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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(6): 422-428, dic. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1411302

ABSTRACT

Con el objetivo de explorar si existe correlación entre el clima de aprendizaje (CA) y la propia empatía percibida por residentes médicos, realizamos en un hospital universitario un estudio observacional de corte transversal, utilizando las escalas D-RECT (evaluación del clima educacional) y Jefferson (empatía), en el que participaron 140 residentes de 9 especialidades durante 2019 y 2020. Documentamos una correlación baja-moderada y estadísticamente significativa (Spearman ́s rho: 0,34 p <0,0001) entre ambos puntajes, con una confiabilidad aceptable de ambos instrumentos (>0,7). Por cada 10 puntos de diferencia en la escala D-RECT, observamos una diferencia promedio de 1,80 puntos en la escala Jefferson. Este trabajo aporta nuevos indicios respecto a la correlación entre el clima de aprendizaje y la empatía médica autopercibida durante la residencia. Nuestros hallazgos sugieren una tendencia que debería ser investigada con mayor profundidad en el futuro.


In order to explore whether there is a correlation between the learning climate (LC) and the self- perception of empathy by medical residents, we conducted an observational, cross sectional study in a teaching hospital using the D-RECT (Dutch Residency Educational Climate Test) and the Jefferson scale (empathy) in 140 residents from 9 specialties during 2019 and 2020. We documented a low to moderate and statistically significant correlation (Spearman's Rho: 0.34, p < 0.0001) between both scores, with an acceptable reliability for both instruments (> 0.7). For every 10-point difference in the D-RECT scale, an average difference of 1.80 points in the Jefferson Scale was observed. This study provides new evidence regarding the correlation between the learning climate and self-perceived medical empathy during the residency program. Our findings suggest a trend that should be further studied in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Internship and Residency , Self Concept , Cross-Sectional Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Empathy , Hospitals, Teaching
2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226415, jan.-dez. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354995

ABSTRACT

Aim: Facial orthopaedic treatments based on the stimulation or restrictions of craniofacial bone growth are more effective when carried out during the pubertal growth spurt. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the reproducibility of two cervical vertebrae methods (CVM) with manual tracing and direct visual inspection. Methods: A sample of 60 lateral cephalometric radiographs (10 of each of the 6 CVM stages) was randomly selected from 171 records. 5 orthodontists classified these radiographs according to the skeletal maturation stage in 2002 and 2005, and the application of both methods was conducted by direct visual inspection and evaluation through manual tracing. Results: The average reliability of the two methods determination and the two forms of evaluation was substantial. The direct visual inspection evaluation showed the highest reliability and agreement interexaminer values for both methods, as well as the intraexaminers evaluation. Conclusion: The reproducibility of CVM method was substantial, indicating its clinical use to determine the skeletal maturity and the ideal moment for treatment execution


Subject(s)
Bone Development , Cervical Vertebrae , Reproducibility of Results
3.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225337, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1366230

ABSTRACT

Aim: To elaborate and validate an instrument for Brazilian Portuguese speakers, to assess dentists' knowledge about care of patients with diabetes mellitus (Dental-Diabetes). Methods: Methodological study comprising four stages: a) Elaboration of instrument; b) Content validation (computing Content Validity Index - CVI) based on Expert Committee assessment; c) Pre-test with 30 dentists, followed by assessment of suggestions by Expert Committee; d) Psychometric validation through instrument application in a sample of 127 dentists by means of the web tool e-Surv. Cronbach's alpha and intraclass correlation coefficients were used to evaluate, respectively, internal consistency and reproducibility. Results: The final version of the instrument consists of 22 questions (7 on sociodemographic data and 15 querying dentists' knowledge) and those submitted for validation attained a CVI of 0.95 [95% CI 0.916-0,981], showing satisfactory internal consistency, with 0.794 Cronbach's alpha [95% CI 0.741-0.842] and an intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.799 [95% CI: 0.746-0.846] between the test and retest scores. Conclusions: Dental-Diabetes is a comprehensive instrument, culturally adequate and validated to assess dentists' knowledge about care of patients with diabetes


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dentists , Diabetes Mellitus , Psychometrics , Reproducibility of Results
4.
rev.cuid. (Bucaramanga.2010) ; 13(1): 1-13, 20221213.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1369074

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El tratamiento farmacológico de la EPOC se realiza progresiva y escalonadamente de acuerdo a la gravedad y puede ser modificado en función de la respuesta al mismo, por lo cual se han desarrollado instrumentos con el fin de evaluar la satisfacción del paciente con los distintos sistemas de inhalación; sin embargo, estos instrumentos han sido diseñados en su mayoría para pacientes con Asma. Objetivo. Validar el instrumento FSI-10 y determinar el nivel de satisfacción de los dispositivos de inhaloterapia en pacientes con EPOC. Materiales y métodos. Estudio transversal prospectivo y de validación de contenido, muestreo probabilístico estratificado con afijación proporcional; población de 337 pacientes con diagnóstico EPOC de la provincia Centro del departamento de Boyacá, Colombia. Se evaluó el cuestionario FSI-10 mediante la prueba de esfericidad de Bartlett, Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin y alfa de Cronbach. Resultados. La prueba de esfericidad resultó estadísticamente significativa, sugiriendo la existencia de correlaciones dentro de la matriz de diez preguntas. La variación total explicable de las diez preguntas que corresponden a la versión del FSI 10 dio cuenta del 81 % de variabilidad. Los pacientes evaluados reportaron un nivel de satisfacción entre bastante a algo con los dispositivos de inhaloterapia. Conclusiones. Las propiedades psicométricas permiten su utilización en la satisfacción del paciente con dispositivos de medicación inhalada, sin presentar diferencias en la comprensión y teniendo resultado fiables. La satisfacción con los dispositivos de inhaloterapia no es muy alta en la mayoría de la población evaluada.


Introduction: COPD pharmacological treatment is progressively staggered according to severity, which can be modified based on its response. Therefore, instruments have been developed to assess patient satisfaction with different inhaler devices. However, these instruments have been designed mostly for patients with asthma. Objective: To validate the FSI-10 instrument and assess the degree of satisfaction with inhaler devices in COPD patients. Materials and Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study for content validation and stratified probability sampling with proportional allocation was conducted with 337 COPD patients in the Central province of the department of Boyacá, Colombia. The FSI-10 questionnaire was assessed using Bartlett's test of sphericity, Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin test and Cronbach's alpha. Results: The test of sphericity was statistically significant, suggesting the presence of a correlation within the ten-question test. Total explained variation of the FSI-10 questions accounted for 81% of the variation. Assessed patients reported a degree of satisfaction between fair to good with the use of inhaler devices. Conclusions: FSI-10 psychometric properties enable its use in assessing patient satisfaction with inhaler devices with no difference in understanding and reliability results. Satisfaction with inhaler devices is not very high among the majority of the population assessed.


Introdução. O tratamento farmacológico da DPOC é progressivo e escalonado de acordo com a gravidade e pode ser modificado de acordo com a resposta ao tratamento, por isso, foram desenvolvidos instrumentos para avaliar a satisfação do paciente com diferentes sistemas de inalação; no enta nto, esses instrumentos foram elaborados principalmente para pacientes com asma. Objetivo. Validar o instrumento FSI-10 e determinar o nível de satisfação com os dispositivos de inaloterapia em pacientes com DPOC. Materiais e métodos. Estudo transversal prospectivo e de validação de conteúdo, amostragem probabilística estratificada com alocação proporcional; população de 337 pacientes diagnosticados com DPOC na província central do departamento de Boyacá, Colômbia. O questionário FSI-10 foi avaliado usando o teste de esfericidade de Bartlett, Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin e o alfa de Cronbach. Resultados. O teste de esfericidade foi estatisticamente significativo, sugerindo a existência de correlações dentro da matriz de dez perguntas. A variação total explicável das dez perguntas correspondentes à versão FSI 10 foi responsável por 81 % da variabilidade. Os pacientes avaliados relataram um nível de satisfação entre bastante e moderada com os dispositivos de inaloterapia. Conclusões. As propriedades psicométricas permitem seu uso na satisfação do paciente com dispositivos de medicamentos inalados, sem diferenças na compreensão e resultados confiáveis. A satisfação com os dispositivos de inaloterapia não é muito alta na maioria da população avaliada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Reproducibility of Results , Lung Diseases
5.
rev.cuid. (Bucaramanga.2010) ; 13(1): 1-11, 20221213.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1369130

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La existencia de variaciones anatómicas ocasiona fracasos en tratamientos endodónticos, por lo que es importante diagnosticarlas. El objetivo fue determinar la reproducibilidad y la validez de criterio de las radiografías con placa de fósforo y la radiovisografía con sensor para identificar las variaciones anatómicas detectadas por tomografía computarizada de haz cónico (CBCT) en premolares inferiores. Métodos: En 140 premolares se obtuvieron imágenes por CBCT, radiografía y radiovisografía. Se realizó lectura independiente por dos endodocistas, evaluándose la clasificación de Vertucci y las ramificaciones. Se determinó la reproducibilidad intraobservador e interobservador. Se calcularon sensibilidad, especificidad y áreas bajo la curva operador-receptor (AUC) utilizando como estándar de oro la CBCT. Resultados: La reproducibilidad intraobservador e interobservador fue mayor para radiografía. Para la Clase I de Vertucci, la radiografía presentó mayor sensibilidad (94,7%), especificidad (64,9%) y AUC (0,795) que la radiovisiografía (89,3%, 62,2% y 0,757, respectivamente), al igual que para la Clase V (Radiografía 69,2%, 93% y 0,811; Radiovisiografía 50%, 84,2% y 0,671, respectivamente). Ninguna de las técnicas aportó al diagnóstico de la Clase III (AUC <0,5). Las ramificaciones fueron infrecuentes (2,9%) y su detección fue baja (Sensibilidad 25% para radiografía y 0% para radiovisiografía). Discusión: Este es el primer estudio que evalúa la reproducibilidad y validez de estas dos técnicas radiográficas comparadas con la CBCT para la detección de variaciones anatómicas en dientes. Conclusiones: La radiografía con placa de fósforo presentó mayor reproducibilidad y validez para el diagnóstico de las Clase I y V de Vertucci, que fueron las variaciones más frecuentes.


Introduction: Considering that the existence of anatomical variations causes endodontic treatment failures, therefore it is important to diagnose them. This study aimed to determine the reproducibility and criterion validity of phosphor plate radiographs and sensor-based radiovisiography to identify anatomical variations detected by cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in lower premolars. Materials and Methods: 140 premolars images were obtained by CBCT, radiographs and radiovisiography. Independent interpretation was performed by two endodontists to evaluate the Vertucci classification and ramifications. Intraobserver and interobserver reproducibility were determined. Sensitivity, specificity and areas under the receiver-operator curve (AUC) were calculated using CBCT as the gold standard. Results: Intraobserver and interobserver reproducibility was higher for radiography. For Vertucci type I, radiography showed higher sensitivity (94.7%), specificity (64.9%) and AUC (0.795) than radiovisiography (89.3%, 62.2% and 0.757, respectively), similarly for type V (radiography at 69.2%, 93% and 0.8111; radiovisiography at 50%, 84.2% and 0.671, respectively). None of the techniques contributed to the diagnosis of type III (AUC < 0.5). Ramifications were infrequent (2.9%) with a low level of detection (sensitivity at 25% for radiography and 0% for radiovisiography). Discussion: This is the first study to evaluate the reproducibility and validity of these two radiographic techniques compared with CBCT for the detection of anatomical variations in teeth. Conclusions: Phosphor plate radiography showed higher reproducibility and validity for the diagnosis of Vertucci types I and V, which were the most frequent premolar variations found. This is a dissertation for the Master's degree in Dentistry available in the repository of the Universidad Santo Tomas, Bucaramanga campus.


Introdução: A existência de variações anatômicas causa falhas no tratamento endodôntico, por isso é importante diagnosticá-las. O objetivo foi determinar a reprodutibilidade e validade dos critérios das radiografias em placas de fósforo e radiovisiografia sensorial para identificar variações anatômicas detectadas pela tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC) em pré-molares inferiores. Métodos: obtiveram-se TCFC, imagens radiográficas e radiovisográficas em 140 pré-molares. A leitura independente foi realizada por dois endodontistas, avaliando a classificação Vertucci e suas ramificações. Foi determinada a reprodutibilidade intra e interobservador. Sensibilidade, especificidade e áreas sob a curva operação do receptor (AUC) foram calculadas utilizando a TCFC como padrão-ouro. Resultados: A reprodutibilidade intra e inter-observador foi maior para a radiografia. Para a Classe I de Vertucci, a radiografia mostrou maior sensibilidade (94,7%), especificidade (64,9%) e AUC (0,795) do que a radiovisiografia (89,3%, 62,2% e 0,757, respectivamente), assim como para a Classe V (Radiografia 69,2%, 93% e 0,811; Radiovisiografia 50%, 84,2% e 0,671, respectivamente). Nenhuma das técnicas contribuiu para o diagnóstico da Classe III (AUC <0,5). A ramificação foi pouco frequente (2,9%) e a detecção foi baixa (Sensibilidade 25% para radiografia e 0% para radiovisiografia). Discussão: Este é o primeiro estudo para avaliar a reprodutibilidade e validade dessas duas técnicas radiográficas em comparação com a TCFC para a detecção de variações anatômicas nos dentes. Conclusões: A radiografia com placas de fósforo apresentou maior reprodutibilidade e validade para o diagnóstico da Classe I e V de Vertucci, que foram as variações mais frequentes. Este foi um trabalho de conclusão de durso para o título de Mestre em Odontologia e estará no repositório da Universidad Santo Tomas seccional Bucaramanga.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Bicuspid , Reproducibility of Results
6.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 517-530, set-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399139

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Validar o conteúdo do instrumento de cuidado do enfermeiro ao paciente com cateter venoso central, internado na unidade de terapia intensiva. Métodos: Estudo quantitativo, conduzido em duas etapas: análise teórica por sete enfermeiros especialistas, dos itens do instrumento construído anteriormente e análise estatística a partir do Índice de Validade de Conteúdo e o coeficiente Alpha de Cronbach. Resultados: Após avaliação dos especialistas, o instrumento compôs- se por 36 itens e quatro domínios. Todos os itens apresentaram índice de validade de conteúdo superior a 0,78, com concordância de 0,85 a 1,00 nas avaliações. O índice de validade de conteúdo médio dos domínios e do instrumento foi maior que 0,90. Os itens dos domínios apresentaram consistência interna satisfatória. Conclusão: O instrumento de cuidado do enfermeiro apresentou conteúdo validado e confiável, sendo, portanto, seguro e de qualidade para cuidados com o paciente crítico com cateter venoso central.


Objective: To validate the content of the nurse's care instrument for patient with a central venous catheter in the intensive care unit. Methods: Quantitative study, conducted in two stages: theoretical analysis by seven specialist nurses of the instrument items previously developed and statistical analysis based on the Content Validity Index and Cronbach's Alpha coefficient. Results: After expert evaluation, the instrument consisted of 36 items and four domains. All items had a content validity index greater than 0.78, with an agreement between 0.85 and 1.00 in the evaluations. The mean content validity index of the domains and the instrument was greater than 0.90. The domain items showed satisfactory internal consistency. Conclusion: The nurse's care instrument presented validated and reliable content, being, therefore, safe and of quality for the care of critically ill patients with central venous catheters.


Objetivo: Validar el contenido del instrumento de atención de la enfermera al paciente con catéter venoso central, ingresado en la unidad de cuidados intensivos. Métodos: Estudio cuantitativo, conducido en dos etapas: análisis teórico por parte de siete enfermeros especialistas, de los ítems del instrumento construido anteriormente y análisis estadístico a partir del Índice de Validez de Conteúdo y el coeficiente Alpha de Cronbach. Resultados: Tras la evaluación de los expertos, el instrumento quedó compuesto por 36 ítems y cuatro dominios. Todos los ítems tuvieron un índice de validez de contenido superior a 0,78, con un acuerdo entre 0,85 y 1,00 en las evaluaciones. El índice medio de validez de contenido de los dominios y del instrumento fue superior a 0,90. Los ítems de los dominios mostraron una consistencia interna satisfactoria. Conclusión: El instrumento de cuidado del enfermero presentó un contenido validado y fiable, siendo, además, seguro y de calidad para el cuidado del paciente crítico con catéter venoso central.


Subject(s)
Critical Care , Validation Studies as Topic , Central Venous Catheters , Nursing Care , Research Personnel/education , Teaching/education , Reproducibility of Results , Database , Educational Measurement , Employee Performance Appraisal , Intensive Care Units , Nurses
7.
J. bras. psiquiatr ; 71(2): 126-132, abr.-jun. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386075

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Investigar a saúde mental de pais com filhos pequenos durante a pandemia de COVID-19. MÉTODOS: Foram utilizados questionários elaborados pelo Google Forms, no qual foram aplicados os dados sociodemográficos, e as escalas EADS-21, IES-R, PSQI-BR e WHOQOL-BREF. As análises estatísticas foram realizadas no software estatístico SPSS 21.0 para Windows. Para descrição da amostra, foram utilizadas análises descritivas. Em todos os testes, foi considerada a significância estatística de 0,05. Os 327 participantes foram divididos em três grupos: voluntários sem filhos (Grupo 1), com filhos entre 0 e 6 anos (Grupo 2) e com filhos de 7 anos ou mais (Grupo 3), dos quais todos eram residentes da região Sul do Brasil. RESULTADOS: Os grupos com maior vulnerabilidade em relação à sua saúde mental é o de participantes sem filhos e com filhos de 0 a 6 anos, com maiores escores para as escalas de depressão, ansiedade e estresse, e estresse pós-traumático, em comparação com o grupo com filhos de 7 anos ou mais. CONCLUSÕES: Mesmo que os dados mostrem que todos os grupos estão dentro da normalidade para as escalas aplicadas, faz-se necessário atentar para a saúde mental da população em maior sofrimento psíquico, seja a partir de estratégias desenvolvidas por profissionais de rede de saúde (SUS) e/ou da assistência social (SUAS), seja por projetos municipais/estaduais na busca pela promoção da saúde mental na rede.


OBJECTIVE: Explore the mental health of parents with young children during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: We used questionnaires prepared by Google Forms, applying sociodemographic data, and also the EADS-21, IES-R, PSQI-BR and WHOQOL-BREF scales were applied. Statistical analyzes were performed using SPSS 21.0 statistical software for Windows. To describe the sample, descriptive analyzes were used. In all tests, a statistical significance of 0.05 was considered. Of the 327 participants, they were divided into three groups: volunteers without children (Group 1), with children aged 0 to 6 years (Group 2), and with children aged 7 or over (Group 3). All volunteers were residents from South of Brazil. RESULTS: The groups with the greatest vulnerability in relation to their mental health are those of participants without children and parents with children aged 0 to 6 years, with higher scores for the depression, anxiety and stress, and post traumatic stress symptoms, compared to parents with children aged from 7 years or more. CONCLUSION: even though the data show that all groups are within the normal range for the scales applied, it is necessary to pay attention to the mental health of the population in greater psychological distress, either from strategies developed by health professionals (SUS) and/or or social assistance (SUAS), either by municipal/state projects in the search for the promotion of mental health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Parents/psychology , Social Isolation/psychology , Mental Health , Pandemics , COVID-19/prevention & control , Anxiety/psychology , Parent-Child Relations , Stress, Psychological , Surveys and Questionnaires/standards , Reproducibility of Results , Depression , Patient Health Questionnaire , Sociodemographic Factors , Manifest Anxiety Scale
8.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(3): 502-510, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388008

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The Schatzker classification is the most used for tibial plateau fractures. Kfuri et al.12 reviewed Schatzker's initial classification describing in more detail the involvement of the tibial plateau in the coronal plane, allowing a better understanding of the fracture pattern and a more accurate surgical planning. The objectives of the present study are to evaluate the interobserver agreement of these classifications and to evaluate the influence of the experience of the observer on the reproducibility of the instruments. Methods An observational and retrospective study was conducted by evaluating the radiological study of 20 adult individuals with tibial plateau fractures, including radiographs and computed tomography (CT). The fractures were classified once by 34 examiners with varied experience (24 specialists and 10 residents in Orthopedics and Traumatology), according to the Schatzker classification and to the modification proposed by Kfuri. The Fleiss Kappa index was used to verify interobserver agreement. Results The interobserver agreement index was considered moderate for the Schatzker classification (κ = 0.46) and mild for the Kfuri modification (κ = 0.30). The Schatzker classification showed moderate agreement, with κ = 0.52 for residents and κ = 0.45 among specialists. The Kfuri classification showed mild agreement, with Kappa values for residents and specialists of 0.39 and 0.28, respectively. Conclusion The Schatzker classification and the classification modified by Kfuri presented moderate and mild interobserver agreement, respectively. In addition, the residents presented higher agreement than the specialists for the two systems studied.


Resumo Objetivo A classificação de Schatzker é a mais utilizada para as fraturas do planalto tibial. Kfuri et al.12 revisaram a classificação inicial de Schatzker descrevendo com mais detalhes o envolvimento do planalto tibial no plano coronal, permitindo uma melhor compreensão do padrão de fratura e um planejamento cirúrgico mais acurado. Os objetivos do presente estudo são avaliar a concordância inter-observador dessas classificações e avaliar a influência da experiência dos observadores na reprodutibilidade dos instrumentos. Métodos Foi realizado um estudo observacional e retrospectivo, por meio da avaliação do estudo radiológico de 20 indivíduos adultos com fraturas do planalto tibial, incluindo radiografias e tomografia computadorizada (TC). As fraturas foram classificadas 1 vez por 34 examinadores com experiência variada (24 especialistas e 10 residentes em Ortopedia e Traumatologia), de acordo com a classificação de Schatzker e com a modificação proposta por Kfuri. O índice Kappa de Fleiss foi usado para verificar a concordância interobservadores. Resultados O índice de concordância inter-observador foi considerado moderado paraa classificação de Schatzker (κ = 0,46) e leve para a modificação de Kfuri (κ = 0,30). A classificação de Schatzker apresentou concordância moderada, com κ = 0,52 para residentes e κ = 0,45 entre os especialistas. A classificação de Kfuri apresentou concordância leve com valores de Kappa para residentes e especialistas de 0,39 e 0,28, respectivamente. Conclusão A classificação de Schatzker e a classificação modificada por Kfuri apresentaram concordância interobservadores moderada e leve, respectivamente. Além disso, os residentes apresentaram concordâncias superiores aos especialistas para os dois sistemas estudados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Tibial Fractures , Reproducibility of Results , Knee Injuries , Knee Joint/surgery
9.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(1): 1-8, may. 11, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399824

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The aim of this study was to assess the agreement between oral and maxillofacial radiologists (OMFR) and oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMFS) for the detection of bifid mandibular canal (BMC) and accessory mental foramen (AMF) using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Material and Methods: This retrospective study involved 22 examiners (11 OMFR and 11 OMFS) who independently assessed 30 CBCT volumes from patients (n = 60 hemi-mandibles) under preoperative radiographic evaluation for implant placement. The examiners scored the presence of BMC and AMF in each hemimandible. The interexaminer agreements were assessed using Fleiss' kappa statistics. Results: For intra-examiner agreement, 40% of the sample was reevaluated. The interexaminer agreement between OMFR and OMFS was slight (0.12) for the detection of BMC and fair (0.24) for AMF. The agreement among OMFR for detection of BMC was fair (0.22), and it was slight among OMFS (0.15). The agreement among OMFR for detection of AMF was substantial (0.61), and among OMFS it was fair (0.22). Agreements between OMFR and OMFS were slight for BMC and fair for AMF, independently of the years of experience. Intraexaminer agreement ranged from 60% to 90% among OMFR and from 55% to 90% among OMFS. Conclusion: A slight and a fair agreement between OMFR and OMFS was found for the detection of BMC and AMF, respectively. In general, OMFR obtained higher agreement among themselves, mainly for detection of AMF.


Introducción: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la con-cordancia entre los radiólogos orales y maxilofaciales (ROMF) y los cirujanos orales y maxilofaciales (COMF) para la detección del canal mandibular bífido (CMB) y el foramen mentoniano accesorio (FMA) mediante tomografía computarizada de haz cónico. CBCT). Material y Métodos: Este estudio retrospectivo involucró a 22 examinadores (11 ROMF y 11 COMF) que evaluaron de forma independiente 30 volúmenes CBCT de pacientes (n = 60 hemimandíbulas) bajo evaluación radiográfica preoperatoria para la colocación de implantes. Los examinadores puntu-aron la presencia de CMB y FMA en cada hemimandíbula. Los acuerdos entre examinadores se evaluaron utilizando las estadísticas kappa de Fleiss. Resultados: Por concordancia intraexaminador se reeva-luó el 40% de la muestra. El acuerdo entre examinadores entre ROMF y COMF fue ligero (0,12) para la detección de CMB y regular (0,24) para FMA. La concordancia entre ROMF para la detección de CMB fue regular (0,22) y leve entre COMF (0,15). El acuerdo entre ROMF para la detección de FMA fue sustancial (0,61), y entre COMF fue justo (0,22). Los acuerdos entre ROMF y COMF fueron leves para CMB y justos para FMA, independientemente de los años de experiencia. La concordancia entre examinadores varió del 60 % al 90 % entre ROMF y del 55 % al 90 % entre COMF. Conclusión: Se encontró un acuerdo leve y justo entre ROMF y COMF para la detección de CMB y FMA, respec-tivamente. En general, se obtuvo mayor acuerdo entre ROMF, principalmente para la detección de FMA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons , Radiologists , Mental Foramen/diagnostic imaging , Mandibular Canal/diagnostic imaging , Brazil , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Anatomic Variation , Mandible/diagnostic imaging
10.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 42(supl.1): 41-54, mayo 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1393994

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El estigma se ha asociado negativamente al control metabólico y la calidad de vida de pacientes con diabetes de tipo 2. El cuestionario Diabetes Stigma Assesment Scale 2 (DSAS 2) fue diseñado para medir específicamente el estigma asociado en personas con este tipo de diabetes. Sin embargo, las propiedades psicométricas de su versión en español aún no han sido analizadas. Objetivo. Analizar la validez y confiabilidad de la versión en español del DSAS 2 en población colombiana. Materiales y métodos. Se solicitó a 501 pacientes con diabetes de tipo 2 en Barranquilla contestar la versión en español del DSAS 2, un cuestionario con indicadores sociodemográficos y clínicos, así como instrumentos de medición de la depresión, la autoeficacia y el estrés. Se hizo un análisis factorial (exploratorio y confirmatorio) para determinar la estructura interna del DSAS 2 en español y se usó el coeficiente alfa (α) para evaluar su confiabilidad. Además, se analizó la relación entre los puntajes del DSAS 2 y las otras variables estudiadas. Resultados. La estructura de tres factores (trato diferente-juicio, culpa y vergüenza) se ajustó adecuadamente a los datos (raíz del error cuadrático medio (RMSEA)=0,081, índice de ajuste comparativo (CIF)=0,959, índice de Tucker-Lewis (TLI)=0,95) y su confiabilidad fue buena (α=0,76). Se observaron correlaciones significativas del puntaje del DSAS 2 en español con la autoeficacia (rs=-0,37; p<0,001), el estrés (rs=0,24; p<0,001) y la presencia de síntomas depresivos (rs=0,1; p=0,021). Además, los puntajes de la escala mostraron variaciones asociadas a variables sociodemográficas y clínicas. Conclusiones. La versión en español presenta ciertas diferencias con la versión original del DSAS2, sin embargo, su validez y confiabilidad son suficientes y adecuadas para su uso en Colombia.


Introduction: The perception of stigma has been negatively associated with the metabolic control and quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes. The Diabetes Stigma Assessment Scale 2 (DSAS 2) was designed to specifically measure the stigma associated with this type of diabetes. However, the psychometric properties of its Spanish version have not yet been addressed. Objective: To analyze the validity and reliability of the Spanish version of DSAS 2 in a Colombian population. Materials and methods: In total, 501 patients with type 2 diabetes from Barranquilla answered the Spanish version of DSAS 2, a questionnaire with sociodemographic and clinical indicators, as well as instruments to measure depression, self-efficacy, and stress. We performed a factor analysis (exploratory and confirmatory) to determine the internal structure of the DSAS 2 in Spanish and used the alpha coefficient (α) to evaluate its reliability. Additionally, we analyzed the relationship between the DSAS 2 scores and the other variables under study. Results: The three-factor structure (different treatment / judgment, guilt and shame) showed good fit to the data (RMSEA = 0.081, CFI = 0.959, TLI = 0.95) and good reliability (α = 0.76). Significant correlations of the scores of the DSAS 2 Spanish version were observed with self-efficacy (rs=-0.37, p<0.001), stress (rs =0.24 , p<0.001), and depression (rs=0.1, p=0.021). Besides, the scores showed variations associated with sociodemographic and clinical variables. Conclusions: The Spanish version showed certain differences compared with the original version of the DSAS2 but there was adequate evidence of its validity and reliability to be used in Colombia.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , Reproducibility of Results , Social Stigma
11.
Aquichan ; 22(2): e2224, may. 13, 2022.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1372038

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish the validity and dependability of the Sexual Self-Concept Inventory (SSCI) for early adolescent girls in Spanish among the Colombian population of Santander. Materials and methods: Methodological study with samples used for the theoretical construct validity of the study's dimensions and internal consistency. The sample consisted of 308 adolescent girls aged between 10 and 14 from two schools in Girón, Santander, Colombia. Results: Inventory of 34 items with three dimensions; exploratory factor analysis confirmed the three factors with a total variance of 43.261 %. The instrument reported internal consistency of α = 0.89 for the following dimensions: sexual arousability (0.908), sexual agency (0.812), and negative sexual affect (0.572). Conclusions: The SSCI in Spanish is dependable enough to evaluate a person's sexual behaviors or feelings and comprehend the sexual behavior of adolescent girls.


Objetivo: establecer la validez y la confiabilidad del instrumento autoconcepto sexual en mujeres adolescentes en etapa temprana (SSCI) ­versión en español­ en población colombiana, más exactamente en Santander. Material y métodos: estudio metodológico. Se emplearon pruebas para la validez del constructo teórico de sus dimensiones y consistencia interna con una muestra de 308 mujeres adolescentes, de 10 a 14 años, de dos instituciones educativas de Girón, Santander, Colombia. Resultados: inventario de 34 ítems con tres dimensiones; mediante un análisis factorial exploratorio, se confirmaron los tres factores con una varianza total de 43,261 %. El instrumento reportó una consistencia interna de α=0,89 para las dimensiones de excitabilidad sexual (0,908), agencia sexual (0,812) y efecto negativo sexual (0,572). Conclusiones: el inventario de autoconcepto sexual (SSCI) en mujeres adolescentes escolarizadas en etapa temprana­versión en español­ es confiable para evaluar los comportamientos, sentimientos sexuales sobre sí mismo y comprender la conducta sexual de las adolescentes.


Objetivos: estabelecer a validade e confiabilidade do instrumento "Autoconceito sexual em mulheres na adolescência precoce" (Sexual Self-Concept Inventory, SSCI), versão em espanhol, em população colombiana de Santander. Material e métodos: estudo metodológico em que foram utilizados testes para validar o construto teórico de suas dimensões e consistência interna com uma amostra de 308 mulheres adolescentes de 10 a 14 anos de duas instituições educacionais de Girón, Santander, Colômbia. Resultados: inventário de 34 itens com três dimensões; a partir da análise fatorial exploratória, confirmam-se os três fatores com uma variância total de 43,261 %; o instrumento relatou uma consistência interna de α = 0,89 para as dimensões de excitabilidade sexual (0,908), agência sexual (0,812) e efeito negativo sexual (0,572). Conclusões: o inventário de autoconceito sexual (SSCI), versão em espanhol, em mulheres na adolescência precoce escolarizadas é confiável para avaliar os comportamentos e sentimentos sexuais sobre si, e compreender o comportamento sexual das adolescentes.


Subject(s)
Psychometrics , Schools , Women , Reproducibility of Results , Adolescent , Sexual Health
12.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(2): 321-326, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387994

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aims to determine the intra- and inter-rater reliability and reproducibility of the Roussouly classification for lumbar lordosis types. Methods A database of 104 panoramic, lateral radiographs of the spine of male individuals aged between 18 and 40 years old was used. Six examiners with different expertise levels measured spinopelvic angles and classified lordosis types according to the Roussouly classification using the Surgimap software (Nemaris Inc., New York, NY, USA). After a 1-month interval, the measurements were repeated, and the intra- and inter-rater agreement were calculated using the Fleiss Kappa test. Results The study revealed positive evidence regarding the reproducibility of the Roussouly classification, with reasonable to virtually perfect (0.307-0.827) intra-rater agreement, and moderate (0.43) to reasonable (0.369) inter-rater agreement according to the Fleiss kappa test. The most experienced examiners showed greater inter-rater agreement, ranging from substantial (0.619) to moderate (0.439). Conclusion The Roussouly classification demonstrated good reliability and reproducibility, with intra- and inter-rater agreements at least reasonable, and reaching substantial to virtually perfect levels in some situations. Evaluators with highest expertise levels showed greater intra and inter-rater agreement.


Resumo Objetivo Determinar a confiabilidade e reprodutibilidade intra- e interavaliadores da classificação dos tipos de lordose lombar de Roussouly. Métodos Foram utilizadas 104 radiografias panorâmicas da coluna vertebral em incidência de perfil, de banco de dados, de indivíduos do sexo masculino com idade entre 18 e 40 anos. Utilizando o software Surgimap (Nemaris Inc., Nova York, NY, EUA), seis examinadores com diferentes níveis de experiência aferiram os ângulos espinopélvicos e classificaram o tipo de lordose de acordo com a classificação de Roussouly. Após um intervalo de 1 mês, as mensurações foram realizadas novamente, sendo calculadas as concordâncias intra- e interavaliadores através do teste Kappa de Fleiss. Resultados O estudo demonstrou evidências positivas em relação à reprodutibilidade da classificação de Roussouly, com teste Kappa de Fleiss para concordância intraavaliador entre razoável à quase perfeita (0,307-0,827), e interavaliador entre moderada (0,43) e razoável (0,369). Os examinadores mais experientes apresentaram maior concordância interavaliador, variando entre substancial (0,619) e moderada (0,439). Conclusão A classificação de Roussouly, demonstrou boa confiabilidade e reprodutibilidade, tendo em vista que a concordância intra- e interavaliadores foi considerada no mínimo razoável, podendo atingir os níveis de substanciais à quase perfeitos em algumas situações. Os avaliadores com maior nível de experiência apresentaram maior concordância intra- e interavaliadores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Curvatures/pathology , Reproducibility of Results , Postural Balance , Lordosis/classification
13.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 26: e1446, abr.2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1394540

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to translate and localize the Demands of Illness Inventory into Brazilian Portuguese, analyzing evidences for its validity and reliability. Method: methodological study carried out in six stages: translation, synthesis, back translation, specialist committee, pre-test, and evaluation of the author of the original instrument. The specialist committee was formed by eight professionals with different specialties. The agreement of these specialists was evaluated using the Content Validity Index and Kappa coefficient. The pre-test was carried out with 31 patients. The reliability was assessed using Cronbach's alpha. Results: all cultural adaptation stages showed adequate results. The Content Validity Index and the Kappa coefficient were above 0.83 and 0.81 respectively. The reliability was 0.95 for the instrument as a whole. Conclusion: this instrument is culturally adapted for cancer patients in the Brazilian context with satisfactory evidence of the psychometric properties evaluated, good acceptability and is acceptably easy to understand.


RESUMEN Objetivo: traducir, adaptar culturalmente y analizar las pruebas de validez y fiabilidad del Demands of Illness Inventory al portugués brasileño. Método: estudio metodológico realizado en seis etapas: traducción, síntesis, retro-traducción, comité de especialistas, pre-ensayo y evaluación del autor del instrumento original. El comité de expertos estaba compuesto por ocho profesionales multidisciplinares. El acuerdo de los expertos se evaluó mediante el índice de validez del contenido y el coeficiente Kappa. La prueba previa se realizó en 31 pacientes. La fiabilidad se comprobó mediante el alfa de Cronbach. Resultados: todas las etapas de la adaptación cultural se realizaron satisfactoriamente. El índice de validez del Contenido y el coeficiente Kappa mostraron valores superiores a 0,83 y 0,81, respectivamente. La fiabilidad fue de 0,95 para el instrumento total. Conclusión: este instrumento se ha adaptado culturalmente a los pacientes oncológicos en el contexto brasileño, con evidencia satisfactoria de las propiedades psicométricas evaluadas, buena aceptabilidad y comprensión.


RESUMO Objetivo: realizar a tradução, adaptação cultural, análise de evidências de validade e confiabilidade do Demands of Illness Inventory para o português brasileiro. Método: estudo metodológico realizado em seis etapas: tradução, síntese, retrotradução, comitê de especialistas, pré-teste e avaliação do autor do instrumento original. O comitê de especialistas foi formado por oito profissionais multidisciplinares. A concordância dos especialistas foi avaliada pelo Índice de Validade de Conteúdo e o coeficiente Kappa. O pré-teste foi realizado em 31 pacientes. A confiabilidade foi verificada mediante o alfa de cronbach. Resultados: todas as etapas de adaptação cultural foram realizadas satisfatoriamente. O Índice de Validade de Conteúdo e o coeficiente Kappa apresentaram valores acima de 0,83 e 0,81, respectivamente. A confiabilidade foi de 0,95 para o instrumento total. Conclusão: este instrumento se mostrou culturalmente adaptado para pacientes oncológicos no contexto brasileiro, com evidência satisfatória das propriedades psicométricas avaliadas, boa aceitabilidade e compreensão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Needs Assessment , Validation Studies as Topic , Translating , Reproducibility of Results , Neoplasms
14.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 367-368, March-Apr. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364961

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction and Objective: Upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) represents 5% of all urothelial malignancies (1-3). Accurate pathologic diagnosis is key and may direct treatment decisions. Current ureteroscopic biopsy techniques include cold-cup, backloaded cold-cup and stone basket (4-6). The study objective was to compare a standard cold-cup biopsy technique to a novel cold-cup biopsy technique and evaluate histopathologic results. Materials and Methods: We developed a novel UTUC biopsy technique termed the "form tackle" biopsy. Ureteroscope is passed into ureter/renal collecting system. Cold-cup forceps are opened and pressed into the lesion base (to engage the urothelial wall/submucosal tissue) then closed. Ureteroscope/forceps are advanced forward 3-10mm and then extracted from the patient. We compared standard versus novel upper tract biopsy techniques in a series of patients with lesions ≥1cm. In each procedure, two standard and two novel biopsies were obtained from the same lesion. The primary study aim was diagnosis of malignancy. IRB approved: 21-006907. Results: Fourteen procedures performed on 12 patients between June 2020 and March 2021. Twenty-eight specimens sent (14 standard, 14 novel) (Two biopsies per specimen). Ten procedures with concordant pathology. In 4 procedures the novel biopsy technique resulted in a diagnosis of UTUC (2 high-grade, 2 low-grade) in the setting of a benign standard biopsy. Significant difference in pathologic diagnoses was detected between standard and novel upper tract biopsy techniques (p=0.008). Conclusions: The "form tackle" upper tract ureteroscopic biopsy technique provides higher tissue yield which may increase diagnostic accuracy. Further study on additional patients required. Early results are encouraging.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ureteral Neoplasms/pathology , Biopsy/methods , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/pathology , Reproducibility of Results , Ureteroscopy
15.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 38(1): 11-19, mar. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388167

ABSTRACT

Resumen El uso de escalas de predicción clínica puede incrementar la detección temprana de enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC). Su rendimiento en población latinoamericana ha sido pobremente estudiado. Nuestro objetivo fue determinar la validez y reproducibilidad del cuestionario PUMA, como herramienta de tamización en atención primaria en población colombiana, mediante un estudio tipo corte transversal; donde se establecieron las características operativas del cuestionario, área bajo la curva de características operativas del receptor (ACOR) y el mejor punto de corte para esta población. 1.980 sujetos fueron incluidos en el análisis. La prevalencia de EPOC correspondió a 18,9%. La capacidad discriminatoria del cuestionario fue de 0,69 (IC95%: 0,66-0,72), para un punto de corte óptimo mayor de 5, con una sensibilidad del 60%, especificidad 66% y un valor predictivo negativo de 88%. La escala PUMA para tamizaje de pacientes en riesgo de EPOC tiene una capacidad discriminatoria moderada y una excelente reproducibilidad en la población estudiada.


The use of clinical prediction scales may increase the early detection of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The performance characteristics of these scales in the Latin American population is poorly studied. We aimed to evaluate validity and reproducibility of PUMA questionnaire as a screening tool in primary care in a Colombian population. A cross-sectional study was performed. Operational characteristics of the questionnaire, the area under the received operator curve (AUROC), and the best cut-off point of the score were calculated. 1,980 individuals were included in this analysis. Prevalence of COPD was 18.9%. AUROC of the questionary was 0.69 (CI95%: 0.66-0.72), with an optimal cut-off point greater than 5 (sensitivity 60%, specificity 66%); predictive negative value was 88%. PUMA's scale for the screening of patients at risk of COPD has a moderate accuracy and an excellent reproducibility in the studied population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Primary Health Care , Surveys and Questionnaires , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/diagnosis , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/epidemiology , Mass Screening , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Colombia/epidemiology
16.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 27(3): 1097-1106, mar. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364675

ABSTRACT

Resumo O Denver II tem como objetivo avaliar o desenvolvimento de crianças entre 0 e 6 anos de idade. O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar a confiabilidade intra e interexaminadores, validade concorrente, sensibilidade e especificidade da versão brasileira do Denver II. Estudo metodológico transversal. Participaram 254 crianças, entre 0 e 72 meses, com risco para atraso no desenvolvimento. Dois examinadores verificaram a confiabilidade intra e interexaminadores do Denver II. Validade concorrente, sensibilidade e especificidade foram verificadas com relação à versão brasileira do Ages & Stages Questionnaires como teste de critério. Análise estatística utilizou o Intraclass Correlation Coeficiente, Teste de Correlação de Spearman e Tabela de Contingência, nível de significância α=0.05. Os resultados identificaram que a confiabilidade intra e interexaminadores foi excelente em toda a amostra. A validade concorrente apresentou índices moderados a muito fortes entre 13 e 60 meses. Índices de sensibilidade e especificidade variaram de 73-99% e 58-92%, respectivamente. A versão brasileira do Denver II apresenta bons índices de propriedades psicométricas sendo um instrumento confiável e válido para ser aplicado em crianças brasileiras sob risco de atraso no desenvolvimento.


Abstract The scope of the Denver II Developmental Screening Test is to assess the development of children between 0 and 6 years of age. The aim of this study was to verify evidence of intra- and inter-examiner reliability, concurrent validity, sensitivity and specificity of the Brazilian version of Denver II. It involved a cross-sectional methodological study. A total of 254 children, between 0 and 72 months with risk of developmental delay, participated in the study. Two examiners verified the Denver II intra- and inter-examiner reliability. Concurrent validity, sensitivity and specificity were checked against the Brazilian version of the Ages & Stages Questionnaires as a criterion-referenced test. Statistical analysis used the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient, Spearman's Correlation Test and Contingency Table, the level of significance being α=0.05. The results identified that intra and inter examiner reliability was excellent in all age groups. Concurrent validity showed moderate to very strong rates in the 13-to-60-month age group. The sensitivity and specificity indices ranged from 73-99% and 58-92%, respectively. The Brazilian version of Denver II has good rates of psychometric properties and is a reliable and valid instrument to be applied to Brazilian children at risk of developmental delay.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Psychometrics , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results
17.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 42(1): 12-20, mar. 2022. graf, ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1368801

ABSTRACT

Introducción: determinar la causa de muerte de los pacientes internados con enfermedad cardiovascular es de suma importancia para poder tomar medidas y así mejorar la calidad su atención y prevenir muertes evitables. Objetivos: determinar las principales causas de muerte durante la internación por enfermedades cardiovasculares. Desarrollar y validar un algoritmo para clasificar automáticamente a los pacientes fallecidos durante la internación con enfermedades cardiovasculares Diseño del estudio: estudio exploratorio retrospectivo. Desarrollo de un algoritmo de clasificación. Resultados: del total de 6161 pacientes, el 21,3% (1316) se internaron por causas cardiovasculares; las enfermedades cerebrovasculares representan el 30,7%, la insuficiencia cardíaca el 24,9% y las enfermedades cardíacas isquémicas el 14%. El algoritmo de clasificación según motivo de internación cardiovascular vs. no cardiovascular alcanzó una precisión de 0,9546 (IC 95%: 0,9351-0,9696). El algoritmo de clasificación de causa específica de internación cardiovascular alcanzó una precisión global de 0,9407 (IC 95%: 0,8866-0,9741). Conclusiones: la enfermedad cardiovascular representa el 21,3% de los motivos de internación de pacientes que fallecen durante su desarrollo. Los algoritmos presentaron en general buena performance, particularmente el de clasificación del motivo de internación cardiovascular y no cardiovascular y el clasificador según causa específica de internación cardiovascular. (AU)


Introduction: determining the cause of death of hospitalized patients with cardiovascular disease is of the utmost importance in order to take measures and thus improve the quality of care of these patients and prevent preventable deaths. Objectives: to determine the main causes of death during hospitalization due to cardiovascular diseases.To development and validate a natural language processing algorithm to automatically classify deceased patients according to their cause for hospitalization. Design: retrospective exploratory study. Development of a natural language processing classification algorithm. Results: of the total 6161 patients in our sample who died during hospitalization, 21.3% (1316) were hospitalized due to cardiovascular causes. The stroke represent 30.7%, heart failure 24.9%, and ischemic cardiac disease 14%. The classification algorithm for detecting cardiovascular vs. Non-cardiovascular admission diagnoses yielded an accuracy of 0.9546 (95% CI 0.9351, 0.9696), the algorithm for detecting specific cardiovascular cause of admission resulted in an overall accuracy of 0.9407 (95% CI 0.8866, 0.9741). Conclusions: cardiovascular disease represents 21.3% of the reasons for hospitalization of patients who die during hospital stays. The classification algorithms generally showed good performance, particularly the classification of cardiovascular vs non-cardiovascular cause for admission and the specific cardiovascular admission cause classifier. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Artificial Intelligence/statistics & numerical data , Cerebrovascular Disorders/mortality , Myocardial Ischemia/mortality , Heart Failure/mortality , Hospitalization , Quality of Health Care , Algorithms , Reproducibility of Results , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Mortality , Cause of Death , Electronic Health Records
18.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(1): 95-106, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356307

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular impairment, increasing the rates of atherosclerotic and non-atherosclerotic events. Additionally, adverse kidney events are directly linked with T2DM and cardiovascular diseases. In this context, the sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) have demonstrated both cardioprotective and renoprotective effects in patients with or without T2DM. Therefore, the present meta-analysis aims to evaluate cardiovascular outcomes involving SGLT2i as monotherapy or other add-on antidiabetic agents (ADA) in patients with or without T2DM. Objetive: The present meta-analysis aims to evaluate cardiovascular outcomes involving SGLT2i as monotherapy or add-on other ADA in patients with or without T2DM. Methods: The entrance criteria to SGLT2i studies were: describing any data regarding cardiovascular effects; enrolling more than 1,000 participants; being approved by either the FDA or the EU, and having available access to the supplementary data. The trial had to exhibit at least one of the following results: major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), cardiovascular death or hospitalization for heart failure, cardiovascular death, hospitalization for heart failure, renal or cardiovascular adverse events, or non-cardiovascular death. The significance level of 0.05 was adopted in the statistical analysis. Results: Nine trials with a total of 76,285 participants were included in the meta-analysis. SGLT2i reduced MACE (RR 0.75, 95% CI [0.55-1.01]), cardiovascular death or hospitalization for heart failure (RR 0.72, 95% CI [0.55-0.93]), cardiovascular death (RR 0.66, 95% CI [0.48-0.91]), hospitalization for heart failure (RR 0.58, 95% CI [0.46-0.73]), renal or cardiovascular adverse events (RR 0.55, 95% CI [0.39-0.78]), and non-cardiovascular death (RR 0.88, 95% CI [0.60-1.00]). Conclusions: Conjunction overall data suggests that these drugs can minimize the risk of cardiovascular events, thus decreasing mortality in patients, regardless of the presence of T2DM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiotonic Agents , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Cardiovascular Diseases/drug therapy , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Reproducibility of Results , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 , Hospitalization , Kidney Diseases/drug therapy
19.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 150(2): 190-198, feb. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389643

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The adaptation of older people to nursing homes may be problematic. Scales to assess the degree of adaptation are required. AIM: To adapt and evaluate the psychometric characteristics of the Scale of Adaptation of the Older Adults to their Residence (EAPAR) in the Chilean population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: EAPAR and self-esteem scales were applied to 106 people aged 79 ± 7 years (57% women) living in nursing homes. Reliability was measured using Cronbach's alpha. RESULTS: The instrument was adequately understood by the Chilean participants. In the content validity, the structure of the scale appears homogeneous and with an acceptable statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: EAPAR is a reliable and valid instrument to be used by health professionals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Reproducibility of Results , Psychometrics , Chile , Surveys and Questionnaires
20.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 98(1): 46-52, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360560

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Developing and validating a disease-specific instrument in the Brazilian Portuguese language to assess the Health-Related Quality of Life of children with functional constipation, applied to parents/caregivers. Methods: The process of developing the questionnaire was carried out in the following steps: items generation concerning functional constipation; elaboration of the preliminary questionnaire; assessment by health professionals; identifying problems or inconsistencies by the researchers; improvement of the questions; obtaining a final questionnaire named Pediatric Functional Constipation Questionnaire-Parent Form (PedFCQuest-PR) with 26 questions divided into four domains. Responses options use a Likert scale based on the events of the last four weeks. The process of validation was an observational, cross-sectional study in a sample of 87 parents/caregivers of children from 5 to 15 years of age diagnosed with Functional constipation according to the Rome IV Criteria. The questionnaire was applied simultaneously to the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 (PedsQL TM 4.0) as a control. Results: The questionnaire validation included 87 parents/caregivers. The children's median age was 8.2 years, with a long time of constipation symptoms associated with fecal incontinence in approximately two-thirds. Internal consistency reliability for the Total Scale Score of PedFC-Quest-PR by Coefficient Alpha of Cronbach score was 0.86. Convergent and divergent validity of PedFCQuest-PR was demonstrated by correlating the domains of both questionnaires. Conclusion: This study provides evidence that PedFCQuest-PR is a reliable instrument. The results showed a high degree of internal consistency and validity of the instrument for future applications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Quality of Life , Constipation/diagnosis , Psychometrics , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results
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