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1.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-762477

ABSTRACT

Biological drugs, such as proteins and immunogens, are increasingly used to treat various diseases, including tumors and autoimmune diseases, and biological molecules have almost completely replaced synthetic drugs in rheumatology. Although biological treatments such as anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) drugs seem to be quite safe, they cause some undesirable effects, such as the onset of infections due to weakening of the immune system. Given the biological nature of these drugs, they might be recognized as extraneous; this would induce an immune reaction that neutralizes their effectiveness or lead to more serious consequences. Laboratories play a pivotal role in appropriate therapeutic management. The aim of this review was to underline the production of anti-drug antibodies during treatment with biological drugs and highlight the role of laboratories in ensuring appropriate use of these drugs.


Subject(s)
Antibodies , Autoimmune Diseases , Biological Therapy , Immune System , Necrosis , Rheumatology
2.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-786143

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: In Korea, short physician consultation time has been a cause of concern as it compromises the care provided. This study was aimed at finding the actual and optimal consultation time per patient for rheumatology outpatient clinic in Korea.METHODS: The surveys were prepared based on a study of the literature and consisted of multiple-choice questions as well as additional open questions. Surveys were conducted from November to February, 2018~2019. Rheumatologist members of the Korean College of Rheumatology were invited to complete the web-based survey as well as paper survey.RESULTS: The mean duration of consultation allocated to a new and an established patient was found to be 12.3 and 4.8 minutes, respectively, which corresponded to only 22%~35.3% of perceived optimal consultation time. On the other hand, the intrusion of physician autonomy for optimal patient care by the hospital executive was manifest such that only 4.7% responded discretion in allocating consultation time for patients and that 61.3% replied that they have been restrained from keeping the adequate outpatient clinic volumes. Sixty six percent of respondents replied that insufficient consultation time affects patient safety including errors in prescription.CONCLUSION: Rheumatology consultation time is very insufficient compared to optimal situation. A drastic change in health care policy promoting good quality of care, such as appropriate compensation which guarantees sufficient consultation time, as well as strong policy to control excessive profit-driven management policy of the hospitals is urgently needed.


Subject(s)
Ambulatory Care , Ambulatory Care Facilities , Compensation and Redress , Delivery of Health Care , Hand , Humans , Korea , Patient Care , Patient Safety , Prescriptions , Quality of Health Care , Rheumatology , Surveys and Questionnaires
3.
Med. interna (Caracas) ; 36(1): 56-59, 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), LIVECS | ID: biblio-1103079

ABSTRACT

El mieloma múltiple (MM) es un tumor de proliferación clonal de plasmocitos en la médula ósea (MO). Hasta ahora no es curable1,2. Puede presentarse como una enfermedad indolente o con manifestaciones clínicas como insuficiencia renal, anemia y lesiones osteolíticas1. Se presenta el caso de una paciente femenina de 46 años, quien padecía dolor en la región del brazo izquierdo, acompañado por dolores óseos generalizados. Al examen físico se observó en el tercio proximal de la región humeral izquierda y hombro ipsilateral, gran tumoración que deformaba la anatomía local, indurada, inmóvil y dolorosa. Presentaba anemia severa (Hb. 6 g/dL), cuantificación de ß2 Microglobulina 4,23 mg/L (VR 0,80 ­ 3,0 mg/L) y rastreo óseo radiológico con múltiples lesiones líticas. En la muestra de médula ósea se encontró infiltración de 80 % de células plasmáticas mono- clonales kappa. Se le diagnosticó discrasia de células plasmáticas tipo MM monoclonal kappa sintomático, estadio II (ISS), con enfermedad ósea extensa y un gran plasmocitoma humeral izquier- do. Se indicó tratamiento de inducción de la remisión con el esquema VCD (bortezomib, ciclofosfamida y dexametasona). Adicionalmente ácido zoledrónico. Posteriormente se modificó a bortezomib, talidomida y prednisona. Luego del tratamiento antineoplásico, refirió acalmia completa del dolor con mejoría de la movilidad. Este caso clínico se trata de una presentación inusual de MM debido a la edad de la paciente y a la extensa enfermedad ósea. Llamó la atención la ausencia de niveles elevados de la cadena liviana kappa de las inmunoglobulinas libres en suero. Por la edad de la paciente y la ausencia de co-morbilidades significativas, es candidata para trasplante de células progenitoras hematopoyéticas (TCPH)(AU)


Multiple myeloma (MM) is a tumor of clonal proliferation of plasma cells in the bone marrow (BM). Until now it is not curable1,2. It can present as without symptoms or with clinical manifestations such as renal failure, anemia and osteolytic lesions1. We describe the case of a 46-year-old female patient, who complained of pain in her left arm, and, also, by generalized bone pain. On physical examination a large tumor was present in the proximal third of the left humeral region and ipsilateral shoulder, it was hard, painful and immo- bile. She had severe anemia (Hb 6 g / dL), quantification of ß2 Microglobulin 4.23 mg / L (VR 0.80 - 3.0 mg /L) and the radiological bone survey showed multiple lytic lesions. In the bone marrow sample, an infiltration of 80 % kappa monoclonal plasma cells was found. Her diagnosis was MM-type plasma cell dyscrasia, symptomatic kappa, stage II (ISS), with extensive bone disease and a large left humeral plasmacytoma. Remission induction therapy was indicated with the VCD scheme (bortezomib, cyclophosphamide and dexa- methasone). Additionally zoledronic acid was administered. Subsequently, it was modified to bortezomib, thalidomide and prednisone. After antineoplastic treatment, she referred pain relief with improvement of mobility. This clinical case is an unusual presentation of MM due to the age of the patient and extensive bone disease. The absence of high levels of the kappa light chain of free immunoglobulins in serum attracted attention. Due to the age of the patient and the absence of significant comorbidities, she is a candidate for trans- plantation of hematopoietic stem cells(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Bone Neoplasms , Bone Marrow Cells , Multiple Myeloma/pathology , Rheumatology , Bone Diseases
4.
Diagn. tratamento ; 24(3): [126-132], jul - set. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1026706

Subject(s)
Rheumatology , Letter
6.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(1): 134-137, jan.-mar. 2019. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-994618

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A esclerose sistêmica é uma doença rara, autoimune, com evolução progressiva, que afeta os tecidos conectivos e órgãos internos por inflamação, podendo causar calcinose de subcutâneo. Podem evoluir para quadros dolorosos e incapacitantes, podendo tornar-se infectados, principalmente quando ulceram pela pele. Objetivo: Apresentar caso de calcinose em região inguinal e sua evolução cirúrgica. Relato de Caso: Paciente feminina portadora de calcinoses em região inguinal bilateral, apresentando algia moderada/grave com falha de tratamento clínico. Realizada ressecção cirúrgica das calcinoses, que formavam cordões de fibrose com aderência na fáscia do músculo oblíquo externo. Realizado fechamento primário com nylon 2.0 pontos simples subdérmicos e ponto intradérmico continuo nylon 3.0 para fechamento estético e menor reação inflamatória. Boa evolução pós- operatório. Conclusão: O melhor tratamento da calcinoses ainda não é claro. O tratamento das complicações se torna essencial para reduzir a morbidade e aumentar a qualidade de vida do paciente.


Introduction: Systemic sclerosis is a rare, autoimmune, progressive disease that affects connective tissues and internal organs by inflammation, which can cause calcinosis cutis. It can progress to painful and disabling conditions, and can become infected, especially when skin ulceration is present. Objective: To present a case of calcinosis in the inguinal region and its surgical recovery. Case Report: A female patient with calcinosis in the bilateral inguinal region presenting with moderate/severe pain had a failed clinical treatment. We performed surgical resection of the calcinosis cutis, which had formed clusters of fibrosis with adhesion to the fascia of the external oblique muscle. We used simple nylon 2.0 sutures along the subdermal plane to perform primary closure and continuous nylon 3.0 sutures along the intradermal plane for aesthetic closure and minimal inflammatory reaction. Her postoperative recovery was positive. Conclusion: The best treatment for calcinosis cutis is still unclear. Treating complications becomes essential for reducing patients' morbidity and increasing their quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Rheumatology/methods , Sclerosis/surgery , Sclerosis/complications , Autoimmune Diseases/diagnosis , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Calcinosis/diagnosis , Calcinosis/pathology , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , /methods , Inflammation/pathology
7.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-766186

ABSTRACT

Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) is a group of systemic vasculitides, that are characterized by inflammation in the small vessels, ranging from capillaries to arterioles or venules. AAV is divided into three variants based on the clinical manifestations and histological findings such as microscopic polyangiitis (MPA), granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) and eosinophilic GPA (EGPA). MPA often induces rapid progressive necrotising glomerulonephritis, and occasionally induces diffuse alveolar hemorrhage. In contrast, GPA preferentially affects the respiratory tracts from the bronchus to the nasal cavity. GPA can also involve the kidneys, but the frequency of renal involvement is less than MPA. EGPA is based on allergic components such as asthma, peripheral eosinophilia, migratory eosinophilic pneumonia and eosinophil infiltration. Since 1982, when the association between ANCA and systemic vasculitis was first reported, several classification criteria for AAV have been proposed. This review describes the classification criteria for and nomenclature of AAV from the 1990 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) classification criteria to the 2012 revised Chapel Hill consensus conference (CHCC) nomenclature of Vasculitides. New classification trials for AAV such as AAV based on the ANCA-types (myeloperoxidase-ANCA vasculitis, proteinase 3-ANCA vasculitis and ANCA negative vasculitis) and the ACR/European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) 2017 provisional classification criteria for GPA were also introduced. In addition, the histopathological classification of ANCA-associated glomerulonephritis and the revised 2017 international consensus on testing of ANCAs in GPA and MPA are also discussed.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic , Arterioles , Asthma , Bronchi , Capillaries , Classification , Consensus , Cytoplasm , Eosinophilia , Eosinophils , Glomerulonephritis , Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis , Hemorrhage , Inflammation , Kidney , Microscopic Polyangiitis , Nasal Cavity , Pulmonary Eosinophilia , Respiratory System , Rheumatic Diseases , Rheumatology , Systemic Vasculitis , Vasculitis , Venules
8.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-766176

ABSTRACT

According to the American College of Rheumatology classification, lupus erythematosus has five psychiatric manifestations, including cognitive dysfunction, mood disorder, anxiety disorder, psychosis, and acute confusional state, which are frequently accompanied by other symptoms. Cognitive dysfunction is the most common psychiatric manifestation in lupus patients with a prevalence rate ranging from 20% to 80%. The expression of psychiatric manifestations has been considered to be associated with disease activity, side effects of medications, and/or psychosocial stresses from the chronicity of lupus, but this has not been fully understood. Appropriate management of psychiatric symptoms is essential as it affects treatment adherence and quality of life. This review aimed to facilitate understanding of psychiatric manifestations of lupus through literature review on the prevalence, clinical features, diagnosis, and treatments of each psychiatric symptom.


Subject(s)
Anxiety Disorders , Classification , Diagnosis , Humans , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Mental Disorders , Mood Disorders , Prevalence , Psychotic Disorders , Quality of Life , Rheumatology
9.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-759797

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis is highly prevalent, especially among the elderly. However, its risk factors have not been well identified, especially in the Korean population. This study aimed to assess the epidemiologic characteristics and risk factors of knee osteoarthritis in the Korean population. METHODS: Data of 2,280 (1,295 women) participants of the 2013 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey aged ≥50 years who underwent knee radiography were analyzed. According to the American College of Rheumatology clinical/radiographic classification criteria, knee osteoarthritis was defined as knee pain and radiographic knee osteoarthritis. The association between risk factors and knee osteoarthritis was analyzed using the chi-square test and binominal logistic regression. RESULTS: The participants had an average age of 62.6 years; 56.8% of them were women. The average body mass index was 24.2 kg/m2, and 296 (13%) participants were diagnosed with knee osteoarthritis. After adjustment for multiple risk factors, age of ≥65 years (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 2.552; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.868–3.486), female sex (OR, 2.050; 95% CI, 1.275–3.295), obesity (body mass index, ≥25.0 kg/m2; OR, 1.563; 95% CI, 1.191–2.051), hypertension (OR, 1.394; 95% CI, 1.052–1.846), low educational level (lower than or equal to elementary school: OR, 4.761; 95% CI, 2.131–10.635; middle school: OR, 3.184; 95% CI, 1.375–7.369), and low strength exercise frequency (<2 times/wk; OR, 1.829; 95% CI, 1.202–2.784) increased the risk of knee osteoarthritis. CONCLUSION: Old age, sex, obesity, hypertension, low educational level, and low strength exercise frequency were found to be risk factors for knee osteoarthritis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Body Mass Index , Classification , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Knee , Korea , Logistic Models , Nutrition Surveys , Obesity , Odds Ratio , Osteoarthritis , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Prevalence , Radiography , Rheumatology , Risk Factors
10.
The Korean Journal of Pain ; : 120-128, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-761685

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We aimed to explore the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 1990 and 2011 fibromyalgia (FM) classification criteria’s items and the components of Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) to identify features best discriminating FM features. Finally, we developed a combined FM diagnostic (C-FM) model using the FM’s key features. METHODS: The means and frequency on tender points (TPs), ACR 2011 components and FIQ items were calculated in the FM and non-FM (osteoarthritis [OA] and non-OA) patients. Then, two-step multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to order these variables according to their maximal statistical contribution in predicting group membership. Partial correlations assessed their unique contribution, and two-group discriminant analysis provided a classification table. Using receiver operator characteristic analyses, we determined the sensitivity and specificity of the final model. RESULTS: A total of 172 patients with FM, 75 with OA and 21 with periarthritis or regional pain syndromes were enrolled. Two steps multiple logistic regression analysis identified 8 key features of FM which accounted for 64.8% of variance associated with FM group membership: lateral epicondyle TP with variance percentages (36.9%), neck pain (14.5%), fatigue (4.7%), insomnia (3%), upper back pain (2.2%), shoulder pain (1.5%), gluteal TP (1.2%), and FIQ fatigue (0.9%). The C-FM model demonstrated a 91.4% correct classification rate, 91.9% for sensitivity and 91.7% for specificity. CONCLUSIONS: The C-FM model can accurately detect FM patients among other pain disorders. Re-inclusion of TPs along with saving of FM main symptoms in the C-FM model is a unique feature of this model.


Subject(s)
Back Pain , Chronic Pain , Classification , Discriminant Analysis , Fatigue , Fibromyalgia , Humans , Logistic Models , Neck Pain , Osteoarthritis , Periarthritis , Rheumatology , Sensitivity and Specificity , Shoulder Pain , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
11.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 10-21, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-719692

ABSTRACT

Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV) is a group of systemic necrotising vasculitides, which often involve small vessels, and which lead to few or no immune deposits in affected organs. According to clinical manifestations and pathological features, AAV is classified into three variants: microscopic polyangiitis, granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), and eosinophilic GPA. The American College of Rheumatology 1990 criteria contributed to the classification of AAV, although currently the algorithm suggested by the European Medicines Agency in 2007 and the Chapel Hill Consensus Conference Nomenclature of Vasculitides proposed in 2012 have encouraged physicians to classify AAV patients properly. So far, there have been noticeable advancements in studies on the pathophysiology of AAV and the classification criteria for AAV in Western countries. However, studies analysing clinical features of Korean patients with AAV have only been conducted and reported since 2000. One year-, 5 year-, and 10 year-cumulative patient survival rates are reported as 96.1, 94.8, and 92.8%. Furthermore, initial vasculitis activity, prognostic factor score, age and specific organ-involvement have been found to be associated with either all-cause mortality or poor disease course. The rate of serious infection is 28.6%, and 1 year-, 5 year- and 10 year-cumulative hospitalised infection free survival rates range from 85.1% to 72.7%. The overall standardised incidence ratio of cancer in AAV patients was deemed 1.43 compared to the general Korean population.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic , Classification , Consensus , Cytoplasm , Eosinophils , Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Microscopic Polyangiitis , Mortality , Rheumatology , Survival Rate , Vasculitis
12.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-719464

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Evaluate effectiveness/safety of tacrolimus in patients in Korea with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and unsuccessful response to disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs). METHODS: Open-label, single-arm, non-comparative, 24-week, Phase-IV study in patients with active RA who had taken DMARDs for >6 months. Following a washout period, tacrolimus was initiated (baseline-12 weeks; dose 2 mg/day and 1.5 mg/day in patients aged ≤65 and >65 years, respectively). After 12 weeks, dose could be adjusted (remaining between 1~3 mg); treatment continued to 24 weeks. Primary endpoint was American College of Rheumatology 20% improvement (ACR20) (baseline-Week 24). Secondary endpoints included ACR50/ACR70 response, disease-activity score in 28 joints (DAS28) erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), number of tender/swollen joints, and bone mineral density (BMD) loss. Adverse events (AEs) were recorded. RESULTS: Overall, 121 patients were analysed. Mean±standard deviation tacrolimus dose baseline-Week 24 was 1.81±0.47 mg/day. After 24 weeks, 64.5%, 39.7%, and 19.0% of patients were ACR20, ACR50, and ACR70 responders, respectively. DAS28-ESR score decreased from 5.5±0.8 (baseline) to 3.7±1.5 (Week 24; p < 0.0001); number of tender/swollen joints decreased. Between screening and Week 24, change in BMD-T score in lumbar and femur regions was −0.06±0.38 (p=0.1550) and −0.04±0.28 (p=0.0936), respectively, with no significant change in International Society for Clinical Densitometry classification. Fifty-six (46.3%) patients experienced 93 AEs; 75.3% were mild. No unexpected safety signals identified. CONCLUSION: Tacrolimus therapy was associated with a high proportion of ACR responders, and improved DAS28-ESR score and physical joint function during the study. Tacrolimus may be a suitable therapy for DMARD-resistant patients with RA.


Subject(s)
Antirheumatic Agents , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Blood Sedimentation , Bone Density , Classification , Densitometry , Femur , Humans , Joints , Korea , Mass Screening , Osteoporosis , Rheumatology , Tacrolimus
13.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-719462

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the fate of abstracts presented at scientific meetings of the Korean College of Rheumatology (KCR). METHODS: This study examined the abstracts presented at annual meetings of the KCR from 2005 to 2014. Only original studies were selected, excluding case reports. A manual search was conducted using PubMed, KoreaMed, Cochrane Library, and Embase to track the published articles. The abstracts were considered to have been published if the authors, title, study design, and results were the same for a published article. In addition, they were considered published if the author and the study design matched, even if the results of the abstract and the results of the published articles were not identical. RESULTS: A total of 928 abstracts from 2005 to 2014 were analyzed. Of the 928 abstracts, 468 (50.43%) abstracts were published in a peer-reviewed journal and the mean time to publication was 19 months. Of the 468 abstracts, 414 were published in a science citation index extended (SCI[E]) journal, and 54 were published in non-SCI(E) journals. The proportion of SCI(E) articles increased annually. The average impact factor for the SCI(E) journals was 2.93. In subgroup analysis, the abstracts that were awarded the best oral or best poster presentation were more likely to be published as full-length articles with a higher impact factor than the abstracts not awarded. CONCLUSION: Half of the abstracts presented in the KCR annual meetings were published in a peer-reviewed journal. Approximately 90% of the articles were published in a SCI(E) journal.


Subject(s)
Awards and Prizes , Korea , Publications , Rheumatology
14.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-719451

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Gout is associated with metabolic disorders that are important risk factors for cardiovascular disease and erectile dysfunction (ED). We aimed to identify independent predictors of ED in patients with gout. METHODS: From August 2014 to August 2015, male outpatients who were being treated for gout in our rheumatology clinic and healthy males without any history of inflammatory disease (control group) were studied. ED was assessed in participants using the five-item version of the International Index of Erectile Function questionnaire. Insulin resistance (IR) was estimated using the homeostatic model assessment (HOMA-IR). Logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the effect of variables on ED risk in all of the study subjects and in patients with gout. RESULTS: We analyzed 80 patients with gout and 70 healthy controls. The median age of patients with gout was 52 years and median disease duration was 120 months. Gout patients were more likely to have ED than controls (55.3% vs. 41.4%, p < 0.047). After adjustment for confounding factors, only HOMA-IR was significantly associated with ED (odds ratio [OR], 1.82; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.05 to 3.15). Gout patients with ED were more likely to be older (p < 0.001), have higher HOMA-IR (p = 0.048), and have lower glomerular filtration rate (p = 0.038) than those without ED. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that HOMA-IR was an independent predictor for ED (OR, 1.62; 95% CI, 1.03 to 2.82) in gout patients. CONCLUSIONS: IR is an independent predictor of ED in patients with gout.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Gouty , Cardiovascular Diseases , Erectile Dysfunction , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Gout , Humans , Insulin Resistance , Insulin , Logistic Models , Male , Outpatients , Rheumatology , Risk Factors
15.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-764996

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess the performance of the 2015 American College of Rheumatology (ACR)/European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) classification criteria for gout in Korean patients with acute arthritis and to compare the performance of the ACR/EULAR criteria to that of other sets of criteria for gout classification. METHODS: Patients with acute arthritis who underwent diagnostic arthrocentesis at one of the four participating rheumatology clinics were consecutively enrolled between February and December 2017. Crystal-proven gout was diagnosed upon confirming the presence of monosodium urate (MSU) crystals in patients with a clinical impression of gout as judged by the rheumatologist. The performance of the ACR/EULAR and other gout classification criteria, including the Rome, New York, American Rheumatism Association (ARA), Mexico, and Netherlands criteria, was analyzed regardless of the presence/absence of MSU crystals. RESULTS: The study enrolled 118 gout patients (all crystal-proven) and 95 non-gout patients. According to the area under the curve, the diagnostic performance was the highest for the ACR/EULAR classification criteria (sensitivity, 80.5%; specificity, 95.8%; area under the curve, 0.966), followed by the Netherlands, Rome, ARA, New York, and Mexico criteria. All six sets of criteria demonstrated lower sensitivity in patients exhibiting the first episode of acute arthritis. CONCLUSION: In Korean patients with acute arthritis, the ACR/EULAR classification criteria outperformed other sets of gout classification criteria even in the absence of information regarding the presence of MSU crystals. However, to enhance diagnostic sensitivity, synovial fluid analysis should be considered in patients with the first episode of acute arthritis.


Subject(s)
Arthritis , Arthrocentesis , Classification , Gout , Humans , Mexico , Netherlands , Rheumatic Diseases , Rheumatology , Sensitivity and Specificity , Synovial Fluid , Uric Acid
16.
J. Phys. Educ. (Maringá) ; 30: e3027, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1019963

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This study analyzed the association between physical activity, health status and life quality among women with fibromyalgia. Cross-sectional study based on the clinical information of 177 women (42.1 ± 8.6 years old) diagnosed with fibromyalgia and assisted in rheumatology clinics of the private sector of the Unified Health System (UHS) in the city of Maringá-PR, Brazil. The instruments were the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) and the WHOQOL-Bref. Data analysis was conducted through Mann-Whitney test, Spearman correlation and Structural Equation Analysis (p<0.05). Results showed positive correlations between physical activity and life quality domain. Health status showed negative correlation life quality domains. Structural Equation Analysis revealed days of walking per week showed positive association with life quality domains. Model 3 showed that the impact of fibromyalgia on the health status showed a moderate negative association with life quality domains. Based on the results obtained, the conclusion is that light physical activity, characterized as walking, represents a positive factor in the domains of quality of life in women with fibromyalgia and also, the impact of this disease on the health status of the patients is associated negatively areas of quality of life


RESUMO Este estudo analisou a associação entre atividade física, estado de saúde e qualidade de vida de mulheres com fibromialgia. Estudo transversal baseado na informação clínica de 177 mulheres (42,1 ± 8,6 anos) diagnosticadas com fibromialgia e auxiliadas em clínicas de reumatologia do setor privado do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) na cidade de Maringá-PR, Brasil. Os instrumentos utilizados foram o Questionário Internacional de Atividade Física (IPAQ), o Questionário de Impacto da Fibromialgia (FIQ) e o WHOQOL-Bref. A análise dos dados foi realizada através do teste de Mann-Whitney, correlação de Spearman e Análise de Equações Estruturais (p <0,05). Os resultados mostraram correlações positivas entre a atividade física e o domínio da qualidade de vida. O estado de saúde apresentou correlações negativas com a qualidade de vida. A Análise de Equação Estrutural revelou que os dias de caminhada por semana se associou positivamente com domínios de qualidade de vida. O modelo 3 mostrou que o impacto da fibromialgia no estado de saúde apresentou associação negativa e moderada com os domínios de qualidade de vida. Com base nos resultados obtidos, conclui-se que a atividade física leve, caracterizada pela caminhada, representa um fator positivo nos domínios da qualidade de vida em mulheres com fibromialgia e também, o impacto desta doença sobre o estado de saúde dos pacientes está associado negativamente domínios da qualidade de vida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Life , Rheumatology , Fibromyalgia , Motor Activity , Walking
17.
Sci. med. (Porto Alegre, Online) ; 29(2): ID32705, 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1022316

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a eficácia da terapia fotodinâmica com Brilliant Blue G no tratamento de um modelo experimental de artrite por Paracoccidioides brasiliensis (P. brasiliensis). MÉTODOS: Após a indução de artrite experimental com isolado de P. brasiliensis da linhagem Pb18 nos joelhos de ratos Wistar, os animais foram divididos em grupos e submetidos a terapia fotodinâmica com fotossensibilizador Brilliant Blue G intra-articular e a laserterapia apenas, sem o Brilliant Blue G. Todos os grupos receberam seus respectivos tratamentos do sétimo ao 11º dia. Para análise do edema foi mensurado o diâmetro latero-lateral do joelho de cada animal diariamente e após o período de tratamento os animais foram sacrificados para dissecação do joelho experimental e coleta de sangue para análise por ELISA, a fim de quantificar os níveis de anticorpos anti-P. brasiliensis. RESULTADOS: A aplicação da terapia fotodinâmica foi capaz de impedir a formação de edema quando comparado ao controle (p>0,005), bem como a produção de anticorpos anti-Gp-43 de P. brasiliensis (p=0,001). No exame anatomopatológico foi possível observar maior grau de sinovite e maior presença de granulomas com o fungo em seu interior no grupo que não recebeu tratamento quando comparado aos grupos que receberam a terapia fotodinâmica. CONCLUSÕES: A terapia fotodinâmica foi eficaz para atenuar a artrite experimental induzida por P. brasiliensis no modelo articular proposto.


AIMS: To evaluate the effectiveness of photodynamic therapy with Brilliant Blue G in the treatment of an experimental model of arthritis by Paracoccidioides brasiliensis (P. brasiliensis). METHODS: After the induction of experimental arthritis with isolated from P. brasiliensis of lineage Pb18 in the knees of Wistar rats, the animals were divided into groups and submitted to photodynamic therapy with intra-articular Brilliant Blue G photosensitizer and laser therapy only, without Brilliant Blue G. All groups received their respective treatments from the seventh to the 11th day. For edema analysis, the knee lateral-lateral diameter of each animal was measured daily and after the treatment period the animals were sacrificed for experimental knee dissection and blood collection for analysis by ELISA, in order to quantify levels of anti-P. brasiliensis antibodies. RESULTS: The results showed that the application of photodynamic therapy was able to prevent the formation of edema when compared to the control (p>0.005), as well as the production of anti-Gp-43 antibodies from P. brasiliensis (p=0.001). In the anatomopathological examination it was possible to observe a higher degree of synovitis and a greater presence of granulomas with the fungus inside the group that did not receive treatment when compared to the groups that received the photodynamic therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Photodynamic therapy was effective in attenuating the experimental arthritis induced by P. brasiliensis in the proposed joint model.


Subject(s)
Photochemotherapy , Paracoccidioides , Arthritis, Experimental , Rheumatology , Medicine
18.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2019. 113 f p. graf, tab, fig.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-997864

ABSTRACT

A artrite reumatoide é uma doença inflamatória crônica com prevalência mundial estimada entre 0,5 e 1%, caracterizada por dor, edema e rigidez matinal nas articulações. A doença não controlada leva à destruição articular progressiva, causando perda da qualidade de vida e da capacidade funcional. A manutenção da capacidade envolve estar apto a realizar atividades básicas do cotidiano, envolvendo higiene pessoal, carregar objetos, vestir-se, alimentar-se e locomover-se. Limitações ou impossibilidade de realizar estas atividades implica em alguma incapacidade funcional - geralmente mensurada, na artrite reumatoide, por um dos componentes do Questionário de Avaliação de Saúde. Esta dissertação teve como objetivo geral analisar a variação da capacidade funcional medida pelo Questionário de Avaliação de Saúde ­ Índice de Incapacidade em pacientes com artrite reumatoide acompanhados ambulatorialmente por um ano e propor um modelo preditivo, em função de fatores sociodemográficos e clínicos. Os objetivos específicos foram: (i) avaliar quais variáveis, previamente reportadas na literatura, têm impacto sobre a capacidade funcional dos pacientes com artrite reumatoide de uma coorte nacional; (ii) construir um modelo preditivo próprio à realidade brasileira utilizando variáveis de fácil obtenção; e (iii) avaliar se há modificação de efeito pela interação entre atividade de doença e o tempo no estudo. Avaliamos 1111 pacientes com artrite reumatoide atendidos em 11 centros de referência para tratamento de doenças reumáticas vinculados ao Sistema Único de Saúde, com coleta de dados prospectiva. Utilizamos modelos lineares de efeitos mistos para avaliar a variação da capacidade funcional, mensurada pelo Questionário de Avaliação de Saúde ­ Índice de Incapacidade, nos dados coletados em três momentos ao longo de um ano. Esta análise revelou que, na população avaliada, sexo, status socioeconômico, dor articular, uso prévio de medicamentos imunobiológicos, atividade e tempo de doença estavam associados à variação da capacidade funcional, com capacidade explicativa de 37% de nosso modelo. Ao definir as variáveis a analisar a partir de um referencial teórico estruturado com a revisão de literatura, identificamos que nossos achados apresentaram pontos comuns com estudos realizados na Europa e América do Norte. Alguns destes achados foram: pior capacidade funcional em pacientes com mais dor e doença em atividade, em pacientes do sexo feminino e naqueles que tenham feito uso prévio de medicamento imunobiológico. Também foram relevantes as curvas em formato de J relacionadas com mais tempo de doença e pior status socioeconômico. Levantamos algumas hipóteses para os escores de incapacidade encontrados nesta população, como a adaptação dos pacientes às limitações com o avanço do tempo de doença e a percepção de que estas limitações seriam parte do envelhecimento normal. Apesar de construído a partir de uma população com mais de uma década de doença, nosso modelo incluiu variáveis comumente associadas ao componente reversível da incapacidade funcional, como dor e atividade de doença. Neste cenário, o melhor controle da doença traria benefícios aos pacientes, com recuperação de ao menos parte da capacidade funcional


Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory chronic disease with estimated global prevalence of 0.5 ­ 1%, characterized by morning stiffness, joint pain and swelling. If not controlled, the disease leads to progressive joint destruction, decreasing quality of life and functional capacity. To maintain this capacity involves being able to perform basic daily life activities, such as those related with personal hygiene, to carry objects, to get dressed, to eat and to deambulate. Limitations or to be unable to perform these activities implies in at least some functional disability ­ usually measured, in rheumatoid arthritis patients, by one of the Health Assessment Questionnaire components. This dissertation's general aim was to analyze functional capacity variation, measured by the Health Assessment Questionnaire ­ Disability Index, in a Brazilian cohort of rheumatoid arthritis patients followed at outpatients clinics for a year and to create a predictive model as result of several demographic and clinical features. The specific aims were: (i) to evaluate which of the variables that were previously reported in the literature have impact on the functional capacity of RA patients in a Brazilian cohort; (ii) to build a predictive model adjusted to the Brazilian reality with variables of feasible acquisition; and (iii) to evaluate if there is effect modification due to the interaction between disease activity and length of time in the study. We evaluated 1111 rheumatoid arthritis patients followed at 11 reference treatment centers for rheumatic diseases, all pertaining to the Unified Health System ­ SUS, with prospective data collection. We applied linear mixed effects models to evaluate the variation in functional capacity, measured by Health Assessment Questionnaire ­ Disability Index, within the data collected at three time points along one year. This analysis revealed that, in the evaluated population, sex, socioeconomic status, joint pain, previous use of immunobiological drugs, disease duration and activity were associated with functional capacity variation, in a model with a 37% explanatory capacity. After defining which database variables to use from a theorical model structured with the literature review, we identified that our findings presented common aspects with studies from Europe and North America. A few of the findings were: decrease of functional capacity with pain and disease activity, in female patients and also in those with previously reported immunobiological use. Also relevant were the J-shaped curves related with longer disease duration and worse socioeconomic status. Some hypotheses for the functional capacity scores found were patient adaptability to physical limitations accrued with disease duration and perception that those limitations would be part of a normal ageing process. Though built with data from a population with more than a decade of disease duration, our model included variables commonly associated with the reversible component of functional disability, such as pain and disease activity. In this scenario, tighter control of disease activity would benefit patients and bring the possibility of regaining, at least partially, their functional capacity


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Rheumatology , Unified Health System , Brazil , Cohort Studies , Disabled Persons , Mobility Limitation
19.
Rev. argent. reumatol ; 29(4): 3-4, dic. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1003290

ABSTRACT

El término "evidencia del mundo real" (EMR) comenzó a ser utilizado hace unos pocos años por quienes desarrollan productos médicos y por prestadores/financiadores de atención médica, pero su significado específico está aún en discusión. En general, se refiere a la información sobre atención médica que deriva de múltiples fuentes fuera de los entornos típicos de la investigación clínica, incluidos los registros de salud (físicos o electrónicos), datos de reclamos, facturación, registros de productos y enfermedades, entre otros. La clave para comprender la utilidad de la evidencia en el mundo real es una apreciación de su potencial para complementar el conocimiento obtenido de los ensayos clínicos tradicionales, cuyas limitaciones bien conocidas dificultan la generalización de los resultados a poblaciones más grandes e inclusivas de pacientes, y en un contexto de prestación de atención médica que reflejen el uso real en la práctica clínica


Subject(s)
Rheumatology , Medical Care
20.
Medicina (Ribeiräo Preto) ; 51(3): 203-206, jul.-set. 2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-979670

ABSTRACT

A artrite reumatoide (AR) é uma doença de natureza autoimune, inflamatória, sistêmica e crônica, cuja característica clínica principal é a inflamação das articulações. Na sua apresentação habitual, o acometimento visceral ocorre após a instalação do quadro articular. O envolvimento pulmonar pode aparecer como derrame pleural, sendo este um evento incomum quando se apresenta como primeira manifestação da doença. Neste relato de caso, apresentamos um paciente do sexo masculino, de 52 anos diagnosticado posteriormente com Artrite Reumatoide, cuja manifestacão inicial foi o derrame pleural, demonstrando um desafio diagnóstico. (AU)


Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a systemic autoimmune disease whose main clinical characteristic is persistent joint inflammation. In its usual presentation, the visceral involvement occurs after the articular one. Pulmonary involvement may appear as a pleural effusion, which is an unusual event as the first manifestation of the disease. In this case report, we present a 52-year-old male patient diagnosed with Rheumatoid Arthritis, whose initial manifestation was pleural effusion, demonstrating a diagnostic challenge. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pleural Effusion , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Rheumatology
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