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Odovtos (En linea) ; 25(1)abr. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1422190


Dental fluorosis can cause changes in the enamel surface, conditioning its functionality and esthetics. The application of dental adhesives is a treatment option; however, their use on fluorotic teeth can result in limitations. The aim of this study was to compare the shear bond strength of two different adhesives, one with 10-MDP and one without 10-MDP, in different degrees of dental fluorosis.This is an in vitro study on dental enamel samples, a total of 180 samples with the inclusion criteria were treated, randomly divided into two groups of 90, according to the type of dental adhesive, where each group was again divided into three groups of 30 samples, representing different degrees of dental fluorosis according to the Thylstrup-Fejerskov index (Group I: TF1 and TF2; Group II: TF3; Group III: TF4). Normality tests, two-factor ANOVA, and post-hoc tests were used to determine differences between the groups, with a significance level of 95%. As results, a statistically significant difference was shown between the use of dental adhesive with 10-MDP and the three groups of dental fluorosis (p=0.011), in addition, a Tukey post-hoc test on the groups treated with 10-MDP adhesive revealed a statistically significant difference between group I versus group II, and group I versus group III, (p=<0.05). It is concluded that the use of adhesive systems with 10-MDP presents a better shear bond strength on enamel with dental fluorosis grades I and II in the Thylstrup-Fejerskov index.

La fluorosis dental puede ocasionar cambios en la superficie del esmalte, condicionando su funcionalidad y estética, la aplicación de adhesivos dentales es una opción de tratamiento, sin embargo, su uso en dientes fluoroticos puede resultar en limitaciones. El objetivo de este estudio consistió en comparar la fuerza de adhesión a la cizalladura de dos diferentes adhesivos, uno con 10-MDP y otro sin 10-MDP, en diferentes grados de fluorosis dental. Se trata de un estudio in vitro en muestras de esmalte dental, un total de 180 muestras con los criterios de inclusión fueron tratadas, aleatoriamente divididas en dos grupos de 90, de acuerdo al tipo de adhesivo dental, donde cada grupo fue dividido nuevamente en tres grupos de 30 muestras, representando diferentes grados de fluorosis dental según el índice de Thylstrup- Fejerskov (Grupo I: TF1 y TF2; Grupo II: TF3; Grupo III: TF4). Para determinar diferencias entre los grupos se utilizaron pruebas de normalidad, ANOVA de dos factores, y pruebas post-hoc, con un nivel de significancia de 95%. Como resultados, se mostró una diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre el uso de adhesivo dental con 10- MDP y los tres grupos de fluorosis dental (p=0.011), además, una prueba post hoc de Tukey sobre los grupos tratados con adhesivo 10-MDP revelaron una diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre el grupo I frente al grupo II, y el grupo I frente al grupo III, (p=<0.05) Se concluye que el uso de sistemas adhesivos con 10-MDP presentan una mejor resistencia de adhesión al cizallamiento en esmalte con grados de fluorosis dental I y II en el índice de Thylstrup-Fejerskov

Dentin-Bonding Agents/therapeutic use , Fluorosis, Dental/diagnosis , Resin Cements
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e231336, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1442820


Aim: To investigate and compare the effects of different thicknesses of medium-translucency monolithic zirconia and light curing times on the polymerization of two types of dual-cured resin cement. Methods: A total of 200 cement specimens were prepared from TheraCem and RelyX U200 cement. The specimens were divided into 5 groups: Group I, without interposing zirconia; Group II, 0.50 mm thickness; Group III, 1.00 mm; Group IV, 1.50 mm; and Group V, 2.00 mm thickness. Each group was subdivided into (1) RelyX U200 and (2) TheraCem. Each subgroup was subdivided according to the light-curing time into (a) 20 s and (b) 40 s (n =5). The polymerization was tested using Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and a Vickers microhardness tester. The data were statistically analyzed using ANOVA, an independent sample t-test, and Tukey's test at a significance level of 0.05. Results: The control group had the highest values of DC and VMH, followed by 0.50, 1.00, and 1.50 mm, respectively, while the 2.00 mm group showed the lowest values. The specimens irradiated for 40 s had greater DC and VMH than those irradiated for 20 s. RelyX U200 revealed higher values for both parameters compared to TheraCem cement. Conclusion: The polymerization of selfadhesive cement depends on the thickness of the monolithic zirconia, the light curing time, and the composition of the cement. The cement should be irradiated for a longer period than recommended to overcome the light attenuation of zirconia. TEGDMA-based self-adhesive cement showed a higher DC and VMH than BISGMA-based cement

Zirconium , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Resin Cements , Polymerization
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e230130, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1442841


Aim: This study assessed the effect of thermal aging on the interfacial strength of resin cements to surface-treated PEEK. Methods: Ninety-six PEEK blocks were allocated into 4 groups (n=24), according to following surface treatments: SB - sandblasting with aluminum oxide; SA - acid etched with 98% sulfuric acid; CA ­ coupling agent (, Bredent) and CO - control group (untreated). Surface roughness (Ra) was measured and one cylinder (1-mm diameter and height) of Rely-X Ultimate - ULT (3M/ESPE) and another one of Panavia V5 - PAN (Kuraray) were constructed on the treated or untreated PEEK surfaces. Half of the samples of each group were thermal aged (1,000 cycles). Samples were tested at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min in shear mode (µSBS). Ra and µSBS data were compared using one- and three-way ANOVA, respectively, and Tukey's tests. Results: SA and SB samples had the roughest surfaces, while CA the smoother (p<0.001). Thermal aging reduced µSBS regardless the surface treatment and resin cement used. There was interaction between surface treatment and resin cement (p <0.001), with ULT showing higher µSBS values than PAN. SA provided higher µSBS than SB for both resin cements, while for CA µSBS was higher (PAN) or lower than SB (ULT). Conclusion: Aging inadvertently reduces interfacial strength between PEEK and the resin cements. If ULT is the resin cement of choice, reliable interfacial strength is reached after any PEEK surface treatment. However, if PAN is going to be used only SA and CA are recommended as PEEK treatment

Polymers , Aging , Resin Cements , Shear Strength
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(2): 1-11, 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1425563


Objective: The present study aims to evaluate the color stability and degree of conversion of amine-free dual cured resin cement compared to light cured and amine-containing dual cured resin cements used with two different translucencies of thin esthetic restorations. Material and Methods: A total of 120 specimens were prepared for color stability testing (n=60). The specimens were divided into three main groups according to the resin cement type. Group 1: amine-free dual cured, Group 2: light cured, Group 3: amine-containing dual cured. Each group was further subdivided according to the ceramic translucency into two subgroups: high and low translucency. Color stability was assessed by a spectrophotometer before and after thermal aging. For the degree of conversion assessment (n=60), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was used at three different time intervals. Statistical analysis was performed using multi-factorial ANOVA, followed by one-way ANOVA with Bonferroni correction. Results: Amine-containing resin cement showed significantly higher ΔEab and ΔE00in both translucencies (4.5±0.3, 3.5±0.3 respectively for high translucency ceramic and 3.8±0.4, 3.0±0.3 respectively for low translucency) than the other tested cements (p<0.001). The highest degree of conversion (DC) was shown after 2 weeks by the amine-free dual cured resin cement (86.27±0.74). Conclusion: Amine-free dual cured resin cement can be an alternative to light cured one for cementation of thin veneers since it showed comparable color stability and high degree of conversion (AU)

Objetivo: O presente estudo tem como objetivo avaliar a estabilidade de cor e o grau de conversão do cimento resinoso dual sem amina em comparação com cimentos resinosos fotopolimerizáveis contendo amina usados com duas translucidezes diferentes em restaurações estéticas definitivas. Material e Métodos: Um total de 120 espécimes foram preparados para teste de estabilidade de cor (n=60). Os espécimes foram divididos em três grupos principais de acordo com o tipo de cimento resinoso. Grupo 1: polimerização dupla sem amina, Grupo 2: fotopolimerização, Grupo 3: polimerização dupla contendo amina. Cada grupo foi ainda subdividido de acordo com a translucidez da cerâmica em dois subgrupos: alta e baixa translucidez. A estabilidade da cor foi avaliada por um espectrofotômetro antes e após o envelhecimento térmico. Para a avaliação do grau de conversão (n=60), a espectroscopia de infravermelho com transformada de Fourier foi usada em três intervalos de tempo diferentes. A análise estatística foi realizada usando ANOVA multifatorial, seguida de ANOVA um faot com correção de Bonferroni. Resultados: O cimento resinoso contendo amina apresentou ΔEab e ΔE00 significativamente maiores em ambas as translucidezes (4,5±0,3, 3,5±0,3 respectivamente para cerâmica de alta translucidez e 3,8±0,4, 3,0±0,3 respectivamente para baixa translucidez) do que os outros cimentos testados (p< 0,001). O maior grau de conversão (DC) foi mostrado após 2 semanas pelo cimento resinoso dual sem amina (86,27±0,74). Conclusão: O cimento resinoso dual sem amina pode ser uma alternativa ao cimento polimerizável na restauração de facetas finas, uma vez que apresentou estabilidade de cor comparável e alto grau de conversão. (AU).

Color , Resin Cements , Polymerization , Lithium
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(1): 1-7, 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1412847


Objective: the aim of this study was to compare the mechanical behavior of different ceramics when used in thin vertical preparations versus traditional horizontal preparation. Material and Methods: two stainless-steel dies were milled to simulate a minimally invasive vertical preparation (VP) and a traditional horizontal preparation (HP) for an all-ceramic crown of a maxillary first premolar. The stainless-steel dies were duplicated using epoxy resin. Eighty monolithic crowns were milled and divided into 2 groups according to preparation design. Each design group was subdivided into 4 sub-groups according to material (n=10): IPS e.max CAD (lithium disilicate), Bruxzir shaded zirconia (full contour zirconia), CeraSmart (resin nanoceramic) and CEREC Tessera (advanced lithium disilicate). The crowns were cemented on their relevant epoxy resin dies using self-adhesive resin cement. All specimens were subjected to 15,000 thermocycles and then loaded to fracture in a universal testing machine. Data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey pair wise comparison test. Results: the fracture resistance mean values of the VP (1344 + 118 N) was significantly lower than the HP design (1646 + 191 N). Ceramic crowns made of full contour zirconia had higher fracture resistance mean values (2842 + 380 N) than advanced lithium disilicate (1272 + 125 N) followed by lithium disilicate crowns (983 + 52 N) and resin nanoceramic (882 + 61 N). Conclusion: both vertical and horizontal preparations, regardless the different ceramic materials, showed clinically acceptable fracture resistance values. (AU)

Objetivo: o objetivo deste estudo foi comparar o comportamento mecânico de diferentes cerâmicas quando utilizadas em preparos verticais finos ou preparos horizontais tradicionais. Material e Métodos: dois modelos de aço inoxidável foram fresados para simular um preparo vertical minimamente invasivo (PV) e um preparo horizontal tradicional (PH) para uma coroa totalmente em cerâmica de um primeiro pré-molar superior. As matrizes de aço inoxidável foram duplicadas usando resina epóxi. Oitenta coroas monolíticas foram fresadas e divididas em 2 grupos de acordo com o desenho do preparo. Cada grupo foi subdividido em 4 subgrupos de acordo com o material (n=10): IPS e.max CAD (dissilicato de lítio), zircônia Bruxzir (zircônia de contorno total), CeraSmart (resina nanocerâmica) e CEREC Tessera (dissilicato de lítio avançado). As coroas foram cimentadas em suas respectivas matrizes de resina epóxi usando cimento resinoso autoadesivo. Todos os espécimes foram submetidos a 15.000 ciclos térmicos e então carregados até a fratura em uma máquina de teste universal. Os dados foram analisados usando ANOVA com dois fatores e teste de comparação por pares de Tukey. Resultados: os valores médios de resistência à fratura do PV (1344 + 118 N) foram significativamente menores do que PH (1646 + 191 N). As coroas de cerâmica feitas de zircônia de contorno total apresentaram maiores valores médios de resistência à fratura (2842 + 380 N) do que dissilicato de lítio avançado (1272 + 125 N), seguido por coroas de dissilicato de lítio (983 + 52 N) e resina nanocerâmica (882 + 61 N). Conclusão: preparos verticais e horizontais, independentemente dos diferentes materiais cerâmicos, apresentaram valores de resistência à fratura clinicamente aceitáveis. (AU)

Bicuspid , Dental Prosthesis , Tooth Crown , Resin Cements , Epoxy Resins , Fractures, Bone
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e239389, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1509457


Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the biofilm effect on the hybrid ceramic-resin cement bond strength (BS) by comparing two methods. Methods: Teeth were distributed into groups (n=5), according to the resin cement (Maxcem Elite-(MC) or NX3 Nexus-(NX)) and degradation method (24h or 7 days in distilled water; 7 or 30 days incubated with biofilm and 30 days in sterile media). Treated surfaces of Vita Enamic blocks (5x6x7mm) were luted to treated or no treated dentin surfaces and light-cured. After 24h, beams were obtained (1x1x10mm) and stored accordingly. The flexural bond strength (FBS) was assessed by four-point bending test. Additional beams were obtained from new teeth (n=5), stored for 24h or 7 days in distilled water, and submitted to a microtensile bond strength (µTBS) assay. Failure modes were determined by scanning electron microscopy (100X). The flexure strength of the cements (n=10) was assessed by a four-point bending test. Data were analyzed by 1 and 2-ways ANOVA, and Tukey's test (α=0.05). Results: There was no significant difference between the degradation methods for the FBS groups. For the µTBS, the significant difference was as follows: NX 7days > NX 24h > MC 7days = MC 24h. Failure mode was mainly adhesive and mixed, but with an increase of cohesive within cement and pre-failures for the MC groups assessed by µTBS. NX had better performance than MC, regardless of the method. Conclusions: The biofilm had no effect on the materials BS and FBS test was a useful method to evaluate BS of materials with poor performance

Tensile Strength , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Dental Bonding , Biofilms , Resin Cements
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(5): 1-13, nov. 23, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1436941


Objetive: To compare the clinical behavior of two types of Bulk Fill composite resins and a nanohybrid resin at 18 months in occlusal restorations. Material and Methods: Three occlusal restorations were performed in each one of the 55 participants. They were randomly distributed into three groups, TN: Tetric-N-Ceram Bulk-Fill, FK: Filtek Bulk-Fill, and Z350: Filtek Z350XT. Adhesive techniques and restorative procedures were performed according to the manufacturer's instructions for each restorative material used. In TN and FK an increment of 4mm was applied, and in Z350 increments of ≤2mm depth were applied. Two calibrated operators evaluated the restorations at baseline and at 18 months using the FDI World Dental Federations system (1: excellent, 2: good, 3: satisfactory, 4: unsatisfactory, 5: poor) for clinical marginal staining (MS) properties, fracture-retention (FR), superficial texture (ST), marginal integrity (MI), postoperative sensitivity (PS) and caries (C). Kruskal-Wallis and Wilcoxon were used to compare the 3 groups at 18 months (5% significance). Results: 38 patients with a total of 114 restorations were assessed, being evaluated with excellent clinical behavior; MI, 78.9% in Z350, 89.51% in TN and 81.6% in FK; ST 73.5% in Z350, 86.8% in TN, and 84.2% in FK; MS 84.2% in Z350, 84.2% in TN, and 91.2% in FK; PS 100% in Z350 and 97.3% in TN and FK; in C and FR, 100% in the 3 groups. There were no significant differences between the three groups (p>0.05). Conclusion: The three resins studied presented a good clinical performance at 18 months without showing significant differences in the clinical properties evaluated.

Objetivo: Comparar el comportamiento clínico a 18 meses en restauraciones oclusales entre dos tipos de resinas compuestas Bulk Fill y una resina nanohíbrida. Material y Métodos: En 55 participantes se realizaron 3 restauraciones oclusales en cada paciente, distribuidas aleatoriamente en 3 grupos, TN: Tetric-N-Ceram Bulk-Fill, FK: Filtek Bulk-Fill y Z350: Filtek Z350XT. Las técnicas adhesivas y procedimientos restauradores fueron realizados según las instrucciones de los fabricantes de cada material restaurador utilizado. En TN y FK se aplicó un incremento de 4mm y en Z350 se aplicó incrementos ≤ 2 mm de profundidad. Dos operadores calibrados evaluaron las restauraciones al baseline y a los 18 meses mediante el sistema FDI World Dental Federations (1: excelente, 2: aceptable, 3: suficiente, 4: insatisfactorio, 5: inaceptable) en las propiedades clínicas de tinción marginal (TM), fractura-retención (FR), textura superficial (TS), integridad marginal (IM), sensibilidad postoperatoria (SP) y caries (C). Se utilizó Kruskal-Wallis y Wilcoxon para la comparación de los 3 grupos a 18 meses (significancia de 5%). Resultados: Se controlaron 38 pacientes con un total de 114 restauraciones, siendo evaluados con comportamiento clínico excelente; IM, 78.9% en Z350, 89.51% en TN y 81.6% en FK; TS 73.5%, en Z350, 86.8% en TN y 84.2% en FK; TM, 84.2% en Z350, 84.2% en TN y 91.2% en FK; SP 100% en Z350 y 97,3% en TN y FK; en C y FR 100% en los 3 grupos. No hubo diferencias significativas entre los 3 grupos (p>0,05). Conclusión: Las 3 resinas estudiadas presentaron un buen desempeño clínico a 18 meses sin mostrar diferencias significativas en las propiedades clínicas evaluadas.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Composite Resins/chemistry , Dental Cements/chemistry , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Chile/epidemiology , Resin Cements/chemistry , Dental Restoration Wear
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(3): 1-11, jun. 30, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1427951


Objetive: To evaluate microleakage of composite resins (CR) placed over different cavitary liners after managing deep caries lesions through selective removal of soft carious tissue to soft dentin (SRCT-S). Material and Methods: Fifty four human teeth were collected for microleakage testing. Each assay comprised ICDAS 5 or ICDAS 6 carious lesions and sound teeth for controls. Sound teeth were prepared with cavities that mirrored the carious teeth cavities, which were prepared with SRCT-S. Sound and carious teeth were further randomly assigned to one of the three experimental groups: Group A: universal adhesive (UA) + CR, Group B: glass ionomer cement liner + UA + CR, and Group C: calcium hydroxide + UA+ CR. Occlusal microleakage (OM) and cervical microleakage (CM) was classified within one of 5 depth categories. ANOVA and Chi-square tests were computed (p<0.05). Results: OM and CM were similarly distributed across subgroups (p>0.05). All Group C samples with carious lesions presented some degree of microleakage. However, no statistically significant differences were observed between groups and within each group (p>0.05). Conclusion: Teeth restored with CR after SRCT-S using calcium hydroxide as a liner material seem to exhibit higher microleakage than those restored using glass ionomer or UA alone. Further clinical research is needed to deepen these findings. Clinical significance: The application of calcium hydroxide as a liner under a composite resin may reduce the longevity of a restoration after performing selective or partial removal of carious tissues. Clinicians should rethink the need of using calcium hydroxide for this application, albeit the lack of clinical evidence.

Objetivo: Evaluar la microfiltración de resinas compuestas (RC) colocadas sobre diferentes liners cavitarios después del manejo de lesiones de caries profundas mediante la remoción selectiva de tejido cariado blando hasta dentina blanda (SRCT-S). Material y Métodos: Se recolectaron 54 dientes humanos para pruebas de microfiltración. Cada ensayo comprendía lesiones cariosas ICDAS 5 o ICDAS 6 y dientes sanos para los controles. Se prepararon dientes sanos con cavidades que reflejaban las cavidades de los dientes cariados, que se prepararon con SRCT-S. Los dientes sanos y cariados se asignaron al azar a uno de los tres grupos experimentales: Grupo A: adhesivo universal (AU) + RC, Grupo B: revestimiento de cemento de ionómero de vidrio + AU + RC, y Grupo C: hidróxido de calcio + AU+ RC. La microfiltración oclusal (MO) y la microfiltración cervical (MC) se clasificaron dentro de una de las 5 categorías de profundidad. Se calcularon las pruebas ANOVA y Chi-cuadrado (p<0,05). Resultados: La MO y MC se distribuyeron de manera similar en los subgrupos (p> 0,05). Todas las muestras del Grupo C con lesiones cariosas presentaron algún grado de microfiltración. Sin embargo, no se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre grupos y dentro de cada grupo (p>0,05). Conclusión: Los dientes restaurados con RC después de SRCT-S usando hidróxido de calcio como material de revestimiento parecen exhibir una mayor microfiltración que aquellos restaurados usando ionómero de vidrio o AU solo. Se necesita más investigación clínica para profundizar estos hallazgos. Relevancia clínica: la aplicación de hidróxido de calcio como revestimiento debajo de una resina compuesta puede reducir la longevidad de una restauración después de realizar la eliminación selectiva o parcial de los tejidos cariados. Los médicos deberían reconsiderar la necesidad de usar hidróxido de calcio para esta aplicación, aunque no haya evidencia clínica.

Humans , Composite Resins/chemistry , Dental Cavity Lining , Dental Leakage/classification , Glass Ionomer Cements/chemistry , Calcium Hydroxide , Intervention Studies , Resin Cements/chemistry , Dental Caries/therapy
Rev. ADM ; 79(1): 20-27, ene.-feb. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361506


Los sistemas cementantes han mejorado notablemente, los objetivos que persiguen los nuevos cementos es que la adhesión sea duradera y conseguir siempre que sea posible una interface cerrada con un sellado perfecto. Se han podido desarrollar nuevas técnicas y nuevos materiales de cementación que han ido perfeccionando la unión del material restaurador al diente. En el presente estudio se compara la fuerza de adhesión a dentina de cementos de autograbado y cementos de grabado total para comprobar los efectos positivos en el grabado de la dentina. Para el estudio se utilizaron dos cementos a base de resina (RelyX U200 Clicker 3M y RelyX Ultimate 3M). Se encapsularon 40 molares en acrílico en dos grupos de 20 muestras para la aplicación de dos sistemas cementantes de autograbado (grupo 1) y de grabado total (grupo 2), respectivamente, se desgastaron hasta descubrir la dentina; siguiendo las especificaciones del fabricante se colocó el cemento en cada grupo, y después se sometieron a pruebas de cizalla en una máquina de ensayo universal Instron. La medida expresada en megapascales (MPa) fue: grupo 1 = 7.5569 y grupo 2 = 12.6444. En este caso fueron analizados dos grupos, tomándose la primera significancia bilateral. Se realiza la prueba en t de Student, con 95% de intervalo de confianza en la diferencia, demostrando así que el cemento RelyX Ultimate 3M tiene mayor fuerza de adhesión que el cemento RelyX U200 Clicker 3M. Nuestra investigación fue factible y llegamos a nuestro propósito, en el cual comprobamos la mayor adhesión de cementos de grabado total, los cuales son sometidos a un previo tratamiento del diente (AU)

Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Acid Etching, Dental , Cementation , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Resin Cements , Shear Strength , Tensile Strength , Dentin/drug effects
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2022. 111 p. tab, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1410402


O presente estudo teve por objetivo avaliar a resistência à flexão de um pino experimental de fibra de vidro vazado, e a resistência adesiva entre este pino experimental à dentina radicular, associando a utilização de um dispositivo iluminador em fibra óptica, sob o processo de envelhecimento, além de determinar a distribuição de tensão pela Análise de Elementos Finitos (FEA). O pino experimental e o dispositivo iluminador de fibra óptica têm por finalidade aumentar a efetividade de fotoativação dos cimentos resinosos nos terços médios e apicais dos canais radiculares. Para o teste de flexão de 3 pontos, estritamente do pino de fibra de vidro, as amostras foram divididas em 4 grupos (n=10): pino convencional (pc), pino experimental sem preenchimento (pp), com preenchimento de cimento resinoso (ppc) e com preenchimento de fibra óptica (ppf). Para o teste de resistência adesiva Pull-out, 100 raízes de dentes bovinos foram restauradas com retentores intrarradiculares e coroas de resina composta, distribuídos em 10 grupos (n=10), tendo como variáveis: o tipo de pino de fibra de vidro [convencional (C) ou perfurado (P)], o sistema de fotoativação [com ou sem o iluminador de fibra óptica (O)], o tipo de cimento resinoso [fotoativado (F) ou polimerização dual (D)] e o envelhecimento das amostras [com e sem ciclagem mecânica (C)]. O processo de envelhecimento foi realizado através da ciclagem mecânica e as amostras foram submetidas ao teste de resistência adesiva Pull-out. A análise do modo de falha foi realizada em Estereomicroscópio. A Análise em Elementos Finitos avaliou a distribuição de tensão pela análise de von Mises, deformação total e tensão máxima principal no Software Ansys 19.3. A análise estatística foi constituída pelo teste de normalidade Shapiro-Wilk, análise de variância (ANOVA) 1, 2 e 3 fatores e teste Tukey 5%. As médias e desvios padrão de resistência à flexão foram (MPa): pc = 677 ± 81,1; ppc = 419 ± 23,2; ppf = 200 ± 32,5 e pp = 177 ± 32,8. As médias e desvios padrão de resistência adesiva foram (MPa): CD = 12,2 ± 1,21; PD = 11,1 ± 1,32; PF = 10,9 ± 1,29; POD = 13,7 ± 1,16; POF = 11,9 ± 1,48; CDC = 10,1 ± 1,33; PDC = 9,25 ± 1,11; PFC = 8,37 ± 1,25; PODC = 10,8 ± 0,95 e POFC = 9,82 ± 1,02. Os resultados do modo de falha foram: adesiva entre pino e cimento (56%), mista predominantemente adesiva entre cimento e dentina (22%), adesiva entre cimento e dentina (14%) e a mista predominantemente adesiva entre pino e cimento (8%). Concluiu-se que entre os pinos experimentais, o grupo do pino perfurado preenchido com cimento resinoso obteve o maior valor de resistência à flexão, a utilização do dispositivo iluminador aumentou os resultados de resistência adesiva nos grupos dos pinos perfurados e não houve diferença na distribuição de tensões entre os grupos. (AU)

The present study aimed to evaluate the flexural strength of an experimental hollow glass fiber post, and the bond strength between this experimental post and root dentin, associating the use of an optical fiber illuminating device, under the aging process, in addition to determine the stress distribution by Finite Element Analysis (FEA). The experimental post and optical fiber illuminating device are intended to increase the polymerization effectiveness of resin cements in the middle and apical regions of root canals. For the 3-point bending test, strictly of the fiber post, the samples were divided into 4 groups (n=10): conventional post (pc), experimental post without filling (pp), with resin cement filling (ppc) and with optical fiber filling (ppf). For the Pull-out test, 100 roots of bovine teeth were restored with intraradicular retainers and composite resin crowns, distributed into 10 groups (n=10), with the following variables: glass fiber post type [conventional (C) or hollow (P)], the photocuring system [with or without the optical fiber illuminating device (O)], the type of resin cement [light cured (F) or dual cured (D)] and aging of the samples [with and without mechanical cycling (C)]. The aging process was performed by mechanical cycling and the samples were submitted to the Pull-out bond strength test. Failure mode analysis was performed using a stereomicroscope. Finite Element Analysis evaluated the stress distribution by von Mises analysis, total strain and maximum principal stress in Ansys Software 19.3. Statistical analysis consisted of the Shapiro-Wilk normality test, 1-, 2- and 3-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey test 5%. The means and standard deviations of flexural strength were (MPa): pc = 677 ± 81.1; ppc = 419 ± 23.2; ppf = 200 ± 32.5 and pp = 177 ± 32.8. The means and standard deviations of bond strength were (MPa): CD = 12.2 ± 1.21; PD = 11.1 ± 1.32; PF = 10.9 ± 1.29; POD = 13.7 ± 1.16; POF = 11.9 ± 1.48; CDC = 10.1 ± 1.33; PDC = 9.25 ± 1.11; PFC = 8.37 ± 1.25; PODC = 10.8 ± 0.95 and POFC = 9.82 ± 1.02. The failure mode results were: adhesive between post and cement (56%), mixed predominantly adhesive between cement and dentin (22%), adhesive between cement and dentin (14%) and mixed predominantly adhesive between post and cement (8 %). It was concluded that among the experimental posts, the hollow post group filled with resin cement obtained the highest flexural strength value, the use of the illuminating device increased the results of bond strength in the hollow post groups and there was no difference in the stress distribution among the groups (AU)

Materials Testing , Post and Core Technique , Resin Cements , Finite Element Analysis , Curing Lights, Dental
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-11, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1352726


Objective: To evaluate the influence of immediate dentin sealing (IDS) and mechanical methods for removing the temporary cement on the bond strength between dentin and resin cements. Material and Methods: Bovine incisors were ground until dentin exposure and divided according to two factors: "dentin surface treatment"' - cleaning with manual dental excavator (DE), with Robinson bristle brush and pumice paste (PP) or IDS application with Single Bond 2 (IDS/SB+PP) or Single Bond Universal (IDS/SBU+PP) plus cleaning with PP; and "resin cement" - Self-adhesive (RelyX U200) or conventional cement with self-etching adhesive (Multilink Automix). Simulating provisional restoration, acrylic resin plates were cemented onto the dentin surface (with or without IDS) with a non-eugenol temporary cement, and stored in distilled water (37 ºC; 7 days). The acrylic plates were removed, the dentin surface was cleaned (PP or DE), and starch tubes were positioned on the dentin where the resin cements were applied. After 24 h, the specimens were submitted to a microshear test (wire-loop method). Results: Two-way analysis of variance showed statistically significant influence of dentine surface treatments (p< 0.001) and resin cement (p= 0.001) in the bond strength values. The IDS/SBU+PP/U200 (7.24 MPa) and IDS/SBU+PP/MULTI (6.40 MPa) groups presented higher values when compared to cleaning with DE (DE/U200= 4.60 MPa; DE/MULTI= 1.45 MPa) and PP (PP/U200= 3.74 MPa; PP/MULTI= 3.14 MPa). Statistical difference was also found between the cements when dental excavator treatment was used (RelyX U200 ˃ Multilink Automix). The IDS/SBU+PP protocol presented a higher percentage of cohesive failures. The micrographs showed differences in dentin surface characteristics among the groups. Conclusion: Immediate dentin sealing increased the bond strength of the resin cements to dentin compared to mechanical cleaning only, regardless the resin cement. (AU)

Objetivo: Avaliar a influência do selamento dentinário imediato (IDS) e dos métodos mecânicos de remoção do cimento provisório na resistência de união entre dentina e cimentos resinosos. Materiais e Métodos: Incisivos bovinos foram desgastados até a exposição da dentina e divididos de acordo com dois fatores: "tratamento da superfície dentinária" - limpeza com cureta dentária manual (DE), com escova de cerdas Robinson e pasta de pedra-pomes (PP) ou aplicação de IDS com Single Bond 2 (IDS/SB +PP) ou Single Bond Universal (IDS/SBU+PP) mais limpeza com PP; e "cimento resinoso" - autoadesivo (RelyX U200) ou cimento convencional com adesivo autocondicionante (Multilink Automix). Simulando a restauração provisória, placas de resina acrílica foram cimentadas na superfície dentinária (com ou sem IDS) com um cimento provisório sem eugenol e armazenadas em água destilada (37 ºC; 7 dias). As placas de acrílico foram removidas, a superfície dentinária foi limpa (PP ou DE) e tubos de amido foram posicionados na dentina onde os cimentos resinosos foram aplicados. Após 24 h, os corpos-de-prova foram submetidos ao ensaio de microcisalhamento (método wire-loop). Resultados: A análise de variância de dois fatores mostrou influência estatisticamente significativa dos tratamentos de superfície dentinária (p< 0,001) e cimento resinoso (p= 0,001) nos valores de resistência de união. Os grupos IDS/SBU+PP/U200 (7,24 MPa) e IDS/SBU+PP/MULTI (6,40 MPa) apresentaram valores maiores quando comparados à limpeza com DE (DE/U200= 4,60 MPa; DE/MULTI= 1,45 MPa) e PP (PP/U200= 3,74 MPa; PP/MULTI= 3,14 MPa). Uma diferença estatística também foi encontrada entre os cimentos quando o tratamento com cureta dentária foi usado (RelyX U200 ˃ Multilink Automix). O protocolo IDS/SBU+PP apresentou maior percentual de falhas coesivas. As micrografias mostraram diferenças nas características da superfície dentinária entre os grupos. Conclusão: O selamento dentinário imediato aumentou a resistência de união dos cimentos resinosos à dentina em comparação com a limpeza mecânica apenas, independentemente do cimento resinoso.(AU)

Cattle , Resin Cements , Dental Cements , Dentin
Araçatuba; s.n; 2022. 54 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1435699


O objetivo desse trabalho foi avaliar a influência de diferentes graus de opacidade e espessuras do dissilicato de lítio no grau de conversão de dois cimentos resinosos e na resistência de união dos mesmos à cerâmica. Duzentos e quarenta amostras cerâmicas de dissilicato de lítio (6x6 mm) foram obtidos a partir de blocos de IPS E-max CAD (Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtensten), nas opacidades HT (alta translucidez), LT (baixa translucidez) e MO (média opacidade), nas espessuras de 0,3 mm, 0,7 mm, 1,2mm, 1,7 mm, 2,0 mm. Para as análises do grau de conversão (n=9) e resistência de união (n=8) foram utilizados um cimento de ativação física (Variolink Esthetic LC) e um cimento dual (Multilink N). Para análise do grau de conversão, as amostras de cimento foram fotoativadas sob as amostras de cerâmica e levadas a um espectrômetro Raman confocal. Para o teste de resistência de união foram confeccionados cilindros de cimento resinoso sobre as amostras cerâmicas e submetidos ao ensaio de microcisalhamento. Os resultados mostraram que o aumento das espessuras causou diminuição no grau de conversão dos dois cimentos em todas as condições estudadas, porém só influenciou negativamente a resistência de união do cimento Variolink Esthetic LC quando unido à cerâmica na opacidade MO. Na comparação entre as opacidades, de maneira geral, a cerâmica de maior translucidez HT apresentou maiores valores de grau de conversão em comparação às outras opacidades. Já para resistência de união, em algumas espessuras as cerâmicas LT e MO apresentaram os maiores valores. O cimento dual Multilink N apresentou os maiores valores nas duas análises comparado ao cimento fotoativado Variolink Esthetic LC. Portanto, o aumento da espessura e da opacidade do material cerâmico podem promover uma diminuição no grau de conversão do cimento. A resistência de união também sofre uma diminuição com o aumento da espessura de cerâmicas mais opacas. No entanto, a maior translucidez do material não garante valores mais altos dessa mesma propriedade(AU)

This research aims to evaluate the influence of different degrees of opacity and thicknesses of lithium disilicate on the degree of conversion of two resin cements and on their bond strength to the ceramic. Two hundred and forty lithium disilicate ceramic samples (6x6 mm) were obtained from IPS E-max CAD (Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtensten), in HT, LT and MO opacities, with thicknesses of 0.3 mm, 0.7 mm, 1.2 mm, 1.7 mm, 2.0 mm. For degree of conversion (n=9) and bond strength analysis (n=8) a light cured (Variolink Esthetic LC) and a dual cured resin cement (Multilink N) were used. To analyze the degree of conversion, the cement samples were light cured under the ceramic samples and taken to a confocal Raman spectrometer. For the bond strength test, resin cement cylinders were made on the ceramic samples that were later subjected to a microshear. The results showed that the increase in thickness caused a decrease on degree of conversion of both cements in all the conditions studied, but it only had an influence on bond strength of Variolink LC cement for MO ceramic. Comparing the opacities, for the degree of conversion, the most translucent ceramics had higher conversion values compared to the less translucent ones in some thicknesses. As for bond strength, in some thicknesses the LT and MO ceramics showed the highest values. The dual cement Multilink showed the highest values of conversion degree and bond strength compared to Variolink Esthetic LC light-cured cement. The Multilink dual cement showed the highest values in both analyzes compared to the Variolink LC light-cured cement. Therefore, increasing the thickness and opacity of the ceramic material can promote a decrease in the degree of cement conversion. The bond strength also suffers a decrease with increasing thickness of more opaque ceramics and the greater translucency of the material does not guarantee higher values of this same property(AU)

Resin Cements , Dental Porcelain , Ceramics , Dental Materials , Polymerization
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210185, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1422268


Abstract Objective: To compare the cytotoxicity level of a new calcium silicate-based resin cement (TheraCem) with two commonly used cements, including a conventional self-adhesive resin cement (Panavia SA) and a resinmodified glass ionomer cement (FujiCem2), on the human gingival fibroblast cells after 24 and 48 hours. Material and Methods: Twelve discs of each cement type were fabricated. The extract of cement disks was made by incubating them in the cell medium. Human gingival fibroblast cells were cultured and exposed to cement extracts for 24 h and 48 h. MTT assay was performed on extracts and optical density and cell viability rates were calculated by the spectrophotometer device at 570 nm. Data were analyzed using ANOVA and Tukey HSD tests. Results: The cell viability rates after 24 hours and 48 hours were as follows: TheraCem: 89.24% and 85.46%, Panavia SA: 49.51% and 46.57% and FujiCem2: 50.63% and 47.36%. TheraCem represented the highest cell viability rate. However, no significant difference was noted between Panavia SA and FujiCem2. Time had no significant effect on cell viability. Conclusion: TheraCem exhibited the best results among three tested cements and was considered non-toxic. Panavia SA and FujiCem2 were not significantly different regarding the cell viability rate. Time had no significant effect on the cytotoxicity level of cements (AU).

Calcarea Silicata , Resin Cements , Fibroblasts/microbiology , Glass Ionomer Cements , Cell Survival , Spectrophotometers , Analysis of Variance
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 51: e20210058, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1377170


Introduction: Endodontically treated teeth are usually affected by extensive structure loss requiring the use of intraradicular posts to provide retention and restoration. Objective: An in vitro assessment was performed on the bonding of glass fiber posts to the root dentin. Material and method: Ninety (n = 10) single bovine roots were used in a 3 x 3 x 3 factorial study with subdivided plots: post customization varying the presence and type of resin (without customization, conventional resin, and Bulk Fill resin), light-curing device (Valo, Radii-Cal, Rainbow), and root third (cervical, middle, and apical). Result: For the customization factor, Tukey's test (5%) showed the superiority of the Bulk Fill (8.16 MPa) and Z350 (7.40 MPa) groups compared to the control group (4.92 MPa), without differing from each other. All light-curing devices differed, showing the superiority of Valo (9.36 MPa), Radii (6.96 MPa) as an intermediate, and the inferiority of Rainbow (4.17 MPa). The cervical root third (7.81 MPa) was superior, the apical third was inferior (5.80 MPa), and the middle third (6.88 MPa) was an intermediate without differing from the others. Conclusion: The customization of glass fiber posts increases the bond strength to the root dentin, regardless of the resin used. There was a compromise in the apical third and when using light-curing devices with lower light intensity.

Introdução: Dentes com extensa perda de estrutura podem comprometer a retenção das restaurações ao remanescente dental, onde pinos intraradiculares são indicados. Objetivo: Avaliou-se in vitro a união de pinos de fibra de vidro à dentina radicular em função de diferentes modos de reanatomização, fotopolimerizadores e regionalização radicular. Material e método: Noventa (n=10) raízes bovinas uniradiculares foram usadas num estudo fatorial 3 x 3 x 3 com parcelas subdivididas: Reanatomização do pino, variando a presença e tipo de resina (Sem reanatomização, Resina Convencional e Resina Bulkfill); Fotopolimerizador (Valo, Radii-cal, Rainbow); e Terço radicular (cervical, médio e apical). Resultado: O teste de Tukey (5%) evidenciou para o Fator Reanatomização superioridade dos grupos BulkFill (8.16MPa) e Z350 (7.40MPa) ao grupo Controle (4.92MPa), sem diferirem entre si. Todos os fotopolimerizadores diferiram entre si, com superioridade de Valo (9.36MPa), Radii (6.96MPa) intermediário, e inferioridade de Raiwbow (4.17MPa). O terço radicular cervical (7.81MPa) foi superior e o apical inferior (5.80MPa), com o terço médio (6.88MPa) intermediário e sem diferir dos demais. Conclusão: Conclui-se que a reanatomização de pinos de fibra de vidro aumenta a resistência de união à dentina radicular, independentemente da resina utilizada, havendo prejuízo no terço apical e quando são empregados fotopolimerizadores com menor intensidade luminosa.

In Vitro Techniques , Cattle , Post and Core Technique , Resin Cements , Dentin , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives , Photoinitiators, Dental
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 37(86): 1-12, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1413026


El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar con microto-mografía los poros existentes entre el cemento de resina, poste de fibra y paredes del conducto en los distintos tercios radiculares en premolares inferio-res. Se utilizaron 15 premolares inferiores unirra-diculares humanos recientemente extraídos. Se les realizó el tratamiento endodóntico, y se obturó con conos de gutapercha y cemento endodóntico a base de resina. Una vez desobturados se procedió a la ce-mentación de los postes. Cada muestra se posicionó en un accesorio personalizado y se escaneó utilizan-do un Microtomógrafo. Con el software CTAn v.1.12 (Bruker-microCT) se analizaron las microtomografías para obtener el volumen de interés (VOI) que permi-tió calcular el área de superficie (mm2) y volumen de cada poro (mm3) entre la dentina y el poste a nivel co-ronal, medio y apical. Los datos fueron analizados me-diante las pruebas estadísticas de Friedman o ANOVA de medidas repetidas. El volumen de los poros entre los tres tercios radiculares mediante la prueba de Friedman, encontró una diferencia global significativa (F = 30,00; p < 0,05). El tercio en donde los poros presentaron un mayor volumen (mm3) fue el tercio coronal (mediana: 0,29250), seguido por los tercios medio (mediana: 0,03200), y apical (mediana: 0,00140). La comparación de la superficie de los poros entre los 3 tercios brindó un resultado análogo al de la comparación del volumen. La mayor superficie (mm2) correspondió al tercio coronal (media ± DE = 1,66377 ± 0,27175), seguido por los tercios medio (media ± DE = 1,16210 ± 0,20343) y apical (media ± DE = 0,41074 ± 0,12641). La microtomografía permitió realizar un análisis cuantitativo y cualitativo de los poros en toda la muestra, sin deterioro de la misma. Se puede concluir que el tercio coronal presenta más poros que el tercio apical con la técnica de cementación utilizada. En cuanto a la superficie y volumen de los poros, los resultados encontrados son similares a los reporta-dos por diversos autores (AU)

The aim of this study was to evaluate with microtomography the existing pores between the resin cement, fiber post and canal walls in the different in thirds of the canal, in single-root lower premolars. Fifteen recently extracted human single root lower premolars were used, endodontically treated, and filled with gutta-percha cones and resin-based endodontic cement. Once unfilled, the posts were cemented. Each sample was positioned on a custom fixture and scanned using a Microtomograph. Each sample was evaluated using CTAn v.1.12 software (Bruker-microCT) to obtain the surface area (mm2), volume of interest (mm3) of each pore between dentin and post at the coronal, middle and apical levels. Data were analyzed using Friedman's tests or repeated measures ANOVA. The volume of the pores between the three root thirds using the Friedman test, a significant global difference was found (F = 30.00; p < 0.05). The third in which the pores presented a greater volume (mm3) was the coronal third (means: 0.29250), followed by the middle (means: 0.03200) and apical (means: 0.00140) thirds. The comparison of the pore surface between the 3 thirds gave an analogous result to that of the volume comparison. The largest surface area (mm2) corresponded to the coronal third (mean ± SD 1.66377 ± 0.27175), followed by the middle (mean ± 1.16210 ± 0.20343) and apical (mean ± 0.41074 ± 0.12641) thirds.Microtomography allowed a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the pores in the entire sample without deterioration. It can be concluded that the coronal third has more pores than the apical third with the cementation technique used. Regarding the surface and volume of the pores, the results found are similar to those reported by various authors (AU)

Porosity , Post and Core Technique , Cementation/instrumentation , X-Ray Microtomography , Bicuspid , Analysis of Variance , Resin Cements , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Fibric Acids
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2022. 104 p. tab, ilus, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1396533


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar in vitro a influência de um novo dispositivo fotopolimerização e pino de fibra de vidro nas propriedades mecânicas, físicoquímicas e adesão dos cimentos resinosos. Foram utilizados oitenta dentes bovinos, submetidos ao tratamento endodôntico, distribuídos em 5 grupos (n=16): CD (Pino fibra vidro e cimento dual); PF (Pino perfurado e cimento fotoativado); PD (Pino perfurado e cimento dual); POF (Pino perfurado iluminador de fibra óptica e cimento fotoativado); POD (Pino perfurado iluminador de fibra óptica e cimento dual). Os dentes foram preparados para colocação de um protótipo de pino em fibra de vidro que possui um canal interno de diâmetro regular e com conicidade progressiva. A perfuração permite a inserção da fibra óptica ao longo da extensão do pino a fim de possibilitar a ação da luz ao longo de todo o comprimento do conduto radicular. Após a cimentação, os espécimes foram seccionados perpendicularmente, e obtida 1 fatia de 2 mm de espessura do terço apical, médio e cervical. A avaliação mecânica foi realizada através do ensaio de push-out para determinação da resistência adesiva nos terços cervical, médio e apical seguido pela análise da fratura em estereomicroscópio. Os retentores intrarradiculares foram também submetidos ao teste de flexão de 3 pontos para análise do material preenchedor do pino de fibra (n=10). As análises físico - químicas foram realizadas através da determinação do grau de conversão dos cimentos (RAMAN) e análise em espectroscopia de energia dispersiva (EDS) dos monômeros presentes. A adesão foi analisada pela interface de cimentação pelo MEV e reconstrução 3D do novo sistema através do Micro-CT. Os dados obtidos foram analisados estatisticamente pelo ANOVA (um e dois fatores) e comparação múltipla de Tukey, (p<0,05). Os resultados de resistência adesiva evidenciaram que o terço apical obteve o maior valor de resistência adesiva em comparação ao terço médio (p<0,001), o grupo POD do terço apical foi estatisticamente significante em relação ao grupo CD do terço médio (p<0,001). Na analise individual de cada terço, não houve diferença entre os grupos experimentais e o controle (p>0,05). A falha adesiva entre cimento e dentina foi a mais predominante entre todos os grupos e terços. O pino de fibra de vidro (controle) obteve o maior valor de resistência à flexão (p<0,001), seguido do pino de fibra de vidro perfurado preenchido com cimento resinoso (p<0,001). Os maiores valores de GC foram alcançados pelo grupo POD com 82,3% (cervical) 69,9 % (médio) e 76,21% (apical) e o EDS comprovou a presença de componentes químicos adequados. A análise da adesão do novo pino de fibra de vidro comprova uma excelente adaptação no interior do canal radicular nas regiões cervical, médio e apical. Portanto o novo dispositivo com fibra óptica e pino de fibra de vidro experimental aumentaram as propriedades mecânicas, físico-químicas e adesão do cimento resinoso (AU)

The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro the influence of a new light curing device with optical fiber and experimental glass fiber post on the physicochemical, mechanical, and adhesion properties of resin cements. Eighty bovine teeth were used, submitted to an endodontic treatment, distributed in 5 groups (n=16): CD (Glass fiber post and dual cement); PF (Perforated post and light-cured cement); PD (Perforated post and dual cement); POF (Fiber optic illuminating with a perforated post and lightcured cement); POD (Fiber optic illuminating with a perforated post and dual cement). The teeth were prepared for placement of a glass fiber post prototype, which has an internal canal of regular diameter and progressive taper. The internal perforation extension allows the insertion of the optical fiber along the entire length of the post in order to allow the action of light along the entire length of the root canal.The specimens were sectioned perpendicularly for the tests, and 1 slice approximately 2 mm thick was obtained from the apical, middle and cervical thirds. The mechanical evaluation was carried out through the push-out test to determine the adhesive bond strength, in the cervical, middle and apical thirds, followed by the fracture analysis under a stereomicroscope, the intraradicular post were also submitted to the 3-point bending test for material analys of the fiber post filler (n=10). The physicochemical analyzes were performed by determining the degree of conversion of the cements (RAMAN) of each sample and the analysis of energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) of the monomers present. Adhesion was analyzed by the cementation interface and 3D reconstruction of the new system through micro-CT, and finally, SEM analysis of the adhesive interface. The data obtained were analyzed for normality and statistically by ANOVA (one and two ways) and Tukey's multiple comparison (p<0.05). The adhesive bond strength results showed that the apical third had the highest value of adhesive strength compared to the middle third (p<0.001), and the POD group of the apical third was statistically significant in relation to the CD group of the middle third (p<0.001). In the individual analysis of each third, there was no difference between the experimental and control groups (p>0.05). Adhesive failure between cement and dentin was the most prevalent among all groups and thirds. The conventional post (control) had the highest flexural strength value (p<0.001), followed by the perforated fiberglass post filled with resin cement (p<0.001). The POD group achieved the highest GC values with 82.3% (cervical), 69.9% (medium), and 76.21% (apical) and EDS confirmed the presence of adequate chemical components. The analysis of the adhesion of the new fiberglass post proves an excellent adaptation inside the root canal in the cervical, middle and apical regions. Therefore, the new light curing device with optical fiber and experimental glass fiber post improved the resin cement's mechanical, phycochemical, and adhesion. (AU)

Animals , Cattle , Analysis of Variance , Post and Core Technique , Resin Cements , Curing Lights, Dental , Flexural Strength , Mechanical Tests
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-10, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1363612


Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical performance of two inlay-retained bridge designs (proximal shaped and inlay shaped) in single missing posterior teeth cases. Material and Methods: A total of 70 cases with missing single posterior teeth were included in this study and divided into two groups with a 1:1 allocation ratio (n = 35 for each group). Group 1 (the control group): this group received an inlay retained bridge with inlay design on both abutments. Group 2 (the intervention group): this group received an inlay retained bridge with a proximal box on both abutments. PMMA resin (YAMAHACHI PMMA) was used for the try-in stage and monolithic zirconia (Katana, Kuraray) was used for the final restorations. The restoration surfaces were treated using sandblasting and Z-prime S (Bisco) and the cementation was done by using self-adhesive resin cement (Bisco). Fracture, marginal adaptation, postoperative sensitivity, caries, and gingivitis were assessed using the modified United States Public Health Service for restoration clinical assessments (MUSPHS standards) over 12 months of follow-up. Results: The results show there was no significant difference between the two groups. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was constructed to calculate the mean survival estimates of the two groups and we found that the two groups were clinically successful during a one-year follow-up. Conclusion: Both designs of inlay retained fixed dental prostheses revealed successful clinical performance in terms of Fracture, marginal adaptation, postoperative sensitivity, caries, and gingivitis (AU)

Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o desempenho clínico de dois modelos de ponte fixa por inlay (formato proximal e formato inlay) em casos de dentes posteriores perdidos. Material e Métodos: Um total de 70 casos com perda de um único dente posterior foi incluído neste estudo e dividido em dois grupos com uma razão de alocação de 1: 1 (n = 35 para cada grupo). Grupo 1 (grupo controle): Este grupo recebeu uma ponte fixa por inlay com deseho de inlay em ambos os pilares. Grupo 2 (grupo intervenção): Este grupo recebeu uma ponte fixa inlay com uma caixa proximal em ambos os pilares. Resina de PMMA (YAMAHACHI PMMA) foi usada para a etapa de try-in e a zircônia monolítica (Katana, Kuraray) foi utilizada para as restaurações finais. As superfícies das restaurações foram jateadas com Z-prime S (Bisco) e a cimentação realizada com cimento resinoso autoadesivo (Bisco). Fratura, adaptação marginal, sensibilidade pós-operatória, cárie e gengivite foram avaliadas usando o Serviço de Saúde Pública dos Estados Unidos modificado para avaliações clínicas de restauração (padrões MUSPHS) ao longo de 12 meses de acompanhamento. Resultados: Os resultados mostraram que não houve diferença significativa entre os dois grupos. A curva de sobrevida de Kaplan-Meier foi construída para calcular as estimativas de sobrevida média dos dois grupos e foi concluído que os dois grupos foram clinicamente bem-sucedidos durante um acompanhamento de um ano. Conclusão: Ambos os modelos de próteses dentárias fixas de inlay revelaram desempenho clínico bem-sucedido em termos de fratura, adaptação marginal, sensibilidade pós-operatória, cárie e gengivite(AU)

Resin Cements , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Denture, Partial, Fixed , Fractures, Bone
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929026


OBJECTIVES@#Root canal therapy is the most effective and common method for pulpitis and periapical periodontitis. During the root canal preparation, chemical irrigation plays a key role. However, sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), the widely used irrigation fluid, may impact the bonding strength between dentin and restorative material meanwhile sterilization and dissolving. Therefore, it's important to explore the influence of NaOCl on the adhesion between dentin and restoration materials to ensure clinical efficacy. This study aims to explore the effect of NaOCl on dentine adhesion and evaluate the effect of dentine adhesion induced by sodium erythorbate (ERY), and to provide clinical guidance on dentin bonding after root canal therapy.@*METHODS@#Seventy freshly complete extracted human third molars aged 18-33 years old, without caries and restorations were selected. A diamond saw was used under running water to achieve dentine fragments which were divided into 10 groups with 14 fragments in each group: 2 control [deionized water (DW)±10% ERY] and 8 experimental groups (0.5%, 1%, 2.5%, and 5.25% NaOCl±10% ERY). The dentine specimens in the control group (treated with DW) and the experimental groups (treated with 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, 2.5% NaOCl, and 5.25% NaOCl) were immersed for 20 min using corresponding solutions which were renewed every 5 min. The other 5 groups were immersed in 10% ERY for 5 min after an initial washing with DW for 1 min. Then, we selected 4 dentine fragments from all 14 fragments in each group and the numbers and diameters of opening dentinal tubules were observed under scanning electron microscope (SEM). The other 10 dentine fragments from each group were used to make adhesive samples by using self-etch adhesive wand composite resin. All the above adhesive samples were sectioned perpendicular to the bonded interface into 20 slabs with a cross-sectional area of 1 mm×1 mm using a diamond saw under the cooling water, and then the morphology of 10 slabs in each group's bonding interface was observed from aspects of formation of resin tags, depth of tags in dentin, and formation of hybrid layer under SEM. The other 10 slabs of each group's microtensile bond strength and failure modes were also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, 2.5% NaOCl, and 5.25% NaOCl groups, the number and diameter of patent dentinal tubules gradually increased with the rise of concentration of NaOCl solution (all P<0.05). Among the DW, 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, 2.5% NaOCl, and 5.25% NaOCl groups, the number and diameter of patent dentinal tubules increased after using ERY, but without significant difference (all P>0.05). Among the DW, 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, and 2.5% NaOCl groups, the scores of formation of resin tags under SEM gradually increased with the increase of concentration of NaOCl solution, while the score in the 5.25% NaOCl group decreased significantly compared with the score of the 2.5% NaOCl group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference between using 10% ERY groups and without using 10% ERY groups (all P>0.05). The scores of length of the tags under SEM in the 5.25% NaOCl group was significantly higher than the scores of DW, 0.5% NaOCl, and 1% NaOCl groups (all P<0.05), and it was also higher than the score of the 2.5% NaOCl group, but without significant difference (P>0.05). There was no significant difference between using 10% ERY groups and without using 10% ERY groups (P>0.05). The scores of formation of hybrid layer under SEM in the 2.5% NaOCl and 5.25% NaOCl groups significantly decreased compared with the score of the DW group (all P<0.05). There were significant differences between the 2.5% NaOCl±10% ERY groups and between the 5.25% NaOCl±10% ERY groups (all P<0.05). Microtensile bond strength was greater in the 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, and 2.5% NaOCl groups, but lower in the 5.25% NaOCl group than that in the DW group (all P<0.05). There were significant differences between the 2.5% NaOCl±10% ERY groups and between the 5.25% NaOCl±10% ERY groups (all P<0.05). The incidence of type "Adhesive" of failure modes in the 5.25% NaOCl group was significantly higher than that in other groups (all P<0.05), while the incidence of type "Adhesive" in the 5.25% NaOCl+10% ERY group was lower than that in the 5.25% NaOCl group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The bonding strength to dentine increases with the increase of NaOCl concentration when the concentration lower than 2.5%; whereas it is decreased at a higher concentration (such as 5.25%). 10% ERY has a definite recovery effect on attenuated bonding strength to 5.25% NaOCl-treated dentine.

Adolescent , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Ascorbic Acid , Dental Bonding , Dentin , Dentin-Bonding Agents/pharmacology , Diamond/pharmacology , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Resin Cements/pharmacology , Sodium Hypochlorite/pharmacology , Tensile Strength , Water/pharmacology
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 173-181, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935845


Objective: To study the effect of hydroxyapatite (HA) based agents on the bonding properties of universal adhesive with different application modes, and to provide evidence for the use of adhesives after desensitization treatment. Methods: Sixty impacted third molars were extracted and selected (acquired from Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Stomatology, Xi'an Jiaotong University). Four third molars were used to prepare 1 mm thick dentin disks and treated with 1% citric acid to simulate sensitive tooth models. The dentin surfaces were observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM) after treating with no desensitization (control group), desensitized by HA based toothpaste Biorepair and Dontodent Sensitive respectively (desensitizing toothpaste A group and B group), or HA paste treatment (desensitizing paste group ) (n=2 per group). The remaining teeth were selected to expose the mid-coronal dentin and establish dentin sensitivity models. Then, the specimens were divided into 4 former groups and received corresponding treatment. Each group was randomly divided into 2 subgroups, and intermediately strong universal adhesive (G-Premio Bond) was applied on the desensitized dentin by either etch-and-rinse mode or self-etch mode. Resin-dentin slice specimens (n=4 per subgroup), microtensile specimens (n=20 per subgroup) and slice specimens (n=6 per subgroup) were prepared. The microstructure and nanoleakage of the adhesive interfaces were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The microtensile strength (bond strength) and fracture mode were tested and recorded. The water permeability of the adhesive interface was observed by laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM). Results: SEM showed that desensitizing toothpaste and desensitizing paste could partially or entirely occlude most of the dentin tubules. For the etch-and-rinse mode, the bond strength of specimens treated with toothpaste A [(40.98±4.60) MPa], toothpaste B [(40.89±4.64) MPa] and HA paste [(41.48±3.65) MPa] was significantly higher than that of the control group [(38.58±4.28) MPa] (F=3.89,P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in bond strength among the 4 subgroups for self-etch modes (F=0.48,P>0.05). After desensitization, the bond strength of the control group and desensitizing groups in the self-etch mode was significantly higher than that in the etch-and-rinse mode (P<0.05). The overall fracture modes were mixed failure and interfacial failure in the control group and desensitizing groups. SEM showed speckled silver-stained particles deposited along the bottom of the hybrid layer on the bond interface of etch-and-rinse mode, and there were few silver-stained particles deposited on the bond interface of self-etch mode. LSCM showed continuous linear penetration in the hybrid layer of etch-and-rinse mode subgroups and discontinuous linear penetration in the hybrid layer of self-etch mode subgroups. Conclusions: HA based desensitizers have no adverse effect on the bond strength of intermediately strong universal adhesive and show good bonding performance accompanied with the self-etch mode.

Humans , Adhesives , Dental Bonding , Dental Cements , Dentin , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Durapatite , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Resin Cements , Tensile Strength
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211656, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1253734


Aim: This study evaluated the water sorption and solubility of a light-cured resin cement, under four thicknesses and four opacities of a lithium disilicate ceramic, also considering three light-emitting diode (LED) units. Methods: A total of 288 specimens of a resin cement (AllCem Veneer Trans ­ FGM) were prepared, 96 samples were light-cured by each of the three light curing units (Valo ­ Ultradent / Radii-Cal ­ SDI / Bluephase II ­ Ivoclar Vivadent), divided into 16 experimental conditions, according to the opacities of the ceramic: High Opacity (HO), Medium Opacity (MO), Low Translucency (LT), High Translucency (HT), and thicknesses (0.3, 0.8, 1.5, and 2.0 mm) (n = 6). The specimens were weighed at three different times: Mass M1 (after making the specimens), M2 (after 7 days of storage in water), and M3 (after dissection cycle), for calculating water sorption and solubility. Results: The higher thickness of the ceramic (2.0 mm) significantly increased the values of water sorption (44.0± 4.0) and solubility (7.8±0.6), compared to lower thicknesses. Also, the ceramic of higher opacity (HO) generated the highest values of sorption and solubility when compared to the other opacities, regardless of the thickness tested (ANOVA-3 factors / Tukey's test, α = 0.05). There was no influence of light curing units. Conclusion: Higher thicknesses and opacities of the ceramic increased the water sorption and solubility of the tested light-cured resin cement

Ceramics , Cementation , Resin Cements , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives