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1.
Rev. ADM ; 79(1): 20-27, ene.-feb. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361506

ABSTRACT

Los sistemas cementantes han mejorado notablemente, los objetivos que persiguen los nuevos cementos es que la adhesión sea duradera y conseguir siempre que sea posible una interface cerrada con un sellado perfecto. Se han podido desarrollar nuevas técnicas y nuevos materiales de cementación que han ido perfeccionando la unión del material restaurador al diente. En el presente estudio se compara la fuerza de adhesión a dentina de cementos de autograbado y cementos de grabado total para comprobar los efectos positivos en el grabado de la dentina. Para el estudio se utilizaron dos cementos a base de resina (RelyX U200 Clicker 3M y RelyX Ultimate 3M). Se encapsularon 40 molares en acrílico en dos grupos de 20 muestras para la aplicación de dos sistemas cementantes de autograbado (grupo 1) y de grabado total (grupo 2), respectivamente, se desgastaron hasta descubrir la dentina; siguiendo las especificaciones del fabricante se colocó el cemento en cada grupo, y después se sometieron a pruebas de cizalla en una máquina de ensayo universal Instron. La medida expresada en megapascales (MPa) fue: grupo 1 = 7.5569 y grupo 2 = 12.6444. En este caso fueron analizados dos grupos, tomándose la primera significancia bilateral. Se realiza la prueba en t de Student, con 95% de intervalo de confianza en la diferencia, demostrando así que el cemento RelyX Ultimate 3M tiene mayor fuerza de adhesión que el cemento RelyX U200 Clicker 3M. Nuestra investigación fue factible y llegamos a nuestro propósito, en el cual comprobamos la mayor adhesión de cementos de grabado total, los cuales son sometidos a un previo tratamiento del diente (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Acid Etching, Dental , Cementation , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Resin Cements , Shear Strength , Tensile Strength , Statistical Analysis , Dentin/drug effects
2.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-11, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1352726

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the influence of immediate dentin sealing (IDS) and mechanical methods for removing the temporary cement on the bond strength between dentin and resin cements. Material and Methods: Bovine incisors were ground until dentin exposure and divided according to two factors: "dentin surface treatment"' - cleaning with manual dental excavator (DE), with Robinson bristle brush and pumice paste (PP) or IDS application with Single Bond 2 (IDS/SB+PP) or Single Bond Universal (IDS/SBU+PP) plus cleaning with PP; and "resin cement" - Self-adhesive (RelyX U200) or conventional cement with self-etching adhesive (Multilink Automix). Simulating provisional restoration, acrylic resin plates were cemented onto the dentin surface (with or without IDS) with a non-eugenol temporary cement, and stored in distilled water (37 ºC; 7 days). The acrylic plates were removed, the dentin surface was cleaned (PP or DE), and starch tubes were positioned on the dentin where the resin cements were applied. After 24 h, the specimens were submitted to a microshear test (wire-loop method). Results: Two-way analysis of variance showed statistically significant influence of dentine surface treatments (p< 0.001) and resin cement (p= 0.001) in the bond strength values. The IDS/SBU+PP/U200 (7.24 MPa) and IDS/SBU+PP/MULTI (6.40 MPa) groups presented higher values when compared to cleaning with DE (DE/U200= 4.60 MPa; DE/MULTI= 1.45 MPa) and PP (PP/U200= 3.74 MPa; PP/MULTI= 3.14 MPa). Statistical difference was also found between the cements when dental excavator treatment was used (RelyX U200 ˃ Multilink Automix). The IDS/SBU+PP protocol presented a higher percentage of cohesive failures. The micrographs showed differences in dentin surface characteristics among the groups. Conclusion: Immediate dentin sealing increased the bond strength of the resin cements to dentin compared to mechanical cleaning only, regardless the resin cement. (AU)


Objetivo: Avaliar a influência do selamento dentinário imediato (IDS) e dos métodos mecânicos de remoção do cimento provisório na resistência de união entre dentina e cimentos resinosos. Materiais e Métodos: Incisivos bovinos foram desgastados até a exposição da dentina e divididos de acordo com dois fatores: "tratamento da superfície dentinária" - limpeza com cureta dentária manual (DE), com escova de cerdas Robinson e pasta de pedra-pomes (PP) ou aplicação de IDS com Single Bond 2 (IDS/SB +PP) ou Single Bond Universal (IDS/SBU+PP) mais limpeza com PP; e "cimento resinoso" - autoadesivo (RelyX U200) ou cimento convencional com adesivo autocondicionante (Multilink Automix). Simulando a restauração provisória, placas de resina acrílica foram cimentadas na superfície dentinária (com ou sem IDS) com um cimento provisório sem eugenol e armazenadas em água destilada (37 ºC; 7 dias). As placas de acrílico foram removidas, a superfície dentinária foi limpa (PP ou DE) e tubos de amido foram posicionados na dentina onde os cimentos resinosos foram aplicados. Após 24 h, os corpos-de-prova foram submetidos ao ensaio de microcisalhamento (método wire-loop). Resultados: A análise de variância de dois fatores mostrou influência estatisticamente significativa dos tratamentos de superfície dentinária (p< 0,001) e cimento resinoso (p= 0,001) nos valores de resistência de união. Os grupos IDS/SBU+PP/U200 (7,24 MPa) e IDS/SBU+PP/MULTI (6,40 MPa) apresentaram valores maiores quando comparados à limpeza com DE (DE/U200= 4,60 MPa; DE/MULTI= 1,45 MPa) e PP (PP/U200= 3,74 MPa; PP/MULTI= 3,14 MPa). Uma diferença estatística também foi encontrada entre os cimentos quando o tratamento com cureta dentária foi usado (RelyX U200 ˃ Multilink Automix). O protocolo IDS/SBU+PP apresentou maior percentual de falhas coesivas. As micrografias mostraram diferenças nas características da superfície dentinária entre os grupos. Conclusão: O selamento dentinário imediato aumentou a resistência de união dos cimentos resinosos à dentina em comparação com a limpeza mecânica apenas, independentemente do cimento resinoso.(AU)


Subject(s)
Cattle , Resin Cements , Dental Cements , Dentin
3.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-10, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1363612

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical performance of two inlay-retained bridge designs (proximal shaped and inlay shaped) in single missing posterior teeth cases. Material and Methods: A total of 70 cases with missing single posterior teeth were included in this study and divided into two groups with a 1:1 allocation ratio (n = 35 for each group). Group 1 (the control group): this group received an inlay retained bridge with inlay design on both abutments. Group 2 (the intervention group): this group received an inlay retained bridge with a proximal box on both abutments. PMMA resin (YAMAHACHI PMMA) was used for the try-in stage and monolithic zirconia (Katana, Kuraray) was used for the final restorations. The restoration surfaces were treated using sandblasting and Z-prime S (Bisco) and the cementation was done by using self-adhesive resin cement (Bisco). Fracture, marginal adaptation, postoperative sensitivity, caries, and gingivitis were assessed using the modified United States Public Health Service for restoration clinical assessments (MUSPHS standards) over 12 months of follow-up. Results: The results show there was no significant difference between the two groups. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was constructed to calculate the mean survival estimates of the two groups and we found that the two groups were clinically successful during a one-year follow-up. Conclusion: Both designs of inlay retained fixed dental prostheses revealed successful clinical performance in terms of Fracture, marginal adaptation, postoperative sensitivity, caries, and gingivitis (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o desempenho clínico de dois modelos de ponte fixa por inlay (formato proximal e formato inlay) em casos de dentes posteriores perdidos. Material e Métodos: Um total de 70 casos com perda de um único dente posterior foi incluído neste estudo e dividido em dois grupos com uma razão de alocação de 1: 1 (n = 35 para cada grupo). Grupo 1 (grupo controle): Este grupo recebeu uma ponte fixa por inlay com deseho de inlay em ambos os pilares. Grupo 2 (grupo intervenção): Este grupo recebeu uma ponte fixa inlay com uma caixa proximal em ambos os pilares. Resina de PMMA (YAMAHACHI PMMA) foi usada para a etapa de try-in e a zircônia monolítica (Katana, Kuraray) foi utilizada para as restaurações finais. As superfícies das restaurações foram jateadas com Z-prime S (Bisco) e a cimentação realizada com cimento resinoso autoadesivo (Bisco). Fratura, adaptação marginal, sensibilidade pós-operatória, cárie e gengivite foram avaliadas usando o Serviço de Saúde Pública dos Estados Unidos modificado para avaliações clínicas de restauração (padrões MUSPHS) ao longo de 12 meses de acompanhamento. Resultados: Os resultados mostraram que não houve diferença significativa entre os dois grupos. A curva de sobrevida de Kaplan-Meier foi construída para calcular as estimativas de sobrevida média dos dois grupos e foi concluído que os dois grupos foram clinicamente bem-sucedidos durante um acompanhamento de um ano. Conclusão: Ambos os modelos de próteses dentárias fixas de inlay revelaram desempenho clínico bem-sucedido em termos de fratura, adaptação marginal, sensibilidade pós-operatória, cárie e gengivite(AU)


Subject(s)
Resin Cements , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Denture, Partial, Fixed , Fractures, Bone
4.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211656, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253734

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study evaluated the water sorption and solubility of a light-cured resin cement, under four thicknesses and four opacities of a lithium disilicate ceramic, also considering three light-emitting diode (LED) units. Methods: A total of 288 specimens of a resin cement (AllCem Veneer Trans ­ FGM) were prepared, 96 samples were light-cured by each of the three light curing units (Valo ­ Ultradent / Radii-Cal ­ SDI / Bluephase II ­ Ivoclar Vivadent), divided into 16 experimental conditions, according to the opacities of the ceramic: High Opacity (HO), Medium Opacity (MO), Low Translucency (LT), High Translucency (HT), and thicknesses (0.3, 0.8, 1.5, and 2.0 mm) (n = 6). The specimens were weighed at three different times: Mass M1 (after making the specimens), M2 (after 7 days of storage in water), and M3 (after dissection cycle), for calculating water sorption and solubility. Results: The higher thickness of the ceramic (2.0 mm) significantly increased the values of water sorption (44.0± 4.0) and solubility (7.8±0.6), compared to lower thicknesses. Also, the ceramic of higher opacity (HO) generated the highest values of sorption and solubility when compared to the other opacities, regardless of the thickness tested (ANOVA-3 factors / Tukey's test, α = 0.05). There was no influence of light curing units. Conclusion: Higher thicknesses and opacities of the ceramic increased the water sorption and solubility of the tested light-cured resin cement


Subject(s)
Ceramics , Cementation , Resin Cements , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives
5.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211194, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253930

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ethanol-conditioned dentin on endodontic sealer penetration into dentinal tubules by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Methods: Forty human maxillary anterior teeth were instrumented and divided into four groups (n = 10) according to the drying methods: 1) wet: vacuum only, 2) paper points: vacuum + absorbent paper points, (3) 70% ethanol: 70% ethanol (1 min) + vacuum + absorbent paper points, and (4) 100% ethanol: 100% ethanol (1 min) + vacuum + absorbent paper points. All root canals were filled with resin-based endodontic sealer. Four sections from each third (cervical, middle, and apical) were examined by CLSM. Root canal wall perimeter infiltrated by sealer, maximum depth of sealer penetration, percentage of penetrated area, and fluorescence intensity of rhodamine B were measured. Statistical analysis was performed by analysis of variance and Tukey's tests (α = 0.05). Results: No statistical difference was found when percentage of root canal wall coverage infiltrated by sealer were compared. The groups in which ethanol solutions were used presented greater depth of sealer penetration, higher percentage of penetrated area, and higher fluorescence intensity of rhodamine B (p< 0.05) when compared with the wet and paper point groups. Overall, 100% ethanol produced better results than 70% ethanol, except for rhodamine B intensity (cervical third). In addition, the absorbent paper points drying method behaved better than did vacuum only group, except for rhodamine B intensity (apical third). Conclusion: Ethanol-conditioned dentin improved the penetration of resin-based sealer into dentinal tubules, especially at the concentration of 100%


Subject(s)
Humans , Wettability , Microscopy, Confocal , Resin Cements , Dentin , Ethanol , Endodontics
6.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211670, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254259

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the effect of different surface treatments and adhesive approaches on the microshear bond strength of resin cement to a polymer-infiltrated ceramic network (PICN). Methods: PICN blocks were randomly assigned into 9 groups (n=10): CTRL: no treatment; HF: 5% hydrofluoric acid etching; HF-S: HF + silane; HF-S-A: HF-S + adhesive (Adper Single Bond 2); HF-UA: HF + universal adhesive (Single Bond Universal); SB: sandblasting with 50 µm Al2O3 particles; SB-S: SB + silane; SB-S-A: SB-S + adhesive; SB-UA: SB + universal adhesive. Resin cement microcylinders (Ø = 0.96 mm; height = 1 mm) (RelyX Ultimate) were built upon the PICN surface after roughness and contact angle measurements. Next, microshear bonding tests (µSBS) were performed (0.5 mm/min) after water storage (37ºC, 90 days) and thermocycling (12,000 cycles; 5ºC-55ºC). Failure modes were observed under stereomicroscope. Bond strength data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA/Tukey's test and t-tests. Kruskal-Wallis/Dunn's tests were conducted for roughness and contact angle data (α = 0.05). Results: A rougher surface and lower contact angles were observed for Sandblasting. HF-S (18.54 ± 2.03 MPa), SB-S (19.00 ± 1.66 MPa) and SB-UA (18.07 ± 2.36 MPa) provided the highest bond strength values, followed by the other treated groups. The CTRL group resulted in lower bond strength (7.18 ± 2.34 MPa). Conclusion: Hydrofluoric acid etching followed by silane application and sandblasting followed by silane or universal adhesive are useful clinical steps to enhance bonding to PICN. Adhesive applications after HF etching have no advantages in bonding to PICN


Subject(s)
Surface Properties , Ceramics , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Resin Cements , Air Abrasion, Dental , Hydrofluoric Acid
7.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(4): 106-115, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345518

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 2% chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX) on microtensile bond strength (µTBS) between an adhesive system and under 3 dentin conditions. For that, this study evaluated the adhesive interface at initial, after 6 months and 1 year of storage. Forty-eight human third molars were prepared and randomly divided into 3 groups, according to dentin substrates: sound dentin (Sd), caries-infected dentin (Ci) and caries-affected dentin (Ca). The groups were subdivided into two according to the dentin pre-treatment: application of 2% CHX or without pre-treatment (control). The dentin surfaces were etched with 35% phosphoric acid gel and bonded with Adper Single Bond 2 (3M ESPE) adhesive system according to manufacturer's instructions. Subsequently, the specimens were stored in deionized water at 37°C for 24h, 6 months and 1 year. Two additional teeth were used to analyze the bonding interfaces by SEM. Data was submitted to three-way ANOVA in a split plot design and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). The results showed that Ci decreased µTBS values when compared to Ca and Sd, regardless storages time or treatment. Stored samples for 6 months and 1 year decreased the µTBS for the control group, but no difference was found between storages time for the CHX group. As a conclusion, the 2% CHX application after etching showed improved dentin bond strength in the storage time, regardless of the substrates evaluated.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito do digluconato de clorexidina 2% (CHX) na resistência de união à microtração (µTBS) entre um sistema adesivo e sob 3 condições de dentina. Para tanto, este estudo avaliou a interface adesiva no início, após 6 meses e 1 ano de armazenamento. Quarenta e oito terceiros molares humanos foram preparados e divididos aleatoriamente em 3 grupos, de acordo com os substratos dentinários: dentina hígida (Dh), dentina infectada por cárie (Di) e dentina afetada por cárie (Da). Os grupos foram subdivididos em dois de acordo com o pré-tratamento: aplicação de CHX 2% ou sem pré-tratamento (controle). As superfícies da dentina foram condicionadas com gel de ácido fosfórico a 35%, em seguida, utilizou-se o sistema adesivo Adper Single Bond 2 (3M ESPE) de acordo com as instruções do fabricante. Posteriormente, os corpos-de-prova foram armazenados em água deionizada a 37°C por 24h, 6 meses e 1 ano. Dois dentes adicionais foram usados ​​para analisar as interfaces de união no MEV. Os dados foram submetidos a ANOVA três fatores em esquema de parcela subdividida e ao teste de Tukey (α = 0,05). Os resultados mostram que a Di diminuiu os valores de µTBS quando comparado as Da e Dh, independente do tempo de armazenamento ou tratamento. Amostras armazenadas por 6 meses e 1 ano diminuíram a µTBS para o grupo de controle, mas nenhuma diferença foi encontrada entre o tempo de armazenamento para o grupo CHX. A aplicação de CHX 2% após o condicionamento apresentou melhora na resistência de união à dentina no tempo de armazenamento, independente dos substratos avaliados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Bonding , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Tensile Strength , Materials Testing , Composite Resins , Resin Cements , Dentin
8.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(2): e3283, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289402

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las restauraciones indirectas de resina son ampliamente empleadas para realizar tratamientos estéticos en dientes posteriores. Recientemente se ha propuesto el uso de resinas precalentadas como agentes de unión. Objetivo: Evaluar la resistencia a la tracción de restauraciones indirectas cementadas con una resina precalentada comparándola con un cemento de resina autoadhesivo y un cemento resinoso. Métodos: Las preparaciones dentarias se realizaron en 45 premolares con piedras diamantadas calibradas. Las muestras se dividieron aleatoriamente en tres conjuntos (n = 15) según los grupos experimentales: grupo 1 (resina precalentada), grupo 2 (resina autoadhesiva) y grupo 3 (cemento de resinoso adhesivo). Las muestras fueron incluidas en acrílico autopolimerizable. Se realizaron restauraciones indirectas para cada muestra, las superficies internas fueron microarenadas y se aplicó silano antes de la cementación con los agentes de unión. La resistencia a la tracción se realizó utilizando una máquina universal de ensayos con una velocidad de cruceta de 5 mm/min. El análisis estadístico se llevó a cabo con ANOVA de un factor y la prueba post hoc de Tukey. Se adoptó un nivel de significancia de p < 0,05. Resultados: La resina Filtek Z250 XT precalentada a 60 °C durante 15 minutos tuvo una fuerza de resistencia a la tracción de 5,775 MPa, similar a RelyX Ultimate con 5,442 MPa (p > 0,05), ambos grupos poseen una fuerza de resistencia a la tracción significativamente mayor que RelyX U200 (3,430 MPa). Conclusiones: La resina precalentada (Filtek, Z250 XT) y el cemento resinoso (RelyX Ultimate) muestran las mismas propiedades de resistencia a la tracción cuando se usan como agentes adhesivos en restauraciones indirectas de resina(AU)


Introduction: Indirect resin restorations are widely used in the esthetic treatment of posterior teeth. Preheated resins have been recently proposed as luting agents. Objective: Evaluate the tensile bond strength of indirect restorations cemented with a preheated resin versus a self-adhesive resin cement and a resinous cement. Methods: Tooth preparation was conducted of 45 premolars using calibrated diamond-coated stones. The samples were randomly divided into three sets (n = 15) according to the following experimental groups: Group 1 (preheated resin), Group 2 (self-adhesive resin) and Group 3 (adhesive resinous cement), and soaked in self-polimerizable acrylic. Indirect restorations were performed for each sample. The inner surfaces were microsanded, and silane was applied before cementation with the luting agents. Tensile bond strength was verified with a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 5 mm/min. Statistical analysis was based on one-factor ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc test. A significance level of p < 0.05 was established. Results: The Filtek Z250 XT resin preheated at 60°C for 15 minutes displayed a tensile bond strength of 5.775 MPa, similar to RelyX Ultimate with 5.442 MPa (p > 0.05). Both groups displayed a significantly greater tensile bond strength than RelyX U200 (3.430 MPa). Conclusions: The preheated resin (Filtek Z250 XT) and the resinous cement (RelyX Ultimate) exhibit the same tensile bond strength properties when used as luting agents in indirect resin restorations(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adhesives , Resin Cements/therapeutic use , Dental Cements/therapeutic use , Statistical Analysis , Esthetics, Dental
9.
Odontol. Clín.-Cient ; 20(2): 18-24, abr.-maio 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1369090

ABSTRACT

A escolha errada do sistema cimentante pode levar ao fracasso clínico na cimentação de coroas e próteses parciais fixas. Este trabalho teve como objetivo estudar "in vitro" a espessura de película de seis cimentos odontológicos para fixação de peças protéticas, de três grupos distintos, sendo eles: dois cimentos de fosfato de zinco, dois cimentos de ionômero de vidro convencional e dois cimentos resinosos. Foi realizado a manipulação dos cimentos de acordo com as instruções dos fabricantes e após, interposto 1g de material entre duas placas de vidro polidas e sobre as mesmas um peso de 3 Kg, durante 10 minutos. Estas placas foram medidas com um paquímetro digital antes e após a presa dos materiais. Foi realizada a análise estatística com o teste T Student e com o Teste de Variância ANOVA e foi observado uma menor espessura de película de um cimento de ionômero de vidro perante os outros cimentos testados, com diferenças estatísticas ao nível de 5%. Os autores concluíram que o cimento de ionômero de vidro obteve a menor espessura de película, sendo apropriado para cimentação de coroas e pontes fixas... (AU)


The incorrect choice of the cementing system may lead to clinical failure in the cementation of fixed partial crowns and prostheses. The aim of this study was to study the film thickness of six dental cements for the fixation of prosthetic pieces from three different groups of cement: two zinc phosphate cements, two conventional glass ionomer cement and two resin cements. Handling of the cements was carried out according to the manufacturers' instructions and after 1g of material was placed between two polished glass plates and a weight of 3 kg was placed thereon for 10 minutes. These plates were measured with a digital caliper before and after the prey of the materials. Statistical analysis was performed with the Student T test and the ANOVA Variance Test, and a lower film thickness of a glass ionomer cement was observed compared to the other cements tested, with statistical differences at the level of 5%. The authors concluded that glass ionomer cement had the lowest film thickness and was suitable for cementation of fixed crowns and bridges... (AU)


Subject(s)
Dental Prosthesis , Physical Properties , Dental Cements , Prostheses and Implants , Resin Cements , Glass Ionomer Cements
10.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(1): 85-90, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180721

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the chemical composition and microhardness of human enamel treated with an Enamel Matrix Derivative (EMD) solution, and the bond strength between composite resin and this enamel. Thirty human enamel samples were randomly divided into three groups: Untouched Enamel (UE), Demineralized Enamel (DE) and Demineralized Enamel Treated with EMD (ET). DE and ET groups were subjected to acid challenge and ET treated with EMD (EMD was directly applied over conditioned enamel and left for 15 min). Samples from each group (n=4) had chemical composition assessed through to attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR). Knoop microhardness of enamel samples from each group (n=10) was measured. For the microshear bond strength, the samples were etched for 30 s, and the adhesive was applied and cured for 10 s. Two matrixes were placed on the samples, filled with Filtek Z350 XT composite and cured for 20 s, each. The matrix was removed, and the microshear bond strength of each group (n=10) was tested. Data were subjected to Kruskal-Wallis test (for microhardness), to analysis of variance and to Tukey's test (for microshear bond strength); (α=0.05). FTIR results have shown phosphate (hydroxyapatite indicator) in 900-1200 cm-1 bands in the UE and ET groups, which were different from the DE group. Microhardness and microshear analyses recorded higher statistical values for the UE and ET groups than for DE. EMD application to demineralized enamel seems to have remineralized the enamel; thus, the microhardness and bond strength was similar between UE and ET groups.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou a composição química e microdureza do esmalte humano tratado com solução de Derivados da Matriz do Esmalte (EMD) e a resistência de união entre compósito e este esmalte. Trinta amostras de esmalte humano foram aleatoriamente divididas em três grupos: Esmalte Intocado (UE), Esmalte Desmineralizado (DE) e Esmalte Desmineralizado Tratado com EMD (ET). Os grupos DE e ET foram submetidos a desafio ácido e ET tratado com EMD (O EMD foi aplicado diretamente sobre esmalte condicionado e deixado por 15 minutos). Amostras de cada grupo (n = 4) tiveram composição química avaliada através de espectroscopia no infravermelho por transformada de Fourier com reflectância total atenuada (FTIR-ATR). A microdureza Knoop das amostras de esmalte de cada grupo (n=10) foi mensurada. Para a resistência ao microcisalhamento, as amostras foram condicionadas por 30 s, o adesivo aplicado e foto-ativado por 10 s. Duas matrizes plásticas (1 mm de comprimento) foram posicionadas sobre as amostras, preenchidas com compósito Filtek Z350 XT e foto-atiavadas por 20 s cada. As matrizes foram removidas e a resistência ao microcisalhamento de cada grupo (n=10) foi testada. Os dados foram submetidos ao teste de Kruskal-Wallis (para análise da microdureza), à análise de variância e ao teste de Tukey (para análise da resistência ao microcisalhamento); (α=0.05). Os resultados do FT-IR mostraram fosfato (indicador de hidroxiapatita) na banda entre 900-1200 cm-1 nos grupos UE e ET, diferentemente do grupo DE. Análises de microdureza e microcisalhamento demonstraram resultados estatisticamente superiores para os grupos UE e ET quando comparados ao DE. A aplicação de EMD ao esmalte desmineralizado parece ter remineralizado o esmalte; assim, a microdureza e a resistência de união foram semelhantes entre os grupos UE e ET.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Bonding , Materials Testing , Composite Resins , Resin Cements , Dental Cements , Dental Enamel , Shear Strength , Hardness
11.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(1): 1-13, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1141394

ABSTRACT

Objective: to compare the clinical performance of newly introduced resin modified glass ionomer varnish (Clinpro™ XT) versus resin infiltration in treatment of post-orthodontic white spot lesions. Material and Methods: Six participants (70 teeth) were enrolled with post-orthodontic white spot lesions. Randomization was performed according to patient selection for the sealed envelope containing which half will receive the control (resin infiltration (ICON, DMG) and the other will receive the intervention (resin modified glass-ionomer cement varnish (Clinpro™ XT, 3M)). Follow up was done after 1 day, 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months, 6 months and 12 months. The color was assessed by spectrophotometer while the degree of demineralization was measured by Diagnodent pen 2910. Patient satisfaction was assessed using (VAS) Visual analogue scale Results:Regarding color change, significant improvement in lightness for ICON group, while Clinpro™ XT group, the change was insignificant. The demineralization data revealed significant decrease in demineralization with resin infiltration after immediate application. Clinpro™ XT showed also significant decrease after immediate assessment and significant increase in demineralization in 6 and 12 months. Conclusion: Resin infiltration can be considered more as an alternative treatment rather than fluoride varnish. Clinpro™ XTis considered as a preventive protocol, provided that renewal application is needed after 3 months (AU)


Objetivo: comparar o desempenho clínico do recém-introduzido verniz de ionômero de vidro modificado por resina (Clinpro ™ XT) com a infiltração de resina no tratamento de lesões de manchas brancas pós-ortodônticas. Material e Métodos: Seis participantes (70 dentes) foram inscritos com lesões pós-ortodônticas de manchas brancas. A randomização foi realizada de acordo com a seleção do paciente para o envelope lacrado contendo qual metade receberá o controle (infiltração de resina (ICON, DMG) e a outra metade receberá a intervenção (verniz de cimento de ionômero de vidro modificado por resina (Clinpro ™ XT, 3M)). O acompanhamento foi feito após 1 dia, 1 semana, 1 mês e 3 meses, 6 meses e 12 meses. A cor foi avaliada por espectrofotômetro, enquanto o grau de desmineralização foi medido pela caneta Diagnodent 2910. A satisfação do paciente foi avaliada usando (VAS) Escala visual analógica. Resultados: Em relação à mudança de cor, houve uma melhora significativa na luminosidade para o grupo ICON, enquanto o grupo Clinpro ™ XT, a mudança foi insignificante. Os dados de desmineralização revelaram diminuição significativa da desmineralização com infiltração de resina após a aplicação imediata. O grupo Clinpro ™ XT também mostrou diminuição significativa após avaliação imediata e aumento significativo na desmineralização em 6 e 12 meses. Conclusão: A infiltração de resina pode ser considerada mais como uma alternativa de tratamento do que o verniz fluoretado. O Clinpro ™ XT é considerado um protocolo preventivo, uma vez que a renovação é necessária após 3 meses. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Random Allocation , Patient Satisfaction , Resin Cements , Fluorides , Glass Ionomer Cements
12.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(1): 1-8, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1145549

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the bond strength of High-Translucency zirconia (HT) and lithium disilicate dental ceramics, under different surface treatments. Material And Methods: For this, ceramics were divided into groups: Control Group (C) (n = 5), lithium disilicate sheets, conditioned with 10% hydrofluoric acid, followed by application of 37% phosphoric acid, silane and universal adhesive application; Group HTAI (n = 5), HT zirconia sheets were blasted with silica oxide, followed by the application of universal adhesive; Group HTPAI (n = 5), HT zirconia sheets were blasted with silica oxide, followed by the application of non-thermal plasma and universal adhesive and the HTP Group (n = 5), HT zirconia received only the application of non-thermal argon plasma. Subsequently, the specimens of each group were subjected to a cementation process with resin cement, obtaining cylinders. After 24 h of storage, in distilled water, at 37°C, the specimens were subjected to a mechanical micro-shear test. The data obtained were submitted to ANOVA One-way followed by the Tukey test (5%). Results: The HTP Group was excluded from the statistical analysis, as adhesions failed within the storage period. In addition, it was not possible to verify a statistical difference between the control group C and the experimental groups HTAI and HTPAI. Conclusion: The results showed that the applicability of high translucency zirconia can potentially be compared to the lithium disilicate bond strength, when submitted to the same surface treatments, except for the plasma application, which alone was not effective (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar a resistência adesiva das cerâmicas dentárias de zircônia de alta translucidez e dissilicato de lítio. Materiais e Métodos: Para isso, cerâmicas foram divididas em grupos: Grupo Controle (C) (n = 5), lâminas de dissilicato de lítio, condicionadas com ácido fluorídrico 10%, seguido de aplicação do ácido fosfórico 37%, aplicação de silano e aplicação do adesivo universal; Grupo HTAI (n = 5), lâminas de zircônia HT foram submetidas ao jateamento com óxido de sílica, seguido da aplicação do adesivo universal; Grupo HTPAI (n = 5), lâminas de zircônia HT foram submetidas ao jateamento com óxido de sílica, seguido da aplicação do plasma não térmico e do adesivo universal e o Grupo HTP (n = 5), lâminas de zircônia HT receberam apenas a aplicação do plasma não térmico de argônio. Posteriormente, os espécimes de cada grupo foram submetidos a um processo de cimentação com cimento resinoso, obtendo-se cilindros. Após 24h, de armazenamento em água destilada a 37°C, os espécimes foram submetidos a ensaio mecânico de microcisalhamento. Os dados obtidos foram submetidos à ANOVA 1-fator seguido pelo teste de Tukey (5%). Resultados: O Grupo HTP foi descartado da análise estatística, pois as adesões falharam dentro do período de armazenamento. Além disso, não foi possível verificar diferença estatística entre o grupo controle C e os experimentais HTAI e HTPAI. Conclusão: Os resultados mostraram que a aplicabilidade das zircônias de alta translucidez pode potencialmente ser comparada à resistência adesiva da cerâmica de dissilicato de lítio, quando submetidas aos mesmos tratamentos de superfície, com exceção da aplicação de plasma, que isoladamente não foi efetiva (AU)


Subject(s)
Metal Ceramic Alloys , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Resin Cements , Dental Cements
13.
Arq. odontol ; 57: 8-16, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1150644

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar capacidade seladora de um cimento resinoso autoadesivo como tampão cervical para clareamento interno. Métodos: Quarenta incisivos inferiores bovinos recém-extraídos foram tratados endodonticamente. Após 72 horas, foi realizada a desobturação parcial do canal radicular para confecção de tampão cervical dividido em quatro grupos aleatório (n = 40), cada um contento dez amostras (n = 10), com os seguintes materiais: cimento resinoso autoadesivo, cimento resinoso adesivo, cimento de óxido de zinco sem eugenol com presa por água e cimento de ionômero de vidro quimicamente ativado (grupo controle). Após 24 horas de presa dos materiais, os elementos dentais foram submetidos ao clareamento interno com perborato de sódio misturado com água destilada pelo período de 7 dias em câmara umidificadora a 37 ºC. Posteriormente, o material clareador foi removido e um corante (fucsina básica 0,5%) foi colocado no interior da câmara pulpar, sendo renovado de 8 em 8 horas, pelo período de 24 horas. Os elementos dentais foram seccionados no sentido longitudinal em máquina de corte para avaliação quantitativa em um microscópio óptico sob aumento de 20x. O grau de penetração do corante foi analisado ao longo do tampão cervical (topo até base). Resultados: Não houve diferença significativa entre os materiais tamponantes utilizados (p = 0,5997). Conclusão: O cimento resinoso autoadesivo apresentou baixo grau de infiltração, sendo uma opção de material alternativo com finalidade de tampão cervical.


Aim: To evaluate the sealing ability of a self-adhesive resin cement as a cervical barrier for internal bleaching. Methods: Forty recently extracted bovine lower incisors were endodontically treated. After 72 hours, partial disobturation of the root canal was performed, a cervical barrier was placed, and the teeth were divided into four random groups (n = 40), each containing ten samples (n = 10), using the following materials: self-adhesive resin cement, adhesive resin cement, zinc oxide cement without eugenol cured by water, and chemically activate glass ionomer cement (control group). Twenty-four hours after the materials were cured, the teeth were subjected to internal bleaching with sodium perborate and distilled water for a period of seven days in a humidified chamber at 37°C. After, the bleaching material was removed and a dye (0.5% basic fuchsin) was placed inside the pulp chamber and renewed every eight hours for a period of 24 hours. The teeth were sectioned longitudinally in a cutting machine for quantitative evaluation using an optical microscope under 20x magnification. The degree of dye penetration was evaluated through the cervical barrier (top to bottom). Results: No significant difference was observed among the cervical barrier materials used in this study (p = 0.5997). Conclusion: The self-adhesive resin cement had low degree of leakage and represents an alternative material option to be used as a cervical barrier.


Subject(s)
Tooth Bleaching , Resin Cements , Dental Cements/analysis , Endodontics , Tooth Bleaching Agents/analysis , Glass Ionomer Cements , Epidemiology, Experimental
14.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(2): e211955, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1249701

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the color of different orthodontic resin bonding agents exposed to three antiseptic mouthrinses for a prolonged time interval (10-year aging simulation). Methods: 160 specimens were distributed into four groups, according to the orthodontic resin bond agent (Concise, Transbond XT, Transbond Plus Color Change, and Natural Ortho). Each group was exposed to different antiseptic mouthrinses: alcohol-based (Listerine®), alcohol-free (Oral-B®), chlorhexidine (Periogard®) and distilled water as the control. Specimens were submitted to two cycles of staining and artificial aging. Color was evaluated by means of a digital spectrophotometer at the beginning of the experiment and after every cycle. The system used to assess color changes was the CIE L*a*b*. Data was analyzed using the ANOVA and Tukey post-hoc test. Results: After simulation of 10 years of aging, Transbond XT and Natural Ortho composites presented no statistically significant differences in ∆E when exposed to different mouthrinses. The Concise composite specimens exposed to alcohol-free mouthrinse presented a significant difference when compared with specimens from the same group exposed to other antiseptic mouthrinses. Transbond Plus Color Change specimens exposed to chlorhexidine mouthrinse and to alcohol-containing mouthrinse presented a significant difference when compared with the specimens from the group exposed to water and alcohol-free antiseptic. Conclusion: All orthodontic resin bonding agents tested presented clinically perceptible color changes when exposed to at least one of the mouthrinses, except for the Natural Ortho composite. The Concise composite exposed to the alcohol-free solution was the resin that presented the highest color change values.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a cor de diferentes resinas ortodônticas expostas a três enxaguantes bucais, por um intervalo de tempo prolongado (simulação de 10 anos de envelhecimento). Métodos: 160 espécimes foram distribuídos em quatro grupos, de acordo com a resina de colagem ortodôntica (Concise, Transbond XT, Transbond Plus Color Change e Natural Ortho). Cada grupo foi exposto a diferentes tipos de enxaguantes bucais: à base de álcool (Listerine®), isento de álcool (Oral-B®), clorexidina (Periogard®) ou água destilada, como controle. Os espécimes foram submetidos a dois ciclos de manchamento e envelhecimento artificial. A cor foi avaliada por meio de um espectrofotômetro digital no início do experimento e após cada ciclo. O sistema utilizado para avaliar as alterações de cor foi o CIE L*a*b*. Os dados foram analisados utilizando-se o teste ANOVA e o teste post-hoc de Tukey. Resultados: Após a simulação de 10 anos de envelhecimento, as resinas Transbond XT e Natural Ortho não apresentaram diferenças estatisticamente significativas no ∆E, quando expostas a diferentes enxaguantes bucais. Os espécimes do grupo Concise expostos ao enxaguante bucal sem álcool apresentaram diferença significativa quando comparados aos espécimes do mesmo grupo expostos aos outros enxaguantes bucais. Os espécimes do grupo Transbond Plus Color Change expostos à clorexidina e ao enxaguante bucal à base de álcool apresentaram diferença significativa quando comparados aos espécimes dos grupos expostos à água e ao enxaguante bucal sem álcool. Conclusão: Todas as resinas ortodônticas avaliadas apresentaram alterações de cor clinicamente perceptíveis quando expostas a pelo menos um dos enxaguantes bucais, com exceção da resina ortodôntica Natural Ortho. A resina Concise exposta à solução isenta de álcool foi a que apresentou os maiores valores de alteração de cor.


Subject(s)
Chlorhexidine , Orthodontic Brackets , Composite Resins , Anti-Infective Agents, Local , Materials Testing , Resin Cements , Mouthwashes
15.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(1): e2119150, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1154070

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Third generation of LED light curing units might be used in short exposure periods for orthodontic brackets bonding. Objective: This study evaluated the effect of the different radiant exposure (RE) values: Manufacturers' instructions (MI), ½ MI, 1/4 MI and Turbo mode. Two third-generation LED curing units were used: VALO® and Bluephase 20i® . The degree of conversion (DC) and Vickers hardness (VHN) of an orthodontic composite (OC) (Transbond XT) under metallic (MB) or ceramic brackets (CB) were measured. Methods: OC was applied to the bracket base, which was then placed over an attenuated total reflectance (ATR) table coupled to an infrared light spectroscope, or to a glass surface for the VHN analysis. The specimens were light-cured and DC values were calculated. The VHN was obtained in a microhardness tester. The data were analyzed with 2-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's post-hoc test (pre-set α=0.05). Linear regression analysis evaluated the relationship between RE values and dependent variables. Results: CB allowed higher DC and VHN values than MB (p< 0.001). No significant difference was noted among groups when CB were used. For MB, MI groups showed the highest DC and VHN values. A significant, but weak relationship was found between delivered RE values and dependent variables. Conclusions: The decrease in RE values from third generation LED CU did not jeopardize the DC values when CB were used, but can compromise DC and VHN values when MB are used.


RESUMO Introdução: A terceira geração de LEDs fotopolimerizadores pode ser utilizada em curtos períodos de exposição para a colagem de braquetes ortodônticos. Objetivo: O presente estudo avaliou o efeito dos diferentes valores de irradiância (IR): instruções do fabricante (IF), ½ IF, » IF e modo Turbo. Dois fotopolimerizadores LED de terceira geração (VALO® e Bluephase20i®) foram utilizados. Foram mensurados o grau de conversão (GC) e a dureza Vickers (VHN) de um compósito ortodôntico (CO) (Transbond XT) sob braquetes metálicos (BM) ou cerâmicos (BC). Métodos: O compósito ortodôntico foi aplicado na base do braquete e foi posicionado sobre uma mesa de refletância total atenuada (ATR) acoplada a um espectroscópio de infravermelho ou a uma superfície de vidro para análise de VHN. As amostras foram fotopolimerizadas e os valores de GC foram calculados. O VHN foi obtido em um microdurômetro. Os dados foram analisados com ANOVA de 2 fatores seguida do teste post-hoc de Tukey (predefinido α = 0,05). A análise de regressão linear avaliou a relação entre os valores de IR e as variáveis dependentes. Resultados: BC permitiu valores maiores de GC e VHN do que BM (p<0,001). Nenhuma diferença significativa foi observada entre os grupos quando BC foi utilizado. Para BM, os grupos de IF mostraram os maiores valores de GC e VHN. Uma relação significativa, mas fraca, entre os valores de IR entregue e as variáveis dependentes foi encontrada. Conclusões: A diminuição dos valores de IR dos fotopolimerizadores LED de terceira geração não prejudicou os valores de GC quando BC foram utilizados, mas pode comprometer os valores de GC e VHN quando BM são utilizados.


Subject(s)
Ceramics , Orthodontic Brackets , Composite Resins , Curing Lights, Dental , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Resin Cements , Polymerization , Hardness
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878452

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to evaluate the color stability of tetracycline teeth restored with ceramic veneers of different thicknesses combined with different resin cement systems after aging.@*METHODS@#Twenty patients with tetracycline teeth, including two maxillary central incisors, were selected clinically. The patients were randomly divided into four groups and restored with 0.5 and 0.75 mm ceramic veneers by using a veneer adhesive system, either with light-cured or dual-cured reaction. The color difference (ΔE) values after cementation and 1, 6, 12, and 24 months of use were obtained by quantification of L*, a*, and b* values with a colorimeter. The results were analyzed statistically with two-way ANOVA and Student's @*RESULTS@#The ΔE values of ceramic veneers detected after aging were less than 2.25. The 0.5 mm groups exhibited greater color change than the 0.75 mm-thick veneers (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Resin cements and veneer thickness influence the color of ceramic veneers after aging. Cementation of veneers with either dual- or light-cured resin cements does not affect the long-term color stability of tetracycline teeth differently.


Subject(s)
Ceramics , Color , Dental Porcelain , Dental Veneers , Humans , Materials Testing , Resin Cements , Tetracyclines
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879969

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect of captopril on the dentin bonding durability of self-etch adhesive. Different concentrations of captopril ethanol solutions or captopril ethanol/water solutions were prepared to pretreat dentin as primer for the self-etch adhesives. The surface morphology of the dentin was observed with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Based on the morphology analysis, the pretreatment condition was selected and two self-etch adhesives were employed to evaluate the improvement effect of the captopril pretreatment on the dentin bonding durability. : SEM showed that the pretreatment of captopril ethanol solutions and captopril ethanol/water solutions were able to remove the smear lay and partially expose collagen matrix. According to the SEM results, the pretreating condition of captopril ethanol/water solution with the pretreating time of was selected for further dentin bonding study. For Clearfil SEBOND system, the immediate bonding strength increased from to  (0.05]. For Clearfil S BOND system, there was no significant difference in the immediate bonding strength between the experimental group [(4.07) MPa] and the control group[(4.11) MPa]. But after one-year aging, the bonding strength of the experimental group was higher than that of the control group <0.05]. : The pretreatment with captopril ethanol/water solution increases the dentin bonding strength of the self-etch adhesive systems and also improves the bonding durability.


Subject(s)
Adhesives , Captopril , Dental Bonding , Dentin , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Resin Cements
18.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(4): 1-11, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1337554

ABSTRACT

Objective: TThe study evaluated in vitro the changes in roughness, color stability, and bacterial count of a CAD/CAM Resin Nano-Ceramic material surface treated by various scaling procedures. Material and Methods: 70 disks (5mm diameter, 0.5 mm thickness) of Resin Nano-Ceramic (Lava ™Ultimate, 3M, ESPE) material were cemented in standardized cavities prepared in bovine teeth. A custom-made scaling apparatus of a double pan balance was used for different scaling methods, simulating standard clinical conditions. The specimens were assigned to three main groups: no scaling(C), ultrasonic scaling (U), and manual scaling (M). Each group was then divided into three subgroups according to scaling tip material; stainless steel tip (St), plastic tip (P), and titanium tip (Ti). The surface texture was analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively with a tactile profilometer and atomic force microscopy. A spectrophotometer was used for color measurement. Streptococcus mutans were counted in a colony counter. All the data were tabulated and statistically analyzed. Results: Two-way ANOVA was used to study the effect while One-way ANOVA was performed to compare between study groups. The significance level was set at p ≤ 0.05. The ultrasonic titanium tip(UTi) revealed the significant highest mean value of alterations (p < 0.001). The integrity of the material surface was altered in the form of deep scratches on the ultrasonically scaled surfaces and numerous smaller scratches on the hand-scaled surfaces. Conclusion: The plastic instrument would appear to be the instrument of choice during a routine maintenance procedure for Resin Nano-Ceramic materials (AU).


Objetivo: Este estudo avaliou in vitro as alterações na rugosidade, estabilidade de cor e quantidade de bactérias da superfície de uma resina nano-cerâmica produzida em CAD/CAM tratada por diferentes procedimentos de raspagem. Material e Métodos: 70 discos (5 mm diâmetro, 0,5 espessura) de resina nano-cerâmica (Lava ™Ultimate, 3M, ESPE) foram cimentadas em cavidades padronizadas preparadas em dentes bovinos. Um aparato customizado de raspagem com pratos duplos de balança foram usados para os diferentes métodos de raspagem, simulando uma condição clínica padronizada. Os espécimes foram distribuídos em três principais grupos: Sem raspagem (C), raspagem ultrassônica (U) e raspagem manual (M). Cada grupo foi dividido em três subgrupos de acordo com a ponta do material de raspagem; ponta de aço inoxidável (St), ponta plástica (P), ponta de titânio (Ti). A textura da superfície foi analisada qualitativamente e quantitativamente por um perfilômetro tátil e microscopia de força atômica. Um espectrofotometro foi usado para a mensuração da cor. Estreptococos mutans foram contados em um contador de colônias. Todos os dados foram tabulados e analisados estatisticamente. Resultados: Anova dois fatores foi utilizado para estudar os efeitos, enquanto ANOVA um fator foi utilizado para comparar os grupos experimentais. O nível de significância foi estabelecido em p≤ 0,05. A ponta de ultrassom de titânio (UTi) revelou o valor significante mais alto de alterações (p < 0,001). A integridade da superfície d matérias foi alterada na forma ranhuras profundas, nas superfícies raspada por ultrassom e numerosas ranhuras menores nas superfícies raspadas à mão. Conclusão: O instrumento plástico poderia apresentar-se como um instrumento de escolha durante o pocedimento de manutenção routineira para materiais de resina nano-ceramica. (AU)


Subject(s)
Dental Scaling , Resin Cements , Dental Plaque
19.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20201031, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250189

ABSTRACT

Abstract Fixed orthodontic appliances may lead to biofilm accumulation around them that may increase caries risk. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of quaternary ammonium methacrylates (QAMs) on the physicochemical properties, cytotoxicity, and antibacterial activity of adhesive resins for orthodontic purposes. Methodology: A base resin was prepared with a comonomer blend and photoinitiator/co-initiator system. Two different QAMs were added to the base adhesive: dimethylaminododecyl methacrylate at 5 wt.% (DMADDM) or dimethylaminohexadecyl methacrylate (DMAHDM) at 10 wt.%. The base adhesive, without QAMs, (GC) and the commercial Transbond™ XT Primer 3M (GT) were used as control. The resins were tested immediately and after six months of aging in the water regarding the antibacterial activity and shear bond strength (SBS). The antibacterial activity was tested against Streptococcus mutans via metabolic activity assay (MTT test). The groups were also tested for the degree of conversion (DC) and cytotoxicity against keratinocytes. Results: The resins containing QAM showed antibacterial activity compared to the commercial material by immediately reducing the metabolic activity by about 60%. However, the antibacterial activity decreased after aging (p<0.05). None of the groups presented any differences for SBS (p>0.05) and DC (p>0.05). The incorporation of DMADDM and DMAHDM significantly reduced the keratinocyte viability compared to the GT and GC groups (p<0.05). Conclusion: Both adhesives with QAMs showed a significant reduction in bacterial metabolic activity, but this effect decreased after water aging. Lower cell viability was observed for the group with the longer alkyl chain-QAM, without significant differences for the bonding ability and degree of conversion. The addition of QAMs in adhesives may affect the keratinocytes viability, and the aging effects maybe decrease the bacterial activity of QAM-doped materials.


Subject(s)
Orthodontic Brackets , Streptococcus mutans , Materials Testing , Biofilms , Resin Cements , Dental Cements , Methacrylates , Anti-Bacterial Agents
20.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(3): 1-11, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1281074

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of extension of endocrown in pulp space and the effect of ferrule on the fracture resistance of anterior endocrowns made of nano-ceramic resin blocks. Material and Methods: Twenty-eight freshly extracted human upper central incisor teeth were prepared to receive CAD/CAM nanoceramic resin endocrowns with four different designs. The specimens were divided into two groups (n = 14) according to the extension of the endocrown inside root canal (A:short and B:long), then each group was further subdivided into another two subgroups (n = 7) according to the presence or absence of ferrule effect (1:ferrule and 2: no ferrule). Endocrowns were then fabricated using CEREC in lab and nanoceramic resin blocks (DENTSPLY Sirona, Germany) and LAVA ultimate (3M ESPE, Germany) blocks size 14L. Results: Two-way ANOVA showed that the ferrule (p > 0.0001) had statistically significant effect on the fracture resistance. However, the extension of the endocrown into the canal had no statistical significant effect on the fracture resistance (p = 0.837). The interactions between the independent variables (extension into the canal and ferrule) had statistically significant effect on the fracture resistance (p = 0.029). Load to fracture for group 1A was 439.53 N, 1B was 306.46 N, 2A was 516.29 N and 2B was 242.04 N. Conclusions: Fracture resistance was not improved by the long or short extensions of the endocrowns in the pulp space, however, the ferrule effect shows significant improvement of the fracture resistance of the nanoceramic resin endocrowns. (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito da extensão da coroa endocrown na câmara pulpar e o efeito férula na resistência à fratura de coroas endocrowns anteriores confeccionadas através de blocos de resina nanocerâmica. Material e Métodos: Vinte e oito dentes incisivos centrais superiores humanos recém-extraídos foram preparados para receber endocrowns de resina nanocerâmica CAD / CAM com quatro diferentes tipos de preparos. Os espécimes foram divididos em dois grupos (n = 14) de acordo com a extensão da endocrown dentro do canal radicular (A: curto e B: longo), então cada grupo foi subdividido em outros dois subgrupos (n = 7) de acordo com presença ou ausência do efeito férula (1: com férula e 2: sem férula). As endocrowns foram usinadas através do CEREC In Lab e blocos de resina nanocerâmica (DENTSPLY Sirona, Alemanha) e blocos de LAVA ultimate (3M ESPE, Alemanha) tamanho 14L. Resultados: ANOVA dois fatores demostrou que a férula (P> 0,0001) teve efeito estatisticamente significativo na resistência à fratura. No entanto, a extensão do endocrown no canal não teve efeito estatisticamente significativo na resistência à fratura (P = 0,837). As interações entre as variáveis independentes (extensão no canal e férula) tiveram efeito estatisticamente significativo na resistência à fratura (P = 0,029). A carga para fratura do grupo 1A foi de 439,53 N, 1B foi de 306,46 N, 2A foi de 516,29 N e 2B foi de 242,04 N. Conclusões: A resistência à fratura não foi melhorada pelas extensões longas ou curtas das endocrowns na câmara pulpar, no entanto, o efeito férula mostrou uma melhora significativa na resistência à fratura das coroas endocrowns de resina nanocerâmica (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Resin Cements , Dental Pulp Cavity , Flexural Strength
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