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1.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 16(2): 137-150, Junio 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1556149

ABSTRACT

Introducción: SARS-CoV-2 ha causado millones de muertes a nivel global desde su primer caso reportado en China. En Guatemala existen pocos estudios que describan los factores pronósticos. Nuestro objetivo fue determinar los factores asociados de mortalidad a 30 días en pacientes con neumonía (Nm) por SARS-CoV-2 y construir un modelo predictor. Material y Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo en 144 sujetos en el Hospital Roosevelt de marzo a diciembre 2020 con criterios de Nm por SARS-CoV-2. Se revisó el expediente médico para datos clínicos y de laboratorio desde ingreso hasta alta hospitalaria o muerte. Resultados: Se evaluaron 105 hombres y 39 mujeres con media de edad 53 años. El 47% tenía comorbilidades como diabetes mellitus 2 e hipertensión arterial sistémica. Promedio de días de hospitalización: 13. Cuadros leves a moderados de Síndrome de Distrés Respiratorio Agudo (SDRA): 92%. Se indicó ventilación mecánica invasiva (VMI) a 46 pacientes. La mortalidad general fue 35%. Factores asociados a mortalidad a 30 días: edad ≥50 años, inicio de síntomas ≥7 días, SDRA severo, radio NL >4,4, recibir VMI, alteración en LDH y procalcitonina. Nuestro modelo mostró que los mejores predictores de mortalidad eran alteración en procalcitonina (OR: 4,45), recibir VMI (OR: 112) y días de estancia hospitalaria (OR: 1,12) con precisión de 91,5% y área bajo la curva de 94,4%. Conclusiones: Los factores pronósticos de mortalidad en pacientes guatemaltecos con Nm por SARS-CoV-2 son múltiples e incluyen rasgos demográficos, clínicos y serológicos; identificarlos y contar con un modelo pronóstico ayudará a brindar atención médica de precisión.


Introduction: SARS-CoV-2 has caused millions of deaths globally since its first case was reported in China. In Guatemala, few studies describe prognostic factors. Our objective was to determine the factors associated with 30 day mortality in patients with Pneumonia (Nm) due to SARS-CoV-2 and to build a predictor model. Material and Methods: Retrospective study in 144 subjects at Roosevelt Hospital from March to December 2020 with Nm criteria for SARS-CoV-2. The medical record was rviewed, obtaining clinical and laboratory data from admission to hospital discharge or death. Results: 105 men and 39 women with an average age of 53 years were evaluated. 47% had comorbidities, with type 2 diabetes mellitus and systemic arterial hypertension being common. The average number of days of hospitalization was 13. 92% had mild to moderate acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Invasive mechanical ventila-tion (IMV) was indicated for 46 patients. Overall mortality was 35%. The factors asso-ciated with 30-day mortality were age ≥50 years, the onset of symptoms ≥7 days, severe ARDS, N/L ratio >4.4, receiving IMV, alterations in LDH, and procalcitonin. Our model showed that the best predictors of mortality were altered procalcitonin (OR: 4.45), receiving IMV (OR: 112), and days of hospital stay (OR: 1.12) with precision of 91.5% and area under the curve of 94.4%. Conclusions: The prognostic factors of mortality in Guatemalan patients with Nm due to SARS-CoV-2 are multiple and include demographic, clinical and serological features; identifying them and having a prognostic model will help provide precision medical care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pneumonia/mortality , Prognosis , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/epidemiology , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy , Respiration, Artificial , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/mortality , Comorbidity , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Ultrasonography , Age Factors , Guatemala/epidemiology
2.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 16(1): 5-15, Marzo 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1538330

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Millones de pacientes con COVID-19 fueron internados en terapia intensiva en el mundo, la mitad desarrollaron síndrome de dificultad respiratoria aguda (SDRA) y recibieron ventilación mecánica invasiva (VMI), con una mortalidad del 50%. Analiza-mos cómo edad, comorbilidades y complicaciones, en pacientes con COVID-19 y SDRA que recibieron VMI, se asociaron con el riesgo de morir durante su hospitalización.Métodos: Estudio de cohorte observacional, retrospectivo y multicéntrico realizado en 5 hospitales (tres privados y dos públicos universitarios) de Argentina y Chile, durante el segundo semestre de 2020.Se incluyeron pacientes >18 años con infección por SARS-CoV-2 confirmada RT-PCR, que desarrollaron SDRA y fueron asistidos con VMI durante >48 horas, durante el se-gundo semestre de 2020. Se analizaron los antecedentes, las comorbilidades más fre-cuentes (obesidad, diabetes e hipertensión), y las complicaciones shock, insuficiencia renal aguda (IRA) y neumonía asociada a la ventilación mecánica (NAV), por un lado, y las alteraciones de parámetros clínicos y de laboratorio registrados.Resultados: El 69% era varón. La incidencia de comorbilidades difirió para los diferentes grupos de edad. La mortalidad aumentó significativamente con la edad (p<0,00001). Las comorbilidades, hipertensión y diabetes, y las complicaciones de IRA y shock se asociaron significativamente con la mortalidad. En el análisis multivariado, sólo la edad mayor de 60 años, la IRA y el shock permanecieron asociados con la mortalidad. Conclusiones: El SDRA en COVID-19 es más común entre los mayores. Solo la edad >60 años, el shock y la IRA se asociaron a la mortalidad en el análisis multivariado.


Objectives: Millions of patients with COVID-19 were admitted to intensive care world-wide, half developed acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and received invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV), with a mortality of 50%. We analyzed how age, comor-bidities and complications in patients with COVID-19 and ARDS who received IMV were associated with the risk of dying during their hospitalization.Methods: Observational, retrospective and multicenter cohort study carried out in 5 hospitals (three private and two public university hospitals) in Argentina and Chile, during the second half of 2020.Patients >18 years of age with SARS-CoV-2 infection confirmed by RT-PCR, who devel-oped ARDS and were assisted with IMV for >48 hours, during the second half of 2020, were included. History, the most frequent comorbidities (obesity, diabetes and hyper-tension) and the complications of shock, acute renal failure (AKI) and pneumonia as-sociated with mechanical ventilation (VAP), on the one hand, and the alterations of re-corded clinical and laboratory parameters, were analyzed.Results: 69% were men. The incidence of comorbidities differed for different age groups. Mortality increased significantly with age (p<0.00001). Comorbidities, hyper-tension and diabetes, and complications of ARF and shock were significantly associat-ed with mortality. In the multivariate analysis, only age over 60 years, ARF and shock remained associated with mortality.Conclusions: ARDS in COVID-19 is more common among the elderly. Only age >60 years, shock and ARF were associated with mortality in the multivariate analysis


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pneumonia/complications , Respiration, Artificial/methods , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/complications , Shock/complications , Comorbidity , Renal Insufficiency/complications , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/epidemiology , Argentina/epidemiology , Chile/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Mortality , Multicenter Study
3.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 16(1): 59-66, Marzo 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1551217

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La infección por SARS-CoV-2 puede presentar síndrome de distrés res-piratorio agudo con requerimiento de ventilación mecánica prolongada y retraso en la realización de traqueostomía. Esto trae como consecuencia un incremento en casos de estenosis traqueal y la necesidad de métodos menos invasivos para su abordaje. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal, desde marzo 2020 hasta diciem-bre 2021 en el Hospital Universitario Nacional de Colombia, en adultos con estenosis traqueal postintubación asociado SARS-CoV-2. Se realizó análisis univariado entre los grupos con infección o no por SARS-CoV-2 como control, y reintervención, grado de estenosis, uso de inyección intramucosa con dexametasona intratraqueal o múltiples estenosis como desenlaces de importancia. Se usó test exacto de Fisher, t Student y Man-Whitney según la naturaleza de variables. Se consideró p estadísticamente significativo menor a 0.05.Resultados: Se identificaron 26 pacientes, 20 tenían COVID-19 y 6 no. Se encontraron diferencias en edad (p=0,002), epilepsia (p=0,007) y estenosis múltiple (p= 0,04). En 85% de los casos se utilizó láser blue más dilatación con balón pulmonar, en 35% inyección intramucosa con dexametasona intratraqueal y reintervención en 35%, sin diferencias significativas entre grupos. Conclusiones: Se observó un incremento tres veces mayor de pacientes con estenosis múltiple en el grupo de infección por COVID-19, así mismo se encontró que el método más utilizado en este grupo para la recanalización fue el uso de láser blue más dilatación con balón pulmonar y la innovación en el uso de inyección intramucosa.


Introduction: SARS-CoV-2 infection can lead to acute respiratory distress syndrome with a prolonged need for mechanical ventilation and delayed tracheostomy, resulting in an increase in cases of tracheal stenosis and the necessity for less invasive approaches.Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted from March 2020 to December 2021 at the Hospital Universitario Nacional de Colombia, focusing on adults with post-intubation tracheal stenosis associated with SARS-CoV-2. Univariate analysis was performed between groups with or without SARS-CoV-2 infection as a control, considering reintervention, degree of stenosis, use of intratracheal steroids, or multiple stenoses as important outcomes. Fisher's exact test, Student's t-test, and Mann-Whit-ney test were employed based on the nature of variables. A p-value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.Results: A total of 26 patients were included, with 20 having COVID-19 and 6 without. Significant differences were found in age (p=0.002), epilepsy (p=0.007), and multiple stenosis (p=0.04). In 85% of cases, laser blue plus balloon pulmonary dilation was used, intratracheal dexamethasone in 35%, and reintervention in 35%, with no significant differences between groups.Conclusions: A threefold increase in subglottic stenosis was observed during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, with more instances of multiple stenosis and predominantly the use of laser blue plus balloon pulmonary dilation as a successful recanalization technique. There was a higher use of intratracheal dexamethasone in this group compared to oth-er pathologies causing tracheal stenosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Tracheal Stenosis/complications , Dyspnea , COVID-19/complications , Respiration, Artificial/methods , Bronchoscopy/methods , Tracheostomy/methods , Colombia , SARS-CoV-2
4.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1-10, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007392

ABSTRACT

Vaccination is one of the critical tools to prevent infections among individuals with autoimmune rheumatic diseases (ARDs), ultimately improving the quality of life and reducing mortality. The incorporation of vaccination strategies into clinical decision-making processes has been recognized as pivotal. However, the absence of clinical guidelines and consensus on vaccination for ARDs patients still persists in China. Drawing from existing clinical evidence, this expert consensus encompasses eight prevalent vaccines: Influenza vaccine, pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine, COVID-19 vaccine, herpes zoster vaccine, human papillomavirus vaccine, hepatitis A vaccine, hepatitis B vaccine, and rabies virus vaccine. This initiative aims to furnish highly practical technical directives for vaccination personnel and rheumatologists, thereby fostering standardized vaccination practices to combat infectious diseases among adult ARDs patients in China.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , COVID-19 Vaccines , Consensus , Quality of Life , Vaccination , Influenza Vaccines , Rheumatic Diseases , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn
5.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 962024. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1550962

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La infección congénita por el citomegalovirus en neonatos menores de 1500 gramos puede ser causa de morbilidad, mortalidad y discapacidad. Objetivo: Describir el comportamiento de la infección congénita por citomegalovirus en un servicio de neonatología. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal con 61 neonatos. Se les realizó detección de citomegalovirus en la primera semana de vida en suero y orina, mediante reacción en cadena de la polimerasa, para determinar infección congénita. Se evaluaron variables perinatales en todos los neonatos, así como elementos clínicos y resultados de exámenes complementarios en los infectados. Resultados: La incidencia de infección congénita fue de un 10 por ciento (6/61). El 5 por ciento de los estudios fueron positivos (6/122). Ninguna muestra de orina resultó positiva (0/61) y en el 10 por ciento de las muestras de suero (6/61) se detectó el genoma del virus. Se encontró asociación entre valoración nutricional al nacer e infección por citomegalovirus (p< 0,05). El 83 por ciento de los neonatos infectados presentaron algún signo clínico y el síndrome de dificultad respiratoria fue el más frecuente (67 por ciento). En todos los neonatos con infección congénita el ultrasonido cerebral fue normal y en el 33 por ciento se detectó retinopatía de la prematuridad en el fondo de ojo. Conclusiones: La incidencia de infección congénita por citomegalovirus es alta en este grupo de riesgo. Los signos clínicos encontrados y los resultados del fondo de ojo en neonatos con infección congénita se relacionaron con la prematuridad y la valoración nutricional de hipotrófico se asoció con esta infección(AU)


Introduction: Congenital cytomegalovirus infection in neonates weighing less than 1500 grams can be a cause of morbidity, mortality, and disability. Objective: To describe the behavior of congenital cytomegalovirus infection in a neonatal service. Methods: A descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted with 61 neonates. Cytomegalovirus was detected in the first week of life in serum and urine, by polymerase chain reaction, to determine congenital infection. Perinatal variables were evaluated in all neonates, as well as clinical elements and results of complementary examinations in infected infants. Results: The incidence of congenital infection was 10 percent (6/61). 5 percent of the studies were positive (6/122). No urine samples were positive (0/61) and the virus genome was detected in 10 percent of serum samples (6/61). An association was found between nutritional assessment at birth and cytomegalovirus infection (p < 0.05). A total of 83 percent of infected neonates had some clinical sign, with respiratory distress syndrome being the most common (67 percent). In all neonates with congenital infection, brain ultrasound was normal, and retinopathy of prematurity was detected in 33 percent of patients with fundus retinopathy. Conclusions: The incidence of congenital cytomegalovirus infection is high in this risk group. The clinical signs found and the results of the fundus in neonates with congenital infection were related to prematurity and the nutritional assessment of hypotrophic was associated with this infection(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Retinopathy of Prematurity/diagnosis , Cytomegalovirus Infections/urine , Cytomegalovirus Infections/epidemiology , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Risk Groups , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Fundus Oculi
6.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 70(1)Jan-Mar. 2024.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1537397

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Pacientes com câncer apresentaram risco de desenvolver quadros respiratórios graves quando acometidos por covid-19, com necessidade de suporte intensivo e de ventilação mecânica invasiva (VMI). Objetivo: Avaliar os fatores associados ao óbito em pacientes oncológicos que tiveram covid-19 e evoluíram com insuficiência respiratória e necessidade de VMI. Método: Estudo de coorte retrospectivo de pacientes com câncer em uma unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI) oncológica, com covid-19 e em VMI de abril de 2020 a dezembro de 2021. Foram incluídos de forma sequencial todos os pacientes com câncer admitidos na UTI em VMI ou que evoluíram com VMI por agravamento da covid-19, sendo excluídos aqueles em controle da doença oncológica há mais de cinco anos. Para a análise estatística, foram utilizadas medidas de tendência central e dispersão, assim como frequências absolutas e relativas. A regressão logística múltipla foi aplicada para a avaliação dos fatores associados à mortalidade, considerando estatisticamente significantes valores de p < 0,05. Resultados: Foram incluídos no estudo 85 pacientes. O óbito foi maior entre os pacientes com tumores sólidos (OR = 3,64; IC 95%: 1,06-12,52; p = 0,04), entre os que necessitaram de suporte renal durante a internação na UTI (OR = 6,88; IC 95%: 1,82-25,98; p = 0,004), os que não puderam ser extubados (OR = 8,00; IC 95%: 2,16-29,67; p = 0,002) e os que apresentaram o valor de pressão de distensão alveolar maior do que 15cmH2O por pelo menos um dia (OR = 5,9; IC 95%: 1,76-19,80; p = 0,004). Conclusão: Características clínicas e de VMI estavam associadas à morte de pacientes oncológicos com covid-19 e em VMI.


Los pacientes con cáncer corrían riesgo de desarrollar afecciones respiratorias graves al ser afectados por la COVID-19, requiriendo soporte intensivo y ventilación mecánica invasiva (VMI). Objetivo: Evaluar los factores asociados a la muerte en pacientes con cáncer que tuvieron COVID-19 y que desarrollaron insuficiencia respiratoria y necesidad de VMI. Método: Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo en pacientes oncológicos internados en una unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI) de oncología, con COVID-19 y en VMI de abril de 2020 a diciembre de 2021. Se incluyeron secuencialmente todos los pacientes con cáncer ingresados en UCI con VMI o que necesitaron VMI por empeoramiento de la COVID-19, excluyendo a aquellos que llevaban más de cinco años bajo control de la enfermedad oncológica. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizaron medidas de tendencia central y dispersión, así como frecuencias absolutas y relativas. Se aplicó regresión logística múltiple para evaluar los factores asociados a la mortalidad, considerando valores de p<0,05 estadísticamente significativos. Resultados: Se incluyeron en el estudio 85 pacientes. La muerte fue mayor entre los pacientes con tumores sólidos (OR= 3,64; IC 95%, 1,06-12,52; p=0,04), entre los que requirieron soporte renal durante la estancia en UCI (OR = 6,88; IC 95%, 1,82-25,98; p= 0,004), entre los que no pudieron ser extubados (OR= 8,00; IC 95%, 2,16-29,67; p= 0,002) y entre los que presentaron un valor de presión de distensión alveolar mayor a 15cmH2O durante al menos un día (OR = 5,9; IC 95%, 1,76-19,80; p=0,004). Conclusión: Las características clínicas y de VMI se asociaron con la muerte en pacientes oncológicos con COVID-19 y en VMI.


Cancer patients were at risk of developing severe respiratory conditions when affected by COVID-19, requiring intensive support and invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV). Objective: Evaluate the factors associated with death of cancer patients by COVID-19 who developed respiratory failure and need of IMV. Method: Retrospective cohort study of cancer patients in an oncology intensive care unit (ICU), with COVID-19 and on IMV was carried out from April 2020 to December 2021. All patients with cancer admitted to the ICU on IMV or who developed IMV due to worsening of COVID-19 were sequentially included, excluding those who had been in follow-up of the oncological disease for more than five years. For statistical analysis, measures of central tendency and dispersion were used, as well as absolute and relative frequencies. Multiple logistic regression was applied to evaluate factors associated with mortality, considering statistically significant values of p < 0.05. Results: 85 patients were included in the study. Death was higher for patients with solid tumors (OR= 3.64; 95% CI, 1.06-12.52; p = 0.04), in addition to those who required renal support while in ICU (OR = 6.88; 95% CI, 1.82-25.98; p = 0.004), those who could not be extubated (OR= 8.00; 95% CI, 2.16-29.67; p = 0.002) and who presented an alveolar distension pressure value greater than 15cmH2O for at least one day (OR= 5.9; 95% CI, 1.76-19.80; p = 0.004). Conclusion:Clinical and IMV characteristics were associated with death in cancer patients with COVID-19 and IMV


Subject(s)
Neoplasms , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Ventilators, Mechanical , Epidemiology , Critical Care , COVID-19
7.
Femina ; 51(12): 666-673, 20231230. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532469

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Atualizar a estatística do serviço, reconhecendo a prevalência de amnior- rexe prematura no pré-termo e seus principais desfechos materno-fetais. Méto- dos: Estudo transversal realizado pela análise de prontuários médicos de pacien- tes internadas devido a amniorrexe prematura no pré-termo e de seus respectivos conceptos no Hospital Universitário da Faculdade de Medicina de Jundiaí durante o período de janeiro de 2020 a dezembro de 2021. Resultados: Participaram da pesquisa 161 pacientes e 166 conceptos, resultando em uma prevalência de 2,12% no período estudado, com intervalo de confiança de 95% (1,80-2,47). Entre os des- fechos maternos, 2,5% das gestantes compunham critérios para near miss mater- no; enquanto entre os desfechos fetais, o resultado foi de 54,8% dos conceptos apresentando complicações, sendo as mais prevalentes a síndrome do desconfor- to respiratório (36,3%), icterícia (39,5%), baixo peso (27,5%) e hipoglicemia (24,2%). Além disso, 40,4% necessitaram de internação na unidade de terapia intensiva, 22,9% foram classificados como near miss neonatal e 4,4% foram a óbito. Conclu- são: Os resultados seguiram os padrões nacionais e internacionais esperados para prevalência de amniorrexe prematura no pré-termo e seus desfechos materno-fe- tais, com alta porcentagem de internações e complicações neonatais e baixa taxa de complicações maternas.


Objective: To update service statistics, recognizing the preva- lence of the pathology and its main outcomes. Methods: Cros- s-sectional study carried out through the analysis of medical records of patients hospitalized due to preterm premature rup- ture of membranes and their respective fetuses at the Univer- sity Hospital of Jundiaí's Medical School during the period from January 2020 to December 2021. Results: A total of 161 patients and 166 fetuses participated in the research, resulting in a pre- valence of 2.12% in the period studied with 95% confidence in- terval (1.80-2.47). About the outcomes, 2.5% of the pregnant wo- men composed the criteria for maternal near miss; as for the fetus, complications evolved in 54.8% of the fetuses, the most prevalent being respiratory distress syndrome (36.3%), jaundice (39.5%), low birth weight (27.5%) and hypoglycemia (24.2%). In addition, 40.4% required admission to the intensive care unit, 22.9% were neonatal near miss and 4.4% died. Conclusion: The results followed the expected national and international standards for the prevalence of preterm premature rupture of membranes and its maternal and fetal outcomes, with a high percentage of hospitalizations and neonatal complications, and a low rate of maternal complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/diagnosis , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Maternal Mortality/trends , Medical Records/statistics & numerical data , Statistics , Congenital Hyperinsulinism/diagnosis , Near Miss, Healthcare/statistics & numerical data , Jaundice/complications
8.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 40(6): 626-633, dic. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529992

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La mortalidad por pacientes por COVID-19 grave que desarrollaban neumonía grave y síndrome de dificultad respiratoria agudo (SDRA) grave ha sido significativa a pesar del tratamiento oportuno. Es importante determinar predictores tempranos de enfermedad que nos ayuden a estratificar aquellos pacientes con mayor riesgo de fallecer. Se pretende estudiar el comportamiento del puntaje APP (APPS) como predictor de ello, basados en algunos reportes de uso y utilidad en el SDRA. no COVID-19. OBJETIVO: Determinar si el APPS es útil como predictor de mortalidad en SDRA. por COVID-19 grave. PACIENTES Y MÉTODO: Se realizó un estudio tipo cohorte retrospectivo, incluyendo pacientes de la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos (UCI), con SDRA. por COVID-19 grave, que ingresaron a la UCI del Hospital Regional Docente de Trujillo (HRDT) en el período abril 2020- abril 2021. Se evalúo la utilidad del APPS como predictor de mortalidad em dicha población. RESULTADOS: El APPS demostró ser un factor asociado a mortalidad en pacientes con SDRA. y COVID-19 grave (RPa 1,34; IC 95% 1,16 a 1,56; p < 0,001). Además, encontramos que, al realizar un modelo de predicción ajustado por edad, sexo, SOFA, APPS, shock, Indice de Charlson (ICh), se comportan como factores asociados a mortalidad el APPS, el sexo masculino (RPa: 1,48; IC 95% 1,09 a 2,049; p < 0,05) y el ICh (RPa: 1,11; IC 95% 1,02 a 1,21; p < 0,05). CONCLUSIÓN: El APPS, el sexo masculino y el ICh son predictores de mortalidad en SDRA. por COVID-19 grave.


BACKGROUND: Mortality in patients with severe COVID-19 who developed severe pneumonia and severe Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) has been significant despite timely treatment. It is important to determine early predictors of disease that help us to stratify those patients with a higher risk of death. It is intended to study the behavior of the APPS score as a predictor of this, based on some reports of use and usefulness in non-COVID-19 ARDS. AIM: To determine if the APP score is useful as a predictor of mortality in ARDS due to severe COVID-19. METHOD: A retrospective cohort study was carried out, including patients from the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) with ARDS due to severe COVID-19 who were admitted to the ICU of the Trujillo Regional Teaching Hospital (HRDT) in the period March 2020 to March 2021. The usefulness of the APP score as a predictor of mortality in mentioned population was evaluated. RESULTS: The APP score proved to be a factor associated with mortality in patients with ARDS and severe COVID-19 (APR 1.34; 95% CI 1.16 to 1.56; p < 0.001). We also found that when performing a prediction model adjusted for age, sex, SOFA, APP score, shock and Charlson Index (ICh) we found that the APP score, male sex (APR: 1.48; 95% CI 1.09 to 2.049; p < 0.05) and the ICh behave as factors associated with mortality (RPa: 1.11; 95% CI 1.02 to 1.21; p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The APP score, male sex, and ICh are predictors of mortality in ARDS due to severe COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/mortality , COVID-19/complications , Multivariate Analysis , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Hospital Mortality , COVID-19/mortality , Intensive Care Units
9.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535461

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La lesión pulmonar aguda (TRALI) y la sobrecarga circulatoria (TACO) son las principales causas de morbilidad y mortalidad relacionadas con la transfusión. La TRALI se presenta durante o después de las transfusiones de plasma y sus derivados, o por inmunoglobulinas en alta concentración intravenosa; se asocia a procesos sépticos, cirugías y transfusiones masivas. La TACO es la exacerbación de manifestaciones respiratorias en las primeras 6 horas postransfusión. Reporte caso: Paciente de sexo masculino de 38 días de vida, ingresó al servicio de urgencias con un cuadro clínico de 8 días de evolución, caracterizado por dificultad respiratoria dado por retracciones subcostales y aleteo nasal sin otro síntoma asociado, con antecedentes de importancia de prematuridad y bajo peso al nacer. El reporte de hemograma arrojó cifras compatibles con anemia severa, por lo que requirió transfusión de glóbulos rojos empaquetados desleucocitados. El paciente presentó un cuadro respiratorio alterado en un periodo menor a 6 horas, por lo que se descartaron causas infecciosas y finalmente se consideró cuadro compatible con TRALI. Conclusiones: Se debe considerar una lesión pulmonar aguda relacionada con una transfusión de sangre si se produce una insuficiencia respiratoria aguda durante o inmediatamente después de la infusión de hemoderivados que contienen plasma.


Introduction: Acute lung injury (TRALI) and circulatory overload (TACO) are the main causes of transfusion-related morbidity and mortality. TRALI occurs during or after transfusions of plasma or its derivatives, or by immunoglobulins in high intravenous concentration; it is associated with septic processes, surgeries, and massive transfusions. TACO is the exacerbation of respiratory manifestations in the first 6 hours post transfusion. Case report: A 38-day-old male was admitted to the emergency department with clinical symptoms experienced over the course of 8 days and characterized by respiratory distress due to subcostal retractions and nasal flaring with no other associated symptoms. Important antecedents included prematurity and low birth weight. The hemogram report showed figures compatible with anemia, which benefited from transfusion of packed red blood cells without leukocytes. In a period of less than 6 hours, the patient presented altered respiratory symptoms, practitioners ruled out infectious causes and finally considered clinical signs compatible with TRALI. Conclusion: Acute lung injury related to blood transfusion should be considered if acute respiratory failure occurs during or immediately after infusion of plasma-containing blood products.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Infant, Premature , Transfusion Reaction , Transfusion-Related Acute Lung Injury , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Signs and Symptoms , Anemia
10.
Rev. cuba. med ; 62(2)jun. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1530117

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome de dificultad respiratoria aguda producido por la COVID-19 provoca alteraciones en el intercambio de oxígeno y la excreción de dióxido de carbono con consecuencias neurológicas. Objetivo: Describir las implicaciones del oxígeno y el dióxido de carbono sobre la dinámica cerebral durante el tratamiento ventilatorio del síndrome de dificultad respiratoria aguda en el accidente cerebrovascular. Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda en bases referenciales como: PubMed/Medline, SciELO, Google Académico y BVS Cuba. Los términos incluidos fueron brain-lung crosstalk, ARDS, mechanical ventilation, COVID-19 related stroke, ARDS related stroke y su traducción al español. Fueron referenciados libros de neurointensivismo y ventilación mecánica artificial. El período de búsqueda incluyó los últimos 20 años. Se seleccionaron 46 bibliografías que cumplieron con los criterios de selección. Resultados: Se ha descrito que los niveles de oxígeno y dióxido de carbono participan en la neurorregulación vascular en pacientes con daño cerebral. Algunas alteraciones alusivas son la vasodilatación cerebral refleja o efectos vasoconstrictores con reducción de la presión de perfusión cerebral. Como consecuencia aumenta la presión intracraneal y aparecen afectaciones neurocognitivas, isquemia cerebral tardía o herniación del tronco encefálico. Conclusiones: El control de la oxigenación y la excreción de dióxido de carbono resultaron cruciales para mantener la homeostasis neuronal, evita la disminución de la presión de perfusión cerebral y el aumento de la presión intracraneal. Se sugiere evitar la hipoxemia e hiperoxemia, limitar o eludir la hipercapnia y usar hiperventilación hipocápnica solo en condiciones de herniación del tallo encefálico(AU)


Introduction: The acute respiratory distress syndrome produced by COVID-19 causes alterations in the exchange of oxygen and the excretion of carbon dioxide with neurological consequences. Objective: To describe the implications of oxygen and carbon dioxide on brain dynamics during ventilatory treatment of acute respiratory distress syndrome in stroke. Methods: A search was carried out in referential bases such as PubMed/Medline, SciELO, Google Scholar and VHL Cuba. The terms included were brain-lung crosstalk, ARDS, mechanical ventilation, COVID-19 related stroke, ARDS related stroke and their translation into Spanish. Books on neurointensive care and artificial mechanical ventilation were referenced. The search period included the last 20 years. Forty six bibliographies that met the selection criteria were selected. Results: Oxygen and carbon dioxide levels have been described to participate in vascular neuroregulation in patients with brain damage. Some allusive alterations are reflex cerebral vasodilatation or vasoconstrictor effects with reduced cerebral perfusion pressure. As a consequence, intracranial pressure increases and neurocognitive impairments, delayed cerebral ischemia or brainstem herniation appear. Conclusions: The control of oxygenation and the excretion of carbon dioxide were crucial to maintain neuronal homeostasis, avoiding the decrease in cerebral perfusion pressure and the increase in intracranial pressure. It is suggested to avoid hypoxemia and hyperoxemia, limit or avoid hypercapnia, and use hypocapnic hyperventilation only in conditions of brainstem herniation(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Respiration, Artificial/methods , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/complications , Intracranial Hypertension/diagnosis , Stroke/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Hypoxia
11.
Curitiba; s.n; 20230323. 165 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1438148

ABSTRACT

Resumo: Trata-se de um estudo metodológico para construção e validação de um cenário simulado com abordagem interprofissional, que permitirá a utilização no ensino e na educação permanente de profissionais da saúde por meio da metodologia ativa de simulação clínica. Este estudo foi realizado em uma universidade pública da região Sul do Brasil, objetivando construir e validar um cenário simulado para a pronação de pacientes críticos com Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório Agudo (SDRA). Para isto, o estudo ocorreu em duas etapas: revisão de conteúdo, construção do cenário e de validação de conteúdo e de aparência por juízes. A revisão da literatura permitiu conhecer melhor sobre o manejo do paciente com SDRA, bem como subsidiar o desenvolvimento do caso clínico para o cenário. Um protocolo de pronação segura de um hospital universitário foi adotado. A partir desta revisão, a construção do cenário foi realizada considerando um roteiro validado. Como parte desta construção, surgiram como resultados: a descrição do cenário; a relação de materiais e equipamentos necessários para o desenvolvimento do cenário; o roteiro para o ator simulado; o guia de apoio ao facilitador; o guia de apoio ao participante; o quadro de apoio para tomada de decisão e o checklist de observação do desenvolvimento de competências e habilidades para cada profissão envolvida no cenário. Onze juízes participaram do estudo. Em relação ao perfil sociodemográfico dos juízes, a amostra foi predominantemente de enfermeiros (63,6%), seguido por fisioterapeutas (18,1%), médico (9%) e docente de enfermagem (9%). Para medir o percentual de concordância entre os juízes, adotou-se o Índice de Validade de Conteúdo (IVC) para os itens, que foram agrupados de acordo com unidades de significância. Após a leitura do cenário, os juízes responderam a um questionário do tipo Likert com 37 itens, que abordaram sobre a "Experiência Prévia do Participante/Briefing", "Conteúdo/Objetivos"; "Recursos Humanos"; "Preparo do Cenário", "Desenvolvimento do Cenário" e "Avaliação". Todos os itens obtiveram IVC superior ao desejável (0,80) e, portanto, foram considerados válidos. Além disso, os juízes realizaram sugestões de melhorias no cenário, aos quais foram acatadas ou rejeitas e discutidas com a literatura disponível. Este estudo permitiu criar e validar um cenário que reflete a prática real, ao mesmo tempo que oportuniza um ambiente seguro para os participantes e responde aos objetivos da aprendizagem.


Abstract: This is a methodological study for the construction and validation of a simulated scenario with an interprofessional approach, which will allow the use in the teaching and continuing education of health professionals through the active methodology of clinical simulation. This study was carried out in a public university in the South region of Brazil, aiming to build and validate a simulated scenario for the pronation of critically ill patients with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). To this end, the study occurred in two stages: content review, scenario construction, and content and appearance validation by judges. The literature review provided a better understanding of the management of the ARDS patient, as well as a basis for developing the clinical case for the scenario. A safe pronation protocol from a university hospital was adopted. Based on this review, the scenario was built using a validated script. As part of this process, the following results emerged: the description of the scenario; the list of materials and equipment needed for the development of the scenario; the script for the simulated actor; the facilitator support guide; the participant support guide; the decision support framework; and the checklist for observing the development of competencies and skills for each profession involved in the scenario. Eleven judges participated in the study. Regarding the sociodemographic profile of the judges, the sample was predominantly nurses (63.6%), followed by physical therapists (18.1%), physicians (9%), and nursing professors (9%). To measure the percentage of agreement between the judges, the Content Validity Index (CVI) was adopted for the items, which were grouped according to significance units. After reading the scenario, the judges answered a Likert-type questionnaire with 37 items, which addressed "Prior Participant Experience/Briefing", "Content/Objectives"; "Human Resources"; "Scenario Preparation", "Scenario Development", and "Evaluation". All items scored higher than desirable CVI (0.80) and were therefore considered valid. In addition, the judges made suggestions for improvements in the scenario, which were accepted or rejected and discussed with the available literature. This study made it possible to create and validate a scenario that reflects actual practice, while providing a safe environment for participants and meeting the learning objectives.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Patient Simulation , Interprofessional Education , COVID-19 , Learning
12.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 11(1): 1-7, Jan. 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1425948

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: conhecer o manejo do fisioterapeuta relacionado à ventilação protetora em pacientes com SDRA por COVID-19, listando as principais estratégias utilizadas e as barreiras encontradas para sua implementação. Métodos: estudo de campo transversal e descritivo, de caráter quantitativo, realizado no período de outubro de 2021 a abril de 2022, com fisioterapeutas de hospitais públicos e privados, na cidade de Fortaleza, que tivessem experiência com pacientes infectados pela COVID-19. Para coleta de dados, utilizou-se um formulário online viabilizado pela plataforma Google Forms. Os dados foram tabulados em planilha Microsoft Excel® 2010 e, posteriormente, transferido para o Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS®) 20.0, utilizando-se a estatística descritiva. Resultados: participaram 102 fisioterapeutas, 74,5% do gênero feminino. As principais estratégias de ventilação protetora citadas foram: volume corrente de 6 mL/Kg por peso predito, pressão de platô menor que 30 cmH2O e driving pressure menor que 15 cmH2O (93,1%), além da titulação de PEEP (68,6%) e posição prona (64,7%). Manter uma driving pressure menor que 15 cmH2O (57,8%) e discordância profissional (43,1%) foram as principais barreiras encontradas para realização da ventilação protetora. Conclusão: a ventilação protetora configura-se no uso de baixos volumes e pressões, titulação da PEEP e posição prona. A manutenção de driving pressure menor que 15 cmH2O e discordância entre os profissionais na tomada de decisão destacam-se como as principais barreiras.


Objectives: to know the management of the physiotherapist related to protective ventilation in patients with ARDS due to COVID-19, listing the main strategies used and the barriers encountered for their implementation. Methods: a cross-sectional and descriptive field study of quantitative nature, conducted from October 2021 to April 2022, with physiotherapists from public and private hospitals in the city of Fortaleza who had experience with patients infected with COVID-19. For data collection, an online form made possible by the Google Forms platform was used. The data was tabulated in a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet® and then transferred to the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS®) using descriptive statistics. Findings: 102 physical therapists participated in the study, 74.5% female. The main protective ventilation strategies mentioned were: tidal volume of 6 mL/Kg by predicted weight, plateau pressure less than 30 cmH2O, and driving pressure less than 15 cmH2O (93.1%), in addition to PEEP titration (68.6%) and prone position (64.7%). Maintaining driving pressure of less than 15 cmH2O (57.8%) and professional disagreement (43.1%) were the main barriers found to performing protective ventilation. Conclusion: protective ventilation is configured in the use of low volumes and pressures, PEEP titration, and the prone position. The maintenance of driving pressure lower than 15 cmH2O and disagreement between professionals in the decision-making stand out as the main barriers


Subject(s)
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Respiration, Artificial , Physical Therapy Modalities , COVID-19 , Intensive Care Units
13.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 576-588, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010971

ABSTRACT

Acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS) is characterized by diffuse alveolar injury primarily caused by an excessive inflammatory response. Regrettably, the lack of effective pharmacotherapy currently available contributes to the high mortality rate in patients with this condition. Xuebijing (XBJ), a traditional Chinese medicine recognized for its potent anti-inflammatory properties, exhibits promise as a potential therapeutic agent for ALI/ARDS. This study aimed to explore the preventive effects of XBJ on ALI and its underlying mechanism. To this end, we established an LPS-induced ALI model and treated ALI mice with XBJ. Our results demonstrated that pre-treatment with XBJ significantly alleviated lung inflammation and increased the survival rate of ALI mice by 37.5%. Moreover, XBJ substantially suppressed the production of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β in the lung tissue. Subsequently, we performed a network pharmacology analysis and identified identified 109 potential target genes of XBJ that were mainly involved in multiple signaling pathways related to programmed cell death and anti-inflammatory responses. Furthermore, we found that XBJ exerted its inhibitory effect on gasdermin-E-mediated pyroptosis of lung cells by suppressing TNF-α production. Therefore, this study not only establishes the preventive efficacy of XBJ in ALI but also reveals its role in protecting alveolar epithelial cells against gasdermin-E-mediated pyroptosis by reducing TNF-α release.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Alveolar Epithelial Cells , Pyroptosis , Gasdermins , Lipopolysaccharides/adverse effects , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Acute Lung Injury/drug therapy , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn
14.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1233-1240, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010932

ABSTRACT

Phosgene is not only a dangerous asphyxiating chemical warfare agent, but also an important chemical raw material, which is widely used in chemical production. According to statistics, there are more than 1 000 phosgene production enterprises in China, with an annual production volume of more than 3 million tons and hundreds of thousands of employees. Therefore, once the leakage accident occurs during production, storage and transportation, it often causes a large number of casualties. In the past 20 years, phosgene poisoning accidents in China have occurred from time to time, and due to the weak irritation, high density, and high concentration of phosgene at the scene of the accident, it often results in acute high-concentration inhalation of the exposed, triggering acute lung injury (ALI), and is very likely to progress to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), with a mortality rate up to 40%-50%. In view of the characteristics of sudden, mass, concealed, rapid and highly fatal phosgene, and the mechanism of its toxicity and pathogenicity is still not clear, there is no effective treatment and standardized guidance for the sudden group phosgene poisoning. In order to improve the efficiency of clinical treatment and reduce the mortality, this paper has summarized the pathophysiological mechanism of phosgene poisoning, clinical manifestations, on-site treatment, research progress, and innovative clinical therapies by combining the extensive basic research on phosgene over the years with the abundant experience in the on-site treatment of sudden mass phosgene poisoning. This consensus aims to provide guidance for the clinical rescue and treatment of patients with sudden mass phosgene poisoning, and to improve the level of treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Phosgene , Chemical Warfare Agents , Acute Lung Injury/drug therapy , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/therapy , Treatment Outcome
15.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 991-994, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010897

ABSTRACT

The need for mechanical ventilation due to severe hypoxemia and acute respiratory distress syndrome has increased dramatically in the global pandemic of severe respiratory infectious diseases. In clinical scenarios, it is sometimes necessary to briefly disconnect the ventilator pipeline from the artificial airway. Still, this operation can lead to a sharp drop in airway pressure, which is contrary to the protective lung ventilation strategy and increases the risk of environmental exposure to bioaerosol, posing a serious threat to patients and medical workers. At present, there is yet to be a practical solution. A new artificial airway device was designed by the medical staff from the department of critical care medicine of Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, based on many years of research experience in respiratory support therapy, and recently obtained the National Utility Model Patent of China (ZL 2019 2 0379605.4). The device comprises two connecting pipes, the sealing device body, and the globe valve represented by the iridescent optical ring. It has a simple structure, convenient operation, and low production cost. The device is installed between the artificial airway and the ventilator pipeline and realizes the instantaneous sealing of the artificial airway by adjusting the shut-off valve. Using this device to treat mechanically ventilated patients can minimize the ventilator-induced lung injury caused by the repeated disconnection of pipelines, avoid iatrogenic transmission of bioaerosols, and realize dual protection for patients and medical workers. It has extensive clinical application prospects and high health and economic value.


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiration, Artificial/adverse effects , Ventilators, Mechanical/adverse effects , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/therapy , Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury/prevention & control , Hypoxia/complications
16.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 968-974, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010893

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically review safety and tolerance of enteral nutrition (EN) in a prone position, as well as the risks of increased gastric residual volume (GRV), vomiting, aspiration, and ventilator-associated pneumonia, and determine the ways to improve EN tolerance in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).@*METHODS@#Databases including PubMed, Embase and Wanfang Medical data of the English and Chinese literatures were retrieved up from January 1979 to January 2022 to collet the randomized controlled trial (RCT), non-RCT, and observational studies, concerning safety and tolerance of EN in a prone position with ARDS. All trials must have a minimum of two patient groups, one of which must be prone to ARDS and receive EN. Data searching extracting and quality evaluation were assessed by two reviewers independently. RevMan 5.4 software was used for analysis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 9 studies were included, including 2 RCTs, 2 non-RCTs, 4 prospective observational studies, and 1 retrospective observational study. The starting and increasing rate of EN were typically well tolerated in the prone position compared to the supine position in patients with ARDS, there was no significant increase in GRV (mL: 95 vs. 110), and the incidence of vomiting was not noticeably higher (0%-35% vs. 33%-57%). The incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia with EN was not significantly higher in the prone position than in the supine position in patients with ARDS (6%-35% vs. 15%-24%). Aspiration occurred at a similar rate in patients in the nasogastric tube and post-pyloric feeding groups with EN in patients with ARDS in the prone position (22% vs. 20%). EN tolerability with nasogastric and nasojejunal tubes was similar in prone positions, with no significant difference in EN intolerance incidences (15% vs. 22%). Head elevation (30 degree angle-45 degree angle) improved EN tolerance in the prone position in patients with ARDS, thereby increasing the early EN dose [odds ratio (OR) = 0.48, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 0.22-1.08, P = 0.08]. Additionally, prophylactic application of gastrointestinal motility drugs, such as erythromycin, at the start of EN in a prone position significantly improved patients' EN tolerance (OR = 1.14, 95%CI was 0.63-2.05, P = 0.67).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The use of gastric tube for EN in prone position and similar feeding speed to the supine position in patients with ARDS is safe and well tolerated. The initiation and dosing of EN should not be delayed in the prone position. EN tolerance may be increased by elevating the head of the bed during enteral feeding in a prone position, and gastrointestinal motility medications should be promptly administered with EN initiation in patients with ARDS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Ventilator-Associated/etiology , Enteral Nutrition , Prone Position , Respiration, Artificial/adverse effects , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/etiology , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Observational Studies as Topic
17.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 939-944, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010888

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of lateral prone position ventilation in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).@*METHODS@#A prospective control study was conducted. A total of 75 patients with moderate to severe ARDS admitted to the department of critical care medicine of Jingxian Hospital in Anhui province from January 2020 to December 2022 were selected as the research objects. According to the envelope method, the patients were divided into the lateral prone position ventilation group (38 cases) and the traditional prone position ventilation (PPV) group (37 cases), using lateral prone position ventilation and traditional PPV, respectively. The mechanical ventilation parameters were set according to the ARDS treatment guidelines and lung protective ventilation requirements in both groups, and the time of prone position for the first 3 times was not less than 16 hours per day. General data of patients were recorded, including heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), airway resistance and lung static compliance (Cst) before prone position (T0), 1 hour (T1), 4 hours (T2), 8 hours (T3), and before the end of prone position (T4), oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2) before the first prone position (t0) and 12 hours (t1), 24 hours (t2), 48 hours (t3), and 72 hours (t4) after the intensive care unit (ICU) admission, as well as the incidence of pressure injury (PI) and vomiting, tracheal intubation time, and mechanical ventilation time. Repeated measures analysis of variance was used to compare the effects of different prone positions on patients before and after the prone position.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in age, gender, body mass index (BMI), acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II), underlying diseases, HR, MAP, pH value, PaO2/FiO2, blood lactic acid (Lac), arterial blood pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2) and other general information between the two groups. The HR (intergroup effect: F = 0.845, P = 0.361; time effect: F = 1.373, P = 0.247; interaction: F = 0.245, P = 0.894), MAP (intergroup effect: F = 1.519, P = 0.222; time effect: F = 0.169, P = 0.954; interaction: F = 0.449, P = 0.773) and airway resistance (intergroup effect: F = 0.252, P = 0.617; time effect: F = 0.578, P = 0.679; interaction: F = 1.467, P = 0.212) of T0-T4 between two groups showed no significant difference. The Cst of T0-T4 between the two groups showed no significant difference in the intergroup effect (F = 0.311, P = 0.579) and the interaction (F = 0.364, P = 0.834), while the difference in the time effect was statistically significant (F = 120.546, P < 0.001). The PaO2/FiO2 of t0-t4 between the two groups showed no significant difference in the intergroup effect (F = 0.104, P = 0.748) and the interaction (F = 0.147, P = 0.964), while the difference in the time effect was statistically significant (F = 17.638, P < 0.001). The group factors and time factors were tested separately, and there were no significant differences in the HR, MAP, airway resistance, Cst, PaO2/FiO2 between the two groups at different time points (all P > 0.05). The Cst at T1-T4 and PaO2/FiO2 at t1-t4 in the two groups were significantly higher than those at T0/t0 (all P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the tracheal intubation time [days: 6.75 (5.78, 8.33) vs. 7.00 (6.30, 8.45)] and mechanical ventilation time [days: 8.30 (6.70, 9.20) vs. 7.40 (6.80, 8.75)] between the lateral prone position ventilation group and the traditional PPV group (both P > 0.05). However, the incidences of PI [7.9% (3/38) vs. 27.0% (10/37)] and vomiting [10.5% (4/38) vs. 29.7% (11/37)] in the lateral prone position ventilation group were significantly lower than those in the traditional PPV group (both P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both lateral prone position ventilation and traditional PPV can improve Cst and oxygenation in patients with moderate to severe ARDS. The two types of prone position have little influence on HR, MAP and airway resistance of patients, and there is no difference in the influence on tracheal intubation time and mechanical ventilation time of patients. However, the lateral prone position ventilation mode can reduce the incidence of PI and vomiting, and is worthy of clinical promotion and application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiration, Artificial , Prone Position , Prospective Studies , Lung , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/therapy , Respiration , Vomiting
18.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 919-926, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010886

ABSTRACT

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) continues to be one of the most life-threatening conditions for patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). The 2023 European Society of Intensive Care Medicine guidelines on ARDS: definition, phenotyping and respiratory support strategies (2023 Guideline) update the 2017 An Official American Thoracic Society/European Society of Intensive Care Medicine/Society of Critical Care Medicine clinical practice guideline: mechanical ventilation in adult patients with ARDS (2017 Guideline), including 7 aspects of 3 topics of definitions, phenotyping, and respiratory support strategies [including high flow nasal cannula oxygen (HFNO), non-invasive ventilation (NIV), neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBA), extracorporeal life support (ECLS), positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) with recruitment maneuvers (RM), tidal volume (VT), and prone positioning]. 2023 Guideline review and summarize the literature since the publication of the 2017 Guideline, covering ARDS and acute hypoxemic respiratory failure, as well as ARDS caused by novel coronavirus infection. Based on the most recent medical evidence, the 2023 Guideline provide clinicians with new ideas and approaches for nonpharmacologic respiratory support strategies for adults with ARDS. This article provides interpretation of the new concepts, the new approaches, the new recommended grading and new levels of evidence for ARDS in the 2023 Guideline.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , COVID-19 , Respiration, Artificial , Positive-Pressure Respiration , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/therapy , Noninvasive Ventilation
19.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1101-1106, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009854

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the therapeutic efficacy of volume-guaranteed high frequency oscillation ventilation (HFOV-VG) versus conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV) in the treatment of preterm infants with respiratory failure.@*METHODS@#A prospective study was conducted on 112 preterm infants with respiratory failure (a gestational age of 28-34 weeks) who were admitted to the Department of Neonatology, Jiangyin Hospital Affiliated to Medical School of Southeast University, from October 2018 to December 2022. The infants were randomly divided into an HFOV-VG group (44 infants) and a CMV group (68 infants) using the coin tossing method based on the mode of mechanical ventilation. The therapeutic efficacy was compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After 24 hours of treatment, both the HFOV-VG and CMV groups showed significant improvements in arterial blood pH, partial pressure of oxygen, partial pressure of carbon dioxide, and partial pressure of oxygen/fractional concentration of inspired oxygen ratio (P<0.05), and the HFOV-VG group had better improvements than the CMV group (P<0.05). There were no significant differences between the two groups in the incidence rate of complications, 28-day mortality rate, and length of hospital stay (P>0.05), but the HFOV-VG group had a significantly shorter duration of invasive mechanical ventilation than the CMV group (P<0.05). The follow-up at the corrected age of 6 months showed that there were no significant differences between the two groups in the scores of developmental quotient, gross motor function, fine motor function, adaptive ability, language, and social behavior in the Pediatric Neuropsychological Development Scale (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with CMV mode, HFOV-VG mode improves partial pressure of oxygen and promotes carbon dioxide elimination, thereby enhancing oxygenation and shortening the duration of mechanical ventilation in preterm infants with respiratory failure, while it has no significant impact on short-term neurobehavioral development in these infants.


Subject(s)
Infant , Child , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Infant, Premature , Prospective Studies , Gestational Age , Carbon Dioxide , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/therapy , High-Frequency Ventilation/methods , Respiration, Artificial , Respiratory Insufficiency/therapy , Oxygen , Cytomegalovirus Infections
20.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 779-784, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009820

ABSTRACT

With the deepening of clinical research, the management of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) needs to be optimized and improved. This article aims to introduce the 2022 European guideline on the management of neonatal RDS, focusing on its key updates. The guide has optimized the management of risk prediction for preterm birth, maternal referral, application of prenatal corticosteroids, application of lung protective ventilation strategies, and general care for infants with RDS. The guideline is mainly applicable to the management of RDS in neonates with gestational age greater than 24 weeks.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Family , Gestational Age , Premature Birth , Respiration, Artificial , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/therapy
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