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Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(1): 120-129, July. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285242


Resumo Fundamento A concentração de serviços de alta complexidade em Aracaju/SE pode proporcionar disparidade na qualidade assistencial para os pacientes do SUS com infarto agudo do miocárdio com supradesnivelamento do segmento ST (IAMcSST) cujos sintomas se iniciaram em outras regiões de saúde do estado. Objetivo Avaliar disparidades no acesso às terapias de reperfusão e mortalidade em 30 dias, entre pacientes com IAMcSST, usuários do SUS, em cada uma das 7 regiões de saúde em Sergipe. Métodos Foram avaliados 844 pacientes com IAMcSST no período de 2014 a 2018 atendidos pelo único hospital com capacidade de ofertar intervenção coronariana percutânea (ICP) primária para usuários do SUS no estado de Sergipe. Os pacientes foram divididos em 7 grupos de acordo com o local de início dos sintomas e obedecendo a divisão já existente das regiões de saúde do Estado. Para comparação entre grupos, foi considerada diferença significativa quando p < 0,05. Resultados Do total de 844 pacientes vítimas de IAMcSST e transferidos ao hospital com ICP que atende pacientes do SUS, 386 pacientes (45,8%) realizaram angioplastia primária. A taxa média do uso de fibrinolítico foi de 2,6%, não havendo diferenças entre as regiões. O tempo médio total de chegada ao hospital com ICP foi de 21h55' com mediana de 10h22' (6h30' - 22h52'). A mortalidade total em 30 dias foi 12,8%, mas sem diferenças entre as regiões, mesmo quando ajustada para idade e sexo. Conclusões Este estudo revela que os fibrinolíticos são subutilizados em todo o estado e que existe um atraso significativo no acesso ao hospital com ICP, em todas as regiões de saúde de Sergipe.

Abstract Background The concentration of high-complexity services in Aracaju, Sergipe can impose certain disparity in the quality of care for the patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) (STEMI) who receive care from Brazil's Unified Health System (SUS, acronym in Portuguese) and whose symptoms started in other health regions of the state. Objective To evaluate disparities in access to reperfusion therapies and 30-day mortality, among patients with STEMI, who were users of SUS, in each of the 7 health regions of Sergipe. Methods A total of 844 patients with STEMI in the period from 2014 to 2018, assisted by the only hospital with the capacity to offer primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) to SUS users in the state of Sergipe, were evaluated. The patients were divided into 7 groups according to the location at the onset of symptoms, following the existing division of health regions in the state. For comparison between groups, a significant difference was considered when p < 0.05. Results Of the total of 844 patients suffering from STEMI who were transferred to the hospital with PPCI that serves SUS patients, 386 patients (45.8%) underwent primary angioplasty. The mean rate of fibrinolytic use was 2.6%, with no differences between the regions. The mean total time of arrival to the hospital with PPCI was 21 hours and 55 minutes, with a median of 10 hours and 22 minutes (6 hours and 30 minutes to 22 hours and 52 minutes). Total 30-day mortality was 12.8%, but without differences between the regions, even when adjusted for age and sex. Conclusions This study reveals that fibrinolytics are underused throughout the state and that there is a significant delay in access to the hospital with PPCI, in all health regions of Sergipe.

Humans , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Brazil/epidemiology , Reperfusion , Thrombolytic Therapy , Treatment Outcome , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/surgery
Clinics ; 76: e2683, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249591


OBJECTIVES: Ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) in the intestine could lead to severe endothelial injury, compromising intestinal motility. Reportedly, estradiol can control local and systemic inflammation induced by I/R injury. Thus, we investigated the effects of estradiol treatment on local repercussions in an intestinal I/R model. METHODS: Rats were subjected to ischemia via the occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery (45 min) followed by reperfusion (2h). Thirty minutes after ischemia induction (E30), 17β-estradiol (E2) was administered as a single dose (280 μg/kg, intravenous). Sham-operated animals were used as controls. RESULTS: I/R injury decreased intestinal motility and increased intestinal permeability, accompanied by reduced mesenteric endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and endothelin (ET) protein expression. Additionally, the levels of serum injury markers and inflammatory mediators were elevated. Estradiol treatment improved intestinal motility, reduced intestinal permeability, and increased eNOS and ET expression. Levels of injury markers and inflammatory mediators were also reduced following estradiol treatment. CONCLUSION: Collectively, our findings indicate that estradiol treatment can modulate the deleterious intestinal effects of I/R injury. Thus, estradiol mediates the improvement in gut barrier functions and prevents intestinal dysfunction, which may reduce the systemic inflammatory response.

Animals , Male , Rats , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Reperfusion Injury/drug therapy , Estradiol/pharmacology , Permeability , Reperfusion , Estrogens , Intestines , Ischemia
Clinics ; 76: e2513, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249580


OBJECTIVES: The current study compared the impact of pretreatment with melatonin and N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on the prevention of rat lung damage following intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (iIR). METHODS: Twenty-eight Wistar rats were subjected to intestinal ischemia induced by a 60 min occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery, followed by reperfusion for 120 min. Animals were divided into the following groups (n=7 per group): sham, only abdominal incision; SS+iIR, pretreated with saline solution and iIR; NAC+iIR, pretreated with NAC (20 mg/kg) and iIR; MEL+iIR, pretreated with melatonin (20 mg/kg) and iIR. Oxidative stress and inflammatory mediators were measured and histological analyses were performed in the lung tissues. RESULTS: Data showed a reduction in malondialdehyde (MDA), myeloperoxidase (MPO), and TNF-alpha in the animals pretreated with NAC or MEL when compared to those treated with SS+iIR (p<0.05). An increase in superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels in the NAC- and MEL-pretreated animals as compared to the SS+iIR group (34±8 U/g of tissue; p<0.05) was also observed. TNF-α levels were lower in the MEL+iIR group (91±5 pg/mL) than in the NAC+iIR group (101±6 pg/mL). Histological analysis demonstrated a higher lung lesion score in the SS+iIR group than in the pretreated groups. CONCLUSION: Both agents individually provided tissue protective effect against intestinal IR-induced lung injury, but melatonin was more effective in ameliorating the parameters analyzed in this study.

Animals , Rats , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Acute Lung Injury/etiology , Acute Lung Injury/prevention & control , Melatonin/therapeutic use , Acetylcysteine/therapeutic use , Reperfusion , Rats, Wistar , Ischemia
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888498


To investigate the effects of salt-inducible kinase 2 (SIK2) on energy metabolism in rats with cerebral ischemia-reperfusion. Adult SD male rats were divided into 5 groups: sham group, ischemia group, reperfusion group, adenovirus no-load group, and SIK2 overexpression group with 5 animals in each group. The middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was induced with the modified Zea-Longa line thrombus method to establish the cerebral ischemia reperfusion model. Eight days before the MCAO, SIK2 overexpression was induced by injecting 7 μL adenovirus in the right ventricle, then MCAO was performed for followed by reperfusion HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes of cerebral tissue in rats; TTC staining was used to observe the volume of cerebral infarct. The levels of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) in rat brain tissue were detected by ELISA; the levels of SIK2 and hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) in the rat brain tissues were detected by RT-qPCR and Western blotting. Compared with the sham group, SIK2 level was decreased in the ischemia group, and it was further declined in the reperfusion group (<0.05). Compared with the sham group and ischemic group, the pathological injury in reperfusion group were more severe, and the infarct size was larger; compared with the reperfusion group and adenovirus no-load group, the pathological injury of the SIK2 overexpression group was milder, and the infarct size is less. Compared with the sharn group, HIF-1α was increased in both ischemia group and reperfusion group, especially in ischemia group (all <0.05); HIF-1α level in the SIK2 overexpression group was higher than that in the reperfusion group and adenovirus no-load group (all <0.05). ATP level in ischemia group and reperfusion group was lower than that in the sham group, and the reperfusion group decreased more significantly than the ischemia group (<0.05); ADP content was increased in the ischemia and reperfusion group, and the ADP content in reperfusion group was significantly higher than that in the ischemia group (<0.05). ATP level in the SIK2 overexpression group was higher than that in the reperfusion group and adenovirus no-load group (all <0.05), and ADP was decreased in the SIK2 overexpression group (all <0.05). SIK2 can up-regulate the ATP level and down-regulate the ADP level in rat brain tissue and alleviate cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury by increase the level of HIF-1α.

Animals , Brain Ischemia , Energy Metabolism , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/genetics , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery , Male , Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion , Reperfusion Injury
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879951


:To investigate the effect of transient receptor potential melastatin 2 (TRPM2) inhibitor A10 on oxygen glucose deprivation/reperfusion (OGD/R) injury in SH-SY5Y cells.:Human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells were subject to OGD/R injury,and then were divided into blank control group,model control group and A10 group randomly. The cell survival rate was detected by cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8); the level of cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) was detected by reactive oxygen detection kit; the mitochondrial membrane potential was detected by tetramethylrhodamine (TMRM) method; the number of apoptotic cells was detected by TUNEL apoptosis assay kit; the protein expression level of cleaved caspase 3 was detected by Western blot.:Compared with 3,20,30,50, has lower cytotoxicity and better inhibition effect on channel activity. Compared with the model control group,ROS level was reduced,the mitochondrial membrane potential was improved,the number of apoptosis cells was reduced ,and the expression of cleaved caspase 3 was significantly reduced in the A10 group(all <0.05). : A10 can alleviate cell damage after OGD/R by inhibiting TRPM2 channel function,reducing extracellular calcium influx,reducing cell ROS levels,stabilizing mitochondrial membrane potential levels,and reducing apoptosis.

Apoptosis , Benzeneacetamides , Cell Survival , Glucose , Humans , Oxygen/metabolism , Piperidones , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Reperfusion , TRPM Cation Channels
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 9(1): 1-6, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352368


Objective: In this work, rats isolated hearts were infused EPA before the ischemia period and during reperfusion for available get well in parameter relatives to redox reactions. Methods: The effect of EPA was tested on isolated hearts induced to ischemia and reperfusion, treatment occurred at different times (ischemia or reperfusion). Antioxidant capacity against peroxyl radicals, glutathione cysteine ligase activity, glutathione concentration, lactate dehydrogenase, and creatine kinase concentration was analyzed. Results: Hearts treated with eicosapentaenoic acid had the minor generation of species reactive oxygen and lipid damage after reperfusion. The GSH concentration was higher when the hearts were treated with eicosapentaenoic acid in the period of reperfusion. Conclusion: In conclusion, this study demonstrates that the dose of EPA (20µM) used before ischemia can act as a cardioprotective antioxidant molecule, prevented damage heart from ischemic and reperfusion injury

Objetivo: Neste trabalho, corações isolados de ratos foram infundidos com EPA antes do período de isquemia e durante a reperfusão para obtenção de melhora em parâmetros relativos às reações redox. Métodos: O efeito do EPA foi testado em corações isolados induzidos a isquemia e reperfusão, o tratamento ocorreu em diferentes momentos (isquemia ou reperfusão). A capacidade antioxidante contra os radicais peroxil, atividade da glutationa cisteína ligase, concentração de glutationa, lactato desidrogenase e concentração de creatina quinase foi analisada. Resultados: Corações tratados com ácido eicosapentaenóico tiveram a menor geração de espécies reativas de oxigênio e danos lipídicos após a reperfusão. A concentração de GSH foi maior quando os corações foram tratados com ácido eicosapentaenóico no período de reperfusão. Conclusão: Em conclusão, este estudo demonstra que a dose de EPA (20µM) utilizada antes da isquemia pode atuar como uma molécula antioxidante cardioprotetora, prevenindo danos ao coração por isquemia e lesão de reperfusão.

Heart , Infarction , Ischemia , Oxidation-Reduction , Oxidoreductases , Reperfusion , Eicosapentaenoic Acid , Lactic Acid , Reference Parameters , Glutathione
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 55: e20200319, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1340717


ABSTRACT Objective: We aimed to determine the effect of different low-temperature range interventions at different time-points in a rat model of pressure injury (PI) produced by Ischemia/Reperfusion (I/R) injury. Methods: Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to blank control, injury control, and temperature intervention groups. Rats in the injury control and temperature intervention groups (involving exposure to different temperature range at different time-points) were subjected to three cycles of I/R injury with 2-h ischemia and 0.5-h reperfusion to induce PI. Results: The muscle tissues exhibited degenerative changes after compression. Low temperature intervention of 16-18°C in the ischemia period resulted in the lowest degree of tissue damage and significantly decreased levels of Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax), caspase-9, and caspase-3. Moreover, it resulted in the highest expression level of B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) and lowest expression levels of Bax, caspase-9, and caspase-3 in muscle tissues among all intervention groups. Conclusion: Low-temperature intervention at 16-18°C during the ischemia period showed optimal effects on the expressions of apoptotic factors during the development of PI with I/R-induced tissue damage.

RESUMO Objetivo: Nosso objetivo foi determinar o efeito de diferentes intervenções na faixa de baixa temperatura em diferentes pontos do tempo em um modelo de lesão por pressão (IP) de rato produzida por lesão de isquemia/reperfusão (I/R). Métodos: Ratos Sprague-Dawley foram aleatoriamente designados para grupos de controle em branco, controle de lesão e intervenção por temperatura. Ratos nos grupos de controle de lesão e intervenção de temperatura (envolvendo exposição a diferentes faixas de temperatura em diferentes momentos) foram submetidos a três ciclos de lesão de I/R com isquemia de 2 h e reperfusão de 0,5 h para induzir IP. Resultados: Os tecidos musculares exibiram alterações degenerativas após a compressão. A intervenção em baixa temperatura de 16-18°C no período de isquemia resultou no menor grau de dano ao tecido e diminuiu significativamente os níveis de proteína X associada a Bcl-2 (Bax), caspase-9 e caspase-3. Além disso, resultou no nível de expressão mais alto de linfoma de células B 2 (Bcl-2) e níveis de expressão mais baixos de Bax, caspase-9 e caspase-3 em tecidos musculares entre todos os grupos de intervenção. Conclusão: A intervenção em baixa temperatura de 16-18°C durante o período de isquemia mostrou efeitos ótimos nas expressões de fatores apoptóticos durante o desenvolvimento de IP com dano tecidual induzido por I/R.

RESUMEN Objetivo: Nuestro objetivo fue determinar el efecto de diferentes intervenciones de rango de temperatura baja en diferentes puntos de tiempo en un modelo de rata de lesión por presión (IP) producida por lesión por isquemia/reperfusión (I/R). Métodos: Se asignaron aleatoriamente ratas Sprague-Dawley a grupos de control en blanco, control de lesiones e intervención de temperatura. Las ratas en los grupos de control de lesiones e intervención de temperatura (que implican exposición a diferentes rangos de temperatura en diferentes puntos de tiempo) se sometieron a tres ciclos de lesión I/R con isquemia de 2 h y reperfusión de 0,5 h para inducir IP. Resultados: Los tejidos musculares presentaron cambios degenerativos después de la compresión. La intervención a baja temperatura de 16-18°C en el período de isquemia resultó en el grado más bajo de daño tisular y niveles significativamente reducidos de proteína X asociada a Bcl-2 (Bax), caspasa-9 y caspasa-3. Además, dio como resultado el nivel de expresión más alto de linfoma de células B 2 (Bcl-2) y los niveles de expresión más bajos de Bax, caspasa-9 y caspasa-3 en los tejidos musculares entre todos los grupos de intervención. Conclusión: La intervención a baja temperatura a 16-18°C durante el período de isquemia mostró efectos óptimos sobre la expresión de factores apoptóticos durante el desarrollo de IP con daño tisular inducido por I/R.

Temperature , Apoptosis , Pressure Ulcer , Reperfusion , Ischemia , Mitochondria
MedUNAB ; 24(2): 262-267, 20210820.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291953


Introducción. La arteria basilar se forma de las arterias vertebrales, cursa sobre el puente y se bifurca originando las arterias cerebrales posteriores. Irriga parte del tronco encefálico, cerebelo, tálamo y los lóbulos occipitales y temporales cerebrales. Su obstrucción es rara (1% de los accidentes isquémicos), puede ocurrir en cualquier parte de su trayecto, con cuadro clínico diverso. En jóvenes se añaden otros factores de riesgo distintos a los cardiovasculares, se incluye el consumo de sustancias psicoactivas. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar el caso de un adulto joven, su evolución posterior a la intervención endovascular y la asociación, pasada por alto, al consumo de cannabinoides. Caso clínico. Individuo de 23 años con 14 horas de parálisis facial periférica derecha, diplopía, disartria, hemiparesia e hiperreflexia izquierda, disfagia, náuseas y emesis. Tomografía Axial Computarizada de cráneo simple sin alteraciones. Posteriormente, al realizarse resonancia magnética nuclear, se evidencia isquemia pontomesencefálica y focos isquémicos agudos lacunares en lóbulos cerebelosos. Se consideró comprometido el territorio de la arteria basilar, por lo que se realizó angiotomografía que evidenció una obstrucción crítica de dicho vaso a nivel del tercio distal. Se realizó trombectomía con stent-retriever con recanalización total de la arteria basilar con flujo en toda su extensión. Al egreso fue clasificado como TOAST idiopático. Conclusiones. Las escalas etiológicas para stroke creadas para adultos mayores sobreestiman la etiología idiopática en pacientes jóvenes, lo cual puede ocasionar que el consumo de cannabis sea pasado por alto como causante pese a la asociación reportada por la literatura.

Introduction. The basilar artery is formed from the vertebral arteries, runs over the pons and bifurcates, originating the posterior cerebral arteries. It irrigates part of the brainstem, cerebellum, thalamus, and the occipital and temporal lobes of the brain. Its obstruction is rare (1% of ischemic accidents), it can occur in any part of its path, with a diverse clinical condition. In young people, other risk factors other than cardiovascular ones are added; psychoactive substance use is included. The objective of this article is to present the case of a young adult, his evolution after endovascular intervention and the association, overlooked, to the consumption of cannabinoids. Clinical case. 23-year-old man with 14 hours of right peripheral facial paralysis, diplopia, dysarthria, left hyperreflexia and hemiparesis, dysphagia, nausea and emesis. Simple skull Computerized Axial Tomography without alterations. Subsequently, when a nuclear magnetic resonance was performed, pontomesencephalic ischemia and acute lacunar ischemic foci in the cerebellar lobes were evidenced. The basilar artery territory was considered compromised, so a CT angiography was performed, which revealed a critical obstruction of said artery at the level of the distal third. A stent-retriever thrombectomy was performed with total recanalization of the basilar artery with flow in its entirety. Upon discharge, he was classified as "idiopathic" according to the TOAST classification. Conclusions. The etiological scales for stroke created for older adults overestimate idiopathic etiology in young patients, which may cause cannabis use to be overlooked as a cause despite the association reported in the literature.

Introdução. A artéria basilar é formada pelas artérias vertebrais, passa pela ponte e se bifurca, originando as artérias cerebrais posteriores. Irriga parte do tronco cerebral, cerebelo, tálamo e os lobos occipital e temporal do cérebro. Sua obstrução é rara (1% dos acidentes isquêmicos), podendo ocorrer em qualquer parte de seu trajeto, com quadro clínico diverso. Nos jovens, são adicionados outros fatores de risco além dos cardiovasculares, incluindo o consumo de substâncias psicoativas. O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar o caso de um adulto jovem, sua evolução após a intervenção endovascular e a associação, despercebida, ao consumo de canabinoides. Caso clínico. Indivíduo de 23 anos com 14 horas de paralisia facial periférica direita, diplopia, disartria, hemiparesia e hiperreflexia esquerda, disfagia, náuseas e vômitos. Tomografia axial computadorizada de crânio simples sem alterações. Posteriormente, quando foi realizada a ressonância magnética nuclear, foram evidenciados isquemia pontomesencefálica e focos agudos de isquemia lacunar nos lobos cerebelares. O território da artéria basilar foi considerado comprometido, por isso foi realizada uma angiotomografia, que revelou uma obstrução crítica do referido vaso no terço distal. Foi realizada trombectomia stent-retriever com recanalização total da artéria basilar com fluxo em sua totalidade. No momento da alta, foi classificado como TOAST idiopática. Conclusões.As escalas etiológicas para AVC criadas para idosos superestimam a etiologia idiopática em pacientes jovens, o que pode fazer com que o uso de cannabis seja negligenciado como causa, apesar da associação relatada na literatura.

Cerebrovascular Disorders , Basilar Artery , Cannabis , Reperfusion , Intracranial Embolism and Thrombosis , Young Adult
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(4): 1321-1328, July-Aug. 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1131480


Fifteen New Zealand adult rabbits were randomly allocated into three groups: Sham-operated (group A), Ischemia and Reperfusion (group B) and Carolina Rinse Solution (CRS) (group C). Groups B and C were subjected to one hour of ischemia and two hours of reperfusion. In group C, ten minutes before reperfusion, the bowel lumen was filled with CRS, and the segment immersed in CRS. Necrosis and loss of integrity of the villi were visible in groups B and C. Edema of the submucosa and circular muscle was observed in all groups. Hemorrhage was observed in different layers for groups B and C, but group C showed more severe hemorrhage in different layers during reperfusion. All groups showed polymorphonuclear leukocyte infiltration on the base of the mucosa, submucosa, and longitudinal muscle, in addition to polymorphonuclear leukocytes margination in the mucosal and submucosal vessels. Necrosis of enterocytes, muscles, crypts of Lieberkühn and myenteric plexus was observed in groups B and C during reperfusion. Topical and intraluminal Carolina Rinse Solution did not attenuate the effects of ischemia and reperfusion in the small intestine of rabbits.(AU)

Quinze coelhos da raça Nova Zelândia foram alocados em três grupos: instrumentado (grupo A), isquemia e reperfusão (grupo B) e solução de Carolina rinse (CRS) (grupo C). Os grupos B e C foram submetidos a uma hora de isquemia e a duas horas de reperfusão. No grupo C, 10 minutos antes da reperfusão, o segmento isolado foi imerso e teve seu lúmen preenchido com CRS. Os grupos B e C apresentaram necrose e perda progressiva da integridade das vilosidades. Foi observado edema na submucosa e na camada muscular circular em todos os grupos. Nos grupos B e C, foi observada hemorragia em diferentes camadas, mas, no grupo C, a hemorragia foi mais intensa durante a reperfusão. Todos os grupos apresentaram infiltrado de PMN na base da mucosa, na submucosa e na camada muscular longitudinal e marginação de PMN nos vasos da mucosa e da submucosa. Durante a reperfusão, foi observada necrose dos enterócitos, das camadas musculares, das criptas de Lieberkühn e do plexo mioentérico nos grupos B e C. O uso tópico e intraluminal de CRS não atenuou os efeitos da isquemia e da reperfusão no intestino delgado de coelhos.(AU)

Animals , Rabbits , Reperfusion/veterinary , Allopurinol/administration & dosage , Deferoxamine/administration & dosage , Glutathione/administration & dosage , Ischemia/veterinary , Jejunum/surgery
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(3): 314-322, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137269


Abstract Objective: We aimed to investigate the protective effect of adrenomedullin (ADM) on cerebral tissue of rats with cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Methods: Thirty-two Wistar rats were randomized into four groups (n=8). In the I/R Group, bilateral common carotid arteries were clamped for 30 minutes and, subsequently, reperfused for 120 minutes. In the ADM Group, rats received 12 µg/kg of ADM. In the I/R+ADM Group, bilateral common carotid arteries were clamped for 30 minutes and, subsequently, the rats received 12 µg/ kg of ADM. Then, reperfusion was performed for 120 minutes. The Control Group underwent no procedure. Blood and brain tissue samples were collected for biochemical and histopathological analysis. Serum malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) were analysed. Brain tissue was evaluated histopathologically and neuronal cells were counted in five different fields, at a magnification of ×400. Results: Brain MDA in I/R Group was significantly higher than in ADM Group. Brain GPx and SOD in I/R+ADM Group were significantly higher than in I/R Group. The number of neurons was decreased in I/R Group compared to the Control Group. The number of neurons in I/R+ADM Group was significantly higher than in I/R Group, and lower than in Control Group. Apoptotic changes decreased significantly in I/R+ADM Group and the cell structure was similar in morphology compared to the Control Group. Conclusion: We demonstrated the cerebral protective effect of ADM in the rat model of cerebral I/R injury after bilateral carotid artery occlusion.

Animals , Rats , Carotid Artery, Common , Reperfusion , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Rats, Wistar , Adrenomedullin
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(2): 137-141, Apr.-Jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131022


Abstract Objective: The objective of PHASE-MX registry is to validate the efficacy and safety of the pharmacoinvasive strategy in comparison with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with acute myocardial infarction with ST segment elevation (STEMI) in a metropolitan region of Mexico. The primary outcome will consist of the composite of cardiovascular death, re-infarction, stroke and cardiogenic shock. Methods: The PHASE-MX registry will include a prospective cohort of patients with STEMI who received reperfusion treatment (mechanical of pharmacological) in the first 12 h after the onset of symptoms. The registry is designed to compare the efficacy and safety of primary PCI and pharmacoinvasive strategy. The simple size was calculated in 344 patients divided into two groups, with an estimated loss rate of 10%. Patients included in the PHASE-MX cohort will be followed for up to one year. Conclusion: In Mexico, only 5 out of 10 patients with STEMI have access to reperfusion therapy. Pharmacoinvasive strategy is takes advantage of the accessibility of fibrinolysis and the effectiveness of PCI. The present research protocol aims to provide information that serves as a link between information derived from controlled clinical trials and records derived from real world experience.

Resumen Objetivo: El objetivo del registro PHASE-MX es validar la eficacia y seguridad de la estrategia farmacoinvasiva en comparación con la angioplastia coronaria transluminal percutánea primaria (ACTPp) en pacientes con infarto agudo de miocardio con elevación del segmento ST (IAMCEST) en una región metropolitana de México. El desenlace primario es el compuesto de muerte cardiovascular, reinfarto, accidente vascular cerebral y choque cardiogénico. Métodos: El registro PHASE-MX es una cohorte prospectiva de pacientes con IAMCEST que recibieron tratamiento de reperfusión (mecánico o farmacológico) en las primeras 12 horas desde el inicio de los síntomas, atendidos en el Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez. El análisis estadístico se basa en la no inferioridad de la estrategia farmacoinvasiva en comparación con la ACTPp. Se calcula un tamaño de muestra de 344 pacientes divididos en dos grupos (angioplastia primaria y estrategia farmacoinvasiva), considerada una tasa de pérdidas de 10%. Los pacientes incluidos en la cohorte PHASE-MX se seguirán durante un año. Discusión: En México, sólo 5 de cada 10 pacientes con IAMCEST tienen acceso al tratamiento de reperfusión. La estrategia farmacoinvasiva aprovecha la accesibilidad de la fibrinólisis y la efectividad de la ACTPp, por lo que podría resultar el método de elección en el tratamiento del IAMCEST en la mayoría de los casos. El presente protocolo de investigación pretende aportar información que sirva como enlace entre la información derivada de los estudios clínicos controlados y los registros derivados de la experiencia del mundo real.

Humans , Male , Female , Reperfusion/methods , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/methods , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Research Design , Shock, Cardiogenic/epidemiology , Registries , Prospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Stroke/epidemiology , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects , Mexico
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(1): 39-43, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088983


Abstract Stroke is an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Reperfusion therapy with intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (IV-tPA) was first implemented in 1996. More recently, endovascular reperfusion with mechanical thrombectomy (MT) demonstrated a robust beneficial effect, extending the 4.5 h time window. In our country, there are difficulties to achieve the implementation of both procedures. Objective: Our purpose is to report the early experience of a Comprehensive Stroke Center in the use of MT for acute stroke. Methods: Analysis of consecutive patients from January 2015 to September 2018, who received reperfusion treatment with MT. Demographic data, treatment times, previous use of IV-tPA, site of obstruction, recanalization, outcomes and disability after stroke were assessed. Results: We admitted 891 patients with acute ischemic stroke during this period. Ninety-seven received IV-tPA (11%) and 27 were treated with MT (3%). In the MT group, mean age was 66.0±14.5 years. Median NIHSS before MT was 20 (range:14‒24). The most prevalent etiology was cardioembolic stroke (52%). Prior to MT, 16 of 27 patients (59%) received IV-tPA. Previous tPA treatment did not affect onset to recanalization time or door-to-puncture time. For MT, door-to-puncture time was 104±50 minutes and onset to recanalization was 289±153 minutes. Successful recanalization (mTICI grade 2b/3) was achieved in 21 patients (78%). At three-month follow-up, the median NIHSS was 5 (range:4‒15) and mRS was 0‒2 in 37%, and ≥3 in 63%. Conclusions: With adequate logistics and strict selection criteria, MT can be implemented in our population with results like those reported in large clinical trials.

Resumen El accidente cerebrovascular isquémico (ACVi) es una importante causa de morbi-mortalidad a nivel mundial. La reperfusión con trombólisis endovenosa es utilizada desde 1996. Más recientemente, la reperfusión con trombectomía mecánica (TM) ha demostrado un beneficio consistente extendiendo la ventana terapéutica. En nuestro país existen dificultades para que su implementación sea una práctica habitual. Objetivo: Reportamos la experiencia de un Centro Integral de Neurología Vascular en el uso de TM como tratamiento del ACVi agudo. Métodos: Análisis retrospectivo de pacientes consecutivos desde enero 2015 a septiembre 2018, que recibieron reperfusión con TM. Se registraron datos demográficos, tiempos de tratamiento, uso de rtPA, sitio de obstrucción, recanalización, severidad del evento y discapacidad. Resultados: Se evaluaron 891 pacientes con ACVi en este periodo. 97 recibieron rtPA (11%) y 27 recibieron TM (3%). En el grupo TM, la edad promedio fue 66 años (±14.5). Mediana de NIHSS previo a TM: 20 (RIC 14‒24). La etiología más frecuente fue cardioembolia (52%). Previo a TM, 16 pacientes (59%) recibieron rtPA endovenoso. No hallamos efecto del rtPA en tiempo de recanalización por TM o tiempo puerta-punción. Para la TM, el tiempo puerta-punción fue 104±50 minutos y el tiempo entre inicio de síntomas-recanalización fue 289±153 minutos. En 21 pacientes (78%) se logró recanalización exitosa (TICI 2B/3). En el seguimiento a tres meses, el mRS fue 0‒2 en el 37% y ≥3 en el 63%. Conclusión: Una logística adecuada y un estricto criterio de selección ha posibilitado el uso de TM en nuestra población, obteniendo resultados similares a aquellos reportados en los estudios clínicos publicados.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Reperfusion/methods , Brain Ischemia/therapy , Stroke/therapy , Mechanical Thrombolysis/methods , Argentina , Time Factors , Reproducibility of Results , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787143


The present study was aimed to explore the neuroprotective role of imatinib in global ischemia-reperfusion-induced cerebral injury along with possible mechanisms. Global ischemia was induced in mice by bilateral carotid artery occlusion for 20 min, which was followed by reperfusion for 24 h by restoring the blood flow to the brain. The extent of cerebral injury was assessed after 24 h of global ischemia by measuring the locomotor activity (actophotometer test), motor coordination (inclined beam walking test), neurological severity score, learning and memory (object recognition test) and cerebral infarction (triphenyl tetrazolium chloride stain). Ischemia-reperfusion injury produced significant cerebral infarction, impaired the behavioral parameters and decreased the expression of connexin 43 and phosphorylated signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (p-STAT3) in the brain. A single dose administration of imatinib (20 and 40 mg/kg) attenuated ischemia-reperfusion-induced behavioral deficits and the extent of cerebral infarction along with the restoration of connexin 43 and p-STAT3 levels. However, administration of AG490, a selective Janus-activated kinase 2 (JAK2)/STAT3 inhibitor, abolished the neuroprotective actions of imatinib and decreased the expression of connexin 43 and p-STAT3. It is concluded that imatinib has the potential of attenuating global ischemia-reperfusion-induced cerebral injury, which may be possibly attributed to activation of JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway along with the increase in the expression of connexin 43.

Animals , Brain , Carotid Arteries , Cerebral Infarction , Connexin 43 , Imatinib Mesylate , Ischemia , Learning , Memory , Mice , Motor Activity , Neuroprotection , Phosphotransferases , Reperfusion , Reperfusion Injury , STAT3 Transcription Factor , Transducers , Walking
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879932


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the regulatory effect of iridoid glycoside of radix scrophulariae (IGRS) on endoplasmic reticulum stress induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation and reperfusion @*METHODS@#Rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells were pretreated with IGRS (50, 100, 200 μg/mL) for 24h, and the @*RESULTS@#The damage caused by OGD/R to PC12 cells was significantly reduced by IGRS, with significant effect on increasing survival rate and reducing LDH release (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#IGRS has neuroprotective effect, which may alleviate cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury by regulating SERCA2, maintaining calcium balance, and inhibiting endoplasmic reticulum stress-mediated apoptosis.

Animals , Cell Survival/drug effects , Down-Regulation/drug effects , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress/drug effects , Glucose , In Vitro Techniques , Iridoid Glycosides/pharmacology , Oxygen , PC12 Cells , Rats , Reperfusion , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Snails/chemistry
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(4): e1551, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152634


ABSTRACT Background: Tacrolimus and mycophenolate mofetil are immunosuppressive agents widely used on the postoperative period of the transplants. Aim: To evaluate the influence of the association of them on the abdominal wall healing in rats. Methods: Thirty-six Wistar rats were randomly assigned in three groups of 12. On the early postoperative period, four of the control group and three of the experimental groups died. The three groups were nominated as follow: control group (GC, n=8); group I (GI, n=11, standard operation, mycophenolate mofetil and tacrolimus); group II (GII, n=10, standard operation, mycophenolate mofetil and tacrolimus). The standard operation consisted of right total nephrectomy and 20 min ischemia of the left kidney followed by reperfusion. Both NaCl 0.9% and the immunosuppressive agents were administered starting on the first postoperative day and continuing daily until the day of death on the 14th day. On the day of their deaths, two strips of the anterior abdominal wall were collected and submitted to breaking strength measurement and histological examination. Results: There were no significant differences in wound infection rates (p=0,175), in the breaking strength measurement and in the histological examination among the three groups. Conclusion: The combination of the immunosuppressive agents used in the study associated with renal ischemia and reperfusion does not interfere in the abdominal wall healing of rats.

RESUMO Racional: O tacrolimus e o micofenolato mofetil são imunossupressores amplamente utilizados no pós-operatório dos transplantes de órgãos. Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos deles sobre a cicatrização da parede abdominal em ratos. Métodos: Foram utilizados 36 ratos Wistar, distribuídos aleatoriamente em três grupos de 12. No pós-operatório imediato, quatro do grupo controle e três do grupo experimentação morreram. Os três grupos receberam as seguintes denominações: grupo controle (GC, n=8); grupo I (GI, n=11, operação-padrão, micofenolato mofetil e tacrolimus); grupo II (GII, n=10, operação-padrão, micofenolato mofetil e tacrolimus). A operação-padrão consistiu de nefrectomia total à direita, isquemia durante 20 min seguida de reperfusão do rim esquerdo. Solução de NaCl 0,9% e micofenolato mofetil + tracolimus foram administradas a partir do 1° dia do pós-operatório e mantidas até o dia do sacrifício dos animais, no 14° dia. Na data do sacrifício, foram retirados dois fragmentos da parede abdominal para análise da resistência à ruptura e exame histológico. Resultados: Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa no índice de infecção de ferida operatória (p=0,175), nos valores de resistência de ruptura e nos achados histopatológicos entre os três grupos de animais. Conclusão: Os esquemas de imunossupressão empregados associados ao fenômeno da isquemia-reperfusão renal não induzem fraqueza significativa da cicatriz da parede abdominal em ratos no 14° dia de pós-operatório.

Animals , Rats , Reperfusion Injury/complications , Tacrolimus/pharmacology , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Immunosuppressive Agents/pharmacology , Kidney/blood supply , Mycophenolic Acid/pharmacology , Reperfusion , Tacrolimus/administration & dosage , Rats, Wistar , Ischemia , Mycophenolic Acid/administration & dosage
In. Verga, Federico; Burghi, Gastón. Encares de paciente crítico. Montevideo, Oficina del Libro FEFMUR, 2020. p.15-39, tab.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1342635
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 53: e03487, Jan.-Dez. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1020392


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar o efeito da Justicia acuminatissima , Sara Tudo do Amazonas, na função renal, na hemodinâmica renal, no perfil oxidativo e na histologia renal em ratos com injúria renal aguda isquêmica. Método Ensaio pré-clínico com ratos Wistar, adultos, machos (250-350 g), distribuídos nos grupos Sham, Isquemia e Isquemia + Sara Tudo. Foram avaliados os parâmetros hemodinâmicos, a função renal, o estresse oxidativo e a histologia renal. Resultados O pré-tratamento com o Sara Tudo atenuou a lesão funcional, o que foi evidenciado pelo aumento no clearance de creatinina, redução dos marcadores oxidativos e elevação de tióis, pela melhora significativa do fluxo sanguíneo renal, diminuição da resistência vascular renal e redução da lesão tubulointersticial no tecido renal. Conclusão A renoproteção da Justicia acuminatissima , Sara Tudo, na injúria renal aguda isquêmica, caracterizou-se por melhora significativa da função renal, reduzindo a lesão oxidativa, com impacto positivo na histologia renal.

RESUMEN Objetivo Evaluar el efecto de la planta Justicia acuminatissima , "Sana Todo del Amazonas", en la función renal, la hemodinámica renal, el perfil oxidativo y la histología renal en ratones con injuria renal aguda isquémica. Método Ensayo pre clínico con ratones Wistar, adultos, machos (250-350 g), distribuidos en los grupos Sham, Isquemia e Isquemia + Sana Todo. Fueron evaluados los parámetros hemodinámicos, la función renal, el estrés oxidativo y la histología renal. Resultados El pre tratamiento con el Sana Todo atenuó la lesión funcional, lo que fue evidenciado por el aumento en el aclaramiento de creatinina, reducción de los marcadores oxidativos y elevación de tioles, por la mejora significativa del flujo sanguíneo renal, disminución de la resistencia vascular renal y reducción de la lesión tubulointersticial en el tejido renal. Conclusión La renoprotección de la Justicia acuminatissima , "Sana Todo del Amazonas", en la injuria renal aguda isquémica se caracterizó por mejora significativa de la función renal, reduciendo la lesión oxidativa, con impacto positivo en la histología renal.

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the effects of Justicia acuminatissima , or Amazonian Sara Tudo , on renal hemodynamics, oxidative profile, and renal histology in rats with ischemic acute kidney injury. Method Preclinical assay with adult male Wistar rats, weighing from 250 g to 350 g, distributed into Sham, ischemia, and ischemia + Sara Tudo groups. Hemodynamic parameters, renal function, oxidative stress, and renal histology were evaluated. Results Pretreatment with Sara Tudo reduced the functional injury, which was shown by the increase in creatinine clearance and thiols; reduction of oxidative markers, renal vascular resistance, and tubulointerstitial injury in the renal tissue; and the significant improvement in renal blood flow. Conclusion The renoprotection provided by Justicia acuminatissima , or Sara Tudo , in cases of ischemic acute kidney injury was characterized by a marked improvement in renal function, reducing the oxidative injury, and impacting on renal histology positively.

Rats , Reperfusion , Phytotherapeutic Drugs , Acute Kidney Injury , Complementary Therapies , Rats, Wistar , Animal Experimentation
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 55: e18075, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039056


The present study was designed to investigate the effect of early and late administration of phenylephrine during ischemia against regional ischemia-reperfusion injuries in an isolated rat heart model. All animals were randomly divided into experimental groups: (I) IR (Ischemic/ reperfusion): the hearts underwent 35 min of regional ischemia followed by 60 min of reperfusion; (II) 5HD-IR-0: the hearts were perfused for 5 min with 5HD (5-hydroxydecanoate, specific mKATP channel blocker, 100 µM) at the onset of regional ischemia; (III) 5HD-IR-20: the hearts were perfused for 5 min with 5HD 20 min after regional ischemia; (IV) PE-IR-10: the hearts were perfused for 5 min with phenylephrine 10 min after regional ischemia; (V) PE-IR-30: the hearts were perfused for 5 min with phenylephrine (100 µM) 30 min after regional ischemia; (VI) PE-5HD-IR-10 group: the hearts were perfused for 5 min with 5HD at the onset of regional ischemia after which phenylephrine was administrated as in group IV; and (VII) PE-5HD-IR-30: the hearts were perfused for 5 min with 5HD 20 min after the ischemia and then phenylephrine was administrated as in group V. The hemodynamic parameters were recorded throughout the experiment. Ischemia-induced arrhythmias, myocardial infarct size (IS), creatin kinase-MB isoenzyme (CK-MB), plasma lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activities, and coronary blood flow (CBF) were measured in all animals. Perfusion of phenylephrine 30 min after the regional ischemia curtailed the myocardial infarct size, reduced CK-MB, and improved cardiac function and CBF. Administration of 5HD 30 min after the ischemia abolished cardioprotective effects of phenylephrine in the late phase. These results suggest the involvement of mKATP in the mechanism of phenylephrine-induced late preconditioning.

Animals , Male , Rats , Phenylephrine/analysis , Phenylephrine/adverse effects , Ischemia/drug therapy , Reperfusion