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1.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 93(3): e1018, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347542

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome de Lowe o síndrome oculocerebrorenal es un trastorno multisistémico. Es una enfermedad rara e infrecuente. Objetivo: Exponer un caso clínico típico, con fracaso renal controlado sin método dialítico y que de manera tardía en su adolescencia se diagnostica con síndrome de Lennox-Gastaut. Presentación caso: Adolescente masculino de 18 años nacido de un embarazo sin riesgo y parto por cesárea, macrofeto. Desde el nacimiento, con diagnóstico perinatal de catarata congénita y evolutivamente glaucoma bilateral con tratamiento conservador. A partir del primer año de vida padece de acidosis tubular y síndrome de Fanconi con evolución a una enfermedad renal crónica. Relacionado todo con retraso del desarrollo psicomotor, discapacidad intelectual, estereotipias, síntomas obsesivos compulsivos y depresión. De manera tardía, a los 10 años tuvo inicio de crisis epilépticas de varios tipos con predominio de las tónicas durante el sueño y en vigilia, frecuentes, con electroencefalograma característico de síndrome Lennox-Gastaut. Tuvo atención interdisciplinaria y evolución clínica estable hasta la edad adulta cumplida. El estudio molecular de ADN materno y del niño confirmaron la mutación c2224_2226 del GTA (exón 19), delección de valina en la posición 742 del cromosoma X del OCRL 1, que ratifica el síndrome de Lowe. Conclusiones: El Síndrome de Lowe, es un trastorno multisitémico, ligado al cromosoma X y frecuente en varones. Clínicamente se caracteriza por alteraciones oftalmológicas, renales y neurológicas(AU)


Introduction: Lowe syndrome or oculocerebrorenal syndrome is a multisystemic disorder. It's a rare and uncommon disease. Objective: Show a typical clinical case, with controlled renal failure without dialytic method and that late in the adolescence is diagnosed with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. Case presentation: 18-year-old male adolescent born of a risk-free pregnancy and cesarean delivery, with macrosomia. From birth, he had a perinatal diagnosis of congenital cataract and evolutionarily bilateral glaucoma with conservative treatment. From the first year of life he suffers from tubular acidosis and Fanconi syndrome with an evolution to chronic kidney disease. All of these were related to delayed psychomotor development, intellectual disability, stereotypies, obsessive-compulsive symptoms and depression. Lately, at 10 years old, epileptic seizures of various types with predominance of tonic ones during sleep and wakefulness began; they were frequent, with characteristic electroencephalogram of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. He had interdisciplinary care and stable clinical evolution into adulthood. The molecular study of the mother and child DNA confirmed the c2224_2226 mutation of GTA (exon 19), valine deletion at position 742 of the X chromosome of OCRL 1, which ratifies Lowe syndrome. Conclusion: Lowe Syndrome is a multisystemic disorder, linked to the X chromosome and common in males. Clinically, it is characterized by ophthalmological, renal and neurological alterations(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Cataract/therapy , Rare Diseases/etiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Lennox Gastaut Syndrome/diagnosis , Oculocerebrorenal Syndrome/diagnosis , Electroencephalography/methods
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(3): 213-213, Junio 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1223297

ABSTRACT

Vivir con enfermedad renal crónica se asocia con penurias para el paciente y sus cuidadores. Su empoderamiento, que incluye a los familiares o los amigos comprometidos en los cuidados, puede ayudar a minimizar la carga y las consecuencias de los síntomas asociados a la enfermedad renal crónica y permitir las actividades cotidianas. Es necesario ampliar el foco sobre vivir bien con la enfermedad renal y reinsertarse en la vida, con énfasis en que los pacientes tengan sus controles.El World Kidney Day (WKD) Joint Steering Committee (Comité Directivo Conjunto del Día Mundial del Riñón) ha declarado al 2021 como el año de "Vivir bien con enfermedad renal" en un esfuerzo por aumentar la educación y la conciencia sobre el objetivo importante del empoderamiento del paciente y su participación en la vida. Esto reclama el desarrollo e implementación de evaluaciones validadas de la evolución referida por los pacientes para medir e incluir las áreas de participación en la vida en los cuidados de rutina. Esto podría ser respaldado por las agencias reguladoras como una métrica de la calidad de la atención o para respaldar las declaraciones de etiquetado de medicamentos y dispositivos. Las agencias financiadoras podrían establecer llamados dirigidos a investigar las prioridades de los pacientes. Los pacientes con enfermedad renal y sus cuidadores deberían sentirse respaldados para vivir bien mediante esfuerzos concertados de los servicios de atención renal, incluso durante las pandemias. En el programa de bienestar general para pacientes con enfermedad renal, se debe reiterar la necesidad de prevención. Se debe promover la detección precoz acompañada de un curso prolongado de bienestar a pesar de la enfermedad renal, después de programas de prevención efectiva secundaria y terciaria. El WKD 2021 continua su reclamo de aumentar la conciencia de la importancia de las medidas preventivas entre las comunidades, los profesionales y los responsables de las políticas, aplicable tanto a los países desarrollados como a aquellos en vías de desarrollo.


Living with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with hardships for patients and their care-partners. Empowering patients and their care-partners, including family members or friends involved in their care, may help minimize the burden and consequences of CKD related symptoms to enable life participation. There is a need to broaden the focus on living well with kidney disease and re-engagement in life, including an emphasis on patients being in control. The World Kidney Day (WKD) Joint Steering Committee has declared 2021 the year of "Living Well with Kidney Disease" in an effort to increase education and awareness on the important goal of patient empowerment and life participation. This calls for the development and implementation of validated patient-reported outcome measures to assess and address areas of life participation in routine care. It could be supported by regulatory agencies as a metric for quality care or to support labelling claims for medicines and devices. Funding agencies could establish targeted calls for research that address the priorities of patients. Patients with kidney disease and their care-partners should feel supported to live well through concerted efforts by kidney care communities including during pandemics. In the overall wellness program for kidney disease patients, the need for prevention should be reiterated. Early detection with a prolonged course of wellness despite kidney disease, after effective secondary and tertiary prevention programs, should be promoted. WKD 2021 continues to call for increased awareness of the importance of preventive measures throughout populations, professionals, and policy makers, applicable to both developed and developing countries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/prevention & control , Health Promotion , Health Services Accessibility , Early Diagnosis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Kidney
3.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 20: e20216521, 05 maio 2021. ilus
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1348864

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: mapear as evidências disponíveis sobre avaliação da cultura de segurança do paciente na perspectiva da equipe multidisciplinar em serviços de hemodiálise. MÉTODO: revisão de escopo da literatura desenvolvida de acordo com a metodologia proposta pelo manual do Instituto Joanna Briggs, nas fontes de informação: LILACS, BDENF, IBECS e ColecionaSUS (via Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde), MEDLINE via PubMed, COCHRANE, CINAHL, SCOPUS, Web of Science, EMBASE, Banco de teses e dissertações da CAPES e repositórios institucionais. Serão considerados elegíveis estudos que atendam à pergunta e pesquisa, e disponíveis na íntegra. Não haverá restrição de idiomas. A seleção dos estudos ocorrerá de forma independente por dois revisores e as divergências serão discutidas com um terceiro revisor. A síntese e extração dos dados será executada por meio de uma planilha construída no programa Microsoft Office Excel Online. Os resultados finais sintetizados serão compilados e apresentados por meio de tabelas ou quadros, fluxograma e discussão narrativa. Número de registro da revisão: https://osf.io/7ug86.


OBJECTIVE: To map the available evidence on the assessment of the patient safety culture from the perspective of the multidisciplinary team in hemodialysis services. METHOD: A scoping literature review developed according to the methodology proposed by the Joanna Briggs Institute manual, in the following information sources: LILACS, BDENF, IBECS and ColecionaSUS (via the Virtual Health Library), MEDLINE via PubMed, COCHRANE, CINAHL, SCOPUS, Web of Science, EMBASE, CAPES theses and dissertations database and institutional repositories. Studies that answer the research question and are available in full will be considered eligible. There will be no language restrictions. Selection of the studies will take place independently by two reviewers and the differences will be discussed with a third reviewer. Data synthesis and extraction will be performed through a spreadsheet built in the Microsoft Office Excel Online program. The final synthesized results will be compiled and presented through tables or charts, flowchart and narrative discussion. Review registration number: https://osf.io/7ug86.


OBJETIVO: Mapear la evidencia disponible sobre la evaluación de la cultura de seguridad del paciente desde la perspectiva del equipo multidisciplinario de los servicios de hemodiálisis. MÉTODO: Revisión de alcance de la literatura existente según la metodología propuesta por el manual del Instituto Joanna Briggs, en las fuentes de información: LILACS, BDENF, IBECS y ColecionaSUS (a través de la Biblioteca Virtual en Salud), MEDLINE a través de PubMed, COCHRANE, CINAHL, SCOPUS, Web of Science, EMBASE, base de datos de tesis y disertaciones de la CAPES y repositorios institucionales. Se considerarán elegibles los estudios que cumplan con la pregunta de investigación y estén disponibles en su totalidad. No habrá restricciones de idioma. La selección de estudios se llevará a cabo de forma independiente por dos revisores y las diferencias se discutirán con un tercer revisor. La síntesis y extracción de datos se realizará a través de una hoja de cálculo incorporada en el programa Microsoft Office Excel Online. Los resultados finales sintetizados se compilarán y presentarán a través de tablas o cuadros, diagrama de flujo y discusión narrativa. Número de registro de la revisión: https://osf.io/7ug86.


Subject(s)
Patient Care Team , Organizational Culture , Renal Dialysis , Patient Safety , Ambulatory Care Facilities , Hemodialysis Units, Hospital , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy
4.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(2): 438-444, Mar.-Apr. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1248947

ABSTRACT

In this case, a 12-year-old female domestic cat with chronic renal failure (CRF), which had lived longer than the mean survival time for cats with that condition, was monitored to evaluate the effects of treatment and mean gray value (MGV) changes. The cat has lived for nearly four years since the diagnosis. Probiotics have been used as an additional, classical supportive therapy since the beginning of treatment. The temporal changes in renal MGV were statistically evaluated in the last year of the four-year period. The cat had a comfortable existence and good body condition all her life and probiotic therapy may have had a positive influence post-CRF diagnosis. Ultrasonography (US) examination is a commonly used tool for monitoring the CRF situation, but it is not particularly sensitive. Therefore, MGV may be more useful for the quantitative evaluation of the extent of renal failure. Also, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first report for a long-term clinical evaluation of MGV in a cat with CRF. The aim of this case report was the evaluation of the relationship between MGV and clinical and biochemical changes in a cat with chronic renal failure.(AU)


No presente caso, uma gata doméstica de 12 anos com insuficiência renal crônica (IRC), que viveu mais do que o tempo médio de sobrevivência para gatos nessa condição, foi monitorada para avaliar os efeitos do tratamento e as alterações do valor cinza médio (MGV). A gata viveu quase quatro anos desde o diagnóstico. Os probióticos têm sido usados como uma terapia de suporte clássica adicional desde o início do tratamento. As alterações temporais do MGV renal foram avaliadas estatisticamente no último ano do período de quatro anos. A gata teve uma existência confortável e boas condições corporais durante toda a vida e a terapia com probióticos pode ter tido uma influência positiva após o diagnóstico de IRC. O exame de ultrassonografia (US) é uma ferramenta comumente usada para monitorar a situação da IRC, mas não é particularmente sensível. Portanto, o MGV pode ser mais útil para a avaliação quantitativa da extensão da insuficiência renal. Além disso, até onde se sabe, este é o primeiro relatório de uma avaliação clínica de longo prazo de MGV em um gato com IRC. O objetivo deste relato de caso foi avaliar a relação entre o MGV e as alterações clínicas e bioquímicas em um gato com insuficiência renal crônica.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Prognosis , Probiotics/therapeutic use , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/veterinary , Survival Analysis
5.
Med. infant ; 28(1): 27-32, Marzo 2021. Tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1282913

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El mielomeningocele (MMC) es una de las malformaciones congénitas más severas compatible con la vida. El 90% de los pacientes presenta vejiga neurogénica que debe ser evaluada y tratada precozmente. Objetivos: Describir la evaluación y tratamiento nefrourológico recibido por pacientes con MMC hasta el momento de la primera consulta en el Hospital Garrahan (periodo pre-ingreso). Describir la evaluación realizada y el tratamiento urológico implementado a partir del ingreso al hospital Garrahan (periodo post-ingreso). Evaluar la prevalencia de Enfermedad Renal Crónica (ERC). Población y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio con diseño clínico analítico, retrospectivo, longitudinal sobre pacientes con MMC de 1 mes a 18 años derivados al Hospital Garrahan para atención ambulatoria en los años 2011 y 2012. Resultados: Se incluyeron115 pacientes. Al momento de la derivación al hospital ("pre-ingreso") 7% de los pacientes habían logrado completar evaluación nefrourológica, (ecografía vesicorenal, urodinamia, Cistouretrografía, Centellograma renal y Creatininemia). Tratamiento: 33% vaciaban vejiga por CIL o vesicostomía y 21% recibían Oxibutinina. A partir del ingreso al seguimiento en el Garrahan 83% lograron completar la evaluación, y en función del resultado de la misma se indicó CIL en 87% y Oxibutinina en el 66% de los pacientes. La prevalencia de ERC al ingreso fue de 43%; la mayoría en estadio I. Conclusiones: La mayoría de los pacientes con MMC fueron derivados al hospital de tercer nivel con evaluaciones urológicas incompletas y sin el tratamiento adecuado de la vejiga neurogénica. El inicio del seguimiento interdisciplinario en un hospital de alta complejidad facilitó la realización de las evaluaciones necesarias y la implementación del tratamiento adecuado (AU)


Introduction: Myelomeningocele (MMC) is one of the most severe congenital malformations compatible with life. Of all the patients, 90% presents with a neurogenic bladder requiring early evaluation and treatment. Objectives: To describe the uronephrological evaluation and treatment received by patients with MMC up to the first consultation at Garrahan Hospital (pre-follow-up period). To describe the urological evaluation and treatment implemented from referral to Garrahan Hospital (follow-up period). To evaluate the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Population and Methods: A retrospective, longitudinal study with a clinical, analytical design was conducted in patients with MMC between 1 months and 18 years of age referred to Garrahan Hospital for outpatient care in 2011 and 2012. Results: 115 patients were included. At the time of referral to the hospital ("pre-follow-up") 7% of the patients had undergone complete uronephrological evaluation (kidney-bladder ultrasonography, urodynamic studies, cystourethrography, renal scintigraphy, and creatininemia levels). Treatment: 33% emptied their bladder by CIC or vesicostomy and 21% received oxybutynin. From follow-up initiation at Garrahan Hospital, 83% underwent complete evaluation, and based on the results CIC was indicated in 87% and oxybutynin in 66% of the patients. On admission, prevalence of CKD was 43%; with stage I in the majority of the patients. Conclusions: The majority of the patients with MMC were referred to a third-level hospital with incomplete urological studies and without adequate treatment of the neurogenic bladder. Initiation of interdisciplinary follow-up at a tertiary hospital allowed for the necessary studies and implementation of adequate treatment (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Patient Care Team , Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic/diagnosis , Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic/etiology , Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic/therapy , Meningomyelocele/complications , Meningomyelocele/diagnosis , Meningomyelocele/epidemiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Kidney Function Tests
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922196

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an independent risk factor for progression to an end-stage renal disease requiring dialysis or kidney transplantation. We investigated the association of lifestyle behaviors with the initiation of renal replacement therapy (RRT) among CKD patients using an employment-based health insurance claims database linked with specific health checkup (SHC) data.@*METHODS@#This retrospective cohort study included 149,620 CKD patients aged 40-74 years who underwent a SHC between April 2008 and March 2016. CKD patients were identified using ICD-10 diagnostic codes and SHC results. We investigated lifestyle behaviors recorded at SHC. Initiation of RRT was defined by medical procedure claims. Lifestyle behaviors related to the initiation of RRT were identified using a Cox proportional hazards regression model with recency-weighted cumulative exposure as a time-dependent covariate.@*RESULTS@#During 384,042 patient-years of follow-up by the end of March 2016, 295 dialysis and no kidney transplantation cases were identified. Current smoking (hazard ratio: 1.87, 95% confidence interval, 1.04─3.36), skipping breakfast (4.80, 1.98─11.62), and taking sufficient rest along with sleep (2.09, 1.14─3.85) were associated with the initiation of RRT.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Among CKD patients, the lifestyle behaviors of smoking, skipping breakfast, and sufficient rest along with sleep were independently associated with the initiation of RRT. Our study strengthens the importance of monitoring lifestyle behaviors to delay the progression of mild CKD to RRT in the Japanese working generation. A substantial portion of subjects had missing data for eGFR and drinking frequency, warranting verification of these results in prospective studies.


Subject(s)
Aged , Cohort Studies , Databases, Factual , Disease Progression , Female , Health Benefit Plans, Employee , Humans , Japan/epidemiology , Life Style , Male , Meals , Middle Aged , Proportional Hazards Models , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Renal Replacement Therapy , Retrospective Studies , Sleep , Smoking/epidemiology
7.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(5): e0040, 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347261

ABSTRACT

RESUMO A hipertensão ocular aguda durante a hemodiálise constitui evento raro e pode ser causa relevante de interrupção do tratamento dialítico devido à dor. Relata-se o caso de um paciente de 70 anos de idade, do sexo masculino, que apresentou quadros recorrentes de intensa dor ocular unilateral durante sessões dialíticas devido ao aumento de pressão intraocular. O paciente era portador de grave diminuição da acuidade visual no olho direito devido a glaucoma neovascular, controlado com medicação hipotensora tópica. Uma hora após o início da sessão dialítica, apresentou dor excruciante no olho direito, sendo necessário interromper o tratamento por diversas vezes. A dor somente era amenizada com uso de opioides por via endovenosa ou após cerca de 6 horas do procedimento. Injeção intraocular de drogas antiangiogênicas e acetazolamida por via oral, assim como tratamentos tradicionais para quadros agudos de hipertensão intraocular, como uso de hipotensor tópico e medicamentos hiperosmolares, foram insuficientes para o controle da dor. O problema se resolveu com ciclofotocoagulação transescleral realizada com laser diodo, com redução da pressão intraocular basal e controle da dor, o que permitiu a realização de sessões completas de hemodiálise. A base fisiopatológica desse evento incomum e suas opções terapêuticas são discutidas aqui.


ABSTRACT Acute ocular hypertension during hemodialysis is a rare event and may lead to interruption of dialytic therapy due to pain. A case of a 70-year-old male patient is reported, who presented recurrent intense unilateral ocular pain episodes during dialysis sessions for increased intraocular pressure. The patient presented with severely decreased visual acuity in the right eye due to neovascular glaucoma, which was controlled with topical hypotensive medication. One hour after initiating dialysis, he presented an excruciating pain on the right eye, which required interruption of treatment several times. Pain relief was possible only with intravenous opioids, or approximately 6 hours after dialysis. Intraocular injection of antiangiogenic drugs and per oris acetazolamide, as well as other traditional treatments for acute episodes of intraocular hypertension, such as topical antihypertensive agents and hyperosmotic medications, were not sufficient to control pain. The problem was solved with transscleral diode laser cyclophotocoagulation, which reduced baseline intraocular pressure and controlled pain, enabling complete hemodialysis sessions. The pathophysiological aspects and therapeutic options of this unusual condition are discussed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Glaucoma, Neovascular/complications , Ocular Hypertension/etiology , Renal Dialysis/adverse effects , Intraocular Pressure , Osmolar Concentration , Aqueous Humor/physiology , Dialysis Solutions , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Acute Pain
8.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 25(5): e20200514, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1339869

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo apresentar o teste alfa do protótipo de uma tecnologia gamificada, o Nefro Hero ®, com foco na Qualidade de Vida Relacionada à Saúde de pacientes pediátricos em tratamento hemodialítico. Método pesquisa metodológica, avaliativa, por meio do teste alfa, com abordagem quantitativa, realizada com oito pacientes em tratamento hemodialítico com idades entre oito e 16 anos. Foi desenvolvida em quatro etapas: primeira aplicação do inventário de QVRS DISABKIDS®; nove sessões de jogo com os pacientes, individualmente, durante as sessões de hemodiálise; segunda aplicação do inventário; duas sessões de brainstorming. Resultados entre a primeira e a segunda aplicações do inventário, foram identificadas melhorias no domínio mental na QVRS dos pacientes, indicando o potencial da função primária da estratégia. Foram levantados pontos para ser revistos na tecnologia antes da etapa de validação. Conclusão e implicações para a Enfermagem por ser um teste alfa, os resultados não podem ser generalizados, mas indicam o potencial da estratégia. O artigo apresenta uma etapa de avaliação anterior à de validação, fundamental ao desenvolvimento de tecnologias em formato de jogos e ainda pouco explorada.


RESUMEN Objetivo presentar la prueba alfa del prototipo de tecnología gamificada, Nefro Hero®, con foco en la Calidad de Vida Relacionada con la Salud en pacientes pediátricos en hemodiálisis. Método investigación metodológica, evaluativa, mediante la prueba alfa, con abordaje cuantitativo, realizada con ocho pacientes en hemodiálisis con edades comprendidas entre los ocho y los 16 años. Se desarrolló en cuatro etapas: primera aplicación del inventario HRQL DISABKIDS®; nueve sesiones de juego con pacientes individualmente durante las sesiones de hemodiálisis; segunda aplicación del inventario; dos sesiones de brainstorming. Resultados entre la primera y la segunda aplicación del inventario, se identificaron mejoras en el dominio mental de la CVRS de los pacientes, indicando el potencial de la función primaria de la estrategia. Se plantearon puntos para ser revisados ​​en la tecnología antes de la etapa de validación. Conclusión e implicaciones para Enfermería al tratarse de una prueba alfa, los resultados no pueden generalizarse, pero indican el potencial de la estrategia. El artículo presenta una etapa de evaluación previa a la validación, fundamental para el desarrollo de tecnologías de formatos de juego y aún poco explorada.


ABSTRACT Objective to present the alpha test of a prototype of a gamified technology, the Nefro Hero®, focused on the Health-Related Quality of Life of pediatric patients on hemodialysis treatment. Method a methodological, evaluative research, through the alpha test, with quantitative approach, carried out with eight patients on hemodialysis treatment aged between eight and 16 years. It was developed in four stages: first application of the DISABKIDS® HRQoL inventory; nine game sessions with the patients, individually, during the hemodialysis sessions; second application of the inventory; two brainstorming sessions. Results between the first and second applications of the inventory, improvements were identified in the mental domain in the patients' HRQoL, indicating the potential of the primary function of the strategy. Points to be reviewed in the technology before the validation stage were raised. Conclusion and Implications for Nursing as it is an alpha test, the results cannot be generalized, but they indicate the potential of the strategy. The article presents an evaluation stage prior to validation, fundamental to the development of game-format technologies and still little explored.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Play and Playthings , Quality of Life , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Qualitative Research
9.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 25(4): e20200486, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1154203

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo associar o nível de ativação com a qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde de pessoas que realizam o tratamento hemodialítico. Método estudo quantitativo, transversal e correlacional com 162 pessoas em tratamento hemodialítico. Os dados foram coletados por meio da aplicação de questionários para a caracterização sociodemográfica, socioeconômica e clínica do Kidney Disease Quality of Life Short Form e da escala Patient Activation Measure. Os dados secundários foram coletados por meio do prontuário médico. Para a análise dos dados, utilizaram-se a estatística descritiva e a regressão logística. Resultados a ativação do paciente em hemodiálise associou-se positivamente com os domínios sintomas, funcionamento físico, saúde geral, bem-estar emocional, energia/fadiga e o componente mental da qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde. Conclusão e implicação para a prática como a ativação apresenta relação com a qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde, na prática assistencial, essa métrica deve ser considerada ao implementar medidas que visem a aumentar a qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde das pessoas em hemodiálise.


Resumen Objetivo asociar el nivel de activación con la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud de las personas en hemodiálisis. Método estudio cuantitativo, transversal y correlacional con 162 personas en hemodiálisis. Los datos se recolectaron mediante la aplicación de cuestionarios para la caracterización sociodemográfica, socioeconómica y clínica del Kidney Disease Quality of Life Short Form y la escala Patient Activation Measure. Los datos secundarios se recopilaron a través de historias clínicas. Para el análisis de los datos se utilizó la estadística descriptiva y la regresión logística. Resultados la activación del paciente en hemodiálisis se asoció positivamente con los dominios síntomas, funcionamiento físico, salud general, bienestar emocional, energía / fatiga y el componente mental de la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud. Conclusión e implicación para la práctica dado que la activación presenta una relación con la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud, en la práctica asistencial esta métrica debe ser considerada a la hora de implementar medidas dirigidas a incrementar la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud de las personas en hemodiálisis.


Abstract Objective to associate the level of activation with the health-related quality of life of people undergoing hemodialysis. Method a quantitative, cross-sectional and correlational study with 162 people on hemodialysis treatment. Data was collected by applying questionnaires for sociodemographic, socioeconomic and clinical characterization of the Kidney Disease Quality of Life Short Form and the Patient Activation Measure scale. Secondary data were collected from medical records. For data analysis, descriptive statistics and logistic regression were used. Results hemodialysis patient activation was positively associated with the domains symptoms, physical functioning, general health, emotional well-being, energy/fatigue and the mental component of health-related quality of life. Conclusion and implication for the practice since activation is related to health-related quality of life, in care practice, this metric should be considered when implementing measures to increase the health-related quality of life of people on hemodialysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Renal Dialysis , Self-Management/statistics & numerical data , Patient Participation/statistics & numerical data , Self Care/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy
10.
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(10): 588-591, 20200000.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1362543

ABSTRACT

La encefalopatía es un cuadro clínico característico de múltiples procesos neurológicos y sistémicos que no hay que confundir con la encefalitis, que es una inflamación cerebral, normalmente causadas por infecciones virales. Se presenta el caso de una mujer de 58 años con enfermedad renal crónica en diálisis peritoneal, que ingresa por sepsis de origen peritoneal con clínica de encefalopatía y crisis epilépticas parciales. La paciente presenta lesiones de herpes zóster en zona lumbar y se practica punción lumbar, con resultado del líquido cefalorraquídeo positivo para virus varicela-zóster, por lo que completa tratamiento con aciclovir. En la resonancia magnética no presenta ninguna alteración, y una segunda punción lumbar tras mejoría de las lesiones cutáneas es negativa. El curso de la paciente es fluctuante durante el ingreso, con mejoría significativa tras antibióticos, hemodiálisis y tratamiento antiepiléptico, y no respondiendo al aciclovir. La etiología sospechada es la debida al contexto infeccioso y metabólico de la paciente. Probablemente el resultado del líquido fue contaminado por la proximidad de las lesiones herpéticas, ya que además no es frecuente encontrar encefalitis infecciosas agudas sin alteraciones en las pruebas de imagen. La mejoría final fue debida tanto a la medicación antiepiléptica como al inicio de hemodiálisis


Encefalopathy is a clinical syndrome ocurring in multiple neurologic and systemic diseases which must not be mistaken with encephalitis, that is a cerebral inflammatory process, often caused by viral infections. We present the case of a 58-year-old woman with chronic renal failure receiving peritoneal dyalisis, who was admitted into hospital for sepsis secondary to infectious peritonitis, with encefalopathy and epileptic partial seizures. The patient presented lumbar herpetic cutaneous lesions and a lumbar punction is practiced, with a positive result in the cerebrospinal fluid for varicella-zoster virus. Treatment with aciclovir was completed. Her cerebral magnetic resonance was absolutely normal, and a second lumbar puncture when herpetic lesions got better was negative. The course is fluctuating during the stay, and a significant clinical improvement occurs after antibiotics, hemodyalisis and antiepileptic treatment. The patient did not respond to aciclovir. The suspected ethiology is the infectious and metabolic context. Positivity for the virus is thought to be a contamination from the nearby herpetic lesions. Also, it is rare for an infectious acute encephalitis to present with normal radiologic imaging. The final clinical improvement was probably due to hemodyalisis initiation and the antiepileptic treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Brain Diseases, Metabolic/diagnosis , Valproic Acid/therapeutic use , Renal Dialysis , Encephalitis, Varicella Zoster/diagnosis , Encephalitis/diagnosis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Anticonvulsants/therapeutic use
11.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 156(6): 519-525, nov.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249961

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La relación entre 25-OH-vitamina D y el sistema inmune en pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica es objeto de atención. Objetivos: Evaluar la prevalencia de la deficiencia de vitamina D en pacientes en hemodiálisis e investigar la asociación entre la vitamina D y proteína C reactiva ultrasensible (PCRus), índice neutrófilo/linfocito (INL) e índice plaqueta/linfocito (IPL). Método: Estudio transversal de 80 pacientes en hemodiálisis, divididos en dos grupos: un nivel sérico de 25-OH-vitamina D < 20 ng/mL se consideró como deficiencia de vitamina D y ≥ 20 ng/mL, como normal. Con el análisis de correlación de Spearman se definió la relación entre los parámetros. Resultados: 40 % de los pacientes presentó deficiencia de vitamina D. Hubo diferencias significativas entre los grupos en PCRus (p = 0.047), INL (p = 0.039), IPL (p = 0.042) y tratamiento con análogos de vitamina D (p = 0.022). La vitamina D tuvo una correlación negativa significativa con PCRus (p = 0.026), INL (p = 0.013) e IPL (p = 0.022). Conclusiones: La deficiencia de vitamina D fue de 40 %. Los niveles de PCRus, INL e IPL fueron significativamente más altos ante deficiencia de vitamina D. Se encontró correlación inversa significativa entre vitamina D y PCRus, INL e IPL.


Abstract Introduction: The relationship between 25-OH-vitamin D and the immune system in patients with chronic kidney disease is a subject of attention. Objectives: To assess the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in patients on hemodialysis and to investigate the association between vitamin D, ultra-sensitive C-reactive protein (US-CRP), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR). Method: Cross-sectional study of 80 patients on hemodialysis, divided into two groups: a serum 25-OH-vitamin D level < 20 ng/mL was considered to be vitamin D deficiency and a serum level ≥ 20 ng/mL was regarded as normal. The relationship between the parameters was defined with Spearman’s correlation analysis. Results: 40 % of the patients had vitamin D deficiency. There were significant differences between groups in US-CRP (p = 0.047), NLR (p = 0.039), PLR (p = 0.042) and treatment with vitamin D analogues (p = 0.022). Vitamin D had a significant negative correlation with US-CRP (p = 0.026), NLR (p = 0.013) and PLR (p = 0.022). Conclusions: The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency was 40 %. The values of US-CRP, NLR and PLR were significantly higher in the presence of vitamin D deficiency. A significant inverse correlation was found between vitamin D levels and US-CRP, NLR and PLR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Vitamin D/blood , Vitamin D Deficiency/blood , Vitamin D Deficiency/epidemiology , Renal Dialysis , Inflammation Mediators/blood , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/blood , Blood Platelets/cytology , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Lymphocytes/cytology , Biomarkers/blood , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Neutrophils/cytology
12.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(11): 4631-4637, nov. 2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1133056

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é verificar a relação entre fragilidade e os aspectos sociodemográficos e clínicos de pacientes com doença renal crônica em hemodiálise. Estudo transversal, conduzido com 107 participantes. Realizou-se análise descritiva, correlação e regressão logística. Os resultados foram considerados significativos com p-valor ≤ 0,05. A prevalência de fragilidade correspondeu a 47,66%, correlacionou-se negativamente com a cognição (r = -0,30; p-valor = 0,002), funcionalidade para atividades instrumentais de vida diária (r = -0,41; p-valor = 0,000) e com o nível de hematócrito (r = -0,19; p-valor = 0,04). Constatou- se a maior proporção de fragilidade em participantes com maior idade (OR = 1,03; IC95% 1,004-1,069; p = 0,02). Os participantes com doença renal crônica em hemodiálise apresentaram elevados percentuais de fragilidade, associada a maior idade e correlacionada a cognição, funcionalidade para atividades básicas de vida diária e menor nível de hematócrito.


Abstract The objective of this article is to determine the relationship between frailty and socio-demographic/clinical characteristics in patients with chronic kidney disease on dialysis. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 107 participants. Descriptive, correlation and logistic regression analyses were performed, with the level of significance set to 5% (p < 0.05). The prevalence of frailty was 47.66%. Frailty was negatively correlated with cognition (r = -0.30; p = 0.002), functioning on instrumental activities of daily living (r = -0.41; p = 0.000) and hematocrit level (r = -0.19; p = 0.04). The proportion of frailty increased with the age of the participants (OR = 1.03; 95%CI: 1.004-1.069; p = 0.02). Individuals with chronic kidney disease on dialysis had high percentages of frailty, which was associated with an older age and correlated with cognition, functioning on instrumental activities of daily living and a lower hemotocrit level.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/epidemiology , Frailty/epidemiology , Activities of Daily Living , Geriatric Assessment , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Frail Elderly , Renal Dialysis
14.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(3): 105-116, sept. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1129064

ABSTRACT

Este trabajo tiene como objetivo revisar las contribuciones de la biotecnología, en relación con el tratamiento, diagnóstico y la monitorización de la enfermedad renal crónica (ERC) y sus comorbilidades más frecuentes, especialmente la anemia. En relación con los tratamientos, enfocamos el desarrollo de productos biofarmacéuticos como los agentes estimulantes de la eritropoyesis (ESA), que fueron los primeros biofármacos utilizados para el tratamiento de la anemia asociada a la ERC; analizamos sus características y utilización actual después de varios años de experiencia clínica, así como también otras alternativas en desarrollo. Revisamos distintos tipos de bioterapias, la utilización de las células estromales mesenquimales de médula ósea (MSC) y tratamientos alternativos con modificaciones dietarias, que se basan en la asociación entre la microbiota intestinal de los pacientes renales crónicos y sus condiciones fisiopatológicas. Finalmente, en relación con el diagnóstico y monitorización, nos referimos al estudio y validación de biomarcadores diagnósticos, predictivos y terapéuticos que han permitido optimizar los resultados clínicos en este tipo de pacientes. (AU)


The aim of this work is to review the contributions of biotechnology, in relation to the treatment, diagnosis and monitoring of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and its most frequent comorbidities, especially anemia. Regarding the treatment, we focus on the development of biopharmaceutical products such as erythropoiesis stimulating agents (ESA), which were the first biopharmaceuticals used to treat anemia associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We analyzed their characteristics and their current use after several years of clinical experience, as well as other alternatives in development. We also review different types of biotherapies, the use of bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) and alternative treatments with dietary modifications, which are based on the association between the intestinal microbiota of chronic kidney patients and their pathophysiological conditions. Finally, in relation to diagnosis and monitoring, we refer to the study and validation of diagnostic, predictive and therapeutic biomarkers that have made clinical results possible to be optimized in this type of patient. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Biological Therapy/trends , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Quality of Life , Biotechnology , Biomarkers , Erythropoietin/deficiency , Probiotics/therapeutic use , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/trends , Erythropoiesis/drug effects , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/diagnosis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/diet therapy , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/rehabilitation , Prebiotics/classification , Glycoside Hydrolase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Hematinics/administration & dosage , Hematinics/pharmacology , Hematinics/pharmacokinetics , Anemia/diagnosis , Anemia/etiology , Anemia/drug therapy
15.
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(6): 366-370, 20200000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1367080

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome de Sagliker es una enfermedad rara que requiere manejo de la vía aérea por personal experimentado, fue descrito en 2004 por Sagliker. Presentación del caso: Mujer de 30 años de edad, hipertensa con enfermedad renal crónica de 10 años de evolución, trasplante renal derecho con rechazo al año y manejada con hemodiálisis. Se le realizó paratiroidectomía bilateral, el manejo de la vía aérea fue con la paciente despierta y uso de fibroscopio. La evolución transoperatoria fue buena, se extubó sin incidentes y después de 3 días fue egresada a su domicilio. Conclusiones: El manejo de la vía aérea en pacientes con Síndrome de Sagliker requiere de experiencia ya que un manejo inadecuado compromete la vida de los pacientes.


Sagliker syndrome is a rare disease that requires airway management by experienced personnel, it was described in 2004 by Sagliker. Case presentation: 30-year-old woman, hypertensive with chronic kidney disease of 10 years of evolution, right kidney transplant with one-year rejection and managed with hemodialysis. A bilateral parotidectomy was performed, the airway was managed with the patient awake and using a fibroscope. The intraoperative evolution was good, she was extubated without incident and after 3 days she was discharged to her home. Conclusions: The management of the airway in patients with Sagliker Syndrome requires experience, since inadequate management compromises the lives of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Parathyroidectomy , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/surgery , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Airway Management/methods , Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary/complications
16.
Rev. méd. panacea ; 9(2): 98-103, mayo-ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1121168

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar la calidad de vida que tienen los pacientes con Enfermedad Renal Crónica con tratamiento en Hemodiálisis en el Hospital Regional de Ica. Materiales y métodos: El estudio es de tipo descriptivo y corte transversal. Muestra de 87 pacientes, obtenida mediante encuestas a pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica en tratamiento con hemodiálisis del Hospital Regional de Ica entre agosto y diciembre del 2019. Resultados: En relación con las tres áreas evaluadas en el cuestionario de salud SF-36; en el área Estado Funcional, la mayoría de los pacientes en estudio (63,7%) la califica de Regular a Mala. En esta área se miden cuatro dimensiones; respecto a la Función Física, la mayoría (54.5%), la califica de Mala a Regular. El 59.1% clasificó la Función Social de Regular a Mala. En la dimensión Rol Físico, el 86.3% de los pacientes la califica de Regular a Mala. En la dimensión Rol Emocional el 54,5% la califica como Regular y un 36,4% la califica como Excelente. En el área Bienestar la mayoría 40,9% la califica como Buena. Conclusiones: La percepción de la calidad de vida en los pacientes con tratamiento en hemodiálisis, se ve afectada en el tiempo en las distintas dimensiones estudiadas. (AU)


Objective: To determine the quality of life that patients with Chronic Kidney Disease have with hemodialysis treatment at the Regional Hospital of Ica, August - December 2019 Materials and methods:The research project that was carried out is of a transversal type, because I apply the study in a determined period of time. The research project is descriptive. Results: Regarding the associated chronic pathologies presented by the studied group, it can be seen that 49% have Arterial Hypertension, 41% have Diabetes Mellitus and 10% have Blindness. It should be noted that the majority of patients surveyed present more than one of these pathologies at the same time, which could deduce that to some extent their quality of life could be affected to some extent. Conclusions: Regarding the perception of quality of life and time on hemodialysis, the majority (77.3%) have been in treatment for 1 to more than 2 years and at the same time that most of them (58.9%) perceive their quality of life in the range of Very Good to Regular, that is, that only sometimes they have felt in complete physical, mental, environmental and social well-being. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Quality of Life , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
17.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(3): 324-329, jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126168

ABSTRACT

Resumen: El recién nacido prematuro se enfrenta a las condiciones extrauterinas con sistemas aún inmaduros, tanto anatómica como fisiológicamente. El riñón termina de desarrollarse a finales del tercer trimes tre del embarazo, por lo que está especialmente expuesto a alterar su desarrollo normal en caso de nacer en forma prematura. Esta situación puede condicionar, entre otras consecuencias, una menor masa renal funcional y cambios microvasculares que representan un riesgo elevado de hipertensión arterial y daño renal crónico en el largo plazo. En el presente artículo se analiza la evidencia existente actual sobre estos riesgos en los prematuros y se ofrece un esquema de seguimiento de estos niños desde el punto de vista nefrológico.


Abstract: The premature newborn faces extrauterine conditions with some systems still immature, both ana tomically and physiologically. The kidney finishes developing at the end of the third trimester of pregnancy, so it is especially exposed to alter its normal development if preterm birth occurs. This si tuation may condition, among other consequences, a lower functional renal mass and microvascular changes comprising a high risk of chronic kidney disease in the long term and arterial hypertension. This article analyzes the current evidence on these risks in premature infants and offers a nephrology follow-up scheme of these children.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/diagnosis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/etiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/physiopathology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Hypertension/diagnosis , Hypertension/etiology , Hypertension/physiopathology , Hypertension/therapy , Infant, Premature, Diseases/diagnosis , Infant, Premature, Diseases/etiology , Infant, Premature, Diseases/physiopathology , Infant, Premature, Diseases/therapy , Risk , Aftercare/methods , Kidney/growth & development , Kidney/embryology , Kidney/physiopathology , Nephrology/methods
18.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 47(2): 209-216, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115490

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the concordance between adductor pollicis muscle thickness (APMT) measured by ultrasonography and adipometer and the applicability of the measurement as an indicator of the nutritional status of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Methods: Epidemiological study with a cross-sectional design (n= 137). The concordance between APMT assessed by both methods were evaluated by intraclass correlation coefficient. Bland-Altman graphics were produced. APMTs were correlated with body mass index (BMI); calf circumference (CC), brachial circumference (BC) and brachial muscle (BMC); lean tissue mass (LTM); LTM index and body cell mass (BCM) via Pearson correlation. The adipometer overestimated APMT by 7 mm when compared to ultrasonography. APMT measured by adipometer was moderately correlated with BMI, CC, BC, BMC, LTM and BCM. APMT by ultrasonography was weakly correlated with CC, BMC, LTM, and LTM index. Conclusion: APMT presented weak or moderate correlation between methods. The measurement was predictive of muscle mass. We suggest that APMT be used in a complementary way in the evaluation of body composition.


El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar la concordancia entre el espesor de músculo aductor pollicis (EMAP), medido por ecografía y adipómetro, con aplicabilidad de la medición como indicador del estado nutricional de los pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica (ERC). Métodos: Estudio epidemiológico con diseño transversal. La concordancia entre los APMT estimados por ambos métodos se evaluó mediante el coeficiente de correlación intraclase y se diseñaron gráficos de Bland-Altman. En 137 pacientes con ERC, el APMT se correlacionó con índice de masa corporal (IMC); circunferencias de la pantorrilla (CP), circunferencia braquial (CB) y circunferencia del músculo braquial (CMB); masa de tejido magro (MTM); índice de masa magra (IMM) y masa celular corporal (MCC) mediante correlación de Pearson. Se obtuvo que el adipómetro sobreestima EMAP en 7 mm en comparación con la ecografía. EMAP medido por adipómetro se correlacionó moderadamente con IMC, CP, CB, CMB, MTM e IMM. EMAP por ecografía se correlacionó débilmente con el CP, CMB, MTM y IMM. Conclusión: EMAP presentó una baja o moderada correlación con otras mediciones de estado nutricional. La EMAP predice la masa muscular, ya que presentó correlación con marcadores de este compartimento. Se sugiere que EMAPse utilice de manera complementaria en la evaluación de la composición corporal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Nutrition Assessment , Muscle, Skeletal/anatomy & histology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Body Composition , Brazil , Body Mass Index , Adipose Tissue/anatomy & histology , Nutritional Status , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ultrasonography , Muscle, Skeletal/diagnostic imaging , Conservative Treatment
19.
Actual. osteol ; 16(1): 12-25, Ene - abr. 2020. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130045

ABSTRACT

La paratiroidectomía (PTX) es la terapia de elección en el hiperparatiroidismo secundario a enfermedad renal crónica (HPT-ERC) resistente al tratamiento médico. El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar el resultado de la PTX a largo plazo y sus factores predictores. Métodos: estudio unicéntrico retrospectivo observacional. Se incluyeron 92 pacientes con HPT-ERC en diálisis, en quienes se realizó la primera PTX en el Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires entre 2006 y 2015 con seguimiento ≥ 6 meses. Se consideró persistencia del HPTERC con PTH > 300 pg/ml en el semestre posoperatorio, y recidiva con PTH > 500 pg/ml luego. Resultados: edad: 43,6±12,8 años, 50% mujeres, mediana 4,6 años de diálisis, PTH preoperatoria mediana 1639 pg/ml. A 39 se les realizó PTX subtotal (PTXS) y a 53 total con autoimplante (PTXT+AI). Se observó persistencia en 16 pacientes (17,4%). Presentaron recidiva 30 de 76 pacientes con adecuada respuesta inicial (39,5%; IC 95 28,5-50,5). La mediana de tiempo hasta la recidiva fue de 4,7 años (RIC 2,3-7,5). Los pacientes con recidiva presentaron mayor calcemia preoperatoria (mediana 9,9 vs. 9,3 mg/dl, p=0,035; OR ajustado 2,79) y menor elevación de fosfatasa alcalina en el posoperatorio (333 vs. 436 UI/l, p=0,031; OR ajustado 0,99). La recidiva se presentó más frecuentemente luego de la PTXT+AI (48,9%; OR ajustado 4,66), que en la PTXS (25,8%). Conclusiones: el tiempo en diálisis con inadecuado control metabólico constituye el principal factor para la recurrencia del HPT. Se postula que la mayor calcemia preoperatoria está relacionada con un HPT más severo y se asocia a recurrencia. Llamativamente, hallamos menores elevaciones de la fosfatasa alcalina durante el posoperatorio en pacientes con recurrencia. Hipotetizamos que esto pueda asociarse con menor mineralización en el posoperatorio e hiperfosfatemia sostenida, con consecuente estímulo paratiroideo. La menor recurrencia del HPT luego de la PTXS se vincula al sesgo generado en la selección del tipo de cirugía. (AU)


Parathyroidectomy is an effective therapy for refractory secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT). Continued dialysis represents risk for recurrent sHPT. The aim of this study was to estimate the proportion of recurrence and determine its predictors. Methods: We conducted a retrospective observational study of 92 adults in chronic dialysis, who underwent their first parathyroidectomy in this center between 2006 and 2015. We considered persistence of sHPT if PTH was > 300 pg/ml during the first postoperative semester, and recurrence if it was > 500 pg/ml afterwards. Results: Age 43.6+-12 y/o, 50% female, 4.6 years on dialysis, median preoperative PTH 1636 pg/ml (IQR 1226-2098). Subtotal parathyroidectomy (sPTX) was performed in 39, Total with autotransplantation (TA-PTX) in 53 patients. Persistence of sHPT occurred in 16 patients; relapse in 30 out of 76 with adequate initially response (39.5%; 95CI 28,5-50,5). Median time to recurrence: 4.7 y. Recurring patients had higher preoperative calcemia (9.9 vs 9.3 mg/dl; adj OR 2.79) and lower postoperative elevation of ALP (333 vs 436 UI/ml; adj OR 0.99). Recurrence presented more frequently in TA-PTX (48.9%; adj OR 4.66) than sPTX (25.8%). Conclusions: Time on dialysis with inadequate metabolic control remains the most important risk factor for sHPT recurrence. Higher preoperative levels of calcemia, related to sHPT severity, are associated with recurrence. Lower elevations of ALP during postoperative period in recurring patients are an interesting finding. We hypothesize that patients with less significant postoperative mineralization may have chronically higher levels of phosphatemia, stimulating parathyroid glands. Fewer recurrence in sPTX is associated to a bias in the procedure selection. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Parathyroidectomy/statistics & numerical data , Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary/complications , Recurrence , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Calcitriol/analogs & derivatives , Calcitriol/therapeutic use , Calcium/blood , Retrospective Studies , Renal Dialysis , Alkaline Phosphatase/blood , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/etiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary/surgery , Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary/diagnosis , Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary/therapy
20.
Demetra (Rio J.) ; 15(1): 45827, jan.- mar.2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363094

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Investigar a associação entre o estado nutricional e a qualidade de vida de pacientes dialíticos em lista de espera para Transplante Renal (TxR) de um centro de transplante em Fortaleza, Ceará. Métodos: Estudo caráter transversal analítico, realizado entre agosto a outubro de 2018, no qual foram avaliados o estado nutricional (EN) e a qualidade de vida (QV), utilizando a versão brasileira do questionário SF-36, em 52 pacientes de um centro de TxR de um hospital universitário da rede pública de saúde. Resultados: Observou-se que a maioria dos pacientes eram eutróficos de acordo com os parâmetros índice de massa corporal (59,6%), circunferência do braço (48,1%) e circunferência muscular do braço (75,0%); no entanto, de acordo com prega cutânea triciptal, 59,6% da amostra encontrava-se desnutrida. Com relação às dimensões de QV, verificou-se que os "Aspectos Físicos" e "Estado Geral de Saúde" tiveram os piores escores, mas apresentaram associação significativa com o sexo feminino (p=0,046) e com o IMC (p=0,010), respectivamente. Já a dimensão "Capacidade Funcional" apresentou associação significativa com a população masculina (p=0,045). Conclusão: Observou-se comprometimento em algumas das dimensões de QV, as quais sugeriram guardar relação com o sexo e o EN. Assim, ressalta-se a importância da realização periódica do diagnóstico nutricional e da avaliação da QV, visto que os pacientes renais dialíticos listados merecem atenção especial, pois apresentam diversas fragilidades físicas, sociais e emocionais, que podem comprometer aspectos importantes no EN e na QV durante o cuidado antes e após o TXR e impactar no tratamento da doença. (AU)


Objective: To investigate the association between nutritional status and quality of life in patients under hemodialysis from a kidney transplantation center in Fortaleza, Ceará waiting for kidney transplantation. Methods: Cross-sectional analytical study carried out from August to October 2018, in which the patients' nutritional status and quality of life were evaluated using the Brazilian version of the SF-36 questionnaire. A total of 52 patients from a kidney transplantation center belonging to a public university hospital participated. Results: It was observed that most patients were eutrophic according to the body mass index (59.6%), arm circumference (48.1%), and arm muscle circumference (75.0%) parameters; however, based on the tricipital skin-fold measurement, 59.6% of the sample was malnourished. Regarding the quality of life dimensions, the "physical role functioning" and "general health perceptions" had the worst scores, but a significant association with female gender (p = 0.046) and body mass index (p=0.010), respectively. The "physical functioning" dimension, on the other hand, was significantly associated with male gender (p=0.045). Conclusion: Compromise was observed in some quality of life dimensions, and the findings suggest a relationship between quality of life and sex and nutritional status. Patients under hemodialysis deserve special attention as they present several physical, social, and emotional weaknesses that can compromise important nutritional aspects and quality of life before and after transplantation, affecting the treatment of the disease. Thus, the importance of periodic nutritional diagnosis and quality of life assessment is emphasized. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Quality of Life , Nutritional Status , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Surveys and Questionnaires , Waiting Lists , Kidney Transplantation
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