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1.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 29(1): 28-32, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1369637

ABSTRACT

Presentamos el caso clínico de un paciente de cuarenta y un años que ingresa por guardia con dolor agudo de rodilla luego de un traumatismo deportivo (practicando fútbol). Se diagnosticó luxación de la articulación tibioperonea proximal. El tratamiento elegido fue quirúrgico mediante fijación dinámica de la articulación tibioperonea proximal con buena evolución y retorno a la actividad deportiva. Realizamos una búsqueda bibliográfica sobre las últimas publicaciones de dicha patología y sus tratamientos. La luxación de esta articulación proximal es una patología infrecuente y requiere de su sospecha para realizar el diagnóstico inicial. La fijación interna dinámica es una opción de tratamiento válida. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


We present the clinical case of a forty-one-year-old patient who was admitted with acute knee pain after a sports injury (playing football). A diagnosis of dislocation of the proximal tibiofibular joint was made. Surgical treatment was performed by means of dynamic fixation of the superior tibiofibular joint with good evolution and return to sports activity. We carry out a search on the latest publications presented on this pathology and its treatments. The dislocation of the proximal tibiofibular joint is an infrequent pathology and requires its suspicion to make the initial diagnosis. Dynamic internal fixation is a valid treatment option. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Athletic Injuries , Tibia/injuries , Knee Dislocation , Return to Sport , Knee Injuries
2.
Rev. cuba. med ; 60(3): e1683, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347512

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El Centro de Investigaciones del Deporte Cubano, en estrecha relación con el Instituto de Medicina Deportiva, ha realizado en el Área de control cardiorrespiratorio numerosas pruebas funcionales a los deportistas de alto rendimiento. Como parte del control médico a los deportistas, se han ejecutado pruebas ergométricas cardiopulmonares en el laboratorio, con la novedad de ajustarse los protocolos a las necesidades especiales del atleta en función de su modalidad deportiva. Objetivos: Fundamentar la importancia de la ergometría cardiovascular para el entrenamiento deportivo y rediseñar protocolos de ergometría deportiva acordes a las especificidades de la modalidad atlética. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, longitudinal, en el periodo entre noviembre de 2019 y febrero de 2020. Muestra selectiva intencional, todos los deportistas de los equipos nacionales en cada modalidad: judo, boxeo y luchas (libre y grecorromana). Resultados: Se rediseñaron los protocolos de ergometría sobre la base de los convencionales estandarizados en medicina deportiva, para judo, boxeo y lucha. Se obtuvieron parámetros óptimos (frecuencia cardíaca, volumen máximo de oxígeno y equivalente metabólico) para cada modalidad deportiva. Conclusiones: Las pruebas ergoespirométricas constituyen una herramienta científica útil en la medicina deportiva. Rediseñar protocolos ergométricos permite una mejor valoración funcional del atleta y proporciona un adecuado soporte científico al entrenamiento individual. La ergometría cardiopulmonar es un instrumento disponible para evaluar, recuperar y mejorar las capacidades funcionales y deportivas de los atletas de alto rendimiento, especialmente en la etapa pos-COVID-19(AU)


Introduction: The Cuban Sports Research Center, in close relationship with the Institute of Sports Medicine, has carried out numerous functional tests on high-performance athletes for cardiorespiratory monitoring. As part of the medical control of athletes, cardiopulmonary ergometric tests have been carried out in the laboratory, with the novelty of adjusting the protocols to the special needs of the athlete depending on their sports modality. Objectives: To demonstrate the importance of cardiovascular exercise testing for sports training and to redesign sports exercise testing protocols according to the specificities of the athletic modality. Methods: A descriptive, longitudinal study was carried out from November 2019 to February 2020. Intentional selective sample, all the athletes of the national teams in each modality such as judo, boxing and wrestling. Results: The ergometry protocols were redesigned based on the conventional standardized in sports medicine, for judo, boxing and wrestling. Optimal parameters, as heart rate, maximum oxygen volume and metabolic equivalent, were obtained for each sports modality. Conclusions: Ergospirometric tests are a useful scientific tool in sports medicine. Redesigning ergometric protocols allows better functional assessment of the athletes and provides adequate scientific support for individual training. Cardiopulmonary ergometry is an instrument available to evaluate, recover and improve the functional and sports capacities of high-performance athletes, especially in the post-COVID-19 stage(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Sports , Exercise , Ergometry/methods , Athletes/education , Return to Sport
3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(3): 313-319, May-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288667

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present paper evaluates the resuming of physical activities by young, active patients who practiced some sport modality and underwent a high tibial osteotomy (HTO) using the opening wedge technique. Methods A total of 12 patients submitted to HTO using the opening wedge technique were prospectively analyzed. All patients were not playing sports at that time. Pre- and postoperative Lysholm and International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) scores, visual analog scale for pain and performance level were compared. The average follow-up time was of 12 months. Results One patient resumed sporting activities at a performance level significantly lower compared to the preoperative level, while eight patients returned at a slightly below level, two returned at the same level and one patient returned at a higher level in comparison with the preoperative period. Conclusion For isolated medial osteoarthrosis treatment, HTO using the opening wedge technique has favorable clinical and functional results, allowing patients to resume their sporting activities.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o retorno ao esporte em pacientes jovens e ativos praticantes de alguma modalidade esportiva submetidos a osteotomia tibial alta (OTA) com o método de cunha de abertura. Métodos Foram analisados prospectivamente 12 pacientes submetidos ao procedimento de OTA utilizando-se método de cunha de abertura. Todos os pacientes estavam afastados do esporte. Foram utilizados os escores Lysholm, questionário International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC, na sigla em inglês), escala analógica de dor e nível de retorno em comparação ao período pré-operatório. O tempo médio de seguimento foi de 12 meses. Resultados Um paciente retornou ao esporte em nível muito abaixo do pré-operatório, oito pacientes retornaram em nível pouco abaixo, dois pacientes retornaram no mesmo nível e um paciente retornou em nível acima. Conclusão A OTA com uso do método de cunha de adição como forma de tratamento para osteoartrose medial isolada demonstra resultados clínicos e funcionais favoráveis e permite o retorno ao esporte.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Osteoarthritis , Osteotomy , Sports , Tibia , Exercise , Surveys and Questionnaires , Return to Sport
4.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 62(1): 66-73, mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342679

ABSTRACT

El esquí es un deporte individual con una tasa de lesiones de 1,84 por 1.000 días esquiador en la población general. Las roturas del ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) son algunas de las más comunes, llegando a una tasa de 5 por cada 100 esquiadores por temporada a nivel competitivo, debido a la gran exigencia a la que se encuentran sometidas las rodillas. Lo anterior presenta un desafío para el traumatólogo a la hora de plantear un manejo. Se realizó una revisión de la literatura respecto de los mecanismos de lesión, tratamiento, prevención, rehabilitación y uso de órtesis en el retorno deportivo. Se describen los mecanismos clásicos de lesión en esquiadores amateurs y competitivos. La mayoría de las lesiones de LCA son de resolución quirúrgica, en que la recomendación de reconstrucción debe ser con injerto autólogo de hueso-tendón patelar-hueso, salvo en los pacientes mayores o en pacientes con fisis abierta, en los que se recomienda el uso de injerto autólogo de semitendinoso-gracilis. La prevención y rehabilitación se basan en mejorar la fuerza y el control neuromuscular de los estabilizadores dinámicos de la rodilla implementándose programas específicos, evaluación del gesto deportivo, y pruebas de control neuromuscular. Se recomienda el uso de órtesis funcionales adecuadas en los pacientes sometidos a reconstrucción del LCA. Las lesiones de LCA en esquiadores de nivel competitivo son habituales, de manejo específico y multidisciplinario. La elección del injerto y del tipo de rehabilitación son fundamentales en el retorno deportivo del esquiador. NIVEL DE EVIDENCIA: V.


Skiing is an individual sport with an injury rate of 1.84 per 1,000 skier days among the general population. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears are among the most common injuries in skiers, with a rate of 5 per 100 skiers per season at a competitive level, because of the great demand placed on the knees. Their treatment is a challenge for orthopedic surgeons. A review of the literature was carried out regarding injury mechanisms, treatment, prevention, rehabilitation, and the use of bracing in the return to sports. The classic injury mechanisms in amateur and competitive skiers are described. Most ACL injuries require surgical resolution, with reconstruction using autologous bone-patellar tendon-bone graft, except in older patients or those with open physis, who must receive an autologous semitendinosusgracilis graft. Prevention and rehabilitation are based on improving strength and neuromuscular control of the dynamic knee stabilizers, implementing specific programs, evaluating the sport movements, and performing neuromuscular control tests. Suitable functional bracings are recommended in patients undergoing ACL reconstruction. ACL injuries in competitive-level skiers are common, and their management is specific and multidisciplinary. The choice of graft and rehabilitation type is critical to resume skiing. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: V.


Subject(s)
Humans , Skiing , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/therapy , Orthotic Devices , Return to Sport , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/physiopathology , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/prevention & control , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/rehabilitation
5.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(2): 112-117, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1282673

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome de fricción femoroacetabular (SFFA) es frecuentemente diagnosticado en atletas que participan en deportes con súbitos cambios de dirección como fútbol, básquet, tenis y en otras actividades con rangos suprafisiológicos de movimiento, como el ballet o yoga. El objetivo del presente estudio es evaluar el retorno al deporte de los pacientes a los que se les realizó una artroscopía de cadera como tratamiento del SFFA. Materiales y métodos: se incluyeron pacientes que realizaban deportes antes de la cirugía y que fueron tratados mediante una artroscopía de cadera por diagnóstico de SFFA, con un seguimiento mínimo de dos años. Todos fueron evaluados mediante una encuesta escrita acerca del deporte que realizaban, el tiempo de retorno a la práctica, en qué nivel competitivo la llevaban a cabo y la satisfacción con la cirugía. Se evaluaron los scores mediante Harris Hip Score modificado (mHHS) y la escala de Tegner antes y después de la cirugía. Resultados: se evaluaron ciento cuatro artroscopías de cadera, con seguimiento promedio de 29.4 meses (rango 24 ­ 46), en cuarenta y cinco (43.3%) mujeres y cincuenta y nueve (56.7%) hombres. Observamos que noventa y seis (92.3%) pacientes fueron capaces de retornar a su actividad deportiva con una media de 4.7 meses (rango 2-9). Ocho (7.7%) pacientes no pudieron retornar al deporte luego de la cirugía. Del total de la muestra, el 95.2% refirió estar conforme con la cirugía. Las puntuaciones del mHHS mostraron un incremento estadísticamente significativo (69.2 ± 4.8 versus 87.5 ± 4.4; p <0.05). No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas con los puntajes observados en la escala de actividad de Tegner (6.6 ± 0.9 versus 6.3 ± 1; p >0.05). Discusión: previamente se ha documentado en la literatura que la mayoría de los pacientes que realizan actividad deportiva recreacional, y que fueron sometidos a una artroscopía de cadera por presentar SFFA, pueden retornar a su actividad deportiva previa y presentan un alto índice de satisfacción postoperatoria. Nuestros resultados se condicen con la bibliografía.Conclusión: el tratamiento artroscópico del SFFA, en pacientes que realizan deportes de forma recreacional, brinda una tasa elevada (>90%) de satisfacción, de retorno a la práctica y a un nivel similar al que presentaban antes de la cirugía


Introduction: The aim of this study was to assess return to sport of patients after hip arthroscopy for treatment of femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAI). Materials and Methods: patients with sports activity prior to surgery and who underwent hip arthroscopy due to FAI syndrome, with minimum follow-up of two years were included. All patients had to complete a written survey about type of sports they performed, sports return, competition level and satisfaction with surgery. Modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS) was assessed, and level of sport activity was registered, according to Tegner's Activity Scale.Results: one hundred and four hip arthroscopies were available for full analysis with minimum follow-up of 29.4 (24 ­ 46) months. We observed ninety-six (92.3%) patients were able to return to same prior sports activity at a mean of 4.7 (range 2 ­ 9) months. Eight (7.7%) patients were unable to return to sports after surgery. 95.2% reported agreement with hip surgery. mHHS score showed an statistically significant increase after surgery (69.2 ± 4.8 versus 87.5 ± 4.4; p <0.05). There was no significant difference in Tegner's Activity Scale. Discussion: several authors sustain that patients with recreational sports activity who underwent hip arthroscopy for FAI syndrome, achieve excellent outcomes, and able to return to their prior level of competition with a high rate of satisfaction. Our results are similar, according with literature. Conclusion: FAI treatment with arthroscopy achieves high rates of satisfaction and sports return, with similar competition level before surgery


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy/methods , Patient Satisfaction , Femoracetabular Impingement/surgery , Return to Sport
6.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(2): 149-156, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1282680

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El objetivo primario de nuestro trabajo es analizar los resultados funcionales y retorno deportivo de una serie de pacientes operados de revisión de LCA aislado y aquellos en quien se asoció una plástica extraarticular lateral (PEAL). Como objetivo secundario analizamos la tasa de re-ruptura en ambos grupos. Materiales y métodos: cohorte retrospectiva con recolección de datos prospectivo. Se evaluaron pacientes consecutivos operados de revisión de LCA aislado entre 2014 y 2015 (Grupo 1), y en quienes se asoció una plástica extraarticular lateral (PEAL) entre 2015 y 2016 (Grupo 2). Fueron estudiados a través de un examen clínico, escalas subjetivas de Lysholm, IKDC, evaluación artrométrica con KT-1000, retorno deportivo y una resonancia magnética (RM) al año. Analizamos la tasa de re-ruptura.Resultados: treinta y seis pacientes, dieciocho en cada grupo con un seguimiento promedio de cincuenta y tres meses (rango 37-73). Para la PEAL se realizó una tenodesis extraarticular lateral con fascia lata en trece casos y una reconstrucción con aloinjerto en cinco casos. La mediana de edad fue de 30.5 (RIC 27-36 años) en el Grupo 1 y 26.5 (RIC 24-33 años) en el Grupo 2. La mediana de la escala de Lysholm pre y postoperatoria fue 65 (RIC 61-72) y 91 (RIC 87-98) en el Grupo 1, y 72 (RIC 53-75) y 90 (RIC 79-95) en el Grupo 2 (p 0.1). La mediana de la escala de IKDC pre y postoperatoria fue 55 (RIC 45-65) y 80 (RIC 75-94) en el Grupo 1, y 56 (RIC 48-67) y 76 (RIC 68-84) en el Grupo 2 (p 0.11). Dieciséis (89%) pacientes en cada grupo retornaron al deporte. La tasa de re-ruptura fue 17% (n = 3) para el Grupo 1 y 5.5% (n = 1) para el Grupo 2 (p >0.6) en un promedio de veinticuatro meses. Conclusión: los resultados clínicos y de retorno al deporte han demostrado ser satisfactorios ambos grupos. Si bien la tasa de re-ruptura fue tres veces menor en el Grupo 2, esta diferencia no fue significativa. Se requiere mayor número de pacientes y tiempo para establecer una conclusión.Tipo de estudio: Cohorte retrospectiva. Nivel de evidencia: III


Introduction: The aim of this study is to compare the clinical outcomes and return to sports of a consecutive series of patients treated for revision ACL with and without a lateral extra-articular reconstruction. The secondary objective was to analyze the failure rate in both groups.Materials and methods: we retrospectively evaluated a series of patients treated for isolated revision ACL between 2014 and 2015 (Group 1) and revision ACL associated with a lateral extra-articular plasty from 2015 to 2016 (Group 2). All patients were evaluated with clinical examination, subjective scales of Lysholm and IKDC, return to sports, arthrometric KT-1000 evaluation, magnetic resonance (MR) at one-year follow-up and failure rate.Results: thirty-six patients were evaluated, eighteen in each Group with a mean follow-up of fifty-three months (range 37-73). For the LEAP, in thirteen cases we performed a lateral tenodesis with ilio-tibial band and in five cases a reconstruction using allograft. The median age was 30.5 (IQR 27-36 years) for Group 1 and 26.5 (IQR 24-33 years) for Group 2. The median pre and postoperative Lysholm score was 65 (IQR 61-72) and 91 (IQR 87-98) in Group 1, and 72 (IQR 53-75) and 90 (IQR 79-95) in Group 2 (p 0.1). The median pre and postoperative IKDC score was 55 (IQR 45-65) and 80 (IQR 74-94) in Group 1, and 56 (IQR 48-67) and 76 (IQR 68-84) in Group 2 (p 0.11). Sixteen (89%) patients return to sports in each Group. The failure rate was 17% (n = 3) for Group 1 and 5.5% (n = 1) for Group 2 (p >0.6) at a mean of twenty-four months.Conclusion: clinical outcomes and return to sports were similar for both groups. Even though the failure rate was three times less in Group 2, this difference was not statistically significant. Greater number of patients and more follow-up is necessary to establish any conclusion.Type of study: Retrospective cohort . Level of evidence: III


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Arthroscopy/methods , Reoperation , Tenodesis , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Return to Sport
7.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353918

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El objetivo de este estudio fue describir las tasas de retorno al deporte y el nivel alcanzado por los pacientes con inestabilidad de hombro luego del procedimiento abierto y artroscópico de Latarjet. materiales y métodos:Seguimos un protocolo prespecificado y registrado en PROSPERO. Evaluamos la calidad de los estudios y utilizamos el sistema GRADE para evaluar la calidad general de la evidencia obtenida en los resultados. Incluimos estudios que evalúan el retorno al deporte de los pacientes luego de una cirugía de Latarjet con un seguimiento mínimo de 2 años. Resultados: Se incluyeron 24 estudios, con 1436 atletas, todos con cirugía y un seguimiento promedio de 57 meses (rango 24-240). La tasa general de retorno al deporte varió del 65% al 100% de los pacientes, de ellos, el 23-100% retornó al mismo nivel. El tiempo promedio de retorno al deporte fue de 6 meses (rango 1-36). El nivel de evidencia fue bajo debido a las características de los estudios incluidos (nivel de evidencia IV), las limitaciones de los estudios y sus inconsistencias. Conclusiones: La mayoría de los atletas con luxación recidivante de hombro sometidos a una cirugía de Latarjet retoman la práctica deportiva; sin embargo, el nivel alcanzado varía sustancialmente. El tiempo promedio de retorno al deporte fue de 6 meses, y no hubo diferencias significativas entre los deportistas competitivos y recreacionales. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


background: The purpose of this study was to describe rates of return to sports and the level achieved by patients after a Latarjet procedure.methods: We followed a protocol registered in PROSPERO (registration number CRD42018107606). A literature search was performed in May 2019 in MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL and clinical trials records. We used the GRADE approach for the assessment of the overall quality of the evidence per outcome. We included studies (evidence level I to IV) evaluating return to sports following shoulder stabilization with the Latarjet procedure with a minimum of 2-year follow-up. Results: We included 24 studies, including 1436 athletes, all treated surgically after an average follow-up of 57 months (range 24 to 240). The overall rate of return to sport ranged from 65% to 100%, including 23% to 100% at an equivalent level of play. The average time for return to sport was 6 months (range, 1 - 36 months). Competitive athletes appeared to return to the same level of competition and this difference was not statistically significant (p = 0.32). The quality of the evidence was very low due to study design (evidence level IV), study limitations and inconsistency. Conclusion: Most athletes with glenohumeral instability returned to sport, however the level maintained after shoulder stabilization with the Latarjet procedure varied substantially. The average time to return to sports was 6 months and results were equally favorable in competitive and recreational athletes


Subject(s)
Shoulder Dislocation , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Return to Sport
8.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353926

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La artroscopia bilateral de rodilla en un solo tiempo quirúrgico permite cursar un solo posoperatorio y una única rehabilitación. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar los resultados clínico-funcionales y el tiempo hasta el retorno laboral y deportivo en una serie de pacientes sometidos a una artroscopia bilateral en un solo tiempo quirúrgico. materiales y métodos: Se evaluó a una serie retrospectiva de pacientes desde abril de 2016 hasta abril de 2019, que fueron sometidos a una artroscopia bi-lateral de rodilla en un solo tiempo quirúrgico. Se analizaron los resultados clínico-funcionales a corto y mediano plazo, y el tiempo para el retorno laboral y deportivo. Resultados: La edad promedio fue de 41 años (rango 18-63). El seguimiento promedio fue de 18 meses (rango 6-37). Los tiempos de anestesia y quirúrgico promedio fueron 105 min (rango 60-170) y 85 min (rango 50-150), respectivamente. El tiempo promedio para el retorno laboral fue de 2 meses (rango 1-5). Todos los pacientes recuperaron el rango completo de movilidad articular. Conclusiones: Si bien se han obtenido buenos resultados clínicos con la artroscopia bilateral de rodilla en un solo tiempo, en pacientes seleccionados, no se pueden establecer comparaciones ni conclusiones relevantes debido a la baja casuística y a la gran diversidad de las cirugías realizadas. La principal ventaja radicaría en evitar procedimientos en dos tiempos quirúrgicos, lo que implicaría dos operaciones, dos anestesias y dos programas de rehabilitación diferentes. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Single-stage bilateral arthroscopic surgery allows the patient to undergo a single postoperative and rehabilitation period. The aim of this article was to evaluate the functional-clinical outcomes and time to return to work and sports in a series of patients who had undergone single-stage bilateral arthroscopy. Materials and Methods: We evaluated a retrospective series of patients who had undergone single-stage bilateral knee arthroscopy from April 2016 to April 2019. Short- and medium-term clinical-functional outcomes, and time to return to work and sports were analyzed. Results: The average age of the patients was 41 years (range 18 - 63), with an average follow-up of 18 months (6-37). The average anesthesia time was 105 minutes (range 60 - 170) and the average surgical time was 85 minutes (50 to 150). The average time to return to work was 2 months (range 1-5). Joint range of motion was fully recovered in all patients. Conclusion: Although single-stage bilateral arthroscopy has shown good clinical outcomes in selected patients, no relevant comparisons or conclusions can be established due to the low casuistry and the great diversity of the surgeries performed. The main advantage would be in avoiding procedures in two surgical stages, which would imply two operations, twice the anesthesia and two different rehabilitation programs. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Arthroscopy/methods , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Return to Work , Return to Sport , Knee Joint/surgery
9.
Actual. SIDA. infectol ; 29(107): 113-124, 2021 nov. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1348694

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Es frecuente que, luego de un episodio de COVID-19, los pacientes persistan con síntomas, lo cual impacta negativamente en su calidad de vida. El objetivo primario de este estudio es determinar los síntomas prevalentes y su duración luego de un episodio de COVID-19 y la persistencia de estos al mes y a los tres meses del episodio. Los objetivos secundarios son describir el lapso entre el episodio de COVID-19, la reinserción laboral o académica y la reanudación de actividad física. Material y métodos: Estudio descriptivo, observacional, en adultos con antecedente de infección por SARS-CoV-2, realizado a través de una encuesta en línea. Se relacionaron variables demográficas y comorbilidades con síntomas durante la infección, al mes y al tercer mes del episodio.Resultados: Participaron 308 personas. Los síntomas más comunes en la fase aguda fueron dolor muscular y fiebre. Al mes, el 89% presentaba síntomas persistentes, siendo los más frecuentes: fatiga y mialgias. Luego de tres meses, 34,85% presentaba síntomas, siendo los más frecuentes: fatiga y anosmia. Solo el 45,7% de las personas logró la reinserción laboral/académica y el 17% de los individuos logró reiniciar actividad física al alta epidemiológica.Discusión: El porcentaje de personas con síntomas persistentes después de un episodio de COVID-19 es alto. La persistencia de los síntomas disminuye con el tiempo, lo cual es un dato alentador para todos aquellos pacientes que consultan por continuar sintomáticos.


Background: It is frequent that patients complain of persistent symptoms after an episode of COVID-19 infection, that worsened their quality of lifeAim: the aim of this study is to describe the main symptoms during a COVID-19 infection and persistent symptoms a month and three months after the episode. Our secondary objective is to describe the period between the COVID-19 episode and resuming work/ studies and exercise routine. Methods: this is a descriptive, observational study that included adults who underwent an episode of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Participants responded to an online survey. We include demographic and comorbidity data and symptoms during infection, and one and three months after infection. Results: 308 people responded to the survey, frequent symptoms during the episode included myalgia and fever. A month after the episode, 89% complained of persistent symptoms, most frequently myalgia and fatigue. Three months after the episode 38.85% complained of persistent symptoms , most frequently fatigue and anosmia. Only 45.7% could resume work/ studies 10 days after the diagnosis, and 17% could resume exercise routine 10 days after the diagnosis. Conclusions: there is a high percentage of people who persisted with symptoms after a COVID-19 infection. We noticed symptoms improved over time, this finding could be encouraged for patients who persist symptomatic after the episode.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Symptom Assessment , Return to Work , Return to Sport , SARS-CoV-2/pathogenicity , COVID-19/rehabilitation
10.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(4): 432-437, Jul.-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138055

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To analyze the results of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with remnant-preserving versus remnant-resecting technique, concerning the return to pre-lesion activity level. Methods The present retrospective cohort study has assessed adults > 18 years old who underwent ACL anatomical reconstruction between 2010 and 2014. The main outcomes assessed were: level of physical activity (4-point scale), sports participation rate, ACL rerupture defined as documented lesion requiring revision surgery and the numeric pain scale rate (NPSR). Results A total of 83 individuals were included in the study, with a mean age of 31.8 years old and follow-up mean time of 4.2 years after the surgery. A total of 34 patients underwent ACL reconstruction with remnant-preserving technique, and 49 without remnant preservation. No statistically significant difference was found between groups in all outcomes assessed: level of physical activity before the lesion and after the surgery, ACL rerupture rates and postoperative pain level. Subgroup analysis has shown a statistically significant decrease in the activity level in both groups. The most practiced sport was football; 72% of patients in the remnant group have resumed football activity versus 52.6% of the control group. Conclusion Based in these findings, the comparison between ACL reconstruction with remnant preserving technique and remnant resecting technique has shown no differences concerning the return to prelesion activity level.


Resumo Objetivo Analisar os resultados da reconstrução do ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) com preservação do remanescente, comparada à técnica convencional, no retorno do paciente ao nível de atividade física pré-lesão. Métodos Estudo transversal retrospectivo, que avaliou indivíduos adultos submetidos à reconstrução anatômica do LCA no período de 2010 a 2014. Os desfechos analisados foram: nível de atividade física, taxa retorno ao esporte, relesão do LCA definida como lesão documentada que necessite de nova reconstrução ligamentar, e dor pela escala numérica de dor (EVN). Resultados Foram incluídos 83 indivíduos com média de 31,8 anos de idade e seguimento médio de 4,2 anos após a cirurgia, 34 submetidos à reconstrução do LCA com preservação do remanescente, e 49 à convencional. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos na frequência de atividade física pré-lesão e pós-operatória, na taxa de relesão do LCA reconstruído e na intensidade da dor no pós-operatório. Na análise intragrupos, houve uma queda estatisticamente significativa na frequência da prática de atividade física pós-operatória para ambos os grupos em comparação ao nível pré-lesão. O tipo de esporte mais praticado foi o futebol, onde 72% pacientes do grupo remanescente retornaram ao esporte comparado a 52,6% do grupo controle; porém, essa diferença não foi estatisticamente significante. Conclusão Não foi possível observar diferenças entre os pacientes submetidos às técnicas cirúrgicas de reconstrução LCA com e sem a preservação do remanescente em relação ao retorno ao esporte, frequência de atividade física e intensidade da dor. Estudos futuros prospectivos são necessários.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pain , Pain, Postoperative , Rupture , Sports , Exercise , Incidence , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Return to Sport , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries , Football
11.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 61(1): 2-10, mar. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291830

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Analyze return to sports and related factors after primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. METHODS: Observational descriptive study. 173 patients operated by the same surgeon and standardized technique (patellar autograft) who answered a questionnaire at least 12 months post procedure were included. Questionnaire included Subjective IKDC, Tegner activity level (Pre and Postoperative) and questions elaborated by the group. RESULTS: Mean age was 30.8 years, 85% were men, 73% practiced soccer and median postoperative IKDC was 71. Follow up until questionnaire response was 28 months. Males had a better return to sports than females (70% vs 48%, p » 0.037). Tegner preinjury level was 5 vs 4.3 postoperative, (p < 0.001). Return to sports was 67% according to Tegner scale and 66% by self-assessment. Return to similar previous activity level was 57% by Tegner scale but 24% by direct questions. Of those patients, 51% have fear of reinjury and 26% by reasons other than knee or surgery. We didn't find association between meniscal injuries and return to sports rate. Patients with chondral injuries had lower rates in return to sports (35% vs 60%, p » 0.002). Subjects that returned to sports had higher IKDC scores (73.5 vs 64.3, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: We found 67% return to sports and 57% to the preinjury level. Positive return to sports factors were male sex, absence of chondral injury and better functional outcome. Psychological factors such as fear of injury is frequent in patients who don't achieve previous levels of activity.


OBJETIVOS: Analizar el retorno deportivo y factores asociados tras la reconstrucción primaria de ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA). MÉTODOS: Estudio observacional descriptivo. Se incluyeron 173 operados entre 2014 y 2017 por el mismo cirujano, los cuales contestaron un cuestionario al menos 12 meses después de la cirugía. El cuestionario incluye IKDC subjetivo, Tegner activity level (pre y post operatorio) y preguntas de elaboración propia. RESULTADOS: La edad promedio es 30,8 años, el 85% son hombres, el 73% practicaba fútbol y la mediana del IKDC fue 71. La media de meses hasta responder el cuestionario fue de 28 meses. Tegner pre-lesión promedio fue de 5 vs 4,3 postoperatorio, p < 0,001. Según la escala Tegner el 57% retorna al mismo nivel previo, sin embargo, de acuerdo con el cuestionario propio solo el 24% lo haría. De ese subgrupo, el 51% tiene temor a lesionarse de nuevo y el 26% reporta razones no relacionadas a la rodilla. No encontramos asociación entre lesiones meniscales y la tasa de retorno. Aquellos que retornan tienen menor prevalencia de lesiones condrales (35% vs 60%, p » 0,002). Los pacientes que retornaron tuvieron un IKDC superior (73,5 vs 64,3, p < 0,001). El sexo masculino tiene una tasa de retorno de 70% vs 48% de su contraparte femenina (p » 0,037). CONCLUSIONES: El 67% retorna al deporte y el 57% lo hace al mismo nivel. Factores positivos relacionados al retorno fueron sexo masculino, ausencia de lesión condral y mejor resultado funcional. Factores psicológicos con el miedo a lesionarse de nuevo son frecuentes en pacientes que no recuperan el nivel previo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Bone-Patellar Tendon-Bone Grafting/methods , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction/methods , Return to Sport , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Surveys and Questionnaires , Fear , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/psychology , Reinjuries/psychology
12.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(1): 1-7, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092680

ABSTRACT

Abstract Arthroscopy is a surgical technique whose indication for wrist injuries has grown in recent years. Athletes are subject to traumatic injury to the wrist due to training overload or the intensity of the activity during competition. The need of a quick return to sports practice makes arthroscopy a very useful minimally invasive technique in these situations. The authors present indications of sports-related injuries to the wrist that can be treated by arthroscopy. A literature review is also presented.


Resumo A artroscopia é uma técnica cirúrgica que tem sido cada vez mais usada para a abordagem de lesões no punho. Atletas estão sujeitos a lesões traumáticas no punho devido à sobrecarga de treinamento ou à intensidade da atividade em competição. A necessidade de retornar o mais breve possível à pratica esportiva faz da artroscopia uma técnica minimamente invasiva muito útil nessas situações. Os autores apresentam as principais indicações de tratamento de lesões esportivas por artroscopia. Foi feita uma revisão da literatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroscopy/methods , Athletic Injuries , Sports , Wounds and Injuries , Wrist Injuries/diagnosis , Athletes , Return to Sport , Hand Injuries/diagnosis
13.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 27(4): 162-165, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1177899

ABSTRACT

El menisco cumple un rol clave en la distribución de cargas, ampliando la superficie de contacto y mejorando la congruencia femorotibial. La lesión meniscal aumenta exponencialmente presiones y altera el área de contacto articular femorotibial. Evaluaremos la efectividad de reparaciones artroscópicas en lesiones meniscales aisladas y la tasa de retorno al deporte competitivo de contacto.Se evaluaron retrospectivamente once pacientes tratados con sutura meniscal artroscópica aislada, con un seguimiento mínimo de dos años. Criterios de inclusión: lesión meniscal aislada aguda o semi aguda (0-6 semanas), lesiones longitudinales zona roja-roja y zona roja-blanca, deporte competitivo de contacto. Criterios de exclusión: reparación meniscal asociada a otros procedimientos (por ejemplo, plástica del LCA), cirugía de revisión. Sexo: diez hombres, una mujer. Edad: mediana de veinticuatro años (14-35).Complicaciones: un paciente con pérdida de extensión >5°. Retorno al deporte: diez pacientes mismo deporte / mismo nivel, un paciente a menor nivel. Re-ruptura: un paciente, nueva entorsis en su tercera temporada postcirugía. Subjetivamente: diez pacientes muy satisfechos, uno regular. Podemos concluir que pacientes jóvenes con lesiones meniscales aisladas, reparadas artroscópicamente en las primeras seis semanas, tienen una excelente tasa de retorno al deporte competitivo de contacto, con alto grado de satisfacción. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Our objective is to evaluate the effectiveness of isolated meniscal repairs and the rate of return to competitive sports and compare them with the literature.The meniscus plays a role in shock absorption, load distribution, increases the contact surface, improves femoral-tibial congruence. The meniscal injury alters the transmission of loads, thus increasing the pressures of the femoral-tibial contact between 20 and 50%.Eleven patients with eleven meniscal lesions treated with isolated arthroscopic meniscal suture were retrospectively evaluated. Inclusion criteria: patient with isolated acute or semi-acute meniscal injury (0-6 weeks), competitive contact sport.Eleven patients (eleven knees), minimum follow-up two years. Ten men, one woman. Median age twenty four years (14-35). Meniscal lesions: four red-red zone and seven red-white zone. Median time from injury to surgery: four weeks (1-13). Ten patients returned to their sport at the same level. One patient return to sport but at a lower level. The median time of return to the sport: sixteen weeks (12-28). Two dropouts of sport: one patient after a second competitive season, for reasons not related to surgery; one patient suffered a re-injury that required partial meniscectomy.Subjectively: Very satisfied ten patients, regular one patient. Complications: loss of extension more than 5° one patient. Pain: climatic discomfort in three patients, pain with maximum training loads in one patient.Young patients with simple red-red or red-white lesions, operated on within the first six weeks from injury have excellent clinical results and return to contact sport at same level. Level of evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Athletic Injuries , Follow-Up Studies , Return to Sport , Tibial Meniscus Injuries , Knee Injuries
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811452

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The study aimed to assess the average time to return to play following surgery for chronic lateral ankle instability in athletes.METHODS: A literature search was conducted (1976 to 2019) by two independent reviewers using the Medline, Embase, and Cochrane library databases. Articles were retrieved by an electronic search using individual keywords (“lateral ankle instability,” “surgery,” “operation,” “return to sport,” “return to play”) and their combinations. Studies that met the inclusion criteria were assessed for pertinent data.RESULTS: Six randomized controlled trials were included in this analysis. The mean follow-up period was 44.8 months (range, 31.8–58.1 months) in 219 patients (male, 126; female, 113). The mean age was 23.2 years (range, 18.2–28.2 years). Different criteria for returning to sports were used in each paper. In the papers included in this study, different methods and definitions were used for the postoperative recovery method for lateral ankle instability injury. The average time until return to play was 16.53 weeks.CONCLUSION: There are limitations to the application of different surgical techniques and data from different athletes for chronic lateral ankle instability. However, these results suggest that sports physicians evaluate the surgical outcome and may be utilized as reference data for informing the athletes about their time until return.


Subject(s)
Ankle Injuries , Ankle , Athletes , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Methods , Return to Sport , Sports
15.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1146268

ABSTRACT

Las roturas del ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) son las lesiones ligamentarias de resolución quirúrgica más frecuentes de la rodilla. El retorno deportivo tras una reconstrucción de LCA genera gran preocupación tanto a cirujanos como a jugadores. Otorgar el alta médico deportiva supone una elevada responsabilidad profesional, deberían utilizarse criterios objetivos que disminuyan la posibilidad de obtener resultados desfavorables. Sugerimos utilizar seis criterios para definir el retorno deportivo tras la reconstrucción del LCA: desaparición de signos y síntomas, cumplimiento efectivo de un protocolo de rehabilitación, evaluación isocinética, Hop Test, ligamentización del injerto, aptitud psicológica para el retorno deportivo. El seguimiento de los pacientes que no cumplen con los criterios, debe enfocarse en los déficits puntuales de cada uno. La superación de los seis criterios de alta acercan considerablemente al deportista a recuperar su nivel deportivo


Subject(s)
Athletic Injuries , Follow-Up Studies , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Return to Sport , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries , Knee Joint/surgery
16.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1146281

ABSTRACT

Son múltiples las variables que se deben tener en cuenta a la hora de recomendar cómo realizar actividad física: tipo, frecuencia, intensidad, duración y densidad. Existen varias guías que se dedican a este tema, pero la situación que se vive en la actualidad producto de la pandemia por COVID 19 generó un gran interés por evitar la aparición de injurias luego de un extenso período de desentrenamiento. El propósito de este trabajo es sugerir la Práctica de Ejercicio Físico (PEF) con el objetivo de informar y promover su ejecución adecuada, estimular su progreso y limitar el riesgo de lesiones


Subject(s)
Sports , Sedentary Behavior , Pandemics , Return to Sport , Motor Activity
17.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 54(6): 703-708, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057964

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To describe the treatment provided by specialists for ACL lesions in professional soccer players. Methods A cross-sectional study in which orthopedic surgeons affiliated to soccer teams competing in the Brazilian Soccer Championship answered a questionnaire about the treatment of ACL injuries in professional soccer players. Results The specialists wait between one to four weeks after the ACL injury to perform the surgical treatment. They use a single incision and single-bundle reconstruction, assisted by arthroscopy, femoral tunnel drilling by an accessory medial portal, and quadruple flexor tendon autografts or patellar tendon autografts. After three to four months, the players are allowed to run in a straight line; after four to six months, they begin to practice exercises with the ball without contact with other athletes; and, after six to eight months, they return to play. The main parameter used to determine the return to play is the isokinetic strength test. The specialists estimate that more than 90% of elite soccer players return to playing professionally after an ACL reconstruction, and 60 to 90% return to play at their prior or at a greater level of performance. Conclusion The present article successfully describes the main surgical practices and post-surgery management adopted by specialists in this highly-specific population of patients.


Resumo Objetivo Descrever o tratamento realizado por especialistas das lesões do ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) em jogadores profissionais de futebol. Métodos Estudo transversal, no qual ortopedistas vinculados a clubes participantes do Campeonato Brasileiro de Futebol responderam a um questionário sobre o tratamento das lesões do LCA em jogadores profissionais de futebol. Resultados Os especialistas aguardam entre uma e quatro semanas após a lesão do LCA para realizar o tratamento cirúrgico. Utilizam técnica com incisão e banda únicas auxiliada por artroscopia, perfuração do túnel femoral via portal acessório medial, e autoenxerto quádruplo de tendões flexores ou autoenxerto de tendão patelar. Os jogadores são liberados para correr em linha reta após três a quatro meses; para exercícios com bola sem contato com outros atletas, após quatro a seis meses; e o retorno ao esporte acorre após seis a oito meses. O principal parâmetro usado para o retorno ao esporte é o teste de força isocinético. Os especialistas estimam que mais de 90% dos jogadores operados por lesão do LCA retornam ao esporte profissional, e entre 60% e 90% retornam com o mesmo nível ou com um nível melhor de desempenho. Conclusão Este estudo descreve de forma satisfatória as principais práticas cirúrgicas e pós-operatórias adotadas pelos especialistas nessa população altamente específica de pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Arthroscopy , Soccer , Surveys and Questionnaires , Anterior Cruciate Ligament , Patellar Ligament , Athletes , Return to Sport , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries , Orthopedic Surgeons , Knee/surgery , Knee Injuries
18.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 60(2): 35-38, oct. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1095951

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to assess the return to play among amateur soccer league players after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. MATERIALS AND METHOD: The surgical protocols of ACL reconstruction surgeries performed in a sports medicine clinic from July 1st, 2013, to June 30th, 2014, were included in the study. Only the charts of amateur soccer league players who played once or twice a week were selected. The follow-up time was calculated as the number of months between surgery and the telephone survey. At the follow-up, the current status of the soccer playing was recorded. Those patients who were no longer playing in a team were asked what kind of sport they were currently practicing, as well as the main reason for not returning to team playing. RESULTS: A total of 61 (25.6%) patients met the inclusion criteria. The mean follow-up time was of 22.4 3.4 months. At the follow-up, 30 (49.1%) patients were playing in amateur soccer teams. Among the patients who were no longer playing in a team, 19 (61.2%) were playing soccer occasionally, 11 (35.4%) were practicing other sports, and 1 developed a sedentary life style. The reasons for not returning to team playing were: fear of reinjury in 26%; knee symptoms in 26%; lack of confidence in the knee in 23%, family or job commitments in 23%; and not being eligible to participate in competitive sports in 2%. CONCLUSION: After an average of two years of ACL reconstruction, only half of the amateur soccer league players return to play.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Soccer , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Return to Sport , Follow-Up Studies
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762643

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an active rehabilitation program that involves repetitive effortful muscle contractions, including core stability, balancing exercises, progressive resistance exercises, and running activities, after a sports hernia, is effective. METHODS: Forty soccer players with sports hernias were randomly divided into two equal groups: group A (active rehabilitation program) and group B (conventional treatment). The methods of assessment included a visual analog scale (VAS) and hip internal and external range of motion assessments. Group A received conventional treatment (heat, massage, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, and mobilization) plus an active rehabilitation program, while group B received only conventional treatment. Three treatment sessions were given each week for 2 months. Evaluations were performed pre- and post-treatment. RESULTS: A decrease in VAS was seen in both groups at the end of treatment, 80.25% in group A and 41.93% in group B. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (p=0.0001), whereas there were no statistical differences in internal and external rotation between the groups at the end of treatment (p>0.05). After treatment, an improvement in outcome measures of group A compared to group B (p=0.01) was seen. Thirteen patients in group A and only three patients in group B returned to sports activities without groin pain. CONCLUSION: Active rehabilitation was effective for sports hernia management measured by a decrease in pain and the return to sports.


Subject(s)
Exercise , Groin , Hernia , Hip , Humans , Massage , Muscle Contraction , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Range of Motion, Articular , Rehabilitation , Return to Sport , Running , Soccer , Sports , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation , Visual Analog Scale
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761830

ABSTRACT

For a basketball player who had scapholunate interosseous ligament injury related to sport, it is crucial to secure the active range of motion (ROM) and regain proprioception of the wrist. The player was involved in a 21-week rehabilitation procedure based on controlling pain with inactive treatments, restoring the wrist ROM with active treatments. We measured the visual analog scale (VAS) for pain, upper extremity functional outcome measurement (Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand [DASH]) for the functionality, and active ROMs of the wrist. The VAS was decreased (after surgical treatment, 8.7; 1 week, 2.5; 12 week, 3–5; 21 week, 0). The DASH score was decreased when he returned to play (after surgical treatment, 78; end of the rehabilitation, 23). Wrist flexion and extension ROM were increased to 55° and 67°, respectively. To restore the function of the wrist for basketball performance, improvement of active ROM and proprioception is the primary goal to return to play.


Subject(s)
Arm , Basketball , Hand , Ligaments , Proprioception , Range of Motion, Articular , Rehabilitation , Return to Sport , Shoulder , Sports , Upper Extremity , Visual Analog Scale , Wrist
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