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1.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3864, ene.-dic. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1431836

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: to investigate the factors associated with extubation failure of patients in the intensive care unit. Method: unpaired, longitudinal, retrospective and quantitative case-control with the participation of 480 patients through clinical parameters for ventilator weaning. Data were analyzed by: Fisher's exact test or the chi-square test; unpaired two-tailed Student's t test; and Mann-Whitney test. Significant P values lower than or equal to 0.05 were admitted. Results: of the patients, 415 (86.5%) were successful and 65 (13.5%) failed. Success group: the most negative fluid balance, APACHE II in 20 (14-25), weak cough in 58 (13.9%). Failure group: the most positive fluid balance, APACHE II in 23 (19-29), weak cough in 31 (47.7%), abundant amount of pulmonary secretions in 47.7%. Conclusion: positive fluid balance and the presence of inefficient cough or inability to clear the airway were predictors of extubation failure.


Resumo Objetivo: investigar os fatores associados à falha de extubação de pacientes na unidade de terapia intensiva. Método: caso-controle não pareado, longitudinal, retrospectivo e quantitativo com a participação de 480 pacientes por meio de parâmetros clínicos para desmame ventilatório. Dados analisados por: Teste Exato de Fisher ou o teste Qui-quadrado; teste t de Student bicaudal não pareado; e teste de Mann-Whitney. Admitiram-se significantes valores de P menores ou iguais a 0,05. Resultados: dos pacientes, 415 (86,5%) tiveram sucesso e 65 (13,5%) falharam. Grupo sucesso: balanço hídrico mais negativo, APACHE II em 20 (14-25), tosse fraca em 58 (13,9%). Grupo falha: balanço hídrico mais positivo, APACHE II em 23 (19-29), tosse fraca em 31 (47,7 %), quantidade abundante de secreção pulmonar em 47,7 %. Conclusão: o balanço hídrico positivo e a presença de tosse ineficiente ou incapacidade de higienizar a via aérea foram preditores de falhas de extubação.


Resumen Objetivo: investigar los factores asociados al fracaso de la extubación de pacientes en la unidad de cuidados intensivos. Método: caso y control no apareado, longitudinal, retrospectivo y cuantitativo con la participación de 480 pacientes mediante parámetros clínicos para el destete de la ventilación. Datos analizados por: Prueba Exacta de Fisher o prueba de Chi-cuadrado; prueba t de Student de dos colas para datos no apareados; y prueba de Mann-Whitney. Se admitieron valores de P significativos menores o iguales a 0,05. Resultados: de los pacientes, 415 (86,5%) tuvieron éxito y 65 (13,5%) fracasaron. Grupo de éxito: balance hídrico más negativo, APACHE II en 20 (14-25), tos débil en 58 (13,9%). Grupo de fracaso: balance de líquidos más positivo, APACHE II en 23 (19-29), tos débil en 31 (47,7%), abundante cantidad de secreciones pulmonares en 47,7%. Conclusión: el balance hídrico positivo y la presencia de tos ineficaz o incapacidad para higienizar la vía aérea fueron predictores de fracaso de la extubación.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patients , Respiration, Artificial/adverse effects , Case-Control Studies , Chi-Square Distribution , APACHE , Bodily Secretions , Airway Extubation/adverse effects , Intensive Care Units
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(5): 1485-1491, oct. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521047

ABSTRACT

Los pacientes con COVID-19 subsidiarios de ventilación mecánica (VM), evolucionan con consecuencias funcionales en la musculatura ventilatoria y apendicular que no necesariamente se abordan de manera diferenciada. El objetivo de esta investigación fue evaluar el impacto de un programa de recuperación funcional en estos pacientes y determinar si las intervenciones afectan de manera diferenciada a las funciones ventilatorias y musculatura apendicular, utilizando pruebas de bajo costo. Se evaluaron 47 pacientes con COVID-19 que estuvieron en VM. Posterior a una espirometría basal se les realizó; presión inspiratoria máxima (PIMáx), fuerza de prensión palmar (FPP), prueba de pararse y sentarse (PPS) y Prueba de caminata en 6 minutos (PC6m), antes y después del plan de intervención. Este programa incluyó ejercicios aeróbicos y de fuerza supervisados por dos sesiones semanales de 60 minutos durante 3 meses. Después del programa, se observaron mejoras significativas en la capacidad vital forzada (CVF), el volumen espiratorio en el primer segundo (VEF1) y la PIMáx. Se encontraron relaciones significativas entre estas mediciones y la distancia recorrida de la PC6m, la FPP y la PPS. En conclusión, el programa de recuperación funcional en pacientes con COVID-19 que requirieron VM, beneficia tanto la función ventilatoria como la fuerza muscular apendicular. Las pruebas de fuerza muscular apendicular pueden ser útiles para evaluar la recuperación ya que pueden entregar información diferenciada de sus rendimientos. Por último, se necesita más investigación para comprender mejor la respuesta de estos pacientes a la rehabilitación.


SUMMARY: Patients with COVID-19 requiring mechanical ventilation (MV) evolve with functional consequences in the ventilatory and appendicular muscles that are not necessarily addressed in a differentiated manner. The objective of this research was to evaluate the impact of a functional recovery program in these patients and determine if the interventions differentially affect ventilatory functions and appendicular muscles, using low- cost tests. 47 patients with COVID-19 who were on MV were evaluated. After a baseline spirometry, they were performed; maximum inspiratory pressure (MIP), handgrip strength (HGS), sit to stand test (STST) and 6-minute walk test (6MWT), before and after the intervention plan. This program included supervised aerobic and strength exercises for two weekly 60-minute sessions for 3 months. After the program, significant improvements were observed in forced vital capacity (FVC), expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1) and MIP. Significant relationships were found between these measurements and the distance traveled of the 6MWT, the HGS and the STST. In conclusion, the functional recovery program in patients with COVID-19 who required MV benefits both ventilatory function and appendicular muscle strength. Appendicular muscle strength tests can be useful to evaluate recovery since they can provide differentiated information about your performances. Finally, more research is needed to better understand the response of these patients to rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Pulmonary Ventilation/physiology , Recovery of Function , COVID-19/rehabilitation , Respiration, Artificial , Spirometry , Walking , Hand Strength , Maximal Respiratory Pressures
3.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(4): e202202806, ago. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1442558

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La adecuada sedación y analgesia es fundamental en el tratamiento de pacientes que requieren asistencia ventilatoria mecánica (AVM). Se recomienda la utilización de protocolos y su monitoreo; son dispares los resultados reportados sobre adhesión e impacto. Objetivos. Evaluar el impacto de la implementación de un protocolo de sedoanalgesia sobre el uso de benzodiacepinas, opioides y evolución en la unidad de cuidados intensivos pediátricos (UCIP), en pacientes que requieren AVM mayor a 72 horas. Métodos. Estudio tipo antes-después, no controlado, en la UCIP de un hospital pediátrico. Se desarrolló en 3 etapas: preintervención de diagnóstico situacional (de abril a septiembre de 2019), intervención y posintervención de implementación del protocolo de sedoanalgesia, educación sobre uso y monitorización de adherencia y su impacto (de octubre de 2019 a octubre de 2021). Resultados. Ingresaron al estudio 99 y 92 pacientes en las etapas pre- y posintervención, respectivamente. Presentaron mayor gravedad, menor edad y peso en el período preintervención. En la comparación de grupos, luego de ajustar por gravedad y edad, en la etapa posintervención se reportó una reducción en los días de uso de opioides en infusión continua (6 ± 5,2 vs. 7,6 ± 5,8; p = 0,018) y los días de uso de benzodiacepinas en infusión continua (3,3 ± 3,5 vs. 7,6 ± 6,8; p = 0,001). No se observaron diferencias significativas en los días de AVM y en los días totales de uso de benzodiacepinas. Conclusión. La implementación de un protocolo de sedoanalgesia permitió reducir el uso de fármacos en infusión continua.


Introduction. Adequate sedation and analgesia is essential in the management of patients requiring mechanical ventilation (MV). The implementation of protocols and their monitoring is recommended; mixed results on adherence and impact have been reported. Objectives. To assess the impact of the implementation of a sedation and analgesia protocol on the use of benzodiazepines, opioids, and evolution in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) in patients requiring MV for more than 72 hours. Methods. Before-and-after, uncontrolled study in the PICU of a children's hospital. The study was developed in 3 stages: pre-intervention for situational diagnosis (from April to September 2019), intervention, and post-intervention for implementation of a sedation and analgesia protocol, education on use, and monitoring of adherence and impact (from October 2019 to October 2021). Results. A total of 99 and 92 patients were included in the study in the pre- and post-intervention stages, respectively. Patients had a more severe condition, were younger, and had a lower weight in the preintervention period. After adjusting for severity and age, the group comparison in the post-intervention stage showed a reduction in days of continuous infusion of opioids (6 ± 5.2 versus 7.6­5.8, p = 0.018) and days of continuous infusion of benzodiazepines (3.3 ± 3.5 versus 7.6 ± 6.8, p = 0.001). No significant  differences were observed in days of MV and total days of benzodiazepine use. Conclusion. The implementation of a sedation and analgesia protocol resulted in a reduction in the use of continuous infusion of drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Analgesia , Analgesics, Opioid , Pain , Respiration, Artificial/methods , Benzodiazepines/therapeutic use , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Hypnotics and Sedatives
4.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(3): e202202656, jun. 2023.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1435629

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El botulismo del lactante (BL) es la forma más frecuente de botulismo humano en Argentina. El objetivo es describir aspectos esenciales del diagnóstico y tratamiento de pacientes con BL internados en el servicio de terapia intensiva pediátrica (STIP). Métodos. Estudio observacional, descriptivo y retrospectivo. Se utilizó la base de datos del STIP con diagnóstico de BL en el período 2005-2020. Se registraron variables demográficas, métodos de diagnóstico, días de asistencia respiratoria mecánica convencional (ARMC), de ventilación no invasiva (VNI), estadía en STIP, mortalidad al alta hospitalaria. Resultados. Se registraron 21 pacientes con BL; 14 pacientes fueron varones, con una mediana de edad de 5 meses (RIC 2-6 m). El diagnóstico se realizó mediante técnica de bioensayo y se detectó la toxina en suero en 12 pacientes. Uno solo no requirió ARMC; 1 paciente fue traqueostomizado; 18 pacientes recibieron antibióticos; 5 recibieron VNI. Ningún paciente recibió antitoxina y no hubo fallecidos. La mediana de estadía hospitalaria fue 66 días (RI: 42-76); de internación en STIP, 48 días (RI: 29-78); y de ARMC, 37 días (RI: 26-64). La demora en la confirmación diagnóstica fue 15,8 ± 4,8 días. Conclusiones. La totalidad de los pacientes fueron diagnosticados con la técnica de bioensayo, que generó un tiempo de demora diagnóstica que excede los lapsos recomendados para la administración del tratamiento específico. Ningún paciente recibió tratamiento específico. El BL presentó baja mortalidad, pero tiempos de ARM e internación prolongados, que se asocian a infecciones sobreagregadas y uso frecuente de antibióticos.


Introduction. Infant botulism (IB) is the most common form of human botulism in Argentina. Our objective was to describe the main aspects of diagnosis and management of patients with IB admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). Methods. Observational, descriptive, and retrospective study. The PICU database with IB diagnosis in 2005­2020 period was used. Demographic variables, diagnostic methods, days of conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV), non-invasive ventilation (NIV), length of stay in the PICU and mortality upon hospital discharge were recorded. Results. In total, 21 patients with IB were recorded; 14 were male, their median age was 5 months (IQR: 2­6 m). Diagnosis was made by bioassay, and the toxin was identified in the serum of 12 patients. Only 1 patient did not require CMV; 1 patient had a tracheostomy; 18 patients received antibiotics; 5 received NIV. No patient was administered antitoxin and no patient died. The median length of stay in the hospital was 66 days (IQR: 42­76); in the PICU, 48 days (IQR: 29­78); and the median use of CMV, 37 days (IQR: 26­64). The delay until diagnostic confirmation was 15.8 ± 4.8 days. Conclusions. All patients were diagnosed using the bioassay technique, which resulted in a diagnostic delay that exceeds the recommended period for the administration of a specific treatment. No patient received a specific treatment. IB was related to a low mortality, but also to prolonged use of MV and length of hospital stay, which were associated with cross infections and frequent antibiotic use.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Botulism/diagnosis , Botulism/therapy , Botulism/epidemiology , Cytomegalovirus Infections , Respiration, Artificial , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Retrospective Studies , Delayed Diagnosis , Anti-Bacterial Agents
5.
Cambios rev. méd ; 22(1): 852, 30 Junio 2023. ilus, tabs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451425

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION. Obesity is recognized as a risk factor for developing severe new coronavirus disease. Bariatric surgery prior to infection could behave as a protective factor against serious infections and death. OBJECTIVE. To describe the impact of bariatric surgery on the severity and mortality of patients with obesity and new coronavirus disease; through a systematic review and meta-analysis of the specialized literature from 2020-2022. METHODOLOGY. Publications indexed in databases such as Pubmed, Tripdatabase, and Google scholar, on the impact of previous bariatric surgery on the evolution and prognosis of patients with new coronavirus disease were taken. The Newcastle-Ottawa scale was used to assess quality and risk of bias. RevMan 5.0 software was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS. Eight cohort studies were included, with a population of 137 620 adult subjects with obesity and new coronavirus disease; of these, 5638 (4.09%) had a history of bariatric surgery. In the meta-analysis, it was determined that, in subjects with obesity and new coronavirus disease, the history of bariatric surgery had a protective effect against the use of mechanical ventilation [OR: 0.68; 95% CI: 0.62-0.75] (p<0.001) and mortality [OR: 0.57; 95% CI: 0.50-0.65] (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS. The history of bariatric surgery in subjects with obesity seems to have a protective effect against the severity defined by the use of mechanical ventilation in patients with obesity and mortality due to the new coronvirus disease; therefore, the resumption of bariatric surgical activity, at pre-pandemic levels, could represent an additional benefit for candidate subjects.


INTRODUCTION. Obesity is recognized as a risk factor for developing severe new coronavirus disease. Bariatric surgery prior to infection could behave as a protective factor against serious infections and death. OBJECTIVE. To describe the impact of bariatric surgery on the severity and mortality of patients with obesity and new coronavirus disease; through a systematic review and meta-analysis of the specialized literature from 2020-2022. METHODOLOGY. Publications indexed in databases such as Pubmed, Tripdatabase, and Google scholar, on the impact of previous bariatric surgery on the evolution and prognosis of patients with new coronavirus disease were taken. The Newcastle-Ottawa scale was used to assess quality and risk of bias. RevMan 5.0 software was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS. Eight cohort studies were included, with a population of 137 620 adult subjects with obesity and new coronavirus disease; of these, 5638 (4.09%) had a history of bariatric surgery. In the meta-analysis, it was determined that, in subjects with obesity and new coronavirus disease, the history of bariatric surgery had a protective effect against the use of mechanical ventilation [OR: 0.68; 95% CI: 0.62-0.75] (p<0.001) and mortality [OR: 0.57; 95% CI: 0.50-0.65] (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS. The history of bariatric surgery in subjects with obesity seems to have a protective effect against the severity defined by the use of mechanical ventilation in patients with obesity and mortality due to the new coronvirus disease; therefore, the resumption of bariatric surgical activity, at pre-pandemic levels, could represent an additional benefit for candidate subjects.


Subject(s)
Mortality , Bariatric Surgery , Patient Acuity , Protective Factors , COVID-19 , Obesity/complications , Respiration, Artificial , Respiratory System , Obesity, Morbid , Cardiovascular System , Body Mass Index , Ecuador , Hypertension , Metabolic Diseases
6.
Cambios rev. méd ; 22(1): 862, 30 Junio 2023. ilus, tabs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451458

ABSTRACT

de la deglución, los cuales representan todas las alteraciones del proceso fisiológico encargado de llevar el alimento desde la boca al esófago y después al estómago, salvaguardando siempre la protección de las vías respiratorias. OBJETIVO. Definir el manejo óptimo, de la disfagia en pacientes con antecedente de infección severa por COVID-19. METODOLOGÍA. Se realizó una revisión de la literatura científica en las bases de datos PubMed y Elsevier que relacionan el manejo de la disfagia y pacientes con antecedente de infección severa por SARS-CoV-2. Se obtuvo un universo de 134 artículos que cumplieron los criterios de búsqueda. Se seleccionaron 24 documentos, para ser considerados en este estudio. RESULTADOS. La incidencia de disfagia posterior a infección severa por SARS-CoV-2 fue del 23,14%, siendo la disfagia leve la más frecuente 48,0%. Los tratamientos clínicos más empleados en el manejo de la disfagia fueron rehabilitación oral y cambio de textura en la dieta en el 77,23% de los casos, mientras que el único tratamiento quirúrgico empleado fue la traqueotomía 37,31%. Un 12,68% de pacientes recuperó su función deglutoria sin un tratamiento específico. La eficacia de los tratamientos clínicos y quirúrgicos en los pacientes sobrevivientes de la infección severa por SARS-CoV-2 fue del 80,68%, con una media en el tiempo de resolución de 58 días. CONCLUSIÓN. La anamnesis es clave para el diagnóstico de disfagia post COVID-19. El tratamiento puede variar, desde un manejo conservador como cambios en la textura de la dieta hasta tratamientos más invasivos como traqueotomía para mejorar la función deglutoria.


INTRODUCTION. The difficulty to swallow or dysphagia is included within the problems of swallowing, which represent all the alterations of the physiological process in charge of carrying the food from the mouth to the esophagus, and then to the stomach, always taking into account the protection of the airways. OBJECTIVE. To define the optimal management, both clinical and surgical, for the adequate treatment of dysphagia produced as a consequence of severe SARS-CoV-2 infection. METHODOLOGY. A review of the scientific literature was carried out using both PubMed and Elsevier databases, which relate the management of dysphagia and patients with a history of severe SARS-CoV-2 infection. RESULTS. The incidence of dysphagia following severe SARS-CoV-2 infection was of 23,14%, with mild dysphagia being the most frequent 48,00%. The most frequently used clinical treatments for dysphagia management were oral rehabilitation and change in dietary texture in 77,23% of cases, while tracheotomy was the only surgical treatment used 37,31%. A total of 12,68% of patients recovered their swallowing function without specific treatment. The efficacy of clinical and surgical treatments in survivors of severe SARS-CoV-2 infection was 80,68%, with a mean resolution time of 58 days. CONCLUSION. An adequate medical history is key to the diagnosis of post-COVID-19 dysphagia. Treatment can range from conservative management such as changes in diet texture to more invasive treatments such as tracheotomy to improve swallowing function.


Subject(s)
Rehabilitation , Respiration, Artificial , Tracheotomy , Deglutition Disorders/therapy , Deglutition/physiology , COVID-19 , Otolaryngology , Rehabilitation of Speech and Language Disorders , Respiratory Tract Diseases , Speech , Tertiary Healthcare , Pulmonary Medicine , Deglutition Disorders , Respiratory Mechanics , Enteral Nutrition , Aerophagy , Dysgeusia , Ecuador , Exercise Therapy , Pathologists , Gastroenterology , Anosmia , Glossopharyngeal Nerve , Intensive Care Units , Intubation, Intratracheal
7.
Diagn. tratamento ; 28(1): 61-67, jan-mar. 2023. tab 2
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1413215

ABSTRACT

Contextualização: A displasia broncopulmonar é uma das principais causas de enfermidade respiratória crônica na infância, levando a hospitalizações frequentes e prolongadas e com altos índices de mortalidade, alterações do crescimento pôndero-estatural e desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor. Tamanho impacto justifica o grande investimento nas pesquisas para identificar suas causas e buscar alternativas para prevenção e tratamento. Objetivos: Avaliar a efetividade das intervenções para prevenção de displasia broncopulmonar em recém-nascidos prematuros com ventilação mecânica invasiva. Métodos: Trata-se de overview de revisões sistemáticas realizadas pela Colaboração Cochrane. Procedeu-se à busca na Cochrane Library (2022), utilizando os termos "neonatal prematurity" e "bronchopulmonary dysplasia". Foram incluídos todos os ensaios clínicos randomizados. O desfecho primário de análise foi a redução de morbimortalidade. Resultados: A estratégia de busca recuperou um total de 47 revisões sistemáticas. Oito foram incluídas, totalizando 94 ensaios clínicos randomizados e 10.511 participantes. Discussão: Os estudos demonstram efetividade de corticosteroides, mas é necessário cautela na dosagem e no momento correto para sua administração. O uso de surfactante sintético pode trazer benefícios respiratórios, mas requer novos estudos. Não se justifica o uso de pentoxifilina. Conclusão: A displasia broncopulmonar tornou-se um grande desafio para o neonatologista e as revisões sistemáticas Cochrane sugerem que a corticoterapia pode ser efetiva na prevenção dessa condição, embora novos estudos sejam recomendados para estabelecer dosagem ideal e melhor momento para a terapêutica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Respiration, Artificial , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/prevention & control , Infant, Premature , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Randomized Controlled Trial , Treatment Outcome , Systematic Reviews as Topic
8.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 13(1)fev., 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1427977

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica (DPOC) é um distúrbio crônico e progressivo, que evolui com o declínio da função pulmonar. Embora sua cronicidade, são comuns períodos de agudização acompanhados de Insuficiência Respiratória Aguda hipercápnica, requisitando permanência nas Unidades de Terapia Intensiva (UTI) e Ventilação Mecânica Invasiva (VMI) para reversão da falência respiratória. O desmame na DPOC ocupa até 58% da VM, logo, se faz necessário estratégias específicas para otimização desse processo, com a utilização de modos e ajustes ventilatórios que promovam um desmame precoce e efetivo. OBJETIVO: Verificar os efeitos da Ventilação com Pressão de Suporte quando comparado com modos e estratégias distintas no desmame de pacientes com DPOC. MÉTODOS: Revisão sistemática, construída seguindo critérios do PRISMA, registrada na PROSPERO (CRD42022362228). Considerados elegíveis ensaios clínicos controlados randomizados que avaliaram o modo PSV em comparação com modos e estratégias distintas, em pacientes com diagnóstico de DPOC, em VMI, sem delimitação de ano/idioma. Foram excluídos artigos incompletos, duplicados e indisponíveis aos recursos de recuperação. Desfechos de interesse foram: duração do desmame, tempo de permanência na UTI e mortalidade. A estratégia foi aplicada nas bases: PubMed, Cochrane, SciELO, e Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde. As ferramentas Escala PEDro e RevMan Web foram utilizadas para análise da qualidade dos estudos e risco de viés, respectivamente. RESULTADOS: Incluídos 8 artigos. 6 mostraram significância estatística, apresentando menor tempo de desmame no grupo ASV (24 (20­62) h versus 72 (24­144) h PSV) (p=0,041); mais dias na UTI quando comparado com o modo PAV (p<0,001). PSV foi mais eficaz nos mesmos desfechos quando comparado com a estratégia Tubo-T. Houve diferenças quanto a taxa de mortalidade com o modo NAVA. CONCLUSÃO: Fica evidente que o modo PSV quando em relação a modos ventilatórios assistidos, tem potencial de fornecer piores desfechos associados ao processo de desmame da ventilação invasiva de pacientes com DPOC.


INTRODUCTION: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a chronic and progressive disorder that evolves with the decline in lung function. Despite its chronicity, periods of exacerbation accompanied by hypercapnic Acute Respiratory Failure are common, requiring a stay in Intensive Care Units (ICU) and Invasive Mechanical Ventilation (IMV) to reverse respiratory failure. Weaning in COPD occupies up to 58% of the MV, therefore, specific strategies are needed to optimize this process, using ventilatory modes and adjustments that promote early and effective weaning. OBJECTIVE: To verify the effects of Pressure Support Ventilation when compared with different modes and strategies in weaning patients with COPD. METHODS: Systematic review, constructed following PRISMA criteria, registered at PROSPERO (CRD42022362228). Randomized controlled clinical trials that evaluated the PSV mode in comparison with different modes and strategies, in patients diagnosed with COPD, on IMV, without delimitation of year/language, were considered eligible. Incomplete, duplicate and unavailable articles were excluded. Outcomes of interest were: duration of weaning, length of stay in the ICU and mortality. The strategy was applied in the bases: PubMed, Cochrane, SciELO, and Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde. The PEDro Scale and RevMan Web tools were used to analyze study quality and risk of bias, respectively. RESULTS: Included 8 articles. 6 showed statistical significance, showing shorter weaning time in the ASV group (24 (20­62) h versus 72 (24­144) h PSV) (p=0.041), and more days in the ICU when compared to the PAV mode (p<0.001). PSV was more effective on the same outcomes when compared with the T-tube strategy. There were differences in the mortality rate with the NAVA mode. CONCLUSION: It is evident that the PSV mode, when compared to assisted ventilation modes, has the potential to provide worse outcomes associated with the process of weaning from invasive ventilation in patients with COPD.


Subject(s)
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Respiration, Artificial , Weaning
9.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 11(1): 1-7, Jan. 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1425948

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: conhecer o manejo do fisioterapeuta relacionado à ventilação protetora em pacientes com SDRA por COVID-19, listando as principais estratégias utilizadas e as barreiras encontradas para sua implementação. Métodos: estudo de campo transversal e descritivo, de caráter quantitativo, realizado no período de outubro de 2021 a abril de 2022, com fisioterapeutas de hospitais públicos e privados, na cidade de Fortaleza, que tivessem experiência com pacientes infectados pela COVID-19. Para coleta de dados, utilizou-se um formulário online viabilizado pela plataforma Google Forms. Os dados foram tabulados em planilha Microsoft Excel® 2010 e, posteriormente, transferido para o Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS®) 20.0, utilizando-se a estatística descritiva. Resultados: participaram 102 fisioterapeutas, 74,5% do gênero feminino. As principais estratégias de ventilação protetora citadas foram: volume corrente de 6 mL/Kg por peso predito, pressão de platô menor que 30 cmH2O e driving pressure menor que 15 cmH2O (93,1%), além da titulação de PEEP (68,6%) e posição prona (64,7%). Manter uma driving pressure menor que 15 cmH2O (57,8%) e discordância profissional (43,1%) foram as principais barreiras encontradas para realização da ventilação protetora. Conclusão: a ventilação protetora configura-se no uso de baixos volumes e pressões, titulação da PEEP e posição prona. A manutenção de driving pressure menor que 15 cmH2O e discordância entre os profissionais na tomada de decisão destacam-se como as principais barreiras.


Objectives: to know the management of the physiotherapist related to protective ventilation in patients with ARDS due to COVID-19, listing the main strategies used and the barriers encountered for their implementation. Methods: a cross-sectional and descriptive field study of quantitative nature, conducted from October 2021 to April 2022, with physiotherapists from public and private hospitals in the city of Fortaleza who had experience with patients infected with COVID-19. For data collection, an online form made possible by the Google Forms platform was used. The data was tabulated in a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet® and then transferred to the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS®) using descriptive statistics. Findings: 102 physical therapists participated in the study, 74.5% female. The main protective ventilation strategies mentioned were: tidal volume of 6 mL/Kg by predicted weight, plateau pressure less than 30 cmH2O, and driving pressure less than 15 cmH2O (93.1%), in addition to PEEP titration (68.6%) and prone position (64.7%). Maintaining driving pressure of less than 15 cmH2O (57.8%) and professional disagreement (43.1%) were the main barriers found to performing protective ventilation. Conclusion: protective ventilation is configured in the use of low volumes and pressures, PEEP titration, and the prone position. The maintenance of driving pressure lower than 15 cmH2O and disagreement between professionals in the decision-making stand out as the main barriers


Subject(s)
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Respiration, Artificial , Physical Therapy Modalities , COVID-19 , Intensive Care Units
10.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 710-717, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985462

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the ability of the ratio of platelet to lymphocyte (PLR) for predicting extubation failure in septic patients receiving invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV). Methods: The retrospective cohort study was conducted in ICU at Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital Shijingshan District, Capital Medical University in China from January, 2010 to December, 2019, including patients with sepsis who received IMV. 180 patients were enrolled in the study, including 111 male and 69 female, with the age range of 23-93 years and the median age of 76 years, and with an average age of 71.22 years. The medical records were reviewed, such as age, sex, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHEII), sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA), spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) outcome, weaning outcome, complete blood count before SBT. According to weaning outcome, patients were divided into weaning failure and weaning success group. The difference of PLR, white blood cell(WBC), C-reaction protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) were compared between weaning failure and success group. Receiver-operating characteristics (ROC) curves and multivariate logistical regression analysis were employed to analyze the performance of these inflammatory markers for predicting weaning failure in patients with sepsis. Results: 180 patients with sepsis were included in the study and 37 patients (20.5%) experienced weaning failure (31 SBT failure and 6 extubation failure after successful SBT). PLR was higher in weaning failure group than that in weaning success group (Z=-5.793,P<0.001). Other inflammation biomarkers such as WBC, CRP and PCT were also higher in weaning failure group than that in weaning success group(Z=-4.356, -3.118 and -2.743, P<0.001, 0.002 and 0.006, respectively). According to ROC curves, PLR has a better predictive ability for weaning failure (AUC=0.809,95%CI 0.733-0.885) when compared to WBC (AUC=0.773,95%CI 0.648-0.817), CRP (AUC=0.666,95%CI 0.577-0.755) and PCT (AUC=0.603,95%CI 0.508-0.698). The cutoff value of PLR for predicting weaning failure was 257.69 with sensitivity 78.38%, specificity 76.22%, and diagnostic accuracy 71.66%. According to multivariate logistic regression analyses, PLR>257.69 was an independent risk factor for predicting weaning failure in patients with sepsis. Conclusions: PLR may be a valuable biomarker for predicting weaning failure in septic patients receiving IMV, and the patients with higher PLR should be handled with caution since they are at higher risk of weaning failure, and some more effective treatment should be in consideration after extubation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Respiration, Artificial , Retrospective Studies , Sepsis/diagnosis , Procalcitonin , C-Reactive Protein , Biomarkers , ROC Curve , Lymphocytes
11.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 221-226, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981256

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the death-related factors of elderly patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) treated by sequential mechanical ventilation,so as to provide evidence for clinical practice. Methods The clinical data of 1204 elderly patients (≥60 years old) with AECOPD treated by sequential mechanical ventilation from June 2015 to June 2021 were retrospectively analyzed.The probability and influencing factors of death were analyzed. Results Among the 1204 elderly patients with AECOPD treated by sequential mechanical ventilation,167 (13.87%) died.Multivariate analysis showed that plasma procalcitonin ≥0.5 μg/L (OR=2.762, 95%CI=1.920-3.972, P<0.001),daily invasive ventilation time ≥12 h (OR=2.202, 95%CI=1.487-3.262,P<0.001),multi-drug resistant bacterial infection (OR=1.790,95%CI=1.237-2.591,P=0.002),oxygenation index<39.90 kPa (OR=2.447,95%CI=1.625-3.685,P<0.001),glycosylated hemoglobin >6% (OR=2.288,95%CI=1.509-3.470,P<0.001),and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ score ≥25 points (OR=2.126,95%CI=1.432-3.156,P<0.001) were independent risk factors for death in patients with AECOPD treated by sequential mechanical ventilation.Oral care>twice/d (OR=0.676,95%CI=0.457-1.000,P=0.048) and sputum excretion>twice/d (OR=0.492, 95%CI=0.311-0.776, P=0.002) were independent protective factors for death in elderly patients with AECOPD treated by sequential mechanical ventilation. Conclusions The outcomes of sequential mechanical ventilation in the treatment of elderly patients with AECOPD are affected by a variety of factors.To reduce the mortality,we put forward the following measures:attaching great importance to severe patients,restoring oxygenation function,shortening unnecessary invasive ventilation time,controlling blood glucose,preventing multidrug resistant bacterial infection,oral care twice a day,and sputum excretion twice a day.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Middle Aged , Respiration, Artificial/methods , Retrospective Studies , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/therapy , Sputum
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 941-950, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980944

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Although intensively studied in patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), the prognostic value of diastolic blood pressure (DBP) has little been elucidated in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). This study aimed to reveal the prognostic value of DBP in AECOPD patients.@*METHODS@#Inpatients with AECOPD were prospectively enrolled from 10 medical centers in China between September 2017 and July 2021. DBP was measured on admission. The primary outcome was all-cause in-hospital mortality; invasive mechanical ventilation and intensive care unit (ICU) admission were secondary outcomes. Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) and multivariable Cox regressions were used to identify independent prognostic factors and calculate the hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for adverse outcomes.@*RESULTS@#Among 13,633 included patients with AECOPD, 197 (1.45%) died during their hospital stay. Multivariable Cox regression analysis showed that low DBP on admission (<70 mmHg) was associated with increased risk of in-hospital mortality (HR = 2.16, 95% CI: 1.53-3.05, Z = 4.37, P <0.01), invasive mechanical ventilation (HR = 1.65, 95% CI: 1.32-2.05, Z = 19.67, P <0.01), and ICU admission (HR = 1.45, 95% CI: 1.24-1.69, Z = 22.08, P <0.01) in the overall cohort. Similar findings were observed in subgroups with or without CVDs, except for invasive mechanical ventilation in the subgroup with CVDs. When DBP was further categorized in 5-mmHg increments from <50 mmHg to ≥100 mmHg, and 75 to <80 mmHg was taken as reference, HRs for in-hospital mortality increased almost linearly with decreased DBP in the overall cohort and subgroups of patients with CVDs; higher DBP was not associated with the risk of in-hospital mortality.@*CONCLUSION@#Low on-admission DBP, particularly <70 mmHg, was associated with an increased risk of adverse outcomes among inpatients with AECOPD, with or without CVDs, which may serve as a convenient predictor of poor prognosis in these patients.@*CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Chinese Clinical Trail Registry, No. ChiCTR2100044625.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Pressure , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/therapy , Cohort Studies , Respiration, Artificial , Inpatients , Hospital Mortality
13.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 284-288, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971074

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the application value of transport ventilator in the inter-hospital transport of critically ill children.@*METHODS@#The critically ill children in Hunan Children's Hospital who were transported with or without a transport ventilator were included as the observation group (from January 2019 to January 2020; n=122) and the control group (from January 2018 to January 2019; n=120), respectively. The two groups were compared in terms of general data, the changes in heart rate, respiratory rate, and blood oxygen saturation during transport, the incidence rates of adverse events, and outcomes.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences between the two groups in sex, age, oxygenation index, pediatric critical illness score, course of disease, primary disease, heart rate, respiratory rate, and transcutaneous oxygen saturation before transport (P>0.05). During transport, there were no significant differences between the two groups in the changes in heart rate, respiratory rate, and transcutaneous oxygen saturation (P>0.05). The incidence rates of tracheal catheter detachment, indwelling needle detachment, and sudden cardiac arrest in the observation group were lower than those in the control group during transport, but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). Compared with the control group, the observation group had significantly shorter duration of mechanical ventilation and length of stay in the pediatric intensive care unit and significantly higher transport success rate and cure/improvement rate (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The application of transport ventilator in the inter-hospital transport can improve the success rate of inter-hospital transport and the prognosis in critically ill children, and therefore, it holds promise for clinical application in the inter-hospital transport of critically ill children.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Critical Illness , Respiration, Artificial/adverse effects , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Ventilators, Mechanical , Prognosis
14.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 205-209, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971061

ABSTRACT

Extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal is an artificial lung auxiliary technique based on extrapulmonary gas exchange and can effectively remove carbon dioxide and provide oxygenation to a certain extent, and it is one of the effective treatment techniques for hypercapnia developed after mechanical ventilation and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in recent years and has wide application prospect. This article elaborates on the development, working principle, advantages, classification, complications, and clinical application of extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal, so as to provide a new choice for extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carbon Dioxide , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Renal Dialysis , Respiration, Artificial
15.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 746-751, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982666

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare and analyze the effect of unplanned versus planned admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) on the prognosis of high-risk patients after surgery, so as to provide a clinical evidence for clinical medical staff to evaluate whether the postoperative patients should be transferred to ICU or not after surgery.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of patients who were transferred to ICU after surgery admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from January to December in 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, including gender, age, body mass index, past history (whether combined with hypertension, diabetes, pulmonary disease, cardiac disease, renal failure, liver failure, hematologic disorders, tumor, etc.), acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II), elective surgery, pre-operative hospital consultation, length of surgery, worst value of laboratory parameters within 24 hours of ICU admission, need for invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV), duration of IMV, length of ICU stay, total length of hospital stay, ICU mortality, in-hospital mortality, and survival status at 30th day postoperative. The unplanned patients were further divided into the immediate transfer group and delayed transfer group according to the timing of their ICU entrance after surgery, and the prognosis was compared between the two groups. Cox regression analysis was used to find the independent risk factors of 30-day mortality in patients transferred to ICU after surgery.@*RESULTS@#Finally, 377 patients were included in the post-operative admission to the ICU, including 232 in the planned transfer group and 145 in the unplanned transfer group (42 immediate transfers and 103 delayed transfers). Compared to the planned transfer group, patients in the unplanned transfer group had higher peripheral blood white blood cell count (WBC) at the time of transfer to the ICU [×109/L: 10.86 (7.09, 16.68) vs. 10.11 (6.56, 13.27)], longer total length of hospital stay [days: 23.00 (14.00, 34.00) vs. 19.00 (12.00, 29.00)], and 30-day post-operative mortality was higher [29.66% (43/145) vs. 17.24% (40/232)], but haemoglobin (Hb), arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2), oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2), and IMV requirement rate were lower [Hb (g/L): 95.00 (78.00, 113.50) vs. 98.00 (85.00, 123.00), PaCO2 (mmHg, 1 mmHg ≈ 0.133 kPa): 36.00 (29.00, 41.50) vs. 39.00 (33.00, 43.00), PaO2/FiO2 (mmHg): 197.00 (137.50, 283.50) vs. 238.00 (178.00, 350.25), IMV requirement rate: 82.76% (120/145) vs. 93.97% (218/232)], all differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival curve showed that the 30-day cumulative survival rate after surgery was significantly lower in the unplanned transfer group than in the planned transfer group (Log-Rank test: χ2 = 7.659, P = 0.006). Univariate Cox regression analysis showed that unplanned transfer, APACHE II score, whether deeded IMV at transfer, total length of hospital stay, WBC, blood K+, and blood lactic acid (Lac) were associated with 30-day mortality after operation (all P < 0.05). Multifactorial Cox analysis showed that unplanned transfer [hazard ratio (HR) = 2.45, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 1.54-3.89, P < 0.001], APACHE II score (HR = 1.03, 95%CI was 1.00-1.07, P = 0.031), the total length of hospital stay (HR = 0.86, 95%CI was 0.83-0.89, P < 0.001), the need for IMV on admission (HR = 4.31, 95%CI was 1.27-14.63, P = 0.019), highest Lac value within 24 hours of transfer to the ICU (HR = 1.17, 95%CI was 1.10-1.24, P < 0.001), and tumor history (HR = 3.12, 95%CI was 1.36-7.13, P = 0.007) were independent risk factors for patient death at 30 days post-operative, and the risk of death was 2.45 times higher in patients unplanned transferred than in those planned transferred. Subgroup analysis showed that patients in the delayed transfer group had significantly longer IMV times than those in the immediate transfer group [hours: 43.00 (11.00, 121.00) vs. 17.50 (2.75, 73.00), P < 0.05].@*CONCLUSIONS@#The 30-day mortality, WBC and total length of hospital stay were higher in patients who were transferred to ICU after surgery, and PaO2/FiO2 was lower. Unplanned transfer, oncology history, use of IMV, APACHE II score, total length of hospital stay, and Lac were independent risk factors for patient death at 30 days postoperatively, and patients with delayed transfer to ICU had longer IMV time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Respiration, Artificial , Hospitalization , Prognosis , Intensive Care Units
16.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 707-713, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982659

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop and validate a mechanical power (MP)-oriented nomogram prediction model of weaning failure in mechanically ventilated patients.@*METHODS@#Patients who underwent invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) for more than 24 hours and were weaned using a T-tube ventilation strategy were collected from the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care-IV v1.0 (MIMIC-IV v1.0) database. Demographic information and comorbidities, respiratory mechanics parameters 4 hours before the first spontaneous breathing trial (SBT), laboratory parameters preceding the SBT, vital signs and blood gas analysis during SBT, length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay and IMV duration were collected and all eligible patients were enrolled into the model group. Lasso method was used to screen the risk factors affecting weaning outcomes, which were included in the multivariate Logistic regression analysis. R software was used to construct the nomogram prediction model and build the dynamic web page nomogram. The discrimination and accuracy of the nomogram were assessed by receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) and calibration curves, and the clinical validity was assessed by decision curve analysis (DCA). The data of patients undergoing mechanical ventilation hospitalized in ICU of the First People's Hospital of Lianyungang City and the Second People's Hospital of Lianyungang City from November 2021 to October 2022 were prospectively collected to externally validate the model.@*RESULTS@#A total of 3 695 mechanically ventilated patients were included in the model group, and the weaning failure rate was 38.5% (1 421/3 695). Lasso regression analysis finally screened out six variables, including positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP), MP, dynamic lung compliance (Cdyn), inspired oxygen concentration (FiO2), length of ICU stay and IMV duration, with coefficients of 0.144, 0.047, -0.032, 0.027, 0.090 and 0.098, respectively. Logistic regression analysis showed that the six variables were all independent risk factors for predicting weaning failure risk [odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI) were 1.155 (1.111-1.200), 1.048 (1.031-1.066), 0.968 (0.963-0.974), 1.028 (1.017-1.038), 1.095 (1.076-1.113), and 1.103 (1.070-1.137), all P < 0.01]. The MP-oriented nomogram prediction model of weaning failure in mechanically ventilated patients showed accurate discrimination both in the model group and external validation group, with area under the ROC curve (AUC) and 95%CI of 0.832 (0.819-0.845) and 0.879 (0.833-0.925), respectively. Furthermore, its predictive accuracy was significantly higher than that of individual indicators such as MP, Cdyn, and PEEP. Calibration curves showed good correlation between predicted and observed outcomes. DCA indicated that the nomogram model had high net benefits, and was clinically beneficial.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The MP-oriented nomogram prediction model of weaning failure accurately predicts the risk of weaning failure in mechanical ventilation patients and provides valuable information for clinicians making decisions on weaning.


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiration, Artificial/methods , Ventilator Weaning/methods , Nomograms , Lung , Risk Factors
17.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 449-452, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982612

ABSTRACT

Mechanical ventilation (MV) is an effective treatment for respiratory failure. In recent years, it has been found that MV can not only cause ventilation-associated lung injury (VALI), but also cause ventilation-induced diaphragmatic dysfunction (VIDD). Although the injury site and etiology are not the same, they are interrelated and mutually causal, and eventually lead to weaning failure. Studies have indicated that diaphragmatic function protection strategy should be implemented in patients on MV. That is, the entire process from assessing the ability of spontaneous breathing before MV, to the initiation of spontaneous breathing and to weaning during MV. For patients on MV, continuous monitoring of respiratory muscle strength should be conducted. Early prevention, early intervention and timely detection of VIDD may reduce the occurrence of difficult weaning, resulting in improved prognosis. This study mainly discussed the risk factors and pathogenesis of VIDD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiration, Artificial , Respiratory Muscles , Respiration , Diaphragm , Cognition
18.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 442-445, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982610

ABSTRACT

For patients receiving mechanical ventilation, mechanical ventilation is also an injury factor at the same time of treatment, which can lead to or aggravate lung injury, that is, ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI). The typical feature of VILI is that the mechanical stress is transmitted to cells through the pathway, leading to uncontrollable inflammatory cascade reaction, which causes the activation of inflammatory cells in the lung and the release of a large number of cytokines and inflammatory mediators. Among them, innate immunity is also involved in the occurrence and development of VILI. A large number of studies have shown that damaged lung tissue in VILI can regulate inflammatory response by releasing a large number of damage associated molecular pattern (DAMP). Pattern recognition receptor (PRR) participates in the activation of immune response by combining with DAMP, and releases a large number of inflammatory mediators to promote the occurrence and development of VILI. Recent studies have shown that inhibition of DAMP/PRR signaling pathway can play a protective role in VILI. Therefore, this article will mainly discuss the potential role of blocking DAMP/PRR signal pathway in VILI, and provide new ideas for the treatment of VILI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiration, Artificial , Respiration , Immunity, Innate , Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury , Inflammation , Inflammation Mediators , Lung
19.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 264-267, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982225

ABSTRACT

At present, the passive simulated lung including the splint lung is an important device for hospitals and manufacturers in testing the functions of a respirator. However, the human respiration simulated by this passive simulated lung is quite different from the actual respiration. And it is not able to simulate the spontaneous breathing. Therefore, including" the device simulating respiratory muscle work "," the simulated thorax" and" the simulated airway", an active mechanical lung to simulate human pulmonary ventilation was designed:3D printed human respiratory tract was developed and connected the left and right air bags at the end of the respiratory tract to simulate the left and right lungs of the human body. By controlling a motor running to drive the crank and rod to move a piston back and forth, and to deliver an alternating pressure in the simulated pleural, and so as to generate an active respiratory airflow in airway. The experimental respiratory airflow and pressure from the active mechanical lung developed in this study are consistent with the target airflow and pressure which collected from the normal adult. The developed active mechanical lung function will be conducive to improve the quality of the respirator.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Lung/physiology , Respiration , Pulmonary Ventilation , Respiration, Artificial , Ventilators, Mechanical
20.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 343-349, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981548

ABSTRACT

Without artificial airway though oral, nasal or airway incision, the bi-level positive airway pressure (Bi-PAP) has been widely employed for respiratory patients. In an effort to investigate the therapeutic effects and measures for the respiratory patients under the noninvasive Bi-PAP ventilation, a therapy system model was designed for virtual ventilation experiments. In this system model, it includes a sub-model of noninvasive Bi-PAP respirator, a sub-model of respiratory patient, and a sub-model of the breath circuit and mask. And based on the Matlab Simulink, a simulation platform for the noninvasive Bi-PAP therapy system was developed to conduct the virtual experiments in simulated respiratory patient with no spontaneous breathing (NSB), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The simulated outputs such as the respiratory flows, pressures, volumes, etc, were collected and compared to the outputs which were obtained in the physical experiments with the active servo lung. By statistically analyzed with SPSS, the results demonstrated that there was no significant difference ( P > 0.1) and was in high similarity ( R > 0.7) between the data collected in simulations and physical experiments. The therapy system model of noninvasive Bi-PAP is probably applied for simulating the practical clinical experiment, and maybe conveniently applied to study the technology of noninvasive Bi-PAP for clinicians.


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiration, Artificial/methods , Positive-Pressure Respiration/methods , Respiration , Ventilators, Mechanical , Lung
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