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1.
Rev. baiana saúde pública ; 46(1): 216-221, 20220707.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379926

ABSTRACT

Este relato descreve as principais etapas da investigação jornalística que culminaram na reportagem "Os pequenos que se foram", publicada pela revista piauí. A reportagem revelou que em municípios pobres a desorganização do sistema de Atenção Básica, provocada pelo desmonte do Programa Mais Médicos, gerou um aumento de 58% nas mortes por causas evitáveis de crianças menores de cinco anos. O relato mostra que a reportagem é resultado da reunião de documentos, parte deles obtida pela Lei de Acesso à Informação (LAI) e por cruzamentos feitos no Sistema de Informação de Mortalidade (SIM), um banco de dados abertos do Ministério da Saúde. São descritas também pesquisas em cartórios e a busca pelas famílias que perderam crianças em 2019. Por fim, o relato mostra como a reportagem se insere no processo de oferta de informações para deliberação pública.


This paper describes the main steps of the journalistic investigation that culminated in the report "The little children who are gone," published by piauí magazine. According to article, the disorganization of the Primary Care system in poor municipalities, caused by the dismantling of the More Doctors Program, led to a 58% increase in deaths from preventable causes in children under the age of five. The report is the result documents obtained by the Access to Information Law (LAI), and by cross-references made in the Mortality Information System (SIM), an open database of the Ministry of Health. Registry office research and the search for families who lost children in 2019 are also described. In short, the article takes part in the process of providing information for public deliberation.


Este informe describe las principales etapas de la investigación periodística que culminó con el reportaje "Los niños pequeños que murieron", publicado por la revista piauí. El reportaje reveló que en los municipios pobres la desorganización del sistema de Atención Primaria, provocada por el desmantelamiento del Programa Más Médicos, generó un aumento del 58% en las muertes por causas evitables de niños menores de cinco años. El informe muestra que el reportaje es el resultado de la recopilación de documentos, parte de ellos obtenidos por la Ley de Acceso a la Información (LAI) y por cruces realizados en el Sistema de Información de Mortalidad (SIM), una base de datos abierta del Ministerio de Salud. También se describen las investigaciones en los registros de muertes y la búsqueda de familias que perdieron a sus hijos en 2019. Finalmente, el informe muestra cómo el reportaje contribuye con el proceso de proporcionar información para la deliberación pública.


Subject(s)
Information Systems , Registries , Health Consortia , Mass Media
2.
Medwave ; 22(4): e002511, 30-05-2022.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1371693

ABSTRACT

Introducción Debido a la respuesta de los servicios de salud a la pandemia por COVID- 19, se han suspendido cirugías electivas como la artroplastía de rodilla. El objetivo de este estudio es determinar la incidencia de artroplastías de rodilla en 2020 reflejando el efecto de la pandemia, y estimar el tiempo y el costo para recuperar la situación de lista de espera previa a marzo de 2020. Métodos Estudio transversal. Se analizaron las bases de datos del Departamento de Estadística e Información en Salud de Chile de 2019 y 2020, identificando pacientes asociados a códigos de artroplastía de rodilla. Se calculó el número mensual de artroplastias realizadas durante 2019 para estimar el tiempo que tomará recuperar las cirugías no realizadas en 2020. El costo asociado a artroplastía de rodilla se hizo según el método de pago utilizado por el Fondo Nacional de Salud estimado por grupos relacionados por diagnóstico. Resultados En 2020 la tasa de incidencia de artroplastía de rodilla por 100 000 habitantes disminuyó 64% comparado con 2019. El impacto fue mayor en el sistema público (68%) y en beneficiarios del Fondo Nacional de Salud (63%). Un aumento en la productividad en 30% respecto a 2019 haría que en 27 meses se recuperen las cirugías no realizadas en 2020, significando un costo adicional mensual en el sistema público de 318 262 530 pesos chilenos (equivalentes a 378 mil dólares americanos, USD). Conclusiones Hubo una importante disminución de la tasa de artroplastías de rodilla en 2020, estimándose una caída del 64% en la incidencia por 100 000 habitantes. Esto muestra un incremento importante de personas que esperan la resolución a la artrosis de rodilla. Un aumento entre 20 y 40% respecto de 2019 permitiría recuperar las cirugías no realizadas en un plazo entre 20 y 41 meses, a un costo mensual en el sistema público que varía entre 210 y 425 millones pesos chilenos (de 250 a 506 mil dólares americanos, USD).


Introducción Debido a la respuesta de los servicios de salud a la pandemia por COVID- 19, se han suspendido cirugías electivas como la artroplastía de rodilla. El objetivo de este estudio es determinar la incidencia de artroplastías de rodilla en 2020 reflejando el efecto de la pandemia, y estimar el tiempo y el costo para recuperar la situación de lista de espera previa a marzo de 2020. Métodos Estudio transversal. Se analizaron las bases de datos del Departamento de Estadística e Información en Salud de Chile de 2019 y 2020, identificando pacientes asociados a códigos de artroplastía de rodilla. Se calculó el número mensual de artroplastias realizadas durante 2019 para estimar el tiempo que tomará recuperar las cirugías no realizadas en 2020. El costo asociado a artroplastía de rodilla se hizo según el método de pago utilizado por el Fondo Nacional de Salud estimado por grupos relacionados por diagnóstico. Resultados En 2020 la tasa de incidencia de artroplastía de rodilla por 100 000 habitantes disminuyó 64% comparado con 2019. El impacto fue mayor en el sistema público (68%) y en beneficiarios del Fondo Nacional de Salud (63%). Un aumento en la productividad en 30% respecto a 2019 haría que en 27 meses se recuperen las cirugías no realizadas en 2020, significando un costo adicional mensual en el sistema público de 318 262 530 pesos chilenos (equivalentes a 378 mil dólares americanos, USD). Conclusiones Hubo una importante disminución de la tasa de artroplastías de rodilla en 2020, estimándose una caída del 64% en la incidencia por 100 000 habitantes. Esto muestra un incremento importante de personas que esperan la resolución a la artrosis de rodilla. Un aumento entre 20 y 40% respecto de 2019 permitiría recuperar las cirugías no realizadas en un plazo entre 20 y 41 meses, a un costo mensual en el sistema público que varía entre 210 y 425 millones pesos chilenos (de 250 a 506 mil dólares americanos, USD).


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , COVID-19/epidemiology , Chile/epidemiology , Registries , Disease Outbreaks , Cross-Sectional Studies
3.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 27(3): 999-1013, mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364679

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este estudo analisa a evolução de resultados relacionados à produção de hospitais universitários (HUs) pertencentes à Empresa Brasileira de Serviços Hospitalares (EBSERH), enfatizando resultados alcançados antes e depois da adesão à EBSERH. Foram analisados dados mensais de 16 HUs, obtidos no Sistema de Informações Hospitalares (SIH/SUS) e no Cadastro Nacional de Estabelecimentos de Saúde (CNES), referentes ao número de internações hospitalares, número de profissionais, número de leitos, tempo médio de permanência, taxa média de mortalidade, valor total aprovado de autorizações de internação hospitalar (AIHs) e valor médio da AIH. O estudo utiliza a análise simples de séries temporais interrompidas (STI) para analisar os efeitos da gestão EBSERH nos HUs, avaliando comparativamente o nível e a tendência dos resultados dos HUs antes e após a adesão à gestão da EBSERH. Os hospitais, de modo geral, apresentaram melhores resultados após a adesão à EBSERH, com redução de tempo médio de permanência, aumento do número total de internações, crescimento no efetivo de pessoal e aumento do valor total aprovado pelo SUS. Entre os HUs analisados, os que apresentaram destaque positivo no aprimoramento de performance foram o HU/UFS, HULW/UFPB, o HUOL/UFRN e o HU/UFMA.


Abstract This study analyzes the evolution of results related to the production of university hospitals (HUs) in Brazil belonging to the Brazilian Hospital Services Company (EBSERH), emphasizing results achieved before and after joining EBSERH. Monthly data of 16 HUs, obtained from the Hospital Information System (SIH/SUS) and from the National Registry of Health Facilities (CNES), were analyzed, referring to the number of hospital admissions, number of professionals, number of beds, average length of stay, average mortality rate, total approved value of Hospitalization Authorizations (AIHs) and average AIH value. The study uses the simple analysis of interrupted time series (ITS) to analyze the effects of EBSERH management on HUs, assessing the level and trend of HU results before and after joining the EBSERH management. Hospitals, in general, had better results after joining the EBSERH, with a reduction in the average length of stay, an increase in the total number of hospitalizations, increase in work force, and an increase in the total amount approved by SUS. Among the analyzed HUs, the ones that showed the greatest performance improvement were HU/UFS, HULW/UFPB, HUOL/UFRN and HU/UFMA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hospital Information Systems , Hospitalization , Brazil , Registries , Hospitals, University
4.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud. Dirección General de Intervenciones Estratégicas en Salud Pública. Dirección de Salud Bucal. Dirección General de Tecnologías de la Información. Oficina de Gestión de la Información; 3 ed; Mar.. 2022. 43 p. ilus.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS, MINSAPERU | ID: biblio-1359599

ABSTRACT

La publicación describe y homogeniza los criterios en la recopilación y codificación de diagnósticos CIE 10 y Catálogo de Procedimientos médicos y estomatológicos del Ministerio de Salud. Asimismo, la metodología de registros estadísticos sanitarios en salud bucal, el cual se convierte en un sistema de información necesaria para la toma de decisiones en la solución de los problemas sanitarios en el marco del sistema de coordinación


Subject(s)
Information Systems , Registries , International Classification of Diseases , Oral Health , Medical Records Systems, Computerized , Comprehensive Health Care , Clinical Coding
5.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(1): 6-13, feb 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353404

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Las cardiopatías congénitas críticas (CCC) son las anomalías estructurales del corazón ductus-dependientes, que pueden llevar a la muerte o requieren tratamiento invasivo en el primer mes de vida. Objetivo. Conocer la prevalencia y distribución de CCC en recién nacidos de Argentina, en comparación con otros países, y la proporción de detección prenatal y de mortalidad perinatal. Material y métodos. Se utilizó material de la Red Nacional de Anomalías Congénitas de Argentina (RENAC) del período 2009-2018, y de otros sistemas de vigilancia de Estados Unidos (EE. UU.), Europa y Colombia. Para Argentina se analizó la proporción de detección prenatal, mortalidad perinatal y prevalencia de recién nacidos con CCC según jurisdicción y subsector de salud. Resultados. Prevalencia de CCC de 11,46 (IC95 %: 11,02-11,92) cada 10 000 nacimientos. El 43,93 % tuvo detección prenatal y la mortalidad perinatal fue del 25 %. La tetralogía de Fallot fue el defecto específico más frecuente. La prevalencia de CCC y el porcentaje de detección prenatal fue significativamente menor en el subsector público, mientras que la mortalidad perinatal fue mayor en este subsector. La prevalencia de CCC observada fue menor que en los registros de EE. UU. (NBDPN) y Europa (EUROCAT). El registro de Bogotá mostró prevalencias específicas diferentes. Conclusión. La prevalencia de CCC es más baja que la observada en otros países, y aún menor en el sector público de Argentina. Se enfatiza la necesidad de mejorar la detección prenatal e implementar la oximetría de pulso en recién nacidos como prueba de tamizaje obligatorio y universal.


Introduction. Critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) is a term that refers to ductus-dependent structural anomalies of the heart that may be fatal or require invasive management in the first month of life. Objective. To know the prevalence and distribution of CCHD among newborns in Argentina, compared to other countries, and the proportion of prenatal detection and perinatal mortality. Material and methods. Data provided by the National Network of Congenital Anomalies (Red Nacional de Anomalías Congénitas de Argentina, RENAC) for the 2009-2018 period and by other surveillance systems in the United States, Europe, and Colombia were used. For Argentina, the proportion of prenatal detection, perinatal mortality, and CCHD prevalence in newborns by jurisdiction and health system subsector were analyzed. Results. The prevalence of CCHD was 11.46 (95% confidence interval: 11.02-11.92) every 10 000 births. Prenatal detection was possible in 43.93% of cases, and perinatal mortality was 25%. Tetralogy of Fallot was the most frequent specific defect. The prevalence of CCHD and percentage of prenatal detection was significantly lower in the public subsector, whereas perinatal mortality was higher in this subsector. The prevalence of CCHD was lower than in the United States (NBDPN) and European (EUROCAT) registries. The Bogotá Registry showed different specific prevalence values. Conclusion. The prevalence of CCHD is lower than what has been observed in other countries, and even lower in the public sector of Argentina. The need to improve prenatal detection and implement pulse oximetry among newborns as a mandatory and universal screening is emphasized.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Heart Defects, Congenital/epidemiology , Argentina/epidemiology , Oximetry , Registries , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies
6.
San Salvador; MINSAL; feb. 02, 2022. 32 p. ilus, graf.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1361737

ABSTRACT

En los presentes lineamientos técnicos se describen los conceptos y procedimientos a realizar en la implementación del registro, además se presentan entre otros aspectos, los componentes relacionados con la obligatoriedad en el reporte, definición de caso registrable, las variables a registrar, las fuentes de información, metodología de la recolección, los centros de diálisis y trasplante, así como el reporte de resultados y la hoja de recolección de la información


These technical guidelines describe the concepts and procedures to be carried out in the implementation of the registry, in addition to presenting, among other aspects, the components related to the obligatory nature of the report, the definition of the registrable case, the variables to be registered, the sources of information, collection methodology, dialysis and transplant centers, as well as the results report and the information collection sheet


Subject(s)
Records , Kidney Transplantation , Dialysis , Registries , Research Report
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939763

ABSTRACT

This article collected the statistics of Shanghai's class II passive medical device registration filing review trial implementation. It summarized and analyzed the common issues in the filing review stage, and gave suggestions for registration applicants and reviewers in order to further improve the quality of application materials and improve the efficiency of review.


Subject(s)
China , Device Approval , Equipment and Supplies , Registries
8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 702-708, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935447

ABSTRACT

Objective: We aim to evaluate the morbidity and mortality of cancer attributable to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in China in 2016. Methods: Based on the cancer incidence and mortality rates, national population data, and population attributable fraction (PAF) in China, we calculated the number of incidence and death cases attributed to HPV infection in different areas, age groups, and gender in China in 2016. The standardized incidence and mortality rates for cancer attributed to HPV infection were calculated by using Segi's population. Results: In 2016, a total of 124 772 new cancer cases (6.32 per 100 000) were attributed to HPV infection in China, including 117 118 cases in women and 7 654 cases in men. Of these cancers, cervical cancer was the most common one, followed by anal cancer, oropharyngeal cancer, penile cancer, vaginal cancer, laryngeal cancer, oral cancer, and vulvar cancer. A total of 41 282 (2.03 per 100 000) deaths were attributed to HPV infection, of which 37 417 occurred in women and 3 865 in men. Most deaths were caused by cervical cancer, followed by anal cancer, oropharyngeal cancer, penile cancer, laryngeal cancer, vaginal cancer, oral cancer, and vulvar cancer. The incidence and mortality rates of cervical cancer increased rapidly with age, peaked in age group 50-54 years, then decreased obviously. The morbidity and mortality rates of non-cervical cancer increased with age. The cancer case and death numbers in rural areas (57 089 cases and 19 485 deaths) were lower than those in urban areas (67 683 cases and 21 797 deaths). However, the age-standardized incidence rate (ASIR) and age-standardized mortality rate (ASMR) of cervical cancer were higher in rural areas than in urban areas. There were no significant differences in ASIR and ASMR of non-cervical cancers between urban areas and rural areas. Conclusions: The incidence of cancers attributed to HPV infection in China was lower than the global average, but the number of incidences accounted largely, furthermore there is an increasing trend of morbidity and mortality. The preventions and controls of cervical cancer and male anal cancer are essential to contain the increases in cancer cases and deaths attributed to HPV infection.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Incidence , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Male , Middle Aged , Mouth Neoplasms , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Penile Neoplasms/epidemiology , Registries , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/epidemiology , Vaginal Neoplasms , Vulvar Neoplasms
9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 634-640, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935436

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe the distribution characteristics of type 2 diabetes in twins in Chinese National Twin Registry (CNTR), provide clues and evidence for revealing the influence of genetic and environmental factors for type 2 diabetes. Methods: Of all twins registered in the CNTR during 2010-2018, a total 18 855 twin pairs aged ≥30 years with complete registration information were included in the analysis. The random effect model was used to describe the population and area distribution characteristics and concordance of type 2 diabetes in twin pairs. Results: The mean age of the subjects was (42.8±10.2) years, the study subjects included 10 339 monozygotic (MZ) twin pairs and 8 516 dizygotic (DZ) twin pairs. The self-reported prevalence rate of type 2 diabetes was 2.2% in total population and there was no sighificant difference between MZ and DZ. Intra-twin pairs analysis showed that the concordance rate of type 2 diabetes was 38.2% in MZ twin pairs, and 16.0% in DZ twin pairs, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.001). The concordance rate of type 2 diabetes in MZ twin parts was higher than that in DZ twin pairs in both men and women, in different age groups and in different areas (P<0.05). Further stratified analysis showed that in northern China, only MZ twin pairs less than 60 years old were found to have a higher concordance rate of type 2 diabetes compared with DZ twin pairs (P<0.05). In southern China, the co-prevalence rate in male MZ twin pairs aged ≥60 years was still higher than that in DZ twin pairs (P<0.05). Conclusion: The twin pairs in this study had a lower self-reported prevalence of type 2 diabetes than the general population. The study results suggested that genetic factors play a role in type 2 diabetes prevalence in both men and women, in different age groups and in different areas, however, the effect might vary.


Subject(s)
Adult , China/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/genetics , Diseases in Twins/genetics , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Registries , Twins, Dizygotic , Twins, Monozygotic/genetics
10.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 99-103, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935188

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe the epidemic characteristics of stomach cancer mortality in Qidong between 1972 and 2016. Methods: The cancer registry data of stomach cancer death and population during 1972-2016 in Qidong was collected. The mortality of crude rate (CR), China age-standardized rate (CASR), world age-standardized rate (WASR), 35-64 years truncated rate, 0-74 years cumulative rate, cumulative risk, percentage change (PC), annual percent change (APC) were calculated. Results: During 1972-2016, a total of 15 863 (male: 10 114, female: 5 749) deaths occurred attributed to stomach cancer, accounting for 16.04% of all cancers, with CR of 31.37/100 000 (CASR: 12.97/100 000, WASR: 21.39/100 000). The truncated rate of 35-64, cumulative rate of 0-74, and cumulative risk were 28.86/100 000, 2.54%, and 2.51%, respectively. For male, the CR, CASR, WASR were 40.53/100 000, 17.98/100 000, 30.13/100 000, respectively, and for female, the CR, CASR, WASR were 22.45/100 000, 8.52/100 000, 13.92/100 000, respectively. Age-specific mortality analysis showed that the mortality of each age group under 25-year-old group was less than 1/100 000. The CR increased with age. The 50-year-old group reached and exceeded the average mortality of the population, and more than 80-year-old group reached the peak of death. During 1972-2016 in Qidong, The PCs in CR, CASR, and WASR of stomach cancer were 55.43%, -52.02%, -43.60%. The APC were 0.54%, -2.30%, -2.08%, respectively. Period mortality analysis showed that except for the 75-year-old group, the mortality of stomach cancer decreased significantly. Conclusions: The crude mortality of stomach cancer increases slightly in Qidong, while the CASR and WASR decrease significantly. However, stomach cancer is still one of the malignant tumors that most affect health and seriously threat lives.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , China/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Incidence , Male , Middle Aged , Registries , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology
11.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 93-98, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935187

ABSTRACT

Objective: To estimate stomach cancer incidence and mortality in Henan, 2016 and analyze the trend of stomach cancer incidence and mortality from 2010 to 2016. Methods: Stomach cancer related data in 2016 was extracted from Henan cancer registration and follow-up system. All data were qualified in validity, reliability and completeness according to the Guideline on Cancer Registration in China and International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC/IACR). The incidence and mortality of stomach cancer were estimated by areas, gender and age based on the quality data and the registered population data of Henan province in 2016. The epidemic trend of stomach cancer was also been evaluated based on the age-standardized incidence and mortality by Chinese population (ASR China) from 2010 to 2016. Results: In 2016, the estimated incident cases of stomach cancer were 44 311. The incidence was 41.07/100 000, ASR China was 30.17/100 000, ASR by world population (ASR world) was 30.36/100 000, and the cumulative incidence rate was 3.84%. The incidences of male and female were 55.65/100 000 and 25.35/100 000, respectively. Meanwhile, 32 927 people died of stomach cancer in Henan. The mortality was 30.52/100 000, ASR China was 21.45/100 000, ASR world was 21.54/100 000, and the cumulative mortality was 2.53%. From 2010 to 2016, both the ASR China for incidence and mortality of stomach cancer in Henan showed a steady downward trend. In rural, the ASR China for incidence and mortality decreased rapidly, while the stable trend was observed in urban. Nevertheless, the incidence and mortality of stomach cancer in rural were still higher than those in urban. Conclusions: The incidence and mortality of stomach cancer in Henan province showed steadily declining trend from 2010 to 2016, and the geographical distribution difference between rural and urban areas was gradually narrowing. However, the disease burden was still high in 2016.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Incidence , Male , Registries , Reproducibility of Results , Rural Population , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Urban Population
12.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 86-92, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935186

ABSTRACT

Objective: To estimate the incidence and mortality of esophageal cancer in 2016 and their changing trend during 2010-2016 according to the cancer registration data in Henan province. Methods: The data quality including completeness, validity, and reliability of local registries which submitted the cancer registration data of 2016 were assessed according to the criteria of Guideline on Cancer Registration in China and IARC/IACR. Esophageal cancer cases (ICD10: C15) were extracted from the database, and the incidence and mortality stratified by gender, age, and areas (urban/rural) were calculated, the incidence and mortality of provincial cancer were estimated combined with provincial population data. China's 2000 census population and Segi's population were used to calculate the age-standardized rate. Joinpoint model was used to estimate the changing trend of age standardized incidence and mortality along with the calendar year. Results: Approximately 40.10 thousand new esophageal cancer cases were diagnosed in Henan in 2016, accounting for 13.46% of all new cancer cases, and it ranked the third among cancer of all sites. The crude incidence of esophageal cancer was 37.21/100 000 with an age-standardized incidence rate by China standard population (ASIRC) of 26.74/100 000 and an age-standardized incidence rate by world standard population (ASIRW) of 27.12/100 000. The incidence of esophageal cancer in males was higher than that in females, with the ASIRC of 34.53/100 000 and 19.19/100 000, respectively. It was higher in rural areas than that in urban areas, with the ASIRC of 28.13/100 000 and 20.90/100 000, respectively. About 29.30 thousand deaths of esophageal cancer in Henan in 2016, accounting for 15.61% of all cancer deaths in Henan, which ranked the third among cancer of all sites. The crude mortality rate was 27.14/100 000 with an age-standardized mortality rate by China standard population (ASMRC) of 18.74/100 000 and an age-standardized mortality rate by world standard population (ASMRW) of 18.78/100 000. The mortality in males was higher than that in females, with the ASMRC of 24.78/100 000 and 13.12/100 000, respectively. It was also higher in rural areas than that in urban areas, with the ASMRC of 19.48/100 000 and 15.73/100 000, respectively. The ASIRC and ASMRC were declining with annual percent change (APC) of 3.12% (APC=-3.12%; 95%CI: -5.30%, -0.90%; P=0.015) and 2.47% (APC=-2.47%; 95%CI: -4.70%, -0.20%; P=0.039) during 2010-2016. However, the significant declining trend was only observed in rural areas in Henan, and the changing trend was same between males and females. Conclusions: The incidence and mortality of esophageal cancer are declining since 2010, however, the disease burden remains large in Henan. Therefore, comprehensive prevention and control efforts should be strengthened according to its epidemic characteristics and risk factors.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Esophageal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Incidence , Male , Registries , Reproducibility of Results , Rural Population , Urban Population
13.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 443-449, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935168

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the prevalence, pattern and outcome of multimorbidity in elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods: Secondary analysis was performed based on the data from the BleeMACS registry, which was conducted between 2003 and 2014. We stratified elderly patients (≥65 years) according to their multimorbidity. Multimorbidity was defined as two or more chronic diseases in the same individual. Kaplan-Meier methods were used to estimate 1 year event rates for each endpoint, and comparisons between the study groups were performed using the log-rank test. The primary endpoint was net adverse clinical events (NACE), which is a composite of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, or bleeding. Results: Of 7 120 evaluable patients, 6 391 (89.8%) were with morbidity (1 594 with 1, 2 156 with 2, and 2 641 with ≥3 morbidity). Patients with morbidity were older, percent of female sex and non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes and implantation rate with drug-eluting stents and blood creatine level were higher compared to patients without morbidity. Compared with the patients without morbidity, the proportion of participants with oral anticoagulant increased in proportion to increased number of morbidities (5.8% vs. 6.4% with 1 morbidity, 7.3% with 2 morbidities, 9.0% with ≥3 morbidities, P trend<0.01) and the proportion of participants with clopidogrel prescription decreased in proportion to increased number of morbidity (91.9% vs. 89.7% with 1 morbidity, 87.9% with 2 morbidities, 88.6% with ≥3 morbidities, P trend = 0.01). During 1 year follow-up, compared with those with no morbidity, the hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of risk of NACE for those with 1, 2, and ≥ 3 morbidities was 1.18 (0.86-1.64), 1.49 (1.10-2.02), and 2.74 (2.06-3.66), respectively (P < 0.01). Multimorbidity was not associated with an increased risk of bleeding of various organs (P>0.05). Conclusion: Multimorbidity is common in elderly patients with ACS. These patients might benefit from coordinated and integrated multimorbidity management by multidisciplinary teams.


Subject(s)
Acute Coronary Syndrome/epidemiology , Aged , Clopidogrel , Female , Hemorrhage , Humans , Multimorbidity , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/methods , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/adverse effects , Registries , Treatment Outcome
14.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 409-423, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927617

ABSTRACT

Organ transplantation is the most effective treatment for end stage organ failure,and voluntary donation after citizen's death is the only source of transplanted organ in China.Clinically,transplantation organ protection technology plays a critical role in improving the quality of transplantation organs and the prognosis of recipients.On the basis of domestic and worldwide basic research and clinical practice and according to the Oxford evidence classification and GRADE system,the experts organized by Organ Transplantation Doctor Branch of Chinese Medical Doctor Association,Organ Transplantation Group in Surgery Branch of Chinese Medical Association and China Liver Transplant Registry Scientific Committee had compiled and published the Chinese Expert Consensus on Organ Protection of Transplantation(2016 edition) for liver,kidney,pancreas,small intestine,heart,lung transplantation organs.With the support of China Liver Transplant Registry,National Center for Healthcare Quality Management in Liver Transplant,National Quality Control Center for Donated Organ Procurement,National Clinical Research Center for Orthopedics & Sports Medicine & Rehabilitation and National Trauma Medical Organ Protection Committee and combined with recent domestic and worldwide clinical practice and research progress for organ transplantation and organ protection,the Chinese Expert Consensus on Organ Protection of Transplantation(2022 edition)(hereinafter referred to as the consensus) has been formulated in 2022.This edition of the consensus focuses on updating the technical progress and evidence-based medicine of organ procurement,organ preservation,organ transport,and quality evaluation in clinical practice.Additionally,protection of composite tissue for transplantation,mainly including limb graft,has also been included.The organ protection strategy recommended in this consensus aims to promote scientific and standardize clinical organ transplantation work.


Subject(s)
Asians , Consensus , Humans , Organ Preservation , Organ Transplantation , Registries , Tissue and Organ Procurement
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 584-590, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927537

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The cancer burden in the United States of America (USA) has decreased gradually. However, China is experiencing a transition in its cancer profiles, with greater incidence of cancers that were previously more common in the USA. This study compared the latest cancer profiles, trends, and determinants between China and USA.@*METHODS@#This was a comparative study using open-source data. Cancer cases and deaths in 2022 were calculated using cancer estimates from GLOBOCAN 2020 and population estimates from the United Nations. Trends in cancer incidence and mortality rates in the USA used data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program and National Center for Health Statistics. Chinese data were obtained from cancer registry reports. Data from the Global Burden of Disease 2019 and a decomposition method were used to express cancer deaths as the product of four determinant factors.@*RESULTS@#In 2022, there will be approximately 4,820,000 and 2,370,000 new cancer cases, and 3,210,000 and 640,000 cancer deaths in China and the USA, respectively. The most common cancers are lung cancer in China and breast cancer in the USA, and lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in both. Age-standardized incidence and mortality rates for lung cancer and colorectal cancer in the USA have decreased significantly recently, but rates of liver cancer have increased slightly. Rates of stomach, liver, and esophageal cancer decreased gradually in China, but rates have increased for colorectal cancer in the whole population, prostate cancer in men, and other seven cancer types in women. Increases in adult population size and population aging were major determinants for incremental cancer deaths, and case-fatality rates contributed to reduced cancer deaths in both countries.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The decreasing cancer burden in liver, stomach, and esophagus, and increasing burden in lung, colorectum, breast, and prostate, mean that cancer profiles in China and the USA are converging. Population aging is a growing determinant of incremental cancer burden. Progress in cancer prevention and care in the USA, and measures to actively respond to population aging, may help China to reduce the cancer burden.


Subject(s)
Adult , Breast Neoplasms , China/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Incidence , Liver Neoplasms , Male , Neoplasms/epidemiology , Registries , United States/epidemiology
16.
Psicol. soc. (Online) ; 34: e237658, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1365282

ABSTRACT

Resumo A partir da análise do preenchimento do quesito raça/cor do Cadastro Único para Programas Sociais do Governo Federal (CadÚnico), realizado por entrevistadoras sociais em um Centro de Referência de Assistência Social, este artigo objetiva discutir o tensionamento racial presente no campo da Política Nacional de Assistência Social (PNAS). Assumindo uma política investigativa pautada nos estudos da Ciência, Tecnologia e Sociedade e da Teoria Ator-Rede, utilizamos o registro de diários de campo como ferramenta à produção de dados sobre o referido preenchimento. Nesse percurso, assinalamos que o racismo brasileiro e as ambiguidades ligadas ao quesito raça/cor se atualizam no preenchimento do CadÚnico, implicando diferentes performances à produção da autodeclaração racial. Frente a isso, a compreensão das questões raciais nos processos socioterritoriais e subjetivos, que atravessam os serviços da PNAS, é fundamental ao desenvolvimento de práticas ao exercício da cidadania que não corroborem com manutenção da desigualdade racial brasileira.


Resumen A partir del análisis del llenado de la pregunta raza/color del Registro Único de Programas Sociales del Gobierno Federal (CadÚnico), realizado por entrevistadores sociales en un Centro de Referencia de Asistencia Social, este artículo tiene como objetivo discutir la tensión racial presente en la Política Nacional de Asistencia Social (PNAS). Asumiendo una política de investigación basada en los estudios de Ciencia, Tecnología y Sociedad y la Teoría Actor-Red, utilizamos el registro de diarios de campo como herramienta para la producción de datos sobre dicho relleno. De esta manera, señalamos que el racismo brasileño y las ambigüedades relacionadas con la raza/color se actualizan en el llenado del CadÚnico, lo que implica diferentes actuaciones en la producción de la autodeclaración racial. Así, la comprensión de las cuestiones raciales en los procesos socio-territoriales y subjetivos que atraviesan los servicios del PNAS es fundamental para el desarrollo de prácticas para el ejercicio de la ciudadanía que no corroboren el mantenimiento de la desigualdad racial en Brasil.


Abstract Based on the analysis of the filling out of the race/color question of the Federal Government Registry for the Social Programs (CadÚnico), carried out by social interviewers at a Social Assistance Reference Center, this article aims to discuss the racial tension present in the field of National Social Assistance Policy (PNAS). Assuming an investigative policy based on the studies of Science, Technology and Society and the Actor-Network Theory, we used field diaries registers as a tool for the production of data on the aforementioned filling. We point out that Brazilian racism and the ambiguities related to race/color are updated in filling out the CadÚnico, implying different performances in the production of racial self-declaration. In this view, the understanding of racial issues in the socio-territorial and subjective processes that cross the PNAS services is fundamental to the development of practices for the exercise of citizenship that do not corroborate the maintenance of Brazilian racial inequality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Social Work , Registries , Racial Groups , Social Participation , Racism , Social Programs
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936096

ABSTRACT

Objective: The pattern of digestive tract reconstruction in radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer is still inconclusive. This study aims to compare mid-term and long-term quality of life after radical gastrectomy for distal gastric cancer between Billroth-I (B-I) and Billroth-II (B-II) reconstruction. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted.Clinicopathological and follow-up data of 859 gastric cancer patients were colected cellected from the surgical case registry database of Gastrointestinal Surgery Center of Sichuan University West China Hospital, who underwent radical distal gastric cancer resection between January 2016 and December 2020. Inclusion criteria: (1) gastric cancer confirmed by preoperative gastroscopy and biopsy; (2) elective radical distal major gastrectomy performed according to the Japanese Society for Gastric Cancer treatment guidelines for gastric cancer; (3) TNM staging referenced to the American Cancer Society 8th edition criteria and exclusion of patients with stage IV by postoperative pathology; (4) combined organ resection only involving the gallbladder or appendix; (5) gastrointestinal tract reconstruction modality of B-I or B-II; (6) complete clinicopathological data; (7) survivor during the last follow-up period from December 15, 2021 to January 15, 2022. Exclusion criteria: (1) poor compliance to follow-up; (2) incomplete information on questionnaire evaluation; (3) survivors with tumors; (4) concurrent malignancies in other systems; (5) concurrent psychiatric and neurological disorders that seriously affected the objectivity of the questionnaire or interfered with patient's cognition. Telephone follow-up was conducted by a single investigator from December 2021 to January 2022, and the standardized questionnaire EORTC QLQ-C30 scale (symptom domains, functional domains and general health status) and EORTC QLQ-STO22 scale (5 symptoms of dysphagia, pain, reflux, restricted eating, anxiety; 4 single items of dry mouth, taste, body image, hair loss) were applied to evaluate postoperative quality of life. In 859 patients, 271 were females and 588 were males; the median age was 57.0 (49.5, 66.0) years. The included cases were divided into the postoperative follow-up first year group (202 cases), the second year group (236 cases), the third year group (148 cases), the fourth year group (129 cases) and the fifth year group (144 cases) according to the number of years of postoperative follow-up. Each group was then divided into B-I reconstruction group and B-II reconstruction group according to procedure of digestive tract reconstruction. Except for T-stage in the fourth year group, and age, tumor T-stage and tumor TNM-stage in the fifth year group, whose differences were statistically significant between the B-I and B-II reconstruction groups (all P<0.05), the differences between the B-I and B-II reconstruction groups in terms of demographics, body mass index (BMI), tumor TNM-stage and tumor pathological grading in postoperative follow-up each year group were not statistically significant (all P>0.05), suggesting that the baseline information between B-I reconstruction group and the B-II reconstruction group in postoperative each year group was comparable. Evaluation indicators of quality of life (EORTC QLQ-C30 and EORTC QLQ-STO22 scales) and nutrition-related laboratory tests (serum hemoglobin, albumin, total protein, triglycerides) between the B-I reconstruction group and B-II reconstruction group in each year group were compared. Non-normally distributed continuous variables were presented as median (Q(1),Q(3)), and compared by using the Wilcoxon rank sum test (paired=False). The χ(2) test or Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of categorical variables between groups. Results: There were no statistically significant differences in all indexes EORTC QLQ-30 scale between the B-I reconstruction group and the B-II reconstruction group among all postoperative follow-up year groups (all P>0.05). The EORTC QLQ-STO22 scale showed that significant differences in pain and eating scores between the B-I reconstruction group and the B-II reconstruction group were found in the second year group, and significant differences in eating, body and hair loss scores between the B-I reconstruction group and the B-II reconstruction group were found in the third year group (all P<0.05), while no significant differences of other item scores between the B-I reconstruction group and the B-II reconstruction group were found in postoperative follow-up of all year groups (P>0.05). Triglyceride level was higher in the B-II reconstruction group than that in the B-I reconstruction group (W=2 060.5, P=0.038), and the proportion of patients with hyperlipidemia (triglycerides >1.85 mmol/L) was also higher in the B-II reconstruction group (19/168, 11.3%) than that in the B-I reconstruction group (0/34) (χ(2)=0.047, P=0.030) in the first year group with significant difference. Albumin level was lower in the B-II reconstruction group than that in the B-I reconstruction group (W=482.5, P=0.036), and the proportion of patients with hypoproteinemia (albumin <40 g/L) was also higher in the B-II reconstruction group (19/125, 15.2%) than that in the B-I reconstruction group (0/19) in the fifth year group, but the difference was not statistically significant (χ(2)=0.341, P=0.164). Other nutrition-related clinical laboratory tests were not statistically different between the B-I reconstruction and the B-II reconstruction in each year group (all P>0.05). Conclusions: The effects of both B-I and B-II reconstruction methods on postoperative mid-term and long-term quality of life are comparable. The choice of reconstruction method after radical resection of distal gastric cancer can be based on a combination of patients' condition, sugenos' eoperience and operational convenience.


Subject(s)
Aged , Albumins , Alopecia/surgery , Female , Gastrectomy/methods , Gastric Bypass , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pain , Quality of Life , Registries , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Triglycerides
19.
Rev. méd. Hosp. José Carrasco Arteaga ; 13(2): 90-20-12-2021. Tablas
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352308

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La datación gestacional es un requisito crítico en la toma de decisiones durante el embarazo; la Organización Mundial de Salud recomienda realizar el primer estudio ecográfico antes de la semana 24 de gestación. La edad gestacional también se puede estimar en función de la historia menstrual. El objetivo del presente estudio fue describir la taza de cumplimiento del estándar de estimación de la edad gestacional en un hospital general en la ciudad de Machala, Ecuador. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: El presente es un estudio observacional, descriptivo, trasversal, cuyo universo fueron las pacientes embarazadas que acudieron a consulta prenatal al Hospital General de Machala, El Oro-Ecuador, entre abril del 2017 y marzo del 2020. Se estudió a la totalidad del universo. Se recopilaron datos de las variables: edad, paridad, FUM, edad menstrual, ecografía temprana, datación gestacional confiable. RESULTADOS: El 47.9% de la muestra tuvo entre 18 y 29 años de edad. El 83.33% (195/234) pacientes cumplieron con el registro de semanas de amenorrea. El 75.21% (176/234), de pacientes cumplieron con la recomendación de una ecografía temprana, a las 24 semanas o menos. El 1.28% no tuvo ningún de los métodos de datación gestacional. El 64%(n=149) de la muestra se le realizó la primera ecografía hasta la semana 20 de gestación. De las 140 pacientes que cumplen con tener tanto datación gestacional por FUM confiable y ecografía, en 31/140 pacientes (22.1%) no se pudo confirmar la edad gestacional dada por el tiempo de amenorrea, con la ecografía temprana. CONCLUSIÓN: Concluimos que la datación gestacional obtenida por semanas de amenorrea, se registró en el 83.33% de las pacientes, que califica como un cumplimiento regular. Se realizó ecografía temprana, a las ≤ 24 semanas, como recomienda la OMS en el 75% de las pacientes, que califica como un cumplimiento pobre.(au)


BACKGROUND: Gestational dating is an important requirement for decision-making during pregnancy; the World Health Organization recommends making the first ultrasound before week 24. Gestational age can also be estimated based on menstrual history. The aim of this study was to describe the rate of compliance of the standards for estimating gestational age in a general hospital in Machala, Ecuador. METHODS: This is an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study; the universe was the total of pregnant women who attended for prenatal care to Hospital General Machala, El Oro- Ecuador, between April 2017 and March 2020. The entire universe was studied. We collected data for the variables: age, parity, last menstrual period( LMP), menstrual age, early ultrasound, reliable gestational dating. RESULTS: 47.9% of the sample was 18 to 29 years old. 83.33% (195/234) patients complied with the weeks of amenorrhea registry. 75.21% (176/234) of patients complied with the recommendation of an early ultrasound, at 24 weeks or less. 1.28% did not have any method of gestational dating. 64% (n=149) of the sample underwent the first ultrasound until week 20. Of 140 patients who complied with having both gestational dating by reliable LMP and ultrasound, in 31/140 (22.1%) the gestational age given by LMP could not be confirmed with early ultrasound. CONCLUSION: We concluded that gestational dating obtained by weeks of amenorrhea was registered n 83.33% of the patients, this rate qualifies as regular compliance. An early ultrasound was performed, at ≤ 24 weeks, as recommended by WHO, in 75% of the patients, this rate qualifies as poor compliance.(au)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Prenatal Care , Gestational Age , Pregnant Women , Registries , Ultrasonography , Amenorrhea , Hospitals, General
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