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1.
Rev. APS ; 22(4): 870-880, jun. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354805

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar a frequência das infecções do trato reprodutivo em mulheres atendidas em uma unidade de atenção primária à saúde, na região da Zona da Mata de Pernambuco. Método: Trata-se de um estudo retrospectivo, documental, de corte transversal, realizado com 361 registros de mulheres na faixa etária dos 14 aos 87 anos. Para a análise, procedeu-se à distribuição das frequências absolutas representados por tabelas através do programa estatístico EpiInfo versão 7.1.5.2. Pesquisa aprovada pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa, com CAAE no 54417916.2.0000.5208. Resultados: A Gardnerella vaginalis (16,62%) foi o agente microbiológico mais frequente que os demais causadores de infecções do trato reprodutivo; os microrganismos foram mais prevalentes na faixa etária de 25-34 anos. Conclusão: Sob o ponto de vista dos benefícios do cuidado à saúde da mulher, na atenção primária, incentiva-se a atuação profissional no sentido de promover ações de educação em saúde visando a conscientização de mulheres das diversas faixas etárias, sobre a relevância das ITR's.


Objective: To identify the frequency of reproductive tract infections in women treated in a primary health care unit in the Pernambuco forest zone. Method: This is a retrospective, documental, cross-sectional study, conducted with 361 records of women aged 14 to 87 years. For the analysis, the absolute frequencies represented by tables were distributed through the statistical program EpiInfo version 7.1.5.2. The research was approved by the Research Ethics Committee, with CAAE No. 54417916.2.0000.5208. Results: Gardnerella vaginalis (16.62%) was the most frequent microbiological agent from all the other causes of reproductive tract infections; microorganisms were more prevalent in the 25-34 age group. Conclusion: From the point of view of the benefits of women's health care, in primary care, professional action is encouraged to promote health education actions aimed at raising awareness of women of various age groups about the relevance of ITR's.


Subject(s)
Primary Health Care , Women's Health , Reproductive Tract Infections
2.
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 37(1): e3800, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341389

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La infección de vías urinarias es recurrente en el embarazo y generadora de complicaciones. Objetivo: Presentar un plan de cuidados enfermero a una mujer con diagnóstico infección de vías urinarias y amenaza de aborto Métodos: Caso clínico de paciente admitida en unidad de Ginecología y Obstetricia del Hospital General de Teziutlán, Puebla, México, durante 2019. Siguiendo la lógica del proceso de enfermería, la valoración se fundamentó en los patrones funcionales de salud de Marjory Gordon. Fueron utilizadas las terminologías normalizadas de enfermería: Diagnósticos (NANDA.int). Resultados (NOC) e Intervenciones (NIC). Resultados: Se identificaron cuatro diagnósticos de enfermería: deterioro de la eliminación urinaria, gestión ineficaz de la propia salud, disposición para mejorar la nutrición y riesgo de alteración de la díada materno/fetal, este último diagnóstico principal. Además, un Resultado NOC (Conocimiento: Control de Infección), cuatro indicadores y la escala de nunca a siempre demostrado; cuatro Intervenciones NIC, con 19 actividades. La evaluación transitó desde 12 (puntuación inicial) a 19 (puntuación final), de 20 como puntuación diana. Conclusión: La integración de las taxonomías NANDA, NIC, NOC y los patrones funcionales de salud de Marjory Gordon permitió diseñar el plan de cuidado de la embarazada, fueron articulados diagnósticos, resultados e intervenciones de enfermería que favorecieron la relación enfermera-paciente-contexto sociocultural, para llevar el cuidado hasta una concepción sistémica que permita el seguimiento y control de la embarazada(AU)


Introduction: Urinary tract infection is recurrent in pregnancy and causes complications. Objective: To present a nursing care plan provided to a woman with a diagnosis of urinary tract infection and threatened miscarriage. Methods: Clinical case of a patient admitted to the gynecology and obstetrics unit of General Hospital of Teziutlán (Puebla, Mexico) during 2019. Following the logic of the nursing process, the assessment was based on Marjory Gordon's functional health patterns. The standard nursing terminologies were used: diagnostics (NANDA-I), outcomes (NOC) and interventions (NIC). Results: Four nursing diagnoses were identified: deterioration of urinary elimination, ineffective self-health management, willingness to improve nutrition, and risk for alterations in maternal-fetal dyad, the latter being the main diagnosis. In addition, a NOC outcome (knowledge: infection control), four indicators and the never-to-always scale upon demonstration, as well as four NIC interventions, with nineteen activities, were obtained. Evaluation ranged from twelve (initial score) to nineteen (final score), with twenty as target score. Conclusion: The integration of the NANDA, NIC and NOC taxonomies together with the Marjory Gordon's functional health patterns allowed the design of the pregnant woman's care plan, with an articulation between nursing diagnoses, outcomes and interventions, which favored the nurse-patient-sociocultural context relationship, up to considering care based on a systemic conception that allows monitoring and control of the pregnant woman(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/etiology , Urinary Tract Infections/diagnosis , Abortion, Threatened/diagnosis , Reproductive Tract Infections/etiology , Nursing Process
3.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280958

ABSTRACT

Introduction: HPV infection causes cancer at several anatomical sites. However, the infection's natural history in non-cervical sites is understudied. Objective: To evaluate oral and anogenital HPV infections, correlating HPV prevalence rates and genotypes with site of infection and risk factors. Methods: In the present study, 351 samples from oral, genital, and anal sites of 117 patients were investigated by using PCR MY09/11 detection, followed by genotyping with RFLP. Results: HPV DNA prevalence was 89.7% (105/117) in genital lesions, 53.8% (63/117) in oral samples, and 58.9% (69/117) in anal samples. Regarding the risk factors associated with HPV in genital lesions, statistically significant rates for oral (p=0.039) and anal sex practices (p=0.0000012) were found. For oral samples, a relevant correlation concerning oral contraceptive use (p=0.039), tobacco smoking (p=0.036), and alcohol use (p=0.0075) were observed; whereas in anal samples, higher risk for HPV infection in patients who reported non-exclusive sexual partners (p=0.013) were found. The presence of viral DNA in all the three sites concurrently was observed in 36.8% of the cases (43/117). Among them, 18% (21/117) presented concordant HPV genotypes, diverging from the literature, and thus corroborating that there is still much to learn about HPV natural history, since different biological behaviors are expected within different populations. Differences in anatomy and physiology of the studied sites can determine different prevalence rates of infection by diverse genotypes. Conclusion: Due to the high prevalence of HPV DNA in extragenital sites, further studies are required to define aspects of HPV natural history among different human anatomical sites.


Introdução: As infecções causadas pelos papilomavírus humanos (HPV) são responsáveis pelo desenvolvimento de cânceres em diversos sítios anatômicos humanos. Entretanto, a história natural da infecção em sítios que não a cérvice uterina não é muito clara. Objetivo: Avaliar infecções orais, genitais e anais por HPV, correlacionando taxas de prevalência do vírus e seus genótipos aos sítios de infecção e a fatores de risco sócio-demográficos. Métodos: Em nosso estudo, investigamos 351 amostras coletadas dos sítios oral, genital e anal de 117 pacientes, por meio da técnica de PCR MY09/11, seguida de genotipagem por RFLP. Todos os pacientes apresentavam lesões genitais benignas. Resultados: A prevalência do HPV foi de 89,7% (105/117) nas lesões genitais, 53,8% (63/117) nas amostras orais e 58,9% (69/117) nas amostras anais. Em relação aos fatores de risco associados à infecção genital, encontramos diferenças estatísticas significativas para prática de sexo oral (p=0,039) e sexo anal (p=0,0000012). Já para as amostras orais, observamos importante correlação entre infecção e uso de contraceptivo oral (p=0,039), tabagismo (p=0,036) e uso de álcool (p=0,0075) enquanto nas amostras anais, alto risco de infecção pelo HPV foi associado a pacientes relatando parceiros sexuais não exclusivos (p=0,013). A presença do DNA viral simultaneamente nos três sítios estudados foi observada em 36,8% dos casos (43/117). Desses, 18% (21/117) apresentaram genótipos concordantes, diferindo da literatura, na qual há grande disparidade de descrições. Conclusão: Há a necessidade de novos estudos a fim de esclarecer a história natural do HPV em sítios extragenitais em diferentes populações, avaliando características anatômicas e fisiológicas com o intuito de esclarecer diferentes taxas de infecção por genótipos do HPV e diferentes processos de doença.


Subject(s)
Humans , Papillomavirus Infections , Reproductive Tract Infections , Neoplasms , Sexual Behavior , Sexual Partners , Genitalia
4.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344286

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) is a sexually transmitted bacterium that is highly prevalent in young patients. Chlamydial infections during the gestational period have been associated with adverse obstetric outcomes, such as spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB). However, results in the literature are inconclusive. Objective: To evaluate the association between CT infection and sPTB. Methods: This was a case-control study nested in the cohort of the prospective Brazilian Ribeirão Preto and São Luís birth cohort study. Pregnant patients were recruited in private and public health clinics in São Luís and Ribeirão Preto, Brazil. At the gestational age of 20-25 weeks, cervicovaginal fluid samples were collected for the diagnosis of CT using a polymerase chain reaction. Plasma levels of Transforming Growth Factor-α (TGF- α), Interferon-γ (IFN- γ), Interleukin-10 (IL-10), IL-13, IL-1α, IL-1ß, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, Tumor Necrosis Factor-α (TNF- α), and TNF-ß were measured using a multiplex assay. Results: Of the 561 pregnant patients evaluated, 121 had sPTB and 440 had a full-term delivery (control group). According to our results, CT infection was not associated with sPTB (odds ratio, 1.13; 95% confidence interval, 0.50­2.56); however, it was more frequent among younger patients (p=0.0078), unmarried patients (p=0.0144), and those with multiple sexual partners (p=0.0299). There were no significant differences in the immune mediators between patients with sPTB or full-term deliveries, or between patients with or without a CT infection. Conclusion: In conclusion, CT infection was not associated with sPTB in our study. However, its correlation with younger pregnant patients suggests that these patients require careful clinical management.


Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) é uma bactéria sexualmente transmissível com alta prevalência em mulheres jovens. As infecções por CT durante o período gestacional têm sido associadas com desfechos obstétricos adversos como o parto pré-termo espontâneo (PPTe). No entanto, os achados na literatura sobre essa temática ainda são inconclusivos. Objetivo: Avaliar a associação entre infecção por CT e PPTe. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo caso-controle aninhado na coorte prospectiva de nascimentos de Ribeirão Preto e São Luís (acrônimo BRISA em inglês). As gestantes incluídas foram recrutadas com idade gestacional entre 20 e 25 semanas em serviços de saúde públicos e privados de São Luis e Ribeirão Preto, Brasil. O diagnóstico de CT foi feito por reação em cadeia da polimerase em amostras de conteúdo cervicovaginal coletadas no momento da inclusão no estudo. Também foram dosados os níveis séricos de fator transformador de crescimento-α (TGF- α), interferon-γ (IFN-γ), interleucina-10 (IL-10), IL-13, IL-1α, IL-1ß, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, fator de necrose tumoral-α (TNF-α) e TNF-ß por ensaio multiplex. Resultados: Das 561 gestantes avaliadas, 121 tiveram PPTe e 440 tiveram parto a termo (grupo controle). De acordo com nossos resultados, a infecção por CT não esteve associada ao PPTe (odds ratio 1,13; intervalo de confiança de 95%, 0,50­2,56); no entanto, ela foi mais frequente entre as gestantes mais jovens (p=0,0078), solteiras e divorciadas (p=0,0144) e aquelas com múltiplos parceiros sexuais (p=0,0299). Não houve diferença significativa quanto aos imunomediadores entre o grupo com PPTe e controle nem entre as gestantes com diagnóstico positive para CT e as que não apresentavam a infecção. Conclusão: No presente estudo, a infecção por CT não esteve associada ao PPTe, no entanto sua relação com gestantes jovens sugere que essa população requeira maiores cuidados e atenção no manejo clínico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chlamydia trachomatis , Pregnant Women , Premature Birth , Bacteria , Women , Reproductive Tract Infections
5.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 24(3): 197-202, set-dez. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1129434

ABSTRACT

Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa de literatura, construída a partir de publicações científicas nacionais e internacionais publicadas entre 2008 e 2018, que versassem sobre os fatores obstétricos de risco na gestação de mulheres adolescentes. Os descritores empregados nesta busca foram: "gravidez na adolescência" AND "gravidez de alto risco" AND "cuidado pré-natal". A estratégia de busca convergeu em 202 resultados e após recorte temporal investigativo resultaram 48 publicações. Realizou-se leitura criteriosa dos títulos e resumos quanto aos critérios de elegibilidade, resultando em 19 artigos na íntegra que foram analisados e discutidos. A identificação dos fatores obstétricos agravantes na gestação de adolescentes demostra que existe fragilidade no atendimento a esse grupo. Número de consultas pré-natais inadequadas, baixa escolaridade, desemprego, escassez no uso de métodos contraceptivos e preventivos, foram manifestados na demanda das adolescentes.


This is an integrative literature review, built from national and international scientific publications published between 2008 and 2018, dealing with obstetric risk factors in the pregnancy of adolescent women. The descriptors used in this search were: "Pregnancy in Adolescence" AND "Pregnancy, High-Risk" AND "Prenatal Care". The search strategy found 202 results, and after the cut in the investigative period, a total of 48 publications were selected. A careful reading of the titles and abstracts regarding the eligibility criteria was performed, resulting in 19 articles in total to be analyzed and discussed. The identification of aggravating obstetric factors in the gestation of adolescents shows that there is fragility in caring for this group. The number of inadequate prenatal consultations, low schooling level, unemployment, and the lack of use of contraceptive and preventive methods were manifested in the demand of adolescents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy in Adolescence , Obstetrics , Prenatal Care , Pregnancy , Adolescent Behavior , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Contraception , Abortion , Reproductive Tract Infections , Anemia
7.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 26(1): 28-37, ene.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1127001

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La infección genital por el Virus de Papiloma Humano (VPH) se ha asociado con el cáncer cérvicouterino (CCE) al provocar la aparición de lesiones precursoras de cáncer en la zona de transformación de la unión escamo-columnar del cuello uterino. Existen más de 100 tipos de VPH, clasificados en bajo riesgo oncogénico (VPH-BR) y alto riesgo oncogénico (VPH-AR). Estudios reportan la infección por genotipos de alto riesgo en el 100% de los CCE. En Venezuela, el 67,7% de los CCE, se relacionan con el genotipo de VPH-AR 16. Objetivo: Detectar la presencia de VPH en pacientes con cambios citológicos cervicouterino. Metodología: Se incluyeron 49 pacientes que presentaban cambios citológicos, se tomaron las muestras de la región endocervical y exocervical para la detección y genotipificación del virus mediante la técnica de Multiple PCR. Resultados: Las alteraciones citológicas presentes fueron Células Escamosas Atípicas (69,4%), Células Glandulares Atípicas (4,1%), Lesión Escamosa Intraepitelial de Bajo Grado (16,3%), y Lesión Escamosa Intraepitelial de Alto Grado (10,2%). La detección molecular demostró que 16,3% presentaba VPH, 62,5% correspondían a VPH-AR, 25% a VPH-BR, 12,5% al genotipo 16 y no se detectó el genotipo 18. Se reportó un solo caso de coinfección. Conclusiones: A diferencia de otros estudios, no se encontró una relación estadísticamente significativa entre la presencia del virus y la aparición de cambios citológicos cervicouterino en esta población. No obstante, se detectaron genotipos de alto riesgo oncogénico, lo que puede traducirse en una mayor incidencia de cáncer cervicouterino a futuro.


Abstract Introduction: Genital infection by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) has been associated with cervical cancer (CC) since it causes the appearance of precursor cancer lesions in the transformation area of ​​the squamous-columnar junction of the cervix. There are more than 100 types of HPV that are classified as low oncogenic risk (LR-HPV) and high oncogenic risk (HR-HPV). Studies report that the infection by high-risk genotypes is present in 100% of CC. In Venezuela, 67.7% of CC is related to the HPV-16 genotype. Objective: This study seeks to detect the presence of HPV in patients with cervical cytological cell changes. Methodology : Forty-nine patients with cytological changes were studied. The endocervical and ectocervical areas were sampled to detect and genotype the virus by using the Multiplex PCR technique. Results: The cytological alterations presented were: Atypical Squamous Cells (69.4%), Atypical Glandular Cells (4.1%), Low-grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion (16.3%) and High-grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion (10.2%). Besides, the general molecular detection showed that 16.3% had HPV, 62.5% of it corresponded to HR-HPV, 25% to LR-HPV, and 12.5% ​​to genotype 16. The genotype 18 was not detected, and only one co-infection case was reported. Conclusions: Unlike other studies, a statistically significant relationship was not found between the virus presence and the appearance of cervical cytological cell changes in this population. However, genotypes with high oncogenic risk were detected, which may lead to a higher incidence of cervical cancer in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Papillomaviridae , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Cervix Uteri , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Cell Biology , Reproductive Tract Infections , Atypical Squamous Cells of the Cervix , Gynecology , Venezuela , Human papillomavirus 16 , Coinfection , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions , Genitalia , Herpes Zoster
8.
Rev. patol. trop ; 49(3)2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151969

ABSTRACT

Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is a common infection. This work aims to determine the positive predictive value (PPV) of the clinical diagnosis of VVC and to characterize Candida species isolated from the vaginal mucosa. This cross-sectional study was conducted from February 2016 to February 2017 at the Gynecology and Obstetrics Outpatient Clinic of the Hospital das Clínicas, in Goiânia, Goiás State, Brazil. The study included samples of vaginal secretion from 55 women who complained of vaginal discharge and itching as their main symptoms. The PPV of the clinical diagnosis of VVC was estimated in comparison to the laboratory culture method. The phenotypic methods and molecular tests were performed to identify Candida spp. In vitro susceptibility of Candida spp. isolates to fluconazole, itraconazole, clotrimazole, nystatin, and amphotericin B was determined using the broth microdilution assay. Yeast growth using the enzymes protease, phospholipase, and hemolysin was carried out in media containing respectively bovine albumin, egg yolk, and sheep erythrocytes. A PPV of 61.8% (34/55) was determined. Among the 55 vulvovaginal samples collected, we identified 36 isolates in which C. albicans was the most common species. High resistance to fluconazole and low minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) values for clotrimazole, nystatin and amphotericin B were observed. All isolates were proteinase and hemolysin producers, while seven strains were phospholipase negative. The clinical diagnosis of VVC presented a moderate PPV, which meant that cultures had to be conducted in the laboratory to confirm infection. The high resistance to fluconazole and itraconazole indicated the importance of the in vitro susceptibility test.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Candidiasis, Vulvovaginal , Clinical Diagnosis , Reproductive Tract Infections
9.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(5): 286-293, oct. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1054954

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Durante el invierno, los lactantes con infecciones respiratorias agudas bajas (IRAB) sobrecargan los recursos sanitarios. En la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, 35 000 niños son asistidos anualmente en hospitales; se interna el 8-10 % en unidades generales, y el 5-12 % de ellos, en unidades de terapia intensiva. En 2017, el Departamento de Salud Materno-Infantil de dicha ciudad incluyó la oxigenoterapia por cánula nasal de alto flujo (CNAF) en el protocolo IRAB en unidades generales de tres hospitales. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir los resultados y explorar potenciales factores relacionados con el fracaso terapéutico. Métodos. Estudio prospectivo descriptivo que incluyó a lactantes < 18 meses hospitalizados por IRAB en 3 hospitales (Durand, Elizalde, Gutiérrez), de junio a septiembre de 2017. Todos los niños incapaces de cumplir los objetivos terapéuticos con bajo flujo recibieron CNAF, y se consideró fracaso de soporte el ingreso a Terapia Intensiva. Resultados. De 522 pacientes hospitalizados por IRAB, el 39,7 % requirieron CNAF. No se observaron diferencias basales significativas entre pacientes con CNAF y con oxigenoterapia convencional. Solo el 8,7 % de los pacientes con CNAF presentaron fracaso. Los pacientes con éxito del soporte mostraron un descenso de la frecuencia respiratoria significativamente mayor y más sostenido en el tiempo que aquellos con fracaso (p < 0,01). No se registraron complicaciones. Conclusión. La implementación protocolizada de CNAF en unidades generales fue una medida segura. Los pacientes con fracaso del soporte mostraron una menor disminución en la frecuencia respiratoria a lo largo del tratamiento.


Introduction. During the winter, infants with acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRTI) overburden health resources. In the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, 35 000 children are seen at the hospitals every year; 8-10 % of them are admitted to the general hospitalization ward and 5-12 % of these, to the intensive care unit (ICU). In 2017, the Department of Maternal and Child Health of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires included high flow nasal cannula (HNFC) oxygen therapy in the ALRTI protocol in the general ward of 3 hospitals. The objective of this study was to describe its outcomes and explore the potential factors related to therapeutic failure. Methods. Prospective, descriptive study with infants < 18 months old hospitalized due to ALRTI in 3 hospitals (Durand, Elizalde, Gutiérrez) between June and September 2017. All children unable to comply with low-flow therapeutic targets received HNFC oxygen therapy; admission to the ICU was considered a failure. Results. Out of 522 patients hospitalized due to ALRTI, 39.7% required HNFC oxygen therapy. No significant baseline differences were observed between patients receiving HNFC and conventional oxygen therapy. Failure was observed in only 8.7% of patients with HNFC oxygen therapy. The decrease in respiratory rate was significantly greater and longer in patients with support success versus those with failure (p < 0.01). No complications were recorded. Conclusion. The implementation of HNFC oxygen therapy under a protocol in the general wards was a safe measure. Patients with therapeutic failure showed a smaller reduction in respiratory rate during treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy , Respiratory Insufficiency , Bronchiolitis , Reproductive Tract Infections
10.
ABCS health sci ; 44(2): 92-95, 11 out 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1022339

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A Síndrome de Fournier consiste em uma fasciite necrosante que afeta tecido subcutâneo e pele do períneo e genitais externos. Caracterizada como uma urgência cirúrgica, seu tratamento é baseado em três pilares: debridamento de tecidos necróticos e infectados; controle sistêmico e antibioticoterapia; e reparação dos tecidos afetados. OBJETIVO: Identificar o perfil clínico de pacientes diagnosticados com Síndrome de Fournier em um hospital de urgências. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo descritivo, retrospectivo e de abordagem quantitativa. A amostra consistiu de pacientes diagnosticados com Síndrome de Fournier acompanhados pela comissão de curativos do hospital no período de agosto de 2016 a agosto de 2017, que receberam alta ou foram a óbito. RESULTADOS: A amostra do estudo foi composta por 14 pacientes, sendo em sua totalidade pacientes do sexo masculino, entre 21 e 82 anos e idade média de 55 anos. Em 50% dos casos, foi necessário internação em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (UTI). Quanto ao desfecho, 78,6% (11) receberam alta hospitalar e 21,4% (3) evoluíram para óbito. CONCLUSÃO: A assistência a pacientes com Síndrome de Fournier ocorre de forma despadronizada, o que ocasiona altas taxas de mortalidade. A elaboração de protocolos específicos é necessária.


INTRODUCTION: Fournier's Syndrome consists of a necrotizing fasciitis that affects subcutaneous tissue and skin of the perineum and external genitalia. Characterized as a urological urgency, its treatment is based on three pillars: debridement of necrotic and infected tissues; systemic control and antibiotic therapy; and repair of the affected tissues. OBJECTIVE: To identify the clinical profile of patients diagnosed with Fournier's Syndrome in an emergency hospital. METHODS: This is a descriptive, retrospective and quantitative study. The sample consisted of patients diagnosed with Fournier's Syndrome and attended by the hospital curative committee from August 2016 to August 2017, who were discharged or died. RESULTS: The study sample consisted of 14 medical records, all of them were male, aged between 21 and 82 years and mean age of 55 years. In 50% of the cases admittance to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) was necessary. Regarding the outcome, 78.6% (11) were discharged from hospital and 21.4% (3) died. CONCLUSION: Assistance to patients with Fournier Syndrome is poorly standardized, resulting in high mortality rates. Development of specific protocols is necessary.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Penis/injuries , Soft Tissue Injuries , Fournier Gangrene , Fasciitis, Necrotizing , Penis/pathology , Reproductive Tract Infections/complications , Reproductive Tract Infections/pathology
11.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 36(3): 358-368, jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013794

ABSTRACT

Resumen El parto prematuro (PP) es el principal contribuyente de la morbilidad/mortalidad perinatal. A pesar del conocimiento de los factores de riesgo y de la introducción de intervenciones médicas destinadas a la prevención del nacimiento prematuro, su frecuencia ha aumentado. La infección bacteriana ascendente (IBA) es la condición obstétrica más frecuente asociada al PP ocasionando un importante resultado perinatal adverso en un hospital público de Chile. Esta revisión muestra la asociación entre PP e IBA, analiza la fisiopatología y la inmunología de las infecciones vaginales en la mujer embarazada susceptible, como asimismo la aplicación en este grupo de medidas con evidencia clínica que han demostrado ser eficientes, tales como la pesquisa rutinaria y el tratamiento de las infecciones genitourinarias (IGU), el cerclaje profiláctico o terapéutico, uso de probióticos, de progesterona vaginal, control metabólico de la diabetes mellitus y del peso de la obesa. El tratamiento de las IGU, conjuntamente con el uso de intervenciones que mejoran la inmunidad vaginal en la población de riesgo, permiten predecir una reducción del PP por IBA, de sus consecuencias inmediatas y de largo plazo y costos asociados elevados, con el consiguiente beneficio de la salud pública de Chile.


Preterm birth (PB) is the main contributor to the perinatal morbidity/mortality. In spite of the knowledge of the risk factors and the introduction of medical interventions intended to prevent PB, its frequency has increased. Ascending bacterial infection (ABI) is the obstetric condition most frequently associated to PB causing an important adverse perinatal outcome in a public hospital in Chile. This review shows the association between PB and ABI, analyzes the physiopathology and immunology of vaginal infections in the susceptible pregnant woman., as well as their application in this group of effective measures demonstrated by evidence, such as routine control, treatment of genitourinary tract infections (GTI), prophylactic or therapeutic cerclage, use of probiotics, use of vaginal progesterone, metabolic control of diabetes mellitus and weight of the obese woman. Treatment GTI together with the use of medical interventions that improve the vaginal immunity in the risk population allow to predict a reduction of PB by ABI and of its immediate consequences, long term sequels and high associated costs, with the consequent benefit of the public health in Chile.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Bacterial Infections/prevention & control , Premature Birth/prevention & control , Hospitals, Public , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/physiopathology , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/immunology , Bacterial Infections/complications , Chile , Risk Factors , Premature Birth/etiology , Reproductive Tract Infections/complications , Reproductive Tract Infections/physiopathology , Reproductive Tract Infections/immunology
12.
Rev. Soc. Argent. Diabetes ; 53(2): 70-78, mayo-ago. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102841

ABSTRACT

Las infecciones del tracto urinario (ITUs) son frecuentes en la práctica médica diaria. Existen factores patogénicos que modulan el riesgo de su aparición que dependen del germen responsable y el huésped. La diabetes mellitus es un factor predisponente para la aparición de infecciones urinarias. Como factores de riesgo para estas infecciones se mencionan la mayor duración de la diabetes, la albuminuria y neuropatía con menor vaciamiento vesical, siendo controversial la presencia de glucosuria. Según su ubicación en el árbol urinario pueden ser bajas y altas, y de acuerdo a la severidad, complicada o no. La bacteriuria asintomática, detectada por análisis rutinario, es más frecuente en mujeres con diabetes. La elección del esquema antibiótico en las infecciones urinarias se basa en la severidad de la infección, el antecedente de microorganismos resistentes y la sensibilidad en el antibiograma, recordando ajustar la dosis de acuerdo al grado de insuficiencia renal. En este trabajo nuestro objetivo es describir las características clínicas y el diagnóstico para un adecuado tratamiento antibiótico


Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are frequent in daily medical practice. There are pathogenic factors that modulate the risk of their onset depending on the responsible germ and host. Diabetes mellitus is a predisposing factor for developing urinary infections. The longest duration of diabetes, albuminuria and neuropathy with less bladder emptying are mentioned as risk factors for these infections, being controversial the presence of glycosuria. Depending on their location in the urinary tract, infections can be lower and upper tract infections, and according to severity, complicated or not. Asymptomatic bacteriuria, detected by routine urinalysis, is more frequent in women with diabetes. The choice of the antibiotic scheme in urinary tract infections is based on the severity of the infection, history of resistant microorganisms and sensitivity in the antibiogram, adjusting the dose according to the degree of renal insufficiency. The aim of our work is to describe the clinical characteristics and diagnosis for an adequate antibiotic treatment


Subject(s)
Bacteriuria , Diabetes Mellitus , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Reproductive Tract Infections
13.
Rev. Soc. Argent. Diabetes ; 53(2): 70-78, mayo-ago. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102844

ABSTRACT

El tratamiento de la infección del tracto urinario (ITU) en pacientes con diabetes mellitus (DM) depende de factores como la presencia de síntomas, de anormalidades urológicas, el nivel anatómico, la severidad de la ITU y la función renal. Como regla general el tratamiento de la ITU en pacientes con DM es similar al tratamiento de los pacientes sin DM. La elección del antibiótico deberá guiarse, además de las características del paciente, por los patrones de resistencia local a los uropatógenos. No existe indicación para tratar la bacteriuria asintomática en el paciente con diabetes. Siempre que sea posible la terapia antimicrobiana debe retrasarse a la espera de los resultados del urocultivo y antibiograma para que la terapia pueda dirigirse al agente patógeno específico. No está avalado que los pacientes con diabetes deban recibir tratamientos más prolongados. Conviene realizar ajuste de dosis de antimicrobianos en pacientes con deterioro del filtrado glomerular; en estos casos no elegir esquemas con drogas nefrotóxicas como los aminoglucósidos


The treatment of urinary tract infections (UTI) in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) depends on factors such as the presence of symptoms, urological abnormalities, anatomical level, severity of UTI and renal function. As a rule, the treatment of UTI in patients with DM is similar to the treatment of patients without DM. The choice of antibiotic should be guided, in addition to the characteristics of the patient, by the patterns of local resistance to uropathogens. There is no indication to treat asymptomatic bacteriuria in patients with diabetes. Whenever antimicrobial therapy is possible, it should be delayed awaiting the urine culture results and antibiogram so that therapy can be directed to the specific pathogen. It is not supported that patients with diabetes should receive longer treatments. It is advisable to perform dose adjustment of antimicrobials in patients with impaired glomerular filtration; in these cases, schemes with nephrotoxic drugs such as aminoglycosides should not be chosen


Subject(s)
Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Reproductive Tract Infections , Anti-Bacterial Agents
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763686

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors in Korean patients who had inadequately controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in real-world clinical practice. METHODS: We included 410 patients who started SGLT2 inhibitors (empagliflozin or dapagliflozin) as add-on therapy or switch therapy between February 2015 and June 2017. The primary efficacy endpoint was a change in glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) from baseline to week 12. The secondary endpoints were patients achieving HbA1c <7.0% and changes in the fasting plasma glucose (FPG), lipid profiles, body weight, and blood pressure (BP). RESULTS: The mean HbA1c at baseline was 8.5% (8.6% in the add-on group and 8.4% in the switch group). At week 12, the mean adjusted HbA1c decreased by −0.68% in the overall patients (P<0.001), by −0.94% in the add-on group, and by −0.42% in the switch group. Significant reductions in FPG were also observed both in the add-on group and switch group (−30.3 and −19.8 mg/dL, respectively). Serum triglyceride (−16.5 mg/dL), body weight (−2.1 kg), systolic BP (−4.7 mm Hg), and diastolic BP (−1.3 mm Hg) were significantly improved in the overall patients. Approximately 18.3% of the patients achieved HbA1c <7.0% at week 12. A low incidence of hypoglycemia and genital tract infection was observed (6.3% and 2.2%, respectively). CONCLUSION: SGLT2 inhibitors can be a suitable option as either add-on or switch therapy for Korean patients with inadequately controlled T2DM.


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose , Blood Pressure , Body Weight , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Fasting , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Humans , Hypoglycemia , Incidence , Reproductive Tract Infections , Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 , Triglycerides
15.
Rev. méd. Hosp. José Carrasco Arteaga ; 10(1): 39-45, mar. 2018. Tablas, Gáficos
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-997367

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Las infecciones del tracto urinario, constituyen un problema frecuente dentro de la atención primaria de salud y a nivel intrahospitalario, debido a la creciente resistencia antibiótica por parte de los microorganismos uropatógenos. El objetivo de este estudio es determinar el agente etiológico preponderante del área geográfica y su susceptibilidad a los fármacos utilizados con mayor frecuencia. MÉTODOS: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, en donde se analizaron 1 202 urocultivos realizados en el período de Enero a Diciembre del 2016, en el Hospital Universitario del Río en la ciudad de Cuenca ­ Ecuador, en donde 308 urocultivos fueron positivos a crecimiento bacteriano. Se utilizó un formulario de recolección de datos estandarizado, los cuales fueron ingresados al programa SPSS V 15 para su posterior análisis de agente etiológico y susceptibilidad antibiótica. RESULTADOS: El principal microorganismo aislado fue Escherichia Coli (77.59 %), presentando porcentajes de resistencia en fármacos como: Ampicilina (100 %), Cefazolina (55.3 %), Trimetropin - Sulfametoxazol (52.7 %), Ciprofloxacino (48.6 %), Cefuroxima (28.2 %), Ceftriaxona (26.6 %), Nitrofurantoína (14.7 %), Fosfomicina (12.4 %), Gentamicina (9.8 %), Amikacina (6 %), Piperacilina-Tazobactam (1.8 %). CONCLUSIONES: El uropatógeno responsable con mayor frecuencia fue Escherichia Coli, presentó una amplia resistencia a fármacos recomendados para el tratamiento empírico, además considerar el uso racional o evitar antimicrobianos de primera línea, debido a los niveles de resistencia encontrados en este estudio.


BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infections are a frequent problem in healthcare, it is important to know the local patterns of antibiotic resistance. The aim of this study is to determine the predominant etiologic agent of the geographical area and its susceptibility to the most frequently used drugs. METHODS: A descriptive study was carried out, where 1 202 urocultures performed in the period from January to December 2016 were analyzed in the University Hospital of Río in the city of Cuenca - Ecuador, where 308 urocultures were positive for bacterial growth. A standardized data collection form was used, which were entered into the SPSS V 15 program for further analysis of the etiological agent and antibiotic susceptibility. RESULTS: The main microorganism was Escherichia Coli (77.59 %), presenting percentages of resistance in drugs such as: Ampicillin (100 %), Cefazolin (55.3%), Trimetropine - Sulfamethoxazole (52.7%), Ciprofloxacin (48.6%), Cefuroxime (28.2%) , Ceftriaxone (26.6%), Nitrofurantoin (14.7%), Fosfomycin (12.4%), Gentamicin (9.8%), Amikacin (6%), Piperacillin-Tazobactam (1.8%). CONCLUSIONS: The uropathogen responsible for urinary tract infections most frequently isolated was Escherichia Coli, which presented a wide resistance to drugs recommended for empirical treatment, so it was considered of great importance, also consider the rational use or avoid antimicrobials first line drugs, due to the resistance levels found in this study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Urinary Tract , Drug Resistance, Microbial , Drug Resistance , Reproductive Tract Infections , Infections/microbiology
16.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(1): 53-58, Jan. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895545

ABSTRACT

Reproductive diseases, mainly endometritis, are important hurdles in cattle raising, In the current study we evaluated gross, bacteriological, cytological, and histological findings from selected sites of the genital from 23 slaughtered cows and tested whether there is an association between these findings and the probability of reaching a reliable diagnosis. The results from the examinations of macroscopic aspects of uterine secretions, the cytological, bacteriological, and histopathological findings were then correlated. There was no significant correlation (P>0.05) of the statistical data from different parts of the genital tract. Trueperella pyogenes and Escherichia coli were isolated from the vagina in 3/23 cases. In only 2/23 samples Enterococcus faecalis and a gram-negative, oxidase-positive bacteria were isolated from the cervix uteri. Only Staphylococcus epidermidis, in 1/23 case, was isolated from the uterus. Histopathological findings in uterus from samples of Groups II (moderate lesions) and III (severe lesions) did not translated in grossly visible changes. Samples from reproductive tracts with secretion in the vagina and cervix uteri had no detectable changes in the other parameters analyzed from this portion. Uterus with positive bacterial culture had evidence of ascendant inflammation judging by the high granulocyte count in the three analyzed portions. This study reinforces that vaginitis and cervicitis in the cow diagnosed only by clinical examination does not reflect the real status of the uterine health. For this reason, treatment of uterine disorders should be conducted based on reliable tests to determine the appropriate therapy for each situation.(AU)


Doenças reprodutivas causam altas perdas econômicas nos rebanhos bovinos, sendo a endometrite uma das alterações mais relevantes. Os objetivos desta pesquisa foram avaliar a associação dos achados fisiopatológicos em exames macroscópicos, bacteriológicos, citológicos e histopatológicos nas porções do trato genital de 23 vacas abatidas, bem como avaliar a necessidade de associação destes exames para efetuar diagnóstico fidedigno. A avaliação macroscópica da secreção, os exames histopatológico, citológico e as bactérias identificadas foram correlacionados. Não houve associação (P>0,05) dos resultados nas diferentes porções do trato genital. Na vagina foram isoladas as bactérias Trueperella pyogenes e Escherichia coli. Na cérvix, em apenas 2/23 (8,6%) amostras isolou-se Enterococcus faecalis e gram negativo oxidase positiva. No útero houve isolamento apenas da bactéria Staphylococcus epidermidis. As amostras histopatológicas classificadas em grupo II e III não apresentaram alterações detectadas no exame macroscópico. As amostras com secreção não fisiológica na vagina e cérvix não apresentaram alterações nos outros exames na porção uterina. A amostra com cultura bacteriológica positiva no útero demonstrou uma infecção ascendente através da alta contagem de granulócitos nas três porções analisadas. O presente estudo reforça o conceito de que a vaginite e cervicite diagnosticadas pelo exame clinico na vaca não retratam o real status da saúde uterina e por esta razão, o tratamento do útero deve ser conduzido com critério, alicerçado nos exames complementares para definir a terapia adequada para cada situação.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cattle , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Endometriosis/veterinary , Genitalia, Female/microbiology , Cytological Techniques/veterinary , Granulocytes , Reproductive Tract Infections/veterinary , Uterine Cervicitis/veterinary , Vaginosis, Bacterial/veterinary
17.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 52: e03317, 2018. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-896662

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Analisar a ocorrência, o perfil e as principais causas de internação na gravidez por financiamento do parto. Método Estudo transversal de base populacional, realizado com puérperas, por meio de amostra estratificada, calculada segundo o hospital e a fonte de financiamento do parto: setor público (SUS) e privado (não SUS). Foram analisados o perfil sociodemográfico, as taxas de intercorrência obstétrica e as causas de internação, codificadas de acordo com normas da Classificação Internacional de Doenças. Resultados Foram entrevistadas 928 puérperas, das quais 32,2% relataram pelo menos uma internação na gestação. Aquelas com parto SUS mostraram-se menos favorecidas por ser maioria entre as internadas (57,2%), com maior percentual de adolescentes (18,1%), menor escolaridade (91,8%), baixa renda familiar (39,3%) e menor número de consultas pré-natal (25,3%). As causas mais frequentes de internação foram as "outras doenças da mãe que complicam a gravidez" (24,6%) (com destaque para anemia e influenza), infecção do trato urinário (13,1%), trabalho de parto prematuro (8,7%) e hipertensão (7,2%). Conclusão Deve-se prevenir e tratar especialmente anemia, influenza, infecção urinária, trabalho de parto prematuro e hipertensão para evitar internações hospitalares na gravidez, principalmente para gestantes do SUS.


RESUMEN Objetivo Analizar la ocurrencia, el perfil y las principales causas de ingreso hospitalario en el embarazo por financiación del parto. Método Estudio transversal de base poblacional, realizado con puérperas, mediante muestra estratificada, calculada según el hospital y la fuente de financiación del parto: sector público (SUS) y privado (no SUS). Fueron analizados el perfil sociodemográfico, las tasas de alteraciones obstétricas y las causas de hospitalización, codificadas de acuerdo con las normas de la Clasificación Internacional de Enfermedades. Resultados Fueron entrevistadas 928 puérperas, de las que el 32,2% relataron por lo menos una hospitalización en la gestación. Las con parto SUS se mostraron menos favorecidas al ser mayoría entre las hospitalizadas (57,2%), con mayor porcentual de adolescentes (18,1%), menor escolaridad (91,8%), bajos ingresos familiares (39,3%) y menor número de consultas pre natal (25,3%). Las causas más frecuentes de hospitalización fueron las "otras enfermedades de la madre que complican el embarazo" (24,6%) (con énfasis para anemia e influenza), infección del tracto urinario (13,1%), trabajo de parto prematuro (8,7%) e hipertensión (7,2%). Conclusión Se debe prevenir y tratar especialmente anemia, influenza, infección urinaria, trabajo de parto prematuro e hipertensión para evitar ingresos hospitalarios en el embarazo, destacándose las gestantes del SUS.


ABSTRACT Objective To analyze the occurrence, profile and main causes of hospitalization during pregnancy according to the type of childbirth financial coverage. Method A cross-sectional population-based study carried out with puerperal women through a stratified sample, calculated according to the hospital and the type of childbirth financial coverage source: public sector (SUS) or private (not SUS). The sociodemographic profile, the rate of obstetric complications and the causes of hospitalization were analyzed, coded according to International Classification of Diseases. Results A total of 928 postpartum women were interviewed, of whom 32.2% reported at least one hospitalization during pregnancy. Those with childbirth covered by SUS were less favored because they were the majority among hospitalized women (57.2%), with a higher percentage of adolescents (18.1%), lower education level (91.8%), low family income (39.3%) and fewer prenatal consultations (25.3%). The most frequent causes of hospitalization were "other maternal diseases that complicate pregnancy" (24.6%) (with emphasis on anemia and influenza), urinary tract infection (13.1%), preterm labor (8.7%) and hypertension (7.2%). Conclusion Anemia, influenza, urinary tract infection, preterm labor and hypertension should especially be prevented and treated to avoid hospital admissions during pregnancy, especially among pregnant women covered by SUS.


Subject(s)
Female , Adolescent , Adult , Pregnancy Complications/prevention & control , Hospitalization , Pregnancy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Maternal-Child Nursing , Reproductive Tract Infections , Hypertension , Anemia , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Obstetric Nursing
18.
Hosp. Aeronáut. Cent ; 13(2): 84-88, 2018. tabl
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1021137

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La histerectomía es uno de los procedimientos quirúrgicos que con más frecuencia se realiza en Ginecología. La frecuencia de aparición de absceso de cúpula varía desde un 0,7% a un 14%. La infección generalmente es polimicrobiana y los gérmenes implicados son los de la flora vaginal y endocervical de la mujer sana. En el Hospital Aeronáutico Central, desde el año 2007, además de la profilaxis intraoperatoria con cefalosporinas de primera generación, se realiza en las 12 horas previas a la cirugía programada, profilaxis con óvulos vaginales polivalentes. Objetivos: Evaluar la disminución de la incidencia de absceso de cúpula vaginal post cirugía ginecológica, que implique la manipulación de la vagina, con administración pre-quirúrgica de óvulos vaginales polivalentes. Material y Método: Estudio observacional, descriptivo y retrospectivo. Se incluyeron 220 pacientes que se les realizaron 220 histerectomías totales: 202 por vía abdominal, 5 laparoscópicas y 13 vaginales. Se realizó profilaxis intraoperatoria con cefalosporinas de 1º generación. Se les administró por vía vaginal un óvulo polivalente compuesto por: metronidazol 300 mg, miconazol nitrato 100 mg, neomicina sulfato 48,8 mg, polimixina b sulfato 4,4 mg, centella asiática 15 mg y excipientes. Se evaluó la aparición de absceso de cúpula vaginal en los 6 meses posteriores a la cirugía. Resultados: Se hallaron complicaciones post quirúrgicas en 10 pacientes (4.5%): 4 pacientes (1,8%) con infección del tracto urinario, 3 pacientes (1,4%) con infección de herida quirúrgica, 1 paciente (0,4%) con fístula vesico-vaginal, 1 paciente con Tromboembolismo pulmonar, 1 paciente con granuloma de cúpula vaginal y 1 paciente con absceso de cúpula vaginal. Esta paciente no recibió el óvulo vaginal polivalente. Conclusión: De los datos obtenidos de las 220 pacientes analizadas, y teniendo en cuenta la bibliografía consultada, podemos concluir que las pacientes que son sometidas a histerectomías totales con técnica de cúpula vaginal cerrada y que reciben como profilaxis preoperatoria un óvulo vaginal polivalente, presentan menor incidencia de complicaciones post operatorias, principalmente a nivel de la cúpula vaginal, y en particular abscesos de cúpula.


Introduction: Hysterectomy is one of the surgical procedures most frecuently performed in gynecology. Vault abscess frequency of appearance varies from 0.7% to 14%. The infection is usually polymicrobial and involved germs are those from vaginal and endocervical flora of the healthy woman. In the Hospital Aeronáutico Central, since 2007, in addition to intraoperative prophylaxis with first-generation cephalosporins, prophylaxis with polyvalent vaginal ovules is performed within 12 hours prior to scheduled surgery. Objectives: Evaluate the decrease in the incidence of vaginal vault abscess after gynecological surgery, involving the manipulation of the vagina, with pre-surgical administration of polyvalent vaginal ovules. Material and Method: Observational, descriptive and retrospective. 220 patients who underwent 220 total hysterectomies were included: 202 abdominal via, 5 laparoscopic and 13 vaginal. Intraoperative prophylaxis was performed with 1st generation cephalosporins. They were administered through vaginal via with Polyvalent ovule composed of: metronidazole 300 mg, miconazole nitrate 100 mg, neomycin sulfate 48.8 mg, polymyxin b sulfate 4.4 mg, gotu kola 15 mg and excipients. The appearance of vaginal dome abscess was evaluated in the 6 months following surgery. Results: Post-surgical complications were found in 10 patients (4.5%): 4 patients (1.8%) with urinary tract infection, 3 patients (1.4%) with surgical wound infection, 1 patient (0.4%) ) with vesico-vaginal fistula, 1 patient with pulmonary thromboembolism, 1 patient with vaginal vault granuloma and 1 patient with abscess of vaginal vault. This patient did not receive the polyvalent vaginal ovum. Conclusion: Data obtained from the 220 patients analyzed, and taking into account the bibliography consulted, we can conclude that patients who undergo total hysterectomies with a closed vaginal vault technique who receive a polyvalent vaginal ovum as a preoperative prophylaxis, present a lower incidence of post-operative complications, mainly at the level of the vaginal vault, and in particular dome abscesses


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antibiotic Prophylaxis/trends , Hysterectomy, Vaginal/adverse effects , Surgical Wound Infection/etiology , Thromboembolism/etiology , Endometrial Neoplasms/complications , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/complications , Reproductive Tract Infections/etiology , Menorrhagia/complications
19.
Clinics ; 73: e364, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952793

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to examine the associations of female genital infections and certain comorbidities with infertility. METHODS: The Taiwan National Health Research Database was searched for women with a new diagnosis of infertility between 2000 and 2013. Women without a diagnosis of infertility served as a control group and were matched with the infertility cases by age (±3 years) and index year. They were divided into two groups: ≤40 years old and >40 years old. Univariate and multivariate conditional logistic regression models were employed to identify the risk factors associated with infertility. RESULTS: A total of 18,276 women with a new diagnosis of infertility and 73,104 matched controls (mean cohort age, 31±6.2 years) were included. According to the adjusted multivariate analysis, pelvic inflammatory disease involving the ovary, fallopian tube, pelvic cellular tissue, peritoneum (odds ratio (OR)=4.823), and uterus (OR=3.050) and cervical, vaginal, and vulvar inflammation (OR=7.788) were associated with an increased risk of infertility in women aged ≤40 years. In women aged >40 years, pelvic inflammatory disease of the ovary, fallopian tube, pelvic cellular tissue, and peritoneum (OR=6.028) and cervical, vaginal, and vulvar inflammation (OR=6.648) were associated with infertility. Obesity, lipid metabolism disorders, dysthyroidism, abortion (spontaneous or induced), bacterial vaginosis, endometritis, and tubo-ovarian abscess were associated with an increased risk of infertility according to the univariate analysis but not the multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Female genital tract infections, but not the comorbidities studied here, are associated with an increased risk of infertility.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pelvic Inflammatory Disease/complications , Reproductive Tract Infections/complications , Infertility, Female/etiology , Case-Control Studies , Comorbidity , Logistic Models , Abortion, Spontaneous , Multivariate Analysis , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Abortion, Induced/adverse effects , Risk Assessment , Lipid Metabolism Disorders/complications , Genital Diseases, Female/complications , Obesity/complications
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