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1.
Diagn. tratamento ; 27(3): 102-7, jul-set. 2022. qdr, tab, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380681

ABSTRACT

Contexto: A suplementação de vitamina é considerada na prevenção de muitas doenças, incluindo a rinite alérgica, cuja prevalência tem aumentado nos últimos anos, impactando a saúde pública. Objetivo: Avaliar a efetividade da suplementação de vitamina D para a prevenção e o tratamento da rinite alérgica. Material e Métodos: Trata-se de sinopse baseada em evidências. Procedeu-se à busca por estudos que associavam a vitamina D à rinite alérgica em três bases eletrônicas de dados: Cochrane - Central de Registros de Ensaios Clínicos - CENTRAL (2022), PubMed (1966-2022) e Portal BVS (1982-2022) e no megabuscador de evidências TRIPDATABASE (2022). Dois pesquisadores independentemente extraíram os dados e avaliaram a qualidade dos estudos para a síntese. O desfecho primário de análise envolveu a redução de crises de rinite. Resultados: Foram encontrados 125 estudos. Cinco estudos (três ensaios clínicos randomizados e dois coortes) foram incluídos. Discussão: A literatura apresenta poucos estudos relacionando vitamina D e rinite alérgica. Os estudos em humanos são ensaios clínicos de baixa amostragem e elevada heterogeneidade, que avaliaram efetividade da suplementação de vitamina D para redução de sintomas da rinite. Os dois estudos coorte encontrados não estabeleceram relação entre a exposição à vitamina D e menor manifestação de doença alérgica. O nível de evidência é muito baixo e não permite, nesse momento, aferir a efetividade da vitamina D para essa finalidade. Conclusões: Não há evidência de efetividade da suplementação de vitamina D para tratamento e prevenção da rinite alérgica, sendo recomendada a realização de novos estudos de boa qualidade metodológica.


Subject(s)
Vitamin D , Calcitriol , Rhinitis , Disease Prevention , Evidence-Based Practice
2.
Bol. malariol. salud ambient ; 62(1): 47-54, jun, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1381292

ABSTRACT

El síndrome del edificio enfermo, se refiere a un conjunto de síntomas generales en mucosa (ocular y/o respiratoria) y piel que presentan los ocupantes de edificaciones con calidad ambiental deficientes, exponiendo a sus ocupantes a factores de riesgos físicos, mecánicos, químicos, biológicos y psicosociales, que puede afectar negativamente la salud y productividad de las personas. Con el propósito de determinar la frecuencia de los síntomas de los ocupantes de una industria manufacturera del Perú, se realizó estudio transversal aplicándose a 237 trabajadores, estratificados por áreas laborales, el cuestionario sugerido por el Instituto Nacional de Higiene y Seguridad en el Trabajo, además de evaluar la condición ambiental mediante la determinación de bioaerosoles cultivables y contables. Los resultados mostraron prevalencia superior al 20% en síntomas como: sequedad en ojos y garganta, picor en garganta congestión nasal, dolor de cabeza y debilidad general. Se tomaron, cuantificaron y caracterizaron 164 muestras de bioaerosoles, los microrganismos encontrados con mayor porcentaje fueron, Aspergillus sp. 54,68% (68) en el área administrativa, mientras que en las áreas de producción y almacén predomino Penicillium sp. con 87,10% (108) y 62,21% (77) respectivamente. Otros géneros encontrados en mayor porcentajes, en las tres áreas fueron: Trichoderma, Acremonium, Monilia, Cladosporium, entre otros. Los hallazgos se correlacionan con lo reportado en diversas investigaciones, la presencia de mencionados hongos, sugiere que existe una inadecuada calidad ambiental y aunada a la prevalencia obtenida en cuanto a sintomatología, se puede clasificar la edificación objeto de estudio con el Síndrome del edificio enfermo(AU)


Sick building syndrome refers to a set of general mucosal (ocular and/or respiratory) and skin symptoms presented by occupants of buildings with poor environmental quality, exposing their occupants to physical, mechanical, chemical, biological and psychosocial, which can negatively affect the health and productivity of people. In order to determine the frequency of the symptoms of the occupants of a manufacturing industry in Peru, a cross-sectional study was carried out, applying to 237 workers, stratified by work areas, the questionnaire suggested by the National Institute of Hygiene and Safety at Work, in addition to to evaluate the environmental condition by determining cultivable and countable bioaerosols. The results showed a prevalence greater than 20% in symptoms such as: dry eyes and throat, itchy throat, nasal congestion, headache and general weakness. 164 samples of bioaerosols were taken, quantified and characterized, the microorganisms found with the highest percentage were Aspergillus sp. 54.68% (68) in the administrative area, while in the production and storage areas, Penicillium sp. with 87.10% (108) and 62.21% (77) respectively. Other genera found in higher percentages in the three areas were: Trichoderma, Acremonium, Monilia, Cladosporium, among others. The findings correlate with what has been reported in various investigations, the presence of these fungi suggests that there is an inadequate environmental quality and, together with the prevalence obtained in terms of symptoms, the building under study can be classified with the Sick Building Syndrome(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sick Building Syndrome/etiology , Sick Building Syndrome/epidemiology , Air Pollution/adverse effects , Pulmonary Aspergillosis/epidemiology , Peru/epidemiology , Asthma , Rhinitis , Headache Disorders , Otomycosis , Manufacturing Industry
3.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(2): 243-250, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374727

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Chronic rhinosinusitis is an inflammatory condition of the nasal cavity and the paranasal sinuses that requires multifactorial treatment. Xylitol can be employed with nasal irrigation and can provide better control of the disease. Objective: To evaluate the association between the effects of nasal lavage with saline solution compared to nasal lavage with a xylitol solution. Methods: Fifty-two patients, divided into two groups (n = 26 in the "Xylitol" group and n = 26 in the "Saline solution" group) answered questionnaires validated in Portuguese (NOSE and SNOT-22) about their nasal symptoms and general symptoms, before and after endonasal endoscopic surgery and after a period of 30 days of nasal irrigation. Results: The "Xylitol" group showed significant improvement in pain relief and nasal symptom reduction after surgery and nasal irrigation with xylitol solution (p < 0.001). The "Saline solution" group also showed symptom improvement, but on a smaller scale. Conclusion: This study suggests that the xylitol solution can be useful in the postoperative period after endonasal endoscopic surgery, because it leads to a greater reduction in nasal symptoms.


Resumo Introdução: Rinossinusite crônica é um quadro de inflamação da cavidade nasal e dos seios paranasais que necessita de tratamento multifatorial. O xilitol pode ser associado às irrigações nasais e pode prover melhor controle da doença. Objetivo: Avaliar a relação entre os efeitos da lavagem nasal com solução fisiológica em comparação à lavagem nasal com solução de xilitol. Método: Divididos em dois grupos (n = 26 no grupo Xilitol e n = 26 no grupo Soro), 52 pacientes responderam à questionários validados em língua portuguesa (NOSE e SNOT-22) sobre seus sintomas nasais e sintomas gerais, antes e depois de cirurgia endoscópica endonasal e após um período de 30 dias de irrigação nasal. Resultados: O grupo Xilitol apresentou melhoria significativa dos sintomas de dor e sintomas nasais após a cirurgia e a irrigação nasal com solução de xilitol (p < 0,001). O grupo Soro também apresentou melhoria dos sintomas, porém em menor escala. Conclusão: Este estudo sugere que a solução de xilitol pode ser usada no período pós-operatório de cirurgia endoscópica endonasal por levar a uma maior redução nos sintomas nasais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Paranasal Sinuses/surgery , Rhinitis/surgery , Rhinitis/complications , Postoperative Period , Xylitol/pharmacology , Chronic Disease , Treatment Outcome , Endoscopy , Nasal Lavage , Symptom Assessment
4.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 6(1): 4-48, jan.mar.2022. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400091

ABSTRACT

A alergia ocular, também conhecida como conjuntivite alérgica (CA), é uma reação de hipersensibilidade mediada por imunoglobulina E (IgE) do olho desencadeada por aeroalérgenos, principalmente ácaros da poeira doméstica e pólen de gramíneas. Os sintomas geralmente consistem em prurido ocular ou periocular, lacrimejamento e olhos vermelhos que podem estar presentes durante todo o ano ou sazonalmente. A alergia ocular tem frequência elevada, é subdiagnosticada e pode ser debilitante para o paciente. É potencialmente danosa para a visão, nos casos em que ocasiona cicatrização corneana grave, e na maioria dos pacientes associa-se a outros quadros alérgicos, principalmente rinite, asma e dermatite atópica. É classificada em conjuntivite alérgica perene, conjuntivite alérgica sazonal, ceratoconjuntivite atópica e ceratoconjuntivite vernal. O diagnóstico procura evidenciar o agente etiológico e a confirmação se dá pela realização do teste de provocação conjuntival. O tratamento baseia-se em evitar o contato com os desencadeantes, lubrificação, anti-histamínicos tópicos, estabilizadores de mastócitos, imunossupressores e imunoterapia específica com o objetivo de obter o controle e prevenir as complicações da doença.


Ocular allergy, also known as allergic conjunctivitis, is an immunoglobulin E-mediated hypersensitivity reaction of the eye triggered by airborne allergens, primarily house dust mites and grass pollen. Symptoms usually consist of ocular or periocular itching, watery eyes, and red eyes that may be present year-round or seasonally. Ocular allergy has a high frequency, is underdiagnosed, and can be debilitating for the patient. It is potentially harmful to vision in cases of severe corneal scarring, and in most patients, it is associated with other allergic conditions, especially rhinitis, asthma, and atopic dermatitis. It is classified as perennial allergic conjunctivitis, seasonal allergic conjunctivitis, atopic keratoconjunctivitis, and vernal keratoconjunctivitis. Diagnosis seeks to identify the etiologic agent, and confirmation is given by conjunctival provocation testing. Treatment is based on avoiding contact with triggers, lubrication, topical antihistamines, mast cell stabilizers, immunosuppressants, and specific immunotherapy with the aim of achieving control and preventing disease complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Therapeutics , Conjunctivitis, Allergic , Diagnosis , Keratoconjunctivitis , Patients , Plants, Medicinal , Pruritus , Psychotherapy , Asthma , Signs and Symptoms , Societies, Medical , Vision, Ocular , Climate Change , Conjunctivitis, Allergic/complications , Conjunctivitis, Allergic/epidemiology , Complementary Therapies , Immunoglobulin E , Serologic Tests , Skin Tests , Allergens , Rhinitis , Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal , Probiotics , Acupuncture , Pyroglyphidae , Dermatitis, Atopic , Environmental Pollution , Allergy and Immunology , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , Omalizumab , Mast Cell Stabilizers , Histamine Antagonists , Hypersensitivity , Immunosuppressive Agents , Immunotherapy , Medicine, Ayurvedic , Mites
5.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(4): 575-580, fev 11, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359328

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a rinite é um distúrbio respiratório crônico comum, de alta prevalência no Brasil e no mundo, que representa um fardo considerável para os portadores. Está associada a sintomas incômodos, que reduzem a qualidade de vida e do sono, acarretando em prejuízos sociais, emocionais e funcionais. Objetivo: avaliar a qualidade de vida e do sono conforme o grau de incômodo dos sintomas dos pacientes com rinite, acompanhados no Sistema Único de Saúde da região Oeste da Bahia. Metodologia: um estudo de corte transversal que avaliou 169 pacientes entre 12 e 90 anos diagnosticados clinicamente com rinite, atendidos em ambulatório de Otorrinolaringologia no município de Barreiras (Bahia), entre novembro de 2018 a setembro de 2019, através do Questionário Modificado de Qualidade de Vida em Rinoconjuntivite, Escala de Sonolência de Epworth e Índice de Qualidade do Sono de Pittsburgh. Resultados: a qualidade de vida e do sono foram significantemente afetadas pela rinite, sendo os piores índices relacionados aos pacientes que atribuíram maior gravidade à doença. Ainda, limitações em atividades recreativas e domésticas devido à rinite se associaram a um sono de má qualidade. Não foi encontrada relação significativa entre sonolência diurna e qualidade de vida. Conclusão: os achados sinalizam a necessidade de orientar os pacientes quanto à higiene do sono, medidas de controle do ambiente e o efetivo tratamento medicamentoso. Também enfatizam a necessidade de avaliar as percepções singulares dos pacientes quanto à sua qualidade de vida para direcionar as estratégias de cuidado e monitorizar o tratamento e o controle da doença.


Introduction: the rhinitis is a common chronic respiratory disorder, highly prevalent in Brazil and worldwide, that mean a considerable onus for patients. It is associated with uncomfortable symptoms, wich reduce the quality of life and sleep, resulting in social, emotional and functional losses. Objective: to evaluate the quality of life and sleep according to degree of nuisance of patients with rhinitis being followed up in the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS) in the Western Bahia. Methods: a cross-sectional study that evaluated 169 patients between 12 and 90 years old diagnosed clinically with rhinitis, seen at an Otorhnolaryngology service in Barreiras (Bahia), between November 2018 and September 2019, through the Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Modified Questionnaire, Epworth Slipness Scale and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Results: quality of life and sleep were significantly affected by rhinitis, with the worst rates related to patients who attributed greater severity to the disease. Also, limitations in recreational and domestic activities due to rhinitis were associated with poor sleep. No significant relationship was found between daytime sleepiness and quality of life. Conclusion: the findings signal the need to guide patients on sleep hygiene, environmental control measures and effective pharmacological management. They also emphasize the need to assess patients' unique perceptions of their quality of life to guide care strategies and monitor the disease treatment and control.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Life , Sleep , Rhinitis , Adolescent , Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936372

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the correlation of temperament type and mother's emotional state with acute respiratory tract infections in children so as to provide evidence for comprehensive treatment of the infections.@*METHODS@#A total of 200 children aged between 3 and 6 were enrolled in this study from two kindergartens of Guangzhou and Hengyang. The mothers were invited to complete a questionnaire of the children's general information followed by assessment using children's temperament scale and the Depression-Anxiety-Stress Scale.@*RESULTS@#The total incidence of acute respiratory infection was significantly higher in children with a hard- to-raise temperament than the easy- to-raise children (P < 0.05); the incidences of acute rhinitis, acute pharyngitis, acute laryngitis and acute bronchitis were all significantly higher in the hard-to-raise children (P < 0.05). A significant positive correlation was identified between the total number of episodes of acute respiratory tract infection in children and their mothers' stress and anxiety levels (P < 0.01). Acute rhinitis and acute tracheitis in the children were both positively correlated with the mothers' stress scores (P < 0.05), while acute pharyngitis and acute laryngitis were positively correlated with the mothers' anxiety scores (P < 0.05), while acute bronchitis was positively correlated with the mothers' stress and anxiety scores (P < 0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis with the factors influencing the types of acute respiratory tract infections in children as the independent variables suggested that the easy-to-raise type of temperament was a protective factor against acute rhinitis in children (P < 0.05), while mothers' anxiety was a risk factor of acute laryngitis in children (P < 0.05); the mothers' stress was a risk factor for acute bronchitis in children (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acute respiratory tract infection in children is closely related to the temperament type of the children and the emotional state of the mothers, which are important therapeutic targets in comprehensive interventions of acute respiratory tract infection in children.


Subject(s)
Bronchitis , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Laryngitis , Mothers/psychology , Pharyngitis , Rhinitis , Temperament
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936264

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the characteristics of neonatal adenoid development and to study the relationship between neonatal adenoid development and disease. Methods: A retrospective analysis of neonates who received an electronic rhinopharyngolaryngoscope at Shenzhen Children's Hospital from January 2019 to December 2020 was conducted to track the children's medical history and to analyze the adenoid development status. All 131 neonates successfully completed the electronic laryngoscopy. According to the presence or absence of visible adenoid hyperplasia, they were divided into a hyperplasia group (81 cases, 61.83%) and an un-hyperplasia group (50 cases, 38.17%). Results: Compared with the un-hyperplasia group, the age and birth weight of the adenoid hyperplasia group were larger, and the difference was statistically significant (Z age=-4.634,Z weight=-2.273,all P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in gender and gestational age between the two groups. The number of neonates with rhinitis/sinusitis in the hyperplasia group were significantly more than those in the un-hyperplasia group (62.96% vs 48%). Conclusion: The development of neonatal adenoids is related to daily age, birth weight, but not significantly related to gender and gestational age.


Subject(s)
Adenoids/pathology , Birth Weight , Child , Humans , Hyperplasia/pathology , Infant, Newborn , Nasopharyngeal Diseases , Retrospective Studies , Rhinitis/pathology
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936188

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the clinical characteristics and plasma inflammatory markers levels in different endotypes of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP), and to explore the plasma biomarkers associated with endotypes of CRSwNP. Methods: A total of 74 CRSwNP patients (male/female: 41/33; average age: 40 years) and 40 control subjects underwent septoplasty in Tongji Hospital from January 2015 to December 2017 were enrolled in this study. The demographic and clinical features of all subjects including age, gender, past history, visual analogue scale (VAS) and CT scores were recorded. Patients with CRSwNP were divided into EoshighNeuhigh, EoshighNeulow, EoslowNeuhigh and EoslowNeulow four endotypes according to the eosinophil (Eos) percentage and neutrophil (Neu) count of nasal polyps tissue. Preoperative blood routine was performed and the levels of 27 biomarkers in plasma were measured by Bio-Plex suspension chip method. The clinical characteristics and the level of serum biomarkers of patients with different endotypes were compared. SPSS 18.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: There was no difference in the clinical features including gender ratio, age, course of disease, VAS score, endoscopy and CT score among EoshighNeuhigh, EoshighNeulow, EoslowNeuhigh and EoslowNeulow CRSwNP patients. Compared with EoslowNeuhigh and EoslowNeulow CRSwNP patients, patients with EoshighNeuhigh and EoshighNeulow endotype demonstrated a higher prevalence of atopy, allergic rhinitis and asthma comorbidity, and increased peripheral blood eosinophil absolute count and percentage (all P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference between EoshighNeuhigh and EoshighNeulow CRSwNP. Plasma levels of all 27 mediators including type 1 cytokines (IL-12 and IFN-γ), type 2 cytokines (IL-4, IL-5 and IL-13), type 3 cytokines (IL-17A), pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-6 and TNF-α) and tissue remodeling-related markers (bFGF, VEGF and PDGF-BB) demonstrated no significant difference among all endotypes of CRSwNP (all P>0.05). Conclusions: Eoshigh and Eoslow CRSwNP patients display significant differences regarding the prevalence of atopy, allergic rhinitis and asthma comorbidity, peripheral blood eosinophil absolute count and percentage, but the clinical characteristics, blood cellular and biological markers can not effectively distinguish four endotypes of CRSwNP. Further studies are warranted to dig out the potential objective, convenient and reliable markers associated with endotypes in patients with CRSwNP.


Subject(s)
Adult , Chronic Disease , Eosinophils , Female , Humans , Inflammation Mediators , Male , Nasal Polyps/pathology , Rhinitis/pathology , Sinusitis/complications
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936187

ABSTRACT

Objective: To detect the percentages of CD8+Treg cells in the nasal mucosa and peripheral blood of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and to explore their correlation with eosinophilic infiltration. Methods: Thirty-three chronic rhinosinusitis with polyp (CRSwNP), 26 chronic rhinosinusitis without polyp (CRSsNP) and 27 control patients who were collected with the nose mucosal tissue and peripheral blood in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from March 2017 to October 2018 were selected, including 59 males and 27 females, aging from 18 to 72 years. Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the number of eosinophils in the nasal tissues and to classify the CRS into eosinophilic CRS (ECRS) and non-eosinophilic CRS (Non-ECRS). Flow cytometry was used to detect the percentages of CD4+ and CD8+T cells in lymphocytes of nasal mucosa and peripheral blood. The percentages of CD8+Foxp3+Treg cells, CD8+Foxp3-IL-10+Treg cells, CD8+IFN-γ+T cells (Tc1), CD8+IL-4+T cells (Tc2) and CD8+IL-17A+T cells (Tc17) in lymphocytes of nasal mucosa and peripheral blood were also tested. Besides, the percentages of Foxp3+TGF-β+Treg cells and Foxp3+IL-10+Treg cells in CD8+T cells were determined. All data were represented by M (IQR). GraphPad 7.0 and SPSS 16.0 were used for illustration and statistical analysis. Results: The percentage of CD8+T cells (37.75%(17.35%)) was higher than that of CD4+T cells (4.72%(4.29%)) in nasal mucosa (Z=-5.70, P<0.001), while lower (23.60%(9.33%)) than that of CD4+T cells (44.05% (10.93%)) in peripheral blood (t=9.72, P<0.001). CRSwNP patients possessed the highest Tc2 (1.82% (1.22%)) and Tc17 (1.93% (2.32%)) percentages than CRSsNP (Tc2: 0.84% (0.79%); Tc17: 0.54% (1.04%)) and control (Tc2: 1.09% (0.92%); Tc17: 0.47% (0.51%), both P<0.05) patients. While, CRSwNP patients possessed the lowest CD8+Foxp3+Treg cells percentage (0.10% (0.32%)) than CRSsNP (0.43% (1.45%)) and control (0.48% (0.83%), Z value was -2.24, -2.22, respectively, P value was 0.025, 0.027, respectively). The percentages of Foxp3+TGF-β+Treg cells and Foxp3+IL-10+Treg cells of CD8+T cells in nasal mucosa in CRSwNP were also lower than controls (Z value was 1.46, 0.49, respectively, both P=0.001). Moreover, the percentage of CD8+Foxp3-IL-10+Treg cells of CD8+T cells was decreased in nasal mucosa of CRSwNP patients (0.14% (0.28%)) when compared with that of CRSsNP (0.89% (0.81%), Z=0.61, P=0.03). ECRS patients had the lower percentages of CD8+Foxp3+Treg cells (0.07% (0.44%)) and CD8+Foxp3-IL-10+Treg cells (0.13% (0.21%)) than Non-ECRS patients (CD8+Foxp3+Treg cells: 0.53% (0.75%); CD8+Foxp3-IL-10+Treg cells: 0.29% (0.76%), t value was 2.14, 2.78, respectively, both P<0.05). The percentage of CD8+Foxp3+Treg cells and the ratio of CD8+Foxp3-IL-10+T per CD8+T cells were negatively correlated with the percentage of eosinophils in CRS patients(R2 value was 0.56, 0.78, respectively, both P<0.001). There was no significant difference in the distribution of CD8+Fxop3+Treg cells and CD8+Fxop3-IL-10+Treg cells in peripheral blood among different groups. Conclusion: The percentages of CD8+Treg cells decrease in CRSwNP patients, especially in ECRS patients, which are opposite to that of Tc2 and Tc17, and negatively correlate with the eosinophils percentage. This indicates that the decrease in the ratio of CD8+Treg cell may be associated with the immune-imbalance and eosinophilic infiltration in nasal mucosa of CRS patients.


Subject(s)
CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Chronic Disease , Female , Humans , Male , Nasal Polyps/complications , Rhinitis/complications , Sinusitis/complications , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936186

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the types and clinical characteristics of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) based on artificial intelligence and whole-slide imaging (WSI), and to explore the consistency of the diagnostic criteria of the Japanese epidemiological survey of refractory eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis (JESREC) in Chinese CRSwNP patients. Methods: The data of 136 patients with CRSwNP (101 males and 35 females, aging 14 to 70 years) who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery from 2018 to 2019 in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University were analysed retrospectively. The preoperative clinical characteristics of patients were collected, such as visual analogue scale (VAS) of nasal symptoms, peripheral blood inflammatory cell count, total immunoglobulin E (IgE), Lund-Kennedy score and Lund-Mackay score. The proportion of inflammatory cells such as eosinophils, lymphocytes, plasma cells and neutrophils were calculated on the WSI of each patient through artificial intelligence chronic rhinosinusitis evaluation platform 2.0 (AICEP 2.0), and the specific type of nasal polyps was then obtained as eosinophilic CRSwNP (eCRSwNP) or non-eosinophilic CRSwNP (non-eCRSwNP). In addition, the JESREC diagnostic criteria was used to classify the nasal polyps, and the classification results were compared with the current gold standard for nasal polyps diagnosis (pathological diagnosis based on WSI). The accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of the diagnostic criteria of JESREC were evaluated. The data were expressed in M (Q1, Q3) and statistically analyzed by SPSS 17.0. Results: There was no significant difference between eCRSwNP and non-eCRSwNP in age distribution, gender, time of onset, total VAS score, Lund-Kennedy score or Lund-Mackay score. However, there was a significant difference in the ratio of nasal polyp inflammatory cells (eosinophils 40.5% (22.8%, 54.7%) vs 2.5% (1.0%, 5.3%), neutrophils 0.3% (0.1%, 0.7%) vs 1.3% (0.5%, 3.6%), lymphocytes 49.9% (39.3%, 65.9%) vs 82.0% (72.8%, 87.5%), plasma cells 5.1% (3.6%, 10.5%) vs 13.0% (7.4%, 16.3%), χ2 value was 9.91, 4.66, 8.28, 5.06, respectively, all P<0.05). In addition, eCRSwNP had a significantly higher level of proportion of allergic symptoms (nasal itching and sneezing), asthma, peripheral blood eosinophil and total IgE (all P<0.05). The overall accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of the JESREC diagnostic criteria was 74.3%, 81.3% and 64.3%, respectively. Conclusions: The eCRSwNP based on artificial intelligence and WSI has significant high level of allergic symptoms, asthma, peripheral blood eosinophils and total IgE, and the percentages of inflammatory cells in nasal polyps are different from that of non-eCRSwNP. The JESREC diagnostic criteria has good consistency in our research.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Chronic Disease , Eosinophils/metabolism , Female , Humans , Male , Nasal Polyps/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Rhinitis/pathology , Sinusitis/pathology
11.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 5(3): 232-236, jul.set.2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399211

ABSTRACT

A rinossinusite crônica (RSC) é uma síndrome caracterizada pela inflamação da mucosa nasal e dos seios paranasais por pelo menos 12 semanas, acometendo de 5% a 12% da população geral. A síndrome é associada a alta morbidade e considerada um grande problema de saúde pública devido a sua prevalência, seu custo para a sociedade e ao impacto que acarreta na qualidade de vida dos pacientes e em seu desempenho escolar ou profissional. Ademais, a RSC está associada a diversas comorbidades, como dermatite atópica, distúrbios respiratórios do sono, conjuntivite, otite média, asma e problemas emocionais. O dupilumabe é eficaz e seguro no tratamento da RSC com polipose nasal. A eficácia é progressiva no primeiro ano de tratamento, e a posologia de 300 mg a cada duas semanas é superior em relação à de cada quatro semanas. A interrupção do tratamento com 24 semanas acarreta a perda parcial de seus efeitos benéficos. O imunobiológico também é eficaz no controle da asma nos pacientes que apresentam essa doença como comorbidade. Alguns pacientes podem apesentar aumento transitório de eosinófilos sanguíneos, e 2,7% desenvolveram conjuntivite como reação adversa nos estudos SINUS-24 e SINUS-52. O dupilumabe é uma excelente opção terapêutica no tratamento concomitante de múltiplas doenças caracterizadas pela inflamação de tipo II.


Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a syndrome characterized by inflammation of the nasal mucosa and paranasal sinuses for at least 12 weeks, affecting 5% to 12% of the general population. The syndrome is associated with high morbidity and is considered a major public health problem because of its prevalence, its cost to society, and the impact it has on patients' quality of life and on their school or professional performance. Furthermore, CRS is associated with several comorbidities, such as atopic dermatitis, sleep-disordered breathing, conjunctivitis, otitis media, asthma, and emotional problems. Dupilumab is effective and safe in the treatment of CRS with nasal polyposis. Effectiveness is progressive in the first year of treatment, and a dosage of 300 mg every two weeks is more effective than that of every four weeks. Discontinuing treatment at 24 weeks results in partial loss of its beneficial effects. The biological drug is also effective in controlling asthma in patients who have this disease as a comorbidity. Some patients may experience a transient increase in blood eosinophils, and 2.7% developed conjunctivitis as an adverse reaction in the SINUS-24 and SINUS-52 studies. Dupilumab is an excellent therapeutic option in the concomitant treatment of multiple diseases characterized by type II inflammation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rhinitis , Nasal Polyps , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , Otitis Media , Paranasal Sinuses , Patients , Quality of Life , Asthma , Sinusitis , Therapeutics , Effectiveness , Conjunctivitis , Dermatitis, Atopic , Eosinophils , Nasal Mucosa
12.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 5(3): 298-301, jul.set.2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399398

ABSTRACT

Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) is a multisystem disorder characterized by asthma, peripheral blood eosinophilia, and signs of vasculitis. Glucocorticoids are considered the cornerstone of treatment, but most patients remain steroid-dependent and carry a significant burden of adverse effects. We report a case of a patient with steroid-dependent EGPA successfully treated with mepolizumab. A 36-year-old man presented with persistent rhinitis, dyspnea, wheezing, and dry cough poorly controlled with inhaled therapy. Eosinophilia in peripheral blood and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was seen. Histological findings from nasal mucosa revealed eosinophilic microabscesses and vasculitis without granulomas compatible with EGPA diagnosis. After daily oral prednisolone (PSL) was started, symptoms and eosinophilia improved, but adverse effects emerged. Attempts at tapering off PSL resulted in worsening of symptoms. He started mepolizumab 300 mg monthly, with clinical improvement and sustained disease remission, which allowed reducing the need for PSL. We present a very disabling steroiddependent EGPA. Mepolizumab was able to taper off PSL while maintaining symptomatic control.


Granulomatose eosinofílica com poliangiite (EGPA) é uma doença multissistêmica caracterizada por asma, eosinofilia no sangue periférico e sinais de vasculite. Os corticoides são considerados a base do tratamento, no entanto, a maioria dos pacientes permanece dependente deste tratamento com os seus efeitos adversos associados. Relatamos o caso de um paciente com granulomatose eosinofílica dependente de esteroides com poliangiite (EGPA) tratado com sucesso com mepolizumabe. Um homem de 36 anos apresentou rinite persistente, dispneia, sibilos e tosse seca mal controlada com terapia inalada. Observou-se eosinofilia no sangue periférico e no lavado broncoalveolar. Os achados histológicos da mucosa nasal revelaram microabscessos eosinofílicos e vasculite sem granulomas compatíveis com o diagnóstico de EGPA. Após o início da prednisolona oral diária (PSL), os sintomas e a eosinofilia melhoraram, mas surgiram efeitos adversos. As tentativas de redução gradual da PSL resultaram no agravamento dos sintomas. Iniciou mepolizumabe 300 mg mensalmente, com melhora clínica e remissão sustentada da doença, o que permitiu reduzir a necessidade de PSL. Apresentamos um EGPA dependente de esteroides muito incapacitante. O mepolizumab foi capaz de diminuir o PSL mantendo o controle sintomático sustentado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Prednisolone , Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , Signs and Symptoms , Therapeutics , Respiratory Sounds , Rhinitis , Interleukin-5 , Cough , Diagnosis , Dyspnea , Eosinophilia
13.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 41(3): 481-492, jul.-set. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345398

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción. El asma es una enfermedad crónica y potencialmente grave. El 80 % de los casos es de origen alérgico, por lo cual la inmunoterapia específica con alérgenos es una alternativa terapéutica que modula el curso natural de la enfermedad. Objetivo. Evaluar el impacto de la inmunoterapia en pacientes pediátricos con asma atendidos en una institución de salud de Colombia. Materiales y métodos. Se hizo un estudio observacional descriptivo con componente analítico de corte transversal. Se incluyeron 62 pacientes con diagnóstico de asma alérgica sensibilizados a ácaros del polvo y en tratamiento, mínimo, con seis dosis de inmunoterapia contra ácaros. El efecto del tratamiento se evaluó mediante la escala de puntuación del ACT (Asthma Control Test), la escala de tratamiento de la GINA (Global Initiative for Asthma) y la espirometría. Resultados. La puntuación de la prueba ACT antes del inicio de la inmunoterapia, correspondía a 30 % de pacientes con asma no controlada, 28 % con buen control y 4 % con asma totalmente controlada. Entre los pacientes con asma no controlada, el 46,7 % logró un buen control y el 23,3 % alcanzó un control total. En cuanto a la percepción de los pacientes sobre la mejoría con la inmunoterapia, el 9,75 % percibió una mejoría menor del 50 %, el 45,2 %, una entre el 50 y el 90 %, en tanto que el 41,9 % refirió una igual o mayor del 90 %. No se encontraron cambios significativos en los valores del volumen espiratorio forzado en un segundo (VEF1) en las espirometrías. Conclusiones. Se observaron cambios significativos en los puntajes del ACT y en la percepción de mejoría de la enfermedad en la población tratada con inmunoterapia específica para ácaros, es decir, que esta tendría un efecto beneficioso en el curso natural de la enfermedad


Abstract Introduction: Asthma is a chronic and potentially serious disease and 80% of the cases have an allergic etiology. In this sense, allergen-specific immunotherapy is an alternative that modulates the natural course of the disease. Objective: To evaluate the impact of immunotherapy in pediatric asthma patients treated at a health institution in Colombia. Materials and methods: We conducted an observational descriptive study with an analytical cross-sectional component. Sixty-two patients diagnosed with allergic asthma sensitized to dust mites and treated with at least 6 doses of mite immunotherapy were included. We assessed the impact of immunotherapy using the Asthma Control Test (ACT), the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) treatment scale, and spirometry values. Results: The ACT score before the start reported 30% of patients with uncontrolled asthma, 28% with good control, and 4% with totally controlled asthma. Of the patients with uncontrolled asthma, 46.7% achieved good control and 23.3% total control. Regarding patients' perception of improvement with the immunotherapy, 9.75% perceived a response of less than 50%, 45.2% one between 50% -90%, and 41.9% reported response equal to or greater than 90%. No significant changes in FEV1 values were found in spirometry. Conclusions: Significant changes in the ACT scores and the perception of disease improvement were observed in the population evaluated with specific mite immunotherapy, i.e., it had a positive impact on the natural course of the disease.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Immunotherapy , Pediatrics , Spirometry , Rhinitis , Mites
14.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e201, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280177

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Post-anesthetic complications, particularly respiratory complications, continue to be a source of concern due to their high frequency, particularly in pediatrics. Objective: To describe the incidence of respiratory complications in the post-anesthesia care unit of an intermediate complexity center during a six-month period, and to explore the variables associated with major respiratory complications. Materials and Methods: Retrospective cohort study based on clinical record reviews. The records of the post-anesthesia care unit of an intermediate complexity pediatric institution located in Medellin, Colombia, were reviewed. This center uses a nursing-based care model that includes patient extubation in the post-anesthesia care unit. Results: The records of 1181 patients were analyzed. The cumulative incidences of major complications were bronchospasm 1.44%, laryngospasm 0.68% and respiratory depression 0.59%. There were no cases of cardiac arrest or acute pulmonary edema. A history of respiratory infection less than 15 days before the procedure, rhinitis and female sex were associated with major respiratory complications. Conclusions: A low frequency of respiratory complications was found during care provided by nursing staff trained in anesthesia recovery and pediatric airway in the post-anesthesia care unit.


Resumen Introducción: Las complicaciones postanestésicas, especialmente las respiratorias, siguen siendo causa de preocupación por su alta frecuencia, en particular, en la población pediátrica. Objetivo: Describir la incidencia de complicaciones respiratorias en la unidad de cuidados postanestésicos de una institución de mediana complejidad, en un período de seis meses y explorar las variables relacionadas con las complicaciones respiratorias mayores. Materiales y métodos: Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo, basado en la valoración de historias clínicas. Se revisaron los registros de la unidad de cuidados postanestésicos de una institución pediátrica de mediana complejidad ubicada en Medellín. Esta institución utiliza un modelo de atención -basado en enfermería- que incluye la extubación del paciente en la unidad de cuidados postanestésicos. Resultados: Se analizaron los registros de 1181 pacientes. La incidencia acumulada de complicaciones mayores fue: broncoespasmo 1,44 %, laringoespasmo 0,68 % y depresión respiratoria 0,59 %. No se presentaron casos de paro cardiaco ni de edema agudo de pulmón. El antecedente de infección respiratoria menor a 15 días, rinitis y sexo femenino se asociaron con complicaciones respiratorias mayores. Conclusiones: Durante la atención en la unidad de cuidados postanestésicos por parte del personal de enfermería entrenado en la recuperación de la anestesia y de la vía aérea de los pacientes pediátricos, se encontró una baja frecuencia de complicaciones respiratorias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pulmonary Edema , Respiratory Insufficiency , Anesthesia , Anesthetics , Bronchial Spasm , Rhinitis , Laryngismus , Cohort Studies , Colombia , Edema , Heart Arrest , Infections , Nursing Staff
15.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 5(2): 160-168, abr.jun.2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1398842

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A asma e a rinite parecem influenciar de diversas formas aspectos da vida das crianças, incluindo o comprometimento do nível de atividade física. Objetivo: Analisar a preferência por comportamentos favoráveis à prática de atividade física e o nível de atividade física de crianças de 6 a 7 anos com sintomas de asma e/ou rinite em uma cidade do Sul do Brasil. Método: Foi realizado um estudo transversal, que estimou a presença de sintomas de asma e de rinite através do questionário International Study of Asthma and Allergy in Childhood e sua relação com a preferência por comportamentos favoráveis à prática de atividade física e com o nível de atividade física avaliados com o Netherlands Physical Activity Questionnaire. O teste t de Student foi utilizado para verificar a associação entre as variáveis independentes e os comportamentos favoráveis à prática de atividade física e o nível de atividade física. ANOVA uma via, seguida do teste post hoc de Tukey foram utilizados para comparar os comportamentos favoráveis à prática de atividade física e o nível de atividade física entre grupos. Resultados: Participaram do estudo 282 crianças, nestas os sintomas de rinite foram os mais prevalentes, presentes em 20,2% das crianças. A associação de sintomas de asma e rinite foi constatada em 17,7% das crianças, e a presença isolada de sintomas de asma em 12,1%. Em relação ao nível de atividade física, os meninos obtiveram pontuação significativamente maior em relação à preferência por brincadeiras agitadas (p = 0,02) e prática de esportes (p = 0,01), o mesmo para crianças com sintomas de asma ou rinite. Conclusão: Não foi detectada relação entre o nível de atividade física e os sintomas de asma e rinite entre os participantes.


Introduction: Asthma and rhinitis seem to influence different aspects of children's lives, including impairment of physical activity level. Objective: To analyze preference for behaviors conducive to physical activity and level of physical activity in children aged 6 to 7 years with symptoms of asthma and/or rhinitis in a city in southern Brazil. Methods: This cross-sectional study evaluated the presence of symptoms of asthma and rhinitis using the International Study of Asthma and Allergy in Childhood questionnaire and its association with behavior conducive to physical activity and with physical activity levels, which were evaluated with the Netherlands Physical Activity Questionnaire. Student's t-test was used to assess if independent variables were associated with behavior conducive to physical activity and physical activity levels. One-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's post hoc test were used to compare behavior conducive to physical activity and physical activity levels between groups. Results: In total, 282 children participated in the study, and the most prevalent symptoms were those of rhinitis, present in 20.2% of children. The association of asthma and rhinitis symptoms was found in 17.7% of children, and the presence of asthma symptoms alone was found in 12.1%. Regarding the level of physical activity, boys obtained a significantly higher score in relation to their preference for active games (p = 0.02) and sports (p = 0.01), the same for children with symptoms of asthma or rhinitis. Conclusion: There was no relationship between level of physical activity and symptoms of asthma and rhinitis among the participants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Asthma , Exercise , Rhinitis , Signs and Symptoms , Sports , Students , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Analysis of Variance , Hypersensitivity
16.
Rev. cient. Esc. Univ. Cienc. Salud ; 8(1): 5-11, ene-. jun. 2021. tab., graf.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BIMENA | ID: biblio-1370900

ABSTRACT

La prevalencia de las enfermedades atópicas va en aumento de manera impor- tante, especialmente en la población infantil a nivel mundial según la Organización Mundial de la Salud. Dentro de estas enfermedades están incluidas el asma, rinitis y la dermatitis atópica. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de asma, rinitis y dermatitis atópica en escolares de 6 a 12 años en San Pedro Sula, Honduras en el año 2000. Pacientes y Métodos: Estudio descrip- tivo, cuantitativo, no experimental. La muestra fue de 1500 escolares matriculados en diversas escuelas que fueron seleccionadas por un método no probabilístico por conveniencia. La reco- lección de datos se realizó mediante la aplicación de un instrumento tipo encuesta a escolares que cumplían con los criterios de inclusión y contaban con consentimiento informado. Los datos se tabularon en SPSS. Resultados: La prevalencia de asma fue 24.46% (367), rinitis 17% (255) y dermatitis atópica 11.69% (175). Se encontró que 15.73% (236) tenían asma y rinitis; 9.53% (143) asma y dermatitis; y 8.40% (126) padecían rinitis y dermatitis. Además, 7.93% (119) padecían de las tres enfermedades. Conclusión: Los datos de prevalencia de asma y de dermatitis atópica en Escolares de San Pedro Sula son mayores a los encontrados en estudios de prevalencia de dichas enfermedades en Latinoamérica. Sin embargo, la preva- lencia de rinitis en San Pedro Sula es menor en comparación a la señalada en estos estudios...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Asthma/diagnosis , Rhinitis/diagnosis , Dermatitis, Atopic/diagnosis , Data Collection/statistics & numerical data , Informed Consent/ethics
17.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(5): 331-338, oct. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1292091

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La obstrucción nasal (ON) es el síntoma más molesto de la rinitis crónica (RC). Los estudios que correlacionaron métodos subjetivos y objetivos de ON realizados en niños y adultos produjeron resultados contradictorios. Objetivos. Analizar la correlación entre escalas subjetivas de ON con determinaciones de pico flujo inspiratorio nasal (PFIN) y comparar la valoración subjetiva de la ON y el PFIN en niños según su edad. Población y métodos. Participaron pacientes con RC. Se estimó la correlación entre la evaluación subjetiva de la ON mediante una escala visual análoga (ON-EVA, por su sigla en inglés) y la Escala de evaluación de los síntomas de obstrucción nasal (NOSE, por su sigla en inglés) y medición del flujo aéreo nasal pre- y posvasoconstrictor, mediante PFIN. Se analizaron las diferencias entre los grupos de 8 a 11 años y los de 12 a 15 años para la valoración subjetiva de la ON y PFIN. Resultados. Se incluyeron 79 pacientes entre 8 y 15 años. No se comprobó correlación entre ON-EVA y PFIN antes y después del vasoconstrictor (r = -0,19; p = 0,11 y r = -0,18; p = 0,15 respectivamente) ni entre NOSE y PFIN basal (r = -0,23; p = 0,07). Hubo diferencias en el PFIN entre niños de 8-11 años y 12 a 15 años (p = <0,0001), pero no se demostraron diferencias en la percepción subjetiva por ON-EVA (p = 0,7591). Conclusión. No se demostró correlación entre puntajes subjetivos de ON y PFIN en niños y adolescentes con RC. Los niños mayores perciben menos la ON que los de menor edad. Las escalas subjetivas de ON no reemplazan su medición con PFIN en pacientes con rinitis.


Introduction. Nasal obstruction (NO) is the most irritating symptom of chronic rhinitis (CR). The results of studies that correlated subjective and objective methods of NO in children and adults were contradictory. Objectives. To analyze the correlation between subjective NO scales and peak nasal inspiratory flow (PNIF) measurements and compare the subjective NO assessment and PNIF in children by age. Population and methods. Participants were patients with CR. The correlation between the subjective NO assessment using a visual analog scale (NO-VAS) and the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) and nasal airflow measurement pre- and post-vasoconstrictor administration using the PNIF was estimated. The differences in the subjective NO assessment and PNIF between children aged 8-11 years and 12-15 years were analyzed. Results. A total of 79 patients aged 8-15 years were included. No correlation was established between the NO-VAS and the PNIF before and after vasoconstrictor administration (r = -0.19; p = 0.11 and r = -0.18; p = 0.15 respectively) or between the NOSE and the baseline PNIF (r = -0.23; p = 0.07). Differences were observed in the PNIF between children aged 8-11 years and 12-15 years (p = < 0.0001), but there were no differences in the subjective perception assessed with the NO-VAS (p = 0.7591). Conclusion. No correlation was demonstrated between the subjective NO score and the PNIF in children and adolescents with CR. Older children have a lower perception of NO than younger ones. Subjective NO scales cannot replace the PNIF measurement in patients with rhinitis


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Nasal Obstruction/diagnosis , Nasal Obstruction/etiology , Respiratory Function Tests , Rhinitis/diagnosis , Prospective Studies , Visual Analog Scale
18.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(3): 298-304, May-Jun. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285695

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The antiinflammatory effects of macrolides, especially clarithromycin, have been described in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis without polyps and also other chronic inflammatory airway diseases. There is no consensus in the literature regarding the effectiveness of clarithromycin in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with sinonasal polyposis and the national literature does not report any prospective studies on the efficacy of clarithromycin in chronic rhinosinusitis in our population. Objective To evaluate the effect of clarithromycin in the adjunctive treatment of recurrent chronic rhinosinusitis with sinonasal polyposis refractory to clinical and surgical treatment. Methods Open prospective study with 52 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis and recurrent sinonasal polyposis. All subjects received nasal lavage with 20 mL 0.9% SS and fluticasone nasal spray, 200 mcg / day, 12/12 h for 12 weeks; and clarithromycin 250 mg 8/8 h for 2 weeks and, thereafter, 12/12 h for 10 weeks. The patients were assessed by SNOT 20, NOSE and Lund-Kennedy scales before, immediately after treatment and 12 weeks after treatment. The patients were also evaluated before treatment with paranasal cavity computed tomography (Lund-Mackay) and serum IgG, IgM, IgA, IgE and eosinophil levels. The outcomes evaluated were: SNOT-20, NOSE and Lund-Kennedy. Results Most patients were women, aged 47 (15) years (median / interquartile range), and 61.5% (32/52) had asthma. All patients completed the follow-up after 12 weeks and 42.3% (22/52) after 24 weeks. Treatment resulted in a quantitative decrease in the SNOT-20 [2.3 (1.6) vs. 1.4 (1.6); Δ = −0.9 (1.1); p < 0.01]; NOSE [65 (64) vs. 20 (63); Δ = −28 (38), p < 0.01] and Lund-Kennedy [11 (05) vs. 07 (05); Δ = −2 (05); p < 0.01] scores. SNOT-20 showed a qualitative improvement (>0.8) in 54% (28/52, p < 0.04) of patients, a group that showed lower IgE level [108 (147) vs. 289 (355), p < 0.01]. The group of patients who completed follow-up 12 weeks after the end of treatment (n = 22) showed no worsening of outcomes. Conclusion Long-term adjuvant use of low-dose clarithromycin for chronic rhinosinusitis patients with recurrent sinonasal polyposis refractory to clinical and surgical treatment has resulted in improved quality of life and nasal endoscopy findings, especially in patients with normal IgE levels. This improvement persisted in the patient group evaluated 12 weeks after the end of the treatment.


Resumo Introdução Os efeitos anti-inflamatórios dos macrolídeos são reconhecidos, principalmente da claritromicina para os pacientes com rinossinusite crônica sem pólipos e outras doenças inflamatórias crônicas das vias aéreas em outras populações. Não existe consenso na literatura quanto a sua prescrição para os pacientes de rinossinusite crônica com polipose nasossinusal e a literatura nacional não dispõe de estudos prospectivos sobre a eficácia da claritromicina na rinossinusite crônica em nossa população. Objetivo Avaliar o efeito da claritromicina no tratamento adjuvante da rinossinusite crônica recorrente com polipose nasossinusal refratária ao tratamento clínico e cirúrgico. Método Estudo prospectivo aberto, com 52 pacientes, portadores de rinossinusite crônica com polipose nasossinusal recorrente. Todos os indivíduos receberam lavagem nasal com SF 0,9% 20 mL e fluticasona spray nasal, 200 mcg/dia, 12/12 horas por 12 semanas; e claritromicina 250 mg, de 8/8 horas, por 2 semanas e posteriormente 12/12 horas, por 10 semanas. Os pacientes foram avaliados através do SNOT 20, do NOSE e Lund-Kennedy antes, pós-tratamento imediato e 12 semanas após o tratamento. Os pacientes também foram avaliados antes do tratamento por tomografia computadorizada das cavidades paranasais (Lund-Mackay) e dosagem sérica de IgG, IgM, IgA, IgE e eosinófilos. Os desfechos avaliados foram: SNOT-20, NOSE e Lund-Kennedy. Resultados A maioria dos pacientes era mulher, idade de 47 (15) anos (mediana/intervalo interquartílico) e 61,5% (32/52) portadores de asma. Todos os pacientes completaram o seguimento após 12 semanas e 42,3% (22/52) após 24 semanas. O tratamento resultou em uma diminuição quantitativa do SNOT-20 [2,3 (1,6) vs. 1,4 (1,6); Δ = -0,9 (1,1); p< 0,01]; do NOSE [65 (64) vs. 20 (63); Δ = -28 (38), p< 0,01] e do Lund-Kennedy [11 (05) vs. 07 (05); Δ = -2 (05); p< 0,01]. O SNOT-20 mostrou uma melhoria qualitativa (> 0,8) em 54% (28/52, p< 0,04) dos pacientes, grupo que evidenciou menor nível de IgE [108 (147) vs. 289 (355), p< 0,01]. O grupo de pacientes que completou o seguimento 12 semanas após o término do tratamento (n = 22) não mostrou uma pioria dos desfechos. Conclusão O uso prolongado adjuvante da claritromicina em baixas doses para pacientes com rinossinusite crônica com polipose nasossinusal recorrente refratária ao tratamento clínico e cirúrgico resultou em melhoria na qualidade de vida e endoscopia nasal, principalmente em pacientes com níveis de IgE normal. Essa melhoria se sustentou no grupo de pacientes avaliado 12 semanas após o término do tratamento.


Subject(s)
Rhinitis/drug therapy , Nasal Polyps/complications , Nasal Polyps/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Chronic Disease , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Clarithromycin , Endoscopy
19.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(3): 260-268, May-Jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285685

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Chronic rhinosinusitis is currently classified into two types: chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyps and chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps. In the West, approximately 80% of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps cases are characterized by a predominantly eosinophilic cell infiltrate and a Th2 cytokine pattern. Objective To evaluate the effect of Interferon-α on cytokine levels of the eosinophilic nasal polyp cell culture supernatant. Methods Cell cultures were performed based on nasal polypoid tissue samples collected from 13 patients with eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps. Polyps were considered eosinophilic according to the histopathological examination. Cell cultures were stimulated with 3000 IU of interferon-α. Before and after the stimulus, concentrations of Interferon-γ, tumor necrosis factor αand IL 2, 4, 6 and 10, using cytometric bead array, were assessed. Results Cell samples from eosinophilic nasal polyps from 13 patients were included in the study. Twenty-four hours after interferon-α stimulation, eosinophilic nasal polyp culture supernatants showed significantly decreased IL-4 concentrations and increase in interferon-γ, IL-10 and IL-6 concentrations compared to controls. There were no significant differences in tumor necrosis factor -α and IL-2 concentrations. Conclusion We demonstrated that interferon-α in vitro alters the pattern of cytokines in cell cultures of eosinophilic nasal polyps. Analysis of these alterations suggests that interferon-α promotes a rebalancing of inflammatory profiles in cell cultures, favoring the expression of Th1 and regulatory cytokines over Th2 cytokines.


Resumo Introdução A rinossinusite crônica, atualmente, é classificada em dois tipos: Rinossinusite Crônica sem Pólipos Nasais (RSCsPN) e Rinossinusite Crônica com Pólipos Nasais (RSCcPN). No Ocidente, cerca de 80% dos casos de RSCcPN caracterizam-se por um infiltrado celular predominantemente eosinofílico e um padrão de citocinas Th2. Objetivo Avaliar o efeito do Interferon-alpha nos níveis de citocinas do sobrenadante de culturas celulares de pólipos nasais eosinofílicos. Método Foram feitas culturas celulares a partir de amostras de tecido polipoide nasal coletadas de 13 pacientes com RSCcPN eosinofílica. Os pólipos eram considerados eosinofílicos segundo exame histopatológico. As culturas celulares foram estimuladas com 3000 UI de IFN-α. Antes e após tal estímulo, foram avaliadas, no sobrenadante das culturas celulares, as concentrações do Interferon-γ (IFN-γ), do Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa (TNF-α) e das Interleucinas (IL) 2, 4, 6 e 10, usou-se o Cytometric Bead Array. Resultados Foram incluídas no estudo amostras celulares dos pólipos nasais eosinofílicos de 13 pacientes. Vinte e quatro horas após o estímulo com IFN-α, os sobrenadantes das culturas dos pólipos nasais eosinofílicos apresentaram, de forma significante, diminuição da concentração de IL-4 e aumento das concentrações de IFN-γ, IL-10 e IL-6, em relação ao controle. Não houve diferença significante nas concentrações de TNF-α e IL-2. Conclusão Demonstramos que o IFN-α, in vitro, altera o padrão de citocinas nas culturas celulares de pólipos nasais eosinofílicos. A análise do conjunto dessas alterações sugere que o IFN-α promove, nas culturas celulares, um rebalanceamento dos perfis inflamatórios, favorece a expressão de citocinas Th1 e regulatórias, em detrimento de citocinas do padrão Th2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sinusitis/drug therapy , Rhinitis/drug therapy , Nasal Polyps , Chronic Disease , Cytokines , Interferon-alpha
20.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(2): 178-187, mar.-abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249344

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução: A rinossinusite crônica é uma inflamação crônica altamente heterogênea do trato respiratório superior causada por uma disfunção imune nos seres humanos. Entretanto, a etiologia subjacente dessa doença ainda não foi bem estabelecida. Diversos estudos revelaram que anormalidades nos níveis séricos de vitamina D podem desempenhar um papel na fisiopatologia da doença. Objetivo: Fazer uma metanálise de estudos para comparar os níveis séricos de vitamina D entre pacientes com rinossinusite crônica e controles saudáveis e avaliar as potenciais associações do nível sérico de vitamina D com a ocorrência da doença. Método: Seguindo as diretrizes Prisma, bancos de dados relevantes, inclusive Pubmed, Web of Science, Embase e Cochrane Library, foram pesquisados desde a sua data de início até 1° de dezembro de 2018. A simetria do gráfico de funil (funnel plot symmetry) e o teste de Egger foram usados para detectar o viés da publicação. Os desfechos foram apresentados como diferença média ponderada e combinamos a diferença média ponderada e intervalos de confiança de 95% para estimar a diferença dos níveis séricos de vitamina D entre pacientes com rinossinusite crônica e os controles. O valor de I2 de Higgins foi usado para testar a heterogeneidade entre os estudos incluídos. Resultados: Dos 176 estudos que identificamos, apenas oito, que envolveram 337 pacientes com rinossinusite crônica e 179 controles saudáveis, preencheram os critérios e foram incluídos na metanálise. Em uma análise combinada de todos os estudos, a diminuição do nível sérico de vitamina D foi demonstrada na rinossinusite crônica (DMP = −7,80, IC95% −13,28 ± −2,31, p = 0,000). Análises de subgrupos com base no local do estudo (EUA vs. Não EUA), tipos de biomarcadores (25[OH]D3 vs. 25[OH]D) e desenho do estudo (retrospectivo vs. prospectivo) não explicaram a heterogeneidade. No entanto, o fenótipo da rinossinusite crônica (rinossinusite crônica com pólipos nasais vs. rinossinusite crônica sem pólipos nasais) pode explicar algum grau de heterogeneidade. Contudo, um nível sérico mais baixo de vitamina D foi observado em pacientes com rinossinusite crônica com pólipos nasais. Conclusão: Nossos achados indicam que o nível sérico de vitamina D pode estar associado à rinossinusite crônica, pois detectamos uma associação significante entre níveis séricos mais baixos de vitamina D em pacientes com rinossinusite crônica, especialmente na rinossinusite crônica com pólipos nasais. No entanto, mais estudos abrangentes são necessários para se chegar a conclusões abalizadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sinusitis , Rhinitis , Vitamin D , Chronic Disease , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies
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