhados por um período médio de 14,89 anos. Foram feitas análises das pontuações funcionais de University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) e Carter-Rowe, exame físico e análises de prontuários. Resultados O escore Carter-Rowe apresentou melhora média de 46,11 pontos, com média final de 85,89 pontos, e o UCLA apresentou melhora de 31,33 pontos. Um total de 10 pacientes (22,22%) apresentou recidiva, sendo o número de luxações pré- operatórias o fator mais correlacionado. Conclusão Foi demonstrado que o número de luxações pré-operatórias influenciou negativamente na taxa de falha.

Humans , Arthroscopy/rehabilitation , Recurrence , Shoulder/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Joint Instability/rehabilitation
Int. j. morphol ; 40(3): 608-612, jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385644


RESUMEN: La endometriosis (E), se define como presencia de glándulas endometriales y estroma fuera del útero. Ocasionalmente se presenta como masa sensible en la pared abdominal (PA), en relación con una cicatriz quirúrgica (EPA). Aunque el tratamiento es quirúrgico, existe poca información respecto de la morbilidad postoperatoria (MPO) y la recurrencia de la EPA. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar MPO y recurrencia en pacientes resecadas quirúrgicamente por EPA. Serie de casos de pacientes con EPA, sometidos a cirugía de forma consecutiva, en Clínica RedSalud Mayor, entre 2011 y 2021. Las variables resultados MPO y recurrencia. Otras variables de interés fueron: tiempo quirúrgico, estancia hospitalaria y mortalidad. Las pacientes fueron seguidas de forma clínica. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva, con medidas de tendencia central y dispersión. Se intervinieron 14 pacientes, con una mediana de edad de 33 años. La medianas del tiempo quirúrgico y estancia hospitalaria; fueron 55 min y 2,5 días respectivamente. La MPO fue 14,2 % (2 casos). Con una mediana de seguimiento de 31 meses, no se verificó recurrencia. Aunque la EPA es poco común, estas lesiones deben sospecharse en mujeres en edad reproductiva con masa palpable en relación con una cicatriz de cirugía ginecológica u obstétrica. Los resultados obtenidos, en términos de MPO y recurrencia, fueron similares a series internacionales.

SUMMARY: Endometriosis (E) is defined as the presence of endometrial glands and endometrial stroma outside the uterus. Occasionally it presents as a sensitive mass in the abdominal wall (AW), in relation to a surgical scar (AWE). Although the treatment is surgical, there is scarce information regarding postoperative morbidity (POM) and recurrence of AWE. The aim of this study was to determine POM and recurrence in patients surgically resected by AWE. Case series of patients with AWE, consecutively submitted to surgery, at RedSalud Mayor Clinic, between 2011 and 2021. Outcome variables were POM and recurrence. Other variables of interest were surgical time, hospital stay and mortality. Patients were followed-up clinically. Descriptive statistics were used, applying central tendency and dispersion measures. 14 patients were intervened, with a median age of 33 years. Median of surgical time and hospital stay were 55 min and 2,5 days respectively. POM was 14.2 % (2 cases). With a median follow-up of 31 months no recurrence was verified. Although AWE is uncommon, these lesions should be suspected in women in fertile age with a palpable mass associated with a scar from gynecologic or obstetric surgery. The results obtained, in terms of POM and recurrence, were like international series.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Cicatrix/etiology , Endometriosis/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Abdominal Wall/surgery
Rev. Bras. Psicoter. (Online) ; 24(1): 107-123, jan-abr. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1371670


Os fatores associados ao suicídio são múltiplos e multifacetados e o tornam a consequência final de todo um processo. Neste trabalho, foi conduzida, a partir de duas bases de dados - Biblioteca Virtual da Saúde e PubMed -, uma revisão de estudos para identificar fatores associados à repetição de tentativas de suicídio entre os anos 2000 e 2020. Foram extraídas informações referentes à data de publicação, população, local, meios de coleta utilizados e fatores associados. Os dados foram posteriormente organizados em categorias de análise. No total, 23 estudos foram selecionados e revisados. Houve maior correspondência para repetição em pessoas que já haviam tentado suicídio. Transtorno mental e o uso abusivo de substâncias apareceram como segundo fator mais associado. Os resultados apontam a tentativa de suicídio como a variável mais associada a novas tentativas e a suicídios. Conclui-se, com base nos achados, que ações preventivas podem ter maior impacto se iniciadas antes da apresentação da primeira tentativa de suicídio.(AU)

The factors associated with suicide are multiple, multifaceted, and make it the ultimate consequence of an entire process. In this paper, a systematic review of studies was conducted on two data basis -Virtual Health Library and PubMed - with a view to identify factors associated with the repetition of suicide attempts between the years 2000 and 2020. Information regarding date of publication, population, place and means of collection used and associated factors were extracted. The data were later organized into categories of analysis. In total, 23 studies were selected and reviewed. There was greater correspondence for repetition in people who had already attempted suicide. Mental disorder and substance abuse appeared as the second most associated factor. The results indicate the suicide attempt as the variable most associated with new attempts and suicides. It is concluded, based on the findings, that preventive actions can have a greater impact if initiated before the presentation of the first suicide attempt.(AU)

Los factores asociados al suicidio son múltiples, multifacéticos y lo convierte en la consecuencia última de todo un proceso. En este articulo se realizó, en las bases de datos de la Biblioteca Virtual en Salud y PubMed, una revisión de estudios para identificar factores asociados a la repetición de intentos de suicidio entre los años 2000 y 2020. Se extrajo información sobre fecha de publicación, población, lugar, medio de recolección utilizado y factores asociados. Posteriormente, los datos se organizaron en categorías de análisis. En total, se seleccionaron y revisaron 23 estudios. Hubo mayor correspondencia por repetición en personas que ya habían intentado suicidarse. El trastorno mental y el abuso de sustancias aparecieron como el segundo factor más asociado. Los resultados indican el intento de suicidio como la variable más asociada a nuevos intentos y suicidios. Se concluye, con base en los hallazgos, que las acciones preventivas pueden tener un mayor impacto si se inician antes de la presentación del primer intento de suicidio.(AU)

Recurrence , Suicide, Attempted
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(2): 308-313, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387986


Abstract Objective To evaluate major complications after a minimum of 5 years of follow-up after acute or recurrent patellar dislocation treated with medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction with the medial third of the patellar tendon, with or without associated medialization of the tibial anterior tuberosity (TAT). Methods A total of 50 patients were included, with a minimum follow-up of 5 years. The patients were evaluated regarding complications such as joint stiffness, recurrence of patellar dislocation, subjective instability reported by patients, and inability to return to the previous level of physical activity. Results The mean follow-up was of 8.9 2.6 years, with a minimum of 6 and maximum of 15 years; 64% of the patients were women, with a mean age of 27 11.2 years old; 24% were submitted to TAT osteotomy for simultaneous medialization; and 46% were acute cases. Only 9 poor results (18%) were found, all resulting from recurrence of dislocation (12%) and complaint of subjective instability (6%) at between 36 and 60 months of follow-up. No other complications occurred. Among the poor results, five occurred in cases of acute dislocation, and four in recurrent cases, and only one had undergone TAT osteotomy. Conclusion Reconstruction of the MPFL with the medial third of the patellar tendon, associated or not with TAT medialization osteotomy, is an alternative in the treatment of acute or chronic patellar instability, with a failure rate of only 18% in at least 5 years of follow-up. In addition, it is safe treatment, that does not present other complications.

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar complicações maiores após um mínimo de 5 anos de acompanhamento após luxação aguda ou recidivante da patela tratada com reconstrução do ligamento femoropatelar medial (LFPM) com terço medial do tendão patelar, com ou sem medialização da tuberosidade anterior da tíbia (TAT) associada. Métodos Um total de 50 pacientes foram incluídos, com acompanhamento mínimo de 5 anos. Os pacientes foram avaliados em relação à ocorrência de complicações como rigidez articular, recidiva de luxação patelar ou instabilidade subjetiva relatada pelos pacientes, e incapacidade de retorno ao nível prévio de atividades físicas. Resultados O acompanhamento médio foi de 8,9 2,6 anos, com mínimo de 6 e máximo de 15 anos; 64% dos pacientes eram mulheres, com média de idade de 27 11,2 anos; 24% dos pacientes foram submetidos a osteotomia da TAT para medialização concomitantemente; e 46% eram casos agudos. Foram constatados apenas 9 maus resultados (18%), todos decorrentes de recidiva da luxação (12%) e de queixa de instabilidade subjetiva (6%), ocorridos entre 36 e 60 meses de acompanhamento. Não ocorreram outras complicações. Dentre os maus resultados, cinco ocorreram em casos de luxação aguda, e quatro em casos recidivantes, e apenas um havia sido submetido a osteotomia da TAT. Conclusão AreconstruçãodoLFPMcomterçomedialdotendãopatelar,associadaounãoà osteotomia de medialização da TAT, é uma alternativa no tratamento da instabilidade patelar aguda ou crônica, com falha de apenas 18% em acompanhamento mínimo de 5 anos. Além disso, é um tratamento seguro, sem apresentar outras complicações.

Humans , Recurrence , Patellar Ligament , Patellar Dislocation , Joint Dislocations , Joint Instability , Exercise
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(2): 165-169, Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365335


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated the clinical characteristics and seasonal distribution of patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax and examined the relationships between meteorological factors and pneumothorax development overall and in terms of first episode and recurrence. METHODS: The hospital records of 168 pneumothorax patients treated in our clinic between January 2016 and December 2020 were reviewed retrospectively. A cluster was defined as two or more patients with pneumothorax presenting within three consecutive days. Meteorological factors were compared between days with and without pneumothorax patients. This comparison was based on meteorological data from the day of symptom onset (D), the day before symptom onset (D1), and the difference between those days (D-D1). Meteorological data from the index day (D) were also compared between patients with first episode and recurrence of pneumothorax. RESULTS: The study included 149 (88.7%) men and 19 (11.3%) women. The mean age was 25.02±6.97 (range, 17-35; median, 26) years. Of note, 73 (43.4%) patients underwent surgery. The highest number of patients presented in November (n=19, 11.3%). In terms of season, most presentations occurred in autumn. Humidity was significantly lower on recurrence days compared with first episode (p=0.041). CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that meteorological factors (i.e., atmospheric pressure, humidity, wind speed, temperature, and precipitation) were not associated with pneumothorax development. By comparing the patients with first episode and recurrence, the humidity was significantly lower in the recurrence group.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Pneumothorax/etiology , Pneumothorax/epidemiology , Recurrence , Atmospheric Pressure , Weather , Retrospective Studies , Meteorological Concepts
Psico USF ; 27(1): 1-15, jan.-mar. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1376045


In Brazil, few studies have investigated the psychological aspects of childhood cancer. The aim of this article was to compare the psychological adjustment of children with cancer from different survival perspectives with that of children without cancer, besides examining potential risk factors. The sample consisted of 179 participants (6-14 years-old) recruited in two Brazilian public hospitals and three schools, and divided in three groups (relapsed, survivors and control). Children answered orally the self-reported Behavior Assessment Scale for Children, the Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale and Piers-Harris' Self-Concept Scale. No differences were found between groups regarding school and clinical maladjustment, personal adjustment, emotional symptoms and self-concept. Findings also showed positive associations between psychological maladjustment and gender, younger age, lower household income, single parenthood and lower levels of parental education. Conclusions indicate that children with cancer adapt well to the disease and do not present more psychological problems than controls (AU).

No Brasil, poucos estudos investigaram os aspectos psicológicos do câncer infantil. O objetivo deste artigo foi comparar o ajustamento psicológico de crianças com câncer com diferentes perspectivas de sobrevivência com o de crianças sem câncer, além de examinar potenciais fatores de risco. A amostra consistiu em 179 participantes (6-14 anos de idade) recrutados em dois hospitais públicos e três escolas brasileiras. As crianças responderam oralmente à Escala de Avaliação Comportamental para Crianças, à Escala de Ansiedade Manifesta para Crianças Revisada e à Escala de Autoconceito Piers-Harris. Não foram constatadas diferenças entre os grupos com relação ao desajustamento clínico e escolar, ajustamento pessoal, sintomas emocionais e autoconceito. Os resultados também mostraram associações positivas entre o desajustamento psicológico e gênero, menor idade, menor renda, famílias monoparentais e menor nível educacional parental. As conclusões indicam que crianças com câncer se adaptam bem à doença e não apresentam mais problemas psicológicos que as do grupo controle (AU).

Na Brasil, pocos estudios han investigado los aspectos psicológicos del cáncer infantil. El objetivo de este artículo fue comparar el ajuste psicológico de niños na cáncer na diferentes perspectivas de supervivencia na el de niños sin cáncer, además de examinar los posibles factores de riesgo. La muestra consistió en 179 participantes (6-14 años de edad) reclutados en dos hospitales públicos y tres escuelas brasileñas. Los niños contestaron oralmente a la Escala de Evaluación del Comportamiento del Niño, la Escala Revisada de Ansiedad Manifiesta en Niños y la Escala de Autoconcepto de Piers-Harris. No se constataron diferencias entre los grupos con respeto al desajuste clínico y escolar, el ajuste personal, los síntomas emocionales y el autoconcepto. Los resultados también mostraron asociaciones positivas entre el desajuste psicológico y el género, la menor edad, la menor renta, las familias monoparentales y el nivel educativo parental más bajo. Las conclusiones señalan que niños con cáncer se adaptan bien a la enfermedad y no presentan más problemas psicológicos que los del grupo de control (AU).

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Recurrence , Adaptation, Psychological , Emotional Adjustment , Behavior Rating Scale , Cancer Survivors , Neoplasms/psychology
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-8, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1370878


Objective: To evaluate the treatment outcome of enucleation and peripheral ostectomy with the use of Carnoy's solution for management of Odontogenic keratocyst. Material and Methods: 17 patients with OKC who reported from 2011 to 2015 were included. All the cases were treated by enucleation and peripheral ostectomy of 0.5mm followed by Carnoy's solution cauterization for 4 minutes. All patients were followed up for 4-5 years. Results: All the cases were followed-up by using serial panoramic radiography and clinical evaluation at regular intervals. No recurrence was reported in any of the cases. Conclusion: Treatment of Odontogenic keratocyst by enucleation and 0.5mm of peripheral ostectomy, followed by Carnoy's solution cauterization for 4 minutes is an effective treatment with zero recurrence rates for five years of follow-up (AU)

Objetivo: Avaliar o resultado do tratamento de enucleação e osteotomia periférica com o uso de solução de Carnoy para o manejo do ceratocisto odontogênico (OKC). Material e Métodos: 17 pacientes com OKC com acompanhamento de 2011 a 2015 foram incluídos. Todos os casos foram tratados através da enucleação e osteotomia periférica de 0,5 mm, seguido da cauterização com solução de Carnoy por 4 minutos. Todos os pacientes foram acompanhados por 4-5 anos. Resultados: Todos os casos foram acompanhados por meio de séries de radiografias panorâmicas e avaliação clínica em intervalos regulares. Nenhuma recorrência foi reportada em nenhum dos casos. Conclusão: O tratamento de ceratocisto odontogênico por meio da enucleação e osteotomia periférica de 0,5mm, seguido da cauterização com solução de Carnoy por 4 minutos é um tratamento efetivo com zero taxa de recorrência em um acompanhamento de 5 anos. (AU)

Humans , Osteotomy , Recurrence , Radiography, Panoramic , Odontogenic Cysts
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928663


OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the efficacy of children with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) without prognostic fusion genes treated by CCLG-ALL 2008, and investigate the related factors affecting the recurrence of the patients.@*METHODS@#B-ALL patients without prognostic fusion genes treated by the protocol of CCLG-ALL 2008 in our hospital from March 2008 to December 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. Follow-up time was ended in August 31, 2019. The median follow-up time was 92 months (range 0-136 months). Kaplan-Meier was used to detect the RFS, and COX multivariate regression analysis was employed to identify the independent factors affecting the recurrence of the patients.@*RESULTS@#There were 140 males and 99 females enrolled in this study. The ratio of male to female was 1.41∶1. The median age was 4.4 years old and the median number of WBC at initial stage was 4.98×109/L. There were 77 cases relapsed during the observation while 162 without relapsed, 16 cases lost to follow-up and 72 cases died. The recurrence and mortality rate was 32.22% and 30.1%, respectively, in which 45 cases died of recurrence (62.5% of the total deaths). Univariate analysis showed that the age≥6 years old, WBC >100×109/L, the bone marrow blasts on day 15≥25%, the bone marrow minimal residual disease (MRD) at week 12 >10-4, and the higher risk were the main factors affecting the recurrence of the patients (P<0.05). Multivariate COX regression analysis showed that age≥6 years old, WBC >100×109/L, bone marrow MRD >10-4 at the 12th week were the independent risk factors affecting recurrence of the patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Age, initial WBC, and bone marrow MRD at the 12th week were correlated with recurrence in children with B-ALL without prognostic fusion genes, which can be used as prognostic indices of recurrence risk in clinical.

Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Child , Child, Preschool , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Humans , Male , Neoplasm, Residual , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
Psico (Porto Alegre) ; 53(1): 37279, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367635


This study sought to identify the Social Representations of Obesity among 15 individuals who underwent bariatric surgery through the Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) method and were subjected to Argon Plasma Coagulation (APC) due to weight relapse. Data were collected through interviews and analyzed via Descending Hierarchical Classification. Obesity was associated with physical limitations and difficulties in social relationships. Prejudice and difficulty in changing habits are associated with the choice to undergo surgical treatment and to weight relapse. The suffering that goes along with obesity and the difficulty in changing habits seem to be associated with the search for surgical help.

Este estudo procurou identificar as representações sociais da obesidade entre 15 indivíduos submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica pelo método Bypass Gástrico em Y de Roux (RYGB) e submetidos à Coagulação por Plasma de Argônio (APC) devido à recidiva de peso. Os dados foram coletados através de entrevistas e analisados por meio da Classificação Hierárquica Descendente. A obesidade foi associada a limitações físicas e dificuldades nas relações sociais. Preconceito e dificuldades na mudança de hábitos estão associados à escolha de se submeter a tratamento cirúrgico e à recidiva de peso. O sofrimento que acompanha a obesidade e a dificuldade de mudar hábitos parecem estar associados à busca de ajuda cirúrgica.

Este estudio buscó identificar las representaciones sociales de la obesidad entre 15 individuos que se sometieron a cirugía bariátrica utilizando el método de bypass gástrico Roux-en-Y (RYGB) y que se sometieron a coagulación con plasma de argón (APC) debido a una recaída en el peso. Los datos fueron recolectados a través de entrevistas y analizados utilizando la Clasificación Jerárquica Descendente. La obesidad se asoció con limitaciones físicas y dificultades en las relaciones sociales. Los prejuicios y las dificultades para cambiar los hábitos están asociados con la opción de someterse a un tratamiento quirúrgico y una recaída del peso. El sufrimiento que acompaña a la obesidad y la dificultad para cambiar los hábitos parecen estar asociados con la búsqueda de ayuda quirúrgica.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Recurrence , Bariatric Surgery , Argon Plasma Coagulation , Interpersonal Relations , Obesity
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20223063, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365386


ABSTRACT Objective: to describe the use of the robotic platform in inguinal hernia recurrence after a previous laparoscopic repair. Methods: patients with recurrent inguinal hernias following a laparoscopic repair who have undergone robotic transabdominal preperitoneal between December 2015 through September 2020 were identified in a prospectively maintained database. Outcomes of interest included demographics, hernia characteristics, operative details and rates of 30-day surgical site occurrence, surgical site occurrences requiring procedural interventions, surgical site infection and hernia recurrence were abstracted. Results: nineteen patients (95% male, mean age 55 years, mean body mass index 28) had 27 hernias repaired (N=8 bilateral). Average operative time was 168.9 ± 49.3min (range 90-240). There were two intraoperative complications all of them were bleeding from the inferior epigastric vessel injuries. Three SSOs occurred (N=2 seromas and N=1 hematoma. After a median 35.7 months follow-up (IQR 13-49), no recurrence has been diagnosed. One patient developed chronic postoperative inguinal pain. Conclusions: on a small number of selected patients and experienced hands, we found that the use of the robotic platform for repair of recurrent hernias after prior laparoscopic repair appears to be feasible, safe and effective despite being technically demanding. Further studies in larger cohorts are necessary to determine if this technique provides any benefits in recurrent inguinal hernia scenario.

RESUMO Objetivo: descrevemos nossa experiência com uso da plataforma robótica no tratamento das recidivas operadas previamente por laparoscopia, mantendo assim uma proposta minimamente invasiva a esses pacientes, apesar de haver uma predileção pela via anterior e aberta nestes casos. Métodos: foram incluídos pacientes submetidos a hernioplastia inguinal robótica transabdominal pré-peritoneal como tratamento de recidiva e que foram operados previamente por laparoscopia, entre dezembro de 2015 e setembro de 2020 e mantidos em uma base de dados ambulatorial prospectiva. Variáveis de interesse incluíram dados demográficos, características herniárias, detalhes operatórios, ocorrências do sítio cirúrgico em 30 dias (com ou sem necessidade de intervenção), infeção do sítio cirúrgico, tempo de seguimento e taxa de recidiva. Resultados: dezenove pacientes (95% masculino, média de idade de 55 anos, média de índice de massa corporal 28kg/m2) e 27 hérnias operadas (N=8 bilaterais). Média de tempo cirúrgico 168.9±49.3 min (variando 90-240). N=2 complicações intraoperatórias por lesão de vasos epigástricos inferiores. N=2 seromas e N=1 hematoma foram identificados no pós-operatório; N=1 paciente apresentou dor crônica pós operatória. Após um tempo de seguimento médio de 35.7 meses (intervalo entre quartis 13-49), nenhuma recidiva foi diagnosticada. Conclusões: o uso da plataforma robótica parece ser seguro e efetivo no tratamento das recidivas operadas previamente laparoscopia, nesse pequeno grupo de pacientes selecionados, apesar de requerer expertise em cirurgia robótica. Outros estudos com maiores casuísticas são necessários para estabelecer o papel desta técnica no cenário das hérnias inguinais recidivadas.

Humans , Male , Female , Laparoscopy/methods , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Recurrence , Surgical Mesh , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Groin , Middle Aged
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE02822, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1364229


Resumo Objetivo Analisar os fatores relacionados à recidiva de erisipela em adultos e idosos. Métodos Estudo de coorte retrospectivo com 235 adultos e idosos admitidos em um hospital com diagnóstico de erisipela entre 2012 e 2019. Investigaram-se fatores sociodemográficos e clínicos relacionados a maior chance de recidiva de erisipela no período por meio de análises uni e bivariada, com p<0,05 considerado significativo. Resultados A prevalência de recidiva de erisipela foi de 25,5% (n=60). Os fatores significativamente associados à recidiva foram insuficiência venosa (p= 0,002; OR= 2,597; IC= 1,4-4,7) e uso de penicilina (p< 0,000; OR= 7,042; IC= 2,5-19,7). Conclusão a insuficiência venosa se associa a chance duas vezes maior de recidiva de erisipela e o uso de penicilina se associa a risco sete vezes maior para sua recidiva.

Resumen Objetivo Analizar los factores relacionados con la recidiva de erisipela en adultos y adultos mayores. Métodos Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo con 235 adultos y adultos mayores ingresados en un hospital con diagnóstico de erisipela entre 2012 y 2019. Se investigaron factores sociodemográficos y clínicos relacionados con una mayor probabilidad de recidiva de erisipela en el período mediante análisis uni y bivariados, con p<0,05 considerado significativo. Resultados La prevalencia de recidiva de erisipela fue del 25,5 % (n=60). Los factores significativamente asociados con la recidiva fueron insuficiencia venosa (p= 0,002; OR= 2,597; IC= 1,4-4,7) y uso de penicilina (p< 0,000; OR= 7,042; IC= 2,5-19,7). Conclusión La insuficiencia venosa está relacionada con una probabilidad dos veces mayor de recidiva de erisipela, y el uso de penicilina está relacionado con un riesgo siete veces mayor de recidiva.

Abstract Objective To analyze factors related to erysipelas recurrence in adults and older adults. Methods Retrospective cohort study with 235 adults and older adults admitted to a hospital diagnosed with erysipelas between 2012 and 2019. Sociodemographic and clinical factors related to a greater chance of erysipelas recurrence in the period were investigated through uni and bivariate analyses, with p<0.05 considered significant. Results The prevalence of erysipelas recurrence was 25.5% (n=60). Factors significantly associated with recurrence were venous insufficiency (p= 0.002; OR= 2.597; 95%CI= 1.4-4.7) and use of penicillin (p< 0.000; OR= 7.042; 95%CI= 2.5-19.7). Conclusion venous insufficiency is associated with a twice greater chance of erysipelas recurrence and the use of penicillin is associated with a seven times greater risk for its recurrence.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Erysipelas/diagnosis , Erysipelas/epidemiology , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Electronic Health Records
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 30: e3569, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1376959


Resumo Objetivo: analisar os fatores associados ao insucesso do Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoiéticas (TCTH) em pacientes submetidos ao retransplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoiéticas (RCTH). Método: estudo quantitativo do tipo caso-controle para avaliar pacientes submetidos ao RCTH. Para tanto, utilizou-se amostra pareada de dois controles para cada caso (2:1). O grupo caso foi constituído pelos prontuários de saúde com todos os pacientes que foram submetidos ao RCTH (28) e o grupo controle (56) incluiu pacientes que receberam apenas um transplante. Três variáveis nortearam o pareamento: sexo, diagnóstico e tipo de transplante. Resultados: vinte e quatro (85,71%) pacientes do grupo caso receberam retransplante devido a recidiva da doença e quatro (14.29%) devido a falha do enxerto. Uma diferença estatística foi encontrada na análise entre os pacientes que não usaram o ácido ursodesoxicólico, analgésicos opioides ou imunossupressores. A necessidade de um RCTH entre aqueles que usaram estes medicamentos de forma inapropriada foi 16,12, 12,79 e 4,5 vezes maior, respectivamente, do que entre os que as usaram corretamente. Conclusão: houve uma diferença relacionada ao motivo que levou ao retransplante e os indivíduos analisados. A conclusão é que a razão preditiva para retransplante nesta amostra foi a recidiva da doença.

Abstract Objective: to analyze the factors associated with the failure of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) in patients undergoing Hematopoietic Stem Cell Retransplantation (HSCR). Method: this study implemented a quantitative approach and was a case-control type which addressed patients undergoing HSCR. To do so, a paired sample of two controls was used for each case (2:1). The case group consisted of the medical records of all patients who underwent HSCR (28) and the control group (56) of those who underwent only one transplant. Three variables guided the pairing: gender, diagnosis and type of transplant. Results: a total of 24 (85.71%) patients in the case group were re-transplanted due to disease relapse and four (14.29%) due to graft failure. There was a statistical difference in the analysis between patients who did not use ursodeoxycholic acid, opioid analgesics and immunosuppressants. The need for HSCR among those who used these medications inappropriately was 16.12, 12.79 and 4.5 times more likely, respectively, than those who used them correctly. Conclusion: there was a difference regarding the reasons which led to the retransplantation and the analyzed subjects, and this study concluded that the predictive reason for retransplantation in the studied sample was disease relapse.

Resumen Objetivo: analizar los factores asociados con el fracaso del Trasplante de Células Madre Hematopoyéticas (TCMH) en pacientes sometidos al Retrasplante de Células Madre Hematopoyéticas (RCMH). Método: estudio cuantitativo de tipo caso-control que abordó pacientes sometidos al RCMH. Para esto, se utilizó una muestra pareada de dos controles para cada caso (2:1). El grupo caso estuvo formado por los registros médicos de todos los pacientes que fueron sometidos al RCMH (28) y el grupo control (56) por los que fueron sometidos a un solo trasplante. Tres variables guiaron el emparejamiento: género, diagnóstico y tipo de trasplante. Resultados: un total de 24 (85.71%) pacientes en el grupo caso fueron retransplantados debido a la recaída de la enfermedad y 4 (14.29%) por el fracaso del injerto. Hubo una diferencia estadística en el análisis entre los pacientes que no usaron ácido ursodesoxicólico, analgésicos opioides e inmunosupresores. La necesidad de RCMH entre los que usaron estos medicamentos de manera inapropiada se encontraba 16,12 - 12,79 y 4,5 veces más probable, respectivamente, que aquellos que los usaron correctamente. Conclusión: hubo diferencia en cuanto a las razones que llevaron al retrasplante de los sujetos analizados. Este estudio concluyó que la razón predictiva del retrasplante, en la muestra estudiada, fue la recidiva de la enfermedad.

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Recurrence , Reoperation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Retrospective Studies , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929071


As a group of nonspecific inflammatory diseases affecting the intestine, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) exhibits the characteristics of chronic recurring inflammation, and was proven to be increasing in incidence (Kaplan, 2015). IBD induced by genetic background, environmental changes, immune functions, microbial composition, and toxin exposures (Sasson et al., 2021) primarily includes ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) with complicated clinical symptoms featured by abdominal pain, diarrhea, and even blood in stools (Fan et al., 2021; Huang et al., 2021). UC is mainly limited to the rectum and the colon, while CD usually impacts the terminal ileum and colon in a discontinuous manner (Ordás et al., 2012; Panés and Rimola, 2017). In recent years, many studies have suggested the lack of effective measures in the diagnosis and treatment of IBD, prompting an urgent need for new strategies to understand the mechanisms of and offer promising therapies for IBD.

Chronic Disease , Colitis, Ulcerative/therapy , Crohn Disease/epidemiology , Diarrhea , Homeodomain Proteins , Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , MicroRNAs , RNA, Long Noncoding , Recurrence , Umbilical Cord/cytology
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929047


At present, endometriosis remains a worldwide health burden, with the main symptoms of dysmenorrhea, chronic pelvic pain, and infertility, markedly reducing the quality of life (de Ziegler et al., 2010). Although there is no proof that the disease is associated with high mortality, this disorder can significantly contribute to the deterioration of women's general well-being (McPeak et al., 2018). The main current treatment for endometriosis is surgery to remove endometriotic lesions; however, the recurrence rate following surgical treatment is as high as 21.5% at two years and 40.0%‍-‍50.0% at five years post-surgery (Koga et al., 2015). To prevent recurrence, adjuvant treatment with drugs after surgery is recommended to prolong relapse-free intervals. However, it is inconvenient for patients to continuously use such medications in terms of adverse effects and cost (Turk, 2002).

Endometriosis/pathology , Endometrium/pathology , Female , Humans , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Quality of Life , Recurrence , Telomerase/metabolism , Up-Regulation
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 334-338, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935697


Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) in children with frequently relapsing or steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome. Methods: The clinical data of 38 children with frequently relapsing or steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome who were admitted to the Department of Nephrology, the Children Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January 2015 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The general information, clinical manifestations, laboratory data of the children and follow-up (till 12 months after treatment) were collected. The patients were divided into ACTH group and Glucocorticoid (GC) group according to treatment plan. Cumulative remission, average recurrence rate, GC dosage, height and weight change and peripheral blood CD19+B lymphocyte count were compared between the two groups to evaluate the efficacy and adverse reactions of ACTH. Fisher's exact test, t test or rank sum test was used for comparison between groups. Results: Among the 38 patients, 28 were male and 10 were female, aged 84 (24, 180) months; 19 were in ACTH group and 19 were in GC group. The cumulative remission rate of 12 months in ACTH group was higher than that in GC group (9/19 vs. 2/19,χ²=6.81,P=0.009), the average recurrence rate was lower than that in GC group ((0.7±0.8) vs. (1.7±1.1) times, t=-3.27, P=0.011), and the average dosage of GC was lower than that in GC group ((0.27±0.16) vs. (0.51±0.27) mg/(kg·d), t=-3.21, P=0.014). The increase in height was higher than that in the GC group (4 (3,5) vs. 3 (2, 3) cm/year, Z=2.58, P=0.010), and the peripheral blood CD19+B lymphocyte count was lower than that in the GC group ((223±149)×106 vs. (410±213)×106/L,t=-3.35, P=0.009). In safety, 19 cases had transient decreased urine volume, 7 cases had hyperglycemia, and 3 cases had hypertension during the infusion of ACTH, which could be relieved after drug withdrawal. Conclusion: ACTH has a better effect on children with frequently relapsing or steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome, which can improve cumulative sustained remission rate, lower relapses rate and decrease the dosage of GC, with good safety.

Adolescent , Adrenocorticotropic Hormone/therapeutic use , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Male , Nephrotic Syndrome/drug therapy , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Steroids , Treatment Outcome