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1.
Prensa méd. argent ; 109(5): 215-218, 20230000. fig
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1523807

ABSTRACT

El Schwannoma se origina de la vaina perineural de Schwannoma, se detecta con frecuencia incidentalmente en estudios imagenológicos siendo el principal método diagnóstico la Tomografía Computada. El tratamiento es la resección quirúrgica con márgenes libres. Se presenta una paciente femenina de 49 años, en control por oncología por enfermedad de base, cáncer de mama izquierda, se identifica por TAC y PECT/TC imagen voluminosa en retroperitoneo situación lateroaórtica izquierda de configuración no quística e hipermetabólica, solicita biopsia percutánea, ante la falta de ventana, se decide exeresis completa de masa. Diagnóstico definitivo patológico Schwannoma. Sin indicación de tratamiento adyuvante, cursa buena evolución postoperatoria sin recidiva.


Schwannoma, a benign tumor that arises from Schwann cells of the perineural nerve sheath, is often incidentally detected in imaging tests and mainly diagnosed by CT scan. Treatment consists of surgical resection with clear margins. We present the case of a 49-year-old female patient subject to Oncology Department follow-up due to an underlying disease, left breast cancer. A large, hypermetabolic, noncystic mass in the retroperitoneal region is identified by CT and PECT/CT scan in the left lateral aortic area. A percutaneous biopsy is requested. Due to the limited acoustic window, complete resection of the mass is decided. Final histopathology diagnosis of Schwannoma. No adjuvant treatment indication; undergoing favorable postoperative progress, without recurrence


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/surgery , Diagnosis, Differential , Neurilemmoma/therapy
2.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 69(3)jul-set. 2023.
Article in Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1512840

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Os lipossarcomas retroperitoneais são neoplasias mesenquimais raras, sendo mais comuns os bem diferenciados e os desdiferenciados. O subtipo bem diferenciado pode sofrer desdiferenciação para tumores de maior grau. São neoplasias difíceis de tratar cirurgicamente, pois apresentam altas taxas de recorrência local, alguns subtipos podem metastizar e são pouco sensíveis à radioterapia e à quimioterapia. Relato do caso: Paciente feminina, 45 anos, apresentou dor abdominal e massa abdominal palpável em 2017. Foi submetida à ressecção de lipossarcoma bem diferenciado de retroperitônio, sem intercorrências. Em 2020, manifestou dor abdominal e perda ponderal. A tomografia mostrou múltiplas massas volumosas abdominais, com biópsia sugestiva de lipossarcoma desdiferenciado. Foi submetida à radioterapia neoadjuvante e, em seguida, à ressecção cirúrgica das massas e ileocolectomia direita. Em 2022, apresentou quadro sugestivo de obstrução intestinal, sendo submetida à laparotomia que evidenciou intenso bloqueio de alças intestinais, fístula duodenal, tumor retroperitonial e peritonite fecal. Procedeu-se à ressecção de neoplasia retroperitoneal, ileostomia e rafia de fístula. O histopatológico mostrou lipossarcoma desdiferenciado recidivado. A paciente evoluiu com complicações operatórias e infecciosas, necessitando de cuidados intensivos e antibioticoterapia. Após melhora clínica, recebeu alta com dieta enteral e segue em acompanhamento ambulatorial. Conclusão: O lipossarcoma de retroperitônio pode sofrer desdiferenciação, recidivas multifocais e múltiplas recorrências, necessitando de várias abordagens cirúrgicas, o que aumenta a morbidade e o risco de complicações. A cirurgia com margens amplas continua sendo a principal modalidade terapêutica.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Retroperitoneal liposarcomas are rare mesenchymal neoplasms, with well-differentiated and dedifferentiated liposarcomas being most common. The well differentiated subtype can undergo dedifferentiation to higher grade tumors. These are difficult neoplasms to treat surgically because they have high rates of local recurrence, some subtypes can metastasize, and are poorly responsive to radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Case report: Female patient, 45 years old, presented abdominal pain and palpable abdominal mass in 2017. She underwent resection of well-differentiated liposarcoma of the retroperitoneum, without intercurrences. In 2020, she manifested abdominal pain and weight loss. Tomography showed multiple voluminous abdominal masses, with biopsy suggestive of dedifferentiated liposarcoma. The patient was submitted to neoadjuvant radiotherapy, followed by surgical resection of the masses and right ileocolectomy. In 2022, she presented symptoms suggestive of intestinal obstruction, and underwent laparotomy that revealed intense blockage of intestinal loops, duodenal fistula, retroperitoneal tumor, and fecal peritonitis. Retroperitoneal neoplasm resection, ileostomy and fistula closure were performed. Histopathology showed relapsed dedifferentiated liposarcoma. The patient evolved with operative and infectious complications, requiring intensive care and antibiotic therapy. After clinical improvement, the patient was discharged with enteral diet and continues under outpatient follow-up. Conclusion: Retroperitoneal liposarcoma may undergo multifocal dedifferentiation and recurrence, requiring several surgical approaches, increasing morbidity and the risk of complications. Wide margin surgery remains the main therapeutic modality.


Introducción: Los liposarcomas retroperitoneales son neoplasias mesenquimatosas raras, siendo los más comunes los liposarcomas bien diferenciados y desdiferenciados. El subtipo bien diferenciado puede sufrir desdiferenciación hacia tumores de mayor grado. Estas neoplasias son difíciles de tratar quirúrgicamente porque presentan altas tasas de recidiva local, algunos subtipos pueden hacer metástasis y responden mal a la radioterapia y la quimioterapia. Informe del caso: Mujer de 45 años, en 2017 presenta dolor abdominal y masa abdominal palpable. Fue sometida a la resección de un liposarcoma bien diferenciado del retroperitoneo, sin intercurrencias. En 2020, manifestó dolor abdominal y pérdida de peso. La tomografía mostró múltiples masas abdominales voluminosas, con biopsia sugestiva de liposarcoma desdiferenciado. Fue sometida a radioterapia neoadyuvante y luego a resección quirúrgica de las masas y a ileocolectomía derecha. En 2022, presentó síntomas de obstrucción intestinal y fue sometida a una laparotomía que reveló obstrucción de las asas intestinales, fístula duodenal, tumor retroperitoneal y peritonitis fecal. Se realizó la resección de la neoplasia retroperitoneal, la ileostomía y la fistulización. La histopatología mostró un liposarcoma desdiferenciado. La paciente evolucionó con complicaciones operatorias e infecciosas, requiriendo cuidados intensivos y terapia antibiótica. Tras la mejora clínica, la paciente fue dada de alta con dieta enteral y está en seguimiento. Conclusión: El liposarcoma retroperitoneal puede sufrir desdiferenciación multifocal y recurrencia, requiriendo varios a tratamientos quirúrgicos, aumentando la morbilidad y el riesgo de complicaciones. La cirugía con márgenes amplios sigue siendo la terapia principal.


Subject(s)
Recurrence , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms , Cell Dedifferentiation , Surgical Oncology , Liposarcoma
3.
Autops. Case Rep ; 12: e2021355, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360148

ABSTRACT

Extraovarian granulosa cell tumors (GCTs) develop from ectopic gonadal tissue situated along the embryonal route of the genital ridge. Primary retroperitoneal tumors are extremely rare, with an incidence of 02% -06% and 80-85% probability of malignancy. Only eight such case reports have been published previously. We herein, report a rare case of extraovarian retroperitoneal GCT in a 55-year-old woman who presented with intermittent left lumbar region pain of one-year duration. She had a history of hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy 8 years ago for uterine leiomyoma. Laparotomy revealed a retroperitoneal mass measuring 8cm x 10cm x 20cm in size, solid cystic with areas of necrosis and hemorrhage. The gross features, classical histopathology, and positive immunostaining of the retroperitoneal mass with inhibin, calretinin, PR, WT1 and immunonegativity for EMA were characteristic of adult-type GCT. Excluding any previous history of primary ovarian GCT in this patient, a de-novo retroperitoneal diagnosis was established.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/pathology , Granulosa Cell Tumor/pathology
4.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 442-445, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935234

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical value of ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation in the treatment of retroperitoneal tumors. Methods: The clinical data of 13 patients with retroperitoneal tumors treated with ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2018 to January 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. The ablation effect was evaluated and the postoperative complications were observed. The changes of tumor volume before and after radiofrequency ablation were compared. Results: The symptoms of pain and dyspepsia were significantly improved after radiofrequency ablation, and the hospital stay was (9.2±2.9) days. The tumor was ablated completely in 10 cases, tumor residual in 1 case and tumor metastasis in 2 cases. One patient had postoperative duodenal perforation complicated with intra-abdominal infection, and no serious complications occurred in other patients. There were 20 lesions in 13 patients. The maximum diameter of 20 lesions before operation and 1, 3, 6 months after operation were (39.5±15.9) mm, (30.6±4.9)mm, (15.6±7.7) mm and (9.9±3.1) mm, respectively, the maximum diameters of 1, 3 and 6 months after operation were smaller than that before operation (P<0.05). Conclusion: Ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation is a real-time, accurate, safe and effective minimally invasive treatment with few complications, and has a high clinical value for retroperitoneal tumors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Catheter Ablation , Radiofrequency Ablation , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography, Interventional
5.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 52-56, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935579

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the influence factors of short-term recurrence after complete surgical resection of retroperitoneal liposarcoma. Methods: The clinicopathological data of retroperitoneal liposarcoma at Department of General Surgery, the First Medical Center, People's Liberation Army General Hospital from January 2000 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 60 males and 31 females, aged (52.1±9.9) years (range: 30 to 84 years). Tumor recurrence within 12 months after complete resection was defined as short-term recurrence, and tumor recurrence more than 12 months was defined as non-short-term recurrence. The t test, rank-sum test, χ2 test and Fisher exact test were conducted for inter-group comparison. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the independent influence factors for the short-term recurrence of retroperitoneal liposarcoma after complete resection. The Kaplan-Meier curve was used to calculate the recurrence-free survival, and the Log-rank test was adopted for the comparison between the groups. Results: The univariate analysis results showed that irregular tumor morphology, multiple pathological subtypes, pathological scores>3, and multiple primary tumors are influence factors for short-term recurrence after complete resection of retroperitoneal liposarcoma (χ2: 4.422 to 7.773, all P<0.05). Regression analysis of the above risk factors showed that multiple primary tumors was the independent risk factor (OR=2.918, 95%CI: 1.127 to 7.556, P=0.027). In the short-term recurrence group, Kaplan-Meier curve analysis showed that patients with multiple primary tumors had a shorter median recurrence time than patients with unifocal tumor (6 months vs. 9 months, P=0.028). Conclusions: Multiple primary tumor is an independent risk factor for short-term recurrence after complete resection of retroperitoneal liposarcoma. It suggests that the frequency of follow-up after surgery should be increased for such patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Liposarcoma/surgery , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Prognosis , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies
7.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2020224, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142411

ABSTRACT

Retroperitoneal liposarcomas are rare tumors arising from the soft tissue of the retroperitoneum and are of mesenchymal cell origin. They can reach a large size prior to causing symptoms and generally have a poor prognosis. We present the case of a 93-year-old lady presenting with a large retroperitoneal liposarcoma at the site of a previous colonic anastomosis for the adenocarcinoma treatment. It caused minimal symptoms initially, but surgical resection was undertaken when the tumor was found to be growing significantly in size. However, due to the tumor's location and its invasion into surrounding structures, the resection was not feasible and subsequently abandoned. A retroperitoneal liposarcoma arising from the site of a previous colonic resection has not been previously described. A review of the diagnosis and current management of these lesions is also given.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/pathology , Colonic Neoplasms , Liposarcoma/pathology , Colorectal Surgery
10.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(5): 767-772, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144277

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La forma clínica de presentación más común del neuroblastoma es el de una masa abdominal, pero puede presentarse con sintomatología menos habitual, como es la crisis adrenérgica por liberación de catecolaminas. OBJETIVO: Describir una forma de presentación inusual de neuroblastoma y el amplio diagnóstico diferencial que existe en un lactante con síntomas adrenérgicos. CASO CLÍNICO: Lactante femenina de 7 semanas de vida, consultó por historia de tres semanas de sudoración e irritabilidad a lo que se asoció fiebre de 24 h de evolución y dificultad respiratoria. Al ingreso presentaba mal esta do general, irritabilidad, sudoración, enrojecimiento facial, taquipnea y palidez cutánea, taquicardia sinusal extrema e hipertensión arterial (HTA), interpretadas como sintomatología adrenérgica. Se completó el estudio con una ecografía abdominal y resonancia magnética que mostraron una gran masa retroperitoneal compatible con neuroblastoma. Las catecolaminas en sangre y en orina mostraron altos niveles de dopamina, adrenalina y noradrenalina, probablemente de origen tumoral. Se inició tratamiento antihipertensivo con fármacos alfa bloqueantes con buen control de la tensión arterial. Se resecó quirúrgicamente el tumor sin incidencias y con una adecuada recuperación posterior. La paciente presentó evolución favorable a tres años de seguimiento. CONCLUSIONES: en un lactante con sintomatología adrenérgica como irritabilidad, enrojecimiento, sudoración asociada a HTA, se debe descartar patología cardiaca, metabólica (hipoglucemia), intoxicaciones y/o patología suprarrenal. Dentro de esta última, el neuroblastoma es la primera posibilidad diagnóstica, por ser uno de los principales tumores en la infancia y aunque esta presentación no es habitual puede producir estos síntomas.


INTRODUCTION: The most common clinical presentation of neuroblastoma is an abdominal mass, but it can present with uncommon symptoms, such as adrenergic storm due to catecholamine release. OBJECTIVE: To describe an unusual presentation of neuroblastoma and the wide differential diagnosis that exists in an infant with adrenergic symptoms. CLINICAL CASE: A 7-week old female infant was evaluated due to a 3-week history of sweating and irritability associated with a 24-hour fever and respiratory distress. At admission, she presented poor general condition, irritability, sweating, facial redness, tachypnea and skin paleness, extreme sinus tachycardia, and high blood pressure (HBP), interpreted as adrenergic symptoms. The study was completed with abdominal ultrasound and magnetic reso nance imaging that showed a large retroperitoneal mass compatible with neuroblastoma. Plasma and urinary catecholamines tests showed high levels of dopamine, adrenaline, and noradrenaline, probably of tumor origin. We started antihypertensive treatment with alpha-blocker drugs, showing a good blood pressure control. The tumor was surgically resected without incidents and adequate subsequent recovery. The patient presented a favorable evolution after three years of follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: In an infant with adrenergic symptoms such as irritability, redness, sweating associated with HBP, it should be ruled out pathology heart or metabolic (hypoglycemia) pathology, intoxications, and/or adrenal pathology. Within this last one, neuroblastoma is the first diagnostic possibility, since it is one of the main tumors in childhood and, although this presentation is not usual, it can produce these symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Sweating , Tachycardia/etiology , Catecholamines/urine , Flushing/etiology , Hypertension/etiology , Neuroblastoma/diagnosis , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/complications , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/urine , Tachycardia/diagnosis , Irritable Mood , Biomarkers, Tumor/urine , Diagnosis, Differential , Hypertension/diagnosis , Neuroblastoma/complications , Neuroblastoma/urine
11.
Rev. colomb. cancerol ; 24(3): 130-139, jul.-set. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144332

ABSTRACT

Resumen El tumor desmoplásico de célula redonda y pequeña (TDCRP) es una patología neoplásica maligna agresiva y poco común. Afecta predominantemente a hombres entre la segunda y tercera década de la vida. Los pacientes que la padecen tienen un pronóstico pobre, con una supervivencia global a 5 años de hasta el 30%. Por lo general se presenta como una masa en la cavidad abdominal, frecuentemente multifocal. Para su tratamiento se recomienda un enfoque multimodal con cirugía, quimioterapia y radioterapia. Poco más de 20 casos de TDCRP a nivel testicular/paratesticular se han reportado en la literatura. A continuación, se presenta un caso ilustrativo en esta localización, se discute el caso y se realiza revisión de la literatura.


Abstract Desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) is an aggressive and rare malignant neoplasm. It mainly affects young men in their twenties and thirties. Patients with it have a poor prognosis, with a 5-year survival rate of up to 30%. It generally presents as a mass in the abdominal cavity, often multifocal. A multimodal approach is recommended for its treatment, with surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. Just over 20 cases of testicular/paratesticular DSRCT have been reported in the literature. Below, we present an illustrative case in this location, we discuss the case and review the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/therapy , Desmoplastic Small Round Cell Tumor/diagnosis , Desmoplastic Small Round Cell Tumor/therapy , Genital Neoplasms, Male/diagnosis , Genital Neoplasms, Male/therapy , Testicular Neoplasms/diagnosis , Testicular Neoplasms/therapy , Ganglia
12.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 71(2): 195-207, abr.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126326

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: reportar el caso de una paciente gestante con diagnóstico de tumor retroperitoneal primario y hacer revisión de la literatura del diagnóstico, tratamiento y pronóstico materno-fetal de esta entidad durante el embarazo. Materiales y métodos: gestante de 19 años que consulta por tumor retroperitoneal identificado por ecografía, se realizó biopsia percutánea con resultado de tumor benigno; parto por cesárea con recién nacido sano. A los 4 meses se realizó resección quirúrgica, la histopatología mostró un teratoma quístico maduro. Se realizó búsqueda en las bases de datos de: Medline vía PubMed, Lilacs, SciELO y ScienceDirect, con los términos: "embarazo", "neoplasias" y "neoplasias retroperitoneales", incluyendo reportes y series de caso de tumores retroperitoneales en el embarazo. Se identificó el diagnóstico, tratamiento y pronóstico materno-fetal Resultados: se identificaron 1.658 títulos, de los cuales 34 reportes de casos y una serie de casos cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. El 62,9 % eran tumores benignos. El diagnóstico se hizo como hallazgo incidental en el 63 % de los casos, el ultrasonido identificó la masa en el 77 %, la biopsia percutánea se utilizó en el 8 % de los casos incluyendo el reportado. El tratamiento quirúrgico fue utilizado en el 88 % de los casos, generalmente después del parto. Hubo mortalidad materna en el 8,5 % de los casos. El pronóstico fetal fue bueno en el 65 % de las gestaciones. Conclusión: los tumores retroperitoneales en la gestación, a pesar de ser principalmente benignos, tienen un pronóstico materno y fetal reservado en un importante número de casos. Se requiere evaluar los beneficios y riesgo de la biopsia percutánea.


ABSTRACT Objective: To report the case of a pregnant patient diagnosed with a primary retroperitoneal tumor and to conduct a review of the literature pertaining to the diagnosis, treatment and maternal-fetal prognosis of this disease condition during pregnancy. Materials and methods: A 19-year-old patient who presented with a retroperitoneal tumor identified on ultrasound. The results of the percutaneous biopsy showed a benign tumor. A healthy neonate was delivered by cesarean section. Surgical resection was performed four months later, and histopathology showed a mature cystic teratoma. A search was conduced in the Medline via PubMed, Lilacs, SciELO and ScienceDirect databases using the terms "pregnancy," "neoplasms," and "retroperitoneal neoplasms," including case reports and case series of retroperitoneal tumors during pregnancy. Diagnosis, treatment and maternal-fetal prognosis were identified. Results: Overall, 1658 titles were identified. Of these, 34 case reports and 1 case series met the inclusion criteria. Of the cases, 62.9 % were benign. Diagnosis was made as an incidental finding in 63 % of cases, and 77 % of the masses were identified on ultrasound. Percutaneous biopsy was used in 8 % of cases, including the case reported here. Surgical treatment was used in 88 % of cases usually after delivery. Maternal mortality occurred in 8.5 % of cases. Fetal prognosis was good in 65 % of the pregnancies. Conclusion: Despite being frequently benign, retroperitoneal tumors during gestation have a reserved maternal and fetal prognosis in a substantial number of cases. There is a need to assess the risks and benefits of percutaneous biopsy.


Subject(s)
Retroperitoneal Neoplasms , Pregnancy , Neoplasms
13.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(1): 63-66, mar. 2020. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125784

ABSTRACT

Los tumores retroperitoneales son lesiones infrecuentes. Las tumoraciones nerviosas benignas como los schwannomas representan menos del 3% de ellos, siendo extremadamente raros los que afectan el nervio obturador. Presentamos el caso de un paciente con importante afectación funcional en miembro inferior izquierdo y dolor pélvico, al que se le diagnosticó neoplasia retroperitoneal. Fue intervenido por vía laparoscópica objetivándose la dependencia de la lesión del nervio obturador. Se llevó a cabo una exéresis completa de la lesión preservando parcialmente el nervio. El paciente tuvo una evolución funcional y álgica muy favorable. La anatomía patología reveló la presencia de schwannoma, del denominado subtipo "anciano", sin datos de malignidad. Consideramos que el informe de un caso como este puede ayudar a conocer una patología muy infrecuente y a tener en consideración algunos puntos clave como la técnica de abordaje y la necesidad de preservación de las estructuras nerviosas.


Retroperitoneal tumors are uncommon; benign tumors originating in the nerve cells as schwannomas represent less than 3%, while schwannomas of the obturator nerve are extremely rare. We report the case of a male patient with significant functional compromise of the left lower limb and pelvic pain who was diagnosed with a retroperitoneal tumor. The patient underwent laparoscopic surgery during which the compromise of the obturator nerve was evident. The lesion was completely resected with partial preservation of the nerve. The patient progressed with favorable functional recovery and pain relief. The histopathological examination reported a benign ancient schwannoma. We believe that this case report can help to understand a very rare condition and consider some key points such as the technique of approach and the need for preservation of the nerve structures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/surgery , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Obturator Nerve/injuries , Arthroplasty/adverse effects , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Colonoscopy/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Neuralgia/diagnostic imaging , Neurilemmoma/diagnostic imaging
15.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 17(4): 194-197, dez 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284250

ABSTRACT

Apresentamos um caso de doença relacionada à IgG4 devido às suas várias formas de apresentação clínica e dificuldades diagnósticas, objetivando acrescentar à literatura científica essa apresentação atípica. Trata-se de um homem de 65 anos com dor abdominal, febre e sintomas urinários. Exames laboratoriais inocentes para processo infeccioso agudo. Em tomografia computadorizada de abdome, evidenciou-se pseudotumor em região retroperitoneal, envolvendo ureter, veia e artéria ilíacas. Foi submetido à ressecção cirúrgica, tendo sido confirmado o diagnóstico de doença relacionada à IgG4 pela imuno-histoquímica. Iniciou tratamento com glicocorticoide com melhora clínica importante, seguindo em acompanhamento ambulatorial.


This is a case report of IgG4-related disease because of its wide variety of clinical presentations and difficulties in diagnosis, aiming at adding this atypical presentation to scientific literature. It is a case of a 65-year-old man with abdominal pain, fever and urinary symptoms. Laboratory tests were naive for acute infectious processes. In a computed tomography of the abdomen, retroperitoneal pseudotumor involving ureter, and iliac vein and artery was found. The patient underwent surgical resection, and the diagnosis of IgG4-related disease was confirmed by immunohistochemistry. The treatment was begun with glucocorticoids, with important clinical improvement. He was followed in outpatient settings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Immunoglobulin G4-Related Disease/diagnosis , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/surgery , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/pathology , Biopsy , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Immunohistochemistry , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Laparoscopy , Immunoglobulin G4-Related Disease/drug therapy , Immunoglobulin G4-Related Disease/blood
16.
Gac. méd. boliv ; 42(2): 168-171, dic. 2019. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1293187

ABSTRACT

Los sarcomas de tejidos blandos son raros y representan menos del 1% de las neoplasias malignas recién diagnosticadas. La rareza de los tumores retroperitoneales, combinada con las variedades de subtipos histológicos, ha complicado los conocimientos sobre estos e impedido el desarrollo de terapia efectivas. Los liposarcomas retroperitoneales crecen lenta y silenciosamente, su pronóstico es malo y el tratamiento de elección es la resección quirúrgica. Se expone el caso de paciente femenino de 50 años de edad con el diagnóstico de ingreso de tumor abdominal, operada hace 39 meses por la misma causa, refiriendo liposarcoma tipo mixoide grado II, se realizó una laparotomía y se identificó masa tumoral retroperitoneal gigante con un peso de 6 100 gr. y se establece el diagnostico de tumor lipomatoso atipico/ liposarcoma bien diferenciado. Se informa este caso por la rareza de su conformación y la ausencia de reportes en la literatura nacional, con escasas patologías de similares características de presentación a nivel mundial.(AU)


Soft tissue sarcomas are rare and represent less than 1% of newly diagnosed malignancies. The rarity of retroperitoneal tumors, combined with the varieties of histological subtypes, has complicated the knowledge about these and impeded the development of effective therapy. Retroperitoneal liposarcomas grow slowly and silently, their prognosis is bad and the treatment of choice is surgical resection. We present the case of a female patient of 50 year old with a diagnosis of admission of an abdominal tumor, operated 39 months ago for the same cause, referring grade II myxoid-type liposarcoma, a laparotomy was performed and a giant retroperitoneal tumor was identified a weight of 6 100 gr. and the diagnosis of atypical lipomatous tumor / well differentiated liposarcoma is established. This case is reported due to the rarity of its conformation, the absence of reports in the national literature with few pathologies of similar presentation characteristics worldwide.(AU)


Subject(s)
Liposarcoma , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms , Soft Tissue Neoplasms
17.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(10): 1266-1272, oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058593

ABSTRACT

Background: CT-guided core biopsy is a widely used diagnostic technique for retroperitoneal lesions. Aim: To evaluate the diagnostic yield and safety of this procedure. Material and Methods: Review of medical records of 136 patients aged 57 ± 16 years (55% males) subjected to core biopsies performed between 2006 and 2016. Procedure images, biopsy reports and patients' medical charts were reviewed. Diagnostic yield was calculated in those patients whose final diagnosis was confirmed using strict criteria for malignancy. Results: A final diagnosis was confirmed in 122/136 patients. Of these, 110 had malignant lesions. The sensitivity and global accuracy of the procedure for malignancy were 93%. In only 4 of 13 benign lesions (31%), a specific diagnosis was obtained with the biopsy. Only minor complications were reported (6 small, self-contained hematomas). There were no major complications. Conclusions: CT-guided core biopsy of retroperitoneal lesions is a safe procedure, with an excellent diagnostic yield.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Image-Guided Biopsy/methods , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Retroperitoneal Space/pathology , Radiography, Interventional/methods , Chile , Cross-Sectional Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Statistics, Nonparametric , Biopsy, Large-Core Needle/methods
18.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(3): e688, jul.-set. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1098980

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Paciente con antecedentes de cirugía de tumor testicular, con biopsia de tumor de saco de Yolk y con diagnóstico de un tumor metastásico retroperitoneal irresecable. Un año más tarde de este último diagnóstico es remitido a nosotros, con un aumento considerable de dicha lesión y se logra su exéresis satisfactoriamente. Se realizó una revisión de la literatura, las indicaciones y técnicas en el tratamiento de la metástasis retroperitoneal de un tumor del saco de Yolk y se presentan los resultados de un paciente diagnosticado e intervenido en el Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico "Hermanos Ameijeiras", en el año 2016. La diseminación metastásica retroperitoneal del tumor del saco de Yolk es poco frecuente, muy poco reportado a nivel mundial y con pocas experiencias en su tratamiento. Se realizó una técnica de resección de una lesión gigante con quimioterapia adyuvante posoperatoria. No hubo complicaciones relacionadas con el proceder(AU)


ABSTRACT Patient with a history of testicular tumor surgery, with a Yolk sac tumor biopsy and with a diagnosis of an unresectable retroperitoneal metastatic tumor. One year after this last diagnosis, he was referred to us, with a considerable increase in this lesion and his excision was successfully achieved. A review of the literature, indications and techniques for the treatment of retroperitoneal metastasis from a Yolk sac tumor was performed, and the results of a patient diagnosed and operated on at the "Hermanos Ameijeiras" Clinical Surgical Hospital, in the year 2016. Retroperitoneal metastatic spread of Yolk sac tumor is infrequent, very little reported worldwide and with few experiences in its treatment. A giant lesion resection technique was performed with postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy. There were no complications related to the procedure(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/secondary , Testicular Neoplasms/surgery , Endodermal Sinus Tumor/drug therapy , Laparotomy/methods
19.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(4): 847-850, July-Aug. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040058

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Testicular germ cell tumor is the most common cancer in 20-to 35-years-old men. There are known risk factors such as undescended testicle(s) and history of testicular cancer. Most lesions are germ cell tumors with two main subtypes: seminomas and non-seminomatous germ cell tumors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/pathology , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Testicular Neoplasms/pathology , Testicular Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal/pathology , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal/diagnostic imaging , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/surgery , Testicular Neoplasms/surgery , Biopsy , Orchiectomy/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal/surgery , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color , Tumor Burden , Middle Aged
20.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 90(3): 328-335, jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013841

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El tumor miofibroblástico inflamatorio (TMI) es una neoplasia benigna infrecuente, de comportamiento clínico impredecible. OBJETIVOS: describir 3 casos de TMI diagnosticados entre marzo 2014 y enero 2018 en Hospital Clinico San Borja Arriaran, y realizar una revisión actualizada de la literatura. CASO 1: Adolescente de género masculino de 14 años de edad, hospitalizado por dolor abdominal, diagnosticado de invaginación yeyunoyeyunal secundaria a un tumor de pared intestinal. La histología fue compatible con un tumor miofibroblástico inflamatorio. CASO 2: Adolescente de género femenino, edad 12 años, hospitalizada por neumonía y dolor lumbar en estudio asociado a pérdida de peso. Se diagnosticó una masa retroperitoneal que comprometía el músculo psoas derecho, músculos paravertebrales, vértebras, riñón derecho y diafragma ipsilateral. Se efectuó biopsia por punción cuyo resultado fue compatible con un tumor miofibroblástico inflamatorio. CASO 3: Preadolescente de género femenino de 11 años de edad, hospitalizada para estudio de infección del tracto urinario a repetición. Se identificó un tumor vesical y la biopsia mostró ser compatible con tumor miofibroblástico inflamatorio. CONCLUSIÓN: Debido al comportamiento variable del tumor miofibroblástico inflamatorio, el manejo de este dependerá de la localización, la expresión del anaplasic like lymphoma (ALK), el comportamiento del tumor y la posibilidad de resección.


INTRODUCTION: The inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor is an infrequent benign neoplasm with unpredictable cli nical behavior. OBJECTIVES: to describe three clinical cases at the San Borja Arriarán Clinical Hospital between March 2014 and January 2018 and to carry out an updated review of the literature. CASE 1: 14-year-old male adolescent, hospitalized due to abdominal pain, diagnosed with jejunojejunal intus susception secondary to an intestinal wall tumor. The histology was compatible with an inflamma tory myofibroblastic tumor. CASE 2: 12-year-old female adolescent, hospitalized due to pneumonia and low-back pain under study associated with weight loss. A retroperitoneal mass was diagnosed involving the right psoas muscle, paravertebral muscles, vertebrae, right kidney, and ipsilateral dia phragm. A puncture biopsy was performed and the result was compatible with an inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor. CASE 3: 11-year-old female pre-adolescent, hospitalized to study recurrent urinary tract infection. A bladder tumor was identified, and the biopsy showed compatibility with inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor. CONCLUSION: Due to the variable behavior of the inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor, its management will depend on the location, expression of the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), tumor behavior, and the resection possibility.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/diagnosis , Intestinal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/pathology , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/pathology , Myofibroblasts/pathology , Inflammation/diagnosis , Inflammation/pathology , Intestinal Neoplasms/pathology
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