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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(2): 356-362, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1056447

ABSTRACT

El suicidio es un problema de salud a nivel mundial, siendo la conducta suicida uno de los predictores de mortalidad por suicidio; sin embargo, su valoración aún sigue siendo compleja. Aunque la cantidad de literatura que ha abordado distintas perspectivas de la conducta suicida es abundante, se requiere ahondar en nuevos métodos que permitan una valoración rápida y objetiva de ésta, proporcionando a los clínicos y pacientes, un sistema de evaluación que registre los cambios de estados emocionales de manera dinámica. El objetivo de este manuscrito fue proporcionar una visión general de la morfología de los potenciales evocados auditivos de latencia tardía p300 y su rol en la evaluación de la conducta suicida.


Suicide is a global health problem, with suicidal behavior being one of the predictors of suicide mortality; however, its assessment is still complex. Although the amount of literature that has addressed different perspectives of suicidal behavior is abundant, it is necessary to deepen new methods that allow a rapid and objective assessment of it, providing clinicians and patients with an evaluation system that allows changes in emotional state to be recorded dynamically. The aim of this manuscript was to provide an overview of morphological patterns of auditory evoked potential P300 latency late in the assessment of suicidal behavior.


Subject(s)
Adolescent Behavior/physiology , Event-Related Potentials, P300/physiology , Suicidal Ideation , Reference Values , Electrophysiology , Evoked Potentials, Auditory/physiology
2.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 36(1): 13-17, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1115457

ABSTRACT

Las guías ATS/ERS recomiendan utilizar valores de referencia nacionales para la interpretación de la espirometría. En 2014 se publicaron valores de referencia en población general chilena adulta, que difieren de los de Knudson actualmente en uso. Sin embargo, la mayoría de los laboratorios de función pulmonar siguen utilizando estas últimas ecuaciones. En 2012 se publicaron las ecuaciones multi-étnicas de la Global Lung Function Initiative (GLI) a fin de estandarizar mundialmente la interpretación de los exámenes de función pulmonar Nuestro objetivo fue comparar la concordancia de los informes espirométricos utilizando las ecuaciones más usadas en Chile versus las GLI. Métodos: Se comparó la concordancia en interpretación del patrón espirométrico (normal, obstructivo y restrictivo) y el grado de alteración, entre GLI con Gutiérrez 2014, con Knudson, y con NHANES III según las recomendaciones de la Sociedad Chilena de Enfermedades Respiratorias, a través del coeficiente de concordancia Kappa (K). Se estudiaron 315 sujetos mayores de 40 años (55% mujeres, edad: 59,3 ± 9,2 años), fumadores o ex fumadores, sanos o con EPOC, sometidos a una espirometría con broncodilatador como parte de un reconocimiento respiratorio. Se graficaron las diferencias utilizando el método de Bland-Altman. Resultados: La concordancia para patrón entre GLI con Gutiérrez 2014, con Knudson y con NHANES III fue buena (K = 0,73; 0,71 y 0,77 respectivamente), al igual que para patrón y grado de alteración (K = 0,68; 0,67 y 0,76 respectivamente). Conclusiones: Encontramos una buena concordancia entre las ecuaciones más usadas en Chile y las de GLI, en una muestra que incluyó adultos, fumadores, ex fumadores sanos y enfermos.


ATS/ERS recommend the use of national reference values for the interpretation of spirometry. Reference values were published (2014) in general adult Chilean population, which are different from those of Knudson currently in use. However, most pulmonary function laboratories continue to use these latter equations. Multi-ethnic Global Lung Function Initiative (GLI) equations were published (2012) in order to standardize the interpretation of pulmonary function tests worldwide. Our objective was to evaluate the agreement in the spirometric reports between the most used equations in Chile with those from GLI. Methods: We compared the agreement in the interpretation of the spirometric pattern (normal, obstructive and restrictive) and the degree of alteration between GLI with Gutiérrez 2014, with Knudson and with NHANES III according to recommendations of the Chilean Society of Respiratory Diseases, through the Kappa concordance coefficient (K). The sample correspond to 315 adults over 40 years of age (55% women, 59.3 ± 9.2 years-old), smokers or ex-smokers, healthy or with COPD, who underwent spirometry with a bronchodilator as part of a respiratory check-up. Differences were plotted using the Bland-Altman method. Results: agreement for pattern between GLI with Gutiérrez 2014, with Knudson and with NHANES III was good (K = 0.73, 0.71 and 0.77 respectively) and also was good for the pattern and degree of alteration (K = 0.68, 0.67 and 0.76 respectively). Conclusions: We found a good agreement between the equations most used in Chile and those from the GLI, for a sample that includes subjects with and without lung disease, smokers and ex-smokers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Spirometry/methods , Spirometry/standards , Lung/physiology , Models, Theoretical , Reference Values , Respiratory Function Tests/methods , Respiratory Function Tests/standards , Societies, Medical , Vital Capacity/physiology , Forced Expiratory Volume/physiology
3.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 42(1): 54-62, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1055351

ABSTRACT

Objective: Although studies have shown an association between poor sleep and chronotype with psychiatric problems in young adults, few have focused on identifying multiple concomitant risk factors. Methods: We assessed depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory [BDI]), circadian typology (Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire [MEQ]), sleep quality (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index [PSQI]), perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale [PSS]), social rhythm (Social Rhythm Metrics [SRM]), and salivary cortisol (morning, evening and night, n=37) in 236 men (all 18 years old). Separate analyses were conducted to understand how each PSQI domain was associated with depressive symptoms. Results: Depressive symptoms were more prevalent in individuals with higher perceived stress (prevalence ratio [PR] = 6.429, p < 0.001), evening types (PR = 2.58, p < 0.001) and poor sleepers (PR = 1.808, p = 0.046). Multivariate modeling showed that these three variables were independently associated with depressive symptoms (all p < 0.05). The PSQI items subjective sleep quality and sleep disturbances were significantly more prevalent in individuals with depressive symptoms (PR = 2.210, p = 0.009 and PR = 2.198, p = 0.008). Lower levels of morning cortisol were significantly associated with higher depressive scores (r = -0.335; p = 0.043). Conclusion: It is important to evaluate multiple factors related to sleep and chronotype in youth depression studies, since this can provide important tools for comprehending and managing mental health problems.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Sleep Wake Disorders/psychology , Stress, Psychological/psychology , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Chronobiology Disorders/psychology , Depression/etiology , Military Personnel/psychology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Reference Values , Saliva/metabolism , Sleep/physiology , Time Factors , Multivariate Analysis , Risk Factors , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Depression/metabolism , Self Report
4.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 42(1): 22-26, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1055359

ABSTRACT

Objective: German psychiatrist Kurt Schneider proposed the concept of first-rank symptoms (FRS) of schizophrenia in 1959. However, their relevance for diagnosis and prediction of treatment response are still unclear. Most studies have investigated FRS in chronic or medicated patients. The present study sought to evaluate whether FRS predict remission, response, or improvement in functionality in antipsychotic-naive first-episode psychosis. Methods: Follow-up study of 100 patients at first episode of psychosis (FEP), with no previous treatment, assessed at baseline and after 2 months of treatment. The participants were evaluated with the standardized Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) and Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) and for presence of FRS. Results: Logistic regression analysis showed that, in this sample, up to three individual FRS predicted remission: voices arguing, voices commenting on one's actions, and thought broadcasting. Conclusion: Specific FRS may predict remission after treatment in FEP patients. This finding could give new importance to Kurt Schneider's classic work by contributing to future updates of diagnostic protocols and improving estimation of prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Psychotic Disorders/diagnosis , Psychotic Disorders/drug therapy , Schizophrenia/diagnosis , Schizophrenia/drug therapy , Antipsychotic Agents/therapeutic use , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Reference Values , Remission Induction , Logistic Models , Predictive Value of Tests , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome
5.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 42(1): 33-39, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1055365

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate body dissatisfaction and distorted body self-image in women with prolactinoma. Methods: Body dissatisfaction and distorted body self-image were evaluated in 80 women with prolactinoma. All patients were in menacme, 34% had normal body mass index (BMI), and 66% were overweight. Most patients (56.2%) had normal prolactin (PRL) levels and no hyperprolactinemia symptoms (52.5%). The Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) was used to assess the patients' dissatisfaction with and concern about their physical form, and the Stunkard Figure Rating Scale (FRS) was used to assess body dissatisfaction and distorted body self-image. The patients were divided according to PRL level (normal vs. elevated) and the presence or absence of prolactinoma symptoms. Results: The normal and elevated PRL groups had similar incidences of body dissatisfaction and distorted body self-image. However, symptomatic patients reported a higher incidence of dissatisfaction than asymptomatic patients. Distorted body self-image was less common among symptomatic patients. Conclusion: Symptomatic patients showed higher body dissatisfaction, but lower body self-image distortion. The presence of symptoms may have been responsible for increased body awareness. The perception of body shape could have triggered feelings of dissatisfaction compared to an ideal lean body. Therefore, a distorted body self-image might not necessarily result in body dissatisfaction in women with prolactinomas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Pituitary Neoplasms/psychology , Hyperprolactinemia/psychology , Prolactinoma/psychology , Body Dysmorphic Disorders/psychology , Pituitary Neoplasms/blood , Prolactin/blood , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Reference Values , Body Image/psychology , Hyperprolactinemia/drug therapy , Hyperprolactinemia/blood , Prolactinoma/blood , Body Mass Index , Surveys and Questionnaires , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dopamine Agonists/therapeutic use , Middle Aged
6.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(1): 18-24, 2020-02-00. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-1095334

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El cortisol salival es una herramienta útil como biomarcador de estrés en pediatría, ya que la obtención de muestras no es invasiva. Hay escasa información sobre su uso en niños, y no se reportaron valores de referencia en lactantes sanos en la Argentina. Es importante establecerlos en cada centro como base para realizar estudios posteriores en lactantes, en quienes parece ser la herramienta objetiva más relevante en la actualidad para evaluar estrés. Objetivo. Determinar los valores de referencia de cortisol salival en lactantes sanos de 0 a 12 meses de edad. Métodos. Estudio descriptivo, de corte transversal, que evaluó cortisol salival matutino de niños sanos de ambos sexos de 0 a 12 meses que concurrieron a control de salud en el Hospital Pirovano entre marzo de 2017 y marzo de 2018. Se tomaron muestras de saliva de 8 a 9 a. m. en ayunas y se procesaron con electroquimioluminiscencia. Los resultados se informaron como media y desvío estándar. Resultados. Se incluyeron 140 niños, y se obtuvieron 96 muestras. La media de cortisol salival matutino fue 5,46 nmol/l (intervalo de confianza del 95 %: 4,66-6,38), desvío estándar 2,15. No se observó correlación con la variable edad, por lo cual el intervalo de referencia no requirió el fraccionamiento por grupo etario. No se observaron diferencias significativas respecto a sexo, edad gestacional, peso al nacer, tipo de parto o tipo de alimentación. Conclusión. Se informó el intervalo de referencia de cortisol salival matutino en lactantes sanos de 0 a 12 meses.


Introduction. Salivary cortisol is a useful tool as a biomarker of stress in pediatrics because it allows for non-invasive sampling. There is little information about its use in children, and no reference values for healthy infants have been reported in Argentina. Reference values should be established at each site as the basis for subsequent tests in infants, for whom salivary cortisol appears to be the most relevant objective tool to assess stress at present. Objective. To determine reference values for salivary cortisol in healthy infants aged 0-12 months. Methods. Descriptive, cross-sectional study that assessed morning salivary cortisol levels in healthy male and female infants aged 0-12 months that attended Hospital Pirovano for a health checkup between March 2017 and March 2018. Fasting saliva samples were collected between 8 and 9 a.m. and were processed using electrochemiluminescence. Results were reported as mean and standard deviation. Results. A total of 140 infants were included, and 96 samples were collected. Mean morning salivary cortisol levels were 5.46 nmol/L (95 % confidence interval: 4.66-6.38), standard deviation: 2.15. No correlation to age was observed, so it was not necessary to divide the reference range into age groups. No significant differences were observed in terms of sex, gestational age, birth weight, type of delivery or type of feeding. Conclusion. The reference range of morning salivary cortisol levels in healthy infants aged 0-12 months was reported.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Saliva/chemistry , Stress, Psychological/metabolism , Hydrocortisone/metabolism , Reference Values , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Analysis of Variance , Luminescent Measurements
7.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 27(1): 2-9, jan.-mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1090418

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O objetivo desta pesquisa foi estabelecer valores médios percorridos para o teste de caminhada de seis minutos em crianças saudáveis no Norte do Brasil. Este foi um estudo experimental, randomizado, cego e transversal que avaliou 63 crianças saudáveis do sexo masculino e feminino, de 10 a 12 anos, que após terem seus dados antropométricos registrados foram treinadas e instruídas para a realização do teste conforme recomendações da American Thoracic Society, após avaliação-padrão. O teste foi realizado numa pista reta de 30 metros, com marcações a cada 3 metros e cones indicando onde o retorno deveria ser feito para a continuidade do teste. Ao final, foi refeita a avaliação pré-teste. Foi observado índice de massa corporal muito baixo nos meninos de 11 anos, e normal nas outras faixas. A frequência cardíaca imediata pós-teste apresentou-se significativamente elevada em todos os grupos (p<0,001), enquanto todos os outros dados cardiovasculares colhidos não apresentaram alterações. As distâncias percorridas foram significativamente inferiores às previstas por equação-padrão para todos os grupos e sexos (p<0,0001). O valor médio percorrido encontrado em meninas foi de 436,30±56,74m e 460,80±63,90m em meninos, enquanto a média geral foi de 445,70±54,10m, abaixo dos valores esperados para a amostra. O resultado obtido pelo grupo estudado, menor que a média esperada, pode ser creditado ao fenótipo regional, mas o Índice de Desenvolvimento muito mais baixo que a média brasileira deve ter sua influência mais bem estudada. Espera-se que os achados contribuam no apontamento de valores de referência do teste em crianças do Norte brasileiro.


RESUMEN El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo establecer los valores medios recorridos por niños sanos en el Norte de Brasil en la prueba de caminata de seis minutos. Este estudio es experimental, aleatorizado, ciego y transversal, que evaluó a 63 niños y niñas sanos/as, de edades entre 10 y 12 años, y tras registrados sus datos antropométricos recibieron capacitación e instrucción para realizar la prueba según lo recomendado por American Thoracic Society, después de la evaluación estándar. La prueba se realizó en una pista recta de 30 metros, con marcas cada 3 metros y conos que indicaban dónde debe realizarse el retorno para la continuidad de la prueba. Al final, se rehízo la evaluación previa a la prueba. Se observó un índice de masa corporal muy bajo en niños de 11 años, pero normal en otros grupos de edad. La frecuencia cardíaca inmediata posprueba fue significativamente elevada en todos los grupos (p<0,001), mientras que no cambiaron los demás datos cardiovasculares recopilados. Las distancias recorridas fueron significativamente más bajas que las predichas por la ecuación estándar para los grupos y géneros (p<0,0001). Los valores medios encontrados fueron de 436,30±56,74m en las niñas y 460,80±63,90m en los niños, mientras que el promedio general fue de 445,70±54,10m, por debajo de los valores esperados para la muestra. El resultado obtenido en el grupo estudiado, inferior al promedio esperado, puede acreditar al fenotipo regional, pero el Índice de Desarrollo mucho más bajo que el promedio brasileño debe tener su influencia mejor estudiada. Se espera que los hallazgos contribuyan al establecimiento de valores de referencia para la prueba en niños del Norte de Brasil.


ABSTRACT The objective of this research was to establish mean values covered for the six-minute walk test in healthy children in Northern Brazil. This was an experimental, randomized, blind and cross-sectional study that evaluated 63 healthy male and female children, aged 10 to 12 years, who after having their anthropometric data recorded were trained and instructed to perform the test as recommended by the American Thoracic Society, after standard assessment. The test was carried out on a straight track of 30 meters, with markings every 3 meters and cones indicating where the return should be made for the test continuity. At the end, the pre-test evaluation was redone. Very low body mass index was observed in 11-year-old boys, and normal in other age groups. The post-test immediate heart rate was significantly elevated in all groups (p<0.001), while all other cardiovascular data collected did not change. The distances covered were significantly lower than those predicted by the standard equation for all groups and sexes (p<0.0001). The average value found in girls was 436.30±56.74m and 460.80±63.90m in boys, while the general average was 445.70±54.10m, below the expected values for the sample. The result obtained by the studied group, less than the expected average, can be credited to the regional phenotype, but the Development Index much lower than the Brazilian average should have its influence better studied. The findings are expected to contribute to the establishment of reference values for the test in children from northern Brazil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Exercise Test , Walk Test , Reference Values , Regional Health Planning , Socioeconomic Factors , Time and Motion Studies , Body Weights and Measures , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Development Indicators , Cardiorespiratory Fitness/physiology , Heart Rate/physiology
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811319

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report a case of non-glaucomatous retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) defect associated with paravascular inner retinal defect (PIRD) in a patient with idiopathic epiretinal membrane (ERM).CASE SUMMARY: A 70-year-old male who was diagnosed with ERM in his right eye and pseudoexfoliative glaucoma in his left eye visited our clinic. His intraocular pressure was 14 mmHg in both eyes while using topical hypotensive medications in both eyes. His right eye showed no glaucomatous change of the optic disc head, and also no glaucomatous visual field defect on standard automated perimetry. Red-free fundus photography and swept-source optical coherence tomography showed an ERM and wedge-shaped RNFL defect starting from the PIRD, not the optic disc head. He was diagnosed with non-glaucomatous RNFL defect in the right eye and was told to stop using topical hypotensive medication for the right eye. After 2 years of discontinuing the medication, the IOP was within the normal range, the RNFL defect showed no progression, and the visual field remained stationary.CONCLUSIONS: A non-glaucomatous RNFL defect can develop in association with PIRD in patients with idiopathic ERM. Examinations for PIRD as well as evaluation of the optic disc head are therefore necessary in patients with ERM and RNFL defect.


Subject(s)
Aged , Epiretinal Membrane , Glaucoma , Head , Humans , Intraocular Pressure , Male , Nerve Fibers , Photography , Reference Values , Retinaldehyde , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Visual Field Tests , Visual Fields
9.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811271

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate pulmonary function in patients with mandibular fractures and to determine the pattern of pulmonary functions in these patients.MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of pulmonary functions in Nigerian non-smoking patients with isolated mandibular fractures managed at our health institution from December 2015 to June 2017. Forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV₁), peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR), and ratio of FEV₁ to FVC (FEV₁/FVC) were measured for all participants using a portable spirometer just before treatment. The pulmonary indices were compared with the predicted reference values for Nigerians to determine the respiratory pattern.RESULTS: Forty participants consisting of six females (15.0%) and thirty-four males (85.0%) with a female to male ratio of 1:5.7 were included in this study. The mean patient age was 34.5±13.1 years (range, 17–63 years). The mean FVC, FEV₁, FEV₁/FVC, and PEFR were 3.8±1.2 L, 3.0±1.0 L, 74.3%±13.8%, and 5.2±2.2 L/s, respectively. Comparison of data with predicted values revealed that 17 subjects (42.5%) had normal pulmonary function pattern while 23 subjects (57.5%) had features suggestive of obstructive and restrictive pulmonary function patterns.CONCLUSION: Isolated mandibular fractures presented with abnormal pulmonary function pattern.


Subject(s)
Airway Obstruction , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Forced Expiratory Volume , Humans , Male , Mandibular Fractures , Peak Expiratory Flow Rate , Reference Values , Spirometry , Vital Capacity
10.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782251

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The CS-5100 high-throughput automated coagulometer (Sysmex, Japan) can perform general and special coagulation assays. We evaluated the performance of the CS-5100 coagulometer to measure fibrinogen degradation product (FDP), plasma level of unfractionated heparin (UFH), low molecular weight heparin (LMWH), and direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs).METHODS: Precision, linearity, and carryover rate of the CS-5100 while measuring FDP, UFH, and LMWH were validated. Precision and linearity were validated for measurements of DOACs. Results of FDP measurement using CS-5100 were compared to those using the currently used STA-R coagulometer (Diagnostica Stago, France). The reference range of FDP was established. All evaluation procedures were in accordance with Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute guidelines.RESULTS: CS-5100 displayed good precision, linearity, and carryover rate for measuring FDP, UFH, LMWH, and DOACs. The FDP level measured with the CS-5100 and STA-R coagulometers correlated well. The reference range of FDP with CS-5100 was 0.0 to 3.48 µg/mL.CONCLUSIONS: The CS-5100 coagulometer has acceptable analytical performance in measuring special coagulation parameters. It is suitable for the reliable measurement of plasma FDP and anticoagulant levels in clinical laboratories.


Subject(s)
Anticoagulants , Fibrinogen , Heparin , Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight , Plasma , Reference Values
11.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782149

ABSTRACT

We had six cases of patients who were treated with long-term testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) after high dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy and androgen deprivation therapy for high-risk prostate cancer. All patients were given testosterone enanthate by intramuscular injection every 3 to 4 weeks. Blood biochemistry including prostate specific antigen (PSA) level was evaluated every 3 to 6 months after TRT, and radiological imaging was performed every 12 months. All patients had slight increases in PSA within the normal range and not indicative of biochemical recurrence. A sudden increase in PSA was observed in one patient, but it finally decreased. Aging male symptoms scale and various metabolic factors were improved by TRT in all of cases. Although adverse events included polycythemia in one patient, no patients experienced disease recurrence or progression during TRT. Our results suggest TRT for high risk-patients with HDR brachytherapy for prostate cancer may be beneficial and safe.


Subject(s)
Aging , Biochemistry , Brachytherapy , Humans , Hypogonadism , Injections, Intramuscular , Male , Polycythemia , Prostate , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatic Neoplasms , Recurrence , Reference Values , Testosterone
12.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782105

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to find the optimal number of b-values for intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) imaging analysis, using simulated and in vivo data from cervical cancer patients.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Simulated data were generated using literature pooled means, which served as reference values for simulations. In vivo data from 100 treatment-naïve cervical cancer patients with IVIM imaging (13 b-values, scan time, 436 seconds) were retrospectively reviewed. A stepwise b-value fitting algorithm calculated optimal thresholds. Feed forward selection determined the optimal subsampled b-value distribution for biexponential IVIM fitting, and simplified IVIM modeling using monoexponential fitting was attempted. IVIM parameters computed using all b-values served as reference values for in vivo data.RESULTS: In simulations, parameters were accurately estimated with six b-values, or three b-values for simplified IVIM, respectively. In vivo data showed that the optimal threshold was 40 s/mm² for patients with squamous cell carcinoma and a subsampled acquisition of six b-values (scan time, 198 seconds) estimated parameters were not significantly different from reference parameters (individual parameter error rates of less than 5%). In patients with adenocarcinoma, the optimal threshold was 100 s/mm², but an optimal subsample could not be identified. Irrespective of the histological subtype, only three b-values were needed for simplified IVIM, but these parameters did not retain their discriminative ability.CONCLUSION: Subsampling of six b-values halved the IVIM scan time without significant losses in accuracy and discriminative ability. Simplified IVIM is possible with only three b-values, at the risk of losing diagnostic information.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Reference Values , Retrospective Studies , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
13.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811185

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Adequate suppression of bone turnover rate is important to decrease fracture risk without mineralization defect due to oversuppression. This study was performed to determine reference intervals (RIs) for 2 bone turnover markers, serum C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX) and osteocalcin, in Korean women.METHODS: A total of 461 Korean women (287 premenopausal and 174 postmenopausal) without any disease or drug history affecting bone metabolism was included. Serum CTX and osteocalcin were measured after overnight fasting. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured at the 1st to 4th lumbar vertebra using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Subjects with normal spinal BMD (T-score ≥−1.0) were included in this study.RESULTS: After stable concentrations were maintained, both CTX and osteocalcin were abruptly increased in 50 to 59 years, and then decreased with increasing age. Median levels and interquartile range of serum CTX and osteocalcin in all subjects were 0.322 (0.212–0.461) ng/mL and 15.68 (11.38–19.91) ng/mL. RIs for serum CTX and osteocalcin in all subjects were 0.115 to 0.861 ng/mL and 6.46 to 36.76 ng/mL. Those were higher in postmenopausal women (CTX, 0.124–1.020 ng/mL, osteocalcin, 5.42–41.57 ng/mL) than in premenopausal women (CTX, 0.101–0.632 ng/mL, osteocalcin, 6.73–24.27 ng/mL). If we use target reference levels as lower half of premenopausal 30 to 45 years in patients with antiresorptive drugs, those were 0.101 to 0.251 ng/mL and 6.40 to 13.36 ng/mL.CONCLUSIONS: We established RIs for serum CTX and osteocalcin in healthy Korean women with normal lumbar spine BMD. Premenopausal RIs for serum CTX and osteocalcin would be useful to monitor patients with low bone mass using osteoporosis drugs.


Subject(s)
Absorptiometry, Photon , Biomarkers , Bone Density , Bone Density Conservation Agents , Bone Remodeling , Collagen Type I , Fasting , Female , Humans , Metabolism , Miners , Osteocalcin , Osteoporosis , Reference Values , Spine
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-785347

ABSTRACT

Immunoglobulin (Ig) G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is newly recognized immune-mediated and fibroinflammatory conditions with various organ involvements. Any organs can be involved, but the pancreas, salivary gland, lymph nodes, and orbit are known to be commonly involved organs. A 54-year-old man presented with complaint of psoriasis like skin rash developed 4 years prior to admission. Although he had been treated for skin rash, the extent of skin lesions increased as well as hypereosinophilia, and multiple lymphadenopathies were newly developed. The patient was diagnosed with IgG4-RD by serum IgG4 levels and histologic examination of the inguinal lymph node. One month after treatment with steroid and azathioprine, his skin rash and lymphadenopathies resolved with improvement and eosinophil count was within the normal range. We herein report a case of a IgG4-RD patient associated with psoriasis-like skin rash and hypereosinophilic syndrome.


Subject(s)
Azathioprine , Eosinophils , Exanthema , Humans , Hypereosinophilic Syndrome , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulins , Lymph Nodes , Middle Aged , Orbit , Pancreas , Psoriasis , Reference Values , Salivary Glands , Skin
16.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(4): 1286-1293, Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1040126

ABSTRACT

Profile and standards for the diagnostics of percent of body fat and muscles were defined on a sample of 1924 women from the Republic of Serbia, aged 18.0 to 69.9, where the body structure of subjects was measured by applying multichannel segmental bioimpedance. Total sample was divided into six age groups, for the purpose of the definition of standard with regards to age. When it comes to body fat percentage results have shown that the average value of the total sample was 28.51±9.26 %, and between the range of 23.81 and 39.94 % for age groups 18.0-19.9 yr and 60.0-69.9 yr, respectively. Regression analysis results have shown that the constant of body fat percentage increase by trend of 3.417 % per decade, and that 25.1 % of mutual variance trend was explained by the model, with prediction error of 4.55 %. With regards to the percentage of skeletal muscles in the body, the results have shown that the average value of the total sample was 39.30±5.25 %, and within the range of 42.25 to 32.58 % for age groups 18.0-19.9 yr and 60.0-69.9 yr, respectively. Regression analysis results have shown that the constant of the skeletal muscles decrease by tend of -2.016 % per decade and that the model explained 23.8 % of mutual variance trend with prediction error of 8.08 %.


El perfil y estándares para el diagnóstico del porcentaje de grasa corporal y masa muscular fueron definidos en una muestra de 1924 mujeres de la República de Serbia, con edades comprendidas entre 18,0 y 69,9 años, donde la composición corporal de los sujetos fue medida por bioimpedancia segmentaria multicanal. La muestra fue dividida en seis grupos, con el propósito de definir los estándares respecto a la edad. Respecto al porcentaje de grasa corporal los resultados han mostrado que el valor promedio de la muestra fue de 28,51±9,26 %, y entre los rangos de 23,81 y 39,94 para los grupos de edad de 18,0-19,9 años y 60,069,9 años, respectivamente. Los resultados del análisis de regresión mostraron que la constante del porcentaje de grasa corporal aumentó 3,417 % por década, y que un 25,1 % de la varianza fue explicada por el modelo, con un error de predicción de 4,55 %. Con respecto al porcentaje de masa muscular, los resultados han mostrado que el valor promedio de la muestra fue de 39,30±5,25 %, y entre los rangos de 42,24 y 32,58 para los grupos de edad de 18,0-19,9 años y 60,0-69,9 años, respectivamente. Los resultados del análisis de regresión han mostrado que la constante de masa muscular decreció -2,016 % por década y que el modelo explicó 23,8 % de la varianza con un error de predicción de 8,08 %.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Body Composition , Adipose Tissue/anatomy & histology , Muscle, Skeletal/anatomy & histology , Reference Values , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Regression Analysis , Analysis of Variance , Electric Impedance , Age Distribution , Serbia
17.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 41(6): 479-484, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1055343

ABSTRACT

Objective: The relationship between biomarkers of amyloid-beta aggregation (Aβ1-42) and/or neurodegeneration (Tau protein) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and cognitive decline is still unclear. We aimed to ascertain whether CSF biomarkers correlate with cognitive performance in healthy and cognitively impaired subjects, starting from clinical diagnoses. Methods: We tested for correlation between CSF biomarkers and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores in 208 subjects: 54 healthy controls, 82 with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), 46 with Alzheimer's disease (AD), and 26 with other dementias (OD). Results: MMSE correlated weakly with all CSF biomarkers in the overall sample (r = 0.242, p < 0.0006). Aβ1-42 and MMSE correlated weakly in MCI (r = 0.247, p = 0.030), and moderately in OD (r = 0.440, p = 0.027). t-Tau showed a weak inverse correlation with MMSE in controls (r = -0.284, p = 0.043) and MCI (r = -0.241, p = 0.036), and a moderate/strong correlation in OD (r = 0.665), p = 0.0003). p-Tau correlated weakly with MMSE in AD (r = -0.343, p = 0.026) and moderately in OD (r = -0.540, p = 0.0005). The Aβ1-42/p-Tau ratio had a moderate/strong correlation with MMSE in OD (r = 0.597, p = 0.001). Conclusion: CSF biomarkers correlated best with cognitive performance in OD. t-Tau correlated weakly with cognition in controls and patients with MCI. In AD, only p-Tau levels correlated with cognitive performance. This pattern, which has been reported previously, seems to indicate that CSF biomarkers might not be reliable as indicators of disease severity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Peptide Fragments/cerebrospinal fluid , Amyloid beta-Peptides/cerebrospinal fluid , tau Proteins/cerebrospinal fluid , Alzheimer Disease/cerebrospinal fluid , Cognitive Dysfunction/cerebrospinal fluid , Reference Values , Biomarkers/cerebrospinal fluid , Case-Control Studies , Analysis of Variance , Cohort Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Alzheimer Disease/psychology , Mental Status and Dementia Tests , Middle Aged
18.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 41(6): 535-539, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1055344

ABSTRACT

Objective: Aging studies regularly assume that years of education are a protective factor for baseline cognition. In developing countries with specific sociocultural issues, this relationship may not work as expected, and an unmet need remains for alternative resilience factors. This study aimed to analyze different moderators for the relationship between aging and general cognition that could reflect better protective factors. Methods: One hundred and fourteen Brazilian older adults, deemed healthy by global cognition, absence of psychiatric symptoms, or neurological history, participated in this cross-sectional study. Moderators for the relationship between age and global cognition included education, intelligence, and occupational factors. Semantic memory was added as a protective factor reflecting culturally acquired conceptual knowledge. Results: As expected, age alone is a predictor of global cognitive scores; surprisingly, however, education, intelligence, and occupation were not moderators of the association. Semantic memory was a significant moderator (p = 0.007), indicating that knowledge acquired during life may be a protective factor. Conclusion: In developing countries, the use of resilience factors based only on years of education may be misleading. Sociocultural issues influence the educational system and achievement and, consequently, affect the use of this simple measure. Resilience-factor studies should consider using crystallized abilities when studying populations with sociocultural particularities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Educational Status , Memory, Long-Term/physiology , Cognitive Aging/physiology , Intelligence/physiology , Reference Values , Cross-Sectional Studies , Age Factors , Dementia/physiopathology , Dementia/prevention & control , Resilience, Psychological , Mental Status and Dementia Tests , Middle Aged , Occupations
19.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(6): 568-575, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-1046372

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Actualmente, se desconocen las características de la condición física (CF) en niños y adolescentes escolares de la provincia de Neuquén. Por eso, desde la Secretaría de Deporte de dicha provincia, se desarrolló el Plan de Evaluación de la Condición Física. El principal propósito del estudio fue aplicar la batería ALPHA-Fitness en escolares neuquinos, con el objetivo de construir tablas normativas de referencia de la CF.Población y métodos. 4487 alumnos neuquinos de ambos sexos, de entre 9 y 18,9 años de edad, fueron evaluados con la batería ALPHA-Fitnessde alta prioridad en 4 componentes de la CF: 1) Morfológico: peso corporal y estatura para calcular el índice de masa corporal; 2) Muscular: salto en largo sin carrera previa; 3) Motor: 4 x 10 m para evaluar la velocidad/agilidad; y 4) Cardiorrespiratorio: test de ida y vuelta en 20 m (20 m-SRT; por shuttle run test).Resultados. El índice de masa corporal medio obtenido fue 22,9 ± 4,7 kg/m2; se clasificó el 25 % en la categoría sobrepeso, y el 12,7 %, en obesidad. Los valores medios obtenidos para la CF fueron componente cardiorrespiratorio: 4,3 ± 2,5 etapas, 10,1 ± 1,2 km/h, volumen de oxígeno máximo de 38,7 ± 6,7 ml/kg/min; salto en largo: 147,3 ± 34,6 cm; motor: 13,0 ± 1,5 s. Los sujetos masculinos tuvieron mayor rendimiento en las pruebas de CF (p < 0,001).Conclusión. Los resultados de este estudio proveen las primeras tablas normativas de CF en niños y adolescentes de ambos sexos para la provincia de Neuquén, Argentina.


Introduction. At present, there is no information about the physical fitness (PF) of children and adolescents attending school in the province of Neuquén. The provincial Department of Sports developed the Physical Fitness Assessment Plan. The main objective of this study was to administer the ALPHA-Fitness test battery to the students of Neuquén in order to develop PF reference standards.Population and methods. A total of 4487 male and female students of Neuquén aged 9-18.9 years were assessed based on four PF components of the high priority ALPHA-Fitness test battery: 1) morphological: body weight and height to estimate body mass index; 2) musculoskeletal: standing long jump test; 3) motor: 4 x 10 m speed/agility test; and 4) cardiorespiratory: 20-m shuttle run test (SRT).Results. The mean body mass index was 22.9 ± 4.7 kg/m2; 25 % of participants were overweight and 12.7 %, obese. The mean values for the cardiorespiratory component were 4.3 ± 2.5 stages, 10.1 ± 1.2 km/h, maximal oxygen volume of 38.7 ± 6.7 mL/kg/min; standing long jump: 147.3 ± 34.6 cm; and for the motor component:13.0 ± 1.5 s. Male participants had a better performance in PF tests (p < 0.001).Conclusion. The study results provide the first PF standards for male and female children and adolescents of the province of Neuquén, Argentina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Reference Values , Students , Exercise , Exercise Test , Motor Activity , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
20.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(11): e201901104, Nov. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1054677

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (Ml/R) injury is a leading cause of damage in cardiac tissues, with high rates of mortality and disability. Biochanin A (BCA) is a main constituent of Trifolium pratense L. This study was intended to explore the effect of BCA on Ml/R injury and explore the potential mechanism. Methods: In vivo MI/R injury was established by transient coronary ligation in Sprague-Dawley rats. Triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining (TTC) was used to measure myocardial infarct size. ELISA assay was employed to evaluate the levels of myocardial enzyme and inflammatory cytokines. Western blot assay was conducted to detect related protein levels in myocardial tissues. Results: BCA significantly ameliorated myocardial infarction area, reduced the release of myocardial enzyme levels including aspartate transaminase (AST), creatine kinase (CK-MB) and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH). It also decreased the production of inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, IL-18, IL-6 and TNF-α) in serum of Ml/R rats. Further mechanism studies demonstrated that BCA inhibited inflammatory reaction through blocking TLR4/NF-kB/NLRP3 signaling pathway. Conclusion: The present study is the first evidence demonstrating that BCA attenuated Ml/R injury through suppressing TLR4/NF-kB/NLRP3 signaling pathway-mediated anti-inflammation pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Cardiotonic Agents/pharmacology , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , NF-kappa B/drug effects , Genistein/pharmacology , Toll-Like Receptor 4/drug effects , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/drug effects , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Reference Values , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Cytokines/blood , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Creatine Kinase/blood , Lactate Dehydrogenases/blood , Toll-Like Receptor 4/metabolism , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology
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