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1.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(6): 702-710, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350351

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Functions attributed to androgens have increased, ranging from the role in hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis and reproductive behaviors to modulation of cognition, mood and some other functions. Sex differences and changes in circulating sex hormones affect human sensory function. In the literature, authors reported this kind of influence for olfaction predominantly in females. Objective: To investigate the effects of low testosterone levels on olfactory functions in males, in this prospective clinical study. Methods: Male patients diagnosed with prostate cancer were included. Thirty-nine patients with prostate cancer whose testosterone levels were lower than 50 ng/dL due to castration, were the study group. Thirty-one patients with prostate cancer who were not castrated with testosterone levels higher than 50 ng/dL were selected as the control group. Acoustic rhinometry and peak nasal inspiratory flow tests were performed for all participants; and for evaluation of olfactory function, both groups completed the Connecticut chemosensory clinical research center olfactory test. Results: The mean ages of the patients and controls were 69.6 ± 7.2 (57-89) and 66.3 ± 5.8 (50-78) years, respectively (= 0.039). There was a significant difference between groups in terms of testosterone levels (p < 0.0001). The multivariate logistic regression revealed testosterone level as the only predictive factor determining the difference between the groups. In terms of olfactory parameters, all scores were lower in the emasculated group (butanol threshold test p = 0.019, identification p = 0.059, and Connecticut center score p = 0.029) There was a significant correlation between testosterone levels and olfactory parameters (p = 0.023; p = 0.025 for identification and Connecticut center scores, respectively). Conclusion: Low testosterone levels in males have negative effects on olfactory functions. Further molecular research is required to understand the connection between testosterone and olfaction.


Resumo Introdução: As funções atribuídas aos andrógenos aumentaram, variam desde o papel no eixo hipotálamo-hipófise-gonadal e comportamentos reprodutivos até a modulação da cognição, humor e outras funções. As diferenças entre os sexos e as mudanças nos hormônios sexuais circulantes afetam a função sensorial humana. Na literatura, os autores relataram esse tipo de influência para o olfato, principalmente no sexo feminino. Objetivo: Investigar os efeitos dos baixos níveis de testosterona nas funções olfativas em homens, neste estudo clínico prospectivo. Método: Pacientes do sexo masculino com diagnóstico de câncer de próstata foram incluídos no estudo. Compreenderam o grupo de estudo 39 pacientes com câncer de próstata cujos níveis de testosterona eram inferiores a 50 ng/dL devido à castração. Foram determinados como grupo controle 31 pacientes com câncer de próstata que não foram emasculados, com níveis de testosterona superiores a 50 ng/dL. Testes de rinometria acústica e pico de fluxo inspiratório nasal foram feitos para todos os participantes; e para avaliação da função olfativa, ambos os grupos concluíram o teste olfativo do Connecticut chemosensory clinical research center. Resultados: A média da idade dos pacientes e controles foi de 69,6 ± 7,2 (57 ± 89) e 66,3 ± 5,8 (50 ± 78) anos, respectivamente (= 0,039). Houve uma diferença significante entre os grupos em relação a níveis de testosterona (p < 0,0001). A regressão logística multivariada revelou o nível de testosterona como o único fator preditivo que determinou a diferença entre os grupos. Em termos de parâmetros olfativos, todos os escores foram menores no grupo castrado (teste do limiar de butanol p = 0,019, identificação p = 0,059 e escore do Connecticut center p = 0,029). Houve uma correlação significante entre o nível de testosterona e os parâmetros olfativos (p = 0,023; p = 0,025 para identificação e escore do Connecticut center, respectivamente). Conclusão: Baixos níveis de testosterona em homens têm efeito negativo na função olfativa. Mais pesquisas moleculares são necessárias para entender a conexão entre testosterona e olfação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Olfaction Disorders , Smell , Testosterone , Prospective Studies , Rhinometry, Acoustic
2.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(3): 326-332, May-Jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285687

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Nasal congestion and obstruction are reported in the majority of continuous positive airway pressure users and are frequently cited as reasons for noncompliance. Baseline inflammation due to allergic rhinitis could increase or exacerbate the inflammatory effect of high airflow in the nasal cavity as the result of continuous positive airway pressure and lead to greater continuous positive airway pressure intolerance. In this setting, intranasal steroids would be expected to counteract the nasal inflammation caused by allergic rhinitis and/or continuous positive airway pressure. Objective The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effects of topical corticosteroid use on nasal patency after acute exposure to positive pressure. Methods Ten individuals with allergic rhinitis were exposed to 1 h of continuous airway pressure (15 cm H2O) in the nasal cavity, delivered by a continuous positive airway pressure device. Visual analog scale, nasal obstruction symptom evaluation scale, acoustic rhinometry and peak nasal inspiratory flow were performed before and after the intervention. After 4 weeks topical nasal steroid (budesonide) application, positive pressure exposure was repeated as well as the first assessments. Results Patients reported a statistically significant improvement both on the visual analog (p = 0.013) and obstruction symptom evaluation scales (p < 0.01). Furthermore, objective measurements were improved as well, with increased nasal cavity volume on acoustic rhinometry (p = 0.02) and increased peak nasal inspiratory flow (p = 0.012), after corticosteroid treatment. Conclusion In patients with allergic rhinitis, intranasal corticosteroid therapy improved objective and subjective parameters of nasal patency after acute exposure of the nasal cavity to positive pressure.


Resumo Introdução Congestão e obstrução nasais são relatadas na maioria dos usuários de pressão positiva contínua nas vias aéreas e são frequentemente mencionadas como razões para a falta de aderência. A inflamação basal devida à rinite alérgica pode aumentar ou agravar o efeito inflamatório do alto fluxo de ar na cavidade nasal como resultado da pressão positiva contínua nas vias aéreas e aumentar a intolerância à mesma. Nesse cenário, espera-se que os esteróides intranasais neutralizem a inflamação nasal causada pela rinite alérgica e/ou pela pressão positiva contínua nas vias aéreas. Objetivo Avaliar os efeitos do uso tópico de corticosteroides na patência nasal após exposição aguda à pressão positiva. Métodos Dez indivíduos com rinite alérgica foram expostos a uma hora de pressão contínua nas vias aéreas (15 cm H2O) na cavidade nasal, fornecida por um dispositivo de pressão positiva contínua nas vias aéreas. A escala visual analógica, a escala Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation, rinometria acústica e pico de fluxo inspiratório nasal foram aplicados antes e após a intervenção. Após 4 semanas de aplicação tópica de esteroide nasal (budesonida), a exposição positiva à pressão foi repetida, bem como as primeiras avaliações. Resultados Os pacientes relataram uma melhoria estatisticamente significante tanto na escala visual analógica (p = 0,013) quanto na escala Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (p < 0,01). Além disso, as medidas objetivas também foram melhoradas, com aumento do volume da cavidade nasal na rinometria acústica (p = 0,02) e aumento do pico de fluxo inspiratório nasal (p = 0,012), após o tratamento com corticosteroide. Conclusão Em pacientes com rinite alérgica, a terapia com corticosteroide intranasal melhorou os parâmetros objetivos e subjetivos da patência nasal após exposição aguda da cavidade nasal à pressão positiva.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nasal Obstruction/drug therapy , Anti-Allergic Agents/therapeutic use , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Rhinometry, Acoustic , Mometasone Furoate/therapeutic use
3.
Rev. CEFAC ; 23(4): e14020, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287882

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: to analyze the correlation between the values of nasal aeration and geometry of the nasal cavities, before and after nasal cleansing in children with mouth breathing. Methods: 20 children aged 4 to 12 years old were chosen. The questionnaire Identification Index of Signs and Symptoms of Oral breathing was applied and nasal patency was assessed by nasal aeration, through the Altmann graded mirror, and the nasal geometry measured by acoustic rhinometry. After nasal cleansing and massage, the same aeration measurements and nasal geometry procedures were performed. Group normality was analyzed using the Shapiro-Wilk test considering the hypothesis of normal distribution whenever p>0.05. The Spearman's test was applied to analyze the correlation between variables (p<0.05). Results: there was a strong and significant correlation between nasal aeration and the corresponding cross-sectional area of the front of the inferior turbinate (CSA2) in the left cavity before cleansing. There were no correlations between the nasal aeration and other rhinometric variables. Conclusion: there was a correlation between nasal aeration values and the anterior portion of the turbinates, before the massage and nasal cleansing technique, in mouth breathing children. There were no significant differences when the nasal aeration was correlated with other rhinometric variables.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Rhinometry, Acoustic , Mouth Breathing/diagnosis , Nasal Cavity/physiopathology , Mouth Breathing/physiopathology
4.
CoDAS ; 33(3): e20200099, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249627

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Comparar a geometria da cavidade nasal de crianças e adolescentes com fissura labiopalatina e deficiência maxilar por meio de dois métodos: a tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico, considerada padrão-ouro, e a rinometria acústica. Método Foram avaliados, de maneira transversal, os exames de tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico e de rinometria acústica, previamente obtidos para fins de planejamento ortodôntico, de 17 crianças e adolescentes com fissura labiopalatina e atresia maxilar. Por meio do programa Dolphin Imaging 11.8, a cavidade nasal das imagens tomográficas foi reconstruída por dois avaliadores e foram obtidos os volumes internos nasais. Por meio da rinometria, os volumes nasais foram aferidos para as regiões V1 e V2. Os valores de cada exame foram, então, comparados, a um nível de significância de 5%. Resultados A análise estatística mostrou alta reprodutibilidade intra e interavaliadores na análise da tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico. Os volumes internos nasais médios (± desvio-padrão), utilizando a rinometria acústica e a tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico corresponderam a 6,6 ± 1,9 cm3 e 8,1 ± 1,5 cm3, respectivamente. A diferença entre os exames foi de 17,7%, considerada estatisticamente significante (p = 0,006). Conclusão Os volumes nasais aferidos pelos dois métodos são diferentes, ou seja, apresentam discrepâncias nas medidas. A técnica considerada padrão-ouro identificou volumes maiores na cavidade nasal. A determinação de qual exame reflete a realidade clínica constitui passo futuro importante.


ABSTRACT Purpose To compare the nasal cavity geometry of children and teenagers with cleft lip and palate and maxillary atresia by two methods: cone-beam computed tomography, considered the gold standard, and acoustic rhinometry. Methods Data on cone-beam computed tomography and acoustic rhinometry examinations of 17 children and teenagers with cleft lip and palate and maxillary atresia, previously obtained for orthodontic planning purposes, were evaluated prospectively. Using Dolphin Imaging 11.8 software, the nasal cavity was reconstructed by two evaluators, and the internal nasal volumes were obtained. Using rhinometry, the volumes of regions V1 and V2 were measured. The values of each examination were then compared at a significance level of 5%. Results Statistical analysis showed high intra- and inter-rater reproducibility in the cone-beam computed tomography analysis. The mean internal nasal volumes (± standard deviation) obtained using acoustic rhinometry and cone-beam computed tomography corresponded to 6.6 ± 1.9 cm3 and 8.1 ± 1.5 cm3, respectively. The difference between the examinations was 17.7%, which was considered statistically significant (p = 0.006). Conclusion The nasal volumes measured via the two methods were different; that is, they presented discrepancies in the measurements. The gold standard technique identified larger volumes than acoustic rhinometry in the nasal cavity. Therefore, determining which test reflects clinical reality is an essential future step.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Cleft Lip/diagnostic imaging , Cleft Palate/diagnostic imaging , Reproducibility of Results , Rhinometry, Acoustic , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
5.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(1): 43-49, Jan.-Feb. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-984052

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Although the nose and lungs are separate organs, numerous studies have reported that the entire respiratory system can be considered as a single anatomical and functional unit. The upper and lower airways affect each other either directly or through reflex mechanisms. Objective: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effects of the radiofrequency ablation of persistent inferior turbinate hypertrophy on nasal and pulmonary function. Methods: Twenty-seven patients with bilateral persistent inferior turbinate hypertrophy without septal deviation were included in this study. All of the patients were evaluated using anterior rhinoscopy, nasal endoscopy, acoustic rhinometry, a visual analogue scale, and flow-sensitive spirometry on the day before and 4 months after the radiofrequency ablation procedure. Results: The post-ablation measurements revealed that the inferior turbinate ablation caused an increase in the mean cross-sectional area and volume of the nose, as well as in the forced expiratory volume in 1 s, forced vital capacity, and peak expiratory flow of the patients. These differences between the pre- and post-ablation results were statistically significant. The post-ablation visual analogue scale scores were lower when compared with the pre-ablation scores, and this difference was also statistically significant. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that the widening of the nasal passage after the reduction of the inferior turbinate size had a favorable effect on the pulmonary function tests.


Resumo Introdução: Embora o nariz e os pulmões sejam órgãos separados, numerosos estudos relataram que todo o sistema respiratório pode ser considerado como uma única unidade anatômica e funcional. As vias aéreas superiores e inferiores afetam uma à outra diretamente ou através de mecanismos reflexos. Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos da ablação por radiofrequência em conchas nasais inferiores com hipertrofia persistente sobre a função nasal e pulmonar. Método: Foram incluídos neste estudo 27 pacientes com hipertrofia persistente bilateral de conchas inferiores sem desvio septal. Todos os pacientes foram avaliados com rinoscopia anterior, endoscopia nasal, rinometria acústica, escala visual analógica e espirometria sensível ao fluxo no dia anterior e quatro meses após o procedimento de ablação por radiofrequência. Resultados: As medidas pós-ablação demonstraram que a ablação das conchas nasais inferiores resultou em um aumento da área transversal média e do volume do nariz, bem como do volume expiratório forçado em um segundo, da capacidade vital forçada e do fluxo expiratório máximo dos pacientes. Essas diferenças entre os resultados pré e pós-ablação foram estatisticamente significantes. Os escores da escala visual analógica pós-ablação foram menores quando comparados com os escores pré-ablação e essa diferença também foi estatisticamente significante. Conclusão: O alargamento da passagem nasal após a redução do tamanho das conchas nasais inferiores teve efeito favorável nos testes de função pulmonar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Respiratory System/physiopathology , Turbinates/physiopathology , Hyperostosis/surgery , Nasal Obstruction/surgery , Nasal Obstruction/physiopathology , Radiofrequency Ablation/methods , Organ Size , Postoperative Period , Reference Values , Turbinates/surgery , Turbinates/pathology , Turbinates/diagnostic imaging , Hyperostosis/physiopathology , Nasal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Peak Expiratory Flow Rate , Vital Capacity , Forced Expiratory Volume , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Rhinometry, Acoustic , Endoscopy/methods , Visual Analog Scale
6.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(2): 147-151, 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1010208

ABSTRACT

Introduction: It has been hypothesized that increasing the interstitial hydrostatic pressure within the sinonasal mucosa of patients with nasal polyposis (NP) might decrease the size of nasal polyps. Objective: To evaluate the effects of positive airway pressure, delivered by a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) device, in patients with NP and in control subjects. Methods: Twelve patients with NP and 27 healthy subjects were exposed to CPAP (20 cm H2O) for 2 hours. Visual analog scale (VAS), Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) scale, acoustic rhinometry (AR), peak nasal inspiratory flow (PNIF) and nasal endoscopy (NE-Meltzer polyp grading system) were performed before and after the intervention, for all patients. Results: The control group showed a significant worsening in nasal obstruction symptoms, as measured by VAS and NOSE (p < 0.01), and a significant decrease in nasal patency, as measured by the PNIF and AR (p < 0.01). For the NP group, VAS, NOSE, and AR did not differ significantly (p = 0.72, p = 0.73, and p = 0.17, respectively), but PNIF values worsened (p = 0.04) after exposure to CPAP. There was a statistically significant reduction in the nasal polyps' size (p = 0.04). Conclusions: Positive pressure worsened the nasal obstruction symptoms and decreased objective parameters of nasal patency in control subjects. In patients with NP, exposure to CPAP reduced the nasal polyps' size, and the nasal patency, asmeasured by PNIF. However, it had no significant effects in AR and in nasal obstruction symptoms (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Nasal Polyps , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure/adverse effects , Nasal Obstruction/diagnosis , Peak Expiratory Flow Rate , Cross-Sectional Studies , Rhinometry, Acoustic , Endoscopy , Extracellular Matrix , Visual Analog Scale , Nasal Mucosa/physiopathology
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739225

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to investigate the effects of aging on nasality and the influence of age-related changes in nasal cavity volume and nasal patency on nasality. METHODS: A total of 180 healthy Korean-speaking adult volunteers, who had no nasal or voice-related complaints, were enrolled in this study. Nasometry, acoustic rhinometry, and rhinomanometry were performed to obtain the nasalance score, nasal cavity volume, and nasal resistance, respectively. Changes in these parameters with age were analyzed. RESULTS: Nasal cavity volume increased significantly, and nasal resistance decreased significantly, with age. The nasalance scores for the nasal passage and oronasal passage decreased significantly with age, while there were no age-related changes in nasalance scores for the oral passage. CONCLUSION: Nasalance scores for the passages containing nasal consonants decreased with age although significant increases were observed in nasal cavity volume and nasal patency with age. Therefore, the age-related decreases in nasalance scores may result from factors other than changes in the nasal cavity.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aging , Humans , Nasal Cavity , Rhinomanometry , Rhinometry, Acoustic , Voice Quality , Volunteers
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760086

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We investigated the seasonal variation of nonspecific hyperreactivity by performing the cold dry air (CDA) provocation test in both summer and winter in patients with rhinitis. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: We performed the CDA provocation test in 57 patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) or non-allergic rhinitis (NAR). Depending on the season and the type of rhinitis, we divided patients into four groups (Summer AR group, n=17; Winter AR group, n=15; Summer NAR group, n=18 and Winter NAR group, n=7) and compared the changes in nasal symptoms, total nasal volume (TNV), and minimal cross-sectional area (MCA) measured by acoustic rhinometry after CDA provocation in each group. RESULTS: When the CDA provocation was performed for AR patients in summer, nasal symptoms improved slightly, which was significantly different from those shown in winter (Summer AR vs. Winter AR, p=0.012). In addition, there was a significant difference in symptom change between AR and NAR patients in the summer (Summer AR vs. Summer NAR, p=0.033). There was no significant difference in TNV or MCA changes after CDA provocation depending on the type of rhinitis and season (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: When performing CDA provocation in AR patients in summer, the examiner should pay attention to the possible paradoxical response.


Subject(s)
Humans , Methods , Nasal Provocation Tests , Rhinitis , Rhinitis, Allergic , Rhinometry, Acoustic , Seasons
9.
Journal of Rhinology ; : 16-20, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766206

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of unilateral nasal packing on the correction of recurred septal deviation after septoplasty. MATERIALS AND METHOD: We analyzed 12 patients who had undergone septoplasty and developed septal deviation recurrence. Polyvinylacetate and Vaseline gauze were inserted into the nasal passage on the convex side of the septum for 4 days in order to shift the septum to the midline. We analyzed nasal symptoms, acoustic rhinometric results, and endoscopic findings before and after unilateral packing in order to evaluate the treatment outcomes. RESULTS: Ten (83%) out of 12 patients showed improvements in nasal obstruction, acoustic rhinometric results, and endoscopic findings. The mean visual analogue scale (VAS) score for nasal obstruction was 5.25±1.60 before and 2.08±1.50 after packing (p=0.004). The minimal cross-sectional area (MCA) improved from 0.17±0.14 to 0.27±0.13 (p=0.002), and the mean endoscopic score improved from 2.0±0.43 to 1.08±0.29 (p=0.002). CONCLUSION: Unilateral nasal packing was a safe, easy, and effective method for correcting recurred septal deviation after septoplasty.


Subject(s)
Acoustics , Humans , Methods , Nasal Obstruction , Petrolatum , Recurrence , Rhinometry, Acoustic
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762137

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Children with sensitization to aeroallergens have decreased lung function and nasal patency. Our purpose was to determine the association of sensitization to different aeroallergens with airway function and nasal patency. METHODS: Four hundred and eighty-six randomly selected 11 year-old children who lived in Seongnam City were examined. Serum specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels against 6 common allergens (Dermatophagoidesfarinae, birch, cat, dog, Japanese hop and Alternaria), impulse oscillometry (IOS) results for the evaluation of airway dysfunction, and acoustic rhinometry for the determination of nasal airway patency were obtained. RESULTS: IOS indicated that children sensitized to Alternaria (n = 38, 7.8%) and dog dander (n = 69, 14.2%) had decreased lung function, based on resistance at 10 Hz (Rrs10; aβ = 0.0072; 95% CI, 0.017, 0.127; P = 0.010) and 1 Hz (Rrs1; aβ = 0.038; 95% CI, 0.001, 0.074; P = 0.042). Children sensitized to D. farinae (n = 281, 57.8%) had decreased post-decongestant nasal volume at 0 to 5 cm (aβ = −0.605; 95% CI, −1.005, −0.205; P = 0.003), but normal IOS results at all measured frequencies (P > 0.05). Increased serum eosinophil level was associated with Rrs1 (P = 0.007) and Rrs2 (P = 0.018) and post-decongestant nasal volume at 0 to 5 cm (aβ = −0.885; 95% CI, −1.331, −0.439; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Sensitivity to specific aeroallergens, serum eosinophil count and total IgE level had different associations with upper and lower airway dysfunction in urban children.


Subject(s)
Allergens , Alternaria , Animals , Asians , Betula , Cats , Child , Dander , Dogs , Eosinophils , Humans , Immunoglobulin E , Immunoglobulins , Jupiter , Lung , Oscillometry , Respiratory Function Tests , Rhinometry, Acoustic
11.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 22(3): 284-290, July-Sept. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975591

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Nasal septoplasty is considered the treatment of choice for nasal obstruction due to septal deviation. An ongoing discussion among rhinologists is whether it is reasonable to perform objective measurements of nasal patency pre or postoperatively routinely. Objective The primary aim of this study was to identify the short- and long-term functional benefits for patients undergoing septal surgery, as assessed by acoustic rhinometry (AR). The secondary goal was to evaluate the short- and long-term perception of symptom relief and disease-specific quality of life (QoL) outcomes on the part of the patients. Methods This was a prospective observational study in which AR was utilized for the assessment of nasal patency preoperatively and 1, 6 and 36months after septoplasty. Total 40 patients who underwent septoplasty filled out the Nasal Obstruction Septoplasty Effectiveness (NOSE) questionnaire and the Glasgow Benefit Inventory (GBI) to assess their subjective improvement in nasal obstruction symptoms and the changes in their QoL. Results There were statistically significant improvements in nasal patency, mean postoperative NOSE and GBI scores postoperatively. However, there was no correlation between the mean NOSE and GBI scores and the AR measurements. Furthermore, the GBI scores tended to decrease as the postoperative period increased. Conclusion The present study confirms that septoplasty significantly increases nasal patency and causes a significant subjective improvement in nasal obstruction symptoms. The absence of a statistically significant correlation among the objective measurements, the symptom scores, and the patients' low GBI scores indicates that factors other than the anatomical findings may also contribute to the patients' perception of QoL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Rhinoplasty/methods , Nasal Obstruction/surgery , Electrocoagulation/methods , Nasal Septum/surgery , Turbinates/surgery , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome , Patient Satisfaction , Glasgow Outcome Scale , Rhinometry, Acoustic
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713393

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Various techniques have been reported for the correction of deviated nasal septum, most of them for caudal septal cartilage. For deviated posterior septal cartilage, the typical method of the day is the resection of deviated portion. However, we developed a bone anchoring technique that conservatively corrects deviated posterior septal cartilage. The aim of the current study is to determine the efficacy of this bone anchoring technique. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: The patients who had undergone septoplasty using bone anchoring technique by a single surgeon (J.S.K) between October 2015 and June 2016 were enrolled in this study. The result of the surgery was evaluated using a visual analogue scale (VAS, ranged 0– 10) for nasal obstruction, acoustic rhinometry, and assessment of surgeon. RESULTS: A total of 44 patients were included in this study. The VAS of nasal obstruction was significantly decreased after surgery from 7.5±1.7 to 2.4±1.4. In acoustic rhinometry, minimal cross-sectional area and volume were increased after surgery from 0.35±0.18 to 0.52±1.40 cm2 and from 3.6±1.1 to 5.8±1.5 cm3, respectively. Most of the deviated septum was well corrected, and complication or recurrence did not developed. CONCLUSION: Bone anchoring technique is easy to perform. It enables the preservation of septal cartilage, which is useful in revision septoplasty or rhinoplasty. We conclude that this technique is a good method for the correction of deviated posterior septal cartilage.


Subject(s)
Cartilage , Humans , Methods , Nasal Obstruction , Nasal Septum , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Recurrence , Rhinometry, Acoustic , Rhinoplasty , Suture Anchors
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760077

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical characteristics and outcome of septoplasty in patients complaining of paradoxical nasal obstruction. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Medical records of 637 patients who underwent septoplasty from 2011 to 2016 were reviewed retrospectively. One hundred sixty-nine patients whose follow up periods were longer than 3 months were included. These patients were categorized into two groups, the experimental group (paradoxical nasal obstruction) and the control group. We analyzed the degree of nasal obstruction, the sino-nasal outcome test (SNOT)-22 score, which is the sino-nasal outcome, and the minimal cross-sectional area in acoustic rhinometry. The effect of concurrent turbinoplasty was also evaluated. RESULTS: Paradoxical nasal obstruction was found in 19 patients (11.2%). Compared to the control group, the degree of mucosal change (both concave and convex side) had no statistical significance. Although the degree of nasal obstruction and SNOT-22 scores were significantly improved after surgery in both groups (p<0.05), the values for the experimental group were slightly increased at 3 months of surgery after having been improved at one month of surgery. In contrast, those values improved steadily over time in the control group. The tendency of psychologic domain scores was significantly different between the two groups (p=0.021). The results of volume reductive turbinoplasty showed that it maintained the improved symptoms better when performed along with septoplasty. CONCLUSION: Although septoplasty showed beneficial effects in patients with paradoxical nasal obstruction, the effect of septoplasty decreased over time. Concurrent volume reductive turbinate surgery maintained the effect of septoplasty in paradoxical nasal obstruction.


Subject(s)
Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Medical Records , Methods , Nasal Obstruction , Nasal Septum , Retrospective Studies , Rhinometry, Acoustic , Turbinates
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718724

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Middle vault deviation has a significant effect on the aesthetic and functional aspects of the nose, and its management continues to be a challenge. Spreader graft and its modification techniques have been focused, but there has been scarce consideration for removing surplus portion and balancing the upper lateral cartilage (ULC). This study aimed to report the newly invented triangular-shaped resection technique (“triangular resection”) of the ULC and to evaluate its efficacy for correcting middle vault deviation. METHODS: A retrospective study included 17 consecutive patients who presented with middle vault deviation and underwent septorhinoplasty by using triangular resection at a tertiary academic hospital from February 2014 and March 2016. Their outcomes were evaluated pre- and postoperatively including medical photographs, acoustic rhinometry and subjective nasal obstruction using a 7-point Likert scale. RESULTS: The immediate outcomes were evaluated around 1 month after surgery, and long-term outcomes were available in 12 patients; the mean follow-up period was 9.1 months. Nasal tip deviation angle was reduced from 5.66° to 2.37° immediately (P < 0.001). Middle vault deviation also improved from 169.50° to 177.24° (P < 0.001). Long-term results were 2.49° (P=0.015) for nasal tip deviation and 178.68° (P=0.002) for middle vault deviation. The aesthetic outcome involved a complete correction in eight patients (47.1%), a minimally visible deviation in seven patients (41.2%) and a remaining residual deviation in two patients (11.8%). Pre- and postoperative minimal cross-sectional areas (summation of the right and left sides) were 0.86 and 1.07, respectively (P=0.021). Fifteen patients answered about their nasal obstruction symptoms and the median symptom score had alleviated from 6.0 to 3.0 (P=0.004). CONCLUSION: Triangular resection of the ULC is a simple and effective method for correcting middle vault deviation and balancing the ULCs without complications as internal nasal valve narrowing.


Subject(s)
Cartilage , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Methods , Nasal Cartilages , Nasal Obstruction , Nose , Nose Deformities, Acquired , Retrospective Studies , Rhinometry, Acoustic , Rhinoplasty , Transplants
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-648732

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) on nasalance in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Eighty-one CRS patients were enrolled. The nasalance scores for oral, oro-nasal, and nasal passages were measured by nasometry and the nasal cavity volume was measured by acoustic rhinometry before and at 1 and 3 months after ESS. We divided the patients into four groups according to the following surgical interventions employed: unilateral anterior ethmoidectomy (group I), bilateral anterior ethmoidectomy (group II), bilateral total ethmoidectomy (group III), and bilateral pansinus surgery (group IV). We also divided the patients into three groups according to the CT scoring system and polyp grading system. RESULTS: In group III and IV, the nasalance scores for all passages and nasal cavity volume were significantly increased after ESS but did not return to its preoperative level at 3 months after surgery. However, there were no significant changes in nasalance scores or in the nasal cavity volume in group I. Similarly, there were no significant changes in nasalance scores in the mild group (CT scoring system) or no polyp group, whereas the nasalance scores were significantly increased postoperatively in the moderate to severe groups (CT scoring system), and in groups that have nasal polyp group. CONCLUSION: The nasalance scores and nasal cavity volumes were increased after ESS and remained unchanged until postoperative 3 months. Postoperative changes in nasalance scores were more remarkable in patients who had more severe disease and who underwent more extensive surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Methods , Nasal Cavity , Nasal Polyps , Polyps , Rhinometry, Acoustic , Sinusitis , Voice Quality
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-37808

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Turbinate hypertrophy is one of the common causes of chronic nasal obstruction. In principle, therapeutic guidelines recommend medical treatment. Failure to treat turbinate thickening despite drug therapy may indicate the need for surgery. The main aim of this study was to determine the effect of radiofrequency surgery, among various other surgical procedures, on people with both nasal septal deviation and turbinate hypertrophy. METHODS: Among people with nasal deviation who visited the subject hospital between July 2008 to July 2014, 21 people with nasal septal deviation and severe turbinate hypertrophy before their surgery had undergone septoplasty with turbinoplasty using radiofrequency combined with septoplasty. The degree of the turbinate's hypertrophy was appraised in all the patients before and after the surgery using the rhinoscopy, and acoustic rhinometry was objectively carried out. The subjective effect of the turbinoplasty using radiofrequency was explored through the visual analog scale (VAS) score. RESULTS: The degree of contraction of the nasal mucosa after the rhinoscopy changed from Grades 3 and 4 (100%) to Grades 1 and 2 (95.2%) and Grades 3 (4.8%). The minimal cross-sectional area significantly increased from 0.44±0.07 to 0.70±0.07 cm² (p<0.05). The nasal cavity volume increased from 4.79±0.49 to 6.76±0.55 cm² (p<0.05). The subjective symptoms evaluated with VAS score a year after the surgery significantly improved (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Turbinoplasty using Coblator with septoplasty is an effective treatment method because it expands nasal cavity, has a low incidence of complications, subjectively improves symptoms, and has short treatment duration.


Subject(s)
Drug Therapy , Humans , Hypertrophy , Incidence , Methods , Nasal Cavity , Nasal Mucosa , Nasal Obstruction , Rhinometry, Acoustic , Rhinoplasty , Turbinates , Visual Analog Scale
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-41401

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the clinical usefulness of Allerkin (Lofarma) for nasal provocation testing (NPT) in patients with rhinitis symptoms, by examining changes in nasal symptoms and acoustic parameters after exposure to house dust mite (HDM) extract. METHODS: Twenty patients (16 males and 4 females, mean age: 29.6±14.6 years) were enrolled. We performed skin prick test (SPT) before and 15 and 30 minutes after intranasal challenge with Allerkin HDM extract, and we evaluated symptom changes (nasal obstruction, rhinorrhea, sneezing, and itching) using a visual analogue scale. We also evaluated changes in acoustic parameters such as total nasal volume (TNV) and minimal cross-sectional area (MCA) before and after challenge. RESULTS: Group A (the nonallergic group, n=8) showed negative results for all tested aeroallergens in SPT and nonprovocative results ( 29% decrease in TNV/MCA from the baseline value). Patients in group C showed significant aggravation of nasal obstruction compared to those in group A (P < 0.05). Thirty minutes after HDM challenge, patients in groups B and C showed significantly greater decreases in MCA compared to those in group A (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Allerkin HDM extract can be a useful provocative agent in NPT for diagnosing allergic rhinitis and local allergic rhinitis.


Subject(s)
Acoustics , Allergens , Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus , Dust , Female , Humans , Male , Nasal Obstruction , Nasal Provocation Tests , Pyroglyphidae , Rhinitis , Rhinitis, Allergic , Rhinometry, Acoustic , Skin , Sneezing
18.
CoDAS ; 28(6): 770-777, nov.-dez. 2016. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-828577

ABSTRACT

RESUMO A avaliação e quantificação das possíveis alterações da cavidade nasal são necessárias para o auxílio diagnóstico e tratamento de crianças que respiram predominantemente pela boca. O modo respiratório oral pode desencadear distúrbios da fala, deformidades da face, mau posicionamento dos dentes, postura corporal inadequada e alterações no sistema respiratório. Objetivo analisar as mudanças ocorridas na geometria das cavidades nasais, antes e depois da limpeza nasal por meio da aeração nasal e da rinometria acústica em crianças com respiração oral. Método Foram selecionadas 20 crianças com idade entre quatro e 12 anos. A coleta foi realizada no Laboratório Multifuncional do Departamento de Fonoaudiologia da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco. Foi aplicado o Índice de Identificação dos Sinais e Sintomas da Respiração Oral; marcação da aeração nasal por meio do espelho milimetrado de Altmann e o exame da geometria nasal por Rinometria Acústica. Depois da limpeza e massagem nasal com o soro fisiológico, foram realizados os mesmos procedimentos. Resultados Observaram-se mudanças significantes nas áreas relativas ao fluxo aéreo nasal em ambos os lados, após limpeza e massagem nasais. Quanto à geometria nasal, aferida por meio da rinometria acústica, o efeito da limpeza e massagem nasal mostrou-se discreto, quando feita a comparação entre as narinas. Conclusão As medidas de aeração nasal mostraram sensibilidade à técnica de limpeza e massagem e as medidas da geometria nasal confirmaram seu efeito sobre a fisiologia respiratória.


ABSTRACT The evaluation and quantification of possible changes in the nasal cavity can assist in the diagnostics and treatment in children who breathe predominantly through the mouth. The oral breathing mode can initiate speech disorders, facial deformities, poor positioning of the teeth, improper body posture, and changes in the respiratory system. Purpose To analyze the changes occurred in the nasal cavity geometry, before and after nasal cleansing, through nasal aeration and acoustic rhinometry in children with oral breathing. Methods Twenty children aged four to 12 years were included in the study. The gathering of participants was conducted at the Multifunctional Laboratory of the Speech Pathology Department of the Federal University of Pernambuco - UFPE. The following procedures were conducted: Identification Index of Signs and Symptoms of Oral Breathing; marking of nasal expiratory airflow using the graded mirror of Altmann, and examination of the Nasal Geometry by Acoustic Rhinometry. The same procedures were performed after nasal massage and cleansing with saline solution. Results Significant change was observed in the areas with respect to the nasal airflow on both sides after nasal cleansing and massage. As for nasal geometry, measured by acoustic rhinometry, comparison between the nostrils showed that the effect of cleansing and massage was discrete. Conclusion Nasal aeration measures showed sensitivity to the cleansing and massage technique and measures of nasal geometry confirmed its effect on respiratory physiology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Rhinometry, Acoustic , Massage/methods , Mouth Breathing/physiopathology , Nasal Cavity/physiopathology , Hygiene , Nasal Cavity/anatomy & histology
19.
Journal of Rhinology ; : 31-38, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-113515

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to compare the nasalance between chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) patients and normal controls and to determine the correlation of nasalance with nasal volume, nasal resistance, CT score, and polyp score in CRS patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study enrolled 150 CRS patients and 154 normal adults. All subjects underwent acoustic rhinometry and rhinomanometry. Nasalance scores were measured with the nasometer. All CRS patients were graded according to the Lund-Mackay CT staging system and the degree of nasal polyp. RESULTS: Nasal volume was decreased and nasal resistance was increased in CRS patients compared with normal controls. However, the nasalance scores for oro-nasal and nasal passages were significantly higher in CRS patients compared with normal controls. In CRS patients, the nasalance score for the nasal passage showed positive correlation with nasal volume and negative correlation with nasal resistance and Lund-Mackay CT score. However, no significant correlation was found between nasalance score and endoscopic polyp score. CONCLUSION: Contrary to expectations, nasalance was increased in CRS patients despite decreased nasal volume and increased nasal resistance. Thus, nasal resonance likely depends on a multitude of factors other than changes in the sinonasal cavity.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Nasal Cavity , Nasal Polyps , Polyps , Rhinomanometry , Rhinometry, Acoustic , Sinusitis , Voice Quality
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-651647

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is one type of sleep disorder breathing. During sleep, in respiration, nasal obstruction causes negative pressure, which in turn causes the pharyngeal airway to collapse during inspiration. We investigated how nasal surgery affects patients who have undergone OSA surgery but still suffer from the remaining symptoms of snoring and sleep disorder breathing. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: We reviewed 24 patients, who had undergone obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) surgery only to show no enhancement in snoring and qualities of sleep; they showed nasal septal deviation or inferior turbinate hypertrophy. Septal surgery or inferior turbinoplasty was performed by the same otolaryngologist. Over the period between preoperation and 1, 3, 6, 12 months after operation, we evaluated Apnea-Hypopnea Index (AHI) and oxygen saturation by polysomnography, degree of snoring by Visual Analogue Sacle (VAS) score, satisfaction for quality of sleep by Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), minimal cross section area and volume of nasal cavity by acoustic rhinometry, respectively. RESULTS: After nasal surgery, the volume of nasal cavity and MCA increased. There were significant improvements of AHI, oxygen saturation, VAS and ESS score. CONCLUSION: As for OSA surgery, the evaluation of nasal cavity is an indispensible factor for improving the quality of sleep and snoring. When treating OSA patients who have nasal obstruction, nasal surgery including septoplasty and inferior turbinoplasty should be considered.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hypertrophy , Methods , Nasal Cavity , Nasal Obstruction , Nasal Surgical Procedures , Oxygen , Polysomnography , Respiration , Rhinometry, Acoustic , Sleep Apnea Syndromes , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Sleep Wake Disorders , Snoring , Turbinates
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