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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762454

ABSTRACT

As various linezolid resistance mechanisms have been identified in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), we investigated the molecular characteristics of MRSA with elevated linezolid minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs), using the VITEK 2 system (bioMérieux, Marcy-l'Étoile, France). Twenty-seven MRSA isolates from 14 patients exhibiting linezolid MICs ≥8 µg/mL were examined by broth microdilution (BMD) test as well as by sequencing for mutations in the 23S rRNA gene or ribosomal proteins (L3, L4, and L22) and the presence of the optrA, cfr, and cfr(B) genes. Of the 27 isolates, four (14.8%) from one patient were confirmed as linezolid resistant by BMD and harbored a 23S rRNA T2500A mutation. The remaining 23 were confirmed as linezolid susceptible, indicating that the linezolid-resistant results were major errors generated by VITEK 2. The most commonly detected mutation (19/27, 70.4%), L3 Gly152Asp, was detected in only linezolid-susceptible isolates. No isolates contained optrA, cfr, or cfr(B) or any L4 or L22 protein alterations. Our results show that the 23S rRNA T2500A mutation was mainly associated with linezolid resistance, while the L3 Gly152Asp mutation was not related to linezolid resistance. A confirmatory test is recommended for VITEK 2 linezolid-resistant results owing to the high probability of false resistant results.


Subject(s)
Genes, rRNA , Humans , Korea , Linezolid , Methicillin Resistance , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Ribosomal Proteins , RNA, Ribosomal, 23S
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776053

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the expression of ribosomal protein S9(RPS9)in multiple myeloma(MM)and explore its effect on the biological characteristics of myeloma cells and the corresponding mechanisms. Methods Bone marrow mononuclear cells were harvested in 10 healthy volunteers(CON group)and bone marrow CD138 +cells from 30 MM patients(CD138+group).Quantitative polymerase chain reaction(qPCR)was performed to detect RPS9 expression at mRNA level.In three cases from CON group and 11 cases from CD138+group,Western blot was performed to detect RPS9 at protein level.GSE19784 dataset was employed to detect the relationships of RPS9 expression with the overall survival rate,nuclear factor-κB(NF-κB),small ubiquitin-like modifier(SUMO),and ubiquitin pathway.After the RPS9 knock-down vector was constructed,flow cytometry was performed to detect the infection efficiency and qPCR and Western blot to detect the knock-down efficiency.RPMI8226 was divided into CON group and RPS9-short hairpin RNA(shRNA)group,in which annexin V allophycocyanin/propidium iodide(PI)double staining was performed to detect the change of apoptosis,CCK8 to detect the proliferation change,and PI staining to detect cell cycle change.After sentrin-specific protease 1(SENP1)overexpression vector was constructed,Western blot was performed to detect the phosphorylation of P65 and inhibitory subunit-κBα(IκBα)from NF-κB pathway in CON,RPS9-shRNA,and RPS9-shRNA-SENP1 cells;in addition,annexin V/PI double staining was also performed to detect the apoptosis in these three cells. Results The relative expression of RPS9 in CON group and CD138+group was(1.00±0.12)and(5.45±0.71),respectively(t=4.291,P=0.0036).Western blot showed RPS9 expression was high in most myeloma CD138+cells.The high expression of RPS9 was associated with both extramedullary invasion and overall survival in GSE19784 dataset.After RPMI8226 was infected with CON or RPS9-shRNA lentivirus for 48 hours,flow cytometry confirmed that the infection efficiencies were above 90% in both groups.qPCR and Western blot confirmed that RPS9 expression was inhibited at both mRNA and protein levels.After RPMI8226 CON and RPS9-shRNA infected with virus for 48 hours,the proportion of annexin V-positive cells in CON and RPS9-shRNA cells was(3.47±0.37)% and(18.60±64.00)%(t=9.015,P=0.0008).The proliferation index significantly differed between CON group and RPS9-shRNA group at 72 hours(t=6.846,P=0.0024).When CON and RPS9-shRNA were infected with virus for 48 hours,the proportion of G2 phase cells was(29.28±3.42)% and(10.43±1.43)%,respectively(t=9.329,P=0.0007).The RPS9 expression was positively correlated with SENP1 in GSE19784 dataset and negatively correlated with IκBα coding gene NFKBIA.Western blot further confirmed that RPS9 knockdown inhibited the expression of SENP1,inhibited the phosphorylation of NF-κB subunit P65 and inhibitor IκBα,and promoted the expression of IκBα.Overexpression of SENP1 not only impeded this effect but also reduced RPS9-induced apoptosis. Conclusions RPS9 is highly expressed in MM CD138+cells and is associated with overall survival and extramedullary infiltration.Inhibition of RPS9 can promote apoptosis,cell cycle arrest,and proliferation of myeloma cells.RPS9 can affect the activation of NF-κB pathway and cell apoptosis through SENP1,suggesting that SENP1 may be a key factor in the biological effect of RPS9.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cysteine Endopeptidases , Metabolism , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Metabolism , Ribosomal Proteins , Metabolism , Signal Transduction
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719650

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Enterococcus faecalis strains with low-level resistance to linezolid (an oxazolidinone antibiotic) have become common. No large-scale study has examined the underlying mechanisms in linezolid-resistant E. faecalis (LRE) strains. We investigated these mechanisms and molecular characteristics in Chongqing, China. METHODS: A total of 1,120 non-duplicated E. faecalis strains collected from August 2014 to June 2017 underwent drug susceptibility testing. LRE strains were screened for optrA, cfr, and mutations in the 23S rRNA and ribosomal proteins L3 and L4 by PCR amplification and sequencing. Multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) were used for epidemiological analysis. RESULTS: All 43 low-level LRE strains (minimum inhibitory concentration: 8–16 mg/L) harbored optrA; cfr and 23S rRNA mutations were not detected. Novel mutations in the ribosomal proteins L3 and L4—one deletion (Q103del) and four substitutions (S113L, T35A, I98V, and N79D)—were identified. Novel amino acid substitutions at positions E60K, G197D, and T285P of the OptrA protein were observed. MLST revealed 20 types of LRE strains; the most common type was ST16 (32.6%). PFGE showed 14 strains of ST16 with unique banding patterns. Eight novel sequence types (ST823 to ST830) and one allele (gki95) were identified for the first time in China. CONCLUSIONS: optrA plays an important role in linezolid resistance and may serve as a marker for resistance screening. Since the L3 and L4 mutations did not simultaneously occur in the same strain, they play a negligible role in linezolid resistance. Epidemiological investigation suggested that the LRE cases were sporadic.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Amino Acid Substitution , China , Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field , Enterococcus faecalis , Enterococcus , Epidemiology , Linezolid , Mass Screening , Molecular Epidemiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Ribosomal Proteins
4.
Biol. Res ; 52: 4, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011407

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hematoporphyrin derivative (HPD) has a sensibilization effect in lung adenocarcinoma. This study was conducted to identify the target genes of HPD in lung adenocarcinoma. METHODS: RNA sequencing was performed using the lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 after no treatment or treatment with X-ray or X-ray + HPD. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were screened using Mfuzz package by noise-robust soft clustering analysis. Enrichment analysis was carried out using "BioCloud" online tool. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network and module analyses were performed using Cytoscape software. Using WebGestalt tool and integrated transcription factor platform (ITFP), microRNA target and transcription factor (TF) target pairs were separately predicted. An integrated regulatory network was visualized with Cytoscape software. RESULTS: A total of 815 DEGs in the gene set G1 (continuously dysregulated genes along with changes in processing conditions [untreated-treated with X-ray-X-ray + treated with HPD]) and 464 DEGs in the gene set G2 (significantly dysregulated between X-ray + HPD-treated group and untreated/X-ray-treated group) were screened. The significant module identified from the PPI network for gene set G1 showed that ribosomal protein L3 (RPL3) gene could interact with heat shock protein 90 kDa alpha, class A member 1 (HSP90AA1). TFs AAA domain containing 2 (ATAD2) and protein inhibitor of activated STAT 1 (PIAS1) were separately predicted for the genes in gene set G1 and G2, respectively. In the integrated network for gene set G2, ubiquitin-specific peptidase 25 (USP25) was targeted by miR-200b, miR-200c, and miR-429. CONCLUSION: RPL3, HSP90AA1, ATAD2, and PIAS1 as well as USP25, which is targeted by miR-200b, miR-200c, and miR-429, may be the potential targets of HPD in lung adenocarcinoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hematoporphyrin Derivative/pharmacology , Gene Regulatory Networks/genetics , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Ribosomal Proteins/drug effects , Ribosomal Proteins/genetics , Transcription Factors , Cluster Analysis , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Sequence Analysis, RNA , HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins/drug effects , HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins/genetics , Small Ubiquitin-Related Modifier Proteins/drug effects , Small Ubiquitin-Related Modifier Proteins/genetics , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , DNA-Binding Proteins/drug effects , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Protein Inhibitors of Activated STAT/drug effects , Protein Inhibitors of Activated STAT/genetics , Flow Cytometry , ATPases Associated with Diverse Cellular Activities/drug effects , ATPases Associated with Diverse Cellular Activities/genetics , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/drug therapy , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/radiotherapy , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Lung Neoplasms/radiotherapy
5.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1166-1173, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718495

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Information on the possible role of the ribosomal protein S15a (RPS15a) in gastric cancer is scarce. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of RPS15a gene expression on the growth and cell cycle of gastric cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: RPS15a mRNA expression was examined in cancer tissues and their corresponding adjacent normal tissues of 40 gastric adenocarcinoma patients. Next, RPS15a was knocked down using a lentivirus-mediated RNA interference (short hairpin RNA) system in the gastric cancer cell line BGC823. The effect of RPS15a knockdown was examined using CCK-8 assay, cell scratch test, colony formation assay, and flow cytometry. Finally, in nude mice, a tumorigenicity test was performed, and the tumor volume and weight were measured. RESULTS: RPS15a expression in tumor tissue was significantly greater than that in the adjacent normal tissue of gastric cancer patients. After RPS15a silencing, the BGC823 cell proliferation rate decreased significantly; most cells were arrested in the G0/G1 phase, cell growth was inhibited, and the migration rate was decreased. Colony formation assay showed that the number and size of clones in the RPS15a-silenced cells were fewer and smaller, compared to control cells. The nude mouse tumorigenicity test showed that RPS15a silencing had an inhibitory effect on tumor volume and mice weight. CONCLUSION: The present study found RPS15a expression to be higher in gastric tumors and its silencing in gastric cancer cells to inhibit the proliferation, growth, and migration thereof. Accordingly, RPS15a may be considered as a potential therapeutic target in gastric cancer.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Animals , Carcinogenicity Tests , Cell Cycle , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Clone Cells , Flow Cytometry , Gene Expression , Gene Silencing , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Mice , Mice, Nude , Ribosomal Proteins , RNA Interference , RNA, Messenger , Sincalide , Stomach Neoplasms , Tumor Burden
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739491

ABSTRACT

An interaction between ribosomal protein S3 (rpS3) and nuclear factor kappa B or macrophage migration inhibitory factor in non-small-cell lung cancer is responsible for radioresistance. However, the role of rpS3 in glioblastoma (GBM) has not been investigated to date. Here we found that in irradiated GBM cells, rpS3 translocated into the nucleus and was subsequently ubiquitinated by ring finger protein 138 (RNF138). Ubiquitin-dependent degradation of rpS3 consequently led to radioresistance in GBM cells. To elucidate the apoptotic role of rpS3, we analyzed the interactome of rpS3 in ΔRNF138 GBM cells. Nuclear rpS3 interacted with DNA damage inducible transcript 3 (DDIT3), leading to DDIT3-induced apoptosis in irradiated ΔRNF138 GBM cells. These results were confirmed using in vivo orthotopic xenograft models and GBM patient tissues. This study aims to clarify the role of RNF138 in GBM cells and demonstrate that rpS3 may be a promising substrate of RNF138 for the induction of GBM radioresistance, indicating RNF138 as a potential target for GBM therapy.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , DNA Damage , Fingers , Glioblastoma , Heterografts , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Macrophages , NF-kappa B , Ribosomal Proteins , Ubiquitin , Ubiquitination
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716735

ABSTRACT

Nowadays antibiotic resistance is a worldwide serious problem that mainly affects public health. Omadacycline is a unique antibiotic which has two available dosage forms such as intravenous (IV) and oral that development for community-acquired bacterial infectious disease treatment. It is a modified form of older tetracycline at C-9 aminomethyl substituent of 6-member core ring of tetracycline. Modification form shows its activity against efflux pump and ribosomal protein protection mechanism of tetracycline resistance. Generally, omadacycline is effective against methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), Streptococcus pneumoniae, vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE), Legionella and Chlamydia spp. Efficacy, safety and tolerability profile of omadacycline those compares with recent antibiotics shows that omadacycline is less resistant than others. One derivative from tetracycline derivatives is 9-neopentylaminomethylminocycline called omadacycline was discovered and ongoing phase III clinical experiments as a therapy for acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSI) as well as community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP). Omadacycline seems to be a strong drug candidate for future promising new antibacterial agent that is effective against ABSSSI and CABP.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Bacterial Infections , Chlamydia , Communicable Diseases , Dosage Forms , Drug Resistance, Microbial , Enterococcus , Legionella , Magic , Methicillin Resistance , Pneumonia, Bacterial , Public Health , Ribosomal Proteins , Skin , Streptococcus pneumoniae , Tetracycline , Tetracycline Resistance
8.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 23(1): 45-47, ene.-jun. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-902071

ABSTRACT

La anemia de Diamond Blackfan es un trastorno genético y clínico raro, caracterizado por aplasia eritrocitaria, que clásicamente se manifiesta durante el primer año de vida, típicamente a los 2-3 meses de edad. El 25% de los afectados presentan anemia severa en la infancia, normo o macrocitosis, reticulocitopenia y disminución selectiva de células precursoras eritroides en medula ósea. Es causada por mutaciones que afectan genes que codifican para proteínas ribosomales, inicialmente fue identificado RPS19, que codifica la proteína S19 y las mutaciones a otros genes que codifican proteínas ribosomales. Se presenta el caso de una paciente de cuatro meses de edad quien debutó con anemia severa, quien no mejoró con la suplencia de hierro, vitamina B12, y ácido fólico y además fueron descartadas sistemáticamente causas frecuentes de anemia. El diagnóstico de anemia de Diamond Blackfan en nuestro medio es un diagnóstico de exclusión, dada la dificultad para acceso a pruebas de confirmación genética. Se establece el diagnóstico y se da manejo con glucocorticoides con buena respuesta clínica y paraclínica


The Diamond Blackfan anemia is a rare genetic and clinical disorder. It is characterized by red cell aplasia, which typically occurs during the first year of life, typically during the second to the third month of age. 25% of the patients had severe anemia during their childhood, normo or macrocytosis, reticulocyte and selective decrease in the number of erythroid precursor cells in bone marrow. It is caused by mutations affect genes encoding ribosomal proteins, RPS19 initially was identified, which encodes S19 protein and mutations in other genes encoding ribosomal proteins. We present a case of a four-month-old who debuted with severe anemia in whom the substitution were iron supplements, vitamin B12 and folic acid, showed no improvement and who also were systematically discarded as common causes of anemia. The diagnosis of Diamond Blackfan anemia in our country is a diagnosis of exclusion, given the difficulty of access to genetic confirmation tests. In this article the diagnosis is established and gives management with glucocorticoid with good clinical and paraclinical response


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Anemia, Diamond-Blackfan , Anemia , Ribosomal Proteins , Vitamin B 12 , Bone Marrow , Proteins , Erythroid Precursor Cells , Folic Acid , Glucocorticoids
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351380

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical features of Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) and related pathogenic genes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of two children with DBA, and related literature was reviewed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The two children with DBA (2-3 months old) manifested with severe normochromic normocytic anemia, decreased reticulocyte count, and increased serum iron and serum ferritin. Normal white blood cell and platelet counts were noted in the two patients. Bone marrow examination showed a decreased percentage of erythrocytes and rare normoblasts in the two patients. Gene screening showed a reported pathogenic heterozygous mutation in RPS19 gene, c.212G>A (p. Gly71Glu), in one patient, and there were no mutations in his parents. In the other patient, gene screening showed a heterozygous mutation in RPL5 gene, c.740T>C (p. I247L), which had not been reported in literature, and there were no mutations in her parents. A bioinformatic analysis showed that this might be a pathogenic mutation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The onset age of DBA is early infancy in most children, with a manifestation of erythroid deficiency. RPS19 and RPL5 gene mutations are common causes of this disease. Molecular detection helps with the early diagnosis of DBA.</p>


Subject(s)
Anemia, Diamond-Blackfan , Genetics , Computational Biology , Humans , Infant , Male , Mutation , Ribosomal Proteins , Genetics
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-110376

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Ductal adenocarcinoma (DAC) of the prostate is an uncommon histologic subtype whose prognostic factors and immunoprofile have not been fully defined. METHODS: To define its prognostic factors and immunoprofile, the clinicopathological features, including biochemical recurrence (BCR), of 61 cases of DAC were analyzed. Immunohistochemistry was performed on tissue microarray constructs to assess the expression of prostate cancer-related and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling-related proteins. RESULTS: During the median follow-up period of 19.3 months, BCR occurred in 26 cases (42.6%). DAC demonstrated a wide expression range of prostate cancer-related proteins, including nine cases (14.8%) that were totally negative for pan-cytokeratin (PanCK) immunostaining. The mTOR signaling-related proteins also showed diverse expression. On univariate analysis, BCR was associated with high preoperative serum levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA), large tumor volume, predominant ductal component, high Gleason score (GS), comedo-necrosis, high tumor stage (pT), lymphovascular invasion, and positive surgical margin. High expressions of phospho-mTOR (p-mTOR) as well as low expressions of PSA, phospho-S6 ribosomal protein (pS6) and PanCK were associated with BCR. On multivariable analysis, GS, pT, and immunohistochemical expressions of PanCK and p-mTOR remained independent prognostic factors for BCR. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest GS, pT, and immunohistochemical expressions of PanCK and p-mTOR as independent prognostic factors for BCR in DAC. Since DAC showed diverse expression of prostate cancer–related proteins, this should be recognized in interpreting the immunoprofile of DAC. The diverse expression of mTOR-related proteins implicates their potential utility as predictive markers for mTOR targeted therapy.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Carcinoma, Ductal , Follow-Up Studies , Immunohistochemistry , Neoplasm Grading , Prognosis , Prostate , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatic Neoplasms , Recurrence , Ribosomal Proteins , Sirolimus , Tumor Burden
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-50092

ABSTRACT

Protozoan viruses may influence the function and pathogenicity of the protozoa. Trichomonas vaginalis is a parasitic protozoan that could contain a double stranded RNA (dsRNA) virus, T. vaginalis virus (TVV). However, there are few reports on the properties of the virus. To further determine variations in protein expression of T. vaginalis, we detected 2 strains of T. vaginalis; the virus-infected (V⁺) and uninfected (V⁻) isolates to examine differentially expressed proteins upon TVV infection. Using a stable isotope N-terminal labeling strategy (iTRAQ) on soluble fractions to analyze proteomes, we identified 293 proteins, of which 50 were altered in V⁺ compared with V⁻ isolates. The results showed that the expression of 29 proteins was increased, and 21 proteins decreased in V⁺ isolates. These differentially expressed proteins can be classified into 4 categories: ribosomal proteins, metabolic enzymes, heat shock proteins, and putative uncharacterized proteins. Quantitative PCR was used to detect 4 metabolic processes proteins: glycogen phosphorylase, malate dehydrogenase, triosephosphate isomerase, and glucose-6-phosphate isomerase, which were differentially expressed in V⁺ and V⁻ isolates. Our findings suggest that mRNA levels of these genes were consistent with protein expression levels. This study was the first which analyzed protein expression variations upon TVV infection. These observations will provide a basis for future studies concerning the possible roles of these proteins in host-parasite interactions.


Subject(s)
Glucose-6-Phosphate Isomerase , Glycogen Phosphorylase , Heat-Shock Proteins , Host-Parasite Interactions , Malate Dehydrogenase , Metabolism , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Proteome , Reticuloendotheliosis virus , Ribosomal Proteins , RNA, Double-Stranded , RNA, Messenger , Trichomonas vaginalis , Trichomonas , Triose-Phosphate Isomerase , Virulence
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-11455

ABSTRACT

Ribosomal protein L21 (RPL21) is a structural component of the 60S subunit of the eukaryotic ribosome. This protein has an important role in protein synthesis and the occurrence of hereditary diseases. Pig is a common laboratory model, however, to the best of our knowledge, its RPL21 gene has not been cloned to date. In this study, we cloned and identified the full-length sequence of the pig RPL21 gene for the first time. In addition, we examined its expression pattern and function by using overexpression or knockdown approaches. As a result, we obtained a 604 bp segment that contains a 483 bp open reading frame encoding 160 amino acids. The pig RPL21 gene is located in the “+” strand of chromosome 11, which spans 2167 bp from 4199792 to 4201958. Pig RPL21 protein has nine strands and two helices in its secondary structure. Pig RPL21 is predominantly expressed in ovary and lung, at lower levels in kidney, small intestine, and skin, and at the lowest levels in heart and liver. Furthermore, RPL21 expression is closely connected with cell proliferation and cell cycle arrest. The results are intended to provide useful information for the further study of pig RPL21.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Cell Proliferation , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 , Clone Cells , Cloning, Molecular , Female , Gene Expression , Genetic Diseases, Inborn , Heart , Intestine, Small , Kidney , Liver , Lung , Open Reading Frames , Ovary , Ribosomal Proteins , Ribosomes , Skin , Sus scrofa
13.
Clinics ; 71(9): 528-536, Sept. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-794640

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of resistance training on angiogenesis markers of visceral adipose tissue in ovariectomized rats. METHOD: Adult Sprague-Dawley female rats were divided into four groups (n=6 per group): sham-sedentary, ovariectomized sedentary, sham-resistance training and ovariectomized resistance training. The rats were allowed to climb a 1.1-m vertical ladder with weights attached to their tails and the weights were progressively increased. Sessions were performed three times per week for 10 weeks. Visceral adipose tissue angiogenesis and morphology were analyzed by histology. VEGF-A mRNA and protein levels were analyzed by real-time PCR and ELISA, respectively. RESULTS: Ovariectomy resulted in higher body mass (p=0.0003), adipocyte hypertrophy (p=0.0003), decreased VEGF-A mRNA (p=0.0004) and protein levels (p=0.0009), and decreased micro-vascular density (p=0.0181) in the visceral adipose tissue of the rats. Resistance training for 10 weeks was not able to attenuate the reduced angiogenesis in the visceral adipose tissue of the ovariectomized rats. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that the resistance training program used in this study could not ameliorate low angiogenesis in the visceral adipose tissue of ovariectomized rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Physical Conditioning, Animal/physiology , Ovariectomy/methods , Neovascularization, Physiologic/physiology , Intra-Abdominal Fat/blood supply , Estrogens/deficiency , Resistance Training/methods , Ribosomal Proteins/analysis , Time Factors , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers/analysis , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Adipocytes/physiology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2/analysis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis , Intra-Abdominal Fat/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 204-211, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242300

ABSTRACT

Multidrug resistant genes are highly expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma that seriousty affects the effect of chemotherapy. Screening of resistant genes from HCC cells and studying its mechanism of drug resistance will be helpful to improve the effecacy of chemotherapy for hepatocellular carcinoma. Here we described an alternative method called cyclical packaging rescue (CPR). First we constructed a retrovirus cDNA library of hepatoma cells and used it to infect fibroblasts. Then we added drugs to screen survival cells. The survival cells, stably integrated helper-free retroviral libraries, were recovered rapidly after transfection with plasmids expressing retroviral gag-pol and env genes. Through this method, retroviral RNAs were directly repackaged into new infectious virions. Recovered retroviral supernatant was then used to reinfect fresh target cells. When performed in concert with selection using functional assays, cDNAs regulating functional responses could be identified by enrichment through multiple rounds of retroviral library recovery and retransmission. Using CPR, we obtained several cDNAs. After a preliminary detection, we found Ribosomal protein S11 (RPS11), Ribosomal protein L6 (RPL6), Ribosomal protein L11 (RPL11), Ribosomal protein L24 (RPL24) possibly had drug resistant function.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Genetics , Pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , DNA, Complementary , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Genetics , Gene Library , Genetic Vectors , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , Plasmids , Retroviridae , Ribosomal Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Transfection
15.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 259-263, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242295

ABSTRACT

Through introducing mutations into ribosomes by obtaining spontaneous drug resistance of microorganisms, ribosome engineering technology is an effective approach to develop mutant strains that overproduce secondary metabolites. In this study, ribosome engineering was used to improve the yield of butenyl-spinosyns produced by Saccharopolyspora pogona by screening streptomycin resistant mutants. The yields of butenyl-spinosyns were then analyzed and compared with the parent strain. Among the mutants, S13 displayed the greatest increase in the yield of butenyl-spinosyns, which was 1.79 fold higher than that in the parent strain. Further analysis of the metabolite profile of S13 by mass spectrometry lead to the discovery of Spinosyn α1, which was absent from the parent strain. DNA sequencing showed that there existed two point mutations in the conserved regions of rpsL gene which encodes ribosomal protein S12 in S13. The mutations occurred a C to A and a C to T transversion mutations occurred at nucleotide pair 314 and 320 respectively, which resulted in the mutations of Proline (105) to Gultamine and Alanine (107) to Valine. It also demonstrated that S13 exhibited genetic stability even after five passages.


Subject(s)
Genetic Engineering , Macrolides , Metabolism , Point Mutation , Ribosomal Proteins , Genetics , Ribosomes , Metabolism , Saccharopolyspora , Metabolism
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288012

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To determine the genetic cause of a child with blepharophimosis, ptosis, and epicanthus inverses syndrome and tetralogy of Fallot, and to correlate the phenotype with the genotype. METHODS Routine G-banding has been previously performed on the patient and her parents. Chromosome microarray analysis (CMA) was performed for the three individuals and the fetus. RESULTS Chromosomal analysis has suggested normal karyotypes for the child and her parents. However, a de novo 8.9 Mb deletion on chromosome 3q22.1-q23 was detected by CMA. The deleted region has encompassed 74 genes including 41 disease-related genes, and this is also the most frequent region involved in interstitial 3q deletion. Patients with deletion of this region often have a common feature of dysplasia of eyelids, as well as a spectrum of other anomalies according to different breakpoints, including microcephaly, skeletal anomalies, congenital heart defects, cranial anomalies, intellectual disability and developmental delay. The patient's phenotype was in accordance with such spectrum. Her parents and sib did not show this variation by CMA. CONCLUSION The de novo interstitial deletion of 3q22.1-q23 probably underlies the main clinical manifestation in this child. CMA can provide more detailed information and allow further investigation of the genotype-phenotype correlation.


Subject(s)
Blepharophimosis , Genetics , Child, Preschool , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 3 , Female , Humans , Mitochondrial Proteins , Genetics , Phenotype , Ribosomal Proteins , Genetics , Skin Abnormalities , Genetics , Tetralogy of Fallot , Genetics , Urogenital Abnormalities , Genetics
17.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 34(supl.1): 41-49, abr. 2014. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-712420

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Aminoglycosides like streptomycin are well-known for binding at specific regions of ribosome RNA and then acting as translation inhibitors. Nowadays, several pathogens have been detected to acquire an undefined strategy involving mutation at non structural ribosome genes like those acting as RNA methylases. rsmG is one of those genes which encodes an AdoMet-dependent methyltransferase responsible for the synthesis of m 7 G527 in the 530 loop of bacterial 16S rRNA. This loop is universally conserved, plays a key role in ribosomal accuracy, and is a target for streptomycin binding. Loss of the m 7 G527 modification confers low-level streptomycin resistance and may affect ribosomal functioning. Objectives: After taking into account genetic information indicating that some clinical isolates of human pathogens show streptomycin resistance associated with mutations at rsmG , we decided to explore new hot spots for mutation capable of impairing the RsmG in vivo function and of promoting low-level streptomycin resistance. Materials and methods: To gain insights into the molecular and genetic mechanism of acquiring this aminoglycoside resistance phenotype and the emergence of high-level streptomycin resistance in rsmG mutants, we mutated Escherichia coli rsmG and also performed a genotyping study on rpsL from several isolates showing the ability to grow at higher streptomycin concentrations than parental strains. Results: We found that the mutations at rpsL were preferentially present in these mutants, and we observed a clear synergy between rsmG and rpsL genes to induce streptomycin resistance. Conclusion: We contribute to understand a common mechanism that is probably transferable to other ribosome RNA methylase genes responsible for modifications at central sites for ribosome function.


Introducción. Los aminoglucósidos son moléculas antibióticas capaces de inhibir la síntesis de proteínas bacterianas tras su unión al ribosoma procariota. La resistencia a aminoglucósidos está clásicamente asociada a mutaciones en genes estructurales del ribosoma bacteriano; sin embargo, varios estudios recientes han demostrado, de forma recurrente, la presencia de un nuevo mecanismo dependiente de mutación que no involucra genes estructurales. El gen rsmG es uno de ellos y se caracteriza por codificar una metiltransferasa que sintetiza el nucleósido m 7 G527 localizado en el loop 530 del ribosoma bacteriano, este último caracterizado como sitio preferencial al cual se une la estreptomicina. Objetivo. Partiendo de las recientes asociaciones clínicas entre las mutaciones en el gen rsmG y la resistencia a estreptomicina, este estudio se propuso la caracterización de nuevos puntos calientes de mutación en este gen que puedan causar resistencia a estreptomicina usando Escherichia coli como modelo de estudio. Materiales y métodos. Se indagó sobre el mecanismo genético y molecular por el cual se adquiere la resistencia a estreptomicina y su transición a la resistencia a altas dosis mediante mutagénesis dirigida del gen rsmG y genotipificación del gen rpsL . Resultados. Se encontró que la mutación N39A en rsmG inactiva la proteína y se reportó un nuevo conjunto de mutaciones en rpsL que confieren resistencia a altas dosis de estreptomicina. Conclusiones. Aunque los mecanismos genéticos subyacentes permanecen sin esclarecer, se concluyó que dichos patrones secuenciales de mutación podrían tener lugar en otros genes modificadores del ARN bacteriano debido a la conservación evolutiva y al papel crítico que juegan tales modificaciones en la síntesis de proteínas.


Subject(s)
Aminoglycosides/pharmacology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Bacterial/genetics , Escherichia coli Proteins/genetics , Mutation, Missense , Methyltransferases/genetics , Point Mutation , RNA Processing, Post-Transcriptional/genetics , RNA, Bacterial/metabolism , /metabolism , Streptomycin/pharmacology , Amino Acid Sequence , Binding Sites/genetics , Catalytic Domain/genetics , Escherichia coli Proteins/chemistry , Escherichia coli Proteins/metabolism , Escherichia coli/drug effects , Escherichia coli/enzymology , Methylation , Models, Molecular , Molecular Sequence Data , Methyltransferases/chemistry , Methyltransferases/metabolism , Phylogeny , Protein Conformation , RNA, Bacterial/genetics , /genetics , Recombinant Fusion Proteins/genetics , Recombinant Fusion Proteins/metabolism , Ribosomal Proteins/genetics , Ribosomal Proteins/metabolism , S-Adenosylmethionine/metabolism , Sequence Alignment , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Sequence Deletion , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
18.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 394-407, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757494

ABSTRACT

The in vivo assembly of ribosomal subunits is a highly complex process, with a tight coordination between protein assembly and rRNA maturation events, such as folding and processing of rRNA precursors, as well as modifications of selected bases. In the cell, a large number of factors are required to ensure the efficiency and fidelity of subunit production. Here we characterize the immature 30S subunits accumulated in a factor-null Escherichia coli strain (∆rsgA∆rbfA). The immature 30S subunits isolated with varying salt concentrations in the buffer system show interesting differences on both protein composition and structure. Specifically, intermediates derived under the two contrasting salt conditions (high and low) likely reflect two distinctive assembly stages, the relatively early and late stages of the 3' domain assembly, respectively. Detailed structural analysis demonstrates a mechanistic coupling between the maturation of the 5' end of the 17S rRNA and the assembly of the 30S head domain, and attributes a unique role of S5 in coordinating these two events. Furthermore, our structural results likely reveal the location of the unprocessed terminal sequences of the 17S rRNA, and suggest that the maturation events of the 17S rRNA could be employed as quality control mechanisms on subunit production and protein translation.


Subject(s)
Cryoelectron Microscopy , Escherichia coli , Metabolism , Escherichia coli Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , GTP Phosphohydrolases , Genetics , Metabolism , Mass Spectrometry , Protein Structure, Secondary , Protein Structure, Tertiary , RNA, Ribosomal , Metabolism , Ribosomal Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Ribosome Subunits, Small, Bacterial , Chemistry , Metabolism , Salts , Chemistry
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329240

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To screen the down-stream proteins of transcription factor Sox2 and explore the role of Sox2 in the proliferation and migration of colonic cancer cells in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The cellular proteins were separated by SDS-PAGE electrophoresis and stained with Coomassie blue and amine plated silver. The differentially expressed proteins was identified by mass spectrometry and verified by QPCR and Western blotting. A cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) assay was performed to evaluate the cell proliferation, and the cell migration was assessed using Transwell assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>S3a was identified by proteomics technology as a Sox2-downregulated protein while ENO1 and gama-actin the up-regulated proteins. QPCR and Western blotting analyses showed that overexpression of Sox2 significantly decreased the expression of S3a (P<0.005) and increased the expression of ENO1(P<0.05), but had no significant effect on gama-actin expression. Sox2 overexpression obviously promoted cell proliferation and migration (P<0.05), while inhibition of Sox2 produced contrary effects (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Sox2 negatively regulates S3a expression and positively regulates ENO1 expression to promot the proliferation and migration of colonic cancer cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Colonic Neoplasms , Metabolism , Down-Regulation , Humans , Proteomics , Ribosomal Proteins , Metabolism , SOXB1 Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Up-Regulation
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244583

ABSTRACT

The systematic position of Fritillaria hupehensis has been in dispute. Phylogentic analyses were conducted on sequences of ITS, rpl16, matK sequences for species of F. hupehensis and allies. Lilium davidii was designed as outgroup. The analyses were performed using MP and ML methods. Conclusions could be achieved as follow. The topologies of MP and ML are consistent. The samples of F. hepehensis from different places form a supported clade with a strong bootstrap. And then form a strongly supported clade with F. anhuiensis, F. monantha. The results suggests that although F. hupehensis has a closet relation with the two ones, it exists some difference.


Subject(s)
DNA, Plant , Chemistry , Genetics , DNA, Ribosomal Spacer , Genetics , Endoribonucleases , Genetics , Fritillaria , Classification , Genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Nucleotidyltransferases , Genetics , Phylogeny , Plant Leaves , Genetics , Ribosomal Proteins , Genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Species Specificity
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