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1.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 41(4): 187-192, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1366967

ABSTRACT

La sinusitis micótica alérgica es una enfermedad inflamatoria de la mucosa rinosinusal producida por hongos que pueden aislarse de la cavidad de nasal de individuos sanos. Se produce indirectamente por los hongos que actúan como antígeno y desencadenan una reacción inmunológica mediada por IgE que origina pólipos y una secreción mucosa espesa con detritus e hifas denominada mucina. Su presentación clínica más frecuente es una sinusitis crónica unilateral o bilateral con pólipos. Con menos frecuencia, las sustancias originadas por la desgranulación de los eosinófilos producen remodelación o destrucción ósea y la sinusitis puede simular una neoplasia. Se describe el caso clínico de un paciente que padeció una sinusitis micótica alérgica con destrucción ósea masiva de la base del cráneo y que tuvo extensión intracraneal extradural e intraorbitaria de la enfermedad. Fue tratado con éxito mediante cirugía y corticoides. (AU)


Allergic fungal sinusitis is an inflammatory disease of the rhinosinusal mucosa caused by fungi that can be isolated from the nasal cavity of healthy individuals. The pathology is produced indirectly by the fungus that acts as an antigen and triggers an IgE-mediated allergic reaction that causes polyps and a thick mucous discharge with detritus and hyphae called mucin. Its most common clinical presentation is unilateral or bilateral chronic sinusitis with polyps. Less commonly, substances originated by the degranulation of eosinophils cause bone remodeling or destruction, and sinusitis can simulate a neoplasia. We describe the clinical case of a patient who suffered from allergic fungal sinusitis with massive bone destruction of the skull base and who had intracranial, extradural and intraorbital extension of the disease. He was successfully treated with surgery and corticosteroids.Key words: allergic fungal sinusitis, intracranial extension, endoscopic surgery, transorbital transpalpebral approach. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Sinusitis/diagnostic imaging , Skull Base/physiopathology , Rhinitis, Allergic/diagnostic imaging , Invasive Fungal Infections/diagnostic imaging , Curvularia/pathogenicity , Sinusitis/surgery , Sinusitis/drug therapy , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Skull Base/surgery , Budesonide/administration & dosage , Rhinitis, Allergic/surgery , Rhinitis, Allergic/drug therapy , Invasive Fungal Infections/surgery , Invasive Fungal Infections/drug therapy
2.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1295-1302, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921048

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To review the therapeutic effect of acupuncture and moxibustion on allergic rhinitis based on the network Meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#The randomized controlled trials of acupuncture and moxibustion for allergic rhinitis were retrieved from the databases, starting from the date of establishment to August 17, 2020, i.e. the PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang and VIP. The traditional Meta-analysis and network Meta-analysis were performed by RevMan5.3 and GeMTC0.14.3.@*RESULTS@#A total of 50 RCTs were included, including 4260 patients, involving 5 kinds of acupuncture and moxibustion therapies, such as acupuncture, moxibustion, acupoint application, acupoint thread-embedding and auricular point therapy.①In term of total effective rate, acupuncture, moxibustion and acupoint thread-embedding were superior to western medication and auricular point therapy (@*CONCLUSION@#The therapeutic effect of acupuncture and moxibustion on allergic rhinitis is better than western medication, and acupoint thread-embedding has the best curative effect.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Moxibustion , Network Meta-Analysis , Rhinitis, Allergic/therapy
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877669

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the efficacy and action mechanism of penetrating moxibustion at governor vessel for persistent allergic rhinitis of deficiency-cold syndrome.@*METHODS@#Ninety patients with persistent allergic rhinitis of deficiency-cold syndrome were randomly divided into an observation group (@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the TCM symptom scores, VAS scores, RQLQ scores, serum levels of IgE and complete blood count of EOS in the two groups were all reduced after treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Based on the momethasone furoate nasal spray, the adjuvant treatment of penetrating moxibustion at governor vessel could significantly improve the clinical symptoms in patients with persistent allergic rhinitis of deficiency-cold syndrome, and its mechanism may be related to the regulation of immune disorder.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Humans , Moxibustion , Quality of Life , Rhinitis, Allergic/drug therapy , Syndrome , Treatment Outcome
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880366

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Few studies have explored the modifications by family stress and male gender in the relationship between early exposure to traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) and allergic rhinitis (AR) risk in preschool children.@*METHODS@#We conducted a case-control study of 388 children aged 2-4 years in Shenyang, China. These children AR were diagnosed by clinicians. By using measured concentrations from monitoring stations, we estimated the exposures of particulate matter less than 10 μm in diameter (PM@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of AR in children aged 2-4 years (6.4%) was related to early TRAP exposure. With an IQR (20 μg/m@*CONCLUSIONS@#Family stress and male gender may increase the risk of AR in preschool children with early exposure to PM


Subject(s)
Air Pollution/adverse effects , Case-Control Studies , Child, Preschool , China/epidemiology , Cities , Family/psychology , Female , Humans , Male , Prevalence , Rhinitis, Allergic/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Stress, Psychological/complications , Traffic-Related Pollution/adverse effects
5.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 354-361, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888764

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Chinese medicine has the potential to modulate allergic rhinitis (AR). There have been studies investigating the treatment efficacy of Yupingfeng San, alone or in combination with other ingredients, in AR, though few have studied the potential mechanisms of these drugs. In the present study, we measured the effects of Jiawei Yupingfeng (JWYPF), a traditional Chinese medicine formula, on mice with ovalbumin-induced AR and explored its underlying mechanism of action.@*METHODS@#Forty BALB/c mice were randomly divided into normal control, allergy control and two treatment groups of ten mice each. In the normal control group, mice were sensitized and challenged with saline. The mice in the allergy control and treatment groups were sensitized and challenged with ovalbumin and aluminum hydroxide gel. The treatments of JWYPF and Nasonex were administered intranasally in the AR mice for one week. Several signs of allergic inflammation, such as nasal eosinophils and inflammatory cytokines, were measured to determine the underlying mechanisms.@*RESULTS@#Mice in the JWYPF and Nasonex groups had significantly lower AR symptom scores than those in the allergy control group (the mean differences between JWYPF and the allergy control, and Nasonex and the allergy control were -2.00 ± 0.35 and -2.40 ± 0.32). After treatment with JWYPF and Nasonex, the levels of ovalbumin-specific IgE and histamine were significantly reduced, as were the levels of interlukin-4 and transforming growth factor-β, while interferon-γ levels were increased (all P < 0.0001, vs. allergy control). These two treatments also significantly inhibited eosinophil and mast cell infiltration into the nasal cavity but were not statistically different from one-another.@*CONCLUSION@#JWYPF has a potential therapeutic effect on AR via adjusting the rebalance of T helper 1 and T helper 2.


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Rhinitis, Allergic/drug therapy
6.
Vaccimonitor (La Habana, Print) ; 29(3)sept.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139853

ABSTRACT

Para confirmar la presencia de apneea obstructiva del sueño (OSA) en rinitis alérgica (RA), se realizó poligrafía cardiorrespiratoria (CRP) y para tratar ambas condiciones, inmunoterapia alérgeno específica (ITAE). El diseño fue descriptivo en el universo de pacientes del servicio de Alergología del policlínico Previsora en Camagüey, Cuba, desde diciembre 2018 a marzo 2020. Se seleccionaron 326 pacientes en orden consecutivo de asistencia a la consulta, teniendo en cuenta los criterios: ≥5 años con RA, sospecha de OSA y prueba cutánea con ácaros: Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, Dermatophagoides siboney y Blomia tropicalis, producidos en: Centro Nacional de Biopreparados de Cuba. Todos recibieron ASIT por ≥10 meses y se realizó CRP antes y después de la ASIT. La CRP se realizó utilizando el marcaje automático de eventos de ApneaLink AirTM (Resmed Corp., RFA), validado para estudiar los trastornos del sueño en el hogar. Los resultados de la prueba cutánea y de CRP se evaluaron antes y después de la ASIT; también la eficacia de la ASIT según criterios de pacientes y profesionales. De la muestra, 152 fueron del sexo femenino y 174 del sexo masculino para un 46,6 por ciento y 53,4 por ciento respectivamente; aquellos con habón de 5 a 6 mm fueron los más representados (p=0,04). Hubo descenso en los niveles de gravedad de OSA después de la ASIT (p=0,025). En la valoración de la eficacia de la ASIT, hubo un número significativo de mejorados (p=0,012). La CRP proporciona el diagnóstico de OSA en RA, y la ASIT cambia el curso de ambas condiciones(AU)


To confirm the presence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in allergic rhinitis (AR), cardiorespiratory polygraphy (CRP) was performed, and to treat both conditions, the allergen specific immunotherapy (ASIT) was used in order to change their course. Descriptive study in the universe of patients from Previsora polyclinic Allergology service, Camagüey, Cuba was carried-out from December 2018 to March 2020. 326 patients were selected in consecutive order of attendance at the consultation, taking into account the criteria: ≥5 years with AR, suspicion of OSA and positive skin test to: Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, Dermatophagoides siboney and Blomia tropicalis, supplied by the National Center for Biopreparations in Cuba. All patients received ASIT for ≥10 months and CRP was performed before and after ASIT. The CRP results were taken from the automatic scoring of the ApneaLink AirTM device (Resmed Corp., Australia), validated to study OSA at home. The skin test and CRP results were evaluated before and after the ASIT. In addition, the assessment of the ASIT efficacy according to criteria of patients and professionals was performed. The sample was made-up of 152 female patients (46.6 percent) and 174 males (53.4 percent); those with 5 to 6 mm wheal were the most represented (p=0.04). There was decrease in OSA severity levels after ASIT (p=0.025). The ASIT efficacy was proved with a significant number of improvements (p=0.012). CRP provides the diagnosis of OSA in AR, and ASIT changes the course of both conditions(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Skin Tests/methods , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/therapy , Rhinitis, Allergic/therapy , Mites , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Observational Study
7.
Vaccimonitor (La Habana, Print) ; 29(2)mayo.-ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1127515

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades alérgicas van en aumento importante en todo el mundo. La rinitis alérgica es una enfermedad inflamatoria crónica de la mucosa nasal IgE mediada, alérgeno-específica con participación de diversas células. Nos propusimos caracterizar la rinitis alérgica en pacientes atendidos en el Hospital Universitario General Calixto García. Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal, no aleatorizado, entre octubre 2016 y octubre 2017. En una muestra de 100 pacientes que cumplieron los criterios de inclusión, se realizó historia clínica alergológica empleando variables como: edad, sexo, antecedentes patológicos personales y familiares, procedencia, manifestaciones clínicas, y prueba cutánea por punción. Predominó el sexo femenino entre 30 y 39 años de edad, de área urbana, antecedentes patológicos familiares y personales de asma y conjuntivitis. La rinitis intermitente leve prevaleció en nuestro estudio, así como la sensibilidad a Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus. La tercera década de la vida fue la edad promedio de los pacientes. Se concluye que los pacientes presentaron una alta sensibilidad a Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus. La rinitis persistente leve, con la mitad de los casos, obtuvo mayor predominio por la duración de los síntomas(AU)


Allergic diseases are increasing significantly worldwide. Allergic rhinitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the nasal mucosa, IgE-mediated, allergen-specific with the participation of various cells. The aims of this study was to characterize allergic rhinitis in patients treated at the General Calixto García University Hospital. Descriptive cross-sectional non-randomized observational study was carried out between October 2016 and October 2017. A sample of 100 patients who meet the inclusion criteria was studied. Allergological medical history was performed using variables such as age, sex, personal and family pathological history, origin, clinical manifestations, and puncture skin test. Female sex predominated between 30 and 39 years old, urban area, family and personal pathological history of asthma and conjunctivitis. Mild intermittent rhinitis predominated in our study. Sensitivity to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus. The third decade of life was the average age of the patients in this study. We summarize that patients had presented a high sensitivity to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus. Mild persistent rhinitis with half of the cases had a greater predominance for the duration of symptoms(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Skin Tests/methods , Rhinitis, Allergic/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
8.
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(1): 38-43, 20200000. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1370136

ABSTRACT

Objective: The study aims to assess the impact of obstructive sleep apnea on quality of life in pediatric patients along with their management approaches. Methodology: The study has applied a cross-sectional design to recruit children, visiting ENT clinics with the suggestion of obstructive sleep apnea. History and OSA assessment were collected for these children from the hospital. Besides this, OSA-18 questionnaire was used to collect the data, translated into Arabic language for respondents' feasibility. Results: A total of 24 patients (40%) were able to cure with medical treatment, whereas 36 patients (60%) were provided with surgical treatment. There were significant association between medical management and parental smoking (p-value=0.011), OSA score (p-value-0.003) and the size of adenoid (p-value=0.008). A significant association was also shown between size of adenoid and severity of OSA18 (p-value=0.031). No significant difference was shown between parental smoking, allergic rhinitis and severity of OSA. Conclusion: Although the surgical management is still the main modality in treating OSA, medical treatment plays an important role especially in cases with mild OSA, small adenoids and indoor smoking.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Quality of Life , Adenoids/surgery , Cross-Sectional Studies/statistics & numerical data , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/surgery , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/therapy , Rhinitis, Allergic/therapy , Data Management/organization & administration
9.
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(1): 55-60, 20200000. tab, fig
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1370527

ABSTRACT

Objective: Morphological changes in sinuses are commonly observed through routine Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Computed Tomography (CT) scans. The present study aims to assess the prevalence of nasal and sinus pathology in the Jordanian patients undergoing head MRI or CT scans for a non-ENT cause. Materials and Methods: Prospective study was conducted at Alkarak hospital, Jordan. CT/MRI scan images of patients were reviewed over a period of 6-months. Data about ENT symptoms, history of allergic rhinitis, and abnormalities was also collected. Results: Of the 600 patients (445 MRI, 145 CT Scans), sinus pathology was observed in 170 patients (28.33%). The most common sinus abnormality was mucosal thickening (n=135, 79.41%), followed by complete opacification and cysts. A significant correlation was observed between sex, sinonasal symptoms, facial pain, and asthma in both sinus pathology and nasal pathology. Nasal obstruction (p=0.000) and allergic rhinitis (p=0.000) were significantly correlated with nasal pathology. Conclusion: A significant correlation between incidental sinonasal pathology and both facial pain and allergic rhinitis was observed. However, the incidental findings are overestimated due to lack of correlation to symptoms and underlying conditions


Subject(s)
Humans , Facial Pain/diagnosis , Prospective Studies , Rhinitis, Allergic/complications , Nasal Cavity/pathology
10.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(1): 63-73, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089372

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The types of allergic rhinitis are roughly classified based on the causative antigens, disease types, predilection time, and symptom severity. Objective To examine the clinical typing and individualized treatment approach for allergic rhinitis and to determine the optimal treatment method for this disease using various drug combination therapies. Methods A total of 108 participants with allergic rhinitis were divided into three groups based on symptoms. Subsequently, each group was further categorized into four subgroups based on the medications received. The efficacy of the treatments was evaluated using the visual analog scale VAS scores of the total and individual nasal symptoms, decline index of the symptom score, histamine and leukotriene levels, and mRNA and protein expression levels of histamine 1 and cysteinyl leukotriene 1 receptors. Results Loratadine + mometasone furoate and loratadine + mometasone furoate + montelukast significantly improved the sneezing symptom and reduced the histamine levels compared with the other combination therapies (p < 0.05). Meanwhile, montelukast + mometasone furoate and montelukast + mometasone furoate + loratadine considerably improved the nasal obstruction symptom and decreased the leukotriene D4 levels compared with the other combination therapies (p < 0.05). Conclusion Clinical symptom evaluation combined with experimental detection of histamine and leukotriene levels can be an objective and accurate method to clinically classify the allergic rhinitis types. Furthermore, individualized treatment based on allergic rhinitis classification can result in a good treatment efficacy.


Resumo Introdução A rinite alérgica é basicamente classificada de acordo com os antígenos causadores, tipos de doença, peridiocidade e gravidade dos sintomas. Objetivo Avaliar os tipos clínicos e a abordagem terapêutica individualizada para cada tipo de rinite alérgica e determinar o método de tratamento ideal utilizando várias terapias de combinação de fármacos. Método Um total de 108 participantes com rinite alérgica foram divididos em três grupos com base nos sintomas. Posteriormente, cada grupo foi subsequentemente categorizado em quatro subgrupos com base nos medicamentos recebidos. A eficácia dos tratamentos foi avaliada utilizando os escores da escala visual analógica EVA dos sintomas nasais totais e individualmente, índice de declínio do escore de sintomas, níveis de histamina e leucotrienos e níveis de expressão de mRNA e proteína dos receptores de histamina 1 e cisteinil-leucotrieno 1. Resultados As associações entre loratadina + furoato de mometasona, assim como a de loratadina + furoato de mometasona + montelucaste melhoraram significativamente o sintoma de espirros e reduziram os níveis de histamina em comparação às outras terapias combinadas (p < 0,05). Por outro lado, a associação montelucaste + furoato de mometasona, assim como a associação montelucaste + furoato de mometasone + loratadina melhoraram consideravelmente o sintoma de obstrução nasal e diminuíram os níveis de leucotrieno D4 em comparação com as outras combinações (p < 0,05). Conclusão A avaliação clínica dos sintomas combinada com a detecção experimental dos níveis de histamina e leucotrieno pode ser um método objetivo e preciso para classificar clinicamente os tipos de rinite alérgica. Além disso, o tratamento individualizado baseado na classificação da rinite alérgica pode resultar no aumento da eficácia do tratamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Histamine/blood , Leukotriene D4/blood , Drug Therapy, Combination/methods , Precision Medicine/methods , Rhinitis, Allergic/blood , Quinolines/therapeutic use , Sneezing , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Receptors, Histamine H1/genetics , Nasal Obstruction/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , Loratadine/therapeutic use , Receptors, Leukotriene/genetics , Anti-Allergic Agents/therapeutic use , Rhinitis, Allergic/diagnosis , Rhinitis, Allergic/drug therapy , Mometasone Furoate/therapeutic use , Acetates/therapeutic use , Nasal Mucosa
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879777

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the incidence of systemic reactions (SR) to subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) for bronchial asthma and/or allergic rhinitis in children and their risk factors.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 198 children with bronchial and/or allergic rhinitis. According to the presence or absence of SR and local reactions (LR) during SCIT, the patients were divided into two groups: SR (with SR and LR, n=31) and control (without SR or LR, n=142). A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the risk factors associated with SR.@*RESULTS@#Among the 198 patients who received 8 157 injections of SCIT, 25 (12.6%) experienced SR (31 times, 0.38%), including grade I SR (18 times, 58%), grade II SR (10 times, 32%), grade III SR (3 times, 10%), and no grade IV SR. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that multiple sensitization with both food and inhaled allergens, specific IgE to dust mites (grade 6), total IgE (grade 6), and a history of LR were independent risk factors for SR (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#SCIT is a safe treatment for bronchial asthma and/or allergic rhinitis in children, with a low incidence of SR. Children with multiple sensitization with both food and inhaled allergens, a hypersensitive state (specific IgE to dust mites, grade 6; total IgE, grade 6), and a history of LR have an increased risk of SR to SCIT.


Subject(s)
Allergens , Animals , Asthma/drug therapy , Child , Desensitization, Immunologic , Humans , Injections, Subcutaneous , Retrospective Studies , Rhinitis, Allergic/therapy , Risk Factors
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826708

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect differences between "'s five-needle method" and routine acupoint selection on allergic rhinitis and asthma syndrome.@*METHODS@#A total of 210 patients with allergic rhinitis and asthma syndrome were randomly divided into an observation group (105 cases, 4 cases dropped off) and a control group (105 cases, 4 cases dropped off). The patients in the observation group were treated with "'s five-needling method", and the acupoints of Feishu (BL 13), Dazhui (GV 14), Fengmen (BL 12), Yintang (GV 29), Shangyingxiang (EX-HN 8) and Hegu (LI 4), etc. were selected; the patients in the control group was treated with routine acupuncture, and the acupoints of Feishu (BL 13), Zhongfu (LU 1), Taiyuan (LU 9), Dingchuan (EX-B 1), Danzhong (CV 17), Yintang (GV 29), Fengmen (BL 12) and Zusanli (ST 36), etc. were selected. The treatment in the two groups was given once a day, 6 times a week, for 4 weeks. The score of symptoms and signs was observed before and after treatment as well as 1 month, 2 months and 3 months after treatment. The forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), peak expiratory flow (PEF) and eosinophils in peripheral blood were measured before and after treatment in the two groups. After treatment, the clinical therapeutic effect was compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The total effective rate was 98.0% (99/101) in the observation group, which was superior to 94.1% (95/101) in the control group (0.05), and the total score of symptoms and signs in the third month of follow-up in the control group was significantly increased (<0.05). After treatment, FEV1 and PEF in the two groups were increased (<0.01), eosinophil count in peripheral blood was decreased (<0.01), and the improvement in the observation group was greater than that in the control group (<0.01, <0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#"'s five-needle method" can improve the clinical symptoms and pulmonary function, reduce the count of eosinophils in peripheral blood in patients with allergic rhinitis and asthma syndrome, and the curative effect is better than routine acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Asthma , Therapeutics , Humans , Needles , Rhinitis, Allergic , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826665

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the therapeutic effect of herb-separated moxibustion combined with budesonide nasal spray (rhinocort) on moderate to severe persistent allergic rhinitis (AR) of kidney- deficiency type, and to explore the correlation between nasal temperature and condition of allergic rhinitis.@*METHODS@#A total of 70 patients with moderate to severe persistent AR were randomized into an observation group (35 cases) and a control group (35 cases, 3 cases dropped off). Both groups were treated with rhinocort, one spray on each side of the nostril (approximately 64 μg each spray), once in the morning and once in the evening, for 4 weeks. On the basis of the above treatment, the observation group was treated with herb-separated moxibustion at Shenshu (BL 23), Feishu (BL 13), Zhiyang (GV 9), Dazhui (GV 14), 3 moxibustions per acupoint, a single treatment lasting about 30 min. This treatment was given once every other day, 3 times every week, and totally continuous 4 weeks. The changes of AR symptom visual analogue scale (VAS) scores were observed before and after treatment and at 3 months follow-up after treatment. The heat variation (temperature, range) on projection areas of the nose, lungs, large intestine and kidneys of the two groups' patients before and after treatment were detected by the infrared thermal imaging diagnostic system, and the correlation between the VAS scores and nasal temperature before and after treatment was analyzed. The clinical effects of both groups were evaluated according to the VAS score.@*RESULTS@#The total effective rate in the observation group after treatment was 85.7% (30/35), which was higher than 71.9% in the control group (23/32, <0.05). After treatment and at follow-up, the VAS scores of both groups were lower than those before treatment (<0.05), and the VAS score of the observation group was lower than that of the control group at follow-up (<0.05). After treatment, the nasal temperature, pulmonary range, large intestinal range and renal range of the observation group were all lower than those before treatment (<0.05), the nasal temperature and nasal range of the control group were lower than before treatment (<0.05), and the reduction of nasal temperature, nasal range and renal range in the observation group was greater than that of the control group (<0.05). Before and after treatment, there was a correlation between VAS score and nasal temperature (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The herb-separated moxibustion combining western medication has a better effect and long-term effect than western medication alone for moderate to severe persistent AR, which can improve heat variation on projected areas of the nose, lung, large intestine and kidney of patients. In addition, nasal temperature can reflect the severity of the symptoms of patients with moderate to severe persistent AR, or it can be used as a secondary indicator to evaluate condition of AR.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Budesonide , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Moxibustion , Rhinitis, Allergic , Therapeutics , Yang Deficiency
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762182

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Data are lacking on the association between the allergic rhinitis (AR) phenotype and sensitization to specific allergens or bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) in children. We here investigated risk factors and comorbidities, including sensitization to specific allergens and BHR, for the AR phenotype by AR and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) classification in a general population-based birth cohort study. METHODS: We enrolled 606 children aged 7 years from the Panel Study of Korean Children. The AR phenotype was assigned in accordance with the ARIA classification in children. Skin prick tests and Provocholine provocation test were performed. Risk factors and comorbidities for AR phenotypes were then analyzed. RESULTS: The prevalence of mild and moderate to severe AR in our study cohort was 37.2% and 8.8%, respectively. Recent use of analgesics or antipyretics and current cat ownership were associated with the risk of mild persistent AR. Sensitizations to Dermatophagoides Pteronyssinus (Der p), Japanese hop and cat were associated with moderate to severe persistent AR. Children with moderate to severe AR had a higher risk of current asthma and BHR compared to mild AR cases (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 5.26; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.77–15.62). Moderate to severe AR with allergic sensitization was associated with the highest risk of BHR (aOR, 11.77; 95% CI, 3.40–40.74). CONCLUSIONS: Moderate to severe-persistent AR is more closely related to respiratory comorbidities and sensitizations than mild AR. Stratifying the AR phenotype by ARIA classification may assist in disease management.


Subject(s)
Allergens , Analgesics , Animals , Antipyretics , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Asthma , Bronchial Hyperreactivity , Cats , Child , Classification , Cohort Studies , Comorbidity , Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus , Disease Management , Humans , Methacholine Chloride , Odds Ratio , Ownership , Parturition , Phenotype , Prevalence , Rhinitis, Allergic , Risk Factors , Skin
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762179

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We evaluated the severity of olfactory disturbance (OD) in the murine model of allergic rhinitis (AR) and local allergic rhinitis (LAR) in mice. We also investigated the therapeutic effect of an intranasal steroid on OD. METHODS: Forty BALB/c mice were divided into 5 groups (n = 8 for each). The control group was sensitized intraperitoneally (i.p.) and challenged intranasally (i.n.) with saline. Mice in the AR group got i.p. and i.n. ovalbumin (OVA) administration for AR induction. The LAR group was challenged i.n. with 1% OVA for inducing local nasal allergic inflammation, without inducing the systemic allergy. The OD group got an i.p. methimazole administration (75 mg/kg) to induce total destruction of olfactory mucosa. Mice in the intranasal budesonide group received i.n. budesonide (12.8 μg per time, 30 minutes after the i.n. OVA challenge) while using OVA to cause systemic allergies. We conducted a buried-food pellet test to functionally assess the degree of OD in each group by measuring the time taken until finding hidden food. We evaluated the damage to olfactory epithelium using histopathologic evaluation and compared the degree of olfactory marker protein (OMP) expression in olfactory epithelium using immunofluorescent staining. RESULTS: Mice of the AR (81.3 ± 19.8 seconds) and LAR groups (66.2 ± 12.7 seconds) spent significantly more time to detect the pellets than the control group (35.6 ± 12.2 seconds, P < 0.01). After treatment, the intranasal budesonide group exhibited significantly better results (35.8 ± 11.9 seconds) compared with the AR and LAR groups (P < 0.01). The AR and LAR groups showed considerable olfactory epithelial damage and suppression of OMP expression compared with the control group. In the intranasal budesonide group, the olfactory lesions and OMP expression had improved substantially. CONCLUSIONS: OD may be caused by olfactory epithelial damage and suppression of OMP expression in nasal allergic inflammation and could be reversed using an intranasal steroid.


Subject(s)
Animals , Budesonide , Hypersensitivity , Inflammation , Methimazole , Mice , Olfaction Disorders , Olfactory Marker Protein , Olfactory Mucosa , Ovalbumin , Ovum , Quality of Life , Rhinitis, Allergic , Steroids
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762176

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Oak is the dominant tree species in Korea. Oak pollen has the highest sensitivity rate among all allergenic tree species in Korea. A deep neural network (DNN)-based estimation model was developed to determine the concentration of oak pollen and overcome the shortcomings of conventional regression models. METHODS: The DNN model proposed in this study utilized weather factors as the input and provided pollen concentrations as the output. Weather and pollen concentration data were used from 2007 to 2016 obtained from the Korea Meteorological Administration pollen observation network. Because it is difficult to prevent over-fitting and underestimation by using a DNN model alone, we developed a bootstrap aggregating-type ensemble model. Each of the 30 ensemble members was trained with random sampling at a fixed rate according to the pollen risk grade. To verify the effectiveness of the proposed model, we compared its performance with those of models of regression and support vector regression (SVR) under the same conditions, with respect to the prediction of pollen concentrations, risk levels, and season length. RESULTS: The mean absolute percentage error in the estimated pollen concentrations was 11.18%, 10.37%, and 5.04% for the regression, SVR and DNN models, respectively. The start of the pollen season was estimated to be 20, 22, and 6 days earlier than that predicted by the regression, SVR and DNN models, respectively. Similarly, the end of the pollen season was estimated to be 33, 20, and 9 days later that predicted by the regression, SVR and DNN models, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the DNN model performed better than the other models. However, the prediction of peak pollen concentrations needs improvement. Improved observation quality with optimization of the DNN model will resolve this issue.


Subject(s)
Korea , Pollen , Quercus , Rhinitis, Allergic , Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal , Seasons , Trees , Weather
17.
Asia Pacific Allergy ; (4): 6-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785459

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of peanut allergy (PA) among children has increased significantly over the past decade. Even though the prevalence of PA in Singapore is considered low, peanut is the top trigger for food-induced anaphylaxis in Singaporean children.OBJECTIVE: To describe the demographic characteristics and clinical features of children with PA.METHODS: This is a 5-year retrospective review of children diagnosed with PA based on clinical history coupled with a positive skin prick test to peanut or positive oral food challenge results.RESULTS: There were 269 patients (53.9% males) with a clinical diagnosis of PA. The median age at first allergic presentation for the PA group was 24 months old, with interquartile range of 13–39 months. The most common form of peanut introduced was roasted peanut. The rate of peanut anaphylaxis was 7.1%. Concomitant tree nut sensitization was found in 32.3% of this cohort, predominantly to cashew nut. Majority of them have a personal history of atopy – 75.8% with eczema, 63.6% with allergic rhinitis, and 19.7% with asthma.CONCLUSION: This is the first large review of peanut-allergic children in Singapore. Prospective population-based studies are needed to establish the true prevalence and risk factors associated with the development of this potentially life-threatening condition.


Subject(s)
Anacardium , Anaphylaxis , Arachis , Asia , Asthma , Child , Cohort Studies , Diagnosis , Eczema , Humans , Nuts , Peanut Hypersensitivity , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Rhinitis, Allergic , Risk Factors , Singapore , Skin , Trees
18.
Asia Pacific Allergy ; (4): 7-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785458

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The incidence of asthma exacerbation (AE) and the predictive value of spirometry and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) in school children have not been evaluated.OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the efficacy of spirometry measurement and FeNO monitoring for predicting AE in school children in the Cheongju area in Korea.METHODS: With parental agreement, we studied 170 students aged 7–12 years. Children were evaluated by an asthma specialist using baseline spirometry, skin prick test, seasonal FeNO measurement, and asthma control test. The study participants underwent a physical examination and their medical history was also evaluated by the specialist. They were assessed for asthma control status during regular doctor visits for 1 year.RESULTS: In total, 160 children (94.1%) completed follow-up and FeNO monitoring. Of which, 26 children (16.3%) had AE. AE was associated with male children and children with allergic rhinitis (p < 0.05). While, children with AE tended to have higher FeNO than those without AE, no significant difference was found. The maximum value of FeNO ≥35 ppb was associated with AE (p < 0.05). Children with AE had a significantly decreased baseline forced expiratory volume in 1 second/forced vital capacity (FEV₁/FVC), %predicted, forced expiratory flow at 25%–75% of FVC (FEF(25%–75%)). FEV₁/FVC < 80% was associated with AE in children regardless of inhalant allergen sensitization (all p < 0.05).CONCLUSION: Baseline spirometry had a predictive value of AE in school children. Sensitive spirometric parameters such as FEV₁/FVC and FEF(25%–75%) can be used as prognostic factors to predict future childhood AE. FeNO value ≥ 35 ppb during monitoring was associated with AE in school children.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Child , Follow-Up Studies , Forced Expiratory Volume , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Male , Nitric Oxide , Parents , Physical Examination , Rhinitis, Allergic , Seasons , Skin , Specialization , Spirometry , Vital Capacity
19.
Asia Pacific Allergy ; (4): 11-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785454

ABSTRACT

Air pollution, climate change, and reduced biodiversity are major threats to human health with detrimental effects on a variety of chronic noncommunicable diseases in particular respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. The extent of air pollution both outdoor and indoor air pollution and climate change including global warming is increasing-to alarming proportions particularly in the developing world especially rapidly industrializing countries worldwide. In recent years, Asia has experienced rapid economic growth and a deteriorating environment and increase in allergic diseases to epidemic proportions. Air pollutant levels in many Asian countries especially in China and India are substantially higher than are those in developed countries. Moreover, industrial, traffic-related, and household biomass combustion, indoor pollutants from chemicals and tobacco are major sources of air pollutants, with increasing burden on respiratory allergies. Here we highlight the major components of outdoor and indoor air pollutants and their impacts on respiratory allergies associated with asthma and allergic rhinitis in the Asia-Pacific region. With Asia-Pacific comprising more than half of the world's population there is an urgent need to increase public awareness, highlight targets for interventions, public advocacy and a call to action to policy makers to implement policy changes towards reducing air pollution with interventions at a population-based level.


Subject(s)
Administrative Personnel , Air Pollutants , Air Pollution , Air Pollution, Indoor , Allergy and Immunology , Asia , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Asthma , Biodiversity , Biomass , Cardiovascular Diseases , China , Climate Change , Climate , Consumer Advocacy , Developed Countries , Economic Development , Family Characteristics , Global Warming , Humans , Hypersensitivity , India , Rhinitis, Allergic , Tobacco
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785352

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Allergic rhinitis is the most common atopic disease and the most common chronic disease of children. Eosinophil count and percentage in nasal smear are useful for differential diagnosis of allergic rhinitis. The aim of this study is to investigate the correlation between nasal eosinophil count and percentage.METHODS: Between January 2017 and August 2018, 221 children patients with a clinical history of rhinitis were tested at the outpatient respiratory and allergy unit of the Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea. Nasal secretion was collected by swabbing a children's nasal inferior turbinate 3–4 times with a cotton swab and then placed on to a glass slide. Later, the smear was stained by Giemsa stain.RESULTS: This is the first study to assess the comparison of nasal eosinophil count and percent. There is a positive correlation between nasal eosinophil count and percent Y=1.02 X+2.82 (Y=Eosinophil count, X=Eosinophil percentage). To determine the usefulness of nasal eosinophil count and percentage in the diagnosis of allergic rhinitis, we analyzed receiver operating characteristic curves. The cutoff value of the nasal eosinophil count was 6.5/high-power field, and that of the nasal eosinophil ratio was 3% for the diagnosis of allergic rhinitis.CONCLUSION: In patients with suspected rhinitis, one of the values of nasal eosinophil count or percentage can be used in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Azure Stains , Child , Chronic Disease , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Eosinophils , Glass , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Korea , Outpatients , Pediatrics , Rhinitis , Rhinitis, Allergic , ROC Curve , Turbinates
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