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1.
RFO UPF ; 27(1)08 ago. 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1516336

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A cárie dentária é uma doença multifatorial que compreende vários fatores biológicos e sociais. A superfície proximal dos dentes é uma região de difícil visualização que pode esconder pequenas lesões cariosas no esmalte dentário, impossibilitando o diagnóstico através de inspeções visuais e táteis. Objetivo: O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a profundidade da cárie proximal nos exames radiográficos convencionais e digitais, comparando as profundidades das lesões consideradas nestes exames às do exame histológico. Método: Foram utilizados exames radiográficos interproximais de 40 dentes humanos, 20 pré-molares e 20 molares, com alterações clínicas em uma das superfícies proximais, como lesões de mancha branca ou acastanhada e pequenas cavitações. Três profissionais especializados em radiologia odontológica com mais de cinco anos de experiência clínica mediram a profundidade das lesões pelos exames radiográfico e digital das amostras. Para obter os resultados, utilizou-se a técnica de análise de variância (ANOVA). Resultados: Constatou-se um nível de significância de 5% nas mensurações dos exames radiográficos convencionais e digitalizados, mostrando a fidelidade das imagens radiográficas em relação a real profundidade da lesão. Conclusão: Conclui-se que os exames de imagem avaliados foram eficientes na determinação da profundidade das lesões de cárie proximal.


Introduction: Dental caries is a multifactorial disease that comprises several biological and social factors. The proximal surface of the teeth is a region of difficult visualization that can hide small carious lesions in the dental enamel, making diagnosis through visual and tactile inspection infeasible. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the depth of proximal caries in the conventional and digitized radiographic examinations, comparing the depths of the lesions considered in these examinations to those of the histological examination. Method: Interproximal radiographic examinations of 40 human teeth, 20 premolars and 20 molars, with clinical alterations on one of the proximal surfaces, such as white or brown spot lesions and small cavitations, were used. Three professionals specialized in dental radiology with more than five years of clinical experience measured the depth of the lesions by radiographic examination of the samples. To obtain the results, we used the technique of analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results: A level of significance of 5% was found in conventional and digitized radiographic measurements, showing the fidelity of the radiographic images in relation to the actual depth of the lesion. Conclusion: It was concluded that the imaging tests evaluated were efficient in determining the depth of proximal caries lesions.


Subject(s)
Radiography, Bitewing/methods , Radiography, Dental, Digital/methods , Dental Caries/diagnostic imaging , Reference Values , Bicuspid/diagnostic imaging , Observer Variation , Analysis of Variance , Molar/diagnostic imaging
2.
RFO UPF ; 27(1)08 ago. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1511047

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar in vitro o polimento sobre resina acrílica quimicamente ativada (RAQA), por meio da rugosidade de superfície (Ra). Materiais e Método: Foram confeccionadas 40 amostras de RAQA, com dimensões de 10 a 10 x 2 mm, e foram divididas em quatro grupos (n=10): ausência do acabamento (AA); Ausência de polimento (AP); Polimento químico (PQ); Polimento com borrachas siliconadas + Escovas (PM). Os espécimes foram avaliados no quanto a rugosidade média (Ra) antes e após o envelhecimento em água destilada em uma estufa por 60 dias. Três medições de Ra (µm), na horizontal foram realizadas e calculada uma média para cada espécime. Os dados foram analisados de forma descritiva e inferencial, ANOVA de medidas repetidas e teste de Tukey com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Inicialmente, o grupo AA teve os menores valores de Ra e o grupo AP os maiores valores de rugosidade, com média e desvio padrão respectivamente 0,17 (±0,11) e 0,52 (±0,10). Após o envelhecimento, o grupo AA teve as menores médias e o grupo PQ os maiores valores de Ra, sendo 0,38 (±0,20) e 1,33 (±0,32), respectivamente. Os resultados evidenciaram diferença estatística significante quando as amostras foram submetidas ao acabamento com brocas. Conclusão: A RAQA necessita de polimento após acabamento com brocas, uma vez que a ausência de polimento comprometerá a lisura de superfície do material.(AU)


Objective: to evaluate in vitro polishing on chemically activated acrylic resin (RAQA), using surface roughness (Ra). Materials and Method: 40 RAQA samples were made, measuring 10 to 10 x 2 mm, and divided into four groups (n=10): absence of finishing (AA); Lack of polishing (AP); Chemical polishing (PQ); Polishing with silicone rubbers + Brushes (PM). The specimens were evaluated for their average roughness (Ra) before and after aging in distilled water in an oven for 60 days. Three horizontal Ra (µm) measurements were taken and an average was calculated for each specimen. Data were analyzed descriptively and inferentially, using repeated measures ANOVA and Tukey test with a significance level of 5%. Results: Initially, the AA group had the lowest Ra values and the AP group the highest roughness values, with mean and standard deviation respectively 0.17 (±0.11) and 0.52 (±0.10). After aging, the AA group had the lowest averages and the PQ group the highest Ra values, being 0.38 (±0.20) and 1.33 (±0.32), respectively. The results showed a statistically significant difference when the samples were finished with drills. Conclusion: RAQA requires polishing after finishing with drills, as the lack of polishing will compromise the surface smoothness of the material.(AU)


Subject(s)
Acrylic Resins/chemistry , Dental Polishing/methods , Reference Values , Silicone Elastomers , Surface Properties , Time Factors , Analysis of Variance , Evaluation Study
3.
RFO UPF ; 28(1): 38-49, 20230808. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1509411

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo comparar a qualidade da obturação e a resistência de união de dois cimentos endodônticos, AH Plus e Bio-C Sealer, em dentes humanos e bovinos. Métodos: Os canais radiculares de 60 dentes unirradiculares [30 humanos (H) e 30 bovinos (B)] foram preparados e obturados por condensação lateral da guta-percha e AH Plus (grupos AP-H e AP-B) ou Bio-C Sealer (grupos BC-H e BC-B). Seis fatias de 1,5 mm de espessura foram obtidas de cada raiz. Os espécimes foram observados em estereomicroscópio para avaliar a qualidade da obturação, considerando possíveis espaços vazios no material obturador. Posteriormente, as fatias radiculares foram avaliadas em termos de resistência de união por push-out e modo de falha. Os dados foram analisados pelos testes de Mann-Whitney e coeficientes de correlação de Spearman (α=5%). Resultados: A qualidade de obturação fornecida por AP e BC foi semelhante em ambos os substratos de dentina. No entanto, ao comparar dentes humanos e bovinos, os escores de espaços vazios foram maiores nas amostras bovinas, para ambos os cimentos. AP teve maior resistência de união à dentina humana e bovina do que BC. No entanto, não houve diferença significativa na resistência de união entre os substratos dentinários, para ambos os cimentos testados. Além disso, houve uma correlação positiva e moderada entre os valores de resistência de união de dentes humanos e bovinos. O modo de falha misto foi o mais prevalente. Conclusão: AP e BC fornecem qualidade de obturação semelhante, mas o primeiro apresenta maiores valores de resistência de união à dentina humana e bovina. A utilização de dentes bovinos como substitutos de amostras humanas parece ser adequada em estudos relacionados à resistência de união, mas não naqueles que testam a qualidade da obturação endodôntica.(AU)


Objective: This study aimed to compare the filling quality and bond strength of two endodontic sealers, AH Plus and Bio-C Sealer, in human and bovine teeth. Methods: The root canals of 60 [30 human (H) and 30 bovine (B)] single-rooted teeth were prepared and filled by lateral condensation of gutta-percha and AH Plus (groups AP-H and AP-B) or Bio-C Sealer (groups BC-H and BC-B). Six 1.5-mm-thick slices were obtained from each root. The specimens were observed under a stereomicroscope to assess filling quality, considering possible voids within the filling material. Subsequently, root slices were evaluated in terms of push-out bond strength and failure mode. Data were analyzed by Mann-Whitney tests and Spearman correlation coefficients (α=5%). Results: The filling quality provided by AP and BC was similar in both dentin substrates. However, when comparing human and bovine teeth, void scores were greater in the bovine samples, for both sealers. AP had higher bond strength to human and bovine dentin than BC. However, there was no significant difference in bond strength between dentin substrates, for both sealers tested. Also, there was a positive and moderate correlation between the bond strength values of human and bovine teeth. The mixed failure mode was the most prevalent. Conclusion: AP and BC provide similar filling quality, but the first presents higher bond strength values to human and bovine dentin. The use of bovine teeth as substitutes for human samples seems adequate in studies related to bond strength, but not in those testing root canal filling quality.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Cattle , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Root Canal Obturation/methods , Silicates/chemistry , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Epoxy Resins/chemistry , Reference Values , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Cementation/methods , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Restoration Failure , Gutta-Percha/chemistry
4.
Med. infant ; 30(2): 122-132, Junio 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1443513

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La dislipidemia es uno de los problemas más frecuentes en los niños y adolescentes y su estudio es importante debido a su fuerte correlación con la enfermedad cardiovascular aterosclerótica en adultos. Muchos países desarrollaron valores de referencia nacionales investigando los lípidos séricos utilizando datos basados en la población nacional propia. Nuestro objetivo fue verificar el intervalo de referencia del perfil lipídico calculando las curvas de percentiles a través del método indirecto en nuestra población pediátrica. Materiales y métodos: Se analizaron los resultados de nuestra base de datos utilizando el método indirecto. Luego de aplicar filtros y criterios de exclusión se calcularon los percentiles 25, 50, 75, 95 y 99 para colesterol total (CT), colesterol HDL (C-HDL), colesterol no HDL (C-no-HDL), triglicéridos (TG) y colesterol LDL (C-LDL) y para el C-HDL además se calculó el percentil 10. El valor de referencia para el cambio (RCV) se utilizó para determinar si existía diferencia clínicamente significativa entre los valores de percentiles obtenidos y los utilizados en el consenso de la SAP. Resultados: No se evidenció diferencia clínicamente significativa contra los valores propuesto por la SAP, excepto para los TG para las edades 1,5,7 años en el percentil 95 y para la edad de 8 años en el percentil 75 y 95; para el C-HDL en el percentil 10 para las edades 1,16 y 17 años. Discusión: Se obtuvieron los percentiles de los lípidos y se compararon con los valores de referencia utilizados por el consenso en el que están basados las guías (AU)


Introduction: Dyslipidemia is one of the most common problems in children and adolescents and its study is important because of its strong correlation with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in adulthood. Many countries have developed national reference values investigating serum lipids using data based on their own national population. Our aim was to verify the lipid profile reference range by calculating percentile curves through the indirect method in our pediatric population. Materials and methods: The results of our database were analyzed using the indirect method. After applying filters and exclusion criteria, the 25th, 50th, 75th, 95th, and 99th percentiles were calculated for total cholesterol (TC), HDL cholesterol (HDL-C), non-HDL cholesterol (non-HDL-C), triglycerides (TG), and LDL cholesterol (LDL-C); for HDL-C, the 10th percentile was also calculated. The reference change values (RCV) were used to determine whether there was a clinically significant difference between the percentile values obtained and those used in the consensus of the Argentine Association of Pediatrics (SAP). Results: There was no clinically significant difference with the values proposed by the SAP, except for TG for ages 1, 5, and 7 years at the 95th percentile and for age 8 years at the 75th and 95th percentile; and for HDL-C at the 10th percentile for ages 1, 16, and 17 years. Discussion: Lipid percentiles were obtained and compared with the reference values used by the consensus on which the guidelines are based (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Reference Values , Triglycerides/blood , Coronary Artery Disease/prevention & control , Dyslipidemias/diagnosis , Lipids/blood , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Cholesterol, LDL/blood , Retrospective Studies
5.
Med. infant ; 30(2): 137-144, Junio 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1443590

ABSTRACT

Los informes de laboratorio tienen impacto en las decisiones médicas. El ayuno es un factor preanalítico "controlable" que influye en los distintos parámetros bioquímicos. El objetivo del presente trabajo es poner en discusión la realización en pediatría de análisis clínicos con la indicación de un ayuno fisiológico , analizando resultados obtenidos por diferentes autores y evaluando las diferencias clínicas encontradas según los criterios de calidad establecidos por el laboratorio de Química Clínica. La mayoría de los individuos durante el día se encuentran en estado postprandial. Los resultados del perfil lipídico en ayunas no representan las concentraciones reales promedios de los lípidos plasmáticos de un paciente. El ayuno no sería crítico en la etapa de pesquisa , pero puede ser relevante para establecer un diagnóstico certero o inicio de tratamiento. En el caso de la glucemia si se indica en el control rutinario del paciente, y no hay sospecha de alteraciones en el metabolismo de los hidratos de carbono la glucemia sin ayuno puede ser solicitada comparando la misma con valores de corte adecuado. Las diferentes guías nacionales e internacionales recomiendan que la elección de la métrica para la evaluación, control y seguimiento de pacientes con diagnóstico de diabetes se realicen según el objetivo terapéutico. En los trabajos analizados, observamos que varios parámetros bioquímicos presentaron diferencias estadísticas, aunque las diferencias clínicas no fueron relevantes y permanecieron dentro de los intervalos de referencia. El factor limitante para evaluar parámetros bioquímicos sin ayuno es la falta de valores de referencia adecuados. Hay evidencia suficiente para que tanto el perfil lipídico, la glucemia como el resto de los parámetros bioquímicos del laboratorio de química clínica, sean solicitados con la indicación de un ayuno fisiológico de 2, 4 o 6 horas, dependiendo siempre del motivo de consulta y/o la edad del paciente. Es esencial extender la evaluación a otros analitos en población pediátrica, así como evaluar nuevos puntos de corte para parámetros bioquímicos sin ayuno (AU)


Laboratory reports have an impact on medical decision-making. Fasting is a "controllable" preanalytical factor that influences the different biochemical parameters. The aim of this study is to discuss the performance of clinical analyses in pediatrics with the indication of physiological fasting, analyzing results obtained in different disciplines, and evaluating the clinical differences found according to the quality criteria established by the clinical chemistry laboratory. During the day, most patients are in a postprandial state. Fasting lipid profile results do not represent the actual average plasma lipid concentrations of a patient. Fasting would not be critical in the screening stage, but it may be relevant to establish an accurate diagnosis or initiate treatment. Regarding glycemia, if it is indicated in the routine control of the patient and there is no suspicion of alterations in carbohydrate metabolism, non-fasting glycemia can be requested, comparing it with adequate cut-off values. Different national and international guidelines recommend that the choice of metrics for the evaluation, control, and follow-up of patients with diabetes should be made according to the therapeutic objective. In the studies analyzed, we found that several biochemical parameters presented statistical differences, although the clinical differences were not relevant and remained within the reference range. The limiting factor in the evaluation of biochemical parameters without fasting is the lack of adequate reference values. There is sufficient evidence that the lipid profile, glycemia, and the remaining biochemical parameters of the clinical chemistry laboratory should be requested with the indication of a physiological fast of 2, 4, or 6 hours, always depending on the reason for consultation and/or the patient's age. It is essential to extend the evaluation to other analytes in the pediatric population, as well as to evaluate new cut-off points for biochemical parameters without fasting (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Reference Values , Fasting/blood , Clinical Chemistry Tests/methods , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Pediatrics , Postprandial Period , Hyperlipidemias/diagnosis
6.
Med. infant ; 30(2): 172-180, Junio 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1443724

ABSTRACT

Los intervalos de referencia (IR) dependen de la población y de las características metrológicas del procedimiento de medida utilizado. A pesar de las recomendaciones internacionales, son pocos los laboratorios que establecen sus propios IR para cada magnitud por la dificultad para conseguir voluntarios de referencia y el elevado costo económico asociado. La International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC) acepta la adopción de IR bibliográficos o su cálculo por métodos indirectos dado su bajo costo y fácil obtención. Existen varias fuentes confiables de IR bibliográficos para el hemograma. No obstante, para el recuento plaquetario, es una práctica común de los laboratorios emplear el rango de valores de 150-450.109 /L independiente de la metodología utilizada y grupo etario. El objetivo de este trabajo fue revisar los IR bibliográficos disponibles para el recuento plaquetario y estimarlo empleando el método indirecto de Hoffmann a partir de nuestra población. Los métodos indirectos se basan en aplicar criterios de exclusión y cálculos matemáticos sobre los resultados de una base de datos de laboratorio. Nuestros IR para el recuento plaquetario se comparan con los bibliográficos, que han sido establecidos por técnicas de muestreo directo. Por este motivo y dado que no existen estudios poblacionales que lo avalen, sería apropiado reemplazar el rango de 150-450.109 / L. Estos límites podrían seguir empleándose como puntos de corte o niveles de decisión médica para definir, según la clínica y otros resultados de laboratorio, los pacientes que ameritan un seguimiento posterior (AU)


Reference ranges (RR) depend on the population and the metrological characteristics of the measurement procedure used. Despite international recommendations, few laboratories establish their own RRs for each magnitude because of the difficulty in obtaining reference volunteers and the associated high economic cost. The International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC) accepts the use of literaturebased RRs or RRs calculated by indirect methods because of their low cost and easy collection. There are several reliable sources of literature-based RRs for the Cell Blood Count. However, for platelet count, it is common laboratory practice to use the range of 150-450,109 /L regardless of the methodology used and age group. The aim of this study was to review the available literature regarding RRs for platelet count and to establish it using the indirect Hoffmann method in our population. Indirect methods are based on applying exclusion criteria and mathematical calculations on the results of a laboratory database. Our RRs for platelet counts are compared with those in the literature, which have been established by direct sampling techniques. Therefore, and given that there are no population studies to support these findings, it would be appropriate to replace the 150-450,109 /L range. These limits may continue to be used as cut-off points or medical decision levels to define, according to clinical manifestations and other laboratory results, patients who warrant further follow-up (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Platelet Count/methods , Reference Standards , Reference Values , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/methods , Laboratories, Hospital
7.
Med. infant ; 30(2): 107-114, Junio 2023. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1443451

ABSTRACT

Obtener intervalos de referencia (IRs) confiables para pruebas de laboratorio en pediatría es particularmente complejo y costoso. Una alternativa a este problema es el uso de métodos indirectos, donde se usan grandes bases de datos preexistentes de pacientes. Nuestros objetivos fueron: calcular IR para TSH y hormonas tiroideas (Perfil tiroideo, PT) en población pediátrica que asiste al Hospital de Pediatría Juan P. Garrahan, por método indirecto y verificar la confiabilidad de los mismos para su aplicación. Se recolectaron datos de 19.842 pacientes entre enero de 2020 y diciembre de 2021. Se aplicaron filtros para eliminar los pacientes que pudieran tener afectado el PT. Los 4.861 pacientes incorporados al análisis fueron divididos en 3 grupos: G1: 0-12 meses (n: 551), G2:13 meses- 7 años (n: 1347) y G3: 8 -18 años (n: 2963). Los IR fueron calculados por 2 métodos: el de Hoffman adaptado y el de CLSI EP28A3, para cada grupo de edad. TSH, TT3 y T4L se analizaron con Architect i4000-Abbott y TT4 con Immulite 2000XPi-Siemens. Para la primera etapa de verificación se utilizaron 20 sueros de pacientes provenientes de análisis prequirúrgicos. Los outliers se detectaron aplicando el método de Tukey. Los datos fueron procesados según CLSI EP28A3c. Los IR obtenidos fueron similares a los previamente publicados obtenidos por método directo. Los resultados de la verificación fueron en su mayoría aceptados. Por lo tanto, los métodos indirectos son una buena alternativa de cálculo de IR en pediatría (AU)


Obtaining reliable reference ranges (RRs) for laboratory tests in pediatrics is particularly complex and costly. An alternative to this problem is to use of indirect methods, where large pre-existing patient databases are used. Our aims were to calculate RRs for TSH and thyroid hormones (thyroid profile, PT) in children seen at Hospital de Pediatría Juan P. Garrahan by indirect methods and to verify their reliability for their application. Data were collected from 19,842 patients seen between January 2020 and December 2021. Filters were applied to eliminate patients in whom the PT was potentially affected. The remaining 4,861 patients included in the analysis were divided into 3 groups: G1: 0-12 months (n: 551), G2: 13 months-7 years (n: 1347) and G3: 8-18 years (n: 2963). RRs were calculated by 2 methods: the adapted Hoffman method and the CLSI EP28A3 method, for each age group. TSH, TT3, and FT4 were analyzed with Architect i4000-Abbott and TT4 with Immulite 2000XPi-Siemens. For the first stage of verification, 20 patient sera from pre-surgical analysis were used. Outliers were detected by applying the Tukey method. The data were processed according to CLSI EP28A3c. The RRs obtained were similar to those previously published using the direct method. The verification results were mostly acceptable. Therefore, indirect methods are a good option for calculating RRs in children (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Reference Values , Thyroid Function Tests/methods , Thyroxine/blood , Triiodothyronine/blood , Thyrotropin/blood , Diagnostic Techniques, Endocrine/instrumentation
8.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(3): 717-724, jun. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514288

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Athletes differ among themselves and one of the main differences is observed in relation to body shape and composition. Achieving top sports performance requires more standardization in the processes of training and development of a unique methodology for individualizing the control specific adaptation of athletes. The aim of this study is to establish reference data for the most sensitive variables to define the amount and structure of body fat in female athletes in individual sports. The sample included 895 females, divided in: a control group (Cont) of young females (N = 688); International (N = 113), and National level female athletes (N = 94) in 13 individual sports. Four variables described the structureof of body fat: Percentage of body fat (PBF), Body Fat Mass Index (BFMI), Protein Fat Index (PFI) and Index of Body Composition (IBC). Results showed that considering the control group, female athletes have all examined Body Fat variables statistically significantly different (BFMI and PBF are lower, p = 0.011 and p = 0.000, while PFI and IBC are higher, p = 0.000, respectively). Female athletes are also statistically significantly different in relation to the level of competition (p = 0.000), and the investigated variables are responsible for 17.7 % of the variability of the difference between the groups. Competitively more successful female athletes have higher IBC (lower percentage of fat per overall body volume, p = 0.013), as well as, a statistically significantly higher protein mass in relation to body fat mass (PFI, p = 0.018). The most sensitive variables for defining body fat differences between the examined individual sports were IBC, with an influence of 37.9 %, then PFI (32.4 %), then PBF (22.8 %), and finally BFMI, with an influence of 11.4 % on the differences. Based on the results of this study, IBC and PFI are variables that have shown useful scientific-methodological potential for research in the future.


Los deportistas difieren entre sí y una de las principales diferencias se observa en relación a la forma y composición corporal. Alcanzar el máximo rendimiento deportivo requiere una mayor estandarización en los procesos de entrenamiento y en el desarrollo de una metodología única para individualizar el control de adaptación específico de los atletas. El objetivo de este estudio fue establecer datos de referencia de las variables más sensibles para definir la cantidad y estructura de la grasa corporal en mujeres deportistas en deportes individuales. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 895 mujeres, divididas en: un grupo control (Cont) de mujeres jóvenes (N = 688); Atletas femeninas de nivel internacional (N = 113) y nacional (N = 94) en 13 deportes individuales. Cuatro variables describieron la estructura de la grasa corporal: Porcentaje de grasa corporal (PBF), Índice de Masa Grasa Corporal (BFMI), Índice de Proteína Grasa (PFI) e Índice de Composición Corporal (IBC). Los resultados mostraron que, considerando el grupo control, todas las atletas tuvieron diferecias estadísticamente significativas respecto a las variables de grasa corporal (BFMI y PBF son más bajos, p = 0,011 y p = 0,000, mientras que PFI e IBC son más altos, p = 0,000, respectivamente). En relación al nivel de competencia, las atletas femeninas presentan diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p = 0,000), y las variables investigadas son responsables por el 17,7 % de la variabilidad de la diferencia entre los grupos. Las atletas femeninas competitivamente más exitosas tienen un IBC más alto (menor porcentaje de grasa por volumen corporal total, p = 0,013), así como una masa proteica estadísticamente más alta en relación con la masa de grasa corporal (PFI, p = 0,018). Las variables más sensibles para definir las diferencias de grasa corporal entre los deportes individuales examinados fueron IBC, con una influencia del 37,9 %, luego PFI (32,4 %), a seguir PBF (22,8 %) y finalmente BFMI, con una influencia del 11,4 % en las diferencias. En base a los resultados de este estudio, IBC y PFI son las variables que han mostrado un potencial científico-metodológico útil para la investigación en el futuro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Sports , Body Composition , Athletes , Reference Values , Discriminant Analysis , Adipose Tissue , Multivariate Analysis , Electric Impedance
9.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(2): e202202672, abr. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1418336

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) recomienda el uso de tablas de referencia para monitorear el crecimiento y estado nutricional de niños, niñas y adolescentes. El peso corporal, la talla y el índice de masa corporal (IMC) son las variables más utilizadas. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivos estimar los percentiles de peso, talla e IMC de escolares (2009-2011) residentes en el departamento San Rafael (Mendoza) y compararlos con la referencia internacional de la Organización Mundial de la Salud, a fin de establecer su pertinencia para la evaluación del crecimiento y estado nutricional de dicha población. Población y métodos. Se realizó un estudio antropométrico transversal en 3448 escolares de entre 4,00 y 13,49 años de edad. Se utilizó el programa LMS ChartMarker Pro para calcular los valores percentilares de peso/edad, talla/edad e IMC/edad, por sexo y edad, y se compararon con las curvas de la OMS. Además, se calcularon diferencias porcentuales (D%) para estimar las diferencias y su significación estadística mediante prueba de Wilcoxon. Resultados. La población de San Rafael mostró, en varones y mujeres, valores percentilares superiores de peso e IMC (D% ≈7 % y 9 %, respectivamente), y menores de talla (D% ≈0,8 %) que los de la OMS (p <0,05). Conclusión. Las diferencias encontradas alertan sobre el empleo de la referencia OMS en la población escolar de San Rafael, ya que sobreestimaría las prevalencias de sobrepeso, obesidad y desnutrición crónica, y subestimaría la de desnutrición aguda y global. Esta situación resalta la importancia de contar con una referencia local.


Introduction. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends the use of reference tables to monitor the growth pattern and nutritional status of children and adolescents. Body mass index (BMI), weight, and height are the most commonly used variables. The objective of this study was to estimate the BMI, weight, and height percentiles for school-aged children (2009-2011) living in the department of San Rafael (Mendoza) and compare them to the international World Health Organization reference to establish their relevance for the evaluation of the growth pattern and nutritional status of this population. Population and methods. A cross-sectional anthropometric study was conducted in 3448 school-aged children aged 4.00 to 13.49 years. The LMS ChartMarker Pro software was used to estimate the BMI- for-age, weight-for-age, and height-for-age percentiles, by sex and age, and they were compared with the WHO curves. Besides, percentage differences (%D) were calculated to estimate the differences and their statistical significance using the Wilcoxon test. Results. The population of boys and girls in San Rafael showed higher weight and BMI (%D ≈ 7% and 9%, respectively) percentiles, and lower height (%D ≈ 0.8%) values than WHO reference (p < 0.05). Conclusion. The differences found warn about the use of the WHO reference in the school-aged population of San Rafael since it would overestimate the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and chronic malnutrition and underestimate the prevalence of acute and global malnutrition. This situation highlights the importance of having a local reference resource


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Body Height , Malnutrition , Reference Values , World Health Organization , Body Weight , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Overweight/epidemiology
10.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 425-433, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985886

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish the reference values and growth curves of length for weight and head circumference for weight among Chinese newborns in order to provide a reference for the assessment of body proportionality at birth. Methods: A cross-sectional design was applied. A total of 24 375 singleton live birth newborns with gestational ages at birth of 24+0 to 42+6 weeks were recruited from June 2015 to November 2018 from 13 cities including Beijing, Harbin, Xi'an, Shanghai, Nanjing, Wuhan, Guangzhou, Fuzhou, Kunming, Tianjin, Shenyang, Changsha, and Shenzhen, excluding those with maternal or newborn conditions that may impact the establishment of the reference values. The generalized additive model for location, scale, and shape was employed to establish reference values in terms of percentile and growth curves of length for weight and head circumference for weight for male and female newborns. The random forest machine learning method was employed to analyze the importance of variables between the established reference values in this study and the previous published weight/length, body mass index (BMI), ponderal index (PI), weight/head circumference, length/head circumference in the assessment of symmetrical and asymmetrical small for gestational age (SGA) newborns. Results: A total of 24 375 newborns with 13 197 male infants (preterm birth 7 042 infants and term birth 6 155 infants) and 11 178 female infants (preterm birth 5 222 infants and term birth 5 956 infants) were included in this study. The reference values in terms of percentile (P3, P10, P25, P50, P75, P90, P97) and growth curves of length for weight and head circumference for weight were obtained for male and female newborns with gestational ages of 24+0 to 42+6 weeks. The median birth lengths corresponding to the birth weights of 1 500, 2 500, 3 000, and 4 000 g were 40.4, 47.0, 49.3 and 52.1 cm for males and 40.4, 47.0, 49.2, and 51.8 cm for females, respectively; the median birth head circumferences were 28.4, 32.0, 33.2 and 35.2 cm for males and 28.4, 32.0, 33.1, and 35.1 cm for females, respectively. The differences of length for weight between males and females were minimum, with the difference range of -0.3 to 0.3 cm at P50; the differences of head circumference for weight between males and females were minimum, with the difference range of 0 to 0.2 cm at P50. Based on the match between birth length and birth weight for classifying symmetrical and asymmetrical SGA, length for weight and PI contributed the most, accounting for 0.32 and 0.25, respectively; based on the match between birth head circumference and birth weight, head circumference for weight and weight/head circumference contributed the most, accounting for 0.55 and 0.12, respectively; based on the match between birth length or head circumference with birth weight, head circumference for weight and length for weight contributed the most, accounting for 0.26 and 0.21, respectively. Conclusion: The establishment of the new standardized growth reference values and growth curves of length for weight and head circumference for weight among Chinese newborns are useful for clinical practice and scientific research.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Birth Weight , Body Height , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , East Asian People , Fetal Growth Retardation , Gestational Age , Premature Birth , Reference Values
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985513

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish reference values for carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) of adult dwellers in Shenzhen City. Methods: The study was conducted based on the Shenzhen heart failure epidemiological survey from 2021 to 2022. In this survey, residents aged 18 years and above in Shenzhen were selected by using a multi-stage stratified random sampling method. General information, cardiovascular disease (CVD) related behavior and carotid ultrasound examination and etc. were collected from the participants. People with CVD factors, a history of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, carotid plaque or having no carotid ultrasound examination results were excluded. The parameter regression model based on fractional polynomial was used to establish the reference values of CIMT by age and sex. Results: A total of 2 163 healthy individuals were enrolled in the final analysis, including 576 males (26.6%) and 1 587 females (73.4%). The fractional polynomial regression of the CIMT mean and standard deviation was obtained. For men, the regression was meanCIMT=0.324 7+0.006 9×age and SDCIMT=0.076 9+0.001 2×age. For women, the regression was meanCIMT=0.354 9+0.005 4×age and SDCIMT=0.041 6+0.002 0×age. Conclusion: The age and sex reference values for CIMT of adult people in Shenzhen established in this study could provide the latest reference standards for early screening of subclinical CVD.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Adult , Female , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness , Cardiovascular Diseases , Reference Values , Carotid Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Carotid Arteries , Risk Factors , Carotid Artery Diseases
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986944

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study was to investigate the main characteristics and related factors of wideband absorbance (WBA) in children with normal hearing and to obtain age-specific reference range of WBA. Methods: 384 children between 0-12 years old (615 ears) who visited the Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University from October 2019 to February 2021 were enrolled, including 230 males (376 ears) and 154 females (239 ears), with totally 306 left ears and 309 right ears. Wideband tympanometry (WBT) was performed and normative WBA data were analyzed by SPSS 24.0 statistical software. Repeated measures and multivariate analysis of variance were applied to the data from 16 points at 1/3-octave frequencies (226, 324, 408, 500, 667, 841, 1 000, 1 297, 1 682, 2 000, 2 670, 3 364, 4 000, 5 339, 6 727 and 8 000 Hz) to evaluate the effects of frequency, age, external auditory canal pressures, gender and ear on WBA. Results: According to the WBT frequency-absorbance curve, the subjects were divided into seven groups: 1-month old group, 2-month old group, 3-month old group, 4-5 month old group, 6-24 month old group,>2-6 year old group and>6-12 year old group. The WBA of normal-hearing children underwent a series of developmental changes with age at both ambient pressure and tympanometric peak pressures. WBA results for 1-month group and 2-month old group exhibited a multipeaked pattern, with the peaks occurring around 2 000 and 4 897 Hz, and a notch around 3 886 Hz. WBA results for 3-month group and 4-5 month old group exhibited a single broad-peaked pattern, with the peak occurring between 2 000-4 757 Hz. The WBA of 1-month old group to 4-5 month old group decreased gradually at low frequency (226-408 Hz) and 6 727 Hz, and increased at middle to high frequency (2 670-4 000 Hz). The WBA of 6-24 month old group were significantly lower than that of 2-month old group to 4-5 month old group at all frequencies except 3 364 and 4 000 Hz. WBA results for 6-24 month old group,>2-6 year old group and>6-12 year old group exhibited a single-peaked pattern, and the peak frequency of WBA moved to the lower frequency successively. From 6-24 month old group to>6-12 year old group, the WBA gradually increased at low to middle frequencies (667-2 670 Hz) and 8 000 Hz, and decreased at middle to high frequencies (3 364-5 339 Hz). Among the 16 frequencies of all age groups, the difference between WBA under ambient pressure and tympanometric peak pressure were -0.09-0.06, and 43.75%-81.25% frequency points had statistically significant difference, which was mainly manifested in that WBA under ambient pressure were lower than that under tympanometric peak pressure at 226-1 682 Hz. There was no significant ear effect on all of the age groups. Similarly, there was no significant gender effect except for 3-month old group and 4-5 month old group. Conclusions: The WBA of normal-hearing children measured at ambient pressure and tympanometric peak pressure varied across the frequencies with age from 1 month to 12 years old, and different frequencies followed different change patterns (increase vs. decrease) in WBA. There was also significant external auditory canal pressures effect on all of the age groups. The establishment of age-specific reference range of WBA for 0-12 years old normal-hearing children in this study would be useful for clinical practice of determining normative data regarding WBT.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Cross-Sectional Studies , Acoustic Impedance Tests/methods , Ear , Reference Values , Ear Canal
13.
Actual. osteol ; 18(2): 75-81, oct. 2022. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1437673

ABSTRACT

Para la evaluación longitudinal de la composición corporal por DXA se deben calcular los cambios mínimos significativos (CMS). No está claro si hay diferencias de género para los CMS de adultos. Con consentimiento informado se realizaron 2 escaneos DXA de cuerpo completo consecutivos, con reposicionamiento entre ellos, en 40 varones y 40 mujeres (rango de edad de 22 a 85 años), con un equipo GE Lunar Prodigy Advance®, siguiendo las pautas de la International Society for Clinical Densitometry (ISCD). Todos los escaneos fueron obtenidos por la misma técnica experta. Los CMS se calcularon de acuerdo con el método propuesto por la ISCD. Los resultados se analizaron con GraphPad® para Windows 6.0, con una significancia fijada en p < 0,05. No hubo diferencias de género para la edad (p = 0,846) o el índice de masa corporal (p = 0,802). La altura, la masa corporal, la masa magra y el contenido mineral óseo (CMO) fueron mayores en los varones (todos p < 0,0001), mientras que la masa grasa fue mayor en las mujeres (p = 0,0036). No hubo diferencias significativas entre géneros para los coeficientes de variación de masa grasa (p = 0,0698), masa magra (p = 0,1483) o CMO (p = 0,5254). Los CMS (para IC de 95%) para la masa grasa fueron 1,780 kg (varones), 1,671 kg (mujeres) y 1,727 kg (ambos sexos); para masa magra, 1,658 kg (varones), 1,644 kg (mujeres) y 1,651 (ambos sexos); y para CMO, 112,2 g (varones), 109,4 (mujeres) y 110,8 g (ambos sexos). Los resultados sugieren que los CMS para la composición corporal de su-jetos adultos pueden calcularse a partir de una muestra de cualquier género o una que incluya sujetos de ambos sexos. (AU)


Lack of gender-related differences in least significant changes for DXA body composition analysis in adult subjectsFor longitudinal assessment of body composition by DXA, least significant changes (LSCs) should be calculated. It is unclear if there are gender differences for adult LSCs. With informed consent, 2 consecutive total-body DXA scans, with repositioning between them, were performed on 40 males and 40 females (age range 22 to 85 years) with a GE Lunar Prodigy Advance scanner, following the guidelines of the International Society for Clinical Densitometry (ISCD). All scans were obtained by the same skilled technologist. The LSCs were calculated according to the method proposed by the ISCD. Results were analyzed with GraphPad for Windows 6.0, with significance set at p < 0.05. There were no gender differences for age (p = 0.846) or body mass index (p = 0.802). Height, body mass, lean mass, and bone mineral content (BMC) were higher in males (all p < 0.0001), whereas fat mass was higher in females (p = 0.0036). There was no significant difference between genders for the coefficients of variation of fat mass (p = 0.0698), lean mass (p = 0.1483), or BMC (p = 0.5254). The LSCs (for a 95% CI) for fat mass were 1.780 kg (men), 1.671 kg (women), and 1.727 kg (both genders); for lean mass, 1.658 kg (men), 1.644 kg (women) and 1,651 (both genders); and for BMC, 112.2 g (men), 109.4 (women), and 110.8 g (both genders). These results suggest that LSCs for body composition of adult subjects can be calculated from either a sample of each gender or one that includes subjects of both genders. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Body Composition , Absorptiometry, Photon , Bone Density , Sex Factors , Reference Values , Body Height , Body Weight , Body Mass Index , Anthropometry , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Age Factors , Adiposity
14.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 87(4): 279-284, ago. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407854

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los índices térmico y mecánico son estimadores de riesgo fetal en una ecografía y se deben controlar sus valores minimizando la exposición. Comparamos los valores de los índices térmico y mecánico obtenidos en exámenes ecográficos obstétricos de pacientes gestantes, con el valor recomendado por la comunidad internacional. Se realizó la estimación de estos índices en 421 ecografías obstétricas en 2019. Los valores fueron comparados entre ellos y con el valor recomendado para cada índice y según el modo de visualización (B, Doppler color y Doppler espectral). Del total de la muestra, para el índice térmico en modo Doppler color un 0,24% superó el valor estándar recomendado y en modo Doppler espectral un 2,85%. Para el índice mecánico se sobrepasó el valor recomendado en modo B en un 11,16%, en un 8,08% en modo Doppler color y, por último, en un 0,48% para el modo Doppler espectral. Los índices mecánico y térmico en esta muestra de exámenes ecográficos obstétricos se encuentran en promedio bajo el valor de referencia. Sin embargo, existe un número importante de casos en que se superan las normas, lo que debe ser una voz de alerta para la comunidad médica.


Abstract The thermal and mechanical indices are the best estimators of fetal risk in an ultrasound and their values should be controlled in order to minimize exposure as much as possible. We compared the values of the thermal and mechanical indices obtained in obstetric ultrasound examinations of pregnant patients, with the value recommended by the international community. These indices were estimated in 421 obstetric ultrasounds during 2019. The estimated values were compared with each other and with the recommended value for each index and according to the display mode (B, color Doppler and spectral Doppler). Of the total sample, for the thermal index in color Doppler mode, 0.24% exceeded the recommended standard value and 2.85%. in spectral Doppler mode. For the mechanical index, the recommended value was exceeded in B mode by 11.16%, in 8.08% in color Doppler mode and, finally, by 0.48% for spectral Doppler mode. The mechanical and thermal indices in this sample of obstetric ultrasound examinations are on average below the reference value. However, there is a significant number of cases in which the standards are exceeded, which should be a warning to the medical community.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Ultrasonography, Prenatal/methods , Obstetrics/methods , Reference Values , Temperature , Acoustics , Gestational Age , Ultrasonography, Doppler , Risk Assessment , Patient Safety
15.
São Paulo med. j ; 140(3): 474-485, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377386

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The thrombin generation test (TGT) has shown promise for investigation of hemorrhagic and thrombotic diseases. However, despite its potential, it still needs standardization. Moreover, few studies have established reference values for TGT parameters. In Brazil, these values have not yet been established. OBJECTIVE: To determine TGT performance and reference intervals for TGT parameters in healthy individuals. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted among participants in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (Estudo Longitudinal de Saúde do Adulto, ELSA-Brasil). METHODS: The reference sample consisted of 620 healthy individuals. The calibrated automated thrombogram (CAT) method, under low and high tissue factor (TF) conditions, was used to assess thrombin generation. Test performance was analyzed using intra and interassay coefficients of variation (CV) and reference intervals were calculated using the nonparametric method proposed by the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. RESULTS: The intraassay CV ranged from 1.4% to 2.2% and the interassay CV, 6.8% to 14.7%. The reference intervals for TGT parameters under low and high TF conditions were, respectively: lagtime: 3.0-10.3 and 1.4-3.7 min; endogenous thrombin potential (ETP): 1134.6-2517.9 and 1413.6-2658.0 nM.min; normalized ETP: 0.6-1.3 and 0.7-1.4; peak: 103.2-397.7 and 256.4-479.0 nM; normalized peak: 0.3-1.3 and 0.7-1.2; and time-to-peak: 5.6-16.0 and 3.4-6.7 min. These parameters were categorized relative to sex. Conclusion: TGT performance was adequate and the proposed reference intervals were similar to those of other studies. Our findings may be useful for consolidating the TGT, through contributing to its standardization and validation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thrombin , Reference Values , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Longitudinal Studies
16.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 9(1): 1-9, Mar. 2022. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512532

ABSTRACT

Congenital Interatrial Septal Defects (TEA) are among the most common Congenital Heart Diseases in the population, where Atrial Septal Defect stands out, which is produced by a left-right short circuit that provides greater survival and less morbidity and mortality. The objective was to determine the results of Percutaneous Closure with a Device in Congenital Heart Disease of the Atrial Communication type at the Carlos Andrade Marín Specialty Hospital (Quito) in the Hemodynamics service from January 2009 to July 2019. It is a retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study . With a population of 122 cases from the AS400 registry. Thus, it was determined: there is a female predominance in a ratio of 2:1, the ranges for defect intervention were 5.5 mm to 35 mm, post-procedure pulmonary artery pressures (systolic 18-25 mmHg and diastolic 6-10 mmHg) in 95% of patients, ventricular overload in 76% in pre-procedure patients. Concluding that 96% of our population has a significant post-procedure improvement.


Los defectos del tabique interauricular congénitos (TEA) se encuentran entre las cardiopatías congénitas más comunes en la población donde resalta la comunicación interauricular que es producido por un cortocircuito izquierda derecha que brinda mayor sobrevida y menor morbimortalidad. El objetivo fue determinar los resultados del cierre percutáneo con dispositivo en la cardiopatía congénita de tipo comunicación interauricular en el hospital de especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín (Quito) en el servicio de hemodinamia en el período enero 2009 a julio 2019. Es un estudio transversal descriptivo retrospectivo. Con una población 122 casos del registro de AS400. Encontramos un predominio en sexo femenino en una proporción de 2:1, los rangos para intervención del defecto fueron de 5,5 mm a 35 mm, las presiones de la arteria pulmonar pos-procedimiento (sistólica de 18-25 mmHg y diastólica de 6-10 mmHg) en un 95% de los pacientes, sobrecarga ventricular en un 76% en los pacientes pre-procedimiento. Concluyendo que el 96% de nuestra población tiene una mejoría significativa post-procedimiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures/methods , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial/surgery , Reference Values , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Septal Occluder Device , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Hypertension, Pulmonary
17.
Rev. bras. anal. clin ; 54(1)20220330. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395855

ABSTRACT

Esse estudo consistiu em analisar a confiabilidade e a eficácia dos métodos do controle interno da qualidade das bioquímicas em um laboratório privado, a partir da criação dos próprios valores de referência, utilizando como ferramentas o gráfico de Levey ­ Jennings e regras de Westgard. Métodos: Foram estabelecidos nesse estudo os próprios valores de referência para cada analito, dispostos os valores de qualidade diários nos gráficos e realizadas as interpretações para validação do teste. Resultados: Através da implementação dos valores próprios de referência e um controle de qualidade mais rígido, foi possível identificar uma melhor estabilidade dos analitos, melhor percepção dos erros aleatórios, sistemáticos e tendenciosos, obtendo informações mais confiáveis e efetivas perante os controles. Conclusão: Os resultados desta análise indicam uma maior estabilidade e uma menor variabilidade dentro dos valores de referência criados, resultando em exames mais precisos e seguros.


Objective: This study consisted of analyzing the reliability and effectiveness of the methods of internal quality control of biochemists in a private laboratory, from the creation os their own reference values, using the Levey-Jennings chart and Westgard rules as tools. Methods: In this study, the reference values for each analyte were created, the daily quality values were displayed on the graphs, and the interpretations were carried out to validate the test. Results: Through the implementation of proper reference values and stricter quality control, it was possible to identify better stability of the analytes, better perception os random, systematic and biased errors, obtaining more reliable and effective information from the controls. Conclusion: The results of this analysis indicate greater stability and less variability within the created reference values, resulting in more accurate examinations.


Subject(s)
Quality Control , Reference Values , Clinical Decision Rules
18.
Rev. bras. ativ. fís. saúde ; 27: 1-10, fev. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1418222

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to: a) investigate the most common signs and symptoms reported by people infect-ed by the COVID-19, b) compare total time and weekly level of physical activity of people between pre- and post-infection period, and c) examine the association between physical activity levels and signs and symptoms reported during the disease cycle. Twenty-two adult people (14 males and 8 females, mean age 37.9 ± 16.8 years) living in Ribeirão Preto, Brazil participated in this study. Par-ticipants received a positive diagnosis for COVID-19 by PCR. Physical activity and sitting time was assessed using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Variables such as body mass index and the clinical condition of the disease (signs and symptoms) were collected. The most frequent signs and symptoms reported by active and inactive individuals, respectively, were loss of taste (77.8% and 25%), headache (66.7% and 25%), coughing (66.7% and 25%), difficulty breathing (61.1% and 25%), and sore throat (61.1% and 75%). A 120-minute reduction (p = 0.010) in the total time of weekly physical activity and a 155-minute reduction (p = 0.003) of weekly moderate physical activity was observed in the pre- and post-diagnostic COVID-19 infection comparison. There was further an association between difficulty breathing and being physically inactive (odds ratio = 0.222; 95%CI: 0.094 ­ 0.527). Our findings suggest that COVID-19 had a negative impact on physical activity and that being physically active may reduce the likelihood of presenting with difficulty breathing if infected with the SARS-CoV-2 and associated disease COVID-19


Este estudo teve como objetivo: a) investigar os sinais e sintomas mais comuns relatados por pessoas infectadas por COVID-19, b) comparar o tempo total e o nível semanal de atividade física das pessoas no período pré e pós-infecção, c) examinar a associação entre os níveis de atividade física e os sinais e sintomas relatados du-rante o ciclo da doença. Participaram deste estudo 22 pessoas (14 do sexo masculino e oito do feminino, idade média 37,9 ± 16,8 anos) residentes na cidade de Ribeirão Preto, Brasil. Todos receberam diagnóstico positivo para COVID-19 via PCR. A atividade física e o tempo sentado foram avaliados por meio do Questionário Internacional de Atividade Física. Variáveis como índice de massa corporal e o quadro clínico da doença (sinais e sintomas), foram coletadas. Os sinais e sintomas mais frequentes foram perda do paladar (77,8% e 25%), dor de cabeça (66,7% e 25%), tosse (66,7% e 25%), dificuldade para respirar (61,1% e 25%) e dor gar-ganta (61,1% e 75%), para indivíduos ativos e inativos, respectivamente. Uma redução de 120 minutos (p = 0,010) no tempo total de atividade física semanal e de 155 minutos (p = 0,003) de atividade física moderada semanal foi observada na comparação pré e pós-diagnóstico por COVID-19. Houve associação entre dificul-dade para respirar e ser fisicamente inativo (odds ratio = 0,222; IC95%: 0,094 ­ 0,527). Nossos resultados sugerem que a COVID-19 teve impacto negativo na atividade física e que pessoas fisicamente ativas podem reduzir a probabilidade de apresentar dificuldade para respirar quando diagnosticadas por COVID-19


Subject(s)
Oxygen Consumption , Reference Values , Employee Performance Appraisal , Exercise Test
19.
Rev. bras. ativ. fís. saúde ; 27: 1-7, fev. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1418225

ABSTRACT

Este estudo teve como objetivo comparar a avaliação da resistência aeróbia avaliada pelos testes de McArdle e Conconi e associar as medidas indiretas com a percepção subjetiva por meio da Escala de Capacidade Percebida (ECP). Foram recrutados 29 participantes, 17 homens e 12 mulheres, com idades iguais ou maiores de 18 anos da região de São José, Santa Catarina. Após os recrutamentos foram analisados variáveis como sexo, idade, estatura, massa corporal, frequência cardíaca e esforço físico por meio dos testes de banco de McArdle e Conconi, além da capacidade percebida por meio da ECP. A média da pontuação da ECP foi de 9,72 (DP = 1,60). O Índice de Correlação Intraclasse entre os dois testes foi considerando excelente (r = 0,939; p < 0,001). Além disso, ambas análises apresentaram associação com a variável desfecho. No entanto, o poder explicativo da Regressão Linear, considerando como variável independente o VO2max a partir do deste de McArdle foi maior (45,3%). Assim, recomenta-se a utilização da tabela de referência deste teste para identificação do VO2máx a partir da percepção subjetiva pela ECP. Desta forma, a ECP pode ser uma ferramenta valiosa na avaliação, prescrição de exercícios e em estudos epidemiológicos por sua fácil e rápida aplicabilidade em adultos ativos fisicamente


This study aimed to compare the assessment of aerobic resistance evaluated by the McArdle and Conconi tests and to associate the indirect measures with the subjective perception through the Rating of Perceived Capacity (RPC). 29 participants were recruited, 17 men and 12 women, aged 18 years or older from the region of São José-SC. After recruitment, variables such as gender, age, height, body mass, heart rate and physical effort were analyzed using the McArdle and Conconi bench tests, in addition to the perceived capac-ity through the ECP. The mean ECP score was 9.72 (SD = 1.60). The Intraclass Correlation Index between the two tests was considered excellent (r = 0.939; p < 0.001). In addition, both analyses were associated with the outcome variable. However, the explanatory power of Linear Regression, considering VO2max as an independent variable from McArdle's, was higher (45.3%). Thus, it is recommended to use the reference table of this test to identify the VO2max from the subjective perception by the ECP. In this way, ECP can be a valuable tool in the evaluation, exercise prescription and in epidemiological studies due to its easy and quick easy applicability in physically active adults


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Oxygen Consumption , Reference Values , Employee Performance Appraisal , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Exercise Test
20.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 56(1): 75-80, ene. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1402947

ABSTRACT

Resumen El objetivo de esta comunicación es proponer una guía de las formas decálculo de los intervalos de referencia (IR) en la población pediátrica ordenándolassegún su fortaleza metodológica. En primer lugar, el proceso recomendadopara definir un IR es el enfoque "directo", en el que se evalúanmuestras de sujetos considerados sanos. En segundo lugar, la convocatoria"indirecta", en la que a los resultados de las muestras de una base dedatos, se aplican criterios de exclusión y procesamientos estadísticos (métodosde Hoffmann y de Bhattacharya). Estos IR presentan poca diferenciacon los obtenidos por datos directos y se pueden considerar equivalentes,con la ventaja de su facilidad y sus costos más bajos. En tercer lugar, estánlos IR obtenidos de la bibliografía. La validación de los datos informadospor el fabricante es la última opción a tener en cuenta. Se reafirma laimportancia de contar con IR adecuados por sus aspectos clínicos y por laseguridad de los pacientes.


Abstract The aim of this communication is to propose a guide on the ways of calculating reference intervals (RI) in the pediatric population, ordering them according to their methodological strength. First, the recommended process to define an RI is the "direct" approach, in which samples of subjects considered healthy are evaluated. Secondly, the "indirect" approach, in which exclusion criteria and statistical processing are applied to the results ofthe samples in a database (Hoffmann and Bhattacharya methods). These RIs show little differences with those obtained by direct data and they can be considered equivalent, with the advantage of their ease and with lower costs. Thirdly, there are RIs that can be obtained from the bibliography. The validation of the data reported by the manufacturer is the last option to consider. The importance of having adequate RIs for their clinical aspects and for the safety of patients is reaffirmed.


Resumo O objetivo desta comunicação é propor um guia sobre as formas de cálculo dos intervalos de referência (IR) na população pediátrica, ordenando os mesmos de acordo com sua fortaleza metodológica. Emprimeiro lugar, o processo recomendado para definir um IR é a abordagem "direta", na qual sãoavaliadas amostras de indivíduos considerados saudáveis. Em segundo lugar, a abordagem "indireta",na qual critérios de exclusão e processamento estatístico (métodos de Hoffmann e Bhattacharya)são aplicados aos resultados das amostras em um banco de dados. Esses IR apresentam poucadiferença com os obtidos por dados diretos, podendo ser considerados equivalentes, com a vantagem de apresentarem facilidade e menor custo. Em terceiro lugar, os IR obtidos da bibliografia. A validadedos dados informados pelo fabricante é a última opção a ser considerada. A importância de termos IRadequados pelos seus aspectos clínicos e pela segurança dos pacientes é reafirmada.


Subject(s)
Pediatrics , Reference Values , Statistics , Safety , Unified Health System , Spinal Muscular Atrophies of Childhood , Databases, Bibliographic , Communication , Costs and Cost Analysis , Validation Study , Minors , Methods
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