Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 447
Filter
1.
Fisioter. Bras ; 22(6): 837-849, Fevereiro 7, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358278

ABSTRACT

Nos lactentes, o sistema imunológico ainda é imaturo, o que torna as crianças mais suscetíveis ao vírus sincicial respiratório, o principal causador da bronquiolite. O Reequilíbrio Toraco-abdominal (RTA) é um método de terapia manual que atua sobre o sistema respiratório por meio de uma leitura global em situações de doenças. Objetivos: Avaliar os efeitos do método RTA, comparado à fisioterapia tradicional (FT) em lactentes com bronquiolite. Metodologia: Pesquisa experimental e prospectiva, na qual 24 lactentes foram divididos em dois grupos, FT (n = 12) e RTA (n = 12). Parâmetros fisiológicos (frequência respiratória, frequência cardíaca, saturação de pulso de oxigênio e ausculta pulmonar), desconforto respiratório e desequilíbrio da biomecânica respiratória foram avaliados antes e após os manuseios. Resultados: A idade média foi de 13 (± 11,07) semanas no grupo FT e no grupo RTA 13,3 (± 8,41) semanas. Após os manuseios, obteve diferença estatística no grupo do RTA comparado ao da FT nos seguintes parâmetros: observamos uma diminuição significativa da frequência cardíaca (p = 0,02) e da frequência respiratória (p = 0,0002), no quesito esforço respiratório em tórax superior (p = 0,004) e tórax inferior (p = 0,017) e no escore de Wood-Downes em moderada com (p = 0,0001). Conclusão: O RTA mostrou-se mais eficaz que as técnicas da FT em relação aos benefícios ao lactente. (AU)


Subject(s)
Infant , Respiratory System , Biomechanical Phenomena , Bronchiolitis , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses , Musculoskeletal Manipulations , Infant
2.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(2): 531-537, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340655

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: the aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of co-detection of Flu A and RSV using rapid immunochromatographic tests at the point of care, in pediatric patients under 2 years of age in a general hospital. Methods: a retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze clinical outcomes in hospitalized infants with viral respiratory disease with positive results of rapid immunochromatographic test for RSV and/or Flu-A, from 2013 to 2018. A logistic regression model was adjusted to analyze predictors of orotracheal intubation during hospitalization. Results: we analyzed 220 cases: RSV (192), Flu-A (9), co-detection (19). Lethality rate was 1.8% (2 cases), and 88% (194) were under 1 year of age. Mean time of hospitalizations was higher in patients with co-detection. Variables significantly associated with orotracheal intubation were: younger age in months, comorbidities, RSV and Flu-A co-detection, and bacterial pneumonia during hospitalization. Conclusions: RSV and Flu-Aco-detection was associated with the least favorable clinical prognoses in this study. Rapid test diagnosis may provide important information at the point of care, because molecular panels are not widely accessible in general hospitals. Rapid diagnosis allows timely evaluation and treatment.


Resumo Objetivos: avaliar o impacto da codetecção de Influenza A (FluA) e Vírus Sincicial Respiratório (VSR) por meio de testes imunocromatográficos rápidos em tempo real, em pacientes menores de 2 anos em hospital público e universitário. Métodos: estudo de coorte retrospectivo foi conduzido para analisar os desfechos clínicos de crianças hospitalizadas com doença respiratória viral com resultados positivos do teste rápido imunocromatográfico para VSR e/ou FluA, de 2013 a 2018. Um modelo de regressão logística foi ajustado para analisar preditores de intubação orotraqueal durante a internação. Resultados: foram analisados 220 casos: RSV (192), FluA (9) eco-detecção (19). A letalidade foi de 1,8% (2 casos) e 88% (194) casos em menores de 1 ano. O tempo médio de internação foi maior nos pacientes com codetecção. As variáveis significativamente associadas à intubação orotraqueal foram: menor idade em meses, comorbidades, codetecção de VSR e Flu-A e pneumonia bacteriana durante a internação. Conclusões: codetecção VSR e FluA foi associada a prognósticos clínicos desfavoráveis. O teste rápido fornece informações importantes a beira-leito, pois os painéis moleculares não são amplamente acessíveis em hospitais públicos. O diagnóstico rápido permite a avaliação e tratamento oportunos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Prognosis , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses/isolation & purification , Influenza, Human/diagnosis , Point-of-Care Testing/statistics & numerical data , Cohort Studies , Chromatography, Affinity/methods
3.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 1043-1053, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921309

ABSTRACT

Lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) induced by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is an important cause of hospitalization for infants. Compared with adults, infants are more likely to cause serious respiratory diseases after RSV infection due to the specific immature airway structure and immune system. The balance of immune resistance and immune tolerance of the host is critical to effective virus clearance and disease control. This paper reviews the relationship between RSV infection and respiratory diseases in infancy, the influence factors of the high pathogenicity of RSV infection in early life, as well as the research progress of anti-RSV therapy, and expands the specific molecular events regulating immune resistance and immune tolerance. We expect to present new ideas for the prevention and treatment of RSV-related respiratory diseases in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Respiration Disorders , Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses , Respiratory Tract Infections
4.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 31: 31112, 2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354570

ABSTRACT

Introdução: de destaque como agente etiológico em várias doenças respiratórias, os vírus, tem grande importância dentro da Pneumologia Pediátrica. Objetivo: estudar os vírus identificados de secreções respiratórias de pacientes pediátricos, hospitalizados na enfermaria e UTI pediátrica, durante o período de janeiro de 2019 a dezembro de 2020. Metodologia: levantamento de resultados do RT-PCR (reação da transcriptase reversa seguida pela reação em cadeia da polimerase) de secreções respiratórias de pacientes pediátricos, através do GAL (Gerenciamento de Análises Laboratoriais) aplicando os filtros necessários para selecionar os pacientes da instituição e o período estipulado. Resultados: Foram realizadas 30 coletas em 2019 e 196 em 2020 de secreções respiratórias devido ao quadro de Síndrome Respiratória. As amostras coletadas em 2019 foram positivas para vírus em 56,7% dos casos investigados, sendo 6,7% para Influenza e 50% para Vírus Sincicial Respiratório (VSR), enquanto que em 2020 as amostras foram positivas em 21,4% dos casos, sendo todos eles para SARS-CoV-2. O período do ano com maior número de coletas de secreção foi em maio e junho considerando o ano de 2019 (60% das coletas de 2019), e julho, agosto e dezembro considerando o ano de 2020 (42,8% das coletas de 2020), com uma positividade de 77,7% (2019) e 25% (2020) para os vírus solicitados para pesquisa. Conclusão: Pôde-se perceber uma importante mudança no perfil dos vírus identificados dos quadros respiratórios entre 2019 e 2020, comparáveis ao perfil apresentado pelos Boletins Epidemiológicos do Ministério da Saúde, principalmente no ano de 2020 com o surgimento do novo coronavírus e sua pandemia. A etiologia viral presente na grande maioria dos quadros respiratórios da pediatria, deve sempre ser valorizada e os testes de identificação viral são ferramentas de grande aplicabilidade na clínica.


Introduction: highlighted as an etiological agent in several respiratory diseases, viruses, has great importance in Pediatric Pulmonology. Objective: study the viruses identified from respiratory secretions of pediatric patients hospitalized in the pediatric ward and ICU, during the period from January 2019 to December 2020. Methodology: survey of results of the RT-PCR (reverse transcriptase reaction followed by polymerase chain reaction) of respiratory secretions of pediatric patients, through the LAM (Laboratory Analysis Management) applying the necessary filters to select the patients of the institution and the stipulated period. Results: Thirty collections were performed in 2019 and 196 in 2020 for respiratory secretions due to the Respiratory Syndrome. The samples collected in 2019 were positive for viruses in 56.7% of the investigated cases, with 6.7% for Influenza and 50% for Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV), while in 2020 the samples were positive in 21.4% of the cases, all of which were for SARS-Cov-2. The period of the year with the highest number of secretion collections was in May and June considering 2019 (60% of 2019 collections), and July, August and December considering 2020 (42.8% of 2020 collections), with a positivity of 77.7% (2019) and 25% (2020) for viruses requested for research. Conclusion: It was possible to notice an important change in the profile of the viruses identified in respiratory conditions between 2019 and 2020, comparable to the profile presented by the Epidemiological Bulletins of the Ministry of Health, especially in the year 2020 with the emergence of the new coronavirus and its pandemic. The viral etiology present in the vast majority of pediatric respiratory conditions should always be valued and viral identification tests are tools of great applicability in the clinic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Pediatrics , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses , Coronavirus , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype , Influenza A Virus, H3N2 Subtype
5.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(6): 386-392, dic 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1146049

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El virus sincicial respiratorio (VSR) es el principal agente causal de la infección respiratoria aguda baja (IRAB) en pediatría. Los niños prematuros tienen mayor riesgo de complicaciones asociadas con esta infección. Los objetivos fueron describir y comparar las características clínicas y epidemiológicas asociadas a IRAB por VSR en niños/as nacidos pretérmino y a término, y establecer predictores de letalidad en los prematuros.Métodos. Estudio prospectivo, transversal, de pacientes ingresados por IRAB, en el período 2000-2018. El diagnóstico virológico se realizó mediante inmunofluorescencia indirecta o reacción en cadena de la polimerasa con transcriptasa inversa de aspirados nasofaríngeos. Se registraron las características clínico-epidemiológicas. Se desarrolló un modelo de regresión logística múltiple para establecer los predictores de letalidad en prematuros.Resultados. Se incluyeron 16 018 casos de IRAB; 13 545 (el 84,6 %) fueron estudiados; 6047 (el 45 %) positivos; VSR predominó en el 81,1 % (4907); mostró un patrón epidémico estacional; el 14 % (686) fueron prematuros.Los prematuros mostraron mayor frecuencia de comorbilidades, antecedentes respiratorios perinatales, cardiopatía congénita, desnutrición, enfermedad respiratoria crónica, displasia broncopulmonar, hospitalización previa por IRAB y enfermedad neurológica crónica (p < 0,001); requirieron más cuidados intensivos, mayor tiempo de internación y mayor tasa de letalidad (p < 0,01). La cardiopatía congénita fue predictor independiente de letalidad por VSR en prematuros [OR 3,67 (1,25-10,8), p = 0,01].Conclusión. VSR mostró un patrón epidémico, afectó a prematuros con ciertas comorbilidades con mayor morbimortalidad que los de término. La letalidad por VSR en prematuros se asoció con la cardiopatía congénita.


Introduction. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the leading cause of acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRTI) in pediatrics. Preterm infants are at a higher risk for complications. We aimed to describe and compare the clinical and epidemiological characteristics associated with ALRTI due to RSV in preterm and term infants and to establish the predictors of fatality among preterm infants.Methods. Prospective, cross-sectional study of patients admitted due to ALRTI in the 2000-2018 period. Viral diagnosis was done by indirect immunofluorescence or reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction in nasopharyngeal aspirates. Clinical and epidemiological characteristics were recorded. A multiple logistic regression model established the predictors of fatality among preterm infants.Results. A total of 16 018 ALRTI cases were included; 13 545 (84.6 %) were tested; 6047 (45 %) were positive; RSV was prevalent in 81.1 % (4907), with a seasonal epidemic pattern; 14 % (686) were preterm infants.Comorbidities, perinatal respiratory history, congenital heart disease, malnutrition, chronic respiratory disease, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, prior hospitalization due to ALRTI, and chronic neurological disease (p < 0.001) were more common among preterm infants; they required more intensive care and a longer length of stay, and had a higher fatality rate (p < 0.01). Congenital heart disease was an independent predictor of fatality due to RSV among preterm infants (OR: 3.67 [1.25-10.8], p = 0.01).Conclusion. RSV showed an epidemic pattern and affected more preterm infants with certain comorbidities, with a higher morbidity and mortality, compared to term infants. RSV fatality among preterm infants was associated with congenital heart disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses , Respiratory Tract Infections , Infant, Premature , Epidemiologic Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect
7.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 38: e2018120, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057223

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the trend of hospitalization for acute bronchiolitis in infants under one year of age, in the past eight years and after the implementation of the palivizumab immunization program in Brazil. Methods: The study is a retrospective analysis of data on infants younger than one year of age, who were hospitalized with acute bronchiolitis between 2008 and 2015 in Brazil. The Brazilian National Health System database was used. The rates of hospitalization in the pre-implementation (2008-2012) and post-implementation (2014-2015) periods of the palivizumab immunization program were evaluated. The total number of admissions in the same period was used as a comparison. Results: Between January 2008 and December 2015, 263,679 hospitalizations for bronchiolitis were recorded in infants younger than one year of age, 60% represented by boys. The incidence of hospitalization for bronchiolitis increased by 49% over this period (8.5 to 12.7 per 1,000 inhabitants per year). Between 2013 and 2014, the incidence rate of hospitalization for acute bronchiolitis decreased by 8% (12.5 to 11.5 per 1,000 inhabitants per year). However, in the second year of the program, hospitalization rate increased again by 10% (12.7 per 1,000 inhabitants per years). Conclusions: Acute bronchiolitis presented increasing rates of hospitalization over the study period. Hospitalization incidence for acute bronchiolitis declined one year after the implementation of palivizumab but increased again in the second year of the program.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a tendência de hospitalização por bronquiolite aguda (BA) em lactentes menores de um ano de idade nos últimos oito anos no Brasil e, secundariamente, após a implementação do programa de imunização por palivizumabe. Métodos: Análise retrospectiva dos dados de lactentes menores de um ano de idade, hospitalizados com diagnóstico de BA entre 2008 e 2015 no Brasil, utilizando o banco de dados do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Foram avaliadas as taxas de hospitalização nos períodos pré-implementação (2008-2012) e pós-implementação (2014-2015) do programa de imunização por palivizumabe. O número total de internações no mesmo período foi utilizado como comparação. Resultados: Entre janeiro de 2008 e dezembro 2015 foram registradas 263.679 internações por bronquiolite em lactentes menores de um ano de idade, 60% representado por meninos. A incidência de hospitalização por bronquiolite aumentou em 49% ao longo desse período (8,5 para 12,7 por mil ­habitantes/­ano). Entre 2013 e 2014, a taxa de incidência de hospitalização por BA diminuiu 8% (12,5 para 11,5 por mil habitantes/ano). Porém, no segundo ano do programa, a taxa de internação aumentou novamente em 10% (12,7 por mil habitantes/ano). Conclusões: A BA apresentou taxas de hospitalização crescente ao longo do período estudado. A incidência de hospitalizações de BA apresentou declínio um ano após a implementação de palivizumabe e retornou à tendência crescente no segundo ano do programa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Bronchiolitis/drug therapy , Bronchiolitis/epidemiology , Palivizumab/therapeutic use , Hospitalization/trends , Antiviral Agents/administration & dosage , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses/immunology , Time Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Bronchiolitis/immunology , Bronchiolitis/virology , Acute Disease , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections/prevention & control , Immunization Programs/methods , Palivizumab/administration & dosage , Health Plan Implementation/methods
8.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 38: e2018120, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092147

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the trend of hospitalization for acute bronchiolitis in infants under one year of age, in the past eight years and after the implementation of the palivizumab immunization program in Brazil. Methods: The study is a retrospective analysis of data on infants younger than one year of age, who were hospitalized with acute bronchiolitis between 2008 and 2015 in Brazil. The Brazilian National Health System database was used. The rates of hospitalization in the pre-implementation (2008-2012) and post-implementation (2014-2015) periods of the palivizumab immunization program were evaluated. The total number of admissions in the same period was used as a comparison. Results: Between January 2008 and December 2015, 263,679 hospitalizations for bronchiolitis were recorded in infants younger than one year of age, 60% represented by boys. The incidence of hospitalization for bronchiolitis increased by 49% over this period (8.5 to 12.7 per 1,000 inhabitants per year). Between 2013 and 2014, the incidence rate of hospitalization for acute bronchiolitis decreased by 8% (12.5 to 11.5 per 1,000 inhabitants per year). However, in the second year of the program, hospitalization rate increased again by 10% (12.7 per 1,000 inhabitants per years). Conclusions: Acute bronchiolitis presented increasing rates of hospitalization over the study period. Hospitalization incidence for acute bronchiolitis declined one year after the implementation of palivizumab but increased again in the second year of the program.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a tendência de hospitalização por bronquiolite aguda (BA) em lactentes menores de um ano de idade nos últimos oito anos no Brasil e, secundariamente, após a implementação do programa de imunização por palivizumabe. Métodos: Análise retrospectiva dos dados de lactentes menores de um ano de idade, hospitalizados com diagnóstico de BA entre 2008 e 2015 no Brasil, utilizando o banco de dados do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Foram avaliadas as taxas de hospitalização nos períodos pré-implementação (2008-2012) e pós-implementação (2014-2015) do programa de imunização por palivizumabe. O número total de internações no mesmo período foi utilizado como comparação. Resultados: Entre janeiro de 2008 e dezembro 2015 foram registradas 263.679 internações por bronquiolite em lactentes menores de um ano de idade, 60% representado por meninos. A incidência de hospitalização por bronquiolite aumentou em 49% ao longo desse período (8,5 para 12,7 por mil ­habitantes/­ano). Entre 2013 e 2014, a taxa de incidência de hospitalização por BA diminuiu 8% (12,5 para 11,5 por mil habitantes/ano). Porém, no segundo ano do programa, a taxa de internação aumentou novamente em 10% (12,7 por mil habitantes/ano). Conclusões: A BA apresentou taxas de hospitalização crescente ao longo do período estudado. A incidência de hospitalizações de BA apresentou declínio um ano após a implementação de palivizumabe e retornou à tendência crescente no segundo ano do programa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Bronchiolitis/drug therapy , Bronchiolitis/epidemiology , Palivizumab/therapeutic use , Hospitalization/trends , Antiviral Agents/administration & dosage , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses/immunology , Time Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Bronchiolitis/immunology , Bronchiolitis/virology , Acute Disease , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections/prevention & control , Immunization Programs/methods , Palivizumab/administration & dosage , Health Plan Implementation/methods
9.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(6): 368-374, dic. 2019. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1046244

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La contaminación y el clima tienen impacto en la patología respiratoria en niños; pocos estudios lo evaluaron en la Ciudad de Buenos Aires.Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto de la interacción entre contaminantes atmosféricos y clima en las consultas por infección respiratoria aguda baja (IRAB) en un hospital pediátrico.Métodos: Estudio ecológico, de series temporales con modelos aditivos generalizados, que incluyó todas las consultas y consultas por IRAB (urgencias) entre 2012 y 2016. Para controlar sesgos, se conformó una serie con promedios móviles de 7 días para consultas por IRAB. Los predictores fueron niveles diarios de contaminantes atmosféricos (monóxido de carbono, dióxido nitroso, material particulado < 10 µ) y variables meteorológicas (temperatura, humedad). Los contaminantes fueron medidos en 3 estaciones de monitoreo. Se controló por variables temporales (día de la semana, semestre cálido/frío).Resultados: Las consultas totales fueron 455 256 y por IRAB 17 298. Solo consultas totales correlacionaron con día de la semana (lunes y sábados, más consultas y jueves, menos). El semestre cálido registró menos consultas por IRAB que el frío (riesgo relativo = 0,23; intervalo de confianza 95 %: 0,29-0,18; p < 0,001).Una estación de monitoreo no presentó ninguna correlación; las otras mostraron correlación débil entre monóxido de carbono y material particulado < 10 µ y consultas por IRAB.Conclusión: La época del año explica con precisión el incremento del número de consultas totales y por IRAB. Aunque el nivel de algunos contaminantes muestra correlación con el número de consultas, su impacto es irrelevante.Palabras clave: contaminación del aire, clima, infecciones del sistema respiratorio, niño.


Introduction: Pollution and climate have an impact on pediatric respiratory diseases; few studies have assessed this in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires.Objective: To assess the impact of the interaction between air pollutants and climate on the Emergency Department visits for acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRTI) in a children's hospital.Methods: Ecological, time-series study with generalized additive models that included total visits and visits for ALRTI to the Emergency Department between 2012 and 2016. A series with 7-day moving averages for ALRTI visits was founded as a bias control measure. Predictors were daily levels of air pollutants (carbon monoxide, nitrous dioxide, particulate matter < 10 µ) and meteorological variables (temperature, humidity). Pollutants were measured at three monitoring stations. Temporal variables (day of the week, warm/cold semester) were controlled.Results: There were 455 256 total visits; 17 298 accounted for visits for ALRTI. A correlation was established only between total visits and day of the week (Mondays and Saturdays, more visits; Thursdays, less visits). Less visits for ALRTI were recorded in the warm semester compared to the cold semester (relative risk = 0.23; 95 % confidence interval: 0.29-0.18; p < 0.001). One monitoring station did not show any correlation; the other two stations showed a weak correlation between carbon monoxide and particulate matter < 10 µ and visits for ALRTI. Conclusion: The season accurately accounts for the increased number of total visits and visits for ALRTI. Although there was a correlation between the level of certain pollutants and the number of visits, its impact was irrelevant.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses , Respiratory Tract Infections , Temperature , Climate Change , Air Pollution , Emergency Service, Hospital , Time Series Studies , Ecological Studies
10.
Infectio ; 23(3): 234-239, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1002156

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción. La Bronquiolitis secundaria al Virus Sincitial Respiratorio, se han asociado con episodios sibilantes recurrentes y desarrollo de asma, incluso en la adultez. Sin embargo, la relación entre estas patologías es controvertida, y aun no se conoce el comportamiento de este fenómeno en Colombia. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir la evolución clínica a cinco años, de los niños con antecedente de bronquiolitis que requirieron hospitalización Materiales y métodos. Estudio descriptivo de cohorte retrospectiva de menores de dos años, con diagnóstico de Bronquiolitis atendidos en la Clínica Universitaria Colombia en los años 2008 a 2011 con seguimiento de hospitalizaciones por patologías respiratorias hasta el año 2016. Se revisaron 306 historias clínicas de pacientes y se analizaron características socio- demográficas, aislamientos virales y manejo farmacológico. Resultados. Los años con mayor número de hospitalizaciones por episodios sibilantes posterior al episodio bronquiolitis fueron el 2009 y 2011 con una incidencia acumulada de 15,6% y 9,9%. La edad promedio de hospitalización fue 6 meses y más frecuente en hombres. El virus sincital fue aislado con mayor frecuencia en los años de seguimiento, y la mayoría de los casos requirió manejo antibiótico; la ampicilina sulbactam (28,5%) y la ampicilina (22,6%).


Abstract Introduction. Bronchiolitis secondary to Respiratory Syncytial Virus, have been associated with recurrent wheezing episodes and development of asthma, even in adulthood. However, the relationship between these pathologies is controversial, and the behavior of this phenomenon in Colombia is not yet known. The aim of this study was to describe the five-year clinical course of children with a history of bronchiolitis who required hospitalization Materials and methods. Descriptive study of a retrospective cohort of children under two years of age, with a diagnosis of Bronchiolitis attended at the University Clinic Colombia in the years 2008 to 2011 with follow-up of hospitalizations for respiratory pathologies up to 2016. 306 patient clinical histories were reviewed and characteristics were analyzed. socio-demographic, viral isolates and pharmacological management. Results. The years with the highest number of hospitalizations for wheezing episodes after the bronchiolitis episode were 2009 and 2011 with an accumulated incidence of 15.6% and 9.9%. The average age of hospitalization was 6 months and more frequent in men. The syncytial virus was isolated more frequently in the years of follow-up, and most of the cases required antibiotic management; ampicillin sulbactam (28.5%) and ampicillin (22.6%).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses , Bronchiolitis , Hospitalization , Asthma , Respiratory Sounds , Respiratory Sounds/diagnosis , Demography , Colombia
11.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(4): 356-362, ago. 2019. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1054933

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Determinar el perfil etiológico de la infección de vías respiratorias bajas (IVRB) en los neonatos durante la temporada de virus sincicial respiratorio (VSR) y definir las características de esta y otras infecciones. Métodos. Estudio retrospectivo con neonatos hospitalizados por IVRB durante dos temporadas de VSR, con reacción múltiple en cadena de la polimerasa en tiempo real. Se revisaron los datos relevantes y se compararon las características de la infección por VSR con las de otros microorganismos. Resultados. Entre 224 pacientes, 160 (71 %) fueron positivos para, al menos, un agente causal potencial. Entre ellos, el 65 % tenía VSR y el 15 %, más de un agente (coinfección). En el grupo con VSR, hubo más dificultad respiratoria (p < 0,01), radiografías de tórax anormales (p < 0,01), requerimiento de atención en terapia intensiva (p < 0,01) y más días de oxigenoterapia (p < 0,01). No obstante, hubo menos casos de fiebre al ingreso y menos días de antibioticoterapia (en ambos, p < 0,01), y la duración de la hospitalización no fue más prolongada. Los pacientes con coinfección requirieron atención en terapia intensiva en mayor medida que los demás (25 % contra 6,5 %, p < 0,01). Conclusión. Este estudio demostró que el VSR fue más frecuente en los neonatos hospitalizados por IVRB durante la temporada y condujo a una evolución más grave que otros microorganismos patógenos detectados. Posiblemente la gravedad de la infección por VSR se viera aumentada por la presencia de una coinfección y radiografía de tórax anormal.


Aim: To determine the etiological profiles of lower respiratory tract infection (LRI) in neonates during respiratory syncytial virus(RSV) season, and to define the clinical features of RSV-related infection and others. Methods: The retrospective study included newborn infants who were hospitalized for LRI during the two consecutive RSV seasons, and then tested for possible etiological agent by multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction. All relevant data were reviewed, and the clinical characteristics of RSV-related infection were compared to those of others. Results: Of 224 patients, 160 (71 %) were positive for at least one potentially causative agent. Of them, 65 % had RSV, and 15 % had more than on ecausative agent (co-infection). The RSV group had more the findings of respiratory distress (p< 0.01), abnormal chest radiography (p< 0.01), need for intensive care (p< 0.01), and duration of oxygen requirement (p< 0.01) but less fever on admission and duration of antibiotic use (for both, p< 0.01), and no longer hospital stay. Need of intensive care nursery was more common in patients with co-infection than others (25 % vs. 6.5 %, p< 0.01). Conclusion: This study highlighted that RSV was the most frequent agent in neonates hospitalized for LRI during the season, with a more severe clinical course than other detected pathogens. The disease severity of RSV infection may have seemed to be increased by the presence of coinfection and abnormal chest radiography.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses , Respiratory Tract Infections , Infant, Newborn
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719488

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) can cause serious respiratory illnesses such as pneumonia, asthma, and bronchiolitis in infants and elderly or immunocompromised individuals. An RSV vaccine has yet to be developed; only prophylactic anti-RSV antibody is commercially available. So, we investigated whether our vaccine candidate is able to induce type 1 CD4+ T helper (Th1), CD8+ T-cell responses, and protective immunity without vaccine-enhanced disease (VED) against RSV. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used RSV G protein fragment (Gcf A) with recombinant baculovirus capable of expressing the RSV M2 protein (Bac M2) as a vaccine candidate, and injected this vaccine (Gcf A/Bac M2) intramuscularly, and challenged with RSV intranasally into mice. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, flow cytometry, plaque assay, and weight measurement were performed to confirm humoral immunity, cellular immunity, and protective immunity. RESULTS: The Gcf A/Bac M2 formulation induced a stronger IgG response to Gcf A than Gcf A inoculation alone, and the ratio of IgG1/IgG2a indicated that the responses shifted predominantly to Th1. In addition, both RSV G-specific Th1 responses and RSV M2-specific CD8+ T-cell responses were induced, and G protein-associated eosinophilic infiltration was suppressed compared to the control group. Moreover, the Gcf A/Bac M2 group showed effective protection after an RSV challenge. CONCLUSION: Bac M2 could serve as a vaccine with intrinsic adjuvant activity, and the Gcf A/Bac M2 shows promise as a vaccine candidate for inducing protective immunity without inciting VED.


Subject(s)
Aged , Animals , Asthma , Baculoviridae , Bronchiolitis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Eosinophils , Flow Cytometry , GTP-Binding Proteins , Humans , Immunity, Cellular , Immunity, Humoral , Immunoglobulin G , Infant , Mice , Pneumonia , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses , T-Lymphocytes
13.
Immune Network ; : e18-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764013

ABSTRACT

Formalin-inactivated respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccination causes vaccine-enhanced disease (VED) after RSV infection. It is considered that vaccine platforms enabling endogenous synthesis of RSV immunogens would induce favorable immune responses than non-replicating subunit vaccines in avoiding VED. Here, we investigated the immunogenicity, protection, and disease in mice after vaccination with RSV fusion protein (F) encoding plasmid DNA (F-DNA) or virus-like particles presenting RSV F (F-VLP). F-DNA vaccination induced CD8 T cells and RSV neutralizing Abs, whereas F-VLP elicited higher levels of IgG2a isotype and neutralizing Abs, and germinal center B cells, contributing to protection by controlling lung viral loads after RSV challenge. However, mice that were immunized with F-DNA displayed weight loss and pulmonary histopathology, and induced F specific CD8 T cell responses and recruitment of monocytes and plasmacytoid dendritic cells into the lungs. These innate immune parameters, RSV disease, and pulmonary histopathology were lower in mice that were immunized with F-VLP after challenge. This study provides important insight into developing effective and safe RSV vaccines.


Subject(s)
Animals , B-Lymphocytes , Dendritic Cells , DNA , Germinal Center , Immunoglobulin G , Lung , Mice , Monocytes , Plasmids , Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vaccines , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses , T-Lymphocytes , Vaccination , Vaccines, Subunit , Viral Load , Weight Loss
14.
Asia Pacific Allergy ; (4): e32-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762877

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Respiratory viral infections are the leading cause of asthma exacerbations. Eosinophil activation results in the formation of eosinophil extracellular traps (EETs), which release web-like structures of DNA and proteins that bind, disarm and extracellularly kill pathogens. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) in vitro could induce EETs in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid eosinophils in a murine model of asthma. METHODS: BALB/cJ mice (6–8 weeks old) were sensitized with 2 subcutaneous injections of ovalbumin (20 μg) on days 0 and 7, followed by three intranasal challenges with ovalbumin (100 μg) on days 14, 15, and 16 of the protocol. The control group received Dulbecco's phosphate-buffered saline. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid eosinophils of ovalbumin group or control group were stimulated with RSV (103 PFU/mL) in vitro for 3 hours. After that, culture supernatant was collected to perform the analyses proposed in this study. RESULTS: We verified an increase in extracellular DNA concentration in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid eosinophils from ovalbumin group stimulated with RSV (10³ PFU/mL) in vitro, which was confirmed by confocal microscopy. We demonstrated that most cells are negative for annexin V and propidium iodide in all groups evaluated. Also, RSV in vitro decreased interferon-ɣ in culture supernatant when compared to the ovalbumin group. CONCLUSION: In this study, we demonstrated for the first time that RSV in vitro induces EETs formation in eosinophils from asthmatic mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Annexin A5 , Asthma , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , DNA , Eosinophil Peroxidase , Eosinophils , Extracellular Traps , In Vitro Techniques , Inflammation , Injections, Subcutaneous , Mice , Microscopy, Confocal , Ovalbumin , Propidium , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760896

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and human rhinovirus (hRV) are the most common causes of child respiratory viral infections. We aimed to investigate epidemiological and clinical characteristics of RSV and hRV single infections and coinfections. METHODS: Nasopharyngeal aspirates of hospitalized children aged <5 years were tested using multiplex reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) from October 2014 to April 2017. Their medical records were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: RSV or hRV was detected in 384 patients who divided into 3 groups: patients with RSV (R group, n=258); patients with hRV (H group, n=99); and patients with both (RH group, n=27). The R group (median age, 6 months) consisted of 248 (96.1%) patients with lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI), and 14 (5.4%) needed oxygen inhalation. Infants aged <12 months (63.2%) had respiratory difficulty and were supplied oxygen more often. The H group (median age, 16 months) consisted of 56 (56.6%) patients with LRTI, 4 (4%) required oxygen inhalation, and 1 (1.0%) required mechanical ventilation. Infants (40.4%) showed longer hospitalization compared to patients aged ≥12 months (5 vs. 4 days, P<0.05). The RH group consisted of 24 (88.9%) patients with LRTI, and 2 (7.4%) needed oxygen inhalation. Hospitalization days and oxygen inhalation and mechanical ventilation rates did not differ between single infections (R and H groups) and coinfections (RH group). CONCLUSIONS: RSV was detected more often in younger patients and showed higher LRTI rates compared to hRV. Single infections and coinfections of RSV and hRV showed no difference in severity.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Hospitalized , Coinfection , Epidemiology , Hospitalization , Humans , Infant , Inhalation , Korea , Medical Records , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Oxygen , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Respiration, Artificial , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses , Respiratory Tract Infections , Retrospective Studies , Reverse Transcription , Rhinovirus
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760194

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection can cause various neurological complications. This study aimed to investigate the RSV-associated neurologic manifestations that present with seizures. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients aged less than 15 years with laboratory-confirmed RSV infections and seizures between January 2011 and December 2016 in a regional hospital in South Korea. RESULTS: During this period, 1,193 patients with laboratory-confirmed RSV infection were identified. Of these, 35 (35 of 1,193, 2.93%; boys, 19; girls, 16; mean age: 20.8±16.6 months) presented with seizure. Febrile seizure was the most common diagnosis (27 of 35, 77.1%); simple febrile seizures in 13 patients (13 of 27, 48.1%) and complex febrile seizures in 14 (14 of 27, 51.9%). Afebrile seizures without meningitis or encephalopathy were observed in 5 patients (5 of 35, 14.3%), seizures with meningitis in 2 (2 of 35, 5.7%), and seizure with encephalopathy in 1 (1 of 35, 2.9%) patient. Lower respiratory symptoms were not observed in 8 patients. In a patient with encephalopathy, brain diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging revealed transient changes in white matter, suggesting cytotoxic edema as the mechanism underlying encephalopathy. Most patients recovered with general management, and progression to epilepsy was noted in only 1 patient. CONCLUSION: Although febrile seizures are the most common type of seizure associated with RSV infection, the proportion of patients with complex febrile seizures was higher than that of those with general febrile seizures. Transient cytotoxic edema may be a pathogenic mechanism in RSV-related encephalopathy with seizures.


Subject(s)
Brain , Brain Diseases , Child , Diagnosis , Edema , Epilepsy , Female , Humans , Korea , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Medical Records , Meningitis , Neurologic Manifestations , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses , Retrospective Studies , Seizures , Seizures, Febrile , White Matter
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739515

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Croup is known to have epidemics in seasonal and biennial trends, and to be strongly associated with epidemics of parainfluenza virus. However, seasonal and annual epidemics of croup have not been clearly reported in Korea. This study aimed to examine the seasonal/annual patterns and etiologies of childhood croup in Korea during a consecutive 6-year period. METHODS: Pediatric croup data were collected from 23 centers in Korea from 1 January 2010 to 31 December 2015. Electronic medical records, including multiplex reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) results, demographics and clinical information were cross-sectionally reviewed and analyzed. RESULTS: Overall, 2,598 childhood croup patients requiring hospitalization were identified during the study period. Among them, a total of 927 who underwent RT-PCR were included in the analysis. Males (61.5%) predominated, and most (63.0%) of them were younger than 2 years of age (median, 19 months; interquartile range, 11–31 months). Peak hospitalization occurred in 2010 and 2012 in even-numbered years, and parainfluenza virus (PIV, 39.7%) was the most common cause of childhood croup requiring hospitalization, followed by respiratory syncytial virus (14.9%), human rhinovirus (12.5%), Mycoplasma pneumonaie (10.6%), and human coronavirus (7.3%). CONCLUSION: It is concluded that croup hospitalization has a biennial pattern in even-numbered years. PIV may be the most common cause of childhood croup; however, croup epidemics could be attributed to other viruses.


Subject(s)
Child , Coronavirus , Croup , Demography , Electronic Health Records , Hospitalization , Humans , Korea , Male , Mycoplasma , Paramyxoviridae Infections , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses , Retrospective Studies , Reverse Transcription , Rhinovirus , Seasons
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739514

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Multiple virus infections may affect clinical severity. We investigated the effect of coinfection of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and influenza virus with other respiratory viruses on clinical severity. METHODS: Data from 634 samples of a single tertiary hospital between September 2014 and April 2015 were analyzed for clinical characteristics (fever duration and O2 need, steroid use, and ICU care) between single infection and coinfection of RSV (n=290) and influenza virus (n=74) with 16 common respiratory viruses from hospitalized children. RESULTS: The RSV coinfection group (n=109) (3.1±2.7 days) showed significantly longer fever duration than the RSV single infection group (n=181) (2.6±2.6 days) (P=0.04), while there was no difference in O2 need, steroid use or ICU care in the 2 groups. The influenza coinfection group (n=38) showed significantly higher O2 need than the influenza single infection group (n=36) (21.1% vs. 5.6%, P=0.05), while there was no difference in fever duration between the 2 groups. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that RSV and Influenza coinfections can increase clinical severity and that the severity may be influenced by the nature of coinfecting viruses.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Hospitalized , Coinfection , Dyspnea , Fever , Humans , Influenza, Human , Orthomyxoviridae , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses , Tertiary Care Centers
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787493

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effect of fine dust concentrations in the air on the incidence of viral respiratory infections in the Republic of Korea.METHODS: A time series analysis using R statistics was performed to determine the relationship between weekly concentrations of fine dust in the air and the incidences of acute respiratory tract infections caused by the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), adenovirus (HAdV), rhinovirus (HRV), human metapneumovirus (HMPV), human coronavirus (HCoV), human bocavirus (HBoV), human parainfluenza virus (HPIV), and influenza virus (IFV), from the beginning of 2016 to the end of 2017. Correlations between various meteorological factors and the amount of fine dust were analyzed using the Spearman's rank correlation coefficient. To analyze the relationship between viral infections and fine dust, a quasi-poisson analysis was performed.RESULTS: The incidence of the HAdV was proportional to fine dust and air temperature. The IFV was proportional to fine dust and relative humidity and was inversely proportional to temperature. The HMPV was proportional to fine dust, wind speed, and inversely proportional to relative humidity. The HCoV was proportional to micro dust, relative humidity, and inversely proportional to temperature. Both the HBoV and HPIV were directly proportional to fine dust, temperature, wind speed, and inversely proportional to relative humidity. The RSV was inversely proportional to fine dust, temperature, wind speed. A lag effect was observed for the influenza virus, in that its incidence increased 2–3 weeks later on the cumulative lag model.CONCLUSION: As the weekly average concentration of fine dust increases, the incidence of HAdV, HMPV, HCoV, HBoV, HPIV, and influenza increase.


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae , Air Pollution , Coronavirus , Dust , Human bocavirus , Humans , Humidity , Incidence , Influenza, Human , Metapneumovirus , Meteorological Concepts , Orthomyxoviridae , Paramyxoviridae Infections , Particulate Matter , Republic of Korea , Respiration Disorders , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses , Respiratory Tract Infections , Rhinovirus , Wind
20.
Neonatal Medicine ; : 144-152, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718345

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics of Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection during the neonatal period to provide information that is useful in clinical practice and suggest extension of the palivizumab administration. METHODS: Neonates admitted to the National Health Insurance Service Ilsan Hospital neonatal intensive care unit due to respiratory symptoms and for whom multiplex reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and multiplex real time-polymerase chain reaction tests were performed between October 2011 and May 2016 were included in this study. Medical records were retrospectively reviewed, and data was collected for 156 neonates. RESULTS: Among the 156 neonates, RSV was detected in 114 (73.1%), non-RSV in 25 (16%), and no virus in 17 (10.9%). The majority were full term infants (92.4%) and peak incidence of RSV infection was in January. Post-natal care center infection was more common in the RSV group (46.6%) than that in the other virus groups (24%, P=0.0243). Clinical symptoms were severe in the RSV group in contrast to that in the non-RSV or others groups. The RSV group frequently needed oxygen therapy (P=0.0001) and the duration of hospital stays were longer (P=0.0001). CONCLUSION: RSV is a significant cause of respiratory infection in neonates and the severity is higher in contrast to that with other viral causes of infection. Infants in post-natal care centers have a high-risk of developing RSV infections; therefore, palivizumab administration may be considered in this group to prevent hospitalization and reduce the duration of hospital stay.


Subject(s)
Hospitalization , Humans , Incidence , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Length of Stay , Medical Records , National Health Programs , Oxygen , Palivizumab , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses , Retrospective Studies
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL