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1.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 42(2): 100-104, jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1378992

ABSTRACT

Esta es la primera parte de un artículo sobre la búsqueda de financiamiento para un proyecto de investigación. Esta entrega resume los principales ítems para tener en consideración a la hora de postularse a una convocatoria. Requerimientos del proceso: 1. Tiempo protegido. 2. Propuesta de investigación sólida. 3. Equipo calificado y con experiencia. 4. Definición y organización de actividades. 5. Cronograma de actividades. 6. Estimación de costos. (AU)


This is the first part of an article about finding funding for a research project. This delivery summarizes the main ítems to take into consideration when applying for a call. Process requirements: 1. Protected time. 2. Strong research proposal. 3. Qualified and experienced team. 4. Definition and organization of activities. 5. Schedule of activities. 6. Cost estimate. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Research Support as Topic/methods , Research Financing , Support of Research , Research Design , Research Support as Topic/trends , Clinical Protocols , Financing, Organized
2.
Edumecentro ; 13(2): 172-191, abr.-jun. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286248

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: la comunicación de los resultados científicos resulta un proceso complejo máxime si se trata de describir, narrar o valorar el proceso investigativo desde el enfoque cualitativo de la investigación. Objetivo: valorar algunos aspectos de la comunicación de los resultados científicos en investigaciones que asumen un enfoque cualitativo, relacionados con su defensa oral, redacción y metodología de la investigación. Métodos: se realizó un estudio exploratorio con enfoque cualitativo en la Universidad Central "Marta Abreu" de Las Villas durante noviembre-diciembre de 2020. Se utilizaron métodos teóricos: inductivo-deductivo, de lo abstracto a lo concreto y sistematización; empíricos: análisis documental de tesis, tesinas y otros trabajos de culminación de grado y la observación participante de los autores en diversos escenarios: defensas de doctorados y maestrías, actuando como oponentes o miembros de los diferentes tribunales, o como árbitros en la revisión de artículos científicos. Resultados: el análisis documental y la práctica contextualizada de los autores en diversos escenarios permitió constatar que no siempre los resultados científicos de estudios cualitativos se comunican con el rigor, claridad, exactitud y concreción que exigen las normas de este tipo de comunicación. A pesar de que se asume un enfoque cualitativo, en la lectura del texto científico no queda con suficiente claridad este posicionamiento, que en el área de las ciencias médicas suele ser altamente complejo por la versatilidad de su objeto de estudio. Otra de las problemáticas existentes consiste en la omisión de métodos y técnicas propios de la investigación científica. Conclusiones: la comunicación de resultados científicos en las investigaciones que asumen el enfoque cualitativo resulta un proceso dinámico y complejo por excelencia desde sus núcleos dialécticos a tono con el carácter social de la ciencia en sus análisis cualitativos.


ABSTRACT Background: the communication of scientific results is a complex process, especially when it comes to describing, narrating or evaluating the researching process from the qualitative approach of the investigation. Objective: to assess some aspects of the communication of scientific results in investigations that assume a qualitative approach. Methods: an exploratory study within the qualitative approach was carried out at "Marta Abreu" Central University of Las Villas from November to December 2020. Theoretical methods were used: inductive-deductive, from the abstract to the concrete and systematization; empirical ones: documentary analysis of theses, theses and other degree completion works and participant observation of the authors in various health institutions: defenses of doctorates and masters' degree , acting as opponents or members of the different scientific boards or as arbitrators in the review of articles scientists Results: the analysis of documents and the contextualized practice of the authors in various institutions has shown that the scientific results of qualitative studies are not always communicated with the rigor, clarity, accuracy and precision required by the norms of this type of communication. Although a qualitative approach is assumed, in reading the scientific text this position is not sufficiently clear, which in the area of ​​medical sciences it is usually highly complex given the versatility of its object of study. Another of the existing problems consists in the omission of methods and techniques of scientific research. Conclusions: the communication of scientific results in researches' which assume the qualitative approach is a living, dynamic and complex process par excellence from its dialectical core according to the social character of science and with the approach that is assumed.


Subject(s)
Research Support as Topic , Communication , Qualitative Research
3.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1351213

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the effect of the COVID-19 impacts on the activities of researchers in the field of Oral Medicine (OM) and Oral Pathology (OP). To assess the research activities and training of human resources by Brazilian productivity fellows in research (BPFR) in OM and OP in the COVID-19 Era. Material and Methods Thirty-six BPFR in OM and OP areas, funded by National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq), received a virtual structured questionnaire by e-mail, on the Google Forms (Google®) platform, with questions regarding research activities and training of human resources (supervision of undergraduate and postgraduate students), during the COVID-19 pandemic. From the thirty-six BPFR in OM and OP, twenty-seven (75.0%) answered the questionnaire. Results Most of them were males (n=20; 74.1%) and were distributed in four Brazilian regions and ten states of the federation, including the Federal District. Twenty-four (88.9%) BPFR reported having suspended clinical activities, while sixteen (59.3%) answered that histopathology practices are suspended. Twenty-five (92.6%) BPFR mentioned difficulties in conducting research projects and 55.5% stated having no difficulties in the supervision of undergraduates, master's and PhD students. Conclusion The current scenario may significantly impact the diagnosis of oral diseases in Brazil. Moreover, a decrease in the scientific production of BPFR in OM and OP in the coming years is also considered.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pathology, Oral , Research Support as Topic , Training Support , Brazil/epidemiology , Oral Medicine , COVID-19 , Research , Technological Development , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Workforce , Mentoring
5.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 38(3): [e03], Octubre 20 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1128915

ABSTRACT

The development of care research and its teaching in the Faculty of Nursing at Universidad de Antioquia cannot be understood outside the context in which it emerges and from the trajectory of its leading players. This is how this article will present a synthesis of the future of research, with its principal milestones and events in institutional history, in dialogue with the trajectories of four teaching nurses, protagonists of key moments in said history and living testimony of 70 years of institutional life. This panorama seeks to constitute a referent for strategic reflection, which inspires new generations to meet the research challenges and teach care research.


El desarrollo de la investigación del cuidado y de su enseñanza en la Facultad de Enfermería de la Universidad de Antioquia no puede ser entendido por fuera del contexto en que emerge y de la trayectoria de sus protagonistas. En este artículo se presentará una síntesis del devenir de la investigación, con sus principales hitos y acontecimientos en la historia institucional, en diálogo con las trayectorias de cuatro enfermeras docentes, protagonistas de momentos claves de dicha historia y testimonio vivo de 70 años de vida institucional. Este panorama pretende constituir un referente para la reflexión estratégica que inspire a las nuevas generaciones para responder a los retos de la investigación y la enseñanza de la investigación del cuidado


O desenvolvimento da pesquisa do cuidado e seu ensino na Faculdade de Enfermagem da Universidade de Antioquia não podem ser compreendidos fora do contexto em que se inserem e da trajetória de seus protagonistas. É assim que este artigo apresentará uma síntese da evolução da pesquisa, com seus principais marcos e acontecimentos na história institucional, em diálogo com as trajetórias de quatro enfermeiras professoras, protagonistas de momentos chaves de dita história e testemunho vivo de 70 anos de vida institucional. Este panorama pretende constituir um ponto de referência para a reflexão estratégica, que inspire as novas gerações a responder aos desafios da investigação e do ensino da investigação em cuidados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Research Support as Topic , Nursing Research , Education, Nursing , Support of Research , Nursing Care
6.
Lima; Perú. Presidencia de la República; 20200400. 4 p.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, MINSAPERU | ID: biblio-1095546

ABSTRACT

El Decreto Supremo establece las medidas para asegurar el adecuado desarrollo de los ensayos clínicos de la enfermedad COVID-19, en el marco de la emergencia sanitaria a nivel nacional.


Subject(s)
Research Support as Topic , Clinical Trials as Topic , COVID-19
7.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO5043, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056067

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the technical-scientific production of research productivity fellows of the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development, in Pediatrics, from 2013 to 2016. Methods: First, data were obtained identifying fellowship researchers using the Lattes Platform, and subsequently calculating the indicators present in their Lattes curricula using scriptLattes software v8.10. Results: In the period studied, 17 fellowship researchers were identified. They published a total of 524 articles in journals, most of them ranked as high and intermediate Qualis. In addition, fellowship researchers conducted 158 supervisions during the period, published 119 books or chapters and 465 papers in conference proceedings. Conclusion: The Brazilian scientific production in Pediatrics has shown to be significant and of good impact, both nationally and internationally. However, the distribution of research groups is concentrated in specific regions of Brazil.


RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar a produção técnico-científica de bolsistas de produtividade em pesquisa do Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico, na área de Pediatria, no período de 2013 a 2016. Métodos: Os dados foram obtidos identificando-se os bolsistas, por meio da Plataforma Lattes, e, posteriormente, contabilizando-se os indicadores presentes em seus currículos Lattes, pelo software scriptLattes v8.10. Resultados: No período, foram identificados 17 pesquisadores bolsistas, os quais publicaram 524 artigos em periódicos, em sua maioria classificados com Qualis elevado/intermediário. Ainda, os pesquisadores realizaram, no período, 158 orientações, publicaram 119 livros/capítulos e 465 trabalhos em anais de congressos. Conclusão: A produção científica brasileira na área de Pediatria mostrou-se expressiva e de impacto, em âmbito nacional e internacional. Entretanto, a distribuição dos grupos é concentrada em regiões específicas do Brasil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pediatrics/statistics & numerical data , Periodicals as Topic/statistics & numerical data , Publications/statistics & numerical data , Research Personnel/statistics & numerical data , Bibliometrics , Fellowships and Scholarships/statistics & numerical data , Periodicals as Topic/standards , Publications/standards , Research Support as Topic/standards , Research Support as Topic/statistics & numerical data , Time Factors , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Biomedical Research/standards , Biomedical Research/statistics & numerical data , Educational Status , Fellowships and Scholarships/standards
8.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(12): 4375-4384, dez. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055758

ABSTRACT

Abstract Fiscal austerity policies have been used as responses to economic crises and fiscal deficits in both developed and developing countries. While they vary in regard to their content, intensity and implementation, such models recommend reducing public expenses and social investments, retracting the public service and substituting the private sector in lieu of the State to provide certain services tied to social policies. The present article discusses the main effects of the recent economic crisis on public health based on an updated review with consideration for three dimensions: health risks, epidemiological profiles of different populations, and health policies. In Brazil, the combination of economic crisis and fiscal austerity policies is capable of producing a direr situation than those experienced in developed countries. The country is characterized by historically high levels of social inequality, an under-financed health sector, highly prevalent chronic degenerative diseases and persisting preventable infectious diseases. It is imperative to develop alternatives to mitigate the effects of the economic crisis taking into consideration not only the sustainability of public finance but also public well-being.


Resumo Políticas de austeridade fiscal têm sido utilizadas como respostas à crise econômica e deficit fiscal tanto em países desenvolvidos como em desenvolvimento. Embora variem quanto ao conteúdo, intensidade e cronograma de implementação, tais modelos preconizam a redução do gasto público, promovendo também a diminuição do investimento social, a retração da máquina pública e a substituição do Estado pelo setor privado na provisão de determinados serviços vinculados a políticas sociais. Este artigo debate os principais efeitos da crise econômica recente sobre a saúde da população, tendo sido baseado em uma revisão atualizada, considerando-se três dimensões: riscos à saúde, perfil epidemiológico das populações e políticas de saúde. A crise econômica no Brasil, combinada com a política de austeridade fiscal, pode produzir um contexto mais grave do que o vivenciado pelos países desenvolvidos. O país apresenta altos níveis históricos de desigualdade social, subfinanciamento do setor saúde, alta prevalência de doenças crônico-degenerativas e persistência de doenças infeciosas evitáveis. É imperativo que se construam alternativas para se mitigar os efeitos da crise econômica, levando-se em conta não apenas a sustentabilidade das finanças públicas, mas também o bem-estar da população.


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Care Rationing/economics , Public Health/economics , Resource Allocation/economics , Developing Countries/economics , Economic Recession , Health Policy/economics , Research Support as Topic/economics , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Poverty Areas , Developed Countries/economics , Chronic Disease/epidemiology , Communicable Diseases/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Mortality , Health Expenditures , Risk Assessment , Economics , Noncommunicable Diseases/epidemiology , Infections/epidemiology , Mental Disorders/etiology , Mental Disorders/psychology
9.
Rev. invest. clín ; 71(5): 297-305, Sep.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289699

ABSTRACT

Participants of Pharma-sponsored research are exposed to risks, benefits, and uncertainties that do not occur in other forms of clinical studies. Ethics committees represent the subjects’ first line of protection. This responsibility begins with the study review and ends after all study subjects finish the intervention. The objective of this paper is to review the most common controversial issues found in Pharma-sponsored studies. Potential solutions are proposed to prevent or resolve the polemical aspects. However, different challenges will be faced in the near future (e.g., when new therapies reach their late stage of development). All parties involved in research should work together to guarantee the protection of participants, the paramount principle on which clinical investigation is based. Pharma-sponsored research is a crucial driver to develop and implement innovative approaches to improve the informed consent process and the execution of the studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Trials as Topic/methods , Ethics Committees, Research/organization & administration , Drug Industry/economics , Research Support as Topic/economics , Clinical Trials as Topic/economics , Clinical Trials as Topic/ethics , Informed Consent
10.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(9): 3583-3594, set. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019657

ABSTRACT

Resumo O texto apresenta e discute os novos personagens que têm crescente presença no ambiente de pesquisa, quais sejam o pesquisador empreendedor e a universidade empreendedora. Discute ainda o cenário atual da difusão de conhecimento científico que apresenta crescentes problemas, com dificuldade de publicação de resultados e dificuldades de acesso a resultados de pesquisa publicados. Discute também o significado da estratégia da pesquisa translacional e apresenta e discute alguns desafios éticos relevantes que resultam da reorganização das relações entre ciência e negócio. Em particular trata dos conflitos de interesse e dos resultados da supercompetição entre cientistas e instituições em um cenário de encurtamento de apoio financeiro público à ciência.


Abstract The paper introduces and discusses the new players that now have a growing presence on the research scene, namely the entrepreneurial researcher and the entrepreneurial university. It also discusses the current scenario of the diffusion of scientific knowledge that presents increasing problems, with difficulty in publishing results and difficulties in accessing the results of published research. It also discusses the implications of the strategy of translational research and presents and discusses some relevant ethical challenges that result from the reorganization of the relationship between science and business. In particular, it deals with conflicts of interest and the results of excessive competition between scientists and institutions in a scenario of diminished public financial support for science.


Subject(s)
Humans , Research Personnel/organization & administration , Universities/organization & administration , Entrepreneurship/ethics , Translational Research, Biomedical/organization & administration , Publishing , Research Personnel/ethics , Research Support as Topic , Universities/ethics , Conflict of Interest , Ethics, Research , Translational Research, Biomedical/ethics , Logic
11.
Rev. enferm. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 27(3): 1329-145, Jul-Sep 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1047289

ABSTRACT

Introducción: es ineludible revisar la situación de la investigación en enfermería en relación con las condicionantes y dificultades que entraña esta actividad para los profesionales de enfermería. Objetivo: identificar los factores relacionados con el desarrollo de proyectos de investigación científica disciplinar por el personal de enfermería de un hospital de tercer nivel de atención del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS). Métodos: estudio descriptivo transversal que incluyó una muestra aleatoria de 177 enfermeras. Se aplicó un cuestionario diseñado para el estudio y estructurado con 25 preguntas, con alfa de Cronbach de 0.772. Las variables cualitativas se analizaron con porcentajes y frecuencias, y las cuantitativas con medidas de tendencia central y de dispersión. El análisis de factores se hizo con chi cuadrada. Resultados: la media de edad fue de 41 ± 7.91 años. El nivel académico del personal fue técnico en 46.9% y de licenciatura en 46.3%. El 15.3% del personal ha hecho proyectos de investigación; no obstante que el 5.6% del personal opina que casi siempre dedica tiempo para hacer investigación, 4.5% cuenta con apoyo económico en su área laboral para realizarla y 4% ha publicado. Fue significativa la relación entre quien hace investigación con el tiempo para su desarrollo (p < 0.05), así como con la publicación de artículos (p < 0.05). Conclusión: el desarrollo de proyectos de investigación científica disciplinar por el personal de enfermería está relacionado con el tiempo que dedican para ello y la publicación de artículos.


Introduction: It is unavoidable to review the status of nursing research, concerning the conditions and difficulties that this activity entails for nursing professionals. Objective: To identify the factors related to the development of curricular scientific research projects by the nursing staff from a third level hospital of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS). Methods: Cross-sectional descriptive study which included a random sample of 177 nurses. A questionnaire designed for the study and structured with 25 questions was administered; it had a Cronbach's alpha of 0.772. Qualitative variables were analyzed with percentages and frequencies and quantitative variables with measures of central tendency and dispersion. The factor analysis was carried out with chi-square test. Results: Mean age was 41 ± 7.91 years. The school level of staff was technical in 46.9% and undergraduate in 46.3%. 15.3% has done research projects; despite the fact that 5.6% of staff believe that they almost always dedicate time to do research, 4.5% have financial support in their work area to carry it out and 4% have published. It was significant the relationship between those who carry out research with the time they take to develop it (p < 0.05), as well as with the publication of articles (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The development of curricular scientific research projects by nurses is related to the time they spend on it and the publication of articles.


Subject(s)
Humans , Research , Research Design , Research Support as Topic , Nursing Research , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Data Collection , Hospitals, Public , Hospitals, Special , Nursing Staff , Mexico
12.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(6): 2211-2220, jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011818

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar o perfil das pesquisas científicas financiadas no Distrito Federal provenientes das chamadas públicas do Programa Pesquisa para o SUS: Gestão Compartilhada em Saúde (PPSUS/DF) e Programa de Fomento a Pesquisa Científica da ESCS/FEPECS, no período de 2008 a 2017. O estudo é analítico e documental, abrangendo o universo das pesquisas financiadas nesses dois Programas. As variáveis foram: ano, título, tema de pesquisa da Agenda Nacional de Prioridades de Pesquisas em Saúde (ANPPS), setor de aplicação, instituição e valor financiado. No período de 2008 a 2017, 73 projetos foram financiados pelos cinco editais do PPSUS/DF. O valor total foi de aproximadamente oito milhões de reais. Em relação à ESCS/FEPECS, entre 2008 a 2017, foram financiados 85 projetos pelos dez editais lançados. O valor total foi de 2,3 milhões de reais. Concluiu-se que o perfil das pesquisas científicas permitiu uma análise crítica das temáticas dos projetos. Recomenda-se que os próximos editais adotem como prioridade de pesquisa as três principais causas de óbitos, o processo de organização e avaliação de linhas de cuidados, serviços de saúde e redes de atenção.


Abstract This article analyzes the profile of research conducted in the Federal District of Brazil funded through public calls for proposals issued by the Research for the SUS Program: shared health management/Federal District (PPSUS/DF) and a research support program run by the Superior School of Health Sciences, maintained by the Health Sciences Teaching and Research Foundation (ESCS/FEPECS, acronym in Portuguese). A document analysis was undertaken of all research funded by the PPSUS/DF and ESCS/FEPECS's Research Support Program between 2008 and 2017 using the following variables: year, title, research themes of the National Agenda for Health Research Priorities (ANPPS, acronym in Portuguese), implementing organization, area of application of research, and amount of funding. PPSUS/DF funded 73 projects with a total investment of approximately R$8 million, while ESCS/FEPECS funded 85 projects with a total investment of R$2.3 million. This study provides a critical analysis of the research themes supported by ESCS/FEPECS and PPSUS/DF between 2008 and 2017. It is recommended that future calls for proposals should prioritize the three leading causes of death in the Federal District and the organization and evaluation of healthcare services.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomedical Technology/economics , Health Services Research/organization & administration , National Health Programs/organization & administration , Research Support as Topic , Brazil , Inventions/economics , Health Services Research/economics , National Health Programs/economics
13.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(5): 682-690, May 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012961

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY BACKGROUND. This study aimed to evaluate the scientific production of researchers in the field of Medicine who receive a productivity grant from the CNPq. METHODS: The curriculum Lattes of 542 researchers with active grants from 2012 to 2014 were included in the analysis. Grants categories/levels were stratified into three groups according to the CNPq database (1A-B, 1C-D, and 2). RESULTS. There was a predominance of grants in category 2. During their academic career, Medicine researchers published 76512 articles, with a median of 119 articles per researcher (IQ, interquartile range, 77 to 174). Among the 76512 articles, 36584 (47.8%) were indexed in the Web of Science (WoS database). Researchers in Medicine were cited 643159 times in the WoS database, with a median of 754 citations (IQ, 356 to 1447). There were significant differences among the categories of grants concerning the number of citations in WoS (P <0.001). There was a significant difference in the number of times researchers were cited according to the specialty included in Medicine area. (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION. Strategies to improve the scientific output qualitatively possibly can be enhanced by the knowledge of the profile of researchers in the field of Medicine.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a produção científica de pesquisadores da área de Medicina que recebem bolsa de produtividade do CNPq. MÉTODOS: Os currículos Lattes de 542 pesquisadores com bolsas ativas de 2012 a 2014 foram incluídos na análise. As categorias/níveis das bolsas de produtividade foram estratificadas em três grupos de acordo com a classificação do CNPq (1A-B, 1C-D e 2). RESULTADOS: Houve predomínio de bolsas na categoria 2. Durante a carreira acadêmica, pesquisadores da Medicina publicaram 76.512 artigos, com mediana de 119 artigos por pesquisador (Intervalo Interquartil, IQ, 77 a 174). Entre os 76.512 artigos, 36.584 (47,8%) foram indexados no banco de dados da Web of Science (WoS). Pesquisadores em Medicina receberam 643.159 citações no banco de dados de WoS, com uma mediana de 754 citações (IQ, 356 a 1.447). Houve diferenças significativas entre as categorias de bolsas em relação ao número de citações em WoS (P < 0,001). Houve uma diferença significativa no número de citações recebidas pelos pesquisadores de acordo com a especialidade incluída na área de Medicina (P < 0,001). CONCLUSÃO: Estratégias para melhorar qualitativamente a produção científica possivelmente podem ser aprimoradas pelo conhecimento do perfil dos pesquisadores no campo da Medicina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Research Personnel/statistics & numerical data , Research Support as Topic/statistics & numerical data , Bibliometrics , Biomedical Research/statistics & numerical data , Periodicals as Topic/statistics & numerical data , Time Factors , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Databases, Bibliographic/statistics & numerical data , Sex Distribution , Financing, Organized , Government Agencies
14.
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 35(1): e2254, ene.-mar. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1149870

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Las particularidades de la investigación en políticas y sistemas de salud han incidido en su lenta asunción como generadora de evidencias de los sistemas de salud. Por ello ha requerido de iniciativas que contribuyan con su desarrollo y consolidación. Objetivo: Describir algunas variantes para el desarrollo de la investigación en políticas y sistemas de salud en general, y en enfermería, en particular. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica descriptiva de artículos científicos, informes anuales y documentos rectores de la Alianza para las investigaciones en políticas y sistemas de salud en el periodo 2001-2015 en idioma español e inglés. Se sistematizó la información y se integró la evidencia científica obtenida de los resultados de un proyecto nacional realizado en Cuba entre los años 2008-2012. Resultados: El establecimiento de instituciones que lideren su realización, la identificación de profesionales con experiencia en este tipo de estudio, la generación de espacios de sinergia para el trabajo entre investigadores y decisores, la utilización de vías no tradicionales de divulgación de resultados y el incremento y priorización de la asignación de financiación son algunas de las iniciativas generales para la consolidación de este tipo de estudio. La identificación y desarrollo de capacidades en diferentes niveles forma parte de las propuestas que se describen para enfermería. Conclusiones: La identificación de variantes para el desarrollo de las investigaciones en políticas y sistemas de salud favorece su consolidación en los diferentes contextos donde se insertan los profesionales de enfermería. Conocerlas permite su aprovechamiento por este grupo de práctica(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: The particularities of research in health policies and systems have influenced the slow assumption as a generator of health system evidence. Therefore, initiatives are required that contribute to its development and consolidation. Objective: To describe some variables for the development of research on health policies and systems in nursing. Methods: A descriptive bibliographical review was carried out with scientific articles, annual reports and guiding documents of the alliance for research in health policies and systems in the period 2001-2015 in Spanish and English. The information was systematized and the scientific evidence obtained from the results of a national project carried out in Cuba between the years 2008-2012 was integrated. Results: The establishment of institutions that lead its implementation, the identification of professionals with experience in this type of study, the generation of synergy spaces for the work among researchers and decision-makers, the use of non-traditional ways for disseminating results, and the increase and prioritization of funding allocation are some of the general initiatives for the consolidation of this type of study. The identification and development of skills at different levels is part of the proposals described for nursing. Conclusions: The identification of variables for the development of research in health policies and systems favors their consolidation in the different contexts where nursing professionals are inserted. Knowing them allows their use by this group of practice(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Systems , Research Report , Health Policy , Research Support as Topic/methods , Review Literature as Topic
15.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 35(7): e00031018, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011716

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo analisou as características da produção científica sobre trabalho infantil na América Latina, de 2004 a 2014. Foram encontrados 114 trabalhos, nas bases de dados LILACS e SciELO. Os artigos foram categorizados com base nos conceitos de campo e agentes sociais de Pierre Bourdieu, destacando os produtores, os locais de publicação, os objetos e discursos. Observou-se um crescimento da produção no período, especificamente a partir de 2006. O Brasil ocupou a posição dominante na produção científica com 80,7% do total, seguido da Colômbia, Argentina e México. Os objetos de estudo são majoritariamente de abordagem qualitativa (55,3%) e metade dos artigos está indexada em revistas Qualis B1 ou superior. Apenas 14,9% das pesquisas, no entanto, receberam financiamento. Os produtores são de origens diversas, com a participação de psicólogos (26,3%), enfermeiros (17,5%) e economistas (13,2%). Os estudos estão situados em subáreas das Ciências Humanas, constituídas pelos discursos da Psicologia Social e do Desenvolvimento; Ciências da Saúde com destaque para os estudos epidemiológicos, pautados nos conceitos da enfermagem do trabalho e na subárea de Ciências Sociais Aplicadas com os estudos econômicos. Observou-se que os objetos de estudos relacionados ao trabalho infantil focam seu interesse na relação deste com a saúde, a educação, o trabalho e a assistência social, com pouca interdisciplinaridade nas publicações.


Este estudio analizó las características de la producción científica sobre el trabajo infantil en Latinoamérica desde 2004 hasta 2014. Se encontraron 114 trabajos en las bases de datos LILACS y SciELO. Se categorizaron los artículos a partir de los conceptos de campo y agentes sociales de Pierre Bourdieu, destacando productores, lugares de publicación, objetos y discursos. Se observó un crecimiento de la producción en este período, específicamente a partir de 2006. Brasil ocupó la posición dominante en la producción científica con un 80,7% de la producción, seguido de Colombia, Argentina y México. Los objetos de estudio son mayoritariamente de abordaje cualitativo (55,3%) y la mitad de los artículos están indexados en revistas Qualis B1 o superiores. No obstante, solamente un 14,9% de las investigaciones recibieron financiación. Los productores tienen orígenes diversos, hay psicólogos (26,3%), enfermeros (17,5%) y economistas (13,2%). Los estudios están situados en las subáreas de las Ciencias Humanas, constituidas por los discursos de la Psicología Social y del Desarrollo; Ciencias de la Salud con énfasis en estudios epidemiológicos, según conceptos de enfermería laboral y dentro de la subárea de las Ciencias Sociales Aplicadas con estudios económicos. Se observó que los objetos de estudio relacionados con el trabajo infantil enfocan su interés en la relación de éste último con la salud, la educación, el trabajo y la asistencia social, con poca interdisciplinaridad en las publicaciones.


The current study analyzed the characteristics of research on child labor in Latin America from 2004 to 2014. A total of 114 studies were identified in the LILACS and SciELO databases. The articles were categorized according to the concepts of field and social agents, as in Pierre Bourdieu, highlighting the authors, places of publication, objects, and discourses. An increase was observed in the research output during this period, specifically since 2006. Brazil held a dominant position in the research with 80.7% of the total publications, followed by Colombia, Argentina, and Mexico. The objects of study are mostly qualitative approaches (55.3%), and half of the articles are indexed in Qualis B1 journals or higher. However, only 14.9% of the studies had received funding. The authors have various backgrounds, featuring participation by psychologists (26.3%), nurses (17.5%), and economists (13.2%). The studies are situated in subareas of the Human Sciences, consisting of the discourses of Social and Developmental Psychology; Health Sciences, featuring epidemiological studies, based on concepts from occupational health nursing; and the subarea of Applied Social Sciences with studies in economics. The objects of studies on child labor focus their interest on its relationship to health, education, work, and social assistance, with little interdisciplinarity in the publications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Periodicals as Topic/statistics & numerical data , Child Labor , Bibliometrics , Biomedical Research/statistics & numerical data , Argentina , Research Support as Topic/statistics & numerical data , Authorship , Brazil , Colombia , Qualitative Research , Datasets as Topic/statistics & numerical data , Latin America , Mexico
18.
Gac. méd. espirit ; 20(3): 65-77, set.-dic. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-989847

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: Las Ciencias Médicas se caracterizan por estudios profesionales en relación a la salud pública y al proceso de salud enfermedad, pero presentan debilidades en la formación del profesional de la Medicina, en el conocimiento y desarrollo de sus habilidades investigativas. Objetivo: Determinar las limitaciones del docente de las Ciencias Médicas en la investigación educativa en el colectivo de primer año de la carrera de Medicina. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal; la población estuvo conformada por 30 docentes del colectivo de año, 3 directivos de la facultad el resto profesores principales de las asignaturas. Se realizó el análisis de documentos, la entrevista a directivos, docentes y estudiantes, la encuesta a docentes, y la triangulación de datos en la carrera de Medicina durante el curso 2017-2018 de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Sancti Spíritus. Resultados: Reflejan la formación de un docente concentrado en el contenido de la enseñanza del saber disciplinar, en detrimento de su implicación hacia la investigación educativa, donde el colectivo del año académico no evidencia su potencial formativo. Conclusiones: La actuación del docente de las ciencias médicas se concibe desde lo individual y grupal en el ejercicio docente. Reconociendo que la investigación científica forma parte de sus funciones, pero se inclinan a la materia que imparten y el colectivo de año no los estimula hacia la investigación de los problemas educativos.


ABSTRACT Background: Medical Sciences are characterized by professional studies related to public health and the disease health process, but they present weaknesses in the training of the medical professional, also in the knowledge and development of their research skills. Objective: To determine the limitations of the Medical Sciences professors in the educational research in the first academic year group of the Medicine career. Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out; the population consisted of 30 teachers from the teachers´ academic year group, 3 faculty directors, and the rest, some of the main professors of the subjects. The analysis of documents, the interview with managers, teachers and students, the survey of teachers, and the triangulation of data in the Medicine career during the course 2017-2018 at the Sancti Spíritus University of Medical Sciences were used. Results: The performance of teacher of medical sciences is conceived from both, the individual and the group in the teaching practice. Recognizing that the scientific research is part of their functions, but they are mainly interested into the subject they teach and the teachers´ academic year group does not encourage them to research about educational problems.


Subject(s)
Research Support as Topic , Biomedical Research/methods , Education, Professional
19.
Rev. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Quito) ; 43(1): 105-124, dic.2018. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1005158

ABSTRACT

Contexto: la investigación biomédica o médica termina también en una publicación escrita, que representa la base de futuras investigaciones o el eslabón de una cadena de producción de conocimientos. Objetivo: realizar un análisis histórico, cronológico de las revistas biomédicas en el Ecuador y su evolución hasta nuestros días, así como identificar las fortalezas y debilidades de las revistas actuales que se encuentran activas. Discusión y resultados: se analiza el tipo de revistas publicadas en el Ecuador a lo largo de 134 años, y se divide el análisis en tres etapas: pasada o era del papel, presente o digital y futura o era electrónica. Conclusión: entre el año 1.883 al 2.017 se han publicado 118 revistas biomédicas. De ellas, a febrero del 2018, tan sólo 23 revistas se encuentran vigentes y activas, considerando que tienen publicado al menos un número de la revista en formato digital en el año 2016 y/o 2017 y cuyo website está disponible al momento. En formato OJS existen apenas 10 revistas y apenas 29 revistas se encuentran indexadas en al menos una base de datos regional (LILACS, Latindex o IMBIOMED). Ninguna revista biomédica está en la base de datos Scielo Ecuador y tan sólo una revista consta en la base de datos Scopus. (AU)


Context: biomedical or medical research ends in a written publication, which represents the basis for future research, or the link in a chain of knowledge production. Objective: to carry out a historical, chronological analysis of the biomedical journals in Ecuador, and their evolution to the present day, as well as to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the current journals that are active. Discussion and results: the type of journals published in Ecuador is analyzed over 134 years, and the analysis is divided into three stages: past or era of paper, present or digital, and future or electronic era. Conclusion: between the year 1883 and 2016, 118 biomedical journals have been published. Of these, as of February 2018, only 23 journals are current and active, considering that they have published at least one issue of the journal in digital format in 2016 and / or 2017, and whose website is available at the moment. In OJS format there are only 10 journals, and only 29 journals are indexed in at least one regional database, LILACS, Latindex or IMBIOMED. No biomedical journal is in the Scielo Ecuador database, and only one journal is included in the Scopus database. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , History, Ancient , Biomedical Research , History of Medicine , Medicine , Research , Research Support as Topic , Science
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