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1.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(4): 418-425, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447610

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Robotic-Assisted Hysterectomies (RAH) require Trendelenburg positioning and pneumoperitoneum, which further accentuate alteration in respiratory mechanics induced by general anesthesia. The role of Recruitment Maneuver (RM) as a lung-protective strategy during intraoperative surgical settings has not been much studied. We planned this study to evaluate the effect of RM on perioperative oxygenation and postoperative spirometry using PaO2/FiO2 and FEV1/FVC, respectively in patients undergoing RAH. Methods Sixty-six ASA I‒II female patients scheduled for elective RAH were randomized into group R (recruitment maneuver, n = 33) or group C (control, n = 33). Portable spirometry was done one day before surgery. Patients were induced with general anesthesia, and mechanical ventilation started with volume control mode, with Tidal Volume (TV) of 6-8 mL.kg−1, Respiratory Rate (RR) of 12 min, inspiratory-expiratory ratio (I: E ratio) of 1:2, FiO2 of 0.4, and Positive End-Expiratory Pressure (PEEP) of 5 cmH2O. Patients in group R received recruitment maneuvers of 30 cmH2O every 30 minutes following tracheal intubation. The primary objectives were comparison of oxygenation and ventilation between two groups intraoperatively and portable spirometry postoperatively. Postoperative pulmonary complications, like desaturation, pulmonary edema, pneumonia, were monitored. Results Patients who received RM had significantly higher PaO2 (mmHg) (203.2+-24.3 vs. 167.8+-27.3, p < 0.001) at T2 (30 min after the pneumoperitoneum). However, there was no significant difference in portable spirometry between the groups in the postoperative period (FVC, 1.40 ± 0.5 L vs. 1.32 ± 0.46 L, p= 0.55). Conclusion This study concluded that intraoperative recruitment did not prevent deterioration of postoperative spirometry values; however, it led to improved oxygenation intraoperatively.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pneumoperitoneum/complications , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Postoperative Period , Single-Blind Method , Tidal Volume , Hysterectomy/adverse effects , Lung
2.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2023. 47 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1518923

ABSTRACT

A incidência dos casos de neoplasia de rim tem aumentado consideravelmente e o emprego da cirurgia minimamente invasiva poupadora de néfrons é, atualmente, considerado o padrão ouro para tumores T1a e T1b. Essa cirurgia pode ser realizada de forma minimamente invasiva, por meio da técnica laparoscópica e laparoscópica assistida por robô. No entanto, faz-se necessário um estudo para avaliar os resultados dessas duas técnicas, tendo em vista uma crescente difusão da técnica robô assistida e um maior número de cirurgiões em treinamento. Soma-se a isso a importância de preservação renal e de segurança oncológica, possibilitada pela nefrectomia parcial, que ainda é subutilizada devido à maior dificuldade técnica de realizá-la pela via laparoscópica. OBJETIVO: comparar a cirurgia aparoscópica com a cirurgia laparoscópica assistida por robô na realização da nefrectomia parcial, no período per e pós-operatório, quanto aos resultados de cada uma delas. MÉTODO: trata-se de uma coorte retrospectiva de 209 pacientes com neoplasia de rim localizado, submetidos à nefrectomia parcial laparoscópica no Hospital Madre Teresa, no período de outubro de 2014 a junho de 2019, e à nefrectomia parcial assistida por robô, no Hospital Felício Rocho, entre os anos de 2018 a 2021. Os dados do estudo foram coletados e gerenciados, usando-se as ferramentas eletrônicas de captura de dados REDCap, além da pesquisa de prontuário. A análise dos dados foi realizada utilizandose o software SPSS versão 25. Em todos os testes estatísticos, foi considerado um nível de significância de 5%. RESULTADOS: em relação a fatores clínicos e cirúrgicos, observou-se que o tempo cirúrgico em horas, a permanência no hospital e a permanência no CTI foram maiores no grupo de nefrectomia parcial laparoscópica, quando comparados à nefrectomia parcial laparoscópica assistida por robô. Variáveis como complicações operatórias, hemotransfusão no per operatório, tipo de tumor, tamanho da lesão na peça cirúrgica e margens acometidas não mostraram diferença significativa entre os grupos (p>0,05). As complicações pós-operatórias foram mais frequentes no grupo de nefrectomia parcial laparoscópica (16,7%) quando comparadas ao grupo nefrectomia parcial laparoscópica assistida por robô (7,0%). O estadiamento pós-operatório também apresentou diferença significativa entre os grupos, sendo que os estádios iniciais (T0 e T1) foram proporcionalmente maiores no grupo de nefrectomia parcial laparoscópica, quando comparados ao grupo nefrectomia parcial laparoscópica assistida por robô. Já os estádios (T2 e T3) foram mais incidentes no grupo de nefrectomia parcial laparoscópica assistida por robô em relação ao outro grupo. CONCLUSÃO: com base nos resultados, pode-se afirmar que a técnica robô-assistida apresenta ganhos técnicos significativos e possibilita a ressecção de tumores tecnicamente mais difíceis, com menor taxa de complicações no pós-operatório. Apresenta tempo cirúrgico e tempo de internação hospitalar reduzidos em comparação com a cirurgia realizada por laparoscopia, além de alta precoce para aqueles que necessitam de unidade de terapia intensiva no pósoperatório.


Kidney cancer cases have increased considerably, and minimally invasive nephronsparing surgery is currently considered the gold standard for T1a and T1b tumors. This surgery can be performed minimally invasively, using the laparoscopic and robotassisted laparoscopic techniques. However, a study to evaluate the results of these two techniques is necessary, considering the increasing diffusion of the robot-assisted technique and the larger number of surgeons in training. Added to this is the importance of renal preservation and oncologic safety, made possible by partial nephrectomy, which is still underutilized due to the incredible technical difficulty of performing it laparoscopically. OBJECTIVE: To compare laparoscopic surgery with robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery in performing partial nephrectomy, in the per- and postoperative periods, regarding the results of each. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort of 209 patients with localized kidney cancer who underwent laparoscopic partial nephrectomy at Hospital Madre Teresa from October 2014 to June 2019 and robot-assisted partial nephrectomy at Hospital Felício Rocho between the years 2018 and 2021. Study data were collected and managed using REDCap electronic data capture tools and chart search. Data analysis was performed using SPSS version 25 software. A 5% significance level was considered in all statistical tests. RESULTS: Regarding clinical and surgical factors, surgical time in hours, hospital stay, and intensive care unit stay were higher in the laparoscopic partial nephrectomy group when compared to the robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. Variables such as operative complications, intraoperative blood transfusion, tumor type, size of the lesion on the surgical specimen, and affected margins showed no significant difference between groups (p>0.05). The variable postoperative complications showed higher frequency in the laparoscopic partial nephrectomy group (16.7%) compared to the robot-assisted partial nephrectomy group (7.0%). Postoperative staging also showed significant differences between groups, with early stages (T0 and T1) proportionally higher in the laparoscopic partial nephrectomy group when compared to the robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy group. Stages (T2 and T3) were higher in the laparoscopic robot-assisted partial nephrectomy group compared to the other group. CONCLUSION: Based on the results, it can be stated that the robot-assisted technique presents significant technical gains and allowed the resection of tumors that are technically more difficult and with a lower rate of complications in the postoperative period. It presented reduced surgical time and hospital stay compared to the surgery performed by laparoscopy. In patients who need to be referred to the intensive care unit postoperatively, the robot-assisted technique demonstrates a reduction in the length of stay in the intensive care unit.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Period , Wound Healing , Comparative Study , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Laparoscopy , Preoperative Period , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Nephrectomy
3.
BioSCI. (Curitiba, Online) ; 81(1): 37-43, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1442614

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As operações laparoscópicas, assistidas por robô e a abertas são técnicas cirúrgicas comumente utilizadas na vida diária. A viabilidade e os resultados em curto e longo prazos dos procedimentos laparoscópicos e robóticos têm sido amplamente relatados. Objetivos: Comparar os dados clínicos e oncológicos da cirurgia assistida por robô e laparoscópica no câncer retal. Métodos: Foram pesquisados o Pubmed/Medline, Embase, e Cochrane Library para artigos relevantes publicados até 2021. Estudos baseados na comparabilidade entre operação assistida por robô e laparoscópica para câncer retal foram designados. Os parâmetros analisados incluíram tempo operatório, conversão para procedimento aberto, perda estimada de sangue, tempo de recuperação da função intestinal, tempo de internação, vazamento da anastomose e complicações pós-operatórias. Resultados: Operação assistida por robô foi associada com maior tempo operatório (342 vs.192 min na cirurgia laparoscópica, p<0,001), menor conversão para procedimento aberto, menor tempo de internação hospitalar e recuperação mais rápida da função intestinal, menores complicações pós-operatórias de forma significativa (p=0,041). A perda estimada de sangue, a taxa de vazamento da anastomose e os resultados oncológicos, incluindo o número de linfonodos extraídos, não mostraram diferenças significativas entre os grupos. Conclusão: A cirurgia assistida por robô para câncer retal mostrou maior tempo operatório, menor conversão, taxas de recuperação da função intestinal mais rápidas e menor permanência no hospital. Seus resultados oncológicos forram semelhantes à cirurgia laparoscópica.


Introduction: Laparoscopic surgery, robot-assisted surgery and open surgery are the most commonly used surgical techniques in daily living. The feasibility and short- and long-term results of laparoscopic and robotic procedures have been widely reported. Objectives: To compare the clinical and oncological results of robot-assisted and laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer. Methods: PubMed/Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library were searched for relevant articles published until 2021. Studies based on comparability between robot-assisted and laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer were designed. The parameters analyzed included operative time, conversion to open surgery, estimated blood loss, bowel function recovery time, length of hospital stay, anastomosis leak, and postoperative complications. Results: The robot-assisted surgery group was associated with longer operative time (342 vs. 192 min in laparoscopic surgery,p <0.001), lower conversion to open surgery, shorter length of hospital stay, faster bowel function recovery and lower postoperative complications significantly (p=0.041). Estimated blood loss, anastomosis leak rate, and oncological outcomes including the number of lymph nodes extracted showed no significant differences between groups. Conclusion: Robot-assisted surgery for rectal cancer showed longer operative time, lower conversion, faster bowel function recovery rates, shorter hospital stay, and similar oncological outcomes compared to laparoscopic surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Rectum
4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 32-37, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971299

ABSTRACT

Characteristics of two major categories of RA equipment which defined in the standard are interpreted firstly. Few representative RA equipment in current market and their key product features are introduced. Then, classifications of different indexes of spatial positioning accuracy are declared, the difficulties of performing testing process on each indexes are further explained. Meanwhile, different kinds of three dimensional coordinate measuring equipment that are cutting edge at present stage are introduced with their main methods of use explained. According to characteristics of three dimensional coordinate measuring equipment on the market, proper measuring equipment for testing certain index of spatial positioning accuracy and corresponding experiment method are introduced.


Subject(s)
Robotics/standards , Robotic Surgical Procedures/instrumentation
5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 26-31, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971298

ABSTRACT

Due to the need to achieve precise operations during surgery, in order to prevent hand tremors and poor surgical field of view, more and more surgical robots are used in surgical operations combined with navigation technology to meet the requirements for surgical accuracy. Open surgery such as orthopaedics, joint replacement and neurosurgery on the market generally use optical navigation systems to guide robots to achieve precise positioning, but optical navigation systems cannot be used for operations in areas with small surgical space. Therefore, a robotic surgical system based on electromagnetic navigation technology that can be applied to the craniofacial area was proposed. By using this robot, the problems of difficult operation and low precision caused by the narrow craniofacial space can be solved. Key techniques and considerations are studied. The function of the developed prototype is verified through model tests. The test results show that the surgical robot under the electromagnetic navigation technology can achieve precise surgical operations improve the success rate of the doctor's surgery and reduce postoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Robotics , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Electromagnetic Phenomena , Postoperative Complications
6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 19-25, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971297

ABSTRACT

Transbronchil biopsy has the characteristic of less trauma and quick recovery compared to percutaneous aspiration biopsy. In order to automate this procedure, it requires the development of a robotic surgical system that combines electromagnetic navigation and flexible endoscope. The robotic surgical system introduced herein consists of flexible endoscope, remote-control handle, electromagnetic navigation and dexterous manipulators. The robotic system supports lung bronchial model segmentation and reconstruction, automatic bronchial path planning, real-time navigation and visual biopsy. In the control of the endoscopic catheter, an elasticity compensation algorithm was proposed to improve the location accuracy of the catheter and operational efficiency. Clinical trials proved that the robotic system had high positioning accuracy, was intuitive to operate, and could improve the biopsy efficiency, shorten the learning time, reduce the burden of surgical operations, and lower radiation exposure and infection rate.


Subject(s)
Catheters , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Endoscopy , Bronchoscopy
7.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 13-18, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971296

ABSTRACT

As the robotic assisted single port surgery arousing attention, a novel single-arm single-port micro-traumatic laparoscopic robotic surgical system is proposed in this study. From the perspective of the mechanics, joints with high rigidity and high reliability were utilized to realize the remote center of motion (RCM). Besides, the cost of consumables was reduced by adding the support of the rigid endoscope. From the perspective of the algorithm, high-precision motion control method and feedback force protection mechanism were implemented. The effectiveness of the aforementioned characteristics were verified by five clinical experiments of cholecystectomy. The results showed that the system is able to reduce the amount of bleeding, accelerate the patient recovery, reduce the infection risk and shorten the learning period. The robotic surgical system had significant clinical application value.


Subject(s)
Humans , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Reproducibility of Results , Laparoscopy , Motion
8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 1-12, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971295

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the development of surgical robots at home and abroad in recent years.@*METHODS@#Through a large number of literature review and analysis, the qualification approval and technical function characteristics of domestic and foreign surgical robots from January 2019 to July 2022 were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The related situations of 39 surgical robots were analyzed and reported, and the shortcomings and future development direction of the current surgical robots were summarized.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The development of surgical robots in China is now in a rapid development stage. At present, surgical robots generally have the disadvantages of high cost, lack of tactile feedback (force feedback), large size, large space occupation and difficult to move. In the future, it will develop towards intelligent, miniaturized, remote, open and low-cost.


Subject(s)
China , Robotics , Robotic Surgical Procedures
9.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 33-37, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971230

ABSTRACT

Robotic gastrectomy (RG) has always been a hot topic in the field of minimally invasive surgery for gastric cancer. More and more studies have confirmed that short- and long-term outcomes of RG are similar to those of laparoscopic gastrectomy. Robotic surgical systems have more advantages in specific regional lymph node dissection. More delicate operation can reduce intraoperative blood loss and the incidence of postoperative complications. Robotic surgical systems are also more ergonomically designed. However, there are also some problems such as high surgical cost, lack of tactile feedback and prolonged total operation time. In the future, robotic surgical system may be further developed in the direction of miniaturization, intelligence and modularity. At the same time, the robotic surgical system deeply integrated with artificial intelligence technology may realize the automation of some operation steps to some extent.


Subject(s)
Humans , Robotic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Artificial Intelligence , Treatment Outcome , Lymph Node Excision/adverse effects , Gastrectomy/adverse effects , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Retrospective Studies
10.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 596-601, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986932

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the feasibility and safety of the gasless transoral vestibular robotic thyroidectomy using skin suspension. Methods: The clinical data of 20 patients underwent gasless transoral vestibular robotic thyroidectomy in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University from February 2022 to May 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 18 were females and 2 were males, aged (38.7±8.0) years old. The intraoperative blood loss, operation time, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative drainage volume, postoperative pain visual analogue scale (VAS) score, postoperative swallowing function swallowing impairment score-6 (SIS-6), postoperative aesthetic VAS score, postoperative voice handicap index-10 (VHI-10) voice quality, postoperative pathology and complications were recorded. SPSS 25.0 was used for statistical analysis of the data. Results: The operations were successfully completed without conversion to open surgery in all patients. Pathological examination showed papillary thyroid carcinoma in 18 cases, retrosternal nodular goiter in 1 case, and cystic change in goiter in 1 case. The operative time for thyroid cancer was 161.50 (152.75, 182.50) min [M (P25, P75), the same below] and the average operative time for benign thyroid diseases was 166.50 minutes. The intraoperative blood loss 25.00 (21.25, 30.00) ml. In 18 cases of thyroid cancer, the mean diameter of the tumors was (7.22±2.02) mm, and lymph nodes (6.56±2.14) were dissected in the central region, with a lymph node metastasis rate of 61.11%. The postoperative pain VAS score was 3.00 (2.25, 4.00) points at 24 hours, the mean postoperative drainage volume was (118.35±24.32) ml, the postoperative hospital stay was 3.00 (3.00, 3.75) days, the postoperative SIS-6 score was (4.90±1.58) points at 3 months, and the postoperative VHI-10 score was 7.50 (2.00, 11.00) points at 3 months. Seven patients had mild mandibular numbness, 10 patients had mild cervical numbness, and 3 patients had temporary hypothyroidism three months after surgery and 1 patient had skin flap burn, but recovered one month after surgery. All patients were satisfied with the postoperative aesthetic effects, and the postoperative aesthetic VAS score was 10.00 (10.00, 10.00). Conclusion: Gasless transoral vestibular robotic thyroidectomy using skin suspension is a safe and feasible option with good postoperative aesthetic effect, which can provide a new treatment option for some selected patients with thyroid tumors.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Thyroidectomy/adverse effects , Robotic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Blood Loss, Surgical , Hypesthesia/surgery , Neck Dissection/adverse effects , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Pain, Postoperative/surgery , Postoperative Complications/etiology
11.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 475-484, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986816

ABSTRACT

Objective: To methodically assess the clinical effectiveness and safety of robot-assisted total rectal mesenteric resection (RTME), laparoscopic-assisted total rectal mesenteric resection (laTME), and transanal total rectal mesenteric resection (taTME). Methods: A computer search was conducted on PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Ovid databases to identify English-language reports published between January 2017 and January 2022 that compared the clinical efficacy of the three surgical procedures of RTME, laTME, and taTME. The quality of the studies was evaluated using the NOS and JADAD scales for retrospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials, respectively. Direct meta-analysis and reticulated meta-analysis were performed using Review Manager software and R software, respectively. Results: Twenty-nine publications comprising 8,339 patients with rectal cancer were ultimately included. The direct meta-analysis indicated that the length of hospital stay was longer after RTME than after taTME, whereas according to the reticulated meta-analysis the length of hospital stay was shorter after taTME than after laTME (MD=-0.86, 95%CI: -1.70 to -0.096, P=0.036). Moreover, the incidence of anastomotic leak was lower after taTME than after RTME (OR=0.60, 95%CI: 0.39 to 0.91, P=0.018). The incidence of intestinal obstruction was also lower after taTME than after RTME (OR=0.55, 95%CI: 0.31 to 0.94, P=0.037). All of these differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). There were no statistically significant differences between the three surgical procedures regarding the number of lymph nodes cleared, length of the inferior rectal margin, or rate of positive circumferential margins (all P>0.05). An inconsistency test using nodal analysis revealed no statistically significant differences between the results of direct and indirect comparisons of the six outcome indicators (all P>0.05). Furthermore, we detected no significant overall inconsistency between direct and indirect evidence. Conclusion: taTME has advantages over RTME and laTME, in terms of radical and surgical short-term outcomes in patients with rectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Robotics , Robotic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Network Meta-Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Transanal Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Rectum/surgery , Rectal Neoplasms/pathology , Laparoscopy/methods , Treatment Outcome
12.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 227-231, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970185

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the surgical outcome of robotic thyroidectomy through transoral approach and the bilateral breast-axillary approach. Methods: Retrospective analysis was made on the clinical data of patients who performed transoral robotic thyroidectomy (TORT group) or bilateral breast-axillary approach (BABA group) in the Department of Thyroid and Breast Surgery, the 960th Hospital of People's Liberation Army from July 2020 to May 2022. Both groups received lobectomy with lymph node dissection of the central region. A total of 100 cases were included in the study, including 48 cases in the TORT group and 52 cases in the BABA group. The propensity score matching method was used for 1∶1 matching of patients between the 2 groups, with a match tolerance of 0.03. There were 31 patients in each group successfully matched. In the TORT group, there were 5 males and 26 females, aged (33.2±7.9) years (range: 21 to 53 years). While there were 4 males and 27 females in the BABA group, aged (34.6±9.2) years (range: 19 to 58 years). The t test, Mann-Whitney U test, χ2 test or Fisher exact test were used to compare the clinical efficacy between the two groups. Results: All the patients successfully completed robotic thyroid surgery without conversion to open surgery. Compared with BABA group, the TORT group had longer operation time ((211.3±57.2) minutes vs. (126.2±37.8) minutes, t=6.915, P<0.01), shorter drainage tube retention time ((5.4±1.0) days vs. (6.4±1.2) days, t=-3.544, P=0.001), shorter total hospital stay ((6.6±1.2) days vs. (7.4±1.3) days, t=-2.353, P=0.022), and higher cosmetic score (9.46±0.25 vs. 9.27±0.26, t=2.925, P=0.005). There was no significant difference between the two groups in the number of lymph nodes dissection, metastasis in the central compartment, and the incidence of postoperative complications (all P>0.05). Conclusions: Compared with the bilateral breast-axillary approach, the transoral vestibular approach of robotic thyroidectomy is also safe and effective. It shows similar surgical results to the bilateral breast-axillary approach in strictly selected patients, but the postoperative recovery speed is much faster, and the hospital stay is shorter. Transoral robotic thyroidectomy is a more recommended surgical method for patients with high aesthetic demand.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Thyroidectomy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Neck Dissection/methods , Axilla/pathology , Treatment Outcome
13.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 524-528, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982780

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study aimed to explore the safety and feasibility of gasless transoral vestibular robotic resection of thyroglossal duct cysts. Methods:The clinical data of patients who underwent gasless transoral vestibular robotic resection of thyroglossal duct cysts at the Department of otolaryngology, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Sun yat-sen university from September 2020 to May 2022 were analyzed. The operative time, blood loss, postoperative complications, postoperative pain score, postoperative aesthetic score, and recurrence were prospectively evaluated. Results:All patients completed the operation successfully and no case conversed to an open operation. The operation time was 104.00(95.00, 131.25) minutes, and the surgical blood loss was 15.00(10.00, 16.25) mL. The drainage volume was(59.71±9.20) mL. Postoperative pathology was consistent with thyroglossal duct cysts. There was no local reswelling, subcutaneous hematoma, emphysema, skin flap necrosis, infection and other complications. The postoperative hospital stay was 3.00(2.00, 3.00) days. Six patients had mild sensory abnormalities of the lower lip 3 months after surgery, and all patients were satisfied with the cosmetic outcomes. No recurrence was found during the 5-26 months follow-up. Conclusion:gasless transoral vestibular robotic resection of thyroglossal duct cysts is safe and feasible, with hidden postoperative scars and good cosmetic outcomes. It can provide a new choice for patients with thyroglossal duct cysts.


Subject(s)
Humans , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Thyroglossal Cyst/pathology , Postoperative Complications , Cicatrix/pathology , Pain, Postoperative
14.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 716-724, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982341

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Da Vinci robot technology is widely used in clinic,with minimally invasive surgery development. This study aims to explore the possible influence of advanced surgical robotics on the surgery learning curve by comparing the initial clinical learning curves of 2 different surgical techniques: robotic-assisted gastrectomy (RAG) and laparoscopic-assisted gastrectomy (LAG).@*METHODS@#From September 2017 to December 2020, a chief surgeon completed a total of 108 cases of radical gastric cancer from the initial stage, including 27 cases of RAG of the Da Vinci Si robotic system (RAG group) and 81 cases of LAG (LAG group). The lymph node of gastric cancer implemented by the Japanese treatment guidelines of gastric cancer. The surgical results, postoperative complications, oncology results and learning curve were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in general data, tumor size, pathological grade and clinical stage between the 2 groups (P>0.05). The incidence of serious complications in the RAG group was lower than the LAG group (P=0.003). The intraoperative blood loss in the RAG group was lower than that in the LAG group (P=0.046). The number of lymph nodes cleaned in the RAG group was more (P=0.003), among which there was obvious advantage in lymph node cleaning in the No.9 group (P=0.038) and 11p group (P=0.015). The operation time of the RAG group was significantly longer than the LAG group (P=0.015). The analysis of learning curve found that the cumulative sum analysis (CUSUM) value of the RAG group decreased from the 10th case, while the CUSUM of the LAG group decreased from the 28th case. The learning curve of the RAG group had fewer closing cases than that of the LAG group. The unique design of the surgical robot might help to improve the surgical efficiency and shorten the surgical learning curve.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Advanced robotics helps experienced surgeons quickly learn to master RAG skills. With the help of robotics, RAG are superior to LAG in No.9 and 11p lymph node dissection and surgical trauma reduction. RAG can clear more lymph nodes than LAG, and has better perioperative effect.


Subject(s)
Humans , Robotics , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Learning Curve , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Laparoscopy/methods , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Gastrectomy/methods , Treatment Outcome
15.
MedUNAB ; 25(3): [461-469], 01-12-2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437185

ABSTRACT

Introduction. Innovations in surgery have advanced significantly in the last decade. The new technologies in minimally invasive surgery, including robotics, advanced endoscopy, and the progress in artificial intelligence and machine learning are impacting gastrointestinal surgery and medicine. These technologies have been available since 1956, and in the early 1970's, they were implemented for first time with the Mycin system, which was developed to detect infectious diseases in blood. Objective. To describe the experiences of new technology innovations in surgery, in terms of novel interventions, development of devices, and the process of adopting these technologies in the clinical practice. Methodology. Personal reflections about the process of adopting new technologies in surgery and its future implications, documented from my perspective as an academic surgeon. Results and discussion. This article summarizes the most relevant advances in the field of gastrointestinal surgery during the last decade. Conclusions. Adopting a culture of innovation in surgery involves knowledge of the process, technical resources available to support initiatives, access to mentors or tutors, and support services.


Introducción. Las innovaciones en cirugía han avanzado significativamente en la última década. Las nuevas tecnologías en cirugía mínimamente invasiva, incluida la robótica, la endoscopia avanzada, el progreso en inteligencia artificial y el aprendizaje automático están impactando en la medicina y la cirugía gastrointestinal. Estas tecnologías existen desde 1956, y en la década de 1970 se implementó por primera vez en el sector salud con el denominado Mycin, un sistema orientado a la detección de enfermedades infecciosas en la sangre. Objetivo. Describir las experiencias de nuevas innovaciones tecnológicas en cirugía, en términos de intervenciones novedosas, el desarrollo de dispositivos, la incorporación de las innovaciones en la práctica clínica y las implicaciones hacia el futuro. Metodología. A partir de la experiencia como cirujano académico al incorporar las nuevas tecnologías en cirugía, se documentan las reflexiones sobre el proceso de adaptación de nuevas tecnologías en cirugía y su implicación en el futuro. Resultados y discusión. Este articulo resume los avances más relevantes en el campo de la cirugía gastrointestinal en la última década. Conclusiones. La adopción de una cultura de innovación en cirugía implica conocimiento del proceso, recursos técnicos disponibles para respaldar las iniciativas, acceso a mentores o tutores y servicios de apoyo.


Introdução. As inovações em cirurgia avançaram significativamente na última década. Novas tecnologias em cirurgia minimamente invasiva, incluindo robótica, endoscopia avançada, avanços em inteligência artificial e aprendizagem automatizado, estão impactando a medicina e a cirurgia gastrointestinal. Essas tecnologías existem desde 1956 e, na década de 1970, foram implementadas pela primeira vez no setor da saúde com o chamado Mycin, um sistema destinado a detectar doenças infecciosas no sangue. Objetivo. Descrever as experiências de novas inovações tecnológicas em cirurgia, em termos de novas intervenções, desenvolvimento de dispositivos e o processo de incorporação dessas tecnologias na prática clínica. Metodologia. A partir da experiência como cirurgião académico na incorporação de novas tecnologias em cirurgia, documentam-se as reflexões sobre o processo de adaptação de novas tecnologias em cirurgia e as suas implicações no futuro. Resultados y Discussão. Este artigo resume os avanços mais relevantes no campo da cirurgia gastrointestinal na última década. Conclusões. A adoção de uma cultura de inovação em cirurgia implica conhecimento do processo, recursos técnicos disponíveis para apoiar as iniciativas, acesso a mentores ou tutores e serviços de apoio.


Subject(s)
Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Artificial Intelligence , Creativity , Endoscopy , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Simulation Training
16.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 87(6): 396-403, dic. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423750

ABSTRACT

La histerectomía es uno de los principales procedimientos quirúrgicos en ginecología. Se calcula que en EE.UU. se realizan unas 500,000 anualmente y que una de cada nueve mujeres a lo largo de su vida se realizará dicha intervención. Los distintos abordajes (abdominal, vaginal, laparoscópico y robótico) presentan diferencias respecto al tiempo quirúrgico, complicaciones, dolor postoperatorio, estancia hospitalaria y gasto sanitario. Factores como el tamaño uterino, la accesibilidad vaginal, la historia de cirugías pélvicas previas, la existencia de patología extrauterina o la experiencia del cirujano influyen a la hora de decidir la vía de abordaje. Revisar la evidencia disponible respecto a la vía de elección de la histerectomía por patología benigna y cómo decidir el abordaje más adecuado para cada paciente. Búsqueda bibliográfica de literatura en las bases de datos PubMed, Medline, Embase, BioMed Central y SciELO. La vía vaginal es el abordaje de elección para realizar una histerectomía dada su menor invasividad, menor tiempo de recuperación y menor tasa de complicaciones. La generalización del uso de algoritmos para la elección de la vía de abordaje incrementaría la tasa de acceso vaginal y asociaría con ello una disminución del gasto sanitario.


Hysterectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures in gynecology. It is calculated that over 500,000 hysterectomies are performed in the USA per year and that 1 out of 9 women will undergo this surgery in their lifetime. Diverse surgical approaches are possible (abdominal, vaginal, laparoscopic and robotic) with differences in operative time, complication rates, postoperative pain, hospital stay, and health care cost. Factors such as uterus size, vaginal access, prior pelvic surgery, extrauterine pathology and surgeon experience may influence the route selection. To collect the current evidence regarding the preferred route in hysterectomy for benign pathology and how to select the adequate approach for every patient. Bibliographic literature search through the PubMed, Medline, Embase, BioMed Central and SciELO databases. Vaginal hysterectomy is the preferred approach in benign indications. It is less invasive, and it shows shorter operative time, shorter recovery time and less complications. The use of decision algorithms to select the hysterectomy route may increase the vaginal approach and decrease health care costs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Hysterectomy/methods , Algorithms , Laparoscopy , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Hysterectomy, Vaginal
17.
Cambios rev med ; 21(2): 875, 30 Diciembre 2022. grafs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1413853

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. La cirugía robótica se realiza gracias al sistema telemanipulado, alcanzando tareas repetitivas, precisas y mínimamente invasivas. En Ecuador inició en el año 2016, incluyendo este procedimiento a pediatría en el 2021. OBJETIVO. Describir las características clínicas y resultados quirúrgicos de pacientes pediátricos intervenidos por cirugía robótica. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio transversal analítico. Población de 278 y muestra de 40 datos de historias clínicas electrónicas de pacientes pediátricos intervenidos por cirugía robótica de agosto del 2021 a marzo del 2022 en el Hospital Carlos Andrade Marín. Criterios de inclusión: pacientes pediátricos intervenidos por cirugía robótica en el Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín. Criterios de exclusión: pacientes adultos, haber sido intervenidos quirúrgicamente por técnicas abiertas o laparoscópica. La información se obtuvo del sistema AS400; se creó una base de datos anonimizando a los pacientes. Se aplicó un análisis univariado y para determinar significancia estadística se utilizó la prueba de Chi-2. La información recolectada fue analizada en el programa estadístico International Business Machines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. RESULTADOS: De los pacientes del estudio: 45,00% (18; 40) era adolescente. El 52,50% (21; 40) no presentó comorbilidades. 50,00% (20; 40) de las intervenciones fueron colecistectomía. 55% (22; 40) fué por diagnóstico prequirúrgico y posquirúrgico gastrointestinal y hepático. El 95,00% (38; 40) no presentó complicaciones. El 100% (40; 40) presentó sangrado G1. El 97,50% (39; 40) no presentó eventos, y el 72,5% (29; 40) no presentó dolor. El promedio de peso de los pacientes fue 41 kilogramos, con una media de 3 días de estancia hospitalaria, un promedio de 65 minutos de cirugía total y 15 minutos de docking, los cuales son estadísticamente significativos con una p= 0,001. CONCLUSIONES. Se registró las características clínicas y resultados quirúrgicos de pacientes pediátricos intervenidos por cirugía robótica. La cirugía robótica se aplicó con seguridad en pacientes pediátricos del Hospital Carlos Andrade Marín.


INTRODUCTION. Robotic surgery is performed thanks to the telemanipulated system, achieving repetitive, precise and minimally invasive tasks. In Ecuador it started in the Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín in 2016, including this procedure to pediatrics in 2021. OBJECTIVE. To describe the clinical characteristics and surgical outcomes of pediatric patients operated by robotic surgery. MATERIALS and METHODS. Analytical cross-sectional study. Population of 278 and sample of 40 data from electronic medical records of pediatric patients operated by robotic surgery from August 2021 to March 2022 at the Carlos Andrade Marin Hospital. Inclusion criteria: pediatric patients who underwent robotic surgery at the Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín. Exclusion criteria: adult patients, having undergone open or laparoscopic surgery. The information was obtained from the AS400 system; a database was created by anonymizing the patients. Univariate analysis was applied and the Chi-2 test was used to determine statistical significance. The information collected was analyzed in the statistical program International Business Machines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. RESULTS: Of the patients in the study: 45,00% (18; 40) were adolescents. 52,50% (21; 40) had no comorbidities. 50,00% (20; 40) of the interventions were cholecystectomy. 55% (22; 40) were for preoperative and postoperative gastrointestinal and hepatic diagnosis. 95,00% (38; 40) had no complications. 100% (40; 40) presented G1 bleeding. 97.50% (39; 40) did not present events, and 72,5% (29; 40) did not present pain. The average weight of the patients was 41 kilograms, with a mean hospital stay of 3 days, an average of 65 minutes of total surgery and 15 minutes of docking, which are statistically significant with a p= 0,001. CONCLUSIONS. The clinical characteristics and surgical results of pediatric patients who underwent robotic surgery were recorded. Robotic surgery was safely applied in pediatric patients at the Carlos Andrade Marin Hospital.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Pediatrics , Surgery Department, Hospital , Surgical Instruments , Robotics , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Respiratory Tract Infections , Cardiovascular Diseases , Child Health Services , Laparoscopy , Ecuador , Endocrine System Diseases , Gastrointestinal Diseases , Varicocele , Hemorrhage , Neurologic Manifestations
18.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 72(5): 593-598, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420595

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Acute postoperative pain is associated with poor quality of recovery after surgery. Perioperative use of intravenous lignocaine or dexmedetomidine have demonstrated better pain control, early return of bowel function, and effects on quality of recovery. Methods: Ninety-six women planned for elective robotic abdominal hysterectomy were randomized into four groups. Groups received lignocaine infusion (1.5 mg.kg−1 loading, 2 mg.kg−1.h−1 infusion) (Group I), dexmedetomidine infusion (1 µg.kg−1 loading, 0.6 µg.kg−1.h−1 infusion) (Group 2), lidocaine (1.5 mg.kg−1 loading, 2 mg.kg−1.h−1 infusion), and dexmedetomidine infusions (1 µg.kg−1 loading, 0.5 µg.kg−1.h−1 infusion) (Group 3), and normal saline 10 mL loading, 1 mL.kg−1.h−1 infusion) (Group 4). Primary outcome was visual analogue pain scores at 1, 2, 4, 12, and 24 hours after surgery. Secondary outcomes included postoperative fentanyl requirement, time of return of bowel sounds and flatus, QoR15 score on day 1, 2, and discharge. Results The VAS was significantly lower in Groups 2 and 3 compared to Groups 1 and 4. Total postoperative fentanyl consumption in the first 24 hours was 256.25 ± 16.36 mcg (Group 1), 177.71 ± 16.81 mcg (Group 2), 114.17 ± 16.19 mcg (Group 3), and 304.42 ± 31.26 mcg (Group 4), respectively. Time to return of bowel sounds and passage of flatus was significantly shorter in Groups 2 and 3 (p < 0.01). QoR15 scores after surgery were higher in Group 3 compared to Groups 1, 2, and 4, (p < 0.01) respectively. Conclusion: Combined infusion of lignocaine and dexmedetomidine significantly decreased postoperative pain, fentanyl consumption, and improved quality of recovery score after surgery in patients undergoing Robotic abdominal hysterectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Dexmedetomidine/therapeutic use , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Infusions, Intravenous , Fentanyl , Double-Blind Method , Prospective Studies , Flatulence , Hysterectomy , Lidocaine/therapeutic use
19.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(5): 709-717, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407698

ABSTRACT

Abstract Robotic surgery opened a new era of minimally-invasive procedures, through its improved precision, elimination of tremors, greater degrees of freedom, and other facilitating aspects. The field of robotic microsurgery showed great growth in recent years in particular, since robotics offers a potentially-ideal configuration to perform the sensitive manipulations required in microsurgery. We conducted a systematic review to assess the benefits of robotic surgery and its contributions to microsurgery, comparing it with other surgical techniques used in patients of all age groups. We assessed 25 articles found in the PubMed and Cochrane databases using the terms 'robotic surgery' AND microsurgery, with a filter for studies published in the last five years, and studies conducted in humans and published in English or Portuguese. We concluded that there is plenty of room for robotic surgery in microsurgery, such as in male infertility procedures, neurological microsurgery, ocular and otological surgeries, and transoral, hepatobiliary, microvascular, plastic and reconstructive surgeries.


Resumo A cirurgia robótica abriu uma nova era de procedimentos minimamente invasivos, por meio da sua precisão, da eliminação dos tremores, e dos maiores graus de liberdade e demais aspectos facilitadores. O campo da microcirurgia robótica apresentou grande crescimento nos últimos anos em especial, uma vez que a robótica oferece uma configuração potencialmente ideal para realização das manipulações delicadas exigidas na microcirurgia. Assim, conduzimos uma revisão sistemática com o objetivo de avaliar os benefícios da cirurgia robótica e sua contribuição para a microcirurgia, comparando-a com as demais técnicas cirúrgicas utilizadas em pacientes de todas as faixas etárias. Foram analisados 25 artigos encontrados nas bases de dados PubMed e Cochrane utilizando os descritores robotic surgery AND microsurgery com filtro para os últimos cinco anos, e estudos realizados em humanos e publicados em inglês ou português. Concluímos que existe grande espaço para a cirurgia robótica na microcirurgia, como em procedimentos primários de infertilidade masculina, microcirurgia neurológica, cirurgias oculares e otológicas, cirurgia transoral, hepatobiliar, microvascular, e cirurgia plástica e reconstrutiva.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Infertility, Male , Microsurgery
20.
J. bras. econ. saúde (Impr.) ; 14(Suplemento 2)20220800.
Article in Portuguese | ECOS, LILACS | ID: biblio-1412778

ABSTRACT

Com a chegada da cirurgia robótica na cirurgia do joelho no Brasil em 2021, novos questionamentos são feitos para que possamos compreender como essa nova tecnologia pode ser assimilada no contexto da saúde e da realidade do país. As novas tendências no financiamento da saúde relacionadas ao setor privado fazem questionar de que maneira novos procedimentos podem ser incorporados, buscando o equilíbrio entre o avanço tecnológico e a acessibilidade baseada em custos e desfechos relacionados à qualidade de vida dos pacientes.


With the arrival of robotic surgery in knee surgery in Brazil in 2021, new questions are asked so that we can understand how this new technology can be assimilated in the context of health and the reality of the country. The new trends in health financing related to the private sector raises the question of how new procedures can be incorporated seeking a balance between technological advancement and accessibility based on costs and outcomes related to the quality of life of patients.


Subject(s)
Cost-Benefit Analysis , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Robotic Surgical Procedures
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