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1.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(5): 703-714, oct. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351041

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se realizó un registro multicéntrico que incluyó personas adultas internadas por COVID-19 en varias provincias de la Argentina, desde marzo a octubre de 2020. Los objetivos fueron describir las características epidemiológicas, manifestaciones clínicas, tratamientos, complicaciones y factores de riesgo, necesidad de admisión a unidades de cuidados críticos y mortalidad. El registro incluyó información de 4776 pacientes, en 37 centros de salud de Argentina. El 70.2% provenían de la ciudad de Buenos Aires y la provincia de Buenos Aires. El 52.3% eran hombres. La media de edad fue de 56 años (DE 20.3). Un 13.1% de pacientes manifestó ser personal de salud. La mediana de tiempo de síntomas al momento de la internación fue de 3 días (IC 1-6). Las comorbilidades más frecuentes fueron hipertensión arterial en 32.4% y diabetes mellitus en 15.8%. Los síntomas más frecuentes fueron: tos 58%, odinofagia 23.3%, mialgias 20.5% y fiebre/febrícula 19.9%. La estadía hospitalaria tuvo una mediana de internación de 8 días (IC 4-15). El 14.8% de los pacientes requirió cuidados críticos, en tanto que el 3.2%, que también lo requería, no pasó a unidad cerrada por adecuación del esfuerzo terapéutico. Las complicaciones más frecuentes en cuidados críticos fueron: eventos cardiovasculares (54.1%), shock séptico (33.3%), insuficiencia renal (9.7%) y neumonía asociada a la ventilación mecánica (12.5%). La mortalidad global fue del 12.3%. La edad avanzada, demencia y EPOC se comportaron como predictores independientes de mortalidad (p < 0.001, 0.007 y 0.002 respectivamente) en el análisis multivariado.


Abstract A multicenter registry that in cluded adults hospitalized for COVID-19 was carried out in various provinces of Argentina, from March to October 2020. The objectives were to describe the epidemiological characteristics, clinical manifestations, treatments, complications and risk factors, need for admission to critical care units and mortality. The registry included information on 4776 patients in 37 health centers in Argentina. Of them, 70.2% came from the city of Buenos Aires and from Buenos Aires Province; 52.3% were men. The mean age was 56 years (SD 20.3). Of them, 13.1% stated that they were health personnel. The median time of symptoms at the time of hospitalization was 3 days (CI 1-6). The most frequent comorbidities were hypertension in 32.4% and diabetes mellitus in 15.8%. The most frequent symptoms were: cough 58%, odynophagia 23.3%, myalgia 20.5% and fever / low-grade fever 19.9%. The hospital stay had a median of 8 days (CI 4-15). A 14.8% of the patients required critical care, while 3.2% who also required it, were not transferred to a closed unit due to adequacy of the thera peutic effort. The most frequent complications in critical care were: cardiovascular events (54.1%), septic shock (33.3%), renal failure (9.7%) and pneumonia associated with mechanical ventilation (12.5%). Overall mortality was 12.3%. Old age, dementia and COPD behaved as independent predictors of mortality (p < 0.001, 0.007 and 0.002 respectively) in the multivariate analysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , COVID-19 , Registries , SARS-CoV-2 , Hospitalization , Length of Stay
2.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(3): 375-381, jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346472

ABSTRACT

Los síndromes coronarios agudos sin lesiones coronarias han cobrado relevancia en los últimos años, pero aún no se dispone de datos locales. Analizamos un registro de pacientes con infarto agudo de miocardio, en 45 centros del país con residencias de cardiología. Se analizaron 1182 participantes de los cuales 33 (2.8%) no presentaron lesiones coronarias en angiografía, mientras que 89.5% tenían lesiones graves y 7.7% lesiones intermedias. La edad promedio de los pacientes sin lesiones coronarias fue 64.5 ± 13.0 años, 69.7% eran varones, sin diferencias respecto a aquellos con enfermedad epicárdica. La presentación electrocardiográfica más frecuente fue la desviación del segmento ST (13 supradesnivel y 10 infradesnivel del segmento). Además, este subgrupo presentó biomarcadores más bajos (CPK pico 203.5 UI/l, rango [RIC] 102- 422.5 vs. 895.5 UI/l RIC 350-1891, p < 0.0001). La mediana de días de internación fue 4.0 (RIC 3-5.5), siendo menor que la del grupo con enfermedad coronaria intermedia y grave (5.5 días, RIC 4-7, y 6 RIC 4-7, p = 0.003). Al alta, aquellos sin lesiones coronarias recibieron menor prescripción de IECA/ARA II (54.6% vs. 78.0% y 79.7%, p = 0.002) y estatinas (78.8% vs. 87.9% y 91.9%, p = 0.017). Ninguno de este subgrupo falleció durante la inter nación. Nuestros datos sugieren que los infartos sin lesiones coronarias significativas son frecuentes en nuestro medio, aunque probablemente se encuentren subdiagnosticados. Si bien su pronóstico parece más favorable, resulta importante señalar que recibieron menos fármacos para prevenir su recurrencia. Nuevos estudios son necesarios para profundizar el conocimiento de esta enfermedad.


Abstract Acute coronary syndromes without coronary lesions have gained relevance in recent years. However, local data on this condition is scarce. We aimed to explore this entity in a National registry of acute myocardial infarction that was carried out prospectively in hospitals with cardiology residence programs from Ar gentina. We included 1182 patients from 45 centers, where 33 did not present coronary lesions on angiography. The mean age was 64.5 ±13.0 and 69.7% were male, without differences compared to participants with epicardial disease. The most common electrocardiographic presentation was ST segment deviation. In addition, presented lower biomarkers (peak CPK 203.5 IU / l, range [IQR] 102-422.5 vs. 895.5 IU / l IQR 350-1891, p < 0.0001). The median hospitalization was 4.0 days (IQR 3-5.5), lower than the group with intermediate and severe coronary disease (5.5 days, RIC 4-7, and 6, RIC 4-7, p = 0.003). At discharge, less use of ACE/ARB (54.6% vs.78.0% y 79.7%, p = 0.002) and statins (78.8% vs. 87.9% y 91.9%, p = 0.017). No deaths during hospitalization were reported. Our data suggested that infarcts without significant coronary lesions are frequent, although they are probably underdiagnosed. Their prognosis seems to be more favorable, but they receive fewer drugs to prevent recurrence. New studies are necessary to deepen the knowledge of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Coronary Vessels/diagnostic imaging , Myocardial Infarction/epidemiology , Myocardial Infarction/diagnostic imaging , Argentina/epidemiology , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors , Registries , Risk Factors , Coronary Angiography , Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists
3.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(2): 180-190, June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287269

ABSTRACT

Abstract The epidemiology of pulmonary hypertension (PH), especially pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), has not been evaluated in our country, therefore there is no reference parameter to establishing the representativeness of this information in the national order. This registry represents the first collaborative effort to provide a knowledge base of this disease, including 5 scientific societies that represent different specialties (pediatrics, rheumatology, pulmonology and cardiology) with data from 23 Argentine provinces. These efforts involved five societies of various adult (cardiology, rheumatology, and pulmonology) and pediatric (cardiology) specialties. Subjects were grouped (1-5) in accord with the 2013 Nice classification. A total of 627 patients (mean age, 50.8±18 years; women, 69.2%) were recruited. Incident cases accounted for 53%. Functional class III-IV accounted for 69% at time of diagnosis and 33.4% at time of inclusion. Distributions in groups 1-5 were 63.6%, 15.9%, 8.3%, 9.7%, and 2.4%, respectively. Treatment consisted of diuretics (51.2%), mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (44.7%), digoxin (16.6%), anticoagulants (39.2%), renin-angiotensin antagonists (15.5%), beta blockers (15.6%), and calcium channel blockers (8%). Rates of specific therapies usage in PAH vs. non-PAH group were 80.5% vs. 40.8% (phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors: 71% vs. 38.6%; endothelin receptor antagonists: 54.4% vs. 14.5%; prostanoids: 14.3 vs. 3.1%; all p < 0.001). Three-year survival in PAH and non-PAH differed significantly (82.8% vs. 73.3%; p = 0.001). In the Argentine RECOPILAR registry, the clinic-epidemiologic profile was that of advanced-stage disease. Diagnostic workups and therapeutics interventions, including use of specific therapy for PAH, were consistent with current recommendations. Despite delays in diagnosis, survival was aligned with other contemporary registries.


Resumen La epidemiología de la hipertensión pulmonar (HP), especialmente la arterial (HAP), no ha sido evaluada en nuestro país, por lo cual no existe un parámetro de referencia para establecer la representatividad de esta información en el orden nacional. El presente registro representa el primer esfuerzo colaborativo para una base de conocimiento de esta enfermedad, incluyendo 5 sociedades científicas que representan a distintas especiali dades médicas (pediatría, reumatología, neumonología y cardiología) con datos de 23 provincias argentinas. Los sujetos se agruparon (1-5) de acuerdo con la clasificación de Niza de 2013. El seguimiento se completó en 583 pacientes (93%) un año después del final de la inscripción. Se incluyeron 627 pacientes (edad media, 50.8 ± 18 años; mujeres, 69.2%). Los casos incidentes representaron el 53%. La clase funcional III-IV representaba 69% en el momento del diagnóstico y 33.4% en el momento de la inclusión. Las manifestaciones clínicas fueron disnea (81.8%), fatiga (54.1%), síncope (10.8%), dolor torácico (14.7%), palpitaciones (20.9%) e insuficiencia cardíaca (20.4%). Las tasas de uso de terapias específicas en la hipertensión arterial pulmonar (HAP) frente al grupo sin HAP fueron del 80.5% frente al 40.8%. La supervivencia a tres años en los subconjuntos de HAP y no HAP difirió significativamente (82.8% vs. 73.3%; p = 0.001). En el registro RECOPILAR argentino, que aborda principalmente la HAP, el perfil clínico-epidemiológico fue el d e una enfermedad en estadios avanzados. El diag nóstico y las intervenciones terapéuticas, incluido el uso de terapia específica para la HAP, fueron consistentes con las recomendaciones actuales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Hypertension, Pulmonary/diagnosis , Hypertension, Pulmonary/therapy , Hypertension, Pulmonary/epidemiology , Argentina/epidemiology , Registries , Endothelin Receptor Antagonists , Anticoagulants
4.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 411-420, 20210000. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253937

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Una parte fundamental del entrenamiento de un residente de cirugía es lograr un volumen operatorio suficiente para alcanzar una competencia adecuada en su vida laboral independiente. Tanto el volumen como la autonomía, son desafíos para los programas de residencia en cirugía general de Colombia. Métodos. Se realizó un estudio multinstitucional, con la participación de 5 programas de especialización en cirugía general, de diferentes regiones del país. Se utilizó la bitácora electrónica Logbook para el registro de procedimientos durante un periodo de 12 meses. Se hizo un análisis de la base de datos recolectada. Resultados. Un total de 111 médicos residentes participaron en el estudio. Se registraron 29.622 procedimientos quirúrgicos, que correspondieron a 23.206 pacientes. El 51,7 % de los procedimientos fueron cirugías electivas, el 46,9 % cirugías de urgencia y el 1 % de emergencia. El 22,6 % de los procedimientos se realizó a través de un abordaje mínimamente invasivo. Los cinco procedimientos quirúrgicos más frecuentemente registrados fueron: colecistectomía (n=4341), apendicectomía (n=2558), herniorrafia inguinal (n=2059), herniorrafia umbilical (n=1225) y lavado peritoneal (n=1198). En promedio, cada residente realizó 27 cirugías por mes y en estos procedimientos el rol predominante del residente fue el de cirujano principal, desde momentos tempranos en su formación (a partir del segundo año). Discusión. Es posible lograr a nivel nacional el registro de las actividades a través de una bitácora. Los médicos residentes colombianos realizan un número de cirugías similares o mayores a lo descrito en otros países. Debemos actualizar nuestras expectativas según la formación que reciben actualmente los médicos residentes


Introduction. A critical part of training for a surgical resident is achieving sufficient operating volume to achieve adequate competence in their independent practice. Both volume and autonomy are challenges for general surgery residency programs in Colombia. Methods.A multinstitutional study was performed, with the participation of 5 specialization programs in general surgery, from different regions of the country. The electronic Logbook was used to record procedures for a period of 12 months. An analysis of the collected database was made. Results. A total of 111 resident physicians participated in the study. There were 29,622 surgical procedures registered, corresponding to 23,206 patients. Overall, 51.7% of the procedures were elective surgeries, 46.9% were urgent surgeries and 1% were emergency surgeries. 22.6% of the procedures were performed through a minimally invasive approach. The five most frequently recorded surgical procedures were: cholecystectomy (n=4341), appendectomy (n=2558), inguinal herniorrhaphy (n=2059), umbilical herniorrhaphy (n=1225), and peritoneal lavage (n=1198). On average, each resident performed 27 surgeries per month, and in these procedures the predominant role of the resident was that of the main surgeon, from early in their training (from the second year on). Discussion. It is possible to achieve a national record of activities through a log. Colombian resident physicians perform a number of surgeries similar or greater than those described in other countries. We must update our expectations based on the training currently received by resident physicians.


Subject(s)
General Surgery , Registries , Education, Medical , Colombia , Competency-Based Education , Health Postgraduate Programs , Electronic Health Records
5.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 37(10): e00175720, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345620

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This study aimed to assess time trends in colorectal cancer incidence from 1983 to 2012 in Latin America. This was an ecological time-series study whose population consisted of individuals aged 20 years or older diagnosed with colorectal cancer. Data from population-based cancer registries in Cali (Colombia), Costa Rica, Goiânia (Brazil), and Quito (Ecuador), were used for rates estimation, while time trends estimations were proceeded by the Joinpoint Regression Program. The study showed an increase in colorectal cancer incidence in men and women in Cali (2.8% and 3.2%, respectively), Costa Rica (3.1% and 2.1%, respectively), and Quito (2.6% and 1.2%, respectively), whereas in Goiânia, only women showed an increase in colorectal cancer rates (3.3%). For colon cancer, we observed an increasing trend in incidence rates in men and women in Cali (3.1% and 2.9%, respectively), Costa Rica (3.9% and 2.8%, respectively), and Quito (2.9% and 1.8%). For rectal cancer, we observed an increasing trend in incidence in men and women in Cali (2.5% and 2.6%, respectively), Costa Rica (2.2% and 1%, respectively), and Goiânia (5.5% and 4.6%, respectively), while in Quito only men showed an upward trend (2.8%). The study found increases in colorectal cancer, colon cancer, and rectal cancer in four Latin America regions. This findings reflect lifestyle, such as dietary changes, following the economic opening, and the prevalence variations of colorectal cancer risk factors by sex and between the four studied regions. Finally, the different strategies adopted by regions for colorectal cancer diagnosis and screening seem to influence the observed variation between anatomical sites.


Resumo: O estudo teve como objetivo avaliar as tendências temporais na incidência do câncer colorretal entre 1983 e 2012 na América Latina. Este é um estudo ecológico de séries temporais com uma população de indivíduos com 20 anos ou mais, diagnosticados com câncer colorretal. Foram usados os dados dos registros de câncer de base populacional de Cáli (Colômbia), Costa Rica, Goiânia (Brasil) e Quito (Equador) para estimar taxas, enquanto as estimativas das tendências temporais foram realizadas com o software Joinpoint Regression Program. O estudo mostrou um aumento na incidência do câncer colorretal em homens e mulheres em Cáli (2,8% e 3,2%, respectivamente), Costa Rica (3,1% e 2,1%, respectivamente) e Quito (2,6% e 1,2%, respectivamente). Em Goiânia, somente as mulheres mostraram um aumento na incidência do câncer colorretal (3,3%). Para o câncer de cólon, houve uma tendência crescente na incidência em homens e mulheres em Cali (3,1% e 2,9%, respectivamente), Costa Rica (3,9% e 2,8%, respectivamente) e Quito (2,9% e 1,8%). Para o câncer retal, houve uma tendência crescente na incidência em homens e mulheres em Cali (2,5% e 2,6%, respectivamente), Costa Rica (2,2% e 1%, respectivamente) e Goiânia (5,5% e 4,6%, respectivamente), enquanto em Quito somente os homens mostraram tendência crescente (2,8%). O estudo encontrou aumentos no câncer colorretal, câncer de cólon e câncer retal em quatro regiões latino-americanas. Os achados refletem mudanças no estilo de vida, como mudanças de dieta, após a abertura econômica, e variações na prevalência de fatores de risco para câncer colorretal de acordo com gênero e entre as quatro regiões estudadas. Finalmente, as diferentes estratégias adotadas pelas regiões para o diagnóstico e triagem do câncer colorretal parecem influenciar a variação observada entre os sítios anatômicos.


Resumen: El objetivo fue evaluar las tendencias temporales en la incidencia del cáncer colorrectal, de 1983 a 2012, en Latinoamérica. Se trata de un estudio ecológico de series temporales, cuya población consistió en individuos con 20 años de edad, diagnosticados con cáncer colorrectal. Para las tasas de estimación se utilizaron los datos provenientes de los registros de cáncer de base poblacional en: Cali (Colombia), Costa Rica, Goiânia (Brasil), y Quito (Ecuador), mientras que las estimaciones en las tendencias temporales se obtuvieron mediante el software Joinpoint Regression Program. El estudio mostró un incremento en la incidencia de cáncer colorrectal en hombres y mujeres en Cali (2.8% y 3.2%, respectivamente), Costa Rica (3.1% y 2.1%, respectivamente), y Quito (2.6% y 1.2%, respectivamente). En Goiânia, solo las mujeres mostraron un incremento en las tasas de cáncer colorrectal (3.3%). Para el cáncer de colon, hubo una tendencia creciente en las tasas de incidencia en hombres y mujeres en Cali (3.1% y 2.9%, respectivamente), Costa Rica (3.9% y 2.8%, respectivamente), y Quito (2.9% y 1.8%). En el caso del cáner rectal, hubo una tendencia creciente en la incidencia en hombres y mujeres en Cali (2.5% y 2.6%, respectivamente), Costa Rica (2.2% y 1%, respectivamente), y Goiânia (5.5% y 4.6%, respectivamentre), mientras en Quito solo los hombres mostraron una tendencia creciente (2.8%). El estudio encontró incrementos en cáncer colorrectal, cáncer de colon, y cáncer rectal en cuatro regiones de Latinoamérica. Los resultados reflejan un estilo de vida con cambios en la dieta, que siguió a la apertura económica, así como variaciones en la prevalencia de los factores de riesgo de cancer colorrectal por sexos y entre las cuatro regiones estudiadas. Finalmente, las diferentes estrategias adoptadas por las regiones para el diagnóstico del cáncer colorrectal y su pruebas de cribado parece que influencian la variación observada entre los sitios anatómicos donde surge.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Colorectal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Registries , Incidence , Latin America/epidemiology
6.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 37(1): e00259120, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153675

ABSTRACT

O Brasil é um dos países mais afetados pela pandemia de COVID-19 e o real número de mortes pela doença torna o cenário ainda mais desafiador. O objetivo deste estudo foi estimar o excesso de mortes e suas diferenças em adultos com 20 anos e mais em Manaus (Amazonas), Fortaleza (Ceará), Rio de Janeiro e São Paulo, de acordo com o local de ocorrência do óbito, características demográficas e trajetória ao longo do tempo. Os dados foram obtidos no Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade e na Central de Informações do Registro Civil Nacional. As estimativas de óbitos esperados foram obtidas por meio de modelos aditivos generalizados quasi-Poisson com ajuste de sobredispersão. Entre 23 de fevereiro e 13 de junho de 2020, foram registradas 74.410 mortes naturais nas quatro cidades, com excesso de mortes de 46% (IC95%: 44-47). O maior excesso de mortes ocorreu em Manaus, 112% (IC95%: 103-121), seguido por Fortaleza, 72% (IC95%: 67-78), Rio de Janeiro, 42% (IC95%: 40-45) e São Paulo, 34% (IC95%: 32-36). O excesso de mortes foi maior nos homens e não significativo nas Semanas Epidemiológicas (SE) 9-12, exceto em São Paulo, 10% (IC95%: 6-14). Em geral, o pico de mortes excedentes ocorreu nas SE 17-20. O excesso de mortes não explicado diretamente pela COVID-19 e de mortes em domicílios/via pública foi alto, especialmente em Manaus. A elevada porcentagem de mortes excedentes, de mortes não explicadas diretamente pela COVID-19 e de mortes fora do hospital sugerem alta subnotificação de mortes por COVID-19 e reforça a extensa dispersão do SARS-CoV-2, como também a necessidade da revisão de todas as causas de mortes associadas a sintomas respiratórios pelos serviços de vigilância epidemiológica.


Brazil is one of the most heavily impacted countries by the COVID-19 pandemic, and the real number of deaths from the disease makes the scenario even more challenging. This study aimed to estimate the excess deaths and their differences in adults 20 years and older in Manaus (Amazonas State), Fortaleza (Ceará State), Rio de Janeiro, and São Paulo, according to place of death, demographic characteristics, and trajectory over time. The data were obtained from the Mortality Information System and the Central Information Office of the National Civil Registry. The estimates of expected deaths were obtained from quasi-Poisson generalized additive models, adjusting for overdispersion. From February 23 to June 13, 2020, 74,410 natural deaths were recorded in the four cities, with 46% excess deaths (95%CI: 44-47). The largest amount of excess deaths was in Manaus, with 112% (95%CI: 103-121), followed by Fortaleza with 72% (95%CI: 67-78), Rio de Janeiro with 42% (95%CI: 40-45), and São Paulo with 34% (95%CI: 32-36). Excess deaths were greater in males and non-significant in Epidemiologic Weeks (EW) 9-12, except in São Paulo, 10% (95%CI: 6-14). The peak in excess deaths generally occurred in EW 17-20. The number of excess deaths not explained directly by COVID-19 and deaths at home or on public byways is high, especially in Manaus. The high percentages of excess deaths, deaths not explained directly by COVID-19, and deaths outside the hospital suggest high underreporting of deaths from COVID-19 and reinforce the extensive spread of SARS-CoV-2, as well as the need for epidemiological surveillance services to review all causes of deaths associated with respiratory symptoms.


Brasil es uno de los países más afectados por la pandemia de COVID-19 y el número real de muertes por la enfermedad lo convierte en un escenario todavía más desafiante. El objetivo de este estudio fue estimar el exceso de muertes y sus diferencias en adultos con 20 años y más en Manaus (Amazonas), Fortaleza (Ceará), Rio de Janeiro y São Paulo, de acuerdo con el lugar de ocurrencia del fallecimiento, características demográficas y trayectoria a lo largo del tiempo. Los datos se obtuvieron del Sistema de Información sobre Mortalidad y de la Central de Información del Registro Civil Nacional. Las estimaciones de óbitos esperados se obtuvieron mediante modelos aditivos generalizados quasi-Poisson con ajuste de sobredispersión. Entre el 23 de febrero y 13 de junio de 2020, se registraron 74.410 muertes naturales en las cuatro ciudades, con un exceso de muertes de un 46% (IC95%: 44-47). El mayor exceso de muertes se produjo en Manaus, 112% (IC95%: 103-121), seguido por Fortaleza, 72% (IC95%: 67-78), Río de Janeiro, 42% (IC95%: 40-45) y São Paulo, 34% (IC95%: 32-36). El exceso de muertes fue mayor en hombres y no significativo en las Semanas Epidemiológicas (SE) 9-12, excepto en São Paulo, 10% (IC95%: 6-14). En general, el pico de muertes excedentarias se produjo en las SE 17-20. El exceso de muertes no explicado directamente por la COVID-19 y de las muertes en domicilios/vía pública fue alto, especialmente en Manaus. El elevado porcentaje de muertes excedentarias, de muertes no explicadas directamente por la COVID-19, y de muertes fuera del hospital, sugieren una alta subnotificación de muertes por COVID-19 y refuerza la extensa dispersión del SARS-CoV-2, así como también la necesidad de una revisión de todas las causas de muertes asociadas a síntomas respiratorios, por parte de los servicios de vigilancia epidemiológica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Registries , COVID-19 , Brazil/epidemiology , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1465-1470, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878196

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Disease activity indices (DAIs) including disease activity score 28 (DAS28), simplified disease activity index (SDAI), and clinical disease activity index (CDAI) have been widely used in clinical practice and research studies of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The objective of our study was to evaluate the correlation and concordance among different DAIs in Chinese patients with RA.@*METHODS@#A cross-sectional study, including patients enrolled in the Chinese registry of rheumatoid arthritis from November 2016 to August 2018, was conducted. The correlations were evaluated using Spearman correlation coefficient and concordance with Bland-Altman plots, quadratic weighted kappa, and discordance rates in the crosstab. For other indices, the optimal cutoff points corresponding to SDAI remission were explored through receiver operating characteristic curve analysis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 30,501 patients were included, of whom 80.46% were women. Most individuals were with moderate disease activity or high disease activity. High correlations among DAS28-erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and DAS28-C-reactive protein (CRP), SDAI and CDAI were observed. Similarly, the weighted kappa value among the indices was high. In Bland-Altman plots, a positive difference between DAS28-ESR and DAS28-CRP was observed, with an absolute difference of >1.2 in 3079 (10.09%) patients. In crosstab, approximately 30% of the patients were classified into different groups. Concordance values between SDAI remission and the optimal cutoff points of DAS28-ESR, DAS28-CRP, and CDAI were 3.06, 2.37, and 3.20, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Although DAIs had high correlations and weighted kappa values, the discordance between DAIs was significant in Chinese patients with RA. The four DAIs are not interchangeable.


Subject(s)
Antirheumatic Agents/therapeutic use , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Registries , Severity of Illness Index
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 927-934, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878141

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) and acute type A intramural hematoma (ATAIMH) are life-threatening diseases with high mortality. To better understand their clinical features in the Chinese population, we analyzed the data from the first Registry of Aortic Dissection in China (Sino-RAD) to promote the understanding and management of the diseases.@*METHODS@#All patients with ATAAD and ATAIMH enrolled in Sino-RAD from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2016 were involved. The data of patients' selection, history, symptoms, management, outcomes, and postoperation complications were analyzed in the study. The continuous variables were compared using the Student's t test for normal distributions and the Mann-Whitney U test for non-normal distributions. Categorical variables were compared using the Chi-square test or Fisher exact test.@*RESULTS@#A total of 1582 patients with ATAAD and 130 patients with ATAIMH were included. The mean age of all patients was 48.4 years. Patients with ATAAD were significantly younger than patients with ATAIMH (48.9 years vs. 55.6 years, P < 0.001). For the total cohort, males were dominant, but the male ratio of patients with ATAAD was significantly higher compared to those with ATAIMH (P = 0.01). The time range from the onset of symptom to hospitalization was 2.0 days. More patients of ATAIMH had hypertension than that of ATAAD (82.3% vs. 67.6%, P < 0.05). Chest and back pain were the most common clinical symptoms. Computerized tomography (CT) was the most common initial diagnostic imaging modality. 84.7% received surgical treatment and in-hospital mortality was 5.3%. Patients with ATAAD mainly received surgical treatment (89.6%), while most patients with ATAIMH received medical treatment (39.2%) or endovascular repair (35.4%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our study suggests that doctors should comprehensively use clinical examination and genetic background screening for patients with ATAAD and ATAIMH and further shorten the time range from symptoms onset to intervention, achieving early diagnosis and treatment, thereby reducing the mortality rate of patients with aortic dissection in China. We should standardize the procedures of aortic dissection treatment and improve people's understanding. Meanwhile, the curing and transferring efficiency should also be improved.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Aneurysm, Dissecting/diagnosis , China , Hematoma , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Registries , Retrospective Studies , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 783-791, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878103

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Cancer is one of the leading causes of death globally, but its burden is not uniform. GLOBOCAN 2020 has newly updated the estimates of cancer burden. This study summarizes the most recent changing profiles of cancer burden worldwide and in China and compares the cancer data of China with those of other regions.@*METHODS@#We conducted a descriptive secondary analysis of the GLOBOCAN 2020 data. To depict the changing global profile of the leading cancer types in 2020 compared with 2018, we extracted the numbers of cases and deaths in 2018 from GLOBOCAN 2018. We also obtained cancer incidence and mortality from the 2015 National Cancer Registry Report in China when sorting the leading cancer types by new cases and deaths. For the leading cancer types according to sex in China, we summarized the estimated numbers of incidence and mortality, and calculated China's percentage of the global new cases and deaths.@*RESULTS@#Breast cancer displaced lung cancer to become the most leading diagnosed cancer worldwide in 2020. Lung, liver, stomach, breast, and colon cancers were the top five leading causes of cancer-related death, among which liver cancer changed from the third-highest cancer mortality in 2018 to the second-highest in 2020. China accounted for 24% of newly diagnosed cases and 30% of the cancer-related deaths worldwide in 2020. Among the 185 countries included in the database, China's age-standardized incidence rate (204.8 per 100,000) ranked 65th and the age-standardized mortality rate (129.4 per 100,000) ranked 13th. The two rates were above the global average. Lung cancer remained the most common cancer type and the leading cause of cancer death in China. However, breast cancer became the most frequent cancer type among women if the incidence was stratified by sex. Incidences of colorectal cancer and breast cancer increased rapidly. The leading causes of cancer death varied minimally in ranking from 2015 to 2020 in China. Gastrointestinal cancers, including stomach, colorectal, liver, and esophageal cancers, contributed to a massive burden of cancer for both sexes.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The burden of breast cancer is increasing globally. China is undergoing cancer transition with an increasing burden of lung cancer, gastrointestinal cancer, and breast cancers. The mortality rate of cancer in China is high. Comprehensive strategies are urgently needed to target China's changing profiles of the cancer burden.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Colorectal Neoplasms , Female , Humans , Incidence , Liver Neoplasms , Male , Neoplasms/epidemiology , Registries
10.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(6): 606-610, dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250282

ABSTRACT

Resumen El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar los aspectos clínicos y demográficos de los pacientes con esclerosis múltiple (EM) secundaria progresiva (EMSP) en los pacientes incluidos en el Registro Argentino de EM (RelevarEM, número de registro de Clinical Trials 03375177). RelevarEM es un registro longitudinal, estrictamente observacional, de pacientes con EM y trastornos del espectro de neuromielitis óptica. Los aspectos clínicos y demográficos fueron descriptos en pacientes con EMSP respecto a aquellos con EM recaída en remisión (EMRR). Se incluyeron 1723 pacientes con EM (1605, 93.2% EMRR y 118, 6.8%, EMSP). En el grupo con EMSP la mediana de edad fue de 53 (intervalo inter-cuartil [IIQ] 47-62) años, 67% eran mujeres, mediana de tiempo de evolución de enfermedad 19.5 (IIQ 14-26) años, EDSS (expanded disability status scale), 6.5 y 48.3% estaban en tratamiento para su EM. Solo el 23.7% con EMSP estaban trabajando activamente y el 86% tenía certificado de discapacidad. Un 35.6% con EMSP presentaron nuevas lesiones en resonancia magnética y 5% tuvo recaídas clínicas en los 12 meses previos al análisis, mostrando una actividad de la enfermedad significativamente menor respecto a la forma EMRR (p < 0.01).


Abstract The objective of the study was to describe the clinical and demographic aspects of patients with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS) included in the Argentine MS Registry (RelevarEM, Clinical Trials registry number 03375177). RelevarEM is a longitudinal, strictly observational registry of patients with MS and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders. Clinical and demographic aspects were described in patients with SPMS and compared with relapsing remitting MS patients (RRMS). A total of 1723 patients with MS were included (1605, 93.2% RRMS and 118, 6.8%, SPMS). In SPMS, the median age was 53 (inter quartile range [IQR] 47-62) years, 67% were women, median disease duration of 19.5 (IQR 14-26) years, median EDSS (expanded disability status scale) 6.5 and 48.3% were under treatment for their MS. Only 23.7% of patients with SPMS were actively working and 86% had a disability certificate; 35.6% of patients with SPMS presented new lesions in MRI and 5% had clinical relapses during the past 12 months of the registry entry showing a significantly lower disease activity compared with RRMS (p < 0.01).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Multiple Sclerosis, Chronic Progressive/drug therapy , Multiple Sclerosis, Chronic Progressive/epidemiology , Argentina/epidemiology , Registries , Demography , Disease Progression
11.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 26(2): 138-147, jul.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1150021

ABSTRACT

Resumen. Introducción: El parto pretérmino es uno de los principales problemas de la salud infantil. Es la principal causa de mortalidad infantil en los países en vía de desarrollo. Los últimos 20 años ha venido en aumento en el mundo por diferentes causas. Conocer su tendencia y características poblacionales es un elemento útil para su atención. Objetivo: Describir las características poblacionales asociados al parto pretérmino en Colombia desde los datos del Registro del Nacido Vivo en la década 2008 - 2017. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo ecológico a partir de fuentes segundarias: microdatos de Estadísticas Vitales del DANE; información almacenada en el programa Excel de Microsoft Office®. Análisis de las variables tiempo/lugar/persona en el programa estadístico SPSS™ mediante estadística descriptiva, análisis de asociación utilizando el estadístico Ji-cuadrado y el coeficiente de correlación Phi para la asociación estadística entre variables. Resultados. Fueron analizados 6.705.385 registros de nacidos vivos, 1.277.839 correspondientes a parto hasta las 37 semanas de gestación. Prevalencia del 19% de todos los años. Departamentos con mayor tasa de prematuros: Atlántico, Bogotá, Antioquía y Santander. No se encontró una asociación fuerte con los datos del registro del nacido vivo. Conclusiones: Existe déficit de información acerca del parto pretérmino en aspectos de datos completos y accesibles a los investigadores. La información no es homogénea ni sigue parámetros específicos. El registro de nacido vivo, sin embargo, es un excelente instrumento de recolección de datos poblacionales y base de aproximación al evento.


Abstract Background: Preterm birth is one of the main problems in infant health and it is the leading cause of infant mortality in developing countries. During the last 20 years this particularity has been increasing in the world for different reasons. Knowing its trend and population characteristics is a useful element for its attention. Objectives: To describe the population characteristics associated with preterm birth in Colombia from the data of the Live Birth Registry in the decade 2008 - 2017. Methods: Descriptive ecological study using secondary sources such us Vital Statistics microdata from DANE; information stored in the Microsoft Office® Excel program. Also, the analysis of the time/place/person variables in the SPSS ™ statistical program through descriptive statistics, and association analysis using the Chi-square statistic and the Phi correlation coefficient for the statistical association between variables was implemented. Results: 6,705,385 records from live-born registry were analyzed. 1,277,839 corresponded to preterm birth up to 37 weeks of gestation with 19% of prevalence all years. The departments with the highest rate of premature infants were Atlántico, Bogotá, Antioquia, and Santander. No strong association was found with live birth registry data. Conclusions: There is lack of complete and accessible information to researchers related to preterm birth. The data is not homogeneous and does not follow specific parameters. However, the live-born registry is an excellent instrument for collecting population data and a useful basis for approaching this event.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Vital Statistics , Parturition , Premature Birth , Live Birth , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Population Characteristics , Registries , Infant Mortality , Colombia , Reference Parameters
12.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(5): 916-924, nov. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1142262

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: O infarto agudo do miocárdio com supradesnivelamento do segmento ST (STEMI) é uma das principais apresentações clínicas da cardiopatia isquêmica. Dados de base populacional são relevantes para entendimento contemporâneo da epidemiologia da doença. Objetivo: Descrever incidência, manejo terapêutico, desfechos clínicos hospitalares e eventos cardiovasculares do primeiro ano de seguimento dos indivíduos hospitalizados por STEMI. Métodos: Estudo de coorte prospectiva de base populacional com registro consecutivo das hospitalizações por STEMI em uma cidade do Sul do Brasil entre 2011 e 2014. Foram incluídos indivíduos com STEMI que apresentaram sintomas de isquemia miocárdica aguda nas últimas 72 horas. Os valores de p < 0,05 foram considerados significativos. Resultados: A incidência anual de hospitalizações por STEMI foi de 108 casos por 100.000 habitantes. A incidência ajustada foi maior entre os mais velhos (risco relativo 64,9; IC95% 26,9 - 156,9; p para tendência linear < 0,001) e entre os homens (risco relativo 2,8; IC95% 2,3 - 3,3; p < 0,001). Ocorreram 530 hospitalizações durante o período avaliado e a taxa de reperfusão foi de 80,9%. A mortalidade hospitalar e a taxa de eventos cardiovasculares em 1 ano foram, respectivamente, 8,9% e 6,1%. Os mais velhos apresentaram maior mortalidade hospitalar (risco relativo 3,72; IC95% 1,57 - 8,82; p para tendência linear = 0,002) e mais eventos cardiovasculares em 1 ano (hazard ratio 2,35; IC95% 1,12 - 4,95; p = 0,03). Conclusão: Este registro demonstra abordagem terapêutica e mortalidade hospitalar semelhante às observadas em países desenvolvidos. Entretanto, a taxa de hospitalizações foi maior comparada com esses países.


Abstract Background: ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is one of the main clinical manifestations of ischemic heart disease. Population-based data are relevant to better understand the current epidemiology of this condition. Objective: To describe the incidence, therapeutic management, hospital clinical outcomes and cardiovascular events in the first year of follow-up of individuals hospitalized for STEMI. Methods: Population-based prospective cohort study with consecutive registries of hospitalization for STEMI in a city in southern Brazil from 2011 to 2014. It included patients with STEMI who presented acute myocardial ischemia symptoms in the last 72 hours. A p-value < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: The annual incidence of STEMI hospitalizations was 108 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. Adjusted incidence was higher among older individuals (relative risk 64.9; 95% CI 26.9-156.9; p for linear trend < 0.001) and among men (relative risk 2.8; 95% CI 2.3-3.3; p < 0.001). There were 530 hospitalizations in the period under evaluation and the reperfusion rate reached 80.9%. Hospital mortality and the one-year follow-up cardiovascular event rate were, respectively, 8.9% and 6.1%. The oldest patients had higher hospital mortality (relative risk 3.72; 95% CI 1.57-8.82; p for linear trend = 0.002) and more one-year follow-up cardiovascular events (hazard ratio 2.35; 95% CI 1.12-4.95; p = 0.03). Conclusion: This study shows that both the therapeutic approach and hospital mortality are similar to the ones found in developed countries. However, the hospitalization rate was higher in these countries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/therapy , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/epidemiology , Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Myocardial Infarction/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Registries , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Hospital Mortality , Hospitalization
14.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud; 20201000. 40 p. ilus.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS, MINSAPERU | ID: biblio-1140231

ABSTRACT

La publicación describe y homogeniza los criterios en la recopilación y codificación de diagnósticos CIE 10 y Catálogo de Procedimientos médicos y estomatológicos del Ministerio de Salud. Asimismo, la metodología de registros estadísticos sanitarios en salud del adolescente, el cual se convierte en un sistema de información necesaria para la toma de decisiones en la solución de los problemas sanitarios en el marco del sistema de coordinación.


Subject(s)
Information Systems , Registries , International Classification of Diseases , Comprehensive Health Care , Adolescent Health , Delivery of Health Care
15.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(4): 507-511, ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138664

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: En los últimos años se ha observado un aumento significativo de la tasa de hospitalización por asma en niños. En la actualidad se desconocen las tasas regionales y la tasa de mortalidad. OBJETIVO: Conocer las tasas regionales de hospitalización por asma en niños y determinar la mortalidad en este grupo etario. PACIENTES Y MÉTODO: Se calculó la tasa de hospitalización por asma en las 15 regiones del país existentes al momento de realizar el estudio, entre el año 2008 y 2014, en base al número de egresos hospitalarios por región y de las poblaciones expuestas al riesgo de hospitalización. La tasa de mor talidad se obtuvo calculando el cociente entre el número de defunciones por asma en niños de 5 a 15 años y la población expuesta. RESULTADOS: La tasa más alta de hospitalización la presentó la V región con 7,6 por 10.000 habitantes. La tasa media de hospitalización en las distintas regiones fue similar a la de la Región Metropolitana, con la excepción de 4 regiones. La tasa global de mortalidad por asma en niños de 5 a 15 años para el periodo analizado es de 0,37 por 100.000 habitantes. CONCLUSIONES: La mayoría de las regiones del país presentan tasas de hospitalización similares a la Región Metropolitana. La V Región presenta la tasa más alta de hospitalización. La tasa global de mortalidad por asma en niños de 5 a 15 años es de 0,37 por 100.000 habitantes.


INTRODUCTION: In recent years, there has been a significant increase in asthma hospitalization rates in children, however, regional and mortality rates are yet unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine regional asth ma hospitalization rates in children and the global mortality rate in this age group. PATIENTS AND METHOD: We determined asthma hospitalization rates in the 15 regions of the country existing at the time of the study, between 2008 and 2014, based on the number of hospital discharges in each region and the population at risk of hospitalization. The mortality rate was obtained using the ratio between deaths due to asthma in children aged 5 to 15 and the exposed population. RESULTS: the 5th region presented the highest hospitalization rate (7.6 per 10,000 inhabitants). Except for 4 regions, the median hospitalization rates of the different regions were similar to those found in the Metropolitan Region. The overall mortality rate due to asthma in 5 to 15-year-old children was 0.37 per 100,000 inhabitants in the analyzed period. CONCLUSIONS: most regions of the country have similar hospitalization rates to the Metropolitan Region and the 5th region presents the highest hospitali zation rate due to asthma. The global mortality rate in children between 5 and 15 years old is 0.37 per 100,000 inhabitants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Asthma/mortality , Health Status Disparities , Healthcare Disparities/statistics & numerical data , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Asthma/therapy , Poisson Distribution , Chile/epidemiology , Registries
16.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(2): 172-177, Apr.-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131660

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Hospital-based studies recently have shown increases in colorectal cancer survival, and better survival for women, young people, and patients diagnosed at an early disease stage. OBJECTIVE: To describe the overall survival and analyze the prognostic factors of patients treated for colorectal cancer at an oncology center. METHODS: The analysis included patients diagnosed with colon and rectal adenocarcinoma between 2000 and 2013 and identified in the Hospital Cancer Registry at A.C.Camargo Cancer Center. Overall 5-year survival was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and prognostic factors were evaluated in a Cox regression model. Hazard ratios (HR) are reported with 95% confidence intervals (CI). RESULTS: Of 2,279 colorectal cancer cases analyzed, 58.4% were in the colon. The 5-year overall survival rate for colorectal cancer patients was 63.5% (65.6% and 60.6% for colonic and rectal malignancies, respectively). The risk of death was elevated for patients in the 50-74-year (HR=1.24, 95%CI =1.02-1.51) and ≥75-year (HR=3.02, 95%CI =2.42-3.78) age groups, for patients with rectal cancer (HR=1.37, 95%CI =1.11-1.69) and for those whose treatment was started >60 days after diagnosis (HR=1.22, 95%CI =1.04-1.43). The risk decreased for patients diagnosed in recent time periods (2005-2009 HR=0.76, 95%CI =0.63-0.91; 2010-2013 HR=0.69, 95%CI =0.57-0.83). CONCLUSION: Better survival of patients with colorectal cancer improves with early stage and started treatment within 60 days of diagnosis. Age over 70 years old was an independent factor predictive of a poor prognosis. The overall survival increased to all patients treated in the period 2000-2004 to 2010-2013.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Estudos hospitalares recentes têm demonstrado aumento da sobrevida do câncer colorretal e melhor sobrevida para mulheres, jovens e pacientes diagnosticados em estágio precoce da doença. OBJETIVO: Descrever a sobrevida global e analisar os fatores prognósticos de pacientes tratados para câncer colorretal em um centro de oncologia. MÉTODOS: Foram incluídos pacientes com diagnóstico de adenocarcinoma de cólon e reto entre 2000 e 2013, identificados no Registro Hospitalar de Câncer do A.C.Camargo Cancer Center. A sobrevida global aos 5 anos foi estimada pelo método de Kaplan-Meier e os fatores prognósticos foram avaliados pelo modelo de Cox. As razões de risco (HR) são relatadas com intervalos de confiança (IC) de 95%. RESULTADOS: Dos 2.279 casos de câncer colorretal analisados, 58,4% eram de cólon. A taxa de sobrevida global aos 5 anos para pacientes com câncer colorretal foi de 63,5% (65,6% e 60,6% para câncer de cólon e retal, respectivamente). O risco de óbito foi elevado para pacientes na faixa etária de 50-74 anos (HR=1,24; IC95% =1,02-1,51) e ≥75 anos (HR=3,02; IC95% =2,42-3,78), para pacientes com câncer retal (HR=1,37; IC95% =1,11-1,69) e para aqueles cujo tratamento foi iniciado >60 dias após o diagnóstico (HR=1,22; IC95% =1,04-1,43). O risco diminuiu para pacientes diagnosticados em períodos recentes (2005-2009 HR=0,76; IC95% =0,63-0,91; 2010-2013 HR=0,69; IC95% =0,57-0,83). CONCLUSÃO: A sobrevida dos pacientes com câncer colorretal é maior naqueles em estágio inicial e com início do tratamento antes dos 60 dias.. Idade acima de 70 anos foi fator independente preditivo de mau prognóstico. A sobrevida global aumentou para todos os pacientes tratados no período de 2000-2004 a 2010-2013.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Rectal Neoplasms/mortality , Colorectal Neoplasms/mortality , Colonic Neoplasms/mortality , Prognosis , Rectal Neoplasms/pathology , Rectal Neoplasms/therapy , Survival , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil/epidemiology , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Colorectal Neoplasms/therapy , Survival Analysis , Registries , Survival Rate , Retrospective Studies , Colonic Neoplasms/pathology , Colonic Neoplasms/therapy , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use
17.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 148(5): 573-581, mayo 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1139341

ABSTRACT

Background: In Chile, Thyroid cancer (TC) is included in a list of diseases that have a guaranteed access to treatment, endorsed by the Ministry of Health. The care burden of the disease will depend on its incidence. Aim: To estimate the incidence of TC in Chilean patients with access to thyroid surgery and describe its histopathological characteristics. Material and methods: Analysis of the registry of all thyroidectomies performed at a private oncological clinic in Metropolitan Santiago, between 2016 and 2018. Incidence was estimated the number of persons affiliated to an insurance system managed by the same clinic, separated by age and gender. Results: TC adjusted incidence varied from 60.8 cases per 100,000 persons/year in 2016 to 48.7 cases per 100,000 persons/year in 2018. The proportion of microtumors was 34% when the diameter of all foci was considered. Papillary and follicular carcinomas were the pathological diagnoses in 96 and 2% of cases respectively. Twenty-one percent of tumors had extra-thyroidal invasion. Conclusions: The TC incidence herein reported is higher than the figure of 7.9 cases per 100,000 persons/year reported by us in 2014. This difference could be due to a true increase in the incidence of TC, following worldwide trends or to differences in the methods used in both studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cancer Care Facilities , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Thyroid Neoplasms/epidemiology , Thyroidectomy , Chile/epidemiology , Registries , Incidence
18.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(4): 1293-1304, abr. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089527

ABSTRACT

Abstract Electronic medical records have been touted as a solution to many of the shortcomings of health care systems. The aim of this essay is to review pertinent literature and present examples and recommendations from several decades of experience in the use of medical records in primary health care, in ways that can help primary care doctors to organize their work processes to improve patient care. Considerable problems have been noted to result from a lack of interoperability and standardization of interfaces among these systems, impairing the effective collaboration and information exchange in the care of complex patients. It is extremely important that regional and national health policies be established to assure standardization and interoperability of systems. Lack of interoperability contributes to the fragmentation of the information environment. The electronic medical record (EMR) is a disruptive technology that can revolutionize the way we care for patients. The EMR has been shown to improve quality and reliability in the delivery of healthcare services when appropriately implemented. Careful attention to the impact of the EMR on clinical workflows, in order to take full advantage of the potential of the EMR to improve patient care, is the key lesson from our experience in the deployment and use of these systems.


Resumo Os registros médicos eletrônicos (RME) têm sido apontados como uma solução para muitas das deficiências dos sistemas de saúde. O objetivo deste ensaio é revisar a literatura pertinente e apresentar exemplos e recomendações de várias décadas de experiência no uso de registros médicos na atenção primária à saúde, de maneira a ajudá-los na organização de seus processos de trabalho para melhorar o atendimento ao paciente. Observou-se que problemas consideráveis resultam da falta de interoperabilidade e padronização de interfaces entre esses sistemas, prejudicando a colaboração efetiva e a troca de informações no atendimento a pacientes complexos. É extremamente importante que políticas regionais e nacionais de saúde sejam estabelecidas para garantir a padronização e interoperabilidade dos sistemas. A falta de interoperabilidade contribui para a fragmentação do ambiente de informações. O prontuário eletrônico (RME) é uma tecnologia disruptiva que pode revolucionar a maneira como cuidamos dos pacientes. Foi demonstrado que o RME melhora a qualidade e a confiabilidade na prestação de serviços de saúde quando implementada adequadamente. Uma atenção cuidadosa ao impacto do RME nos fluxos de trabalho clínicos, a fim de aproveitar ao máximo o potencial do RME para melhorar o atendimento ao paciente, é a principal lição de nossa experiência na implantação e uso desses sistemas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Health Care , Electronic Health Records/standards , National Health Programs , Patient Care Team , United States , Registries , Communication , Electronic Health Records/organization & administration , Quality Improvement , Health Information Exchange , Medication Errors/prevention & control
19.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(2): 216-225, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098894

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Objetivo: describir las terapias utilizadas en lactantes con bronquiolitis aguda admitidos en 20 Uni dades de Cuidados Intensivos (UCI) pediátricos miembros de LARed en 5 países latinoamerica nos. Pacientes y Método: Estudio observacional retrospectivo, multicéntrico, de datos del Registro Latinoamericano de Falla Respiratoria Aguda Pediátrica. Se incluyeron niños menores de 2 años ingresados a UCI pediátrica por bronquiolitis aguda comunitaria entre mayo-septiembre 2017. Se recolectaron datos demográficos, clínicos, soporte respiratorio, terapias utilizadas y resultados clí nicos. Se realizó análisis de subgrupos según ubicación geográfica, tipo financiación y presencia de academia. Resultados: Ingresaron al registro 1155 pacientes con falla respiratoria aguda. Seis casos fueron excluidos por no tener formulario completo. De los 1147 pacientes, 908 eran menores de 2 años. De ellos, 467 tuvieron diagnóstico de bronquiolitis aguda, correspondiendo a la principal causa de ingreso a UCI pediátrica por falla respiratoria aguda (51,4%). Las características demográficas y de gravedad entre los centros fueron similares. El soporte máximo respiratorio más frecuente fue cánula nasal de alto flujo (47%), seguido por ventilación mecánica no invasiva (26%) y ventilación mecánica invasiva (17%), con un coeficiente de variación (CV) amplio entre los centros. Hubo una gran dispersión en uso de terapias, siendo frecuente el uso de broncodilatadores, antibióticos y corticoides, con CV hasta 400%. El análisis de subgrupos mostró diferencias significativas en soporte respiratorio y tratamientos utilizados. Un paciente falleció en esta cohorte. Conclusión: Detectamos gran variabilidad en el soporte respiratorio y tratamientos entre UCI pediátricas latinoamericanas. Esta variabilidad no es explicada por disparidades demográficas ni clínicas. Esta heterogeneidad de tratamientos debería promover iniciativas colaborativas para disminuir la brecha entre la evidencia científica y la práctica asistencial.


Abstract: The objective of this study was to describe the management of infants with acute bronchiolitis admit ted to 20 pediatric intensive care units (PICU) members of LARed in 5 Latin American countries. Pa tients and Method: Retrospective, multicenter, observational study of data from the Latin American Registry of Acute Pediatric Respiratory Failure. We included children under 2 years of age admitted to the PICU due to community-based acute bronchiolitis between May and September 2017. Demo graphic and clinical data, respiratory support, therapies used, and clinical results were collected. A subgroup analysis was carried out according to geographical location (Atlantic v/s Pacific), type of insurance (Public v/s Private), and Academic v/s non-Academic centers. Results: 1,155 patients were included in the registry which present acute respiratory failure and 6 were excluded due to the lack of information in their record form. Out of the 1,147 patients, 908 were under 2 years of age, and out of those, 467 (51.4%) were diagnosed with acute bronchiolitis, which was the main cause of admission to the PICU due to acute respiratory failure. The demographic and severity characteristics among the centers were similar. The most frequent maximum ventilatory support was the high-flow nasal can nula (47%), followed by non-invasive ventilation (26%) and invasive mechanical ventilation (17%), with a wide coefficient of variation (CV) between centers. There was a great dispersion in the use of treatments, where the use of bronchodilators, antibiotics, and corticosteroids, representing a CV up to 400%. There were significant differences in subgroup analysis regarding respiratory support and treatments used. One patient of this cohort passed away. Conclusion: we detected wide variability in respiratory support and treatments among Latin American PICUs. This variability was not explained by demographic or clinical differences. The heterogeneity of treatments should encourage collabora tive initiatives to reduce the gap between scientific evidence and practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Practice Patterns, Physicians'/statistics & numerical data , Bronchiolitis/therapy , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric/statistics & numerical data , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Critical Care/statistics & numerical data , Healthcare Disparities/statistics & numerical data , Bronchiolitis/diagnosis , Registries , Acute Disease , Retrospective Studies , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Critical Care/methods , Latin America
20.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(3): 284-289, Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136215

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Children with renal tumors included in clinical trials have significantly better outcomes. In Brasil, the enrollment of patients in clinical trials remains challenging. Here we aimed to describe participation accrual in the Brazilian Wilms Tumor Study Group (BWTSG) and to identify barriers to trial registration of children with renal tumors. METHODS We determined the numbers of renal tumor diagnoses in 105 hospital-based cancer registries from 2001-2009. We then compared these totals with the numbers of renal tumor cases registered in the BWTSG from the same hospitals during the same time period. We also invited members of the Brazilian Pediatric Oncology Society to complete a 5-point Likert-type scale questionnaire regarding their opinions of the importance of participation in cooperative group trials. RESULTS The accrual rate of patient participation per hospital varied from 25% to 76%, and was highest in the South region. The accrual rate of hospital participation also varied according to the region (20-31%) and was highest in the Southeast region. For the questionnaire regarding the importance of participation in cooperative groups, the responses showed an agreement of >75% on 10 of the 13 statements. CONCLUSION Our results demonstrated low accrual of participation in a cooperative group trial in Brasil. We identified variations in registration rates according to geographic region and hospital, which may help targeted efforts to increase registration rates. The survey responses demonstrated that colleagues understand the importance of trial participation.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Crianças com tumores renais incluídas em ensaios clínicos apresentam melhora significativa na sobrevida. No entanto, o envolvimento desses pacientes em ensaios clínicos continua sendo um desafio no Brasil. Nosso objetivo neste estudo é descrever a taxa de aderência e adesão no Grupo Cooperativo Brasileiro para tratamento de Tumor de Wilms (GCBTTW) e identificar barreiras na participação ao protocolo. MÉTODOS Identificamos o número de casos de tumores renais diagnosticados em 105 registros hospitalares de câncer no período de 2001 a 2009. O número total desses casos foi então comparado ao número de casos de tumores renais registrados no GCBTTW provenientes das mesmas unidades hospitalares e durante o mesmo período. Os membros da Sociedade Brasileira de Oncologia Pediátrica foram convidados para completar um questionário com escala do tipo likert com o objetivo de conhecer suas opiniões sobre a importância e as dificuldades na participação em ensaios clínicos de grupos cooperativos. RESULTADOS A aderência de pacientes por hospital variou de 25% a 76% e foi maior na região Sul. A adesão da participação do hospital também variou de acordo com a região (20-31%) e foi maior na região Sudeste. Com relação ao questionário referente à importância da participação em grupos cooperativos, as respostas mostraram concordância de mais de 75% em 10 das 13 afirmações. CONCLUSÃO Nossos resultados demonstraram uma baixa participação em grupos cooperativos no Brasil. Houve variações nas taxas de adesão e aderência de acordo com a região geográfica e unidade hospitalar, o que pode auxiliar em futuros esforços para a melhora dessas taxas. As respostas ao questionário demonstraram que os profissionais entendem a importância da participação em grupos cooperativos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Patient Participation/statistics & numerical data , Wilms Tumor/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Registries/statistics & numerical data , Residence Characteristics , Survival Rate , Surveys and Questionnaires
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