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1.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(1): 45-49, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098060

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Direct-acting antivirals have revolutionized hepatitis C treatment, also for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), but some controversy exists regarding the use of sofosbuvir (SOF) in patients with glomerular filtration rate (GFR) <30 mL/min. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of these regimens for hepatitis C treatment of patients with CKD and after renal transplantation, as well as the impact of SOF on renal function in non-dialysis patients. METHODS: All patients with hepatitis C and CKD or renal transplant treated with direct-acting antivirals at a referral center in Brazil between January 2016 and August 2017 were included. Efficacy was evaluated based on viral load (HCV RNA) and a sustained virological response (SVR) consisting of undetectable RNA 12 and/or 24 weeks after the end of treatment (SVR12 and SVR24) was defined as cure. Safety was determined by adverse events and ribavirin, when combined, was administered in escalating doses to all patients with GFR <60 mL/min. The impact of SOF on renal function was determined by the measurement of baseline creatinine during and after the end of treatment and its increase was evaluated using the Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) classification. RESULTS: A total of 241 patients (52.7% females) with a mean age of 60.72±10.47 years were included. The combination of SOF+daclatasvir was the predominant regimen in 75.6% of cases and anemia was present in 28% of patients who used ribavirin (P=0.04). The SVR12 and SVR24 rates were 99.3% and 97.1%, respectively. The treatment was well tolerated and there were no major clinically relevant adverse events, with the most prevalent being asthenia (57.7%), itching (41.1%), headache (40.7%), and irritability (40.2%). Among conservatively treated and renal transplant patients, oscillations of creatinine levels (AKIN I) were observed in 12.5% of cases during treatment and persisted in only 8.5% after the end of treatment. Of these, 2.0% had an initial GFR <30 mL/min and this percentage decreased to 1.1% after SOF use. Only 0.5% and 1.6% of the patients progressed to AKIN II and AKIN III elevation, respectively. CONCLUSION: The direct-acting antivirals were safe and efficacious in CKD patients treated with SOF-containing regimens, with the observation of high SVR rates, good tolerability and few severe adverse events. The combination with ribavirin increased the risk of anemia and the administration of escalating doses seems to be useful in patients with GFR <60 mL/min. In patients with GFR <30 mL/min, SOF had no significant renal impact, with serum creatinine returning to levels close to baseline after treatment.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Os antivirais de ação direta revolucionaram o tratamento da hepatite C, inclusive para os pacientes com doença renal crônica (DRC), porém ainda há divergências no emprego do sofosbuvir (SOF) quando taxa de filtração glomerular (TFG) <30 mL/min. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a eficácia e segurança desses esquemas no tratamento da hepatite C em pacientes com DRC e pós-transplante renal, além de avaliar o impacto do SOF sobre a função renal dos não-dialíticos. MÉTODOS: Todos os pacientes com hepatite C e DRC ou transplante renal que realizaram tratamento com antivirais de ação direta em centro referenciado do Brasil no período de janeiro/2016 a agosto/2017 foram incluídos. A eficácia foi avaliada por meio da carga viral (HCV-RNA), considerando-se cura uma resposta virológica sustentada (RVS) com resultado indetectável após 12 e/ou 24 semanas do término do tratamento (RVS12 e RVS24). A segurança foi determinada pelos eventos adversos e a ribavirina, quando associada, foi introduzida de forma escalonada em todos os pacientes com TFG <60 mL/min. Para determinação do impacto do SOF sobre a função renal, foram observadas as dosagens de creatinina basal, durante e após término do tratamento com seu incremento avaliado por meio da classificação de AKIN (acute kidney injury network). RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos 241 pacientes, sendo 52,7% do sexo feminino, com média de idade de 60,72±10,47 anos. A associação de SOF+daclatasvir predominou em 75,6% dos casos e anemia esteve presente em 28% dos pacientes que utilizaram ribavirina (P=0,040). As taxas de RVS12 e RVS24 foram de 99,3% e 97,1%. O tratamento foi bem tolerado, com eventos adversos pouco relevantes, sendo os mais prevalentes: astenia (57,7%), prurido (41,1%), cefaleia (40,7%) e irritabilidade (40,2%). Entre os pacientes em tratamento conservador e transplantados renais, os valores de creatinina sofreram oscilações AKIN I em 12,5% dos casos, durante o tratamento, persistindo em apenas 8,5% da amostra após o término, dos quais 2,0% apresentavam TFG <30 mL/min inicialmente, com queda para 1,1% após uso do SOF. Apenas 0,5% e 1,6% evoluíram com elevação AKIN II e AKIN III. CONCLUSÃO: Os antivirais de ação direta foram seguros e eficazes em pacientes com DRC tratados com esquemas contendo SOF, apresentando altas taxas de RVS, boa tolerabilidade e poucos eventos adversos graves. A associação com ribavirina aumentou o risco de anemia, portanto sua introdução de forma escalonada parece ser útil nos pacientes com TFG <60 mL/min. Em pacientes com TFG <30 mL/min o SOF não apresentou impacto renal significativo, com creatinina sérica retornando a valores próximos ao basal após o tratamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antiviral Agents/administration & dosage , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Hepacivirus/genetics , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Ribavirin/administration & dosage , Treatment Outcome , Viral Load , Drug Therapy, Combination , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/surgery , Simeprevir/administration & dosage , Sofosbuvir/administration & dosage , Sustained Virologic Response , Genotype , Glomerular Filtration Rate/genetics , Imidazoles/administration & dosage , Middle Aged
2.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(8): e8519, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011607

ABSTRACT

Recurrent hepatitis C (HCV) after liver transplantation (LT) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. Antiviral treatment is recommended to avoid unfavorable outcomes. Direct-acting antivirals (DAA) have transformed HCV treatment, with higher efficacy and fewer side-effects than interferon-based therapies traditionally used. To evaluate DAA treatment outcomes at a Brazilian transplant unit, data of patients who finished HCV treatment at the Liver Transplant Unit of the University of Campinas were analyzed. Treatment consisted of sofosbuvir, daclatasvir, and ribavirin, for 12 or 24 weeks, according to the national guidelines. Fifty-five patients completed antiviral treatment and 54 had HCV-viral load results available. The majority of patients were male (78%), 58 years old on average, 65% had hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) before LT, and 67% were interferon treatment-experienced. Most patients had HCV genotype 1 (65%), 35% had genotype 3, and started treatment on an average of 38 months after LT (range: 2-228). Fifty-eight percent were treated for 12 weeks and 42% for 24 weeks, using a mean dose of ribavirin of 10.1 mg/kg (4.2-16.1). There were no treatment interruptions due to serious side effects. The sustained virological response rate was 98%. Only one patient relapsed, a genotype 3 cirrhotic treated for 12 weeks. The average follow-up after starting antivirals was 20 months. There were no recurrences of HCC, but there was one rejection episode and one cirrhosis decompensation episode, both 12 weeks after treatment. DAA treatment is safe and effective in the post-LT setting and was not associated to HCC recurrence in the cohort studied.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Antiviral Agents/administration & dosage , Ribavirin/administration & dosage , Liver Transplantation/adverse effects , Hepatitis C/drug therapy , Sofosbuvir/administration & dosage , Imidazoles/administration & dosage , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Viral Load , Drug Therapy, Combination , Sustained Virologic Response , Genotype
3.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(2): 146-154, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897067

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Licensed for chronic hepatitis C treatment in 2011, the protease inhibitors (PIs) telaprevir (TVR) and boceprevir (BOC), which have high sustained viral responses (SVR), ushered a new era characterized by the development of direct-action drugs against the hepatitis C virus (HCV). The aim of this study was to analyze the effectiveness and safety of BOC and TVR administered with pegylated interferon and ribavirin and to share the experience of a Brazilian reference center. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was conducted in patients with HCV genotype 1 infection who started treatment between July 2013 and December 2015. Data were collected using a computerized system. RESULTS: A total of 115 subjects were included, of which 58 (50.4 %) had liver cirrhosis and 103 (89.6 %) used TVR. The overall SVR rate was 61.7 % (62.1 % for TVR and 58.3 % for BOC). The presence of cirrhosis was associated with a lower SVR rate, whereas patients who relapsed after prior therapy had a greater chance of showing SVR than did non-responders. The incidence of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) was high. Almost all patients (~100 %) presented with hematologic events. Furthermore, treatment had to be discontinued in 15 subjects (13 %) due to severe ADRs. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, the SVR rates in our study were lower than those reported in pre-marketing studies but were comparable to real-life data. ADRs, particularly hematological ADRs, were more common compared to those in previous studies and resulted in a high rate of treatment discontinuity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Antiviral Agents/administration & dosage , Protease Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Hepacivirus/genetics , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Oligopeptides/administration & dosage , Oligopeptides/adverse effects , Antiviral Agents/adverse effects , Polyethylene Glycols/administration & dosage , Polyethylene Glycols/adverse effects , Protease Inhibitors/adverse effects , Ribavirin/administration & dosage , Ribavirin/adverse effects , Recombinant Proteins/administration & dosage , Recombinant Proteins/adverse effects , Proline/administration & dosage , Proline/analogs & derivatives , Proline/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Interferon-alpha/administration & dosage , Interferon-alpha/adverse effects , Hepacivirus/drug effects , Hepatitis C, Chronic/genetics , Hepatitis C, Chronic/virology , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Interferon alpha-2 , Genotype , Middle Aged
4.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(1): 14-20, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897052

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: In 2013, combination therapy using peginterferon, ribavirin, and boceprevir or telaprevir was introduced to treat hepatitis C virus genotype 1 infection in Brazil. The effectiveness of this therapy in four Brazilian regions was evaluated. METHODS: Clinical and virological data were obtained from patients of public health institutions in five cities, including sustained virological response (SVR) and side effects. Patients with advanced fibrosis (F3/4), moderate fibrosis (F2) for > 3 years, or extra-hepatic manifestations were treated according to Ministry of Health protocol. Treatment effectiveness was verified by using bivariate and multivariate analysis; p-values of < 0.05 were considered significant. RESULTS: Of 275 patients (64.7% men; average age, 57 years old), most (61.8%) were treatment-experienced; 53.9% had subgenotype 1a infection, 85.1% had advanced fibrosis, and 85.5% were treated with telaprevir. SVR was observed in 54.2%. Rapid virological response (RVR) was observed in 54.6% of patients (data available for 251 patients). Overall, 87.5% reported side effects and 42.5% did not complete treatment. Skin rash, severe infection, and death occurred in 17.8%, 2.5%, and death in 1.4% of cases, respectively. SVR was associated with treatment completion, RVR, and anemia. CONCLUSIONS: The effectiveness of hepatitis C virus triple therapy was lower than that reported in phase III clinical trials, possibly owing to the prioritized treatment of patients with advanced liver fibrosis. The high frequency of side effects and treatment interruptions observed supported the decision of the Brazilian authorities to suspend its use when safer and more effective drugs became available in 2015.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Protease Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Hepacivirus/genetics , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Oligopeptides/administration & dosage , Ribavirin/administration & dosage , Proline/administration & dosage , Proline/analogs & derivatives , Clinical Protocols , Interferons/administration & dosage , Treatment Outcome , Hepatitis C, Chronic/virology , Drug Therapy, Combination , Sustained Virologic Response , Genotype , Middle Aged
5.
Lima; s.n; sept. 2016.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BRISA | ID: biblio-848476

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Antecedentes: Este informe expone la evaluación de la evidencia disponible sobre eficacia y seguridad del uso de simeprevir en el tratamiento de pacientes con diagnóstico de hepatitis C crónica, genotipo 1 b o genotipo 1 a negativos a la mutación Q80K, con fibrosis significativa, tanto en pacientes con tratamiento previo con peginterferón alfa 2a + ribavirina (IFN-PEG/RBV) o sin tratamiento previo. Aspectos Generales: La Hepatitis C crónica continúa siendo un problema de salud pública, registrándose anualmente más de 185 millones de casos a nivel mundial de los cuales aproximadamente 704,000 pacientes fallecen. Del 15 al 45% de los pacientes con infección aguda, hacen resolución espontánea sin tratamiento, y rara vez presentan falla hepática. Sin embargo, si los pacientes que no hacen resolución espontánea y además no reciben tratamiento antiviral, la infección suele progresar a la forma crónica (55-85%), presentando fibrosis hepática progresiva, que va del estadio FO hasta el estadio F4 o cirrosis hepática (15-30%). Los pacientes con cirrosis hepática pueden presentar cirrosis descompensada (25%) o tienen un riesgo de 2-4% por año de desarrollar carcinoma hepatocelular. Finalmente, pueden llegar a la falla hepática, requerir de un trasplante hepático o conllevar a la muerte del paciente. Tecnología Sanitaria de Interés: Simeprevir: Simeprevir ®) es un inhibidor oral de la proteasa NS3/4A, una proteína específica que media la división y liberación de cuatro proteínas no estructurales del VHC: NS4A, NS4B, NS5A y NS5B, impidiendo de esta manera la replicación del VHC. Farmacológicamente, simeprevir tiene una adecuada biodisponibilidad por vía oral, aumentando su absorción con la ingesta de alimentos por lo que se recomienda que se ingiera junto a alimentos. Su metabolismo es predominantemente hepático, específicamente mediante la acción de la enzima CYP3A4, y su vida media en plasma es de 41 horas, alcanzando su efecto máximo a las 4-6 horas de tomar el medicamento. Su principal vía de excreción es a través de las heces (91%). METODOLOGÍA: Estrategia de Búsqueda: El protocolo de esta revisión sistemática fue preparado y revisado por el equipo técnico de IETSI. Las siguientes fuentes han sido revisadas y consultadas con la intención de buscar la mejor evidencia disponible que directamente responda a la pregunta PICO de esta evaluación: American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD) de los Estados Unidos, Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health (CADTH), Cochrane Library, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Embase, European Association for the Study of Liver (EASL) de Europa, Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) de los Estados Unidos, Latin American Association for the Study of the Liver (LAASL) de Latino América, Medline/Pubmed, National Guideline Clearinghouse (NCG) de los Estados Unidos, National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) del Reino Unido, National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) del Reino Unido, Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS), Scopus, Scottish Medicines Consortium (SMC), Translating Research into Practice (TRIP Database), Web of Science. RESULTADOS: Sinopsis de la Evidencia: Se realizó la búsqueda bibliográfica y de evidencia científica para el uso del esquema Simeprevir/IFN-PEG/RBV para el tratamiento de hepatitis C crónica, genotipo la negativos a la mutación Q80K o genotipo 1 b, con fibrosis significativa, con o sin tratamiento previo. Se identificaron 463 referencias, de las que se seleccionaron 169 referencias potencialmente relevantes. Luego, se seleccionaron las referencias que respondían a la pregunta PICO de interés de este dictamen: se incluyeron 11 referencias (tres GPC, dos ETS, tres MA y tres ensayos clínicos de fase III) para evaluar la evidencia para los pacientes sin tratamiento previo; y cinco referencias (un MA, una ETS y dos ensayos clínico de fase III para evaluar la evidencia para los pacientes con tratamiento previo, no respondedores). CONCLUSIONES: A la fecha se disponen de evidencias suficientes para recomendar simeprevir/IFN-PEG/RBV como una alternativa de tratamiento más eficaz e igual de segura que IFN-PEG/RBV en el manejo de pacientes crónicos infectados con VHC-1a negativos a la mutación 080K o genotipo 1 b, con fibrosis significativa, con o sin tratamiento previo. Asimismo, la evidencia disponible sugiere que simeprevir/IFN-PEG/RBV representa una alternativa de tratamiento no inferior a telaprevir/IFN-PEG/RBV en el manejo de pacientes crónicos infectados con VHC-1 a negativos a la mutación 080K o genotipo 1 b, con fibrosis significativa, que no respondieron al tratamiento estándar con IFN-PEG/RBV, aunque con un perfil de seguridad superior. A pesar de las diferentes cualidades farmacológicas que apoyan el uso de simeprevir/IFN-PEG/RBV en el manejo de pacientes con diagnóstico de hepatitis C crónica, con fibrosis significativa, con o sin tratamiento previo, existen ciertas consideraciones que podrían limitar el uso de este medicamento. Entre las limitaciones para su uso se encuentran su alto costo, la aparición de la resistencia a simeprevir y la necesidad de hacer pruebas de genotipificación para buscar la mutación 080K. El esquema telaprevir/IFN-PEG/RBV es un esquema con buena eficacia para este tipo de pacientes, sin embargo, ha resultado con altas tasas de eventos adversos serios por lo que ya no está siendo recomendado en las guías de práctica clínica internacionales. Así, actualmente, al haber ingresado recientemente simeprevir en el mercado peruano, el esquema simeprevir/IFN-PEG/RBV se presenta como una alternativa de mejor perfil de beneficio para este pacientes con infección crónica por hepatitis C, genotipo 1b, que el telaprevir/IFN-PEG/RBV, y que la terapia dual IFN-PEG/RBV, los cuales habían estado siendo proporcionados por EsSalud. El Instituto de Evaluación de Tecnologías en Salud e Investigación-IETSI, aprueba el uso de Simeprevir, en el esquema de tratamiento Simeprevir/IFN-PEG/RBV para el tratamiento de la hepatitis C crónica, genotipo 1 b, según lo establecido en el Anexo 01. El tiempo de vigencia de este dictamen preliminar es de dos años a partir de la fecha de publicación.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Genotype , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Interferon-alpha/administration & dosage , Ribavirin/administration & dosage , Simeprevir/administration & dosage , Drug Combinations , Fibrosis , Mutation , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Treatment Outcome
6.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(7): e5300, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-785056

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to determine risk factors for adverse events (AE)-related treatment discontinuation and severe anemia among patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 infection, treated with first-generation protease inhibitor (PI)-based therapy. We included all patients who initiated treatment with PI-based therapy at a Brazilian university hospital between November 2013 and December 2014. We prospectively collected data from medical records using standardized questionnaires and used Epi Info 6.0 for analysis. Severe anemia was defined as hemoglobin ≤8.5 mg/dL. We included 203 patients: 132 treated with telaprevir (TVR) and 71 treated with boceprevir (BOC). AE-related treatment discontinuation rate was 19.2% and anemia was the main reason (38.5%). Risk factors for treatment discontinuation were higher comorbidity index (OR=1.85, CI=1.05-3.25) for BOC, and higher bilirubin count (OR=1.02, CI=1.01-1.04) and lower BMI (OR=0.98, CI=0.96-0.99) for TVR. Severe anemia occurred in 35 (17.2%) patients. Risk factors for this outcome were lower estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR; OR=0.95, CI=0.91-0.98) for patients treated with TVR, and higher comorbidity index (OR=2.21, CI=1.04-4.67) and ribavirin dosage (OR=0.84, CI=0.72-0.99) for those treated with BOC. Fifty-five (57.3%) patients treated with TVR and 15 (27.3%) patients treated with BOC achieved sustained virological response (SVR). Among patients who received TVR and interrupted treatment due to AE (n=19), only 26.3% (n=5) achieved SVR (P=0.003). Higher number of comorbidities, lower eGFR and advanced liver disease are associated with severe anemia and early treatment cessation, which may compromise SVR achievement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Anemia/etiology , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Oligopeptides/administration & dosage , Proline/analogs & derivatives , Protease Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Antiviral Agents/administration & dosage , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Hepatitis C, Chronic/complications , Hepatitis C, Chronic/virology , Interferon-alpha/administration & dosage , Logistic Models , Oligopeptides/adverse effects , Polyethylene Glycols/administration & dosage , Proline/administration & dosage , Proline/adverse effects , Prospective Studies , Protease Inhibitors/adverse effects , Recombinant Proteins/administration & dosage , Ribavirin/administration & dosage , Risk Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Statistics, Nonparametric , Sustained Virologic Response , Time Factors , Treatment Failure
7.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 49(6): 937-943, Dec. 2015. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-767809

ABSTRACT

Abstract OBJECTIVE Comparing Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) scores in patients with chronic hepatitis C undergoing double and triple antiviral therapy and analyzing possible factors related to HRQoL. METHOD HRQoL was assessed using the Short Form 36 and Chronic Liver Disease Questionnaire, which were applied at baseline and at weeks 4, 12 and 16 of treatment to 32 patients divided into two groups: double therapy with pegylated interferon (IFN-PEG) and ribavirin, and triple therapy with PEG-IFN, ribavirin and telaprevir. RESULTS The reduction of HRQoL was greater in patients receiving triple therapy compared to those treated with two drugs, the most critical time is at 12 weeks in both groups. After removal of telaprevir, the triple therapy group significantly improved their HRQoL scores. Anxiety and depression before treatment, employment status and race are significantly related to diminished HRQoL. CONCLUSION Patients undergoing double and triple therapy have diminished HRQoL indexes, but the addition of telaprevir chooses a more significant decrease.


Resumen OBJETIVO Comparar los puntajes de Calidad de Vida Relacionada con la Salud (CVRS) en pacientes con hepatitis C crónica sometidos a la terapia antiviral doble y triple y analizar los posibles factores relacionados con la CVRS. MÉTODO La CVRS fue evaluada utilizando el Short Form 36 y elChronic Liver Disease Questionnaire , que fueron aplicados antes y en las semanas 4, 12 y 16 de tratamiento, en 32 pacientes divididos en 2 grupos: terapia doble con interferón pegilado (IFN-PEG) y ribavirina, y triple con IFN-PEG, ribavirina y telaprevir. RESULTADOS La reducción de la CVRS fue mayor en pacientes en terapia triple cuando comparados con los tratados con dos drogas, siendo el momento más crítico la 12ª semana en ambos grupos. Después de la retirada del telaprevir, el grupo de terapia triple mejoró de modo significativo los puntajes de CVRS. Ansiedad y depresión en el pre tratamiento, situación de empleo y raza se mostraron relacionados con la reducción de la CVRS. CONCLUSIÓN Pacientes sometidos a la terapia doble y triple presentan reducción de los índices de CVRS, pero la adición del telaprevir les proporciona una caída más expresiva.


Resumo OBJETIVO Comparar os escores de Qualidade de Vida Relacionada à Saúde (QVRS) em pacientes com hepatite crônica C submetidos à terapia antiviral dupla e tripla e analisar os possíveis fatores relacionados à QVRS. MÉTODO A QVRS foi avaliada utilizando o Short Form 36 e oChronic Liver Disease Questionnaire , que foram aplicados antes e nas semanas 4, 12 e 16 de tratamento, em 32 pacientes divididos em 2 grupos: terapia dupla com interferon peguilado (IFN-PEG) e ribavirina e tripla com IFN-PEG, ribavirina e telaprevir. RESULTADOS A redução da QVRS foi maior em pacientes em terapia tripla quando comparados àqueles tratados com duas drogas, sendo o momento mais crítico a 12ª semana em ambos os grupos. Após a retirada do telaprevir, o grupo terapia tripla melhorou de modo significativo os escores de QVRS. Ansiedade e depressão no pré-tratamento, status empregatício e raça se mostraram relacionados à redução da QVRS. CONCLUSÃO Pacientes submetidos à terapia dupla e tripla apresentam redução dos índices de QVRS, mas a adição do telaprevir confere uma queda mais expressiva.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Antiviral Agents/administration & dosage , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Interferon-alpha/administration & dosage , Oligopeptides/administration & dosage , Polyethylene Glycols/administration & dosage , Quality of Life , Ribavirin/administration & dosage , Drug Therapy, Combination , Recombinant Proteins/administration & dosage
8.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 19(1): 15-22, Jan-Feb/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741237

ABSTRACT

Introduction: in Brazil, chronic hepatitis C in patients coinfected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is treated with pegylated interferon (Peg-IFN) and ribavirin (RBV). However, few studies have evaluated the effectiveness of this treatment in this particular population. The identification of the factors that predict sustained virological response (SVR) under current clinical practice would enable clinicians to more accurately estimate the probability of achieving an SVR and therefore utilize the appropriate therapeutics, especially in the era of direct-acting antiviral (DAA) agents. Aims: the primary aim of our study was to determine the SVR rate under current clinical practice. The secondary aims were as follows: (1) to determine the factors before and during treatment that predict SVR; and (2) to identify the causes of treatment interruption. Methods: within a cohort of HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV)-coinfected patients in Brazil, we performed a retrospective analysis of those individuals treated with Peg-IFN and RBV. Results: among the 382 analyzed patients, SVR was observed in 118 [30.9% (95% confidence interval (CI): 26.3-35.8)], which included 25.9% (75/289) of the patients with genotypes 1 and 4 and 48.2% (41/85) of those with genotypes 2 and 3. After multivariate analyses the independent positive predictors for SVR after treatment for chronic hepatitis C with PegIFN and RBV were: absence of an AIDS-defining illness (p = 0.001), HCV viral load lower than 600,000 IU/mL at the onset of treatment (p = 0.003), higher liver enzyme levels (p = 0.039) at baseline, infection with genotypes 2 or 3 (p = 0.003), and no transient treatment interruption (p = 0.001). The treatment was interrupted in 25.6% (98/382) of the patients because of adverse events (11.3%, 43/382), virologic failure (7.8%, 30/382), and dropout (6.5%, 43/382). The main adverse events were cytopenia and psychiatric disorders. Conclusions: ...


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antiviral Agents/administration & dosage , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Interferon-alpha/administration & dosage , Polyethylene Glycols/administration & dosage , Ribavirin/administration & dosage , Antiviral Agents/adverse effects , Cohort Studies , Drug Therapy, Combination , Genotype , Hepacivirus/genetics , Hepatitis C, Chronic/virology , Interferon-alpha/adverse effects , Polyethylene Glycols/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , RNA, Viral , Recombinant Proteins/administration & dosage , Recombinant Proteins/adverse effects , Ribavirin/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Viral Load
9.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 109(3): 345-351, 06/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-711738

ABSTRACT

Certain host single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) affect the likelihood of a sustained virological response (SVR) to treatment in subjects infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV). SNPs in the promoters of interleukin (IL)-10 (-1082 A/G, rs1800896), myxovirus resistance protein 1 (-123 C/A, rs17000900 and -88 G/T, rs2071430) and tumour necrosis factor (TNF) (-308 G/A, rs1800629 and -238 G/A, rs361525) genes and the outcome of PEGylated α-interferon plus ribavirin therapy were investigated. This analysis was performed in 114 Brazilian, HCV genotype 1-infected patients who had a SVR and in 85 non-responders and 64 relapsers. A significantly increased risk of having a null virological response was observed in patients carrying at least one A allele at positions -308 [odds ratios (OR) = 2.58, 95% confidence intervals (CI) = 1.44-4.63, p = 0.001] or -238 (OR = 7.33, 95% CI = 3.59-14.93, p < 0.001) in the TNF promoter. The risk of relapsing was also elevated (-308: OR = 2.87, 95% CI = 1.51-5.44, p = 0.001; -238: OR = 4.20, 95% CI = 1.93-9.10, p < 0.001). Multiple logistic regression of TNF diplotypes showed that patients with at least two copies of the A allele had an even higher risk of having a null virological response (OR = 16.43, 95% CI = 5.70-47.34, p < 0.001) or relapsing (OR = 6.71, 95% CI = 2.18-20.66, p = 0.001). No statistically significant association was found between the other SNPs under study and anti-HCV therapy response.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antiviral Agents/administration & dosage , Hepacivirus/drug effects , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Interferon-alpha/administration & dosage , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Ribavirin/administration & dosage , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Drug Therapy, Combination , Genotype , Hepatitis C, Chronic/genetics , /genetics , Myxovirus Resistance Proteins/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Treatment Failure , Viral Load
10.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 34(5): 449-454, May 2014. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-714716

ABSTRACT

O estudo tem o objetivo de identificar efeitos indesejáveis da ribavirina, prednisona e DMSO em cães naturalmente infectados com o vírus da cinomose. Foram utilizados 60 cães apresentando quadro neurológico da cinomose com evolução de 10 dias. Os animais foram internados e receberam tratamento de suporte; foram avaliados diariamente e realizados hemograma, dosagem bioquímica e exame de urina tipo I. Os grupos 1 e 2 foram tratados com ribavirina e sua associação com DMSO; os grupos 3 e 4 com DMSO e prednisona e o grupos 5 com ribavirina e prednisona e o grupo 6 com ribavirina, prednisona e DMSO. Os animais foram anestesiados para a colheita de líquor, medula óssea e sangue, antes do tratamento para diagnóstico através da RT-PCR. As amostras negativas foram analisadas pela técnica de hn-PCR. Todos os animais apresentaram resultado positivo em pelo menos uma das duas reações. O efeito adverso da ribavirina e a sua associação com a prednisona foi a anemia hemolítica, que foi confirmada pela observação de bilirrubina na urina apenas dos cães tratados com ribavirina.


The present study aims at the identification of undesirable effects of ribavirin, predinisone and DMSO in dogs naturally infected by canine distemper virus. The research analyzed 60 dogs with clinical neurological signs and 10 days of evolution. The animals were hospitalized for the appropriate support treatment; were daily observed, and complete blood cells count, biochemical analysis, and urine exam type I were conducted. Groups 1 and 2 were treated with ribavirin and its combination with DMSO; Groups 3 and 4 treated with prednisone and DMSO, Group 5 treated with ribavirin and prednisone, while Group 6 with ribavirin, prednisone and DMSO. Before the treatment, animals were anesthetized for the cerebrospinal fluid, bone marrow and blood samples collection for the diagnosis based on RT-PCR. The negative samples were analyzed using the hn-PCR technique. All the animals presented positive results in at least one of the 2 tests. The adverse result of ribavirin and its association with prednisone was characterized by haemolytic anemia, confirmed by the evaluation of bilirrubin occurrence only in the urine of dogs treated with ribavirin.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Dogs/virology , Distemper/therapy , Dimethyl Sulfoxide/administration & dosage , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Ribavirin/administration & dosage , Anemia/veterinary , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Distemper Virus, Canine
11.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 18(1): 48-52, Jan-Feb/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-703055

ABSTRACT

Background: Tolerance and response to antiviral HCV treatment is poor in advanced fibrosis. The aim of this study was to assess SVR rate and its predictive factors in HCV advanced fibrosis patients treated in real life with full dose PEG-IFN plus RBV and to evaluate the adverse events related to treatment. Methods: A multicentric, retrospective study was conducted at six university hospitals. METAVIR F3 and F4 HCV monoinfected patients who were treated with PEG-IFN and RBV had their data analyzed. A stepwise logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the variables independently related to SVR. Adverse events were recorded during treatment. Results: 308 patients were included, 75% genotype 1 and 23% genotype 3. METAVIR F3 was present in 39% and F4 in 61% of patients. The median Child Pugh score for F4 patients was 5 (5–9). The global SVR rate was 34%, 11% were relapsers and 55% were nonresponders. SVR rates were similar between patients treated with PEG-IFN alfa 2a or alfa 2b (p = 0.24). SVR rates according to Child–Pugh score were 26% (Child A) and 18% (Child B). The independent factors related to SVR in F4 patients were genotype 3, RVR and fewer Child Pugh score points. Treatment interruption occurred in 31% patients and death occurred in 1.9%, all with liver cirrhosis. Conclusion: Treatment of HCV in patients with advanced fibrosis should not be postponed. However, a very careful evaluation of cirrhotic patients must be performed before treatment is indicated and careful monitoring is required during treatment. .


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antiviral Agents/administration & dosage , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Interferon-alpha/administration & dosage , Liver Cirrhosis/etiology , Polyethylene Glycols/administration & dosage , Ribavirin/administration & dosage , Antiviral Agents/adverse effects , Drug Therapy, Combination/methods , Genotype , Hepacivirus/genetics , Hepatitis C, Chronic/complications , Hepatitis C, Chronic/virology , Interferon-alpha/adverse effects , Predictive Value of Tests , Polyethylene Glycols/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , RNA, Viral/genetics , Recombinant Proteins/administration & dosage , Recombinant Proteins/adverse effects , Ribavirin/adverse effects , Severity of Illness Index , Viral Load
12.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 18(1): 110-113, Jan-Feb/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-703056

ABSTRACT

Pegylated interferon alpha (Peg IFN-α) in combination with ribavirin is the backbone of treatment in chronic hepatitis C (CHC). Cardiotoxicity due to interferon therapy is rare. The most frequent cardiovascular complications are arrhythmias and ischemic manifestations. Cardiomyopathy is extremely rare but can be life threatening. We present the case of a 41-year-old female patient with CHC in whom Peg IFN-α induced dilated cardiomyopathy and hypothyroidism. Chest radiography showed an enlarged and globular cardiac silhouette and pulmonary congestion. Echocardiography showed decreased left ventricular systolic function with an ejection fraction of 32% and fractional shortening of 15%. Cardiomyopathy had a complete remission after cessation of antiviral therapy with short-term heart failure medications and supportive care. Then we review the current literature about interferon induced cardiomyopathy in patients with HCV infection, as well as share our clinical experience in diagnosing and managing this rare complication.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Antiviral Agents/adverse effects , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/chemically induced , Hypothyroidism/chemically induced , Interferon-alpha/adverse effects , Ribavirin/adverse effects , Antiviral Agents/administration & dosage , Drug Therapy, Combination/adverse effects , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Interferon-alpha/administration & dosage , Ribavirin/administration & dosage
13.
J. bras. med ; 102(1)jan.-fev. 2014. graf, ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-712210

ABSTRACT

A infecção pelo vírus da hepatite C (HCV) é importante causa de hepatite crônica, cirrose e carcinoma hepatocelular, sendo razão para a indicação de transplante hepático no mundo industrializado (Sherlock, 1995). Várias estratégias de tratamento da hepatite C foram empregadas ao longo dos últimos anos. O interferon peguilado em monoterapia ou combinado à ribavirina tornou-se tratamento padrão. Em 2011, foram introduzidos os inibidores de protease. Em dezembro de 2013, uma nova geração de drogas tem conferido resultados auspiciosos à terapia.


The hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) is an important cause of chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, which leads indication for liver transplantation in the industrialized world (Sherlock, 1995). Many treatment strategies for hepatitis C were used for the latest years. Pegylated interferon monotherapy or combined to the ribavirin became a standard treatment. In 2011, protease inhibitors were introduced. In December 2013, a new generation drugs have been presented auspicious results to the therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Hepacivirus , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Hepatitis C, Chronic/virology , Protease Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Drug Therapy, Combination , Protease Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Interferon-alpha/administration & dosage , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Oligopeptides/administration & dosage , Oligopeptides/therapeutic use , Proline/analogs & derivatives , Ribavirin/administration & dosage , Ribavirin/therapeutic use
14.
Gut and Liver ; : 421-427, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-175278

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The present study aimed to clarify whether virological response within 2 weeks after therapy initiation can predict a null response to pegylated interferon alpha-2b plus ribavirin therapy in patients with high viral load genotype 1b hepatitis C. METHODS: The participants consisted of 72 patients with high viral load genotype 1b. The dynamics of viral load within 2 weeks were measured. RESULTS: Significant differences between null responders and nonnull responders were noted for interleukin (IL)-28B genotype, amino acid 70 substitution, alpha-fetoprotein, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, hyaluronic acid, and viral response. The area under the curve (AUC) for the receiver operating characteristic curve of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA level decline at 2 weeks (AUC=0.993) was the highest among the factors predicting the null response. When the cutoff value for the HCV RNA level decline at 2 weeks was set at 0.80 log, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy in predicting a null response were 82%, 96%, 82%, 96%, and 94%, respectively. In comparison, values for the non-TT and mutant type of amino acid 70 substitution were similar to those for HCV RNA level decline at 2 weeks. CONCLUSIONS: Virological response at 2 weeks or the combination of IL-28B and amino acid 70 substitution are accurate predictors of a null response.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Adult , Aged , Antiviral Agents/administration & dosage , Area Under Curve , Drug Therapy, Combination , Female , Genotype , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Humans , Injections, Subcutaneous , Interferon-alpha/administration & dosage , Male , Medication Adherence , Polyethylene Glycols/administration & dosage , Prospective Studies , RNA, Viral/metabolism , Recombinant Proteins/administration & dosage , Ribavirin/administration & dosage , Treatment Outcome , Viral Load , Young Adult
16.
Cad. saúde pública ; 29(supl.1): s146-s158, Nov. 2013. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-690747

ABSTRACT

Evidências recentes demonstram que respondedores virológicos lentos podem se beneficiar com a extensão do tratamento antiviral. O estudo investigou a adoção desse protocolo diante da coinfecção VHC/HIV. O objetivo foi estudar a relação de custo/efetividade da terapêutica com peguinterferon associado à ribavirina em portadores do genótipo 1 do VHC coinfectados com o HIV, comparando-se a inclusão ou não de respondedores virológicos lentos. Simulou-se por meio de um modelo de Markov a progressão da doença hepática em uma coorte hipotética de mil homens, maiores de 40 anos, considerandose a perspectiva do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) e horizonte temporal de 30 anos. A extensão do tratamento para respondedores lentos resultou em uma razão incremental de custo efetividade de R$ 44.171/QALY, valor abaixo do limiar de aceitabilidade proposto pela Organização Mundial da Saúde. A análise de sensibilidade não modificou os resultados alcançados. A inclusão de indivíduos coinfectados VHC/HIV respondedores virológicos lentos no protocolo de tratamento apresenta-se como uma estratégia custo-efetiva para o SUS.


Recent evidence has demonstrated that slow responders may benefit from antiviral treatment in HCV/HIV coinfection. This study aimed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of HCV treatment in individuals with genotype 1 coinfected with HIV, with peg-interferon in combination with ribavirin, compared to the inclusion (versus non-inclusion) of slow responders. A Markov model was developed that simulated the progression of liver disease in a hypothetical cohort of one thousand men over 40 years of age, considering the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS) perspective and a 30-year timeline. The extension of treatment to slow responders provided a 60% increase in the number of individuals who eliminated HCV and an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of 44,171 BRL/QALY, below the acceptability threshold proposed by World Health Organization. Sensitivity analysis did not alter the results. The inclusion of HCV/ HIV-coinfected slow virologic responders in the treatment protocol is shown to be a cost-effective strategy for the SUS.


La evidencia reciente ha demostrado que los individuos con respuesta virológica lenta pueden beneficiarse de una extensión del tratamiento antiviral. El estudio investigó la adopción de este protocolo antes de la coinfección por VHC/HIV. El objetivo fue estudiar la relación coste-efectividad de la terapia con peginterferon asociado con ribavirina en pacientes con genotipo 1 del VHC, coinfectados por el HIV respondedores virológicos lentos. Se simula mediante un modelo de Markov la progresión de la enfermedad hepática en una cohorte hipotética de un millar de hombres, más de 40, teniendo en cuenta la perspectiva del Sistema Único de Salud (SUS) y un horizonte temporal de 30 años. El grado de tratamiento a los respondedores lentos dio lugar a un incremento de coste-efectividad de R$ 44.171/QALY, por debajo del umbral de aceptabilidad propuesto por la Organización Mundial de la Salud. El análisis de sensibilidad no modificó los resultados. La inclusión de los individuos coinfectados y con respuesta virológica lenta en el protocolo de tratamiento se presenta como una estrategia económica para el SUS.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Antiviral Agents/administration & dosage , HIV Infections , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Interferon-alpha/administration & dosage , Polyethylene Glycols/administration & dosage , Ribavirin/administration & dosage , Antiviral Agents/economics , Coinfection , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Drug Therapy, Combination/economics , Interferon-alpha/economics , Polyethylene Glycols/economics , Recombinant Proteins/administration & dosage , Recombinant Proteins/economics , Ribavirin/economics
17.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 17(5): 555-563, Sept.-Oct. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-689881

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Controversial results have been found in literature for the association between insulin resistance and sustained virologic response to standard chronic hepatitis C treatment. This study aims to provide a systematic literature review with meta-analysis, in order to evaluate if insulin resistance interferes with sustained virologic response in patients infected by the HCV genotype 1 versus HCV genotypes 2 and 3, undergoing treatment with interferon and ribavirin or pegylated interferon and ribavarin. METHODS: Systematic search was performed on main electronic databases until May 2012. Primary outcome was sustained virologic response, defined as undetectable levels of HCVRNA six months after the end of treatment. Meta-analytic measure was estimated using Dersimonian and Laird's method, using Stata software. RESULTS: Thirteen studies involving 2238 infected patients were included. There was a statistically significant association between insulin resistance and lower sustained virologic response rate, and this difference occurred in HCV genotype G1 (OR: 2.23; 95% 1.59-3.13) and G2/G3 (OR: 4.45; 95% CI: 1.59-12.49). In addition, a difference was seen in the cut-offs used for defining insulin resistance by Homeostasis Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance. To minimize this limitation, sub-analysis that excluded the studies that did not use 2 as a cut-off value was performed and the results still demonstrated association between insulin resistance and sustained virologic response, for both genotypic groups. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis provides evidence that elevated Homeostasis Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance is associated with a lower sustained virologic response rate in patients with hepatitis C treated with interferon and ribavirin or pegylated interferon and ribavarin, regardless of their genotype.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antiviral Agents/administration & dosage , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Hepatitis C/genetics , Insulin Resistance/physiology , RNA, Viral/genetics , Drug Therapy, Combination , Genotype , Hepatitis C, Chronic/genetics , Hepatitis C, Chronic/physiopathology , Hepatitis C/classification , Interferon-alpha/administration & dosage , Polyethylene Glycols/administration & dosage , Recombinant Proteins/administration & dosage , Ribavirin/administration & dosage , Viral Load
18.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 108(1): 48-53, Feb. 2013. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-666043

ABSTRACT

A single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) upstream of interleukin (IL)28B was recently identified as an important predictor of the outcome of chronic hepatitis C patients treated with pegylated interferon plus ribavirin (PEG-IFN/RBV). The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the IL28B gene polymorphism (rs12979860) and virological response in chronic hepatitis C patients. Brazilian patients (n = 263) who were infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 and were receiving PEG-IFN/RBV were genotyped. Early virological response (EVR) (12 weeks), end-of-treatment response (EOTR) (48 weeks), sustained virological response (SVR) (72 weeks) and relapse were evaluated using conventional and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays. The frequency of the C allele in the population was 39%. Overall, 43% of patients experienced SVR. The IL28B CC genotype was significantly associated with higher treatment response rates and a lower relapse rate compared to the other genotypes [84% vs. 58% EVR, 92% vs. 63% EOTR, 76% vs. 38% SVR and 17% vs. 40% relapse rate in CC vs. other genotypes (CT and TT), respectively]. Thus, the IL28B genotype appears to be a strong predictor of SVR following PEG-IFN/RBV therapy in treatment-naïve Brazilian patients infected with HCV genotype 1. This study, together with similar research examining other SNPs, should help to define adequate protocols for the treatment of patients infected with HCV genotype 1, especially those with a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antiviral Agents/administration & dosage , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Interferon-alpha/administration & dosage , Interleukins/genetics , Polyethylene Glycols/administration & dosage , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Ribavirin/administration & dosage , Alleles , Cohort Studies , Drug Therapy, Combination , Genotype , Hepatitis C, Chronic/genetics , Hepatitis C, Chronic/virology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prospective Studies , Recombinant Proteins/administration & dosage , Treatment Outcome
19.
Journal of Family and Community Medicine. 2013; 20 (1): 35-40
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-130202

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis C virus [HCV] infection is a major health problem worldwide. Genotype-4 is the most common genotype in Saudi Arabia. The response to treatment with pegylated interferon-alpha combined with ribavirin in chronic HCV infection varies. This study aimed at investigating the pre- and on-treatment predictors of sustained virologic response [SVR] in patients with chronic hepatitis C [CHC] infection. Clinical data of 48 patients with CHC treated with standard HCV antiviral combination therapy, between January 2005 and December 2010, at a Saudi University hospital, were retrospectively reviewed for age, sex, body mass index, liver enzymes, HCV-RNA viral load, liver biopsy, and response to treatment. The primary end point was SVR defined as undetectable HCV-RNA by polymerase chain reaction [PCR] 24 weeks after the end of treatment. Univariable logistic regression was used to explore the association between the different variables and SVR. These independent predictors of SVR were then analyzed with multivariable logistic regression analysis. Of the 48 treated patients, 25 [52%] were females and 27 [56%] were Saudi. The mean age was 43 years [43 +/- 10 years]. Twenty-four [50%] had genotype-4, and 26 [54%] had liver biopsy. The overall SVR rate was 75% [36/48] and was 83.3% [20/24] among genotype-4 patients. Baseline factors associated with SVR identified by univariate logistic regression were genotype-4 and early viral response [EVR], defined as a drop of >/= 2 log in serum HCV viral load after 12 weeks of initiation of combination therapy [P = 0.001]. However, in stepwise regression analysis, the independent factor associated with the effect of antiviral therapy was genotype-4. When on-treatment variables were included, EVR [P = 0.003] and low baseline viral load [P = 0.048] were highly predictive of SVR. Of our HCV-treated patients, 75% had SVR. HCV genotype-4, EVR, and low baseline viral load were predictive of SVR


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Male , Drug Therapy, Combination , Ribavirin/administration & dosage , Ribavirin , Interferon-alpha , Interferon-alpha/administration & dosage , Treatment Outcome
20.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 16(3): 232-236, May-June 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-638555

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Pegylated interferon (Peg-IFN) and standard interferon (IFN) play a significant role in the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Biosimilar standard IFN is widely available in Brazil for the treatment of HCV infection genotypes 2 or 3, but its efficacy compared to Peg-IFN is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To compare the sustained virological response (SVR) rates following treatment with biosimilar standard IFN plus ribavirin (RBV) versus Peg-IFN plus RBV in patients with HCV genotypes 2 or 3 infection. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in patients with HCV genotypes 2 or 3 infection treated with biosimilar standard IFN plus RBV or with Peg-IFN plus RBV. SVR rates of the two treatments were compared. RESULTS: From January 2005 to December 2010, 172 patients with a mean age of 44 +/- 9.3 years were included. There were eight (4.7%) patients with HCV genotype 2 infections. One hundred fourteen (66.3%) were treated with biosimilar standard IFN plus RBV, whist 58 (33.7%) patients were treated with Peg-IFN plus RBV. Between the two groups, there were no significant differences regarding age, gender, glucose level, platelet count, hepatic necroinflammatory grade, and hepatic fibrosis stage. Overall, 59.3% (102/172) patients had SVR. In patients treated with Peg-IFN plus RBV, 79.3% (46/58) had SVR compared to 49.1% (56/114) among those treated with biosimilar standard IFN plus RBV (p = 0.0001). CONCLUSION: In patients with HCV genotypes 2 or 3 infection, a higher SVR was observed in patients receiving Peg-IFN plus RBV related to patients treated with biosimilar standard IFN plus RBV.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antiviral Agents/administration & dosage , Hepacivirus/genetics , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Interferon-alpha/administration & dosage , Interferons/administration & dosage , Polyethylene Glycols/administration & dosage , Ribavirin/administration & dosage , Cohort Studies , Drug Therapy, Combination , Genotype , Retrospective Studies , RNA, Viral/analysis , Recombinant Proteins/administration & dosage , Treatment Outcome , Viral Load
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