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1.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20213031, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365397

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to assess the impact of using a surgical checklist and its completion on complications such as surgical site infection (SSI), reoperation, readmission, and mortality in patients subjected to urgent colorectal procedures, as well as the reasons for non adherence to this instrument in this scenario, in a university hospital in Ottawa, Canada. Methods: this is a retrospective, epidemiological study. We collected data from an electronic database containing information on patients undergoing urgent colorectal operations, and analyzed the occurrence of SSI, reoperation, readmission, and death in a 30 day period, as well as the completion of the checklist. We conducted a descriptive statistical analysis and logistic regression. Results: we included 5,145 records, of which 5,083 (98.8%) had complete checklists. As for the outcomes evaluated, cases with complete checklists displayed higher SSI rate, 9.1% vs. 6.5% (p=0.466), lower reoperation rate, 5% vs.11.3% (p=0.023), lower readmission rates, 7.2% vs. 11.3% (p=0.209), and lower mortality, 3.0% vs. 6.5% (p=0.108) than cases with incomplete ones. Conclusion: there was a high level of checklist completion and a larger number of the outcomes in the reduced percentage of incomplete checklists found, demonstrating the impact of its utilization on the safety of patients undergoing urgent operations.


RESUMO Objetivo: verificar o impacto do uso do checklist cirúrgico e a completude em complicações como infecção do sítio cirúrgico (ISC), reoperação, readmissão e mortalidade em pacientes submetidos a procedimentos colorretais de urgência, bem como os motivos para a não adesão a esse instrumento nesse cenário, em hospital universitário de Ottawa, Canadá. Métodos: trata-se de estudo epidemiológico retrospectivo. Os dados foram coletados em base de dados eletrônica contendo informações de pacientes submetidos a cirurgias colorretais de urgência, sendo analisada a ocorrência de ISC, reoperação, readmissão e óbito em período de 30 dias, bem como a completude do checklist. Realizou-se análise estatística descritiva e regressão logística. Resultados: incluíram-se 5.145 registros, dos quais 5.083 (98,8%) possuíam checklists completos. No que se refere aos desfechos avaliados, identificou-se nos checklists completos comparados aos incompletos, respectivamente, maior taxa das ISC de 9,1% contra 6,5% (p=0,466); menor taxa em reoperações de 5% contra 11,3% (p=0,023); em readmissões de 7,2% contra 11,3% (p=0,209); e também em mortalidade de 3,0% contra 6,5% (p=0,108). Conclusão: verificou-se alto nível de completude do checklist e maior número de desfechos no reduzido percentual de checklists incompletos encontrados, demonstrando o impacto da utilização para a segurança do paciente submetido a cirurgias de urgência.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms , Checklist , Reoperation , Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
2.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(6): 312-317, 20210000. tab, fig
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1359107

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: la fístula de ano es un problema crónico para los pacientes. Causa angustia debido al mal olor y la suciedad con infecciones y secreciones recurrentes. La recurrencia y la lesión del esfínter anal fueron las complicaciones más críticas después de la cirugía. La colocación de un setón suelto y grueso fue la operación quirúrgica más prometedora. Reducir el tiempo de colocación del setón para disminuir el sufrimiento de los pacientes por la suciedad y múltiples apósitos. Pacientes y métodos: estudio retrospectivo. Cien pacientes con fístula anal alta tratados quirúrgicamente en la ciudad médica de Al-Sader y en la clínica privada diaria de Al-Najaf, ciudad de Najaf, Irak, desde febrero de 2018 hasta marzo de 2019. Se han tomado imágenes de fistulografía y resonancia magnética de todos los pacientes. Después de eso, se realiza una fistulectomía con sutura de setón suelta y gruesa durante tres meses. Los pacientes con persistencia del trayecto de trayecto fistuloso fueron sometidos a una segunda cirugía y una tercera operación hasta su completa curación. Resultados: Cien pacientes con fístula de tipo alto en ano con 96 varones (96%) y mujeres 4 (4%). La tasa de curación completa entre los pacientes masculinos después de la primera operación fue de 90 (93%), mientras que las mujeres mostraron una tasa de curación completa de 4 (100%) después de la primera operación. Tres de los pacientes varones restantes con un tracto de fístula alto persistente mostraron una curación completa después de la segunda operación, mientras que en 3 (3%) la tasa de curación completa fue del 100% después de la tercera operación. Conclusión: Un setón suelto y grueso colocado en un tracto de fístula de tipo alto durante tres meses brinda una excelente protección al esfínter anal externo con una tasa de recurrencia menor y una curación rápida.


Background: Fistula in ano is a chronic problem for the patients. It causes distressing because of foul odour and soiling with recurrent infection and discharge. Recurrence and anal sphincter injury were the most critical complications following surgery. Loose, thick seton placement was the most promising surgical operation. To reduce the time of seton placement, therefore, decreasing the suffering of patients from soiling and multiple dressing. Patients and Methods: A retrospective study. One hundred patients with high type fistula in ano treated surgically in Al-Sader Medical city and Al-Najaf daily private clinic, Najaf city, Iraq from Feb 2018 to March 2019. Fistulography and magnetic resonance imaging have taken from all patients. After that, fistulectomy with loose, thick seton suture placed for three months. Patients with the persistence of high fistula tract underwent a second surgery and third operation until complete healing. Results: One hundred patients with high type fistula in ano with male 96 (96%) and female patients were 4 (4%). The rate of complete healing among male patients after the first operation was 90 (93%), while female patients showed a 4(100%) rate of complete healing after the first operation. Three of the remaining male patients with persistently high fistula tract showed complete healing after the second operation, whereas 3 (3%) the rate of complete healing was 100% after the third operation. Conclusion: A Loose, thick seton placed in high type fistula tract for three months provides excellent protection to the external anal sphincter with less recurrence rate and rapid healing


Subject(s)
Humans , Anal Canal/injuries , Recurrence , Reoperation/methods , Sutures , Retrospective Studies , Rectal Fistula/surgery , Rectal Fistula/therapy
3.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(4): 611-619, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291154

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La cirugía para extirpación de metástasis en un cuello previamente intervenido afronta un reto para lograr una resección exitosa. El presente estudio pretende demostrar la utilidad de la técnica de inyección de azul de metileno, guiada por ecografía, para la localización intraoperatoria de lesiones recurrentes en cáncer de tiroides, para facilitar su resección. Métodos. Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y retrospectivo, en pacientes reintervenidos por recurrencia de carcinoma diferenciado de tiroides, durante un periodo de dos años y medio. Se utilizó la inyección intratumoral de azul de metileno guiada por ecografía para su identificación intraoperatoria de recurrencia. Se hizo análisis de variables demográficas y clínicas. Resultados. Este estudio incluyó 10 procedimientos en 9 pacientes, 77,8 % mujeres, con una media de edad de 54 años. Todos tenían un nivel de tiroglobulina detectable y elevado antes de la intervención; posteriormente, el 89 %presentó un descenso y el 33 % una adecuada respuesta bioquímica. La técnica agregó 10 minutos al tiempo quirúrgico. En el 100 % se identificaron de manera intraoperatoria los ganglios marcados; el promedio de ganglios resecados fue de 12, de los cuales, 6 fueron positivos, todos con carcinoma papilar de tiroides. Esta técnica se consideró de gran utilidad y de bajo costo en todos los casos. Discusión. Esta técnica se muestra como una estrategia efectiva para la identificación intraoperatoria de las recurrencias corregionales en carcinoma de tiroides, permitiendo una disección ganglionar exitosa, disminuyendo complicaciones, tiempo quirúrgico y, especialmente, costos frente a otras intervenciones


Introduction. The approach of a previously operated neck for metastasis resection faces a challenge to achieve a successful resection. The present study aims to demonstrate the usefulness of the ultrasound-guided injection of methylene blue technique for the intraoperative localization of recurrent lesions in thyroid cancer to facilitate their resection. Methods. An observational, descriptive and retrospective study was conducted in patients reoperated for recurrences of differentiated thyroid carcinoma over a period of two and a half years, using ultrasound-guided intratumoral injection of methylene blue for its intraoperative identification. An analysis of demographic and clinical variables was carried out and its advantages over other methods were identified. Results. This study included 10 procedures in nine patients, 77.8% women and 22.2% men, with a mean age of 54 years. All had a detectable and elevated thyroglobulin level before the intervention, 89% had a decrease in its level and 33% had an adequate biochemical response. The technique added 10 minutes to the surgical time. All marked lymph nodes were identified intraoperatively. The average number of lymph nodes resected was 12, of which six were positive, all with papillary thyroid carcinoma. It was considered of great utility and low cost in all cases. Discussion. This technique shows to be an effective strategy for the intraoperative identification of locoregional recurrences in thyroid carcinoma, allowing a successful lymph node dissection, reducing complications, surgical time and especially costs compared to other interventions


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Reoperation , Ultrasonography , Lymph Node Excision , Methylene Blue
4.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(2): 117-123, June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286990

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background The reestablishment of continuity after Hartmann operation is considered a major surgical procedure with high morbidity and mortality. The optimal interval time between the Hartman procedure and reversal is controversial. Our study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of laparoscopic Hartmann reversal and to determine the optimal timing of operation. Methods All patients who underwent laparoscopic Hartmann reversal from 2008 to 2019 (11 years) at the University Medical Center (UMC) in Ho Chi Minh City were recruited and divided into 2 groups according to the interval time (≤ 4 or > 4 months). The short-term operative outcomes of these groups were compared. Results There were 66 patients who underwent laparoscopic Hartmann reversal (mean age: 63.2 years old); ~ 77% of them had colorectal cancer, and 17% had complicated diverticular disease. Themortality rate, anastomotic leakage rate, and overall complication rate were 0%, 1.5%, and 13.2%, respectively. Early operation was performed in 36 patients, and late reversal in 28 patients. There was no difference in mortality, anastomotic leakage, operative complications, and hospital stay between the two groups. Conclusion Laparoscopic Hartmann reversal was effective with acceptable morbidity and mortality at the UMC. There was no observed impact of the interval time between the Hartmann procedure and laparoscopic Hartmann reversal on the short-term operative outcomes.


Resumo Introdução O reestabelecimento da continuidade após a cirurgia de Hartmann é considerado um procedimento cirúrgico de grande porte com altas morbidade e mortalidade. O tempo ideal de intervalo entre a cirurgia de Hartmann e a reversão é controverso. Nosso estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a eficácia da reversão da cirurgia de Hartmann e determinar o momento ideal para a cirurgia. Métodos Todos os pacientes submetidos à reversão laparoscópica da cirurgia de Hartmann entre 2008 e 2019 (11 anos) no Centro Médico Universitário (UMC, na sigla em inglês) na cidade de Ho Chi Minh foram recrutados e divididos em 2 grupos de acordo como tempo de intervalo (≤ 4 or > 4 meses). Os resultados pós-operatórios de curto prazo destes grupos foram comparados. Resultados Um total de 66 pacientes foram submetidos à reversão laparoscópica da cirurgia de Hartmann (mediana de idade: 63.2 anos); ~ 77 deles tinha câncer colorretal, e 17% tinham doença diverticular complicada. As taxas de mortalidade, de vazamento, e de complicações em geral foram de 0%, 1,5%, e 13,2%, respectivamente. Cirurgia precoce foi realizada em 36 pacientes, e reversão tardia foi realizada em 28 pacientes. Não houve diferença em mortalidade, vazamento anastomótico, complicações operatórias e duração da internação entre os dois grupos. Conclusão A reversão laparoscópica da cirurgia de Hartmann foi eficaz, com morbidade e mortalidade aceitáveis no UMC. Não foi observado qualquer impacto no tempo de intervalo entre a cirurgia de Hartmann e a reversão laparoscópica nos resultados pós-operatórios de curto prazo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Laparoscopy , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Postoperative Complications , Reoperation , Treatment Outcome
5.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 27(2): 90-95, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1357908

ABSTRACT

La metaplasia sinovial capsular mamaria es una patología poco frecuente, de origen desconocido, que se presenta generalmente con aumento de volumen mamario (colección líquida) en un período breve y frecuentemente unilateral el posoperatorio (3 meses o más). Su diagnóstico se realiza por punción con aguja fina guiada por ecografía y estudios histomorfológico y de inmunohistoquímica. Debe diferenciarse del linfoma anaplásico de células grandes asociado a implantes mamarios. El tratamiento consiste en extracción por punción de la colección líquida, reposo del brazo del lado afectado y en caso de recidivas cambio de implante e instilación de corticoides en bolsillo capsular. Presentación a propósito de un caso.


Breast capsular Synovial Metaplasia is a rare pathology of unknown origin, which usually occurs with increased breast volume (liquid collection) in a short and often unilateral postoperatively (3 months or more). Diagnosis is made with fine needle puncture guided by ultrasound and histomorphological and immunohistochemistry studies. It should differ from anaplastic large cell lymphoma associated with breast implants. Treatment consists of puncture extraction of the liquid collection, rest of the arm of the affected side and in case of relapses implant change and installation of Corticoids in capsular pocket. Filing on a case


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Reoperation , Drainage , Breast Implantation , Metaplasia/pathology
6.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(2): 146-150, Mar.-Apr. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280111

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT We propose a novel surgical technique in cases of aggressive recurrent pterygium non-subsidiary of treatment with conjunctival autografts or antimetabolites. Two presented cases were treated with surgical excision and a sutured plasma rich in growth factors membrane (mPRGF) followed by rich in growth factors (PRGF) eye drops treatment. After surgery, dexamethasone, tobramycin and PRGF eye drops were prescribed for 6 weeks. After a 12-month and 3-year post-surgical follow-up respectively, treated eyes with mPRGF did not present relapse, and visual acuity improved in both cases. No ocular complications, pain, eye discomfort nor other symptoms were observed. The combined use of PRGF eye drops and mPRGF seems an effective and safe therapy for recurrent pterygium.


RESUMO Nós propomos uma nova técnica cirúrgica em casos de pterígio agressivo recorrente não subsidiário de tratamento com autoenxertos conjuntivais ou antimetabólitos. Dois casos foram tratados com excisão cirúrgica e um plasma suturado rico em membrana de fatores de crescimento (mPRGF), seguido de tratamento com colírios ricos em fatores de crescimento (PRGF). Após a cirurgia, foram prescritos colírios de dexametasona, tobramicina e PRGF por 6 semanas. Após 12 meses e 3 anos de acompanhamento pós-cirúrgico respectivamente, os olhos tratados com mPRGF não apresentaram recidiva e a acuidade visual melhorou nos dois casos. Não foram observadas complicações oculares, dor, desconforto ocular ou outros sintomas. O uso combinado de colírios de PRGF e mPRGF parece uma terapia eficaz e segura para o pterígio recorrente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Pterygium/surgery , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Platelet-Rich Fibrin , Ophthalmic Solutions , Recurrence , Reoperation , Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Biological Dressings , Fibrin/therapeutic use , Platelet Activation , Tissue Transplantation/methods , Tissue Engineering
8.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(1): e968, ene.-mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289370

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las reintervenciones en la cirugía abdominal, son causa de una alta mortalidad en los servicios de cirugía general. Objetivo: Caracterizar morbimortalidad de las reintervenciones de la cirugía abdominal urgente y electiva en el servicio de cirugía general del Hospital Universitario "Manuel Ascunce Domenech". Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo transversal, de los pacientes que requirieron de reintervención quirúrgica abdominal. El universo estuvo conformado por 236 pacientes que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Se utilizaron métodos estadísticos descriptivos y cálculos con valores porcentuales. Resultados: Predominó el grupo de edades de 40-49 años, así como el sexo masculino, con un 25 por ciento y 64,8 por ciento, respectivamente. En cuanto al tiempo en que se realizó la reintervención 72,5 por ciento se realizó luego de las 48 horas. El 88,6 por ciento de los pacientes resolvió la causa que lo originó en la primera reintervención. Las causas más frecuentes fueron la peritonitis generalizada seguida de los abscesos intrabdominales con un 19,5 por ciento y 17,4 por ciento respectivamente. La mortalidad fue de 30,1 por ciento y el tromboembolismo pulmonar la causa directa de muerte en 12,3 por ciento de los casos. Conclusiones: Casi la totalidad de los casos fueron reintervenidos luego de las 48 horas y las dos terceras partes resolvieron en la primera intervención. La peritonitis generalizada y los abscesos intrabdominales fueron la causa de la reintervención en un número importante(AU)


Introduction: Abdominal surgery re-interventions cause high mortality in general surgery services. Objective: To characterize morbidity and mortality of urgent and elective abdominal surgery re-interventions in the general surgery service of Manuel Ascunce Domenech University Hospital. Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive, observational study was carried out with patients who required abdominal surgical re-intervention. The universe consisted of 236 patients who met the inclusion criteria. Descriptive statistical methods and calculations with percentage values were used. Results: There was a predominance of the age group 40-49 years and the male sex, accounting for 25 percent and 64.8 percent, respectively. Regarding time of performance of re-intervention, 72.5 percent was carried out after 48 hours. 88.6 percent of the patients had, in the first re-intervention, a solution for the cause that originated it. The most frequent causes were generalized peritonitis, followed by intraabdominal abscesses, accounting for 19.5 percent and 17.4 percent, respectively. Mortality was 30.1 percent and pulmonary embolism was the direct cause of death in 12.3 percent of cases. Conclusions: Almost all the cases were re-intervened after 48 hours and two thirds had a solution the first re-intervention. Generalized peritonitis and intraabdominal abscesses were the cause of re-intervention, in a significant number(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Peritonitis/etiology , Pulmonary Embolism/mortality , Reoperation/methods , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Abdominal Cavity/surgery , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
9.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202666, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155359

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: bariatric surgery is currently the only treatment that leads to long-term and sustained weight loss and decreased morbidity and mortality in morbidly obese individuals. Roux-en-Y bypass causes weight loss by restricting food intake associated with reduced intestinal absorption, in addition to multiple endocrine and satiogenic effects. Biliopancreatic diversion promotes weight loss mainly due to poor absorption of the nutrients ingested. Both procedures exclude parts of the gastrointestinal tract. Objective: to describe four cases of revisional surgery after primary bariatric surgery, due to serious nutritional complications, and to review the literature regarding this subject. Methods: a retrospective analysis of patients of Unicamps bariatric center database and review of the literatures were performed. Results: four patients were identified, 2 women and 2 men, with a mean age of 48 years. The mean body mass index before revisional surgery was 23.7 kg/m2. Three patients underwent Scopinaro biliopancreatic diversion, and onde patient underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. The revisional surgeries were revision, conversion, and reversion. One patient died. For the review of the literature 12 articles remained (11 case reports and 1 case series). Another five important original articles were included. Conclusion: fortunately, revision surgery is rarely necessary, but when indicated it has increased morbidity, It can be revision, reverion or conversion according to the severity of the patient and the primary surgery performed.


RESUMO Introdução: atualmente, a cirurgia bariátrica é o único tratamento que leva à perda de peso prolongada e sustentada e diminuição da morbimortalidade em indivíduos obesos mórbidos. O bypass em Y-de-Roux causa perda de peso restringindo a ingestão de alimentos associada à redução da absorção intestinal, além de múltiplos efeitos endócrinos e sacietógenos. O desvio biliopancreático promove a perda de peso principalmente devido à diminuição da absorção dos nutrientes ingeridos. Ambos os procedimentos excluem partes do trato gastrointestinal. Objetivo: descrever 4 casos de cirurgia revisional após cirurgia bariátrica primária, devido a graves complicações nutricionais, bem como realizar uma revisão da literatura sobre esse assunto. Métodos: foi realizada uma análise retrospectiva dos pacientes do banco de dados do serviço de cirurgia bariátrica da Unicamp e revisão da literatura. Resultados: foram identificados 4 pacientes, 2 mulheres e 2 homens, com média de idade de 48 anos, o IMC antes da cirurgia revisional eram em média 23,7. Os pacientes haviam sido submetidos em 3 casos a cirurgia de Scopinaro e 1 caso ao bypass gástrico em Y-de-Roux. As cirurgias revisionais foram de revisão, conversão e reversão. Um paciente evoluiu a óbito. Em relação a revisão da literatura, foram selecionados 12 artigos (11 relatos de casos e 1 série de casos). Outros cinco artigos originais importantes foram incluídos. Conclusão: felizmente, a cirurgia revisional raramente é necessária, mas, quando indicada, apresenta alta morbidade. São cirurgias de revisão, reversão ou conversão, de acordo com a gravidade do paciente e a cirurgia primária realizada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Reoperation , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Malnutrition/etiology , Bariatric Surgery/adverse effects , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Gastric Bypass , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Laparoscopy , Middle Aged
10.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20212977, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287888

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: although preservation of bowel continuity is a major goal in rectal cancer surgery, a colorectal anastomosis may be considered an unacceptably high-risk procedure, particularly for patients with multiple comorbidities. We aimed to assess rates of surgical complications in rectal cancer patients according to the type of procedure they had undergone. Materials and Methods: this cohort included all rectal cancer patients undergoing elective resection at a referral academic hospital over 16 years. There were three study groups according to the type of performed operation: (1) rectal resection with anastomosis without defunctioning stoma (DS); (2) rectal resection with anastomosis and DS; and (3) Hartmann's procedure (HP). Postoperative complications and clinical outcomes were assessed. Results: four-hundred and two patients were studied. The 118 patients in group 3 were significantly older (>10 years), had higher Charlson Comorbidity Index scores, and more ASA class ≥3 than patients in the other two groups. Sixty-seven patients (16.7%) had Clavien-Dindo complications grade ≥ III, corresponding to an incidence of 11.8%, 20.9%, and 14.4% in groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively (p=0.10). Twenty-nine patients (7.2%) had major septic complications that required reoperation, with an incidence of 10.8%, 8.2% and 2.5% in groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively (p=0.048). Twenty-one percent of the group 2 patients did not undergo the stoma closure after a 24-month follow-up. Conclusion: HP was associated with a lower incidence of reoperation due to intra-abdominal septic complications. This procedure remains an option for patients in whom serious surgical complications are anticipated.


RESUMO Introdução: embora a preservação do trânsito intestinal seja um dos objetivos principais na cirurgia do câncer retal, a anastomose colorretal pode ser considerada um procedimento de altíssimo risco, particularmente para pacientes com múltiplas comorbidades. Nosso objetivo foi avaliar as taxas de complicações cirúrgicas em pacientes com câncer retal de acordo com o tipo de procedimento a que foram submetidos. Materiais e Métodos: esta coorte incluiu todos os pacientes com câncer retal submetidos a ressecção eletiva em hospital universitário de referência ao longo de 16 anos. Houve três grupos de estudo de acordo com o tipo de operação realizada: (1) ressecção retal com anastomose, sem estoma desfuncionalizante (ED); (2) ressecção retal com anastomose e ED; e (3) procedimento de Hartmann (PH). Avaliamos as complicações pós-operatórias e os resultados clínicos. Resultados: estudamos 402 pacientes. O grupo 3 tinha 118 pacientes, estes sendo significativamente mais idosos (>10 anos), com pontuações mais altas no Índice de Comorbidade de Charlson e mais frequentemente classificados como ASA ≥ 3 do que os pacientes dos outros dois grupos. Sessenta e sete pacientes (16,7%) apresentaram complicações de Clavien-Dindo grau ≥ III, correspondendo à incidência de 11,8%, 20,9% e 14,4% nos grupos 1, 2 e 3, respectivamente (p = 0,10). Vinte e nove pacientes (7,2%) apresentaram complicações sépticas graves, necessitando reoperação, com incidência de 10,8%, 8,2% e 2,5% nos grupos 1, 2 e 3, respectivamente (p = 0,048). Vinte e um por cento dos pacientes do grupo 2 não foram submetidos ao fechamento do estoma após acompanhamento de 24 meses. Conclusão: o PH foi associado à menor incidência de reoperação por complicações sépticas intra-abdominais. Este procedimento continua sendo uma opção para pacientes com alto potencial de desenvolver complicações cirúrgicas graves.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colostomy , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Rectum/surgery , Reoperation , Anastomosis, Surgical , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Treatment Outcome , Elective Surgical Procedures
11.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(4): e0020, 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288634

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O Lasik é a técnica de cirurgia refrativa mais utilizada no mundo. Apesar de segura e efetiva, ela pode levar a algumas complicações. O crescimento epitelial pós-Lasik é uma complicação pós-operatória incomum, com prevalência maior em casos de retratamento. Geralmente, é um achado não progressivo e assintomático, que não requer tratamento, mas, em uma minoria de pacientes, os sintomas podem ser clinicamente significantes e variados. O tratamento é feito com debridamento mecânico do crescimento epitelial, mas alguns recursos adjuvantes também podem ser utilizados. O presente estudo consiste em um relato de caso de paciente com crescimento epitelial pós-Lasik que apresentou quatro recidivas após intervenções de debridamento epitelial, sutura de lamela corneana e ablação a laser. No quinto procedimento, o paciente foi finalmente tratado com combinação de debridamento epitelial, uso de álcool a 20% e cola de fibrina. Entretanto, a regressão do crescimento epitelial e a melhora da acuidade visual só ocorreram ao longo dos meses após a intervenção, o que mostra a importância de esperar um tempo para que ocorra a melhora da visão no pós-operatório, evitando-se reintervenções.


ABSTRACT Lasik is the most often performed laser refractive surgery worldwide. Despite its efficacy and safety, some complications may occur. Epithelial ingrowth is a rare postoperative complication of Lasik, with an increased prevalence in cases of retreatment. Epithelial ingrowth is usually a nonprogressive and asymptomatic finding, which requires no treatment; however, in a minority of cases, symptoms may be clinically significant and diverse. Treatment is done with mechanical debridement of the affected interface, and additional interventions may be required. This study reported a case of recalcitrant epithelial ingrowth after Lasik, whichrelapsed four times after mechanical debridement, flap lift and laser ablation. In the fifth intervention, the patient was finally treated with a combined scraping/use of 20% alcohol and fibrin glue. However, regression of epithelial ingrowth and better visual acuity were only observed some months after the intervention, which shows the importance of waiting for better vision in the postoperative period, thus avoiding new reinterventions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications/therapy , Epithelium, Corneal/surgery , Epithelium, Corneal/pathology , Corneal Diseases/etiology , Corneal Diseases/therapy , Keratomileusis, Laser In Situ/adverse effects , Recurrence , Reoperation , Fibrin Tissue Adhesive , Combined Modality Therapy , Debridement , Ethanol/administration & dosage
12.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353910

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Debido al crecimiento exponencial del número de artroplastias de cadera, se espera una mayor cantidad de re-visiones en las próximas décadas. Los vástagos cónicos estriados modulares se han vuelto populares en la última década por sus resultados favorables. El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar los resultados, las complicaciones y la tasa de supervivencia de estos vástagos en las revisiones de cadera, con un seguimiento a mediano plazo. materiales y métodos: Estudio multicéntrico, retrospectivo. Se incluyeron 182 pacientes a quienes se les realizó una cirugía de revisión de cadera entre 2007 y 2017. Se colo-caron 185 vástagos cónicos estriados de fijación distal. El déficit de stock óseo femoral se clasificó según Paprosky y Burnett; y las facturas periprotésicas, según la clasificación de Vancouver. Se evaluó a los pacientes clínicamente con el Harris Hip Score (HHS) y con radiografías a los 3 meses y anualmente para evaluar la estabilidad del vástago, la subsidencia y el aflojamiento, así como la consolidación de la osteotomía. Resultados: Seguimiento medio 55.18 meses. El HHS posoperatorio tuvo una media de 80,28 (DE = 12,8, IC95% 78,5-82,97). No hubo complicaciones posoperatorias en el 75,4% de los pacientes. Las complicaciones más frecuentes fueron inestabilidad (7,6%) y subsidencia del implante (11,5%). Al final del seguimiento, el 95,05% de los pacientes tenía un implante estable. Conclusiones: Los vástagos cónicos estriados modulares de fijación distal proporcionan una solución confiable, reproducible y duradera para el manejo de revisiones de componentes femorales a medio plazo. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Background: The number of arthroplasties performed every year is increasing; therefore, a greater number of revisions is expected in the coming decades. Modular fluted tapered stems have become the gold standard for their results in different series of patients. The objective of this article is to evaluate the results, complications and the survival rate of these stems in hip revisions with a medium-term follow-up. Materials and Methods: Retrospective, multicenter analysis. One hundred eighty-two patients who had undergone hip revision surgery between 2007 and 2017 were included. One hundred eighty-five modular fluted tapered stems were placed. Femoral bone stock defects were classified according to Paprosky and Burnett; and periprosthetic femur fractures according to Vancouver classification. Patients were evaluated clinically with Harris Hip Score (HHS) and radiographically 3 months after surgery and every year to assess stem stability, subsidence and loosening, as well as osteotomy healing. Results: Average follow-up was 55.18 months. Postoperative HHS had an average of 80.28 (SD = 12.8, 95% CI = [78.5, 82.97]). There were no postoperative complications in 75.4% of the patients. The most frequent complications were instability in 7.6% and implant subsidence in 11.5%. At the end of the follow-up, 95.05% of the patients had a stable implant. Conclusion: Modular fluted tapered stems provide a reliable, reproducible solution for the management of femoral component revisions at medium-term. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Aged , Postoperative Complications , Reoperation , Prosthesis Failure , Treatment Outcome , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Hip Joint/surgery
13.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20213031, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360756

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to assess the impact of using a surgical checklist and its completion on complications such as surgical site infection (SSI), reoperation, readmission, and mortality in patients subjected to urgent colorectal procedures, as well as the reasons for non adherence to this instrument in this scenario, in a university hospital in Ottawa, Canada. Methods: this is a retrospective, epidemiological study. We collected data from an electronic database containing information on patients undergoing urgent colorectal operations, and analyzed the occurrence of SSI, reoperation, readmission, and death in a 30 day period, as well as the completion of the checklist. We conducted a descriptive statistical analysis and logistic regression. Results: we included 5,145 records, of which 5,083 (98.8%) had complete checklists. As for the outcomes evaluated, cases with complete checklists displayed higher SSI rate, 9.1% vs. 6.5% (p=0.466), lower reoperation rate, 5% vs.11.3% (p=0.023), lower readmission rates, 7.2% vs. 11.3% (p=0.209), and lower mortality, 3.0% vs. 6.5% (p=0.108) than cases with incomplete ones. Conclusion: there was a high level of checklist completion and a larger number of the outcomes in the reduced percentage of incomplete checklists found, demonstrating the impact of its utilization on the safety of patients undergoing urgent operations.


RESUMO Objetivo: verificar o impacto do uso do checklist cirúrgico e a completude em complicações como infecção do sítio cirúrgico (ISC), reoperação, readmissão e mortalidade em pacientes submetidos a procedimentos colorretais de urgência, bem como os motivos para a não adesão a esse instrumento nesse cenário, em hospital universitário de Ottawa, Canadá. Métodos: trata-se de estudo epidemiológico retrospectivo. Os dados foram coletados em base de dados eletrônica contendo informações de pacientes submetidos a cirurgias colorretais de urgência, sendo analisada a ocorrência de ISC, reoperação, readmissão e óbito em período de 30 dias, bem como a completude do checklist. Realizou-se análise estatística descritiva e regressão logística. Resultados: incluíram-se 5.145 registros, dos quais 5.083 (98,8%) possuíam checklists completos. No que se refere aos desfechos avaliados, identificou-se nos checklists completos comparados aos incompletos, respectivamente, maior taxa das ISC de 9,1% contra 6,5% (p=0,466); menor taxa em reoperações de 5% contra 11,3% (p=0,023); em readmissões de 7,2% contra 11,3% (p=0,209); e também em mortalidade de 3,0% contra 6,5% (p=0,108). Conclusão: verificou-se alto nível de completude do checklist e maior número de desfechos no reduzido percentual de checklists incompletos encontrados, demonstrando o impacto da utilização para a segurança do paciente submetido a cirurgias de urgência.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms , Checklist , Reoperation , Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
14.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(3): e1614, 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355515

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) has been the choice of bariatric procedure for patients with symptomatic reflux - and is known to be effective in reducing the need for anti-reflux medication postoperatively. However, a small number of RYGB patients can still develop severe reflux symptoms that require a surgical intervention. Aim: To examine and describe the patient population that requires an anti-reflux procedure after RYGB evaluating demographics, characteristics, symptoms and diagnosis Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed on 32 patients who underwent a hiatal hernia repair and/or Nissen fundoplication after RYGB Jul 1st, 2014 and Dec 31st, 2019. Patients were identified using the MBSAQIP database and their electronic medical records were reviewed. Results: Most patients were female (n=29, 90.6%). The mean age was 52.8 years and the mean body mass index (BMI) was 34.1 kg/m2 at the time of anti-reflux procedure. Patients underwent the anti-reflux procedure at a mean of 7.9 years after the RYGB procedure. The mean percentage of excess BMI loss during the time between RYGB and anti-reflux procedure was 63.4%. Conclusions: Female patients with a significant weight loss may develop a severe reflux symptoms years after RYGB. Complaints of reflux after RYGB should not be overlooked. Careful follow-up and appropriate treatment (including surgical intervention) is needed for this population.


RESUMO Racional: O bypass gástrico em Y-de-Roux (RYGB) tem sido o procedimento bariátrico de escolha para pacientes com refluxo sintomático - e é conhecido por ser eficaz na redução da necessidade de medicação anti-refluxo no pós-operatório. No entanto, um pequeno número de pacientes com RYGB ainda pode desenvolver sintomas de refluxo graves que requerem uma intervenção cirúrgica. Objetivo: Examinar e descrever a população de pacientes que requer procedimento anti-refluxo após RYGB avaliando dados demográficos, características, sintomas e diagnóstico. Métodos: Revisão retrospectiva de prontuários foi realizada em 32 pacientes submetidos a hérnia hiatal e / ou fundoplicatura Nissen após RYGB em 1º de julho de 2014 a 31 de dezembro de 2019. Os pacientes foram identificados por meio do banco de dados MBSAQIP e seus prontuários eletrônicos foram revisados. Resultados: A maioria dos pacientes era do sexo feminino (n = 29 - 90,6%). A média de idade foi de 52,8 anos e o índice de massa corporea (IMC) médio de 34,1 kg / m2 na época do procedimento anti-refluxo. Os pacientes foram submetidos ao procedimento anti-refluxo em média 7,9 anos após o procedimento do BGYR. A porcentagem média de perda do excesso de IMC durante o tempo entre o BGYR e o procedimento anti-refluxo foi de 63,4%. Conclusões: Pacientes do sexo feminino com perda de peso significativa podem desenvolver sintomas graves de refluxo anos após o BGYR. Sintomas de refluxo após RYGB não devem ser negligenciadas. Acompanhamento cuidadoso e tratamento adequado (incluindo intervenção cirúrgica) são necessários para essa população.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Gastric Bypass , Gastroesophageal Reflux/surgery , Gastroesophageal Reflux/etiology , Laparoscopy , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Middle Aged
15.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(4) (Nro Esp - ACARO Asociación Argentina para el Estudio de la Cadera y Rodilla): 529-536, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353954

ABSTRACT

Los defectos de cobertura asociados a una infección de la prótesis son un desafío al cual nos enfrentamos los cirujanos ortopédicos en el posoperatorio de un reemplazo articular. El objetivo de este artículo es comunicar un caso de defecto de cobertura tratado con un colgajo neurocutáneo safeno por una artroplastia de rodilla infectada. Se recambió el espaciador y se cubrió el defecto tegumentario con colgajo neurocutáneo safeno en un mismo tiempo. Conclusiones:El colgajo neurocutáneo safeno proporciona una adecuada cobertura en la cara anterior de la rodilla y permite tratar defectos tegumentarios asociados a una infección de la prótesis. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Soft tissue defects in the setting of periprosthetic joint infection represent serious problems for orthopaedic surgeons following total joint replacement. This report aims is to show our experience using the proximal-based saphenous neurocutaneous flap for the reconstruction of a wound defect in the treatment of a periprosthetic knee infection. A new cement spacer was placed and a neurocutaneous saphenous flap was performed in the same stage. Conclusions: Soft tissue defects around the knee can be effectively solved with the neurocutaneous saphenous flap, which provides an adequate coverage to this joint within the context of infected arthroplasty. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Reoperation , Surgical Flaps , Prosthesis-Related Infections , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
16.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(4) (Nro Esp - ACARO Asociación Argentina para el Estudio de la Cadera y Rodilla): 483-492, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353949

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las alternativas reconstructivas para defectos óseos severos en la cirugía de revisión de prótesis son las camisas metafisarias, los conos de metal trabecular y el injerto óseo impactado o estructural. El objetivo del estudio fue analizar la tasa de osteointegración de los conos de metal trabecular en pacientes con cirugía de revisión de prótesis total de rodilla. El objetivo secundario fue analizar los resultados funcionales, las tasas de complicaciones y reoperaciones. Materiales y Métodos: Cohorte retrospectiva de pacientes con conos de metal trabecular colocados en la cirugía de revisión de prótesis y un seguimiento mínimo de 2 años. Se evaluaron las causas de la revisión, cirugías previas, tipo de defecto óseo, cantidad y tipo de conos utilizados, y los diseños de las prótesis. Se realizó una evaluación clínico-radiográfica, se registraron las complicaciones y las revisiones ulteriores. Resultados: Se evaluó a 35 pacientes (49 conos de metal trabecular) en forma retrospectiva, con un seguimiento promedio de 32.1 meses. La mayoría de los defectos eran tibiales AORI 3, seguidos de los femorales tipo 3. La tasa de osteointegración de los conos fue del 94%; la de complicaciones, del 20% y la de reoperaciones, del 8,5%. El KSS objetivo promedio aumentó de 39 en el preoperatorio a 71 en el último control y el puntaje de la EAV promedio fue 8 y 2,5, respectivamente. Conclusión: La excelente tasa de osteointegración (94%) y los buenos resultados clínicos posicionan a los conos de metal trabecular como una alternativa para los defectos óseos severos. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Major bone defects represent a challenge during revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and there is still considerable debate about the best therapeutic option. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively assess the osseointegration rate of trabecular metal cones in revision TKA with severe bone defects. The secondary purpose was to evaluate the functional outcomes and complication and reoperation rates. Materials and Methods: A single-center, retrospective cohort including all consecutive cases of revision TKA using trabecular metal cones. All patients with a minimum 2-year follow-up were included in the study. Reasons for revision, number of previous surgeries, type of bone defect, and number and type of trabecular cones used were evaluated. Clinical and radiological outcomes were also analyzed as well as complications rates. Results: 35 patients (49 cones) were evaluated with a mean follow-up of 32.1 months (24-62). Most defects were localized in the tibia and were classified as AORI type 3. The rate of osseointegration of the cones was 94%; the complication rate, 20%; and the reoperation rate, 8.5%. The mean KSS increased from 39 preoperatively to 71 at the last follow-up, and the mean VAS from 8 to 2.5. Conclusion: The excellent osseointegration rate (94%), added to the good clinical outcomes, position the trabecular metal cones as an alternative to treat severe bone defects. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Reoperation , Tantalum , Bone Resorption , Follow-Up Studies , Osseointegration , Treatment Outcome , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee
17.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(4) (Nro Esp - ACARO Asociación Argentina para el Estudio de la Cadera y Rodilla): 493-500, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353950

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los espaciadores de cemento con antibiótico pueden ser fijos o articulados y se logra un resultado similar con ambos para erradicar una infección. Nuestro objetivo fue comparar el rango de movilidad articular y los resultados funcionales después del reimplante. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio de cohorte retrospectiva de pacientes sometidos a una revisión de la prótesis de rodilla por infección, en dos tiempos quirúrgicos. Se analizó la funcionalidad según el Knee Society Score (KSS) al año de la cirugía y se registró el rango de movilidad a los 45 días. Se registraron el grado de defecto óseo, dolor, satisfacción, las complicaciones y la recidiva de la infección. Resultados:Se incluyeron 103 pacientes (40 con espaciador articulado, 63 con espaciador fijo). El grupo con espaciador articulado tuvo una mediana 2,5° mayor en la movilidad final (102,5; RIC 95-110 vs. 100; RIC 90-105, p 0,01). Según el KSS funcional y el KSS de rodilla, no hubo diferencias entre ambos grupos. No hubo diferencias en el grado de satisfacción, dolor y el tiempo hasta el reimplante. Las complicaciones fueron similares en ambos grupos, con una tasa de reinfección sin diferencias estadísticamente significativas. Conclusión: Los espaciadores articulados proporcionaron un beneficio en el rango de movilidad después del reimplante de la prótesis. Nivel de Evidencia: III


Introduction: Cement spacers with antibiotics can be fixed or articulating, with similar results in eradicating infection. Our objective was to compare joint range of motion (ROM) and functional outcomes after reimplantation. Materials and Methods: A retrospective cohort study of patients who had undergone a knee prosthetic revision due to infection in two surgical stages. Functionality was analyzed according to the Knee Society Score (KSS) one year after surgery and ROM was recorded 45 days after surgery. Bone defect, pain, satisfaction, complications, and recurrence of infection were recorded. Results:A total of 103 patients were included. 40 with articulating spacers and 63 with fixed spacers. The articulating spacer group presents a median of 2.5 degrees greater in final mobility (102.5 IQR 95-110 vs 100 IQR 90-105, p 0.01). The KSS functional scale and KSS of the knee did not show differences between two groups. There were no differences concerning satisfaction, pain, and time until reimplantation. Complications were similar in both groups, with a reinfection rate without statistically significant differences. Conclusion: Articulating spacers have shown a benefit in ROM after prosthetic reimplantation. Level of Evidence: III


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Aged , Reoperation , Treatment Outcome , Prosthesis-Related Infections , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee
18.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(4) (Nro Esp - ACARO Asociación Argentina para el Estudio de la Cadera y Rodilla): 501-511, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353951

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El objetivo del estudio fue analizar la supervivencia sin recurrencia de infección en pacientes con reemplazo total de cadera tratados con revisión en dos tiempos, valorando el impacto del cultivo intraoperatorio y la congelación positiva en el reimplante. materiales y métodos: Estudio retrospectivo de 96 casos con infección periprotésica crónica, según los criterios de la MusculoSkeletal Infection Society, sometidos a los dos tiempos quirúrgicos en nuestra institución, entre 2008 y 2013. El seguimiento promedio fue 90 meses. La falla séptica se definió sobre la base de un consenso tipo Delphi modificado. La supervivencia sin falla séptica se definió sobre la base del estimador de Kaplan-Meier. Se compararon los resultados de supervivencia en función del cultivo intraoperatorio y de los estudios de anatomía patológica por congelación mediante la prueba del orden logarítmico. Resultados: La supervivencia sin falla séptica fue del 82,65% a los 2 años (IC95% 73,25-88,99%), 80,40% a los 5 años (IC95% 70,70-87,17%) y 77,32% a 6-10 años (IC95% 66,90-84,33%). Hubo significativamente más fallas en los pacientes con un cultivo positivo en el reimplante que en aquellos con un cultivo negativo (prueba del orden logarítmico, p = 0,0208), y en quienes tuvieron un estudio anatomopatológico por congelación positivo en el reimplante que en aquellos con un resultado negativo (prueba del or-den logarítmico, p = 0,0154). Conclusiones: Los reimplantes sin recurrencias infecciosas por, al menos, 6 años tuvieron un riesgo de falla séptica muy bajo. Cuando se detectó un cultivo o una congelación positivos, la falla séptica fue significativamente mayor. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Background: We analyzed the survivorship free-from-septic failure in a series of THA cases treated with a two-stage protocol at long-term follow-up, with a special focus on the relevance of positive frozen section and positive intraoperative culture taken during the reimplantation. Materials and methods: We retrospectively reviewed data from 96 cases who met the Musculoskeletal Infec-tion Society criteria for periprosthetic joint infection and who had undergone both stages of a two-stage protocol at our institution between 2008-2013. Mean follow-up was 90 months. Treatment failure was determined with a modified Delphi-based consensus definition. Kaplan-Meier estimate was used to determine survivorship free-from-septic failure. Log-Rank test was used to compare variables associated with septic failure. Results: Survival free-from-septic failure was 82.65% at 2 years (95%CI 73.25%-88.99%), 80.40% at 5 years (95%CI 70.70%-87.17%) and 77.32% at 6-10 years (95%CI 66.90%-84.33%). Patients with a positive culture at reimplantation had significantly more septic failures than those without it (Log-Rank test, p=0.0208), while patients with a positive frozen section at reimplantation had significantly more septic failures than those without it (Log-Rank test, p=0.0154). Conclusions: Reimplantations that remained at least 6 years without septic recurrences had a very low risk of further septic failure. Both positive frozen section and intraoperative culture at reimplantation were risk factors for septic failure. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Reoperation , Prosthesis Failure , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Prosthesis-Related Infections , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip
19.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(2): 149-156, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1282680

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El objetivo primario de nuestro trabajo es analizar los resultados funcionales y retorno deportivo de una serie de pacientes operados de revisión de LCA aislado y aquellos en quien se asoció una plástica extraarticular lateral (PEAL). Como objetivo secundario analizamos la tasa de re-ruptura en ambos grupos. Materiales y métodos: cohorte retrospectiva con recolección de datos prospectivo. Se evaluaron pacientes consecutivos operados de revisión de LCA aislado entre 2014 y 2015 (Grupo 1), y en quienes se asoció una plástica extraarticular lateral (PEAL) entre 2015 y 2016 (Grupo 2). Fueron estudiados a través de un examen clínico, escalas subjetivas de Lysholm, IKDC, evaluación artrométrica con KT-1000, retorno deportivo y una resonancia magnética (RM) al año. Analizamos la tasa de re-ruptura.Resultados: treinta y seis pacientes, dieciocho en cada grupo con un seguimiento promedio de cincuenta y tres meses (rango 37-73). Para la PEAL se realizó una tenodesis extraarticular lateral con fascia lata en trece casos y una reconstrucción con aloinjerto en cinco casos. La mediana de edad fue de 30.5 (RIC 27-36 años) en el Grupo 1 y 26.5 (RIC 24-33 años) en el Grupo 2. La mediana de la escala de Lysholm pre y postoperatoria fue 65 (RIC 61-72) y 91 (RIC 87-98) en el Grupo 1, y 72 (RIC 53-75) y 90 (RIC 79-95) en el Grupo 2 (p 0.1). La mediana de la escala de IKDC pre y postoperatoria fue 55 (RIC 45-65) y 80 (RIC 75-94) en el Grupo 1, y 56 (RIC 48-67) y 76 (RIC 68-84) en el Grupo 2 (p 0.11). Dieciséis (89%) pacientes en cada grupo retornaron al deporte. La tasa de re-ruptura fue 17% (n = 3) para el Grupo 1 y 5.5% (n = 1) para el Grupo 2 (p >0.6) en un promedio de veinticuatro meses. Conclusión: los resultados clínicos y de retorno al deporte han demostrado ser satisfactorios ambos grupos. Si bien la tasa de re-ruptura fue tres veces menor en el Grupo 2, esta diferencia no fue significativa. Se requiere mayor número de pacientes y tiempo para establecer una conclusión.Tipo de estudio: Cohorte retrospectiva. Nivel de evidencia: III


Introduction: The aim of this study is to compare the clinical outcomes and return to sports of a consecutive series of patients treated for revision ACL with and without a lateral extra-articular reconstruction. The secondary objective was to analyze the failure rate in both groups.Materials and methods: we retrospectively evaluated a series of patients treated for isolated revision ACL between 2014 and 2015 (Group 1) and revision ACL associated with a lateral extra-articular plasty from 2015 to 2016 (Group 2). All patients were evaluated with clinical examination, subjective scales of Lysholm and IKDC, return to sports, arthrometric KT-1000 evaluation, magnetic resonance (MR) at one-year follow-up and failure rate.Results: thirty-six patients were evaluated, eighteen in each Group with a mean follow-up of fifty-three months (range 37-73). For the LEAP, in thirteen cases we performed a lateral tenodesis with ilio-tibial band and in five cases a reconstruction using allograft. The median age was 30.5 (IQR 27-36 years) for Group 1 and 26.5 (IQR 24-33 years) for Group 2. The median pre and postoperative Lysholm score was 65 (IQR 61-72) and 91 (IQR 87-98) in Group 1, and 72 (IQR 53-75) and 90 (IQR 79-95) in Group 2 (p 0.1). The median pre and postoperative IKDC score was 55 (IQR 45-65) and 80 (IQR 74-94) in Group 1, and 56 (IQR 48-67) and 76 (IQR 68-84) in Group 2 (p 0.11). Sixteen (89%) patients return to sports in each Group. The failure rate was 17% (n = 3) for Group 1 and 5.5% (n = 1) for Group 2 (p >0.6) at a mean of twenty-four months.Conclusion: clinical outcomes and return to sports were similar for both groups. Even though the failure rate was three times less in Group 2, this difference was not statistically significant. Greater number of patients and more follow-up is necessary to establish any conclusion.Type of study: Retrospective cohort . Level of evidence: III


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Arthroscopy/methods , Reoperation , Tenodesis , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Return to Sport
20.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(2): 157-164, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1282681

ABSTRACT

Las cirugías de revisión de plástica del ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) son cada vez más frecuentes debido a la creciente demanda y a la ruptura de las cirugías primarias. Además, el desarrollo y aprendizaje de nuevas técnicas quirúrgicas permiten al paciente cursar un período postoperatorio más breve, reincorporándose precozmente a sus actividades deportivas habituales o a nuevas modalidades. Las cirugías de revisión del LCA son siempre un desafío para el cirujano y su equipo, ya sea por la técnica demandante como por las opciones de injertos a elegir, o por las expectativas del paciente y del propio equipo médico, con fines de restaurar la estabilidad y funcionalidad articular con buenos resultados clínicos. En la literatura médica actual, existen muchas configuraciones disponibles para realizar una revisión del LCA, desde combinaciones entre tipos y orígenes de los injertos (autólogos, aloinjertos, sintéticos; isquiotibiales, rotuliano, cuadricipital; ipsilateral, contralateral) a gestos quirúrgicos (reconstrucciones, aumentaciones, refuerzos; extra o intraarticulares). El presente trabajo es un reporte de caso de una re-revisión del LCA con injerto autólogo ipsilateral de tendón cuadricipital de espesor completo con taco óseo, sutura meniscal interna y externa, sumado a la aumentación extraarticular con reconstrucción del ligamento anterolateral (LAL), con empleo de aloinjerto de tendón tibial anterior reforzado con un InternalBracetm sintético a través de técnica mini invasiva por dos incisiones, haciendo hincapié en los detalles técnicos y posibles complicaciones asociados a dicho procedimiento


Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) revision surgeries are becoming more frequent due to the increasing demand and rupture of primary surgeries. In addition to this, the development and learning of new surgical techniques allow the patient to complete a shorter postoperative period, returning their usual sports activities or new sports modalities early. ACL revision surgeries are always a challenge for the surgeon and his team, whether due to the demanding technique, the graft options to choose from, or the expectations of the patient and the medical team itself, to restore joint stability and functionality with good clinical results. In the current medical literature, there are many configurations available to perform an ACL revision, from combinations of graft types and origins (autologous, allograft, synthetic; hamstring, patellar, quadriceps; ipsilateral, contralateral) to surgical techniques options (reconstructions, augmentations, reinforcements; extra or intra-articular). The present study is a case report of a re-revision of the ACL with autologous ipsilateral full thickness quadriceps tendon graft with bone block, internal and external meniscal suture, added to the extra-articular augmentation with anterolateral ligament (ALL) reconstruction using tendon allograft tibialis anterior reinforced with a synthetic InternalBrace tm through a mini-invasive technique with two incisions, emphasizing the technical details and possible complications associated with this procedure


Subject(s)
Adult , Reoperation , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Ligaments, Articular/surgery
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