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1.
CoDAS ; 33(4): e20200076, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286109

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo Elaborar un protocolo de evaluación y establecer valores de referencia de las ganancias del reflejo vestíbulo-ocular del canal semicircular horizontal obtenidas con el v-HIT en población pediátrica sin alteraciones vestibulares. Método Estudio cuantitativo, analítico, no experimental con muestreo no probabilístico por conveniencia. Se seleccionaron 39 sujetos entre 5 a 17 años, los cuales cumplieron los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Resultados El promedio de la ganancia obtenida para el conducto semicircular horizontal derecho fue de 0,93 y para el conducto semicircular izquierdo fue de 1,08. Existen diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre oídos. No existen diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los subgrupos de 5 a 10 años y 11 a 17 años. Conclusión La ganancia del reflejo vestíbulo-ocular en población pediátrica se acerca a los valores encontrados en la literatura científica internacional y de la población adulta. El protocolo confeccionado puede orientar a profesionales que están comenzando en la evaluación otoneurológica de esta población.


ABSTRACT Purpose To develop an assessment protocol and establish reference values of vestibulo-ocular reflex gain of the horizontal semicircular canal obtained with vHIT in a pediatric population without vestibular changes. Methods Quantitative, non-experimental, analytical study with a non-probabilistic convenience sample. A total of 39 subjects aged 5 to 17 years were selected based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results The mean gain obtained of the horizontal right semicircular canal was 0.93 and of the left one, 1.08, with statistically significant differences between the ears. There were no statistically significant differences between the 5-to-10-year and 11-to-17-year subgroups. Conclusion The vestibulo-ocular reflex gain in children neared the values found in the international scientific literature and the adult population. The protocol developed can guide beginning professionals in the otoneurological evaluation of children.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adult , Vestibule, Labyrinth , Head Impulse Test , Reference Values , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular , Semicircular Canals
2.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(5): 534-544, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132631

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Ménière's disease is among the most frequent causes of vestibular disorders. Although it is a clinical diagnosis, a better understanding of the pathophysiology and clinical course of the disease through tests would allow improvement in the prognosis and more effective treatments. Objectives: To describe the results of the cervical vestibular evoked myogenic and video head impulse test in patients with a defined diagnosis of Ménière's disease and to correlate them with disease duration. Methods: The sample consisted of 50 participants, of whom 29 comprised the study group and 21 the control group. The individuals were submitted to a questionnaire, otoscopy, audiometry and vestibular function assessment through the cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential and video head impulse test. Results: For the video head impulse test, lateral canal gain values below 0.77 were considered abnormal and for the vertical channels, below 0.61. The percentages of normality were 82.76% for lateral, 89.65% for posterior and 91.37% for anterior canals. For the cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential, the upper limits of normal for latencies were defined as 18.07 ms for p13 and 28.47 ms for n23; and in the SG, 19.57% showed prolongation of latency of p13 and 4.35% of wave n23, whereas 18.96% did not show biphasic potential. Conclusions: For the video head impulse test, a decreased gain of the vestibulo-ocular reflex for the lateral canal was observed, with a higher incidence of overt type corrective saccades compared to the control group. For the cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential, there was a significant difference between the groups for the inter-amplitude parameter, including for asymptomatic ears. There was no correlation between the results of the tests and disease duration.


Resumo Introdução: A doença de Ménière está entre as causas mais frequentes de vestibulopatias. Apesar de o diagnóstico ser clínico, compreender melhor a fisiopatologia e o curso clínico da doença por meio dos exames vestibulares permite melhores prognósticos e tratamentos. Objetivos: Descrever resultados do potencial evocado miogênico vestibular cervical e teste de impulso cefálico por vídeo em pacientes com diagnóstico de doença de Ménière definida e correlacionar com o tempo de doença. Método: A amostra foi constituída por 50 participantes, dos quais 29 compuseram o grupo de estudo e 21 formaram o grupo controle. Os indivíduos foram submetidos a um questionário clínico, otoscopia, avaliação audiológica e avaliação da função vestibular por meio do potencial evocado miogênico vestibular cervical e teste de impulso cefálico por vídeo. Resultados: Para teste de impulso cefálico por vídeo foram considerados alterados os valores de ganho para canal lateral abaixo de 0,77 e para os canais verticais abaixo de 0,61; e os percentuais de normalidade para o grupo de estudo foram 82,76% para lateral; 89,65% para posterior e 91,37% anterior. No potencial evocado miogênico vestibular cervical, os limites superiores das latências foram definidos 18,07 ms para p13 e 28,47 ms para n23; no grupo de estudo 19,57% apresentaram prolongamento da latência da p13 e 4,35% da onda n23 e 18,96% não apresentaram o potencial bifásico. Conclusões: No teste de impulso cefálico por vídeo observou-se ganho do reflexo vestíbulo ocular diminuído para os canais laterais, com maior ocorrência de sacadas corretivas do tipo overt. Para o potencial evocado miogênico vestibular cervical observou-se diferença significante entre os grupos para o parâmetro interamplitude, inclusive para orelhas assintomáticas. Não foi evidenciada correlação dos resultados dos exames com o tempo de doença.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials , Meniere Disease , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular , Vestibule, Labyrinth , Head Impulse Test
3.
Salud(i)ciencia (Impresa) ; 24(4): 178-184, nov. 2020. tab.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1254097

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do presente estudo foi revisar os conceitos relativos ao funcionamento e alterações da supressão do reflexo vestíbulo-ocular (SRVO) e as principais formas de avaliação atualmente. Trata-se de uma pesquisa descritivo-exploratória, baseada em uma revisão da (El trabajo es una investigación descriptiva-exploratoria, basada en una revisión de la) literatura, realizada no (en el) Portal de Periódicos da Capes, no período de abril de 2020. Os (Los) operadores booleanos utilizados foram vestibulo-ocular reflex (OR), semicircular canal (OR), vestibular (AND) suppression. Como estratégia de pesquisa, na (en la) etapa de triagem (selección) foram utilizados os filtros: descritores no (en) título, publicações dos (de los) últimos dez anos, tipo de material, idioma e artigos revisados por pares. Dos 30 artigos triados (seleccionados), 20 apresentaram resumo de acordo com o tema e 13 estudos atenderam aos critérios de incluso (presentaron resúmenes relacionados al tema y 13 estudios cumplieron los criterios de inclusión). Scopus, Medline/PubMed e Science Citation Index Expanded foram as bases mais abrangentes (fueron las bases más abarcativas). A maioria dos (La mayoría de los) estudos, sobretudo os mais recentes, utilizaram os testes de impulso cefálico com o paradigma ´suppression head impulse test´ (SHIMP) comparando-o ao ´head impulse test´ (HIMP). A cadeira rotatória (La silla rotatoria) com eletronistagmografia foi o segundo teste mais utilizado. Apenas um estudo utilizou a Scleral Search Coil. A partir dessa revisão constata-se que a SRVO é influenciada pela idade, pode ser alterada por disfunções vestibulares periféricas unilaterais ou bilaterais, mas também por alterações neurológicas, como as cerebelares (las cerebelosas). Além da via visual, a SRVO pode ser desencadeada por fontes auditivas, somestésicas e até mesmo imagéticas (e incluso imaginativas, fantasiosas)


The present study aimed to review the concepts related to the functioning and changes in vestibular-ocular reflex suppression (VORS) and the most used assessments today. This is descriptive-exploratory research, based on a literature review, carried out on the Capes Journals Portal, in April 2020. The Boolean operators used were Vestibulo-ocular reflex (OR) Semicircular canal (OR) Vestibular (AND) Suppression. As a research strategy, in the screening stage, with the filters: descriptors in the title, last ten years, type of material, language, and peer-reviewed articles. Thirty articles were screened, 20 presented a summary according to the theme and 13 studies met the inclusion criteria. Scopus, Medline/PubMed, and Science Citation Index Expanded were the most comprehensive databases. Most studies, especially the most recent ones, used cephalic impulse tests with the SHIMP paradigm (suppression head impulse test) comparing it to the HIMP (head impulse test, HIMP). The rotary chair with electronystagmography was the second most used test. Only one study used the Scleral Search Coil. From this review, it appears that the SRVO is influenced by age; it can be altered by unilateral or bilateral peripheral vestibular disorders, but also by neurological changes, such as the cerebellar ones. In addition to the visual pathway, other sources can trigger SVOR, such as auditory, somesthetic and even imagery sources


Subject(s)
Vestibular Function Tests , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular , Postural Balance , Eye Movements , Locomotion
4.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 25: e2284, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131773

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Verificar a função dos canais semicirculares do labirinto de indivíduos com diabetes tipo 1, submetidos ao Video Head Impulse Test (v-HIT), e compará-los com indivíduos sem diabetes. Métodos Estudo transversal, observacional, analítico, realizado com uma amostra de conveniência, formada por 35 indivíduos diabéticos e 100 não diabéticos. Todos os participantes foram submetidos à avaliação vestibular por meio do v-HIT. Resultados A casuística foi composta por 135 participantes, divididos em dois grupos. O grupo de estudo foi composto por indivíduos com diabetes tipo 1, totalizando 21 mulheres e 14 homens. A idade variou entre 18 e 71 anos, com média de 35,37 anos e desvio padrão de 10,98. O grupo sem diabetes foi composto por 77 mulheres e 23 homens. A idade variou entre 20 e 83 anos, com média de 46,44 e desvio padrão de 19,82. Os grupos foram pareados entre si, com relação à idade (p=0,098) e sexo (p=0,052). Os pacientes diabéticos apresentaram ganho diminuído nos canais semicirculares posteriores e anterior esquerdo. A velocidade apresentou diferença significativa nos canais lateral esquerdo, anterior direito e posterior esquerdo no grupo com diabetes mellitus tipo 1, porém não apresentou correlação com o ganho dos canais semicirculares. Conclusão Os participantes com diabetes mellitus tipo 1 apresentaram um ganho diminuído nos canais semicirculares posteriores e no canal anterior esquerdo quando comparados com indivíduos não diabéticos.


ABSTRACT Purpose To verify the function of the labyrinth semicircular channels of type 1 diabetes individuals submitted to the Video Head Impulse Test (v-HIT) and to compare them with individuals without diabetes. Methods Cross-sectional, observational, analytical study conducted with a convenience sample of 35 diabetic and 100 non-diabetic individuals. All participants were submitted to vestibular evaluation using v-HIT. Results The sample consisted of 135 participants divided into two groups. The study group was composed of individuals with type 1 diabetes, totaling 21 women and 14 men. The age range was between 18 and 71 years, with a mean of 35.37 years and standard deviation of 10.98. The group without diabetes was composed of 77 women and 23 men. The age range was between 20 to 83 years, with a mean of 46.44 and standard deviation of 19.82. The groups were matched for age (p=0.098) and gender (p=0.052). Diabetic patients showed decreased gain in the posterior and left anterior semicircular canals. Velocity showed a significant difference in the left lateral, anterior right and posterior left canals in the group with DM1, however velocity did not show correlation with the gain of the semicircular canals. Conclusion participants with type 1 diabetes mellitus showed a decreased gain in the posterior semicircular canals and in the left anterior canal when compared to non-diabetic individuals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular , Vestibular Diseases , Semicircular Canals , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 , Labyrinth Diseases , Cross-Sectional Studies , Neurotology
6.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 79(2): 240-247, jun. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1014443

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La rehabilitación vestibular es un concepto terapéutico utilizado en pacientes que presentan síntomas como vértigos y/o mareos, asociados a una afectación vestibular, además de otras manifestaciones clínicas. Este artículo busca entregar un análisis amplio de los elementos que interactúan para definir una patología, como a su vez intervenir en su compensación. Serán presentados elementos neuroanatómicos, fisiológicos y conceptuales de la rehabilitación para este tipo de pacientes con un enfoque clínico basados en la evidencia.


ABSTRACT Vestibular rehabilitation is a therapeutic concept used in patients suffering from dizziness and/or dizziness, in addition to other clinical manifestations. This article gives a broad analysis of the elements that interact to define a pathology, as well as to intervene in their compensation. Neuro anatomical, physiological and conceptual elements of rehabilitation for this type of patients will be presented with a clinical approach based on evidence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vestibular Diseases/physiopathology , Vestibular Diseases/rehabilitation , Neurophysiology , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular/physiology , Vestibule, Labyrinth , Neuronal Plasticity/physiology
7.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 24: e2037, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001366

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivos Revisar a literatura científica sobre as principais técnicas usadas para gerar o potencial evocado miogênico vestibular (VEMP) e suas aplicações clínicas. Estratégia de pesquisa Os artigos que descrevem os métodos de registro e as aplicações do VEMP foram localizados nas bases de dados PubMed, Web of Science, MEDLINE, Scopus, LILACS e SciELO. O levantamento realizado limitou-se aos artigos publicados nos idiomas Inglês, Português e Espanhol, entre janeiro de 2012 e maio de 2018. Critérios de seleção Artigos sobre os aspectos técnicos para a realização do VEMP ocular, cervical ou do músculo sóleo, com estimulação auditiva ou galvânica e artigos sobre as aplicações clínicas do VEMP foram incluídos; artigos repetidos nas bases de dados, artigos de revisão de literatura, relato de casos, cartas e editoriais foram excluídos. Resultados A estratégia de busca resultou na seleção de 28 artigos. Os estudos evidenciaram três métodos de registro do VEMP: cervical, ocular e no músculo sóleo. As aplicações clínicas do VEMP incluíram doença de Ménière, neurite vestibular, síndrome da deiscência do canal semicircular superior, doença de Parkinson, lesões centrais isquêmicas e mielopatias motoras. Conclusão Independentemente da técnica de registro, o VEMP mostrou-se útil como ferramenta complementar para o diagnóstico de doenças vestibulares periféricas e centrais.


ABSTRACT Purpose To review the scientific literature on the main techniques used to generate vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) and its clinical applications. Research strategy A search for articles describing VEMP recording methods and applications was conducted in the PubMed, Web of Science, MEDLINE, Scopus, LILACS and SciELO databases. The search was limited to articles published in English, Portuguese, and Spanish between January 2012 and May 2018. Selection criteria Articles addressing the technical aspects for performing ocular, cervical or soleus VEMP with auditory or galvanic stimulation and articles on the clinical applications of VEMP were included in this review, whereas articles repeated in the databases, literature reviews, case reports, letters, and editorials were excluded. Results The search strategy resulted in the selection of 28 articles. The studies evidenced three methods of VEMP recording: responses from the cervical, ocular and soleus muscle. Clinical applications of VEMP included Meniere's disease, vestibular neuritis, superior semicircular canal dehiscence syndrome, Parkinson's disease, central ischemic lesions, and motor myelopathies. Conclusion Regardless of the recording technique, VEMP has proved to be useful as a complementary tool for the diagnosis of peripheral and central vestibular diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vestibular Function Tests , Vestibular Diseases , Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials , Vestibular Nerve , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular , Vestibular Nuclei , Otolithic Membrane , Muscle, Skeletal , Electromyography
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765843

ABSTRACT

Abnormal eye movements are commonly observed in movement disorders. Ocular motility examination should include bedside evaluation and laboratory recording of ocular misalignment, involuntary eye movements, including nystagmus and saccadic intrusions/oscillations, triggered nystagmus, saccades, smooth pursuit (SP), and the vestibulo-ocular reflex. Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) mostly show hypometric saccades, especially for the self-paced saccades, and impaired SP. Early vertical saccadic palsy is characteristic of progressive supranuclear palsy-Richardson's syndrome. Patients with cortico-basal syndrome typically show a delayed onset of saccades. Downbeat and gaze-evoked nystagmus and hypermetric saccades are characteristic ocular motor findings in ataxic disorders due to cerebellar dysfunction. In this review, we discuss various ocular motor findings in movement disorders, including PD and related disorders, ataxic syndromes, and hyperkinetic movement disorders. Systemic evaluation of the ocular motor functions may provide valuable information for early detection and monitoring of movement disorders, despite an overlap in the abnormal eye movements among different movement disorders.


Subject(s)
Ataxia , Cerebellar Diseases , Eye Movements , Humans , Hyperkinesis , Movement Disorders , Paralysis , Parkinson Disease , Parkinsonian Disorders , Pursuit, Smooth , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular , Saccades
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764339

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Conflicting results about vestibular function in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) prompted a systematic examination of the semicircular canal function, otolith function, and postural stability. METHODS: Sixteen patients with probable PSP [9 females, age=72±6 years (mean±SD), mean disease duration=3.6 years, and mean PSP Rating Scale score=31] and 17 age-matched controls were examined using the video head impulse test, caloric testing, ocular and cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (o- and cVEMPs), video-oculography, and posturography. RESULTS: There was no evidence of impaired function of the angular vestibulo-ocular reflex (gain=1.0±0.1), and caloric testing also produced normal findings. In terms of otolith function, there was no significant difference between PSP patients and controls in the absolute peakto-peak amplitude of the oVEMP (13.5±7.2 µV and 12.5±5.6 µV, respectively; p=0.8) or the corrected peak-to-peak amplitude of the cVEMP (0.6±0.3 µV and 0.5±0.2 µV, p=0.3). The total root-mean-square body sway was significantly increased in patients with PSP compared to controls (eyes open/head straight/hard platform: 9.3±3.7 m/min and 6.9±2.1 m/min, respectively; p=0.032). As expected, the saccade velocities were significantly lower in PSP patients than in controls: horizontal, 234±92°/sec and 442±66°/sec, respectively; downward, 109±105°/sec and 344±72°/sec; and upward, 121±110°/sec and 348±78°/sec (all p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: We found no evidence of impairment of either high- or low-frequency semicircular function or otolith organ function in the examined PSP patients. It therefore appears that other causes such as degeneration of supratentorial pathways lead to postural imbalance and falls in patients with PSP.


Subject(s)
Accidental Falls , Caloric Tests , Female , Head Impulse Test , Humans , Movement Disorders , Otolithic Membrane , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular , Saccades , Semicircular Canals , Supranuclear Palsy, Progressive , Tauopathies , Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761296

ABSTRACT

The vestibular symptoms such as dizziness and imbalance that occurred after traumatic head/brain injury were caused by a combination of central factors such as abnormalities of white matter, diffuse axonal injury and microhemorrhage, and peripheral factors like decreased vestibulo-ocular reflex caused by the energy transmitted to the semicircular canal and otolith organs. These symptoms can affect on the patient's overall physical, cognitive, emotional, and quality of life. There have been reports that vestibular rehabilitation for the treatment of dizziness and imbalance after head trauma can promote vestibular compensation, stabilize of the gaze movements, and also affect the treatment outcomes of the associated injuries. The frequency, duration, and number of people participating in vestibular rehabilitation varied with each study, and physical therapy, occupational therapy, cognitive counseling, medication treatment, duration of treatment for associated injuries were also variable. Most studies have shown that many patients who get the vestibular rehabilitation have a significantly reduced time to return to work and sports activities, and may be able to speed up the recovery of vestibular symptoms. However, further research is needed on its long-term effects. In addition, patients with traumatic head/brain injuries are more susceptible to injuries of other organs as well as vestibular disorders, therefore consideration of treatment planning for associated injuries including precise evaluation mental support, and cognitive therapy is expected to be more effective with vestibular rehabilitation therapy.


Subject(s)
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Compensation and Redress , Counseling , Craniocerebral Trauma , Diffuse Axonal Injury , Dizziness , Head , Humans , Occupational Therapy , Otolithic Membrane , Quality of Life , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular , Rehabilitation , Return to Work , Semicircular Canals , Sports , White Matter
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761290

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Suppression head impulse paradigm (SHIMP) in video head impulse test is now newly used to test vestibular function. The aim of this study was to analyze normative values of SHIMP for healthy Korean subjects in each decade of life. METHODS: SHIMP and HIMP responses were measured with the video head impulse test in 70 healthy subjects. Vestibulo-ocular reflex gain and anticompensatory saccade were analyzed and compared at each decade of life. RESULTS: All subjects produced anticompensatory saccades in SHIMP. Gain values did not vary significantly with age. Gain values in SHIMP were lower than gain values in HIMP. The gain values of rightward impulse were higher than the gain values of leftward impulse. CONCLUSIONS: Gain values and anticompensatory saccades in SHIMP were consistently equal in each decade of life. Normative values of SHIMP seems largely unaffected by aging.


Subject(s)
Aging , Head , Head Impulse Test , Healthy Volunteers , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular , Saccades
12.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 78(3): 267-274, set. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978811

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El video head impulse test es un método rápido, no invasivo y cómodo para evaluar el reflejo vestíbulo ocular, el cual está siendo utilizado con mayor frecuencia en la evaluación de pacientes con alteraciones del equilibrio. Sin embargo, en Chile se evidencia una falta de estudios relacionados a la confiabilidad interevaluador de dicha prueba. Objetivo: Determinar el nivel de concordancia de los resultados de la eficiencia del reflejo vestíbulo ocular de los canales semicirculares horizontales, obtenidos mediante la aplicación de la prueba video head impulse test, por parte de 3 evaluadores. Material y método: Estudio cuantitativo, correlacional, no experimental transversal descriptivo, con muestreo no probabilístico, de participación voluntaria. La prueba video head impulse test fue aplicada por 3 examinadores a 30 estudiantes que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Resultados: El método de Bland y Altman mostró gran concordancia en las mediciones realizadas entre los 3 examinadores. La correlación intraclase para la ganancia del canal semicircular horizontal derecho e izquierdo fue de 0,85 y 0,91 respectivamente y de 0,75 para el valor de asimetría. Conclusión: El estudio mostró una confiabilidad interevaluador adecuada de la prueba video head impulse test para la evaluación de los canales semicirculares horizontales.


ABSTRACT Introduction: The video head impulse test is a rapid, non-invasive and comfortable method for the evaluation of the vestibulo-ocular reflex that is being used more often in the evaluation of patients with balance disorders. In Chile there is a lack of studies related to the inter-rater reliability for this test. Aim: To determine the level of agreement on the results for the vestibulo-ocular reflex of the horizontal semicircular canals obtained by the execution of the video head impulse test by 3 raters. Material and method: Quantitative, correlational, non-experimental, cross-sectional descriptive study with a type of non-probability sampling with voluntary participation. The video head impulse test was applied by 3 raters to 30 students who fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Results: The Bland-Altman method demonstrated good agreement in the measurements made between the 3 raters. The inter-rater reliability for the gain of the left and right horizontal semicircular canals was 0.85 and 0.91 respectively and 0.75 for the asymmetry value. Conclusion: The study showed an adequate inter-rater reliability for the video head impulse test in the evaluation of the horizontal semicircular canals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular/physiology , Head Impulse Test/standards , Chile , Reproducibility of Results , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Head Impulse Test/statistics & numerical data
13.
Prensa méd. argent ; 104(5): 244-251, jul2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1049303

ABSTRACT

El análisis del reflejo vestíbulo-cólico, que consiste en la activación de los vestibulares primarios, aporta una una valiosa información sobre la fisiología vestibular y es una herramienta útil para la evaluación de pacientes con alteraciones vestibulares. El objetivo de este trabajo es determinar las respuestas vestíbulo-cólicas mediante los estímulos con clicks de alta intensidad y mediante estímulos eléctricos transmastoideos (estimulación galvánica), establecer los valores de referencia y evaluar los parámetros según la edad. Se evaluaron a 20 personas sanas asintomáticas: en cada uno de ellos se evaluó la respuesta vestíbulo-cólica ante la estimulación con clicks, donde se registró una respuesta bifásica p13-n23 y ante la estimulación galvánica, donde se obtuvo una respuesta positivo-negativa p1-n1. Se utilizaron dos electrodos de registro, uno activo, ubicado en el tercio superior del músculo esternocleidomastoideo y otro de referencia ubicado en la unión esternoclavicular ipsilateral. Se analizaron las latencias, las amplitudes de los componentes y los índices de asimetría de amplitudes;las medianas de las latencias de los componentes p13 y n23 fueron significativamente menores que las de los componentes p1-n1; las amplitudes, tras la estimulación galvánica fueron menores que las obtenidas con clicks. Asimismo, se halló una correlación negativa entre la amplitud de la respuestas y la edad de los sujetos. El índice de asimetría de amplitudes fue similar en ambos paradigmas. El empleo de ambos tipos de estímulo es complementario para el estudio de la fisiología vestibular


The assessment of the vestibulocollic reflex consists of the activation of primary vestibular afferents; it also provides valuable information about vestibular physiology, and thus, can be used as a diagnostic tool in vestibular disorders. The aim of this research work is to evaluate this vestibule-collic response by using high intensity auditory as well as galvanic stimuli in order to provide normal referente values and search a correlation between each parameter and the age of individuals. Twenty healthy individuals of both sexes were subjetct to an assessment and after high intensity clicks a p13-n23 a response was obtained; furthermore, after galvanic stimuli a p1-n1 response was obtained. Two surface electrodes (active and reference) were used to read the responses obtained. Latency and amplitudes of p13-n23 and p1-n1 responses and asymmetry indexes were analyzed. Median latencies of p13-n23 responses were shorter than those of p1-n1 responses; and amplitudes of p1-n1 were smaller than those of p13-n23. It was observed a negative correlation between amplitudes of responses and age of the subjets. Asymmetry indexes were similar in both paradigms. The assessment of the vestibulo-collic reflex by using both clicks and galvanic stimulation gives valuable information about vestibular physiology


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Acoustic Stimulation , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular/physiology , Vestibule, Labyrinth/pathology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Electric Stimulation , Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials
14.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 47(1): 73-79, ene.-mar. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-960595

ABSTRACT

Las pruebas rotatorias han sido utilizadas durante más de un siglo para el estudio de la función vestibular por ser un estímulo fisiológico controlado muy efectivo sobre el laberinto posterior, habitualmente son los conductos semicirculares horizontales los que se exploran, pues se afectan con más frecuencia y son más fáciles de estudiar, sin embargo en ocasiones son los verticales los lesionados y por tanto deben emplearse otras alternativas para llegar a un diagnóstico certero. Se presenta un caso donde se evalúa la función fisiológica de los conductos semicirculares verticales a través de la electronistagmografía con estimulación rotatoria, empleando la técnica de estimulación tiempo-velocidad, con fases sucesivas de aceleración, velocidad constante, desaceleración y parada brusca, con una silla rotatoria computarizada, acoplada a un electronistagmógrafo. Se obtuvo arreflexia del canal vertical anterior derecho. A velocidades inferiores a 1 Hz es posible evaluar el reflejo vestíbulo ocular en los conductos semicirculares verticales, a pesar de que la frecuencia del estímulo está por debajo del nivel en que este reflejo funciona en las actividades diarias(AU)


Rotatory tests have been used for over a century for the study of vestibular function because it is a very effective physiological controlled stimulus on the posterior labyrinth, usually the horizontal semicircular ducts that are explored, since they are affected more frequently and are more easy to study, however sometimes the injured are vertical and therefore other alternatives must be used to arrive at a correct diagnosis. The aim of this study is to evaluate the range of physiological function of vertical semicircular ducts using electronystagmography and rotary stimulation. The method used was the technique of time - speed stimulation, with successive phases of acceleration, constant speed, deceleration and abrupt stop, with a computerized rotating chair. Vestibulo-ocular arreflexia of the right anterior vertical channel. It was shown that at speeds lower than 1 Hz it is possible to evaluate the Ocular Lobe Reflex in the vertical semicircular ducts, although the frequency of the stimulus is below the level at which this reflex works in daily activities(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Vestibular Function Tests/adverse effects , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular/physiology , Electronystagmography/methods , Audiometry/methods
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761277

ABSTRACT

Recently with the introduction of video head impulse test (vHIT), it can be easily performed quantitative and objective measurement of vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR). vHIT has been used as a clinical vestibular function test that can individually evaluate the function of each semicircular canal. Loss of VOR gain and corrective catch-up saccades that occur during the vHIT usually indicate peripheral vestibular hypofunction, whereas in acute vestibular syndrome, normal vHIT should prompt a search for a central lesion. In this study, we will examine the principle of vHIT and its interpretation, and explain its clinical application in peripheral and central vestibulopathy. In addition, we will compare the caloric test and the differences, and review the most recently introduced suppression head impulse paradigm test.


Subject(s)
Caloric Tests , Head Impulse Test , Head , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular , Saccades , Semicircular Canals , Vestibular Function Tests
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760079

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The suppression head impulse (SHIMP) test has emerged as one of the new vestibular function tests. The SHIMP test is an analysis of anti-compensatory saccadic movements in gazing moving targets as the head moves. In this study, we investigated the accuracy and sensitivity of the test. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: We analyzed the results of SHIMP test (gain, amplitude, and latency) in 24 cases, which included normal, vestibular neuritis, benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), Meniere's disease, bilateral vestibular function loss, temporal bone fracture, tuberculosis meningitis and acoustic schwannoma patients. We also carried out a physical exam, audiologic study, video electronystagmography (vENG) and a conventional video head impulse test to evaluate the feasibility of SHIMP test in cases of vesitibulopathy. RESULTS: In patients with vestibulopathy, the analysis of SHIMP test indicated high sensitivity and accuracy, which were supported by accompanying audio-vestibular studies. Patients suspected with BPPV, vestibular neuronitis and Meniere's disease showed low vestibulo ocular reflex (VOR) gain and delayed anticompensatory saccade with smaller and more scattered amplitudes than the control. Patients with bilateral vestibular function loss, temporal bone fracture, tuberculosis meningitis, and acoustic schwannoma showed delayed latency, and small amplitude or few anticompensatory saccades. Finally, changes in the SHIMP test values might be a hint that patients had recovered from vestibular neuronitis and tuberculosis meningitis. CONCLUSION: We found the feasibility of SHIMP test in detecting the pathologic condition of VOR in vestibulopathy patients. We argue that the usefulness of SHIMP test might be extended to evaluating the effectiveness of rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo , Electronystagmography , Head Impulse Test , Head , Humans , Meniere Disease , Methods , Neuroma, Acoustic , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular , Rehabilitation , Saccades , Temporal Bone , Tuberculosis, Meningeal , Vestibular Function Tests , Vestibular Neuronitis
17.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 83(3): 330-340, May-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889267

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The vestibular evoked myogenic potential is a potential of mean latency that measures the muscle response to auditory stimulation. This potential can be generated from the contraction of the sternocleidomastoid muscle and also from the contraction of extraocular muscles in response to high-intensity sounds. This study presents a combined or simultaneous technique of cervical and ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potential in individuals with changes in the vestibular system, for use in otoneurologic diagnosis. Objective: To characterize the records and analyze the results of combined cervical and ocular VEMP in individuals with vestibular hyporeflexia and in those with Ménière's disease. Methods: The study included 120 subjects: 30 subjects with vestibular hyporeflexia, 30 with Ménière's disease, and 60 individuals with normal hearing. Data collection was performed by simultaneously recording the cervical and ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potential. Results: There were differences between the study groups (individuals with vestibular hyporeflexia and individuals with Ménière's disease) and the control group for most of wave parameters in combined cervical and ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potential. For cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential, it was observed that the prolongation of latency of the P13 and N23 waves was the most frequent finding in the group with vestibular hyporeflexia and in the group with Ménière's disease. For ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potential, prolonged latency of N10 and P15 waves was the most frequent finding in the study groups. Conclusion: Combined cervical and ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potential presented relevant results for individuals with vestibular hyporeflexia and for those with Ménière's disease. There were differences between the study groups and the control group for most of the wave parameters in combined cervical and ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potential.


Resumo Introdução: O potencial evocado miogênico vestibular é um potencial de média latência que avalia a resposta muscular decorrente de estimulação auditiva. Pode ser gerado a partir da contração do músculo esternocleidomastóideo e também a partir da contração de músculos extraoculares em resposta a sons de elevada intensidade. Este estudo apresenta uma técnica combinada ou simultânea de potencial evocado miogênico vestibular cervical e ocular em indivíduos com alterações no sistema vestibular para que possa ser usada no diagnóstico otoneurológico. Objetivo: Caracterizar o registro e analisar os resultados do potencial evocado miogênico vestibular cervical e ocular combinado em indivíduos com hiporreflexia vestibular e em indivíduos com doença de Ménière. Método: Participaram do estudo 120 indivíduos, 30 com hiporreflexia vestibular, 30 com doença de Ménière e 60 com audição dentro dos padrões de normalidade. A coleta de dados foi feita por meio do potencial evocado miogênico vestibular cervical e ocular registrados simultaneamente. Resultados: Houve diferença entre o grupo de estudo (indivíduos com hiporreflexia vestibular e indivíduos com doença de Ménière) e o grupo controle para a maioria dos parâmetros das ondas no potencial evocado miogênico vestibular cervical e ocular combinado. Para o potencial evocado miogênico vestibular cervical observou-se que o prolongamento da latência das ondas P13 e N23 foi a alteração mais encontrada no grupo de indivíduos com hiporreflexia vestibular e no grupo de indivíduos com doença de Ménière. Para o potencial evocado miogênico vestibular ocular o prolongamento da latência das ondas N10 e P15 foi a alteração mais encontrada no grupo de estudo. Conclusão: O potencial evocado miogênico vestibular cervical e ocular combinado apresentou resultados relevantes para os indivíduos com hiporreflexia vestibular e para os indivíduos com doença de Ménière. Houve diferença entre o grupo de estudo e o grupo controle para a maioria dos parâmetros das ondas no potencial evocado miogênico vestibular cervical e ocular combinado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular/physiology , Cervical Vertebrae/physiopathology , Reflex, Abnormal/physiology , Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials/physiology , Meniere Disease/physiopathology , Vestibular Function Tests
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300824

ABSTRACT

To assess the clinical application of video head impulse test (vHIT) for vestibular function in vestibular neuritis (VN) and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) patients.Thirty-three patients with VN and 43 patients with BPPV were enrolled from Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital and Ningbo Second Hospital from March 15 to September 10, 2015; and 50 healthy controls were also enrolled in the study. vHIT was used to quantitatively test the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) gains of a pair of horizontal semicircular canals. VOR gains two pairs of vertical semicircular canals, and the corresponding asymmetrical value of three VOR gains. The saccades information was also recorded.Compared with the healthy control group and BPPV patients, the affected horizontal and vertical VOR gains were declined and the corresponding asymmetries were increased in VN patients (all<0.01). BPPV group also showed higher vertical VOR gain asymmetries compared with the healthy control group (all<0.01), but no significant difference was observed in VOR gains and horizontal VOR gain asymmetry (all>0.05). The sensibility of vHIT in diagnosis of VN was 87.9%. Among 33 VN patients, 22 were diagnosed with superior vestibular nerve dysfunction, 7 were found with inferior vestibular nerve dysfunction and 3 were with both dysfunction; and 1 case was not distinguished.Video head impulse test can quantitatively evaluate the vestibular dysfunction of VN and can help early diagnosis of VN, which may be widely used in clinic.


Subject(s)
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo , Diagnosis , Head Impulse Test , Humans , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular , Physiology , Saccades , Physiology , Semicircular Canals , Sensitivity and Specificity , Vestibular Diseases , Classification , Diagnosis , Vestibular Nerve , Pathology , Vestibular Neuronitis , Classification , Diagnosis
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-656045

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of computerized dynamic posturography (CDP) in patients with acute vestibular neuritis (AVN) by identifying the recovery period of Sensory Organization Test (SOT) and comparing the result of SOT with those of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) tests and subjective symptoms. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: A prospective study was conducted on 41 patients who were diagnosed with AVN. The SOT was measured daily until the equilibrium composite score recovered the normal value. A survey, composing of questionnaires on Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI), motion sensitive quotient (MSQ) and Activities-Specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC), was conducted on the patient's initial visit and on the day the normal value of SOT was recovered. Videonystagmography and the caloric test were also performed, and the results were compared with those of the SOT. RESULTS: The mean duration from the onset of vertigo to the recovery of SOT scores was 3.7±2.9 days (median 3.0 days) and that from the onset of vertigo to the disappearance of spontaneous nystagmus was 17.1±27.2 days (median 6.0 days). The scores of 4 questionnaires (VAS, DHI, MSQ, and ABC) were significantly different between the initial day and the day of recovery to the normal value of SOT (p<0.001). However, the velocity of spontaneous nystagmus on the initial visit and the degree of canal paresis from the caloric test showed no significant correlations to recovery duration from the onset of vertigo to the normalization of SOT score. CONCLUSION: The recovery duration of vestibulospinal reflex (VSR) is much shorter than that of VOR in patients with AVN. The recovery of subjective symptoms showed close correlation with the recovery of VSR, but the results of VSR was not correlated with that of VOR. Therefore, CDP could be a very useful test for monitoring the resolution of subjective symptoms in patients with AVN.


Subject(s)
Caloric Tests , Compensation and Redress , Cytidine Diphosphate , Dizziness , Humans , Methods , Paresis , Prospective Studies , Reference Values , Reflex , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular , Vertigo , Vestibular Neuronitis
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761255

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: We investigated clinical significance of head shaking nystagmus (HSN) and perverted HSN (pHSN) in patients with peripheral and central vestibular disorders. METHODS: We reviewed medical records of 822 consecutive subjects who were referred to a dizziness clinic. We performed neurologic examination including video-oculography in darkness for 60 seconds before, during and for 100 seconds after head-shaking. HSN was considered to develop when post-head-shaking nystagmus last at least 5 beats with latency from end of head-shaking of no more than 5 seconds, and a velocity at least 3°/sec. RESULTS: In control group (n=45), there were observed spontaneous nystagmus (SN) in 2.2%, HSN in 17.8%, pHSN in 6.7%. In patients with peripheral vestibular disorder group (n=397), there were observed SN in 14.1%, HSN in 40.6%, pHSN in 9.8%. In patients with central vestibular disorder group (n=217), there were observed SN in 17.5%, HSN in 24.0%, pHSN in 13.4%. In unspecified dizziness group (n=208), there were observed SN in 1.9%, HSN in 13.0%, pHSN in 1.9%. pHSN was frequently observed in central vestibular disorders such as stroke, vestibular migraine, cerebellar ataxia, and vertebro-basilar insufficiency. However, pHSN was also observed at higher rate than expected in peripheral vestibular disorders including benign paroxysmal positional vertigo especially involving vertical canals, Meniere disease and even in unilateral vestibulopathy. CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that perverted HSN in dizzy populations was frequently observed not only in cases of central vestibular disorders but also in peripheral disorders. Perverted HSN can develop by any conditions that cause difference in vestibular velocity storage in vertical component of vestibular-ocular reflex.


Subject(s)
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo , Cerebellar Ataxia , Darkness , Dizziness , Head , Humans , Medical Records , Meniere Disease , Migraine Disorders , Neurologic Examination , Reflex , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular , Stroke , Vertebrobasilar Insufficiency , Vertigo , Vestibular Function Tests
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