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1.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 80(3): 360-366, set. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144901

ABSTRACT

Resumen La obstrucción nasal es una de las causas más frecuentes de consulta otorrinolaringológica general. Diversas estructuras juegan un rol en la mantención de una adecuada función respiratoria nasal, incluyendo el tabique, los cornetes, las paredes laterales y las alas nasales. La cirugía del tabique y de los cornetes inferiores son los procedimientos más comúnmente realizados y aunque son efectivos en un gran porcentaje de los casos, en ocasiones se deben intervenir otras estructuras nasales para corregir adecuadamente la obstrucción. La cirugía con fines primariamente funcionales de las válvulas nasales externa e interna, de la punta y/o de la pirámide ósea se ha denominado "rinoplastía funcional". Dada la importancia de estas estructuras para la recuperación de una adecuada permeabilidad nasal estática y dinámica, el diagnóstico y manejo quirúrgico de estas condiciones debe ser de dominio del otorrinolaringólogo.


Abstract Nasal obstruction is one of the most frequent complaints in general otorhinolaryngology practice. Different structures have a role in maintaining an adequate nasal breathing function, including the septum, turbinates, lateral sidewalls and nasal alae. Surgery of the nasal septum and inferior turbinates are the most commonly performed procedures and, although effective in most cases, occasionally other nasal structures must be intervened to correctly address the sites of obstruction. The term "functional rhinoplasty" has been coined for surgery of the external and internal nasal valves, nasal tip and/or bony pyramid, with primarily functional objectives. Given the importance of these structures for restoring an adequate static and dynamic nasal patency, diagnosis and management of these conditions must be dominion of the otorhinolaryngologist.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rhinoplasty/methods , Nasal Obstruction/surgery , Nasal Septum/surgery , Turbinates/surgery , Nasal Obstruction/diagnosis , Treatment Outcome
2.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(4): 281-286, ago. 2020. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138712

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: La nariz mestiza presenta características muy diferentes de la caucásica resultando en un desafío quirúrgico para el cirujano estético facial. El objetivo del estudio fue describir el manejo quirúrgico de la nariz mestiza con injerto de extensión septal y evaluar los resultados estéticos. Materiales y Método: Estudio de una serie de casos de corte longitudinal, muestra de 25 pacientes. Se realizó un plan quirúrgico mediante abordaje abierto y el uso de injerto de extensión septal, se compararon las fotos pre y postoperatorias midiendo el ángulo y la proyección de la punta nasal, junto con el nivel de satisfacción postoperatoria de los pacientes. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva que incluyó frecuencias absolutas y relativas. Resultados: 56% de los pacientes corresponden al sexo femenino, al 52% se colocó injertos espaciadores, 8% necesitó alotomía, el 100% mejoró el ángulo nasolabial y solo un paciente presentó hematoma septal a los 10 días postquirúrgico, se resolvió con drenaje, la encuesta de satisfacción realizada a los pacientes postquirúrgicos mostró un resultado satisfactorio. Conclusiones: La técnica quirúrgica con injerto de extensión septal es de gran utilidad, se logró una correcta definición, proyección/rotación de la punta nasal y mayor estabilidad estructural del trípode central, con resultados armónicos satisfactorios en su apariencia de frente y de perfil, evitando colocar injertos en la punta nasal.


Aim: The mongrel nose has very different characteristics from the caucasian one resulting in a surgical challenge for the facial cosmetic surgeon. The objective of the study was to describe the surgical management of the mongrel nose with graft of septal extension and to evaluate the aesthetic results. Materials and Method: Study of a series of cases of longitudinal section, sample of 25 patients. A surgical plan was performed using an open approach and the use of graft of septal extension, the pre and postoperative photos were compared by measuring the angle and projection of the nasal tip, together with the level of postoperative satisfaction of the patients. Descriptive statistics that included absolute and relative frequencies were used. Results: 56% belong to the female sex, 52% were placed spacer grafts, 8% needed an allotomy, 100% improved the nasolabial angle and only one patient presented septal hematoma at 10 days post surgery, it was resolved with drainage, the satisfaction survey of post-surgical patients showed a satisfactory result. Conclusions: The surgical technique with graft of septal extension is very useful, a correct definition, projection/rotation of the nasal tip and greater structural stability of the central tripod were achieved, with satisfactory harmonic results in its front and profile appearance, avoiding place grafts on the nasal tip.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Rhinoplasty/methods , Patient Satisfaction , Nasal Septum/surgery , Surveys and Questionnaires , Longitudinal Studies , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution
3.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 35(2): 258-259, apr.-jun. 2020.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103844

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O aumento da projeção da ponta nasal às vezes se torna necessário para a obtenção de uma boa proporção entre ela e o dorso. Inúmeras técnicas e táticas são descritas com essa finalidade utilizando enxertos cartilaginosos obtidos do septo nasal, concha auricular e cartilagem costal. Quando esse aumento deve ser discreto é proposto o uso dos excedentes de cartilagens alares laterais em forma de "pseudo-retalhos". Métodos: Em rinoplastias abertas primárias os excedentes das cartilagens alares, geralmente removidas, são utilizados como "pseudo-retalhos", dobrados sobre si mesmos, em forma de "suspensório de soldado francês", sobre o domus das cartilagens alares, tendo como acolchoamento de apoio os tecidos moles delas próprias, e o tecido mole interdomal, geralmente desprezado, que é liberado, e elevado para sobre os domus. Ele é mantido, descolado e deslocado para a ponta nasal, e fica contido pelos "pseudo-retalhos" das cartilagens alares ali suturados ou cobrindo o extremo do enxerto estrutural da columela. Foram operados com essa tática 36 pacientes. Resultados: 35 com bons resultados e um apresentou um abcesso de ponta nasal, provocado pela exposição endonasal de um fio de sutura não absorvível, que foi removido. Houve necessidade de uma segunda intervenção, utilizando novo enxerto auricular, ainda com resultado insatisfatório. O método é relativamente simples para quem opera narizes. Conclusão: A ponta nasal pode ser discretamente mais projetada utilizando os excessos de cartilagens alares, "pediculadas" no domus.


Introduction: An increased nasal tip projection is sometimes necessary to achieve an appropriate proportion between nasal tip and dorsum. Numerous techniques and tactics have been described for this purpose using cartilaginous grafts obtained from the nasal septum, auricular concha, and costal cartilage. When this increased projection must be discrete, the use of excess lateral alar cartilage in the form of "pseudo-flaps" is proposed. Methods: In primary open rhinoplasty, excess alar cartilage, which is generally removed, was used to produce "pseudo-flaps". The cartilages were folded over themselves in the form of a "French soldier's suspender" over the domes of the alar cartilage and supported by interdomal soft tissue padding raised over the domus. It was kept detached, and relocated to the nasal tip and was contained by "pseudoflaps" of the alar cartilages sutured there or covering the columella's structural graft. Thirty-six patients underwent surgery using this technique. Results: Thirty-five had good results and one had a nasal tip abscess, caused by endonasal exposure to a non-absorbable suture, which was removed. A second intervention was then performed using a new auricular graft, but the result was still unsatisfactory. The "pseudoflaps" method is relatively simple for those performing nasal surgery. Conclusion: The nasal tip can be projected discretely using the excess of alar cartilage "pedicled" in the domus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Paranasal Sinuses , Rhinoplasty , Case Reports , Nose , Retrospective Studies , Evaluation Study , Nasal Cartilages , Nasal Mucosa , Paranasal Sinuses/surgery , Rhinoplasty/adverse effects , Rhinoplasty/methods , Nose/surgery , Nasal Cartilages/surgery , Nasal Mucosa/surgery
4.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 35(2): 254-257, apr.-jun. 2020. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103842

ABSTRACT

Hemangioma infantil (HI) é o tumor vascular mais comum e a neoplasia benigna mais frequente da infância, com maior incidência no sexo feminino e na população branca. Quase 60% dos casos ocorrem em cabeça e pescoço, sendo o tratamento ativo durante a fase proliferativa mais frequentemente indicado, em decorrência dos possíveis problemas funcionais e do potencial desfigurante. Relatamos um caso de paciente com hemangioma infantil involuído de ponta nasal e lábio superior, tratado de forma expectante durante a infância, submetida à correção da deformidade residual com técnicas de rinoplastia, associado à zetaplastia e lipoenxertia do lábio superior com bom resultado e satisfação do paciente.


Infantile hemangioma (IH) is the most common vascular tumor and the most frequent benign neoplasm in childhood, with the highest incidence in females and the white population. Almost 60% of cases occur in the head and neck, and active treatment during the proliferative phase is the most frequently indicated, due to possible functional problems and disfiguring potential. We report a case of a patient with involute infantile hemangioma of the nasal tip and upper lip, treated expectantly during childhood, submitted to residual deformity correction with rhinoplasty techniques, associated with zetaplasty and upper lip grafting with good results and patient satisfaction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , History, 21st Century , Rhinoplasty , Wounds and Injuries , Case Reports , Nose , Nose Diseases , Vascular Neoplasms , Hemangioma , Lip , Rhinoplasty/adverse effects , Rhinoplasty/methods , Wounds and Injuries/surgery , Nose/surgery , Nose/pathology , Nose Diseases/surgery , Nose Diseases/pathology , Vascular Neoplasms/surgery , Vascular Neoplasms/pathology , Hemangioma/surgery , Hemangioma/pathology , Lip/surgery , Lip/pathology
5.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(3): 343-350, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132596

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Nasal obstruction is one of the most frequent otolaryngologic complaints; and the collapse of the internal nasal valve is one the main causes of the nasal air flow obstruction. Objective: We aimed to evaluate internal nasal valve by using reformatted CT-scans pre- and post- rhinoplasty at 3 months and to assess its correlation to symptomatic improvement of nasal obstruction using the NOSE scale. Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted between March 2017-May 2018 in a tertiary care otorhinolaryngology center. We included patients suffering from nasal obstruction secondary to internal nasal angle collapse and nasal deformity. Patients with sinusitis, nasal polyposis, and nasal masses were excluded. Results: Twenty consecutive patients underwent rhinoplasty, with a mean age (22.2 ± 2.8), with majority of males (n = 14; 70%). There was no significant correlation between pre- and post- CT-scans of the internal nasal valve angle/area and NOSE scores. A high significant difference was detected between mean pre- and post- NOSE scores (p < 0.0001), which was absent in CT-scan results. Conclusion: Reformatted CT-scans measurements of internal nasal valve area and angle were not of value. NOSE scores pre- and post- rhinoplasty had a significant value to determine degree of obstructive symptom improvement.


Resumo Introdução: A obstrução nasal é uma das queixas otorrinolaringológicas mais comuns, e o colapso ou obstrução da válvula nasal interna é a principal causa da obstrução das vias aéreas nasais. Objetivo: Objetivamos avaliar a válvula nasal interna pré, e 3 meses pós-rinoplastia utilizandotomografias computadorizadas reformatadas e avaliar sua correlação com a melhora do sintoma obstrutivo utilizando a escala NOSE, do Inglês Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation. Método: Um estudo observacional prospectivo foi realizado entre março de 2017 e maio de 2018 em um centro de otorrinolaringologia de atenção terciária. Foram incluídos pacientes que apresentavam obstrução nasal secundário a colapso da valva nasal interna e deformidade nasal. Pacientes com sinusite, polipose nasal e tumores nasais foram excluídos. Resultados: Vinte pacientes consecutivos, a maioria do sexo masculino (n = 14; 70%) com média de idade de 22,2 ± 2,8 anos, foram submetidos a rinoplastia eincluídos no estudo. Não houve correlação significante entre as avaliações tomográficas pré / pós cirúrgicas do ângulo/área da valva nasal interna e os escores NOSE. Foi detectada uma diferençã altamente significante entre os escores médios da escala NOSE entre o pré e pós-operatório (p < 0,0001), mas não nos resultados da avaliação por tomografia computadorizada. Conclusão: As medidas reformatadas de tomografias computadorizadas da área e ângulo da valva nasal interna pré e pós cirúrgicas não tiveram valor. Entretanto, os escores da escala NOSE pré e pós-rinoplastia mostraram uma diferença significante ao determinar o grau de melhora do sintoma obstrutivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Nasal Obstruction/surgery , Nasal Septum/surgery , Rhinoplasty/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Nasal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Prospective Studies , Nasal Septum/diagnostic imaging
6.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 7(1): 47-54, mar. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179305

ABSTRACT

La rinoplastia es una de las cirugías estéticas más realizadas en el mundo y entre las complicaciones más frecuentes está el colapso valvular por la excesiva resección del cartílago alar. La parálisis facial, así como el envejecimiento pueden colapsar la pared lateral en inspiración por disfunción del músculo nasal, al provocar debilitamiento del tejido fibroalveolar de la pared lateral nasal, existiendo también causas genéticas que producen colapso valvular. Actualmente se practican diversas técnicas para mejorar el colapso valvular y ninguna es cien por ciento efectiva, la mayor parte se centran en corregir la propia válvula nasal o el cartílago triangular, lo que indica que se fijan en un solo factor y no en la etiología multifactorial que la produce. Este estudio revisa la evidencia clínica que guía a un diagnóstico correcto y al manejo efectivo de la disfunción de la válvula nasal externa, mediante el uso de diversas técnicas que se emplean actualmente para perfeccionar el colapso valvular nasal.


Rhinoplasty is one of the most frequent cosmetic surgeries in the world and among the most common complications is valve collapse due to excessive resection of the alar cartilage. Facial paralysis, as well as aging, can collapse the lateral wall in inspiration due to dysfunction of the nasal muscle, causing weakening of the fibroalveolar tissue of the nasal lateral wall, and there are also genetic causes that produce valve collapse. Currently, various techniques are practiced to improve valve collapse and none are one hundred percent effective, most of them focus on correcting the nasal valve itself or the triangular cartilage, which indicates that they are fixed on a single factor and not on multifactorial etiology that produces it. This study reviews the clinical evidence that guides a correct diagnosis and effective management of external nasal valve dysfunction, using various techniques that are currently used to improve nasal valve collapse.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rhinoplasty/methods , Nasal Obstruction , Nose/surgery
7.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(4): 445-451, oct.-dec. 2019. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047898

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O aumento da projeção da ponta nasal às vezes se torna necessário para a obtenção de uma boa proporção entre ela e o dorso. Inúmeras técnicas e táticas são descritas com essa finalidade utilizando enxertos cartilaginosos obtidos do septo nasal, concha auricular e cartilagem costal. Quando esse aumento deve ser discreto é proposto o uso dos excedentes de cartilagens alares laterais em forma de "pseudo-retalhos". Métodos: Em rinoplastias abertas primárias os excedentes das cartilagens alares, geralmente removidas, são utilizados como "pseudo-retalhos", dobrados sobre si mesmos, em forma de "suspensório de soldado francês", sobre o domus das cartilagens alares, tendo como acolchoamento de apoio os tecidos moles delas próprias, e o tecido mole interdomal, geralmente desprezado, que é liberado, e elevado para sobre os domus. Ele é mantido, descolado e deslocado para a ponta nasal, e fica contido pelos "pseudo-retalhos" das cartilagens alares ali suturados ou cobrindo o extremo do enxerto estrutural da columela. Foram operados com essa tática 36 pacientes. Resultados: 35 com bons resultados e um apresentou um abcesso de ponta nasal, provocado pela exposição endonasal de um fio de sutura não absorvível, que foi removido. Houve necessidade de uma segunda intervenção, utilizando novo enxerto auricular, ainda com resultado insatisfatório. O método é relativamente simples para quem opera narizes. Conclusão: A ponta nasal pode ser discretamente mais projetada utilizando os excessos de cartilagens alares, "pediculadas" no domus.


Introduction: An increased nasal tip projection is sometimes necessary to achieve an appropriate proportion between nasal tip and dorsum. Numerous techniques and tactics have been described for this purpose using cartilaginous grafts obtained from the nasal septum, auricular concha, and costal cartilage. When this increased projection must be discrete, the use of excess lateral alar cartilage in the form of "pseudo-flaps" is proposed. Methods: In primary open rhinoplasty, excess alar cartilage, which is generally removed, was used to produce "pseudo-flaps". The cartilages were folded over themselves in the form of a "French soldier's suspender" over the domes of the alar cartilage and supported by interdomal soft tissue padding raised over the domus. It was kept detached, and relocated to the nasal tip and was contained by "pseudoflaps" of the alar cartilages sutured there or covering the columella's structural graft. Thirty-six patients underwent surgery using this technique. Results: Thirty-five had good results and one had a nasal tip abscess, caused by endonasal exposure to a non-absorbable suture, which was removed. A second intervention was then performed using a new auricular graft, but the result was still unsatisfactory. The "pseudoflaps" method is relatively simple for those performing nasal surgery. Conclusion: The nasal tip can be projected discretely using the excess of alar cartilage "pedicled" in the domus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Rhinoplasty , Nose , Retrospective Studies , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Esthetics , Nasal Cartilages , Nasal Mucosa , Rhinoplasty/methods , Nose/surgery , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Nasal Cartilages/abnormalities , Nasal Cartilages/surgery , Nasal Mucosa/surgery
8.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(6): 685-689, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055501

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: After post-septoplasty nasal packing removal, a certain proportion of nasal secretion occurs, leading to local and sometimes systemic infections. Objective: The aim was to determine if standardized dry ivy leaf extract application after nasal packing removal influences the reduction of nasal secretion and diminish the occurrence of local infections. Methods: The study included 70 post-septoplasty patients (divided into two equal groups) whose nasal packing was removed on the third day after the procedure. Group I was treated with standardized dry ivy leaf extract syrup along with regular nasal irrigation for the five days after the nasal packing removal whereas the Group II had only nasal lavage. On the sixth day after nasal packing removal, the quantity of nasal secretion was determined using a visual analog scale and nasal endoscopic examination. Results: The group treated with standardized dry ivy leaf extract syrup had significantly lesser nasal secretion both by subjective patients' assessment (p < 0.001) and by nasal endoscopic examination (p = 0.003). The post-surgical follow up examination on the sixth day after nasal packing removal showed no development of local infection in the Group I, while in the Group II a local infection was evident in five patients (14.29%) and antibiotic therapy was required. Conclusion: The use of the standardized dry ivy leaf extract after nasal packing removal significantly lowers the proportion of nasal secretion.


Resumo Introdução: Após a remoção do tampão nasal pós-septoplastia, ocorre produção de secreção nasal, predispondo infecções locais e, por vezes, sistêmicas. Objetivo: O objetivo foi determinar se a aplicação do extrato padronizado de folhas de hera seca após a remoção do tampão nasal influencia a redução da secreção nasal e diminui a ocorrência de infecções locais. Método: O estudo incluiu 70 pacientes pós-septoplastia (divididos em dois grupos iguais) cujo tampão nasal foi retirado no terceiro dia após o procedimento. O grupo I foi tratado com xarope padronizado de extrato de folha seca de hera juntamente com irrigação nasal regular por cinco dias após a remoção do tamponamento nasal, enquanto ao grupo II foi recomendado apenas lavagem nasal. No sexto dia após a remoção do tampão nasal, a quantidade de secreção nasal foi determinada pela escala EVA (escala visual analógica) e pelo exame endoscópico nasal. Resultados: O grupo tratado com xarope de extrato seco de folhas de hera apresentou secreção nasal significativamente menor tanto pela avaliação subjetiva dos pacientes (p < 0,001) quanto pelo exame endoscópico nasal (p = 0,003). O exame de acompanhamento pós-cirúrgico no sexto dia após a remoção do tampão nasal não mostrou desenvolvimento de infecção local nos pacientes do grupo I, enquanto que no grupo II, cinco apresentaram sinais de infecção local (14,29%) com necessidade de antibioticoterapia. Conclusão: O uso do extrato padronizado de folhas secas de hera após a remoção do tampão nasal reduz significativamente a produção de secreção nasal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Postoperative Care/methods , Rhinoplasty/methods , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Hedera/chemistry , Nasal Septum/surgery , Epistaxis/prevention & control , Nose/microbiology , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Postoperative Hemorrhage/prevention & control , Phytotherapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
9.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(4): 576-581, oct.-dec. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047935

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A rinoplastia é uma cirurgia que muitas vezes apresenta resultados imprevisíveis, mesmo em mãos de cirurgiões experientes. Neste sentido, a rinomodelação com preenchedores é um procedimento não-cirúrgico para corrigir pequenas alterações externas nasais em casos específicos. Métodos: Os autores descrevem a técnica de aplicação de preenchedores (ácido hialurônico ou hidroxiapatita de cálcio) para modelação nasal. Foram incluídos todos os pacientes submetidos ao preenchimento nasal, entre 2009 e 2012. Foi avaliado o edema da ponta nasal, a dor e o grau de satisfação dos pacientes com o resultado. Resultados: Foram incluídos 39 pacientes no estudo. Com relação aos desfechos analisados com ácido hialurônico: 52% apresentaram edema leve; 74% tiveram dor leve; 15% se mostraram muito satisfeitos e 74% satisfeitos com o resultado. Com relação aos pacientes submetidos à rinomodelação com hidroxiapatita de cálcio: 67% apresentaram edema moderado; 50% dor moderada; 17% dor intensa e 84% se mostraram satisfeitos com o resultado. Conclusão: A rinomodelação com preenchedores reabsorvíveis é um procedimento simples, com resultados estéticos aceitáveis, sendo necessário um profundo conhecimento anatômico para diminuir o risco de complicações.


Introduction: Rhinoplasty often leads to unpredictable results, even in the hands of experienced surgeons. However, in specific cases, rhinomodelation with fillers, a non-surgical procedure to correct minor nasal external changes, can be used. Methods: This study describes the application technique of fillers (hyaluronic acid or calcium hydroxyapatite) for nasal modeling. Patients undergoing nasal filling between 2009 and 2012 were included. Edema of the nasal tip, pain, and the degree of patient satisfaction with the outcome were assessed. Results: Thirty-nine patients were included in the study. Regarding the outcomes of rhinomodelation with hyaluronic acid, 52% patients presented with mild edema, 74% had mild pain, 15% were very satisfied, and 74% were satisfied with the result. For the outcomes of rhinomodelation with calcium hydroxyapatite, 67% patients presented with moderate edema, 50% had moderate pain; 17% had severe pain, and 84% were satisfied with the result. Conclusion: Rhinomodelation with resorbable fillers is a simple procedure with acceptable esthetic results. However, a deep anatomical knowledge is necessary to decrease the risk of complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Postoperative Complications , Rhinoplasty , Nose , Nose Deformities, Acquired , Nose Diseases , Dermal Fillers , Postoperative Complications/therapy , Rhinoplasty/methods , Nose/surgery , Nose/injuries , Nose Deformities, Acquired/surgery , Nose Deformities, Acquired/rehabilitation , Nose Diseases/complications , Nose Diseases/therapy , Dermal Fillers/adverse effects , Dermal Fillers/therapeutic use
10.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(3): 414-418, jul.-sep. 2019. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047171

ABSTRACT

O aumento do dorso nasal nas rinoplastias é foco de estudo de diversos trabalhos que buscam as melhores fontes de enxerto e técnicas cirúrgicas. A utilização de cartilagem já é consagrada para este fim, a partir do septo nasal, da concha auricular ou dos arcos costais. Nos últimos anos, têm-se buscado meios para reduzir a palpabilidade e dispersibilidade dos enxertos cartilaginosos. Assim, são descritos materiais sintéticos, como o SURGICEL®; e, autólogos, representados pelas fáscias. A fáscia temporal é mais amplamente utilizada, porém requer uma nova incisão cirúrgica, aumentando o tempo e a morbidade da cirurgia. É também descrito o uso de fáscia lata e fáscia reto abdominal, comparativamente mais espessas e menos flexíveis. Em muitos casos de rinoplastia fazse necessária a retirada da cartilagem costal, o que permite a coleta de fáscia do músculo peitoral maior pela mesma incisão cirúrgica. Dessa forma, descrevemos a utilização da fáscia do músculo peitoral maior envolvendo cartilagem costal picada, em uma rinoplastia estruturada com aumento do dorso.


Increasing the nasal dorsum in rhinoplasty is the focus of several studies that seek the best graft sources and surgical techniques. The use of cartilage from the nasal septum, ear shell, or costal arches is already established for this purpose. In recent years, methods have been sought to reduce the palpability and dispersibility of cartilaginous grafts. Thus, synthetic materials such as SURGICEL® and autologous materials such as fascia have been explored. Temporal fascia are more widely used but require a new surgical incision, increasing surgical time and morbidity. Also described is the use of fascia lata and rectus abdominis fascia, which are comparatively thicker and less flexible. In many rhinoplasty procedures, it is necessary to remove the costal cartilage, which allows the collection of fascia from the major chest muscles through the same surgical incision. Thus, we describe the use of major chest muscle fascia and chopped costal cartilage in structured rhinoplasty to increase the dorsum.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , History, 21st Century , Prostheses and Implants , Rhinoplasty , Transplantation, Autologous , Fascia , Costal Cartilage , Graft Survival , Prostheses and Implants/adverse effects , Rhinoplasty/adverse effects , Rhinoplasty/methods , Transplantation, Autologous/adverse effects , Transplantation, Autologous/methods , Transplants/surgery , Fascia/anatomy & histology , Fascia/transplantation , Costal Cartilage/surgery , Costal Cartilage/cytology
11.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(2): 176-182, Mar.-Apr. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001553

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: In rhinoplasty, the nasal dorsum has important relevance regarding the esthetic and functional aspects of the surgery. Its reduction should be performed with maximum accuracy and controlled resection to prevent or minimize potential complications. The septum pyramidal adjustment and repositioning consists of a conservative surgical technique of the nasal dorsum, which does not require the detachment of the upper lateral cartilages of the nasal septum, allowing the remodeling of the nasal dorsum while maintaining esthetic lines and nasal function, potentially reducing frequent complications in more traditional surgeries. Objective: To describe the septum pyramidal adjustment technique in detail, presenting its advantages and disadvantages in relation to the other surgical approaches, as well as to disclose results of this surgical procedure in patients submitted to primary rhinoplasty in a specific hospital. Methods: The medical records of all patients submitted to surgery from 2011 to 2015 through this surgical technique were evaluated by the same team. Of these cases, certain variables were analyzed such as gender, age, indication for reoperation and surgical complications. Results: 153 patients underwent rhinoplasty through septum pyramidal adjustment. Of these, 13 patients experienced an indication for a second surgery and four had some type of postoperative complication. Conclusion: The septum pyramidal adjustment surgical technique is a simple procedure, as it does not require the reconstruction of the nasal dorsum. It has a low number of complications and preserves the anatomical structures.


Resumo Introdução: Na rinoplastia, o dorso nasal tem importante relevância no quadro estético e funcional. A sua redução deve ser realizada com máxima precisão e ressecção controlada a fim de prevenir ou minimizar complicações potenciais. O termo septum pyramidal adjustment and repositioning consiste em uma técnica cirúrgica conservadora do dorso nasal, que não requer a desinserção das cartilagens laterais superiores do septo nasal, que permite remodelar o dorso nasal, manter as linhas estéticas e a função nasal, reduz potencialmente complicações frequentes nas cirurgias mais tradicionais. Objetivo: Descrever em detalhes o septum pyramidal adjustment, expor suas vantagens e desvantagens em relação às outras abordagens cirúrgicas, bem como apresentar resultados desse procedimento cirúrgico em pacientes submetidos à rinoplastia primária em um hospital específico. Método: Foram avaliados os registros médicos de todos os pacientes operados de 2011 a 2015 por essa técnica cirúrgica, pela mesma equipe. Desses casos, foram analisadas algumas variáveis, como: sexo, idade, indicação de reoperação e complicações cirúrgicas. Resultados: Foram submetidos 153 pacientes à rinoplastia por septum pyramidal adjustment. Desses, 13 tiveram segunda indicação cirúrgica e quatro apresentaram alguma complicação pós-operatória. Conclusão: A técnica cirúrgica septum pyramidal adjustment apresenta-se como um procedimento de fácil realização, pois não exige a reconstrução do dorso nasal. Apresenta baixo número de complicações e preserva as estruturas anatômicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Rhinoplasty/methods , Nasal Cartilages/surgery , Nasal Septum/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Rhinoplasty/adverse effects , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Medical Illustration
12.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 79(1): 41-49, mar. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004382

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La cirugía ortognática y la rinoplastia son procedimientos consolidados con altas tasas de éxito. La sinergia entre ambos procedimientos ha sido presentada en diferentes investigaciones pero aún no es un procedimiento estándar para pacientes con deformidades faciales. Objetivo: Analizar una serie de casos tratados con cirugía ortognática y rinoplastia y discutir las opciones y fundamentos de la técnica combinada. Material y método: 14 pacientes operados de forma consecutiva fueron incluidos en el estudio. Se identificaron sujetos según el tipo de deformidad facial, el tipo de deformidad nasal y los tipos de cirugías realizadas. El seguimiento mínimo de cada sujeto fue de 12 meses. Resultados: El 50% de los sujetos presentaba deformidad facial de clase III, seguido de deformidades de clase II y I. Las deformidades nasales, de la punta y del puente nasal fueron más prevalentes, siendo el ancho nasal también una deformidad común. En la etapa intraoperatoria, después de realizar la cirugia ortognática, fue necesario realizar un análisis nuevo respecto de la morfologia nasal debido a los cambios que generaba el movimiento maxilar en la condición nasal. Conclusión: La cirugía combinada es sinérgica y viable de ser realizada con bajo número de complicaciones; protocolos y nuevos criterios de análisis son necesarios para obtener mayor predictibilidad en los resultados estéticos.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Orthognathic surgery and rhinoplasty are procedures with high success rate. The synergy between both surgeries has been showed in the past by researches but still they are not standardized procedures for the treatment of patients with facial deformities. Aim: To analyze a case series treated with orthognathic surgery and rinoplasty in the same surgical time, discussing surgical options and techniques in the combined procedure. Material and method: 14 patients were treated consecutively and were included in this research. Subjects were selected by facial deformity, nasal deformity and type of surgery. Minimal follow up was for 12 months to observe results. Results: 50% of subjects showed class III facial deformity, follow by class II and class I facial deformity. In nasal deformities, tip and nasal bridge were more prevalent, being the nasal width a common deformity; in the intraoperative time, after orthognathic surgery, it was necessary to make a new analysis and approach to nasal morphology because the new conditions related to movement of the maxilla. Conclusion: Orthognathic and nasal surgery are good complement and it is possible to do with few complications; surgical protocol and criteria for the analysis are necessaries to obtain more predictability in the esthetic results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Rhinoplasty/methods , Orthognathic Surgery/methods , Congenital Abnormalities/diagnostic imaging , Nose/surgery , Dentofacial Deformities/surgery , Dentofacial Deformities/diagnostic imaging
13.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4386, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-998193

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effect of pharyngeal pack on postoperative throat pain and nausea in rhinoplasty patients. Material and Methods: Twenty-eight patients were randomly selected and divided into two groups (n=14). The participants were randomly divided into two groups: G1 - the pharyngeal pack was used (Intervention group) and G2: not used (Control group). Both groups were anesthetized by the same protocol. Throat pain was measured by visual analog scale and nausea by presence / absence. Fischer's exact test, ANOVA, Friedman and Wilcoxon test were used. Results: There was no significant difference in mean pain and presence or absence of nausea between the two groups (p>0.05). But there was a significant difference in mean pain and the presence or absence of postoperative nausea with the intervals (p<0.05). Mean pain had a significant difference 2 hours postoperatively with other times, 6 hours postoperatively with 24 and 72 hours postoperatively, and 24 hours postoperatively with 72 hours (p<0.05). There was no significant difference in the presence or absence of postoperative nausea, between 2 hours and 6 hours postoperatively (p>0.05). The presence or absence of postoperative nausea had a significant difference between 2 hours postoperatively with 24 and 72 hours postoperatively and 6 hours postoperatively with 24 and 72 hours postoperatively (p<0.05). There was no significant difference in nausea between 24 hours and 72 hours postoperatively (p>0.05). Conclusion: None of the two groups were significantly superior in terms of reduction of pain and nausea, but because of the possible effectiveness of the pharyngeal pack in preventing aspiration of objects and tissues during the operation, the use of pharyngeal pack is recommended in patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Pain, Postoperative , Rhinoplasty/methods , Nasal Surgical Procedures , Visual Analog Scale , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Evaluation Study , Iran
14.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(1): 71-77, Jan.-Feb. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-984050

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Following nasal hump removal during septorhinoplasty, the middle vault should be reconstructed to avoid functional and esthetic problems. Middle vault reconstruction, however, may result in widening of the middle vault and may need a camouflage graft to cover dorsal irregularities. Objective: To present the results of reconstructing the middle vault with a technique that covers the nasal dorsum with upper lateral cartilage, from the viewpoint of patient satisfaction. Methods: Retrospective study of patients who underwent septorhinoplasty that included nasal dorsum closure with upper lateral cartilage from December 1, 2014 to January 31, 2016. Those with postoperative follow-up of less than 3 months were excluded. The final study group included 39 patients. The same surgeon performed all septorhinoplasties. The dorsum was closed using an "upper lateral closing" technique that approximated upper lateral cartilages to each other over the septum. Postoperative patient satisfaction was determined using a visual analog scale and the rhinoplasty outcomes evaluation questionnaire. The questionnaire evaluates patient esthetic and functional satisfaction with the operated nose. High scores indicate improved esthetic results. Results: No dorsal irregularities were seen at postoperative follow-up evaluation of the patients. For esthetic nasal appearance, the median visual analogue scale scores was 86%, and the mean for the questionnaire was 77.03%. Conclusion: The natural dome-shaped anatomy of the nasal dorsum was achieved by approximating the upper lateral cartilages to each other. Closing the dorsum with this technique also covers any dorsal irregularities and results in a smooth dorsum. Patients expressed satisfaction with the esthetic and functional aspects of the smooth, attractive nasal dorsum.


Resumo Introdução: Após a remoção da giba nasal durante a rinosseptoplastia, a abóbada deve ser reconstruída para evitar problemas funcionais e estéticos. A reconstrução da abóboda entretanto, pode resultar em alargamento dorsal e pode necessitar de um enxerto para camuflar irregularidades dorsais. Objetivo: Avaliar a satisfação dos pacientes com os resultados da reconstrução da abóboda com uma técnica que utiliza a cartilagem lateral superior para recobrir o dorso nasal. Método: Estudo retrospectivo de pacientes submetidos a rinosseptoplastia, que incluiu fechamento do dorso nasal com cartilagem lateral superior, realizado de 1º de dezembro de 2014 a 31 de janeiro de 2016. Foram excluídos aqueles com acompanhamento pós-operatório de menos de 3 meses. O grupo final do estudo incluiu 39 pacientes. O mesmo cirurgião realizou todas as rinosseptoplastias. O dorso foi fechado com uma técnica de "fechamento lateral superior" que aproxima as cartilagens laterais superiores de cada lado sobre o septo. A satisfação pós-operatória dos pacientes foi determinada através de uma escala visual analógica e o questionário Rhinoplasty Outcomes Evaluation. O questionário avalia a satisfação estética e funcional do paciente com o nariz. Escores altos indicam percepção de melhoria estética. Resultados: Não foram observadas irregularidades dorsais na avaliação pós-operatória de seguimento dos pacientes. Em relação à aparência nasal estética, o escore médio da escala visual analógica foi 86% e o escore médio do questionário foi 77,03%. Conclusões: A anatomia natural em forma de domo do dorso nasal foi conseguida através da aproximação das cartilagens laterais superiores entre si. O fechamento do dorso com essa técnica também abrange todas as irregularidades dorsais e resulta em um dorso liso. Os pacientes expressaram satisfação com os aspectos estéticos e funcionais do dorso nasal liso e atraente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Rhinoplasty/methods , Patient Satisfaction , Esthetics , Nasal Cartilages/surgery , Nasal Septum/surgery , Postoperative Period , Rhinoplasty/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Suture Techniques , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Visual Analog Scale
16.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(5): 719-722, Sept.-Oct. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949964

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Advancement flaps are important reconstructive options after skin cancer removal on the nose. Donor areas vary according to defect location and size. The objective of this article is to illustrate the versatility of advancement flaps in nasal reconstruction. Five patients were selected. All cases were treated with Mohs' micrographic surgery prior to reconstruction to ensure that 100% of the surgical margins were free of cancer. Advancement flaps can be used to repair a wide variety of surgical defects on the nose with good matching of skin color, texture, and thickness. With careful planning, resulting scars can be camouflaged in natural boundary lines, leading to good functional and cosmetic outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Surgical Flaps , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/surgery , Nose Neoplasms/surgery , Mohs Surgery/methods , Rhinoplasty/methods , Photography , Suture Techniques , Medical Illustration
17.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 84(5): 540-544, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974350

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Lateral osteotomy is mainly performed either endonasally or percutaneously in rhinoplasty which is a frequently performed operation for the correction of nasal deformities. Both techniques have both advantages and disadvantages relative to each other. Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the histopathological effects of endonasal and percutaneous osteotomy techniques performed in rhinoplasty on bone healing and nasal stability in an experimental animal model. Methods: Eight one year-old New Zealand white rabbits were included. Xylazine hydrocloride and intramuscular ketamine anesthesia were administered to the rabbits. Endonasal osteotomy (8 bones) was performed in Group 1 (n = 4), and percutaneous osteotomy (8 bones) in Group 2 (n = 4). One month later the rabbits were sacrificed. Bone healing of the rabbits was staged according to the bone healing score of Huddleston et al. In both groups, nasal bone integrity was assessed subjectively. Results: In the percutaneous osteotomy group, Grade 1 bone healing was observed in two samples (25%), Grade 2 bone healing in two samples (25%), Grade 3 bone healing in four samples (50%). In the endonasal osteotomy group, Grade 1 bone healing was observed in 6 samples (75%) and Grade 2 bone healing was observed in 2 samples (25%). In the percutaneous group, fibrous tissue was observed in 2, predominantly fibrous tissue and a lesser amount of cartilage was observed in 2 and an equal amount of fibrous tissue and cartilage was observed in 4 samples. In the endonasal group, fibrous tissue was observed in 6 samples, and predominantly fibrous tissue with a lesser amount of cartilage was observed in 2 samples. In both groups, when manual force was applied to the nasal bones, subjectively the same resistance was observed. Conclusion: Percutaneous lateral osteotomy technique was found to result in less bone and periost trauma and better bone healing compared to the endonasal osteotomy technique.


Resumo Introdução: Nas rinoplastias, a osteotomia lateral é realizada principalmente por via endonasal ou percutânea para correção de deformidades nasais. Ambas as técnicas apresentam vantagens e desvantagens. Objetivo: Comparar os efeitos histopatológicos sobre a cicatrização óssea e estabilidade nasal entre as técnicas de osteotomia endonasal e percutânea em rinoplastia em um modelo animal experimental. Método: Foram incluídos oito coelhos brancos da Nova Zelândia de um ano de idade. Hidrocloreto de xilazina e cetamina intramuscular foram administrados aos coelhos como agentes anestésicos. Osteotomia endonasal (8 ossos) foi realizada no Grupo 1 (n = 4) e osteotomia percutânea (8 ossos) no Grupo 2 (n = 4). Um mês depois, os coelhos foram sacrificados. A cicatrização óssea dos coelhos foi avaliada de acordo com o escore de cicatrização óssea de Huddleston et al. Em ambos os grupos, a integridade do osso nasal foi avaliada subjetivamente. Resultados: No grupo da osteotomia percutânea, observou-se cicatrização óssea de grau 1 em duas amostras (25%), cicatrização óssea de grau 2 em duas amostras (25%), e cicatrização óssea de grau 3 em quatro amostras (50%). No grupo da osteotomia endonasal, observou-se cicatrização óssea de grau 1 em 6 amostras (75%) e a cicatrização óssea de grau 2 foi observada em 2 amostras (25%). No grupo percutâneo, o tecido fibroso foi observado em 2 amostras, enquanto tecido predominantemente fibroso e uma menor quantidade de cartilagem foi observada em 2 e uma quantidade igual de tecido fibroso e cartilagem foi observada em 4 amostras. No grupo endonasal, observou-se tecido fibroso em 6 amostras e tecido predominantemente fibroso com uma menor quantidade de cartilagem em 2 amostras. Em ambos os grupos, quando força manual foi aplicada aos ossos nasais, a mesma resistência foi observada subjetivamente. Conclusão: A técnica de osteotomia lateral percutânea resultou em menor traumatismo ósseo e periosteal e melhor cicatrização óssea em comparação com a técnica de osteotomia endonasal.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Osteotomy/methods , Rhinoplasty/methods , Wound Healing , Nasal Bone/surgery , Disease Models, Animal , Nasal Bone/anatomy & histology
18.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 33(3): 374-381, jul.-set. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-965585

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A ponta nasal é estudada com frequência pelos cirurgiões, visto ser motivo comum de queixa pré e pós-operatória. Dessa forma, a ponta deve ser minuciosamente avaliada para se determinar a melhor técnica a ser utilizada. O objetivo é demonstrar uma técnica original de retalho de cartilagem alar para projeção da ponta nasal, complementar ou não a outros procedimentos de mesmo objetivo. Método: Estudo transversal retrospectivo de 22 pacientes submetidos à rinoplastia aberta com uso do retalho de alar para projetar ponta nasal. Resultados: Foram realizadas 22 rinoplastias abertas, de ponte bulbosa, adiposa e hipoprojetada, sendo todas primárias. Dentre os pacientes do estudo, 90% eram negros e 2% eram brancos, 72,7% apresentaram alto grau de satisfação com a operação, 18,1% consideraram o resultado muito bom e 9,2% acharam regular. Não houve complicações/reoperações. Conclusão: Os retalhos de cartilagens alares para projeção da ponta nasal são um recurso técnico de simples execução e podem ser considerados excelente recurso de projeção adicional da ponta nasal a ser considerado dentre as técnicas para tratamento de narizes negroides.


Introduction: The nasal tip is a frequent object of study by surgeons, since it is a common reason for pre- and postoperative complaints. Thus, the tip should be thoroughly evaluated to determine the best technique to be used. The objective is to demonstrate an original alar cartilage flap technique for projection of the nasal tip, performed alone or in combination with other procedures for the same purpose. Method: A retrospective cross-sectional study of 22 patients submitted to open rhinoplasty with use of the alar flap to project the nasal tip. Results: A total of 22 open rhinoplasties were performed on primary bulbous, fatty, and under-projected tips. Among the patients in the study, 90% were black and 2% were white; 72.7% reported a high degree of satisfaction with the operation, 18.1% considered the result very good, and 9.2% considered the result acceptable. There were no complications/reoperations. Conclusion: The alar cartilage flap for projection of the nasal tip is simple to perform and can be considered an excellent supplemental method for use in treatment of the black nose.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Rhinoplasty/methods , Surgical Flaps/surgery , Nose/surgery , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Nasal Cartilages/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Projection , Rhinoplasty , Surgery, Plastic , Surgical Flaps , Medical Records
19.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 78(3): 235-244, set. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978807

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Entre las alteraciones del dorso nasal puede encontrarse desde un rádix bajo hasta un aplastamiento severo del dorso nasal, siendo fundamental el uso de injertos y material de relleno. Objetivo: Proponer una nueva alternativa de relleno y camuflaje en rinoplastía mediante un injerto mixto de L-PRF más cartílago picado en una matriz de fibrina autóloga. Material y método: Evaluación de los pacientes operados de rinoseptoplastía en quienes se utilizó el injerto mixto entre febrero y septiembre del año 2016 en el Servicio de Otorrinolaringología del Hospital Regional de Concepción. Evaluación de resultados respecto a reabsorción e irregularidades del injerto y autoevaluación del grado de satisfacción. Resultados: Fueron operados 7 pacientes. Cuatro de ellos presentaban aplastamiento severo de dorso nasal y tres un rádix profundo. Se logró el relleno y camuflaje del área deseada en todos los casos. No se presentó desplazamiento ni reabsorción del injerto en ninguno de los casos. El uso de este injerto no significó mayor costo económico, y el grado de satisfacción fue alto en todos los casos. Conclusión: Primer estudio en utilizar un injerto mixto de cartílago más L-PRF en una matriz de fibrina autóloga en rinoplastía, demostrando ser una alternativa asequible, efectiva, reproducible y segura, particularmente útil en casos de revisión.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Among the alterations of the nasal dorsum there can be found from a low radix to a severe crushing of the nasal dorsum, being fundamental the use of grafts and filling materials. Aim: To propose a new filling and camouflage alternative in rhinoplasty by means of a mixed graft of L-PRF and chopped cartilage in an autologous fibrin matrix. Material and method: Evaluation of the operated patients of rhinoseptoplasty in whom the mixed graft was used between February and September 2016 in the Otorhinolaryngology unit of the Hospital Regional de Concepción. Evaluation of results regarding resorption and graft irregularities and self-assessment of degree of satisfaction. Results: Seven patients were operated. Four of them presented severe crushing of the nasal dorsum and three of them a deep radix. The filling and camouflage of desired area was achieved in all cases. There were no displacement or resorption of the graft in any case. The use of this graft did not mean greater economic cost, and the degree of satisfaction was high in all cases. Conclusions: First study to use a mixed graft of cartilage and L-PRF in an autologous fibrin matrix in rhinoplasty, proving to be an affordable, effective, reproducible and safe alternative, particularly useful in revision surgeries.


Subject(s)
Rhinoplasty/methods , Cartilage/transplantation , Chile , Nose/surgery , Platelet-Rich Fibrin
20.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 78(3): 245-250, set. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978808

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La rinoseptoplastía es una cirugía compleja y desafiante. Permite resolver problemas estéticos y funcionales de la nariz. Objetivo: Describir la experiencia en rinoseptoplastías realizadas en el Comité de Nariz en nuestro centro. Material y método: Estudio descriptivo de pacientes sometidos a rinoseptoplastía entre 2013 y 2015. Resultados: Se operaron 265 pacientes en 3 años, 164 (61,8%) fueron mujeres y la edad promedio fue de 29 años (rango 13-73). Las cirugías fueron principalmente primarias (secundarias: 2,6%). El abordaje más utilizado fue abierto (92,5%). Se realizó trabajo de punta nasal en 253 (95,5%) pacientes; resección del dorso osteocartilaginoso en 252 (95,1%), y aumento de éste en sólo 5 (1,9%). Las osteotomías fueron frecuentes: paramedianas en 229 (86,4%), percutánea lateral bilateral en 217 (81,9%) y percutánea lateral unilateral en 17 (6,4%). El vástago columelar fue el injerto de punta más frecuentemente utilizado, en 241 (90,9%) pacientes, seguido del escudo en 69 (26,0%). En el dorso, se utilizaron autoespaciadores en 124 (46,7%) pacientes, y espaciadores en 109 (41,1%). Conclusiones: El abordaje abierto fue el más frecuente, demostrando ser favorable en nuestro centro por la exposición y aprendizaje de nuestros residentes. Se constató 2,6% de cirugías secundarias. Se destaca el uso de vástago columelar para otorgar soporte a la punta nasal dada la alta prevalencia de nariz hispana en nuestro centro.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Rhinoseptoplasty is a complex and challenging surgery. It addresses nasal aesthetics and functionality. Aim: To describe the experience in rhinoseptoplasty performed by the Nose Committee at our medical center. Material and method: Descriptive study, of the all rhinoseptoplasties performed by the Nose Committee between 2013 and 2015. Results: 265 patients underwent surgery in the 3-year period; 164 (61.8%) were women and the mean age was 29 years (range 13-73). Most were primary surgeries (secondary: 2.6%). An external approach was most commonly used (92.5%). Nasal tip surgery was performed in 253 (95.5%) patients; osteocartilaginous dorsum reduction in 252 (95,1%), and augmentation in only 5 (1,9%). Osteotomies were frequent: paramedian in 229 (86.4%), bilateral percutaneous lateral osteotomies in 217 (81.9%) and unilateral percutaneous lateral in 17 (6.4%). Regarding nasal tip grafts, columellar strut was most often used, in 241 (90,9%) patients, followed by the shield graft in 69 (26,0%). For the dorsum, autospreaders were used in 124 (46.7%), and spreader grafts in 109 (41.1%). Conclusions: Open rhinoseptoplasty was the most commonly used approach. This has shown favorable for residents due to better exposition of nasal anatomy. Only 2.6% were secondary rhinoseptoplasties. We emphasize the use of the columellar strut for nasal tip support as we frequently encounter hispanic noses at our center.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Rhinoplasty/methods , Nasal Septum/abnormalities , Nasal Septum/surgery , Chile , Epidemiology, Descriptive
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